Book-3

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Your own class room

GURU

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Publisher:

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GURU

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Year 2006-2007

ISBN 978-81-904467-2-3

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English Guru - GO

1

Friends,

Book three contains somewhat

different

reading material. There are extracts from books (world best sellers), film clippings, (scripts), stories etc.

I want you to use this material in a different way. Please go through the written text first and try to comprehend (I would say grasp) it. You may narrate these pieces to the members of your family (in English of course!!!) and in your friend circle too.

Everybody, nowadays goes to see English movies once in a while: But the dialogue delivery of the characters, the accents and the pronunciations are far from apprehension. Here is a solution. Go through the excerpt of a script (a part only) in written form in this book and then watch that movie on your video. You will get acquainted gradually with the style and English dialogue delivery. Same is the case with songs. For you the songs lyrics are made available in written form. After reading the lyrics it will be easier for you to understand these songs. Songs are available in the Go CD.

Them are some short stories to rekindle your soul and open your heart. You can remember them and use in your speech when needed.

Hope you will enjoy reading them.

English Guru

Eng/ish Guru - GO

3

Fluency Tips Part - I
Researches show that there are factors that block fluency and promote fluency. For proper and systematic training in fluency, one has to identify them. There are techniques based on such researches. How to master the words, adjectives, phrases, c;J~stersand combinations, is an art which can be learnt through dedicated efforts and regular practice. Use relevant words only. There are words we frequently come across and we think we are familiar with them. At the same time there are words that we don't come across so frequently but now and then only. We want to use them to impress others during conversation. We have to enter into arguments, debates, sometimes serious discussions, interviews negotiations at one point of time or other, These are the situations where our this ability is tested. Presentations are also necessary activities for professional and academicians. Even other participants and students in audience have to understand them. That is why a good command on the vocabulary is required to participate in such presentations. Again, there are words used in everyday situations, which communicate, traditionally accepted meaning. Forexamples : Enouqh is enough. • • • • • • Come what may. Forget it. Guess what III How do you do? Pleased to meet you. It was a pleasure (and so on).

My suggestion, try to list out such words you generally use most frequently and use them in your day to day conversations. Such sort of conscious effort and regular practice will help you in understanding the true spirit of these words. Later on synonyms and antonyms of such words will . automatically come in your practice.
.

4

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ADJECTIVES Use of adjectives is equally important for everyone trying to improve his spoken as well as written English. But use of proper adjectives is a problem. Here are some examples where we generally commit a mistake in using adjectives. Remember, mostly we commit mistakes in the u,se of English language because we tend to think in our mother tongue first and then we try to translate it verbatim (i.e. word oy word). Incorrect Adjective 1. 2.
3.

Correct Adjective friendly advice deep depression strong wind warm hospitality happy birthday strong tea oral contract powerful motor bike heavy cold heavy smoker Weak coffee mild fever

amicable advice heavy depression heavy wind hot hospitality merry birthday powerful tea spoken contract strong motor bike strong cold

4. 5.
6.

7. 8. 9.

10. strong smoker 11. mild coffee 12. Light fever

The combination of adjectives with nouns has been accepted on the basis of long use and frequent practice. This list should be used b)i paying focused attention on 5 to 7 adjective combinations everyday and deliberate use of them in your routine conversation.

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5

Fluency Tips Part- II
Friends, As we have discussed In Fluency Tips Part - I, factors affecting flu-ency have to be dealt with care. Here are some more tips to help you improve your skill of communicating in English more fluently. COMBINATIONS One very important point for the learners of fluency in spoken English is, difference in well composed piece of written text and a live conversation. The vocabulary items are obviously different in both the situations i.e. while writing and while interacting or talking in a free atmosphere. This must be borne in mind. A researcher says a piece of writing is an object, you can see and touch. But speech isn't something you can see or touch, speech is simply a process, a series of actions mental and oral both. It is a happening, a transitory event. You should have a large number of readily built groups of words to express your ideas in a spontaneous discussions or interaction or even in giving dictations. Like • As a matter of fact. • • • Carry out an investigation. Make a contribution to. I have mixed feeling about this person.

• Take into consideration. • Trace the development of this project. • • Do all that is humbly possible. Please concentrate your attention on this topic.

• A few years back. One of strengths is his workaholic nature. Another important point is 'verb and noun' combination in speech: Generally, use of verb is more frequent in a live conversation. For example, in conversation "1think, the manager can handle the crises efficiently". While in writing it would come out to be as the manager had the efficiency of

6

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handling the crises. At the same time short and simpie sentences are more useful in conversation instead of complex sentences. WORD CLUSTERS Individual words cannot help you speak and write good English. They are not independent units. Every word can convey the desired meaning in company or group of other suitable words only. Wit.'':out the support of other proper words, no single word can help you in communication of your ideas. So one more important tip for the learner is practice words in clusters.' Furthermore, in order to achieve the target of fluency in spoken English you have to start building your vocabulary. As we have already discussed in conversation, verbs play an important role. Verb is the soul and spirit of a clause or a sentence. A verb stands for the idea. A good command on word groups formed by verbs is a successful way of fluent conversations. PHRASES All the native English speakers have one thing in common. They all use word groups or clusters of words in speaking. Apart from collocations (i.e. word groups containing proper adjectives) idioms and combinations (of noun and verbs), phrases are used by all persons to communicate in English fluently. A sequence of words expressing an idea with clear meaning is called a phrase. For example • at lunch • by car • on TV etc.

If you have a good command over the word groups, you may not be required to compose new sentences every time you speak. They will automatically flow from YOUi mouth as readily assembled or composed. Simultaneously use of idiomatic English is also an effective.way to use English fluently. Idiomatic English means English that contains natural expressions used by native speakers of English. Idiom is a group of words with a particular and specific meaning. Below are a few examples of commonly used idioms• Absent without leave • Almost every person • Any body else • An area of expertise • Left to bleed to death.-----· .. • Acquire a taste • The answer is no. • An area for improvement • An area of interest • On the spur of the moment

• A well balanced diet etc.

English Guru - GO

7

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~

STEP 3 ~.•
u ••.••••••••••

...•••..•....•.•.••.•••..•...

?

Barriers in Fluency
Do you speak to express your ideas and feelings? Perhaps not. You speak to build sentence grammatically. Written English is your concern and not the idea itself. The only thing to remember is speak idea wise, not sentence wise. Loud reading is necessary for practicing fluency. Repeated practice will train your brain and your will unknowingly start speaking these sentences to express' your ideas Classics of English literature are not so helpful in learning conversational' and everyday English. Ordinary novels are really useful. Jokes, romantic stories, comics are really good for beginners. Books by Erie Staneley Grandner, James Hadley Chase, may expose you to modern English used now There is a funny incident narrated by one of the persons who went to England for the first time. When he came back he told the children of the family. "Do you know, even a child of 4 years speaks English fluently
in United Kingdom."

Learners, for whom English is a foreign language, always hesitate in expressing themselves in English. The reason is, they did not have the opportunity to learn English as mother tongue or as first language in natural way. They started learning English through written form only. Does a child learn his or her mother tongue like that?
Units or pieces of ideas

"He unlocked the front door and he went in and he said I will be back in a minute and he went upstairs so I remained in the hall." A child in his native language if it is English will always speak like: • Give it to me • • I don't want it pick me up

The child did not learn these sentences word by word. So is the case with you when you speak in your mother tongue. Natural speech comes out in "word groups" ideas wise; in ready to assemble units in live conversation you need nut tell context in words.

8

Engfish

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In speech

you say:

I like him, hardworking, polite always careful.
You don't saY1 l like him because he is hardworkinq. He is polite and careful

also. (as we do in written form.)

Should we speak in sentences?

------..._ NO

The chief reason is

Firstly, Spontaneous speech is delivered in a different atmosphere

So it

can not be so planned arid fabricated.

Secondly,

You can't use long, complex sentences in oral speech.

Friends, Who does not like watching English movies? But sometimes we realize that it gets very hard for people like us, for whom English is a second language to follow the film in its entirety. The biggest problem that we encounter in such situations is understanding the accent. In this exercise, we have picked few popular English films and given you the dialogues from an extract of the movie. We would encourage you to rent these videos and watch them. With the written script in your hand for the scene, it will become way more easy for you to get a better understanding of the accent. After tallying one such extract, you will start noticing the pronunciations of words and vowels in different types of English accents and making it possible for you to view the movie with as much ease as you watch other common language movies.

English Guru - GO

11

~STEP 4 ~

l1

r

A Beautiful Mind is a film based on the meteoric rise of John Forbes Nash Jr.,a math prodigy able to solve problems that baffled the greatest of minds. It is about he overcame years of suffering through schizophrenia to win the Nobel prize. The actor has an American accent & he is addressing a group of people at an award ceremony. Go on to play the movie's video .observe the diction styles of the character.Soon,you will start to get a hold of the English accents in the movie & yes don't forget to enjoy the movie. Script John Nash: I've always believed in numbers, the equations & logics that lead to a reason & after a lifetime of such pursuits. I ask what is logic & who decides reason? My quest has taken me through metaphysical, the illus ional & back. the physical &

I have made the most important discovery of my career, the most important discovery of my life. It is only in the mysterious equations of love that any logical reasons can be found. I am only here tonight because of you. You are the reason I am. You are all my reasons.

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English

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Forest Gump
Forrest Gump is the story of a man's journey through life and innocent reflections on what living is all about. It tells the story of a man that's tangled in life but survives the hardships through his simplicity. Script FORREST (VO.) I, I... don't recall what I got for my first Christmas and I don't know when I went on my first outdoor picnic. But, I do remember the first time I heard the sweetest voice in the wide world. "You can sit here if you want." Forrest looks back at JENNY CURRAN, a young girl about Forrest's age. FORREST (VO.) I had never seen anything so beautiful in my life. She was like an angel. Well, are you gonna sit down, or aren't ya? What's wrong with your legs? Um, nothing at all, thank you. My legs are just fine and dandy. I just sat next to her on that bus and had conversation all the way to school. Then why do you have those shoes on? My momma said my back's crooked like a question mark. These are going to make me as straight as an arrow. They're my magic shoes. And next to Momma, no one ever talked to me or asked me questions. Are you stupid or something. Mommy says stupid is as stupid does I'm Jenny. I'm Forrest Gump. Forrest Gump. From that day on, we was always together. Jenny and me was like peas and carrots. She taught me how-to-climb ...

GIRL

JENNY JENNY FORREST

FORREST (VO.)

JENNY FORREST

FORREST (VO.)

JENNY FORREST JENNY FORREST FORREST (VO.)

Enghsh Guru - GO

13

JENNY FORREST (VO) FORREST FO~:REST (VO.)

Come on, Forrest, you can do it. ... 1showed her how to dangle. "...a good little monkey and ..." She helped me to learn how to read. And I showed her to swing. Sometimes we'd just sit out and wait for the stars. Momma's gonna worry about me. Just stay a little longer. For some reason, Jenny never wantedto go home. Okay, Jenny. I'll stay. She was my most special friend. My only friend.

FO~:REST JENNY FORREST (VO) FOR:REST FORREST (VO.)

Eng/ish Guru - GO

15

Ti.f. ........i,..

I I "01 II\.,

Titanic

rernams

as one of the most

successful

film ever made in the Please get a

history of cinema

And to have missed such a brilliant effort is like being for us, the audience.

devoid of a pleasure made especially fashion

video of the movie Titanic, so we can complete the exercise in a similar as we did the last one. The scene described below is from the very beginning of the film when the actress is called .to Titanic's site to that night while aboard on the ship.

recall what she witnessed

SCRIPT
SCENE Rose 1 It was a dreadful, heavy thing. I only wore it this once.

Lizzy
Rose Lovett

You actually believe this is you, grandma? It is me, dear. Wasn't I a hot number?

