AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AGR 355

INTRODUCTION
‡ Agricultural development is one of the prime factors in Malaysian economic development. ‡ Most of the available resources within this sector consist of land and people. ‡ Subsequently, there is great potential for developing the human capital is also unlimited. ‡ However, crop yields are still far below the average of the more developed countries with comparable land and climate.

INTRODUCTION(cont.)
‡ Anthropologists indicate that the differences in the inherent intelligence or capacity of people arise from environmental factors and the most important is education (Maunder; 1973). ‡ Economic growth cannot be explained solely in terms of capital accumulation and growth of the labour force, but rather in the development of the human capital through education.

INTRODUCTION(cont.)
‡ Accelerated and sustainable agricultural productivity requires the breaking away from traditional attitude toward change which can only be achieved through mass education. ‡ Therefore, the development of human capital through education has become the prerequisites for the application of the appropriate technology to increase agricultural productivity and enhance the possibilities for economic advancement.

DEFINITION OF EXTENSION
‡ Maunder (1973) defined extension as A service or system which assists farm people, through educational procedures, in improving farming methods and techniques, increasing production efficiency and income, bettering their levels of living and lifting the social and educational standards of rural life.

ROLE OF EXTENSION
‡ Several statements have been made to interpret the roles of extension such as; i) Extension is an informal educational process directed toward the rural population. This role of extension is to offer advice and information to help rural people solve their own problems, increase the efficiency of farming increase production and their standard of living.

ROLE OF EXTENSION(cont.)
i) Extension is concerned not only with physical and economic achievements but also with the development of the rural people by helping them to gain clearer insights into their problems and to decide how to overcome these problems. ii) Extension is a process of working with rural people in order to improve their livelihoods through improved production and also developing their abilities to direct their own future.

ROLE OF EXTENSION(cont.)
iv) There are four main elements within the process of extension; a) Knowledge and skills b) Technical advice and information c) Farmers organization d) Motivation and self confidence
*refer to note given

THE SCOPE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF EXTENSION SERVICE(cont.)
‡ Extension service may differ from place to place. However, there are some common areas of interest in all extension work around the world. These areas of responsibilities are; i) Agricultural Production ii) Marketing, Distribution and Utilization of Farm Products. iii) Conservation, Proper Utilization and Development of Natural Resources.

THE SCOPE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF EXTENSION SERVICE(cont.)
iv) Management of the Farm and Home v) Family Living vi) Youth Development vii) Leadership Development viii) Community Improvement and Resource Development ix) Public Affairs
*refer to note given

THE SCOPE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF EXTENSION SERVICE(cont.)
‡ The scopes of these areas of responsibilities also vary between extension services. However, extension programs that are implemented usually reflect the needs and priorities of the people with whom they work. Extension agents must therefore be aware of these areas of responsibilities and scopes of their service.

THE PHYLOSOPHY OF EXTENSION WORK

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful