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REPORT ON THE TEXTILES & WET PROCESSING INDUSTRY Of INDIA
Pearl Academy of Fashion
Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India
Textile Industry in India – An Overview
Indian textiles, renowned for their fine quality and captivating colours for ages, have attracted connoisseurs from parts of the world. Textiles from India bear the imprint of the fine craftsmanship of Indian weavers. The skill of weaving with deft fingers, drawing patterns and creating designs, is an art which has been handed down through generations. These finest gossamer fabrics woven from yarns of superior finish are now being manufactured in India. The exquisite quality of Indian textiles has been hailed since ancient times. The sheer mystique of their textures have captured the imagination of royalty and commoners. It an appreciation and acceptance that it has met with the world over that makes the Indian Textile Industry what it is today – an industry having a strong socioeconomic significance in India’s national economy. It contributes around 5% GDP & accounts for over one-third of India’s total exports. It is also the largest foreign exchange earner. India has the largest variations in woven textiles, techniques, use of materials in the art of dyeing and designs expressing the cultural heritage of India. Every region has a distinct style of weaving which a connoisseur can distinguish. The textile production set-up in India today is the culmination of the tradition that has shown a remarkable ability to develop a grow. The Indian textile industry has a fairly complex structure. At one end of the spectrum is the hand spinning and hand weaving operations and on the other, a highly sophisticated, capital intensive and high speed manufacturing activity. Between the two extremes, the industry manufactures a staggering range of fabrics, furnishing, dress materials & floor covering, made-ups and garments. The process of economic liberalization which began in the last decade has seen the industry become globally competitive not only in terms of price but also quality. Modernization, has not been restricted to the installation of sophisticated processing machinery, wide width looms, autoconers, electronic clearers, splicers, etc, but also to the adaptation of quality systems conforming to ISO 9000 standards. The recent developments in the European markets on Ecofriendly textiles has sent the Indian industry into a flurry of activity to adapt itself to market requirements. Over the last 20 years or so there has been an all round growth in various sectors of textile industry with enormous capacity creation in the polyester, manmade fibre and production of raw material. India’s Textile industry has more or less kept pace with the world’s growth in this sector both in quantitative and qualitative terms. It has an abundant supply of quality raw material. Also, it has made considerable technological progress. In addition, a well established infrastructure for production, technically qualified manpower and skilled labour available at a considerable lower costs, material competence and marketing expertise are other favourable factors to meet the demand of the one billion strong home markets as well as a huge and growing volume of exports. The Indian textile industry is pre-dominantly cotton based with 70 per cent of the raw material consumed being cotton. It is composed of four major sectors, namely
Pearl Academy of Fashion
Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India
• The mill made, also called the organized sector. • The handloom and power loom sector both being classified as decentralized sector and • The hosiery and garment sector. Fabrics According to recent data, the total production of fabrics in all these sectors combined was of the order of 38,434 million sq.mtrs. With 59 percent of the total fabric production being contributed by the power loom sector followed by 18 percent by the handloom sector, 17 percent by the hosiery sector and the rest by the organized mill sector. India also produces a fabulous range of manmade fibres, polyester cotton and polyester- viscose blended fabrics. India offers and alluring range of made-ups items like scarves and stoles in exotic shades, intricate patterns and magical finishes. Renowned for achieving high quality standards in the art of weaving through centuries of experience, production on fabrics in different sectors is given below:
Production of Textiles in Different Sectors
1995-96 1996-97 1222 488 247 1957 1997-98 1238 466 244 1948 Million Sq. Metres 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 1111 444 230 1785 1105 379 230 1714 1185 361 238 1784
Cotton Blended 100%non-cotton
1159 602 258 2019
Handloom Sector Cotton Blended 100%non-cotton
62391 18 945 7202
6441 52 963 7456
6699 69 835 7603
5861 111 820 6792
6376 119 857 7352
6710 165 850 7725
Power loom Sector Cotton Blended 100%non-cotton
7014 3137 7050 17201
7238 3948 8166 19352
6652 4481 9818 20951
5856 4356 10478 20690
6291 4613 12283 23187
6632 5066 12632 24331
Hosiery Sector Cotton Blended 100%non-cotton
4488 268 282
4940 400 193
5403 735 256
5121 788 367
5217 802 355
5653 867 389
Pearl Academy of Fashion
Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India
Cotton Blended 100% non cotton Khadi
18900 4025 8535 431 31891
19841 4888 9569 515 34813
19992 5751 11153 545 37441
17949 5699 11895 559 36102
18989 5915 13725 575 39202
20180 6459 14110 575 41324
The textile industry occupies a position of prime national importance accounting for over one third of India’s total merchandise export making Indian textiles the largest single net foreign exchange earner for the country. India produces and exports textiles of diverse of kinds from a wide variety of fibres- natural fibres, regenerated cellulosic fibres and synthetic fibres. Indian exports for all textiles were of the order of US$ 11134.88 million in 1999-2000 as against against US$ 10536.35 million in 1998-1999 which represented an increase of about 5.7%. The major chunk in exports has taken place in the field of apparel and cotton textiles. Sector wise breakup of export performance for the last four years in given below : Sectors Cotton textiles ( Cotton Yarns, Fabrics, made-ups) Silk textiles ( including RMG) Wool & Woollen Textiles (excluding knitwear & RMG) Man Made Fibre Textiles (excluding knitwear & RMT) Apparel ( all fibre RMG & Knitwear except silk ) Grand Total Source : o/o the Textile commissioner Indian textiles known for captivating designs and colours are exported world over. However, main destinations for Indian textile based items have traditionally been USA, UK, Germany, Italy, Hong Kong, South Africa, Bangladesh, Japan, Belgium, France, Mauritius, Spain, Canada and Australia, & South America. 1996-97 3834.38 249.49 156.67 911.47 4762.10 9914.11 1997-98 3997.85 241.50 179.28 1013.17 4910.70 10342.50 1998-99 3892.35 245.85 161.37 968.38 5268.40 10536.35 1999-2000 4076.79 293.60 146.68 1093.31 5524.50 11134.88
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the textile and apparel industries continue to be India’s largest industry segment. electronic clearers. and provides employment to approximately 15 million people. the strongest part of the industry is spinning. gas singeing. while the weaving and processing sectors employ another 2-3 million. splicers.67 million spindles and approximately 434000 open end rotors. mercerizing and sophisticated testing equipment. In addition the 80-odd cotton varieties of different descriptions being grown in India enables the industry to manufacture almost every conceivable count and construction of fabrics. The same holds true for domestic consumption as well. With over 9 million hectares under cotton cultivation and an annual crop of approximately 2771 million kg. the Indian cotton textile industry is a force to reckon with. Such a large capacity Coupled with wide varieties of locally available cotton enables the industry to produce yarns to match any specification and count range. Besides being the largest foreign exchange earner and the largest provider of employment (next to agriculture). The textile industry is one of the largest segments of the Indian economy accounting for over one fifth of total industrial production. Exports of textiles and apparel together are now close to US$ 10 billion. Spinners of cotton and blended yarns made substantial investments through the nineties. Yarn Spinning Industry The spinning industry has an installed capacity of over 36. and the Indian spinning industry is perhaps the Pearl Academy of Fashion 4 . This process has enabled the industry to gain a reputation globally resulting in continuously increasing demand for Indian cotton yarn in overseas markets. two-for-one twisters. Indian Cotton Textile Industry India’s exports of textiles and apparel have grown at a steady pace throughout the nineties. The organized part or the industry. Perhaps. India is one of the world’s largest reservoirs of this popular fibre. the textile and apparel industries also contribute heavily to the government’s budget by way of taxes and tariffs. With over 1543 spinning units.72 million registered looms. Including apparel and other business related to clothing. alone provide employment to an estimated one million persons directly. Extensive modernization throughout the industry has resulted in widespread installation of automatic winders. and are growing at a steady rate of about 10-15% per annum. over 281 composite mills and approximately 1. the industrial sectors including automobiles and consumer durables have registered impressive growth. auto slavers. accounting for nearly a sixth of industrial output and a third of India’s total exports. the employment potential of the industry is estimated at close to 10 million persons. comprising of large composite mills and spinning mills.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India India and Its Textile Although the structure of the Indian economy has undergone a sea of change during the last five years.
700. gassed/singed. in addition. Worth US$ 1005.95 million kg.000 looms. spliced. as well as the finest cotton.99 million in 1995-96. sophisticated knitting machines and state-of-the art processing machinery. exports of cotton yarn and sewing thread constituted about 42% of the total exports of cotton textiles excluding handloom and garments). the industry’s production of piece goods was estimated at 36. etc. in 19992000. air-jet and water-jet looms. The installed capacity includes over 1. The major markets for Indian cotton yarn in 19992000 were Bangladesh. and there are no weavers or knitters complaining about quality or even the prices of cotton or blended yarn. Exports range from loom state to processed fabrics in various counts and constructions. Korea. Exports of Fabrics The Indian industry has combined the virtuosity and skill of traditional craftsmen of yore with sophisticated machinery to produce exotic fabric for those who value the benefits of aesthetic appeal and superior apparel. Mauritius.94 million compared to 262. In 1999-2000.102 million square meters in 16998-99. Even in 1999. singles or piled. Fabric Manufacturing Industry Renowned for achieving high quality standards in the art of weaving through centuries of experience. Italy. Modernization has led to the installation of rapier.78 million kg. The various kinds of yarn exported include auto-coned. w hich have all enabled the industry to offer fabrics in the variety of sophisticated finishes.8. has no competition when it comes to counts of 100s/ 12s Ne. electronically cleared. Of yarn and sewing thread at a value of US$ 1542. India purchased over one million spindles. In calendar 2000. India continues to be the largest buyer of spinning machine in the world. the domestic availability of cotton is a big strength. from simple to sophisticated finishes in a variety of widths. This coupled with the extensive production facilities for yarn and the availability of cotton enables the industry to produce fabrics of almost every conceivable count and construction. representing about 45% of the cotton yarn produced in India. and equally important is the fact that India produces the coarsest. fancy yarn. Hong Kong. the emphasis on good manufacturing practices and growing environmental consciousness has made the industry globally competitive. Japan. The DCH-32 variety. Israel. Taiwan. Exports of cotton Yarn India exports all kinds of cotton yarn from the coarsest to the finest counts. of which 100% cotton accounted for about 49%. Russia and Egypt. which has a micronnaire value of as low as 2.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India strongest in the world. dyed and bleached. exports were well over 500 million kg. mélange. greige. mercerized. Nevertheless. The Indian spinning industry produces yarn of global standards. India is currently the largest exporter of cotton yarn. India exported 554. The Pearl Academy of Fashion 5 .
Belgium. In the case of apparel. Belgium.S.2 billion square meters of cotton fabrics worth approximately US$ 1. Cotton spinning is still largely concentrated in the Coimbatore district of the southern state of Tamil Nadu and its adjoining areas. cotton spinning is getting dispersed at a slow and steady pace. Furnishings and floor covering including carpets constitute one of the important segments of India’s decentralized industrial sector Made Ups & Apparel The performance of made-ups items including bed sheets & quilts has been good on the global markets. Apparel firms that ventured out in global markets have expanded don the traditional custom tailors in most of large cities. workmanship and individuality. the bulk of exports of made-ups are accounted for by reasonably wellintegrated firms – they are either composite mills (spinning. Italy and Hong Kong.K. toilet linen.28 million as compared to 1. France.5 billion square meters valued at US$ 1. The major global markets for Indian cotton fabrics were the U. Italy. U. in 1999-2000.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India industry’s produce is truly a treasure chest. Sri Lanka. India exported approximately 2. Geographical Dispersion India’s textile and apparel industries are now quite dispersed throughout the country. because of exports.. The made ups articles exported from India range from the very simple to the most exquisite varieties of bed linen.022. U. most of the bed sheets and related products exported by India are fabricated by those who also process the fabric. weaving and processing) or they are firms having their own processing facilities. In 1999-2000. Earlier. In addition. The major markets for Indian cotton make-ups are the U. Holland.. Thus. table linen. Home furnishing and floor covering industry turn out an array of exquisite products which enjoy worldwide reputation for their beauty.. Germany. canvas and parachute fabrics.S.64 million compared to us$ 631.094.26 million in 1995-96. Interestingly. cotton fabrics constituted around 32% of India’s exports of cotton textiles (excluding handloom and apparel). for both the designer and the merchandiser. India exported cotton madeups worth US$ 1009. India also exports various kinds of fabrics for non-apparel use such as gauze cloth.K. which account for nearly a third of the installed spindles and about 40% of India’s cotton yarn production.61 million in 1995-96. India exports various kinds of knitted fabrics. Germany. Dubai. Ahmedabad and Coimbatore used to be large centers. In 1999-2000. kitchen linen and home furnishings. the domestic market has perhaps grown. but now there are several clusters. Bangladesh. Sizeable investments in Pearl Academy of Fashion 6 . Japan and Denmark. Exports of Cotton Made Ups India also manufactures and exports a wide variety of made-ups goods. Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay). to some extent. However.. The strength lies not only in integration but also in the ability of offer very small lots in different designs and color ways.
