{ AIR POLLUTION }

INTRODUCTION :
Air pollution is the contamination of the atmosphere by any toxic or radioactive gases and particulate matter as a result of human activity. There are 5 major air pollutants such as carbon monoxide (CO), sulphur oxides (SO, SO2, SO3), particulates, hydrocarbons, and photochemical oxidants.

y Air containing :
The composition of air The average percentage of its components by volume

NITROGEN OXYGEN INERT GASES & OTHERS CARBON DIOXIDE

78% 21% 0.97% 0.03%

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OBJECTIVES of THE PROJECT :
To laern more about air pollution. To determine the causes of air pollution. To determine the effect of air pollution. To determine how ways to control air pollution. I can learn how to use computer software such as Microsoft Word to prepare this folio.

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THINNING OZONE LAYER

GREENHOUSE EFFECT

ACID RAIN

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THINNING OZONE LAYER
The thinning of the ozone layer is mainly due to chlorofluorocarbons (CFC). Once in the stratosphere, CFC are bro en down by ultraviolet rays. As a result, the highly reactive chlorine radicals (Cl) are release. These chlorine radicals brea down ozone molecules, O in a chain reaction.

GREENHOUSE EFFECT
The greenhouse effect is a process by which radiative energy leaving a planetary surface is absorbed by some atmospheric gases, called greenhouse gases. They transfer this energy to other components of the atmosphere, and it is re -radiated in all directions, including bac down towards the surface.

ACID RAIN
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic. It can have harmful effects on plants, aquatic animals, and infrastructure through the process of wet deposition. Acid rain is caused by emissions of compounds of ammonium, carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acids. 


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DISCUSSION : 

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Forming and implementing a car pool will reduce the number of cars, thereby, preventing air pollution by cutting down the use of fossil fuels. 

Whenever possible, try to travel by public transports. This helps in two ways, prevents air pollution and increases public income.

If you are going to a nearby place, go by wal ing or use bicycle, instead of using your vehicle. The objective is to minimize the use of fuels, as far as possible.

Switch off the lights, fans, air conditioners, televisions, and other appliances, when not in use. You can also share a roo m with others when the air conditioner or fan is on, instead of switching them on in every room.

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CONCLUSION :
As we now air is the most important need of living things. When it becomes polluted, the life of humans, plants and animals will be in danger. Air pollution means the presence of harmful substances in the air which impure our environment. Air Pollution gives rise to serious health hazards and responsible for various types of life threatening diseases. Hence it is utmost important that proper attention should be given in controlling and minimizing those activities which causes this pollution and also appropriate restriction should be put in place in using those means which contributes towards it. So, save our environment from any pollutions that can damage living things life.

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REFERENCE SOURCE :
http://www.doe.gov.my/ms/content/punca-punca-pencemaran-udara http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_effect http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid_rain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ozone_depletion http://www.buzzle.com/articles/ways-to-prevent-air-pollution.html http://www.tutorvista.com/biology/conclusion-on-air-pollution

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