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Week 3 DQs
1. When solving a rational equation, why is it all right to remove the denominator by
multiplying both sides by the LCD and why can you not do the same operation when simplifying a rational expression?
Solution: When we multiply an equation by the SAME value on BOTH sides, we keep the equation in balance. The denominator disappears because we deliberately choose a convenient value (common denominator) to
2. Under what situation would one or more solutions of a rational equation be unacceptable? Solution: . we cannot multiply BOTH sides because there is only one side. We can divide top and bottom by 2 to simplify. but the denominator will remain. In a rational expression. What are the different types of equations you have learned to solve? Please provide examples to enhance the explanations. So (2/3)x = 3/4 We can multiply by 12 and both denominators will cancel out in the multiplication.multiply both sides by. 6x/ 12y. Solution: Linear equation: General form ax+by +c Example: y = 3x+2 Quadratic equation Example: ax2 +bx +c=0 2x2+3x+4=0 Rational equation Example : 4 =y 3x 3.
= 2(x-3)----.3x + 9 *Inverse of addition 9 is subtraction of 9 6 = -x + 9 6 .2(x-3)--x-3 x-3 2 Cancel where possible: 3 x 1 3 1 2(x-3)·----. prop. 6 = 2x .9 -3 = -x -3 -x ---.2(x-3)--x-3 x-3 2 1 1 1 1 Step 2: Solve the remaining equation.. So.9 = -x + 9 . For rational equations. This is not EVER allowed! Denominators must NEVER equal zero--at least not in this lifetime! These are called "EXTRANEOUS ROOTS" and they must be rejected. extraneous solutions are values which cause any denominator in the original problem to be 0. Of course.= 2(x-3)----. when we have 0 in the denominator we have an expression that is undefined..= ----.After solving a rational equation. Example: Solve for x 3 x 3 ----. you must always check the answers to make sure you didn't "accidentally" make a denominator equal to zero.. 6 = 2x .3(x-3) *Remove ( ) by using dist.= ----1 -1 3=x *Inverse of multiplication by -1 is division by -1 . we would have to discard any values that would cause the denominator to be 0. Multiply both sides by LCD of 2(x-3) 3 x 3 2(x-3)·----.--x-3 x-3 2 Step 1: Simplify by removing the fractions.
Solution: . Note that 3 does cause two of the denominators of the original equation to be zero. Can you apply quadratics to your home or workplace? Solution: Yes it can be applied like say for the price and the revenue curve. 4.Step 3: Check for extraneous solutions. Therefore 3 is an extraneous solution. “Using math to plan a community fair” found on the MTH209 webpage for Week 3. The answer is: NO solution. Please be specific with your comments. if we assume that as the price increases demand decreases also the revenue but after a point revenue decreases let say revenue is given by R ( p) = 90 p − p 2 find the price at which max imum revenue occurs R ( p) = p(90 − p ) ( xy type where x = p and y = 90 − p ) maxima this type equation occurs when p = 90 − p 2 p = 90 p = 45 therefore max imum revenue = R( p) = 45* 45 = 225 5. That means there is no solution. Comment on the simulation.
and 50 Solution: . 92. and 76 Section 6. Also the company based on consulting uses these graphs frequently. Write a synopsis of the article and tell us the website where the article was found. (Required) Find an article anywhere on Internet that uses any of material covered thus far from MTH209. and 102 Section 6. 42. This question is not asking for a tutorial type website. d.com which uses the graph very frequently to find the maximum and minimum price of the shares. Please note this is a different question than DQ # 2 from Week 2. b. Solution: We have learnt how to find the peak in a graph and questions based on it. 70.6. 7. I don’t know how they plot these equations but do something called as linear regressions to find a trend. Another use is the linear equation and quadratic equation in finding the trend of these shares.2: Exercises 24. f. one of the interesting site is the www. and 62 Section 6.nasqaq. e.3: Exercises 20 and 66 Section 6.6: Exercises 30.1: Exercises 18. (Required) Demonstrate a problem from the individual assignment showing or explaining all aspects of the solution.4: Exercises 8. 56. 44. Section 6. 40. 28. c.5: Exercises 52 and 58 Section 6. Please do not demonstrate a problem another student has submitted a.
6.Section 6. this can be written as .3 + 2 2 = y2 − 3y + 2 y − 6 ≠ 0 = y ( y − 3) + 2( y − 3) ≠ 0 now take out the common factor = ( y + 2)( y − 3) ≠ 0 now it becomes zero when.2.3 .1 exercise 18 2 y +1 y − y −6 = deno min ator cannot be 0 so we will try to factorize deno min ator and find zeroes multiply ac = .3 therefore y ≠ −2. y = .
