zaza aleqsiZe mcxeTis jvari _ mcveli yovlisa qarTlisa mcxeTis jvarma gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba SeiZina ara mxolod saqarTvelosTvis

, aramed mTlianad amier-kavkasiisaTvis. jvris tipis nagebobebi kavkasiaSi arsebiTad VII saukuneSi Sendeboda, saeklesio ganxeTqilebis UuSualod win, mis dros da Semdeg. mcxeTis jvari saeklesio ganxeTqilebis procesis cocxali monawile iyo. amitom SeiZina man qalkedonuri mrwamsis simbolos funqcia; amitom Sendeba intensiurad jvris tipis taZrebi somxeTSic mxolod meSvide saukunis Sua xanebSi, rodesac aqac diofizitobam gaimarjva; amitom aris, rom gviani reminiscenciebi saqarTveloSi ki gvxvdeba, magram somxeTSi, romelic monofizitobas daubrunda, sruliad aRar moipoveba. qarTul samecniero literaturaSi damkvidrebulia Tvalsazrisi, rom mcxeTis jvari aSenebulia 586-605 wlebSi, xolo amis momdevno xanis jvris tipis qarTuli (magaliTad, atenis sioni) da somxuri Zeglebi (magaliTad, rifsimes taZari somxeTSi) agebulia amis Semdeg da misi gaTvaliswinebiT. amitom uwoda g. CubinaSvilma aseTi arqiteqturis mqone taZrebs `jvris tipis~ Zeglebi1. gasuli saukunis bolo ocdaaTi wlis manZilze es debuleba bevrjer gaxades sadavod somexma mecnierebma. yvela SemTxvevaSi maTi mTavari amocana iyo moeZebnaT iseTi dokumentebi, romelTa mixedviTac mcxeTis jvris mSenebloba damTavrda rifsimes (618 w.) an mrenis taZrebis (639/40 w.) agebis Semdeg. Sesabamisad somexi mecnierebi jvris tipis Zeglebs `rifsimes tipis~ taZrebs uwodeben2. ra Tqma unda, saxels romelime movlenas mecnieri, an mecnierTa jgufi, rogorc surs ise Searqmevs, magram dros gauZlebs mxolod iseTi saxeli, romelic movlenis Sinagan arssac zustad asaxavs da istoriasac angariSs uwevs. mcxeTis jvars, ueWvelia, aseTi saxeli Seerqva imis gamo, rom igi aSenda wm. ninos mier aRmarTuli jvris adgilas, magram g. CubinaSvilis mier Serqmeuli arqiteqturuli tipis saxelwodebac araCveulebrivi sizustiT daemTxva istoriul faqts: igi jvris adgilasac aris aRmarTuli da arqiteqturuladac jvars warmoadgens. aseT organul Serwymaze pretenzia somxeTis arcerT Zegls ar SeiZleba hqondes. aseve, amier-kavkasiis da miT ufro somxeTis arcerTi am tipis Zegli ar gamxdara, da verc gaxdeboda, qalkedonitobis simbolo. “moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁs” mixedviT, mcxeTis jvris Senebas safuZveli daudo guaram kuropalatma da daamTavra misma Svilma stefanozma.3 juanSeris cnobiT mcxeTis jvari aago stefanozis Zmam demetrem stefanozis erismTavrobisas, ramdenime wliT adre, sanam herakle moklavda foka keisars da TviTon dajdeboda bizantiis taxtze _ anu 610 wlamde4. “epistoleTa wigni” gviCvenebs, rom qarTvel-somexTa saeklesio ganxeTqilebis dasawyisSi, 605/6 wlis zamTarSi qarTlis erismTavaria stefanozis Ze adarnase da ara stefanozi5. amitom “moqcevaÁs” da juanSeris cnobebis mixedviT, mcxeTis jvari am welze adre unda agebuliyo. swored ase, 585/6-604/5 wlebiT aTariRebs jvris aSenebas iv.