now known as the National Capital Region. consuming about three-fourths of all polyester and nylon filament. Surat units generally use fine-denier filament yarn. The cotton weaving industry too has migrated to a considerable extent. New Delhi specializes in more up market and specialized products like women’s dresses. Malegaon and Icchalkaranji are the major powerloom areas. Salem and Erode. and some have rotary screen printing machines also. Arvind Cotspin and others. Some new units have com up in Gujarat (Gujarat Ambuja Cotspin) and Andhra Pradesh (Sanghi Spinners) also. Surat is slowly emerging as an important exporter of filament fabrics. and have steadily expanded their capacities in the last 10-15 year. a large number of small open-end spinning units have been set up in the cotton rich areas of Punjab and Haryana. Rajasthan has a large capacity for the production of polyester / viscose blended yarn. Besides. In apparel. Several processing houses have been set up in Tamil Nadu also. mainly catering to export markets. In Maharashtra. Most of the processing units have two to four flat –bed-printing machines of four to six colors. Modern Syntex.000 to 400. have come up in the last few years. most of which are engaged in the manufacture of dyed and /or printed filament fabrics.000 and there are at least 200 mid-sized processing units. Pearl Academy of Fashion 7 . in the first position. mainly for catering to the rising demand from the big handloom center of Panipat. Most of these mills came up in the late seventies and early eighties. Several modern weaving factories have come up in areas around New Delhi also. but the rising share of k nitted apparel in India’s total apparel exports has put Tirupur. The northern state of Punjab. which is famous for its cotton rugs and dhurries in Indian. mainly saris and dress materials. where a large number of ultra-modern spinning units. The processing industry has dispersed more rapidly than spinning and weaving in the last five years. mainly Coimbatore. the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Soma Textiles. Tirupur and Ludhiana are the major knitwear producing centers. Surat continues to be the center for filament fabrics. These include well-known names like Amit Spinning.48 denier is perhaps the average count. while Mumbai is stronger in mass-produced items like men’s shirts. boost of nearly 100 modern textile-processing units. near New Delhi. Maral Overseas. near Coimbatore. and the output of power looms in the unorganized sector has risen handsomely in southern areas. Hyderabad. Bhiwandi. Bangladesh is growing fast in woven garments. manufactured on the short staple system. as well as global markets. Capacities of well-established groups like Vardhman and Nahar have risen substantially.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India cotton spinning have been made in the states of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Banswara Syntex. estimates of the number of looms in Surat vary from 300. while Mumbai and New Delhi continue to be the largest manufacturers and exporters of woven garments. Jaipur Polyspin and Shree Rajasthan Syntex. Among major manufacturers having units in Rajasthan are Rajasthan Spinning. Areas around New Delhi. has become a large producer of processed fabrics and even a remote town in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh now has about half –a-dozen processing unit. Haryana and Rajasthan have also taken impressive strides in the spinning sector.
000 to 100. In addition.2 million looms and a matching processing capacity.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Industrial Structure The organized part of the textile industry is comprised of 1. Machinery with Indian Textile Processors Name of Processing Machines Name of the Manufacturer s Preprocessing machine Singeing • Benninger • Sanjay • Calico • Dornier • Swastik (Ahmedabad) Desizing & washing Bleaching System • • • Harish JT-10 T. there have always been medium and large processors producing from 10. however.000 shuttle looms. there is an open end spinning capacity equivalent to about 226. Number of processing units in the small and medium sectors is estimated at well above 5.000 units. the unorganized sector dominates the scenario with an estimated capacity of 1. Maneklal Benninger’s continuous bleaching range-Dimensa Merceriser Scholl (Switzerland) Bruckner Dornior Jiggers Winches Jet Dyeing • • • • Dyeing machine • Henriksen Vacuum jiggers • Bruckner – (Germany) • Shakti • Bharat • Jupiter • Shakti • Jupiter • Tong Geng (Taiwan) • Devrekher • Star Pearl Academy of Fashion 8 . which is second only to China. In the case of processing.294 are spinning mills and 275 are composite mills having spinning.000 meter/day of fabrics. as well as weaving facilities.700 shuttle less looms and about 126. India’s installed spinning capacity is currently estimated at over 31. In weaving and processing.000 rotors.569 mills of which 1.75 million spindles. The weaving capacity in the organized sector is estimated at 5.
• Texcon Prints • Mod Prints • Pushpanjali 9 Pearl Academy of Fashion . India Printing Machine • Stormac • Stork • Harish. India Thakur. India • Texprint. Skyline Enterprises • Tap-Tex Pvt. India Dhall. Ltd.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Softflow Dyeing Machines Pad Batch Dyeing Machine Pad Steam Range Yarn Dyeing Machine • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Shakti Mancklal Hitex Shivangi Maneklal Then Krsna Brazzoli Thies Scalvos Staff Scholl MCS (Italy) Texfab (Mumbai) Kuster Hitech Alea Padder Bhatt Brothers Kalico. India • Lakshmi. India Sando. Japan Package Yarn dyeing machine Yarn Steamers Beam Dyeing Machine Rotary Printing machine Transfer Printing Machine • Staffi • Loris • Bellini • Thies • Dalal • Fongs • Then ( Germany) • Joginder Industries (Delhi) • ELGI Electric & Industries (Coimbatore) • Dalal. India • Screen Art.
Germany • Strayfield • Fongs • Texfab (India) • Bruckner • Monforts.Dryer Stenter • Wet Processing Machine Ltd. (UK) • Electro Spray • Lemaire • Casati • Transprints • Bergers • Prochimir Garment Processing Machine • Milmore (Germany) • Tonello (Italy) • Stefab (Indian) • Ramsons (Indian) • Hyatt (Indian) • Fabcare (Indian) Finishing Machines • Brauma • Kuang (Knits) • Lafer • Lamperti • Comnit • Vollenweider (Knits) • Chien Lun (Taiwan) • Pad Dry thermosol ( by Bruckner ) • Thermofixing Range from : Monforts.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India • • • Flock printing Machine Blue Maro United Commercial Agencies AK.Enterprises Garment Washing Machine Shearing & cropping Pad Dry thermosol R.F. Germany • Primatex • SM • Artose • Manaklal • Harish • Sperotto Rimar • Hitech Stenmech • Dommisse Vaporam • IL-sung(k) • OBERMAIRE Pearl Academy of Fashion 10 .
Italy Caru machine Gematex Bhatt Brothers Embee (Ahmedabad) Jaeggli Meccalotessile – Italy Thies Lindaver Dornier Mather & Platt Indian Calico Brazzoli. Germany Morrison Thakore Engineering Dhall Ramson Staffi Dalal Sanjay Gayatri Sperotto Rimar. MCS/Sperotto Rimer Map Santex Ltd Il Sung Tubetex Shakti Ruckh Alliya Mather & Platt Weiss Nova Heliot Longia Bitexma Santex Febraro Il-sunk(k) Santex Tubetex (Knits) Mercerising Machines Drying Range Calendaring Machine Relaxed continuous dryer Pearl Academy of Fashion 11 .Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Sanforizing Machine OR Compressive shrinking Decatising Machine Peaching Machine • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • RUBE-TEX Krantz Monforts.
Mills ( Mumbai ). Rajasthan Spg. Oswal Cotton Mills ( Nahar Group ). Switzerland Pilot Sample Dyeing & Finishing plant The Processing Sector • Mills in India are composite units.USA Data Colour International. India Mega Tech. This is the general trend in the northern & southern India. Paragan Textiles. Italy Texfab Monforts. Mills. Morarjee Spg.. India Prolific. & Weav. Grasim & Reliance have the state of the art dyeing & finishing units housing all the latest machinery Pearl Academy of Fashion 12 . Big companies like Maral Overseas ( Indore ). & Wea. Arvind Mills ( Ahmedabad ). printing & dyeing units. Germany Steel Fabricator Data colour International . which includes garment washing. Heal Atlas. Malwa ( Ludhiana). Germany Paramount Scientific Instruments Ltd. Siya Ram Silk Mills ( Bombay ). Quite a number of fabric manufacturers have in house processing units. Century Mills ( Bombay ).Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Compactor Hydro extractor Teflon Coating Steamer Ager or Curing Range Laboratory Dispensing & Solution making System Colour Matching software Inspection Machines Physical Laboratory • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Ruckh (Germany) Santex Tubetex (Knits) Ferraro Longia Sperotto Rimar Ruckh Monti (Italy) Heliot Fabcon Santax Heliot Kranz Il-sung H. which have all the process right from yarn manufacturing to fabrics to finishing of the fabrics. Ashima Group ( Ahemedabad). India Innovative Engitech. Trident Group. steamer from Arioli. India • Mathis. Vardhaman Group ( Ludhiana ). Nahar Group ( Ludhiana ). Bhilwara Group. USA EVS I-Tex system offering customers ITex James H. Hindustan Spinning & Weaving Mills ( Mumbai ).T.
besides integrated spinning. as well as exports. In the domestic market. through knits’ total share in production is perhaps still at a level of about 18-20% only. A major chunk of the machinery operating in the Indian Industry is Italian. The feedback given by the industry is that the right combination of technology & fibre choice for manufacturing fabric will hold the success of any finishing unit.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India • A survey conducted revealed that most of the big processors as well as small process houses have a combination of Indian as well as imported machinery. some of which also produce knitwear. Mafatlal. There are a number for processors in & around Delhi who do job work for exporters & also for the domestic market. mercerizing. resulting in an increasing demand for dyed yarn. singeing and dyeing). The EPCG scheme has attracted several denim projects like Arvind. Asian Alloys and Royal Industries. and England machinery. Raymond and KG Denim. In fact. Taiwan & Japanese. the share of knits in apparel exports has risen to a level of about 45%. which has not really suffered because of the slump in demand for textile machinery in general. There are no mills in Delhi but around Delhi there are a few like Pasupati Spinners. Shivalik Group (NOIDA & Faridabad). weaving and processing projects like Morarjee Brembana and Pasupati Fabrics. German. Some of them are 100% EOU units. • CAD systems are being installed routinely by textile manufacturers. Examples in this category include names like Maral Overseas (which originally started as a cotton spinning EOU). Many of the spinners have also started setting up yarn processing facilities (bleaching. • Consequently. • Yarn dyeing has also received a big boost from the rising share of knits in the overall production of textiles or domestic consumption. The processing capacity ranges between 2 . examples being GTN Textiles and the ATL group. Sunanda Industries of the Mafatlal Group. Even in the case of exports. The industry says that today the profit margins are so thing that in knits defectively processed fabrics are less than 1% & in wovens less than 1%. There is no margin of any errors occurring at any stage of wet processing. However. cotton socks have come back in a big way and nylon is generally viewed as a cheaper product. • • • Pearl Academy of Fashion 13 .50 tones/day depending on the capacity of the plant. exports of products like knitted bed sheets and socks are also rising. yarn dyeing has started growing in a big way. exports of cotton yarn by spinning mills importing machines under the EPCG scheme are also outside the purview of quantitative restraints and a large number of spinning mills have taken advantage of this for circumventing restraints on exports. Most of the large firms have set up their captive yarn dyeing facilities. companies like Salem Textiles have stared pushing processed yarn. At least a dozen units have been set up under the EPCG scheme for processed knitted fabrics. Any kind of compromise on the quality parameters would result in substantial amount of losses with defective dyeing. Some of the leading processors are. perhaps yarndyeing machines are one part of the textile machinery industry. Incidentally. Color matching systems too are growing in numbers. followed by Korean.
