30

iymwem¬ ‰n. ]pjv]≥

Iw

]yq-´¿ hyh-kmb cwKsØ G‰hpw ]pXnb _kv thUp-I-fnsem-∂mWv sk¿∆¿ sh¿ Nz-sse-tk-j≥ F∂-Xv. h ≥InS Iº-\n-I-fpsS sF.Sn. hn`m-K߃°v G‰hpw {]nb-s∏´ hm°p-I-fn-sem∂mbn sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j≥ amdn-°gn™n´v Ipd-®p-Im-eam-bn. Cu teJ-\Øn-eqsS sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j≥ F∂ kmt¶-XnIhnZy-sb-°p-dn®v Ipd®p Imcy- ß ƒ Adnbm≥ {ian-°mw. sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j≥ F ∂ Bi-b-Øns‚ henb Xe- ß - s f- ° p- d n®v H∂pw Adn- h n- √ mØ sF.- S n. hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v t]mepw ]e-t∏mgpw {]mtbm-KnI X e-Øn¬ AXp-ambn _‘s∏´ tkm^v‰vshb-dp-Isf ]cn- N b- a p- ≠ m- b n- c n- ° pw. sh¿Nz¬ ]n.-kn., sh¿Nz¬ t_mIvkv XpS-ßn-b-h. A tX, \nß-fpsS em]vtSm-∏n

¬ Htc ka-bØv ]e H.F- p-Iƒ d¨ sNøm-\m bn \n߃ D]-tbm-Kn-°p ∂ AtX tkm^v‰vshb-dpI-fpsS tIm¿∏-td‰v XeØn-ep≈ D]-tbm-K-amWv tU‰msk‚¿ sh¿Nz-ssetk-j≥ F∂-Xv. hf-sc-b-[nIw Iw]yq-´dp-Iƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ G Xv ÿm]-\hpw s]mXpth t\cn-Sp∂ ]e {]iv\-ß-fpap-≠v. Imem-Im-e-ß-fn-ep ≈ Iw]yq-´¿ A]v{K-tU-j ≥, tkm^v‰vshb¿ A]v tU-‰p-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bh A Xn¬ NneXv am{X-am-Wv. F∂m¬ AXn-s\-°msfms° Kpcp-X-c-amb Nne {]iv\-߃ Iw]yq-´-dp-Iƒ krjvSn-°p-∂p-≠v. Iw]yq-´dp-I-fpsS Db¿∂ Du¿÷ D]-t`m-Khpw AXp-hgn I º-\n-bpsS \S-Øn∏p Nne hnepw `qan-bpsS ]cn-ÿnXn-bnepw Ah krjvSn-°p ∂ {]iv\-ß-fmWv Ah.

Xo¿®-bmbpw Hcp Iº\n temI ]cn-ÿnXn {]iv\tØmSv ]cn-KWn-°pI AhcpsS sshZypXn _n¬ X s∂-bm-hpw. CXn\v Hcp ]cnlm-c-ambn kn.-B¿.-Sn. Iƒ °v ]Icw LCD Ifpw ssl ]h¿ kn.-]n.-bp.-Iƒ °v ]Icw Xn≥ ss¢ ‚pI fpw Hs° D]-tbm-Kn-°p-I bpw ]h¿ D]-t`mKw KWyambn Ipd-bv°m≥ CXv klm-bn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂m¬ CØcw ]cnlm-c-am¿§-߃ H∂pw ^ en-°mØ Hcp `mKw F√m henb Iº-\n-Ifn-ep-ap-≠mhpw. AXv Iº\nbpsS tU‰msk‚¿ AY-h, sk ¿∆¿ dqw BWv. GXv tIm¿∏-td‰v ÿm ]-\-Øn-t‚bpw sF.-Sn. h¿ °v^vtfm amt\Pv sNø-s∏-