1

Г. Чубинашвили, Памятники типа Джвари, Тб., 1948. А. Еремян, Храм Рипсиме, приложение: Памятники типа Рипсиме, Ер., 1955, gv. 91-105; t. maruTiani am tipis Zeglebs “avan-rifsimes tipis” taZrebs uwodebs. ix. D7 Marov;3an5 Awani DaJaru &hamanman hov,ar2nnyr5 Yr7 1976, gv. 150-158. Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, I, Tb. 1964, gv. 95 qarTlis cxovreba, teqsti dadgenili yvela xelnaweris mixedviT s. yauxCiSvilis mier, t. I, Tb., 1955, gv. 223. epistoleTa wigni, somxuri teqsti qarTuli TargmaniT, gamokvleviTa da komentarebiT gamosca z. aleqsiZem, Tb., 1968 gv. 35, 40, 72, 76, 83.

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5

javaxiSvili da masTan erTad g. CubinaSvilic6. magram es msjeloba mainc damyarebulia naratiuli wyaroebis monacemebze da sxvadasxvagvari interpretaciis safuZvels iZleva. vnaxoT dokumenturi monacemebi. abraam somexTa kaTalikosi Tavis pirvel epistoleSi (608 wlis aRdgomis win) kiron qarTlis kaTalikoss swers Semdegs: [qarTvelebi da somxebi] “aqedan mcxeTis jvarSi modiodnen [salocavad] da mandedan wminda kaTolikeSi”-o7. Zveli somxuri enis gramatika sxva arafris daSvebis uflebas ar iZleva, Tu ara imisa, rom “jvarSi” da “kaTolikeSi” igulisxmeba eklesiebSi Sesvla. somxurad aseTi fraza gvaqvs: Asdi i M/qi;a3 i Qa[ calow... “jvarSi” (i Qa[) gramatikulad zustad im formiT aris gadmocemuli rogorc “mcxeTaSi” (i M/qi;a3). aseTive viTareba gvaqvs kiron qarTlis kaTalikosis sapasuxo epistoleSi abraam somexTa kaTalikosisadmi: aznaurebi somxeTidan mcxeTis wminda jvarSi (i sovrp Qa[ M/qi;a3) modiodnen salocavad da sjuls eziarebodneno”8. Tavis enciklikur epistoleSi abraam somexTa kaTalikosi wers: “sruliad ar eziaroT maT... arc salocavad wasvliT jvarSi, romelic mcxeTis midamoebSia ganTqmuli”9. gvaqvs ufro zusti cnobac. imave 608 wlis aRdgomis win, kiron qarTlis kaTalikoss epistoles ugzavnis smbat bagratunic, vrkanis marzpani da iranis jarebis sardali, sadac ukve pirdapir aris naTqvami: Cven Soris mtrobas agdebT iqamde, rom “Cven aqedan davabrkoloT, visac mand mosvla da wminda jvris Tayvaniscema unda, [xolo] Cven ar SemovuSvaT isini, vinc wm. kaTolikeSi modiano”10. ar unda vifiqroT, TiTqos werilebis avtorebi arasakmarisad dakvirvebulni arian da gramatikulad erTmaneTSi ureven jvarSi (taZarSi) Sesvlas da jvarTan miaxlebas. qarTlis kaTalikosi werils rom wers smbat bagratunis im periodis Sesaxeb, rodesac wm. ninos jvari jer kidev ar iqneboda taZarSi moqceuli, is sul sxva gramatikul formebs iyenebs. igi laparakobs mcxeTis jvarTan (a-) mosvlaze, mis winaSe (a-a]i) aRzrdaze11. cxadia, mcxeTis jvari, “epitoleTa wigniT”, 608 wlis gazafxulze ufro adrea aSenebuli. Tavis droze “moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁs qronikis” erTi adgili me ase Sevaswore: “da meTerTmetÀ mefobda daCi uJarmeli da kaTalikozi iyo samoel. da missa ze qalaqsa tfiliss kacni dasxdes da [mcxeTas] mariam-wmidaÁ eklesiaÁ aRaSÀnes. da kaTalikozi iyo petre mesamÀ”12. es ambavi VI saukunis Sua xanebSi xdeba, amitom, Tu ki aRdgena sworia, saqme unda gvqondes mcxeTis jvris mcire eklesiasTan. magram sinur xelnawerSi gvaqvs pirdapiri miTiTebac, rom mcxeTis jvari RvTismSoblis saxelobisa iyo: VIII s-is I naxevarSi adarnase erismTavris gardacvalebidan meoce wlisTavze ianvris 20-s aResrula misi da, dedofali latavri, «da daefla juars, mariamwmidas, ZiT da asulis wuliTurT~.13 Tavdapirvelad vvaraudobdi, rom am SemTxvevaSic laparaki unda yofiliyo mcxeTis jvris mcire taZarze, romelic marTlac gamoyenebuli iyo saZvaled, magram baton d. TumaniSvilTan saubarma damarwmuna, rom Tavisuflad SeiZleba TviTon jvris didi taZaric RvTismSoblis saxelze yofiliyo agebuli. aseTi varaudi ufro gamarTlebuli Cans, vinaidan ar viciT, e.w. mcxeTis jvris mcire taZari moixsenieboda Tu ara martivad «jvris» saxelwodebiT.