I tracked it down through insurance records. An old claim that was settled under terms of absolute secrecy. Do you know who the claimant was.Rose?

Rose Lovett

Someone named Hockley, I should imagine. Nathan Hockley, right. Pittsburgh steel tycoon. For a

diamond necklace his son Caledon Hockley bought in from France for his fiancee. You, a week before he sailed on Titanic. And the claim was filed right after the sinking. So the diamond had to have gone down with the ship. See the . date?

Lizzy
Lovett

April 14, 1912. If yOljr grandma is who she says she is, she was wearing

the diamond the day Titanic sank. And that makes you my new best friend. I Will happily compensate you for anything you can tell us that will lead to its recovery. Rose I don't want your money, Mr. Lovett. I know how hard it is for people who care greatly for money to give some away. Bodine You don't want anything?

16

English

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Rose Lovett

You may give me this, if anything I tell you is of value. Deal. Over here are a few things we've recovered from your staterooms.

Rose

This was mine. How extraordinary! It looks the same as the last time I saw it. The reflection has changed a bit. My mother's brooch. She wanted to go back for it. Caused quite a fuss.

Lovett Bodine

Are you ready to go back to Titanic? Live from 12,000 feet.

Rose stares raptly at the screens. She is enihteled by one in particular, an image of the bow railing. It obviously means something to her. Brock is studying her reactions carefully. Bodine The bow's struck in the bottom like an axe, from the impact. Here ... I can run a simulation we worked up on this monitor over here. (Lizzy turns the chair so Rose can see the screen of Bodine's computer. As he is caffing up the file, he keeps talking.) We've put together the world's largest database on the Titanic. Okay, here .. Rose might not want to see this, Lewis. No, no. It's fine. I'm curious. She hits the berg on the starboard side and it sort of bumps along ... punching holes like a morse code ... dit dit dit, down the side. Now she's flooding in the forward compartments ... and the water spills over the tops of the bulkheads, going aft. As her bow is going down, her stern is coming up ... slow at first. .. and then faster and faster until it's lifting all that weight, maybe 20 or 30 thousand tons ... out of the water and the hull can't deal. .. so SKRTTTll ... it splits! Right down to the keel, which acts like a big hinge. Now the bow swings down and the stern falls back level, .. but the weight of the bow pulls the stern up vertical, and then the bow section detaches, heading for-the bottom. The stern bobs like a cork, floods and goes under about 2:20 a.rn. Two hours and forty minutes after the collision.

Bodine

Lovett Rose Bodine

English Guru - GO

17

Bodine

The bow pulls out of its dive and planes away, almost a half a mile, before it hits the bottom going maybe 12 miles an hour. KABOOM! The stern implodes as it sinks, from the pressure, and rips apart from the force of the current as it falls, landing like a big pile of junk. Cool huh?

Rose

Thank you for that fine forensic analysis, Mr. Bodine. Of course the experience of it was somewhat less clinical. Will you share it with us?

Lovett

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English

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The second scene is the opening scene between actor Leonardo Oi Caprio and Kate Winslet, where the actress is trying to jump off the ship and the actor is there to rescue her. SCENE 2 Jack Rose Jack Rose Jack Rose Don't do it. Stay back! Don't come any closer! Take my hand. I'll pull you back in. No! Stay where you are. I mean it. I'll let go. No you won't. What do you mean no I won't? Don't presume to tell me what I will and will not do. You don't know me. You would have done it already. Now come on, take my hand. You're distracting me. Go away. I can't. I'm involved now If you let go I have to jump in after you. Don't be absurd. You'll be killed. I'm a good swimmer. The fall alone would kill you. It would hurt. I'm not saying it wouldn't. To be honest I'm a lot more concerned about the water being so cold. How cold? Freezing. Maybe a couple degrees over. Ever been No. Well they have some of the coldest winters around, and.1 grew up there, near Chippewa Falls. Once when I was a kid me and my father were ice-fishing out on Lake . Wissota,., ice-fishing's where you chop a hole in the-I know whaticefishinq is!

Jack

Rose Jack

Rose Jack Rose Jack

Rose Jack Jack Rose Jack

to

Wisconsin?

Rose Jack

Sorry. Just.. you look like kind of an indoorgirl. Anyway, I went through some thin ice and I'm tetlin' ya, water that ----- cold.i.Iike.that. right down there .., it hits you like a thousand

English Guru - GO knives ali over your body. You can't breathe, you can't think ... least .not about anything Which but the pain. forward to jumping in after

19

is why I'm not looking

you. But like I said, I don't see a choice. I guess I'm kinda hoping you'll come back over the rail and get me off the hook here. Rose Jack You're crazy. That's what everybody not the one hanging Jack Rose Jack Rose Rose says. But with all due respect, I'm

off the back of a ship.

Come on. You don't want to do this. Give me your hand. Alright. I'm Jack Dawson. Pleased to meet you, Mr. Dawson.

HELP! HELP!!

Eng/ish

Guru - GO

21

Rush Hour
For some extraordinary Chan's dialogue american comic delivery action thriller, lets turn to Chris Rock's and Jackie in Rush Hour. Packed with action, the

characterizations

is a little hard to follow in the movie due to the Africanin enjoying this movie in the full spirit. SCRIPT

accent but we are quite sure that with this little help from us, you

will very well succeed

Carter

He's with me. You carry a gun? A gun, a gun!

Carter

What're

you doinq?'

I wasn't gonna shoot you!

I as trying

to explain -- give me the god damn gun. Carter Lee Carter You have one of these? No. Yeah, well you're in American hell. Carter You try that understand Carter Man's Voice The Detective. Carter The Detective on me one more time, I'll kick you. You' now. Everybody's got guns.

That tricky shit with your hands is gonna get you shot to

that? You know what kick you means?

I'll bet you do. Put the gun down now! Put it down! It's alright. He's with me. With you? He's poi~nting a goddamn gun at you. You call

that with you? And now it's Lee's turn to speak - in perfect English. Lee He was just showing suspect. The Detective: Lee The Detective You must be a helluva teacher. Oh yes, he's very good. Just don't do that in the hallway. I could've killed him. me how to take a gun away from a

IL__

22

English

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Carter Carter Lee Carter Lee Carter Lee Carter Lee

Oh yeah, maybe next time you will. You speak Enqlishl A little. A little. You lied to me. I didn't say I didn't. You assumed I didn't. It's the same thing! I am not responsible for your assumptions. Do you understand what I'm saying to you? Not being able to speak is not the same as not speaking. You seemed as if you liked to talk. I like to let people talk who like to talk. It makes it easier to find out how full of themselves they are. Okay, fine. Yeah, that's right. Now that we understand each other ... show me how you did that. You should keep your gun. ... and there's a copy of our insurance packages I am afraid I don't understand the importance of this information. Look, you want to work in this country, you gotta know this crap. Okay? We're gonna be in some deep trouble here. Working the danger zone. And you need insurance. Cause, you know, you might be starting some riots. So, myplan is, we hit the scene, walk it -...... and get the feel for how it went down.Then hit the witnesses see who remembers what and how the action went down. Because we gotta dig up the -What the hell is that?

Carter Carter

Lee Carter Lee

Carter

Carter Carter

Carter

Carter Carter

English Guru - GO

23

Sixth Sense
The movie Sixth Sense Shyamalan. acquired. It revolves The movie's is written around second by an author of Indian origin, M Night who is helping is

a little boy and the super power that he's lead actor is his psychiatrist

him recover the powers and to put them for better use. The scene depicted here is from the first few minutes with his wife at their house before for the exercise of the movie where the psychiatrist Walch the video and follow the same steps as

SCRIPT
Anna Malcolm It's getting cold. That's one Tine Frame. A fine frame it is How much does a fine frame like that cost, you think? Anna I've never toid you, but you sound a little like Dr. Seuss when you're drunk. Malcolm Anna Anna. I'm serious. Mahogany. Maybe three. Malcolm Three? bedroom. Anna Do you know how important this is? This is big time. I'm We should hock it. Buy a C. D. rack for the Serious i am, Anna hundred.

I'd say that cost at least a couple

I

going to read it for you, doctor. Malcolm Anna Do I really sound like Dr. Seuss? In recognition of child continuing children bestows Mayor's Anna Malcolm Wow. for his outstanding achievement in the field and his proudly

psychology,

his dedication

to his work,

efforts to improve the quality of life for countless and their families, the City of Philadelphia upon its son Dr. Malcolm Crowe. That's you. the Excellence.

Citation

for Professional

They called you their son.

We can keep it in the bathroom.

24

Eng/is!) Guru - GO

Malcolm

It's not real, Anna. Some secretary wrote that up. Don't tell me you thought it was real? What? Don't do the quiet thing. You know I hate it.

Malcolm

Anna

This is an important night for us. Finally someone is recognizing the sacrifices you made. That you have put everything second, including me, for those families they're talking about They're also saying that my husband has a gift. Not an ordinary gift that allows him to hit a ball over a fence ..Or a gift that lets him produce beautiful images on a canvas ... Your gift teaches children how to be strong in situations where most adults would piss on themselves. Yes, I believe what they wrote about you. Thank you. What are we crying about again? Nothing. There wasn't supposed to be any crying at this celebration. Just a lot of drinking and fun. I would like some red wine in a glass. I would not like it in a mug. I would not like it in a jug.

Anna

Malcolm Malcolm Anna

Malcolm Malcolm

Eng/ish Guru - GO

25

Jurassic Park
Written by Michael Crichton, Jurassic movie to date. With elaborate follow the dialogue Park is the most successful effects, animation

sets and amazing

the movie swept

the crowds off their feet. Go on to enjoy this action packed thriller and try to delivery taking help from the extract given below. SCRIPT Grant So, what heel ... Eliie Grant Ellie Grant She jumps Right as rain, Ellie. A defensive Perhaps. leaves young? Ellie Grant I bet is was a mating ritual. The science of paleontology Novelists can't answer these questions. a vision of the Jurassic with their imaginations. the mass and as fiction, but Now, why did she jump? T-Rex? can we stay- for sure? Stress fractures in the

posture against a vicious, blood-thirsty Or maybe to select branches the smaller,

more tender her

in the higher

with which to suckle

and artists who dream

period can attempt these questions What we scientists kinetic articulation absolutely Ellie

can say is considering

of these bones, this animal had a vertical prejudice. But ... fact is, we're late. There's

leap of about twelve feet. Not as entertaining fact without

Excuse me, Dr. Grant. the car.

Grant

Jim, you keep making when the temperature Bill, I don't want you guys.

up the plaster batches.

Whatever

ratio you're using, it's perfect. any tourists

Nora, no digging after five walking over my raptor - I is with them, just

drops, those bones are just too brittle. of Montana

don't care if the Governor

Ellie

You know, if every scientist

stuck to his method

like you,

I

there would be no bodyof theory - no quasars, no big bang! Grant Jesus, a limousine. We're re-entering Hammond's world,

I

I

that's for sure. Remind

me why we're doing this, Ellie.

L

26

E.nglish Guru - GO

Ellie Grant Ellie

We're at

leaving the raptor dig.

a critical time.
Gennaro some is paying us sixty thousand ill Costa dollars to Rica. And resort of Hammond's

because observe that's -

Grant

enough

money to keep us free of commercial

affuiatrons

for two summers. All right, all right. Grant Financial Good. for fraternizing with the enemy?

independence

1'\1 do it.
Grant Grant This is all could come up with, Skip? Wise guy. Let's go, Ellie .

.. -.-.-.-------

....

