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Section B (Structured questions 30 marks)
1. This section covers five structured questions which are compulsory. 2. Most of these questions test the candidate¶s command of knowledge and understanding of facts, procedure of an experiment, concepts,principles, theories and laws. 3. Sometimes answers can be obtained from symbols,diagrams,tables and graphps through interpretation and graphic extrapolation. 4. You must read the instruction at the beginning carefully so that you understand the matter tested and obtain ideas to answer the questions. 5. A small part of the question generally relates to a subsequent part.
Guide to answering questions in section B
1. Usually, you need to use your knowledge of scientific facts ,principles and theories to answer the questions. 2. Your answers should be brief and accurate.
Section C (Essay questions, 20 marks)
1. This section contains three questions. Question 1 is compulsory and you may choose either question 2 or 3. 2. Question 1 test the candidate¶s command of scientific skills in experimenting as well as the ability to make reports. 3. This question begins with a general statement, e.g. ³ Acidic substances have a sour test´. The candidate is required to give a hypothesis based on the statement. Then, the candidate is required to described the experiment based on the following to test the hypothesis. a. Aim of experiment b. Identification of variables c. List of apparatus and materials d. Procedure e. Tabulation of data f. Conclusion
For an essay question which requires a long answer. 6. plan your answer step-by-step and write in short paragraphs. Guide to answer the essay questions in section C 1. 2. clean and of suitable size. 7. each sentence should cover only one point in order to get one mark which is usually allotted. Wherever necessary. choose one you are confident in and answer it properly to obtain maximum marks. 6. the candidate has to answer the question by drawing and writing a short essay following the instruction of the question. 3.4. All answers must be written in the space provided below each question. The format of question 1 is fixed and the candidate is required to answer it in the same way as writing a report after an experiment. the diagrams should be clear. Questions 2 and 3. Apart from written answer. Key words and the type of answer required are listed below: 5. In this contex. In an essay answer. 5. . To answer this question. identify the key words which usually appear at the beginning of the question. are usually short but the candidate is required to use his or her knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts and theories to answer. some questions require the candidate to draw and label diagrams. For question 2 and 3. the workout of the calculation must be clearly shown in the space provided. In this context. 8. 4.
Classifying Using observation to group objects or events according to similarities or differences Measuring and Using Numbers Making quantitative observations using numbers and tools with standardised units.Answering Strategies For Science SPM . 20 marks) In this section the students must answer 4 questions which carry 20 marks. object or event. graphs. Inferring Using past experiences or previously collected data to draw conclusions and make explanations of events. taste and sight to collect information about an object or a phenomenon. All the items in this section will deal with Science Process Skills. Science Process Skills (list and definition) Science Process Skills enable students to formulate their questions and find out the answer systematically. event or pattern derived from collected data. . smell. Predicting Stating the outcome of a future event based on prior knowledge gained through experiences of collecting data Communicating Using words or graphic symbols such as tables. they need to acquire the skills listed below. The students can get the answer from the question and the stimulus implicitly and explicitly. Descriptions of science process skills are as follows: Observing Using the sense of hearing.Paper 2(Part 1) SECTION A (Alternative test to practical. touch. figures or models to describe an action. Interpreting Data Giving rational explanations about an object. Measuring makes observation more accurate. In order for the students to get the answers.
Hence data are usually given and the candidate is asked to make an inference or conclusion. or experiment results are given and the candidate is required to give an answer about the process in conducting an investigation. graphs. c) Making predictions. analysing and interpreting data and making conclusions. These activities include collecting. Experimenting Planning and conducting activities to test a certain hypothesis. This statement can be tested to determine its validity. hypotheses. Among the matters raised in the question are : a) Making qualitative and quantitative observations from the diagrams or through the measurements b) Drawing diagram. At the same time. inferences and conclusions based on the candidate¶s scientific knowledge d) Identifying a variable that is kept constant. Each question in section A is an alternative question to the real practical exam 2. Guide to answering question in Section A 1. Your answer should be brief but accurate based on information given or obtained from your framework ANSWERING STRATEGIES FOR SCIENCE PROCESS SKILL QUESTIONS Controlled Variable Ways to find variables 1. From the sentence.Defining Operationally Defining concepts by describing what must be done and what should be observed Controlling Variables Identifying the fixed variable. the fixed variable is kept constant Hypothesising Making a general statement about the relationship between a manipulated variable and a responding variable in order to explain an event or observation. 3. manipulated variable and responding variable in an investigation. that is manipulated and responds 4. find out the variables . tables or charts according to data or information given. The manipulated variable is changed to observe its relationship with the responding variable.
2. 2. 0 comments Labels: Sains SPM MONDAY. Redo the exercise on the same topic until . b) Time is manipulated variable because time are increase or changes. DECEMBER 14. This is the manipulated variable d) The other one is responding variable. Practise answering high level question using µEliminate method¶ TEST AND RETEST METHOD 1.Examples: Steps: a) Underline variables in the sentence b) The underlined variables refer to manipulated variable and responding variable c) Find out which variable that the change is fixed. 4. 2. From the table Example 1: Steps: a) Manipulated and responding variable given from the title of table are time and temperature.Paper 1 STRATEGIES 1. 2009 Answering Strategies For Science SPM . c) Temperature is responding variable because changes of temperature Posted by Admin at 3:53 PM . Do topical exercise. Get topical objective question from dependable source. Student must find/prepare / collect sets of topical objective question from revision book. 3. Practise answering each objective question in 1 minutes 30 seconds. Do test and retest until get 85% correct for each topical sets. If the mark gain less than 85% (set of 50 question ± 43 must correct). 3.
2. Reject one more incorrect answer (2 distracters left). If you are already done all 15 topics until November. 4. 6. Wrong spelling. 5. notes. What happens to a person if his thyroid gland secretes excessive hormone into the blood? A The blood pressure increases B The glucose level in the blood decreases C The metabolic rate increases D The salt level in the blood decreases Notes: 1. ELIMINATE METHOD EXAMPLE 1 1. 2. Reject that answer ( 3 distracters left). Preparation activities for redo exercise include ( reading textbook. To answer this question find the incorrect answer first. do the same for another topic. Try to reject one more incorrect answer (One distracter only left) that is the answer. 3. . Repeat answer using different sentence structure. If you are already achieve 85% . mind map. it means you are 85% confidence to be in examination hall. discussion and ask teacher). 4. DECEMBER 13.you get 85 % or more. 0 comments Labels: Sains SPM SUNDAY. 2009 Science SPM Examination's Tips ERRORS IN LANGUAGE 1. Posted by Admin at 10:45 PM . What is the similarity between meiosis and mitosis ? A Number of daughter cells produced B Duplication of the chromosomes C Number of chromosomes in the daughter cell D Both are important in the growth of an organism EXAMPLE 2 2.
Increase the number of exercises . Use of active voice when writing a report. Ensure there is detailed observation on the stimulus given. Each step in a scientific investigation should be carried out to ensure a good grasp of skills pertaining to basic science processes. 4. Elaborate in sequence and avoid repetition of facts. 7. Do more exercises 6. Ensure all the students are well versed in all topics. 5. For practical. SUGGESTION TO TEACHERS 1. Use the right / accurate terminologies 4. 5. 3. SUGGESTION TO CANDIDATES 1. 2. Prepare worksheets which include a lot of stimulus. 7. Ensure students master the skills of science processes. 3. Avoid mixing languages in the answer. Use a variety of teaching and learning method. 6. ensure that you have mastered all the skills regarding the process in science. Expose student to the exam formatted questions from form 1.3. Master the basic concepts and facts 2.
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