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7 8

iv. javaxiSvili, axlad aRmoCenili uZvelesi qarTuli xelTnawerebi, tf. univesitetis moambe, II, 19221923, gv. 325-332; Г. Чубинашвили, Памятники, gv. 23. epistoleTa wigni, gv. 66. iqve, gv. 89.

iqve, gv. 121. iqve, gv. 75. 11 z. aleqsiZe, atenis sionis somxuri warwerebi, Tb., 1978, gv. 76-77, sqolio 3. 12 uZvelesi cnoba bagrationebis Sesaxeb, anamki, Tb., 2002, gv. 33. 13 Le nouveau manuscript Géorgien sinaïtique N50, Edition en fac-similé, Introduction par Z. Aleksidzé: Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orietalium, Lovanii, 2001, p. 254 ; z. aleqsiZe, uZvelesi cnoba bagrationebis Sesaxeb, anamki, gv. 25.
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is ki namdvilad viciT, rom aseTi saxeli ewodeboda VII s-is damdegs agebul taZars. yovel SemTxvevaSi, jvris mcire taZris arsebobis dros «epistoleTa wignSi» daculi mimowera mxolod jvarSi misvlis, jvarTan miaxlebisa da jvris winaSe aRzrdis Sesaxeb laparakobs. Tu sveticxoveli qarTvel mefeTa saZvale iyo, mcxeTis jvari, rogorc Cans, iyo gansasvenebeli «mefeTa saydarsa zeda msxdomi»14 qarTlis erismTavrebisa VI-VII saukuneebSi mainc. sinas mTaze, wm. ekaterines monasterSi aRmoCenil X s-is I naxevris xelnawer krebulSi, romelic Seicavs «moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁs» uZveles redaqcias da, aseve, «asurel mamaTa cxovrebis» Cvenamde moRweulTagan uZveles redaqcias, sxva CanarTebTan erTad, vkiTxulobT Semdegs: `odes gardaicvala kurTxeuli da didebuli mamfali adarnerse, ZÀ stefanozisi, Zmiswuli demetrisi, Ziswuli didisa guaramisi da meoce welsa gardaicvala kurTxeuli meuRle misi guaramavri, dekenbersa 2-s. da TTuesa ianvarsa 20-s gardaicvala kurTxeuli dedufali latavri, asuli stefanozisi, daÁ adarnersÀsi, dedaÁ bagratunianisaÁ da kuropalatianisaÁ, da daefla juars, mariam-wmidas, ZiT da asulis wuliTurT~15. cxadia, es cnoba modis qarTlis erismTavarTa saojaxo qronikidan an epitafiebidan. vinaidan Canaweri gakeTebulia bolo micvalebulisaTvis, qronikaSi miTiTebulia mxolod misi, misi vaJiSvilisa da qaliSvilis mxridan SviliSvilis dakrZalvis adgili. didi guaramis, stefanozis, demetris, adarnerses da misi meuRlis guaramavris dakrZalvis adgilis Sesaxeb araferi ar