Introduction Objectives Methodology d Industry Overview Technology Level of Mobile Industry Technology Problems Recommendations Conclusions

First operator; Celltel (Millicom – SA) entered in 1989 From 2004 to 2010 industry had an annual growth of around 35‐40% About 14 millions subscribers Currently 5 players are operating
Airtel – Bharathi Airtel (India) Dialog – Axiata (Malaysia) Etisalat – Etisalat (Dubai) Hutch – Hutchison (Hong Kong) Mobitel – SLT (Sri Lanka)

Assess Technology Level of Sri Lankan Mobile Communication Industry Identifying main technology issues in the industry d Proposing technological solution for those issues

Secondary Data
TRCSL Central Bank Reports GSA
16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

Cellular subscriber growth
Cellular Phones (’000)
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Cellular Mobiles per 100 Persons

Interviews with Engineers and Managers of all operators Mobile Equipment vendors were contacted regarding available and future technologies

Source: Central Bank of Sri Lanka



Regional Comparison
Cellular Mobiles per 1000 Persons
1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0

Contribution to GNP
GNP ‐ Post & Telecommunication
70000 60000
GNP in Millions

50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Source: Central Bank of Sri Lanka (Data – 2007 )

Passing a gloomy period Global economic recession was affected New entrants – 5th Operator Sharp reduction of the reference price by approximately 50% Adjustments of business models and structures, downsizing, recruitment freezing
Operation outsourcing Vendor Financing

World Telecommunication Technologies
Subscribers Technology Analog TDMA PDC CDMAONE iDEN CDMA2000 1x GSM WCDMA CDMA2000 1x EV‐DO CDMA2000 1x EV‐DO‐Rev A WCDMA/HSPA Generation 1G 2G 2G 2G 2G 2.5G 2G/2.5G 3G 3G 3.5G 3.5G (millions) 0.3 2.19 6 6.95 28 455 3700 240 112 3.2 57 Percentage(%) 0.01 0.06 0.18 0.18 0.74 7.7 80.42 6.32 2.8 0.08 1.52

Reported operating losses
Source: www.telecomindiaonline.com

Technology Comparison of Sri Lankan Mobile Operators – Bench Marking
Sri Lankan Operator O t Airtel Technologies used GSM/GPRS/EDGE WCDMA/HSPA GSM/GPRS/EDGE WCDMA/HSPA/HSPA+ GSM/GPRS/EDGE GSM/GPRS/EDGE GSM/GPRS/EDGE WCDMA/HSPA/HSPA+ *GSM/GPRS/EDGE are 2G/2.5G popular technologies in world *WCDMA/HSPA are growing 3G/3.5G technologies *HSPA+ is commercially available now *LTE is emerging as a 4G technology in the world World Status

Sri Lanka is the first country introduced following technologies in South Asia

Dialog Etisalat Hutch Mobitel

Sri Lankan Mobile Companies have latest technology



Capacity Limitations
Not having developed fiber infra‐structure 99% MW are used for backhauling (Limited capacity)

Limited spectrum for Microwave links
more than 10000 Microwave Links High maintenance cost TRCSL has not allowed Point to Multi‐Point h t ll d P i t t M lti P i t backhauling technologies

Fiber to sites
Extending fiber network to base stations

Transport Technologies used
Dedicated TDM based transmission is used mostly for backhauling data traffic Packet based transmission is necessary for efficiency


Power availability Issues
Mobile base stations are located in hill areas National grid is not available High cost (Diesel generators) No developed green energy system(Solar and wind )



Green Technologies

Solar Power Solution Solar‐wind Hybrid Power Solution Solar‐diesel generator Hybrid Power Solution

Global Telecom Emissions 2002 – 2020
Source: The Climate Group and Global e‐Sustainability Initiative

Still not popular High initial cost Large area required for solar panels l Limited capacity

Limited Spectrum for Mobile base stations
5 operators in GSM 4 operators in UMTS Small frequency range for one operator Difficult frequency planning

Tower Loading
Microwave Antennas Panel Antennas Large wind area

TRC need to manage licenses



Laser Links 1.5 Mbps to 10 Gigabit speeds

Interference Interference can best be described as the effect of unwanted signals or noise on the reception of a wanted signal.

Main issue is Many operators in same technology TRC regulation Need to limit number of operators for one system ..etc

Implementation of National fiber backbone & Develop fiber infra‐structure in the country (fiber to sites) Use of green power sources f More Infrastructure Sharing

Sri Lanka is using state of art technology in the mobile industry Infrastructure and power are major cost components TRC need to pay more attention on managing the resources and issuing the licenses

Thank you


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