Basic Telecommunications

‡ Vocabulary, concepts, more ³bullet proofing´ ‡ Touch on just a few basic points
± essentials of technology and where it¶s going ± essentials of regulation and where it¶s going

‡ Raise for discussion certain management issues

Telecom.ppt

1

Basic Telecom Terms and Concepts.ppt 2 . 1 ‡ Transmission facilities ± ± ± ± ± ± Twisted pair Coaxial cable Microwave Satellite Fiber optics Wireless ‡ Signaling ± Analog--continuous ± Digital--discrete Telecom.

± Limitations » Error correction » Encryption ‡ Digital signaling ± Computer friendly ± Facilitates » Error correction » Encryption ± Fits with fiber optic transmission facilities ± ³The way the world is going´ ‡ Modems ± ³Modulator--demodulator´ ± A to D and D to A ± Because the voice network is analog » At the handset Telecom.ppt 3 . 2 ‡ Analog signaling ± AM. FM.Basic Telecom Terms and Concepts. etc.

3 ‡ Switching ± The cloud ± The cloud is expensive ± Switching makes better use of the cloud ‡ Kinds of switching ± Circuit switching ± Message switching ± Packet switching » And the Internet » And ATM ± Broadcasting ± Cellular Telecom.ppt 4 .Basic Telecom Terms and Concepts.

4 ‡ Voice networks ± ± ± ± ± ± ± ± RBOCs Other local telcos Long distance carriers Cable companies? LAN WAN etc.Basic Telecom Terms and Concepts.ppt 5 . Often (usually) use voice network transmission facilities ‡ Data networks ‡ Cable TV networks ± Microsoft and $1 billion/yr R&D on the set top box Telecom.

etc. Sprint. MCI.Where Do Networks Come From? ‡ Long distance carriers ± AT&T.ppt 6 . ‡ ³Common carriers´ ‡ VANs ± And the Internet ‡ The Internet and ISPs ‡ Private networks Telecom.

Telecom Standards and Regulation ‡ Voice network regulation (U.--local loop provider regulated.ppt 7 .S. but less so under the Telcom Act of 1996 » Long distance: largely unregulated ‡ Data communications? ± Basically.A.) ± 1934-1981 ± 1982-present » RBOCs etc. anything goes ± But whose transmission facilities are used? » Largely: from the voice networks ‡ Voice networks ± Interconnected world-wide » Standards » Legal requirements ‡ Data networks? Cable? ‡ Recent (de)regulatory actions Telecom.

nuclear attack ± NSF net and the open community ± Governance ‡ Design policies ± Simple protocols (e. TCP/IP) ± Public and open ‡ Continuing rapid growth ± Electronic commerce » Consumer-oriented » Business-to-business ± User base growing beyond ³young male nerds´ ‡ Cost of use? Telecom.The Internet ‡ The world¶s first network for making data calls ± NB telex ‡ History and culture ± ARPA net..ppt 8 .g.

ppt 9 .The Last Mile Problem ‡ What it is ‡ Possible solutions ± ± ± ± Upgrades of existing plant Cable Fiber optics Wireless ‡ The competitive scene TODAY ± Cable companies (and Microsoft) ± DSL and the telcos (and Microsoft) ± Other telcos ‡ Why is the computer industry mucking in the last mile problem? ‡ Prognostications? Telecom.

The Protocols Problem(s) ‡ Important concept: layered architectures for telecommunications ± OSI reference model. 7 layers ± Also important for software in general ± Abstraction as a way of handling complexity ‡ Importance of standardization ± de jure ± de facto ± Internet? ‡ Development of standards to date ± Telephony ± Data communications » And the Internet ‡ For electronic commerce? ± Incomplete ‡ Managerial/decision issues? Telecom.ppt 10 .

± Productivity opportunities? (and what will it take to realize them) ± Industrial-organizational consequences? Telecom.ppt 11 . or bet on? ‡ Assuming AAA networks (the Internet on steroids).Further Issues for Discussion ‡ Outsourcing of network provision and management ± Options ± Management issues Imagine you are about to receive a sales call« ‡ Commitment to standards ± Which ones? ± Who to believe. trust.

ppt 12 .This slide unintentionally left blank Telecom.

Computer Mediated Communication (CMC): 1 ‡ Telex ± A world-wide telecommunications system ± Up and running for > 100 years ± Digital signaling ‡ Telephone ± A world-wide telecommunications system ± Up and running for > 50 years ‡ Isn¶t this enough? ± What¶s missing? Telecom.ppt 13 .

. ± From an arbitrary telephone you can call nearly any other telephone.CMC: 2 ‡ Telephones are everywhere.. ± So why can¶t you make those data calls? Telecom. why can¶t you make a data call to nearly any other computer? ‡ Data communications is inherently easier (in many ways) than voice communication.. ± From an arbitrary computer. ‡ Computers are .ppt 14 . all over.

.´ Telecom. ‡ And THE INTERNET. anywhere.ppt 15 .CMC: 3 ‡ Increasingly.. anytime. you can make those data calls ± And there¶s a lot of great stuff out there now ‡ Call on special networks ± ± ± ± NSF Net Compuserve Prodigy etc... ± An internet: a network of networks ± The Internet: The Mother of All Internets ‡ The world we are coming to ± ³Anything.

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