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PRIMEASIA UNIVERSITY

Mordant Dyes
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Faisal Ibn Haque
3/1/2010
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Mordant Dyes   
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| ant es can be efine as th se es that equies a m ant f  applicati n as a e. This
up n c mbining with a m ant impats ins luble c l u n the substates. The questi n n w is what
is a m ant? A m ant can be a substance f ganic  in ganic natue that can c mbine with the
c l ing matte an is use f  fixing in the p ucti n f the c l .

| st f the natual es in use ae m ant es. The C l u Inex classificati n an naming sstem
f m ant es w ul be like this- m ant + base c l u + numbe. C mm nl use m ant e
ae Hematein (natual black 1), n te the numbeing sstem. Othe p pula m ant es ae
Ei ch me canine R (m ant blue 3), Celestine blue B (m antblue14) an Alizain e S (m ant
e 3).

Ch mium salts like s ium  p tassium ich mate ae c mmeciall use f  snthetic m ant
es. The iagams bel w sh ws C.I. | ant Black 1 with a ch mium (III) i n. !"%$c

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Mordant Dyes   
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Mordant Dyes   
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Mordant Dyes   
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Mordant Dyes   
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Mordant Dyes   
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c +  c  c cc c c  c c c  c c c  c
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Mordant Dyes   
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c  cc c c c cc  c c c cc  cc
c c c
c   c  c  c c  cc   c c  c c cc
  c c c 0##2c

Ancient Des(c 6  c c):


Techniques f  ing ancient textiles wee escibe b classical auth s such as Plin the Ele an
Aist tle (K en 270). T a the Eelstein Cente f  the Analsis f |ile Easten Textiles an
Relate Atifacts at Shenka C llege f Textile Techn l g in Ramat-Gan Tel Aviv specializes in
stuing th se p cesses an analzing ancient textile es.

Pe ple have been ing cl th f  at least 6000 eas. Achae l gists have f un a numbe f ancient
pieces f e fabic an the evience f  ancient textile ing. One f the m st imp tant fins
was a 6000 ea- l 23-f t l ng e-e linen cl th that was ecentl isc vee in the B+c c
 c; ," a maj  Ne lithic site in Isael. Ancient e gaments wee als f un at |asaa
(Ona 373). Sheep͛s w l that was e e with mae an blue with inig was f un at Kahun, an
Egptian t wn f  pami w kes, ating t 1890 BC (Bahn 318). Egptian t mb paintings at
BeniHasan als sh w n maic pe ple weaing multi-c l e gaments an sh es, an a m el ating
t 2000 BC f m the t mb f |eketa at Thebes sh ws a weaving w ksh p whee cl th was e.

Ancient es can be classifie chemicall int thee g ups: blue an puple inig i vat es, c
 6  c c , an ell w flav n i es (K enHist ic ).

As seen in Table 2, e anthaquin n i m ant es came f m henna an mae. These es
wee wate-s luble, s the an an washe ut f fabic unless a m ant was ae t fix the es.
The m ant eacte with the e t p uce a "lake," which was a lage chemical c mplex that was
n t s luble in wate.

As eal as 1000 BC, pe ple began t use p tassium alum m ants (K(Al(SO4).12H2O) (Salzbeg 3). The
aluminum i n f m the m ant f me a lage c mplex with mae that was bick-e in c l  an

c
c
Mordant Dyes   
c
w ul n t wash ut f fabics (C nn 286). B using iffeent m ants f ch mium, tin, an i n
salts, ancient emakes c ul make ch c late-puple an pink c mplexes (Ona C inati n 175).
Aciic m ants, such as tannic aci (gall tannic aci) wee als use (K enHist ic 272).[12]

Envi nmental issues:

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Mordant Dyes   
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cc cc c c c c  c c c c ccc
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c c c cc c,c c c c  c cc cc
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Mordant Dyes   
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&<+ c|=)3|cH<c+3
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SO|E EXA|PLES OF HOW USING |ORDANTS CAN AFFECT |USHROO| DYE COLORS

