You are on page 1of 218

A. B.

MOYMTZAKHI

IYNTAKTIKO
,
THI APXAIAI EJ\J\HNIKHI

A, B, r rENJIKOY I\YKEIOY

oprANIIMOI

EKLlOIEOI LlILlAKTIKQN BIBAION A8HNA

IYNTAKTIKO
THI APXAIAI EI\I\HNIKHI

Me on6cpoon TTl<;eMl1VIKr,<; Kul3epvi)oew<; TO 6100KTlKO I3113AioTaU Lll1I.10TlKOU, TaU rUl.lvaoiou Kat TOU l\uKeiou TunWVOVTat an6 TOV OPyoV10l.l6 EKl56oew<; LlIOOKTlKWV Bll3Aiwv KOI OIOV€I.IOVTOI Owpeov.

vnoversro

E8NIKHL nAI~EIAL KAI 8PHLKEYMATON nAI~ArOnKO INLTITOYTO

A. B. MOYMTZAKH~

IYNTAKTIKO
THI APXAIAI EAAHNIKHI
A' B' f' fENIKOY AYKEIOY

oprANI~MO~ EK~O~En~ ~1~AKTIKnN BIBAION A8HNA

EIl:Ar!lfH

Fin vc

EKcppao'tEi l.11a OI(E'I1n,

Aa&iJ ym vn OXnlJ,aLlo'tE{ Myo~, KiJ YAooooa,

uin Em9uIJ,ia '" Eva ouvai0911lJ,a. &noi At~Et~, 6noo~ Kat 0't11 VEa EAA11vt-

avvrciaaovral,

&l1Aa&iJ

unutvouv

11IJ,ta KOV'ta ornv uuroi, 01

aAAl1, LU-

OUJ.1cpoova.1E J OPtOJ.1EVOU~ xcvovsc. 0\ Kav6vE~

ouvmxrucot
AtYE'tat

xuvovsc,
V'tUKtlK6. Eto AODv,

E~E'ta~OVLat O'tO IJ,EPO~'t11e;fpalJ,lJ,aLlKi]e; 't11e;apxaia~ Kat ot 6p01 me, rtov

xou

LUVtaKttK6

EAAnVtKiJe; E~Eta~OVtat: &nAU&iJ rn O't01XEia Kat YAooOOtKooV xnvovoiv.

A' H nporuon

xoo

rnv nnors-

B' H I" To
vrrn

oXtoll

xoordoscov
Myou, rrov ouvro

IlE'tU~U roue

oxiJlla'tu

&l11..a&iJ 01 t&lOppu9IJ,lE<; ron A.6you non yivo-

J.11: nupaj}uol1

xrucrov

tl aU,wv

tOV tpono

H J.1EAE'tl1 LOU LUVtaK1tKOD tXEt 00<;j}UatKOUe; cxonouc vn &&i~El J.1E rov oxoto AEt'tOUpyouv 01 At~E\<; IlEOU oro A6yo, VU &00OEt rn onuuoto rrov &\acpopoov OUV1'aKLlKWV O'tOlXEioov IJ,Erc onotu
OX1H1U'tl~E'tUt J.1\Ucppaon. Kat 'tEA1Ka VU P0119i]OEl

xupiox;

o mv KUtU-

V611011 Kat Ot11 oooo'tiJ IlE'tacppao11 svoc upxaiou
A11VtKiJ· To LUVLClK'tlK6 't11~ upxaia~ EnnV\Ktl~

KEtJ.1EVOlJrn VEU EAe

YAooOOU~ &E &tacpEpl:t nOAu 01 OUVLaKtlKOi

nxo

'to LIJVtaKLlK6

t11e; vEae;. LE nOAAa onusic

xnvo-

VE:e; t11e;apxala~ YAwooa~, tll~

&IU't11PiJ911Kuv 01 i&lOl Kat ern vee y1..ooooa, acpou <1.A11OUVtXEIU xm TJ E~tAI~l1 t11<;i&lae; apxaiae; EA.A.nVIKt;C;.

AWCJ'tETJ 'tEAED'tUla &EV E{VCll napa

BAl:IKEl: l:YNTOMOrPAcDIEl:

V.E. 71:13. I3A. EVV. K.T.O. K.E.

= VEa EAAllVlKlJ

YAwcroa

= 71:apal3aAE = I3AE71:E
= EVVOEltat

= Kat rn ouoin
=

Kat E~iJ<;

MEPOl: npCTO

H npOTAI:H KAI 01 OPOI THI:

KEcl>AAAIO A'
TA EI~H TUN npOTA~EnN
1) Ta d6'1 nov n:pOtQ<J&WV w~ n:po~ to m:PU:X6fl£VO

n p {, t a (J" AtytTUl to ouvrouorspo ruriun tOU A6yOU 7tOU &Kcppa~tt uin oKtlV11. uin f:7tteuJ,lia 1\ tva ouvaioe11J,la. 'Erot rn t(4511 troy noordcscov W~ 7tPO~ TO 1ttptq6J,ltv6 roue, 67tW';; Kat Ot11 v.e., stvm:
a) 7t POt a (J t\ <; K P ((J t ro <;, us r«; onoiec Siutumoverm uto oKt'l'11 11 OiVEtol uin 1tA11poq>opio K. r .6.: J,lta Kpi011,

"EU11V

cl

(=

siom).

1tOAe/lOV ipvaattiptov elVQI ( = eo voui~E~ 1tpaYJ,lon 6n 11 1t6A11 sivrn ... ). OUK uv AapOI<; napa toii /li; lxovro<; (= OEV uxopeiq vn 1t6.pw; a1t' nurov 1tOU OEV tXEt). Ot xporncsu; KpioEW';; f:KcptPOVtOt ue OP1«J-tlK1l (01tAtl11 Suvrrnxri) 1\ J,lE O\Jvl1tlK1l t\JKtlK1l Kat txoUV dpvnon ou (J}A. §85 K.E.).

Tnv

1tOAIV ovrw<; dv tly1jaw

J}) 7t POt a 0' El <; t 1nO \J J1 (a <;, I-1Eric; OnOtE';; tKcppa~EtOt uio , uin npootoytl, IllO tuXtl K.T.6.: "Icouev (= a,;; 1tUJ,lE).
Mi; Oopvpeire. ErO' "aOa ovvaro<; (= unxnpt

\llO E1tleU-

vn riooov Suvuroc). (111tPWT111tp6to011

'Evt» Opaav<; «a! dVUloi;<; OUT' dill IltlTl; yevoiw/v

eivm KpioEW';;, 11 &tUtEP11 E1tteuJ,lio,;;).

II

7

ue U1tOfUKtltn;, 1tPOO'fUKfIK'il xm us r«; Mo &uXE'rlK€<; EYK!..iOEt<; (tUXtfuril tUKfllrit Kat tUXtf11rit 0PlO'flK,,). 'Exouv apV110T] tllT (Il!... §85 K.E.).
y) 1t POt cl 0' tl <; t 1t l(1)(J}

Oi 1tPO'rO:O£l<; t1tl9uJ,lia<; tKcptPOVTat

V" Jl U r

t

K t <;, IlE r«; 07tOiE~ eKcppa~etal
(= J,ll1't€pa.

tva

evrovo val

ouvaioellJ,la:

·D ).l;;rep, we; Kaloe; ).l01 0 tuinttoi;

° 7ta7t1tou<;).
a 0' tl <;

tl

roputor; nou J,lOUe{-

0) 1t P 0 f epw'tll all :

t

P c!) t " J1 U tl K t <;, ue ru; oxotsc 8ta'tU7tWVE'tat

utn

Tic; el; ( = 7tOlO<; sioau) T{ eltua: (= rt va 7tW;)

Oi epw'rllllatlK€<; 1tpo'taoet~ sivur npornosu; xpioso»; 1\ &1tl9Ullia<; ue EPWtllllatlKit J,l0PCPit. yt' auto eKQ>£pOVtat 11&ru; eyKA.io£l<; tWV 7tPO'tclO&WV Kpio&w~ 1\ 11&unornxrucn avaA.oya, nv &l1A.a&i] txouv aVtiOtOlXll 1tp6TaOll Kpiotw<; it £TCt9Ullia<;:
- Tfr; el; - Ei).lf ... - Ild»; dv axonotuetla aura; (= 7tw<; ea uxooouccue vn OOUIl& auta;) - Exottoiuetia av auui, ei... - Tf einco; - Elnt: .. - MiT iinoxpivcoutu; (= vc unv a7tav'ttlo<q;)
'A1l0KPIVa/
'W

£~£HI-

it MiT

...

2

01 eporrnuurucec;

npornoe«;

Sio KpivOVTUI. orrw<; Kat OtT] V.E.• OE:

a) EpWttlm:l<; 7tOU 0llA.WVOUVOJ...IKtlaYV01U Kat o nc onoirr; T]unrivrncn unopei vn slvm tva val 1\ ·tva ou ( == 0Xl) r\ KarrOta aUT] av'tiCHOIX11 f..£~11:j.laAlara, ouJaj.lWr; (== IlE xnvsvov rpoxo), ndx; yap ou KtA.., ytati 11 arravt11011 acpopa Of..O to 7tEPI£XOIlEVO tTl<; nporuoccoc: Nol. - MiT dpxmfKrwv {JOVAtl (= e£f..£\<;) veveatku; (== OXt eyw tOUA.aXIOto).
TApa TAp' ouv {Jlwrov tJj.lIV tanv

a"v el IWKp6.r"r;;

OIJKOVV lywye

uet«

JltqJ8apj.ltvov

adnuuoc; ( == dpcOuJa).l(iJr;.

yt:: a~i~Et vo ~OUIlE J,lE xuruo rpnuusvo 0\ EpwtT10Et<; aut£<; EtOayovtUlllE 8

orbun.)

tva socornuuruco

1l0Pl0 dpa,

apa
§2

ve, OVKOVV, OiiKOVV KtA. 1\ a7tA.ro<;1')&pwt1')~at1Ktl verm us tOV t6vo 't1')e;qlwvi)<;.

tOU<; ~OP'Ptl 51')A.c.il-

(3) EPWtTto&le; 7tOU5nAOOvoUv JUpucit ayvOla xm one; oxoisc n a7t<lvt1')on 5EV unopei va sivm tva vat 1\ tva OU, Yla'ti avaqlEp&'tal 0' tva uovo ~tpoe; rou 7tEP1&XO~tvou 't1')<;7tP0'tUoEWe;: rn Tfe; el; Ei/Jf ... noaa dv /JOl xpr,/Jara t5of"e;; (= 7t60a XPtl~a'ta ea uou 5oooEl<;;) 'Onooa dv t5vvaf/J11v (= 60a ea uxopeoco), 'E/Jt t5t nov Xpr, olxeiv; (= &1'007tOU7tpt1tEt va Ka'tolJ(w;) - 'Ev 1larpfdl rn aavrov (= ornv 7ta'tpi5a OOU).

01 EPW'ttloEle; ~EptKI\e; uyvOlae; &touyov'tat ~E EpWt1')~anKtc; uvrtoVU~iEe;" ~E spcrrnutrnxn emppriunrn (rfe;, notoc, nooo; K'tA. 1\ 1l0V, noeev, tui»; K'tA.). 'Ornv 01 Epw'tTJ~anKte; xpornoe«; etvm 61JUA,dC;, 51')Aa5tl 7tEptt'X.ouvOUO&PW'ttloEle;. rots oro a' ~tpoc; 'tOUC;xpornocerrn ouvi)ewc; 1') Epw'tTJlJanKtl uvrmvuutn notepov 1\ notepa, svro O'tO 13' ~t'poe; 0 OlaXWptonKOC; oUVOEoIJOC;fl. Kcrd rn IJE'tUqlpaoTJ O'TJ V.E. 1') A.t~1') 1lon:pov 1\ notepa uxopsi va 7tapaA&17tE'tat:

:4 tuovtec

tv(}tviJe

;'/Jeie; 1COrtpov KaKWC; Tlvac; 7rOIOV/Jev II Ou; ( =

nv

qlUYOU~EEIJEiC;a1tO ow, I3AU1t'toUIJE KU1tOtOUe;" 6X1;)
~1J,u:loolr1J. nOA.A.£<; <pOPE<;, 01100<; K(ll o rn v .s., TI &PWTTlOTl OIOtUlIWVetOI, EVTOvoT£pa: 6XI ylO vn

rrA.TlPo<p0PTl9Ei KOVEi<; K<1n, 01..1..<1yla va £K(ppaoTEi a)

,'UI llp6tpOll1\
00 lIEPI~EVf.i<;;

1\ ilia llap6.JCA1JcrTI:

Ti ou KaA.Oulltv ,sPira Avalarpar'1v; ~E a~tow<; TTl Auc.),

(ovri: KaUaWIll:V raXIClra AVa.) (= a<; KaUoou-

(= OE 9a lIEPII.1EVEI<;;) (avrt: ncoiueve) (rrf3. V.E. OeV tPXEOTE Yla A.iyo;).

(3) J1Ia ~E~a{ooO''1 Tour' OUK tun

ti 11m

6.pv1Jlr1J:

(uvri: TOUT' tUTI Q.vaW/llu/J'1rljrwr;; IltyaA.'1 Kof ... ) Tivt av rrOA.I~dptaKol tlvtv IIOIlWII; (nvrt: outStvi apeaKol dv 1I0A.lr;; ) (1113. V.E. OE OOU ...
IltyaA.'1 Kai lItplfpavitr;;avQiaxvvrfa; to 'uyo 'E~ljllapTt EYW;).
T/~ tlKwv; ( = tKavE

y) 11111 \ldetO"ll: tos (cvrt: Mv

T'~t~fl/Japrrt

I(QlIOIOC; tva AciOoC; xoopiC; vn to 9tA.el;) Iu)')'vWIl'1 tXEIC; yA.WOOO).
t

TOV-

tlKWV... ) (1111. V.E. tXEI<; yp601a;

01 EpolTTlI.1anKtc;
§2

aUTtc; npOTQOEIC; UYOVTal

P" TOp

lIt

t c;

p 00 T iJ 0' U C;.

9

2) To d&11 'toov 1tp0'tuatoov MIa 1tp6'taoT) Ka.a a) a p v 'I 'tlldi

00<;1tpo<; 'to 1tOlOV

'to 1tOIOVA.£YE'tal. 01tCOC; ni ern V.E.: x

Mit
Mil

OUK dv ;.o.POI(; TCapd toii OODvPeiTe. alwKpivwpUl;
lie

1\ II 1t 0 «p II tl

Pit

K

11.

ornv 1tEpttXEI dpvnon:

lXOVTO~.

(3) Kat a «p a t

Iv

11. oruv

Otv 1ttpttXtl

dovnen:

~EHTfV

d.

"kouev. Tk; £1,'

3) To &i&11 'tOlY 1tpo'tua&rov roe; 1tpOe; 'tl) axta11

'toue; ue UA,A,t<;

1tpo'tua&l<;
QC; 1tp0C; 'tTl oxtoT) 'T)C; IJ,EaA.A.Ee;npornosu; IJ,la 1tp6'taoT) A.tyt-ral, oncoc; Ka1 otT) V.E.: a) KU P 1 II yo:

1\ II V I:!; apt 'I t 'I, oruv

unopst vn om9Ei

IJ,OVT\ ow AO'tTtC;

'AYl1aO.aoc; KartAmev Tavrylarw

tv rfl 'Aai(l

Ev~evov

apuoatnv.

(= ttal

ae; yivE1),

Mr, ()opvpeire,

01 KUp1Ee;npO'taOEle; ouvOtov'tat IJ,E'ra!;u roue IJ,Eroue napa'taK't'tKOUe; ouvcStOIJ,OUC;(OUIJ,1tA.EKtlKOUe;,aV'tl9E'tlKquc;, OtaXCOP10tlKOUC; KtA.). BA. 1tapa-raK't'lKtl ouvOtOT) xoorcoeov §144 K.E.
(3) 61:uupl:uouall

1\ 1:!;IIPt'lf1tv'l. ornv Ssv uxopsl va om6ti 1J,6VTltT)C;, aA.A.a El;aptO:'tat cxo 1J,1aVaUT! 1tp6taoT) tT)V oxotu Kat 1tpooo\opi1/:\:
'AY'la{) .. oe; Kart)..mev a olaacjJ(elv tv Ttl 'Aa£(l Ev~evov appoaTTlv, Tva ovvalro rae; TCtUele;(= y\a

va IJ,1tOpti va 1tpootan:uEll'le;

1tOU1C;).

El
10

rauTY

tok;

Oeoie; qJi)..ov, l'avT!1 laTw. §§3.4

H 1tp6TaOT): Tva ouValto ... 1tpoo~hopisEl mv Kupla 1tp6TaOT): 'Ay'1ai) .. oe; KUto..l1tev ... a1to rnv oxoiu xm E~apTaTat. a H xporuon: ei mUTt! .oie; Oeoic; qJ()..ov 1tpooolopiSel rnv KUPla xporuon: ravTylaTw xrn a1to aUTt\v E~apT,aTal. H OEtJTEpEUOuoa npornall J.1E TTIV 1tpOTaOTl 1tOU 1tpooolOpi~El KOU~ ouvotaJ.1ou~ KTA..) Ti J.1E nvneoouce; OUVMEtal J.1E TOU~ UnOTaKTl(El01KOU~, al'nOA.oYlKOU~, 't'EA.lKOU~, U1tOeE't'lKOU~

uvrcovuutst; KUl cvcoopucn E1tlPPTtJ.1ata Ti J.1E EpWTllJ.1aTlKt~ aVTwvuJ.1iE~ xut EpWTTlJ.1aTlKa E1tlppt\J.1aTa. BA.. U1tOTaK't'lKTt OUVOEOll nporucscov §153 K.E.
l:'ll'dWIJ'l' ME ltapa,aKtI1(OU~ ouvliEallou~ urtopsi va ouvotOvtOI Ilr.ta~u tOU~ Kal

OEU'I'£pEuoua£~npordcstc: El aua tJ.ev8epor; r ' eT'Ir; Kai 1TJOVaIOr; tvOiO. ttvoc dv oiOlr; (= av riooov fJ.EuElEpo~ y Kal Ila~i YIVOOOUV xrn It:l..OUOIO~, lto rr Sa EiXE~ avayKT];) (13:1... Kal §143y). a

4) To. ElOTJt(l)V 1tPOtcl<Jt(l)V (l)~ 1tpO~ tOU~ OpOU~ Oi
npOTaOEl~ J.1E l3aoll TOV apleJ.16 tl TTIV 1tA.T1P6't'llTa rrov opcov TOU~ V.E., «1tAte;, <JuV9&t&e;, &AA&l1ttU:te; BA.. OTa En6J.1EVa KEq>aA.ata

A£YOVTal, 61t{O~ Kat orn Kat E1tavf,1JJ1tv&e;.

§§7, 13, 19,23.

ntp{OOO~
'Eva KdJ.1EVO,ouvitew~ tl ll~t1tEP16oou~. oruv

Ka\

TJJ1\1ttp{OOO~
J.1E'YaA.o, ~halpEitat OE 1tEPl08ou~ an6

eivm

n & p i 050
H

e; AtYETat tva

J.1tpo~ LOU KE1~tVOU 1tOU anoTEM:l'tat Kat tXEl OA.OKA.llPWJ.1tvovonun.

uin tl1tEPloo6't'EPE~ piooo~ m:pl60ou

npornos«;

H 1tE-

KUl'aA.t\YEl OE TEA.da tll3piaKETal

aVaJ,1EOa OE 8uo TEM:iEC;. u) A.tYETal 'to J.1tpoc; J.11a~ tl1tEP1000TEPE~ npOTU-

J111t& p to 0 0 e; (tl K til A 0 V 1t & P 1000

1tOU OEV tXEl OA.OKA.T1PWJ.1tvoOTlJ.1a, aA.A.a tXEl vOTlJ,1aTlK1l v

aUTon:A.EUl Kat anO'tEA.EtTat EnioTl~ ano

utn

OE1C;. H llJ.1l1tEpi080~ KaTO,A.1lYElOE dvro 'tEA.da tll3pi01(ETat OE TEM:ia Kat o.VW TEM:iu tl aVo.J,1EOaOE 060 o.VW TEM:U:~.

nvnueon

A·X· Kai drplKvoiivral tTli ro opo; rf/1Ttp1TTn Itptpa' ovoua dE rciJ 6pel tiv 8t1X'I<;. 'E1Tei
oe of nptino: tytvovro illl roii 6povr; «a! Kareidov !ltv 8a).arrav. Kpavyi! 1l0Ui! tytve-

115,6

II

ro,

'AKOvuat;

ot

6 E£vOIpwv Kat of ,UAol 61l1ui10IpvAaK£t; tlJlftn,uav tpnpoui1ev 4AnoA£p{ovt;' efnovro )lap dlllu8tv tK r;jt; KaIOJltll'1t; x.wpat;, Kai nOI'1UaJl£lIo1.

Aovt; tnlr{8£u8al

avrwlI of 6nlU80lpvAaKtt; dntKrelliav To npOIJyoullEVO QnOOnQOIlQ Q1totEM:ital 5ouC; ~E Ilia Kupla 1tpotaoTl TllllltEpt650uC;, QItO tpEI<; 1tEPI050u<;.

rt rlvat; Kai t,w)lP'1uav tvtopall

Qno tIJV Kupou Av6.IlQoTl tOU 2EVoq>WVtQ (4, 7, 21-22) H ltpci>tTl ItEpio5oC; QltotEM:ital H rpirn nxo Mo Tl~I1t£pl6alto tPE\(;

OtTlV Ka9E~ui.

H 5EutEPTl ltEpio5oC; altOtEi..EitUl
KUpW npoTaoll,

ltPOt(iOEIC;, Mo 5EUtEPEUOUOEC; xtn Il{a KUpla. TlIlI1tEp{o5o<; ltEpti..allll6.vEI

ItEpiolioC; altOTEi..EitQl alto .suo EVro 11liEurEPll

Kal alt' autt<; Tl1tpWtTl1tl:pli..alllluvElllia tpEli; KUpiEC; 1tPOTUOCtC;.

......

.

,;;;.:'.:..,.':.:.,:.'

.,.",.. ..

.......

,_,._.':',:_:

.. :-.-~

12

KEcJ)AAAIO B'

01 OPOI THl: npOTAl:EOl: 1. AOAH OPOTAIH
Ka9E

nporuon,

POUC;,ouo Kupla a1tAtl 1tPOta0ll.

nxo Mo KUPlOUC;6unupnirrrru, yta va 0111~at\01Ei xm 111t\O 0\ KUP\O\ opoi OE ~\a xporuon stvm: 10 01tOK&ip.£VO
OtOlxEia

61troC; xtn Otll V.E., a1tOtEA.Eital

Kat 10 KUt'ly6p'IJlu:

Kiipot; ~v qnAOjJa(}eOTQTOe;. 'H nOAle; xateatn rppOVplOV.

ED 'EU"v d.

To AaKwvi(elv

tat! rplAooorpeiv.
( '= xeptouotc) Kat vovv lxel.

Moxnpioc; eauv DOTle; otoiav 0; rp(}ovovvree; utaoiivttu. 0; ev rrj dyop~ lrpuyov.
Y

1t 0 K t {Jl e V 0 EiVQl EKEiVO yta 10

oxoio

yiW:1Ql A6yoe; 0111v rrpo-

1UOll (KvpoC;,

tt

nOA1C;,av, ro AaKwv{(elv,

6anc; ... lxel, 01 rp(}ovovvrec;,

01 ev rtf dyop~). K U t 'I
Y 6 P'I "U

etvm

o,

t\

AEYE1at 0111V 1tPOWOll yta 10 U7tOKElI-1EVO

(~v rpIAojJa()eararoc;, «attain rppOVPIOV, "EU"v uaxtunoc; eanv, iuaoiivttu, lrpuyov).

el,

eat! rplAoaorpciv,

H 1tPOTU0'l1tOU U1to1EAEhut 1-10VO uno 10 U1tOKElI-1EVO 'TO xrrrnKat
YOPll I-1UA£YEtat U 1t

To

A"

1t P (, T U 0' 'I • 1-l1t0pE{ va uovo

KU1'lYOPllI-1U OE

uin nporncn

etvm:
TU1tO (utaoiiv-

a) "OVOAtKtlKO
Tal,

KUt vo EK<ppa~Ewl

I-lE pnunruco

lrpuyov)

li
roc
Kat U1tO tva ovouo, E1ti9ETO r\

P)

1ttpUppUO'tlKO Kat va U1tOn:A.ElTal U1tO svcv nJ1tO 'TOUPtlI-lU'TOC; lui e

( = E\I-1Ql) " aAAOU OUYYEV\1<OU onuo

§7

13

OUOlaonK6 (t1v qJlA.oJ.w()taTarO(;, «ateatn rplA.oaorptiv, uoxtiptoc eaitv), To ovouo nOU cpavEprovElnOlo

rpPOVPIOV, "EA.A.l1Vel, tarf
U1tOKEiJ,.LE-

yvrbplOJ,.La anoeSieSE'tat oro

vo AiYE'tat Kat 11Y 0 po\) p tv 0 (rplA.Of.J.a(Jeararoc;, rpPOVpIOV, "EA.A. 1V, 1 rpt'A.oaorptiv, IJaKaplOC;), Kat 'to pilJl.a 1tOU ouvc5tEl 'to U1tOKe1Jl.EVO Jl.&'to Ka'tT]yopOUJ,.LEVO AiYE'tat (J U v li & t 1 K 6 PTlJl.a (lfv, xateot», el, sarf).

,1) To UrcOK&(J1&VO
To U1tOKe1Jl.EVO Jl.la<; 1tPO't<10E<O<; unopst va

sivm,

01t<O<; xm o'tT] V.E.,

(av'), aA.A.<1 Kat K<19E <1A.A.T] Ai~T] ~ oJl.ac5a Ai~E<OV ~ Kat xpornon OMKA.T]PT] (ro A.aKwvf(elv, 01 rp(Jovovvrec;, 01 tv rfi dyop9., 6aTlC;... tXtl). (1tI3, V.E. 'to 1tO'tE 9a CPUYEt<;

ouoiccruco (KvpoC;,

tt, n6A.1C;)~ uvreovoute

sivm

c5tKO

oou

~it'tT]Jl.a). 1taV'tO'tE OE (yta
'to U1tOKEiJl.. 'tOU Q1tapEJl.cpa'tOU

To UnOKEiJl.EVO rou pnucror; O'tT]V nporuon ~piOKE'tat 1t'troOT] OVOJl.aOnKit xit<;

Kat 'tT]<; Jl.E'tO-

~A.. §§94, 102).
'01:aV 7tp6KEI1:at va oT]A.wSEi Kt:l7tOlO 7t006 7tpooOtoplOl!6, ouvitSw<; Ka1:t:l 7tPOOtYYIOT], TO U7tOKEi· I!E 1:1<;7tPOSEOEI<;: til;;, o./Jlpi, 71£·

I:'1JU(WCJ11.

I!EVO EK(jIEPE'tU1 I!E EI!7tp6Sno

pt, xrn alTW1:IKit: nt:pl toix; inroxootooc

o.1lt8avov

(= 7tEpi7tOU E(jI'tUK6010l).

2) To Kat'lYOPOUJ1tvO
To KU'tT]YOPOUJ,.LEVO uxopsi va

eivm,

6n<oc; KUl OtT] V.E., OXt J,.LOVO 0-

VOJ,.La, OUOlUO'ttKO T1 Eni9E'tO (rpPOV(JIOV, "EA.A.l1V,rpv..olJu()iararoc;, Kap/Oc;) una KUt Ka9E At~T] ~ Kat OA.OKA.llPTl xporo on: To ).aKwvf(tIV tatt rpl;'oaorpeiv.

IJU-

Mar'lv tatt to ueuvhotku nept rovrwv (= sivm J,.La'tUtO va KaVEt KUvsir; /-..oyo yt' nurn). If>i).mn6r; taTlv O,!l uv dna !IC;. (nit V.E. auto TltUV 0, tl1ttO 1tapO:~tvo daa (Jt11 ~<oit PO\).
Kat 1:0 KaTT]yopOUI!EVO, oxo»; Ko.I TO U1tOKEiI!EVO, I!1tOP£l vn f.K(jI£PETflt ~E 1tPOOOlOptOI!O, o rnv OT]A.WVETat

I:'1JlElw(J1J.
EI!7tPOSEtO

tva 1tOOO KaTel 1tpoo£yytOll: Ol Ilepaat !/aav o.,ulpi -rae; 6dJ6EKa jllJPuiOae; ( = 1tEpi1toU owoEKa, .. ).

3)

To aUVOtUKO
LUVOE'ttKa PtlJl.Q'tU EK'tO<; uno onuuofu, 6muc;: §§8,9,IO 'to pt;Jl.U

elui stvm

KUt <inu

nou

t-

lOUV OUYYEVtKtl 14

a)

vivvouat,

(=yivollat), Q)1)OTl 1l0U).

rvyxdvw, dnopa{vw,

OlartA.W (= eium lrpvv (= yevvij6TlKa),

BtapKro~), Ka(Jiaraf.J.a1 nerpvKa (= sium uno TTl

'A vvnOOI1TO<; Kai dx{rwv
rota Kat XtTwva).

OlaTtA.ti~

( = eiom BtapKro~ xwpi~ nanou-

'HpaKUj<; Kart(n" evepyer'!<; T17<;'£A.A. doo<;. 'AnA.ov<; 6 f.J.v(Jo<;T17<;dA.,!Oeia<; lqJv (= 0 /...6yo~ 'tfJ~ aA1\6eta~ ... ).

13) alpoiiutu
ScvoqJwv

La OUVWVUIl<l roue,

( = EKA.EYOllat), anooetcvoua: ( = BtOpit;ollat), UyOf.J.Ul Kat 61tw~ XtIPOTOVOVf.J.al, KaA.OVf.J.Ul, ovouacoua: K'tA..: rtptOtt dpxwv. dntotOtlKTO Eiaiupoc,
nA.ouotO~.

Etpatnyoc; TWV navTwv
!JepKvA.{oa<; £neKaA£;-ro

Ttaatupepvnc. 0
aBEp<po~ 'tOU tKl..tyual

(nl3. V.E. AUTO~ ytvvTj9llKE 130UA.EtJt11~ 1'0 VOIJ.Ouuc). 0

Kat <lA.A.apnuurc, EKT6~ an6 tn oUVBenK<l, vo nou stvm ouvtl6w~ tJtlPPllJ1atlKo Eni6ETO, aA.A.<l onuntvsi

(OUXV<l oouonuutvouv

xivnon) ~t1tOPOUVvn OUVOEOOUVTO unoxstusvo IJE Eva KaTTjyopOUIJE-

6, rt

Kat Eva smopnuu, MYErat

STjAaSTt tOJtO, XPOVO, tpOJtO, CJKOJtO,CJElpit KTA.., Kat yt' aura Katllyopo(>I.ltvo:
at <lPPWOTOt),

Exnvoiiotv tv mit; atevou; oi Kaf.J.VOVTer; (=
)._OlOKI1VOVf.J.evvnaiOplO1 (= 01'0 unat9po).

of 0' d)'_-

"OpOPIOC; flKelr; (= Ttp6E~ tn ~TjIlEpWlJata). 'Evt» ae aalJ£VOC; topoxa ( = qw OE EiSa IJ£ EUxapioTTjOTj). Ai vliet; r;)._(Jov po"Ooi (= ro 1tA.oia tlP6av viu vn l3oTl9';00uv). 'EvrtvOev
To

teflaav

( = I3Y1'lKav t~w) 01 arpatnvoi

npUJTOl.

emponuunxo Ilspnutn
PTtlJata

KaTTjyopOU!lEVO lJeta<pp<lt;ETat 11£E1ttPPTllJanK1l KaJ1apWto~. nou onuctvouv naVTpEUTTjKE ytpo~. 'Hp9E JtprotO~

EK<ppaOTj. (1tI3. v.c. OTO BtaywvtoIJO). ME rn Jt tl K 0 E~tA.t~",

61tw~ uv-!aVOf.J.al, atpouoi
0 ~, ytaTi TO U-

(= UIjIWVOlJat), TptrpOf.J.Ul K. T.6. TO KaTTlyopOUIl£VO MYE'T(lt Jt P 0 l..ll-

~

Kat

'1 y 0

po () J1EV 0 r o u

a Jt 0 ttl.. t CJJ1a t

1111,12

15

xoxetuevo Aa~f}o.VEt a1tO npiv, 7t p o A all f} 0. v £ I, £va YV0lPI0l1a ea stvm TO TEAIKO a1toTEAEol1a TOU pnuuroc:

nou

To To
To

KrJpov ovopa ptYI(1'COV 'liJ~'lTO. VII/OC;
TOr)

teiroix;

flPE:TO piyu. 11£:

(7tf}. V.£. 0 BaoiA11C; (J1to\J«')6.Stl yWTpOC;). 1tPOAfl1tTtKO vu y(VE1..... l<aT11YOP00I1£VO I1ETalppciL,£Ta! w(Jtt

it

Kat tY1VE

it

Y1VOtaV KTA.

2. I:YN0ETH
13

nror AI:H
Kat o rn V .e., xspiocorspc uno

Mia 7tpOTaOl1 unopet vo EXEI, orewc; tva U1tOKElIlEVa it xurnvopoouevc:
KOUTWP IOfpOC; Kui no;'v&rJK'lC; Kui ()E:;OC; dOdvaroi earl. (J U v 9 E

eiai.

0 dW7P
AEYETaI

AUTTt 11 xoorcon (rr~. v.e,

0

t" .
EKeivOC; Jirav cove-

rrUTEpac; Kat 111111T£PU De ~oooav.

TlKOC; KUI runoc.)

16

§13

OJ XYPIOJ OPOI

TIll;

DPOTAUJU:

01 ,(JOVOVVTer;
KiJpoC;
QUOIU(HIKO

p.aOVVTOJ

PHMA

,;v
elut
pTj~a KTA.

,.lopu(JtaTuToc;
OUOlaO,IKO £7t{9ETO 7tp6ta0'l KtA.

cvrrovuuto
o~al)a M~EWV xpo rcon

yivvoiuu
Ka(J{UTa/Ja Uyo/Jul
KTA.

17

KE~AAAIO

r'

I:YM~ONIA TON KYPION OPON THI: DPOTAI:EnI:

1) I:u",(J)vUz tOU

ptUUltOC;

J1t: to

UftOKdp£VO 61tm~

To pT\~a as ~la 1tp6'taoT\

oll~qKOVf:i ~S 'to 111tOKs(~sv6 rou, ap19~6:

Ka1 OTT) V.E., O'tO 1tp6om1to Kat etov

Iv elxac.
Ourol
UYOVO'IV.

