Exeter Chess Club: The Italian Game for beginners

Dr. Dave April 24, 2004

Contents
1 Exeter Chess Club: The Italian Game for beginners 2 Introduction 2.1 The trouble with the Giuoco Piano (is the Giuoco Pianissimo) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 5 7 7 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 9 9

3 Basic ideas in the Italian Game 3.0.1 All the basic ideas: White,R - Al Marif,S [C51 Evans’ Gambit] (London LB), 1990

4 Ideas mainly for White 4.1 Develop rapidly and take over the centre 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.1.4 4.2

The raid with central pawns: Boleslavsky - Scitov [C54 Giuoco Piano] (Moscow) 1933 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The raid with central pawns: Morphy,Paul - Laroche,H [Evans’ Gambit, C52] Paris, 1859 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The raid with central pawns: Morphy,Paul(bl sim) - Cunningham [Giuoco Piano, C54] London, 1859 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Central advantage: Bastian,Herbert - Eng,Holger (10) [Giuoco Piano, C54] Bad Neuenahr ch-DE, 1984 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Catch the Black King in the middle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 The King caught in the middle (and Central advantage): Morphy - Hampton, H [Evans’ Gambit, C52] (London) 1858 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 King caught in the middle: Fischer - Fine RH [Evans’ Gambit, C52] (New York) 1963 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 King caught in the middle: Anderssen,Adolf - Dufresne,J [Evans’ Gambit, C52] Berlin ‘Evergreen’, 1852 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 King caught in the middle: Romero Holmes,Alfonse - Estremera Panos,Serg [Giuoco Piano, C54] Leon, 1989 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

4.3

The King’s-side attack. 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4

King’s-side attack: Morphy,Paul - Amateur [Giuoco Piano, C51] London, 1858 . . 14 Littlewood - Paish (Blindfold)1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 King’s-side attack: Euwe,Max - O’Hanlon,John [Giuoco Piano, C54] Hastings, 1919 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 The Fried Liver raid: Morphy,Paul(bl sim) - Forde,A [Evans’ Gambit, C52] New Orleans, 1858 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1

4.4

The Queen’s-side attack. 4.4.1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Move to the Queen’s-side: Szecsi - Szarka [Giuoco Piano, C54] cr, 1987 . . . . . . 16 18

5 Ideas for Black 5.1

Hit back with ...d5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 5.1.1 5.1.2 Black hits back with ...d5: Marache,N - Morphy,Paul [Evans’ Gambit, C52] New York, 1857 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Black hits back with ...d5: Treiber,Timo - Kurz,Ralf (07) [Giuoco Piano, C54] Baden Baden, 1990 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

5.2

Catch the White King in the middle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 5.2.1 Black catches the King in the middle: Noa,Josef - Kopylov [Evans’ Gambit, C52] Leningrad, 1937 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

5.3

Counterattack on the White King’s-side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 5.3.1 5.3.2 Black’s King’s-side counterattack: Mongredien,A - Morphy,Paul (07) [Evans’ Gambit, C52] Paris m, 1859 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Black’s King’s-side counterattack: Saint Amant - Morphy,Paul [Giuoco Piano, C54] Paris, 1858 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

5.4

Black’s chances in the endgame 5.4.1

Black’s endgame chances: Hammond,G - Morphy,Paul [Giuoco Piano, C54] New York, 1857 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

5.5

Some traps in the Italian Game 5.5.1 5.5.2 5.5.3 5.5.4 5.5.5 5.5.6 5.5.7 5.5.8

A poor line for White in the Closed Variation of the Giuoco Piano . . . . . . . . . 22 Another trap in the Closed Variation of the Giuoco Piano Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. O-O Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. O-O Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. O-O Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. cxd4 Trap in the Moller Attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Bernstein’s Trap in the Moller Attack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 27

6 Some Variations in the Italian Game 6.1

Main line Guioco Piano 4. c3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 6.1.1 6.1.2 6.1.3 Risky main line 7. Nc3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Safe main line 7. Bd2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 The closed variation 4...Bb6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

6.2

Evans’ Gambit 4. b4 6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Evans’ Gambit Declined (4...Bb6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Evans’ Gambit Accepted (4...Bxb4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Kasparov, Gary-Anand, Viswanathan, Riga 1993 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 42 2

7 Appendix 1. Why is it called “Italian”?

8 Appendix 2. Oh, if you must... some ideas for playing the Giuoco Pianissimo 8.0.4 8.0.5 8.0.6 8.0.7 8.0.8 Regis (Exeter) - Orpwood (Salford), 1987.

43

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

A trap in the Giuoco Pianissimo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Another trap in the Giuoco Pianissimo One more trap in the Giuoco Pianissimo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

Example Game in the Giuoco Pianissimo: Chambers-Vorhees (Dayton, Ohio) 1972 45

3

Chess Openings for Juniors Various magazines and other books rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PO0O0OPO SNAQJ0ZR Evans’ Gambit rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0OBZPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZPO0OPO SNAQJ0ZR An Exeter Junior Chess Club booklet Edition 3. April. Batsford Chess Openings 4 .18. 96 Bibliography: Kasparov/Keene.Chapter 1 Exeter Chess Club: The Italian Game for beginners The Giuoco Piano and Evans’ Gambit Giuoco Piano Levy/Keene. An Opening Repertoire for the Attacking Club Player Walker.

I often call this Plan A. 2. e4 e5 2. f3 c6 3. you should know that Plan A in the opening (for White and Black) is to play e4 and d4. the sides are equal and it’s N . so you both continue sensibly 4. . you need to know the the King’s Gambit like the Muzio Gambit ( 1. Nf3 Nc6 3. This is the main line of the Giuoco Piano. it may be that almost every game you play ends up something like this. That means ‘very quiet game’. Black can use the temporary weakness of e4 to play 4. but want to play like this. The position is blocked. and perhaps you would like some variety. Nc3 rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0Zno0m0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0MPZNZ0 POPZ0OPO S0AQJ0ZR 5 rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PO0O0OPO SNAQJ0ZR Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. Why does this go wrong? Well.. ×f3). If you both play sensibly 1. Bc4 Bc5 4. which lead to open exe5 2. . ple were still playing the bloodthirsty variations of Knowing this can happen. e4 e5 2. hard to get things going. see the last section.. peo. If you really The name Giuoco Piano means ‘quiet game’. but I it is not really quiet.exd4.. Which is where we came in. c4 g4 5. When it got its name. e4 e5 2. f4 e×f4 3.don’t think it’s a good way to play. c4 c5 White cannot play d4. d3 d6 1. which is the Giuoco Pianissimo.1 The trouble with Giuoco Piano (is Giuoco Pianissimo) the the N N B B N N Q N B It looks like this: Nf6 5. O–O citing games: g×f3 6. It can take a long time to beat worse players because things are so solid. The major change is the conversion of the ‘example games’ section to a much larger ‘ideas and traps’ section.Chapter 2 Introduction This is an updated and expanded version of a booklet first written in 1994. f6 when it is difficult to stop Black upsetting your plan a little.cxd4 do you play Nc3. d4 and only after . You then have your old-fashioned centre and good prospects of a quick attack down the centre or on the K-side. c3 f6 5. d3 d6. Also. I suppose the Giuoco Pianois quiet! But there is a variation to be avoided.c3 1. e4 two great ways to avoid it. Compared to that. The idea is to play c3. Junior players can usually get to this point safely but often don’t really enjoy the game that results. f3 g5 4. .

although you are a Pawn down. . d4 you have gained a move on Plan A. and do them in the order above: (1) ideas. and only then (3) variations. (2) traps.for both sides! B Enterprising chess players still occasionally trot this one out at master level: Bobby Fischer and John Nunn have played it with success. some variations You should read and play over the examples with a board. let’s have a look at some ideas in these more exciting lines. c3 c5 6. 5. Bc4 Bc5 4. Nf3 Nc6 3. lastly. the ”gift of the gods to a languishing chess world”. ×b4. After 4. e4 e5 2.b4!? B This is the Evans’ Gambit. the basic ideas 2. 6 . . I’ll show you 1.. . first. This is how to study any opening. So. The Evans’ is more dangerous than the Giuoco Piano .rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0OBZPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZPO0OPO SNAQJ0ZR 1. some important traps 3. secondly.

only the Evans’ Gambit and Moller Attack in the Giuoco Piano are fast enough to catch the King in the middle. or. and you may have dislodged an important defender. I’ll show you an ex. . if it escapes by castling. if your attack doesn’t come about. fast development and siezing the central files may give you an advantage in the endgame Because the basic layout is similar for both sides. eyeing up the tender f7 point play c2-c3 and d2-d4 to take over the centre develop your other pieces rapidly. some of these ideas also apply to playing Black: in addition Black should strive for: rapid development castle into safety counter with .0. . like h2-h3. attack on the King’sside. don’t make time-wasting pawn moves. e4 e5 2. because Pawns are worth the least. The Rook comes to e1. break open lines to get at the Black c×d4 position 3.1 All the basic ideas: White. and so you haven’t given Black a chance to catch up in development. d4 e×d4 8.d5 rZblkZns opo0Zpop 0Zno0Z0Z Z0a0Z0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQZRJ0 B R play for counterattack on the King’s-side or an Central advantage: the Plan A pawn centre with endgame advantage First. ample game which includes the ideas I have listed 8. Bc4 Bc5 4. bring your Bishop onto the a2-g8 diagonal. . b6 9.R Al Marif. . Usually we say. . the Knight has to move. c3 opment.. 9.S [C51 Evans’ Gambit] (London LB).. .good development. 1990 B Nf3 Nc6 3. e1 above. It’s odd that. 7 Bg4 . King’s Rook to e1. bring your 1. But if you play e4-e5 attacking a Knight on f6. If you have a lead in devel×b4 5. O–O!? d6 7.. nothing can resist their attacks! try and catch the opponent’s King in the middle.. Usually. gving the King a Hard Stare. keep the opponent’s pieces from settling with central pawn stabs. b4 Bc5 6.Chapter 3 Basic ideas in the Italian Game I’ve described some of them above..