Sp-∂Xv Hcp tU‰m sk‚dn¬ ÿnXn sNøp∂ sk¿ ∆-dp-I-fpsS Hcp t{iWn-bm Wv. Iº-\n-bpsS hen-∏a\p- k-cn®v 3˛4 sk¿∆-dp-Iƒ ap X¬ \qdp-IW°n\v sk¿∆- dp-Iƒ hsc tU‰m sk‚dn¬ D≠m-hmw. ]h¿ amt\-Pvsa‚ v F ∂ Bi-b-Øn\v Xosc hn e-bn-√mØ ÿe-amWv tU ‰m sk‚¿. Hcp icm-icn s{]m^-j-W¬ k¿∆¿ 2 KW hsc ]h¿ D]-t`mKw \S-Øp∂ D]-I-c-W-am-Wv. an° tU‰msk‚-dp-Ifpw 24 aWn-°qdpw {]h¿Øn°p-∂p-≠m-hpw. AXm-bXv \qdp-I-W-°n\v sk¿∆-dpIƒ Hcp-an®v {]h¿Øn-°p ∂ Hcp tU‰msk‚¿ h≥ tXmXn¬ ]h¿ D]-tbm-Kn°p∂p F∂¿∞w.

31

c≠m-asØ {]iv\w C {Xbpw sk¿∆-dp-Iƒ Hcp-an ®v {]h¿Øn-°p-tºmƒ D ≠m-°p∂ Xm]-am-Wv. CXn s\ sNdp-°m-\mbn ssl ]h¿ Fb¿ I≠o-j-\pw D]-tbm-Kn-t°≠n hcp-∂p. AXm-bXv BZyw k¿∆-dpI-fpsS {]h¿Ø-\-Øn-\m bn h≥tXm-Xn¬ ]h¿ D]t`m-Kw. XpS¿∂v CtX sk ¿∆-dp-IfpsS Xm]-\ne Ipd®p-\n¿Øm≥ ho≠pw ]h¿ D]-t`mKw. Aßs\ ]e cpw Btcm-]n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m se KqKnƒ Dƒ∏-sS-bp≈ h≥InS Iº-\n-I-fpsS tU ‰m sk‚-dp-Iƒ `qansb Du ¿÷ {]Xn-k‘n-bn-tebv°v \bn-°p∂ apJy {]Xn-Ifm Wv F∂p \ap°v ]d-bmw. tU‰msk‚- d p- I - f nse ASpØ {]iv\ßfn-sem∂v - C{Xbpw sk¿∆-dp-I-fpsS tI_n-fnw-Kv, amt\-Pvsa‚ v, tkm^v‰vshb¿ A]vtU-‰v, ]mØvkv XpS-ßn-bh B Wv. AXp-t]mse Xs∂ I º-\n-I-fn¬ GXv ]pXnb s{]mPIvSv h¿°v XpS-ßptºmgpw AXn-\p-th≠n Hcp sk¿∆¿ C≥Ãmƒ sNtø ≠n hcp-∂p. CØcw Imcy߃°p-th≠n hcp∂ am \p-jnI A≤zm-\hpw kab- ® n- e hpw ]cn- K - W n- ° ptºmƒ Hcp Iº-\n-bpsS G‰hpw henb kmº-Øn I _m[yX B Iº-\n-bp sS sF.-Sn. Un∏m¿´vsa‚m Wv F∂v hcp-∂p. C\n ASpØ Imcyw C {Xbpw ]h¿ D]-t`mKw sN øp∂ Cu sk¿∆-dp-I-sfmtcm∂pw AXns‚ tijnbpsS 10 iX-am\w t]mepw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂n-√ F∂Xm-Wv. AXm-bXv Hcp Iº\n-bn¬ 8 aWn-°q¿ {]h¿ Øn-t°≠ Hcp Poh-\-°mc≥ Hcp aWn-°q¿ am{Xw tPmen sNøp- I bpw _m °n kabw Dd-ßp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Ah-ÿ. Xo¿®bmbpw \n߃ Aß-s\bp≈ Poh-\-°m-cs\ Iº-