AA.A.Q 6'tav 'to 111tOKs{~SVOrou pT)~aTO~ sivrn ovou« vouc 1tA.T]911V'tlKOO ap19~oo, T6TS TO p1i~a ollvn9m~ 1tA.T]9UV'tlK6 aA.A.u as EVlK6 ap19~6:

Ollat'tSPOll

yt-

~1ta{VSl 6X1 es

Ta nau5ia nai(el. Iltivta ra t5beata KaA.a tatt.
H
LS OUVta~T] au'tT) A£ysTa1 a t t 1K T) a U v T a ~ T] .

uin

1tpOTaOT\ 1tOll ta U1tOKEi~Eva

eivm

Mo ~ m;ptoo6'tspa

TO

1'1'\-

un ~1taiVEt KaVOVtKU OTOV 1tA.T]9UV'tlK6 apt9~6. Otaq>Epouv OTO 1tp60o)1tO, TO priuu OC01tO'E1ttKpa'tEoTspO TPi'tO Kat TO OEUTEPOxpoocorro
KaO'fWp

Av rn U1tOKti~sva

~1ta{vEt OTO S1ttKpaTEOTSpO 1tp6-

Eivat TO 1tpci>to 1tp60co1to a1t6 TO OSUTSPOKat nxo TO

rptro:

«a! nO).vt58VK"~

dlJdvaroi £lUI,

'Eyw Kat O'V rpO.Ol to'ptv. OU O'U uovo; oMt 01 0'01
at EV1K6ap19116 Kal oro np6awno anoullat6ttpo: 0160 uarpwr; "ai

",ao. 1tPWrol

rt)v t56~av nept (Jewv lO'lUt.
unOKtll1Eva I1nalvtl nou ElVQl to nA'1al&atEpO

I:'1I,dwlnI. noAA.t~ (j)opt~ to plil1a xou fXtl Mo Ii ntplaaotEpa
tOU unoxsruevou

1\

to

tyw

"al uti (nvn: [u#£11uorpwr; ... ). (cvri: 6/(u"ovTer; el-

BauIA£Ur; "al 01 UUlI aUTcj) 6/CiJ"wv tit17rl7rTtl ek; TO UTpaT6n£60v uTCiTCTOVUIV ... ). ek;

(nil. V.E. fAa Kl tau Kal to nall1i, nvrt: EA<ltE Kl EOUKal to 1I:all1{).

18

IIJ4,J5

2)
,

I:u,upoovia tOU Kat'lyopoufltvou

flE to U1toKtlflEVO

16

To KatllYOPOUIlEVO OE IllUV a1tAtl1tpOtaoll, av stvm E1tieEtO, OUIlqxovst IlE to U1tOKElIlEVO oro YEVOs, o rov apl91l0 Kat crnv 1ttWOll. Av 0IlWs to Katll)'OpOUIlEVO stvrn Oll(J\a(JtlKO, rots OUIlCPWVEl IlE 10 U1tOKElIlEVO U1t0XPEWtlKo. uovo crnv nrcocn: IWKpG.r'lC; earl aoeoc, 0; L1t:A(fJoi dar 7ro;"c;. AAAo. nOAAEs eopec, orov to UnOKElIlEVO DE ouvspcovei xc n OPIOIlEVO aAAo. uiu £vvOla 0' 01.0 rnc; to EiDos, tors to xumvopouusvo av stvrn Eni8ELO urmtvst OE OUDELEPO YEVOs EVIKOU apl9llou, aVE~o.pHILa cxo 'to YEVOs xui LOV apl91l6 LOU U1tOKEIIlEVOU: 'H J' d/laOia rrG.vrwv af(JxuTToV (= 11 allo.9Ela YEV1Ko.). nOV1fpOV 0 auxosptivtni; (= 01.01 01 oUKOcpo.VLES). A; ueratiosot ;'V7r1fpOV (= at IlEWPOA.ES YEV1Ko.). (np. V.E. Ol OE101l0i stvm KaKo).
l:'lJltlI1lIJ'l. nontc; <j)optc; JlE to KatTrYOpOUJlEVO auto U7tOPXEI 11t..E~11npavua 1j xPri-

ua 1j «tnua:

o 15;;116r;eaTIV

aIJTa9,u'1TOTaTOV npii.y,uo. (= 0 t..a6c; ElVQl xo.n ao,aat(n-aTo).

'OLav LO xumvopouusvo sivm ououroruco, 1tOAAEs cpoPEs OEV urtutvst OE ovouuo nxn, couecovo I!E LOV xovovu, aAAO: OE vsvncn noo AtYEtat y tv I K t1 Kat 'I yo P 'I f.l a t I K t1 Kat CPUVEPWVf:I: a) Ktt1(J'I (YEVIKtl KatllyoPllllanKtl xrrrnxn): 'H r,ye/lovia earl Ttjc; 7ro;'twC; (= n nvsuovtu (np. V.E. to PtPAlo eivui rou KW(Jta).

avi}KEI ornv

n6All)

13)

tva m)vo/...o, nno KULllY. OlatpEnKtl):

LO 01tOlO tva

IlEPOs stvm LO U1tOKElIlEVO (YEVtKtl

1116,17

19

IOAWV nDv t7m'i UOfpWV iK Arj()17 (= OVO~.l(iOtl1KE EVa~ cno roue 11:ta OO(j)OUC;) (1tI3. V.E. 0 tvac; tiTav t'1C; 1taptac; "a<;).

E-

Y) UA'1 (YEV. KIlTl1Y· tl1C; UAl1C;): 'H KP17TCIC; to SEIlEA.tO) tun U(Jwv }ltyt1.)'wv (aHa (= V.E.: til OIlXtuAlota tl1C; etvoi KaSapo xpuoa(j)l, ana Kat: 1111:6xpuoa(j)t il xpuoa).
5) i6u'n''1ta

(YEV. KaTl1Y. Tl1C; tOtOtl1tuC;): Toii TCOTa/.10VTO £vp6c; tottv tlKO(1l 1l0~wv. Elut rplt1.KOVra trwv. (11:13.V.E. 0 NiKOC; sivut otKa lPOVWV). a~ia (YEV. Kat11Y. tl1C; a;;illC;):

1::)

'H olxia tativ
(11:13.V.£. autil

tl'Koul

uvti)», stvut reiv llAiwv 6paXj.lwv).

11 rorivrn

'Oruv uTCapXouv (1tl1V TCp6ta0l1 QUO ti TC£ptoo6t£PIlUTCOKEij..l£VIl, to Katl1yopoUIl£VO o.v slvm £TCteno, j..lTCo.ivEtKaVOVtKo. o rov TCAI1SUVtlK6 IlptSj..l6 Kat:
a) oro xowo YEVOe; nov UTCOKEtIlEVWV, nv til onoxetuevc rou {OtOU YEVOUe;:

slvm tllljlUXIl

'H /.1rjT17PKill

it

()vyo.T17P KUAUi eloiv.

13) OtO ETCtKPlltEoT£PO YEVOe;, o.v W UTCOK£lIl£Vo. stvm Ej..lIjlUXo. 011l(j)0PEtlKOU YEVOUC;(E11:tKpatEOt£pO YEVOe; S£wpdtllt to cpcsvuco ano to. <iHIl OUO Kilt to Sl1AUK6 o.TCOto OU&ttEpO).

'0 dvr,p Kill
y)OW oUottEPO YEVOue;:

it

yvvl1 aya(Joi elotv. YEVOe;, IlV til UTCOKElIlEVIl sivm <iljluxa

onoiouorixore

Alod»; Kill rp6poC; l}lrpvra dv(Jpw7rOlC; eloiv, (1tI3. V.E . .., vrporrn xm 0 q>0130c; eivm t"(j)uta). 0) OTO YEvoe; TWV EIlIjIUXWV, o.v to. UTCOKE1j..l£Vo. ivm <iAAIl EIlIjIUXIl Kat s u:A.Aa uljIUxa: 'H TUX17«at 0 cfJiAln7rOC; ,jaav
20

TWV tpywv

KVplOl.
§18

KE<l>AAAIO A'

EAAEIUTIKH UPOTAl:H
E A. A. E1 7t t 1 K 11 Uy&tat T\ nporuern ornv napaA&l7tOVTnI an' nurnv xspiooorepor opoi, xou &VVOOUVTnl &UKOAa un6 rc OUI.1<ppa~6uevn ~ un6 TT\VKOlViJ xsipu nov av9pwnwv nou exouv TT\V((lla YAWOoa: "EH'1vte; eouev (&VV. ;'f,1eie;). Metpov dptarov (&VV. tar!). 1) U«pal..wVll
tOU U1tOKtlf,ltvOU

tva~ ~

a) To unokstusvo TOU piJliaTo~ av, vf,1£ie;) nupuAEln&TaL, tOU prj Yla,l

0,0 a' xrn

W

npocomo (tyw,
rj:

iIf,1£ie;,

OT\AWVEtal Ka9apa

1.1& TT]V Ka,aAT]~T]

uuroq. Mnn ivsi naioeku;

IJOVO Yla EIJ<PacHl it avnolacr,oA

Iv
13)

Otno»; el aoooc; (&VV. au).
ui» brlOVf,1t:le;, tyw ot niuoeoe,» dUove; erllxelpw.

To U1tOK&lli&VO ,OU prumror;

OTD y' npooroxo

xuvovucu

I.1ltaiV&I, 61.1w~,

ytaTl O&V unopsi oruv aiv) TOe;it ornv

va oT]Aw9&i 1.1& TT]V KaTaAT\~T\. napal..&ilt&Tal Y&VlKO Kat aOplOTD (KuplW~ 1.1& p. UyOVOlv rn

&UKOAa unopst va evvonset uno TT]V evvoio TOU iOIOU TOU pnuu-

slvm

it

oa-

it

EUKoAa EVVO&\WI uno ru oUI.1<ppa~oIiEva: taci;'1tI)'~t:, oi atpattdniu

'Enet
(= oruv

npoliai.ouevo,
01

Ta

onAa

Bnffaav

Oc:lA.1tly~&(EVV.

6

aa).nl)'Kr~e;)

oTpailwTEc,

npOT&lVOVTac;

rn 01tAa &1tlTt8T]Kav). Tar; 'AO~vae; ({Jaa, OW(Jf:peararae;

elvai xn

(= AEVE, EVV. 0; dvOpwnol).

Tiaaaoepvnc
).evol avrrjj empov).evol

otapciUel

roy Kiipov npi»; roy aOeArp6v, we; BnlpovK6 Yl' aUT6v) (OT\A. (}

(= Oil Oit9EV oXEola~El

Knpo;

rrjj aOeAr(0).
(o rpn r.). AtVE OTl aUT6~ TOU~

(nl3. V.&. X,U1tT\O& ltPOOKA'ltTjPLO aOEla va a7tot)<Jla<Jtl).
§§19.20

npOOWOE. 0 l.1a9T\T"'~ PWTT\O&TOV Ka9T]YT]'Tl TOU av TOU 0(\,&1 tT]V

21

2) Dapa)..Wl'l1 rou PtlJ1a'toc;
KaOt p"~a unopst va napaA.Elntral, 6TaV EUKOA.a svvostrrn iI nxo ru oUJ,l<ppa~6J,lEVa 1i nno rnv K01Vil nElpa Kat rn xpilOTl tTlC;yA.wooac;: 'Eyw at M'It5tv

aauevo; iopaxa

Kai

01 dUOl Eou

ndvue;

(svv. iooaxaot),
UnEp~0A.1K6).

ayav (EVV. noie/) (= J,lTlVKavw; ~ExaOJ,l€Va.

rtxore

(n~. v.s, Ilepuouevc
AUa

to "~EPEC;, aut6c; 6~wC;;).

ouvftOwc; napaAttnEtat

0 runor;

eai!

tOU pilJ,latoc;

elut an6

r«; anpoownEC;

tK<ppo.OE1C;nou oXTlJ,lati~ovtat: d:vdYKI1,

a) us ru ouotnrrnxn

«atpoc,

wpa,

Be/.lle; KtA.. xaAEn6v KtA. illlE KtA.

~) us rn EniOETal t5;j)..ov, t5vvar6v,

016v re, MolOv,

ru

PTlllatlKo.

EnieE'ta OE -rsov, A..X. oloaKreov KtA.:

ioti, nomxtov eat!

Y) IlE

r«;

IlE'tOXEC; oeov, EiK6r;, npenov Jlera/laAElv

MoXBE1V tivUYK'I (EVV. taTl) r,tJrjatv novnpav

rove; BtAovrar;

EurvXElv. (= BEV stvut EUKO-

ou jJtj.r5lOv (EW. earl)

A.Ova aAA.o.~E1C;vav KaK6 xapaKtilpa). t

'Ynea r~e; eAw()Epiar; tiywVlartov
!-LaOtE... ).

(EW. eaTl) (= npE7tEl

vn

aywvl~6-

Baptiapo,» "EU'Ivar;

apXE/V tiKOC; (= EVV. eaTl) (= sivm AOYlK6 va (pA.. §73). vn nOJ,lE rcopu).

E~OUOlo.~OUV01 'EHTlVEe; roue ~ap~o.poue;) (n~. V.E. 'Upa va (j)UYOUIlE. AUO'KOAO

3) napahl'l'l1

tOU KatllyopoUfltvou

tl

Kal 060 opwv tllC; npota-

(JtWC;
Emcnc unopst va 7tapaAEl7tETal Kat to KatTlyopOUIlEVO Kat Buo ouYXp6vwe; opoi rnr; 7tPOtUOEWe;:
il aK61lTl yap 00-

Oooeic;

BEOr; huBv/.lEI

aoooc

veveatku:

lOTI yap

(uvri: ~on

<p6C;)' napaA.EinEtat

to KatllYOPOUIlEVO

(00<p6C;).

'0 ui» belA or; r~e; natpiooc,

0 t5t

rplA.6oof,0e;

iatt npoootn; (nvn: 0 uev
(1t~.

be/A.ae; eaTl

r~e; natpdxu; ouaku; npoootnc; r~e; natpiooc):
(npooorl1e;)

1tapaA.Ei7tETaI to PTJlla (taTl) V.E. Auroc

Kat to KatTlyopOUIlEVO

etvm nAOUOlOe;'

trw

BEV stum).
§§21.22

22

KE<I>AAAIO E'
EnAY:5:HMENH

nror A~H

01 xupiot opor uta«; 1tPOtUOEWt; (to U1WKEi~EVO, to p~~a Kat to xutllyOPOU~EVO) OUVObEUOVtat ouvi}Swc; nno OU~1t).llPW~ata tllC; EVvotnr; roue 1tOU ).tyoVtal 7t po CJc'ilOp l CJIl 0 i xm ~E tOUC; 01t0(OUt; yiverrn aKpt~tOtEPllll btatU7tWOll tOU )'6you. 01 npoo Siopiouoi At yovrrn c'ir.uttptuovtt<; OPOl T11<;7tPOTUCJEW<;. H nporucn nou tXEt EKt6e; nxo roix; xupioor; xrn OEUtEPEUovtEt; 0poue; AtYEtal E 7t au c; 111l tv 11 nporncn:

a) Mevcov 0 fh:TTaUu; 1}v ({JiJ..oC; 'Apuuou. TOVTWV atuo; Xsuoeco:» 6f5li iattv. ~) 'EvmvOa eueive Kiipot; r,)Jipae; tpuixovta. 01 "EU'1vf:e; abv yiAWTl int TIle; CJK'1Vo.e; }AlJov. 1 01 rrpoo Sroptouot ).tyovtat: a) 0 v 0 Il U Tl K 0 i, o ruv sivci ovouuru, ooomo nxu ~ £1ti8£ta, 1\ u).A£e; AE~£te; 1tOU txouv Stoll ovouuror; Kat n:poo&tOpi~ouv £1tiOlle; ovouuru. Kat ornv ouuecovoov o rnv 1ttWoll ~£ rn At~ll 1tOU 1tPOOblOpi~ouv A.tyOVLnI 0IlOI07tTWTOI (6 Bf:Ha..t6e;, 6&), oruv O£ OUIl(j)Wvonv Atyonat tTEP07tTWTOl (,APlUiov, rovrwv). ~) t7tlPP11IlUTlKOi, oruv sivrn emppnuuru tl UAAEC;)'tI;EIt; 1tOU tXOUVStoll smppnuc roc Kat 1tpoObtOpi~ouv xuoiox; pnuurn (evrav8a. r,J,l£pae;, avv yOwn, erri rae; oxnvac),

§§13

23

nivaKCI<;

1

TA EIAH TON npOTA};EnN Oc; 7tpOC; to n&pl£'X,6J,1£vo
Cc; 7tpOC; to noulv Cc; npoe; tTl o'X,tOTt roue J,I£ ci}.,).&e; npOt6.0&1e; Ce; 7tpOC;

roue opou;

1. Kpicn:w<; Iv "EAA'1V el

1. KatacpatlKi:~ Iv "EAA'1V et

1. KVpl&~

tl

1. adtc;

av&~apt1Jt&~

Ta,jry larw

Iv "EH'1vel

2. £7tl9upiuc;

2. aPV1JtlKi:~ altocpatlKi:~ OUK tK

tl

2.Ii&\)t&p&vOIJ(J&~ E~apt1JJ1i:vE~

tl

2. (Jvv9&t&~

Mil Bopvpeirt

XP'1J,larwv dperil ylyveral
3. £1ncpwV1JJ1C1tlKtc;

EI ravry t oli; Beoit; rpiAov, ravry larw

Kui IlOAV&eVK'1t; d8avatoi elat
Ktiatcop 3. d.AElIttlKi:~

'Ut; KaA6t; J,l01 o 1la7171ot; 4. £PWt1JJUltlKtc;
a) 1-1& 01..1I}) 1-1& Kti 6:YVOlQ I-1&PlKT)

"EAA'1vtr; iauev

d,yvOia TApa av eT TIe; el; IWKpar'1r;; 1) ONOMA TIKOI DPOI:LHOPII:MOI
a) nap6.9EO"l1 Kat Ent~TJYlloTJ To PUOlUOtlKO 1tOU 1tpooolOpi~El
V.E.:

4. &ltau~ llJ1i:vE~ Mtvwv 0 eerraAGe; 1}v rpfAOe; 'Aptaiou

OMOIODTQTOI

tva

ciAAo OUOlaOtlK6

o rnv

iOta

1t"CWOllAtYE"C , 01tWC; Kat ern at

1. napa9EtlKOC;
o ro OUOlaOtlKO

npo(Jc\itoPlo~oC; 1tOU 1tpooolOpi~El tva

1\

nap6.9Eoll,OtUvoivEl

KUPlO Kat YVWOtO yvWpl<Jl!a.

24

§ 23

H napu6EoT)
Kiipoi;

0

pauI;'cvr.;

urtopei va avaAu6El OE cvuoooucn (= 0 K. non stvrn ~aOlAlU~).

rtpo tuc n:

XP'1luirwv AaJ.cit;, apcpaiov npaYf.wror.; (= ~lAU~ Yla xpi]llaTa, nou sivm Eva a~E~aLO npnvuc). (n~. V.E. (j)TuoapE OTT) 0EooaAoviKT), ornv nO)..l1 tOU Ayiou All!!l1rptou). 2. EnE ~ 11Y 11!! a tl K 0 CO n P 0 (J lit 0 P 1(J !! 0 CO11 EnE ~ i) y 11 (J 11 *, 0ruv £ n E ~ T)Y £ i , OT)A.aoi] Otaoa(j)T)Vi~Et TT)V svvoic tOU OUOlaOTlKOU nou rrpoooLOpi~Et, 11 orroia slvui YEVtKi] Kat a6ptOTT). H ErrE~i]YT)(ll1 ll£ta(j)p<i~ETal 11£ to lillAaor] xrn rnv aVTio'WlXll A.f.~ll: '0 KOIVOt; latpoc: ae ()epam;vael, Meyiarov KaKOU dn:t]Uayt]aav, Xp6vor.;. novnpiac.

Ilept

(rr~. V.E. an6 TOV a(j)p6 tT)C; 6uAaooac;

~ytlKE T) SEU tT)C; ouopeidc,

" A<ppo~it,,). Qc; En£~''Y11011 urroptt va xpT)Ol~OnOLT)SEi OXl uovo OUOLUOtlKO aA.A.n Kat <iUT) A.t~ll tl Kat OAOKAT)PT) npo rnon:
Eft;

okuvo; Taina Uyw,

dplarot;,

apvvculJat

nepi

ntitpnc,

du;

!O napanov

ou

VOpi,Clr.; lJwvr.;.

napa6EoT)

uvrcovuuiec
men:

" £nE~i]YT)OT), EKt6C; uno ro OUOlaOtlKU &tXOVTal Kat Ol aUu Kat aUa ~EPT) TOU AOYOU 1\ Kat uiu OA.OKA.llPll nco(= E~eiC; xou stuoo re...). TWV d,uwv

'Huek; of arpatnvoi

napoSEoll·
'(t]Ttiv Exelv (= OT)AaoiJ

Toiito
nat; uor,

iau

TO dOlKe/V, TO n:Uov

to va ~T)tuC; va tXEtC; nLO noUa

uno ... ). EnE~"YllOT). tAev()epoc; tvi oouA6C; iati, up vouci, 0 ot OOUAOt;ovrri, rfjJ v6«at rfjJ Oeun6TrI ( = KOSE EAEUSEPOC; 6.vSpwnoc; slvm OOOAOC, os
ana
0

svnv, OT)AaoiJ OtO v6~0. ~11Y"OE1C,.

OOIlAOC, OE Mo,

Ol']Aao" ... ). EnE-

01 'Aenvatot

dp({)oripwlJev.

(= an6 &Vo IlEPltC"

EK rs Yilt; xa) tK ()a'A.aaa'lr.; t),uvvovro 011AaOiJ Kat uno tT)V ~l1pa Kat an6 ... ). EnE~"U({)£, dn:6pP'lrov n6).£I; (= aAtl6Eta,

YllOll· 'H yap vo£ir.; lJo.n!tlv
• nepicootepn
f~i1Y11011

OK£<ptE-

2S

OOt va TOV 9a1jlEt<;, npaYllo nou onoyopEUETOt OT"V 1t6A,,;). Ilnpn9EO". 'n~pi! -rtKva &/aft5wp£v, dvoGIOV Oeav, I{IVxoppayovvra (= vn un 600llE ve ~E1jIU:XOOV , 1tOU sivut tvo uvtspo 9tollo). ... nOpa9Eo". H nopa9Eo" npOTaOOETat,

nou 1tP006lOpi~E1 I.nO OA6KA"P" 1tp6TOO" Kat Y1' oUT6 AtYETat npot:~oyyd.TlKll1tapQ9t:<J'1:

xavovucn

~U . r}, TO ).£y61l£VOV, Kar071IV eoprije; flKO/.leV (= aAM 1tpaYllon, 6mo<; AEW:, 1lP9aIlE ... (nl3. V.E. KOl to <J1tOUOalott:po, Kavtvac; &EV ovnAiJ<p9"KE T"V OAAayiJ) , aC; 1tpOf:~a'Y'YEA'TlKt<; napa9toE1C; :XP"OlI.101tOlOUVTa1 Ol <ppaoEl<;: 'TO Aeyopevov, 'TO rije; napotuiac, 'TO peYIGrOV, 'TO &,vorarov, toiivavttov K.T.6.

r

l:'1"Eil1HJ'I.
TlK1\ IlHoa'1

MEPIKE<;

<j)opt~

'1 E7tE~1\Y'1a'1 TOU p1\~UTO<;:

EK<j)EPETUI

~E TO p.

).tyw (=

EVVOW) cs nrnn-

w<; UVTlKEi~EVO

Ilpoatxpouaa
TOV" .). T'1V ... ).

Iiv8pWIlC[Y

TrOVI1p(fJ,

'Avi5poriwva

).tyw

(= aUVo.VT'10U...
Kl Eau

EVVOW EVVOW

Elatu «ouiiou Kat au, Kaaoovopov

).tyw (=

m;yulvE

ucoo ,

13) E1t19t:tlK6<; 1tP0<JOIOP1<JJl0<; Em9ETtKOC; npOOOlOpl0l.10C; AEY£'tal TO Eni9Eto nou npooolOpH;'El tva OUOlilOTlKO Kill <paVEpWVEl uiu uovum lOlOtT]TU TOU, EUIl<Pwvei 1.1£ to OUOlUOTlKO nou npoo&lOpi~El, 61[wC; KUl OtT] V.E., OtO ytvoc;, OTOV upl91l6 Kat OTT]V nTWOT]: Ol AOYOI YOU aolpov tivopoe;. Ai 'EU'1aTCOvrlUKai nOAw;. MereaxTj«ouev upiv iepwv rwv oeuvomuov (= nTtpal.1E uepoc Ila~i ouc ... ).

Oc; Em9EtlKOl ouvrm:

npocotoprouoi

EKTOC; nzro ro Eni90u

XPT]crtllonOlAU-

I. UVtWVUl.1lEC;: '0 ipoC; turtnp, XHXpU).

'Ev rounrup

Kalpcj.J (n13. V.E. tttOla

2. opl61lT]'TlKU: Tpek; IivopcC;.
3. I.1EtOXtC;: '0 lapTCwv ;j),IOC; (n13. V.E. rn YKPEJll<JJltva
o nrnu).

4. OUCJlOOtlKU nou OT]AWVOUVT]AlKla, EnuYYEAIlCl, E6vlKOtT]ta: Fipoiv dvTjp. WAV(}pW7101 ypappartic;. ~ vnp Iltponc; (11:13.V.E. ytpoc;

26

6.vepO)1tO~, E1tlGtltJ10Vac;

6.vepW1tO~,

VOlKOKUP1JC; 6.vepW1tO~).

5. KUPlU ovouurn YSWYPUqllKWV oprov, ornv stvm TOU ahou ytvou~ Uplel.lOU KUl npOTaOOOVTUl IlE TO 6.p9po*: To "t7AIOV opo~ .• '0 EV~E:lvO(; n6vTO~. '0 'AXtAci)O~
norauoc

Kat KTA.

6. YEVl1<n nT<l>oTl OU<JlUOTlKOU ~ e1tipPTlIlU tl q11tP09ETO~

npoo Siopt-

OIlO~ Jie 6.p9po: '0 TOV pa(JIUWr; ()p6voe;. 0; K(l:rW Beo]. 'H KaTa VOIlOV tuuopia. o tvup9po~ e1tl9ETlK6~ xpoooioprouot; 1tOAA.E~ qlOpt~ EKq>epETul x.wpi~ TO OUOlUOTlKO noo npooolOpi~el, YlUTi EUKOAU svvoetrm. TOTE o E1tlSSTlK6~ npOOOlOplOIlO<; nnipvet StOll OUOlUOTlKOU, 6nw~:
of d()avarOi (= ot Bsoi), ol Bvntoi (= Ol civSpwnOl), r6 lepov (= 0 vn6~), ra iep« (= tu oql<1Yta, 11Buoin), r6 lntuxov (svv, (JrparWJ1a), iT Van:paia (EVV. iTJ1cpa), iT J10VaLKrj. iT P'lroPIKrj (svv. rCxv'l). iT evBeta (EVV. oo6~ ii ypaJ1J1rj), ol Uyovree; (= ot PtlTOpE~), l7rlovaa (EVV. iTfJ.Cpa)KTA. (n~. v.s. oi 1tAOUOtOt, TU ~tvu, TO nEl,tKO, TO KOlVO KTA.).

r,

y) KatllyopllllanK6~

npo(JolOpl(JIlOC;

KUTllYOPllIlUTlKO~ npocoiopicuoc; AtYETUt, 61tw~ KUt o rn V.E., 00uoioxrroroc npoo Stoprouc«; xou EKqltP£TUt IlE Eni9EtO tl IlETOXT1 KUt a1tOOiOEt OTO OU<JlUOttKO xou npoootOpi~El uiu nupoOtKT1 tOtonl'w: 'Avnoisiu»; qJUlOpip up npoodmos iKtAwae ( = IlE 1tPOOW1tO YEAao ro). Ilpooaiveuu tA.auvwv ~OpoVV'Clnp i'7T.7T.4J (= q>aivEtat c no llaKpUJ va TptXEt IlE tOpwlltvo <1),oyo). o xurnvopnuurucoc; xpooSiopiouoc OEV £XEt apOpo, EVW to OUOtaOTlKO n ou npooolOpisEtat an' nurov ouvitOw~ £1.EI.
I:'1Il£iw(J'I.
KatUOtaOll LtOv KatT]yopTHlUtlKO xpoo

Sroprcuo

aVTl7lapapaAAttOI

tOU OUOIOOtlKOU

7l0U 7lpoolitOpi~£tOI

1.1£ aAAC;

IOIOtT]tC; ruco

n

~.II0 IOlotllta KOtOOtaO£I;

n

TOUiOIOU OUOIQOTlKOU, £V(~ o r ov C7lI9CTlKO 7lPOOlitOPIOI.IO to ouotuo

flVtl7lapapUA'

A).AI(0;

f.XOIll.lf. 7lpOaOtOpIO~HJl<

7l0P09f.tlKOIi;·

).. X. f.1\'Ut

Iltipvnc

TO oPOC;. Aeux iuun

TO

UKPWTrlPIOI" Iltiovni;

oi ),t~f.l~

TO 6p0~.

T<' mcporr

nprov

napa9t!Jf.lC;

OTa Kl)PIO OVOIIUtfl:

.1 £"KIII,I1" Ii vrio roi XO.

§§28.29

27

A!:TUllle aAAU 0IlOlU OUOtaOTlKO'

A.X. Karo..apov

rr,v tpnuov n6Alv (KUIOXllllav

aAAll)

= enlgeTlKOC; npOOOLOplOIlOC;. KareA.apov TllC;) = KaTll),OPllllaTlKOe; npOOOlopIOIl6C;.
(nil. v.s. TlKOe;). 'Hp9E TO ),EAaOT6 naloi'

rr,v n6A.lv ianuov (xm 'Hp9E TO naloi

0Xl IlE TOV nAll9uoilO ),EAaOTO' KaTll),OPlllla-

Em9ETlKOe;.

n~KutTJYOPTII.J.UtlKO{ 1[pOOcSlOplO~O{ XPTJOl~01[OlOUVTal otJvtlS(J)~ ru E1tieETa:
O.Kpor:;, ueaoc, laxaror:; (= lEAEtJTaio~), ntic, 6.nar:;, 6AOC;( = oA6KATJP0C;), uovoc; avr6r:; (= 0 icS1OC;),eKaaror:;:

'Ev ai(]ipi

piacp xateatn

Launpix; iTJ..iou KVKAOr:;

(= 01T] 11€011 lOU

oupuvou ... ).

Iliiaav Vjiiv riJv dA~(]e/UV tpw (= Sa one; 1[0) OAll rnv uAtlSEla). Kat ejit aVTov vf3plae (= Kt q.lEVU lOV icSto... ).
1:1I,,&iI1l01l. ME cip9po TU nponvouusvn eni9ETa XPllOlllonOlouvTal we; IO:m9ETlKOi OTO

npooSroptouoi xen houv OIU!pOP!:TlKTl onucotc: 0 ueooi; = nuroc JlEOOV, 0 ueouroc 0 !J6voC;= 0 JlOVUXIKOe;, 0 JlOVaOIKOe; KIA.

1!OU IlpioK!:TOI

28

§JO

2) ONOMA TIKOI npOI.AIOPII.MOI ETEPOnTOTOI 01 DAAnE!: nTOI.EII.
Ot ovouurucot Et~p61ttwtot1tPOO&LOplOjJ.oi 1tpo&LOpi~ouv xuptox; 0vouuru, ouctao nxc 1\ E1tieEta, xrn sxesoovrc. jJ.E r«; 1tl..aYlEC; 1ttOOOElC;: YEVlKTt, &OtlKTt, arnurucn.

I. 01 nAArIEI: nTOI:EII:

OI: ETEPonTOTOI npOI:~IOPII:MOI a' H ytVlKTJ
H YEVlKi] 1tOU 1tpoo&LOpiCEl

ONOMATON

we;

EtEp61ttwtoC;

1tPOO&LOplOjJ.6c;

ov6-

unrn,

OUOla(HlKO:

Kat E1tiOEta

q>avEpoovEl*:

1. toy xrnropn
'H olxia

(YEVIK1l KtT!'tlK1l)

1\ to

&TJjJ.touPy6: avopoc;. TO.17r1] lOU ·Ojlr,pov.

lOU MIA 'fJ(Mov.

H

apEtf]

rou

'0 oio; lOU tfJ,Urmov.

2.

tva

OUVOI..O

uno to

01t0{0 tva

jJ.EpOC; sivrn to

ovouo

1tOU

npoofnoptU1tO tOUC; 1ft;'
TfI-

~Eto.t

uno

tTJ YEV1Ki] (YEVIKlt 6IUlPUIK1l): noHol uuv (flpa'fIW1WV (= 1tonoi

'A vnp lOU Mjlov.

orprrnom«;
(flWV.

1\,

KaAUtEpa,

1toAA.oi

(1fp. v.i.

ovo J..Wf)1]lt~ TOU

orpunorrsc). 'A vr,p nuv AUKdou puc;).

ME YEV1Ki] &tatpEtlKi] ou8ttEDOU ytvOUC;:

ouvrriooovrrn OUXVO E1tieEta

1\

aVtWVUjJ.iEe;

7TOAV,q/.Jlav, 7Tdv, ti KtA.,

1\

E7TieEtU U1tEp8EtlKOU

0a8!lou;
Tlj) "p.i(ftl
'fOV oopa'fOC; EfJo:xero. avaIOt£ac; dqJfKeT:O(.= tq>taoE 1fv aoednatoc; 7tEPU;XOPEVO: (=
0'

Ek;

toiito

nuro

to OTJJ.1Eio tTJC; nvni-

OC1UC;). IWKp6.r1]~

'Aenvotow.

3.

T1lV flAT!

i1 TO

SiqJO~ (110rjpOV. 'AyiA.1] powv

KonocSl ana 0ocSlQ) (ano

V.E.:

• nfJ. xa! YCVIKrj Kar'lyoP'Il1aTlKrj ~~ll.32

§/7.

29

anae( ano aUh:po'

~va nOTTlPI Kpam

= ~va

n. nou m:pIEXEI xpnof),

4. lcl)lOT''1ta: 'Ooor; rplwv

t)IJCpwv.

Tetro;

oKrw arat5fwv.

ME YEVIKTl t11~ 15tot11Ta~ ouvrriooovrrn j.1EYESO~ 11AIKia Kat ti 'Eva nornpt

ouvodsoovrm

rplwv irwv. xou cnuuivouv ano aptSj.111tlKO (nj3. V.E.: 'Eva
ovouo rc 'Eva POAOt tTl'; tatnTl';.

nair;

1tat5i ntVtE UOW Kt ~va natoi rou xpumou).

tTl'; Kot'ivla.;.