Luthra Dyeing & Printing Mills. Colorplus Dyeing Ltd. linen blends. Ratish ( Faridabad ). The relatively new players are Raymond Calitri.(by wearing habit) that have a market share of 47%. The largest segments of the market internationally are cotton . etc. Blue Blend.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Indotex (Faridabad). Arvind Mills has technology from Germany and Switzerland. PC.. Creative Dyeing (Faridabad ). Today. Europe and Japan. Orphic Dyeing & Printing ( Faridabad ). India The Arvind Mills Limited is the flagship company of the Rs 20 billion (US$ 550 million) Lalbhai Group. Big brands like Benetton get the job work done from small processors. KK Kohli ( Faridabad ). Export units like SHAHI Exports also have imported machinery for finishing of wovens as well as knit fabrics. dress vs leisure). Friends Dyes & Processors (Delhi). Out of a total capacity of 110 million meters. Century Textiles. Dyes India Mfg. State of the art technology in India • The Arvind Mills Limited . Amtex industries. plain v/s stripes/checks/dobby. several other players have entered the field – KG Denim. normal v/s special surface finish) and by wearing habit (formal v/s casual. Mafatlal Industries and Suryalakshmi cotton. CVC. and dress shirts . M. Gujarat Ambuja. Since the advent of Arvind Mills into the denim market in the mid-eighties. The bulk of the world market is concentrated in USA. Shiv Enterprises ( Faridabad ). Co. market as is evidenced by the usage of rope – dyeing technology by Modern Denim. piece dyed v/s yarn dyed. Arvind Mills and the yet to be commissioned Malwa Industries. • High –quality dyed cotton yarn is simply not available to small and mid-sized weavers and processors. ( NOIDA ). Manufacture in India and Mauritius. Pearl Academy of Fashion 14 . Until now. Arvind Mills has a rope dyeing capacity of 40 million meters. India has made impressive progress in this segment.S. Sonia Textiles ( Faridabad ). viscose blends. classical v/s fashion. Perhaps eventually a mid-range segment would emerge but it is likely to take quite some time.(by fabric) which have a world market share of 44%. GD International ( Delhi ). Ashima Syntex. the technology required is complex. Indian denim has concentrated on the European and South & East Asia markets. largely because the marketing of dyed yarn involves enormous inventories and managerial skills. Bee-Tex Dyeing ( Okhla ). Shirting Division Shirting fabric can be defined by fibre (100% cotton. Palm Prints (Faridabad ). Hindustan Dyeing. Indian denim is according increasing attention to the U. AY PRINTS.) value addition ( coarse v/s fine. single yarn v/s doubled yarn. Diana Organisers ( Faridabad ). of which Century is export oriented. Attar Filte (Panipat). ( Lajpat Nagar ). With a denim capacity of over 200 million meters built from scratch in just about a decade. 100% polyester. Bhwani Synthetics and others. Since international customers are highly demanding. Arvind Mills is the third largest manufacturer of denim in the world. Most of the producers of cotton shirting are having their captive yarn dyeing facilities.
Piques. speedwash. ring. Domestic sales account for 60% of Arvind's shirting turnover. Fil-a-Fils and Chambrays Denim Division Arvin manufactures denim with state-of-the-art mills in India and Mauritius. Levi's. Weekender and Zodiac . Chief Value Cottons. 2/30s. Park Avenue.. you name it. Color Plus. Whites and Solid Colours.Allen Solly. USA. Mexx.0 oz. faded. Rotors in India and the largest installation of Hacoba Warper. 50s. Yarn-Dyed Stripes. There product range covers fabric for both dress and casual shirts. mercerized. Fil a Fils. Checks. brushed. and have the largest number of O. Dobbys. Cords. a subsidiary of the $1. from 4. UFO and Wrangler. They make over 150 varieties of speciality denim . Cottons. open end . and Dobby Solids. Our denim is used to make India's leading jeans brands . casual wear shirts . Classical Oxfords. USA. Checks. Texas Jeans. Oxford. 40s. 2/50s. Numero Uno. weave and wash.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India complex. Alamac has an outstanding reputation for design leadership. from good old classic to ever-popular indigo blue 14 1/2 oz. Pinpoint Oxfords. Monfort shrinking range and Tsudakoma airjet looms in the world.stretch. Twill. In India. they command a market share of approximately 72% .we can offer you denim in just about any weight. soft. dress shirts. coloured. 2/80s. Twills. Pepe. Herringbones.5 times that of the next largest player. Knits Division They have entered into a technical collaboration with Alamac. striped. Indigo Oxfords.make their shirts from Arvind shirtings. "Made from original Arvind denim" is used by all the leading local jeans manufacturers as an indicator of high quality and authenticity.0 oz to 16. Louis Philippe.E. silver streak and overdyed. 2/100s Plain. Van Heusen. streaked.6 billion textile giant West Point Stevens. These are used by almost every leading shirt maker in the world. FIBRE: COUNTS: WEAVES: PRODUCTS: 100% Cotton 30s. Killer. Our latest Morrison Rope dyeing range corroborates our technology leadership in denim manufacturing. From small pieces to large 300 metre rolls. to manufacture high value and high fashion knits. Stripes.. S+M Dyeing & sizing range. All the premium brands .Flying Machine. Pearl Academy of Fashion 15 . Indigo Twills. Arrow. Benetton. Chambrays. checked. They make Poplins. to make branded shirts.
all operations . Pearl Academy of Fashion 16 . finishing . Tubetex Fabric Finishing Machines. Tubetex Fabric Finishing Machines.will be fully integrated. Sclavos Fabric Dyeing Machine. Open Width and Tubular Finishing. Finishing Machines Dornier Circular Singeing Machine. Open Width and Tubular Finishing. 11 tonnes per day of piece dyed fabric and 5 tonnes per day of yarn-dyed fabric. dyeing. Santex Fabric Finishing Machines. the plant will produce mercerised fabric in both tubular and open widths. knitting.The plant will cover an area of 125. Santex Fabric Finishing Machines. The plant is expected to have a capacity of 16 tonnes per day of cotton knits. a fully integrated knit fabric plant is being set up near Ahmedabad in Gujarat. from design to production.Comat Yarn Dyeing Machines. Standardised Recipes and Process Cycles. dyeing and finishing .The largest producer and exporter of yarns and grey woven fabrics from India. Processing Lab.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India The collaboration is to set up an fully integrated knit fabric plant near Ahmedabad in Gujarat. Data Colour Matching System. metres.will be under one roof. Dornier Circular Singeing Machine. The largest producer of cotton tyre cords and second largest producer of Sewing Threads in India. As with Alamac's own facilities.. fully-integrated plant As a direct outcome of the collaboration. This will result in shorter lead times even for large orders and better co-ordination of the entire process. Dyeing Technologies THEN -.000 sq. Dornier Mercerising Machine.spinning. All operations spinning. With an investment of US $ 50 million. Vardhman's leading position in India is reflected in an equally strong international presence with total exports crossing the $ 76 million mark in 1997-98. and employ about 500 people. A high-capacity. Dornier Mercerising Machine. The Vardhman Group The Vardhman Group has many firsts to its credit in India : It has India's first textile company to be awarded ISO 9002/IS 14002 certification. knitting.
Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Vardhmans' products have found acceptance in both domestic and international markets for • wide range of yarns in cotton. Japan and Korea. mercerised yarns in and dyed cotton grey. state-of-the-art machinery from Switzerland. justifying Vardhman's label. bulked acrylic yarn. yarn Rainbow 100% Fibre dyed cotton yarn Paragon Fibre-dyed polyester cotton blended yarn Harmony Fibre-dyed polyester cotton melange yarn Turbo Fibre dyed acrylic cotton blended yarn Galaxy 100% top dyed acrylic wool yarn Hank Dyed Acrylic Dyed. Japan and Korea ensure high standards of quality. white and dyed forms. Available in pure as well as blended form. Vardhman is the largest producer of dyed yarns in India today. Trutzschler from Germany Rieter Switzerland Pearl Academy of Fashion 17 . polyester and acrylic. Cone DyedYarn High quality carded & combed autoconed yarns on cone with tail end. Rangoli 100% cotton melange yarns on cone with tail end Gassed Mercerised 100% cotton gassed. Vardhman has a wide range of specialised Azo-free dyed and gassed mercerised yarns in cotton. Daffodil Tow dyed acrylic bulked yarn. technical tie-ups with specialists world wide.Spinning RieterSwitzerland. Germany. Vardhman Knitting Hand-Knitting Yarns available in Yarn Hank/Lachhi/Ball form. Technical tie-ups with specialists worldwide and state-of-the-art machinery from Switzerland. • • • an incredible count range from 10s to 100s in singles and multifolds. Technology Preparatory Pre . they come in a wide variety of shades and lots. Germany. acrylic and polyester.
HVI-USTER UsterUT-3.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Hava shokiToyoda .Japan Spinning Post spinning Doubling Mercerising Rieter Tyoda .Japan Japan Switzerland Schlafhorst-Germany and MurataJapan Volkman-Germany.Switzerland Swiss Technology Italian Technology United Kingdom Industrial Threads: Pre-twisting Untwisting Dyeing Finishing Technology Weaving Preparatory Air jet weaving Machine Rapier Weaving Machine Benninger (Switzerland) Tsudakoma Picanol (Belgium) Picanol (Belgium) (Japan) Hamel (Switzerland) United Kingdom/Italy Pearl Academy of Fashion 18 . Leewha-Korea Jaeggli Meccalotessile – Italy Dyeing Hisoka .France m/c) Worsted Spinning TestingFacilities FibreAnalysis YarnEvenness YarnStrength YarnAppearance Yarn Faults : Uster Classimat Sewing Thread: Spinning Dry/wet Doubling and Gassing Mercerising/Dyeing Finishing/Packaging AFIS.UT-4 UsterTensorapidUTR ASTMBoards Rieter .Japan Worsted (Gilling & Preparatory Schlumberger .
Italy Computer Colour matching from Data Color USA Pearl Academy of Fashion 19 . Japan Continuous Dyeing Range from : Monforts. Fabric Processing Continuous Open Width Pre treatment Range from : Sando. Germany Curing Range from : Monforts. The know how is being provided by Tokai-Senko of Japan.T. Germany Sueding Range from Sperotto Rimar. The product range will include : Products Piece Dyed Cotton range for shirting and bottom weights Coloured Woven fabrics Finishes • BioEnzyme Wrinkle Free Peach finish Water Repellant • • Full Bleached fabrics • The Group started exploring export markets in 1986-87 and has since crossed the $ 76 million mark.000 metres per day.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Future Plans A state-of-the-art fabric process house is expected to be comissioned by end 1999 with a production capacity of 50. Japan H. Germany Shrinking Range from : Monforts. Italy Thermofixing Range from : Monforts. Germany Stenters from : Monforts. Germany with Padder from Kusters. Japan Mercerising Range from : Sando. Germany Pad Steam Range from : Sando. steamer from Arioli.
countries in European Union. The Ruti Automatic Looms ranging in widths of 40" to 110" totaling 1.000 meters of fabrics. Today the daily production at Bombay Dyeing exceeds 300. Each of Bombay Dyeing's five manufacturing facilities is of International standards. Switzerland Bombay Dyeing Bombay Dyeing has two main streams of business. UK Single End Sizing Machine from Yamada.11 Spindles with an installed capacity of 135.dyed and printed fabric upto 98" and grey fabric upto 124". Kusters Twin Jigger Dyeing machines & Babcock Soaping range.Bombay Dyeing has 519 Sulzer Projectile Machines in widths of 130".260 are gradually being phased out and substituted by the latest in weaving technology. Geermany & James Heal. top of bed items like duvey Pearl Academy of Fashion 20 . Textile is a dominant activity for which the company has advanced facilities. 153" and 169". 142". Japan Pilot Sample Dyeing & Finishing plant from Mathis. Also we are equipped with fabrics upto 120’’. Sales turnover of the Textile division is nearly equally divided between National and International markets. Auto Corner Winding Spindles and Schweiter CA . In processing we have also modernized with state of the art technology such as Kusters open width Bleaching ranges. The company has won the SRTEPC and TEXPROCIL Gold Trophies for its outstanding export performance for poly cotton blended fabrics and made-ups for the year 1998-99. exports to advanced countries such as USA.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Complete Range of Testing Equipments manufactured by Atlas. Facilities are available to produce bleached fabric upto 120".336 Ring Spindles. Weaving facilities include technology from world leaders such as Sulzer. Range Dobby & Fine Count made up : Bombay Dyeing is Indias leading producer of dobby & fine counts fabrics ultimately stitched as made ups such as sheets sets. In addition the company has 123 Sulzer Airjet Machines in widths of 110"( with tucked in selvedge) and 75" (with fringe selvedge). A unique strength of Bombay Dyeing in India is a Distribution Chain consisting of 600 plus exclusive shops spread all over the country. Bombay Dyeing. Australia and New Zealand. The Spinning and Winding facilities are equipped with Schlafhorst Autocore Rotors.
Flannel Sheetings & Made Ups Bombay Dyeing India’s largest producer of bleached. In yarn counts ranging from 40’s to 80’s & thread counts from 250 to 400 in plain. dobby & satin weaves. Exotique Exports. We make fillers & distributors who finally sell through large departmental stores. 50’s & 60’s yarns with facility to print upto 240 cms wide & 10 collors. Huckaback towels & toelling with name weaving facility. of quality ( OKOTEX )& air permeability. Orient Fashions ( Gurgaon ). lies in stitching products in various styles as per our customers requirement. Yarn Dyes & Made ups Polyester Cotton Sheeting Poly cotton Drills Satin Bed Sheets Manufactured from superior combed & spliced 40’s. KK Kohli ( Faridabad).Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India covers & shams. Some processors in Ludhiana are Sunshine Pearl Academy of Fashion 21 . Cotton Sheetings Bull Denims/Drills/Twills/ & Chinos Shoe Linings & Duck Fabrics Satin Furnishings Towels Soft superabsorbent towels produced in weights of 360 gms to 510gms/sgmtr. dyed & printed flannelette sheeting in widths upto 94’’ ( 240cm ) & made ups. meeting international standards. TCNS (NOIDA). Table tops & Napkins Manufactured in 14s Momie cloth. Anish India Exports ( Gurgaon ). thread count 230 to 350 in plain. Our speciallity besides making finest Downproof fabrics. Downproof Shells & Comforters Made from yarn counts from 40’s to 80’s. dobby & satin weaves. Gupta Exim ( Faridabad ). In finished widths upto 90’’( 229cm ) Garment Processing Sector • Nahar Spinning Mills (Ludhiana ) has the state of the art technology for garment washing. Mahajan Overseas ( Panipat ). There are some units which have in-house Garment washing units like.
