3.

1 Data Link Layer Design Issues
The data link layer has a number of specific functions it can carry out. These functions include 1. Providing a well-defined service interface to the network layer. 2. Dealing with transmission errors. 3. Regulating the flow of data so that slow receivers are not swamped by fast senders.

3.1.1 Services Provided to the Network Layer
The data link layer can be designed to offer various services. The actual services offered can vary from system to system. Three reasonable possibilities that are commonly provided are 1. Unacknowledged connectionless service. 2. Acknowledged connectionless service. 3. Acknowledged connection-oriented service.

3.1.2 Framing
In this section we will look at four methods: 1. 2. 3. 4. Character count. Flag bytes with byte stuffing. Starting and ending flags, with bit stuffing. Physical layer coding violations.

3.1.3 Error Control 3.1.4 Flow Control
feedback-based flow control rate-based flow control,

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