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Extra waves test

# Extra waves test

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02/26/2015

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# 1. Water waves at the surface of a pond pass a floating log of length L.

The log is at rest relative to
the bank. The diagram shows wave crests at one instant.
L

The number of crests passing the log per unit time is N. The speed of the water waves relative to
the log at rest is
A.
7
L
(N – 1).
B.

L
(N – 1).
!.
7
L
(N).
".

L
(N).
(1)

2. Two identical triangular pulses of amplitude X travel toward each other along a string. At the
instant shown on the diagram below# point \$ is midwa% between the two pulses.
X
X
\$
1
The amplitude of the disturbance in the string as the pulses move through \$ is
A. &X.
B. X.
!.
.
&
X
". '.
(1)

3. The diagram below shows two wave pulses moving towards one another.

Which one of the following diagrams shows the resultant pulse when the two pulses are
superposed(
A . B .
! . " .
(1)
2
4. A bat approaches an insect of wing span length d. The bat emits a sound wave. The bat detects
the insect if the sound is reflected from the insect.
d
r e f e c t e d w a v e s i n c i d e n t w a v e s
The insect will not be located if
A. the insect)s speed is less than the speed of the sound wave.
B. the insect)s wing beat fre*uenc% is greater than the fre*uenc% of the sound wave.
!. the length d is much greater than the wavelength of the sound wave.
". the length d is much smaller than the wavelength of the sound wave.
(1)
3
5. The diagram below shows a transverse wave on a string. The wave is moving from right to left.
+
,
d i r e c t i o n o f w a v e

u p w a r d s
l e f t r i g h t
d o w n w a r d s
-n the position shown# point + has .ero displacement and point , is at a position of ma/imum
displacement. Which one of the following gives the subse*uent direction of motion of point +
and of point ,(
Point X Point Y
A. left left
B. upwards upwards
!. downwards left
". downwards upwards
(1)
4
6. A water surface wave (ripple) is travelling to the right on the surface of a lake. The wave has
period T. The diagram below shows the surface of the lake at a particular instant of time. A
piece of cork is floating in the water in the position shown.
Which is the correct position of the cork a time
0
T
later(
c o r k
A . B .
! .
" .
(1)

7. Waves of fre*uenc% f travel with speed c in air and enter a medium \$ of refractive inde/ 1.1.
Which of the following correctl% gives the fre*uenc% and speed of the waves in the medium \$(
frequency speed
A. f
1 . 1
c
B. f 1.1c
!. 1.1f c
".
1 . 1
f
c
(1)
5
8. The phenomenon of diffraction is associated with
A. sound waves onl%.
B. light waves onl%.
!. water waves onl%.
". all waves.
(1)

9. A light wave travelling through a vacuum is incident on a block of glass. What change# if an%#
occurs in the fre*uenc% and amplitude of the wave as it travels into the glass(
frequency ap!itude
A. decreases decreases
B. decreases constant
!. constant decreases
". constant constant
(1)
6
1". The graph below shows the variation with time t of the displacement x of a particle undergoing
simple harmonic motion.
Which graph correctl% shows the variation with time t of the acceleration a of the particle(
(1)
7
11. This *uestion is about waves and wave motion.
(a) "escribe# b% reference to the propagation of energ%# what is meant b% a transverse wave.
Transverse wave
(2)
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................

(b) 2tate one e/ample# other than a wave on a string# of a transverse wave.
.....................................................................................................................................
(1)
8
A transverse wave is travelling along a string that is under tension. The diagram below shows
the displacement of part of the string at time t 3 '. The dotted line shows the position of the
string when there is no wave travelling along it.
d i s t a n c e a l o n g s t r i n g 4 c m
1 . ' 1 1 & 1 5 1 0 1
d i s p l a c e m e n t 4 c m

(c) 6n the diagram above# draw lines to identif% for this wave
(i) the amplitude (label this A)7
(1)
(ii) the wavelength (label this λ).
(1)

(d) The period of the wave is 1.& 8 1'
95
s. "educe that the speed of the wave is &1' m s
91
.
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(2)
9
(e) :sing the a/es below# draw the displacement of the string when t 3 5.' 8 1'
90
s. (The
displacement of the string at t 3 ' is shown as a dotted line.)
d i s t a n c e a l o n g s t r i n g 4 c m
1 . ' 1 1 & 1 5 1 0 1
d i s p l a c e m e n t 4 c m
(3)
(#ota! 1" ar\$s)

12. 2imple harmonic motion and the greenhouse effect
(a) A bod% is displaced from e*uilibrium. 2tate the t%o conditions necessar% for the bod% to
e/ecute simple harmonic motion.
1. .........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
&. .........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(2)
10
(b) -n a simple model of a methane molecule# a h%drogen atom and the carbon atom can be
regarded as two masses attached b% a spring. A h%drogen atom is much less massive than
the carbon atom such that an% displacement of the carbon atom ma% be ignored.
The graph below shows the variation with time t of the displacement x from its
e*uilibrium position of a h%drogen atom in a molecule of methane.
The mass of h%drogen atom is 1.7 × 1'
9&7
kg. :se data from the graph above
(i) to determine its amplitude of oscillation.
.........................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) to show that the fre*uenc% of its oscillation is ;.1 × 1'
15
<..
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(2)
(iii) to show that the ma/imum kinetic energ% of the h%drogen atom is .& × 1'
91=
>.
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(2)
11
(c) 6n the grid below# sketch a graph to show the variation with time t of the speed v of the
h%drogen atom for one period of oscillation starting at t 3 '. (There is no need to add
values to the speed a/is.)
(3)

(d) Assuming that the motion of the h%drogen atom is simple harmonic# its fre*uenc% of
oscillation f is given b% the e/pression
#
&
1
p
m
k
f
π
=
where k is the force per unit displacement between a h%drogen atom and the carbon atom
and m
p
is the mass of a proton.
(i) 2how that the value of k is appro/imatel% 1' ? m
91
.
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(1)
12
(ii) @stimate# using %our answer to (d)(i)# the ma/imum acceleration of the h%drogen
atom.
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(2)

(e) \$ethane is classified as a greenhouse gas.
(i) "escribe what is meant b% a greenhouse gas.
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(2)

(ii) @lectromagnetic radiation of fre*uenc% ;.1 × 1'
15
<. is in the infrared region of
the electromagnetic spectrum. 2uggest# based on the information given in (b)(ii)#
wh% methane is classified as a greenhouse gas.
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
(2)
(#ota! 17 ar\$s)
13

B. C. X . The diagram below shows two wave pulses moving towards one another. D . 2 0.The amplitude of the disturbance in the string as the pulses move through M is A. X. Which one of the following diagrams shows the resultant pulse when the two pulses are superposed? A . C . B . (1) 2 . D. (1) 3. 2X.

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