valeri silogava znakvis ucnobi warwerebi (XI s.) znakva qvemo raWis, ambrolauris raionis sofelia1.

igi ara marto raWis, aramed mTeli saqarTvelos erT-erTi Zveli istoriuli adgilia. znakva ramdenimegzisaa moxseniebuli iseT Zvel qarTul dokumentur werilobiT ZeglSi, rogoricaa XI s-is sabuTi _ `dawerili nikorwmindis monastris winamZRvrisa~: `worbelman Semoswira znakuas glexi b da miwani. da misTÂs aRapi gardaiÃdebodis juaris gamoCinebasa~, _ wers znakvis pirveli dasaxelebisas sabuTSi nikorwmindis winamZRvari2; cota qvemoT, sabuTis im TavSi, romelsac hqvia _ `romel me miyidian glexni da miwani da maTTÂs gamicemia eklesiisagan ganZad da pirutyvad~, winamZRvari detalurad CamoTvlis znakvasTan dakavSirebul uZrav qonebas, masSi gadaxdil sxvadasxva saxis safasurs da aRniSnavs Semdegs: `znakuas Sevqmen sasawnaxelo qviTkiri a, da Sigan yurZnisa sawnexi b, da SeSisa sawnaxeli a, [qviT]kirisa boseli a, da zed xerxuli boseli a, qviTkiri farexi a, da zeda qoreTi saxli a, da davhfal maransa Sina Wuri g. da munve, znakuas, erisTavTa erisTavman miqel, worbelisagan da vaxtangisagan iyida miwa¡ tyiani da maT uboZa fasad jaWÂ b, da igi miwa¡ wmida nikolaozs Semoswira. da munve, znakuas viyide agarasTan abulaTaÁs Zisagan venaÃi a, da yanaÁ a. misTÂs mivec cxeni kargi a. da mowameni arian kacni. da munve, znakuas, vaxtangis glexisagan viyide yanaÁ a. da mivec xuarbali grivi g. da mowameni arian kacni. munve, znakuas, kepoÁs Zisagan viyide yanaÁ a. da mivec fari erTi, rkina¡ litra¡ rva¡ da qalamani b. da mowameni arian kacni. da munve, znakuas, vaxtangis glexsa mivec saxli a. da misgan aviReT yana¡ a. da mowameni arian kacni. glexsa Cuensa cxeni mohpares munve, znakuas, da sazRavad aviReT miwa¡ nakveTi b. da mowameni arian kacni. aqSemoisZisagan viyideT munve, znakuas, jurisas CamomarTebiT, yanaÁ a, da misTÂs mivec fasi sruli~3. kidev erTxelaa sabuTSi znakÂsTavi naxsenebi da aRniSnulia, rom `znakÂs Tavsa ¢dilianman Semoswira miwaÁ sanaxevroÁ. mowame arian kacni~4. maSasadame, gamodis, rom znakva sabuTSi dasaxelebulia aTjer _ esaa erTi da igive geografiuli saxelis yvelaze metjer dasaxeleba toponimebiT erTob mdidar am werilobiT ZeglSi da amas Tavisi mizezi aqvs, razedac cota qvemoT SevCerdebi. am SesaniSnavi sabuTis es da sxva monacemebi araerTxel yofila ganxiluli da Seswavlili Cvens istoriografiaSi5 da, cxadia, maT aq ar Sevexebi. magram zemoTmoyvanili vrceli amonaweridan yuradRebas iqcevs, Cvens sakiTxTan dakavSirebuli ori garemoeba:
1 saqarTvelos ssr administraciul-teritoriuli dayofa 1987 wlis 1 ianvris mdgomareobiT,

Tb., 1987, gv. 10.
2 qisk, I, gv. 39: 9-10. 3 iqve, gv. 40: 20-38. 4 iqve, gv. 41: 24-25. 5 T. Jordania, qronikebi da sxva masala saqarTvelos istoriisa da mwerlobisa, wigni II, tf.,

1897, gv. 43-49; i. javaxiSvili, saqarTvelos ekonomiuri istoria, wigni pirveli, misi, Txzulebani, t. IV, Tb., 1996, gv. 121-122; wigni meore, misi Txzulebani, t. V, Tb., 1986, gv. 108, 638, 639, 651; m. berZniSvili, nikorwmindis `dawerili~, mski, nakv. 34, Tb., 1962, gv. 25-42; il. anTelava, nikorwmindis `dawerilis~ daTariRebisaTvis, misi, saqarTvelos saistorio-wyaroTmcodneobiTi Ziebani, Tb., 2002, gv. 382-387.