.. 10. d×e5 rZ0ZkZns opo0Zpop 0anZ0l0Z Z0Z0O0Z0 0ZBZ0ZbZ Z0Z0ZNZ0 PA0Z0OPO SNZQS0J0 Qf4 13.. e5 d×e5 12.. . . Black hopes to gain time by taking a piece with an 1-0 attack on the Queen.rZ0lkZns opo0Zpop 0ano0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBOPZbZ Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQS0J0 White’s next points both Bishops at the King’sside.Check stops everything. B×e7+ Attack on f7 along the ”Italian Diagonal” Raiding by centre pawns. . rZ0Z0jrZ opo0A0op 0a0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZ0l0Z Z0Z0ZbZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNZQS0J0 The King caught in the middle. 12. rZ0ZkZns opo0Zpop 0anZPZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZ0l0Z Z0Z0ZbZ0 PA0Z0OPO SNZQS0J0 8 . f×g8=Q+ R×g8 16. 14. Kf8 15. and how to play when you are Black. Black resigns. The Pawn wins time by the attack on the Queen. . . e6 B×f3 rZ0ZkZns opo0ZPop 0anZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZ0l0Z Z0Z0ZbZ0 PA0Z0OPO SNZQS0J0 14.. In fact White never moves the Queen or takes the Bishop! Bb2 Qf6 11. and then breaks open lines by a further step forward. An exciting game! Let’s have a look at each of these ideas again in actual play. e×f7+ Not a bit of it! . Ba3+ Ne7 17.

and d-pawns.Chapter 4 Ideas mainly for White 4. Ba5 6. Get your pieces out and fighting .1. C52] Paris..H [Evans’ Gambit. Qe2+ Kf8 14.1 Develop rapidly and take over the centre 8. ×b4 5. 1859 Ng4 8. Bc4 Bc5 4.1. . The “Plan A” pawn centre just rolls over the Black position. d4 e×d4 6. and on the way stamp on the toes of the Black pieces to make them jump out of the way! 4. 7. e4 e5 2. Ng6 B The way to take over the centre is with your e... .if they are on the back rank you The Pawns have marched forward. . c4 5. . . . e5 Stamp! 7. g5 f6 Nh6 9.Paul Laroche. . e4 e5 2. . e×f6 g×f6 White can win a piece. You should know this idea already. they Black pieces to scatter. causing the might as well not have them! And of course.1 The raid with central pawns: Boleslavsky . .Scitov [C54 Giuoco Piano] (Moscow) 1933 1. c3 Nf3 Nc6 3.. c×d4 b6 N N rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0anZ0m0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR This move gives White too much of a free hand. These pawns can make little steps down the middle towards the Black King. . c3 Nf6 rZblkZ0s opopZ0op 0a0O0onm Z0Z0O0A0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZP PO0Z0OPZ SNZQJ0ZR 12... B B Bc5 4. . are most effective in the centre. d4 Nf6 b4 . f3 c6 3. . but: 13. Time to develop a piece.2 The raid with central pawns: Morphy. h3 Stamp! 9 B 1. 11. d6 Stamp! 10. B×h6# 1-0 Isn’t that better than the Giuoco Pianissimo? 4. Ne7 10. d5 Stamp! 9.

Qf8 13.. Black is getting squashed by those Pawns. d×e5 rZbZkZns opoplpop 0anZ0Z0Z Z0ZPO0Z0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNAQZRJ0 This we would call a central pawn roller. Bg5 f6 9..rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR Now a little Pawn stab. . Be3 N×f3+ 12. .1. e×d6 c×d6 17. d4 e×d4 6. 7. c7 e7 Qe2 1-0 4.Paul(bl sim) . rZblkZ0s opopZ0op 0ZnZ0m0Z a0Z0O0A0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNZQJ0ZR Another awkward Pawn raid. f3 f6 5. Na3 Nd4 11. . . C54] London. c4 c5 3. O–O g8 8. rZbj0lns ZpopZpop 0o0Z0Z0Z ZNZPO0Z0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0Z0ZQZ0 PO0Z0OPO Z0S0ZRJ0 Qe3 Ra6 18. . e5 e7 7. d5 Black wants to exchange Queens. N Q 15. . ×f3 ac1 Qc5 10. Ng4 8.3 10.Cunningham [Giuoco Piano. d6 16. . e5 Q R 9. c×d4 b6 9.. B B B Q N N N N 0Zbj0Zns ZpM0lpop ro0o0Z0Z Z0ZPZ0Z0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0Z0L0Z0 PO0Z0OPO Z0S0ZRJ0 10 . . e4 e5 2. B×b6 a×b6 14. f×g7 Qe7+ 13. Nb5 Kd8 15. e×f6 h×g5 12. The raid with central pawns: Morphy. e×f6 N×f6 10. h6 11. 1859 1. . c3 c6 4.

.. Nf3 4. fe1 N N N rZbl0skZ opo0mpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0ZnZ0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z ZQZ0ZNZ0 PO0M0OPO S0Z0S0J0 This is the Main line position. Ke8 22.19. d×e6 Nf6 23.O-O.Eng. h4 c8 R B B N B B B N Q N rZ0Z0skZ opoqZpo0 0Z0m0ZpZ Z0Z0S0M0 0Z0Z0Z0Z ZQZ0Z0Z0 PO0Z0OPO Z0Z0S0J0 Black is starting to get sorted out but White’s next move tempts the f-pawn to move. b6 13. 1-0 Qb4 f6 22. and. this is mostly an idea for the Evans’ Gambit... Bc4 Bc5 4. C54] Bad Neuenahr ch-DE. White’s pieces charge out before Black can play . d3 f5 14.2. c4 c5 4. f3 c6 3. Nf3 Nc6 3. c×d4 b4+ 7. ae1 g6 16. Re7 Qb5 23. Bb5 17. d2 ×d2+ 8. 1.2 Catch the Black King in the middle As I said. N×g6 h×g6 18. e×d5 ×d5 10.Nf6 and . e4 e5 2.Holger (10) [Giuoco Piano. C52] (London) 1858 White has far more active pieces and control of the e-file.1 The King caught in the middle (and Central advantage): Morphy . c3 Bc5 6. O–O O–O 12. Nc3 . but Black must be careful not to let the White pieces dominate the central squares and the e-file. R×f7+ N×f7 26.. b3 ce7 11. 4. Ne6+! f×e6 20. B×a6 Bd7 21. d4 e×d4 6. H [Evans’ Gambit.. hopefully. Rc8+ 1-0 Qd7 20.. imitate.Herbert . 1984 1. 12. d4 e×d4 8. R×g7+ K×g7 Re7+ Rf7 25. Most of the Pawns have disappeared.4 Central advantage: Bastian. c×d4 Bb6 9. c3 f6 5. Ng5 Nd6 R7e5 Qxd4 19. . O–O d6 7. 21. This is an easy game to understand.. b4 B×b4 5. e4 e5 2. 15. 24.Hampton. b×d2 d5 9. . and before the defence can get organised.1. Ne6+ R N rZnl0skZ opo0Spop 0Z0Z0ZbZ Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0O0Z0M ZQZ0Z0Z0 PO0M0OPO Z0Z0S0J0 11 B B B N N R×e7 B×d3 4.

rZbZkZns opoplpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z a0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z ZQM0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0A0ZRJ0 White has a massive lead in development. b4 B×b4 5. Now 9. 8. e5 d×e5 11. e6 f6 16. . while Black’s pieces are disorganised and the King vulnerable.rZblkZns opo0Zpop 0ano0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0M0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 This simple developing move is best. Bb2 Qg5 White has a model position. . Nd5 N×d5 11.. h4 ×h4 15. . . g3 1. Qb3 Bh5 13. and Fischer agreed. . . .. but not much played before Morphy. Bd5 1-0 Q N 9. 9. d×e5 Ng4 14. C52] (New York) 1963 rZbZkZ0s opopZpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z a0ZPZ0l0 0ZBZ0Z0Z ZQZ0Z0Z0 PA0Z0OPO S0Z0ZRJ0 Fischer now finds a nice deflecting move. Instead they used to rush with 9.Fine RH [Evans’ Gambit. d4 e×d4 7. c3 Ba5 6. Fischer’s reply does not lose time because Black must respond to the attack on the Queen. the Knight.. d5 or hesitate with 9. 12 This game was played as a ‘friendly’ game at Fine’s house. Bc4 Bc5 4. e4 e5 2. . Rad1 Qc8 Stops the Black King castling.2 King caught in the middle: Fischer .2. . h3. e×d5 Ne5 12. .. 15. and. Ba3 11. said Modern Chess Openings. ×e5 Nf6 10. 14. b4 is the most awkward. Q×e5 13. Rfe1+ Kd8 . O–O d×c3 ”A little too greedy”. . after the exchange. Nf3 Nc6 3. rZqZkZ0s opo0Zpop 0anZ0Z0Z Z0Z0O0Zb 0ZBZ0ZnZ AQM0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0ZRZRJ0 Qb5 Bg6 17. Bg4 12. Qb3 Qe7 9. 17. N×c3 Nf6 10. . Q Q B×g7 Rg8 16. 4.

so if 17. Bb2 White has yet to show anything for his efforts. 6. Bb6 7. C52] Berlin ‘Evergreen’. Anderssen must have seen the mate at the end. .Adolf . b4 B×b4 5. ×e7+ ×e7 21. .2.. e5 d5 8. f6 mate. f3 c6 3. O–O d3 8. C54] Leon. .rZbj0ZrZ opopZpAp 0Z0Z0Z0Z a0ZPZ0Z0 0ZBZ0Z0l Z0Z0Z0L0 PZ0Z0OPZ S0Z0S0J0 1-0 Another. Re1 Nge7 11. ad1 ×f3 20. . 5.J [Evans’ Gambit.Serg [Giuoco Piano. e×f6 d×c4 9.4 King caught in the middle: Romero Holmes. Nf6+ g×f6 18. e4 e5 2.2. Nbd2 Bb7 15. Ne4 Qf5 16. e×f6 Rg8 This is a very famous game. Bc4 Bc5 4. c×d4 Q×d4 14. Qe2+ Be6 11. . d7+ f8 24.Alfonse . b5 Na5 0s0ZkZrZ obopmpZp 0anZ0O0Z Z0Z0Z0Zq QZ0Z0Z0Z A0OBZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0Z0S0J0 K B Q B R K N rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0a0Z0O0Z mPZ0Z0Z0 0Zpo0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR 10. B×d3 Qh5 17.3 King caught in the middle: Anderssen.Dufresne. d4 e×d4 7. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Qb3 Qf6 9. ×d7+ ×d7 22. conclusive deflection. 1989 1.Estremera Panos. The Black Queen cannot defend the f6 square. Q×b5 Rb8 13. 4. 1852 rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0a0Z0Z0 0OBoPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR An unusual line. f×g7 Rg8 12. b4 N N Bc4 Bc5 4. Qa4 Bb6 14. Ba3 b5 12. . In playing his next move. Superb! 19. g3 18. c3 Ba5 6. d4 e×d4 6. c3 Nf6 B Q 4. e5 Qg6 10. ×e7# 1-0 Q K R B 13 . published in newspapers all over the world at the time. f5+ e8 23. 1.. N×d4 B×d4 13.