-.--~--

Friends, Just ilf,e films, \jve often listen to English songs, But it gets hard to follow them with the unmatched speed of their spoken English with ours and the accent But of course, that doesn't discourage us from enjoying the good music. With this practice lesson in English Guru, we will help you appreciate the lyrics of the foreign language music. Play on the audio recording of these musical pieces and try fa follow the songs reading from the notes provided. the language. It's certainly a very creative way to learn Now go on and enjoy the music! -

L

English

Guru - GO

29

Slow and Melodious SingAlongs
a. My heart will go on -Titanic b. Quit playing games with my heart - Backstreet Boys

My Heart Will Go On
This song is from the mega hit Titanic, sung by the legendary Celine Dion. The song talks about one's unending everlasting song describes love as one which surpasses love for the beloved. The boundaries of eternity. Now,

go ahead and try to grasp the lyrics carefully while listening to it. Lyrics

Eve0J night in my dreams I see you, I feel you, That is how I know you go on Far across the distance And spaces between us You have come to show you go on

Near, far, wherever you are I believe that the heart does go on Once more you open the door And you're here in my heart And my heart will go on and on

l

Love can touch us one time And last for a lifetime

i

And never let go till were gone Love was when I loved you One true time / hold to in my life we!! a/ways go on

I l_
I

30

Eng/ish Guru - GO Neet, far, wherever you are

I believe that the heart does go on
Once more you open the door And youre here in my heart And my heart will go on and on

Youre here, theres nothing

I fear,

And

J

know that my heart wil! go on
this way

Wei! stay forever

You are safe in my heart And my heart INi!! go on and on

English

Guru - GO

31

Quit Playing Games With My Heart
Another romantic album number, this song is sung charts of global

by the american boy
and hiked this music, Although, a

band Backstreet the band's appealing American

Boys. This song was a mega success, in the top back in 2001, it's poetic The language

song was first released 'the masses, informal

lyrics never stops

of the song contains it for yourself.

lot of

English,

but it's mostly very easy to understand

and follow. Now, go on and experience Lyrics

Even in my heart, I see You're not being true to me Oeep within my soul, I feel Nothing's like it used to be Sometimes I wish I could Turn back time Impossible as it may seem But I wish I could
So bad, baby

Quit playing games with my heart

Chorus Quit playing games with my heart Before you tear us apart (with my heart) Quit playing games with my heart
I should've know from the start

You know you've gotta stop (from my heart) You're tearing us apart (my heart) Quit playing games with my heart

!

I I

I live my fife, the way

To keep you coming back to me Everything I do
/s for you So whet is it that you can't see

l

Sometimes I wish / could Turn back time

I

"____._____,___--~--------

32

English

Guru"

GO

Impossible as it may seem But I wish I could
So bad, baby you'd better quit playing games with my heart

Chorus Quit playing games with my heart Before you tear us apart (with my heart) Quit playing games with my heart I should've know from the start You_.know you've gotta stop (from my heart) You're tearing us apart (my heart) Quit playing games with my heart Quit playing games Baby, baby The love that we had was so strong Don't leave hangin' here forever Oh baby baby this is not a lie Let's stop this tonight

Baby, ohh, quit playing games Sometimes I wish I could Tum back time Impossible as it may seem But! wish I could
So bad baby

Quit playing games with my heart Chorus Quit playing games with my heart Before you tear us apart (with my heart) Quit playing games with my tieert I should've know from the start You know you've gotta stop (from my heart) You're tearing us apart (my heart)
--~-----

Qwtp/§}7Jng games with my heart Quit playing games------...

English Guru - GO

33

Youth Spirit Sing Alongs
a. Summer of '69 - Bryan Adams

b.

It's my life - Bon Jovi
Summer Of '69

Performed by Bryan Adams, this youngsters today. The song swings love, college fun, hanging out at the all, just as the song says describing

song stands as an anthem to the in various moods such as friendship, beach, the first job and the like. All in 'the best days of your life'.

Lyrics
J got my first rea! six-string Bought it at the five-and-dime Played it tiJl my fingers bled It was the summer of 69

Me and some guys from school
Had a band and we tried real hard Jimmy 'quit and jody got married
;

!

I i
!

I shoulda

known

wed never get far

Oh when J look back now That summer seemed to last forever

l
!
!

And if I had the choice

I I

Ya - Id a/ways wanna be there
Those were the best days of my life

~

I

I

Ain't no use in complaining When you got Spent my evenings

a job to do

down at the drive-in

And that's when 1 met you

Standing

on your mamas porch

L

You told me that you'd wait forever Oh and when you held my hand

1-'-\
~

34

Engfisf? Guru - GO

I knew that it was now or never Those were the best days of my life

Back in the summer of 69 Man we were killing time We were young and restless We needed to unwind f guess nothing can last forever - forever, no

And now the times are changing Look at everything that's come and gone Sometimes when I play that old six-string I think about you and wonder what went wrong

Standing on your mamas porch You told me it would fast forever Oh the way you held my hand I knew that it was now or never Those were the best days of my life

Back in the summer of 69

English Guru - GO

Its My Life
'It's my Life' is performed by Bon Jovi. As the title aptly suggests, it's a high spirited song. The song talks of freedom, liberation and a defiance which sounds youthful and is encouraging to the common man. This song has a. soft rock feel to it and will make for an excellent party number, all the more reason for you to learn it: Lyrics This ain't a song for the broken-hearted No silent prayer for the ieith-depetteo
f ain't gonna be just

a face in the crowd

You're gonna hear my voice When I shout it out loud

It's my life It's now or never / ein't gonna live forever I just want to live while I'm alive (It's my life)
My heart is like an open highway

Like Frankie said I did it my way I just wanna live while I'm alive

t !

It's my fife

I
I

This is for the ones who stood their ground For Tommy and Gina who never backed down Tomorrow's getting harder make no mistake Luck ain't even lucky Got to make your own breaks

I I

I

It's my life And it's now or never

L__

I

/ ain't gonna live forever I just want to live wni!e I'm alive

36 (It's my life) My heart is like an open highway Like Frankie said I did it my way I just want to live while I'm alive 'Cause it's my life

EngUsh Guru - GO

Better stand tall when they're calling you out. Don't bend, don't break, baby, don't back down

It's my life And it's now or never 'Cause I ain't gonna live forever / just want to live while I'm alive (It's my life) My heart is like an open high way Like Frankie said I did it my way I just want to live while I'm alive

It's my life And it's now or never 'Cause! ain't gonna live forever !just want to live while l'm alive (It's my life) My heart is like an open highway Like Frankie said f did it my way !just want to live while I'm alive 'Cause it's my life!

English Guru - GO

37

Romantic Sing Alongs
B.

Everything I 00 I 00 It for You - Bryan Adams Nothing's gonna change my love for you - Glenn Medeiros Everything I Do I Do It For You

b.

Another classic by Bryan Adams, this is alove song. Romanticism comes alive with this beautiful number wherein the singer says that all he does in this world, action and words, conscious and unconscious he owes them to his beloved. Read along the song and you will understand the tone of the singer much better than before. We are sure that this exercise will enable you to experiment 'with more English songs and try to understand them better. Good luckl Lyrics Look into my eyes - you will see What you mean to me Search your heart - search your soul And when you find me there you'll search no more

Don't tell me it's not worth trying' for You can't tell me it's not worth dying' for You know it's true; Everything I do - !do it for you

Look into your heart - you will find There's nothing' there to hide Take me as I am - take my life I would give it al! - I would sacrifice

I

Don't tell me it's not worth fighting' for / can't help it - there's nothing' I want more You know it's true; Everything I do - I do it for you

I1

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I

There's no love - like your love And no other - could give more love There's nowhere - uri/ass you're there

38 Afl the time - ai/ the way

Eng/ish Guru - GO

Oh - you can't tel! me it's not worth tlYing' for / can't help it - there's nothing' / want more
J would fight for you - I'd lie for you Walk the wire for you - ya I'd die for you

Ya know it's true; Everything I do -

r do it for you

English Guru - GO

39

Nothing's Genna Change My Love For You Sung by the Glenn Medeiros, it's a song all lovers would want to dance on to. Slow and ·melodious, it's a beautiful song that the boy sings for his beloved. !n the song he promises to her that nothing in this world can sway his love for her. The dreamy lyrics of the song is sure to take your heart away. Now, listen to the piece and learn along with it. lyrics If i had to five my life without you near me The days would all' be empty The nights would seem so long vvith you i see forever oh so clearly !might have been in love before But it never felt this strong Our dreams are young And we both know they'll take us Where we want to go Hold me now Touch me now I don't want to five without you Nothing's gonna change my love for you You ought know by now how much !Iove you One thing you can be sure of I'll never ask for more than your love Nothing's gonna change my love for you .You ought know by now how much I love you The world may change my whole fife through But nothing's gonna change my love for you If the road ahead is not so easy,

I
L
!

Our love will lead the way for us Like a guiding star I'll be there for you if you should need me You don't have to change a thing I love you just the way you are

l

So come with me and share the view 1'1/ elp you see forever too h

Friends, Books are main source of knowledge. As 'we have' helped you increase your vocational skills in ways more than one. We encourage you to read more English language books in your free time. They make for an excellent source of entertainment and at the same time they'll sharpen your skills of vocabulary, language and conversational English.

Further in this section are a few excerpts from fiction books in English. We have tried to include more dialogue scenes rather than essays or paragraphs so that you may get a taste of practical usage of informal English.

L

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43

r
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I

.

.

\_

1.... ···.· .....
W.NU

STEP-10 ~
:"

"':1

The first conversation is a telephonic dialogue between a brother and sister, Parveen and Parvez. Parveen is startled by Parvez's call very early in the morning. Read aloud and try to follow the rest of the conversation. The language used in the dialogues below is mostly easy and informal, everyday English. You can even try to include few of these lines in your conversations with friends or family members, it will help you learn them faster as well. Conversation 1

Parveen was awakened by the ring of the telephone. Without opening her eyes, she reached out for it and put the receiver to her ear. 'Hello?' 'Parveen? It's Parvez.s' She sat up, her heart suddenly pounding. Parvez, are you all right?' She heard him laugh. 'Never better, sis. Thanks to you and your friend. ' 'My friend?'
'Mr. Jahangir'

'Who?' Parveen tried to concentrate, groggy with sleep. 'Mr Jahangir. He really saved my life.
t

Parveen had no idea what he was talking about. 'Parvez ... 'You know the fellows lowed money to? Mr. Rbstien he's a rea! gentleman.' Parveen was nervous. Parvez, listen to me I want you to be careful.' She heard him laugh again.

j

'Don't worry about me. Didn't I telf you every thing would be coming up roses? Well. f was right, Take care of yourself, Parvez. Don't-' The connection was broken.

l

Parveen was unable to go back to sleep. Jahanqirl How did he find out about Parvez, and why is he heiping, him?

44
Conversation 2

English Guru - GO

The second conversation is a scene of the parents with their daughter at their house. The little girl in this scene is trying to raise her voice against her dad who wants to slaughter the pet pig in the hous e for meat. Notice how the defiance of the little girl is more subtle and indirect rather than rude. We hope you enjoy the dialogue. Fiza Mrs. Oadeer : Fiza Mrs. Qadeer: Where's Papa going with that ax? Out to the hog house. Some pigs were born last night. I don't see why he needs an ax. Well, one of the pigs is a runt. It's very small and weak, and it will never amount to anything. So your father has decided to do away with it. Do away with it? You mean kill it? Just because it's smaller than the others? Don't yell, Fiza! Your father is right. The pig would probably die anyway. Please don't kill it! it's unfair. Fiza, you have to learn to control yourself. Control myself? This is a matter of life and death, and you talk about controlling myself. Fiza, I know a lot more about raising a litter of pigs .than you do. A weakling makes trouble. Now run along! But it's unfair. The pig couldn't help being born small, could it? if i had been born very smaf at birth, would you have killed me? Certainly not. But this is different. A little giri is one thing. A little runty pig is another. ! see no difference. This is the most terrible case of injustice I ever heard of. AI! right. I'll let you start it on a' bottle, like a baby. Then you'll see what trouble a pig can be.