1) yoveli Sewiruleba eklesiisa Tu monastrisadmi, miT umetes, uZravi qonebisa (miwa, yana, tye, venaxi...), rogorc wesi, werilobiT formdeboda. rogorc Cans, am konkretul SemTxvevaSi amas yovelTvis ar hqonda adgili. SedarebiT mcire Sewirulebis Sesaxeb zepiri codna arsebobda, romelic Taobidan Taobas gadaecemoda da cnobili iyo pirTa im wrisaTvis, romelsac es unda scodnoda da romelic pasuxismgebeli da garanti iyo am Sewirulebis iuridiul mxareze. rogorc Cans, swored amas aRniSnavs yoveli konkretuli Sewirulebis bolos warmodgenili formula _ `da mowame arian kacni~. 2) sam SemTxvevaSi znakvasTan mimarTebaSi dasaxelebulia konkretuli mikrotoponimi: `znakuas agarasTana~, `znakuas juarisas~ da `znakÂs Tavsa~. amaTgan, znakvis agaris mdebareoba daadgina q-ma m. berZniSvilma _ es unda iyos naagarevi, romelic amJamad sofel znakvas ekuTvnis, xolo gvianfeodalur xanaSi calke sofeli iyo6. es Tvalsazrisi gaziarebulia istoriografiaSi7. rac Seexeba znakvas jvarisas, igi specialur literaturasa da samecniero wreebSi, gansakuTrebiT xelovnebaTmcodneTa Soris, farTod cnobilia im stavroTekis gamo, romelsac gasuli saukunis 20-ian wlebSi mis eklesiaSi miakvlia g. boWoriZem, manve gamosca pirvelma (orgzis)8 da Caabara quTaisis saxelmwifo istoriul-eTnografiul muzeumSi, sadac amJamadac inaxeba (# 3089)9. esaa 10×19 sm zomis vercxliT SeWedili xis kolofi, romelSic moTavsebulia jvari 6×16 sm zomisa. kolofi ixureba vercxlis saxuraviT, romlis zeda nawilSi warmodgenilia wm. grigol sakvirvelTmoqmedi pirdapir da mTeli taniT, xolo mis qvemoT _ rva striqonad Sesrulebuli reliefuri asomTavruli warwera: `wmidao grigol sakrvelTmoqmedo, Senda Sevedrebuli mÃevali Seni sahakduxt daÁcev yovlisagan borotisa~. es erT-erTi uZvelesi Cvenamde moRweuli siwmidea 886 w-is zarzmis feriscvalebis xatTan10 erTad. jvarisas stavroTekas sxvadasxva droiT aTariReben: V s-iT _ g. boWoriZe, p. ingoroyva, S. amiranaSvili11. g. boWoriZis cnobiT, i. javaxiSvili da s. janaSia warweraSi moxsenebul `mÃeval sahakduxts~ vaxtang gorgaslis dedad miiCnevdnen12. X s-iT aTariRebs Zegls g. CubinaSvili13. warweris paleografias Seexo g. wereTeli, romelsac am ZeglTan dakavSirebiT konkretuli TariRi ar warmoudgenia, magram aRniSna, rom `paleografiuli niSnebis safuZvelze Zeglis TariRi aqeT unda gadmoiwios (Tumca, arc ise gvian, rogorc amas g. CubinaSvili fiqrobs)~14. mec mqonda SemTxveva warwera paleografiuli niSnebis mixedviT dameTariRebina. vfiqrob, am niSnebis mixedviT warwera VII-VIII s-isa. am niSnebis detaluri ganxilvis adgili aq ar aris, amitom aRvniSnav mxolod qveda da zeda paleografiuli maCveneblebis Sesaxeb _ Â-s muclis maryuJis gaxsna samive SemTxvevaSi. es movlena pirvelad
6 m. berZniSvili, nikorwmindis `dawerili~, gv. 33-38. 7 T. beraZe, raWa feodalur xanaSi (istoriul-geografiuli mimoxilva), sigk, V, Tb., 1975, gv.

137.
8 g. boWoriZe, jvarisas Zegli, sa, III, tf., 1927, gv. 206-208, sur. I-III; statiis inglisuri

Targmani _ georgika, I, 2/3, ondon, 1936, t. 50-52; misive, raWis istoriuli Zeglebi, smm, I, tf., 1928, gv. 173-179. 9 m. nikoleiSvili, quTaisis muzeumis epigrafikuli Zeglebi, qsmS, krebuli XIII, quTaisi, 2001, gv. 11-12, foto 1. 10 Г. Н. Чубинашвили, Грузинское чеканное искусство, Текст, Тб., 1959, с. 27-42; Иллюстрации, Тб., 1959 1-4а; T. sayvareliZe, g. alibegaSvili, qarTuli Weduri da ferweruli xatebi, Tb., 1980, tab. 1. 11g. boWoriZe, jvarisas Zegli, gv. 108; Ш. Я Амиранашвили, История грузинского искусства, М., 1963, с. 131. 12g. boWoriZe, jvarisas Zegli, gv. 207-208. 13Г. Н. Чубинашвили, Грузинское чеканное искусство, с. 421-422; amis mixedviT, aseve X s-iT aTariRebs znakvis stavroTekis warweras m. nikoleiSvili (ix. misi, quTaisis muzeumis epigrafikuli Zeglebi, gv. 11). 14g. wereTeli, uZvelesi qarTuli warwerebi palestinidan, Tb., 1960, gv. 41.