aris naTqvami, Tumca mcxeTis jvris reliefebi warwerebiT (gamosaxulni arian stefanozi, demetri, adarnerse) da stela (warwera gakeTebulia stefanozis, demetrisa da adarnerses sulisa da xorcis meoxebisaTvis) jvris agebis istoriasTan erTad (wyaroebis mixedviT, safuZveli daudo guaramma, daamTavres stefanozma da demetrem) unda mowmobdes, rom esenic aq arian dakrZalulni, garda guaram erismTavrisa, romelic jvris damTavrebamde gardaicvala. erismTavar adarnerses mWidro kontaqti mcxeTis jvarTan, reliefebisa da warwerebis garda, dadasturebulia sinuri xelnaweris (N/Sin-50) CanarTSic, romelSic aRwerilia jvris monastris saganZuri. aq inaxeboda «sakurTxevlis samoseli oqroqsovili adarnersÀs dadebuli da sxuaÁ friadi”. sinuri xelnaweris CanarTi gvawvdis unikalur cnobas: im droidan, rodesac latavri dedofalma gaarTiana bagrationTa da qarTlis erismTavarTa (kuropalatianTa) sagvareuloebi, mcxeTis jvari gaxda bagratovanTa gansasvenebelic, sanam isini mefed ekurTxebodnen. mcxeTis jvari, safiqrebelia, jer qarTlis erismTavarTa, xolo Semdeg samefo eklesiamonasteri iyo. yvela sxva funqciasTan erTad, igi mniSvnelovani saganmanaTleblo kerac iyo. amas mowmobs imave sinur krebulSi moTavsebuli sxva CanarTi, romelic aRwers jvris saganZursa da biblioTekas: `iadgarni (sia _ z. a.) wignTa juarisTaÁ: beWdul[n]i kb (22) da sxuaÁ wigni k (20), oTxi Tavi g (3), pavlÀ g (3), grigoli a (1), ninoÁsi a (1), saxarebaÁ oqro-wylisaÁ a (1), ezoni juarisani garemo d (4), sakurTxevlis samoseli oqroqsovili adarnersÀs dadebuli da sxuaÁ friadi~16. rogorc vxedavT, jvris monasterSi inaxeboda 22 "beWduli" wigni, da 20 `sxua~ wigni. `beWduli~ wignebi, bibliis wignebTan erTad, unda gulisxmobdes saeklesio kanonebs: mociqulTa, Svidi msoflio krebis, umniSvnelovanes adgilobriv krebaTa da saeklesio mamaTa. ruis-urbnisis ZeglisweraSi CamoTvlil kanonebs miwerili aqvs Semdegi daskvna: `ese arian Sekrebani wmidaTa saeklesio kanonTani, dabeWdulni da damarxulni, TÂnier yovlisa Sematebisa da moklebisa da amaTi mecnierebaÁ da SedgomaÁ da mtkiced pyrobaÁ uÃms yovelTa winamZRuarTa qristeanobiTisa madideblobisaTa mRdelT-mTavarTa, da mRvdelTa da diakonTa, da Cuen Soris moZRurad saxeldebulTa maTca monazonTa da erTbamad yovelsa savsebasa marTlmadidebelTa eklesiisasa~17.