Fiza

Mrs. Oadeer:

Fiza
Mr. Oadeer

Fiza

Mr. Qadeer

Fiza

Mr.Oadeer

Fiza

Mr. Qadeer

Enqlist: Guru - GO ~ ; fl
~.

.at:: .'-"

STEP~11~
/ a father and a daughter. reading Whereby a

~.........................

The first conversation daughter her father. written is stranded Please

is between

at a place far off from her home :and is trying to reach follow the rest of the conversation the below

aloud. Conversation 1

The clerk shrugged. 'No. f don't.

'Do you have another credit card?

I
I

Wifl you. take

a persona!
cell. ..'

check?' guess so, jf you have some ID.'

He was eyeing her outfit disapprovingly.'! 'l need to make 'Telephone booth

I

a telephone

is in the comer'

'Good Heafth 'Dr Steven

!v1emoriat hospital.

Patterson. pleese office.
I

I
I
to

'One moment, Dr. Shame's 'Sarah? 'l'm

This is Ayesha. Miss Stieme.

f need to speak he's

my father.'
room eno-:'

sorry

in the operating

Ayesha's grip tightened on the telephone.

'Do you know how long he 'If be

there?"
'It's hard to say! know he has another Ayesha found herself fighting hysteria. surgery scheduled after-'

't need to ta!k to him. It's urgent. have number in the booth and gave

Can you get a word to him, please? it to her father's receptionist.

As soon as he gets a chance,

him cell me.' She looked at the telephone

)'1/ wait here until he calls.'

'1'/1 be sure to tell him.' She sat in the lobby for almost People passing by stared rang, it startled her. She hurried back into the phone 'Ayesha?' It was her father's 1-' booth. 'Hello ...' an hour, wi!ling the telephone to ring.

at her or ogled at her. When the phone finally

voice.

'Oh, Father,

'\/Vhat's wronq?' I'm in Karachi and-'

46

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'What are you doing in Karachi?' // can't go into it now. I need an eittine ticket to Dubei. / don't have any money with me. Can you help me?' 'Of course. Hoid line.
017.'

Three minutes later, her father came back on the

There's an Sahara Airlines plane leaving at ten-forty A.M, Flight 407. There, will be a ticket waiting for you at the check-in counter I'll pick you up at the airport in Dubai and -' 'No!' She could not let him see her like this.'t'11 - I'll go to my apartment to change.'
'All right. I'tf come down and meet you for dinner You can tell me all about

it then.' Thank you, Father Thank you.'

English Guru - GO

47

Conversation

2

This conversation is between a middle aged widow who has a visitor. The dialogue is very interesting to follow as the widow in the afore mentioned is always sarcastic in her remarks and the visitor rather makes a mockery of it. Now, go on and enjoy the subtle hom our as get a taste of more informal English. Conversation MRS. SAJID: What is it you wish? REHMAN Your deceased husband, with whom I had the honor to be acquainted, left me few notes amounting to about twelve hundred rupees. In as much as I have to pay the interest tomorrow on a loan from the Agrarian Bank, I should like to request, madam, that you pay me the money today.

MRS. SAJID: Twelve-hundred and for what was my husband indebted to you? REHfvlAN MRS. SAJID: MRS. SAJID: He bought oats from me. Don't forget to give Sohan an extra measure of oats. If my husband is indebted to you, I shall, of course, pay you, but! am sorry, I haven't the money today. Tomorrow my manager will return from the city and I shall notify him to pay you what is due you, but until then I cannot satisfy your request. Furthermore, today is just seven months since the death of my husband, and I am not in the mood to discuss money matters. And I am in the mood to fly up the chimney with my feet in the air if I can't lay hands on that interest tomorrow. They'll seize my estate!

l
REHMAN

\
REHMAN

MRS. SAJID: Day after tomorrow you will receive the money. I don't need the money day after tomorrow; I need it today.

MRS. SAJID: I'm sorry I can't pay you today.
~.

REHMAN

: And I can't wait until day after tomorrow.

j
-:_ i

I

MRS. SAJID: But what can I do if I haven't it? REHMAN : So you can't pay?

·':1

MRS. SAJID: I cannot.

L_.

·t

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REHMAN

Hmm! Is that your last word?

MRS. SAJID: My last. REHMAN MRS. SAJID: REHMAN Absolutely? Absolutely. Thank you. And they expect me to stand for all that. The toll-gatherer just now met me in the road and asked why I was always worrying. Why, in Heaven's name, shouldn't I worry? I need money, I feel the knife at my thoat. Yesterday morning I left my house in the early dawn and called on all my debtors. If even one of them had paid his debt! I worked the skin off my fingers! The devil knows in what sort of Jew-inn I slept; in a room with a barrel of brandy! And now at last I come here, seventy versts from home, hope for a little money, and all you give me is moods! Why shouldn't I worry?

MRS. \3AJID: I thought! made it plain to you that my manager will return from town, and then you will get your money. REHMAN I did not come to see the manager; I came to see you. What the devil-pardon the language--do i care for your manager? Really, sir, I am not used to such language manners. I shan't listen to you any further. or such

MRS. SAJID:

REHMAN

What can one say to that? Moods! Seven months since her husband died! Do I have to pay the interest or not? I repeat the question, have I to pay the interest or not? The husband is dead and all that; the manager is-the devil with him!--traveUrg somewhere. Now, tell me, what am I to do? Shall I run away from my creditors in a balloon? Or knock my head against a stone wall? If I call-on my manager he chooses to be "not at home," He has simply hidden himself, I have quarrelled with friend and came near throwing him .out of the window, My brother is iii and this woman has-moods! Not one of them will pay up! And all because I've spoiled them, because I'm an. old whiner, dish-rag! I'm too tender-hearted with them. But wait! I allow nobody to play tricks with me, the devil with 'em all! I'll stay here and not budge until she pays! Brr! How angry I am, how terribly angry! am! Every tendon is trembling with anger, and I can hardly breathel I'm even growin!;j ill! Servant!

English Guru - GO

49

The first conversation various

is a court room scene. The dialogues are between a are argumentative. Read the

plaintiff, lawyers and a judge. The sentences spoken here are shorter as in parts of this script, the speakers conversation aloud and try to grasp the summary of the running case. Conversation 1

'All rise. Court is now in session. The Honorable Tessa Williams presiding in the case of The People of the State of Multan? Versus Abu Hasan.' 'Judge Williams took her seat on the bench. Sami said, 'May I approach the bench?'

'You may.'
Saad Burman walked to the bench with Sami.

'vvhetis it, Mr Saif?' 'I'd like to call a witness who's not on the discovery list.'
Burman said, 'It's awfully late in the trial to introduce new witnesses.'

'1 would like to call Abu Hasan as my next witness.'
Judge Williams said, '1 don't-:--'

Saad Burman said quickly Judge Williams

The state has no objection, Your Honor' 'Very well. You may call your

looked at the two attorneys.

witness, Mr Saff '
Thank you Your Honor. '/'-/ewalked over to Vishal and held out his hand.

'Hasan.
he sat there in a panic

'You must.'
he ,esp. t-lis neart palpitating, stand Saad Burman whispered, And nodded. and slowly made his way to the witness

'I was praying that he'd call him.'

'It's over'

Abu Hasan was being sworn in by the court clerk, 'You do solemnly swear

to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, so heJpyou God?'

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'I do.' His voice was a whisper. Hasan took his seat in the witness box. Sami walked over to his. He said gently, 'I know this is very difficult for you. You've been accused of horrible crimes that you did not commit. AJI I want is for the jury to know the truth. 00 you have any memory of committing any of those crimes?' Hasan shook his head. 'No.' Sami glanced at the jury, then went on. 'Did you know Danish Chara?' 'Yes. We worked together at Global Computer Graphics Corporation.' 'Did you have any reason to kill Danish?' 'No. '. It was difficult for him to speak. 'I - I went to his apartment to give him some advice that he had asked me for, and that was the last time I saw him. ' 'Did you know Abdul Haque?' 'No ... ' 'He was an artist. He was murdered in Islamabad. The police found evidence of your DNA and fingerprints there.' Hasan was shaking her head from side to side. 'I -I don't know what to say. I didn't know him!' 'You knew Deputy Umar? ' 'Yes. He was helping me. I didn't kill him!' 'Are you aware that you have two other personalities, or alters, within you, Hasan?' 'Yes. His voice was strained. 'When did you learn this?'
I

'Before the trial. Dr Salem told me about it. I couldn't believe it. I -I still can't believe it. It's - it's too ewtul,' 'You had no previous knowledge of these alters.' 'No." 'You had never heard of Toni or Peter?' 'No!' 'Do you believe now that they exist within you?' 'Yes ... I have to believe it. They must have done el! these - these horrible things ... ' 'So you have no recollection of ever having met Abdul Haque, you had no motive for killing Danish Chara or for killing Deputy Somesh Rana, who was at your apartment to protect you?' 'That's right.' His eyes swept over the crowded court-room, and he felt a sense of panic. One last question Sami said. 'Have you ever been in trouble with the law?' 'Never.' Sami put a hand on his. That's ali for now.' He turned to Saad Alam 'Your wnness.
.~ I

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51

Conversation This iast conversation is a little jeopardized rather irrational taken as an excerpt

2 is a small dialogue between a

husband and a wife at the comfort of their home. The husband in the scene by his work and wants to quit on it and comes up with is humorous and very easy ways to live off. The sequence

to follow. Read on and enjoy the scene. ANAS ESHA ANAS! ANAS Okay Anas? Is that you?! Yes! It's me! All right ... out with it! Right up front! That's all there is to it! Honesty ESHA ANAS ESHA is the best.. okay ... only one thing to do!

How was your first day?! My ... my first day?! Your first day! How was it?! Ahh ... fine ... fine! It was fine! Just fine! Normal! normal day! Just a

! !
i

ANAS

ESHA ANAS

Arf} you all right?! What?1 I said, "Are you all right?!" Oh! Yes! Fine! Is something wrong?! fine! Just fine! Normal! Why do you

I
I
I

ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS

No! No! Everything's ask?!

ESHA ANAS ESH,A ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA

You sound a little nervous! Me'? I No! No! I'm not nervous Surprise] What ... what's that? A present! A present? That's For me? For all of your hard work! Your at all!

right! A reward!

dedication!

I

I

52

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ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA

Oh ... well, I ... I'm not ... I'm not really in the mood for a present right now. Why not? Well, I ... I don't deserve it. What do you mean? What do I mean? {mean, Ihaven't done anything special. Oh poor babyl You're my little practitioner! Yes, well .,. What? Oh, god! What is it, Ansh?! What have you done?! Did you get fired?! Booted out?!

ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA

No, no! Oh, thank Heavens! You had me worried there for a minute! It's just that I ... I've been thinking. Thinking? Yes. Here! Let's run away together! What? Let's run away! Run away? Yes! To an island somewherel Someplace far off! With ... with lots of fish! Fish? That's right! Oh, I ... I don't think that's a good idea: Fish are filthy little creatures, prowling about in the darkness and the mud, eating their neighbors without a second thought-that's no way for the children to grow up.

ANAS-

What children?

English Guru - GO

53

ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS ESHA ANAS

Our children.

Ow children?
That's right. We ... we don't have any children. Do we? No, but it's only a matter of time! We'll have some sooner or later! Just think. They could run naked in the sand all day and ... and collect seashells! And play with the dolphins! Dolphins are very civilized! They don't eat each other! We could learn their language! The language of the sea! We could sleep under the moon with our dolphin friends andI don't want to run away! I'm perfectly content!