mcxeTis jvrisa da wyisis warwerebSi gvxvdeba epizodurad; xolo isini, Sesabamisad, 595/605 da 616-119 ww. TariRdebian15. zeda zRvari _ VIII saukunea, radgan IX s-idan xuTeuls (e,v,g,l,h) damatebiTi ganivi xazebi uCndeba16, rasac aq adgili ara aqvs. garda amisa, IX saukunidanve Semodis nusxuri moxazulobis `lasi~ asomTavrul warwerebSi17, rac aq mxolod Canasaxis formiTaa warmodgenili. erTi sityviT, znakvis erT-erT uban jvarisasTan dakavSirebulia erT-erTi uZvelesi qarTuli siwminde _ Zeli cxorebisa, anu wm. jvris sanawile, romelmac misca, ueWvelia, saxeli, rogorc mTlianad am ubans, ise im eklesias, romelic iq dgas da romelSic es jvari inaxeboda18. garda nikorwmindis winamZRvris dawerilSi aRniSnuli da zemoT dasaxelebuli znakvis sami ubnisa, 1925-1926 ww. raWaSi siZveleTa aRricxvisa da Seswavlis mizniT mogzaurobisas, g. boWoriZem znakvis kidev ori ubani _ saSindia da motyiari daafiqsira da maTi siZveleebi _ xatebi da xatebis fragmentebi da erTi xelnaweri aRwera19. amrigad, irkveva, rom istoriuli znakva sakmaod vrcel dasaxlebul teritorias moicavda da igi Semdegi ubnebisgan Sedgeboda: agara, juarisa, znakvisTavi, saSindia, motyiari da araa kidev gamoricxuli sxvac, romelTa saxelebma Cvenamde ver moaRwia. am ubnebidanac, zogma saxeli Seicvala (agara< naagarevi), zogi Tanamedrove znakvas Seerwya (saSindia, motyiari), xolo zogic calke saxelad Camoyalibda (jvarisa). TiToeul am ubans Tavisi samlocvelo-eklesia gaaCnda, zogierTs araerTi, romlebmac Cvens dromdec moaRwies _ Tavdapirveli an Secvlili da gadakeTebuli saxiT. erT-erTi maTgania znakvis motyiaris wm. giorgis eklesia, romelSic 2003 wlis zafxulSi Catarebuli sarestavracio-aRdgeniTi samuSaoebis dros aRmoCnda qvaze amokveTili ori SesaniSnavi warwera _ Cveni amJamindeli Seswavlis obieqtebi. pirvelad motyiaris eklesiis siZveleebi aRwera g. boWoriZem 1925-26 wlebSi raWaSi mogzaurobis dros, magram es masala gvian _ 1994 wels gamoqveynda20. manamde, rogorc cnobilia, orgzis _ 1919 da 1920 wlebSi raWaSi imogzaura e. TayaiSvilma 21, magram znakvis siZveleebi, da maT Soris motyiarisa, mas aRwerili ara aqvs. g. boWoriZes motyiaris eklesiaSi oriode siZvele daxvedria _ vercxlze naWedi wm. giorgis xati, sakmaod mozrdili (39X23 sm), isic ficridan aglejili _ aSiebis gareSe. aq wm. giorgi warmodgenili yofila fexze mdgomared. xats g. boWoriZe XIIXIV ss. aTariRebs. aqve mas upovia `romeliRac xatidan ayrili dabali (xarisxis) vercxlis aSiebi~ _ `sul xuTi naWeri~ da kidev `sxva romeliRac xatidan darCenili aSia, 1 cali~. es masala mas quTaisis muzeumisTvis Caubarebia (#1891, 1892)22. Cvens dReebamde motyiarSi idga XIX s-is eklesia, romelic yvela niSnis mixedviT Zvel naeklesiarze iyo aSenebuli, aseve, adgil-adgil Zveli eklesiis qvebis gamoyenebiT. 2003 wlis ivnisSi arqiteqtor-restavratoris b-n murad andriaZis xelmZRvanelobiT XIX s-is eklesia daSlil iqna, calke gadairCa Zveli qvebi da imave
15qwk, I, # 32, 70. 16iqve, gv. 32. 17iqve, gv. 33. 18vfiqrob, sakuTriv