( Delhi ). The fastness properties may not be so good but the patterning & colors achieved are exclusive to the region in which they are produced. The Traditional Resist Dyeing Techniques prevalent in India • The tie & dye technique of resist printing has been practiced here for ages. the dyers and printers of Bagru adopt their own traditional methods in preparing. Block Printing in India • Thirty five kilometers towards west from Jaipur is Bagru. Mostly indigenous developed receipes & dyes are used to dye the fabric . Some of the techniques have such intricate patterns that it is difficult for any one to understand the te chnique with which these intricate patterns are produced. supplying exquisite printed materials for exports. dyeing and printing cloth. The biggest in India are Color Club(Delhi ). However the main distinguishing feature in Sanganer and Bagru prints is that the Sanganerwork is done on white ground mainly. Its traditional processes of hand block printing on textiles with rich natural colours have been known for many centuries. madder. There are two villages in the state of Rajasthan called Bagru & Sanghaner where each & every household is involved in dyeing & printing with vegetable dyes. Anoor Processors. Companies like TCNS have garment washing unit. the prominent traditional centers of dyeing and printing. which is totally controlled by fully computerised machines. and 15 km towards south in Sanganer. These garment processors also work for the domestic brands. • The use of chemical colours and the new and odd dimensions to textile printing. indigo. Haute Couture designers here get their fabrics printed from traditional crafts men & combine it with traditional Indian embroideries to give a very rich look. bed covers. Dyeing is done to impart a colour to the ground fabric. this village hums with much activity today. Om Processors. & table linen is done for the domestic as well as the export. Sanganer printing is done on with wax resist dabu (mein) while in Bagru the earth dabu is used and prints on indigo. red. The prints are essentially in two colours viz red and black. blue or yellow coloured ground with hrda work is usually done.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Dyeing. Shivam exports (Delhi ) has its own garment washing units & dyeing units. The Natural Dyes in India • India also specialises in dyeing and printing with vegetable dyes. With the attraction of foreign buyers for the traditional hand block printed textiles. Color Impex. & the craft is handed over from generation to generation. scarves. Sohanya Hand Printers. Gujrat & Andhra Pradesh have there own traditional patterns which can be distinguished from each other. States such as Orissa. Cotex Dyeing. These are some of the traditional crafts prevalent in India since centuries. India also produces a lot of Indigo dyed & printed fabric. printing. & Nageshwar Printers. saris. as also to bring out different colouring effect in the printed motifs. There are traditional craftsmen. tumeric etc. formerly natural dyes. A lot of fabric is exported from India with traditional block prints in hand painted & printed stuff. Sanganer has also remained a prominent center for textile printing. Poornima Handicrafts. • • Pearl Academy of Fashion 22 . Printing of dress materials. There are many processing centers in Rajasthan & Gujrat Weave N Print. pomengrante rind.
Every caste and religious has its own varieties of butas. For the past years alizarine has been introduced in place of madder.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India were being used as colouring materials. carves etc. sarongs. Several modes of printing are to be seen in Rajasthan today. lugdis. The daboo method or ‘jha’ is an art by itself. angochhas. also direct yellow is employed to give yellow imprints. Natural indigo has been replaced by synthetic indigo. Their limited designs and colours range is associated with traditional caste and custom bound and uses of the area. appeals as it does to sight touch and smell. • Bagru is situated on the banks of the Sanjaria river which has a perennial water stream and stretches of sand banks which was aptly suitable for the purpose of printing and dyeing. AS the dyeing is from vegetables colours. Direct colour like congo red is used for brightening the red colours and pink shades. delight is both visual and sensorial. the material used are largely wax. • • • • • Man Made Fibre Industry Surat Industry. Both these colours are given multiple shades through dyeing. Gujrat Pearl Academy of Fashion 23 . In contrast to the courtly sensibility of the Sanganer work of Bagru prints are deeply rooted in the local folk tastes and culture. The entire population of the chippas who were engaged in the production of the local varieties of printed fabrics mostly used for fadats. In daboo printing. Colours were obtained from vegetables and metals as per their local availability. is now engaged in the sophisticated production of yardage for dress materials. During the colonial period Sanganer appears to have assumed a pre-eminent position among block printing centers of India. Red and Black are two main colours used all over the state. The production technique and the traditional motif have undergone a change over the years. The daboo is used in order to resist parts of fabric with mud paste which can be removed after dyeing by washing. direct block printing. Khari printing and the modern method of screen printing. rezais etc. used by consumers in India and abroad. lcay an resins. The block printed cottons of Sanganer near Jaipur have been renowned for their precious pattern and colouring for at least two hundred and fifty years although he industry is of obscure origin it may owe its expertise to the ancient printing tradition of Gujarat or Malwa. Very little of earlier work survives and what does. In block printing an extensive variety of butas and colours are displayed. cannot be dated any earlier than the second half of the 18th century. All the same the basic technique and colors and to a large extent motifs remain unchanged and unaffected through all these centuries and theses make the bagru prints spectacularly different distinctive and individual and a highly specialized craft. which is said to open the food gates of printing development. Gold and Silver printing is centuries old. bichaunis. a status it commands even today. resist (daboo) printing.
They are responsible for timely deliveries of export orders. 14 Kg 10Kg Reed Pick 56*60 Dyeing Quality 48*52 Printing Quality Dyeing Quality Poonam Printing Quality Dyeing Quality & Printing Quality Dyeing Quality & Printing Quality Dyeing Quality Dyeing Quality & Printing Quality In Surat one will find the best processing houses for dyeing & printing. Surat specializes in processing of man made fibre fabrics like rayons & polyesters. These are some of the popular dyeing & printing mills of Surat : Zenith Mills for Dyeing & Printing Luthra Dyeing & Printing Mills Prafulla Dyeing & Printing Mills Parag Dyeing & Printing Mills Parag Sarees Commercial use of Natural Dyes • Alps Industries (Gaziabad).8 Kg (Tex*Tex. Whatever monetary transactions occur is controlled by this middlemen & exporters have no say.10 ½ Kg 6 ½ .8 Kg 6 .12 Kg 9 Kg 7 . The speciality of this unit is that it dyes naturally colored cotton in different mordants to produce shades on naturally colored cotton.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India • There are around 400 process houses in Surat alone. The weaving industry is mainly a component industry like a cottage industry where power looms are installed & controlled by a group of families. 10. These families do not have direct contact with the exporters as the middlemen or contractors control & play a vital role for this industry. they weave between 3000-5000 mtrs. There are many processing houses under the small scale sector & the quality is good for polyester fabrics. These groups do not produce in large quantities max. Roto*Tex) 8. They have been successfully able to produce these colors on synthetic fibres. Alps has an R&D cell continuously researching vegetable dyes. Pearl Academy of Fashion 24 . In Surat there are not many large mills where yarns are processed weaves & finished. The fabric produced in Surat are : Fabric Rayon Rayon Poly Georgette Poly Georgette Viscose Georgette Moss Crepe TEXO Linining Micro Poly Poly Viscose Yarn Count 2/40s*2/40s 2/40s*2/40s 6 ½ . Surat is very famous for producing variety of viscose & polyester fabrics. These families are very rich monetary wise & have the capacity to install machinery fore the industry. The main reason is that the water is very fertile. These middlemen take the initiative to book orders from the exporters & distribute them to different families for production. specializes in dyeing & printing with vegetable dyes.
India Nahar Group Arvind Mills Siyaram Silk Mills etc. acids & reactives etc. The mill sector will only take an order if it is more than 2000 meters.40 meters. There are Auto labs-Laboratory Dispensing & Solution Making Systems by Data color International. This kind of printing is used for printings small yardage’s like silk.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Hand Screen Printing • There are a number of hand screen printing units having printing tables of 16. Ultra Violet Finishes. helping to impart technical know-how to processors. This is one reason why there are a number of units which specialise in hand screen printing at small scale level & also it has the freedom of printing many colors. Today. disperse etc. • • • • • A study of Technical capacity of Processing Houses in India 1. The industry has a few plants of wrinkle resistant finishes. Bharat Vijay Mills.l • Antimicrobial finishes. This is used by textile printers to do matching & batch correction. Pigments & Discharge Printing & the results obtained are comparable with any part of the world. pigment dyes. which is fast effective & accurate. Mahajan Overseas. to meet the demand by automating the testing recipes at a fraction of a second & it does this with great precision. There is one company who is doing research & development in collaboration with International companies called TEXCO (Gurgaon ). Ambica Tex Print (P) Limited Pearl Academy of Fashion 25 . Ahmedabad has composite units like Arvind Mills. flame retardant & other finishes like water repellency are a part of the finishing industry. Chiripal & also has the Cottage industry for Processing. its pulsed Xenon light source provides excellent precision measuring even dark or highly saturated colors. which helps the industry in digital printing with pigments. The Spectraflash 600 quickly established itself as the industry benchmark for consistent high-resolution color measurement. wool fabric & cotton. A lot of Denim washing takes place in India also which includes mechanical & chemical finishes. Panipat Color Plus. Also sampling & strike offs are generally done on hand screens. Like Surat Ahmedabad also has the job workers. vat dyes. Almost all kinds of dyes are used by the industry but the most popular like in any part of the world is reactive dyes. Ahmedabad specializes printing with Procion Dyes. Data Colors premier color measurement instrument. The processing & finishing technologies required for Tencel are also being imparted to the companies interested in this fibre fabric. Wrinkle resistant trousers are becoming popular in the Indian market. All the details of which are not disclosed by the company. Tencel has its office in Mumbai. The Data match Textile Color Matching Software by Data color International is for color formulation & correction.
20 million (US$ 0. polished etc. after taking over a sick unit D. as a process house for dyeing and printing of woven.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Ahmedabad .46 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 10 million metres/annum Printing : 6 million metres/annum Employees : 150 Machine Profile : Jigger Indigenous Pad Batch Dyeing Indigenous Jet Dyeing Indigenous Soft Overflow Dyeing Indigenous Winches Indigenous Stenter Indigenous Decatising Gayatri Flat Bed Screen Printing Indigenous 01 02 Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton. winches and jet dyeing while the printing machine capable of printing fabric upto 10 colours. MACHINE DETAILS: Desizing & Washing. 100% Acrylic. Ambica. bleaching. Polyester Viscose. Gujarat is equipped with imported and indigenous machines comprising of Mather & Platt merceriser.Diamond Textile Mills (P) Limited Ahmedabad. Polyester Cotton. Jigger. The process house. promoted by Mr.T. The unit is capable of processing fabrics in a variety of finishes including mercerised. Sanforizing. Decatising. Jet Dyeing. Textiles (name changed to Diamond Textile Mills (P) Limited) have established themselves as one of the quality process houses to meet the requirement of both domestic and international market. polyester and blended fabrics. wrinkle free. Staffi soft overflow. sanforised. Winches. Mercerising. The dye house is equipped with the latest soft folw dyeing machines. Narendra Bhai Patel. mercerising. Polyester/Wool . Continuous Bleaching /Dyeing. located at Ahmedabad. decatising and rolling facility for processing 100% cotton. Dipak J. has a dyeing capacity of 10 million metres and a printing capacity of 6 million metres per annum. was established in 1994 as a process house for woven and knit fabrics. located at Ahmedabad. jigger. Flat Bed Printing 2. 100% Viscose. Stenter. Texprint flatbed screen printing machines etc. Devrekha Jet dyeing.Gujarat Company Profile : Ambica Tex Print (P) Limited. The process house. Sheth. non-woven and knitted fabrics. Pearl Academy of Fashion 26 . viscose. printing. decatised. Stormac rotary (upto a maximum of 8 colours). Gujarat. washed.Gujarat Company Profile : Diamond Textile Mills (P) Limited was established in 1981 by Mr. Dhall sanforising. Capital Employed : Rs. The promoters. Pad-Batch. besides undertaking job work on behalf of garment and home textile exporters also exports nearly 30% of its production in the international market through merchant exporters and agents. The unit is equipped with dyeing. 100% Polyester. The unit has a dyeing and printing capacity of 60 million metres per annum for processing 100% cotton.
