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Project Title : MILKFISH AQUAFEED DEVELOPMENT USING ROOTCROPS AND COCONUT OIL PROJECT
2. Proponent (s) Project Leader : Member :
REY J. DE LA CALZADA NAOMI G. PETRONIO MERLA GALAN (BFAR 8-GUIUAN MFDC) Agency/Institution : VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY-TOLOSA Address : TANGHAS, TOLOSA, LEYTE 6503 Tel./Fax No. : 053-322-5502/ 053-322-6306 Email: email@example.com Head of Agency/Division Chief : POLICARPO N. DUAVIS (Dean)
3. Implementing Agency Lead Agency : VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY-TOLOSA Collaborating Agency (s): BFAR 8- GUIUAN MARINE FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT CENTER
4. Project Duration Start-up Date : JUNE 1, 2012 Completion Date: JUNE 30, 2013
5. Proposed Budget : 923,014.00 ( In Philippine Peso) 6. Summary (not more than five hundred words) One of the bottlenecks of the aquaculture industry of Region 8 is the high cost of aquafeeds. Source of ingredients and its manufacture is found in other regions of the country with bulk of production by national companies such as Tateh, San Miguel-BMEG and Alson’s-Vitarich. Transportation of these feeds to the region adds up to its overall cost. In addition, fish meal, the primary source of protein, is becoming scarce and thereby getting expensive. Feeds accounts for 40-60% of the production costs in aquaculture (Fotedar 2004, El-Sayed 1999) with protein represent 50% of feed cost in intensive culture (El-Sayed 2004). Lessening the cost of feed production will definitely increase profit margin.
who can afford the investment requirement and has not really made an impact to the small scale fish farmers. Eventually. Specifically. (2) some commercial use and (3) as feed for livestock for backyard piggery and poultry. this project is hoped to produce cheap but quality feed as required by the species cultured and in the long term will encourage more small scale farmers to engage into milkfish farming. The need to find an alternative or if not a novel formulation of feed should be undertaken to make aquaculture sustainable and at the same time profitable. Prepared by: Endorsed by: ______________________________ Head of Agency/Division Chief Date: ___________________________________ ___REY J.For the time being. There will be two components of the project: (1) Development of milkfish aquafeed utilizing the above mentioned ingredients and (2) Determining the effect of the formulated Feeds on Fish Growth and Performance and Meat Quality. Being an agricultural region. 2012____ . rootcrops and coconut abounds in the area. DE LA CALZADA_____ Proponent Date: _____ February 4. there will be two studies that will be undertaken under the second component with the following title: (1) Effects on Growth Performance and Meat Quality of Milkfish with Coconut oil as Source of Lipid and (2) Growth Performance and Meat Quality Evaluation of Milkfish Feed Formulated diets with different inclusion levels of Cassava and Sweet Potato. fish culture industry in the region has greatly benefited the wealthy. The use of rootcrops and coconut oil as ingredients in aquafeed is considered and research on its potential should be fulfilled. However the utilization of these commodities has been limited only to (1) human consumption (as ingredient to native delicacies). The goal of the project is to formulate an aquafeed for milkfish utilizing sweet potato (orange and purple variety) and cassava (white and yellow variety) as primary source of energy and coconut oil as source of lipids as substitute to fish and squid oil.
