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Hint: Try A= and B=

A= B= AB= BA=

2. If A= AO= OA=

and 0=

find AO and OA.

3. For all real numbers a, b and c it is true that a(b+c)=ab+ac and this is known as distributive law. a) Make up three 2x2 matrices A, B, C and verify that A(B+C)=AB+AC A= B= C= A(B+C)=AB+AC AB= AC= AB+AC= b) Now prove that in general. A= B= C=

(AB)C=A(BC) (AB)C= BC= A(BC)= .A(B+C)=AB+AC B+C= A(B+C)= AB= AC= AB+AC = AB+AC= A(B+C)=AB+AC c) Use matrices from a) to prove that (AB)C=A(BC) AB= BC= A= B= C= (AB)C=A(BC) = d) Prove in general point.

A(BC)= (AB)C=A(BC) 4. 5. we will see that the elements within their rows and columns do not correspond. Is there a matrix I. Suppose A²=AA a) A= A²= b) A= A³= 6. If we try to multiply two of these matrices (AxA=A²). a) w=z=1 x=y=0 = = = b) For any real number a. such that AI=A=A for all 2x2 matrices A? Hint: Use results from a) above. say. 3x2 3x2 . it is true that a x 1= 1x a= a. a) A= A² cannot be found since A is matrix 3x2.

such as 2x2 matrix is. 7. Show that if I = then I²=I and I³=I I²=I = I³=I . meaning. All matrices which have equal number of rows and columns are applicable. mxn matrix A and nxp matrix B can become mxp matrix AB where elements in rows and columns are sum of the products of elements in the rows of A with correspondance to columns of B.b) A² can be found only if two matrices are correspondant.

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