toponim `znakvis~ etimologia SeiZleba daukavSirdes raWaSi gavrcelebul marcvleulis mosakref xelsawyos `Snakvis~ saxelwodebas. i. javaxiSvilis aRweriT, `Snakvi~ es 20-30 sm. sigrZe da kalmistaris sisxo ori erTmaneTTan moZravad erT TavSi gadabmuli joxia. es martivi xelsawyo Tavisufal TavebSi iSleba da TavTavebi Seikvreba joxis gaswvriv xelis moWeriT, Semdeg odnav gverdze gadaweviT TavTavi tydeba ZirSi~ (i. javaxiSvili, Txz., t. IV, gv. 365). misive aRniSvniT, `aseTi xis xelsawyo, exlac kia raWaSi daculi da axlac zanduris jiSis mosavlis mosakrebad ixmareba... am wesis siZveles TviT xelsawyos primitiuloba... sakmao sicxadiT amJRavnebs~ (misive, Txz., t. V, gv. 92). 19g. boWoriZe, raWa-leCxumis istoriuli Zeglebi da siZveleebi, Tb., 1994, gv. 79-80. 20iqve, gv. 80. 21e. TayaiSvili, arqeologiuri mogzauroba raWaSi 1919 da 1920 ww., Tb., 1963. 22g. boWoriZe, dasax. naSromi, gv. 80.

wlis agvistoSi am qvebisa da axali samSeneblo masalis gamoyenebiT, Zveli eklesiis adgilze agebul iqna axali darbazuli eklesia dasavleTis karibWiT. XIX s-Si amoyvanili kedlebis daSlis dros aRmoCnda e. w. xurdad gamoyenebuli qvis ori mozrdili naWeri, romlebic sxvadasxva adgilas Casmuli iyo axali kedlis perangebs Soris da, amdenad, isini garedan ar ixilveboda. erT-erT qvaze (misi zomaa: 92×46 sm) warmodgenilia wm. giorgis reliefuri gamosaxuleba da misgan marjvniv warweris fragmenti. meore qvaze, romelic zeda marcxena kuTxeSi CaWrilia, aseve amokveTili iyo samstriqoniani warwera, oRond srulad Semonaxuli (am qvis zomebia: 48-50×25 sm). pirveli qva, rogorc Cans, savsebiT sworad, miCneul iqna arqitravis nawilad da igi Caisva eklesiis dasavleTis karibWis Sesasvlelis zemoT (sur. 1, 2), xolo meore warweriani qva Caisva eklesiis samxreT kedelSi _ iq, romlis ZirSic is iqna napovni. orive qvis fotoebi, warwerebis Seswavlisa da Semdgomi gamocemis mizniT, Tavazianad gadmomca b-ma murad andriaZem, risTvisac gulwrfel madlobas movaxseneb. manve gadmomca eklesiis aRdgenili karibWis Sesasvlelis foto, zogierTi teqnikuri cnoba warweriani qvebis Sesaxeb da Cemi konsultaciiT daamzada warwerebis paleografiuli aslebi. pirveli, arqitravis qvidan da misi warweridan SemorCenilia marcxena nawili da marjvena nawilis ori mcire natexi, romlebic calke iqna aRmoCenili. SemorCenil nawilze (sur. 3), arqitravis centrSi warmodgenilia wm. giorgi, mTeli taniT, pirdapir, marjvena xelSi grZeli, msxviltariani SubiT, romelic tanis gaswvriv, odnav daxriTaa aRmarTuli, xolo marcxena xeliT momcro zomis e. w. romauli fari uWiravs, romlis zedapiri kidis gaswvriv dayolebuli msxvili grexili ornamentisa da centrSi moTavsebuli ori koncentruli wrisa da wertilebis meSveobiT mxatvruladaa damuSavebuli. wm. giorgis gamosaxuleba TiTqmis dauzianeblad, Tavdapirveli saxiTaa Semonaxuli _ momtvreulia mxolod niSis nawili marjvena mxares da, rogorc Cans, zurgs ukan afrialebuli mosasxami, Tu igi imaze met zomaze iyo gamosaxuli, vidre dResaa darCenili. wm. giorgis acvia grZeli kaba, romelic welis odnav qvemoT ganieri sartyliTaa SemoWerili da amis gamo tanis zeda nawili ufro wagrZelebulia. kaba gadaxsnilia gulispirTan, xolo win mTel sigrZeze, orive nawilis SeerTebis adgilas, orive kideze, SuaSi wertildasmuli wreebis rigi dauyveba. wels qvemoT kaba gofrirebulia, pliseebis ganier naWrebadaa dakecildayofili, xolo wels zemoT da mklavebze xuT rigad dawyobili javSnis saxiTaa gadmocemuli. gamosaxulebis fexebi mimarTulia sxvadasxva mxares. wm. giorgis acvia mokle, wawvetebuli Ceqmebi, romlis yeli gverdze Caxsnilia. xelebi dafaruli aqvs viwrod morgebuli javSniT, romelic majebTan mWidrod ikvreba. SemorCenilia mosasxamis nawili, romelic kisris marcxniv ganaskvulia, xolo yelTan tablioniT ikvreba. wm. giorgis saxe uwveroa, magram ulvaSebi gadmocemulia ori viwro zolis saxiT. mTlianad saxe axalgazrda da Wabukuria, xolo Tavi dafaruli aqvs xSiri, magram kisris doneze mokled SeWrili TmebiT. Tavis ukan gamosaxulia ganieri nimbi, romlis marjvena nawili, rogorc aRiniSna, motexilia. saerTod, gamosaxulebis yoveli detali guldasmiTaa damuSavebuli da mTlianad gamosaxulebas Sesrulebis maRali xarisxi axasiaTebs. fexze mdgomare wm. giorgis gamosaxuleba qarTul sinamdvileSi mravlad moi poveba, gansakuTrebiT Weduri xelovnebis Zeglebs Soris23. SedarebiT iSviaTia qvaze Sesrulebul reliefSi, Tumca, vfiqrob, erTi analogi motyiaris wm. giorgis am reliefur gamosaxulebas mainc moepoveba. esaa wm. giorgis marmarilos xati
23davasaxeleb umTavres, adrindeli xanis (XIs.) nimuSebs: erisTavTa erisTavis vardan vardanis