The group diversified into processing to capitalise on the growing demand for high quality processed fabrics.88 million) Installed Capacity : Processing (Dyeing and Printing) : 90 million metres/annum Pearl Academy of Fashion 27 .Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India viscose. 750 million (US$ 17. Omkar Group exports nearly 25% of its production capacity to USA. Mauritius and African countries. EEC and the Middle East. polyester and blended fabrics. Polyester Viscose. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. polyester and synthetic. 100% Viscose. Gujarat Company Profile : Omkar Group was promoted by Mr. established in 1990. At present. Diamond is exporting 50 % of its fabrics through merchant exporters and agents to Dubai. 100% Acrylic. The fabric processed by the unit is available in a variety of finishes like mercerised. having long standing experience in the textile industry. decatised and polished. 100% Polyester. The company is planning to diversify into garment manufacturing as well as promote its own direct exports of fabrics.P. The process house is equipped with state. established in 1984 and Alok Synthetics Limited. Other group companies include Gopi Synthetics Limited. 1500 million (US$ 34. Africa. Turkey. Dryer Indigenous 01 Stenter Harish 02 Decatising Indigenous 01 Rotary & Flatbed PrintingStormac/Texprint 07 Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton.Omkar Group Ahmedabad. The group was formally established in 1980 with the incorporation of Omkar Textile Mills Limited. sanforised. UK. The group's process house has an annual dyeing capacity of 45 million metres and a printing capacity of 45 million metres for woven. Polyester/Cotton 3. a fully integrated and automated processing unit capable of processing fabrics as per the customer specifications and a state-of-the-art stitching unit to manufacture and export madeups. The second unit of Omkar Textile Mills Limited was established in 1993 and is one of the few units in India with the capacity to produce finished fabric upto 280cms width. wrinkle free. a process house located at Ahmedabad. Finland. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. the group established Omkar Exports (a unit of Omkar Overseas Limited. a government recognised trading house). Switzerland. in the state of Gujarat. non woven and knit fabrics in 100% cotton. In 1992.44 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 30 million metres/annum Printing : 30 million metres/annum Employees : 500 Machine Profile : Singeing Calico 01 Desizing & Washing Range Harish 01 Mercerising Mather & Platt 01 Jet Dyeing Devrekha 09 H. washed. Champalal Agarwal. At present.of-the-art imported and indigenous machines offering a wide range of processing facilities.
Mercerising. jet dyeing.58 million) Capital Employed : Rs. D. Roller Printing.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Employees Export Quantity Export Direction : 2000 : 25% : EEC. . washing.5 million metres and a printing capacity of 20 million metres for woven and knit fabrics. Rotary Printing. The unit is capable of processing fabrics in 100% cotton viscose.Mukesh Industries Limited Ahmedabad. The promoter. is one of the leading process house with a dyeing capacity of 7. Flat Bed Printing. 80 million (US$ 1. decatised and calendered. Continuous Bleaching /Dyeing. Table Printing. Stenter. Desizing & Washing. Jigger. as a process house for dyeing. mercerised. Mukesh Industries' processing unit. As a diversification plan. 100% Polyester. 100% Viscose. Gujarat. Polyester Viscose. Ahmedabad. Winches. colour fixing machines etc. Aggarwal. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. Shearing & Cropping. 5892550-54 Fax : 91 79 5830572 Email : mukfab@wilnetonline. 100% Acrylic. MIL primarily undertake job work on behalf of garment exporters based in Delhi and Mumbai. Calendering. Sanforizing. mercerising. MIL is also in the process of establishing a spinning unit in Ahmedabad in the near future. Decatising. polyester. Polyester/Cotton .Maneklal Jigger Indigenous Pad Batch/Jet Dyeing Devrekha/Star Calendering Imported Stenter Primatex/Artose Decatising Sanjay Rotary Printing Lakshmi/Stormac Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton.N.net Company Profile : Mukesh Industries Limited (MIL) was established in 1990 by Mr. Gujarat Tel : 91 79 2162789. located at Isanpur. 4 chamber stenter. Colour Fixing (Ager) 4. Mr. Jet Dyeing.86 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 7. African countries. 240 million (US$ 5. embossed. processing and finishing of woven fabrics.Middle East & USA 01 04 15 14 06 08 03 05 Machine Profile : Singeing Calico Desizing & Washing T. sanforised. MIL is also the only processing unit to have a fully integrated embossing machine. rotary screen printing. D. acrylic and polyester cotton and offers variety of finishes including wrinkle free. flatbed screen printing. Steamer. Aggarwal has a long standing experience in trading of finished fabrics. Pad-Batch. The processing unit is equipped with desizing. Raising. MACHINE DETAILS: Singeing.N.5 million metres/annum Pearl Academy of Fashion 28 . jigger. The unit also exports nearly 35% of its processed fabric through merchant exporters and agents and is currently looking into the possibility of establishing its direct export of processed fabrics.
flat bed screen printing and finishing machines. Kuwait. The unit also has a separate computerised designing department to keep abreast with the latest designs and fashions trends. Saudi Arabia Pearl Academy of Fashion 29 .Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Printing Employees : 20 million metres/annum : 500 16 01 04 02 01 02 01 07 Machine Profile : Jigger Shakti Pad Batch Dyeing Dhall Jet Dyeing Shakti Stenter Dhall/Artos Calendering Mather & Platt Steamer Gayatri Decatising Shakti Rotary/Flat Bed Printing Texprint/Lakshmi Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton. Pad-Batch. 100% Polyester. Peaching. The company's fabric product range includes georgette.93 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 10 million metres/annum Printing : 10 million metres/annum Production : 14 million metres/annum Employees : 550 Export Quantity : 5 million metres/annum Export Direction : UAE. chiffon. trading and export of 100% polyester fashion fabrics The group specialises in processing and finishing of synthetic fabrics. Colour Fixing (Ager) 5. Dalmia Exports Surat. as a part of the group company is involved in distribution of sarees. Dalmia Group comprising of Dalmia Textiles. Dalmia group believes in ultimate customer satisfaction in terms of quality. established in 1996. Flat Bed Printing. Stenter.K.art dyeing and printing machines comprising of rotary printing from Stormac. Rotary Printing. Steamer. Dalmia Silk Mills and Dalmia Enterprises is well known for manufactueing. Gujarat Company Profile : Dalmia Exports. This unit is engaged dyeing. Jet Dyeing. fabrics and garments in the domestic and export market. is a part of Dalmia Group having over thirty five years of experience in the business of manufacturing and processing of synthetic textiles. its first process house M/s Pryagraj Dyeing and Printing Mills (P) Ltd at Surat. Polyester/Cotton. Jigger. crepe etc.79 million) Capital Employed : Rs. 100% Acrylic. U. Malaysia. Soft Overflow Dyeing. Sanforizing. design and pattern Dalmia Exports. bleaching and finishing of synthetic sarees and dress material fabrics. Gujarat. samoo satin. Decatising. 550 million (US$ 12.. Mercerising. The unit is equipped with state-of-the. Singapore. 100% Viscose. 40 million (US$ 0. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. Winches. MACHINE DETAILS : Desizing & Washing. The group established in 1989.
the Group is dealing mainly in sarees.2 million metres. Jet Dyeing. Pad-Batch.81 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 7. The group believes that the "Quality Always Wins". Steamer. nylon and blends in varied count and construction in the range of 40gsm to 600 gsm. dress materials and scarves which is marketed directly to the retail stores all over India. H. dyeing and printing. stain proof and flame retardant fabrics as per AS & BS standards The company is primarily engaged in processing fabrics for exports including supplying to 100% EOUS Gaurav is also engaged in direct export of fabrics to Gulf market. cotton.Dryer. Jet Dyeing.P. Winches. Colour Fixing (Ager) 6. Sanforizing. Rotary Printing. USA and European Union. The unit is capable of processing fabrics in polyester. Jigger. Today. designs and styles. Flat Bed Printing. Maharashtra Company Profile : Gaurav Dyeing & Printing Mills was established in 1992 by Gala Group.2 million metres/annum Printing : 4. a leading textile company. Rotary Printing. USA and European Union Machine Profile : Desizing & Washing Range Indigenous 01 Pearl Academy of Fashion 30 . upto 62" (157cms) width. Mercerising.8 million metres/annum Employees : 150 Export Direction : Gulf market. The company has developed exclusive varities in brasso prints and provides special finishes like water repellent. Colour Fixing (Ager) MACHINE DETAILS: Desizing & Washing.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Machine Profile : Jigger Shakti Winches Shakti Jet Dyeing Devrekha Stenter Harish Colour Fixing (Ager) Steel Fabricators Steamer Texfab Flat Bed Screen Printing Texprint Rotary Screen Printing Stormac Fabric Composition : 100% Polyester 04 02 15 03 02 01 06 01 MACHINE DETAILS: Continuous Bleaching /Dyeing. This strategy of direct marketing has enabled the company to know the taste of the ultimate consumers and also to manufacture and introduce new varities. At Gaurav. Jigger. the processing is done on state-of-the-art facility for bleaching. Sanforizing. Table Printing. 250 million (US$ 5. Winches. Stenter. The group started with a retail outlet in 1970 and made its foray in the wholesale fabric market in 1976. has resulted in establishing its own process house with a dyeing capacity of 7. Flat Bed Printing. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs.Gaurav Dyeing & Printing Mills (P) Limited New Mumbai. Decatising.
F. 40 million (US$ 0. Flat Bed Printing 7.93 million) Installed Capacity : Yarn Dyeing : 700 tonnes/annum Fabric Dyeing : 700 tonnes/annum Machine Profile : Winding Soft Overflow Dyeing Yarn Dyeing (Cone) R. promoted by Mr.P. Punjab. Stenter.Olympian Textile Processors Limited Ludhiana. 100% Viscose. was established in 1983 as a dyeing and processing house for knit fabric with specialisation in velour Pearl Academy of Fashion 31 . dryer.Dryer. R. Polyester Viscose. The company's dyeing unit. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. Olympian. Table Printing. the company's focus is to service the Indian garment exporters and also look into the possibility of direct fabric exports. The unit is capable of processing fabric in 100% cotton and polyester cotton in varying count range and construction. Yarn Dyeing 8. promoted by Mr.F. Dryer Float. Jasvir Singh. The unit has a dyeing capacity of around 2 tonnes per day each for yarn and fabrics. Punjab Company Profile : Shiroga International (P) Limited.P.F. Mr. Under the guidance of its Managing Director. Pad-Batch. H. Polyester/Cotton MACHINE DETAILS: Winding. at present caters primarily to the knit garment manufacyurers and exporters. MACHINE DETAILS :Singeing. Punjab Company Profile : Olympian Textile Processors Limited. Desizing & Washing. was established in 1997 as a dyeing house for yarn and knitted fabrics. Dryer Stenter Steamer Flat Bed Printing Table/Block Printing Hi-tech Indigenous Indigenous Hi-tech Texfab Texprint Indigenous 06 01 03 01 01 01 02 Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton. Staffi cone yarn dyeing and Strayfield R. Jigger.Dryer. Brazzoli soft overflow dyeing. Nylon . Kuldip Murgai. located at Ludhiana. Polyester/Cotton.Shiroga International (P) Limited Ludhiana. Jasvir Singh. Jet Dyeing. Soft Overflow Bleaching & Dyeing. is equipped with state-of-the-art machines including Peas Mettler winder. Carbonising. Mercerising.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Pad Batch Dyeing Jet Dyeing H. 100% Polyester. Polyprolyene. Dryer Peas Mettler 01 Brazzoli Staffi Strayfield 01 Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton. Winches.
stenter. Sunshine Dyeing located at Ludhiana. acrylic. The dye house is capable of processing knit fabrics in 100% cotton.01 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 1750 tonnes/annum Machine Profile : Singeing Winch Dyeing Soft Overflow Jigger Relax Dryer Stenter Decatising H. The company is planning to install state-of-the-art fabric finishing facility in the near future. Costo of USA and Canada.Jet Dyeing. as a part of a larger group. producing knit garments for exports for leading international brand names like Sears. Jet Dyeing Indigenous Indigenous Dyeing Krsna Indigenous Indigenous Artos/Maneklal Sanjay Maneklal 18 02 07 02 02 01 04 Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton. jigger. Hydro-extractor. compactor and calendering machines supplied by world leading manufacturers. decatising.5 million (US$ 0.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India and polar fleece fabrics in 100% cotton and cotton blends. Stenter. Punjab.D. jet dyeing and hydro extractor machines. JJ Max. The company. Shiroga's process house is located at Ludhiana. Sood in 1977 for dyeing and processing of knit fabrics. poly. The company.P. Singeing. P. soft overflow dyeing (300-600 kgs dyeing capacity). Club Price. H.P. cotton viscose. Hydro Extractor 9. 100% Viscose. continuous relax dryer. is engaged in dyeing of knit fabrics with an installed capacity of 10 tonnes per day on state-of-the-art machines comprising of merceriser. Soft Overflow Bleaching & Dyeing. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. a family run establishment.Sunshine Dyeing (P) Limited Ludhiana. Cotton Viscose. Pearl Academy of Fashion 32 . Punjab. relax dryer. Melange/Lycra MACHINE DETAILS: . Decatising. Relax Dryer. Sunshine's sister concern. At present. The company's client profile includes Superfine Knitters. Polyester Viscose. have been involved in the textile industry since 1972. singeing. soft overflow dyeing. Mayfair.62 million) Capital Employed : Rs. is engaged in the business of garment manufacturing with an installed capacity of 1500 pieces per day. Winches. Shiroga is processing fabrics for all the major knit garment exporters in Ludhiana. H. Jigger. The unit is equipped with indigenous and imported dyeing machines which includes winch dyeing. 70 million (US$ 1. 100% Acrylic. Sagar Apparels. polyester cotton.P. Punjab Company Profile : Sunshine Dyeing (P) Limited was promoted by Mr.viscose. 100% viscose. with a dyeing capacity of 5 tonnes per day. . The Bay. Lasso Fabrics etc. polyester. 0. Polyester Cotton. Nearly 70% of its processing capacity is utilise by the leading knit garment exporters and the balance by the domestic apparel manufacturers. melange and lycra. 100% Polyester. has been in the textile industry since 1935 and is rated as the pioneer for fabric dyeing in Ludhiana.