5. rnv a~ia

t1

to tillTllla: = KtTtj.1a). 'Aypor; raAavrov

,1CK(l IJVWV xwpiov(
£va tnAaVto).

a~lOr; ( = xo» a~iCEt
j.1EXPTt-

L1o~a XP'IIJ(i:rwv OlJKwV'lrtT (tan)
~.L(HU).

(= 11&6~a OEVayopnCEtat ouvrnooovrrn

ME YEVIKTt tTl<; a~ia~ 1'] ron

runiuuroc
(1tj3. v.s.

TO E1tiSEta:

a-

~1Or;, dva~IOr;, drvntoc; uupiou).

K.t.O.

nuroxtvnro

EVOC;EKUtOIl-

6. tTlv auia: 'Opyi7 IJcya).wv dt5IKtf,lfirwv ( opYTt yta J.LEyUAaaOIKiHLUta). TOVTWV alrtot; Xoipeoosv tau. "Evoyoc OcIJ.iac;. ME YEVtKTt t11~ nrrtcr; OUVtUOOOVtUI OUVTtSw<;ru f:1tiSna aittoc, nf.VeVVOr;, lvoxor;, f.voai/1wv K.1".6.
=0

u-

7.

1"0

U7tOKEIJ.LEVO uic«; EVEPYEta<;(YEV1Ktl U1tOKElIlEV1Ktl):

Iloseuoc; ncJ.onOVVtfufwv
8.

«at 'AfJtfvafwv (tTroU/1'laav of Il, Kai 01 'A e.). ·EpIOer; fJcwv xo! fJVtfTWV (tpi[ol)(Jlv of e. xa! of Bv.)
1"0

aVTlKElj.1£VO uu«; EVEPYEta<;(YEV1Ktl aVtlKEIIlEVlKtl):

Mtunto! rwv npovovo)» eovar rar; ttatpioac].

(utuoiivttu TOVr;.. ). Iloiloc; natpiosuv (1tO.

ME YEVIKTl unOKEtj.1EVIKTl ti aVtlKf:IJ.L£VtKTl ouvrrinoovrrn

rn OV6j.1Cl'E1"Ot Ollnou £xOU\'

ro , OUOtClOttKn r] E1tiSETCl rtou £Xouv UV1"i01"OlXOPTlJ.La,A. X. nOAf./10r; -

nOAf.wJJ, lpl(; - tpi(w,

/.11/1'lr1jr;- /11/10v/1al, noeo; - notki».
f.1ti8Eta,

v«IOOOV1"at J.LE YEVIKTl ClVnK£Ij.1EVtKTl1"CluK6AouSa

30

cvrtororre
xsiusvo a)

(PA. §

pnunru, 51),

7tOU Kl EK£tVa OUVtOOOOVtat Kat onuuivouv:

ue

Y£V1KTJo»;

nvn-

flVlJflTJ 1\ A.lJ9TJ, onw<;: /1Vt1IlWV, apvrjllwv, MvtlllWV nuv npovovtov. 'Auvtiuo)» nuv K1VOVVWV. C:PPOVtlO(l, t7tlfltA.tta,
'E1l1pd.ir~ nuv fJtiwv.

emArja/1WV:

P)

c:ptlOW

Kat rc avti9£ta,

onw.:;: e7CllleArj~, aue-

Arl~, ({JwjwA6~, a({Jl:It5t1~,oAfywpo~:
t/>CIOW)..O~ l.PTfpo:rwv.
y)

<JUflflt'tOITJ os xc n, 7tA.'1<JflOVTJ Jto avtietto T <JttPTJ<J'1, IWPl<JflO, a7tOflO:Kpuv<JTJ iJ a7taA.A.ayTJ, onw<;: ueioroc, KOIvwv6~, ueatoc, 7CArj('" «ltWXo<;), YV/1v6~, Kl:v6~, opoavoc: MtTOXo~ T1i~ 7H)ACW~. nArjp'1~ iJt5aTo~. 'Ev&,,~ l.P'1paTwv. 'Opoavo; natpoc; (ana V.£. a7t09itK£<; yqulttC; tpOc:plfla, Kat: opc:pavii.; ano nattpa).

pnc, tv&,,~

8)

XWP1<JI-U),a7tOflO:KPUV<J'1 ri a7tanayTJ.

orrcoc: fp'1/1o~, al:V()cpo~,

a-

yv6~ KtA.: "Epnuoc ({JiAwv. t/>ovov dyvo~ ('" KaeapO<; ano cove), KaeW':; Kat £nie£tu us a o rcprrnxo: ~AP1KTO~ KaKOU. "Ay&vaTO~ mnupopdr«.
e)

tfl7ttlpia 1\ a7ttlpia, t7tlWlla 1\ a7tOtulia, oxoic: f/17CCIP0C;,G.7CCIPOC;, e7CITVxrjc;, arjli'1C; ('" OOUVi!910to<;): "Eunetpot; 7toUpOU (= EIl7t£IPO<; o rov n6A£~o). ~ 'Anetpoc ypapparwv. "EK7CA'1f,IC; veneaev avlipcimOlC; atlfJeal touuitni; pal.'1~. i
cr)

t~ou<Jia r\ to avti9tto, tcop, V7CrjKOO~: KvplO~

onw<;~KUPIOC;t= a«l£Vtll<;, KCttOX0<;), dxpd-

r;;~ 'Aaiac,

'Eoutoii aKpUTwp dUwv e7CIXClpci dPXl:1V. 'Y1ltlKOOI nuv yovtcov (= n£19apXtKOi o rouc vovsic). 1:,) OlUlj)OpO: r\ <JUYKP1<J'1, onw<; t5ld({Jopo~, fupo~, 'ETClaT11Wlilll<JrtlP'1~ t5IU({JOpO~. "Erepov ro ~t5v toii ayafJou, 31 dU6rplOC;:

rov

Ilotepov eattv e-rrlarriWl " aperr, if aUoiov cnurrt7P'lC;; (=" apETTJ eivm YVWOT]it xrrn Ota<popETlKO uno T" YVWOT];) ETdoT\~ ue YEVIKTJoovruocovrut Kat rn napa6e'tlKa Kat oco eni6£W

onuotvouv OIJYKPtOT](YEVtKTJOUYKpmKTt, ~A.. §34) onw~ npotepoc, iiarepoc lwHa7l:Aamo<;, KTA.: nportpa Kvpov arpiKeTO.

'H paaiAlaaa

IToUwv XP'lpaTWV xpeittiov 0 nap« 'lOU 7l:Ari00V<;,1ralvo<;, (= nvcol rspoc uno nOAAa XPTtllam slvrn 0 ~natVO~ tOU KOCJIJ,OU). To VIKaV eavrov 7l:aawv VIKWV npWT'l Kai apfaT'l (= ano OAE~r«; viKE~ " npWTT] Kat T] KaAUtEp" elver va VtKa~ tOY euuro cou).

H (Jt)Vta~l1 ruiv napa9EtlKWV
1:E uin CJUYKPIOll a' 6 p 0 ~ CJ K P iCJ (JJ ~ AtYETat to xpoccorro UY E to npuYlJ,a nou oUYKpivEtat IJ,EKUTl UAAO, svdi p' 6 P 0 ~ aUTO IlE orroto yiVEtUt " OUYKPICJll: 'AAKIP1aoflC;tjv vednepot; ITf.P1KUOV<;, (,AAKlpuioflC; d;;<;, W opoc oUYKpioEW~).

it
TO

a' opoc, Ilept-

orev elvtu onauiatuco tf dUfl U~fl nov Aa/.-lPG.VeTUi W<;' onauurtuco, eKrpipeTUi «avovtxti ue yevlK" (YEVlKi) CJUYKP'tlKi) Ii cxcvtorspu IlE to tf Kat CJtTJviota nTwCJ" IlE tOY u· ooo: 'H r;;<;, aper;;<;, KnJm<;, 1lA.ovrov uiv xpeirtosv, XPflal/.-lwripa !5' evyt:veku; carr. aovxotaeo»;
To rpvAa~aaOUI rayaOo. xaAf.7l:Wrepov 'lOU K'uiCJaa(}af iauv. Alpoii /.-laUOV 'fl/.-liav ;; KtpoOC; olaxpov (= va npO'tllla.; mo 1tOAU ). ... (1t~ .. V.E. H Avccruotc sivm uucporspn aou. H Xpmrivn stvci \jIllA6TEpT]

o B' opoc

ano t11 Mapia. KaMtEpa

va

no..; EOU napa

tyw).

W opoc OEVsivm oUCJlaCJ'tlK6aU,u Kanota UA.A.llAt<ppuaTJ, T6tE EK<pEpEtat naVTOtE IlE to 1/ Kat IlE tOY iotO rpoxo noo EK<pEpETatKat 0 a' opoc: TO.tmrriOela POVAO/.-lUIvpac; /.-laUOV ;; tpt [xelv. KaAwc; aKov£lv /.-laUov ;; 7l:A.oVTciv Oi).e. (= 6tAE mo noM va Elf
'Ornv OIlW<; 0

~" iJ

KaM

ovouu

nupa va stom nAOUCJlOC;). §34

32

I:T'lJldwO'T'I. To oUYKprnK6

ltOAAt<; cpopt<;. EKCPPU1;I:1Kiln

orov

ltapaAE:lm:TaI altO Kat

0 p'

opoc
V.E.

CluYKPloE(JJ<;. VEO.Epa = rt

rcoouvcuet
vta;).

~E TO 9EnKO Kat

1\

AlyO.EpO

TO 9EtlKO:

01 rrpcapvn;pol To orpcreouo

01 vednepor

= 01

npeoliirm:

01 vtOl (ltp.
'1tpoOT19ETat

n

aTaKrOT/;pOv txdJPCI" OUI ~E1UljlpaOll
a

TO KIl1t(!)<;: TO o tprisivm KaJ..Utf.pa).

rsuuu

7tPOXWPOUOE Kaltw<;

r

a K T a (ltp.

V.E. 0

dppcoo roc unc

35

To u1tepgewc6, 61tW~ Kat ern v.e., Ol1A.WVelon: a) tva OUOlaOnKO tx.el uin lOl6tl1ta ~ notornru cs uvorepo l3a9j.l.o a1t6 oAa ru OJ.l.OUl,OU Kat Atye,al C7 t tl K 0 II 11: t p 9 e r lK 0 : X
'AfJ'!vafwv aorpwr:ar:or; ];wKpar'!r; ltv (= 0 I:. lltaV 0 1tlO 00cp6~ a1t6 6A.ou~ ,OU~ AG.). 13) tva OUOlaOTlK6 tx.el uiu lOl6'l1ta ~ noiornrc crov avw,epo l3aGj.l.6 xwpi~ Uj.l.EOl1OUYKP10Tl us rn ouom TOU, Kat ,6tE AtyeTal a 1t 0 A.ll t 0 U1ttp9ttlKO: Kiipoc; rpl).o)lafJtaf:ar:or;
I:1JJldwO'T'I.

t}v ( = 0 K. Tjtav 1tOAUCP1AOI-100iJ~).
ultEp9ETlKU. J3' opoc EVclJ OEIXVEI KaltOIU oUYKploEwe;', cooo mJYKptOll. xu-

H YEVtKTt ~E ru 0XETlKa OtatpETlKTt cxo Eva ouvoxo

TaATtYCt va eivm

(§ 32, 2) ltapa
6~ot(J}V

aUTO 7tOU oUYKPIJ3A. § 39. we; amp-

verrn Au~J3avE1at Tin Til YEVtKTt pnuuruco

7tPOOWltU)V

1\

7tpay~uTwv.

we;

7tPOOOLOPtO~O EmpP1ll-1aTWV

Kat E7ttrp(J)vll~aTwv J3A. § 51 K.E.

7tpOOOIOPtO~O

J3A. § 43, Kat we; nvnxrrucvo

13' H OOTlKTt H OonKrl w~ srsooxnoroc npOOOlOplOIlOC; 1tpOoolOpi~el e1tiOeta nvtu OUOlaO,lKU) 1tOU onucivouv:
1. (J)(jltAtla tl, to avti9ttO, PAcIpTj, qnAia W({U9 1f..1Or;, .. {J).a{JepOr;, rpi).or;, txfJpOr;:

tl,

to

avti9tto,

tx9pa,

61tWC;:

Iltatot l1uav rep Kopco xa! TO;r; "E).).,!alv divOt. Ol novnpol dUqAmr; ixfJpoi ,udU6v elatv ;; rp{)..m. 2. ElJ1tti9tta 1] U7tOtayTt, aKoAou9ia 1] c'hac')oXTt,7tpoatYY1C7Tj,t1tlKOlV(J)vla 1] J1ti~l1 Kat ta avti9tta, 07tW~: evrceIOtjc;, ImtjKooc;, O.Ko).ovOOC;, JuMoxoC;, veiicov, 6,uopor:; (= YEltOV1KOC;)d,uIKror:; K. t .0.:
"lttnoi; elJ1fufJitr; rcj) ';VIOXqJ. 'AKOAovfJa TOvTOtr; nptirto» (= EVEPYWoUIlIPwva
§§ 35,36

u' curn), 33

"OIlOPOI tok; LJwpu;Val. 'Hdovn iilllKrO~ rppoV11aBl. 3. nuro non nptnEl 1\ talpUl~El KQ1 rn avtiOua omue;: npetubonc, dp· J1601O~, .np£mj~, avaouoatoc K.t.O.: o 'Enio tavtat a oOKci 1lpE:1lwt5ia'Wru yvvul~iv eiVUI (= yvwpi~ouv noAU KaAa ooo flEWPOUVLaI KataAAllAa yta ru; vuvnixec). Mt817 rpV.A.U~IV(= OtOUe; cpuAaKEe;) u1lpE:1l£aTO.Tov. 4. tUutOt'lta 1\ OJl010tllta, l(1Otllta 1\ (1u;upwvia Kal ru avtiOua 01tWe;: m)r6~, Of..lOIO~, dv6J101O~,Iaoc, iivtaoc; loopponoc, auuocovoc:

o

Of TrOW7Poi o.Utl.A.Ole; ouotoi elaiv, 'H viiaoc fa" eo it rfl n6).£I. J:V)J.f{JWVOlU.A..A.".A.OI~lai. e
Ta Erri8Eta 2).

nurri xou
pijllata

OUVtaOOOV"rQ1 ~E oonKij

XOUV uvtto totj;u

rrou nuipvouv

(uvrucsurevucn) £aVnKElIlEVO OE cSOtlKf) «(31... §
OE Erri8Eta

H oonKij
Ka cnuctvei <popac;):

we; ersponrorroc

npoo Stootouoc

Tl

OUOta(Ht-

1toHte; oo pte;

avacpopa (= we; npoc ... ) (&OtlK1l

tTJ~ uva-

'Eoposueviotatot ink; 'l'vXuie; ( = 1tOAU ouvatoi
o rnv IjIUXf). Oirtt: noaiv elut raxv~ YPTlyopoe; OUtE ... ). ria

we; npor; rnv ljIuXil,

oure xcpaiv iaxvpOC;

(= OUtE OLa rr68ta stum

rn 80nKf) we; xoocoroptcuo smponuurcov 131... § 40, we; smppn-. uc nxo npoo Stopicuo 131... §44, Kat we; aVttKElIlEVO 131... §52 K.E. H altlatlKtl H urnrrnxn
we; ersponrroroc

rrpooStoprouoc

EmettWV

Tl

ouciuo n-

KWV 8EV EiVQ1 1tOAUOUXVll Kat onuotvst KUp{We; rnv aVQ(popa (to «xuta n»): IlETacpPu~Etat:
wC; npoc;, (1to ..• :

'Aya8o~ Ta 1l0.A.C)J.IKa.. TVf{J).o~ ra. r ' dna rov rs vovv ra. r ' 0llllar' d (= EiOQ1TUcpA6e;Kat (}T' nurtu KQ1 OTO YOU KQ1 OtU uunc). J:K6n£I tuix; tlV Pc). tiosv rr}v 'l'VXr}v vevoto (= OKEIjIOU 1tWe; Bu yiVEte; KUAUtEpOe; ornv IjIUXll).
§Ii 37.38

34

I;U1.vtc; nmnrucsc

tT)C;nvmpopnc;

sivrn 01: TovaplfJ/.Iov,

TO evpOr;, TO

VIIIOr;, TO llAij6or;,

TO (JVO/.la:

Taopo; t1v OPVKTyt f3a6efu, TO /.lev tvpOc; 0PYVlai nevte, TO be P6.0oc; 0pyvlai tpeic, 01 /.lev t1l0perJovTO TO nMiOoc; d»; blaxiAIOI. nOAlr; aUTOe, lPKeiro,. edlllaKOr; IJvO}la (= EK&l xuroixooonv ,.nn nOA.T)I1E to ovoun 0.).
(1t!}. V.E. 5uvatoc;
Ilttpa). ornv \IIU1.11 aA.A.a.Kat: tva ayaA.l1a to U"'O~ 5tKa

Fin rnv amatlK11

roc; 1tP005lOPlO110 E1tlPPT)11 rmv !}A.. § 41, WC;smpa. !}A.. § 45, Kat WC;aVTtKElI1EVO !}A.. § 54 K.E.

OT)l1atlK6 1tP005l0Pl0I16

§

JB

35

-

... e
~ ~

S =e

... e
;:.c ~ Z

;:

e

§ .18

II. 01 nAAfIEI: nTOI:EII: OI: npOI:~IOPII:MOI EnIPPHMATON KAI Enlcr.ONHMATON
a' H YEVlK1t
ME YEVlKti

ouvrdooovrm:
1tOU 1tapclyov'tat a1t6 E1ti9E'ta

1. smppnuuru
JlE YEVlKti A.X. Kplcl),

rn onoia

OUV'tclOOOV'tal

d~(w<;, dru;(pw<;, l~w, eKro<;, 1t0PPW (= 1tapa1t£pa, Aa()pf!. (= KpUq>cl) K'tA.:
(= sivm

uu-

'Eiuirovto d~iw~ AOyOV. GUWI uevkruov 7laU5£Vl1aTWVd71£ipw~ lxovm
ru 1toM JlEyaAa Jla9tiJla'ta). Iloppo: qc511 earl TOV Btoo, Bavdtou c5t eyyv<;. r/J()ovo<; l~w O£iov xopov krtattu. Aa()pf!.I1"TPO~ Kai 7laTpo~.

a1tElpm a1to

2. smppnuuru
no).).axov
(= apya)

romxn,

XPovlKa,

1tOOO'tlKa, A.

x..
0",£

Tljr; ylj~ (= OE 1tOna

JlEP11't11<;Yll<;). TIj~ itl1tpa~

tJv.

Tpk; (= tPEI<; <j)opt<;) T1j~ itl1tpa~.

(11 YEVtKti roo ovounroc stvm 8latPEttKti, ~A. § 32, 2). (n.B. V.E. JlaKpla JlOU, uxpoord OOU, JlEOa ron). 3. emoprururu rpomxn (xuptox; JlE rn pnuurn ixw, xeiuai, ;;KW), 1... X.: tube, 01(w<;, ciJr;, Ka).w<;, KaKWr;, eu:
Baaiseix; 7lW~ {xel 1(alc5tia~; ( = 1tw<; 1taEI uno rrat8Eia;). 'Ec5fw~av tbc; Taxov~ eKaaWr; etrev ( = oxox; Jl1tOPOUOEuno tax0'1lrn 0 Ka9tva<;). 'H Kepxooa r;;<; te 'Irasku; «at LtKeAfar; KaAWr; 7lapa71AOV «sittu (= Kal..<D<; o»; npoc to ,a~icSt yta rnv I'tal..ia xm ... ). (11 YEVIKti cSEiXVEt a v a <j)0 p a = w<; xpor; ... ). BA. Kat § 43, 4. 4. smqxovnuuru: r/Jev r;;r; avoiac! Oiuot rwv KaKwv! (11 YEVtKti &eiX.VEl 'l1V urna) (n.B. V.E. aAiJlovo coul). H
c50tlK~

W

ME Sorucri ouvruooovrm
§ § 39, 40

rn smopnuurc:
37

d/-la (= ouyxp6voo~
KtA.:

us), 6/-lou( = Jla~i, us) Kat ana

7tOU avnOTotXOUV

0& &7ti9&Ta 7tOU OUVTUOOOVTat us OO'tlKit. A'-X.

inouevcoc, ootupcavcac;
(=

'A,ua ot rcfJ ;;Pl 6 .tJepKv).JouC; acpIKVl:fml
aVOl~Tl 0 ~ .... ).

ek; Aa/-l'llaKOV

ue

rnv

To Mwp iniveto o,uoO rcfJ 1£'1).6). 'Enoutvo»; rcfJ vo,ucp (= a KOAOu9wVTa~
vouo). Ev,uqn:povrwc;

to VOJlO, ouuqxovn CjliAOU~).

us to

tote cpi).OlC; (= 67too~ OUJlCjlEP&1 tOU~ O

M& OOTIKit &7tioT\~ OUVtUOOOVTat Kat TP07tlKU &7tIPPTtJlaTa:

Otrto»; fxel mum rO ({JUUB' (=
rn q>UOT\).

EtOl sivm aUta OO~ npoc; rn CjlUOTl, no u

(H

OOnKTt OElXV&t cvoeooc). t t a tl

BA. xm §

44, 7.

y' Hal

K it
OUVtUOOOVtat ru OpKooTIKa /-la "Ii

M& atTlanKTt

VIi. I'm

KataCjlaOTl "Ii

&mB&l3aiooon XPTlOlIlO7tOl&ltal

TO vr, "Ii voi ua, &vro Yia aPVT\OT\

TO OU/-la "Ii OUXVU TO /-lii.: ,uii. .tJ fa, vil.tJ fa ( = uu TO ~ia), vai.,ua,1 fa,

ou

,ua .tJ fa . .tJvo opaX/-lac; /-lla(}ov reAeic;; Mii.,1i'
ClAM A.\y6t&po).

dU 'lAuriOv
Kat rpomxn

(= 6Xl, uu to ~ia. smppnunru: (H

Ev fxw

ME attlanKTJ amatlKTJ

&7tiOll~

oevtaccovrm

TO (6),ua (= sturn KaAa o»; npoc to ocouu, oro oroJla). O&iXV&l uvuoopc). BA.. Kat §

45, 5.

III. 01 nAAfIE1: nT01:EI1: 01: EnlPPHMA TIKOI npOI:~IOPII:MOI
Ot 7tAaYl&~ 7ttc.OO&l~ Jl&P1Kc.OV ovounttov ~ aVTOOVUI.Urov XPllOlJl07tOlOUVtat (ooomoruccov Kat &7t1ge67tffi~:

OfK'1V(

dpXtlv( = a7t6 t11V apXTJ, apXIKa), o(lpeav, KVK).CP (= 0M((l( = 101OOtlKCt),o'1/-loa((l( = 011 uooic) , /-lfl.KPd.v (= JlUKPICt), TO dpxaiov( = TTlV 7tUA.ICt 7tOXTJ), Un( = aAAOU " aAAtc.O~), raut11 (= &OW & d
A6yupa), §§ 41.41

= ouv),

ffi~ emppriucrc,

38

Ti Elat),

avwv(

= d)w Ti EKEi), OV( = 01tOU) K1A. (BA. 1tUPUOEiyJ,.lU1U U-

J,.lEOWt;1tUPUK0:1W). (1tO. V.E. AU10 ytv01UV

naAul. Eium KaAa. I:10:00U

uuroe).

Ano: EK10t; uno r«; 1tpOTtYOUJ,.lEVE~Kat OE 1tOAA.tt; ciAAEt; 1tEPl1tlWos«; Ol 1tA.O:ytEt; 1tlWOEt~ x.PTtatJ,.l01tOlOUV1Ut Wt; E1ttPPTtJ,.lUltKOi 1tPOOStoptouoi, OTtA.U01l1tpOOOLOpi~ouv P1lJ,.lU1U (Kn1t01E Kat ciA.AOUt; opouc rr«; xoordoseoc) KUt q>UVEPWVOUVOlnq>opEt; E1tlPPTtJ,.lUllKE~ OX.tOEl~·.

'Eroi: a' H
YEVlKTJ

H YEVlKT] W~ E1tlPPTtJ,.lUllKO~ 1tPOOOlOPlOJ,.lO~ ouverxovec 1. Ipavo:
'Exeivnc: T;;C; VVKTOC;ov&ir; f.KOlJ.Ul()'l (= EKEivTt lTt VUX1U ... ). Ou r;;c; tmovu'lC; ti/Jipac; ;jr!el ro 1tAoiov r;;e; eripar; (= 10 1tA.oio OE eu q>lnoEl rnv E1tOJ,.lEVTtuspu ... ). 'H oIKfaX£I/JwvOC; uev eMAt6r; iattv, ()tpovC; ot evuKIOr; (= tXEl TiALO10 XElJ,.lWVU KUl OKln 10 ... ).

aHa

2. auia: Twvaurwv dc5lK'lW1:rWV opyf(erQl (= yLU 1U iOlu UOlKT]J,.lalu ... ). ct>er5yw(DOVOV(= KU'tTtYOPOUJ,.lat 010 OlKUO'tT]PlO yLU q>OVO). (1tO. V.E. 1tEeuiVEl 'tTt~ 1tf;ivu~).

3, noaa: Iloeou oioauKel Etinvoc;
E0.;).

( = 1tOdU 1tUiPVEt yLU 'tTt OlOU01(uAiu Ti to riunun:

rou 0

H YEVlKT] uU'tT] unopsi va OTtA.WVEl rnv u~iu

Eimvo; oloauKel nivT£ uvtbv,
ct>fAI1t1tOr;ibveittu (:::::> uyopn~l) toiito XP'l/JaTwv. (1tO. YEVlKT] 'tTt~ u~iut; W~ erepoxr. npoo Stop. § 32, 5). 4. avaqlOpa (= Wt; 1tPO~, ouuqxovu J,.lE): Of napovtec lAeyov !Ie; £vvofac; " /Jvrff.l'lC; lXOI. BA.. § 39, 3.

we;

• Ilsprooorspu mppnuurucoi

yla t1<; E7tlPPl1llatlKE<; 0XEOEI<;Kat ru E7tlPPllllata npooOIOptOl.lOi §123 K,E, Kat Mopin

ID..,

KElp, IA'. 01 E-

Emusrpo B',

§ 43

39

I:nlldwCf1l. H "VEVIKr,IJ~ E1!InmHlflTlKOC rrooo&I0I110~(O:::pa\'f.('l(i)\'f.1 ro rro !If. ~r.I1IKt<; ( ' uvnovuutsc, nov Aa~~o.VOVTa\ 00<; TomKO. &mpPtll!am, A.X. aliwu (= EO(,) EKf.i), OU ,
(= oxoo), oimep (= anov aKpI~W<;) KTA.:

ElfrGxec; 'Et; MqJ.lo

aUTou (= o rcoou £K£O. rs KOJ.lfOV, 015LlfCPXC/Oc; apOc/

neoiov

(= KO\ aTO Ma~.IflKo KOArro, oxo» 0

I:rrr.~XEloC;rroT[~EI TIlV nd'IIO:oo). TtfJvqKCv OV1CI:p TOI<; vto/r; fJVlja,.,clv KOA6v (= oxoo
C(VOI (1)110(0

vtn toix; v£ot!~ ... ).

13'

H 60 t

l K"

H OOTlKiJ W<; C1ttPPTHJ.atlKO<; 1tPOOOlOptOJlO<; euvspcovet: 1. t07tO (otaGll): JlC ru; M~ct<;: rfi&(=£ow), ravry(=£Ow), CKefVY(=CKCi), GUy (= aA.A.ou), U( = onou), navry( = nnvrou), KUKA.cp( = oA.6yupa) KTA. (01 orroisc, svro sivm &OTlKE<; OVOJl(lTWV Kat aVTWVUJlU!JV, A.aJll3uvoVTat W<; emopnucrn):
TQ {fiv'

ayytUflV

AUKfOUII.wviol~

OT!
tOv"

rfiOt: Kfi/ld)a

...

"EpXfTO.I aAA" (= 1tllYaiv£t KUKA<p oe UVTOi~ mivry

aA.A.ou).

noVa

«at

«at

7r6Afl~ nOAC/l1G1"aav.

it us ru KUpta ovouurn
TO. tpotuua
LaA.). 2, Xpo\'o:
ravry

tWV rorrcov:
«a! EaAaf,livl

rd rs

Mapa(}wvl

(=

ow Map,

Kat ern

rfi '111f.Pf!,.rdOt: Tfi fTtl

voxti, rcj) intovt:

fru

KtA. KTA,) eneu-

navao"vaiOl~. Tcj) (j' tmovTl I/fav tni

ef.al1o({JopiOl~

ro.~ vavr;
tpitt»

KTA. (= OTll (= toy snouevo XP6vo)

vioorn TWV navas.
of AaKfOal/lOVIOI

KaUlKpuriouv,

'Evixnae
3.
UltiU:

unvi (= tOY TpiTO unvc).
AUTu tytVUV T11 vuXta. 'ETOl £ytV£ TO '40).

(rel3. v.e. us nrnnrucri:
Alf,lcj) ancOuvov L1f.IA.if!,lAmov (= illv

uno nsivo).
ra{lv.

M£ &OttKiJ £1tIPPllJlOTtKTt TTlC;urriuc; O\)VTUOOOVTat reOAA.U pnunrn 1tOU onunivouv \IIUX1KO1tu80<;, 61tw<;: xaipw, AVnOV/lUl, ijOO/lUl; axOo/lUI, aiaxvvo/lal,
40

opyf(o/lUl,

a()v/lw,

K. r

.6.:
§44

Eep~I1e; ijGfht ( = EUXUptOti)0TJ KE) Ttl brtG'roAti. 'Husk; 01 otpatnyoi ;,xOope(Ja TO;<; yeyeV'1ptvoI<; yta rn YEyoVO'ta). 4. to opyavo. to
J1tCJO

(= AUnOl!a(HE

1'1 rov tpOno:

Tnv ()vpav Ttl POKT11Pif!.tKpoue (= XLtJ7tOUOE I!E to paJ3cSi). 'H 'IIVxft tpeoeta: pOfhipOGl (= 'tperpE'tUl I!F. llaO.).
t1pOJUP Ievto de; rove; /3ap!3apove; (= tpeXOVtae; 6PIlTlOav ... ). Tpoxo ouvspcovouv KUt IlEPtKO: ovounrn ~ aVTwvuIlLEc; ern cSOTlKi) nou f...ul!pavOvtUI we; smponunrn, 6rcwc;: Glyrj, /3fr;.( = I!E J3ia), arcouon( = J31uclLlKa), rre(rj, IOfr;.( = tOtWtlKa), vrj( = uno KOlVOU), a11Jioafr;. KtA. ft rrjt5e( = srct), raVTrT( = sroi), ujJ& ij tooto: rep tponc», dU!1( f...1WC;) navti a(Jevel( = IlE KaOE cSUvall~), rraa" rixvrT KtA. , KOI-

= UA-

"Opa aft «at TtI&. 6" errelaaV ... (= OKEIjIOU LO Aomov KUt t'tOl Ott ... J. "A,Uy yt rrrT tv vqJ txw .uyelv ( = Karewc; UAAtWC; txw oro YOU 1l0U vn IltA~OW). OlJK tK XW1Jidrwv aperft ytyveuu, aU' t~ apen1e; xpr,Jiara, Kai Ta aUa dyaOa tok; o.vOpwrrOle; arravra xat UHf!. xai o'1Po(1I"..

5.

CJUVOOElU:

Ilpooaivsttu o.avvwv

it5POVVTl Tlj'J Inno) (= rpaiVEtal va TPEXEt I!E lcSpWl!eVo a).,oyo). 'AAKI/31do'le; «aiexsevoev de; Iltipov vovaiv eixoot.
TCoCJ6 (",ttpO

ano llaKpHl

6.

~ OIUlpOpa):

'Atipoxouac oatepnae tii; /iG.xr.,e; nevte ;'pipat<;. Toaoouu ijolOv (en, oacp 1rAeiw KtKTl1IJOI. 'E1rva~a npotepa Kupoo nevte TrpiPOl<; de; Tapaoix; UrpfKf:ro (= rtsvre I!EPEC; ztpiv uno TOV Kupo), noU0 «peit tov eanv tJirpavfte; rpO oc fj xpuaoe; urpavr,~ (= Kata .. reo).,u UVWTEPO npaYl!a ElVUl ... ). ME cSOT1KTtTOU 1tOOOU, rrou cSEiXVEt IlEtPO 1'\ cSw(jlopa, oovrncoovrur or ).,e~El(; nou EXouv reapaOEtlKll EVVOia (Kpefrrwv, npotepoc, iiatepoc KTf....).
& 44
41

7. ova«popa (= we; npoc ... ): BewPtloau. ndx; lxere mk;
npo<; tTl

t>lO.voiatC; (= e';f:tuon:
(= nw<;

7t{u<; etcrs

ox;
TO

oui voiu).
f/J1Ai1C1U[J;

OVTOI nd»; lxoval <1>. ;). BA. Kat §40 y' H
U I tl U tl Ii:

sivrn

OWTI:Of:1Jl£VOlw<;

npor;

it

H nrnurucf o»; smppnunrucoc; rrooo.Siopicuoc ecvsoovst: I. Xpovo: If>vAa~avTec; trl vVKru txwpovv tK rUiv OiKIWV. Eneovttu navtoku; /Jir,ac; ro Otpoc; opuaoovtec (= to KaAoKaipl tpcovs OlCHPOPf:<; pi~f:<; nou OKU!30UV Kat tu; l3yasouv). (n!3. v.s. 'Eqmyav tTl VUxto. ea ';avap8ouv to KuAoKaipl).
EnioTle; xpovo ouvepoivouv xrn ~U:PlKE<;},E';EtC;rrou f:VW sivrn umctlK£e; OUOlaOtlKIDV Kat S1tl8ttwv, XP110lJ..l07WlOIJVWt (1)<;emppnuc rn (nl3. OOtlKTt 44, 1 Kat 4), onwc; A.X. apx1'jv( =

ro

npotepov,

ro

npdrtov,

ro

o no

t nv apXTt, apXlKa),

Aomov.

ro apxuiov

(=

rnv

naAta

enoxTi,

naA.lon:pa):

'ApXr,v t5e ou npener 0tfptiv rdt-t1]xava ( = alto
va KUVllya Kav£i<; r' aMvuw).

t nv

apxit

oev ltP£ltEl

BaalAeVC; vot-tir,el t5iKalOv unrttu; elvtu 'Aenvakov. (n!3. v.e, EtOl vivoruv n:pWtu).

rae;- noseu;

wonep

ro

apxalov

2. tKt~O'TI

(t01tlKTt

it

XPOV1KTt):

'A nixe, llAamlU Btf!3wv O'Tat5iov~ i/3bot-t1]KOVTa. Al anovoai tVIUVTOV tOOVTaI (= yw £va Xpovo).
(1tI3. V.I': auto

xonrnos tva
tWV

Xp6vo).

ovounrcov nou onuotvoov olaipf:oTl TOU xp6vou, KtA.. us rnxruco UP10J..lTltlKOit us rn Of:lKtlKTt uvrcovoutc OIJrOC;.cpaVf:pWVSl to xpovo lWU ExElltEpaOEl alto rors xou
amatlKTj A.·X· ;'p,ipav.