. c×d4 Bb6 8. N×e7+ Rc1 Ba5+ Black jumps at a loose Pawn. Bc4 Bc5 4. Qa3 1-0 The King’s-side attack. d2 rZbl0skZ opopmpop 0a0Z0Z0Z m0ZPZ0A0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0M0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0ZQJ0ZR N 11. e5 Kf1 Kf8 17. . White’s next move is an important one: he will have to win the game without his King’s Rook! N 16.3 Of course. but White is still out get the King. d4 e×d4 7.also make a King’s-side attack work! 4. 17. d5 Na5 14 A well-judged sacrifice. c3 Bc5 6.better development. e4 e5 2. b4 B×b4 5. Bf6 Qg6 16..Amateur [Giuoco Piano. 1858 1. rZ0ZkZ0Z opo0Zpsp 0Z0ZbAqZ mPZ0Z0Z0 0ZpZ0Z0Z Z0Z0ZQZ0 PZ0M0OPO S0Z0J0ZR Q×g2 18. d6 c×d6 12. ×d6 e8 15. . . 4. Bb5 Bd7 19. Bg5 Nge7 9. Qf4 d5 18.rZ0ZkZrZ opo0ZpOp 0Z0ZbZ0Z mPZ0Z0Z0 0Zpl0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PA0ZQOPO SNZ0J0ZR N 14. d5 ×e7 14. C51] London.. . But all the things that make the attack on the uncastled King work .. Black would be OK. Qf3 R×g7 17. if Black is not greedy you may see the Black King flee to the King’s-side. .. Nf3 Nc6 3. central control and open lines . . It’s still all very muddly! Qd3 15.3. This move hangs on to the g-pawn. rZblrZkZ opZpmpop 0Z0L0Z0Z a0Z0Z0A0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0S0J0ZR rZ0lrj0Z opZbmpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z aBZpM0A0 0Z0ZPL0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0S0ZKZR Q R N Nac6 13. Nc3 O–O 10. without which Black has castled.1 King’s-side attack: Morphy.Paul .

h8 26.. O–O ×c3 9. 1919 1. b×d2 d5 9. .John [Giuoco Piano. e1 e7 11. Qh3 Nd6 15 N K×h7 15. Rh3 f4 19. ×e4 d6 12.O’Hanlon. f3 c6 3. c×d4 b4+ 7.that is. e1 Q B Q Ne4 Rd8 15. Qh5 R Ng6 18. ×h7! f5 17. Re6 Rf6 . f5+ g6 30. e×f5 b6 22. c3 ×e4 8. b3! ce7 11. c1 f5 32.3 King’s-side attack: Euwe. c×d4 b4+ 7. f6 g8 23. . d3 e6 17. 13. d5 f6 10. g1 f5 21. d4 e×d4 6. d2 ×d2+ 8. c4 c5 4. f×g8= + ×g8 25. f7+ N B R K Q Q K rZrZ0ZkZ opZ0ZQop 0l0Z0Z0Z abZpM0A0 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0S0Z0JR White has got his attack going nicely now. ×g5 O–O R 4.. 14. . e4 e5 2. b1+ 1-0 N K R R Q K Q Q Q Q Q B Q 4.2 Littlewood fold)1993 Paish (Blind- B B N B N N B B R N B B N N N 1. Qb6. each of whom had a board! Q Q 25. B×d5 and This was one of eight games played blindfold by Paul . e×d5 ×d5 10.3. . but the decentralising .Qb7. ×c8+ ×c8 27. a4 Q Fritz knows about several alternatives here: h6. f7+ h7 29. g5 ×g5 13. c4 c5 4. 19. . ×d5 h6 28. a5 14. . ×h7+ rZbl0skZ opo0mpop 0Z0o0Z0Z Z0ZPZ0M0 0ZBZRZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PO0Z0OPO S0ZQZ0J0 White now plays a break-up sacrifice.Qa5 does little towards getting Black’s position sorted. Nxg6+ 1-0 K N×e6+ f×e6 21. f3 c6 3. f8 20. d4 e×d4 6. c3 f6 5.. b6 and so on. . f7 ec8 24. Rb8. O–O O–O N N N B N B B N B B Q N 12. e4 e5 2. ×b5+ 20. c3 f6 5. Littlewood’s opponent found a new one. e3 ×f7 33. rZ0s0ZkZ opZ0ZpZQ 0ZpmbZpZ l0ZnM0M0 PZBO0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0O0Z0OPO S0Z0S0J0 The entry of the Queen decides. . 16.. ×c8 b1+ 31..3. Rh4+ Kg8 16. Ne5 Nf5 Ng5 g6 18. 19. .Max . Rfe1 c6 13. he played by calling out moves to eight opponents. C54] Hastings..Q 19. . . .

g4 g6 16. ee8 d7 25. e5+ h6 20. Ng5 d5 8. ×h8+ f7 23. g×h3 g6 20.3. because you won’t mind moving your Queen’s-side Pawns forward! 4. 1. 9. d4+ e6 15. ×e5+! ×e5 14.4 The Fried Liver raid: Morphy. g3 d7 23. e7 e8 19. e3 12. version of it in the Evans’ Gambit. perhaps your opponent will castle Queen’s-side? This is usually easier to attack than the King’s-side. b4 rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z a0Zno0M0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0O0Z0Z0 PZ0O0OPO SNAQZRJ0 Q K Black’s Queen’s-side may be late coming out.4. and not at all in the centre. But if the Black King cannot feel entirely safe on the King’s-side. h3# 1-0 R Q K K B Q K Q Q Q K K K B B 4. 20. e1 a5 c6 18.Szarka [Giuoco Piano. ×d5+ g7 18. ×a8 ×e8 28. c×b7 1-0 rZbl0Z0s opo0Z0op 0a0ZkZ0Z m0Zno0Z0 0ZBZ0Z0Z A0O0ZQZ0 PZ0O0OPO SNZ0S0J0 How can White get at the King? K B R Q K K R B Q N R B R R R R R B 13. e4+ f7 17. and may be a target for a direct attack by e. f3+ g4 22.Paul(bl sim) . e4 e5 2. c3 f6 5. ×g5 h6 14.here is a 8. g5 ×g5 13. e1 e6 16. b4 Ba5 6. Bc4 Bc5 4. ×e8 ×e8 29.1 Move to the Queen’s-side: Szecsi . a3 b6 e2 h×g5 15. 1987 N K R N B B R Q B B N B N N B B R N B B N R B R R R N N 16 . d5 f6 10. h7+ f8 21. 4. d4 e×d4 6.4 The Queen’s-side attack. c3 e×d5 ×d5 N Nf3 Nc6 3. d×e6 f6 17. c4 c5 4. e1 e7 11. f3 c6 3. c×d4 b4+ 7. ×e6+ ×e6 27. h8+ ×h8 22. O–O ×c3 9. ×f7 ×f7 10. h3 ×h3 19. ×d8 c6 24. d×c6+ e6 26.rZbl0ZkZ opo0Z0o0 0Z0oRsnZ Z0ZPZ0ZQ 0ZBZ0o0Z Z0Z0Z0ZR PO0Z0OPO Z0Z0Z0J0 Black has no time to organise a defence of all of his weaknesses. g5+ h5 21.g. e4 e5 2. ×b4 5. c3 ×e4 You may know the Fried Liver Attack . C54] cr. f3+ e6 11.Forde. C52] New Orleans. Qd1b3xb7. ×e4 d6 12. B 1.A [Evans’ Gambit. O–O Nge7 7. 1858 This too was one of a number of games played by Morphy without sight of the board.

a4 a5 24. and so arranges a welcome for the Black King. 20. b×c6 b6 26... so Black had plenty of time to work out the best opening variation and the best defence to the attack! 1-0 R Q B Q Q R Q K Q 17 . Qb2 O–O-O Told you! 22. . . Qb6 21.rZ0lkZ0Z opZ0m0Z0 0ZpoPopZ Z0Z0Z0o0 0OBZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0ZP PZ0ZQO0O Z0Z0S0J0 This move is quite cute: White realises Black will castle Queen’s-side. . a3 a5 29. c1 ×a4 25. ×d6 0Z0Z0s0Z ZkO0m0Z0 0o0LPopZ oBZ0Z0o0 0Z0ZqZ0Z Z0Z0Z0ZP 0Z0Z0O0O Z0S0Z0J0 Black is cut to shreds. c7 b7 28. b5 e4 27. It’s an interesting point that this was played in recent years by post. b5 f8 23..

. ×b4 5. Ng3! 0-1 . York.d5 as Black without immediate disaster you usually get an even game at least.. . f5 12. 18 White swings a punch into the air. a3 d×c3 16. This goes some way to solving both problems.Chapter 5 Ideas for Black Of course.Paul White has no reason to expect these attacking ges[Evans’ Gambit. e4 e5 2. e×d6 g5 O–O 11.Morphy. Black’s problems in the games we have looked at stem from (a) poor development. The . ×f8 ×g5 15. ×f5 ×f5 13.. c2 cd4 19. c1 17. e4 B B Q B R B Qg6 B Qg6 Q 0Z0s0ZkZ opo0Zpop 0Z0Z0ZqZ a0Z0ZnZ0 0Z0mQA0Z Z0o0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO SNZ0ZRJ0 19.N . Ba5 6.. Black responds with one on the chin. . d3 B Q×d6 9.. a3 b4 14.1. C52] New tures to succeed. d4 e×d4 7. you need to know how to play the Black side of the Italian Game. c3 rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z a0Z0O0Z0 0ZBo0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR Nf3 Nc6 3. connecting the Rooks. O–O Nge7 10. 5... . Bc4 Bc5 4..1 Black hits back with .d5: Marache. .1 Hit back with . (b) poor control over the centre. and soon moves over to the attack. Black sensibly develops. d5 8. If you can play . 5.. 1857 rZbZ0skZ opo0mpop 0Znl0Z0Z a0Z0Z0M0 0Z0o0Z0Z Z0OBZ0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQZRJ0 B N B Q N B 1.. . ..d5 break is crucial.d5 This is the most important idea. e5 11. . f4 d8 18.. releasing the Bc8 and getting a share of the centre (or at least breaking up White’s pawns). N 7. .