" ESHA

I

I

Friends, Famous french philosopher and writer Voltaire once said, "Poetry is the music of the soul, and above all, of great and feeling souls" Poetry brings out theartinwriting. If is .as. beautiful a power of expression as painting, just more felt them seen. Poetryexplicltly cannot be divided in fictiorior non-fictionfor poems are a combination of a poet's imagination, experiences and the skill of expression. Poetry stands as one of the oldest and-mostrespectedart forms in the world. Poems just as any otherart, does not merely denote whatthe words convey literally. The ,key tounderstandinq poetry is reading between the lines, and trying to interpret the hidden meanings and symbolisms within the poem. lnttus step, we will seethreepoems by world renowned poets. Read these poems aloud and try to follow the translations along with.thepoems, yqu will very soon start grasping the hidden symbolisms and' the essence ofthis magnificent writing form.

I

English Guru - GO

57

Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening By Robert Frost

Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village, though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow.

My little horse must think it's queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there's some mistake. The only other sound's the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake.

The woods are lovely, dark, and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep.

English Guru - GO

58

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Eng/ish Guru - GO

59

Letter to the Headmaster - By Abraham Lincoln

"He will have to learn, I know, that all men are not just, all men are not true. But teach him also that for every scoundrel is a hero: that for every selfish politician, there

there is a dedicated it

leader .... Teach him that for every enemy there is a friend, will take time,

I know; but teach him if you can, that a dollar

earned is of far more value than five found .... Teach him to learn to lose and also to enjoy winning. away from envy, if you can. Teach him the secret Steer him of quiet

laughter. lick..

Let him learn early that the bullies are the easiest to of books ... but also

Teach him, if you can, the wonder

give him quiet time to ponder over the eternal mystery of birds in the sky, bees in the sun and flowers on a green hillside. In school, cheat. .. Teach him to have faith in his own ideas, even if everyone tells teach him it is far more honourable to fail than to

him they are wrong ... Teach him to be gentle with gentle people and tough with the tough. Try to give my son the strength follow the crowd when everyone not to

is getting onto the bandwagon,

teach him to listen to all men, but teach him also to filter all he hears on a screen of truth and take only the good that comes through. Teach him, if you -can, how to laugh when he is sad ... Teach nim there is no shame and to beware in tears. Teach him to scoff at cynics

of too much sweetness ... bidders;

Teach him to sell his brawn and brain to the highest

but never to put a price tag on his heart and soul. Teach him to close his ears to a howling mob ... and to stand and fight if he

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thinks he is right. Treat him gently; but do not cuddle him because only the test of fire makes fine steel. Let him have the courage to be impatient. .. ret him have the patience to be brave. Teach him to always have sublime faith in himself because then he will always have sublime faith in mankind. This is a big order, but see what you can do ... he is such a fine little fellow, my son!

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63

Gitanjali
By Rabindra Nath Tagore

Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high Where knowledge is free Where the world has not been broken up into fragments By narrow domestic walls Where words come out from the depth of truth Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection Where the clear stream of reason has not lost its way Into the dreary desert sand of dead habit Where the mind is led forward by thee Into ever-widening thought and action Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake

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65

Footprints in the Sand
By Mary Stevenson One night a man had a dream. He dreamed he was walking along the beach with the LORD. Across the sky flashed scenes from his life. For each scene he noticed two sets of footprints in the sand: one belonging to him, and the other to the LORD.

When the last scene of his life flashed before him; he looked back at the footprints in the sand, He noticed that many times along the path of his life there was only one set of footprints.

He also noticed that it happened at the very lowest and saddest times in his life. This really bothered him and he questioned the LORD about it:
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"LORD, you said that once I decided to follow you, you'd walk with me all the way. But I have noticed that during the most troublesome times in my life, there is only one set of footprints. I don't understand why when I needed you most you would leave me."

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The LORD replied: "My son, my precious child, I love you and lwould never leave you. During your times of trial and suffering, when you see only one set of footprints, it was then that I carried you."

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67

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~ STEP -15

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Friendship
He that is the friend indeed. He will help you thy in need _If the sorrow, he will weep. If thou wake, he cannot sleep.

Thus of every grief in heart He will be doth bear apart These certain signs to know faithful friend from fluttering foe

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68

Little Birdie
What does little birdie say In her nest at peep ofday Let me fly say little birdie ..... mother let me flyaway Wait little birdie .... wait some long Till your little wings are stronger So she waits little longer
& then she flies away.

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Friends, Short stories are amongst the easiest literature in English to get hold of. Undersized, precise but never compromising on its literate value. They are good to start with if you have never read a longer text like novelor any other fiction or non-fiction book before. Although a short story forms its own genre, they are often written in many moods. Unlike a novel, a short story does not carry multiple dispositions to itself; a short story always revolves one central idea or feel to it. In this section of the book we will look at three short stories written in varied moods and will try to analyze the .central idea behind them.

English

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71
I ~.

~STEP-16

.

... ..: r·
story of two brothers love. and as the two

(OJ!

A Brother like That
'A brother name like that' is an emotional their unconditional

suggests

Let us see how these

brothers touch the life of a complete and magical, hence transforming

stranger in a way both unimaginable him in a better person.

Story
A friend of mine named Paul received an automobile a Christmas present. On Christmas he asked. gave it to me for Christmas." The boy was Eve when office, a street urchin was walking it. "Is this your car, Mister?" Paul nodded astounded. nothing? Of course "My brother from his brother as

Paul came out of his

around the shiny new car, admiring

"You mean your brother gave it to you and it didn't cost you Boy, I wish __" He hesitated.

Paul knew what he was going to wish for. He was. going to

wish he had a brother like that. But what the lad said jarred Paul all the way down to his heels. "I wish," the boy went on, "that I could be a brother like that." at the boy in astonishment, then impulsively he added,

Paul looked "Would

you like to take a ride in my automobile?"

"Oh yes, I'd love that." After a short ride, the boy turned and with his eyes aglow, said, "Mister, would you mind driving in front of my house?" Paul smiled a little He thought to show his neighbors Paul was wrong again boy asked He ran up the steps. Then in a little while Paul heard him coming but he was not coming fast. He was carrying his little crippled He sat him down on the bottom step, then sort of squeezed hack, he knew what the lad wanted. He wanted But

that he could ride home in a big automobile.

"Will you stop where those two steps are?" the

brother.

up against

L_

him and pointed to the car

72

English

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"There she is, Buddy, just like the one I told you upstairs. His brother gave it to him for Christmas and it didn't cost him a cent. And some day I'm gonna give you something just like it .; then you can see for yourself ,all the pretty things in the Christmas windows that I've been trying to tell you about." Paul got out and lifted the lad to the front seat of his car. The shining-eyed older brother climbed in beside him and the three of them -began a memorable holiday ride. That Christmas Eve, Paul learned what Jesus meant when he had said: "It is more blessed to give ... u

English Guru - GO

73

All I Really Needed to Know I learned at Kindergarten
'All I Really Needed to Know' is a beautiful piece of writing which contains a description of the things we learn at kindergarten or nursery school. It bears a comparison of these simple things that we learn then and how these are ultimately the things that matter to us adults. Story Most of what I really need to know about how to live and what to do and how to be, I learned in kindergarten. Wisdom was not at the top of the graduate mountain, but there in the sandbox at nursery school. These are the things I learned: Share everything. Play fair. Don't hit people. Put things back where you found them. Clean up your own mess. Don't take things that aren't yours. Say you're sorry when you hurt somebody. Wash your hands before you eat. Flush. Warm cookies and cold milk are good for you. Live a balanced life. Learn some and think some and draw and paint and sing and dance and play and work every day some. Take a nap every afternoon. When you go out into the world, watch for traffic, hold hands and stick together. Be aware of wonder. Remember the little seed in the plastic cup. The roots go down and the plant goes up and . nobody really knows how or why, but we are all like that. Goldfish and hamsters and white mice and even the little seed in the plastic cup - they all die. So do we. And then remember the book about Dick and Jane and the first word you learned, the biggest word of all: LOOK. Everything you need to know is in there some-where. The Golden Rule and love and basic sanitation. Ecology and politics and sane living. Think of what a better world it would be if we all - the whole world - had cookies and milk about 3 o'clock every afternoon and then lay down with our blankets for a nap. Or if we had a basic policy in our nations to always put things back where. we found them and cleaned up our own messes. And it is still true, no matter how old you are, when you go out into the world, it is better to hold hands and stick together.

-!·tL-··-·--_
~, ff ,
. ..

,

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75

Are you God?"

The next story is a very emotional yet simple story. The main idea to this story is motivational. The story talks about a little encounter between a little child and woman in a busy marketplace of a town. Read the story aloud, and see if you can explain the gist of the story in your own words.

Story One cold evening during the holiday seasons a little boy about six or seven was standing out in front of a store window. The little child had no shoes and his clothes were mere rags. A young woman passing by saw the little boy and could read the longing in his pale blue eyes. She took the child by the hand and led him into the store. There she bought him some new shoes and a complete suit of warm clothing. They came back outside into the street and the woman said to the child, "Now you can go home and have a very happy holiday". The little boy looked up at her and asked, "Are you God, Madam?" She smiled down at him and replied, "No, son I am just one of his children." The little boy then said, "I knew it, you had to be in some relation to him."

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Nothing

But the Truth

The following account is a short and humorous real life story narrated by a journalist. Go on to read the account and notice the narrative's entertainment style and subtle humor.

Story David Castevens of the Oaflas Morning News tells a story about Frank Szymanski, of Notre Dame center in the 1940s, who had been called as a witness in a civil suit at South Bend. "Are you on the Notre Dame football team this year?" the judge asked. "Yes, Your Honor." "What position?" "Center, Your Honor." "How good a center?" Szymanski squirmed in his seat, but said firmly: "Sir, I'm the best center . Notre Dame has ever had." Coach Frank Leahy, whowas in the courtroom, was surprised. Szymanski always had been modest and unassuming. So when the proceedings were over, he took Szymanski aside and asked why he had made such a statement. Szymanski blushed. "I hated to do it, Coach," he said. "But, after all, I was under oath."

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77

.The Wise Woman's Stone The wise woman's stone is a moralistic piece of writing. The following short story goes on with a wise woman and the events that follow her finding of a precious stone. Now go on and read the piece below. You may recall more such stories that you might have heard in your mother tongue in the past, after reading this story try to narrate the older stories that you have heard before. It might take a little while to master this art but narrating short stories comes in hand when you want to convey personal incidents or events to your friends. Try it

I

Story

A wise woman who was traveling in the mountains found a precious stone in a stream. The next day she met another traveller who was hungry and the wise woman opened her bag to share her food. The hungry traveller saw the precious stone in the wise woman's bag, admired it and asked the wise woman to give it to him. The wise woman did so without hesitation. Thetraveller left rejoicing in his good fortune. He knew the jewel was worth enough to give him security for the rest of his life. But a few days later he came back searching for the wise woman. When he found her, he returned the stone and said, "I have been thinking. I know how valuable this stone is, but I give it back to you in the hope that you can give me; what you have within you that enabled you to give me the stone."

78

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Abraham Lincoln Didn't Quit
Read below the account of a great hero in his own words. The inspirational piece holds the description of his journey from a pauper to the president, read and then decide for yourself if even after all the failures he faced in his life, would you call HIM a Failure? The sense of obligation to continue is present in all of ns. A duty to strive is the duty of us all. / felt a call to that duty Abraham Lincoln Probably the greatest example of persistence is Abraham Lincoln. If you want to learn about some-body who didn't quit, look no further. Born into poverty, Lincoln was faced with defeat throughout his life. He lost eight elections, twice failed in business and suffered a nervous breakdown. He could have quit many times - but he didn't and because he didn't quit, he became one of the greatest presidents in the history of our country. Lincoln was a champion and he never gave up. Here is a sketch of Lincoln's road to the White House:
1816 1831 1.832 1832 1833 His family was forced out of their home. He had to work to support them. 1818 His mother .died. . Failed in business. Ran for state legislature Also lost his job lost,

wanted to -go to law school but couldn't get in.