14 15 16 17

il. abulaZe, asurel moRvaweTa cxovrebis wignTa Zveli redaqciebi, Tb. 1955, gv. 203. Le nouveau manuscript Géorgien sinaïtique N50, p. 254. Le nouveau manuscript Géorgien sinaïtique N50, p. 251. ZeglisweraÁ ruis-urbnisis krebisaÁ, qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, III, teqstebi gamosca, SeniSvnebi

qarTvelologiur mecnierebaSi didi xania kamaTia, arsebobda Tu ara `mcire~ da did `sjulis kanonebamde~ qarTul enaze saeklesio kanonTa krebulebi an calkeul kanonTa Targmanebi. me mxars vuWer maT, visac Teoriulad SeuZleblad miaCnia, warmoidginos saqarTveloSi ase ganviTarebuli saeklesio da samonastro cxovreba X s-is bolomde msoflio saeklesio praqtikaSi miRebuli kanonebis TargmanTa gareSe. Tu N/Sin-50-is Cven mier zemoT motanili cnobis interpretacia sworia, maSin Cvens xelTaa pirdapiri monacemebi saqarTvelos monastrebSi, kerZod jvris monasterSi, calkeul kanonTa wignebis daculobis Sesaxeb18. jvris monastris biblioTekis aRweriloba gviCvenebs, rom aq daculi iyo sami «oTxTavi» da erTi oqrowyliT naweri «saxareba». ra Tqma unda, saxareba da oTxTavi erTi da igivea, magram siis Semdgeneli maT cal-calke asaxelebs. vfiqrob, oqroweril saxarebaSi igi gulisxmobs didi dResaswaulebis dros gamosatan xelnawers, xolo oTxTavSi yoveldRiurad sakiTxav calebs. jvris monastris biblioTekaSi, rogorc siidan vxedavT, inaxeboda pavle mociqulis epistoleebi 3 egzemplarad da grigol nazianzelis TxzulebaTa krebuli 1 egzemplarad. gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa monastris wignTsacavSi daculi wigni «ninoÁsi a (1)”. ras unda niSnavdes wigni «ninoÁsi a (1)”? sinuri xelnaweris minawerSi, romelic `moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁs~ amTavrebs, naTqvamia: `saxeliTa RmrTisaÁTa, daesrula wmidisa ninoÁsi~. vfiqrob, ase imitom aris organve naTqvami, rom is, rasac Cven dRes `wm. ninos cxovrebas~ vuwodebT da `moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁs~ nawils warmoadgens, ar aris tipiuri cxovrebaTa Janris Txzuleba. igi TviTon wmida ninos monaTxrobia da amitomac aris `[wigni] ninoÁsi~ da ara `cxorebaÁ ninoÁsi~. unda vifiqroT, rom es icodnen Cvenma winaprebmac. marTlac, `moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁs~ uZveles redaqciebSi (sinursa da WeliSurSi) ara gvaqvs saTaurad `cxorebaÁ wmidisa ninoÁsi~, romelic gamoCndeba ufro gvian (SatberdulSi). xolo mas Semdeg, rac leonti mrovelisa da arseni beris mecadineobiT Seiqmna wmida `ninos cxovreba~ hagiografiis kanonTa sruli SesatyvisobiT, mas marTlac ewoda `cxoreba da moqalaqeobaÁ wmidisa ninoÁsi~. magram mTavari mainc es ar aris. mTavaria is, rom X s-is dasawyisamde bevrad adre arsebobda wmida ninos cxovrebis teqsti da arsebobda "moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁsgan" damoukideblad19. mcxeTis jvari qristianuli kavkasiis saerTo salocavi iyo. gvaqvs pirdapiri cnobebi aq saeklesio ganxeTqilebamde somexTa piligrimobis Sesaxeb. `somexTa kaTalikosis ufal abraamis pirveli epistole kiron qarTlis kaTalikoss _ curtavis eklesia uryevi SuamavlobiT icavda, sadac siyvaruli, xorcieli moyvroba da sulieri ziareba sruldeboda SvebiT aRsavse sixaruliT. aqedan mcxeTaSi jvars midiodnen da mandedan wmida kaTolikes...~20 `vrkanis marzpanis ufal smbatis epistole kiron qarTlis kaTalikoss _ xolo SecvliT mtrobas agdebT Cven Soris, metad ki naklovanebas, rom aqedan SevaferxoT Cvenc, vinc romelTac surT movidnen da Tayvani scen mag wmida jvars..~21 kironis pasuxi abraamis II epistoleze: `aznaurebi, romlebic somexTagan qarTls damoyvrebulan, wmida SuSanikis msaxurebaze da mcxeTis wmida jvars modiodnen, rom moelocaT da sjuls ziarebodnen...~22 `ufal abraam somexTa kaTalikosis sayovelTao epistole _ Cvenc igive vbrZaneT qarTvelTa Sesaxeb: srulad ar eziaroT maT... arc dedamZueZobaSi, arc salocavad wasvliT jvarSi, romelic ganTqmulia mcxeTis midamoebSi..~23 “aRmarTebaÁ patiosnisa juarisaÁ mcxeTisaÁ” gvamcnobs:
da saZieblebi daurTo prof. i. doliZem, Tb., 1970, gv. 112. Le nouveau manuscript Géorgien sinaïtique N50, p. 29. 19 z. aleqsiZe, `wm. ninos cxovrebaTa~ uZvelesi versiebi, maTi Tavdapirveli saxelwodeba da struqtura, kreb.:`wm. nino~, Tb., 2008, gv. 121-131. 20 epistoleTa wigni, gv. 66. 21 iqve, gv. 75. 22 iqve, gv. 89. 23 iqve, gv. 121-122.