Zis Sewiruli jumaTis wm. giorgis xati, laSTxveris, xidisTavis da sujunis wm. giorgis xatebi (Г. Н. Чубинашвили, Грузинское чеканное искусство, Иллюстрации, Тб., 1959, таб. 151-153, џ156); wm. giorgis xati uSgulis (zemo svaneTi) sofel CaJaSidan (r. yenia, v. silogava, uSguli, Tb., 1986, tab. 39, 42, feradi tab.-14) da sxv.

vanidan, romelic gamoaqveynes e. TayaiSvilma (orjer)24, r. Smerlingma25, xolo misi ktitoruli warwera RoRaÁsZeebisa _ erisTavTa erisTavis zviadisa da, rogorc Cans, misis Zmis giorgisa, a. SaniZem26. misi teqsti aseTia: `wmidao giorgi mTavromowameo, guioxe winaSe RmrTisa RoRaÁsZeTa _ erisTavTa erisTavsa zÂadsa da uRirssa giorgis~. ratomRac, `mTavromowameos~ ak. SaniZe `mTavarmowameod~ ar asworebs, maSin, rodesac aq aSkarad Secdomaa, rac damaxasiaTebeli Cans warweris SemsruleblisaTvis _ amave teqstSi nacvlad oRrsa `oRrsa~, e. i. `uRirssa~, amokveTilia oRZsa `oRZsa~, e. i. asomTavruli Z Z, nacvlad r raesi. vanis marmarilos qva-xatzec wm. giorgi aseve warmodgenilia frontalurad, SubiT (marjvena) da romauli fariT (marcxena) xelSi (sur. 4). igi sxva niSnebiTac emsgavseba motyiaris wm. giorgis reliefur gamosaxulebas, razedac aq ver SevCerdebi. vanis qva-xats r. Smerlingi XI s.-iT aTariRebs, xolo ak. SaniZe, warweraSi dafiqsirebul erT orTografiul movlenas _ `onis daweras unis nacvlad~, XI-XIII ss. farglebSi aTavsebs. amrigad, vanis marmarilos qva-xati wm. giorgisa, qronologiuradac axlos dgas motyiaris reliefTan. aqve isic unda aRiniSnos, rom wm. giorgis tansacmlis morTulobis elementebi _ wre SuaSi Casmuli wertiliT, mravlad gvxvdeba X-XI ss. reliefur ZeglebSi. maTgan davasaxeleb joisubnis reliefebs, romlebic X s-iT TariRdebian da sadac es elementi uxvadaa warmodgenili27. aseTive elementebiTaa morTuli gabriel mTavarangelozis tansacmeli IX-X ss. daTariRebul sxieris kankelis reliefze28 da sxv. filis Tavisufal nawilze, wm. giorgis garSemo, amokveTilia ori warwera _ pirveli erT da meore _ marcxniv sam da marjvniv oTx striqonad. warwerebi kidurwaisrulia. pirveli warwera ganmartebiTia, misi mxolod marcxena nawilia Semonaxuli, xolo marjvena nawilis aRdgenis SemTxvevaSi igi ase ikiTxeba: w˜Á || [g˜i] `w(mida)Á || [g(iorg)i]~. meore, mTavari warwera (sur. 3), amokveTilia wm. giorgis gamosaxulebis orive mxares da, rogorc Cans, igi filis mTel Tavisufal zedapirs avsebda. warweris marcxena nawili moRweulia srulad. aq ikiTxeba: w(mida)o g(iorg)i [. . . ] w˜o g˜i wy(a)le c(o)d [. . . ] wy˜le c˜d i˜e lozii(ovan)e lozi [. . . ] aqedan aSkaraa, rom teqstis yoveli striqoni wm. giorgis gamosaxulebis marjvniv gadadioda. marjvena mxares, me-3 striqonis gaswvriv, wm. giorgis farisagan dacilebiT, filaze SerCenilia m-ani. b-n murad andriaZis cnobiT, eklesiis daSlis Sedegad mopovebul qvis natexebSi, aRmoCnda erTi fragmenti, romelzedac asoebi iyo amokveTili da romelic ise moergo mTavar filas marjvnidan, rom aq amokveTili manis qvemoT moTavsda. am qvis natexze amokveTilia sami aso _ mis (mis). am fragmentma isic gaarkvia, rom, radgan igi mesame striqonis gaswvriv amokveTili manis qvemoT moTavsda, e. i. am mxares warwera oTx striqonad iyo ganlagebuli. moRweul fragmentebze dakvirvebiT gairkva, rom teqstis marjvena nakluli nawili, garda erTi SemTxvevisa, yovel striqonSi marcxniv gadadioda, anu moRweul nawilSi dawye24e. TayaiSvili, arxeologiuri mogzaurobani da SeniSvnani, I, tf., 1908. gv. 8; Е. С. Такайшвили,