260.99 metric tons. milkfish 30.835.04% comes from municipal fisheries. This production contributed a meager 4. For the aquaculture in the region to grow. commercial fisheries registered a 2. 23.575.830. 2010).13 metric tons representing a 2.000. __) and harnessing the local agriculture resources potential to be utilized as ingredients of feed stuff should be undertaken.4% with a total volume of production of 5.688. Of the total production.1% increase compared to the previous year (BFAR 2009.976. Of the reported 2009 production.000 at current price which is 15.54%.10 % of the Philippines fisheries production.95 metric tons (MT) compared to the previous year’s volume of 4.966. diversifying commodities and fishery farms. BFAR 2008).400.477. 2010).88 MT.8 metric tons and the municipal fisheries accounts for 26 percent or 1.89 % increase from the previous year’s production. expanding aquaculture in inland waters should be undertaken (Lopez.18 metric tons. commercial fisheries had a contribution of 25 percent or 1. Of the said production.10% of 39.18% and mussel 8. The significance of fisheries to the Philippine economy in 2008 is noteworthy as it contributed P170.18% from aquaculture and 0. In 2009.54% from inland municipal fisheries (BAS.83 percent growth while municipal fisheries with a 1. the Philippines’ fisheries sector posted a significant increase of 2. On the other hand. Eastern Visayas’ contribution to the Philippines Fisheries sector in 2009 is 206. 13. the top three commodity producer in terms of percentage share is seaweed 57. a 3% increase from the previous years’ production of 199.889.5% of the total contribution to the agriculture sector and second in rank to agricultural crops production (BFAR 2008). The aquaculture sub-sector is identified as the sector for increased growth for job creation and food security towards economic development (Lopez.45 MT. the need to intensify production of the current species being cultured.895.392.347.__). aquaculture contributed 49% with a total production of 2.902. In 2009.91 MT. One of the bottlenecks of the aquaculture industry of Region 8 is the high cost of aquafeeds.65% (BAS. Eastern Visayas ranked 11th of the 15th region in the Philippines in terms of volume of production in 2008. production coming from aquaculture increased to 5.085.73% from commercial fisheries.B. 31.70 MT from a previous years’ production of 37. 31% from marine municipal fisheries. Source of ingredients and its manufacture is found in other regions of the country with bulk of production by national companies such as . TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION RATIONALE AND BACKGROUND In 2009.
nutrients and vitamins and minerals that can be utilized by fish for coloration. tryptophan and valine. These rootcrops almost contain all the vitamins needed to ensure metabolism of carbohydrates. specifically rootcrops and coconut. Coconut oil significance as a source of lipids is the fatty acids available. threonine. Essential fatty acids available that are beneficial to fish are lenoleic acid. According to NOAA/USDA 2010. Research to increase the use of sustainable plant products in feeds for aquatic organisms will help to increase the importance of agriculture to aquaculture and vice versa. oleic acid and significant amount of omega 3 and omega 6. and low cost. the potential for increased production. specifically medium chain fatty acids and no trans-fats. The use of plants. El-Sayed 1999) with protein represent 50% of feed cost in intensive culture (El-Sayed 2004). The significance and potential of developing rootcrops as aquafeed ingredient in Eastern Visayas is enormous since several varieties of rootcrops with different characteristics and nutrient are already developed in PhilrootCrops . Sweet potato and cassava dry matter is about 80-90% carbohydrate. a very high source of energy. Lessening the cost of feed production will definitely increase profit margin.8% with significant amount of essential amino acids present such as isoleucine. Feeds accounts for 40-60% of the production costs in aquaculture (Fotedar 2004. etc. zinc.steric acid. Trace minerals like calcium. is becoming scarce and thereby getting expensive. Plants also make up a substantial proportion of diets for carnivorous fish (e. In addition. magnesium. iron. methionine. Major components of lipids are phospholipids and glycolipids and presence of small fraction of carotenes (beta-carotenes). phosphorus. the B-complex components. which can be useful to the growth of the fish. tyrosine. growth and maintenance. sulfur.g. accounting for 94 percent of total protein production and 86 percent of total edible oil production. C. pantothenic acid and betaine. K. It is likely that plants will deliver the bulk of amino acids and fats to diets for farmed fish in the future due to abundance. phenylalanine. palmitic acid.73 – 11. copper. thiamine. foliate. significantly present are A. leucine. 50-60 percent of a typical salmon diet). as major ingredients for aquafeed is seen to be very important in achieving this. D.. plants produce the vast majority of protein and edible oils in the world. choline. fish meal. the primary source of protein. Transportation of these feeds to the region adds up to its overall cost. sulfur. lysine. linolenic acid. Rootcrops possess the important source of energy. San Miguel-BMEG and Alson’s-Vitari. One of the interesting traits of medium chain fatty acids is that it can be quickly absorbed by the intestine. niacin. potassium. This oil also has lauric acid which is an immune system booster. Protein is present at range of 1. an excellent source of fuel to power metabolism.Tateh. E.