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“viTarca ixilnes yovelTa saswaulni ese didebulni patiosnisa juarisani, mravalni uSviloni movlened da ilocevd misgan Svilierebasa da SviliTa ganmaZRarni adidebed RmerTsa da SesawiravTa da madlTa miscemed patiosansa juarsa”24. motanili citata zust Sesatyviss naxulobs “epistoleTa wignSi” Semonaxul cnobebTan iranis vrkanis (gurganis) marzpanis, smbat bagratunis Sesaxeb. smbat bagratunis mSoblebis salocavi mcxeTis jvari iyo. maT did xans Svili ara hyavdaT. mcxeTis jvris morigi molocvisas RmerTs Seavedres TavianTi momavali da marTlac male Ze SeeZinaT. smbati mcxeTis jvris winaSe aRizarda da sikeTes misi madliT ewia25. ase mgonia, rom gaCnda mcxeTis jvris postamentis ukana mxares somxuri warwera26, romlis dasawyisic seriozulad aris dazianebuli da romlis interpretaciis dausabuTebelma cdebma Tavis droze didi vnebaTa Relva gamoiwvia. rodesac smbati SeeZinaT mis mSoblebs, somexi bagratunebi ukve yovelwliurad dadiodnen mcxeTaSi salocavad. es tradicia dairRva maSin, rodesac smbati iranis Sahis karze gaiwvies vrkanis marzpanad da iranis jarebis mxedarTmTavrad. amis Semdeg rva wlis ganmavlobaSi smbat bagratunis samSobloSi dabrunebisa da mcxeTis molocvis saSualeba aRar hqonia, rasac igi, misi werilebis mixedviT, mwvaved ganicdida. rodesac qarTlisa da somxeTis eklesiebs Soris konfliqti gamwvavda, smbat bagratuni ukve somxeTSi imyofeboda SvebulebiT da iranis Sahis specialuri davalebiT, moewesrigebina somxeTSi Sida saeklesio situacia. saqme is aris, rom somxeTi monofizitobis gzaze iyo damdgari da iranis samefo kari qristianobis am mimarTulebas uWerda mxars. bizantiis xelSewyobiT ki naxevari somxeTi qalkedonuri gamxdariyo da Tavisi kaTalikosic daesvaT. somxeTSi Zlieri monofiziti kaTalikosi mose rom gardaicvala, mis magier taxtze axali da proiranuli orientaciis kacis dasma gaZnelda, arCevnebic ki CaiSala. ai, am viTarebis gamosasworeblad aris smbati dvinSi gamogzavnili da swored am periods emTxveva qarTlis kaTalikosis mier aSkarad gakeTebuli arCevani qalkedonitobaze. cxadia, smbat bagratuni am konfliqtSic unda CaerTos, Tu surs iranis gavlena kavkasiaze ar Sesustdes. magram yovelgvari cda somexTa mxridan misi konfliqtSi CaTrevisa da iranis samxedro Zalis gamoyenebisa, uSedegod mTavrdeba. smbati acxadebs, rom mas ar SeuZlia xelT xmali aiRos da Tavis Zmebs Seerkinos. kiron qarTlis episkoposisadmi gagzavnil pirvel epistoleSi smbat bagratuni pirdapir wers kidec: “Cvensa da mag qveynis aznaurebs Soris sisxliT naTesaoba iyo da erTmaneTis mimarT ndoba gvmarTebs, rogorc ficis mimarTo”. vfiqrob, N/Sin-50-is CanarTi da `epistoleTa wignis~ dokumenturi tipis cnobebi somex bagratidTa aSkarad mcxeTur warmomavlobaze miuTiTeben27. mcxeTis Tavze jvari aRmarTa qarTlis mTelma mosaxleobam samefo saxlTan erTad “yovlisa