Церковь в Ване, в Имерети, и ее древности, ИКИАИ, том II, 1917-1925,Ленинград, 1927, с. џ88-89, таб. XIII.
25r. Smerlingi, marmarilos qandakeba sof. vanidan, smam, t. XVII, #2, Tb., 1956, gv. 187-188. 26a. SaniZe, vanis marmarilos qandakebis warweris wakiTxva-gagebisaTvis, smam, t. XVIII, # 9, Tb.,

1956, gv. 857-859; qwk, II, gv. 158-159, #185; m. nikoleiSvili, quTaisis muzeumis epigrafikuli Zeglebi, gv. 14-15, @4a; bolo publikaciaSi, ratomRac, gaTvaliswinebuli araa warweris ak. SaniZisa da qwk-s gamocemebi da teqsti arasworadaa wakiTxul-gaSifruli. 27n. aladaSvili, joisubnis reliefebi, sabWoTa xelovneba, 7, 1978, gv. 68-76; qwk, II, sur. 22, 26. 28qwk, II, sur. 7, 8.

buli trafaretuli formulebis sityvebis gagrZelebebs gaTvaliswinebiT, warweris mTliani teqsti aRdga Semdegi saxiT: w˜o g˜i [Sei] wy˜le c˜d[vili] i˜e lozim[e da S(vil)ni] mis[ni, a˜n].

Seicavda.

amis

w(mida)o g(iorg)i, |[Sei]wy(a)le c(o)d[vili]|i(ovan)e lozim[e da S(vil)ni] | mis[ni, a(me)n]. is erTi aratrafaretuli sityva, romelic zemoT vaxsene da romelic marcxena naxevridan marjvniv gadadis, aris anTroponim iovanes Semdeg amokveTili lozi, romlis gagrZelebis mania darCenili marjvena nawilis me-3 striqonis dasawyisSi; e. i. aq ikiTxeba `lozim~. am sityvis dasasruli, misi SemorCenili nawilis zomisa da filaze marjvniv darCenil nawilze moTavsebuli formulis [`Svilni | misni~] dasawyisi sityvis gaTvaliswinebiT, albaT, erTi an ori asosagan Sedgeboda. faqtia isic, rom es aso, rogorc qarTuli sityvis dasasruli, xmovani unda iyos. vfiqrob, am adgilas sxvaze meti upiratesoba e-s aRdgenas unda mieces da sityva unda wavikiTxoT, rogorc `lozim[e].~ ras niSnavs es lozime, igi iovanes meore saxelia, metsaxelia Tu epiTetia, gaugebaria. vfiqrob, aq iovane-zosimes msgavs analogiasTan unda gvqondes saqme. gansxvaveba imaSia, rom anTroponomi `lozime~ ucnobia da sxvagan ar gvxvdeba29. warweris paraduli xasiaTi, misi moTavseba eklesiis TvalsaCino adgilas, eklesiis mfarveli wmindanis gamosaxulebis garSemo, gvafiqrebinebs, rom es iovanelozime eklesiis ktitoria. samwuxarod, igi sxva wyaroebiT ucnobia. marTalia, warweras TariRi ar uzis, magram misi daTariReba paleografiuli niSnebiT iolia, _ rogorc zemoTac aRiniSna, misi damwerloba kidurwaisrulia, Tanac igi am damwerlobiT Sesrulebuli werilobiTi Zeglis klasikuri nimuSia. amis mixedviT, warwera XI saukunes ganekuTvneba. radgan warweris paleografiuli TariRi damwerlobis xasiaTis mixedviT TavisTavad garkveulia, calkeul grafemaTa paleografiul aRwera-daxasiaTebas da TariRiani paraleluri masalis moyvanas ar Sevudgebi, oRond, aRvniSnav warweraSi dadasturebuli kidurwaisrulobis erTi Taviseburebis Sesaxeb. kidurwaisruli damwerlobiT Sesrulebuli werilobiTi Zeglebis daxasiaTebisas me mqonda SemTxveva aRmeniSna, rom isini or kategoriad iyofa _ warwerebi, romelTa grafemebs waisruli kideebis wvetebi tanis SigniT aqvs mimarTuli da warwerebi, romelTa grafemebSi es wvetebi asos tanis gareTaa mimarTuli30. rogorc erTi, ise meore kategoriis Zeglebi saqarTvelos mTel teritoriazea gavrcelebuli _ rogorc aRmosavleTSi, ise dasavleTSi da axla ukve SegviZlia vTqvaT, radgan bolo xanebSi maTi Seswavlis saSualebac mogveca, aseve _ samxreTSic. ufro meti, zogierT werilobiT ZeglSi orive kategoriis grafemebi SeiZleba erTdroulad dadasturdes. znakvis motyiaris wm. giorgis eklesiis am warweraSi aseT aRrevas adgili ara aqvs da aq yoveli
29toponimi `lozi~||`lozni~, rogorc soflis saxeli, dasturdeba iSxnis taZris (istoriul

