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Guide & Co-ordinator : Sri
Manaji A Gajare
Kamesh S Patil (3PD07EC021) Kiran C V (3PD07EC024) B M Vikas (3PD07EC011) Pradeep Kanti (3PD05EC065)
The losses.86% and increased to 34.44% but currently the figure is again 29%. Electricity theft is at the center of focus all over the world but electricity theft in India has a significant effect on the Indian economy.78% in 2003-04 .000 crore in the fiscal year 2009-10 According to experts. are currently 29 % of the total generation. It is as high as 51% in Jharkhand. as this figure is considerably high. . In 2008-09 . if not for these losses over a decade now. India could have built two mega power plants of around 4. it stood at 28. experts say. which equals a shocking Rs 45. 45% in Madhya Pradesh and 40% in Bihar.000 MW capacity every year Power loss in 2001-02 was 32.
.The normal practice for power theft is to short the input and output terminals or to place a magnet on the wheel in case of old meters.
Connecting phase voltage to neutral of used single phase supply. Used earth/separate neutral for return circuit. .r. neutral of used single phase supply is zero. Isolating neutral from both ends. Potential difference w.t. Disconnected neutral from both the ends. Disturbing electronic common reference point of measurement.Few other ways for Power theft are Use of single phase supply from three phase supply. Hence power. product of voltage and current. will be zero. Drilling pin hole in meter box and in meter near MRI port.
Literature Survey .
Utility companies encourage consumers to report electricity theft.Utility meter readers typically suspect that electricity theft is taking place when they find a broken meter tag or other signs of tampering. Unfortunately. manual process has little chance of success. This labor-intensive. Some utility companies periodically check disconnected meters if the customer has not contacted them to reconnect service. most cases are never identified. training meter readers to detect theft is becoming more difficult and less efficient. third party meter readers do not read disconnected meters . But as more utility companies outsource the meter reading function to third parties. Meter Readers . In addition.These are some of the more common methods of identifying electricity theft today: Financial Rewards .Electricity theft frequently takes place after service has been disconnected. Periodic Checks . sometimes offering big rewards for information leading to conviction of anyone stealing electricity.
Developments until now : Power theft detection circuit Patent number : 4532471 ( 30. Determining the amount of difference between them. receiving the delivered power data that includes data delivered to a number of users. thus finding out if power theft has occurred.1985) This invention relates to a method and apparatus for detecting the theft of power when a short circuit jumper is coupled across a line conductor passing through watt-hour meter. But there lies no specific way to find out where the power theft has occurred . However the method is costlier to be implemented and it has no way of alerting the authorities unless a regular survey is done. Power theft detection system Patent number : US20080109387A1(May 8th 2008) The system finds out the power theft by monitoring the total power consumption.07.
Problem definition .
Measurement of parameters like power line current and power line voltage has not been available in a satisfactory way to optimize power network management . In particular it is difficult to find the exact location where power theft is occurring. Ineffective and inefficient present methods of detecting and preventing Power theft cause a revenue loss along with damage to personal and Public property Large amount of power shortage is caused due to power theft One of the challenges in stopping power theft is the difficulty in detecting power theft.
Also the present inability of the authorities in applying the existing laws in a stringent form has encouraged more and more people to involve in such unlawful activities. The motivation for us to take up this project is the current inefficient distribution system of the electricity boards all over the world. This kind of money could definitely be used for the development of the quality of electricity board and its service. which adds to the already severe problem of the green house effect. . In case we develop a effective system to remotely monitor the use of power and are able to detect power theft at the exact location in a accurate and cost effective way. As the majority of the power we generated is by burning coal. The severe power shortage can be overcome by the implementation of our simple system. More over this kind of implementation of proper billing to all the customers would reduce the reckless use of power and would surely help us to build a greener and more eco friendly environment for ourselves. Thus our group has been motivated to bring up this completely unique method of remotely sensing power theft in most of the possible ways. such huge losses can be prevented.
Preliminary Design .
Two Micro controller boards. Serial Port interfacing PC Meter and line pulse sensor Relay system MAX 232 Interface . RF transmitter and Receiver.The major building blocks of this project are: Regulated power supply.
This information is sent to substation using wireless communication In the substation. current sensing circuit. a micro controller is interfaced with an energy metering circuit. we can know at which house power theft occurred. If current is drawing &energy pulses are normal. . At the sub-station end. a pc is connected with a RF link to communicate with all energy meters & a buzzer In normal condition. RF communication link & a contactor to make or break power line. then it indicates power theft. it receives the information in the form of digital codes & on decoding it. then no power theft is being done & the o/p is connected. So microcontroller trips the o/p using relay. In our system. If current is drawing & energy pulses are not coming. micro controller reads energy pulses & current signals.
Microcontroller PIC16F73 The PIC16F73 CMOS FLASH-based 8-bit microcontroller Operating speed: DC . Only 35 single word instructions to learn Interrupt capability (up to 12 sources) Eight level deep hardware stack . a Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter(USART) a Parallel Slave Port.200 ns instruction cycle Features 8 channels of 8-bit Analog-to-Digital (A/D) converter Up to 8K x 14 words of FLASH Program Memory. Up to 368 x 8 bytes of Data Memory (RAM) A synchronous serial port that can be configured as either 3-wire SPI or 2-wire I2C bus.20 MHz clock input DC .
Receive: 6. Transmit: 12mA.RF Transceiver The 433 MHz Parallax RF Transceiver Module 3.1 mA Power Down: 11.5 uA High speed data transfer rates: 1200-9600 bps Asynchronous serial data (TTL/CMOS compatible) SIP header allows for ease of use with breadboards Compatible with most microcontrollers including the Propeller chip and all BASIC Stamp models Power-down mode for conservative energy usage (longer battery life) Line of sight range up to 250 feet (depending on operating conditions) .3 to 5.0VDC.
92 MHZ Typical sensitivity: -105dBm Supply Current: 3. Receiver Frequency: 315 / 433.RF Receiver The ST-RX02-ASK A effective low cost solution for using at 315/433.92 MHZ.5mA IF Frequency:1MHz .
to substation . Real-time Power monitoring at houses. Sensing the power theft at the exact location. Transmitting the information over wireless.
Thus by the above mentioned design we can successfully and effectively address the problems related to power theft by the consumers. We have come up with is fool proof when it comes to detecting and preventing the power theft as. We by this design would like to conclude that the power theft can be effectively curbed by detecting where the power theft occurs inform the authorities. Also a automatic circuit breaker may be integrated to the unit so as to remotely cut off the power supply to the house or consumer who tries to indulge in power theft. This project of ours is aimed at reducing the heavy power and revenue losses that occur due to power theft by the customers. The ability of our system to inform or send data digitally to a remote station using wireless radio link adds a large amount of possibilities to the way the power supply is controlled by the electricity board. cost effective and most importantly a reliable way. wire-free. . we have taken into consideration a large number of possibilities in which the power theft may occur and have designed accordingly to prevent it. in a completely automated.
org%2Fiel5%2F4035454%2F4 078480%2F04078503.jsp?url=http%3 A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/login.ieee.Reference IEEE links for this project: http://ieeexplore.org%2Fiel5%2F4918025%2F4 918026%2F04918176.ieee.pdf%3Farnumber%3D4918176& authDecision=-203 http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/login.jsp?url=http%3 A%2F%2Fieeexplore.pdf%3Farnumber%3D4078503& authDecision=-203 .
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