H

etoc, t-t;;va

E'{lVE Katl:

llpwrayopac; tmt5et5tiP,'lKe tpitnv iid'7 r,f,1ipav ( = 0 Ilp, !3PlOKOWV crnv 1tOA'T} Jlae; SOW Kal rpeu; K10Aa<; J..l£PEC;).

42

§ 45

'A nt7yyo.()t7 CPfAmnOr:; tpitov ;; riuunov froC; touti 'Hpoiov teiro; nO),IOOKWV (= EOW Kat roio rl rscoeou XpOVta). (n~. V.E. PpiOKETal o rnv reoA11 unc, tpitll uspn onuspo).
?. mrtu

tl

GKon6, IlE r«;

uvruivuuic ; ri; toiito, raura, 6, tt:
rova&
(= )'1'

Taiiia or, v1lalaxvv6pe()a
Ka.1tWS).

nuro xm roue V"CPE1l0fJ.U(HE

Ti rnV1K6.& a rpi¢aJ , w Kpitcov; Aura toiit« Kai vuv r;KW napa at, Iva vnep tllov oWAexOfle; (=),1' UUTO aKplpw:; Kat "['wpa.Ttpeu a' EoEva... ). 'Hpwrwvro
(n~.

auTCp

D, tt ijKolev (= TOU:; purrououv ytaTi
tt

rjpeUV).

V.E.

npeE:;

,,[,ETOta (opa;).

4. rporro,

xupio»; fJ.E r«; H~El:;: tnv tayiatnvt. = 1tOAU YPTtyopu), npoi«a (= xwpi:; fJ.10eO, Xa.Pl(J'lla), ocopeav. oiKt7V( = orew:;, onv), 01 onotsc Kat we, EnlPPTtfJ.UtU Kat §45. 1):

£vli)£ivat orno nxs; OVOfJ.UTWV XP110lfJ.On010llV"['Ul

W'e.

Ilpoixn epy6.(eral. iJiK'lv A.UKOV(= onv AUKOe,). 'EKnt7J(i er:; rr,v ()6.A.o.aaav mv TaXiGr'lv (= n11M nusoox; em (re~. V.E. nuw ypallf1tl OtO o niti) . .5. UVIlq>Op6.
(= w:; npor; ... ):

e.)

'AA.yw rov JaKrVAov (= novco 010 ... ). Tiu; rppevar:; vyta{VOV(1{V (= eivrn YEpoi we, npoc; TU it o rn fJ.UUAa.). Of aipatnyot anotuneevtec rar:; KErpa),aC; tTEAEVT'1aav (= 1tEeUVUV UnOKEq>UA10 usvoi). 'Eseinovto rwv o tpatuottbv of olE:qJ()appevO/ uno TIle; x1l5voe; TOVr:; orp(Jo.)..llovr:; (= £fJ.EVUV moco 01 o"['panW,,[,Ee, 1'[OU Eixav K(l'tUO,,[,PEIjIEl cxo TO X10V1, uno "['11Acllllj/ll TOU XtOV10U, rn uurtu "['OUC;).

§ 45

43

KE<I>AAAIO I:T'
TOPHMA
To pill.1a e&WpEi'ml '07tW~ Kat tlKij. to l3aolK6 Ot01X&i0 yla tOU pij).1ato<; to OXll).10no).16 ).1Hl~ ttOOEP1<;: &V&PYll-

7tpOtao&W~ KUe& &ioou~.

ern

V.&., 01 olaetOtl~

sivm

).1EOTj.7taeTjttKij Kat to pT)).1ata

Kat OUOEtEPll.

'Etor

stvm:

I. £V&pYTrnKtl~ OlaeEO&W~ 1'\ £V&PYTJtlKcl ().aI1P6.vw, Y€AW), 2. ).1EOTJ~taetosw<; tl ).1EOa(YVl1v6.(o/.ial, TWAneuotuu) , o 3. 1taelltlKT)<; otaetOtW~ Tj 1taelltlKa (o/(J6.aKO/.iat. OVo/.i6.(O/.ial), 4. OUMT£Pll~ cSl(leEOEW~1'\ ouott&pa (vYtaivw. (w).

1. ENEPrHTlKA

PHMATA

Ta evtpyrrnKa
A7t6
1.(1

Pll).1aTa cpavEprovouv

on

to

oxoxstuevo svspvsi.
tOU U7tOKE1-

£VtpYnTlKa tap a

Pll).laTa 60a cpav&pWVOUVtvtpytla

usvou xou u t
ta
dHo,

p Cl t I K a, tvro

Iv s t

O£ KaTt dAAO Atyovtat £vtpy&ta
Cl I't

EVE

P Y 11t

lK

a

I' E-

60a onuntvouv

xou OS
a

).1£tapaiVEt O£ Kan

'0 at tlapt. TO xpvaiov (ll£tal3atlKo). rt.A~ Ol1wpor;. Kdv Tll1ft ),£).oiov d
av ... ) (aJ.1£Taj}aTO). '07tW<; Kat . nona

)..tyoVTat tv t P Y11 t lK

a

tap

t a:
0

(=:,(EAo

nvonroc,

aK6).1a Kt

orn

V.E.:

).1£taPattKa tWV sxeprov)

prurnrn
().1&tal3at.)

Aa).1l3avovtat (= Kat

Kal W<; a).1£tapara:

wA)'w rov atpatov

tTri TOUr; noseuioi»;

oOl1YW to

o rpuro

svc-

vrtov

WAyw bri TOUe; nokeukn»; (PacSi~w svcvriov ttov EXepWV). (a).1Etal3.). 'E).avvw TOV T7f7foV (= K1VW TO UAOYO) ().l&tap.). 'Elavvw Tcji T7f7fqJ (= tptxw ).1&TO dAoyo, ecpt7t1to<;)(a).1ETul3.) .• wElw TI tv xepuiv (= xpurto Kan ora xtpla ).10u) ().1&tal3.). 44
§§ 46,47,48

Ev

lxw

TO aW/lQ Ka} T~V IjIvx1fv (= stum KaA6: cro oWlla tTJ cSOUAEt6:- TJ cSOUAEt6:apxi~El). IlEta~anK6: vivovrm aIlE't'u~a't'a UotEpa

Kat ... )

(aIlEt6:~.).
(1t~. V.E. apxi~w

MEP1K6: pi!lla,a

a1tO ouv-

Oeon IlE 1tDo9toE1C;:
POJ..)"w (= pixvw) (IlEta~.). e/apuUw ek; ... (= E100PIlW) (aIlE't'6:~.). ,J[OW/ll (= cSivw) (IlEta~.). emo{oW/l1 ek; tt (1tPOOcSEUW OE K6:tt) (nusta~.) (1t~. V.E. EKalla KUtl - nxoxuun xic). 2. Avrio rpoou ~atlKa: aHa Prlllata allEta~ata A.all~avOvtal Kat we; IlETO-

nUw (= TO~lcSEUro IlE 1tAoio) (aIlE't'a~.)-7Ti.iw nil' ()uAaoaav (IlEtaB.) (n13. V.E. ~w KaAa - ~ro TTJVOlKOytVWI 1l0U. Xuipourn nOA0 - OE xaipOllat "oM). AIlE't'6:~aTO pi!llata yivOVtal IlETa~atlKa oo rspc uno 00\'9EOTJ IlE n poetoEte;: Baivco (aIlETaB.) - naaafkuvco rove; VOf,lOVC;IlETOP.) ( (nl3. V.E. usvco Kanou - 1tEP1IlEVW KanoLOv).

P)

To

aVtlKtif.1EVO

Ta IlEta~aTlKa

aVtlKEiJ1EVO,

PTJllaTO txouv we; oUllnAi!pwlla TTJe; svvomc tOUC; cSTJAacSi!tvav npoo Sioptouo zrou onveprovet TO npo-

ocoxo n to npaYlla oro orroio IlEtal3aivEl " o ro ortoio uvnoeosrrn TJEvepYEHl tOU U1tOKEllltvOU. To aVtlKElIlEVO ll1taivEl nrivrors Otic; nAaYlEe; 1ttWClEtC; (YEVtKi!. Sorucn, crnnrucn): Ovotva Iiv(Jpwnov dUG toix; (hove; npoaxuveite. L1,ouaKovol TOVe;naiOae; (1wrpPO(1UV'1v. Atyw V/-l;V Tt}V aAqtJE;lav, 'Euoii aKouaeaOe Tt}V aAqOuav, MeTeaXrTKa/lev ot V/-l;V iepwv rwv aef,lVOTUTWV ( = txoullE poe; Ila~i one one; eOOiEe;... ). TOUTOIe; tyw noAe/JrTaw. Miaet TOVe;lCoAalC£vovme; (= va uios«; nutouc xou ... ). wE)..eyov 6TI KiJpoe; TtfJV'1lCeV,
, ..9

napEt Ilt-

45

To aVtIKEij.lEVO elvm ouvr;9oo<; ovoun OUOIaOtlK6 (dv9pw1rov, TOUI; geoul;, TOUI; 1raiOal;, oosepooovnv, rr/v a),,1jgelav, T1jV a),,1jgetav, lepdsv), AAAU SKt6<; cxo ovoun Kat KUOS riUo j.lEpO<;tOU A6you Kat

nporuon OMKA.TJPTJunopsl va XPTJOlj.l01totTJ6si 00<;cvnxetusvo (v,uiv,
tj.wu, vpiv, TOUTOII;, TOUe Ko)"aKeUOVTaI;. OTI Kiipo; Tc9vnKev). To. j.lsta~attKU Pllj.lata, 6noo<; Kat orn V.S., eiVat riAAa J1ovlunoo'ta, OTJAaOll 11 svvom tOU<; ou,.17tATJPciwstat ue tva uovo cvnxstuevo A..X. npoaxvvib, no)"e,uw KtA., Kat riA.Aa OinTWTa, 1tOU 11 EVVOtri tOU<; ouu1tA.TJpWvstat ue 000 cvnxstuevu, A..X.: OIOo'(JKW Tlva Tl (OIOo'(JKOV(J1 raul; naioal; (JwrpPO(JUV'lV), ).tyw TIVi TI (Uyw v,uiv Tqv a),,1jgetav), KOVW TIVO~ TI (t,uou aKov(Je(JOe !t}v a),,1jgetav), ,utTtXW TIVI TIVO~ tuete(Jx1jKa,uev v,uiv iepwv rwv aeuvouitosvi. (1t~. V.E. ME s~traos Y&OOj.lupia. 00. (JOt.) 1too Kiltl).

a-

l:1)J1tl(J)(J1). Ta Ssurspo tJ1I1UJO. IlCOO TO cvruceiuevo otio ovrucciucvo oaoKouol OUO uvrucsiuevc
/,JErEaxr,KUf,U:V

cvtucstuevc 'Aucco elval

nov

oi1t1:(01:(OV onuc nov AEyovml ri OO't'lKTj (Uyw

TO eva

o.J1t(Jo xm TO

TO uvrucetuevo

os alTlOTIKTj (Uyw Tllv dJ.ri0£lav) xm ellv,uiv). 'Ornv Kat rn 01-

os ye;vIKTj (illojj UKOI)aEaOe) PpiOKOVTUI oioopooovnv

os nrnc rucn, UIlE:OO stvm aUTO 1tOU odxv£l1tpOOW1tO: (£IlIlE:OO).

TOU<; 7raiOac; (dueco), oe; J3pioKe;Tul Vllil' (EIlIl£OO)

'Ornv TEAO<; xnvzvo uno rn

oc Ul1IU't'IKTj, dusco stvm UUTO 7!OU J3piOKCTUI os ye;vIKri: leptbv (dusoo). rj Oi1tTWTWV J3A. § 51 K.£.,

Fie TTl otivTO~ll

1:(t)V pnurrnov 1l0V01tTWnllV

§ 57 x.s,

To aVTlKElJ,l.SVO,61t(J)<;Kat to U1tOKelJ,l.SVO, ,l.1tOPEt 1tapaAel1tf:Tat, J va oruv EVVOEiTat EUKOA.a OTTJopucn:

Ilooc rOY lxovra (} rpOOVOI;epnel (EVV. roy lxovra K ai orcp OOKt:1taiita, lrp,." tlvart:lV(Irw T1}Vxeipa,
X.tPI rou) «at uvtT£lvav (17ravTt~ (EVV. avirt:lvav

XPrl"wra).
(= 0.<;OTlKWOEI ro

rqv Xt:ipa).

y) Movo1t't(I)'ta pitllo.ta I.
ME YEVlKt\

ME uvruceiusvo Of. YEVIK1l OUVTOOOOVTal TO. aKOA.OVea pnunru, nov o vno roryouv oro f.1tief.ta 1tOV oVvtOOOOVTat us YEVtK1l aVTlKE1J,l.EV1KT) (pA.. § 33), oTJA.o.o1l600. o nunivouv:

46

§§ 50,51

I. IJviU.lll

i'I Atl911,

51tw~: ueuvnuat

(= eUjlOuliat),

hUAUVOdvOf.1Q1(= ~£-

xvw):
"A vtioomo; WV ueuvnao rii~ K01Vii~ rvxy/~. Llio01KU CTrIAUOWW;()u rii~ OiKU& oooii. 2. <ppovTloa, t7tIIJtA£la, <ptloro Kat TO avti9Eta, 61tW~: rppovri(w, etuf.100/1UI (Kat eTrl/1eAOV/1Ul)I(tiOO/1UI (= c_ppovti~w), a/1eAci), rpeioo/1Q1, rpelow K. r .0.:

/1"

a-

d&).rpoii rou curoc nou npovost ym tOV ... ). Ecoxpatnc: toii (1W/.l.UrO~OIJK ;'f.1eAel. Xp6vov rpeioov.

'Eoutoii Kti&TaI

0 npovotbv

(= C_PPOVti~£l yta

toy

suuro

3. a7tOA.auO'l1 rj E1t19uIJla, O'uIJIJEtOXtl O£ Kan, 7tA.'lO'IJovtl (a<peov(a) rj to avti9£tO O'ttpllO'l1, U1tUAAUy1\, X(J}PIO'IJO rj U7t0IJO:KpuvO''l, omt)~: aTroAavw, cpw( = uyamil us 1taeO~), /1HiXW, [Jpi()w( = slum Y£jlatOC;), yif.1W(= slum vsucroc), aretuo, aTruUdrrof.1U1, xwpi(O/1Q1, anixw: Of anoAuvauVUr; TroV (Trov dyulJrov, e!)voi aOI vivvovtai. Ov&vi tpaa: 1tOAe/1101 ijKelv oaiu; Tro).i/.l.OV cp~, 'A vlJpwnor:; (jJv(1el roii £lMvu OpiYHQI (= EmeUIl£l 1tOA.u). 'A viipomo» IIIVX" roii Otiov uetere). Ai )..tiKV()OI (= to Soxda) /.l.VpOV yi/1ovm. Iltioa eTrlarti/1Y/ xwpl(o/1ivy/ OIKUIO(1VV'1~ xu! r;;r; dUY/r:; dP£Tii~ nuvovpyia, 015aooia oaivettu. Ttbv ovrwv dndvrwv atepnaotuu (= ea OtEP11eW OA.11uou t11V xeptouotc).

/1"

4. U7t01ttlPU, t7tltuXiu T\ u7totuXiu, onwt;: neipouuu (cTrI)rvyxavw, QTrOrvYXdvw, G./1uprdvw( = anotUxaivw, Kavw A.a90~), III(;VOO/1U/(= 010IjIEUSOjlat, YEA1Ellat), K.t.O.: nouwv KaKrov neneipaueea (= eXOUjlE SOKljlaOE1 ... ). "Otou av [JovAwf.1E;()a rw~6f.1(;()a ( = ea 1tEtUXOUjlE 01t0l0V 9EA.OUjlE).

Ttbv olKa{wv oVOevo~ arvxtiaw;;. 'Auaptiivio YVW/.l.'1~(= 1tEq)tW e~w Ot11 YVWjl11 uou).
"EIliWa/1U1 Tii~ iA.Trioo~ (= YEA.aOt11Ka ... ). 5. t;ouO'{u, 61tro~, apxw, vevw K. T. 0.: Kparw ( = VlKW, U1tEptOXUW), ~yojj/1al, r,ye/1o-

* 51

47

L1tIVOV (tarl)
01 X£lpon:pOI

rove; Xtipove; nov PtA.Tl6vwv
va KtJ13£pVOU\, TOtJ~ Ka).un:potJ~).

apxtlv

(=

elvm

cpo13Ep6

fJV}WU «ptitei. 'A Bnvaiot "PXov

rrl~ (}a).tia(1'1~.
~ U1ttpoxi),

6.

CJUYKPlCJ'1' olQcpopa

<'l1!())~: Jtarpepw, rrAtOVtKrW, uetoveK. T .0.:

Krw, imeotcpd»,

r,rn7j/1aJ(

= VIK1EI-Wl)

'A ya()oc; apXwv ovJCv Jtarpiptl

narpix;

aya()ou.

Ootoc neptvivvcttui
Of topovvot

= tJ1t£PEXE1)

«ai nseovextet TWV iX(}pwv.

/1CIOVCKTOual TWV ir5,WTWV.

7. aICJ9'1CJ'1 (£KTOC, n rro TO pit~a opw = 13At1t())) 61t(J)~: olotkivouai, dKOVW, ti.7CTO/1ar( ayyi~(I), = f//avw( = Ij/IlAurp<i», veoouai, oaopoivouat (= ~upi~())), o.Kpow/1ar: "A KOtiC 1l'(lVTWV, tdcyov Mrj uou ti.7CTOtI, 'OMyor aitou iycvaavTO. J' ti. ouuoepei.

Kpouusnuv oooooivouoi. LI ixtuov tarr «ot r,/.lrov o.KpoG.a()ar warrcp xni
(TU pnun rn uia()uvo/1UI (13Ao § 100 LIllo!. 13'), TO priuc

TroV

KUT'1y6pwv.
Kat us UlTlUTIKTt

Kat QKOVW otJvnlOOOVTUI

OPW J,lOVO ue UlTlUTlKTt)·

8.

tvap~'1 ~ TO uVTi8£TO li)1;'1. 61t())~ apxw. apXO/1uI. ArjyW, tuusoutu: Sevotpd)» TOUA.6yov ijpxcro wJc. A;;yc TroV novwv err 1tOVelV JtlVU/1CVOC; = o rcuc rc TOU~ K01tOUC" ( EVW UKOJ,lU

uncosic

vo K01tU10£IC,)

0

Fkusaaaiie /.ltiX'1~.
9. Emcnr; ~E YEV1Ki] OtJV'to.OOOV'tUI Kat 1tOAAo. pi]J,lUTU OUV8E'tU J,lE T1~ 1tP08EOEIC, drra, tK, Kuru, npo, imep: 'Anixci Il uittua fJ'1Prov atooioi»; t{JOO/1rjKovra. Mtvcov ov&vo~ «ateves«. nouolC; r, YAwrra npotpere: Tti~ r51avoia~. "A viipomot; ouveaei (= (JTIl OUVEOT]) TroV dVwv 'lfJwv vrrcpixci.

48

* SI

II. ME ~OtlKq

S2

Me cvnxsfusvo vovv: I. qnAlKit AvmTdw(

at OOtlKn ouvrnooovrrn

ru pnJ..Lata 1tOU EXOUV a-

vtiototra E:1t{()E:TU auvtiiaaovttu ue dOTlK" (PA. § 36) «a: anuai1tOV

1\ tXOPlKit

= WQ>eAW), ({J()ovw,

~ulOt(J'1

it tvtpytla,

-ApE:aKE: nam aavnj) uovo». Bt:PO'!()"KUPE:V EvPOl;v(1l. Of aTpUTlWTUl eXUUi7UlVOV «a! wpyir.OVTO rcj) K).tdplQJ. dE:lv6v ian pdXE:a()al (}ujJ Kai rillY.
l:ll~d(t)(Jll. Tu pnunrn WlpcAW KUI p;"o.rrrw euvrnocovrm Ill: nrnrrnxn: K).f.apxo<; trroACl1cl tok; Bpflt,i «a) Wlpo..r.1 rot»; -EV."t'ac;.

p"

01t(u<; E:VVOW,dptaKw, PO'lOw, empovA.E:UW, pdXOPUl, 1tOAE:P(J):

2. f.U1ttiOtla Ti U1tOTaYit, aKol.ouOia Ti iilaoolq, npo(JtYYlGlJ. tnlKOlVOlvia Ti aVclJ,luf,'1, onw<;: nE:i()ol1at, anE:l()w, dOVAE:UW(= siurn OOUAO<;), fnouou = aKoAoueW), nda(w( = nAT]aHi1;,w), l1E:iYVVl1l, KOlVWVW, OPIAW( = ouvnvno rpcooum), XPwI1UI( = XPT]0IJ.lOn01W, EXW): TOIr:; VOPOIi; neieo». Ty fll.apla1iQ. {n£TUI " dvataxvvria. "OPOIOr:; opoicp G£i 1T£A.a(£I. Koxok; OPIAWV «ainoc; tKprja£1 KaK6r:; (= orcv ouvnvco rpeosom I-Le«u KOI)<;, Bo vivs«; Kat 0 iOIOe; xu KO<;). Xpd, TOIt:;ciP'lP£VOlt:; ( = va XPT]OtJ,lonotel<; oou EXOUV el1tWeei). 3. npt1tu Ti talPlcl~tl: Ba(1lA£i ravro npenet. '0 K6()opvor:; apuortt: TO/r; nooiv 4. 0I10l0TTlT(I, l(JOT'1t(I

tuupotepotc;

Ti (Ju,upOlvi(I, onwe;: laoiuuu, OI1O/dr,w, lOlKa

(= I-LOtu1;,w), aVI1({Jwvw K. r.o.:

fP1Aoaorpcp lOIKUr:;, W veavtaxe. "E~ 0/10AOI iaoiivuu opaxpy. Til lpya ou aVI1({Jwv£1 toic; .MyOle;. 5. £1tlOT]<; I-L£OOtlKTJ ouvruooovrm Kat noAAa PTJl-LutU rrou eivrn 00vBsro I-Ler«; npoetow;: tv, auv, uno, eni, napa, nepi, npoc Kat to smp§ 52 49

P11~U 0/.100, 61tw<;: e/.1/.1BVW, VVOIKW, imoxetuo», emri8ej1.aI, a YVOj1.a1,neptntttu», npooeepouat, Oj1.oJ...oyw, ouovodi: 'Ej1.j1.BVW tok; OpKOU;. Oiaot of J...6yOlou avv~iOov(JIv oMt avvap/Jorrovalv ouurprovouv OUtE TatPIO~OUV ~ELa~0 TOU<;). 'Op()wC; /JOl t1tt1CA.,,~a~. 'Evrajj()a rravrec; rrpoaepJ...efllav avrcj).

nnpayt-

dAAl1A.OI~( = OE

Of 'Atinvaio) Jill ro dA.A.l1AOI~ouovoetv ritv apxr,v rwv 'EU1jvwv «atetpviiaavto (= EnwSiJ Eixav O~oVOlU ~ELa~0 TOU<;, KUTOp8w(Jav ... ).

EKt6<; uno to pT]~aLa xoo ouvrriccovrm ~E 80LlKiJ WC; aVTlKEi~E\'0 TOU';, OUVto.OOOVTat E1ti011<; KUI 6.AAa onuuru ~E 80TlKT], 11 onoin rpavEp<iwEI TO xooorono Yla TO onoio Uno.PXEI Tj viverm Ko. n, xm 110noia A~:yf.tOl c')OtlKT) 7tPOO"W1tlKT) (np. V.E. YEVIKiJ npocormxn), 07«1)e;: a) Ta anpoowna pT]~ata Kat 01 anooownEC; EKIpPo.OW;:

'Euot /joKel OUX wpa elvtu r,/JIV Ka()er5&,v (= uou octvsrm 8EV ElVUl c.opa va KOl~O~aOLE:). BA. §74. (3) ta pft~ata elui, vivvoutu, (mapxw us La onoio 11OOtlKT] ocvsocovei tOY xrriropc , YI' auto Kat ).[.y£tat OOtlKTt 1tpOo"W7tlKTt Kt'1tlKi):

"Eati uot xpr'/l.wra (= EXW Xpnl1ata). noV,ai «at KaAai anic5ec; r,/Jiv tlot acotnpku; (= EXOUJl£ nOnEe; Kat (30.0111£<; £Anio£<; Y\O t11 oormptu JlUC;). Tcj) olKaiqJ napa rwv ()ewv owpa yivvettu (= o ro 8iKUlO 6.v8pW1to uno roue Bsouc ... ).
y) Ko.8£ 6.AAO pnuu
rpovsptovst:

OtO onoio

11OOtlKT] OEV sivm

uvrucslusvo

tOU Kat

I. to npocomo rtou OUJlJl£LEX£1 os o.ri £Kq>PO~EI to pnun (OOtlKT) t'1<; O"UIl1to.9Elac;}. Xa.iPETUl iJ AunuTUl (OOtlKll '19lKi)}, wq>EA£ltal Tj !3Aonn:tat (OOtlKT) XaPIO"tlKT) 1\ aVtlxapIO"tlKi!):
50 § S3

t11eqJ()apro 'rep KpoiaqJ '0<; J(.aA.o<; 101 )

;,

tAnk;

(= tXEl XaeE{ Yla tOV

Kp ... ).

uou stvm 0 n.). Kat )101 titv ypaqJr,v dvd,yvw(), (= 8ul~aot uou TT)V KaTaYYEA.ia). Iliic; dvr,p tav'rep novei ( = K07t1U~El Yla TOV suuro rou).
ntinnoi; Iltivte; xUf...aoav n6.vra KOKa vooioi 'rep TVpo.VVqJ. O'O\) TOV KUVW (nl3. V.E. Na uou qHA."OEIC;ru 7ta10lU. 0a

0

(= Tl orpctocxou

£Yw ...

Tou

rn oxtow).

2. to npoocono ouuqxovc us TT)V xptcn TOU oxotou " OxeTlKU flE to 0noio 10XUEI KUtt (~onKtl tOU «xptvovroc npoO'OO7toU» l'J tllC; uvceopo.C;) :

Kaitot

a' eyw

itiunoa

tok;

qJpovovalv txel

tv (= KaTU TT) YVWflT] rrov

OUVETWV). Feporv ytpOVTI }lA.cOnav ;,Jfart7v vruc OXetlKU

«at nak; nalol

(= tvac; ytpo-

ue tva V <If...f...0 ytPOVTa ... ).

(nl3. V.E. to eopeun t1]C; eivrn o rsvo).

3. TO zrpooomo
7tOlTJtlKO aiTto). tu OE -ttoe;

1tOU eVEPYEi (~OtlKi)

«rou

&V&PyoUVtOe; 7tpoO'OO7tou» it ouviJ9wc; IlE

H Sorucn

aut"

uxnivst

pnunrucn

Eni8£-

Kat,

OUXVU, -tOe; Kat us 1ta9T)TlK6. lmepOUVtEAIKOU,

pnunrn

OUV"CEf...lKOU Iltf...f...OVTa)

Xp6vou

(napa xsiusvou,

ouvrsxeousvoo

it. onuvicrspu,
'0 notouot;

Uf...A.OU Xp6vou: iaTlv ;,piv olapa'rtoc; (= nptnel eflEic; va nepucouue

toy

nornuo).
TApa PIWTOV r,piv if HI uet« )lOXOt7POU Ka, OleqJ()ap)lEVOV otbuatoc; (= a~i~EI EJ.ldc; va ~oufle us ... ).

Toiita Tok;

@t)uawytv£l 'rt viiv

rep EvpaKoafcp

ytypan'rol (

( = tXOlJV ypa<jlel uno

to 0. to LupaKouolO).

«at

tok; lntlTo
ItPOcrW1tlKti

OovpaafJqaoptOo
~1!:PlKti)V urrpcccomov

= Bn

Ilac; 9aullu~ouV
€h:WPEi1Ul ElticrT]C;

01 OUyxpOVOl Kat 01 flE"CaYEvtoTepOl).
I.'11ldw(J'I.
«1i01:1Kn roo

(Bs, §68~).
pT]J.uhwv

Kat T] IiOTlKti
evepvoovroc

1tPOOW1tOU», A..",(.:

Ovre VVV/lOI /lEro./ltA.EI (= OUtE niJpa T6 dOIKeiv ovre dya80v xp6w.p W/lo),oyr;9q Olot
fl),aral;;r;.

usrcvuovro).

ovre Ka),ov (io tiv),

we;

noUdKIr;

r;/liv «o! t.v r0 i!j.1l!poaOcv
1tapuliE",(tnKGJ,lE).

(= orrwc; ltoUtc; rnv t~olio).

q>op£.<;tJ,ltic; ltpOT]yOUJ,ltvwc;

t.ltelo~ xapEUIC£Uo.uro ainoic. t.~fi(]av (= Oi nA. .• aq>oli E{",(UV rnu E·

roruccret, tKavav

§ 53

51

III. ME

QltUltlKlt

H umnrucn
7tOU EKq>pa~EI

stvm

n

xupm

7tTWOTt TOU

nvnxetusvou
nov

xm

aUTT]

sivci

Kupiooe; TO dusco aVTlKElj.lEVO

j.lEWOaTIKWV

PTtj.la-

rtov.
ME alTlanKT] a) EvtpYE10 Tt

oovrdooovrm oxoic
j.lEToOaivEI

ru

pT]j.lOTa KaTw8Eiav

1tOU cnunivouv: Kat E7tlcSpa (t OE Ka7tOlO

1tp60w1t0

tl1tpayj.lO,

7tOD D1tapXEl

7tPIV VO yiVEI 1'] evsovsro TOU

roc,

KOI TOU onoiou

j.lETOOUAAEI i] OXt TTtV KaTaOTa01']

I; 00 T t

onucP I K0

uv r i x e i u t v o ):

A OVOUGI rov naioo: Aoufkivooat Ta on),a.

B) cSTtj.ltoupyia
vtpYEta
0' J1Q T 0

Ka7tOlOD

7tpaYJJ,atoc;. (to'OHEP1KO

7tOD cSEVD7tllPXE rrpiv ve yiy£tll QvtlKdJ1EVO
= oKaOw)

s-

TOU pT]j.lOTOe;

QnOTtI..t·

C;): Fpcoo: i1Clt1ro),tjV.
Of. alTlaTlKT]

'Opvrrw(
oruv

Tar:ppOV.

To uvnxsiuevo
VT1KdI1EVO:

cSElXVEI TO icSlO TO 7tEptq6JJ,EYO

1tOU EKq>P<l~Et TO Prl un , AtYETat

xupio»; EOWTEPIK6

Ti

0' () e T 0 I

X 0 Q.

K,Vt5UVI;VOVtll TOV lt1xaTOV xivoovov. OJ ''E),).,'1vt~ iviK'1t1avviK'1V AU/iTrpav.
Me OUOT01XO aVTlKElj.lEVO, Tal Ka8e onuc, Kat Oxt uovo ono»; Kat orn v.s.,

unopsi

vn ouvrncoe-

JJ,ETaOoT1K6

PTtj.lO EVEpyTtTlKTle; cSta8tOE-

we;:
ZtjO'elq Piov KPUTIt1TOV, UV ()U/iOV «patetc. NOt1e; V0t10V dypfav.
(1tO. V.E. 'E~TlOE j.lla ~ooTt 7tAOuOIa. KOlJJ,i]8TtKE TOY 011:VO TOU cSl-

xntoo),
~"Il&((J)If". To OUOTOlXO avnxsiuevo onucroc
C!\)IlOAOYIKO: npo£PX£TUI O\)V(~V\)1l0U PrlIlUTOC,:

uno TI)\' i51u pit;u TOll

aHa Kal ana
ViK'IV,

TTl pit;u nnO\)

'Evixnaav

aAA.a Kat: 'Aa8tvci

TUVr'lV

rllV

voaov.

Zt; Pfov jJOX8l/pov.

To

OUOTOIXO aVTIKelj.lEVO 1tPOOOIOPIOj.lO.

xnvovncu
AAA<l nOAMe;

OUVOOEUETal

uno

0JJ,0161tTooTO

e1tl8eTlK6

<pOpte; TO OUOTOlXO OVTtKEl-

52

II54.5!1,56

IlEVO 7tapaUhtE'tat, o\Opt0l16~ EK<ptpEtal

a<pou Tl tvvoui

tOU EK<ppa~E'talIlE

'to !l)lO 'to p~lla,

Kat IltVEl uovo 0 E7tleE'tlK6C; 7tPOOOlOPl0I16C;. T6'tE 0 E7tleE'tlK6C; 7tpOOOE OUOt'tEPO ytvoc; ouVlieroc; 7t1..1'I9UV'tlKOllapl9av'tlKdI1EVO 7tOU

110U, 07tOlOUOTt7tO'tEytvouC; xm av Tt'to..v'to oudtOtXo
7tUPUI..El<ptTlKE:

1... . 1'1 <ppaOll: 'Eui: f,itv f,ityd).ar; '''fJfa~ 't'tJfJfw(Jt, n}v ot 7t(5).,v oli X J,lIKpac;p;'dPa~ tp;'allll; Siurumoverm 'tEl..lKa: 'Ef,it ui» I,u:yd;'a t("J,liw(Jt, n}v ot 1l6A.1V fJ1Kpo.lpA.aljlt. ou
1:'1111:(00(1'1. uywvi(olJUI To OUOTOIXO cvnxcuievo 7tPOOOIOPIO~O: uywva 0pOIJOV). OPOIJOV (cvn: dywvf(olJal unopsi va 7tapaA£i7t£TaI Kal orov ouvol)£u£Tal uno £U:p67tHtHO

VIKW voouariav (nvrt: VlKW ViKT/V va VlJaX la<;).

anoxptvouai TO tPWTWIJE;VOV (ovri:
Kat £0<0 7tapa~tv£1 OTOIXOU nvnxciuevou
0

ET£p6ltTWTO~

anoxotvouoi d7tOKPICTIV TOU tPWTWlJtvOV) KtA. ItPOOOIOPIO~O~ xctpvovrnc rnv ItT!.OOll TaU ou-

7tOU 7tapaA£lltf.tal. ~upi~£1 ~UpWOl(l AI!lavlou).