klarjeTSi, amJamad TurqeTSi) 1155 wlis erT warwera-sabuTSi _ igi xelaxla Seuwiravs demetre I (1125-1156) iSxnis taZrisTvis (e. TayaiSvili, 1917 wlis arqeologiuri eqspedicia samxreT saqarTveloSi, Tb., 1960, gv. 26-27; v. silogava, tao-klarjeTi (kaTedrebi, monastrebi, siwmindeebi), iSxnis eparqia, wgn.: `naTeli qristesi saqarTvelo~, wigni I, Tb., 2003, gv. 278). veWvob, rom mas raime kavSiri hqondes znakvis am warwerasTan, Tu am naklul nawilSi `iovane lozim[eli]~ ar ewera. 30v. silogava, dasavleT saqarTvelos X-XVIII ss. qarTuli lapidaruli warwerebi, rogorc saistorio wyaro, sakandidato-sadisertacio naSromi, Tb., 1972, gv. 60-83 (manqanaze gadabeWdili teqsti).

grafemis kiduris waisruloba mkacradaa erTian wess daqvemdebarebuli _ wvetebi yovelTvis asos tanis SigniTaa mimarTuli, rac damaxasiaTebelia, ZiriTadad, dasavlur-qarTuli werilobiTi ZeglebisaTvis, romelTac ganekuTvneba es warwerac. aRsaniSnavia kidev erTi faqti. warweraSi qaragmis niSani, moRweuli teqstis samive SemTxvevaSi, ganivi klaknili xazis saxiTaa gadmocemuli. qaragmis ganivi klaknili xazebi ufro ganviTarebuli da gviani Sua saukuneebis werilobiTi ZeglebisTvisaa damaxasiaTebeli. magram am warweraSi es ganivi xazebi kidurwaisrulia, zemoT da qvemoT mimarTuli boloebiT, da rac mTavaria, maT zusti analogi moepovebaT samTavisis taZris, gansakuTrebiT misi aRmosavleT fasadis 1032 wlis sazeimo, paraduli warwerebis klaknili da kidurwaisruli qaragmis niSnebis saxiT31. znakvis motyiaris eklesiis meore warwera amokveTilia qvis sada filaze (sur. 5), romelic, rogorc zemoT aRiniSna, amJamad eklesiis samxreT fasadSia Casmuli. warwera asomTavrulia, Sesrulebulia sam striqonad; misi teqsti, miuxedavad dasawyisSi mcired dazianebisa qvis zedapiris atkecvis gamo, Tavisuflad ikiTxeba da igi aseTia: q w˜o g˜i, S˜e v˜Sa ym˜Á kalat˜zi, amis eklesi˜sa moqm˜di. q w(mida)o g(iorg)i, S(eiwyal)e v(a)Sa|ym(a)¡ kalat(o)zi, | amis eklesi(i)sa moqm(e)di. warweris damwerloba kidurwaisrulia, magram nawilobriv da mxolod pirveli striqonis farglebSi. pirvel warwerasTan SedarebiT, grafemebi ramdenadme uSnoa da ulazaTo, gansakuTrebiT mesame striqonis dasawyisSi. aq asoebi nacvlad orxazovanisa, rogorc pirvel striqonSia, oTxxazovan badeSia ganlagebuli. ufro meti, lasi, nacvlad asomTavrulisa, rogorc es meore striqonSia, aq nusxuri moxazulobisaa. araerTgvarovania qaragmis niSnebic _ pirvel striqonSi, Tu isini kidurwaisrulia, meore da mesame striqonebSi martivi ganivi xazis saxiTaa gadmocemuli. uTuod yuradRebas iqcevs isic, rom pirveli striqonis erTnairad kidurwaisruli qaragmis niSnebic sxvadasxva moxazulobisaa _ pirvel SemTxvevaSi igi gadmocemulia swori xazis saxiT, romlis kidurebze isrebi wvetebiT gareTaa mimarTuli, xolo meore SemTxvevaSi ganivi klaknili xazia, romlis boloebSi dasmuli isris wverebi sxvadasxva