74 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 15. Hydro Extractor 10.6 million metres/annum Printing : 7. The unit is equipped with state.86 milion) Capital Employed : Rs.2 million metres/annum Employees : 250 Machine Profile : Continuous Bleaching Shakti Soft Overflow Krsna Pad Batch Dyeing Kalico 02 04 01 Pearl Academy of Fashion 33 . as a ills part of Creative Group having business interest in fabric embroidery and garment export.2 million (US$ 0. Polyester Cotton. Dhall sanforising (zerozero) shrinking range. 2. Compactor Tubular. At present the company is planning to install two additional jet dyeing machines. Cotton Viscose. viscose. 160 million (US$ 3. Winches. Superior Craft etc. 75 million (US$ 1. Mercerising. Haryana. Handicraft.6 million metre and a printing capacity of 7. hydro-extractor and colour fixing machines.2 million metres of fabric per annum. polyester and blended fabrics. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. India Fshion. Texprint flatbed screen printing.72 million) Capital Employed : Rs. Polyester Viscose. calendering. Gurucharan Sons and Hemla Embroidery. has a dyeing capacity of 15.05 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing & Finishing : 3500 tonnes/annum Machine Profile : Winches Mercerising Soft Overflow Dyeing Relax Continuous Compactor Calendering Hydroextractor Fabric Composition : Indigenous Thies Erong Dryer Santex Santex Indigenous Santex 50 01 05 01 01 02 03 100% Cotton. Creative Dyeing & Printing Mills (P) Limited Faridabad . Other group companies include Pee Empro. located at Faridabad. 80 million (US$ 1.of-the-art Laxmi rotary screen printing. a five chamber stenter with 3 bowl mangle. Calendering. Creative Dyeing and Printing primarily undertakes jobwork on behalf of garment manufacturers and exporters. soft overflow dyeing.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. Relax Dryer. The company's client profile includes Chunnu International. The unit is capable of processing and finishing cotton. Devrekha jet dyeing. Haryana Company Profile : Creative Dyeing & Printing M (P) Limited was established in 1989. MACHINE DETAILS: Soft Overflow Dyeing. Shivam Exports. Melange/Lycra. Creative Dyeing & Printing.
Soft Overflow Dyeing. The company's research division is involved in developing new quality and designs in polyester base fabrics according to the fashion trends and the specific requirement of the exporters. water proofing. The unit has a computerised design and development centre for printing and an R&D laboratory for stringent quality control measures. reactive discharge and pigment using "Azo-free" dyes and chemicals. Colour Fixing (Ager) 11. Processing unit has an installed capacity of 40. USA. nearly half of the production is meant for exports. etc. P. sanforising. At Luthra's. The process house offers special "finishes" like water repellent. Steamer. 200 million (US$ 4. flame retardant on hot air stenter and decatising which meets the international quality standards. Polyester Viscose. 100% Viscose.000 metres of dyeing per day and 30. Pad-Batch.. Hydro Extractor. crushing. Haryana. georgette. The company has established itself in the international market for its consistent quality and exported last year nearly half a million metres of fabric to Europe. The plant has a complete infrastructure for dyeing and printing of fabrics in disperse.Luthra Textiles Limited Faridabad. Rotary Printing.65 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 18 million metres/annum Printing : 10 million metres/annum Employees : 150 Export Quantity : 50% Export Direction : Europe. shearing & cropping machines.000 metres of printed fabrics per day at its plant at Faridabad. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. Stenter.K. Flat Bed Printing. Jet Dyeing. flatbed printing.U. coating. micro polyester and blends of poly-cotton and poly-viscose. As a part of its group activity. chiffon. printing and finishing of polyester. Table Printing. crepe and other fabrics in 100% polyester. Luthra's Plant No. Jigger. satin. washing continuous range dyeing. Machine Profile : Desizing & Washing Continuous Range Dyeing Dhall Jet Dyeing Devrekha 01 07 Pearl Academy of Fashion 34 . jet dyeing. 100% Acrylic. U. 100% Polyester. The process house is equipped with desizing. Polyester/Cotton MACHINE DETAILS: Continuous Bleaching /Dyeing. peach finish. (Haryana) Company Profile : Luthra Textiles Limited (Luthra) popularly known for its brand "Anupam Prints" was established in 1982 as a process house for dyeing. Calendering. Winches. II is also engaged in fabric embroidery and have installed four computerised Schiffli embroidery machines of Saurer (4040HP) with an in-house design arrangement on the latest computer software. Shrinking Range.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Jigger Shakti/Jupiter 17 Jet Dyeing Devrekha 03 Drying Range Shakti 02 Stenter Harish 01 Rotary/Flat Printing Texprint/Laxmi 02 Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton.
Kohli & Brothers (P) Limited (K. K. Desizing & Washing.K. Stenter. MACHINE DETAILS: Shearing & Cropping. Continuous Bleaching /Dyeing.K. established in 1983.48 million) Installed Capacity : Dyeing : 20 million metres/annum Employees : 300 (Group) Machine Profile : Desizing & Washing Harish JT-10 Pad Batch Dyeing Bhatt Brothers Jet Dyeing Devrekha/Star/Shakti Jigger Shakti/Bharat Sanforising Thakore Engg.K. The unit has installed Mather & Platt mercerising machines of 63" width and Primatex stenters of 60" and 48" width combined with other state-of-the-art indigenous machines which includes Devrekha jet dyeing machines of 10kg to 300kgs dyeing capacity.) is engaged in the business of process house.K. Mercerising. Decatising. K.).K. Colour Fixing (Ager) 12. bleaching. suitings. The process house is currently catering to some of the leading International customers like Otto. 100% Polyester. dress material and industrial fabrics. Peaching. brushing. Kohli Synthetics Limited at Ludhiana has been in the textile industry for the past fifty years. shirting.K.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Shearing & Cropping Brauma Dryer Float Swastik Stenter Indigenous Rotary Screen Printing Harish Flat Bed Screen Printing Texprint 01 01 02 01 01 100% Polyester/Cotton.K. 150 million (US$ 3.'s process house. sanforizing and decatising. Singeing.K. Haryana. Flat Bed Printing.K. shirting and dress material fabrics which will enable the company to utilise 20% of the unit's present capacity for in-house consumption and the balance for job work processing. is planning to concentrate on the creation of its own brand in suiting. singeing. Kohli & Brothers (P) Limited (K. Textiles Limited the group's production unit is engaged in the manufacture of embroidered fabrics while K.K. Jet Dyeing. The unit is equipped with dyeing.K. Acetate Rayon Fabric Composition : Viscose.K. K. located at Faridabad. Rotary Printing. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. is the flagship company of the K. Steamer. Group and is engaged in the manufacture and processing of suiting. mercerising. as well as provides special finishes like. Pad-Batch. Dryer Float. dress materials and industrial fabrics. Polyester Viscose. has a fabric dyeing capacity of 20 million metres per annum. K.S. omre dyeing and tie and dye for shirting.K. Jumbo Jigger. Stenter Primatex/SM Decatising Dalal Peaching Machine Bhatt Brothers 02 01 09 35 02 03 01 01 Pearl Academy of Fashion 35 . Winches.K. The Group's parent company B. Kohli & Brothers (P) Limited Faridabad. (Haryana) Company Profile : K. Quelle and Target.K. Sanforizing. As part of its expansion plan.
etc. Scandinavia. 100% Viscose. Europe.) which was established in 1946. PadBatch. 100% Polyester. From a small factory at Bhagalpur. with the sole purpose of manufacturing and exporting silk yarn. Surat. scarves. Central Silk Board. 611 million (US$ 14. the company has grown into a large scale silk manufacturing unit using modern technology and latest management techniques. Stenter. France.U. Polyester Cotton. decatising and finishing facility. ESI as a group remains the single largest exporter where the company and its associates account for the highest share of the present market in India and abroad. part of the Calcutta based Eastern Group of Companies. as Eastern Silk Industries Limited (converted to its present name in 1998). Sanforizing. Jet Dyeing.ESI Limited Noida. Peaching 12. EFFTA countries. brushing. Desizing & Washing. In the domain of silk exports. China Columbia. Polyester Viscose. Canada. the company is in the process of establishing a printing unit at Gurgaon near Delhi for which land has already been acquired. Jigger.Singapore Saui Arabia etc.) Product Range :Silk Fabrics Company Profile : ESI. Mercerising. Japan. Bangalore and Coimbatore.74 million) Capital Employed : Rs. all of them being completely decentralized and equipped with the latest technology and management practices. fabric. 1150 million (US$ 26. knitted garments and leather goods. for it's meritorious export performance over the years. Indian Silk Export Promotion Council. ESI is the only company in India which is involved in the entire process of silk making. made ups. Decatising. singeing. The company has received numerous awards from export promotion councils such as Handloom Export Promotion Council. USA. Continuous Bleaching /Dyeing.20 million) Installed Capacity : Processing : 6 million metres/annum Production : 4. Winches. ESI has a large overseas buyers profile in USA.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Fabric Composition : 100% Cotton. Ministry of Commerce. Linen & Blends. ESI group has manufacturing and production centres in Orissa. Annual Sales Turnover : Rs. Japan. Bihar. EEC countries. Polyamide MACHINE DETAILS : Singeing. Machine Profile : Singeing Jigger Sanjay Shakti/Jupiter 01 10 Pearl Academy of Fashion 36 .1 (U.P. At present. The company's unit at Noida is a modern processing plant with state of the art dyeing/bleaching. right from the collection of cocoons from the tribal community of cocoon farmers upto the final finishing and export of silk. Mauritius.O.2 million metres/annum Employees : 350 Export Quantity : 100% Export Direction : Australia. Australia and New Zealand. is a 100% export oriented unit (E. Madhya Pradesh.
of Japan and Marubeni’s deep involvement in investments by companies like Indo Rama Synthetics and Prerna Syntex. and they do not want to depend upon the advantage of lower cotton prices available to them. Sanjay Lalbhai of Arvind Mills makes no bones while declaring his intention to become the world’s largest producer of denim. has already prepared strategy plans for several Indian companies. Jigger. Specialization and niche markets are the buzz worlds now.Kumars Group for worsted suiting and Ostertag Hausmann with J. Besides. Reid & Taylor with the S. • Pearl Academy of Fashion 37 . Stenter Global Outlook • The large number of joint ventures and strategic alliances formed in the last 3-4 years is a testimony to the growing consciousness of the need for improving quality. besides having conceptualized the large US$ 100 million integrated textile facility being set up by the Chennai based Chemplast Sanmar Group. In textiles. including Arvind. and textile giants of India are trying to work out strategies that will help them acquire leading positions in global markets. Desizing & Washing. alamac and Arvind for an integrated knitwear facility. Jet Dyeing. Freres with Birla VXL for worsted fabrics. • Mafatlal Industries. besides the successful partnership between the leading yarn exporter GTN Textile and Itochu Corp. Yarn Dyeing. Stenter. Mafatlal and Morarjee. Decatising. Winches. Ajay Lohia of Woolworth is already operating a world-scale worsted facility. McKinsey & Co.Exports for silk fabrics. The world-renowned consulting firm. perhaps because of its growing dependence upon exports for growth. Melba industries with the LNJ Bhilwara Group for automobile upholsteries. dormeuil. is the largest exporter of processed fabrics (other than denim) in India. the industry is generally taking a more outward looking attitude. Calendering. important joint ventures and alliances include tie-ups of Burlington with Mafatlal for denim.J. Indian Textiles entrepreneurs are moving towards global competitiveness.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Jet Dyeing Winches Yarn Dyeing Calendering Stenter Decatising Fabric Composition : 100% Silk Star/Devrekha Sanjay/Shakti Swastik Mather & Platt Harish/Primatex Dalal 03 05 01 01 02 01 MACHINE DETAILS: Singeing. and several Indian apparel manufacturers have started promoting their own brand names not only in the Middle East but even in Europe.