Simplify rational expressions. the number of people employed in the aerospace industry is modeled by the quadratic equation. we find 20000 units must be produced to have an average cost of $30.452t2. Three main methods exist to solve quadratic equations. a substitution and simple equation would be computed. Let’s now consider an application problem involving a rational equation.71t + 3. From 1990 through 1996.Chapter information lecture Solving Quadratic Equations and Rational Equations Knowing how to solve quadratic equations algebraically can help you solve real-life problems. with a result of y = 750 remaining. The 750. the total cost may be represented by the expression 80000 + 26x. Perform operations on rational expressions. y = 831. Last week. Week 3 Objectives Rational Expressions and Equations • • • • • • • Identify rational expressions. with t=0 corresponding to 1990. with 0 < t < 6. • Factoring . we’ll examine employment in the aerospace industry. and t represents the year. Solve rational equations.000.3 – 85. we’ll begin in a similar way. y represents the number of people employed in thousands. 26x + 80000 = 30 x Solving. and then dividing by the coefficient of x. Combining the variables. The following equation will net an average cost of $30. Determine the least common denominator (LCD) to combine rational expressions. The number of units is x. leaving a more challenging problem to solve. The 750 will now be substituted for y. This week. A fairly simple problem exists if we wanted to estimate the number of people employed in the industry in 1997. In the following example. Identify restrictions on the variable in the denominator of a rational expression. 26x + 80000 = 30x. The problem becomes a bit more challenging. We’ll revisit this problem later in this lecture. we started with some factor patterns and strategy behind using the patterns. Apply rational equations and proportions to real-life problems.000 people were employed in the industry. Realizing 1997 corresponds to a t-value of 7. if we wanted to approximate the year 750. How many units must be produced to have an average cost of $30 per unit? Solving. A manufacturing plant can produce x units of a certain item for $26 per unit and an initial investment of $80.000 would be divided by 1000. In the model.
2x2 – 7x + 4 = 1 2x2 – 7x + 3 = 0 (2x . if at all possible when multiplying two factors for a product of 0. The unfortunate problem associated with factoring is. y = 831.1)(x – 3) = 0 2x – 1 = 0 or x – 3 = 0 x = ½ or x = 3 Another problem. Based on standard form for a quadratic equation. the formula is Now. Substituting those values for the variables in the formula.71t +831. b=-3. 2x2 – 3x + 5 = 0. Let’s find what year 750. and c=5. Recall. 3. Let’s now revisit the example in paragraph one.3 – 85. not all quadratic equations factor so easily.452t2 – 85. Substitute 750 for y.• • Quadratic Formula Square Root method Factoring is an outstanding method of solving quadratic equations.3 = 750 . oftentimes by squaring both sides of the equation.452t 2 was the formula to determine the number of people employed in the aerospace industry. a=2. The quadratic formula will always work to solve a quadratic equation.71t + 3. one factor or the other one must be equal to 0 A final example will show the third method of solving quadratic equations. employing a different strategy… = = square both sides why did we move the 1? factor. the best method is to get rid of the radical. Ax2 + Bx + C = 0.000 people would have been or will be employed. Let’s solve the following equation. The method we’ll consider now is the quadratic formula. consider the equation. When radicals are involved.
452t2 – 85.71 C = 81. 2 = 3 3x – 1 x+1 2(x + 1) = 3(3x – 1) 2x + 2 = 9x – 3 5 = 7x 5/7 = x x may not be 1/3 or -1 cross multiplying check the solution against the restrictions no problem in this case.3 23. be sure to note the restrictions before doing anything. A critical step in solving any rational equation is to note the restrictions. Restrictions are values the variable may not take on. we’ll transform the rational equation into a linear equation.84 or 0. Oftentimes. With regard to rational equations. an extraneous solution might appear.71 + 81.3.452 B = -85. That value will be a restriction. we’ll find some rational equations may be transformed to linear equations and some to quadratic equations. In this first example. it just does not work in the original equation.99 t = about 24 years or t = about 1 year Recall t =0 corresponded to 1990 We may then select the year 1990+1 or 1990+24 1991 or 2014 Switching gears now to rational equations. note the value of the variable generating a zero denominator. 2 x 3x – 1 x+1 2 = x 3x – 1 x+1 2(x + 1) = x(3x – 1) 2x + 2 = 3x2 – x 0 = 3x2 – 3x – 2 =0 x may not be 1/3 or -1 move the right fraction to the other side cross multiply distribute move everything to one side . An extraneous solution is a solution arrived at by all the appropriate steps. Again. let’s try transforming a rational equation into a quadratic equation.3 = 0 A = 3. so x = 5/7 Now. when solving rational equations.
c = -2 . we find the quadratic formula a better choice for this problem. b = -3.After attempting to factor. a = 3.
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