(7tJ3. V.E. ~upi~£1 AIJ3ervl, nvri:

§ 56

53

TO ANTIKEIMENO

J1E piJJ1ata 1. 11VrU.J.ll

reou 0llJ1a{vollv

napaotiYJ1ata
Mf.llv'IaO 'Eavrav r71<;KUIV71<;;ux,,<;;· r K1jOtTal <> npovotuv ac5e).l{Jov.

n An 611
tu

2. <ppovtioa, <pw;w KUl

Em".D.E1U, UVtieEtU

Xpovou 'l{Jeit501J. ·Ano).avolJal cioivaliJpiY£Tal. rwv awv aya(Jwv, 'A v(JPWTlo<;;rou

3. U1tOA.UUOll, Em6ul1iu,

r
E N I K
H

OUI111EtoXti, rrA.ll0110vti, OtEPll011, UrrUA.A.uyti. UrrOI1O:KPUVOll 4. cxonstpu, u1totuXiu E1tltUXiu

'H I/Ivxii TOU 6ciov IItTiXtl

Ai hjKV(JOi PVpOlJ yiIlOI)13I. 'A TlaVTWV (JT£p1j130POI.

'Ii

nov.wv rtv~opt(Ja.

KaKWv nentlpO;lcOa. Twv olKaiwv

"Ora v uv J3ov;.wp(;6a

olic5evo:; aTvx1jaEl<;,

5. E~ouoiu 6. OlU<pOPO:
7. uio611011 8. £VUP~l1, A.ti~l1 9. OUV6EtU I1E: un6, KUta, npo, lIntp tK,

6Jwou KpaT£I. OurO(; n).£QV£KT£i rwv t.x6pwv. MIj uou tinTOV. ~CVOI{JWVijpXCTO rau ),oyov, noUoi<;; naVaaa(Jt

uamc,

r,

y),wrra

npoTpixtl

rfic, olavoia,.

Xoi; l1ii KaTafPPOvC;v roli Tli.1j6ovc,.

1;

E A

2. EU1tEi6€lU, UKOA.ou9iu. rrpooEYY10ll. smxotvcoviu 3. rrpErrEI

Tok; vouou; m;iOov. 1'.71 xaplarir;z a ria, '"OUOIOr:;ouoio» del nc)'d(tI,

£7rI:T(},/

r, avataXv\'-

Mf/ «oxoi: Ollo.CI,

o
T
I

'Ii tU1P10:~EI
IOOtn,tU.

Bontke] roUTO npene«. '0 Ko6opvo<;; apWJTT£1 tok; Tlooiv apI{JOTt.pOIC,.

4. 011010tlltU. OUI1<Pwviu

<PIAOOOI{JIfJoixac: t

"E~ o{JoAoi iaoiivttu

opaxwj.

Ta epya OU aVIlI{JWVt; tok; )'0'101,. 'F.llpivw tok; tJPKOI" OUTOI 01 )'0'101 ou aovapuo»: npoai{J).t'llav

K
H

5. Ouv6EtU I1E: EV, OIlV, \)n6, Ent, napa, nEpi, npoc;, oJ1oii

TOvalV aUIjAol<;;, .ndVTC,

Ql·,rcp.

54

1: E
A I

1. EvepYElu nou IlETUj3ui VEl OE xun nou UnaPXEl npiv urro TT]VEVepYElU TOU p.
2. cST]lllOuPyiu KanolOU npaYlluto<; nou cSEV U1t11PXE nptv

Aap.ptivof)l11 ( E!;WU:PIKO

rei orrAo. o.VllKElP&VO).

T
I A

rpo.((JW brlo.TOAr;V ( EGwu:p.

uv r r s e Iu e v o

a 110 t & A t GPo. t 0 ~).
'EviK'1l1o.V viK'1V Aawrpdv O:UO'tOIXO

T
I K H

3. To uV'ttKElIlEVO EK<ppa~Et TO aho TO nspieX61lEVO 10U PtlIlUTO~

n v r a x c t u c v o ).

§ 56

55

l..i

'0:;

0
Z

'S::-


:-

""

e-

'e s ,.
~
'Q Q

'3 '" ~~ <:5 ..,
-<:5 :-

,... ..
cc ~ 0 '" o-

:.:

;;

:E
0IIIIi

III

~
;:: z <

'S::- "<:> 'I:"
!;)

v'... "

C

e ...

:c e ,~
I:" (5 ,. ...

'" ;;)
'-J

-5- " '" ~ "'I:
~
'<:5

s.

c ~ i5 .... S- ,~ 'i:
'0

;;;; '3 ....

::s. ,§

§ c -5'" ::>
;;)
,~

5 ,.

.t:-

.-.:

e

~

:"

I::

:t:

s

~

c ~ =>

:::t

's::c::.. ....

'-

."

::.-

:c

'"

v· '- t- '0 ~ :c ~ "" " ~ ~ " '" ~ t:> '<:I C I:: ... <:5 ~ 3 .;:; ... ft ';j '0:: ,,,, ~ ... Ie: t:> s '<:5 " 'I:" '" c :::. ~ :;; o. I:: ~ ~ .... 't:- c ,:-0:: ~ '<:5 CD ~ ~ 1'1 '" '"

~ ,. C

,_,. S '0

~ ~

'~

;;;;
'0 '" ..., :;:j ,=> ... '" t... 0:: :c
Q Q ;;)

I:l

.. ,§
I~

'" -c 0 ,.
"<:>
;.

" '8

.~
;.

..

;;.

0:;

OJ'

;.

""

e: ". ~ t: = .. ... = "" ... C
III lJ' :III:

:! [oil

-e ""

~~
:EO
II.

00

'-I '-I

= --e
!!: ~
III

II. II.

. 'V'

i:3

'S::0

-c • i:1 .,

,~
I::

,.

I:" !;) ,~
Q

..."

'3
li1::1 c::..

==
ZZ

[oil

=
:l1li:

... e
t:

-<

<

-..
z f;Iil

!Q 'f: .~

..."

....

~ ~5 ,... :c
9~t::
c::.. !;) 'Q

.. -

,.

:.:

<:5 ... '1::1

3 ..

"<:> "<:>

'~

<: c

'"
<;
;;)

,;;;;

~

c
U>

..
Q

." "-I

" s::-

;::
U>

~

'S: <;) .~

,;.

'.I' ...
,~

..

""
I::

f1.J

'-I

°cc :E",,""
'-I

0== z

ii::E:E

-< -<

=

'I:"

li-

'I:" ... ,,_ ,~ 'Q
Q

;;;;

.....
..."

's -c
<:5

U>

;;lI.
'-III.

fE=1Il;

i

"<
V>

,§ -c
'V'

:"

"" -<
<:5

C

~~ ~~

i3 li:c .t:: -5i! Q
l(

'" ,.
"<:5
V> .s::-

~

"'~ "<
:t: ~

't:!

§-

... '" ~

56

...:

's...
'::> 0

~ ,~... ~
;0::
:::t

,~-

~ I::

~

<.iQ

...: ,~ ,\!, ...: ...: .~ ~

S ..,

,~

s.

C

% ~

8- ~ ::c~
, <l.

0 <l. o

~ ,~ ~ ..: ~~ ~ ~ ~'V'

,,;!:

~ ...:
...:

<.i, Q

e ...
Co;

....

'I:!

'" ~~

C~ C is.

,. ",

b

.
I~

,.
'~

S ... .~... ....
'~
'C 0
V' .0

~ ~

~
I-

,,;!:

-c

C I:: <.J'

.. ... ''''
9-

:
IJ>

c

"" ~

....: 'i:!

,. 1:5 ... ~ ~ '0 'C:>

.. ....
....:
c.;

~,~ -e ...
0
!J> ._

'1:5

;:. '"
C

~ ~

;;
e-.
<l.

-e

§ 56

57

1. M& 660
M& alio

CIltUltU(t~:

nvnxetuevc
a/rw(

Ka1 'ta alio 0& a\'t\a't\Kft

ouv'to.ooov'ta\:

a. 'ta pft~a'ta

= ~l1'tcO). tpwrw,

e/cnrpdTTw, ti1CoKpv1CrCJJ, ti1CoO'reJ,lrtvwV

pw K.'t.O.: 'ApfO'rl1C1Co~a/rei KiJpov el~ ~IO'Xl)'fov~ ~tvov~ Kal rplwv J,llafJ6.v. OU mum tpwrw ae (nj}. V.E. OE OE pw'tcO aUT6). Llloyeirwv n)v 8vyartpa lKpv1Cre rov 8dvarov roiJ dv~p6~. Iev(",t; rtJlii.~ ti1CoO'repei rov JllO'fJ6v.
(aUa. V.E. MOll ~"TlTll0E xpitJ.laTa. T1); EKPUj}E to 901lato t'1 Xap6:).

rou nvrpoq

TIK MOll OTEPTJOEalltft I:'1,&dourl1.
Ynapl£t

T1vd TIVO~: EiJIT8i~( TprjJWV dn£f1TipITutv.

= aq>&).t<;) tUTIV

Kat 'l auvTa~l1: aiTciJ

n elanparna TI nap« TIVO~ Kat dnOUTt.pW alretv ltJ'tp6va 1Capa roriTOV. OVTO~tpt TciJV 1Ca-

~. rn p"Tl~a'ta ~1~dO'KW. avaJ,llJ,lvdO'KW( = unEv9u~i~w) K. r .0.: Ol Iltpotu ~I~dO'KOVO'I rov~ 1Coi~a~ O'WrpPOO'VVrtV. 'A vauveao» VJlii.~ Kal rov~ rwv npovovosv rwv illlertpwv ICIV~VVOV~. (nj}. V.E. a1ao.OK&1 tOll ntTpo 10PO). y. rn P"Tllla'ta tv~VW, tK~VW( = ~EV'tUVW): '0 nd1C1CO~ov Kvpov Ka,A.1)vuro).t}v tvtr5vue. r Ilat; Iltya~ 1loi~a J,lllCpOVt~tr5vO'e rov XlrwVa.
O. nOAAa. Il&Taj}aT1KU IlEVO 0& pftj.1aTa, OTaV naipvouv EKT6<; an6 to

nvrucst-

urnurucf

Kat OUOTOtXO aVT\K&ij.1EVO:

"ElCaurov eU'lPytrovv n}v ueviatnv ev£py£O'fav. IWKpdr'l~ ra ptYIO'ra ndvra( rov~ POV).OJltvov~ wrpt).el.
TETOla pi)llaTa ouxv6: sivm fa:

r5pw, nOlw, tpyd(Ollal,

dyopevw,

U-

vo»

'0 1CO).).c} lCalCa r5pwv toix; (LUov~Kal naO'Xel aurot; 1CO).).U lrepa. 'Huet; vJlii.~ lCalCov oMtv tubnote t1COltlO'QlJev.
§ 57

S8

Of novnpot aei tt KaKov epyd(ovTaI

TOV~ ivvotatio

eavTwv

~VTaC;

(= o ' uurouc zrou etvot nOAU xovrn roue). OU ooovttateov 0, tt tpoiknv of TroHoi fll,l(j~.
'A,IEOO (I\,tll{r.i~f.\'O Ei\'at

'1

alTlUTlK~

rtou

Or.iXV!:1

rrp6(J(O)ITO (i"x,

Kiipov, at; niv BuroUTO,
TOY

vareoa,
TO\', TO\'

'I/uk

uf.,) Kat t~'I£(lO
KIf .. ) ..

'1 6.)..'.11 alTlatll{~

(~ivo[J;;- «uiuiahov,

i1ava-

,waliov

ME 8U0 attlatlKE~

f,1f(w, f,KUyW; olOpi(w,

ouvrnooovrm snionc ro priuurc: ovouatxo, voTrOlW K. r.d.:

Tnv touurtnv OVva.Ull' Q.voptfuv fywye KuAW. N6,uI(e rr,v f,1€V natpio« olsov, roue; O€ nosttsu; itaipouc. 1:' aUT~ TT]V 1tEpi1tTWOTl Tl uic urro r«; 8uo altlatlKt~ sivm
pOU~EVO ornv dAATl (A. x. avopeiav

KatTlYO-

Kat olKOV sivrn xurnvopouusvc

oro cvrucsiusvo ovva,ulv (rr.B. V.E. tOV cStoptaav
. ME mTlaTlKll

Kat

natpida cvrtcrorru).

ou;u9uVt11) .

Kal YEVlKll: to tva OE nrnunxn ouvrriooovrm: (to U~EOO) KUt to cSEutEPO

ME DUO ovnxetusvu OE Y£VtKrl (to t~IlEao) a. tu onuurc eaT/We K.l.O.:

= <jHAEUW), 1tA'7PO)(= YE~i~w), Kevw( = u8£l(i~w)

A6ywl'

Vl-u'i~ Jl uatai; elatia. KalVWV AOYWl' (=
1l0U

L!OKW uot ae eowxlja€lv
1tpoocptpw

eutvsrct en

eu oou

KatVOUplE~ E10tlOEl~).

n'A'7PW TIll' Mpiav voar:o~. Mvpldoae; 7l0A£I~ Q.vopwl' ayaOwv ixevcoaev.
(aHa V.E. Tov cpiAE'IIaV af,UJyoaAa. rEllit:;w to 1tOtllPl Kp0crl).

~.ru pnun m aKovw, ,uavOdvw( = 7tATlPO<popou~at): 'Yuek; Cl-lOV aKovaeaOe mlaav rilv Q.AtjO£lal'. MdOe uou xa) rao£.
(1t~. v.s. uou tllueE~

KOtl

lpllCflf,lO).

y.

ru

Ptlllu"['a

(=Ef,l1tooKw),

;"a,u/3dvw (= 1tt(ivw), a71oar:epw K."['.6.:

dyw

(= OOTI'YW), KWA.VW

§§ 511,59

S9

~EAapov Op.).

't;;~ 'WV"~

TOV 'OPOVTaV (= Emoaov

01[6 T1'] ~WVll TOV

0; 'Hseto! TOV~ AUlceoa,poviov~ eKwAvov TOV dywvo~. Oinoc cpt TWV 1CaTp£(Jwv aneotepnoev (131... xm § 57 a). (1tI3. V.E. t11<; 1[lipav to natoi t11<;). O. La pli).1oLa nWAw, WVOVlJal( K.T.a. nou avocp£pOVLaI OE a~ia,
,.10<; La 1[OUAouv ... ).

= oyopa~w),
TiJ.1TlJ.1o:

r1lJw(

= K08opi~w

turn)

Ttbv 1COVWVrrWAOVGlV ;'lJiv rrdvra niyalJu of Beoi
'QvovlJelJa plKpa 1[oUav apyvpiov.

(== ).1ELOU':; xorrouc

ME ru Pllf.10TO aUT a 11 yeV1KTJ q>avepWVEl rnv a~io 11 TO rtunun (Pl.. § 43, 3). E. ru onucro non onuctvouv IjIUXlK6 1[0.80':; 01[WC;: 8avlJ(i(w, uaxapi(w, opyf(olJar K.T.O. Kat rc OlKaOTlKa pnuuru, 01[WC;: altuinuu (= xnTTlYOpW), JrWKW( == KOTllYOPW OTO OIKOOTliPIO), ypdf/Jol1al (== xuruvytAAW): Z17AW ae rou 1CloVTOV (== OE ~l1AEUW vm TO reAoUrll). typd",aro (== TOV KOTa)"YEIA£ '(ta 00£l3£ta).

Mesnto; I:WKP(i.T" dal:peia~

ME TO PliJlOTO OUTa Tl Y£VIKli cpav£p(;)V£1 T1']Vnrrin (j3A.. §43,2). Pli).10TO ouv9£Ta ).1£ r«; repo9£m:lC; ano, I:K, npo.): X. drrotpetu», f.KPdUw( = E~opi~w, OlWXVW), npotaaaos KTA. Kat Kupiwc; Pli).10TO auv9ETo ).1E rnv np69f.Oll xata rrou tXOUV OIKOaTlKli svvoiu, A.X. «aiayryvibaxio, Kara",,,f/J{(Ol1al KTA.: 'A notpene: ue TOVTOV. Mr, ue 1CloVTOV toii napovtoc f.KPdAn~. Ilpoeiai» TWV o1Cl,TWV TOV~ i1C1C£Q(;. Of 'A817vaiOl I:wKpdTOV~ lJdvaTOv xatevvcooav (= KIlTlloiKllallv TO L OE 9avuTo). Klo1C"v avTOv Kare",,,f/JiaaVTO (= TOV KIlTlloiKllaov yta KAoreli). or. noua

3. ME

anultlKl1 KUl

oonK11
O£ umurucn (TO dusoo) Kill TO OEUTf.PO

ME OUO OVT1KEl).1EVIlTO tva 60

160

ce OO'tlKit (TO ElllleoO)

OUVTelOOOVTat: &iKVVI1I, bibwl1l, oe-

U. TU onuuro Uyw, VTrlaXVOUI1U1( un:60XOIlUl), = pco KUl TU OUVWVUllel TOU~:

Iltiaav upiv Tt,V uAqllCtav tpw.
'H ucopia biJw(JIv UVllpW1COle;KaKU. 1:ty~ yvvalc!i KO(1POV(= OTOAIOIl6v) qJipcl. p. TU PitllUTU n:OU onuntvouv c(,iawaf7, c(,Ol1oiw(1f7, j1ci(,f7 K.T.a.: '0 aibf7poe; aviaoi (= e~IOWVel) TOVe;U(1l1cvtie; tote I(1Xvpoie; f.V noAtIl4>. Keptivvuui (= UVUKUWJW) iJt5wp up oivi» (n:p. § 52,2 Kat 4). y. n:0A.A.6. Pit IlU TU ouvgeTU ue r«;
TC

p09£oel~

tv

it (1UV:

'0 ()car; Tt,V I/fVXt,v xporiatnv cvcqJvaf7(1c up dvlIpwmp. Kat o.pi1C1COVe; Tlc{ove; avvira(,cv airtok; (= OiTCAU0' UUTOU~ TCUp6.Tu~e Kat n:£~OU~ ypitYoPOU~ onv T' aAOYU) (n:p. § 52, 5).

4. Mt ytVlKtl Kat IlO'tlKll Me ouo ovrucsiuevc. TO svo O£ Y£VIKT] (TO dusno) OOT!KT] (TO suueoo) OUVTelOOOVTat: U. TU PT]IlUTU j1t:rixw, VWVUIlU: KOIVWVW, I1craJiJwj1l,

Kat TO O£UTepo os

rrapaxwpw

Kat TU OU-

Mcuaxr,Kal1CV vpiv iE:pwv rwv aeuvotiitcov. Xpr, TOUP6.povC; m:rat5,t5oval tok; qJiAOIC;. T;;C; rwv 'EUr,vwv t.Awllcpiac; rrapcxwpr,aare fP,UTl1Ctp. H Y£VIKTJ(rou fl6.POlJC;,r;;c; OW()F.piac;) <pav£p(I}V£1 0' aUT£~ T!~ n:£Pln:TWO£le; TO OUVOAO nno TO oxoio AaJ.1J3av£Tat Eva J.1EpOe;(A. X. OTO npoTeMuTaio 1tapao. = 1tPE1t£l vn J.1eTaolO£t Kuv£i~ OTOUe; <plAOUe;tvu J.1tpoe; uno ru J3apTJ TOU K'TA.). BA. "(£V. OtatP£T. §32, 2. ~. ro olKaOTIKel PTJllaTa tuub= opi~w (we; 8IKUOTtl~) O£ Keln:OIOV ox; rroivn KaT! Kat TIj1Wl1al = nporeivco (we; KUTr\yOpO~) Yla Keln:OIOV we; TCOtVr\xun: "[awe; dv PO" W aWJpcc; t51Kaaraf. qJvy;;C; nunotute. 'A 1TOO6.vOIC; el flouAorro 0 «amvooo; lIav6.Tov (101 Tll1daOat. dv, (J3A. Kat § 32, 5). t 61
61

nivaKa-;

6 PHMATA
ME amaTlKtl KalOOtlKtl
Aiyw VPIV tnv

AlnnlTA
ME i)uo amaTlKt-; ME nltlatlKtl xm YEVlKtl
Oil mum tPWTW ae. ,1,~aaKoval rovr; m·'1Pw vopiav 'Epov naaov
TOY

ME YEV1Ktl KalOOtlKtl
Mcn;axqKupcv uUIv rwv f€pwv. Xpt) mv pdpovr;

rr,v Mawe:;. aKovacaOc rr,v

aAqO€/Uv. H ucopia oiowmv avOpwnole:; Kcpavvvpl KOKa. iJowp

naiJoe:; acoaipoav-

vnv,
'Eviovac Kiipov awArjv. KO).r,V

ue TIlOlt5t) Val
toi; tprAOIr;. "too»; UV POI, W
olKaarai,

aAr10€/UV. OUTOr; tlJt nov'

rep oivor.
'0 Ocoe:;rr,v
f/lVXr,v £VUPVU'1m;

naipouov a:rrt(lTtp'lU£. Twv n6vwv TrwlOVUI of Owl. Z'11W KAonr,v
(If;

a vopec;
mvopot;

Tpdr; KaKOV.
oUbev iTrOlquol-u;v. N6pl(,£ rr,v

qJvYiie:;TlpqualTE. BOIIAt::ral

rep

avOpwnep.

0

KO-

rayoBa TOV OUTDO

Kat n€(ove:;
uvviTa~£v

Oovarov

natpio« olxov,

arl-

aot TlpiiuOal.

tote,

n).ovwv. KurCvn7f{JiuuI'TO.

2. MELA PHMA T A
To uso a pnuurn YEVIKU IpavEpwvoUV,
vEPYEla j}pioKE"Wt vO:Aoya to 1t a 9 tl, TOU U1toKEtJ.lEVOU T] J.lE T11v tOtaiTEP11 J.lEOa 1t Any 07t(t)C; Kat rn EVEPY11TlKU, EU1tOKEiIlEVO ~

oxotu

6J.lW-;· E1tlOTPECPEI oro

OE UAAT] tomiTEP11 0XE011I-l'

o u v a J1l K n.
vouv 010

aUT6. 'Erot ru J.lEOa PTtJ.la"W aonucotn roue Sunpouvrm OE: J.lEOa a \Ji n, J.lEOa a AA 11AO 1t a9tl Kat uson

a) Mtaa aUTo1ta9it

on 11EVEPYEla

(11

w9ta) AEYOVTUI tn usoa pnuo ru 7tOU ollllaixrn am:ueEiac;

TOU U7tOKEIIlEVOU E7tIOTPECPEIdusou

ioto

TO U1toKEillEVO; §§ 62,63

62

'0 7lui~ )'VPVd{tTU'.
'EKtA.evOVuvrov ).ovaua(Jai ( = 'TOV1tapaKaA.OUOav vn A.ouotEi (1t~.
V.E. MTJv nuwsusom. dEV 1tA.69TJKE<; xoun.). n I:uXV<l

nvrt

yta ta

Jlsoa autona9T( rnv al)tonaSi)

XPTJolJ.10nOtf:ltat to &V&pYTJtlK6 aV,OlVUJ.1la: yvpvd(opul
aE tva

pT(J.1aJ.1& cvmcetusvo

- yvpvd(w

tPUVTOV.
I:ll1ldwCJ11. 'Ornv
T6TE TO ~tpo~

11 aUTo1tu9tla TO
aW'_'a.

1tEPlOpit;tTat

uovo

~tpo~

TOU U1tOKE1~tVOU. pll~aTO~:

aUT6 tKcptpETal

os amaTlKll

w~ aVTlKEi~EVO

TOU ~taou

OU )'OtlOVTaI voarl

Tovc; n6dac; ivtvato.
(1tIl. V.E. 1t),iI811K& ana

tlt),llvt to XtPIO reu).

~) MEaa 7rI..O:Yla,A.syoVtal rn J.1EOapnuurn tOU U1tOK&tJ.1SVOUJoxotn &1tlOtPSq>El a' curo T JlSoa nA.<lym OtalpOUv,at 0&:

nou onuntvouv &VspYEta £JlJlEOa Kal1tA.<lYla*.

Tn

1. J.1Eaa6t6:!l£aa,
UEVOOtOV

60a onuntvouv

on TJEvspYEla

yiVEtat

uno to U1tOKEi-

snore

tOU ~ OE 6, tl rou avftK&t

0t a

J.1 0 0 u <lA.A.ou: S

Ktipopa,

rt}v KOJl.TfV (= K6~0l rn JlaAAul JlOU JlE rn ~OTt9Ela tOU KOU(=

pen).
'0 namp rove; nqwae; 7ra,&vtTa'
J.1E ~oite&ta tTl rrov OaOK<lA.Wv).

° 1t. &KnatOEUEl ru

1tatoul

tOU

Evuyopae; tpmpe«; tvav7r'1ytiauTo ( = KataOKEuaoE
JlE tTl ~OTt9Eta tWV vau1tT]Ycbv).

1tOAq.l.1KO1tAoia

2.

!lEaU 7r£Pl7rOl'ltlKO: (~ «!lEaa Ol<p£A£ia<;»), 60a ym OlKTt rou xPitOT]

onunivouv

Evspy&ta

1tOU&Kt&A.&l to unoxstuevo

it Olq>SAEta:

nopit;opa, XP'lJl.ara (= ~piOKOl yta tOY snuro uou XPTtJlata). HAyopa, yvvUiKU (= nuipvco yuvaiK(l WC;ou~uy6 uou).
(1t~. V.E. I:ull~OUA&UOIl(It to

vio rpo.

d(lv&i~Ollat

xpitllata).

• Ta

uson au"t01ta91l

KQ1 rn J.1Eaa 1tA.oyta a\,~K01JV o t o p~J.1aTa xoo rn ovouctouv ytaTi ~

J.1t-

cc
Kat

aVTaVOK),a17t1KO,

aJ.1EOa Kat KaTw9Eiav

11EvtpYEta suueon xrn

TOU U1tOKE1J.1tVOUE 1t lOT 1tA.ayta (1tIl. Kat

P t rp E I 0' aUTO TO (010 ~ aUT01taeEi~ uvrtovouiec § 110. 1 ~

21l).

§M

Ta uson 1tEpl1totTJ'tlKU 100cSUValJ,OUV IJ,EEVEP'YTlT1KU ptilJ,a'ta XOUV aV'tlKEiIJ,EVO au'to1ta9tl av't(owlJ,ia OE cSO'tlKti: llopfCw tjJav'lcjJ XPl1jJa'la. ·A)'w tjJav'lcjJ ),vvaiKa.
I:l1twwcnJ A.tyETaI

1tOU t-

a'. flu TTllilUqlOpa

EVEPYTITIICOUKUI Iltoou

nA.aYlou

ptillUToe;

nil.: I6J.wv

tot; 'A8"vaI0lC; VOIJOVC; llhtlC£v - 01 'A8"vaiol vopOVC; l8IVTO. (rI8"pI l1ypQlpw vopOVC;
YIU TO vouoesrn, lilalltoou O'l'TlV upxuiu

r(8£pal 11 ypQlpopal
TOU vOlloatTTl). YAroClOU, 6nwe;

vopOVC; A.tYEtal
ouyJ19we;

Yla TTIV n6A.TJ 11 TO

A.a6 = ypaq>o> v61l0ue; I:l1twwcnJ KanO'l'E (=EltIOKEUul;£ Kol)61l0Ue;).

p'. KUI

OTTI V.E., XPTloIIlOnOIEi'l'ul

EVEPYTI'I'IK6 PtlllU

UV'I'( Y\U Iltoo

nA.aYlo:

Avaav6poc;

roc;

vaiJc; i",ulCtUai;r
EW. IlE 'I'OUe;01-

TU nA.oia lilulltoou

TWV 'I'EXVI'I'WV). (nil. V.E. X'I'U;III onhl,

y) Mt(Ja al..l..ql..ofta&il, 60a onuutvoov 1J,1aKOlvft EvtpYEla, cSUo~ 1tEp1oo6'tEPOOV U1tOKEllJ,tVOOV,TJosotc 1tTJya{VEl alJ,ol~aia a1t6 'to tva oro UA.A.o: IVjJpaAov'ler; aa1tft5a, tw90vvTO ( = X'tu1toov'tae; 'tle; a01ticSEe; 'toue; t01tPOOXVE 0 tvae; 'tOY QA.A.ov). AltveljJQVTO tnv dpXf/v Zev, Kal lloaeltJciJv Kal llAovrwv ( = lJ,o{paenv IJ,E'ta~u roue rnv E~ouo{a 0 ••• ). Ta aA.A.TJA.01ta9tl PtllJ,a'ta ~pioKOV'tal KaVOVlKQ O'tOV 1tA.TJ9uV'tlK6 ap191J,6Ka1 IJ,1tOPOUVva avaA.UOv'tal ee EVEP'YTJ'T1KU PtllJ,a'Ta IJ,EaV'T1KEiIJ,EVO'TTJvaA.A.TJA.01ta9it aV'toowlJ,ia: tw8ovv'lo = tcfJ80vv aAArfAov,. t5,evefjJavro = t5,eve'JJav dAArfAoI" rp,Aovvral " IJlaOVVra,
(7tI3. V.E.: TOUKclWOVTUI KaeE uepo. Aupio I:l1!WlllcnJ. Av'I'( ylU '1'0 Iltoo

'la,

= ""AOVC1lV "

tuaoiknv

d.uIfAo~,
En(OTle; '1'0 EVEPYTITOU Y' npootir aVTwvull{U

va TTlA.tq>o>VTJeOUIlE).

uA.A.11A.onu9te; PtlllQ XP11011l0nolEi'I'ui

TIK6 PtlllU IlE UVTlKE(IlEVO TTJVuA.A.l1A.onu9it 11 'I'TlVuu'tonu9it

nou: 01 Iln"ptral 4I6ovoiiVTt~

6,;"th,pov d,U"lo~, iavTOr~ IJluoixlIV dUtfJ.ovc;

(= ~ovouvTal

Iluul,u 0 tvac;

TOUe; YI' UUT6 KUI TOV d).,).,ov).

IlIOOUVTUI). (nil. V.E.: YnOClTlJP((,OVTUI IlETUl,U TOUe; 11 UltoGTl1pil;£1

cS)Mtaa 6UvaplKG., 60a onuntvouv 6'Tl 'TO U1tOKEiIJ,EVOEVEPYEi XPTJOtIJ,01tOtOOV'tae;6ue; 'Tte; OOOlJ,anKte; Kat ftVEUlJ,a'T1Kte; cSUVQIJ,Ete; 'TOU:

H65,66

nolrteuoua: = £V£PYW W~ 1toA.iTll~, OU~q.t.£TtXW crnv 1tOA.lTtKit (to e VEPYllTlKO pitJ,la n:OAm:VW = sium 1tOA.iTll~) AVO/.lal aiX/.laAWrOV = tA.£u9tpwvw tvav alXJ,laA.WTO 1tA.llPWVOVTac; A.UTpa. noioiuuu n:6Af./.lOV = 1tOA.EJ,lW. (1tp. V.E. AUT6~ q>OpTWVETal 6A.a tu PO:PT\ Tll~ oucovsvsmc. NOlO:~Ourn yta xc n).
~'1p&iwa'l a'. I:nuvlo POUIlOl KTA. I:uvti9we; TO usou PTtIlOta XPl1011l0nOlOuvtai Ilt I)la<popttlKTt allllaaia YTl1:lKU,A.t. ll/aOw TI = V01K1U~W KaT! at clAAOVll/aOOUllai TI = V01K1U~W Kun on6 aU .. v nAllo n%ulla; Tlva ~ou).ov = KUVW PWVOVTOe; Ill096 ylQ OIKli 1l0U tPlioll' noui) Tlya ~OUAOY KaVW KunolOV OOVAOOE aAAov = KunolOv 1)0vAo uoo: apxw )'6yov an6 to EVEP0 tVtpYllTlK6e; KOI 0 Iltooe; TvnOe; svoc PTtPOTOe; t1ol)V KOI arparonedeUOlla/,

rnv

{SIO

ol11l0010, 6nwe; A.t. arparonedeUW

auJT/pof//OPw Kal a/~T/POf//O-

= oPXl~w
at oxtall

va IllAW npwTOe; -

apxollal

rou ).oyotJ = opXi~w vn IlIAW

(TO EVEPYTlTlKO P1\IlO apxw cnuctvei OPXl~w at 01£011 IlE TOI)e;aU .. oc, EVroto useo o PtlllO dpxolla/ us rnv ap1Tt 1'\ tll ATt~l1tOI) Myol) 1101), 1...1. "ApxerOl 6 no).t· uo; £VOtllde i/OT/ 'A8T/va{wv Kai

Ilesonovvnakuv -

'A~/KeTTt, OJ dy~per; 'AOT/vaTo/, no-

rnv EvtpYEla TOU\)1'\ npuY).Ia, EVW us TO ).1£00 rn oXEoll nou EtEI 11Evi:PYEla aUTTt IlE TO iolO TO uxoxetuevo,
nOKElllEVOU ern oXEoll Tlle; IlE xnxoio UAAO npoawno ~'1l1tiwa'l

).f.Ilou dpxovTer; Kai anov~dr; ).vovTer;. rEV1KU ue to EVEPYllTlKOp1\lla 0 ouyypa<pEae;Tovl~lntplaooTEpo

p'.

H cnuuctc

TWV IlEoWV pnunrcov I)EV etvci Suvnro va Ka90pi~Talna-

VTOTEIlE aKpij3E10. To il)lo IlEOO p1\lla I1nOpt! va I111V I nuvtott txt KUl ETm va unv aVTJKElnuvToTE OTllV il)lQ KaTllyopia'

rnv {l)la alll1aaia

A.t. oixooouoeuo: olxtav ).Inopti

va onunivei: XTi~w o nrn IlE TOUe; lKo1)61l0ue;(ptoo 616p&(0) oAAa Kal ttil;.w cntn tO VEpywvTae; Kal 0 iOIOe;,Enlj3AEnovTae;, oanavwvTae; KTA. (ptao 6I)VQPIKb). (nj3. V.E. 11Kl)p{a 1tEy{~tal = 1'\ ).IOVTJ rnc: Qutona8t<;, 1'\ an6 rnv KOI1Pwtpla: ?tAUytO

IhilJ1&ao).