In addition. In 2009.52 thousand mt.39 percent (BAS. 5% of cassava production in the Philippines is used as animal feed and is now included as ingredient in aquafeeds. To formulate an aquafeed with rootcrop as source of energy and conduct experimental test to determine the growth performance and meat quality of Milkfish feed formulated diet with rootcrop as the main source of energy. camote production was 560. Coconut production in the Philippines is also significant. While coconut oil has been proven to be an equally effective source of lipid of feeds for salmon as total replacement for fish oil. Thus.94 million mt output in 2008 (BAS. . while cassava production was 2. Formulated milkfish aquafeed using rootcrop and coconut oil as source of energy and lipid. EXPECTED OUTPUT 1. but FAO (1992) has reported its use in other countries in backyard level. Cassava presently is used as one of the ingredients of commercial aquafeeds. The annual production from 2005 to 2009 grew by 1. Study on the use of sweet potato (camote) flesh as ingredient for aquafeeds is non-existent and the leaf is the one commonly used.27 percent higher than the 15.67 million mt which was 2. OBJECTIVES: General and Specific General The general objective of this proposed project is to develop an aquafeed appropriate for milkfish grow-out culture that is affordable for the small scale farmers in the region. while improved varieties of high meat yielding coconut was also developed. Specific 1. 2010). Leyte) that is currently the varieties farmed in almost all areas in region 8. 2010). It is on this light that this project is being proposed for funding to the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute. 2010). of which 11% was from Leyte. a large natural resource potential as components for aquafeed.04 million mt or 6. In 2009.0 percent more than the 1. Baybay.(VSU. output reached more than 15. 2. To formulate an aquafeed with coconut oil as source of lipid and conduct experimental test to determine the growth performance and meat quality of Milkfish feed formulated diet with coconut oil as source of lipid. Evaluated the growth performance and meat quality of milkfish fed with the diet. and 2.32 million mt in 2008 (BAS.
Supplying the feed needed in these parks is already significant economically. There are about 14 mariculture parks in the region where the biggest commodity being cultured is milkfish. Incorporating rootcrops and coconut oil in the aquafeed will harness the locally available resources that can be made into feeds encouraging farmers to grow more and thus help generate income. As an academic institution. the students will gain important aspects in conducting research and analysis of data. Determined the cost efficiency of the formulated diet POTENTIAL IMPACT The potential impact of this project is enormous and wide ranging as this will benefit the agriculture and aquaculture sector most specifically the small crop farmers and small scale fish farmers. investment cost will be reduced and. the fish farmers will increase their income since it is believed that the aquafeed to be developed will be of quality and economical. small scale farmers will be inspired to produce milkfish knowing that a cheaper but quality feed is available which they can afford. On the aquaculture sector. This study will become an integral part in laboratory activities. profit will be lucrative. As feed are cheap.3. . This project will greatly help in the success of the Department of Agiruclture’s “Small Cage Livelihood Program”. Eventually. the conduct and result of this study will be of great help to students in terms of knowledge gain. The baseline data generated will become part of the proponents’ lecture topic. Utilizing rootcrops and coconut oil for the commercial production of quality and cheaper aquafeed provides opportunity to small scale farmers through regular income. specifically in aquaculture courses. Likewise. with the current cost per kilogram of milkfish. fish farmers and marginalized farmers in the region. More farmers will grow rootcrops since there will be a regular demand for aquafeed production. USERS/BENEFICIARIES The beneficiaries of this project will be the academe.
METHODOLOGY The methodology common to the two studies is presented. 1: Growth performance and Meat Quality Evaluation of Milkfish Feed Formulated Diet with Coconut oil as Source of Lipid. cassava (yellow and white variety). . 20% and 30%. enriched with oxygen. squid oil. 5” length) will be obtained from BFAR 8 Guiuan Marine Fisheries Development Center. Sweet potato (Orange and Purple variety). substitute for fish meal) will be utilized in the formulation of the diet. 220C). cassava (yellow and white variety). swamp cabbage (filler) and bangus bones (bio-waste product from fish deboning. Fish One thousand milkfish fingerlings (app. 10%. Aquafeed formulation B1. Experiment no. Experiment no. Four isoproteic (31% CP) diets will be formulated using the ingredients mentioned. Fifty percent of the water will be exchanged daily to remove waste feed and faecal materials. swamp cabbage. coconut oil. rice bran (filler). Prior to the experiment. Sweet potato (Orange and Purple variety). cod liver oil. the specifics for each study is presented in Item B: A. bangus bones (biowaste product from fish deboning. Fish will be transported live in plastic bags containing cool water (approx. coconut oil. B. substitute for fish meal) and vitamin and mineral pre-mix will be utilized in the formulation of the diet. fish will be fed with commercial feed with 31% crude protein twice a day at 0900 and 1500 h at a rate of 4% of their body weight. Four diets will be formulated with rootcrops (Sweet potato and cassava) incorporated at inclusion levels of 0%. The percent crude protein (CP) in the formulated diet to be attained will be 31%. The oils will be incorporated in the diet at different inclusions level as follows: Oils Coconut oil Cod liver oil Squid oil Diet A 0 1% 15% Diet B 5% 1% 10% Diet C 10% 1% 0 Diet D 15% 0 0 B2. 2: Growth performance and Meat Quality Evaluation of Milkfish Feed Formulated Diet with Rootcrops as Source of Energy. They will be acclimatized for 1 weeks in rectangular concrete tanks (500 x 100 x 80 cm) filled with chlorine-free sea water and provided with continuous aeration using electric ring blower. rice bran. 40 grams.