Application S/W Operating System Hardware
\n-bn¬ \n∂pw ]d-™p-hnSpw. F∂m¬ AtX Ip‰w sNbv X p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p∂ sk¿∆-dp-Isf F.-kn. apdnI-fn¬ \ne-\n¿Øp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. CØcw {]iv\߃°p ≈ adp-]SnbmWv sk¿∆¿ sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j≥ F∂ Bi-bw. \ap°v CXns\ tU‰m sk‚¿ sh¿Nz-ssetk-j≥ F∂v hnfn-°mw. AXm-bXv Hcp ^nkn-°¬ sk¿∆-dns\ H∂n-e-[nIw km¶¬∏nI sk¿∆-dp-Ifm bn Xncn-°p-Ibpw Hmtcm km ¶¬∏nI sk¿∆- d p- I fpw AXn-t‚-Xmb Hcp km ¶¬ ∏nI Iw]yq-´-dn¬ d¨ sN øp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Ahÿ. sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j≥ F ∂Xv Hcp ]pXnb Bi-bsam-∂p-a-√. IBM sabn≥ s{^bn-ap-I-fn¬ 60-˛-Iƒ ap X¬ Cu Bibw {]mh¿ Øn-I-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. 1992 ka- b sØ hn≥tUmkv NT3.1 th¿j-\n¬ tUmkv Bπn-t°-j-\p-Iƒ {]h¿ Øn-∏n-°m≥ apX¬ hn≥ tUmkv 7˛¬ XP Bπn-t°j-\p-Iƒ°v tImw]m-‰n-_nen‰n \¬Im≥ hsc ssa t{Im-tkm^v‰v Cu Bibw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-h-cp-∂p. sshZypX D]-t`mKw Ip d-bv°m≥ am{X-ap≈ Hcp Bi-b-a√ sh¿Nz-sse-tkj≥. \ne- h n- e p≈ 100 sk¿∆-dp-Isf At©m B tdm sk¿∆-dp-I-fn-tebv°v sh¿Nz-ssekv sNøpI h gn tI_nfnw-Kv, kzn®nw-Kv, dq´nwKv D]-I-c-W-߃ F ∂n-h-bpsS FÆ-Ønepw K Wy-amb Ipdhp hcp-Øm≥ Cu Bibw sIm≠v km [n- ° pw. IqSmsX tU‰m sk‚-dns‚ hen∏w Ipd-®psIm≠v hcp- ∂ - X n- e qsS Fb¿ I≠o-j-\dp-I-fpsS temUv Ipd-bv°m\pw ÿ e-hm-SI t]mepw em`n-°m \pw km[n-°pw. Fß-s\-bmWv sh¿Nzsse-tk-j≥ F∂ Bi bw {]mh¿Øn-I-am-Ip-∂Xv F∂v t\m°mw. km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ \n ß-fpsS ssat{Imt{]mk ¿ F∂ lm¿Uvshb¿ Itºm-W‚ns‚ ]pd-tØbv °v Hm∏-td-‰nwKv knÃw F ∂ tkm^v‰vshb¿ temUv Bhp-Ibpw XpS¿∂v AXn s‚ ]pdØv Bπn-t°-j≥ tkm^v ‰ v shb¿ temUv Bhp-Ibp-amWv kw`-hn-°p∂-Xv.
Virtual Machine 2 Virtual Machine 1

F∂m¬ sh¿Nz- s setk-j-\n¬ Cu _‘w ap dn-°s∏-Sp-∂p. lm¿Uvshbdn-tebv°v t\cn´v _‘-s∏Sp∂ H.-F-kv. F∂ Bib-Øn\v ]Icw lm¿Uvsh b-dns‚ apI-fn-tebv°v Hcp tkm^v ‰ v s hb¿ seb¿ sIm≠p-h-cp-∂p. CXns\ s]mXpth ssl∏¿hn-k¿ F∂v hnfn-°-s∏-Sp∂p (sh ¿Nz- s se- t k- j ≥ seb¿ F∂pw hnfn-°mw). ssl ∏¿hn-k¿ F∂ k¶¬∏Øn\v apI-fn¬ \n߃°v F{X km¶¬∏nI Iw]yq´-dp-Iƒ thW-sa-¶nepw kr jvSn-°mw. Cu Hmtcm km¶¬∏nI Iw]yq-´-dp-Iƒ°pw kz¥ambn t{]mk- ¿, saΩ-dn, lm¿UvUnkvIv F∂nh D ≠m-bn-cn-°pw. CXns‚ apIfn¬ temUv sNø-s∏-Sp∂ Hm∏-td-‰nwKv knÃ-߃°v X߃ Hcp km¶¬∏nI lm¿Uv s hb- d n¬ BWv {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xv F∂-Xns\-°p-dn®v Hcp [mc-Wbpw D≠m-hn-√.
Virtual Machine 3 Virtual Machine n

