# HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISM

1. CONDUCTION

Q=

(T k.A. (x

(W)

Rcond

(x k.A

( C/

o

HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISM
2. CONVECTION

Q = h.A(Ts - Tg)
Rc
nv

(W)
o

=

1 h. A

( C/W)

HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISM

Q = IWAs T

4 s

(W)

CONDUCTION

CONDUCTION

8 m wide.25 m thick. . and is made of a flat layer of concrete whose thermal conductivity is k = 0.° W/m. respectively. and 0.°C.8 W/m. 4° Determine the rate of heat loss through the roof that night. The temperatures of the inner and the outer surfaces of the roof one night are measured to be 15° 15°C and 4°C.CONDUCTION (SOLUTION) The roof of an electrically heated home is 6 m long.

CONVECTION. Q = h A (Ts Tg) .

5 A. and the surface temperature of the wire is measured to be 152°C in steady 152° operation. as shown in Fig.3-cma room at 15°C. Heat is generated in 15° the wire as a result of resistance heating. determine the convection heat transfer coefficient for heat transfer between the outer surface of the wire and the air in the room.3-cm-diameter electrical wire extends across 20. .CONVECTION (EXAMPLE) A 2-m-long. the voltage drop and electric current through the wire are measured to be 60 V and 1. Also. 1 33. Disregarding any heat transfer by radiation. respectively. 0.

5 A) = 90 W As = TDL = T(0.CONVECTION (SOLUTION) P = VI = (60 V)(1.01885 Q = h A (Ts Tg ) .003 m)(2 m) = 0.

T Q ! IW (Ts  Tsurr ) 4 s RADIATION . As .W .Q ! I .

4 m2 and 30°C. 30° . and the ceiling of the house are at an average temperature of 10°C in winter 10° and 25°C in summer. floors. 25° Determine the rate of radiation heat transfer between this person and the surrounding surfaces if the exposed surface area and the average outer surface temperature of the person are 1. The inner surfaces of the walls.RADIATION (EXAMPLE) Consider a person standing in a room maintained at 22°C at all 22° times.

Q7 . Q5. Q8 Konduksi = Q2. Q4. Q6 Radiasi = Q3.SIMULTANS MODE Konveksi = Q1.

tot = Rth.B + Rth.COMPOSITE WALL Q = (Ttot/Rth.C .A + Rth.tot Rth.

tot Rth.COMPOSITE WALL Q = (Ttot/Rth.tot = Jabarkan (tugas) tugas) .

COMPOSITE WALL + CONVEKSI .

COMPOSITE WALL + CONVEKSI .

SILINDER dan BOLA .

SILINDER dan BOLA Silinder : Bola : .

SILINDER dan BOLA Komposit .

SILINDER Komposit = (Tg1 Tg2)/Rtotal )/R .

Hitunglah W/m. . Konduktivitas termal serat kaca adalah 0. Beda suhu antara kedua permukaan adalah 85 oC.SOAL LATIHAN Sebuah lapisan serat kaca tebalnya 13 cm.oC. kalor yang dipindahkan melalui bahan itu per jam per satuan luas.035 W/m. luas.

W/m.4 T 85 oC. Q/A = 22.h/m2 W. Konduktivitas 1.oC.035 W/m.oC.8 W/m2 = 22.JAWAB Diketahui serat kaca X = 13 cm.h/m .8 W. termal 0. delta W/m.

4 W/m.5 cm. Suhu bagian dalam isolasi adalah 315 oC. koefisien perpindahan panas konveksi (h) agar suhu permukaan luar lapisan isolasi menjadi 41 oC. . Dinding melepaskan kalor ke lingkungan secara konveksi. Hitunglah nilai konveksi.oC setebal 2.SOAL LATIHAN Sebuah dinding dilapisi isolasi yang memiliki konduktivitas termal 1. W/m. Suhu udara luar 38 oC.

.delta T/ x = 15344 W/m2 h = (Q/A)/T = 5115 W/m2 OC.JAWAB Q = Q konduksi = Q konveksi Q konduksi = k.

Dinding memiliki nilai k = 1.oC dan tebalnya 40 cm. W/m. . Hitunglah laju perpindahan kalor melalui dinding.SOAL LATIHAN Salah satu sisi dinding mempunyai suhu 100 oC.6 W/m. sedang sisi lainnya berada dalam lingkungan konveksi dengan T = 10 oC dan h = 10 W/m2. dinding.oC.

4/1.25 (konduksi) R2 (koveksi) = 1/10 = 0.JAWAB R1 (konduksi) = 0.6 = 0.35 Q = delta T/ R tot = 90/0.1 (koveksi) R tot = R1 + R2 = 0.35 = 257 W .

KONDUKSI DG SUMBER KALOR BIDANG DATAR SILINDER BOLA .

KONDUKSI DG SUMBER KALOR .

KONDUKSI DG SUMBER KALOR .

SIRIP (NEXT) .

CONTOH SIRIP LIHAT TABEL 3-4 3- .

SIRIP SANGAT PANJANG .

PANJANG SIRIP TERKOREKSI .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFISIENSI SIRIP .

EFECTIVITAS SIRIP .

EFISIENSI VS EFEKTIVITAS .

KONDUKSI DUA DIMENSI FAKTOR BENTUK KONDUKSI (S) : LIHAT TABEL 3-5 3Q = k.S.(T .

Konduksi transien: konduksi yang transien: berubah menurut waktu.KONDUKSI TRANSIEN Steady (Tunak): variabel tidak berubah (Tunak): sebagai fungsi waktu. waktu. . waktu. Transient (Fana): variabel berubah (Fana): sebagai fungsi waktu. waktu.

1 .PENDEKATAN SOLUSI Menggunakan metode sistem tergabung (lumped system). T(t) Parameter: Angka Biot (Bi) Kriteria Bi e 0. dimana temperature of such bodies can be taken to be a function of time only.

PRINSIP .

T sebagai fungsi t .

.

Prosedur Hitung panjang karakteristik. Bi Biot. dan . Hitung Angka Biot. Lc karakteristik.

CONTOH: Bola Tembaga .

.

.

the thermal Bconductivity of water at 20 oC is 0.A 7. Solution: From Table B-3 (SI). Assuming that the orange has properties similar to those of water at 20 °C and that h = 11 W/m2 oC. determine the suitability of a lumped analysis for predicting the temperature of the orange during cooling.597 W/m-K.5 cm diameter orange is subjected to a cold environment. for a sphere . W/mAlso.