mxares, zemoT da qvemoTkenaa mimarTuli. amrigad, aSkaraa, rom warwerebi sxvadasxva xelosnis mieraa Sesrulebuli. vfiqrob, pirveli warwera, Tavisi daxvewili grafikiT, moxdenili da lamazi asoebiT, wm. giorgis reliefuri gamosaxulebis Semqmneli ostatis namuSevaria, xolo meore warwera _ masSi dasaxelebuli vaSayma kalatozis avtografia. marTalia, isini sxvadasxva piris mieraa Sesrulebuli, magram maTi Tanadrouloba eWvs ar iwvevs. paleografiuli niSnebis mixedviT, rogorc es, ise pirveli warwera XI s-es ganekuTvneba. vaSayma iSviaTi, naklebgavrcelebuli anTroponimia. al. Rlonti mas metsaxelad miiCnevs da, savsebiT samarTlianad, dRes mxolod gvar vaSaymaZeSi SemorCenilad Tvlis32. Tumca, garda znakvis am warwerisa, vaSayma, rogorc damoukidebeli, calke saxeli dasavleT saqarTvelos kidev erT epigrafikul ZeglSi dasturdeba. esaa XI sis warwera Terjolis r-nis s. Tuzis midamoebis kakabouris eklesiidan, romelic 1967 wlidan Cxaris mxareTmcodneobis muzeumSi inaxeba33. am xuTstriqoniani warweris teqstSi oTxi sxvadasxva piri ixsenieba, Tu wm. miqaels da wm. gabriels ar CavTvliT, da erTi maTganis saxelia vaSaymai _ `ganusueneT sulsa mamisa vaSaymaisasa~, naTqvamia masSi erTgan. `mama vaSaymai~ aq niSnavs, rom igi sasuliero piria _ eklesiis moZRvari
31g. soxaSvili, samTavisi (masalebi taZris istoriisaTvis), redaqtori S. amiranaSvili, Tb.,

1973, tab. 10, 51, 52; qx, 11, Tb., 2001, gv. 208-209.
32al. Rlonti, qarTveluri sakuTari saxelebi. anTroponimTa leqsikoni, Tb., 1986, gv. 122. 33qwk, II, gv. 86-87, # 74.

an rigiTi mRvdeli. ar mgonia, igi am SemTxvevaSi monastris winamZRvars aRniSnavdes, radgan aseTi rame Tuzis axlo-maxlo ar Cans da, garda amisa, monastris winamZRvari ase ordinalurad ar iqneboda moxsenebuli sxva pirebs _ ivais, vardansa da kidev meore ivais Soris. vaSayma kalatozi warweraSi dasaxelebulia, rogorc `eklesiisa moqmedi~. termini `moqmedi~ Zveli qarTuli enis leqsikis kuTvnilebaa. z. sarjvelaZis ganmartebiT, igi aRniSnavs muSas, xelosans34, xolo il. abulaZis ganmartebiT, `moqmedi qvisa¡~_ xuroTmoZRvaria, kalatozia35. vfiqrob, miuxedavad niuansuri sxvaobisa, orive ganmarteba sworia, maTi gamoyenebis konkretuli SemTxvevis konteqstidan gamomdinare. Tumca, am terminis gamoyenebis areali, rogorc Cans, gacilebiT vrceli iyo da mxolod mSeneblobasTan dakavSirebuli saqmianobis aRniSvniT ar Semoifargleboda. magaliTad, sayovelTaod cnobilia daviT kurapalatis jvris ostati asaTi, romelic jvris warweris teqstSi moxseniebulia, rogorc `moqmedi~36. maSasadame, es termini oqromWedlis mimarTac gamoiyeneboda.

34z. sarjvelaZe, Zveli qarTuli enis sityvis kona, Tb., 2001, gv. 146. 35il. abulaZe, Zveli qarTuli enis leqsikoni (masalebi), Tb., 1973, gv. 281. 36Г. Н. Чубинашвили, Грузинское чеканное искусство, Текст, с.163.

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