Hypervisor Hardware

32

Hmtcm km¶¬∏nI Iw ]yq-´-dp-Ifpw AXnse H.-Fkv . AS°w \nß- f psS bYm¿∞ temI- Ø nse GXm\pw ^b-ep-Iƒ am{Xam-bn-cn-°pw. Cu ^b-epIƒ D]-tbm-Kn®v \n߃ °v ASpØ km¶¬∏nI Iw]yq- ´ ¿ \n¿Ωn- ° m≥ GXm\pw an\n-´p-Iƒ aXn. AXm- b Xv \nß- f psS Iº-\n-bpsS am¿°-‰nwKv Un∏m¿´v s a‚ v Ah- c psS ]pXnb s{]mP-IvSn\v Bbn Hcp ]pXnb sk¿∆-¿ Bhiy-s∏´p F∂n-cn-°-s´, ]gb-Im-eØv sk¿∆¿ Hm¿U ¿ sNbvXv In´m-s\-Sp-°p∂ BgvN-Iƒ, AXns‚ km º- Ø nI A\p- a - X n- I ƒ, sUen-h¿ sNø-s∏´ sajo s‚ Izmfn‰n sSÃnw-Kv, OS C≥Ãm-te-j≥ XpS-ßn-bhbv°v FSp-°p∂ Znh-k߃ Ch-bvs°√mw ]I-cambn GXm\pw aukv ¢n °p-Iƒ sIm≠v \n߃°v Hcp ]pXnb Iw]yq-´¿ A]v B‚ v dÆnwKv B°m≥ km[n- ° pw. thW- s a- ∂ ps≠-¶n¬ tU‰m sk‚-dntebv°v t]mImsX Xs∂ ho´n-en-cp-∂p-sIm≠v \nßfpsS ªm°vs_dn t^m¨ D]-tbm-Kn®v t]mepw \nß ƒ°v Cu {]{Inb \SØmw. t\ctØ ]d- ™ - X pt]mse IBM, SUN AS-°ap≈ {]ap-J¿ t\ctØ X s∂ Cu cwK-Øp-≠v. ssa t{Im- t km- ^ v ‰ ns‚ hn≥ tUmkv 2008˛s‚ ssl∏¿ hn F∂ Bi-bhpw sh¿ Nz-sse-tk-j≥ Xs∂-bmWv. ]t£ CØcw ]e Bi-b-ßfpw Hcp IzÃv H.-

F- k v . t_kv U v sh¿Nzsse-tk-js\bmWv ]n¥pW-bv°p-∂-Xv. AXm-bXv BZyw Hcp H.-F-kv. temUv sNøp-I. AXn¬ sh¿Nzsse-tk-j≥ seb¿ tem Uv sNøp-I. XpS¿∂v sh¿ Nz-¬ sajo-\p-Iƒ D≠m°pI F∂n-ßs\. F∂m ¬ ]q¿Æ-amb {]tbm-P\w sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j-\n¬ \n ∂v e`n-°Wsa-¶n¬ s_b - ¿ sa‰¬ sh¿Nz-sse-tkj≥ BWv \√-Xv. AXmbXv \nß-fpsS ^nkn-°¬ lm¿Uvshb-dn-tebv°v t\ cn´v sh¿Nz- s se- t k- j ≥ seb¿ temUv sNøp∂ Bibw. ChnsS sh¿Nzsse-tk-j≥ seb¿ Xs∂bmWv Iw]yq-´-dns‚ H.-Fkv. Bbn {]h¿Øn-°p-I. Cu cwKØv G‰hpw an I®v \n¬°p∂ Iº-\n-bm Wv VM Ware. Ch-cpsS s{]m U-IvSp-Iƒ Hm∏¨ tkmgv kv tImUv πm‰vt^m-an¬ D≈Xpw ASn-ÿm\ s{]m U-IvSp-Iƒ F√mw kuP\y-hpam-Wv. sh¿Nz- s setkjs\°p-dn®v tXm∂m-hp∂ B Zy Bi¶ F√m°mcyhpw