feed conversion ratio (FCR) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) were calculated according to Sweilum (2006) as follow: SGR = (ln Final Wt – Ln initial Wt) x100/ Days NBI = Final Wt x Tilapia number – Initial Wt. The fish will be weighed monthly and feed requirements will be adjusted. Growth performance determination The total length (cm). Feed quality and tissue evaluation The proximate composition of feed will be analyzed for crude protein. Feed will be given at 5% of body weight and will be offered in two equal proportions at 9 am and 5 pm.00 mg/L respectively. Similarly tissue sample of milkfish will be analyzed for the same parameters before and at the end of the experiment. moisture. Processing and preparation of feeds will follow Golez (2002) procedure. Twenty milkfish will be randomly selected and will be placed in each tank. 2002) will be used to determine the exact proportion of ingredients that will be incorporated in the feed. Fifteen plastic drums (200 L capacity) will be used in the set up. lipid and ash content according to standard methods at Visayas State University. body weight(g).Pearson’s Square method (Catacutan. D. a commercial milkfish grower feed (Tateh brand. Tanks will be cleaned daily and about 50% of the water will be replaced with filtered fresh tap water. C. Aeration will be continuously provided to all aquaria using air stone. water temperature and dissolved oxygen concentration will be maintained at 27-28°C and 6. The total volume of water in each tank will be maintained 100 L throughout the experimental period. x Original number/ 100 . of tilapia will be measured monthly and specific growth rate (SGR). total feed consume (TFC). Leyte. E. Experiment design The experiments will be conducted for 16 weeks at the VSU-Tolosa Fish Hatchery Center. During the experiment. Four variables and one control will be set up with 2 replicates for a total of 15 set up per experiment. For the control variable. Baybay. floater type) with 31% CP will be used. normalized biomass index (NBI).
pH meter and dissolved oxygen meter respectively.1999). x number of tilapia x feeding days x 10 /100 FCR = Feed consumed (g) x number of tilapia / weight gain (g).TFC = Average Wt. G. F2 = number of fish at the beginning of experiment. . Water quality monitoring Temperature. All calculations were based on each of the triplicate tank per treatment. F. H. dissolved oxygen. the meat of tilapia will be subjected to testing for quality. PER = Weight gain (g) x number of tilapia / protein intake. Where W2 = final fish weight and L2 = standard length The economical efficiency of dietary treatments will be calculated to estimate the cost of feed needed to produce one kg of fish weight gain. 1952). Survival rate and Condition Factor will be calculated as follows: Survival (%) = F2/F1× 100 Where: F1 = number of fish at the end of experiment. Condition factor (Cf ) = W2 / L2 3 × 100. Fish will be steamed and lightly salted and submitted to sensory evaluation using quality scoring using the 9-point Hedonic scale (Peryam and Girardot. Statistical analysis Data will be statistically processed for one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to find out any significant differences among the experimental groups and comparison between two treatments will be done using Duncan’s multiple range test (DMRT) at 95% confidence level (Zhar. Meat quality evaluation After terminating the experiment. pH. will be measured daily using thermometer.
aeration and water lines X X X 6. 5th mo.. Orientation of research team Members 2. Submission of Final Report to NFRDI . Data Analysis. Transport of milkfish fingerlings from Guiuan Marine Fisheries Development and Research Center 4.ACTIVITIES 1st mo. 3rd mo. X X X X 2nd mo. 7th mo. Proximate analysis of tissue samples 12. preparation and submission of status reports 13. Sampling and Monitoring X X X 8. 6th mo. Termination of Experiment X X X X X X 10. Leyte 5. Assessment of Research 9. Purchase of materials and equipment X X X X X X X X X X X X X X 3. KEY RESULT AREA 1. 10th mo. Cleaning and set up of experimental tanks. 11TH mo. 4th mo. Formulation of aquafeed and proximate analysis at Visayas State Univ. Baybay. 9th mo. Start of Experiment 7. 8th mo. Meat Quality Evaluation 11. 12th mo.