3. nAE>HTIKA PHMA TA
Ta na6r)TtKO: pitJ,laTa q>aVEprovouv ott TO unoKdJ,lEvO StXETal ~ua EVtpYEta an6 Ko:nOtO QA.A.O 1tpOOCOnO" npO:YJ.la, ST\A.aSli na9aivEl KO:Tt. Bpioxovtm ouvit9coc; OtT\ j.1tOT\ q>covit. aAAO: Kat Otl1V EV&PYTlTtKliecoV1i uno:PXouv na911TtKO: Ptlj.1ata, oncoc; 9a SOOj.1EnUpaKO:tCO.
§67

65

To

noooroxo

ri TO npOYlla

n rro

TO n

onolo xo ut

npO£PX£TaI n

aUT6

rtou zru-

Buivsi

TO U1tOKEiJ,lEVO A.EYETat

no m

o:

'A neeave 'ErrpaxO" Ei raura

utaovuevoc Uc;f.I(;,
berv6v
!p0~Ep6

Imo mivnov. epvov aC;I6AoyOV. we; napa. nuvrwv TCPOC; e~ epou (= 80. 1l1C!1l8£i<; cxo usvc).
= nE8avE)

oubev uno nuv rupuvvwv txeapfi
TI

Kiipoc OVTWe;heAf.vr"af.v(
Mf.yaKAr;e;
TO 8EWPllC!£

ouosoyeiuu.

[axf.
va

aTljia(f.aOal

Ileunarptitoo ( = 0 M.
TOV

npoC!~oH£ral

uno

Fl.).
ypa!pEl

Tairta
TO

€h;pU1TOyiv&1 rtfJ

Evpaxooio) vevpanior
1tp£1t£t

(= txouv

nzro
TOV

0.). '0 notouoc io nv r,piv orafJartoc; ( = '0

eus«; vn nspnoouus
(tart) ( = cSEVa!;i~EI

rt.) .

a veteiaotoc
nrno
rnv

Bto; ou Buoto; UV()pWTCqJ
xwpi<; va C!K£qlTETaL £K!PEp£TaL:

vn ~El

o <iv8pwno<; To

uic ~wli

KaL va epeuva).

nomruco

a) IlE Kat ~)

1tp68£C!1l uno Kat YEVtK1l

(tl

C!1Wvt6TEpa:

ano,

i«,

napa, npoc

Y£VtK1'\). IlE cSOHK1'\ OV6J,laTO<; 1'\ ovrcovoutc PTtlla C!uvn:A1KOu Xp6vou c, xwpiC; rrp68EC!ll, C!uvt'l8w<;

orov

U1tOPXEl

(1tapaKElIlEVOU,

U1tEPC!UVTEAIKOU, OUXvo., -T6<;. (~A.

OUVTEA. J,lEnOvTa)

it

PllJ,laTtK6

E1tieETO OE -TEO<; Kat,

§S3y3).
(nB.

v.s.

npocS68TlKE 1tOHC!Il£VTl p1'\J,laTa

a1tO

TOU<; C!UVEPYOTE<; TOU. 1:E~ac!T6c;

en;

6-

Aou<;. rTl

,.U; IcSpwra).

To. 1t0.8TlHKO TaBo.HKo

xuvovtxn

C!XTlJ,laTi~OVTal

uno

EVEPYTlHKa

J,lE-

pnuuru,

J,lOV6nTWra

it cSl1tTwra.
yivoVTat

KaT a TTl J,lETaTp01t1l 01 aK6AouSE<;

TTl<; E-

VEPYTlTtKri<;

C!UVTO!;EW<; O£ 1ta8TlTlKt'I

aAAay£<;:

a) 01
To

"EU"vee;

ivixnoav
..

rove; Iltpoiu;

-

01 Iltparu
yivETat

tV1KTjO"aav
1totTlTtK6

uno
nmo

reVv "EUr,vwv
OTO 1ta611TlK6

U1tOKE1J,lEVO TOU EVEPYTlTtKOO pnuu,

pi)J,laTo<;

Kat TO aVTIKE1J,lEVO y{VETal

U1tOKE{J,lEVO TOU 1taG,,-

TlKOU PTtJ,laTo<;. B)

01 'A Bnvaio: f.i'AovTO 'AAklfJIUO"v
TOV AA.K. o rpurnyo)

atpatnvov
~pe()"

(= oi

AS.

E!;£A.£~av

-

'AAKlfJruo"e;

a tpatnyi»;

,no

reVv

'A Bnvoitov. 66
§§68,69

EKTO<; POUJ,tf.VO

uno r«; UAAUYE<; n:OU f.iouJ,u; CJTO n:UpaOf.1YJ,tU tatpatnvov) TOU UVtlKf.1J,tEVOU ron f.Vf.PYTltlKOU

U, TO KUtllYO-

pnuuroc

'J,tE-

vsi KUTTlYOPOUJ,tf.VO UAAa. TOU Un:OKf.1J,tEVOU TOU n:UtlTltlKOU

PtlJ,tUTO<;.

y) '0 t5uJaoKaAO<; t5I1JaoKel TOY realt5a tnv /iOVOIK1jV '0 nnk; t51t5aaxeuu uno roD t5/t5aoKaAov tnv /iOVOIK1jV. Tff atparui urett5WKe Kiipo; uiaeov teaatuuov unvtbv - Tff orpanij. unet500n ureo roD Kopo» /i/oOo<; teaaapcov unviov.
To Un:OKf:l~VO rou f.Vf.PYTlTl1WU PrlJ,tUTO~ yiW;Tat n:01TltlK6 ntrio KUl TO aJ,tEOO UVtlKf:lJ,tEVO (rov reait5a, iuotlov) TOU svspvrrnxoo PrlJ,tUtO~ vivstm U1tOKelJ,tEVO TOU 1tutlTltlKOU. AAAa to OEun:po UVtlKelJ,tEVO, TO f:1lJ,tf.CJO (r1jv f,J.OVGlK1jV, 1tUtlTltlKO priuu.

rn atpatui),

1tUPUIlf:VEl f:J,lJ,lEOO UVtlKEtIlEVO

oro

Mepucn
Vf.PYTlnKTt<;

f.Vf.PYTltlKa

pnucrc tXOUV w<; 1tU8TlT1KO tva

ano

PtlJ,tU f.-

it

J,ttCJTl<; q>wvT\<;

r\ uic

1tf.piq>pUCJTl on:w<;: CJKOtWVOJ,tUl)

anoxteivcot. = CJKOTWVW) nva - unoOvyoKW( =

ureo n-

voc, iKpaUw( = E~opit;.w) nva - £Kreinrw( = f.~Opit;.OJ,tUl) ureo nvo<; eil A.tyw( = smnvo) nva - eil UKOVW( = E1tUlVOUJ,tat) ureo TlVO<; eil noubt. = f.UEPYETW) Tlva - eil reaoxw( = f.Uf.PYETOUJ,t(1) uno TlVO<;
aipw( (ana
= CJunaJ,lPaVW,

KUPlf.UW) - dAioKOf,J.at(

= CJuAAUj.1paVOj.1Ul,

KU-

P1f.UOJ,tat) , KU1 aipoD/iat=f.KAtyw U1tO Ka1tOlOv) - aipoD/ial=f.KAEY0j.1at)

t5iK'lv Aa/ipaVW napti TlVO<;(= tlJ,twpw
(= tlj.1WPOUJ,tU1

xc xcrov) - biKI1V t5it5w/ii TIVI

l.lIOW Tlva - utaoiuuu " uionioi; yivvoutu " uiaoi; txw npoc TlVO<; ('l/iIW nva - t;'l/i/Ov/ial " tnuiav Aa/ipaVW reapa rlvo<;
(1tp. V.f.. t;.TlAf.UW - yiVOJ,tU1 t;.TlAEUTO<;, CJuyxwpw -

nuipvco

CJunw-

P&CJTl). ME neptopuo 1tOtlEtlKWV

n CJXTlJ,tUtir;,Etat pnuurtov, A.X.:

xuvovucn

0 1tU8T]tlKO<;

TU1tO<; rtov u-

ait5ov/iai nva (= Vtpt1tOJ,tU1, CJEPOj.1at Ka1tOlOv) - ait5ov<; rvyxavw urro TlVO<; (= ue CJtpETUl KU1tOlO<;) oltubuai rrve (= KUtT]YOpw xunoiov) - altiav lxw " altiav Aa/ipaVW urro rlvo<; (= KUtTlYOPOUj.1Ul)
§§70,71

67

(np. V.E. 0 EX 0 J,la I EVEPY. 01a9. - Y 1v 0 J,la I OE K t 6 ~ na9. 0\a9., n e p i rro 0Ia9.).
i

o u u n r EVEPY. 01a9. - PPlOKW

x e p i x o t n c n na9llt.

4. OY~ETEPA PHMATA
Ta OUOEtEpa p1'IJ,lata, OllA.a01'l aUta xou eoveprovoov 1tA.WC; E utu O
VW

on to uxoxsta-

J,lEVOOUtE EVEPYEi OUtE OEXEtal KaJ,lla EVEPYEta aA.A.a PpioKEtal

xurccraon,

sivm

KupiwC; EVEPYlltlKa,

onwc;: (W, uYlai-

acoepovd: KtA..
'Aei nore Cd raypunTa KaaqJu)J; 8ewv

voutua.

Of nOAetl101 qavxtiCoval.

AnpomnA
Mspucri

PUMA TA KAI AnpOmnEI;

EKcJ)PAI;EII;

onwc; Kat Ot11 V.E., AEyovtal a1t p 6 0' W 1t a 1'1 t p 1 to 1t P 6 0' W 1[a, Ylati PpiOKOvtat ouv1i9wc;, 1'1 J,lOVO,OtO y' EV1K6 xpoccoxo xtn OEVEXOUVwc; UnOKElj.1EVOtva xpootoxo 1'InpaYJ,la. Mspnuuru, PIKa uno ru mo ouxva &i(

stvm:

= sivm

avaYK11),

noene:
rpcnsrm, vuro), KtA.

eyxwpei(

XP71( = npEnEl), npoa!jKel( = tatPla~El), «oxet, = E1tltpEnEtat), farl( = sivm ouva to), l{ear/( = smlveaTI( = sivm <paivEtal OUvato), KaAO, napeaTl(

slvm Suvuro), ~oKei( = ectverui,
epovrffiu),

= sivm

ou-

ano<paoi~Etal), dyyiUerat,

J,.ltAel VOtlf(eTaI

( = unapXEI

).tyeTa/,

ouosoveita),

Meptxn
ownlKa, voum,

an6 rn anpoowna
A.X.

p1'IJ,lata XP1101J,l01tOlOUVtal xm WC;npoEXW avaYK11), ).tYOtlal KtA. p1'IJ,la'ta unapxouv ~oKei Kat ~OKW( = <pai-

&i

Kat ~tw(:::

vOJ,li~w), ).iyeTal

xui

EKtOC; cxo ro a1tpOowna <ppaoE1C;nou OXllJ,la'tl~ov'tat: a) j.1E to p1'lJ,la iat! Kilt EVil

xm 01 a1tpOOW1tEC;EK-

ocotoo-nxo

tl 'to OUOE'tEPOEVO~ Em8f:tou

tl

J,lEtOXtl~, A.X. dvdYK'l ioti, xaipoc: earl. aC;lov earl. fJQJ>16v earl (=EiVIlI Ell1COA.O), Jlwr6v earl. <>u5uKreov loti, npinov iati, eixo; earl (=tiVIlI { <pUOlKO, A.0Y1KO) K'tA.

68

§§72.73

~) IlE to

PtlJ.l1llXt;l

pqJiwC;

fXEI

xm !Ca1tOta emppnun, A. X. avayxaico; !CtA.. (BA. !Cat § 97~). pi)llata to pi)lla
Kat ot a1tp60wm:t;

lXel, KaAw<; eXel,

Tu a1tp60w1ta
noio uvmpspsrm

EKQ>paow; xoiovouv
t

0\)(~)... §

vr't9we; Eva v 1tPOOOtOPlOIl6 OE Sorucn 1t0\) OElXVEl to 7tp60w1t0 !Cat A.tYEtal 60 t K"
1t

OtO 0-

P 0 (J W

1t t K"

53): "Eoo{ev avroi~ nopeoeoiku (= Q>aVT]KEKaA.6 0' curouc
pncouv, a1toQ>aoiotnKE va 1tpOXW-

tl

a1toQ>aOloav

va ... ).

(1tI3. V.E. IlOU

Taiita ov ovvat'()v eattv avOpw1Col~ eooetv. stvm aMvato va to KUVW).
O\)vrlOWe; we; U7tOKElIlEVO rivnptlpo

Emorp; naipvouv
KavEie; YPullllata

unupeuouro:

LIe; vpauua:« ,.,aO£iv «at uasovta
Kat aQ>ou llu9El

vovv lI£lV

(= npE1tEl vo IlUOEt

va tXEt lluaA6).

Kat yap oaKpjjaal /J(J.oiw<; aotok; llel sivui EUKOAO vn Suxpucouv Kat vu ru 971}).
MEPlKU anp60wna XOW pi)llat(l

"Dpa early a1Cltval (= stvct wpa vu Q>UYOUJlE). urcavra r ' eineiv (= roue 1tOUV 6Aa) (PA. Kat §§ 9613,

1i

a1tp60W7tEe; sxopucs«;

we;

U7tOKEiIlEVO 6Xt a7taptllQ>atO

uxopst vn aAAa ElOtKrl nporuon A. X.:

e-

'APKei (hi nov fillwv KaTaytl{i~. AtYeTal orl KiJpo<; rttJV'lK£. LI;;A.oVtytvero t'jrJ 0; tlOpoi t,.,paloi&v (= 6n ea ElOpUAOUV). 'HyytA.()" aur<j) orl ra Mtyapa alptur'lK& ( = o n ru Msvupc nxoo rnrnouv (13)... Kat § 15513). (1tp. V.E. ota060T]KE 6tt cuoro ea nvuxorvcoeoev ru a7totEMollata).
l:ql'ElWGq. MEPIKIl a1tp6ow1ta we; U1tOKEi~EVOE1ti011e;: pnuurn

1i a1tpOOW1tEe; EKljlpIlOEIC, u xopsi vu 1tIlPOUV

a) EvliolaOtlK1i xporuon: Ou&i<; Kivt5uvo<; 14" '!'Ie; tK TOU o7flu9£v i7riU7rOlTO ( = a KOAoua1im:l) (7113. V.E. U1tIlPlEI Kivliuvoc; ~1i1tWe;7IEOEIto 1tuIIiO.

13)

1tAIlYlQ Epwt11~atlK1i
'A7Iopw<; tipiv

nooruon:
TVIOll4lV QV aWTqpia<;

lXEI no9lV

(=IiEV 1;EPOU~Euno 1tOU ). ...

(7113. V.E. etvm liyvwoto 1174,75

n aa otJ~I3Ei apyotEpa).

69

mvaKa~ 7

TO PUMA

Me alTlaTlKt]: yparpw

tnluroArjv

I Me YEv.-8ot.:
Me YEv.-alt.:

~u;TEuxrjlCaf../eV uf../iv rwv iepwv nA'7PW rr,v ut5piav vt5a.roc;

QArj8elO.v

Me alt.-alt.: AYTOnA9H
YUf../va(of../al

t5,t5duICW roy nait5a f../OVGllCrjv

_J

;

MEl;A AIAMEl;A
«eipousu r;,v ICOP'1V

MEl;A nEPlnOIHTIKA
nopiCof../al xprjf../ara

AYNAMIKA
noAITeVOf../QI

(w 70

KE<I>AAAIO Z'

XPONOI KAI ErKAIl:EIl:
Oi Xp6vO\ TOU pnun TOe; 61tWe; KUl ern V .E., &TlA.WVOUV: rn XPOVlKi] ~UeJ,ll&U (nnpov, 1tupEA.86v, J,lEA.A.OV) KUt
tOY

rpoxo

EVEPYElUe; tOU PTtJ,lUroc (E~U KoA.ou8T1TlK6e;,

cuvoxnxoc,

aUVTEA.Ea J,lEVOC;). I:TO 1tUPOV ovaespovrur: 0 EVEaTWTae; KUt MYOVTat OTO 1tapEA.86v: n:upOVTlKoi XPOV01, 0 Kat 0 nupuxstuevot; EV IlEPEl 0 un:EpaUVTEA.tKOC; Kat 0

nupurn nxoc,

0

copicroc,

nupc KelIlEVOe; EV IlEPEt Kat A.EYOVTat n:apEA.90vtucoi

(ti io ropucot

Tt n:u-

oovousvoi)

XPOVOl, 0

aTO IlEA.A.OV 0 (an:A.Oe;) J,lEA.J..OVTUe; Kat Kat A.EYOVTat ,U;AAOVTlKoi XPOVOl. ne;

ouvrsxecuevoc nuro xou

J,lE1..A.OVTUe;

npoc

TOV

rpoxo

EVEPYEtac; n:upou(jla~OUV 0 nupn rurucoc

011f...WVEl TO

pnuu:
E~aKoAou9'1TlKa: A.ov'tuc;·, (Juvon:tlKa: ouv 0 EVEO rWTac;, Kat KUt EV IlEPSl 0 IltA.Kat f...tYOVtUl 0 Un:EPKat Myov'tUt 0 a6ptOTOC; E~UKOAOu9'1TlKOi Xp6VOl, 0 J,lEA.f...OVtac; EV J,ltpSt

(Juvon:TlKoi Xp6VOl, Katl a.n:OtEAEUll"tVO (auV'tEA.E<JJ,lEVO): 0 n:apaKElJ,lEVOC;, oUV'tt/. ..tKOC; Ka.t 0 aUvtEA.EaIlEVOC; Koi XPOVOl. J,lEA.f...Ov'tac; Kat f...EYOV'tal <J\JVtEAt-

Ot XP6VOt tTl aTlJ,luaia TOUe; Kat we; npoc TTl XPOVtKTt ~a8J,lioa Kat we; npoc rov rpoxo 't11 OtatTlPouv IlOVO ornv ooio nxri, EVW atle; cif...f...Ee; E YKA.10Ele; to an:aptJ,l<pu'to KUl 'tTl J,lE'tOXi] OtutTlPouv tTl onucotu TOUe; we; npoc rov rpoxo OXI oj.twe; xtn we; xpoq rn XPOV1KTJ ~u8J,lioa· &'to\ f....X. 0 cooioroc crnv Un:O'tUKtlKi] &ElxvEl Kat\ ouvoxruco OX\ OIlWC; n:tlv'ta oro n:apsf...86v· TI XPOV1KTJ (3a8l!ioa Ka80pi~ETal an:o to PtlJ,la

rnc

Kuplae;

n:poTaaEwe;

ti uno

ru

aUIl<ppa~6J,lEVa,

f....X.:

• 0 ~tA.l.OVTae; TTle;apxaiae;

&HTlVIKTje; aVTlClTOIX&i us TOUe;000 ~tHov't&e;

'tTle; V.&.,

1\TlA.a1\i] Kal us TO ClUV01t'tlK6 Kal ~& 'tOY &~aKoA.ou9'1't1K6 ~tA.A.OVta.

§§76,77

71

At}'w

ava<jltpE'tal

Tva ntlUO;;rt (0 a6p1(J't0C; ornv uno'taK'tlKi) xnpov). wE).t}'ov taina, Tva ntluO;;rt (0 iSlOe; xp6voe; nvuesperm
oro

taiita,

ntlCl0ilrt
oro

na-

pEA96v) K'tA.

I. 01 XPONOI l:THN OPIl:TIKH
1. 0 EVE<JtrotCl<;

o EVEotootac;
pt'llia yivEtal a) Kan ti) tOU

ornv

opio rucn

<jlaVEpoovEt on auto

nou 011l.l.aivEl to

toopa Kat E~aKOAou911ttKa,

aAAa E7tl011e;<jlaVEpoovEt:

7tOUYlVEtat 7tavta

t'i E7taVaAal.l.~aVEtat

nopicru. H XPi)o11 au-

evsorroru

u7tapXEt ouvi)9wc;

o rn YVWl.l.tKa Kat o nc 7tapotl.l.isc;

(yvWJlu~6<; EVE<JtrotCl<;):

F;;

'A voprta nOM/e; 6UVt11 (= KataOtp€<jlEl). 1l(ivra 1C0pi,£1xtu nU).Jv lCopi'tral (= 11Y11OiVEt rn 7taVta
naA1

xm

rn navta

nutpvst

7ttOW).

(nl3. V.E. 6nOlOC; 131a1;,Eta1 oxovruerei).
13) xrrn 7tOU 9tAEt 1\ 7tpOOna9El va KaVEt to U7tOKEiI.l.EVOt11C;xporucswC; (POl)A.'1tlK6<;

1\ Cln07tElpCltlK6<;

EVE<JtrotCl<;):

Niiv

oil

t~t).avVtTt

;'J,lae;tx r;;uOe r;;e; xwpac; ( = 9tAEtE va I.l.ac;0100va 1tEiow Ka1t010v).

ntlow

f,EtE an6 ... ).

r/vu (= 1tpoo1ta9oo

(1tI3. V.E. 'EpX&<JCll l.l.a1;,iI.l.ac;; = 9tAE1C; va p9EtC;... Aut6C; 9EPCl7tEU&1 T11V7tA1lYi) tOU I.l.E136tava = 1tpOO1ta9Ei va 9Epa1tEUoE1... Boi)9E1a, I.l.E<JKOtWVOl)v!). y) Kan tu<;). 1tOUtYlVE 1\01l OtO 7tapEA-96v (1<JtOPIK6<; 1\ c'ipClllatlK6<; &VE<Jtro-

H XPi)oll

autt'i

TOU EVEOtootU U1tapIEl

cr«;

SUlYt'iOElC;:

Kal tu8ve; OUK1)veuXtro, dUa tinwv rov aw5pa opw naiu( = Xtu7ta) Kara ,0 atepvov Kai rlTpwulCtl( = tpaUl.l.ati1;,El) ota tOU 9oopaKo~ (nvrl: lnalut Kat l,pwut).

72

178

(n~. v.s. protclSt tOY tva, protaSt tOY clA.A.O,inots' t
~Et Kat 1tTlYaivst 0 i&toC;.). ME tOY tatoptK6 sveordrm Kal ~rov'tclvla. 11&ulY11a11 anoK'ta

t6'ts Qno!puo{·

napaatatlK6t11ta

&) KO:tl xou 9a yivEl onroa&itnOtE oro 1l&A.A.OV· EnEloit roc;~Eaal6tato, sivm aav va yivEtal teOpa, Yl' uuro 'X.P11OlllonoIEi'tatEVEateOtac;ani ym 1l&A.A.Ovta: EI/Jr, A.l1l/1o/JtOa ro xwpiov, ry urpanij. OUK l(rrl rll enlf1tatlG (= 'to a'tpa't&Ulla onroa&itnon: &E 9a eXEl ru unnpnirrrm). (n~. V.E. !PEUYro xpmf). 'to KaVOVlKa 0 EVEa'teO'tac; eliu 'X.P1l0l1l0nOl&l'tatroc;1l£A.A.Ov'tac; Pitrou uuroc lpXO/Jal. E) Katl nou E~aKOA.ou9Eiva unO:p'X.El roC;ano'tEA.Ealla c no to napEA.Bov (anoTtA.ta"a't\K6~ &vtatrota~, nou lP1laqwnOldtal nvrt Yla nnpuxstusvo): 'En' yap nOA.tle;, tbc; tyw aKoy u;r:rOUVO/JU1, IJtHOlJeV

tevat /JeyU).ue;

(= 6nroe; &yeO exro aKOUaEl...).

(1til. v.e. o r e K 0 u a I Kat KOltO~ro). 0 svcororruc HOV pnucrcov aKOVW, uir:rOUVO/JU1, Y1YVWUKW, VIKW, rpeUYW( = stum E~6ptoroc) KtA.. KUVOVlKa XP1latIlO1tot&l'tat roc;1tapaKEtIlE:VOC; EVE:a'tw'tac; 0 rrov onuanov ;;KW( = exro epeEl), oI'XOIJUl( = txro qlUYE:I), dO,,/JUI, KeiK /Jal( = Eillat xscusvoc Ka'tro).

'Erm IlE onuuotu nupnxeiuevo» lP1lcnllonOleltm

2) 0

7t

a pat

Q

t 1K 6~

o napu'tatlK6c; onuatvs, em KOT! YlVo'tav ow napE:A.e6vE~aKoA.OUelltlKO: a) ouvqwC; (XropiC;OtaKOnt;), 1...1,. 'EOUKPV£ 71'o).vv Xpovov eurwe;, 1i 13) IlS snavaA.1l\lfll (IlS OIUK01tEC;), .,'X.Mevoiv 0 etrra).o<;" oVOevoe; 71'0A seuio» KUTeYt).U. (nl3. v.s. MIA.OUOE: noU-t; eOpaun &E:V 'tOY UKOUYE: xuvsic. KcieE npcol ttpslS YIU to OlOA.sio). Enicnc 0 nupc rurucor; urropei vn cnuuivst, onroc; Kat 0 SVE:oteO§79

73

rue, pouJ..'la'l
7tapatatlKOC;):

1i 7tpoa7t6.9tla

(unoxstou) (POVJ..lltlKOC; " a7t07ttlpatu(:oc;

'Enhy/o6; ae OUK ;;yt:,pov, iva tbc; "Iolara ouiYUq; (= E7ti1'110Ee; cSEV iteEAa va OE ~U7tvTtow ... ). "Exaatoc l1CUfJ£V aUTov iaioatiivtu nlv apXr1v (= 0 Ka8Evae; npo07ta90uot vn TOV 7ttiOtl ... ). {7tI3. v.s. I'iurt OEV EPX600uv; = "(ta1'i cSEV"eEAEe; va peELe;; 0 1ta1'Epac; Ilac; &cStvE euppOC; 01'1C; MOKOAEC; onYIlEC; = 1tpoo7taeOUOE va Ilac; cSWOEl... ).
1:1111tiOlI111. pnunrn Ta I1tvou, tViKOlV orov 7tOUXPTJOl~07tOIOUVtal erov VIKT]tTt~. tVEo't<lna 11& onunoto 7tapaK&I-

nupururuco
VIKTtO&I, riuouv

XPT]OI~07tOIOUV'tal I1E onunotu

U7t&POUVtt).. KOU· I

A. X.

= tixa

3) 0 pO. A. 0

V

t

a C;

o IlEA/,OV1'ac; 01'11V OPtO't'lKTt OmWiVEI 6n aU1'D 7tOU OEixvEI 1'0 Plllla ea ,,(iVEI 01'0 IlEAAOV: " OUV07tnKU (Kat aVn01'OlXEi IlE 1'0 OUV07tnKO IlEAAovm 1'11e; V.E.) " E~aKOAOUe11tlKU (Kat aV1'I01'OtXEi IlE 1'OV E~aKOAOUell't'tK6 IlEAAovm 1'11e; V.E ..):
'Eav dKOA.OuOljaur; iuot, £iad~w OE tyro dC; 't'T]V(hp67tOAIV ( = Bu at ttoayu"(w o rnv ... ) (IlEHov1'ac; oovoxrucoc). 'Pr;zc5iwq; TO. tnlrljc5ew t~O)l£v. oaov Xp6vov tv rtf TZOA.f.J.lir;z tao)l£fJa (IlEAJ..ov't'ac; E~aKoAOUellnKoc;). E7tiollC; onuuivsu a) 1tpoo1'aKnKll (POUA'1TlK6C; J.lEAAOV1'aC;):

"Qq; OIlV 1COltiUttt: (= E1'at Aol7t6v ea KUJ.ltTE, &1'ot xcuare). (7tI3. V.E. uo tspn uno 1'0 OXOAEio ea 'peEtC; allEowc; 01'0 Cl7tlTd).

13)

aU1'6 7tOU 7tPE1tEI vo "(lvEt: Ilotepov OIlV TZpOq;xetvov TOV A.6yov nomoouiu iJ npoc at; (= OE i 1tOlOV Aol7t6v npE7tEt vn IltAllow, a' exstvov " 0' EOEva;) (7t!3. V.E. 1tEe; 1l0U 1'1 ea KUVW, av OEV rov !3pw EKEi;)

"() K(lLt 1tOU oUIl!3aivEI nUV1'o't'E, 01'0 xuoov, 01'0 7tapEAe6v, AOV (YV(J)J.llK6C; J.ltA.AOVtac;):

01'0 IlEA-

74

180

OVt5ei~ dvfJpW1rwV dt5,KWv tkuv OVK a7coTeiaei (= KUVEVU<;uv8pro7t0<;7tOUKaVEl o.OUdE<;OEV uxopet VU J.l.T)V 'TlJ.l.ropT)8Ei Ka8E av8pro= 7t0<; 7tOUU01KEi nucopstrm). (7t~. V.E. 67t010<; 07tEipEl 8u 8epioEt).
I:'1I1ElW<J11.
TO EVE01WTU ITEplqlpaOTlK6c; I!EAAOVTac; OX'll!aT(~ETUl KUI alto TO p.
7t

!JeUw

I!E UltUpgl!(jlU-

1\

I!EU.OVTU

1\

uopiorou

KUl O'lI!UiVEI:
It

I)

P 6 K E 1 T U I v U : MtUw

!Jar; oll5dt;elv 6gev !JOI " olapoAiI yeyove, 2) ptU£1 yd.ofov elval;

p E 7t E 1 V U , E i v U 1 E 7t 6 I! E V 0 V u : Ti ou

4) 0 a 6 P 10' t 0 ~

o U6P10tO<; O'T)V OP10ttKti OT)J.l.UiVEt curo 7tOUOEi'Xyet .0 oriuu 6tl Ey\Ve oro 7tapeA.86v KUl A.UIl~avE.ul OUV07ttlKa, aOXE.u uv EY1VEus uin OlapKElo.. 1:T)lluivEl E7tioTl<;:
a) 'TlV o.pxti Illo.<; 7tpa~Ero<; ~ IllU<; KUtUotaoEro<; O'tO~) KUl IlEtaq>pa~etal us: apXloE va ... : 'E7relt5r, t5t t/Jaaf)"evae el1aeut;, ouvqnaae tTl ~aOlA.Eia tOU 0 ® ... ). (n:~. V.E. J,L'auta xou dxoovs, q>oIH,ellKt). (&VapKtlKO~ aopl-

1rdvta~ (= oruv apXloE

P) Ka.l 7tOUlOXUEl n:aVtOTE (yvroJl'K6~ a6pl(Jto~). vEoTroTa:

MEtaq>pa~e.al

J.l.E E-

Tar; rwv (l'aUAWV avvI18e1at; o).fyo.., xPOVOt; oltAval: rmv KaKrov ru; OlaA.UEl 7tO:VTOtE ). ...
(7tJi. V.E. 0 TPEA.6C; t~& to J,L&6uol1tvo Kl Eq>uye). & y) Ko:n 7t0\)

l = tu; qltAiEe;

au yivEl

oro J,LtA.A.OVn:roOOtin:OT&: o

'Aft'WA6~&Sa dpa, el KaKov vtov npoaoiaouev 7raAauj) (= ea 1a800J,LE 01troo61'l1totE, nv 7tpoo6tOOUJ,LE ). ... (n:~. V.E. 1:tO Kaq>EvEio: - 'Evnv Kaq>E, napaKaA.ro! - 'Eq>taa&.).

5) 0 n:apaK&{Jl&VO~

o napaKEil1EVoC; OTTlVOPlO'TlKti OTlI. laivEl on nuro 7t0\) OTlA.rovEl'to Ptll1a tXEl yiVEl OTO 1ta;>EA.86vo.A.A.aun:apXEl a1to'tEA.ElO)I.u~VO OtO xm
§,ll,12

75

1Capov. 'Brm 0 nupaxstuevoc UVtlKSl K.Ul orouc nupovrucoix; xm atOUe; 1CupsA.90vtlKOUe; xpOVoue;: rtyparpt 6t /Cal ruura val ypaJ,1J,1tva). Fr' auto 80VKV6i6'1r;
(=

rn tXSl YPel\VSl KUl tOOPU sionucotc evscrorc: Jl£JlV'IJlUI

KUt 1COA.A.oi1CapaKSiJ,1tVOl

txouv

6t601KU( = (j)o~ouJ,1at), lOIKU( = J,10tel~ro), K£KT'IJlUI (= txro), (= 9uJ,1ouJ,1ut), oldu( = yvropi~ro), tlwOa(= auvT]9i~ro) KtA..

o 1CUPUKSiJ.1tvoe; s1CioT]e; XPT]OlJ,101COtsital J,1tplKte; (j)opte; ym to J,1tA.A.ovta, 61Croe; KUl 0 cooicroc, yta vn &T]A.ro9ti on xn n 9a YIVtl 01Croa&tl1Cots:
Kav TOUTOVIKWJleV, ndvO' ilJliv 1C£7roi'lru/, (1C~. v.e. av cs &ouv, stoui XUJ,1tvoe;).
1:""£1111(1,,. 0 7tapaKEi~tvoe; Ev6e; pTi~aTOe; tKq>Ept'tat Kat 7tEplq>paOtlK!l ~E 'to p. elu! Kat 'tTl ~EtOlTi 7tapaKEt~tvoll roo pTi~a'toe; Ti us 'to p. lxw Kat 't11 ~E'tOXTi rou uoplo rou rou pit~atOe;. 'Eyw tiut room &t5oaKwr; (uvti: tyw cOUTO MlipaKa).
8auJ,1I10'ar; lxw (nvrt: n;9auIiUKU).

6) 0

\J

1Ct P (J \) V t 0. 1 K 0 :;

u1CtpOUVttA.lKO~ onuuivet Ott auto nou 0l1AWV£t 10 priun £iX£ yiVEl, OllAaOrl rltav t£A£tO)flf:VO os J,1~a XPOVlKrl (HtYflrl toll rtup£f...e6vtO~: 'Eni TO vaVT1KOV, () "OPOiKtl ol1Cnf6ur;

o

c= to

ano

nov aVJlJl6..xWV, t~entJlrp()1'J KpaT1'}).

oxoio dX£ covcsootosi u1C6 TOUe; OUJ,1llelXOUC;...
7toA.f...oi U7t£POUVttA.1KOl txouv

AvtiatOlxa J,1£ tOY 7tUpaKElJl£VO unotn 7tUputanKo():

a11-

ttJet50iKelV( = (j)o~6Jlouv), tCPK£IV( = tJ,101a~a), tJl£JlVt1Jl'lv( = 9UIlOJlOUV) KtA..

tK£Kit1Jl1'JV( = dxa),

1:'1,,&1111(1'1.0 ll7tEPOllV'tEAIKOe;7tOAAEC; q>opge; IiTlAWVEIurn 1!p6:~Tl,Oll 7tapEAB6v't0c; nou tytVE a~ta(l)e; t7tEl1:a cxo uicv aAATl1!p!l~Tl EnioTle; roo napEAB6vtOc;, Kat tors ~E-

76

1113

'l'a<ppa~'I'al us nopla'l'o Kal ~& '1'0 a ~ taw e; ~ 'I'iJ v {I) 1a a r r y ~ iJ : 'DC; 6' tAtf!p8qGrrv 00'1'01, ~AiAUIlTO al G7rov6al «at tok; KtpKvpalolC; napeotoollTO, (= a~tawe; lu9"Kav 01 allv9~K&e; Kal napal)69"KQV T"V il)la OTly~iJ orouc KEpK.).