Borrowed some money from a friend to be-gin a business and by the .end of the year he was bankrupt. He spent the next 17 year' of his life paying. off this debt. ,Ran for state legislature again won ..

1834 1835 1836 1838 1840 1846 1848 1849 1854 1858

Was engaged to be married, sweetheart died and his heart was broken. Had a total nervous breakdown and was in bed for six months. Sought to become speaker of the state legis-Iature Sought to become elector Ran for Congress again good job. defeated. this time he won lost. rejected. went to Washington and did a defeated.

Ran for re-election to Congress -

Sought th:f job of land officer in his home state -

Ran forl:S~riate of the United States - lost. 1856 Sought the Vice-Presidential nomina1io~ at his party's national convention - got less than 100 votes. Ran for U.S. Senate again United States. again he lost. 1860 Ejected president of the

The path was wom and slippery My foot slipped from under me, knockuig I be other out of the way. but I recovered and said to myself, "It's a sfip and not a faf/." AbrahamLincoln After losing a senate Source Unknown

Friends, One of the most under exploited and neglected areas within perfecting the communication of a language is humour. How many course books have a section on humour? How many syllabi include the ability to tell or understand a joke? Yet understanding the sense of humour and jokes is a key element of understanding and participating in the general dialogue and discussions amoungsta group. Jokes, undoubtedly will makeup the most remarkable section in this book, it's not only easier to follow but also very interesting. Now let us proceed with our fun lesson on grasping the humour, just in a different language than usual.

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81

~STE~ •...9~.,,] 1 .... ~
.

Kids Kids due to their unending things without children even realizing adults. curiosity,

Jokes often go on to say the funniest these jokes of

it. Although

are often funny for geared towards

people of al! ages, kids and adults alike, they are typically and young and simpleness about them that allow an individual for improving

By this, we mean that they have a shortness at virtually any age to of few jokes we will try to understand our English skills.

get a good laugh. Here is a collection as part of our exercise

JOKE # 1
There werethree guys and a dragon. you. The first guy said, "No, let's make a deal." The dragon The second to the deal. So the first guy said, "Go to the barn, eat did it. The second guy said, "Drink half of the ocean water." The dragon succeeded in doing this, also. said ,"O.K. what kind of deal?" guy said, "If we each tell you something that we think you The dragon agreed The dragon said, "I am going to eat

can't do, and you can do all of it, you may eat us."

16 rooms of hay,". The dragon

T:h:: th:rd guy burped,

and said, "Catch

it and paint it green."

The three guys lived happily

ever after! JOKE

#2
me in a month?

Nazia Mom Nazia

Would sure Would
SuC8

you remember

you remember

me in a week?

Would sure Nazia Mom Would sure

you remember

me in a day?

you remember

me in an hour?

82 Nazia

English Guru - GO

Would you remember me in a minute?
sure

Mom Nazia Mom
Nazia

Would you remember me in a second? sure Knock, Knock Who's there? Mommy, You forgot

Mom Nazia

me

already!

JOKE"# 3 Mother Son Mother
Son

What did you learn in school today How to write What did you write? i don't know, they haven't taught us how to read yet! JOKE"# 4

Teacher
Pupii

Are you good at math? Yes and no What do you mean? Yes, I'm noqood at math! JOKE # 5

Teacher Pupil

Why did Rehman take a ruler to bed?

Because he wanted to see how long he slept! JOKE "# 6 Teacher
Pupil

What is further away, Australia or the Moon? Australia, you can see the Moon at nightl JOKE # 7

Teacher Pupil

Name four members of the cat family Daddy cat, mummy cat and two kittens! JOKE # 8

A young boy walked up to his father and asked, "Dad, does a lawyer ever tell the truth?" The father thought for a moment. "Yes, son. Sometimes a lawyer will do .anythinq to win a case,".

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83

Regular Jokes Here are few jokes from the genera! friends speaking Exhausted window hence, skills. after driving all night, a man decided to pull over to get some entertaining them masses. See, if you can understand your English

these. To practice the skill better, you may even recite these in front of your as weI! as sharpening

sleep. He had just settled He opened have the time?" "It's 8:10" "Thanks,", he replied,

back to snooze when he heard a knock on his

his eyes to jogger, who asked "Excuse me, but do you

running

off. The man had just dozed off again when

there 'vvas another

knock.

"What time is it?" asked a hiker. "8:25". Fed-up, the man put a sign on his window that read "I DON'T KNOW WH,LUTIME Knock-knock! boy standing "It's 8:30!." IT iSI" He was suddenly in front of him. awakened again. "What?" he yelled at the

A new client had just come in to see a famous "Can you tell me how much you charge?", "Of course", "Well that's

lawyer.

said the client.

the lawyer replied, "I charge $200 to answer three questions!"

a bit steep, isn't it?"

"Yes it is", said the lawyer, "And what's your third question?"

A lawyer opened

the. door of his BMW, when suddenly it off completely. they've done

a car came aiong

and hit the door, ripping BMW. "Officer,

When the police arrived at the to my Beamer!!!", he whined.

scene,. the lawyer was complaining look what "You lawyers are so materialistic, "You're so worried noticing Rolex?" the bloody your left arm was ripped off!l!". left shoulder

bitterly about the damage to his precious you make me sick!ll" retorted the officer,

about your stupid BMW, that you didn't even notice that "Oh my god .... ", replied the lawyer, finally where his arm once was, "vvhere's my

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Taking his seat in his chambers, the judge faced the opposing lawyers. "So," he said, "1 have been presented, by both of you, with a bribe." Both lawyers squirmed uncomfortably. "You, attorney Leon, gave me $15,000. And you, attorney Campos, gave me $10,000." The judge reached into his pocket and pulled out a check. He handed it to Leon "Now then, I'm returning $S,OOO, and we're going to decide this case solely on its merits."

The Judge admonished the witness, "Do you understand that you have sworn to tell the truth?" "I do." "Do you understand what will happen if you are not truthful?" "Sure," said the witness. "My side will win."

Husband: I hear that husband and wife are not allowed to be together in heaven, is that so?? Wife: Yes Honey, thats why it is called heaven

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85

Funny Incident

Our life is full of various events but some incidents playa special part in life's experiences. When such Incidents come to our recollection, it makes us happy and cheerful. You might have felt the need in the past to describe your personal events such as these to your friends but could have kept the urge inside you for the fear of messing up in the recitation or description in English This section will assist you in doing so. Here we are providing you the description of one such real life incident. This took place with a person who has been working for quite a long shift at his job and has been given to carry out one last task for the day.

I

Read the incident below paying attention to the style of narration of the speaker while describing the incident. About six month ago I used to drive a taxi atweekends and I worked 13 to 16 hou rs a day for some extra cash. Once after a 16 hours shift, I called my controller on the radio and told him I am going home. It was early in the morning and there was no driver at the base therefore my controller told me to stay another 30 minutes. After 15 minutes my controller passed me a job on radio, before accepting the job I asked my controller 'is it local job?' he replied 'yes'. I went and knocked the door of given address and two people carne out with big suitcases. When I saw their suitcases I became bit suspicious that this job is not local they are going to the airport. I asked them 'where are you going sir?' they replied 'Heathrow airport' (it was about 2 hours journey). ! was tired and feeling sleepy and when I heard that job is going to heathrow I felt even more tired. Anyway now I wasn't able to refuse the job so I put the passangers suitcases quickly and angrily in my car's trunk and drove towards heathrow airport. I switched off my radio to avoid the controller fully aware that it was not allowed to keep your mobile phone on while working.

I
I
I

I was on my way to the airport and when I reached near the airport I asked my passengers 'which terminal you are going sir' (there are four terminals in heathrow airport) in return there was no reply. Again I asked 'which terminal you going sir' again no reply, third time whi!e repeating my question I turned my head toward passengers seat. I was shocked, there were no passengers in my car and I realized that in haste I forgot to board the passengers. I only loaded their luggage and left. Similarly, try to recite your personaliy witnessed incidents in a similar fashion using the above stated description as a guide.

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Just For Fun Here, are a few one-liners or funny one line quotes for you all. Take it as a break from the hard work you have been doing and you will never know the different techniques you will simultaneously acquire in understanding English humour. It's always darkest before dawn. So if you're going to steal the neighbor's newspaper, that's the time to do it.

Monday is an awful way to spend 1i7th of your life.

No one is listening until you make a mistake.

The Bermuda Triangle got tired of warm weather. It moved to Finland. Now Santa Claus is missing.

There are two theories to arguing with women. Neither one works.

To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism; to steal from many is research.

What happens if you get scared half to death twice?

When there's a will, I want to be in it.

Why is abbreviation such a long word?

I used to have an open mind but my brains kept falling out.

Alw'i3.Ys remember you're unique - just like everyone else.

Grammar

89

English

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Pronounciation Part - I

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Accent (~I)

Pronounciation ~ J2iJ:LF(;II..0)L. Conversation

U-

-'7- cC~ l,~C)~:J: U~))h (;I1L.0';: le-=,JiL J2iJ:-'f--u.1 t!' :J Lf~
..,.LIJ.J))_1!cr-'f--r~JJ1.e-4-}JY 4J»lxOJb"bPJ
(I) (r)

-u.rz...J..~{).JJ)J'1;4...J.7~AA.;·o)0 (Word) bPJ

_/J,hLJe-.
(~
~

dY

Common Doctor English
UJt-(;,iI

0':;:/t

/il

'" IIJ

Y tf 0LJI'f-- (;)1. e-4-)(~
1

-'f-- rl:~)J1. u-)I)I( ~~J ~''f--rfi Ji1J;~.J))~ ...J.7J1k.1iJ.': ();;'f--l:;;.UJ;~)1)1...J.7~ C...J.7ife-

20)2-): .Jt·b'j
-v..:_~_..+1
I/
:/

I

~

{d=:LIJP!Lif~
~!;l.;.L)_)JJ ,
..!..J" ~I_ :

_.;C'JIk.ILJ~
/

,,/

~!;lvL)_)J; ,

.-

about

_)i _ answer :;:}i _ always
;.:- - better

..;;;b"1 _ account
J-.Jjl - adress

J
~

L~I _ apply

JJ~..

bowel

~ Y. _ between

" 0- - city

):k. -

besid€

~ ) J _ difference

_ suggest

P- _ figure

L_

English

Guru - GO

90

.:_;} '_ Today

d ~.JG - Fortune 0J)i - golden
~ - husband
~

o {_, upon _
..;..,;1,3 _ without

~~1_ open

jl~t--)''''IL(ct:;:() Intonation .
/

-

~0Aj~JjI3.r~r7)l!l~VL-;>I(V-'T-0l.::.f.J0_kb~Lt (JI)U~)
dialogue delivery

Conversation

JJ;tJfJ~ut~)'~-0_l-J,LtUy'i)j,Ltu_';;'TIntonationA",,)lyVU::J._'T-Jw

-'7-(;z.J0\:j/~I~~/~

';;;:_.J1"'~B.? order, instruction, request Lt Imperative Sentence 2_LJ~ ~r0'.;;;:_j'JI~~11 Intonation ~Y';;;:_zPL Grammer 0if-uJ LY,0'4--fi
_.::_(;)17 U:uL-:>1 ~ ,J
Please keep quite (Request) Keep quite please. (Instruction) Keep quite. (Order)

-'T-C(~L£v:: categories

J/

sentences I II

LI,L~LytJfC-zjJL
jlJI JJ1~

_-

Tone

Falling tone Rising tone

)'~I j)1A
jl_ll~/ Mixed tone She is intelligent. The scene was good. I shall come today. I can't promise. I may come. I may not.

