Non institutional Corrections/ Rehabilitation

 refers to that method of correcting sentenced offenders without having to go to prison

Advantages for Government 

less costly 

offender s family need not suffer since the offender will not be separated from them and he will be able to go on with his life and livelihood thereby enabling him to support his family 

community will also be involved so that crime becomes less hard to control

Advantages of Community based Correction 
family member need not be victims because of the offenders imprisonment  rehabilitation will be more effective as the convict will not be exposed to hardened criminals in prisons who will only influence him to a life of crime  rehabilitation can be monitored by the community thus corrections can be made and be more effective  cost of incarceration will be eliminated which is extremely beneficial to a cash strapped government

The Parole and Probation Administration abbreviated as PPA, is an agency of the Philippine government under the Department of Justice responsible for providing a less costly alternative to imprisonment of offenders who are likely to respond to individualized community-based treatment programs.

History
August 7, 1935 - Probation was first introduced in the Philippines during the American colonial period (1898 1945) with the enactment of Act No. 4221 of the Philippine Legislature

November 16, 1937 - he Supreme Court of the Philippines declared the Probation Law unconstitutional because of some defects in the law's procedural framework

1972 - House Bill No. 393 was filed in Congress, which would establish a probation system in the Philippines, Became pending in the Senate when Martial Law was declared and Congress was abolished. 1975 - the National Police Commission Interdisciplinary drafted a Probation Law. After 18 technical hearings over a period of six months, the draft decree was presented to a selected group of 369 jurists, penologists, civic leaders and social and behavioral scientists and practitioners. The group overwhelmingly endorsed the establishment of an Adult Probation System in the country.

Organizational Structure

Attached to the Department of Justice (DOJ) Current Administrator: Ismael J. Herradura

RESTORATIVE JUSTICE (RJ) is a philosophy and a process whereby stakeholders in a specific offense resolve collectively how to deal with the aftermath of the offense and its implications for the future. It is a victim-centered response to crime that provides opportunity for those directly affected by the crime - the victim, the offender, their families and the community - to be directly involved in responding to the harm caused by the crime. Its ultimate objective is to restore the broken relationships among stakeholders.

The Restorative Justice process provides a healing opportunity for affected parties to facilitate the recovery of the concerned parties and allow them to move on with their lives.

The VOLUNTEER PROBATION AIDE (VPA) PROGRAM is a strategy by which the Parole and Probation Administration may be able to generate maximum citizen participation or community involvement. Citizens of good standing in the community may volunteer to assist the probation and parole officers in the supervision of a number of probationers, parolees and conditional pardonees in their respective communities. Since they reside in the same community as the client, they are able to usher the reformation and rehabilitation of the clients hands-on. In collaboration with the PPO, the VPA helps pave the way for the offender, victim and community to each heal from the harm resulting from the crime done. They can initiate a circle of support for clients and victims to prevent further crimes, thereby be participants in nationbuilding

The THERAPEUTIC COMMUNITY (TC) is a self-help social learning treatment model used in the rehabilitation of drug offenders and other clients with behavioral problems. TC adheres to precepts of right living - Responsible Love and Concern; Truth and Honesty; the Here and Now; Personal Responsibility for Destiny; Social Responsibility (brother s keeper); Moral Code; Work Ethics and Pride in Quality. Therapeutic Community (TC) is an environment that helps people get help while helping themselves. It operates in a similar fashion to a functional family with a hierarchical structure of older and younger members. Each member has a defined role and responsibilities for sustaining the proper functioning of the TC. There are sets of rules and community norms that members commit to live by and uphold upon entry. The primary therapist and teacher is the community itself, consisting of peers, staff/probation and parole officers and even Volunteer Probation Aides (VPA), who, as role models of successful personal change, serve as guides in the recovery process.

For next meeting
Read Presidential Decree (PD)968 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Form of Investigation Report Period of submission Criteria for Placing an Offender on Probation Who are the Disqualified Offenders? Conditions of Probation

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