N | ant Alum | ant I n | ant


|USHROO| SPECIES
(͞ n kn t ͞ ) (͞ 1 kn t ͞ ) (͞ 5 kn ts ͞ )

light ell w g l bunt sienna


Phae lusschweinitzii

pink  se ma n
O  

 
 

lavene puple k.f est geen

 
 

Ref:Intenati nal |ush m De Institutes

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Mordant Dyes   
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1c cc c
3<c‰c |3&C c3<c9c

4c cc c
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:c cc c
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5c cc c
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#"c cc c
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+   cc cc c cccc c  ccc c#59"A c

c
c
Mordant Dyes   
c
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c c c c cc cc c   cc ccc c
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c c c c c c c c c cc cc c cc c  c


c c c ccc  c  c cc 
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c  cc  c  cc c c c  ccc  c c
c cc cccc6 cc c  c   c
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& c  c  c c cc c cc   cc cc  cc
8cc c  c c cc| c  c cc  c c c  cc
c c c c c c c c c  cc c  cc cc  cc
cccc c ccc cc  c c8cc

c c c c c  c  c c c c c c cccc


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c cc  cc  c; c  c  c  !7,$c c c
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c  c cc  c c c c c c c cH c c c c
c c  c 'cc c   c,c cccc c  c c
c c ccc  ccc c cc+   cc c c
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,&|&C c‰=<c,<c‰c#**Lc ‰&H<3c |3&C c‰=<9c
,&|&C c3&C-<c‰=<c‰-c ‰&H<3c ccc

c
c
Mordant Dyes   
c
,&|&C c3&C-<c3<c,<c‰c ‰&H<3c |3&C c3<*"c
,&|&C c3&C-<c3<c,<c‰ c ‰&H<3c |3&C c3<9.c
,&|&C c3&C-<c‰3;Cc3c#1.c
‰&H<3c ccc
Lc
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,&|&C c3&C-<c|&3,C<c33c ‰&H<3c ccc
,&|&C c3&C-<c3&C-<c-3c ‰&H<3c |3&C c3&C-<4c
,&|&C c3&C-<c-3<<Cc‰c ‰&H<3c |3&C c-3<<C%1c
,&|&C c|&3,C<c33Cc ‰&H<3c ccc
,&|&C c‰&+IcI;c ‰&H<3c ccc
,&|&C c‰&+Ic(+c ‰&H<3c |3&C c‰&+I:c
,&|&C c‰&+Ic(7c%""cLc ‰&H<3c |3&C c‰&+I5c
,&|&C c3<c,<c*‰-c ‰&H<3c |3&C c3<4*c
3&C-<c‰=<c,<c3c +,‰&c ccc
3&C-<c3&C-<c%-c +,‰&c |3&C c3&C-<%*c
3&C-<c3<c,<c‰c +,‰&c |3&C c3<**c
3&C-<c3<c,<c-3c +,‰&c |3&C c3<."c
<3,3&C-<c‰=<c%-Ic +,‰&c |3&C c‰=<.5c
<3,3&C-<c‰3;CcIc +,‰&c |3&C c‰3;C#5c
<3,3&C-<c‰3;CcIc#1"cLc +,‰&c |3&C c‰3;C#5c
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<3,3&C-<c-3,c&%‰c +,‰&c ccc
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<3,3&C-<c‰&+Ic&Mc +,‰&c |3&C c‰&+I#
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<3,3&C-<c‰&+Ic‰=<c3c +,‰&c |3&C c‰&+I#9c
<3,3&C-<c‰&+Ic‰=<c3c
+,‰&c |3&C c‰&+I#9c
#."Lc
<3,3&C-<c3&C-<c3c#41cLc +,‰&c |3&C c3&C-<4c
<3,3&C-<c3<c-c +,‰&c |3&C c3<#9c