qarTlisa mcvelad”. TxoTis mTaze da ujarmaSi jvrebi aRimarTa “sacod yovelTa qristianeTa da dasamÃobelad mterisa”28. VI s-is bolos “nelad-re Sekrba qarTli” da am gaerTianebuli qarTlis simbolod guaram didma kuropalatma safuZveli daudo mcxeTis jvars. kiron qarTlis kaTalikosma daiwyo brZola “yoveli qarTlis” periferiebSi, sasazRvro provinciebSi yvela eTnikuri jgufisaTvis mRvdelTmsaxurebis (saxelmwifo) enad qarTulis damkvidreba. am procesis simboloc mcxeTi jvari gaxda. imdenad didi iyo mcxeTis jvris avtoriteti, rom saqarTvelos TiTqmis yvela mxareSi aRimarTa misi aslebi: ateni, SuamTa, martvili. jer ar arsebobda “saqarTvelo”, magram ukve arsebobda “yoveli qarTli” TiTqmis imave sazRvrebSi, rogorc es iyo vaxtang gorgaslis dros, mRvdelTmsaxurebaSi araqarTveli mosaxleobisTvisac savaldebulo qarTuli eniT.
Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, I, gv. 156-157. epistoleTa wigni, gv. 79. 26 z. aleqsiZe, uZvelesi cnoba bagrationebis Sesaxeb, gv. 34. 27 iqve, gv. 34. 28 z. aleqsiZe, `moqcevaÁ qarTlisaÁ~ da mcxeTis jvris postamentis warwera, zurab WumburiZis dabadebis 70 wlisTavisadmi miZRvnili krebuli, Tb., 1997.
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“raJams moiqca yoveli qarTli”, mcxeTis maxloblad, aragvs gaRma, borcvze aRmarTes “mZlÀ niSi juarisaÁ”29. jvris aRmarTebasTan dakavSirebuli arc erTi gadawyvetileba mirian mefes samRvdeloebisa da “yoveli eris” gareSe, maTTan TaTbirisa da monawileobis gareSe ar miuRia. patiosani jvari aRumarTavT ara ubralod mcxeTis maxloblad, aramed “queyanasa mas qarTlisasa” da aseT topografias ver vnaxavT sxva Zeglis an jvris mimarT. mcxeTis jvarma mospo yvela kerpi, romelic ki yoveli qarTlis sazRvrebSi moipoveboda da ara romelime konkretul adgilas. jvris dResaswauli daawesa “yovelman qarTlman”. “aRmarTebaÁ patiosnisa juarisa mcxeTisaÁ gvamcnobs: “saca romelni aried gina TuU brZolasa, Ruawlsa Sina aried patiosnisa juarsa mcxeTisasa, munTquesve mZle eqmnian mterTa SewevniTa patiosnisa juarisaÁTa”30. yvela am cnobis safuZvelze jvris postamentze Sesrulebuli warwera, dazianebuli adgilebis aRdgenis Semdeg, ase unda wavikiTxoT: “[SewevniTa RmrTisaÁTa aRxemarTa juari ese salocvel]ad stefanos patrikiosisa, demetre Âpatosisa, adarnerse Âpatosisa, sulTa da ÃorcTa maTTa meoxadYda da yovlisa [qarT]lisa mcvelad”. TxoTis mTaze da ujarmaSi jvrebi aRimarTa “sacod yovelTa qristianeTa”; sveticxoveli _ niSnad mtris “warwymedisa” da “qarTlisa cxorebisa”, xolo mcxeTis jvari “mcvelad yovlisa qarTlisa”, rogorc Cveni winaprebi ityodnen: “vidre dRendelad dRedmde da ukunisadmde”.

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Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, gv. 154. Zveli qarTuli agiografiuli literaturis Zeglebi, I, gv. 157.

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