.And the .1 Black catches the King in the middle: Noa.Ralf (07) [Giuoco Piano. R×d3 R×b1] 17. 17. g5 f6 8. rZbZ0skZ o0o0Zpop 0ZpZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 QZ0Z0S0Z Z0aqZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO ZRA0Z0J0 White is getting into a right mess.Josef . d5 f6 10. e4 e5 2. Rbc4 B×c4 19. O–O 12. 11. . . a4 e×d4 9. 1990 1. b4 ×b4 5. Qb3 Rb8 18.2 Black hits back with . and if this is still in the middle... Qa4 c3 15. e1 R B N N B B N B N N B rZblkZ0s o0opZpop 0ZpZ0a0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZnZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQS0J0 Black whips the King out of the way of the Rook. d×c6 b×c6 11. c3 a5 6.1. d4 d6 7. Rd4 R×b3 19. d4 e×d4 6. c4 c5 4. Catch the White King in the middle If you are developing as fast as you can. ×c6 b×c6 12.. ×d4 b6 10. c×d4 b4+ 7. Rb1 Qd3 b×c3 B×c3 19 B Q N 1. C52] Leningrad. b5 O–O 11. .2.. ×c6 N N B N B B B B B N B . . c3 ×e4 8. Ba6 18. . .Timo ..Kurz. In this case you have every right to attack the White King. . . so much the better! 5. c4 c5 4.2 rZbl0skZ o0opZpop 0ZpZ0a0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZRZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQZ0J0 12. R×c4 Rab8 R×e4 5. 16. d5 ... c3 f6 5. O–O ×c3 9.. 1937 Rf4 d×c4 14. f3 c6 3. e4 e5 2.d5 blow recovers the piece.Kopylov [Evans’ Gambit. . and White isn’t.. you may find that you are ahead in development. C54] Baden Baden. f3 c6 3.5.d5: Treiber. 13.. 0-1 Rbb4 [ 17.

h3 Ng6 11. B×a8 Qc1+ 16. . d5 e7 9. . Qe3 Bb6 18. rZbl0skZ opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQZRJ0 White tries a pawn stab. e4 e5 2. White has tried to cash in straight away before completing development. Ke2 Q×h1] 13.rZbl0skZ o0o0Zpop 0aBo0m0Z Z0Z0Z0A0 QZ0ZPZ0Z Z0O0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO SNZ0J0ZR B×f2+ 13. Q×e4 Q×g5 17. . h5 12. 1859 1. Rf1 Rb2+ 15. K×f2 Ng4+ 14. .1 Black’s King’s-side counterattack: Mongredien..3 Counterattack on White King’s-side rZbl0skZ opo0Z0op 0Z0o0Z0Z a0ZPopZ0 0Z0ZPm0Z ZBO0ZQZP PZ0Z0OPM SNZ0ZRJ0 This move announces to White that it is Black who holds the initiative.Morphy. O–O Nf6 7. ×b4 5. Bc4 Bc5 4. b4 Ba5 6. 8. which is bad news for the Gambit player. . B×f4 N×f4 14. d4 O–O 0Zbl0skZ o0o0Zpop 0ZBo0m0Z Z0Z0Z0A0 QZ0ZPZ0Z Z0O0Z0Z0 Ps0MKaPO S0Z0ZRZ0 Black now finds a neat move to exploit White’s loose position. Kf1 Q×g5 15.Paul (07) [Evans’ Gambit. 5. Nd2 12. f5 18.. but things are pretty solid. c3 B Nf3 Nc6 3. Qe4 d5 0-1 the 5. Qf3 B 15. . if you are ahead in development or have some other advantage. No quick raid will be possible.. .3. K×f2 Qf3 Bg4 19. g4 d2 h4 0-1 Similarly. . b3 f5 N N Qd3 d6 10. 20 Q Q B Bd3 17. e×f5 ×f5 16. 15. Nh2 B Ngf4 13. Ke2 [ 13. . Rb8 14. you can (and should!) think about a King’s-side attack. C52] Paris m. .A . N×e4! 16.

O–O with a timewasting and weakening Pawn move. e4 e5 2.Paul [Giuoco Piano. ×d3 d6+ 22. c3 f6 5. C54] Paris. b×d2 d5 9. ×d3 ×d3 21. g×h3 d3 20. e4 e5 2. you may be left with better placed pieces. h3 f4 12. 11.2 Black’s King’s-side counterattack: Saint Amant . . O–O O–O N N N B B N B B B N rZbl0skZ opo0Zpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0ZnZ0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0M0OPO S0ZQZRJ0 White follows the limp 10. This is nearly always true if the Queens are exchanged.1 Black’s endgame chances: Hammond. d4 e×d4 6.G . e×d5 ×d5 10.. C54] New York. Then there may be open lines that you can use to attack White Pawns.5. Kh2 Rad8 Rad1 21 1. once White’s initiative blows itself out. N×d4 Q×d4 Black’s chances endgame in the rZbZ0skZ opo0Zpop 0Z0l0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBZ0m0Z Z0Z0Z0ZP POQM0OPJ S0Z0ZRZ0 Threatening several nasties. 18. . 15. 5. But very often. d4 e×d4 6. c3 Nf6 . e5 N N Bc4 Bc5 4. It is actually quite difficult to take over the attack and mate White. c×d4 b4+ 7.3.Morphy. ×h3 19.Paul [Giuoco Piano. White may have given up a pawn for the attack. f4 ×d3 0-1 N B B Q R Q Q 5. 1857 Kh1 Qh6 16. Then Black can look forward to a very promising endgame. c2 d6 0Z0s0skZ opo0Zpop 0Z0Z0Z0l Z0Z0ZbZ0 0ZBZ0m0Z Z0L0Z0ZP PO0M0OPJ Z0ZRZRZ0 “And now for my last trick:” 18.4 N Q Q Kh2 N×d4 13. .Morphy. 1858 1. d2 ×d2+ 8. but within easy reach of yours. c4 c5 4. or may have advanced one or two Pawns beyond easy reach of White’s pieces. 14. f3 c6 3. Qc3 Bf5 17. 5.4. f3 c6 3.

×d4 14. c3 Qe7 Bb6 7. . . ×d5 f4 24.5 Some traps in the Italian Game rZ0l0skZ opo0Zpop 0anZ0Z0Z Z0ZpOQm0 0Z0O0Z0Z ZBZ0APZ0 PO0Z0O0O SNZ0ZRJ0 0Z0Z0ZkZ o0ZBspZ0 0Z0Z0ZpZ Z0Z0O0Zp 0Z0Z0m0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 Ps0Z0O0O Z0ZRS0J0 B B Q B B N B R board. N×e5 Q×e5 10. e3 O–O 11. . fe1 e8 20. that goes for all Z-B’s books! Many of them are issued in inexpensive editions by Dover. ×d5 ×d5 23. 5. Now I’d like to look at some specific variations. 28.. O–O the main lines. N N N B R R R Just because your opponent plays slowly doesn’t mean you can relax. 5. . ×b7 ab8 25. . O–O?! Nf3 Nc6 3. . d5 7. d6 6. g4 10. Bc4 Bc5 4. d4 is best] 5. h3 Nf6 8.5. d×e5?! [ 5. e4 e5 2. White is losing at least a Pawn.1 A poor line for White in the Closed Variation of the Giuoco Piano 1. . d5 may have been better] 8. ×d4 ×d4 15. ..B N I hope that’s given you a feel for the way to play these positions. g2 ×e5 18. [ 8. the tactical ideas behind some of 6. c3 g6 16. Nd2 . b3 e4 8. d4 13.. f5 meal) from Znosko-Borovsky’s Traps on the Chess- rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0a0O0Z0 0ZBo0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR B Q B N Q B B The attack has blown out leaving Black’s pieces very well placed. rZbZkZ0s opo0Zpop 0a0o0m0Z Z0Z0l0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0O0Z0ZP PO0M0OPZ S0AQZRJ0 22 N×e5 9. d7 e7 27.. g×f3 These are taken ‘wholemeal’ (rather than pieceg5 13.. because in these lively lines you have to watch your step! Here are some of the most As ever. c6 e6 26. . In fact. c×d4 b6 9. d3 ×f3 12. Re4? R×d7 0-1 ... ×d5 c6 19. .. f4 c×d5 21. ad1 ×b2 N Q R R Q Q B R White is doing his best to attack. I think this is out of print (I have a 1940s copy) but worth trying to find if you read descriptive notation. . f×e5 e6 22. Black must hit back hard: important traps. . g4 h5 17.if not the game! 5.