Thus. They are allowed to import. However. dress material.class spliced yarn or one gets poor quality stuff. Poplin (shirting ). You name it and every mill has it. Specialization The single biggest reason why large composite mills in India have performed poorly in the last three decades is the fact that there has been no focus on specific products. they are exempted from payment of income tax for a period of five years form the date of commencement of operators. sarees. etc. Mainly for attaining global quality standards. Cotton spinning EOUs were dedicated to supplying cotton yarn to global markets. blouse material. All denim plants were dedicated to denim. now the industry has started thinking in terms of plants designed for specified products – bottom weights. treasuring. Morarjee Mills does not say it has set up a mill with so many spindles and so many looms. all their requirements of capital goods and raw materials and even items like office equipment and steel for construction. through things have been at a standstill for about a year now because of investments in new plant and machinery having slowed down. Terry towels units were designed for producing only terry towels. EXPORT ORIENTED UNITS • Units set up under the Export Oriented Unit (EOU) scheme are eligible for several incentives and facilities in India. The availability of reasonably good quality is shrinking – one buys either first. companies started thinking it terms of dedicated plants for other products also. individual units have become larger and technology levels have risen significantly in the last few years. Mills having 500 to 1000 looms have been producing as many as 40 to 50 varieties at the same time. particularly in the case of spinning. the middle rung will emerge once again in the next few years. They are also allowed Pearl Academy of Fashion 38 . this needs to be viewed in conjunction with the fact that investment in new spinning machinery have been oo high in the current decade.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Era of Specialization The structure of India’s cotton textiles industry is under going a sea change. The growing demand for branded products in all product categories has also boosted this line of thinking. free of duty. There used to be a huge intermediate sector but that has shrunk considerably in the last few years. and up market demand domestically and the other catering to lower quality stuff. even the slowdown is contributing to change – smaller units with old machines are finding it increasingly difficult to survive. For example. As is well known. The concept of specialization in specified products came into India in the denim. Now that t investment has slowed down. Perhaps the most important change that the taken place and is still continuing is polariszation of the industry into two distinct segments – one catering to exports. Once denim was well entrenched as a segment of the cotton textile industry by the early nineties. However. Automation is being adopted with growing fervor by the industry. It says it has set up a plant for high value shirting. In addition. shirting and furnishing fabrics. knitted fabrics.
manufacturers can import capital goods at a concessional rate of duty. For such cases. but EOUs have been outside the purview of quantitative restraints on exports. Century and Hindon River Mills have set up separate spinning EOUs. 200 million (about US$ 5 million). Cotton Spinning EOUs have been so successful in India that the sector has attracted investments from almost all kinds of companies. Besides. Vardhman and Forbes Gokak have also set up spinning EOUs. Long deliveries quoted by Indian manufacturers of spinning machines also contributed to the growth of the EOU sector since the EOUs were not subject to customs duty on machinery and this resulted in a substantial narrowing of price difference between Indian and imported machines. there is an allied scheme called the Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme (EPCG). many a times companies find it difficult to fulfill the conditions. As global demand for cotton yarn started rising in the early nineties. Spinning EOUs have even attracted firms from such diverse fields as mining and quarrying (Prerna Syntex).S. the reason for the popularity of the scheme has not been the incentives offered but other policy restraints. Lakshmi can meet the needs of a variety of end users. Lakshmi's success is attributable to its longevity in the sector and its ability to offer a range of textile machinery directly or through its sister companies. There have even been cases of existing spinning mills converting themselves into EOUs. which is subject to levy of normal customs. weaving. In turn. Large existing textile group like Arvind. However.i. • Textiles and clothing industries have been the biggest users of the scheme. the company importing the equipment at concessional or nil duty has to undertake to export goods worth four to six times the c. the duty is nil. If the value of imported machines exceed Rs. Competitors from European countries such as Germany.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India to sell one fourth of their production in the domestic market. The Lakshmi Group of Coimbatore has been the most successful of these companies. market share of imported textile machinery is only approximately 3 percent.f. a large number of entrepreneurs set up cotton spinning units under the EOU scheme. • • • Indian Textile Machinery Sector • There are at least 20 domestic companies offering textile machinery for spinning. texturizing and finishing. old and established spinners like GTN Textiles. in spite of the fact that they receive significantly lower fiscal benefits because duty paid on machines already purchased is not refunded. under this scheme. the most imports of which is the fact that they have to export at least 75% of their production. Though the scheme allows some flexibility in the initial years. cotton yarn exports have been subject to restraint.000 spindles. value of the machines within a given period of time. excise and other taxes. The U. Consequently. The EOU scheme implies certain operational restraints for companies. Switzerland and the United • Pearl Academy of Fashion 39 . which is only ten percent at present. auto components. For example. The Vardhman Group now has an EOU capacity of over 125.
Giudici Davide & Figli SNC Int'l Textile Services Kyang Yhe Delicate Machine Co Ltd. Gebruder Luscher AG Bates Textile Machine Co. Ltd. ROC Novotex Metrimpex Hungatian Trading Co. weaving. S. winding and finishing.G. Mesdan Bruckner Trockentechnik K. carding. Mannheim Scalfhorsdt Mitsubishi Marubeni Rieter Germany Switzerland UK Italy Zurich Taiwan. Terrot Strickmaschinen GmbH Textima Export-Import Val Lesina SPA Trutzschler GmbH & Co. Comez. Hans Affuppur Liba Machinenfabrik GmbH Bentley Engineering Co Ltd. RHN Grieve Ltd. Oscar Dilo Machinen fabrik KG Parker Hannifan Corpn. Ltd. SKF Textilmaschinen-Komponenten GmbH Strojimport Foreign Trade Corpn Teijin Seiki Co. Tsudokama Corpn (Air-Jet looms)Nuovopignone Bonas Machine Co. Serracant Murao Bookl Kaisha Ltd.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Kingdom have taken the lead and are concentrating on equipment for cotton spinning. Significant suppliers of critical textile machinery are: A comprehensive list of foreign companies servicing the Indian market include: Third Country Suppliers Country Automatik Apparate Maschinenbau GmbH Bruno Amsler Ag Camber Int'l Ltd. Friedrichsfeld. Bulgaria Hungary. Roblon Engineering PEGG Whiteley & Sons Ltd. Germany West Germany West Germany Czechoslovakia Japan West Germany East Germany Italy Germany Japan Italy UK West Germany West Germany UK UK Spain Spain Japan Switzerland UK Denmark UK Italy West Germany West Germany Germany Japan Japan Switzerland Pearl Academy of Fashion 40 . Ltd. A.
Unlike in the case of polyester and blended shirtings. of fully combed yarn and a fairly high dyed yarn content. The market size. Though one reason is that the market itself is quite small in absolute terms. Volume growth has perhaps slowed down in consonance with the general economic slowdown in India. the composition of the market is now undergoing a sea change. is estimated at about 50 million meter/year only. changes are that more Greenfield projects dedicated to shirring will come up.. However. Raymond and Beekalene. the scenario has changed completely in the nineties. Arrow Trendz. the conventional shuttle weaving is simply not acceptable to the up market clientele. 100 to 150 meter in wholesale. November 3. frequently in combination with textured filament yarn. the shirting scene was largely dominated by fabrics made of polyester/viscose blends. this shirting is selling at prices hitherto unthinkable – in the range of about Rs. However. but it has to grow manifold in coming years not only because of growth in domestic demand but also because apparel exporters too are trying to move up market in order to improve their value addition and profits. Through some nationally known brands did emerge in case of blended shirting also during the eighties. Besides. For one thing. this is one part of the industry which does not appear to be in any kind of distress. 200 for 58/60inch width fabrics and real high class pinstripes can and do command even higher prices. Sophisticated mechanical finishing and equipment for precise control in chemical finishing are absolutely necessary for achieving the desired quality standards.National Trade Data Bank. 2000 High Value Shirting Cotton shirting is being viewed as an emerging market in the Indian cotton textiles industry. Louis Philippe. Produced in counts finer than 50s. While blended shirting of all hues appears to be doing reasonably well a whole new market is emerging for what the cotton textile industry call High Value Shirting. Terry Towels Pearl Academy of Fashion 41 . Once that happens. including direct exports of shirting’s. Retail prices often exceed Rs. Until the eighties.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Oerlikon Kohap Switzerland Korea Source: U. S. Leading brands like Van Heusen. the finesse required in processing is simply not possible for mid-sized commission dyeing houses to achieve. the examples being Vimal. etc. Department of Commerce . Zodiac and others are now more cotton based than synthetics and blends. perhaps more important is the fact that quality expectations of users are so high that they can be met only by plants of a certain minimum size. Most except ‘some ‘ growth to continue even through the lead period. when the market for branded shirts grew manifold and cotton became high fashion. Perhaps the industry is waiting for the Greenfield facilities of Morarjee or Arvind to register convincing success. a middle rung of medium to small manufacturers is yet to emerge in cotton shirtings.
not surprisingly. but steady pace. Exports are running at around 75 million meters. Thus. Denim The rather quick growth in capacity has. of which 10 are equipped with jacquards and 5 with dobbies. Publicly owned Anglo French Textiles has 36 looms running terry towels. The existing players are waiting for the market to pick up. India produces about a fifth of the global cotton output and can reasonably look forward to a 20% share in global production of denim. The present output is about 200 million meters or so. designs and prints is quite varied. A number of denim manufacturers have entered the jeans segment also. but the capacity is over 200 million metes and is still growing to some extent. Until the last decade. Most of the denim producers area so into jeans. which is estimated at about 50 million meters. KG denim has Trigger jeans. Thus. Small and mid-sized projects have been set up in recent years. perhaps. Most of the units are largely looking at exports. the demand for branded towels is growing. Riba Textiles has set up a project having 15 Nuovo Pignone looms. The pre-capita consumption of denim in India is less than 0. Abhishek Spinfab of Ludhiana has a terry towel unit having a capacity of about 3000 ton/year. which means an annual output of the order of about 500 million meters. the Raymond group has the Park Avenue brand (which has been expanded to include jeans). Pearl Academy of Fashion 42 . domestic consumption is expected to pick up significantly in the medium to long term. the industry has shown steady growth. Indian textile giants have started examining the feasibility of offshore manufacturing. New projects having capacities in the range of 800 to 1500 ton/year include Terry fab India. 1 billion only. Bombay Dyeing has been in the field for ages. As regards exports. Besides. POY producer Parasrampuria Synthetics of the KG group of Coimbatore has a terry towel unit. the output of terry towels is growing at a slow. India is still a small player in the international market and has a long way to go. Sales of branded towels are still estimated at about Rs. Gujarat Ambuja has 4th Rock and others like Ashima are planning to get into the fray. As has been stated in one of the earlier issues of JTN. this is a rather unique phenomenon to India. The overall demand for terry towels is at least ten times larger than the branded segment. resulted in a glut in the domestic market. one example being the fact that Arvind Mills has commissioned a denim plant in Mauritus. the consumer used to go either to Bombay Dyeing shops or a handloom emporium for towels. which has 12 Hiraiwa rapier looms. In the domestic market also. which have remained low profile but appear to be performing reasonably well. but the general belief is that it has to grow at least five fold within the next five to ten years or so. That is no more the case.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Though apparently the industry appears to have sort of stopped in its tracks after setting up two large plants in the first half of the nineties (Modern Terry Towels and We spun India).10 meters or about one tenth of the global average. Arvind has several brands. Multibrand stores are now offering high-quality toweling at reasonable prices and the choice in terms of weight density. Companies like Rashika Synthetics and Jaipur Syntex have dropped their plans to enter the industry.
