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Copy (2) of GPRS2

Copy (2) of GPRS2

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03/06/2011

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Seminar on ´G.P.R.S.µ G.P.R.S.

µ

Presented by

Name ² Debajyoti saha Dept -Eletrical Engg. Roll No . 08119016016

Contents
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 1. Wireless Communication 2. Introduction To GPRS 3.Data Transfer Speed 4. Working of GPRS 5.GPRS capabilaty Classes 6.Bacic Charactertics of GPRS 7.Apllication of GPRS 8. Limitation of GPRS 9. Security 10. GPRS Today and Tommorow 11 Biblography

GENERAL PACKET RADIO SERVICE (GPRS)
‡ WIRELSS COMMUNICATION: wireless COMMUNICATION: communication has allowed many people around the world to live their lives and conduct business in ways that were never before possible. Millions of cellular subscribers have become accustomed to always having a telephone with them wherever they go

INTRODUCTION TO GPRS
GPRS is a new non-voice, value added, high-speed, nonhighpacketpacket-switching technology, for GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) networks. It makes sending and receiving small bursts of data, such as email and web browsing, as well as large volumes of data over a mobile telephone network possible. ENHANCEMENT OF GSM: The GPRS service can be said to be an enhancement of the GSM services.It has a tremendous transmission rate which makes a good impact in the most of the existing services.

DATA TRANSFER SPEED:
56 K Dial-Up(kbps) DialGSM(kbps) HSCSD (maximum speed)(kbps) GPRS (maximum speed)(kbps) GPRS (realistic speed)(kbps) 56 9.6 57.6 171.2 43 TO 56
contd.

WORKING OF GPRS:
‡ GPRS introduces the following two new major network elements: ‡ SGSN²Sends data to and receives data from SGSN² mobile stations, and maintains information about the location of a mobile station (MS). The SGSN communicates between the MS and the GGSN. SGSN support is available from Cisco partners or other vendors. ‡ GGSN²A wireless gateway that allows mobile GGSN² cell phone users to access the public data network (PDN) or specified private IP networks. The GGSN function is implemented on the Cisco Systems' router.

The GPRS Capability Classes:
‡ Class A ‡ Can be connected to GPRS service and GSM service (voice, SMS), using both at the same time. No such devices are known to be available today. ‡ Class B ‡ Can be connected to GPRS service and GSM service (voice, SMS), but using only one or the other at a given time. During GSM service (voice call or SMS), GPRS service is suspended, and then resumed automatically after the GSM service (voice call or SMS) has concluded. Most GPRS mobile devices are Class B. ‡ Class C ‡ Are connected to either GPRS service or GSM service (voice, SMS). Must be switched manually between one or the other service.

Basic characteristics of GPRS:GPRS:Data rate: Maximum of 171.2 kbps Channel coding Outer block coding Inner Convolutional coding Interleaving scheme for error bursts Modulation Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying GMSK Multiple Access Combination of TDMA & FDMA Transmit Frequency bands Mobile station Base stationUplink Downlink Reverse ch. 890 - 915 MHz Forward ch. 935 - 960 MHz Duplex seperation 45 MHz RF carrier spacing 200 kHz Extra nodes: Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) and Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN)

APPLICATIONS OF GPRS:
‡ GPRS provides very high speed of data transmission over the other existing technologies ‡ GPRS is allowing the network operators to utilize the radio resources to the maximum in a dynamic and flexible way. ‡ GPRS is improving the peak time capacity of the GSM networks ‡ GPRS supports multimedia applications such as document sharing ‡ GPRS supports all advanced Internet based services and applications like color web browsing, email, chat etc.

LIMITATIONS OF GPRS:
‡ SPEED MUCH LOWER THAN REALITY ‡ LIMITED CELL CAPACITY FOR ALL USERS ‡ SUPPORT OF GPRS MOBILE TERMINATE BY TERMINALS IS NOT ENSURED ‡ SUBOPTIONAL MODULATION ‡ TRANSIT DELAYS

SECURITY:
GPRS security functionality is equivalent to the existing GSM security. The SGSN performs authentication and cipher setting procedures based on the same algorithms, keys, and criteria as in existing GSM. GPRS uses a ciphering algorithm optimised for packet data transmission

GPRS TODAY AND TOMORROW
‡ . 1 . In 2001 GPRS phase 1 is launched. ‡ 2. After Some year GPRS phase 2 is launched. That is called EDGE. ‡ 3. Now a dayes we use 3G. ‡ 4.Thinking About 4G already started

BIBLOGRPHY
‡ ‡ www.scribd.com www.google.com

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