g5 f6?! 8.. c4 5..] Else White fatally opens the f-file. Q×f6 b×a1= Q 18. O–O?! d6 6. 15. 12. . h4 g5?! 9. Qd4 Nc6 17. . O–O 5. d6 is most reliable] 7. d4 b6 7. O-O 1. . c×d6 Is White’s attack worth a piece? 11. e5 e8 10. d6 front of your uncastled King! B B 10. . Kh1 B×f2 -+ White has done everything possible to encourage Black! Q 16. .. d4 e×d4 6. . e1 in front of your castled King. f3 c6 3. c3 f6 5. O–O O–O? N N N B Bc5 4. .. Nd5 Qd8 16. . . . c×d4 e7 8. 14. e4 e5 2. Re1+. c3 Nf6 N B N N [again. c4 c5 4. e4 e5 2. . . N rZbj0s0Z opo0l0Zp 0ano0m0L Z0Z0O0A0 0ZBZ0O0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 Po0Z0ZPO SNZ0ZRZK 23 N×d6 13. ×d6 13.2 Another trap in the Closed Variation of the Giuoco Piano White sometimes plays this uncommon alternative to avoid the main lines after 6.5. N N N R Nd6 10. g×h3 Qg3+ 12. f3 c6 3. [ 12.3 Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. A very clever move. 5.10. It’s also not safe in b3 O–O 11. Kg1 Ng4 14. Qh5+ Kd8 11. c×d4. . . .. g5 f6 13.5. B×h3 11. d4 e×d4 6. R×e7 Q×e7 14. d6] N N B B N N N B B B B N Q N I said above that you usually can’t afford to do this 7. Qh6 Rf8 13. c3 e7 6.4 Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. f3 c6 3. g5 ×f6+ g×f6 16. B×g5 rZbj0Zns opo0l0Zp 0ano0Z0Z Z0Z0o0AQ 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0O0Z0Z0 PO0Z0OPO SNZ0ZRJ0 Nf6 12. Nd5 Nc6 15. .. e×d6 g6 12. d5 b8 9. Nf3 Qg3+ 15. h6+.. . . . c×d4 b6 8. Qh4+[ 12. c3 h6 14. ×g5 f×g5 [ 6. d3 5. . .] 13. e4 e5 2.5. . ×e4? 5. O-O B 1. . . R×e7 Q×e7 14. 1. d3 B Q N . d5 e7 9. Bg5 Qe8 Q Nc6 16. c3 e8 12. d6 c×d6 11. Bg5 Nf6 15.. e5! d×c3+ 15. e×f6 ×a1+- R×f6 17. 6. f4 e×d4 Kh1 c×b2 rmblnskZ opopapop 0Z0O0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0Z0Z0Z ZBM0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQS0J0 B B B Nf6 14. Kh1 Q×h3+ 13. c4 c5 4.

c3 Nf6 . f×g7 g8 11. Rd8+ B×d8 18. 14. . . e4 e5 2.6 work here because of the lag in development and castling. Kh7 rZbZkZ0Z opZ0apsp 0ZpZnZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZpZNA0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO Z0ZRS0J0 could you win from here as White? Black cannot afford to play 15. e5 N N B Bc5 4. h×g5 15. c×d4 24 N N Bc4 Bc5 4..5.. Ne5 h×g5 17. . cxd4 R R Q N N R B N N B R 1. f3 c6 3.. ..5 Trap in the Main Line of the because of 16. . f3 c6 3. e4 e7 15. O–O d×c3 A little greedy. N×f4 5. . Q×g6] 15. Q×g6+ Kg8 18. O-O N Kf8 17. e×f6 d×c4 9. . . Re8# 1. B×f7! R×f7 16. fe1 c6 14. ×c3 ×g7 12. c3 Nf6 rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0a0O0Z0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0o0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNAQZRJ0 Black’s next is often the right idea. .rZbl0skZ opZpZpo0 0a0O0mno Z0Z0Z0A0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0MQZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0Z0ZRJ0 A terrific example of the central pawn raid.5. c4 5. . Q×f7+ +[ 14. 7. ×d8+ ×d8 10. 5. d5 8. 7. d4 e×d4 6. e4 e5 2. ad1+/- rZbaRj0Z opZ0Zpsp 0ZpZ0M0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZpZ0m0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO Z0Z0Z0J0 Trap in the Main Line of the Giuoco Piano with 6. . f4 e6 13. . f6+ Giuoco Piano with 6. but doesn’t 5. d4 e×d4 6.

. Re1+ 11. Bg5 [ 6. Ke1 N×g5-+ ] 13... e4 e5 2. .. . d5 Ne7 8.. Re5 d6 20. K×f2 N×e4+ 15. N×h1 11.rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0a0Z0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR This is the normal continuation. . Q×f6 N×f6 14. Ne3+ 14. . Bh6+ Kg8 19. . ×e7 h5 g6 16. .. . . Nc3 N×e4 8. Q×e3 B×e3-/+ and Black is B Qb6 14. f5] 12. R×e8+ K×e8 17. . Kd8 15. Re5 Nfe4 17. .. . 25 . c×d4 O–O ×c3 9. . Bg5 Nde8 16. . Rg5#] 5. Bc4 Bc5 4.. Q×g7 Qf6 13. ×h7+- in the clear] Kd1! [ 12. Re1+! Kf8 18. . . . Qe4 Nhg3+ 14. Qd4 Ncd6? [ 11. . Bb6? Bb4+ is best] 7. rZbZkZ0s opopZpZp 0Z0m0m0Z Z0ZPZ0Z0 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0A0S0J0 14.5. . c5 13. . . . . e5 Ne4 9.. .. Qe2 rZblkZ0s opopmpop 0a0O0Z0Z Z0Z0O0A0 0ZBZ0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0ZQZPO SNZ0J0Zn Bf2+ Ne5?! [ 9. Ng5 Rf8 15. . Kf1 Nf5 13.. . Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 e×d4 6. Bh6+ Kg8 16. d5 B Bb4+ 7. d6 N×f2 10. 1. rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0ZPZ0Z0 0ZBZnZ0Z Z0a0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 The Moller Attack 9. This isn’t! The Pawns push forward. Kf8 Q Q [ 14. B×d8 [or 13. c3 Nf6 Re7+12. .7 Trap in the Moller Attack 15. . . Bf6!] 10. 5. 6. Black intends to get the Queen out via c7 12. . Re1 f5 18. b×c3 N×c4 11.

Bg5 Ne7 13. d5 11. Rg7+ Kf8 24. c×d4 b4+ 7. . . b×c3 ×c3 10. B×d5 O–O 12. Rg7+ Kf8 26.. says Znosko-Borovsky. c4 c5 4. Have a go! 5. c3 f6 5. f3 N×c3 21. . b3 N N N rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z ZQa0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0A0ZRJ0 B×a1? B B B B N N N Q 10. f3 c6 3. a5 19.8 Bernstein’s Trap in the Moller Attack 1.. . . R×c7+ Kg8 25. Q×c3 R×f7 14. d×e5 Be6 ] 11. Rg7+ Kf8 22.. Ne5 B×d4 14. 26 . Nd4 b5 20. . Ra7+ Kg8 27. . Qf3+ Bf5 16.rZbZ0Zks opopS0Zp 0Z0m0Z0A Z0ZPZpZ0 0Z0ZnZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0Z0S0J0 18. R×d7+ Kg8 23.5. R×a8 +“and wins”. . B×f7+ Kf8 12. d4 e×d4 6. c3 ×e4 8. Ne5 N×e5 15. e4 e5 2. B×f7+ Kh8 13. Be6+ Bf6 18. O–O ×c3 9. B×f5 B×e5 17. Bg6 d5 15. B×f6+- Black is being terribly greedy. [ 10. .

27 . e2+ e6 11. 6. b5 a5 10. f3 ×g7 17.Chapter 6 Some Variations in the Italian Game 1. . . . d2 ×g2 5. . g8 12. Nf6 The alternatives 4. . d6 give White a free hand. ×d4 ×d4 13. and Evans’ Gambit with 4. and 4. ..1 Main line Guioco Piano 4. b2 d3 15. We’ll have a look at 4... a3 B B rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0anZ0O0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Opo0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR R Q Q N Q B N B Q B B Q Q R N Q rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0a0Z0Z0 0ZBoPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR 6. d4 e×d4 18. . .c3. b4. e4 e5 2. Bc4 Bc5 We will look at the Giuoco Piano with 4.. d×c3 7.. f6 g6 16. c×d4 ×d4 14. . c3 4. f×g7 b6. . . . After 6. b6. O–O hoping for 6. b4 e×f6 d×c4 rZ0ZkZ0Z opo0Zpsp 0Z0ZbA0Z mPZ0Z0Z0 0ZpZ0Z0Z L0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0M0OqO S0Z0J0ZR Bb4+ which is wonderfully messy] [Lastly. c×d4 White has alternatives: [ 6. Nf3 Nc6 3.. . e5 d5 is no good] [You might try one day 6. There are examples of this line in the section on Traps. . the Closed Variation in section B later. . c×d4 Black must reply 6. . . White has 6. but it is neglected in many books on the opening] N Bb6 7. e5 d5 8. ×c3 with a big lead in development. For example 9. .

1 7. Ng5+ K R K R Kg8 24.[ 6. . Qf8+ Q N K Q 6. N K N R Q g6 21. ×d5 ×d5 12. . d2. ×h7+ g8 26. .1. . . O–O e6 10. h7+ f8 29. Rg7+ K R K R Kh8 27. ×e7+ f8 23. B R B N rZ0ZkZ0s opoqm0op 0Z0Z0o0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0O0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0ZQOPO S0Z0S0J0 Black avoids the Moller 8. . e2 d7 We’ll look at the avoiding line first. h8+ 7.. and cannot easily leave. Nc3 Nc3 rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0aBOPZ0Z Z0M0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQJ0ZR N×e4 B N N Q Q B Q B B B N rZrZqZ0Z opZkZNZ0 0Z0L0opZ Z0ZpZ0Z0 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PO0Z0OPO Z0S0Z0J0 An attractive ‘swallowtail mate’ in a game which Fritz produced from memory] White continues in bold style with 8. the Moller attack 8. Qg7+ K Q K Q Kd8 33. g7+ Now White can play the risky 7. d6# B B N R d5 c×d5 18. rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0aBO0Z0Z Z0m0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 White has to play 28 N×c3 . avoiding the Moller 14. f7+ h8 25.. e×d5 ×d5 9. f7+ e8 34. . . Black’s King is caught in the centre. ×e7 ×e7 8. . Qh4+ K Q K Q Ke7 30. e6 hc8 20. Now White can try either: Qe4 or 16.For example: 16. Risky main line 7. ×d5 ×d5 13. ×c3. O–O [Instead 7. 8. .g. g5 e7 11. Rac1 16. . . . c3 or the safe ×g7 28. . e8 31. ac1 c6 17. as it’s such a good example of how quickly White can win in the Giuoco Piano.. b6 does nothing to slow White’s plan . g8+ e7 32. e1 f6 15. g4 you are not convinced!] e8 22. see the game by Boleslavsky in the ideas section if d4 f7 19. . . . which is probably Black has a further choice: not as good: e. ... ×c3. f7+ d7 35.. d5 can be tried. 7.