750 312.400 10.50 250 625 625 625 750 187.600 225 5.800 2nd mo. 9th mo. Travels (a) BFAR 8-Guiuan MRDC (b) VSU Baybay 5.50 250 625 625 2.800 8.800 10.400 4.800 500 3.000 3.864 0 666.400 10.800 4. Research Assistant 4.800 500 3.667 0 666. 3rd mo.67 34. Research member honorarium 3.66 219. 8.800 8.000 1.67 58. Supplies and Materials (a) milkfish grower feeds (b) rice bran (c) bangus bio-waste (d) copra meal (e) fish oil (f) squil oil (g) sweet Potato (h) cassava (i) coconut oil (j) corn starch (k) feed attractant (l) vitamin and mineral premix (m) stainless basin (n) stainless tray (o) aluminum screens (p) weighing scale (q) aeration hose (r) pipes and fittings (s ) aeration stones 6.50 250 625 625 625 750 187.000 3.50 1.50 1.50 1.800 8.50 250 625 625 625 750 187.750 312.800 500 3.50 250 625 625 625 750 187.67 27.400 4.800 4.800 8.400 10. Proximate analysis of feeds and fish meat 3.50 1.800 8.800 10.400 4.750 2.800 10.800 8.67 24.750 312. 10th mo.67 51.400 4.800 4.BUDGETARY REQUIREMENT 1st mo.800 8.800 4.800 500 3.750 312.667 625 750 187.000 3.800 500 3.67 42.000 4.400 4.000 2. Research Leader Honorarium 2.50 1.750 312.800 10.864 0 666.50 75. 4th mo.800 500 3.66 35.772 666.800 8.400 4. 8th mo.50 1. 7th mo.800 4.50 250 625 625 625 750 187.791.867 17.092 0 666.50 250 625 625 625 750 187.800 8.772 666.864 0 1.439 0 666.000 7. Miscellaneous Total .400 4.800 10.092 0 666.67 34.400 4.800 10.217 17. 11TH mo.50 250 625 625 10.67 34. 5th mo.800 8. 8.750 312.800 500 3.500 0 1.500 5.092 17.791.500 625 750 187.772 666.092 17.67 58.000 97.50 1.400 10.800 500 3.67 34.772 666. 12th mo.800 10.750 312.800 Particulars 1. 6th mo.750 312.
500.00 65.00 1.000.00 Schedule of Purchase June.00 900.00 5. The role of BFAR 8. Eastern Samar.00 1.000.001. 2012 June.000. 2012 June.000. 2012 June. 2012 June. The experimental approach is presented in the methodology section. 2012 June. empty) Feed Mixer DO and Temperature Meter Computer with Printer Plastic Jars ( 1 gallon) Stainless Basin Spatula Stainless tray Stainless knife Stainless Steamer Seawater Pump (2hp) Total Qty 30 1 1 1 4 4 2 2 2 1 1 Unit pcs pc unit unit units units units units units unit unit Total Cost 37. 2012 June.CAPITAL OUTLAY Particular Plastic drums (200-L. MODE OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER (If applicable) None . 2012 June.00 85.400. 2012 STRATEGY OR EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The project will be in collaboration with the BFAR 8-Guiuan Marine Fisheries Development Center (BFAR 8-GMFDC).400.00 40.00 30.00 267. 2012 June. The experiments will be conducted at the VSU-Tolosa Hatchery Complex so that these will be properly managed by the researcher. Guiuan.00 500. 2012 June.00 500. 2012 June.GMFDC is to provide the required quantity of milkfish fingerlings for the two studies to be conducted.201.