c
c
Mordant Dyes   
c
<3,3&C-<c3<c(<c +,‰&c |3&C c3<5c
<3,3&C-<c7<3Ccc +,‰&c ccc
<3,3&C-<c-3<<Cc‰c#:"cLc +,‰&c ccc
<3,3&C-<c-3<<Cc‰3,&C c
+,‰&c ccc
‰c
<3,3&C-<c7,< c‰3,&C c‰c +,‰&c |3&C c7,< %:c
<3,3&C-<c7,< c‰3,&C c‰c
+,‰&c |3&C c7,< %:c
*""cLc
C&() 3&C-<c&M=3,C<c‰c +,‰&c |3&C c‰=<%:c
+&3,&C c
+)3|&M=3,C<cC‰cC<;c+C+c ccc
&CMc
+&3,&C c
=D,C<c3&C-<cH<;c(=3c4-c ccc
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|< |<-&c3&C-<c‰3;Cc3c |3&C c‰3;C4*c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|< |<-&c3&C-<c-3,c-c |3&C c‰&+I*:c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|< |<-&c3&C-<c-3<<Cc‰c |3&C c-3<<C%5c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
C73&C-<c3<c-3c |3&C c3<4:c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|<-&c3&C-<c&=3,C<c-c |3&C cH<;4c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|<-&c3&C-<c‰3;Cc<‰c |3&C c‰3;C#c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|<-&c3&C-<c3&C-<c-c+C+c |3&C c3&C-<4c
&CMc
+&3,&C c
|<-&c3&C-<c3<c‰Cc ccc
&CMc
+&3,&C c
(&C=3&C<cH<;c%3c ccc
&CMc
+&3,&C c
(&C=3&C<c‰&+Ic( c ccc
&CMc
+&3,&C c
(H 3(<c‰=<c3c ccc
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&C )3&+<C<c =3N=,<c ,7<3c ccc
3&C-<c‰=<c%:9:c ,7<3c ccc
3&C-<c‰=<c,<c-3&c ,7<3c ccc

c
c
Mordant Dyes   
c
3&C-<c‰3;Cc,<c3c ,7<3c ccc
3&C-<c|&3,C<c*3c91cLc ,7<3c ccc
3&C-<c7,< c%3c<D 3&c ,7<3c ccc
3&C-<c7,< c.‰c ,7<3c ccc
(C &3&C-<c‰&+Ic‰=<c3|c
=(C c |3&C c‰&+I#9c
+C+c
,+,c
3&C-<c‰=<c%Jc ccc
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c‰=<c‰3,&C c*3c ccc
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c&7,C<c,<cJc |3&C cH<;1c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c-3,c,<c‰3c |3&C c‰&+I95c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<cH<;cJCc |3&C cH<;*.c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<cH<;c,<cJ%3c ccc
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c3&C-<c,<c3c |3&C c3&C-<*c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c3<c,<cJc |3&C c3<#9c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c3<c,<cCc |3&C c3<5.c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c3<c,<cCc1"cLc |3&C c3<5.c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c-3<<CcCc |3&C c-3<<C*4c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c-3<<Cc,<c‰c ccc
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c7,< c3c |3&C c7,< 1c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C-<c7,< c3c |3&C c7,< ..c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C+&C<c‰&+Ic‰=<c3c |3&C c‰&+I#9c
3&C+3c
,+,c
3&C+&C<c3&C-<c%3c ccc
3&C+3c
3&C-<c‰=<cC+<c‰c ,+,c |3&C c‰&+I#9c

c
c
Mordant Dyes   
c
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"%O"*www.es&pigments.c m.

04&05. www.answes.c m/t pic/m ant

06.unkn wn s uce

07. Textile Science_E.P.G. GOHL & L.D. Vilensk

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10. www.answes.c m/t pic/m ant

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14. http://www.pbuch.net/eing/FAQ/m ants_an_assists.shtml

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