III Mixed tone Falling tone What a wonderful child. How fascinationg. So beautiful Come here. Who is your friend? Rising tone Please be seated. Please don't mind it. Do you know Urdu? Have you seen TajMahal ? How is your mother?

(~~J7)

Silent letters

JlJ-e- (;lo-lJ! ~,\;"lo.. , .. -..

0J. LJil,_,(,.2.-_l.2.-I[;}J c.:: ~(;....{i du))Af , .. .. ..

-

.. JL:JU15y)l .. ,-

: 4,t)1u:iQ:¥~0LlJ.7b:-~~? --JJ7£ j

-.. ~.-"----~~---"-~----.--"-----'-.-. -

91

English Guru - GO

C):1J21J;Jj 6' (uiJ21J;~ p)
Pneumonia

/' r:

d

_/)I

k ) Knowledge Knife

(uiJ21J;b' K)

-LJ.!G}-'IJ)~(l;~J.UvL~YI.J~''f-ui~~~(VJY'''I~);:-J/j.s--) EGHKPW :J~_LfiuiJ21J;~;.J}(~J~JrU-0))Lb1JJi
(~)
;?

(I)

..!..;!

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Gnat Know Knee Pyehe Wrong Wrist

(c:~);

«-» J;I/
(JJ;) (J~) (0~)
~!

(t~)

J

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11) J)I

early Earn Honest Hour
c:»

(tLJ') (j.J1

-

Ci);l£l)~1
(,Sf)
)jl

: ~-u.r~I.;;;_\./IJ;I,;.!I~LI)Lfitl); (k'J~I)

H)E

1'1
(fi LfJL,

-

cf-

Eager Ease Home House

((1)1) tl

L;-)3JLI

t

PiC;'£'

b

U-b1JJi.J)fLI

bPi

L

m U-jl£.b1J/~B

(r) Jt--'f(r')

-.%) Debt _ ~JI)

DoubL

(j Dumb - (. Bomb:
O..JJIC

_b'f-_lJy(;JJ1 g P.
ridge - (~~}v)

0; Knowledge - (1.Jl;J) [;1 Edge ~ ~v Science: (~[;)Judge - (~~)) ~ Pledge - (l-£) t
H
..JJI

L

dG)UL('f-.JJJLI

C"Pi£. S u-b1J

4:
G?(f'Y)

G

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Engiish Guru - GO

92

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~ Silent O)~)C-~

G

u::

Spelling

_6LC-Y.u.i.llit"~ G jL , ,

-

- (~/)
-L-b-r Pronounce [,,) , .,

t Gnaw - (/)

.:..:! Gnat

J ~'jLl~rp.L

C.P.S.T.K.B.

o_)~Push,

Theory, Bharat : 4''f-C-Y.JPI..:;..

Au- Proper Noun
/J
Sign :

/J

H

U- Word .s'

\fuiJiil;~tJl jY<Jv1b'gn.Pi£'
(..:;..~) ~/IStength
dt Night" - (lfl) -

(Vowel like a.e.i.o.u) )I~I,.J]?U- word ~.1G Foreign - (J;?J)
.vI)

(t.f_))

Jv

4-~~~
(..:;..1.1)

J~High

- (..::... /.1))

Right _ (j))

)1; daughter _

..J7J/p.L

L )~IY<~)I~rU 1 a JJIL. L

~[p)i) .....J~ Half - (t)..::-P

J~Talk

-

n Balm /Jut

~'7 .... J;..!Jy'G~jI..J7

L

((I)P _b1 Almond

pC
(~

(0)

~) Damn :

4-~yZuiJiil;

b' n iLl n

Spelling p.L}L..J7·M

('1)

(Y.~)

(1 Autumn
0J;;J//J

- (L~u-jlPi)
az:

'f-) 'P'Silent jy'iT ))fN,S ~-VyJ).1~fy.t;J;

Spelling

P

(z) :4(

(0)~) \(y'~ (_.?)(v

Pneumonia Psalm Psychology

J,}/v

I 1- _.
93 Eng/ish Guru - GO

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Pronounciation of Vowels

Jill; ~ jlJI
Y ",I w

~J_7

u/

h~!jJl?~
ufJ.:J;1J:_?
a, e, l, 0,
U

U.!JI)f..J).7b~..J/U- English

-U.! LJ(~~JL':-'VI/~
LJL,:-,I/Il.!:JIJf 2 J~j}J{IoLJIU.!~JIJf~_zJ"£~i«(;)i.:;:_u-wi i


_

-rJ7 Lf(~ ,

-

~UI7~-7r~LJI~ ~

Vowel VI)f~7..0J~

Spelling U- English

J=--"

Real "JI

(c?p

~I

Elephant : 4-u-~J,:-,Ij'I~J1J.:~

..J.7J~1
(~)

J.: ~J'_'VI"JI
...

~1,JI6L.r~Lz,O:::_ 2_)...§Iu-~J'--'VI_)I)fU-J)"i '" -,... .
_(;if

-

Jc,:-,V : 4-7r~._§,

English

~}JwLf : 4-7b1~(j'~JJ;1J:l;:fU-.wl
,j:!
Fair

,d Cut '4 Put 7rJ1J;1J:.:;:_G){J~)IJI(j'~U-

_~/-J?-

.

•\
('

Care

Various Pronounciations of Vowel 'a'

Jill;J~
~a

'a'

LiLl-cPJ

(fr,I)

ay (Li)

ai -7J'LLuJ)IJI

LI 1 0111J;1J:~ a

age, air, all, again, alone, above, fast, ball, rest, (,)~j;~IJj"';>I)/_L.l7J1JI.rYI , -~/-) chain

_.

E1J;( E

f-)~'T-r~0J.u)J
.~
.J"....

L-I J 01 1 ~.:;:_,,}ur.;f-Vowel

0IJLIU-(~o)V.:;:_ E
_~j;LQJI~

.~

-rJ7 L~J1 J;1J:~Lucft.a?vLuJ)I)1

(~I)

East Eight Tree Rice Head

(?i)
((.)"51) (~/.) (&~)

English Every Bread Kite

(~I)

(J))
/

(JI,,) (~)

(;!) Gear

English Guru - GO

94

}Jllf.\)~_))L
- (J1)

Spelling

u-lJb::ts,-:"vfcRG)J' L5!}fiC_/?~Jc:.£7(;-yr

I

Ji~lwJ;0

Word

Ice - (rr)

Income

J2iJ;G}J' Ll -

JI - L5f
0

((,;l-t) Union - ("':';:J_;) Right _ (!~) Fire - C)!) with

ElL-L
~j) Cd) Son:

6_L-t"(.;,LfJi1J; ( .. , .-

0

G}J'

JI -

JI -

-,I -

f

U(.;

J}

Local - (j~) ~'JI Onion - (-

(Ji) Orphan - (tl) (

Come

0/--' (tl{) jJi Old -

(J7~) ,.;/;1 Out _ (~y')
":'

jJ!

Gold _ (0'(;.)

_L-r)1Ji1J;G)0'-'VILJI/c!u-~0 , .
(JJ Room _
(c!i) ~ Blood - (,-:" ~)
_L-t"lPfi lL; Floodu.7

00

if! 0

J Look _
~

3? Food

cf~ /-;(
bvL
0

.•

,

.

;1 _ :;'1 - ,I J;1J,-jifl z._;;: )J

w_u

U- word
,

-C(p) _)j Four _C;IJIj_jl) ~ -.

Li Loud _ (c!) JL How _ (1.11.7) ;;1 Our

-

CcJi) .-

J, Once -

(Ji) ..

c!j

OneL-b1G}lf ,

~) Ji1J;( 0

u./u~/


(~0~)

rfiJi1J;~ ~I' ~ 'i' G}0,-:"Vf{Llu-c!~_))L
Super - (tY:y) ~Y.:'

spelling C!~_))L C(;.a() ~

word

_

Music_

(JY"f) JJJ Rule -

Put:

4-"'7•

(;(.)<;
(J-) ..::..: -:- J Cut : But

4-'i-r~o_)

Silent Jy(.; ~ G)LfI

.lilt"~ y
iJi.G}0zf
y [;)

~JI

W

Jjl, / w -7-CC::~t~jIJI~/

Y
));J

)JI

yesterday - (8) c!} win - !~ Tyre - (-:/)

U- English _ wonder: 4-.:;...- t~
w
(J) L-5_}-.:

I

95

English Guru - GO

(Ju)
Play _ (~JI)I).;- Pay: 4-'f-l;:yr

J;ll;u)0'":-"'ifIL
(~)

L.J
L-

j)1£ ay

I
History - (0)1;'1) Liberty:

May _ (~)

4

,JJ.v)0 '":-"'ifiL
(Ui) J11' Fly
J / -;

'01'

jyr
/

.

L

Y
(

t.tjl
Cry -

~

_

(cJ.J) JI/

OJ-<

Pronounciation of Constants

[~7~~J1.i.J1J)~u-Elt'L

(Vowels)

JI~I..JJ7U- English
_uft.t.1zll;-L

Conversation (Consonants)

LL (Vowel) JIJI..JJ7_~ U .JJIa, e, i, 0 Letter 5

t.t

English

)'f-(pfif(j=

~16~70'~-i.J1
~LJIJI0'....fI..J7~

-

-i.J1LW[..JJ7
-14 Letter

~ Consonants '(letters) ..JJ7 21 J~-i.J1LL:

L~lbJIJI0'--0..J76~7

-

Consonants

;~)VL English

U-

English

-0 Lyr Elt'o)~Jc-....fIL d-i.J1
..,.

Z .JJIB 0 F J K L MN P R V W Y i.J10J~i.J1r..JJ7L

t.t J\f J('-'ifl~y.lfi('-'ifIL~;;::_
• -.

''t'

G>J~Iu- J\!---ifl)

.:;:_.::.-lJ L)~j •

bPJu- Spelling ~~fil.J?'_;7V}LfL'T-JL:~0'JIJ{~ Vowel I.J{ U- Spelling Jet c- ...§lfL)JJIJ{t.t ~'-'l.flll_.vL)1 U- 0/ jJ cr--;;::_ rG>l.JlO'·I.Ji t.f
• .. ..,. +:

r

-'f-~JI0..:%IJ.JU-

Pronounciation

~L(jl"'T-uf..:%IJ.J

?(ILIJ2.. J;jl~
-'f-ryrl5'J.Uv-LLL:£

Pronounciation

L

(Consonants)

5~J.7
~

Elt'Lc?'i.J1~_lj
CGHQSTX

14 Letter

U-

English~~~~f

-i.J1V}LfIJ~J7

7 =-~h;l.Jj~dG>tl

Letter ~..J7 7 J~,":-",I

Jt-_.:;:_rl>!lu-~0 , ..
(Lt')

.

-

'~' J;ll;( ch

/~rl>iJJ.u-~L ~, .

U' - 'J'
Cow Cake

..JJ7 C

-~

eJl?-)

English Guru - GO

96

(J~J (V--)
(0;1)

J

CUp Cinema Circle Church Chair Christ Ceremony ia

v.:
~ [;:,7 .-'-:

(~j~)

(lfl)
(0-)
:~

;; ~I/

CJJ?)
-JYi~)J CJ)tr)
(~jO) C~J:Y)
-!I!~~

J ;1/1 i,Y{
~v

0/l ea
Vowel

))P{L

C

U-

Spelling

Social: Ocean

c

c01
-

(L-~J~i
~

i' u..J/

JfL-.J)
,

-

C)

L-JYi~)J 'J'
!.

U:i 'e:/
General Gem Ginger Game God Gun Great Ghost Ghastly

Musician
~IJT0

G

( ( (.;)

loti,,?

:.::3

C}.;J)
(__/;) I) (J!')

(r.

