Membranes Review 1. Describe the fluid mosaic model of the cell membrane. 2. Describe the structure of a phospholipid. 3.

How is the form of the phospholipid crucial to its function? 4. Define the terms hydrophilic and hydrophobic. 5. What are the two important jobs of the membrane? 6. Why is it important for the cell membrane to be selectively permeable? 7. What factors contribute to the selective permeability of the cell membrane? 8. In general, what kinds of things pass easily through the membrane and which do not? 9. If a tiny hole is made in a cell membrane, it usually seals itself immediately. What properties of the membrane allow this to occur? 10. Hormones are chemical messengers that travel throughout the body. Protein hormones (polar) attach themselves to receptors on the cell surface while lipid hormones (nonpolar) actually enter the cell. Explain this difference. 11. What are glycoproteins and what is their function?

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