7) 0 auv'td ..&aJ1tvo~ J1tU ..ov'tu~

o OUVTEAEOIJEVOe; IJEAAOVTae; onuctvei o n aUT6 1tOU cSEiXVEl TO P~un 9a £ivai TEA.£\OlIJEVO OE utn XPOV\Ki) OTtYlJi) TOU IJEAAOVTOe;:
tPiAot; ;,piv ovt5elt; Adel'l'na.
a1t0IJElVE\.

(::::; KavEvae; cST)AacSi) K«1tOTE OTO IJEAAOV).

<plAOe; cSE 9a

uo ; tXtl

I:qlKiwO'q. nOAlte; 1p0pte; 0 allVT&A&O~tvoc; ~tA.Aov'I'ac; lpaV&pWV&l rn !!EAA.OVTlI<iJ u 1tpal;." nou 9a yiVEI 01tWO'liQItOT£uO'l'&pa Qn6 !!IQV all" Eldo"c; !!EA.AOVllI(llnpoJ,'l: tlipdt;t Kalntnpd~tttll (= ltYE xm 9a yivEl a!!EOwc;. !!6llC; Go. TO n&l<;).

§84

77

i

z e

10

! = c:

(.4

0
Do. !-<

~

0

c:

~

0 ::..::

r::
0

Z

>(.4

78
§ 84

II. 01 ErKAIIEII ITII ANEEAPTHTEI nror
1. Hop re tl
K

AIEII

fJ
EI81K6n:pa:

H OptOl'tKT] stvm Tl £YKA10Tl rou npnvunrucou.
a)

11

OP10TlKT] I1E KneE xp6vo

EKrppn~El

xrrn

1tOU sivcr

ii OEroPEltat

1tpaYl1a'tlK6:

'Huek; t/J1Ct~O;;/Jtv rove; rwv ()cwv OpKOVe; (= 'tllPOUI1E ... ). 01 AaKC~alji6VlOI 11Ct/Jlf/av t1ti rae; vave; KaUIKpar[oav. KaAAIKparft5ac; t).()wv napa Kiipov tirtL utaeov (= ~lltOUOE ... ).

P) 11 0P10tlKT]
8uvat6

napEAeOVtlKOU

xp6vou

I1E to 8UVTJtlK6 dv rpavEpwvEI tOU

to

OtO napEAe6v

ii to

aVtieEto

npnvuurucou

(6UVTJtlKt) Opt(=

<JtlKil): ·Ev()a oit €yvw QV tu; oaov delOv (;i17 ro ({)[A£ia()al aplovw
Oa KataAUpatVE

rors

El ji"

xuvstc 1t60o a~i~El to va cvurroov tOY apxovta). elxof,iev f/JwC;, Of,i010 I wie; TV({JAoir:;all t}J.I£1l (= Oa riuuo rnv,
IlE: Oa Kat napaTa rt K6

aHa

OEV Ell1aOTE).

H OUVll'!lKij OP10l'tKij I1Etarppa~Etat
OUVTEA1KO. Y) Tl OP10TlKij uopio rou ri rrupc turucou Xl to 8uvaT6 OTO napd06v,

ii unsp
6-

I1E to av

ouvapcovet

xnnors

aAAa Kan

rtou ouvCpatvE

I-lE Enava/.n-

\VE1C; ro napEA06v: o

Ei tu; t5oKO[17auujJ {JAaKevelv, f1WU1tv av (= av tOU omvornv
KanolOC; XO~EUE, tOY XTU1tOUOE).

6n

UYOlev

'A vuJ.Uf.-l{J6.vwv OIlV aVTwv Ta noinuata OI17POJTWVav alJrour:; Ti (= EnatpVa AOlTC6v OTa xepta 1l0U ru rromuurn Kat roue
KOOE rpopa n ri0dav I-lE 11:apa-ranKO. rucoo 11cooio roo I-lE ro el yap va 11:0uv).

portouou

METa(ppa~Etal 0) II

ooro nxn

rou nupnro

rl el()e ouve0Pl<JtlKt):

PWVEl EUxit 11:0U cSEV1l11:0PElva npaYl-laTOnOlllOEi

(ElllttlKt)

Ef(}' t}a{}u ~VVUTOe;,oaov n:po()Vf,iOe;el (= l-laKapl va 1100UV cSuvaToc;,
600
§85

stom

11:p60uI-l0C;). 79

H

i~ta £uxti EKq>pa~Etat Kqt j.1EtOY

).ov) Kat anaptJ.lq>atO

copioro B sveororm " nopiorou:
&iv

tOU

p.

oqu;().w (wqJe-

"DqJeAe Kiipo; (;;v (= J.laKapt va ~ouot 0 K. aUa
1:11""IlIlIr11.01 <ppaoEIC; oAiyov " IlIl(POV vouv: i..lyo ti..tllilt va ...

cSt ~l). onuni-

C"

xwpic; to Oeiv) xrn uoororoc

'OAiyov o£iv dnt8avo\l (= Aiyo tAEl\jIE va OKOTW90uv, napa Aiyo va ... ). 'OJ./yov tn£Aa86lle8a einetv ( = Aiyo tAEl\jIE va I;EX6.o0LJ~E nouus). va

2. H

U 1t 0 t U K

r i K it
q>avtpwVEl ouxva

H unotaK'tlKti

xuoto»;

auto

nou nsptusvouus

va yivel

(to 1tPOtTOOKWJ.l&VO). EtOlKOtepa: a) q>avepwvEl em9uJ.lia (POUAlltlKfJ UnOtaKtlKfJ):

us to dye. iO,. qJepe (= EJ.l1tPO<;,sAa)

Mttno: "Aye

kouev €Kei(Je (= unv nnus nxouc EK&i). ail (lKOTCW)ltV (= &J.l1tpo<;a<; &~&taOOUIl&).

'Eror us unornxrncn nil:

nopio

roo OllAWV&tat anayopwoll

tl nxotpo-

Mil

dUwC; TC0l17(1r1C;.

Mnoe»! aVIUPOpav ovw5iauc;'
(= xnvsvu

KOlV~ yap ~ TVX" Kai TO /1iAAOV d6parov
Yla 't'll OUj,HpOpa roo ... )

va unv siprovsutstq

13) OtO

a' npooumo us epoo't'TlJ.la'tlK&<;nporuoeu; q>aV&pWV&lunopto (a-

1t0PllJ.lUtlKfJ U1tOtaKtlq):

Eituouev

" mywpev;

(= va IlIATlCJOUJ.l& va ... ) (BA. § 10) tl va J.lTlVto

(7tI3. V.E. va to

nco:

noo; rt

va KaVoo;)
'to

H a7tOPTllla'tlKti U1tOtaK'tlKTl 7tOAU<; q>opt<; ll7taiv&l uo rspn nxo BovAel BovA£'(JOe:

n

Bov).£'(JOe oliv. ($ KaU(ac; lqJ'1. (Jvvtt5plOv KaTa(lKwQ.(lWf.lev; AttE Aotn6v, stxs 0 K., vn Et01J.laOOUJ.lEtva ouvtcSptO;).

(= st-

3. H

&UKtlKit

H &UKnKil,

uiu eYKAtOTl nou O&V UnaPXEl ern V.E., euveprovei
o Ktljlll , xoopi<; va E~Eta~&'t(ll av

KO-

uinv
80

anAil

npoxsrrm

vm

xun

§§86,87

1tpaYlJ,aTlKo1\ Yla KelTl 1tOUIJ,1tOPEl'; Sev IJ,1tOpE{vn 1tpaYlJ,aT01tOl11.9d. ElOlKOTEpa: a) EKq>Pel~ElEUXti (&UX&'tucit &UK'tUCit): TD nat, ytvOIo vo yivw; ... ).

noxoo; evrvxearepOl;,

ra t5. dU' tJf,lOIOC; = lJ,aKapt (

r.uv1\eroe; EIJ,1tpOe;a1tO rnv WX.E'ttKti suxrucn lJ,1taiVEt TO er(}e, el yap: E18', W Aware, au totoiitoc cOv qJ[AOC; Ytf,liv ytvow (= lJ,aKapl, q>iATars, EOU 1tOU stern 'tE'tOlOe; dvepro1toe;, vn yivEle; q>iAoe; uuc). ~) IJ,ETO OUVll'ttK6 av q>avEpOOvElTO ouvaT6 OTO 1tapov 1\ OtO IJ,EAAOV
(3uVl1tlKit &UKtlK1\): '0 dya(}oc; dvr,p ytvOlf' 4v reore Kal «oxo; 11 ureo Xpovov 11 ureo reovou 11 ureo voaov (= 0 KaMe; dvepro1toe; ea tlTav ouva't6 KalJ,la q>opa

vo yiVEl KaK6e; 1\ a1to to 1t&paolJ,a TOU lP6vou 1\... ). MEtaq>pa~EtalIlE: u n o p s i va ... 1\ Oa IJ,E rr c p c r n r t x o .
H OUVll'ttKl) EUK'ttKTt q>avEpOOvEtE1tiOlle;:

(=

Ka'tt 1tleaVO (61troC; 0 IJ,EAAOvTac;):

t5' flV 0 xpovor;, el ntiatu; rar; repd~elC; KarapI8f,ll1aa[f,le(}a OE Oa lJ,ae; q>TaOEl 0 xPOVoe;, nv ... ). (1t~. V.E. IJ,EU1tOtaK'ttK1\: epOEl OEVepOEt, EYOO 1taro). Oa - Ka1tola yvOOllll I!E I!ETpt01taeEta: Ftvoto flV ou KaKOr; (= Oa yivEle; 1ttOTEUro... ) (1t~. V.E. EOU Bn ytv600uv KaMe; QllMAoyoe;). - EUYEVtKl)1tpoo'tayl): Xwpoir; flV ekna (= I!1tEe; I!EOa, 1tapaKaAw). (1t~. V.E. Oa 1tiJyalVEe; IJ,la OTt'Y'lJ,iJ).
'Em;.{7col
I:q,,&lwaq VtlKOU xp6vou A.6yo\J: Kbpo; Ueytll I:q"tlw<J'I ~'. 6rl t) Moe; laOltO TtpOC; pauIUa (uvri: Or! a'. H EUK'tIKtl OE OEUtEPEUOUOEC; 1tPOto.OEIC; (Ellil1(EC;. Cll'tlOA.OYIK£e;. tEA.IKtA..) 1tOU E~apt<.oVtal

Kte;. EvIiOlaCltlK&C;. 1tA.o.'YLEC; Epwtlll.1atlK&C;

nvncrorret

I.1EOPIO'tlKtl 1) U1tOtaKtlK1\

nxo PTtl.1a 1tapEA.90xrn A.£YEtal &\JlCtlK'ft rou 1t)"aYlo\J

II oooc; furalTtpoe;

fJooIUa).

'ETtopeuero o' be roe; re(xouc;. fva jl£AETcjJ" (nvri: q>optK&C;cpavEpwvEl.

Tva ~d.ETp).

H r.UKtlKTi 0& IiEUtEPEUOUOEC; 1tPOto.OEIC; U1t09EtIK£C;. XPOVIKtC; 1) avaXo.Pll OtO Ptll.1a t'le; KUptaC; 1tPOto.OEWC;. &1taVclA.llll'll OtO 1tapEA.96v

Kat ovoucorn KE E1tClYCl),,'I1ttlK'ft &lJlCnK'ft:

* 87

81

Ef

TI~ OOKoi'l avrtjl

{J).aKf-Vf:IV, bralGf:v dv (=

nv

TOU 'PUIVOTOV OTI Ka7tOlO~

xa~f.llE

TOV XTU7toum:).

K6.7tOIOC; 0PPWOT01VE

'OnD!£: of. T1f; uaO£vqC1£I£II, ineoxonet 0 Kvpo~ xai T1apeixe nGlvra 6rov Mel ( = ornv 0 K. TOV E7t10KEltTOTOV KOI ... ).
H E7tOVOAT]7tTlKf) EUKTlKf) I.IETOq>pO~ETUI !.IE 7tOPOTOTlKO.
T{I)V c5WTEP£VOUOWV rrpOTaOE())V).

(!lA. OTO OXETIKO KEq)(lA010

4.

H

11:

P00 t a

Kt l K"

H npoo rnxrucn, a) npoo rcvn: ~) anayopwo11:

onooe, Kat

01'11

V.E., q>aVEpWVE1:

"Ann, nai, AVXVOV (= ava\j1E ... ). Mrj J,iOV unTOv (= 1.111.1'ayyi1;'Ete,). 1

Y) rrporpozn, OUI.1~ouAi] Tl napaKA.11011: 'Euoi neidov note: (= nsiooo 0' EI.1EVaKat I.111V KaVEte, aA.A.lwe,). rviiJ(}, aavr6v. Mr, (}opvptin:. 8) wxij: 'YyfalVf;.

Kat J,ir, dAAW~

E) OUYKaTaeE011 TlnapaxwP11011: Tuum J,iCV br, oirto»; txtrw (covxcTaeE(11)' rdOt: be, w IWKpaw;. tint uot (1tapaKA11011). Of b' ovv pociJvrwv (= aUTOl ae, q>oova~ouv). (1t~. TOV apxaio runo T11e, pOOTaKTlKtle, tOtO) (= ae, stvm) Kat 01'11 n V.E. ym napaxwP11011: tatO) Kat apya ntTuXE TO oxono TOU).

a) H anAi] OptOTlKiJ. 118uV11TllO; ooro nxn Kat 11cSUV11ttKijEUKTlKij stvat EyKA.iOEte,TWV npoTaOEWV xptoso»; Kat yt' aUTO tXOUV cipV110Tl OU (pl.. § 1a):

L1 t~ ek; rov avrov

notauov OUK av cJ,i/1afl'fr; (= Mo q>opte, 8EV 1.17t0pEie, va I.1TCW; 01'0 t8to VEPO TOU xoruuou).

~) H unoruxrucn, 11 WXEtlKij EUKTtKij. 11 EUXETtKij OptOttKij Kat 11 npOOTaK'ttKij stvct EYKA.iOEte,TWV npoTaOEWV EmeUlliae, Kat Yl' cure txouv ciPV11011 (~A.. § 1~): prj yev01TO toiito (= llaKapt va 1.111 I.10UOUI.1~EInuro).
§§88.119

Mri uot
82

ern; ANf:SAPTHTEl:.

01 EfKAIl:.EII: "POT AI:EIl:.
IpfIvtPWVOllV

r---H oPIl,rikif
r a~~~
I
13)
napd.96v 'Ep1'ltOOVll£l! TOUr; TWV ()EWV 6pKOUr; Kan 6llVatO

.pay......

. GvnOTAInIH
a)
I . (l3oUATI1:tK" U7tOTOKTlKtl) "AYE tTK01'lWIl£V

:-.:.a....

H EYKTIKH
0) !lUI tllX-q (&UXUtKtl XttTTtpor; &UKTlKtl) Ftvoia natooc eUTu-

H DPOI:T AKTIKH
0) npo(JTay-q

"A TlTE TlW, ).Vxvov

13)
MtI

anay6ptllCYll IlOU iJ.1'lTOU

CYTO

13)

fUO anopia

13)

Katl

6uvato

CYtO

(OUVT] Ktl opto n Ktl) n

(onOPll~anKtl unOTaKTu<i!) ET'1'lWIlEV" tT/,,,WIlEV;

ftapOV

1\ CYtOJIL).A.oV
,.,tVOIT' 4v &UKtI-

y) npOtpOftiJ, aUJ1poul..ft

"Evvo» liv Tlr; OOOU d{IOV £1" TO 1I,,).eitTlial dpXOVTa
y) Kan avd9tto npaYJ1CltlKOU (OUVT]TlKtl OP~OTlK") £/1-1;; eTxol-lev rp6jr;, 61-10101wir; ~IlEV TUfpAOir; IIv tOu

1\

(OUVT]TlKi! &UKTlKtl)

nClpaKl..llC71l 'EIlOI 1tt{801J rvw(k tTaUTOV fJopllfJ£rTl:

'0 dya()or;

TlOTe Kal KaKOr;

H OUVT]TlKiI
&7tiall~: -o;n Kat 0 ~tnovTa~ ·E7fI).{nol XpOVCX; -yvW~ll na.9&ta rtvolo Xwpoir; us

Mit

Kil CPOV&pwvtt

0) tuxil
·Yl'{wve. s) croy KClt«·

0) Katl nou £1tClVCll..a"paVOtClV napt1.96v (napOTaTtK6~ PlOTO~ us av) 'A va).al-lf3dvwv rillara aUTOUr; Ta not6'1fpw'f(uV liv " a6ere

o· 4v

0

kC71l " nllpaXWP11C71l Tavra tZtTW oiirwr;

usrpio-

IIv

au KaKOr;
7tpOoTayiJ

-tvy£VlKtl

av eku»

e) £uxiJ !lOU 6r:v
"!lopd VII npllyllClTOnOl1l8d

(Flapurtrnxoc
PlOTO~ OflKiI)

"

a6-

~t el

yap "

tlOe - &UX&TlKtl 0Pl£18' ~tT()a ouvaTOr;, 6(JOV l'lpo()UI-IOr; d

83

KECI>AAAIO H'

01 ONOMATIKOI TynOI TOY PHMATOI:
1. TO AnAPEM<I>ATO EKLO~ nxo LTlV OP10L1KiI, UTtOLaKL1KiI, EUKLlKiI, 1tpOOLaKLlKiI. 1tOU AtyovLal 1tPOOW7tlKt~ £YKAiOf:l~. U1tUPXOUV OLTlV opxaio £AATJV1Kil Kat Ol OVOllaLlKOi LU1tOl LOU pnucroc, LO a1taptllCPOLO Kat TJIl£LOxii, 1tOU A.tYOVLOI a1tpoo{J)1t£~ £YKAio£I~, ytaLi Ol KamATl~£I~ LOUt; O£ ocvspcovouv 1tpOOW1to. To a7taptllCPoLO 8£wp£i'rat ovouanxoc LU1tO~, YtaLi unopst va £KcptPETat IlE to OUOttEPO up8po Ku8£ 1ttroOEWt;, Kat PTJllaLlK6~, ytaLi, a1tWt; TO priu«, OtXEml smopnuunxoix; 1tPOOOtOptOIlOUt; Kat aVL1KEiusvn Kat EXEl XPOVOU~ xm ola8EOElt;: O'Iydv «peirtov ian roiJ A.aA.E:lv. "ApXro(Jat !.w(Jwv apxuv intatnae: (= av llu8w; 8a ~EPEIt; KaAU Kat va KUI3EPVU~).

To

vc KUI3EPVIEOat,

To unupeuqm ro OtTJV apXIKTl ron rrnuuotn CPOVEPWVE OK01tO Tl 07t0tEAEOIlO. ME LTl onucotc tOU OK01tOU 1'\ tOU a1totdEoIlOtot; !>piOKOUIlE TO 01to.PEIl<POto UOtEPO 01tO tn onucrc: Baivco, fjKw, qJipw, JfJwtu, «ataseinca, eqJiarf//.ll( = olOpi~w), Tlirrw( = opi~w), olpoiuuu (= EKAEYW), 11e/.l11W Kat uUa ouvcovuun: Mav()aVE:lV yap 'fJKO)JE:V(= r\p8all£, ym vn ... ). Tnv 110AIV qJU).aTTE:lVainok; noptooaav (= 1tapt8waav rnv 1t6ATJ 0' aUTOUt;, ym vc tTl cpuAuyouv). /lVKOVPY0C; dvJpa tTrt(1T'1(1E:xpaietv aUTwv (= 01\. OIOPIO£ KU1tOlOV, YlO VO TOU~ OlOlKEO· 'AqJefaav raOrav aev(Jepov

elvai

(= TOV 01tEA.UOaV, roo,E

vc ... ).

To 01tUpEIlCPaTo oruv aVnOtOlxEi:
I. IlE EIOIKi] nporuon, mAo §155 K.E.) AEyEtUl ElalKo xut uerntppd~ETUI Illt on, 1t{J)<;: Tov Ka.AOV Kdya(Jov avJpa ev<>ai/.lova elvoi qJf//.l1 (= I..Ew o n 0 KaA.6~ .. .). 84
§§90.91.'n

2. J.lEnporuon
rm J.lE va:
'EKtJ..evaev

EmeuJ.liue; (~A. § I ~), AEY£'Wl t t A I K () KUl IlEtuqJpa~Eavrov~ ek;

Aoxeoaiuova
nors
'1 £Io!loi

itvtu

(=

roue 7tPOEtP£\jIE vn

mlvE OtTl A.). To tdlKO
I:'l"doo(J'l.
nporocn.

U7tuptJ.lqJato
I:-l"T]v.e.,

OE ~piOKEtUl
lIp6TUOn.

OE Xpovo J.ltAAOVta.

OltOU EAo.XIOTOI j.lOVO TUlIOI TOU UlIUPEj.l<j)o.TOU £j.lEIVUV·. TO EH'hKU! TO TEAIK6 xupio»; '1 130u/..'lTIKTJ

KO UlIUpi:j.lQ)UTO TO uVTlKa910To.

a) To tvap6po

U7taptJ.lIPato

To EvapepO U7tUPEllqJUtO, OTlAUOi] to U7tUP£J.lqJUto IlE apepo, uvtiOtOlXe:i J.lE 6VOl!U OUmUOtlKO KUl Etm uxopst vn XPTlcrtIlO7tOlEttUl we; U7tOKe:tJ.lEVO, UVtlKe:tIlEVO rj 7tPOOOlOplOIlOe;:

To

alyav

xpeittov ian TaU

laltfv

(U1tOKElIl£VO - EtEP07ttWtOe;

7tPOOOlOplOIlOe;,
NiK'laOV opyr,v

W

opoc

OUYKp.).
KUAWs (E1tlPPTlIl.

Of dv(}pw7rOl rpvael

rou eioiva: opevovtat (aVtlKElIlEVO).
7tPOOOlOP10IlOC;

rcj) loyf'taOal

tOU rpoxou).

P) To

civap9po

an:aptJ.lIPato OTlAaoi] to u1tap£llqJato

To avupepo U1taptllqJu'W, XPTlcrtIl01t01Eltal ox;:

xwpie; apepo,

1. U7rOKEiIlEVO: L1ef ypauuata paOtfv Kui uaeovia vovv fXElv (U1tOKEiusvo oro unpooomo p. &i).

2. xutnvopouuevo: 3. cvrucetuevo:
Oal/lOv[oVs

To

AUKwv[(elv

cari (fJlAoaorptfv.

Ka)._)._'KpariJa~ rp'lai olaA.la~tlV (= 0 K. AtEI

'Aenvatoo; «at Ek; okovoc

AaKe-

on eu OUI!qJIA1WOEI roue... ).
dp1aros,

4, OVOI!UtlKOC; 7tPOOOlOpIOJ.lOe; (E1tE~i]YTJOTJ): apvvtaOaz

nept naspnc, tTle; uvctpopm;
TO qloi(apx.

5. 1tP00010plOJ.lOe;

(li tOU «xurn
tU.
Q)aYEiv).

tt») (juv"eWC; 11£ ru ETO t'1.1 TOU (apx. En. fXEIV). 3)

• A..x. 1) rponoc TOU Hytl\l, 2) EXoo ypo.IjIEI, EXw ypOIf)Ei.

§§93.94

85

ni8Eta dya(Jor;, lxavoc, Ot;IVor;, a~IOr;, xaAen6r;( = MOKOA.O~, E1tlKiVOl>VO~) x.r.o.: 'A vr,p Ot;lv6Taror; Uyelv (= ixcvornroc w~ npor; to r] oro )..6yo). Kiipoc ~v deUVTaTOr; o.PlUV (= OTO va KlJ~Epva).

6. Enioll~ XPlloqlOnotdtat a1toJ..llta, xwpiC; E~apTlloll un, OE OTEpEOtlJnE~ eKcppaCJEl~, anw~:
oXE06v). we: lnor.;

uno xnvsvn prj-

txwv slvtu; = ElEA.nUanKcl), oAf'vov &iv fI UlKf)OV &fv( = A.iyo EA.E1IjIE,

elnetv (= Y1a va to

1tW

ELm YEv1Ka, aXEcS6v), wr.;

auvtouou; ft avvd6vTI elneivt; = Y1a va TO 1tW aUVTOJ,la, J,lEAiya Aoyta), euot oOKeiv ft wr.; iuo! oOKeiv( = Kata tll YVWJ,lll J,lOlJ) K.T.O.:
'EKWV elvoi ovoev weoaoiuu. "Eooedv uot oUyov aefv TOV n).,efaTov evc5eefr; elvai (= J,lOlJocvnxcv o n aXE06v roue EAEl1tE TO J,lqaAUtEpO J,ltpoc;, EVV. Tll~ ooetcc). 'AAI1(Jir;, ye,. wr; £1tOr; einetv, oooev eiprjKaal.

7. To a1tap€IlCPaTo
EUKTlKrj WXETlKrj:

XP11atJ,lo1totdtat

E1tiall~ nvri yta rrpoo ruxrucf

tl

TQ ~eiv' tiyytUuv Aoxeoaiuovtotc OTt rfi& Keff,1e(Ju tok; xetvosv /n7f,1a(fl nel(J6f,1evol. Eleoi nOUTaI, f,1rj ue oovA.efar; TVXEfv (= llaKap1 vc 1111IlE ~PE1 o()lJA.Eia).

To 111tOKdJ1EVO tOU anapEJ1lPo.tOll 'Oruv to U1tOKEifJ.EVOtOU a1tapq.l.qlaTOU fJ.EVOTOU PllfJ.atOC; uno to oxoto E~aptUtat,
tonp0O'(I)ft;(a:

sivm to ioto fJ.Eto U1tOKE111aUVta~ll MYEtat tau-

Kooo; uneaXETO t5watlV nevte !1vdr.; (Xupor; U1tOKt{fJ.EVO cro tmtalETO Kat oro owaElv). To U1tOKE{IJ.EVO LO\) a1tapEIlCPuTOU crnv ruuronpoocoxtc ~7taiVE1 ee ovoJ1aatltnl· 'Orcv to 117tOKEifJ.EVO TOU a1tapEIl<l)(ltOU OEV stvm to {OlD IJ.Eto \)7t0KEifJ.EVOtOU PtlfJ.aTOC;, 11 auvTa~ll MYEtat E t E P 0 1t po a 00 1t (a: Avaavt5por; eKeA.eVaEVaOTOUr; de; AaKEOaff,1ova ltvtu (Avauvopor; u7tOKEifJ.EVOoro EKeA.EVaEV,avrove; \)7tOKEifJ.EVOoro levai).

86

195

To U1tOK£l,.U:VO TOU a1tapq.t<po.tOU UmUtlKtl·

OtT]V ereponpoocomc

IlnaiV£1 ee

A. To W)lK(r unupEIl<PUtO
M£ £101K6 anapt~.t<j>a1'o: a) (1)<; uvrucstusvo, ouvruooovrrn: rn A£KttKcl pnuuru (Uyw, ({J'lIJ.i, O/.loJ...oyw x.r.o.) rn &o~aottKu onuuru tvouit)», bOKW, oiotuu x.r.o.):

Tov Ka).ov KuyaOov o.vbpa t:Vt5af/.lova elvo: ffJ'l}J.I. "Ekevov aUK elvat UlJrOVO/.lOl. 'HUOlor; iaitv el nr; oieuu bUl TOV nJ...ovTOV ao~tlv ayaOor; dvos (= av VO,.1i~£1 01'1 XclpT] O'W 1tAOUtT] TOU ea 8WO£1 tT]V £VtunWOll Ott sivrn y£vvaio~). ~) W<; UnOKtlIlEvO. OUVtclOOOVtUl: tu a1tp6owna onunru nou EXOUVtT]V aha 11 xcpouom onunotc ue rn nponvouusvc npoouim Ko. PTtllata, anw~: ).tyt: Ta I, ouosovetnu, voui(eral, C>OKt:i( = outverci) K.T.0.:

'Ouosoyeiuu

Tilv nOAlv r,/.lWV apXWOTUr'lV
1COPPW rwv VUKTWV elva:

dvoi.
(= J.,l01) <jlo.VT]K£01'1 T]

"Eoo~t j101 Mav

vuxm £ix£ npoXWPTt0£l I.tO £IOlKO anapEIl<jlatO

noM). 11 dpvncn sivnt au Kat o nnviorspc

wi.

B. To tEl.,lK6 unuptpqlutO
ME lEA1KO anap&ll<jlatO a) (1)<;uvtlKdpEVO,

ouvruccovrm:

ru j3ouA11tlKo. pnuurn (j3or5J...Of.,lal.tlClOUf.,lW, OtJ...w KlA.), rn nporpexnKo. (TCf)OTf)e1tW, Kt:J...t:r5W, rrefOw, aUIlPouJ...er5w KTA.), ru unuvopsurucn (arrayopevw, KWJ...VW KtA.), tu OUVT]tl1<o. (ovvaf.,lal, a/or; T' elui, lxw 11£ anap&ll<PatO KTA.) rn p. ne({JuKa( = slum uno TT]<jlUOT]1l0U Kanin,.,AOC;'Yla vc), e1CfuTa/.lUl( = yvwpit;,w KaAo. vn) Kat dna J.,l£ nupouotn onucotc:
§§96,97

87

WHv tyyur; tUJy Kiipo; rsivouv 8Kt;'wae

tJrfvaTOr;, ouoeir; pO';;'eTaI

OvriaK£lV.

mix;

nEUl1vac;

npo{JaUaOaI

Ta

01rAa (=

vn xpo-

ta o1r).a). VJ,l;VJ,l" napaoujovUl K10apl'elv.

!:op/loo;'e';w

ra

01!Aa. (= va KOljlTJ{lOUV).

Oi arpa'flWral
OVK 8niarapal

oUK eovvavt"O Ka(Jevouv

(3)
ta

(J)~

tlftOKtlptVO,

ouvruooovtm:
tSei{ = stvrn avaYKTJ, np£1ttl), xp;1( = np£1ttl), npenei, eYXwpei( = smrpsxsnn), ean( = sivm

a1tpooomu

oriuuru:

1rpoar1r.£I( ouvat6),

= tatP[(l~tl),

l~eaT1(

= t1tl'tpE1tt'tal,

stvm Suvnro),
KTA., xrn Mbl6v
01

lvearl(

= stvm

OIJVaTO),

1rtlpeaTl( = sivrn ouvaTO, slvm EUKO).O), bOleti( = ontverrn <pCIoi~'tal), J,ltHel( = npOKtltal)

KaA6, cxo-

dvrfYKI1tarf,
nov ta'rI

OtJ,llC;eari(

= smrpsxerm),

a1tp600HtEe, EKq>paoEle,: earl, wpa

xaipo;

iatt, 016v Tt

eaTI( = eivm ouvato),

d~l!:5v earl,
avaYKafwc;

earl( = ElVal EUKO,,"O), xaAe-

t=

Elval OU01(OA.O),beov

tatt,

elKor; earl (= stvm q>UOlKO, 1..0-

YlK6), 1tpenov

eoit,

exel, KaAwc; txel, pf!.bfwr; txel KTA. (PA.

§73ap): At; ypdJiJ,lara paOeiv

«o!

J,la()ovra vouv tX£lV.

Oiito:

ou Otpu;

f4 ya()oic;

Xpr,

nouiv, dvtu.
(

vJ,liv npOar1Ktl tad. Ipevliea8a/

= Otv E7tltPE1tttal

vn MEl xnvs«; IjIEjlata).
T' ti1te;v

napa tariv

dmevaz (= stvrn dJpa vu <jlUYOUJ,lE), (= roue, slvrn

Kai yap oalCpooal /Jfl.diw," atiroi<;, fxu dnavrci
EUKOA.Ova OUKPUOOUV xut va 1tOUVro nav'ta). l:tO tE).IK6 a1tapEJ,l<jlatO II dovncn sivm
~f.l£iO)crll OUYtal;l1, 'Q npOdll'f.,

wi,

a'. no!..M~

<j)OPE~ avt(

yWtllv

altp60Wltll

XPll011l07tOl£ttal TO P11IlO:

ltPOOWltlK11

'I'lU va tOYIOTE! TO 7tPOO<1l7tO OTO onotonvcosocrn, dIICQlOr; el /Jo '1(J£.iv
OIKalOV tOTi P11llata
T4J

dVdpi(

avti: 'n

= E):EI~ 0

ilho~

U7tOXP!\woll

va J30'18110EI~.,.)

np&'iIK&,

00\

J30Tje&1v tcjJ avopi.

~lIl1tiwl711 p'. Ta
~1l1l1J1l1( OpK{~0I401),
~". atJVTaOOOVTall4E

=

vmaxvou.ual(
(1£

= U7tOOIOl'al).

brayyeUollal(

= UltOO",(Oj.lal),
'Exouv IiPV11011

tA7rl(w, TrpOadoKciJ, ETr&1011QVQ<j)£pOVtal
onapEJ,llllotO auto. lPOVO I'UAOVto &K<j)PQ~OUV Kat KQ7tOla
/-101

OE I4la IlEAAOVtlK11ltPo.·

w~ QVnKEil'F;vO.
YI' aura

.1.111.

YIU·t! 'to

Plll40ta

&meUllia:

Kai7ttpi

TOUTWII

rlTreaX£TO

pOIJAerJet18aI (= KQL
(= op Kiotll KOV

uou tlltOO",(t9TjKE on eo (11

va) oKEqmi). 'O/-loaav Pit
1CpodWt1£III

dHrtAOU~

vue

on

O!: 00

(1\ vn 1111) Trpo&i>oouv

0

£-

TOV aHoy).

88

·EA.7!I(e TlIlWV ro~

)lovtac; ~£IV

KaA.Wc; (= vc £A.7!i!;,£I~ 6n 9a

(1\ va)

£U'tUXTtO£I,..

uv ~llla,.

'tOU,. yov£i,. (00).

mVUKO~

19

TO AnAPEM(J)A TO

I EIAIKOI
ru; VnOKEIMENO -u7tp6a. p.: Uytt'al, O/.IOAOyeira" VOJ,lIl;tt'al. bOKtiKTA. ru; ANTIKEIMENO -UKtlKWV p. -C17tp6a. (Uyw. fIJ'IJ,lI. OJ,lOAOYW KtA.) -lio~C1aT1Kwv p. (voJ,lI,w, bOKW, oloua: KTA.)