. . .. . 10.. and White’s attack is far from over. Qe1+ Kf8 15. . ×f7+ ×f7 19. . When I came across this line as a junior I fell in love with it.. d6 is also insufficient Ba3 [ 10. . 10. . Q×a1 Qb8 29 . . ×d6 c×d6 17. e1+ f8 16... Re1+ Be6 13. R×e7+ 14. . Ng5 K×e7 14. The most important one to deal with is the most obvious: 10. Q×g7+ Kh5 23. . Q×c6+ Kd8 16. .. b3+ g6 20. ×d8 ×d8 24. Nf7# 20. . . and Black no longer has a satisfactory reply. B×e7 Q×e7 13. f7+ g6 23. . e5+ rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z A0a0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0ZQZRJ0 This is Bernstein’s line. d5 b6 14. N K N B Q×b7] 21. . Re1+ Ne7 12. . .. a4 a6 13. . Bb5 B×a1 12. B×c6+ b×c6 15. and always tried to play it. . Q×g4+ Kh6 25. b×c3 when Black has another choice Greedy 9. d5 Often a good idea but here is no good either: B×a1 11.. Qf7+ Kg5 22. rZ0l0Z0s ZpZbZ0op pa0A0ZkZ Z0Z0M0Z0 0Z0O0Z0Z ZQZ0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0Z0S0J0 K K Qf3+ Kh6 22. d5 Bernstein’s line: greedy 9. rZbZ0j0s opopZpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO L0Z0Z0J0 with extra material. . f6 [ 20. ×c6 d7 15. Qb3 is also fun: see the Traps section] R B Q B B R B R K R B K B K Q K N 11. g4+ B×g4 24. B×c3 Safer 9. . . B×c3 rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z Z0a0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 Reply 10. .9. h5 21. Black must back out earlier. ×d6+ g8 18. c1 a5 12. Qa4 Qc8 11.

. . d5 Q×d5 16.. d5 10. 14.. 17. Q×e1+ Kd8 21. B×b4 N×b4 13. R×e6+ Q×e6 else Qxg7+ is terrible 19. . which lack support from the Rooks. Qb3 d5 12. . . Rad1 Qc5 Re5 Qb6 rZ0Z0Z0s opo0jpop 0l0ZbZ0Z Z0Z0S0Z0 0ZpZ0Z0Z Z0L0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0ZRZ0J0 rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0ZpZ0Z0 0aBO0Z0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 This may be really where Black should back out. 10. best: the game might go 11. White now can finish nicely: 18. Rc1 Bb4 12. Q×c4] 11. Bernstein: the safer 9. Re1+ Ba3 O–O 13. Ne5 Qf6 Not even close 11. .rl0j0Z0s o0o0Zpop 0ZQZbZ0Z Z0ZpZ0M0 0Z0O0Z0Z A0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO a0Z0S0J0 10. . Q×c3 d×c4 13. . Ne7 30 [A safer line for White here is 11. Re1+ rZbZkZ0s opopZpop 0Z0Z0l0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0mBO0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0SQS0J0 Ne7 rZ0j0Z0s opo0Zpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0M0Z0 0ZpZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0Z0L0J0 when White should be able to handle the Pawns. . c×b4 d×c4 11. Re1 Q×e1+ 20. Rfe1 Be6 B×e7 K×e7 15. .. Qe2 Re8 14. .. b5 Ne7 12. . .

. . Now the key reply is 9. . h4 hg8 19. . ×c4 d6 12... . e5 d5 17. d4 O–O 14. O–O?” What indeed?) 24.. a4 ×d4 22. ac1 b5 (Alert and anxious reader: “What about 11. .b5.. nor [ 9. but after 10. d5] 9. . e5 c6 15. . . . . 0Z0Z0ZrZ o0j0Z0Z0 0ZPZpApZ Z0Z0Z0Z0 0ORZ0Z0O Z0ZrZ0Z0 0Z0Z0OPZ Z0Z0Z0J0 White’s exchange deficit is compensated by the pawns If you don’t fancy this you can always play 11. . e2 Fritz wanted to play out a game it knew about. ×e6 f×e6 26. although we will look g5 f6 at 9... e2 f×g5 14. d4 f5 Keene and Levy give 12. are any good. but it’s not my style. . . e5 is better. . After 12. ×c3 [John Walker suggests the piece sacrifice with 12. 21. .. f6 g6 18. . Moller attack 8. d5. b×c3 below. f3 c5 with advantage ×g7 O–O-O 16. b×c3 ×c4 11.. a×b5 ×f6 23. ×f6 d3 cd6? What about 11. . d5 13. b×c6 c7 25..] rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0ZPZ0Z0 0ZBZnZ0Z Z0a0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 Bf6 Na5 ?] Nd6 ?] N N Q 9. .which certainly puts Black under pressure. . . ×e7 ×e7 14. . Neither [ 9. .rZblkZ0s opo0mpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0OpO0Z0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0AQS0J0 12. ×g5 Qe2 B B Q B N B Q rZblkZ0s opo0m0op 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0M0 0OpO0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0ZQOPO S0Z0S0J0 . which ran: [ 9. 13. ×g6 h×g6 20. . [not 12.. e6 13. . . g5 d7 14. e6 13. .. ×c4 ] Q Q B R Q K B Q N Q N Q R Q Q N R B R R Q N N N 31 .

bc4 ×c4 19. . .. . . ×e4 d5 13. bb4 9. Ne6 f×e6 17. 32 R rZbL0Z0Z opo0Z0o0 0Zko0Z0Z Z0ZnZ0Z0 0Z0Z0ZBS Z0Z0Z0Z0 PO0Z0OPO Z0Z0Z0J0 R R Q R R R B B . g4+ c6 25. N×h7 K×h7 [or 14. . . Rh4 f5 17. . g5 ×g5 13. . ×f5+ g8 21. ×c4 ab8 -+] when 9.. If this is all a bit much. ×e8 ×e8 23. e2 ×d5 20. d3 h×g5 15. . f4 d×c4 14. d5 10. . . the only try is [We saw . e3 Q Q B N R N Q K R B N N rZbZ0s0j oplpZBo0 0Z0o0mQZ Z0Z0Z0M0 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0O0S0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO S0Z0Z0J0 winning] After 9.[And after 9. ×g6 c×d6 16. e1 f6 12.. O–O R N Bf6. rZblkZ0s opo0mpop 0Z0o0Z0Z Z0ZPZ0M0 0ZBZRZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PO0Z0OPO S0ZQZ0J0 Qh5 N [ 16. ×g5 is OK for Black. . . ae1 f5 16. b×c3 a6 18. .Ng6 in the Traps section above] rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0a0Z Z0ZPZ0Z0 0ZBZnZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 10. O–O 12. e6 f8 19. d×e6 Ne7 -+ BCO2] 16.. ×e4 d6 12. g5 g6 13. h7+ f7 22. h6 14.. . ... White can go instead a4 c3 15. e7 11. . b×c3 ×c3 16. . . ×f7+ h8 18. . Re1 Re8 [BCO reckons a better line is 13. ×d8 winning Re1 R B N R R B Q B N [If 10. . d×c6 b×c6 11. . . . Rh4=] 15.. ×g5 c7 17... . ×f7 13. d6 h6 14. Qh5+ Kg8 16. Bf5 15. O–O 15. e1 Black can continue 11. Qf6 Zak] 14. e7 White continues logically 10. g8+ d7 24. b×c3 O–O 11.. . R K B N Q K Q K R K Q K B K Q 18. . b1 d3 17.

×e3 h5 20. At Grandmaster level they have given up on this line. O–O O–O R N R Q Q R R R N B Q Q K B R Q B×d2+ 8.rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0ZpZ0Z0 0ZBOnZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 White is still ahead in development but Black still has a pawn. d3 g6 13. 6. fe1 f6 18. Bd2 rZblkZ0s opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0aBOPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PO0A0OPO SNZQJ0ZR 7.2 ×e2 e4 24. d5 e5 22. ×e4 f6 15. ×d3 e7 17. ×c7 [A solid line is 10.. be2 ×e2 23. but their scattered placing makes it hard to play for a win. g4 d7 19. Nb×d2 d5 N Q N Nb3] 33 . Bd2 0Z0s0ZkZ o0o0Z0op 0o0Z0onZ Z0ZpZ0Z0 0Z0OnZ0Z Z0O0MQZP qA0ZROPZ Z0Z0Z0J0 when it has all gone minty for White. If you are not convinced by any of these lines (and while they are worth a punt in practice the theory is against them) you can always play safe on move 7. h3 a4 25. e2 f5 16. . f3 fe8 22. e3 d×c4 11. O–O O–O 11. 7. Of course. 0ZbZ0Z0s Z0Z0S0o0 pZPZ0ZkZ Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0Z0m0o A0O0Z0ZP PZ0Z0OPZ Z0Z0Z0J0 when White has enough pawns to account for the piece. Let’s look at two example lines. to see how games might go. a3 b6 15. At club level. So let’s look at that next. e7 a6 10. ×e4 f×e4 14. b2 g6 21. B Q B B B R N B N B Q N R N Q Q R R N Q R R R R N Q B Q N 10. c2 f5 12. e5 ×d3 16. h3 h4 21. ×c4+ g6 17. e3 Safe main line 7. d×c6 f4 26. ae1 ×e3 9. b2 ×a2 26. e×d5 ×d5 19. d3 23. B N Q K R N Q N R So White can try instead 10. . e3 ae8 18. d2 f7 13. ×b7 c8 24. . there may be enough meat left to chew. h3 ad8 20. b3 ce7 11. e1 f5 12. b1 d6 14. c6 ×c6 25. b5 O–O 11.1. thinking White cannot get enough of an attack going. though.