though it has some gap at the paraxylene stage. which together have a capacity of about 400. Denim has the added advantage of the fact that the share of raw cotton in total cost is much higher than other textile products. In the immediate term. Besides. these plants of 10.000 tons. and even the quality of cotton is less important than is the case with lighter fabrics. Viscose staple fibre has suffered because of the high growth in polyester staple fibre.433 tons. In the case of POY. DCL Polyester and Snaghi Polyester. Indo Ram has to buy its raw material (PTA/MEG) from others whereas Reliance is a fully integrated plant. which is in the process of being taken very by Polysindo of Indonesia and JK Corp. POY has become simply too cheap and nylon is finding it increasingly difficult to compete. In case of polyester staple fibres. besides Jindal Polyester. Even if the levels is maintained through the year.000 tons. nylon consumption has been steady at around 50. the denim industry is expected to start growing again. India’s denim industry is set to grow handsomely in coming years. as well as international markets. there is a middle rung consisting of Raymond Synthetics. however not that polyester staple fibre can not replace VSF in P/V Pearl Academy of Fashion 43 . but all of them have capacities of less than 80000 ton/year and suffer from location disadvantages also. Umbrella cloth and coated fabrics for outerwear offer scope for growth in nylon but these are still not being produced in India in a big way. The increase in output of blended yarns has not been as handsome as is suggested by growth in polyester staple fibre. besides Indian Origanic and Swadeshi Polytex. it is barely enough for Reliance and Indo Rama. There are some very small plants also. Synthetic Industry Reliance Industries and Indo Rama Synthetics are the two industry leaders in polyester. This too is explained by limited applications. Several smaller plants like Haryana Petrochemicals.000 tons for several years now. the only producers other than Reliance and Indo Rama are JCT.000 tons or so. The growth is likely to come from domestic.000 to 20.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Notwithstanding the current glut. In fact. It is being used mainly as a replacement for Jari consumption of which too is declining steadily. However. The overall capacity is over 500. The main reason is that its applications are extremely limited. Once the demand-supply equilibrium in the domestic market is restored in a year or two. What has happened is that polyester staple fibre content in P/V yarn has increased enormously – from about 40-45% to over 70% in the last 2-3 year or so. India polyfibres and Bongaigaon are reportedly running at much below their capacities. In socks it has lost ground to cotton while in saris only some niche products are being made with nylon content. there was a small growth in 1996-97. it is doubtful whether any new project will be taken up for implementation. Other Man-Made Fibres In the case of nylon filament yarn. whereas the output in the first half of 1997-98 was 206. Petrofils and Baroda Rayon have either stopped production or are running at nominal levels. Bulks of these requirements are being met from imports.. Parasrampuria Synthetics. These plants appear to be performing better than the middle rung because they use polyester chips and a large part of the intensity of competition in polyester gets take care of by the chips stage. but consumption appears to be declining this year.000 ton/year capacity have very low overheads. The production of VSF declined in 1996-97. such as Mahendra Suitings and Nova Petrochemicals. Viscose filament yarn too has been static at around 60.
Besides the increasing urbanization. Even in men’s shirting’s. No detailed figures are available but it is clear that the share of synthetics has already crossed the fifty percent mark in India. no detailed study has been made of the end use pattern of various kinds of yarn produced and consumed in India. compared to a global average of somewhat less than fifty percent. Suitings Within the blended textile sector. Major textile firms like Arvind. the initial cost of synthetic and blended textiles was higher than cotton because of the tax structure. Until five years ago. Morarjee and Ashima are already paying a great deal of attention to exploiting the potential offered by this new trend. Polyester /cotton blended yarn has started growing well in the last few months. but now taxes are reasonable and prices of man made fibres have declined and consequently. air permeability and superior color fastness. VSF demand may start growing once again. though the immediate term outlook does not appear to be very promising. including the lower working capital requirements. Bombay Dyeing. Knitwear manufacturers have started using P/C yarn. even the initial cost of synthetic and blended fabrics is lower than cotton fabrics in most cases. Several areas have been captured by synthetics almost completely. cotton probably still has a share of about sixty percent or thereabout whereas in India. However.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India yarn in percentage terms. Southern cotton spinners are also increasingly adopting polyester blends because of a variety of reasons. Arvind is even setting up a dedicated plant for cotton trousering. has reportedly started consuming about 30 million kg. suitings have been a growth area and continues to grow. In recent years. will be clear only after the current slowdown is over and consumption starts rising again. cotton trousering has come back with a bang. Even trousers are finding acceptance a mong women in particular. So far. At what level the share of synthetics and blends will stablise in the overall domestic consumption of textiles is anybody’s guess. Whether the saturation point has arrived or not. Growth in man-made fibre naturally implies that domestic usage of synthetic and blended textiles has risen significantly. the traditional varieties made out of P/V blended yarn with or without some filament content have maintained their share. such as furnishing fabrics. Saris made of polyester filament continue to be popular among masses and the same goes for dress materials for women’s dresses and even bed sheets. Besides. an important point to be noted is that non-textile usage of fibres in India are still low. JCT has always been a big player in this field and may grow further now that it has decided to sell its polyester unit and concentrate upon textiles. Filament fabrics are also gaining popularity because of their long-lasting strength. A year of P/C yarn. The northern town of Ludhiana. Pearl Academy of Fashion 44 . though the price of P/C yarn for knitting purposes is still about the same as cotton yarn or even slightly higher. the share of cotton in clothing is now less than fifty percent. Mafatlal. In clothing alone. the female population is also consuming increasingly large quantities of suitings for products like skirts. in spite of the fact that the upper ends of the society have taken to cotton in a big way. which was hitherto concentration upon woolen hosiery. it is almost impossible to ascertain the share of suitings.
This segment is wide open to new investments in practically all product categories. what the Indian market is looking for is not labels that invite envy at parties but labels that assure a certain level of quality in a consistent manner. Reliance and Birla VXL have increased their capacities in the last 3-4 year and newer players like the LNJ Bhilwara Group have intensified their efforts to compete with established brands that include Graviera and Dinesh suitings. India depends on overseas sources for its finer apparel wool and wool textile machinery.e. France. Meanwhile. the organized mill sector. It has been proved beyond doubt globally that a label can at best fetch an extra realization of about 15% to 20% or so. in which the polyester content is often as high as 75%. whether it is cotton or synthetics or blends. the consumption of apparel wool by Indian mills is expected to increase by 129%. Italy. The primary function of wool is to add fall and drape to the fabric. Thus. while looms are to number 10000. but there are apprehensions about the immediate term. naturally. Over ninety percent of the output is accounted for by polyester/wool suitings. The overall demand for worsted suitings is perhaps still below 200 million meters. the demand –supply balance is also likely to be restored in basic man-made fibre. the industry must improve the quality of their products and services in order to achieve this target. the machinery imported from Germany. and there is a temporary lull in the market because of the general sluggishness. decentralized sector and apparel and household textile sectors. Consumer spending on clothing is running low and much would depend upon how the economy at large performs in 1998 and 1999. though there is some overcapacity in worsted now. is bright in the medium and long-term. The consumer is willing to pay 10% to 15% or even 20% higher if he knows that the label completely eliminates the possibility of deformation or color fading or loose threads coming out of the fabric after a couple of washes. Pearl Academy of Fashion 45 . Switzerland and Japan. The outstanding quality of Indian wool products has improved greatly. few expect any significant pick up in the next two years but after that. The country is the eighth largest importer of Australian wool and by the year 2005. In India. Wool Sector The domestic market is expected to double in size.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Worsted suitings too have growth. The overall outlook for synthetic and blended textiles. the market for pure wool suitings is very small. By that time. including blends of wool. knitwear. The Indian wool industry can be roughly divided into three major production segments. as well as niche products like worsted suitings and branded synthetic fabrics because there are no signs of any pick up in investments as yet. while the export market will probably y the year 2005. and is now comparable to international standards. That apples to India also. on the whole. but the product has a long way to go. growth should resume ink right earnest. worsted fabrics and shawls. By and large. Perhaps the most important factor that needs to be noted by overseas analysts and investors is that India is now read to receive more branded products but the consumer is not about to splurge on labels. Worsted spindles will likely touch 1 million in 2005. i. the industry operates on three levels.
silk exporters are increasingly focusing on the higher end of the market centering around Europe. if all textiles related exports are taken into account. The weaving machines for silk fabric production number 227. Value addition has become essential for today’s Indian silk exporters. woolen spindles rose from 178. eri and muga. while dominating the production of muga silk as well. However.000 and are expected to touch 350. scarves. Looms are also to increase from 7. Its mulberry silk production is the second largest after China holding a 14% share of the world’s raw silk production (approx 14. Meanwhile. Being well aware of China’s dominance on the international market. exports of downstream products (yarn fabrics and made-ups items) have grown. There are an estimated 150 large mills in this sector. but exports of high value items are growing at a fast clip. The production a wide range of silk products for both the domestic market and export. it is now behind only China. Indicative of the potential for growth is the steady increase in capacity.000 to 317. Exports to the U. shirts. the Indian Silk Export Promotion Council is now asking international designers to create their works in Indian Silk. intense competitive pressure resulting from the currency crisis that shook the Asian countries including Indonesia and Pearl Academy of Fashion 46 . high value yarn-dyed cotton shirting. which are mostly located at small mills. mixed and blended fabrics. India has generally viewed as a low cost producer of run-of-the mill products by developed world importers. In fact.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India The organized mill sector consists of large mills producing most of the wool yarn and fabrics. and exports of PFY in general and textured yarn in particular have started frowning. bedspreads.200 in 1994 to 10. i. mulberry. In the case of synthetics and blends. nearly all of country’s apparel wool imports are processed into fabrics or knitwear by the organized sector. stoles. such as saris. cushion covers. These include denim. India is estimated to have 200.400 tons). In order to make Indian Silk more popular on the global market.S. there is significant excess capacity in polyester filament yarn. carpets and apparel. and Japan are also being emphasized. In sheer volume. but the man-made fibre industry itself has not yet become a major exporter. terry towels. tassar. and the country also ranks next to China in the production of tassar silk. trousers.000 in 194 are projected to reach 1 million in 2005.000.000 in 2005. except for staple fibres and filaments.500 power looms. Worsted spindles installed in the sector increase from 221.000 twisting spindles. etc. The future Conclusion : India has emerged as a major force in global markets for textiles and apparel in the last decade or so.e.000 handlooms and 34. dress material. Silk Sector India is a producer of all of the four main commercial varieties of silk.000 in 1980 to 566. In fact the Indian industry is now concentrating on moving up the value chain.
Which facto has hurt how much is well nigh impossible to quantify. but the growth in imports is rapid and many are apprehensive about the future.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India Korea in 1997 and the effects of which are still visible ( these currencies are still way below their pre 1997 values). while consumption of cotton textiles has started experiencing some growth hitherto it had been declining. imports have not really hurt the industry so far. beside volume. These multi-faceted elements have brought costs down to unimaginable levels throughout the vast industry – beginning from machine building. India has removed most of the quantitative restraints on imports although customs duties on many products have been specified in absolute terms. right up to apparel fabrication and retailing. under which preferential. There is yet another angle to imports. Apparently. Growth in real domestic consumption of polyester filament products has slumped to nominal levels. Some of these facilities are allegedly being misused also. the level of protection provided to the domestic industry has declined steeply and the government has Pearl Academy of Fashion 47 . On the whole. but there is some apprehension about the immediate term outlook. is quite likely to register some growth in the current fiscal year (to March 2001) also. most varieties of fabrics. Month to month variations in shipments and others received fluctuate quite heavily. When the euro goes up. On the other hand. Volatility in export markets is high. euro declines and exporters mood becomes gloomy again. For example. The ability of Indian executives to understand all of the aspects of the industry have resulted in so many small and medium units having been set up by professional. besides high energy costs and rising wages. It is routine to see faces switching from smiles to gloom every alternate month. volatility in currencies and intense internal competition. Then NASDAQ goes up. The market is too large about 30. global markets have started behaving in a somewhat erratic manner. Bangladesh and Sri Lanka). exporters look relieved. India’s exports are substantial at over US$ 10 billion (including apparel). Domestic consumption. has forced Indian firms to look for higher value added content. but the industry is facing problems of frequent changes in global trends. as well as exports. the industry as a whole is not losing money. Demand for textile products is growing at a very slow pace now. have to pay the higher of the ad valorem rate and a rate specified in quantitative terms. Nevertheless. are also fully familiar with the broad technical aspects of the industry. Moving from production to finance and from quality control to general management is routine. Besides. India has a treaty with its neighbours (Nepal.000 million square meters. India’s textile and apparel industries have grown at a steady pace in the last decade. lower rates of customs are applicable to imports from these countries. This flexible managerial cadre has thus resulted in a lot of entrepreneurship and low costs. handling commercial and management functions. most of the senior managers in the textile and apparel industries. The economy at large has been experiencing slightly slower growth rates in the last couple of years. kin terms of the number of trained technicians and workers. though financial weakness is there investments are picking up at a very slow pace. India’s real strength lies in the fact that perhaps it has the largest pool of human resources in the world.
Refrences : • • • • • • • India Textiles & Apparel. and is constantly upgrading its technology in order to meet the required quality standards and maintain competitiveness. April.ril. Jan. On the whole.htm Pearl Academy of Fashion 48 .2001 http://www.com/group.jctltdl.htm http://www.com/profile.com/petm. The industry is working hard to cut lead-time in tune with the growing preference for Quick Response in global markets.htm http://www. As imports grown.Report on the Textiles & Wet Processing Industry of India reiterated its commitment to bring customs down to south & East Asian levels within three years or so. March 2001 JTN Monthly. Some will go under and some will become more competitive. the Indian textile and apparel industries present a picture of growing confidence and continued growth. there is likely to be some re-adjustment in and re-structuring of the industry.1998 Asian Textile Businees.malwaoswal.2001 JTN Monthly.
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