/
1-

)'
S(

(JJ~J

i,;I

r

(~)
(-=;~)

~J
~.~

(.,_i Dj)
ji)
»:»:

o

,.,
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e
() (. (,)

rr - r ~ 1l5-=7_a(v~ Consonants 0~J7_,q:
0

l1-''7-.::..;:;IJJV L_/ ~

o
(

1:P

jlJ I v
..-

(

H

-~Jt-~c-l;,; , L:f'JJ
Human - (0Ao)

~h

History - (d)

jJ~

Hard - (/)

(Yi Home -((;)01)

What ~ 7~ u

Shop -

dvL

0) The - __{p{ Think - jJ: Chair ~ J~)Why - ..:...-lJ , ,
/'

0 {'.Jj(~-'7-\;)1u)J

:_jJ ,_~ Pronounciation

- .. ~,II:';" .. . l' i;{Jh,._, -r r v.

~Q
-

fo --I

97

English Guru - GO

~

~J;/
\ +

Quite Quality Question Quest Queen •

Ij_?

J!/

J.ly
JLl-

J(
.!../£ t;[(
Sample - Cji)

-4:
~Jt'[;/- 'J' - lJ' 'f-J.:J;'u.:
(_:_,) J{-'
Session - (rJ1.tJ (l;J~;) '";"1.7- Shop - (elv)

English (.,[)IJIJJ..J_7 S

Jlr-

Song -

(Jfi) School
Sure II III . •

J;

Shore -

CJ/) Jf'

(;;1 Close

_ (",;-,1) )JJ Rose _ ((;)1) &IJ Rise (j~)?-"

L

T --; - OR)

J} Total w This

(L~)

J Tea:
~

4 ~'--;J_f(l.o)JJIJ

T

: 6b"'LIvVi ~' L ';' ~
..i:.-:;)

..-

:iJ1li H .a?V
Think

That - (~)

- (;~)

Thumb -

(J/Jl?) g
L-)

(L-J) - CVJ) JIJ Ration [P-~JlvJ1)IJI0 ,. (~t;:") / Culture JJ

They _ (~J) T •

'J' /LI.a?vJl)I I-)LIL ~
Patient '{z;'

?.J

Ratio - (A;:) ~

Jf! Tution

Cr) ~~ Future -40 L~tf.

(!~)}: Picture - (~.1?)

-

./0:
,..-

Tu ~~

J21l;Lx
tlu.: l:}\(J)Lspelling ~/'_tJ!. L~Li.L,;)0'[;/
_(l;Jl?1) word LJJLJ10J;c.X

J-i~f-J
Exercise

Examination -

(jyr)5.?
((;;J(;.)

41

Xanthic

0L~Li.L,;)J'(;;'
~I

Exit - (~I)) Spelling

Exact

:IV/I

4 )IJI u)J
C~J~)-[I y

(,f~' -; LIl;Jh-'"J)L
Extra - ()I__....j

JJ2;J s'
C?)

J-l) ~

Excess -

98

English Guru - GO

One Word Substitution
':;_,i~~-~)

~J
~7'L~
1)
2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)

word

JJI_'f-

rYi~} .JJI...fI ~ L/--J1 /

Words-meanings
.

Oneword

: 2-LLlP-LJL-J

-

'7-.J';_)

.~ word ~J~LJ1LlP-(5)L-) . list ...fI J words L5'4:-IUV-('-L.-12{

definition
-'

substitution
_~_))l
:

/-

list

A school for training in a special art A person taking an active part in a movement A substance that can stick or cause sticking Made for a particular purpose

academy activist adhesive Ad hoc

The science of the operation and flight of the aircraftAeronautics One who is unable to stop the habit of drinking One who is habitually kind to others A former student of a school or college An animal living both on land and in water A wise saying in a few words A person who works under someone to learn that person's skills Apprentice Aquarium Astronomy Barometer Best seller Beverage Alcoholic Altruist Alumnus Amphibian

10) 11)

12)

A glass container for fish and other water animals The scientific study of heavenly bodies An instrument for measuring the air pressure A book that sells in very large number. Any liquid for drinking A list of writings on a subject A short written account of one's education & past employment

13)
14)

15) 16)

17)
18)

Biblioqraphy

Biodata Bloc kbuster Bookworm Botany Brouchure

19)

A very successful film One who is too fond of reading & Study The scientific study of plants A small booklet giving instruction or details A powerful machine used for pushing heavy objects
out of the vvay-

I 20)
21 )

I I
I

22)

231

'BuHdozer

1

EngJish Guru - GO 2/1\ ""TJ 25) 26) 27) 28) 29) 30) 31) 32) 33) 34) 35) 36) 37) 38) 39) 40) 41 ) 42) 43) 44) 45) 46) 47) 48)

99

The art of beautifully writing by hand An occassion of public enjoyment Connected with heart Of the sky or heaven Connected with the brain The art of arranging dances A group of people who sing together A work of art having lasting importance Suitable for ordinary, informal, or familiar coversation A state of long unnatural deep unconciousness That can catch fire & burn easily One who plays funny parts in plays & films An article of trade & commerce The natural color of skin That which acts as a path for electricity, heat, etc. A small bed for a baby A style of cooking Insincere signs of sorrow & sympathy The ability to produce new & original Ideas One who is prepared to take dangerous risks Hard & uninteresting work A piece of music for two performers Of the Netherlands (Holland) A circular movement of water, wind, dust, etc. Based on practical experience of the world we see and feel

Calligraphy Carnival Cardiac Celestial Cerebral Choreography Chorus Classic Colloquial Coma Combustible Comedian Commodity Complexion Conductor Cradle Cuisine Crocodile tears

Creativity Dare-devil Drudgery Duet Dutch Eddy

Empirical

49) 50) 51 ) 52)' 53) 54) 55)

That which is mysterious and very hard to understand Enigmatic To change into steam and disappear Gradual development from simpler forms Evaporate Evolution Exhibition Extrovert Facet Fallacy

A public show of objects
One who likes to spend time with others A'ny of the many flat sides of a cut jewel A false idea or belief

100

Eng/ish Guru - GO

56)

The practice of giving unfairly generous treatment to one person Favouritism Fiance (feminine fiancee) Filament Finance Flashback Flora Fortnight Freight Galaxy Garrage

57) 58) 59) 60) I 61) 62) 63) 64) 65) 66) 67) 68) 69) 70) 71)

The person one is going to marry A thin thread

The management of large amounts of money A scene in a film that goes back in time All the plants of particular place, country, or period Two weeks Goods carried by ship, train, plane, etc. A large group of stars A building in which motor vehicles can be kept

The art and science of cooking and eating good foodGastronomy A friendly informal meeting for enjoyment Get-together Grave

The place in the ground where a dead person is buried A person who is subject of some kind of test An explosive substance in the form of a powder

Guineapig Gun-powder

A short book giving all the most important information about a subject Handbook

72) 75) 76) 77) 78)

Determined to do what one wants in spite of all advice Headstrong A valuable object passed on for generations A plant-eating animal An animal's skin, when removed to be used for leather The study and practice of how to keep good health and prevent the spreading of disease Hygiene Heirloom Herbivore Hide

79)

A set of ideas on which a political or economic system is based Ideology Idolatry Illegible Immortal

80) 81) 82) 83) 84) 85) 86)

The worship of idols Difficult or impossible to read That which wili never die

In physical form rather !han in the form of a spirit or idealncarnate To fill until swelled with air or gas To take food into the stomach One who plans and chooses colours, furnishings, for rooms etc. Inflate Ingest

Interior' decorator

English Guru - GO 87) 88) 89) 90) 91 ) 92) 93) 94) Not having made a will stating quantity and price Intestate Invoice

101

A list of goods supplied,

A knife with a blade that folds into the handle
Body decorations A serious magazine such as rings, necklaces, produced
Of"

Jack knife
etc. society Jewellery Journal Juxtapose

by a specialist

To place side by side

close together sheets

To cover with thin metal or plastic A white mass produced and water by shaking

Laminate

a mixture of soap
Lather

95)

A base from which the sky,

a missile is sent off into
Launching pad

96)

The average to live

number

of years

a person is expected
Life Expectancy

97)

;'\ feeling

of pain without of disease

any particular

pain or

appearance 98) 99)

Malaise
about how to do something and trade Manual

A book giving information The free operation without

of business

gOY! controls in money etc. rather than

Market Forces

100)

Too great interest spiritual matters

Materialism

101) 102)

Head of a city or town The science of the action of forces on objects

Mayor Mechanics
Miniature which are not really there

-103) A very small painting
113) 1· 4) 0 105) 106) The appearing of objects

Mirage
Missile

An object thrown

as a weapon of one particular ideas about idea only

One who keeps thinking Having unchanging

Monomaniac

narrow

nght and wronq 107) 108) A few words taken as the guiding A company different 109) having operations principle

Moralistic
Motto

in many Multinational

countries to use his strength to

A man who is employed protect a criminal

Muscleman

-

102 110)

Eng/ish Guru - GO

The belief that nothing has meaning or value Official

Nihilism Notary Nursery Oval Overhaul Pacemaker Packaging Paralysis

111) A public official who makes written statements
112) 113) 114) 115)

A place where small children are taken care of That which is egg-shaped Thorough examination and repair if necessary A small machine that regularises heartbeats

116) Material used for packing products
117) 118)

A loss of feeling in, and control of body muscles

The breathing in of smoke from the cigarettos that others are smoking Passive Smoking Patent Pick-pocket Pigment Plaintiff Plug

119) 120)

The right to make or sell a new invention One who steals things from people's pockets

121) The natural coloring matter of plants and animals
122) 123)

One who brings a charge against someone in a court Something that blocks a hole

124) A face that shows nothing of what one is thinking or feeling
125)

Poker face Pork Precis Prey Printout Profile Projection Propellant Postscript (or P.S.) Pub Pulmonary
~~1(;

Meat from pigs

126) A short summary ofa piece of \,vriting 127) An animal that is hunted and eaten by another
128)

Printed information produced by a computer

129) A side view of someone's head
130)

Something that sticks out from a surface

13'1) An explosive for firing a bullet or a rocket 132) A note added at the end of a letter

133) A building where alcohol may be bought and drunk
134)

Of or having an effect on the lungs

135) A thick yellowish liquid produced in an infected we' 136) A line of people waiting for something
137)

Pus Queue Ratio

The relationship between two amounts

138) Property in the form of land and houses 139) A p§lJ_~e rest dLl~in8_theworking day or year for
140)

Real Estate Recess Red-handed

Caught in the act of doing something wrong

English Guru - GO

103

141) /\ book containing an official record or list 142) A renewal of interest in some particular kind of art, literature, etc. 143) The act or process of producing young ones 144) Sound produced in one object by sound waves from another 145) Connected with breathing 146) An act of filrninq or recording something again 147) The questioning of the main beliefs of an already existing political system 148) To end with the same sound, including a vowel 149) One who travels around a lot and has no fixed address or responsibilities 150) One who acts onlyto make official the decisions already made by another 151) An official decision of a court 152) A leather seat over the back of an animal for the rider 153) Unwilling to believe 154) Of or caused

Register

Renaissance Reproduction

Resonance Respiratory Re-take

Revisionism Rhyme

Rolling stone

I
·1

Rubber stamp Ruling Saddle Sceptical Seismic Seller's market Shadow

I

a claim or promise

by earthquakes

155) Where there are not many goods for sale 1EiJ3)Darkness caused by the blocking of light.

157) An unwanted effect hapening in addition to the intended one. Side effect 1,58) Any of those who sign an agreement 159) The structure consisting of all the bones 160) A partner in a business who takes no active part. Sleeping 161) A Slight unintentional mistake 162) A person well known for going to fashionable parties 163) A grand public show or scene 164) A spirit of honest fair play 165) A political leader who is respected as being wise, honourable and fair minded Statesman partner Slip up Socialite Spectacle Sportsmanship Signatory Skeleton

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