km¶¬∏n- I - a m- s W- ¶ n¬ \nß-fpsS tU‰bv°v F{XtØmfw kwc- £ Ww D s≠-∂XmWv. F∂m¬ {]m tbmKnI Xe- Ø n¬ Hcp dnb¬ sajo- s \- ° mfpw s{]mU- £ ≥ \nß- f psS sh¿Nz¬ sajo\v In´p-∂p≠v . am{X- a √ High Avail ablity, DRS, V motion XpSßnb kmt¶-XnI hnZy-Ifn-eqsS Hcp Iw]yq-´¿ {Im jv Bbmepw AXn-e-S-ßn b F√m sh¿Nz¬ sajo\p-I-sfbpw Hmt´m-am-‰n-°m bn as‰mcp dnb¬ sajo-\ntebv ° v am‰m\pw \nßfpsS sk¿∆¿ Availability h¿≤n- ∏ n- ° m\pw sh¿Nzsse-tk-j\v Ign-bpw. CØcw henb Imcy߃ IqSmsX Xs∂ ASnÿm\ Iw]yq-´nwKv taJ-ebnepw VM Ware s{]mUIv S p- I ƒ AXn- t ‚- X mb ]¶p-hln-°p-∂p-≠v. DZm-lc-W-Øn\v \nß-fpsS s\‰v h¿°nwKv ]T-\Øn\v Bhiy-amb 5 Iw]yq-´dp-Iƒ \n ߃°v C√ F∂p Icp-XpI. VM Ware h¿°v tÃj≥ F∂ s{]mUIvSv D]-tbmKn®v V5 sh¿Nz¬ sajo-

\p-Iƒ krjvSn®v Hcp Iw ]yq-´-dn¬ Xs∂ \n߃°v ]T\w \S-Ømw. IqSmsX \nß- f psS ]pXnb aZ¿ t_m¿Up-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ k t∏m¿´v sNømØ hn≥ tUmkv 95 t]mep≈ H.-Fkp-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ d¨ sN ø-W-sa∂v tXm∂n-bmepw CtX kmt¶-XnIhnZy D]tbm-Kn-°mw. Xo¿®-bmbpw sk¿∆-dpI-fp-tSbpw tU‰m sk‚-dpI-fp-tSbpw {]k‡n h¿≤n°p-∂-Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v \Ωp sS \m´nepw sh¿Nz-ssetk-js‚ {]k‡n h¿≤n ®p hcn-I-bm-Wv. Kƒ^v cm Py- ß - f - S - ° - a p≈ hntZi sF. -Sn. tPmen-I-fn¬ Vm Ware Knowledge F∂Xv Hcp dnIz-b¿sa‚mbn sIm Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv Ct∏msg ]ecpw {i≤n-®p-Im-Wpw. F∂m¬ \nß- f psS \ne-hn-ep≈ s\‰vh¿°nwKv {]mK-¤y-Øns‚ IqsS Hcp hmeyq AUo-j≥ Bbn´mWv VmWare˛s‚ Adnhv D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ km[n-°pI. a‰v s\‰vh¿°nwKv tijn C√mØ Hcp hy‡nbv°v VmWare˛Hm at‰Xp sh¿ Nz-sse-tk-j≥ tkm^v‰v shb-dp-Itfm {]tbm-P\w sNøn-√. sh¿Nz-sse-tk-j≥ F ∂ hnj-b-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Ipd®v ASn-ÿm\ hnh-cß-fmWv Cu teJ-\Øn¬ ]¶p-sh-®-Xv. Cu hnj-bØn¬ IqSp-X¬ Adnhv {] Xo-£n-°p∂h¿°v teJ-I s‚ sh_v s sk- ‰ mb ww w.9847155469.com eqsS AXv e`y-am-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.

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