milkfish.BRIEF PROFILE OF PROPONENT/RESEARCHERS PROPONENT’S PROFILE Research Leader: Date of Birth: Specialization: Present position: Education: Master of Science in Coastal Sciences • University of Southern Mississippi-Gulf Coast Research Lab 703 East Beach Drive. Veracruz. milkfish culture in floating cages and seabass culture in cages. 2. USA • Program supported by the Fulbright-Philippine Agriculture Scholarship Program March 1998 Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology • Mindanao State University at Naawan-School of Marine Fisheries and Techology. Tanghas. implementation. panther and coral grouper). Michael S. 1976 Aquaculture Instructor I. Misamis Oriental Membership: National Research Council of the Philippines . Arlissa Homan and Reginald Blaylock. Packaging proposals for mariculture enterprises: technical proposal made includes seaweed (Kappaphycus sp. Seattle. Project development. Finfish broodstocks development: technical knowledge in the development of broodstocks of grouper (green. monitoring and evaluation (PDIME) ____________________________________________________________________________________________ December 2008 Rey J. Angelos Apeitos. 2. asian seabass and mangrove red snapper. 3. Washington.) culture [floating monoline]. Training proposal. design formulation.) culture in floating cages. Visayas State University-Tolosa Campus. Leyte 6503 . Lemus and Rey de la Calzada. grouper culture in floating cages. and implementation: technical knowledge in the packaging of training design. Lee. Intensive cultivation of Acartia tonsa (Copepoda : Calanoida) over multiple generations does not negatively affect production. Rey de la Calzada and Jason M. Naawan. Ocean Springs. Snawder. seabass and pompano.Associate member ________________________________________________________________________ Relevant Scientific Paper Abstracts: 1. Results of a demonstration of intensive culture of Acartia tonsa and use of copepod nauplii for fish culture at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. Abstract submitted to the World Aquaculture Society-America Conference 2009. mudcrab culture in pen. Mexico. Lauren Littleton. snappers. talakitok (Caranx sp. 3. USA. Marine finfish hatchery management and production: Practical experience on the hatchery production of grouper. mangrove red snapper. Florida. Skills 1. 5. trevallys. snapper culture in floating cages. tiger. Abstract submitted to the World Aquaculture America 2008. dela Calzada March 2. 6. Lee. Rey de la Calzada. Angelos Apeitos. Tolosa. Progress in Intensive Culture of Acartia tonsa (Copepoda : Calanoida) at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. Jason T. Orlando. milkfish. trevally. Jason Snawder. 4. training proposal and as trainor. Jason T. Lemus. milkfish. Jason T. USA. Live transport of finfish broodstocks and fingerlings: practical experience in the live transport of broodstocks and fingerlings of groupers. Fisheries Department. Michael S. MS 39564. Abstract submitted to the World Aquaculture Society 2009. Lemus.
Research Member Present Position Office Address Telephone/Fax no. DARPMIC Bldg. Dulag. Fishery Technologist for Eastern Visayas Completed Researches/Awaiting Publication: Research Title: Development and Quality Assessment of Novel and High Value products from Non-Conventional fishery Resources of Region VIII On-going Researches: 1. Tanghas. Brgy.Eastern Visayas University (formerly Leyte Institute of Technology (1994) BS in Fisheries (Fish Processing Major) VSU-Tolosa Campus (Formerly Leyte State School of Fisheries-1981) Membership status: National Research Council of the Philippines. 1955 : Rawis. 3rd Fisheries R&D Congress in Eastern Visayas & 1st Cluster conference of the PSLAB./ naomi_petronio@yahoo. : #115 National Highway. Association for Lactic Acid Bacteria Inc.09067466282 : diegonaomi@gmail. 12-14. 2008 AFMA Research Highlights DA-BAR ISSN-1655-2950.com. E-mail address Home Address Date of birth Place of birth Highest Educational Attainment : NAOMI GENOTIVA PETRONIO : Assistant Professor I : Visayas State University-Tolosa Campus Tolosa. Book of Abstracts. Leyte : (053) 527-80098 . Leyte : September 13.Associate member Phil.com. Catbalogan City Nov. (PSLAB) SSU. Inc. Tolosa. Diliman Quezon City-1104 Title : Development and Quality assessment of Novel and High Value Products from Non-conventional fishery Resources. Improvement of the Existing Commercial Fishery Products in Region 8 Publications (Journals/Books/Proceedings: 1. Leyte : Master in Education MA in Education. Quality Assessment on the Status of Fish Processing Industry in Eastern Visayas 2. 2008 . 2.
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