B×d5] [ 12. no safer for Black. b2 +=/+. . b4 Mestel-Doyle ‘75.2 4.rZbl0skZ opo0mpop 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0ZnZ0Z0 0ZBO0Z0Z ZQZ0ZNZ0 PO0M0OPO S0Z0ZRJ0 White has several alternatives in this well-known position: The capture with 8. d5 d8 8.1.2. c3 d6 King’s-side with .... Q×d6 9. e×f3 10. when Nxe5 looks very dan[ 6. . but try instead. d4 Qe7 [ 6.. Black doesn’t want to weaken the 5.Bb6) Declined B B N N N Q Q B N K R 34 . Rfe1] [ 12. f6 7. . .1 Evans’ Gambit (4. . Of course. . Rfe1 see the games section.. . . . For an example of 12..] 6. . Nf5 +- Ne5] [ 12. .Bb6 Bb6 5. d1 d×c6 12. ×f3 e7+ 11. Ne4] [ 12.. d5 ×d5 8. d6 c×d6 e6 13. b4 6.. e1 6. Nh4 Ne6 13. f6 7.3 4.estrin] rZblkZns opopZpop 0anZ0Z0Z Z0Z0o0A0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO SNZQJ0ZR N N rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0OBZPZ0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZPO0OPO SNAQJ0ZR 6. 6. a4 a6 6.. Rae1] [ 12.. . The closed variation 4. . rZbZkZ0s ZpZplpop pZ0onm0Z Z0a0oNA0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0O0Z0Z0 PONZKZPO S0ZQZ0ZR Evans’ Gambit 4. . Nc2 B×f2+ 11.. d×c6 gerous. White has a large positional advantage and may be winning. e×d5 e4 9. O–O+= is good enough. b6 This continuation was discovered by Jonathan MesThe best way to refute a gambit is to accept it. Q×d6 c×d6 is Na3 a6 10.. Ke2 Bc5 12.f6. Bg5 4. 9.. tel and helped him win the UK Championship in 1975. .

. Evans’ Gambit with 5. Nd5 N 35 .Nd5 Ba7 8. .. . .. Nce7 Fritz] 9. Qa4+ Qd7 13. . 5. Q×c4 Qf7 14. . . Be3 += 7. . Bg5 Ne7 [ 10.BCO2 9. .Bxb4) Accepted 4. . h5] Bc5 variation] N Nh6 9. Be7 5. d3 h6 [ 8. . . Bc5 5. . . . B×b4 [If instead 4. . . c×d4 Bb6 9. .. rZblkZns apo0Zpo0 pZno0Z0o Z0ZNo0Z0 POBZPZ0Z Z0ZPANZ0 0ZPZ0OPO S0ZQJ0ZR With an edge for White .. d4 rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQJ0ZR transposes to the 5. . Nc3 Na5 10.. . .Panov/Estrin] rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0Z0o0Z0 0aBZPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0O0OPO SNAQJ0ZR Black has three choices: Ba5 5. Bc5 6.. c3 rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0a0Z0Z0 0ZBoPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNAQZRJ0 7. d6 [ 7... 5. .2. Q 8... . . .2 Evans’ Gambit (4. . f6 11. Bf4 N×c4 12. c3 Nc6 6.. d3 8. . . . . d4 e×d4 7. . . . . O–O Bc5 6. .. g5 ×f7 10. N×f7 +.. ... . . . N×b4 5.

. N×c4 d5 9. Nc3 c6 14. h7+ g8 19. ×e5 e×d5 ×d5 10. ×e7 ×e7 14. h5 h6 16. . Qa4+ Bd7 17. b5 = Nunn] 13. Q Nh6 7. e3 c4 O–O [ 12. Be7 B 0ZrZkZ0s Zpo0ZqZp 0o0ZbZ0Z Z0ZpOnZ0 0Z0M0Z0Z L0Z0Z0A0 PZ0Z0ZPO S0Z0ZRJ0 K N R N K Q N K N K rZblkZns opopapop 0ZnZ0Z0Z Z0Z0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0O0OPO SNAQJ0ZR 6. O–O Nf6 12. ×f7+ ×f7 12. d5 e8 13. Qa3 Rc8 18. .. . 16. e5 f×e5 24. N×b6 a×b6 20. d×e5 d5 25. a5 7. d5 c×d5 15. Qb5 N×c4 9. g6 h×g5 17. .. 1975] 6. . . e7 5. N Q N N×c4 8. f6+ f8 18. g5+ g8 15. g5 15. B×h6 Q×c4 when it’s still awkward for Black Now an old analysis goes: 11. f4 g×f3 22.Tchigorin Evans’ Gambit with 5. . f6+ R N B B Q rZbl0ZkZ opo0s0o0 0a0o0MQZ m0Z0Z0o0 0Z0OPZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO S0Z0ZRJ0 36 rZblkZ0s opopapZp 0Z0Z0Z0o Z0Z0o0Z0 0ZQOPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNZ0J0ZR unclear: Harding-Hodgson corr. Rf1 Nf5 26. . N Qd7 11. . Rfe1 g4 19. b3 g×h6 10. N×d5 Nc×d5 N×d5 .14. . Nd2 Be6 21. . Bg3 Be6 16. . d4 [ 6. d4 Na5 8.. Nd4 rZbZkZns opo0Zqop 0a0o0o0Z Z0ZNZ0Z0 0ZQOPA0Z Z0Z0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO S0Z0ZRJ0 with a draw by perpetual check .. N×f3 Ne7 23.

Nd5 Be6 24. . c5 Nf7 19. rZblkZ0s opopapZp 0mnZ0ZpZ Z0Z0O0Z0 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0O0ZNL0 PZ0ZBOPO SNA0ZRJ0 N N R N N B N Develop before attacking with a move like Bg7 The most famous recent example of this line is of The Black king never escapes the centre course: 13. . e×d4 8. Re1 1-0 22.2. h6 c×e5 16. . ×d4 f6 9. c×d6 c×d6 20. B×b4 5. Riga 1993 b4 1. c4 d6 14. c3 Be7 6. Viswanathan. O–O b6 Q Q N N Nc6 10... Qe3 N×h6 21. e4 e5 2. d4 Na5 7. g3 g6 12. f6 18. Gary-Anand. Bc4 Bc5 4. d1 d7 15. Nf4 Qe7 25. e5 d5 11. Qh4 37 Qe3+ Kf7 23. .rZbZ0skZ opZqapop 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0ZNZ0Z0 0ZPZ0Z0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO S0AQZRJ0 += Nunn-Larsen 1980 White has a small edge. Be2 rZblkZns opopapop 0Z0Z0Z0Z m0Z0o0Z0 0Z0OPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0ZBOPO SNAQJ0ZR A new move rZblka0s opZ0Z0Zp 0Z0o0opL Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0Z0Z0Z Z0M0Z0Z0 PZ0ZBOPO S0ZRZ0J0 White’s lead on development could hardly be greater N 7. c3 17. ×e5 ×e5 17. .3 Kasparov. . Q×h6 Bf8 6. Nf3 Nc6 3. .

Bb5 Q×b5 27. 28. Q×e6+ Kg7 N Qb2 29.. . d4 d6 Lasker’s Defence.. Ba5 rZblkZns opopZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0O0ZNZ0 PZ0O0OPO SNAQJ0ZR This is the best line. Bb5+ c6 22. Bh6 26. .. . d5 d4 9. Qe7 An amazing destruction of the then world No. .rZ0Z0a0s opZ0lkZp 0Z0obopZ Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0Z0M0Z Z0Z0L0Z0 PZ0ZBOPO S0Z0S0J0 Qd7 26. Bb2 d×c3+ 18. and must advance. Qc3 Kd7 21. 7. but only the last is trustworthy: A. . B. . . . Q×e6+ R×e6 28.. . 6. Na3 Bg4 17. N×e6 Q×e6 27. . B×c6+ Kd8 24. . Rc1+ 8... B×c3 Qb6 19. . rZbZkZns opo0lpop 0Zno0Z0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR N N Q Kd8 Q K Q Re1 N B Q R Q 16. . ×a5 ×e4+ 12. a4+ 11. . . . . .. . . d5 Evans’ Gambit with 5. B×f6+ g×f6 20. C.. which led to some disillusionment with the Gambit. This leads to trouble. Bc4] [ 25. Qe7 7. Rab1] [ 25. 7. his PCA championship challenger. . Q×f6+ Kc7 25. d×c6+ b×c6 23.3 and 7. d2 ×g2 13. . The game might go: Q Qb3 38 . N×d4 7. Re7+ K×c6 26. Qd7 Qe7 Lasker’s Defence with 7.. e2 g1 The trouble with this move is that the Nc6 has no good retreat. ×d4 e×d4 10. . Bc4] [ 25. . d3 ×f2+ 15. Re8 26. rZblkZns opo0Zpop 0Zno0Z0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR Black has three tries here. . f6 14. . .

This move holds the game for White. Qb5 Bb6 17.. Black’s lost King will die.. . . . N×d4 Qc3+ rZ0Z0jrZ o0o0Z0op 0a0O0Z0Z ZQZbZ0Z0 0Z0ZqZ0Z Z0o0M0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO S0A0ZRJ0 Bc6 [ 18. 7. . B×f7+ Kf8 10.rZ0Z0Z0s o0Z0SpZp 0lko0L0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0Z0ZbZ M0Z0Z0Z0 PZ0J0Z0O Z0S0Z0Z0 26. Qb3 c×d6 20. . 18. e5 e7 N rZblkZns opo0Zpop 0Z0o0Z0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBmPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR rZbZ0jns opo0lBop 0Z0o0Z0Z a0Z0O0Z0 0Z0Z0Z0Z ZQo0Z0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0ZRJ0 Q N×d4 K Q 7.. . O–O d×c3 rZ0Z0ZrZ o0Z0Z0Zp 0abo0ZpZ Z0Z0Z0Zk 0Z0ZqZ0Z Z0L0M0Z0 PZ0Z0OPO Z0ARZRJ0 24. . . Na3 Be6 39 covers f7 ... . 11. . ×c5+ ×c5 28.. Nd5 Qd7 Lasker’s Defence with 7. B×e3 19. 12. Q×c3+ Kh6 23. d×c7] 19. Bc1 Kh5 18. . . b4+ c6 30. b6 29. Q×b7 Bd5 16. Qd7 This is the only satisfactory line. . e×d6 Qe5 14. Ba3 g6 21.. . Rad1 Kg7 22. . If White consolidates. . ×d4 e×d4 9. b5# 15. f×e3+ Bf7 20. 8. . c5 27. . . B×g8 R×g8 13. Nc4 Qe4 Ne3 K Q Q R K Lasker’s Defence with 7. . .

c4 a7 17. d×e5! [ 11. . Ba3 Qf6 Bb6 Variation CI: 8. Nbd2 Nge7 Rd2 8/= Bb6 Bb6 10. Rd1 Qe7 11. . . .rZbZkZns opoqZpop 0Zno0Z0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBOPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR Now as far as I can find out the best try for White here is: 8.. . 40 . . . . according to Estrin. O–O rZbZkZns Zpo0Zpop panZ0l0Z Z0Z0o0Z0 PZBZPZ0Z AQO0ZNZ0 0Z0Z0OPO SNZRZ0J0 13. . a4 a6 With enough compensation for the material.. B N B Bd5 Bb6 15... Bd5 Bg4 13. . Ba3 rZbZkZns opoqZpop 0Zno0Z0Z a0Z0O0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR Now Black has: CI: 8. . .Shaposhnikov-Veltmander 1958] 12. 16. d×e5 CII: 8. Rd3 Be6 14. a5 ×a5 14. . a5 is less safe: 12.. d×e5 rZbZkZns opoqZpop 0ZnZ0Z0Z a0Z0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR 9. rZ0ZkZns Zpo0lpop 0anZbZ0Z o0ZBo0Z0 PZ0ZPZ0Z AQORZNZ0 0Z0Z0OPO SNZ0Z0J0 +. Variation CII: 8. . .

according to Estrin. 9. B×c6+ b×c6 Q×e6+ f×e6 14. a4 12. a3 B 0sbZkZns Z0Z0Z0op papopZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 0Z0ZPZ0Z A0O0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNZ0ZRJ0 += In this endgame. b5 a6 10. White has a slight advantage.rZbZkZns opoqZpop 0ano0Z0Z Z0Z0O0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z ZQO0ZNZ0 PZ0Z0OPO SNA0J0ZR This may be the best line for Black. c×d6 15. e×d6 41 . R B B Qe6 11. O–O b8 13.