I TEAIKO
ru; VnOKEIMENO p.: Ot;'

I

ru: ANTIKEIMENO
-1l0UA1ltlKWV p. (povAOJ,lal. 9tAw, tm9uJ,lw KTA.) -7tPOTPE7ttlKWV p tnporptmo, xeAtVW. nti9w KtA..\ -U7tUYOPEUT1Kcbv p. (anayopeVw, KW).VW KTA..) -OOV11tlKmV p. (tJ6vaj.lal. nttpuKa, tnlot'aJ,lal KtL)

bOKt;, xPri, npoo11Ktl. 7lptntl, l~tot'l, lvtot'l, napton. J,ltUtl KTA. -u7tp6a.

exop.:

dvdYK'7, KalpOc;, oMv re, d~IOV, XaAtnov, t1K6~ KTA. (tot'f), avay Kalw<;, Ka).w~, /X!.blw<; Kt A.. (lxe,)

2. H METOXH H j.I.&'tOXTtstvai
Kat &1ti9&'to (tX&\ 'tpia ytVll xm

rpeu;

Ka'taA.";;&\~)

Kal p";j.l.a (tX&l Xp6VO\)~ Kal S\aetO&\~):

o ypdrpwv,
H

rJ ypdrpovua, nS ypdrpov (} yparpOJ.leVO~, 0 ypa'lldjJevor;, 6 yparpe(c;, 0 yeYPQ.J.lJ.ltvo~ K'tA..
j.I.&'tOX"; XPllOlj.l.01tOl&l'tal:

89

a) 00<; Em9&ttK6<; 1tPOOOtoptoj.16e;, 61troe; Kaee en:igeto, xm AtYE'tut E 1t19 E tl K it ~ 0 V ocp 0 P 1K it j.1E'tOXit,ytat{ j.11topei va (lVOAu9E( at avceopncn xporcon:

'0 (,Otvywv 1tOVOV~ rpevyel rlJ.J(j~ (= au't6e; 1tOU a1tocpeuYEl tOUe; K61tOUC; 1tOQlEUYEl nj.1tc;). U ne;
P) ooc;KutTlYOPllj.1u'tlK6e; 1tPOOOtoptoj.16e; 1\ Ole;KutllYOPOUj.1EVO xm AtYE'tal K 0 t 11Y 0 P 11 J10 tl K it J1&tOXtl: OUK aiaOdvea8e tf,anann/Jtvol,' (= on oae; E~a1tatouv). '0 /lEV ouv 1tpeapr5repoc; napwv en5yxave (= ttUXt va I3pioKE'tat EKEi).
y) ooc;E7ttPPllj.1unK6c; 1tPOOOlOP10j.16C; (tOU Xp6vou.

tllC; attiac;

KtA.)

Kat MYEtal

e 1t1 P P 11 J1 r i K tl JlE'tOXtl: a

Taiita ehubv eKaOt(ero ( = aQlOUti1tE auta Ka9tot). NO/J'(wv a/leivovac; 1tOA.AWVpapPdpwv U/lac; elvtu, toiito TePOUtAapov (= E1tE10tl VOJ,li~ooon EodC; ElOTt ytVVat6TEpot a1t6 1tOAAOUC;l3appapouc; ... ).

~,a

a) H t1t19tnKit J.lttOx1\
H E7tt9tTlKtl j.1E'tOXtlouvtl900C; tKq>tPE'tat us ap9po xm J,lETaQlpac,e'tat j.1EavaQloplKtl xoorucn (PA. 1tPOTlYOUj.1EVOtapao. § 98a). 1 H tvap9pll j.1t'tOXtl. 61t00C; a9E tvap9po E1tieETO. unopst vc AUJ,lpaK vsrm nvrt ym OU01aO'tlK6: 01 Uyovrec;(
=

Ka, 0 vlKl1TrjC;), 0 (,Oer5ywv(= 0 Ku'tllYOPOllj.1tVOC;, 0 E~6plOTO<;), ro Teapov, ol npoonxovieci = 01 OUYYEVElC;) 'tA. (PA. §28). K

uurot 1tOU1l1AOllV, 01 prjTope~), 0 VlKWV(

= uUT6C;1tOUVl-

P)

H Kat'lyoP'IJ.lunKit
H KurllYOPllj.1a'tlKtl ME KurllyoPllJ,laTlKtl

J.lttOx1\
J,ltrOXtl J,lEtaQlpa~E't(l'l j.1E:VO, on, 1tOU, KOt. j.1E'tOXtl cuvrdooovrm:

txouv OUyytVlKTJ onuuotn u' uuro, 61t00C;:TVYXdvw (= oUJ,ll}aivEl va sium, eium), A.av8dvw( = uevco u1tapu'ttlPT]'toc;), (,Oa{vO/lal'" oavepo; elu: '" ~;;A.OC;eI/ll( = eij.1ut euvepoc), olxo/lQl( QlUytl), (,08dvw( = npoqrrntvco), ~laTeA.w( = tij.1at olapKroc;) K. T.6. 90

1. TO Pllj.1a

etut KUt 60u

= txoo

§§99,100

ME rn PTllla'ta uurri 11IlE'tOXTl unopst 7tOAA.E<; q>OPE<; ueruepcva erst IlE Ptllla Kat 'to Ptllla 11&snippnuu:
'E;'av(Jave Tperpopevov

ro otpatevua

(= rpseoruv KPUq>a 'to o'tpa-

rsouu),
~n,xeTo dnw)v (= tq>UYEypil'Yopa). ~le'Ct;'taav 'ETCra IT/1Epar;paxop£VOl

(= Eq>'ta llepE<; OUVEXW<; tOAE7

uooouv) ..

2. rn pTlIJa'!a 7tOU onuntvouv tvoP;l1 ~ kq;l1, KOpttp{O KOl K6no, 61too<;:dpxw, dpXO/1al, naixo, naoouoi, ).tiYw( = '!EAE1WVOO, nruunrtb), Kaprepw, o'vtXO/1at, d1tayoper5w( = j3aptEllat) (a6p. aTCeircov, xupux.
drcefpt7Ka), Ka/1Vw( ~Ap~opal flav(Ja(J(Je Uywv

= Koupa~Ollat)

K. r .6.: va Moo).
rcarpf~a (= 1taljl't& va ·KaVE'!E xu-

(= ea apxiow

'A Yt7(J{).ao<; otmote U'lye tipap'CavovTe~ "~'l eli pa~i{(J)v

(Jvwv (= 1to'!e BEv E1taUEva eUola~l).

ek; titv

K6 ... ).
'Antip'lKa Kai 'Cptxwv

(= j3apee11Ka, a1t6Kalla

mn

va ... ).

3. ro PTllla'!a
KW,

tl xaxd»;

t7rTW/1al( = sium

noub, d~IKW, xapi(o/1a/( = xnvm xapT]), VlKa'tw'!Epo<;, V1K1Ellat), ).efrcO/1al( = UO'!EpW)

K.'t.6.:
Eli

inotnoos;

dVUIJvtiaa~

ue

(= KaAa. EKaVE<; Kat 1l0U 'to eUlltOE<;).

'E/101xupi{ov

dnoKplvop£vo~

OUX r,'C'CTf(Jope(Jaev

nmoiivie;

(= KaVE 1l0U 'tTl xapT] va a1taV'tTtOEt<;). (= 8E ea ecvoous xarorrspot O'tO

va EUEPYE'tOUIlE).

4. rn PTtlla'ta 1tOUOT]llaiVOUV oi<JO'lc:nt, yvw<J'I, J16..9'1<J'I J1vi)J1'1' Kat 01too<;:ai(J6av0/1Ul, opw, o'KOr5W, eiotoxo), Y1YVW(JKW, dyvoro, /1avOaVW, /1E/1V'I/1al K. r. 6. :
·Av~pe<; 'A0t7vaiO/, OUK ala(Javt(J(Jt
1tW<;

t~ana'Cwp£vol;

(= BEv Ka'taAa-

j3aivE'!E

stem cvonroc). Mtpv'lpul touiina dKOV(JU~ aov (= eUIlOUllat on dxouoc a1to osvn raroin 1tp6.Ylla'ta).

oa<; E~a1ta'touv;). NIa(J, dvo'lro<; wv ( = ~epE 'to

on

5. rn PTtlla'ta 1tOUonuutvouv 6til;'I, ayytA.lo Kat tA.tYXo, 61tw<;: &iKVV§ 100

91

J.11,t5"AW, dyytUw, eUyXw };WKpar"e; i&fKVV

K.t.6.: KaAOV KayaOov 6vra

tok; ~VVOUaIV tavrov

(= tOEl'XYE OtOU~ IJae11tE~ 'tOU on sivrn 0 aho~ ...). 'Hyyt),fJrJ rt>fAI7rTrOe; aa(Jevwv ;; re(Jvewc;; (= ~peE Eio11011on 0 ClttAl1t1tO~ approoT110E " on 1tEeaVE;). 'At5l1coiJvru rt>fAlTrTrOV t~£Uy~w (= ea a1tOOEl~OO 0 CIt. nSucet). on

6. 60a 011j.1atVOUv'l'UXlICO 1taOo~, 61too~: xafpw,
um),
.tuu (= stum

11t50J.1al = EuxaploTlt( dXOo-

Bapeo»; " XaAeTrWe; rptpw ( = OTEVOXooPltj.1.al), ayavaKTw,
&uoapEOt11j.1tvO~), alaxVVOJ.1al K. t .6.: aKovwv mum (= xmp6Tav 1tOUT' ciKOUYE).

"EXulpev

"Hsoua: vrp' VJ.1WVtuubuevot; (= EU'xaplOnEIJm 1tOUIJE nudrs). Toiito OUK aiaxvvopul Uywv ( = OEV VtpETrOIJm 1tOU 'to Moo auto). ME tu pnuurn auto. 11IJETO'X.ij'X.apaKT11pi~Etm xut ox; amoAoYlKij. YlaTi OEl'X.VElT11Vurrio T11~\JIU'X.lK"~ KataOtaOEoo~ (~A. § 101, 2).
I:'1~EiO)a'1 a'.

Oprousvn onuoru

ouvrnooovrtn

dAAOtE ue IwtTlyoprwatlKTi 01tw<;:

ll&tOxTi

Kat dAAOt& IlE a1taptll((latO

Il& 5wcpopa cnuucinc.

~E ~EtOliJ rpaiVOlJ.al

ue unupt!llpato
= 5i vw t1'\v Evt(mO)01'\: '0 y£)"wron:OIOC; K)"U(UII

= slvut

ooveoo all: <1>awjott ... )

aettu raura Ojlo)"OY'lKWIO
(= Sa yiVEt envepo

t-

tpaiveto
= KpivO) on, a1to((laoi~w va: '0 <1>apvo./Ja(oc; lyvw 6£;11

= yvO)pi~O)on: Fryvtbaxus I'Irrwv WV n:o)"v VIJ.WY
( = yvO)pi~O) on slum n:OAU

rilv YVyalKa aarpan£Il£/v

xurtorspot; one)

iniauuuu

= yvwpi~O) KaM. on:

'Y/J£iC;

tntaraoee wurov

= ~tpO) KaAa va, sium txuvoc va: "Epyov t5e uovov tafJ(elII (= va tP<'>El) tnkrumu = ~tpw va: 01150. /Jo.x£a80.,

,j/Jac; npOtjOlira 01150.
= yvwpi~w on: Ol "EHl'/v£C; OVK "o£aav I:'1~dw(J'1Il'. Kiioov r£9v'l"oro.

Tu PTlIl(l'ta oxoiko Kat alaOo.vo/Jal,

ouvrceoovrci:

I) us Y&VtKTlKUt KU't'1YOP1'\IlUnKTiIlt'tOlTi,

ornv 51'\AWVOUVuson avtiA1'\\V1'\: ·HKOUao. d (= 'tOY QKOUOU0 (510<;va OU~T1TQ ). ...

nOte EWKpo.rouIO n£pi rpi)"wII 61Q.).eyo/Jtllov

92

§IOO

2) I!t amaTlKll 3) ue ama'tlKll

Kat KalTJyoPTJl!aTlKlll!tlOXll,

Olav l'itixvouv El!l!tOTJ aVliATJIjITJ:"HKOV-

ae Kiipoll tv K,).,K{P. (JilTa (= dxouce alto QAAOUe; n 0 K. llTav OlTJVKIA.). o

'AKOVW ICciJl'a~

Kal tll'itK6 altapEI!<Pa'to, Olav l'itixvouv Eva al3tl3alO YEYOVoe;, !ta CPllI!TJ: I elva: lCa)'d~ (= uxooo, roe; CPll!1TJ, UltQPXOUVropa{a XroPIQ). on

y)

H t1tlPP'1J.1UnK1l J.1ttOlit

H £7t\PP11J.1atlKtl J.1£'tOXtl qlaV£pWv£\ 0, rt Kat 0\ £7t\PP11J.1a't\KOi 7tpOOlhOp\OI.lOi Kat Ihat aVaAOya 1.1£ 011J.1aoia 't11e;sivm: 't11

1. XPOV\KTt (aPVTl011 ou "1Jt7). AVaAUE'tat OE XPOV\Ktl 7tPO'ta011 Kat 7tOAA.te; qlOpEe; 7taipvE\ Ka7tO\O XPOVlKO £7tipP11J.1a,07tWe;: lJ.lJa, eti(Jr5~, aUriKa. lTl, lJera~r5 K.'t.O.:
Ovro~ mora el1rwv tKaOt.(ero . .1puo~ 7reao6an~ nci~ dvr,p ~uAer5eral (= ornv 7tEO£\ 11 llaAav\o\Q. KaeE Q.v9pW7t0e; KoIlE\ ~UAa). HAlla mora el7rWVaveam.

Taiita 1fv tTl O"IlOKpaTovlltv,,~ rfi~ 7tOAeW~ ornv aK0J.111117tOA11 (=
EiXE 011J.10Kpa'tia). 2. altlo>..oYIKTt (aPVTl011 ou). AvaAu£'ta\ 0& amoAoY\Ktl nporuon Kat 7toAA.E<;qlOPE<;7taipvE\ rn: tire, olov, ola ornv 11mrtn eivm 7tpaYJ.1atlKit. xm 'to cb~. oruv 11a\'tia 7tapOUO\a~&'ta\ 00<; U7tOKE\J.1£V\Ktl(xnt J.1E'taqlpa~'tat: y\a'ti o"e£v, yuni Ka'ta 't11 YVWJ.111 , K'tA.): .. tn' auror5~ (= £7t£\0tl OtV uxopoucnv vn ru £7t\'tUxouv ... ). XaAe7tW~ inopecovto ola ar, tv vVKri xot tv qJoPcp dnlOVT£~(= npoxwpouoav MOKoAa, y\a'ti Eql£uyav 't11 vUX'ta xnt J.1E qlollo). 01 KepKupa;ol cb~ vevIK"K6T£~rp07ta;ov lar"aav (= ecrnccv rpoxmo, Yla'ti, 01tw<; 7tio't£uav, tixay vncncsi).

OU oVVtJp£VOIat Tor5rwv ruxe;v tarpareuaav

3. UA.IK'it (dpVTl011 JJt7). Bpioxerm O£ Xpovo J.1EnOv'ta xm ouvt'tew<; 1.1£ PtlJ.1a'ta 7tOUo&ixvouv KiVTIo11" xm 1.1£ Q.AAa PtlJ.1a'ta, xm OUxva 1.1& to dx; AvaAUt'ta\ O£ 't£A\Ktl zporcon: Toiito .u~wv IpXOlJal (> epXoJ.1at Yla va 7tW curo).
Ilopeiieta: t~ .1eAqJov~xp"a61l£vo~ rcji xp"ar"pfcp a£l 'to uavreto). ( = ym va pw'ttl-

1101

93

'Apra~ep~"c;

neiiieta:

«ai

av}.).a/-l{Javel

Kiipov

du; anoKrtvwv

(= ym

va 1'OV OK01'WOEt) 4. U7tOOU1Kl] (dpvnon f.lt7). AVaAUE1'al OE U7t09E1'lKTt nporucn:

'Eav uev
ovra

wrptAl/-la

r1 toina,

{JOvAO/-lf,()a

nptittetv

aura,

{JAa{Jepo. Je

ou {JovAO/-le()a. ",,,rplelaOe (= ov KaVE1'E curri,

Thura nOIOVVTt<; ro. JiKalQ

ea urro-

cuotosre 8iKata).
5. &vaVtlWJ1UtlKl] (1i 1tapaXWpTj'tlKTt rl EVOO1'tKTt) (dpvnon ou). nOAMc:; c.poptc:; nntpvsi ro Kai1l 'to «ainep. AvaAUE'tat OE evnvruouurucn rrpo-

rnon:
'OAiyOi ovrt<; "aav

evixnoav ( = nv Kat Ttmv Aiyol vixnouv).

'A Bnvaiot xci ou ptra).ap6vrt<; TOvrov rou xpvaiov OW))r; repo()v/-lol ek; roy reOAf,/-lOV(= av Kat 8EV 1trlpav a1t' aU1'6 'to XPUoac.pt, Ttmv OIlWC:; 1tpoflUllot yta 1'OV 1tOAEIlO.). IV/-l{JOVAevw aot Ka{m;p vednepot; cOv (= nv Kat sium VEO'tEPOC:;). MEm~u 1'OU PTtlla1'oc:; Kat 1'Tje:; vnvncouurucric e IlE1'OXi]c:; U1taPXEl xrinom a V'tiflEOTj. 6. tP07tlKll (dpvnon ov). Bptcxsrm ouyfteroc:; OE &VE<JtWta. LTTj V.E. IlEmc.ppci~E1'at 1\ IlE smppnuuroco 7tpoo8toptoIl01\ IlE 1'p07tlKTt IlE'tOXTt 1\ IlE TO priuu tTjC:; IlEtOXTtC:; Kat to Kal:
An'OptVOI (wal ( = ~OUV IJ.EATjOteiEe:; 1\ ~OUV ATjO'tEuOvtae:;

1\ ATj01'EUAiya

OUV Kat ~OUV).
'HA()ev lXrov vaur; aAiyar; (= npeE IlE Aiya 7tAoia 1i txovtac:; 1tAoia). Luxvte:; 1'p01tlKtc:; IlE1'OXtC; stvm oi: lxwv, dywv, rpepwv.

To tJ7toKdJ1EVO tll~ J1UOXtl~ To U7tOKEiIlEVO tTjC; IlEtOXTtC:; Kat Tj IlEtOXTt PpiOKOV1'at 01'Tjv i8m 7ttWOTj, OTjAaOn Tj IlEtOXTt AEltOUpyei roc; ouoioarcoroc f:7ttflE'ttKOC; 7tP00010ptOIl0C;:
Apvo<; ntuovu'I<; rear; dV11P~VAf,Veral.

Tok;

inneiknv

elpnio

(JapPouul

t5,WKf,IV (= eixav

1tE101'OUC; l7t1teiC;

vn apxioouv 94

rnv Kamoiw~Tj

IlE eappoc:;).
ItO:!

EnIPP'Ipatuo'l

pttOXl1 O't)v'IpptV'I

Kat anoA.ut'l

1tpOtaOECO~, rots

'Ornv to U1tOKEi~EVO t11~ f..lEtOXT\~ etvoi tva~ a1t6 tOU~ opouc t11~ 11 f..lEtOXit AZYEtal (J U v 'I P P t v 'I :

Ovro~ taiita Elnwv eKaOt(ero (to l)1tOKEi~EVO t11~ f..lEtOxit~: ovro~ stvm Kat U1tOKEi~EVO 01'0 p. bcaOt(ero). Tok; 11t1teUaIV elpnto (JaPPOUUl oUVKelV (1'0 U1tOKEi~EvO 't11~ ~E1'OxT\~: tok; 11t1tEUUlVstvrn tJ.1J.1EOOavnKEi~EVO (no p. ETp1fro).

'Otuv 6~co~ to U1tOKEiJ.1EVOt11~ ~EtOXT\~ &EV sivm opoc t11C;1tpOtaOECO~. tors 11 ~EtOXit AEYEtat a 1t 0 }.U t 'I :
'Eaiptireuaav e1t' aurov~ OUOeJ.ll{i.~ OlaqJOp{i.~1tp6rEpOV vnapl,or)U1fr; (1'0 U1tOKElf..lEVOt11~ ~EtOXT\~: olaQJopii~ &EV stvm opoc t11C; 1tpOtaOECOC;). L1pvo~ 1W70r)U1f<; 1tii~ dvr,p ~VAEVEral (to U7tOKEiIJ.EVOtTt~ f..lEtOXt\~: opv6r; OEV stvm opoc tTt~ 7tpOtaOECOC;). (7tI3. v .E. ~'IPtprovOVtac; i\a~1tpit uvrnucoon roue OtKOU~ uuc),

H a1t6AUt11 J.1E1'OXitEKqltPEtat OE 1tTWOTt ytVIKl1 (T & v l K iJ a 1t 6r 11). AU.a 11IJ.E1'OXti1'COV a1tp6oco7tcov P11lJ.aTCOVKat TCOV nnpooto1tCOVEKqlpaOECOV 6TUV AaIJ.ilaVETat roc; a7t6AUT11, EKqltpEtal OE 7tTW011
). U

ULTlUtlKti

(AltlatlKit

ano}.\)t'l):

.16~av of. raura eKr,pvf,av oiitco 1t01Eiv (e1tEi lOO~E taina, eKr,pv~av oirto» 1t01Eiv) (= 6TUV ru uxoouorouv, sinnv IJ.E KitpuKa vc xdvouv
t1'CIl).

OUK eadxrouev ae olov rs 6v (OIJK iotbaauev ae, et xct olov te qv) (= UV Kat rrrcv OUVUTO). Luxvte; J.1ETOXt~ OE umanKit U7tOAUtll sivm: a) tf,6v, oeov, XPEWV, o6~av, npoaiixov, npenov K .ri. ·13) rou p. elui at: OUOtTEPO ytvoe; us E1tlOETO, A.. X. ovvarov 6v, olov rs ov, /Jrj.OIOV6v, a01fAOV 6v KtA.
I:'1J1EiW(J'I. KWV P11JiarwV MEPlKE<; rpopE<; JiE UlnanK~ UAAa rO'E JiE TO ibc: a7tOAUr11 EKrpEpnul 11Jir.tox~

6v, dovvarov

Kfll

7tpO(JW7tl-

rour; olek; ol natepec (bra rwv OJlI).Jo.V Kard).vGlv ripEr;;r;
mo rsuouv 11 ouvuvao

7tOVlJpWV riv(JPW7tWV cfPYOVGIV
U7tO roue;

we;

TlIV rwv 7tOVlJpWV riir;
CI7tOJ<;

oriaav riir; ripf:Tiir; (frrEi Ij rwv
U7tOJiUKPUVOUV rpoqm

7tOVlJpWV oJlIAia Kard).vG{(;;
KUKOUe; avElpW1l0ue;.

iouv) (= roue

vrn

ri

JiE TOUe; KUKOU<; sivm ... ).

§103

95

O(vaKac; 11

H METOXH
EDl9ETIKH KATHfOPHMATIKH M& Ta pill..LaTa: 1) elut, TvYXdvw, Aav8dvw, ffJafvo/Jal, olxoJ,lal, olaTeAw letA.. 2) dpxw, navw, KaptepW, dvtxoJ,lal KTA.. 3) ev " KaKwc; nOlw, deS,KW, VIKW, r,tTWJ,lat, Ae(nOJ,lalKtA. 4) ala8dvo/Jal, opw, dKOVW, YlyvwaKw, /Jav8dvw KtA. 5) ae(Kvv/JI, O'1AW, dYYeAAW Kt1... 6) xa(pw, dX8o/Jal, oiaxvvoJ,lal KtA. EDlPPHMATIKH 1. XPOVlKit: 'R1.V-ra inwv B tKa8t(eto. 2. amOA.oytKT]: OV eSvvduevo: TOVtWVTvxe;v taTpaTevaav. 3. T&AlKit: 1bVtO .u~wv lpxo/Jal. 4. U1t06&tlKit: 'R1.vTa no,ovvTt~ ta o(Kala III1TffJleia8e. 5. evcvruouurucn: 'OAfYOl 6vtt~ ivtxnaav. 6. tP01tlKT]: An{o)ltvOI (wal.

r.t£ ap8po:
'0 tptvywv novovc;. 01 UYOVTt~.

Oi 1.
vat

j.l.EtOXt<; OE urn 1tp6taoTJ ouv5toj.l.ou<;,

OUV5EOVtat j.l.ETa~U TOU<;j.l.E 1tapataKtlKou<;

orav st-

ouoiec;

'0 d' dx; a1t11).,OeK'vt5vvev(1a~ Ko.l d'r'Jlo.(1(Jel~ pov).,everal tJ1tW~ J.l11noTefTI laral ent rcjJ dde).,rpcjJ (= o Kt<ptEtat 1tffi<; &E eO. stvm ma
OtTJv E~ouoia VlKE<;). tOU a&EA.<pOutOU)

(oi

j.l.EtOxt<;

xm

Ol &Do sivm

XpO-

2.

EK<ptPOVtat Xffipi<; ouv5tOj.l.ou<;

a) oruv stvrn nvouoisc:

01 "E).).,'1ve~ Vf/JOpwv'r£~ rovrov~
96

ainot erp' tavrwv

exwpovv

t)yeJ,lo1104

va~ flOV'rt, (= &7t&l8tl 'tOU~ U7t07t't&uov'tav 7tpoxropouoav txov'tac; 8ucouC; 'tOUC;OOTl'YOUC;' 7tpro'tTl IlE'tOXtl stvm amOA.OytKtl xm n O&UTI 'tEPTl 'tp01tlletl,

13)

oruv TI Ilia 7tpooolopi~&l

rnv Q.A.ATI:

'Evrvxwv rivi OIp8a).PlliJV'r1 dv()pciJ1upanlovTI e~ latpetou, K(Ua~OV tlDvTI, anEKrtlVt (= orov OUVQ.VTTjO& Ko.7tOlOV 7tOU rou xovooocv ta uunn, KaSroc; tl3yatV& a7to tva iarpeto ... ) (Tj XPOVlKtl Jl&'t'oxti d1ll0Vri 7tPOOOlOp{~l 'tTj JlETOXti OIp()a).~lCiJvrlxm Tj TP07tlKtl lxoVTl TTjV dllloVTl) y) yta EJlqlaOTl (aXllJICI ucr6v6tto):

'Huek; yap oe ytVVIi«1aVT£" ilcfJpttpavT£" nw"£';«1aVT£~, p£Ta(jov~
anavrwv olol re "~tv. 6~w~ 7tpoayopt';0~ev rep POV).O~EVlp e~t;val alllEVal (= ...0J.l.roc;opi~ouJl& ano nptv 0' oxoiov StA.tl va urropst va qlUY&l). (BA. xrn § 143a).
T£~

rov

Ta

Pl1J1ClfiKa t1tiOtfCl

CJt - r 0 C; Kal - f

to

C;

Ta PTlJla'tlKo. &niSETa 0& -tOe; onuatvouv 6nroc; Kat OTTIV.E. a) 6, 'tl xm Tj J.I.&TOXtl TOU na9nnKOl> nnonxeuievou tOU PtlJlatOC; ano TO oxoto 7tapo.yov't'at: ypanTo~ (yeypa~~Evo~ = aUTOC;7tOU tXEl ypaqlEi) (nl3. V.E. KA.tlOTti nopTa = KA.tlOJ.l.&VT\ 7top't'a' stvci ql&uyo.TOC;= tXEl <PUYEl).

13) EKEiVOV7tOUJ.l.nopEivn
vauevo; 6piia()al
Top9roTOC;, aouil3aToc;). y) exstvov nou a~i~l ''WlverO~.

= aUToc; nou

no.eEl 6, Tl <pavEproV&lto priuu: oparo~ (6 (jvuxopel va TOV 0&1 Kav&ic;) (7tI3. v.e, xu-

va miSEl 6, rt <paVtproV&l TO pilJla: ()av~auT()~. e-

0) o nuviorspu 0, Tt xm Tj Il&TOXtl tOU EVEOtWTa rj nopicron: ()v'lrOr; (6 8vtjUKWV). d7tpaKro~ (6 ~it 7rpa(.ar;). durpartvror; (611" atpateuaouevor; = aUToc; nou 0& oTpa't'&u9T1Kt) (nJ3. v.s. KauToc; = uuro«; xou xniet, lla6TjTitc; aouiJ3ao't'oc; = nou 0& ouiJ3aoE, 13113AiO aOI6:J3aoTO = nou Ot olaJ36:onlK&). §lOS 97

Ta ou5tn:pa

reov

pl1~a'tlK<i>v !:1tl9tTroV OE -TOe; ~E TO p. taTf Aa~fla-

vovrm

Kat roc; a1tp60ro1tEC; EKq>paOE1C;(flA. §73) Kat va yiVEt:

onuntvoov

Kan 5uva-

1tOU I.11tOpti 1\ a~{~t

OMt tok; innEual 7rpoapa'Cov Jfv ( = OUTE OTOUC;l1l1telC; 1\Tav
TO va 1tA110UIOOUv).

"Apa p,w'C6v ta'C,v 'ifpiv PE'Co. j'EqJI)app.tvov ,
a~i~t va ~06JLE IlE

oibuatoc; (= apayt
npt1tEt va yiVEt O,Tt

xcruorpuuuevo

o<i>~a;). on

Ta Pl1JLaTtKcl E1tiOETa OE -doe;

onuntvouv

cpavEproVEl TO PTtJLa a1t6 TO 01t010 1tapayoVTat:

L10KEiPOI ,j,oo.KTiov elvtu d.u.1ilovr; Td ahs«
1ttt va t~11'Y1\oOUJLE tvac; OTOV aAAo .•. ). 0 (1tI1.

TCOV

noUpwv

(= 1tpt-

v.s.

5t5aKTta

UA11, ~a911't11S;IltTt~ETaoTtoc;). E1ti9ETa OE -ttoe; 1tapaT11P06vTat 560 OUVTcl~ttC;: J.l.E Pl1J.1anKa t1ti9ETa OE OU5tTEPO ytvoc;, rn va yiVEt:

ME ru p11~anKa a) a1tpoawnq

a6vTal;q

6-

rnv t~aipETat KupiroC; 111tPU~11 1tOU 1tpt1tEt Toix; rpflove; EVEpyeTrrreovtaTf. Il)
1tpO(rwnuc1t a6vta~q,

orav

E~aipETat

KupiroC; TO 1tp60ro1t0

1\ TO

1tpaYJ.l.a 1tOU oq>Eiut va 1tu9tt

6, n q>avEp<i>vEtTO PTtlla:
(== 1tpt1tEt va EUEpytT11000V 1tPE1tEt va 061l~axot).

0; avppaxeiv U)tAoV'CEe;tV 7ro''I'CiOl
uuroi
1tOU OtAouV va yivouv a1t6 osvn 111t6A11). E1ti9tTa

Etnep Tlpiia()al poulel,
q>tUiTat ME ll1taivtt

wrpd'lTia

aot 'if nolle; tatt (

!::::

co-

rn

Pl11lanKU

os

-t.Oc; Kat -ttoe; TO npoorono 1tOUEvtpyti

oe

50nKtl

(I1A. § 53y Kat

6811): etvm noteiv
5uvaT6 0'

AVTOi~ OVK t~'T6v ixm (= 5tv
&~ro).

nuroix;

va l1youv·

nt,par.tov

aot n)v 'Ell(Ma

ev

(= 1tPE1ttt va 1tpoo1taOitottC;

va EUEPYETtlOttC; Tl1V EAAu5a).

98

1106

KE4>AAAIO 9'
01 ANT1lNYMIEI:

Oi av'trovuJ.Li£e; A.aJ.Lj}a.voV'tal aV1:( ovouaroc: Ihal J.Lnop&i va etvm auv'taK'tlKcile; 0, 'tl xm ru ovouuru: UnOKEiJ.LEVa, Ka'tTIyopOuJ.L&Va, aYnKEiJ.LEVa, E1tlOE't1KO{, KaT11yoP11J.La'tlKo{ T'j E1tlPP11J.LaTlKoi npoalito-

piouot,

A' 01 opomOIKU

ANTONYMlEI:

1. 01 'tunOl T11e;npoaro1tlKT'je; aV'trovuJ.Liae; TOU n' Kat j}" npoao)1tOU (tyw, av, 1)IJE:i~,VIJE:i~)XPT]OlJ.LOnOlouV'tat, orav liT]MOvE'tat &J.LfPaaT]Kat Tovil/:Tal TO np6arono T'j aV'tllitaaTEA.A.&Tat ano

ornv ovouaonxn

Keitt aA.A.o. ~ KaOE aA.A.11 nEpin'troa11 napaA.&inOVTal
-"£16' tIJJJtvEIC; roi~ npOa(}E:v, 1:0 IJE:1:ii.oino t

(j}A.. Kat § 20). :4U' tJJ-

EiJ JJtv 7Cal6E:(a~tm(}vJJE:ic;, Aych 6t 7Cal6t;VE:lvdlAov~ tmXElpw.
dKOVE. -

uevo».
2. Ano TOUe;TunoUe; rtov nA.clYlrov nTci>a&rov rou EVlKOU u' Kat j}. npoaci>nou 01 liuvaToi TunOl, nou &XOUV 7tclVTO'tE TOVO (tIJOV, tIJoi, tIJt, ooe, aoi, at) XP11alJ.L07t010UVTaloruv U7tO:PX&l&J.LfPaaT].EVci>01 EYKA.lTlxot TU7tOl (POV, IJOI, JJ£, aov, aot, at), omv li11MOVETUl a7tA.ci>e; 7tp6TO aro7to xropie; &1J(f)aaT]: OUK ipoi dUa aoi aptaKE:I -rav-ra (&J.L(f)aa11). 'Eyw aot tpw· ocon).

rff

yap 7tOV va1:E:paifl.Jei pE: d7Co(}vdaKEIv (xwpic; EIl-

3. H ovoucorucn EVlKOU Tlle; 7tpoaro7tlKtlC; aVTwvulJi(le; TOUY· 7tpoaro7tOU. 7t0\) &v \)mipXEt. Ka111 a7tclVla ovouacmcf 7tA.T]6uVTlKOU(mpE:ic;) aVa7tA.11ProvoVTat a7to ne; liE1K'tlKEe; aVTroVUlJiEe; &5E:, OV1:O~, tKE:ivo~ 11. OLaV U7tapXEl &llfPaall, a7to TT]V oplaT1Ktl aVTrovuJ.Lia aVr6~: OurE 1)p£;~ txeivou i1:1 atparuirau, Olin; iK£;VO~ t1:1 I')IJiv IJla(}o-

66r'lC;.
11107,101 99