Chapter 7 Appendix 1. LOLLI and PONZIANI. This period should not be though of as artless . Technique was replacing romance in chess. 3 c3. d5. Nf6 secures open lines and probably the two Bishops. Morphy’s 42 . Sadly. and I have later was dominated by the style of the Italian used many of his games in this booklet. Why is it called “Italian”? The play most characteristic of the late 1700s and play was the Italian game perfected. exd4.to mate. Through his games he showed that a successful attack must be based on a lead in development. since these lines will provide avenues along which the better-developed side will attack . If Black clings to the material White will have a good time. From this period we inherit all the older tactical variations of the King’s Gambit and Guioco Piano. and beyond this it is difficult to see much theory at all. .g. 5 Bxb2. not that everyone recognised it at the time. an old line of the Danish Gambit goes 1 e4. where sacrifices were common and their acceptance almost routine. players were concerned with direct attack . e5. through whom the Italian Game (Guioco Piano and related openings) came into prominence. MODENESE SCHOOL . exc3. and much was learned about the art of attack. a lot of the steam went out of these openings. Bb4+ 9 Ke2. when players learned to decline or return sacrificed material. cxb2. Rxd8 when Black has no extra material but can play to win the ending with the Queen’s-side majority. but MIESES showed 5. Similarly. or lose gloriously in the attempt. 8 Qxd8. e.instead. . . The play of the American Paul MORPHY brought some additional science to all this. 6 Bxd5. he showed that a player who is behind in development must not open lines to ‘free their position’. 2 d4. 4 Bc4. The best line for White here is probably 7 Bxf7+ Kxf7. they should keep things closed until they have caught up a bit..Italian players and writers like DEL RIO. Fast development followed by attack was the name of the game.it produced legions of fine analysts and several games of genius.

the Canal Variation. 1987. B B B B 1. 8. B N N Regis (Exeter) . O–O. ×e3. [There is a hairy line with 6. 7. 2. rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0Zno0m0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0MPZNZ0 POPZ0OPO S0AQJ0ZR The analysts gradually agreed that 6. b×c5 c×d5 13. f3.0.h6) without dangerously weakening your king. g5 a5 8.Bxh3 at some point. .g7-g5-g4.. Black is better off calmly retreating with 6. Nc6. N B B N B R N N B in the Canal Variation: to emphasise the pin on the Nf6. hxg4 was playable for Black in many positions (see below) because of the attack on the King down the open h-file: once the Queen gets to h5 White is finished. if you’re allowed.. . f×e3 when there is a juicy half-open f-file to attack along.4 is not advisable as Black may play the standard sacrifice . d3 b4 5. . h6... Qxf6. . ×c7+ which is supposed to be poor for Black if White plays 9. d5. with moves like Nd5. e5.e4. . . ×f6! g×f6 9.. . h5! 8.. h6. Qd8. here are some quick hot tips for this line. d5 c5 10. h3.. . if you must. I played a miniature with this theme at the British Universities’ Congress some years ago: Don’t be in a hurry to castle: your opponent may play .. Steinitz discovered that the sacrificial idea 6.... some ideas for playing the Giuoco Pianissimo If you must play the Guioco Pianissimo. ×f6. and therefore weak. d×c4 c6 12.Orpwood (Salford). One line of this goes 6.. c×d5 d×c5 DIAGRAM B N B N N N B N N B N 43 . Bg4. ..h×g4. O–O d6 7. 7. 7. e4 e5 2. c4. Even playing 1. 3.Bg5. b6 or even leaving the Bishop at c5. d5. g5. . Oh. 6.. and otherwise threaten to give Black doubled. .h3 8. Qxf6. c4 c6 3. . f-pawns. or lever open your king’s side with .Bg4 (or Bg5) and pin your knight against the Queen. 4. ge2 O–O 6. e3 hoping for 6. d3.. (this is OK for Black before castling) when the main line goes 7. The key question in this line is: how are you going to develop your queen’s bishop? White on move six can go 6. Nc6. . If you have castled you probably won’t be able to play h3 (or . 8. a5 (as in the final game) or to play himself 6. Bc5. b4 ×c4 11. e6.Chapter 8 Appendix 2. 5. is the best move. c3. but White has to prove it!] Other ways to play for Black are to hit the other bishop with 6. . d6. c3 f6 4. . White has given up the Bishop pair to achieve a bit of initiative. Qg6!? 9. ×f6. g1 instead.

d4 +/. N×g5 h×g5 11. c3 f6 6. Nf3 Nc6 3. and if Black does play g6 then Ne3-g4 hits all the soft spots. . From h4 the Knight can threaten to go to f5 when Black may be reluctant to remove it by . And here are some traps: rZbl0skZ opopZpop 0ZnZ0m0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0MPZNZ0 POPZ0OPO S0AQJ0ZR B Bh4 Bb4 8.. .5 g5 h6 7. . B×g5 Kg7 12.6 Another trap in the Giuoco Pianissimo 1. e4 e5 2. e4 e5 2... d3 d6 5. The knight on c3 can relocate to e3. A trap in the Giuoco Pianis. Bh4 g5 8.g. c3] 4. O–O?! [better is 4. 1-0 Ng3 Kh8 15. N×f6 Rg7 19. . ×c6 b×c6 14. . A Queen’s Knight that has travelled from c3-d5-e3 also puts pressure on this square. try to open up the f-file with f4: this will require you to play Be3 to stop a check from the Bc5 and to move the other Knight e.. c2 B Q 8.g6 which will create weaknesses. Qh5 Qd7? 16. Bg5? [better is 6. e4 e5 2. . . Q×g7+ rZbl0skZ opZ0ZpZp 0Z0Z0o0Z Z0oPo0Z0 0Z0ZPZ0Z Z0Z0Z0Z0 PZPZNOPZ S0ZQZRJ0 9. d6] (Ne8+ will leave White a rook ahead) again in the Canal Variation: move the Nc3 to e. Bg3 h5! 9.7 One more trap in the Giuoco Pianissimo 1. Be3] 6. Qh6 Qd6 Nh5 Rg8 18. B×f6 Q×f6 8.. Be6 ? B [better is 9. f3 c6 3. O–O 8.g. . Bc4 Bc5 4. Nd5 Normally you cannot afford to do this in front of your castled King... . . . b×c3 g5 simo B×c3 9.. g5 h6 7. .0. h6 7. f3 5. .0. Ne7] N N 10. . . . d3 Nf6 [better is 5. d8 9. c3 N N B Bc4 Bc5 4. ×b4 ×c4 13.. f4+- rZblkZ0s opo0Zpo0 0Zno0Z0o Z0aNo0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0OPZNZ0 PO0Z0OPO S0ZQJ0ZR 44 with a strong attack 8. d5 and play for c3 and d4 with a central space advantage. .10.14. 10. d3 d6 6. N×g5 h4 .6. c3 O–O?! too early N N Nc6 3. Nh4. N N Q 1. c×d4 b4+ 12. 17. Nf6 5.. Bc4 Bc5 4. . e×d4 11.0.

Well. rZblkZ0s opo0Zpop 0Zno0m0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0ZBZPZ0Z Z0ZPZNZ0 POPZ0OPO SNAQZRJ0 This is a prime example of how not to play for this position for White. N×f7 h×g3 11. I’m afraid. .10. . 13. f3 good a line to play. Qd1 B×h3 13.8 Example Game in the Giuoco Pianissimo: ChambersVorhees (Dayton.Qd2 Nd4 Nc3 Nf3+ 14. . . . Nf6 rZ0Z0Z0Z opoqZkop 0Z0obm0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0Z0mPZ0Z Z0MPZ0ZP POPZ0OPZ S0AQZRJ0 12. .html) was last modified on by Dr. g×h3 Q×h3 14. d3 d6 5..N×d8 Bg4 12. e6 10. 0-1 Back to Chess Coaching Page Nd4 12. .. Be3 Nf3+ This document (italian. 8. . . Ohio) 1972 1.. 6.0.. N×f7 K×f7 45 White has snatched what he can. O–O 7.. B×f7+ R×f7 8. is intended to put you off it for life! Not good enough. Even armed with all these ideas it’s really not that c3 d7 11. this does stop . Bc4 Bc5 4. I include one last game which 9. O–O Nf3 Nc6 3. .. 6.g×f3 B×f3 and wins 0-1 rZblkZ0s opo0ZpZ0 0Zno0m0Z Z0a0o0M0 0ZBZPZ0o Z0ZPZ0A0 POPZ0OPO SNZQZRJ0 9.. but invites a worse fate. .. . . 5..Bg4. h3 rZbl0Z0Z opo0Zkop 0Zno0m0Z Z0a0o0Z0 0Z0ZPZ0Z Z0ZPZ0ZP POPZ0OPZ SNAQZRJ0 B N Q Q 11.Bg4. Dave Ng5 Premature. . Too early: invites . e4 e5 2. . .

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