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Delhi Metro

Delhi Metro

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Published by: Surya Prakash Tiwari on Mar 08, 2011
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Delhi Metro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Delhi Metro



NCR, India (Delhi, Gurgaon,Noida, Faridabad)

Transit type

Rapid transit

Number of lines


Number of stations


Daily ridership

1.6 million[2][3]

Chief executive

E. Sreedharan


Metro Bhawan, Barakhamba Road, New Delhi

Gurgaon andNoida in the National Capital Region of India. 50 Hertz alternating . As of November 2010. at-grade and underground lines and uses both broad gauge and standard gauge rolling stock. but there are plans to shift to six coach trains to increase capacity.Website www.435 mm (4 ft 8 1»2 in)standard gauge Electrification 25 kV. Delhi Metro is being built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC).5 minutes between trains at peak frequency.700 trips daily between 6:00 and 23:00 running with an interval of 2. 50 Hz AC throughoverhead catenary The Delhi Metro (Hindi: ä îù ëÝ Dill Me ro) is a rapid transit system serving Delhi.com Operation Began operation December 24. The network consists of six lines with a total length of 161 kilometres (100 mi) with 135 stations of which 31 are underground. 2002[4] Operator(s) Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (DMRC) Number of vehicles 188 trains[5] Train length 4/6 coaches[5][6] Technical System length 161 kilometers (100 mi)[1] Track gauge 1.[3][7] The trains have four coaches.[5][6][7][8] The power output is supplied by 25-kilovolt. DMRC operates around 2. It has a combination of elevated.delhimetrorail.676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge and1.

1. its branch line in 2009. as of August 2010.1. the Blue Line in 2005.4 Green Line 2.1 Current routes      o 2.2 Construction 2 Network o 2.3 Planned extensions  2.[10] Contents [hide] 1 History o o 1.2 Yellow Line 2.3. Subsequently.1.25 billion commuters since its inception.2. had carried over 1.[2] and. The Government of India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) in 1995.[9] Planning for the metro started in 1984.2 Routes beyond Delhi border 2.1 Routes within Delhi 2. including the Delhi Airport Metro Express whose opening has been postponed until January 2011 due to safety concerns. and the first section.2 Routes under construction  o 2.1 Red Line 2. the Green and Violet Lines in 2010.1 Phase III    3 Finances 2. when the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system for the city. on the Red Line.1.1.5 Violet Line 2. followed by the Yellow Line in 2004.5 million commuters. these lines have been extended and new lines are under construction in Phase II of the project.3.current through overhead catenary.1.3.2 Phase IV . Construction started in 1998.1.3.1 Airport Express 2.3 Blue Line 2.1 Background 1. opened in 2002. The metro has an average daily ridership of 1.

3 Issues 4. route alignment and governmental jurisdiction.4 Accidents 5 Rolling stock o o 5.[13] Consequently.1 Security 4.[11] An attempt at privatising the bus transport system in 1992 merely compounded the problem.[12] In 1984. as an increasing number of commuters took to private vehicles with the existing bus system unable to bear the load.1 Funding 3.2 Ticketing 4.[13] While extensive technical studies and search for financing the project were in progress. with inexperienced operators plying poorly maintained.2 Standard gauge 6 Signalling and telecommunication 7 Environment and aesthetics 8 Notes 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links [edit]History [edit]Background The concept of a mass rapid transit for Delhi first emerged from a traffic and travel characteristics study which was carried out in the city in 1969.1 Broad gauge 5.2 Revenue and profits 4 Operations o o o o 4. many official committees by a variety of government departments were commissioned to examine issues related to technology. the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system.[11] Over the next several years.o o 3. traffic congestion and pollution soared. the city expanded significantly resulting in a twofold rise in population and a fivefold rise in the number of vehicles between 1981 and 1998. which would consist of constructing three underground mass rapid transit corridors as well augmenting the city's existing suburban railway and road transport networks. resulting in long waiting . noisy and polluting buses on lengthy routes.

with the first section opened in June 2008 and a target completion date of 2010.[1][23] .[17] As a result. The inauguration of the Indraprastha±Barakhamba Road corridor of the Blue Line marked the completion of Phase I on October 27. with the network comprising five lines with 135 metro stations and a total length of 161 km (100 mi). unreliable service. technical problems and bureaucratic delays". 1995 with E. and is presently under construction. of which 13.[22] [edit]Current routes As of January 14. extreme overcrowding.[16] After the previous problems experienced by the Calcutta Metro. 1998.[14] To rectify the situation. an achievement described by BusinessWeek as "nothing short of a miracle". The first phase of the project was completed in 2006[19]on budget and almost three years ahead of schedule.times.08 mi) is underground and 52.46 mi) of route length. after the Kolkata Metro.[20] [edit]Network Main article: List of Delhi metro stations The Delhi Metro is being built in phases.5 km) are planned to be completed by 2015 and 2021 respectively.01 km (8. where the Ministry of Railways forced the system to use broad gauge despite the DMRC's preference for standard gauge. with the network spanning 413 km (257 mi) by then. Sreedharan as the managing director. Phase I completed 65. the then Prime Minister of India on December 24. construction proceeded smoothly. the Government of India and the Government of Delhi jointly set up a company called the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) on March 5. decide on tenders and control funds. unqualified drivers.1 km (32. the DMRC was given full powers to hire people. speeding and reckless driving.37 mi) surface or elevated.[21] Phases III (112 km) and IV (108.[15] [edit]Construction Physical construction work on the Delhi Metro started on October 1.11 km (40. 2006. except from one major disagreement in 2000. the whole of Phase-I and parts of Phase-II are complete.[19] Phase II of the network comprises 128 km (80 mi) of route length and 79 stations.[18] The first line of the Delhi Metro was inaugurated by Atal Behari Vajpayee. which was badly delayed and 12 times over budget due to "political meddling. 2002[4] and thus it became the second underground rapid transit system in India. 2011.

2 Terminals Dilshad Garden Rithala Jahangirpuri Noida City Centre Yamuna Bank Inderlok Central Secretariat HUDA City Centre Rolling stock 23 trains[24] 45 trains[3] Dwarka Sector 21 59 trains[7] Anand Vihar Mundka Badarpur 13 trains[25] 29 trains[26] [edit]Red Line Main article: Red Line (Delhi Metro) The Red Line was the first line of the Metro to be opened and connects Rithala in the west to Dilshad Garden in the east.09 kilometres (15.[30] Inderlok ± Rithala on March 31. 2008. 2010 October 3.25 15. 2010 October 30. 2002. 2008 September 3.59 mi).1 20. 2003. 2005 January 8. 2004 December 31.[27] The inauguration of the first stretch between Shahdara and Tis Hazari on December 24. 2010 April 3. 2002 December 20. caused the ticketing system to collapse due to the line being crowded to four times its capacity by citizens eager to have a ride. 2010 ² ² January 14.Network map Line Red Line Yellow Line Blue Line Green Line Violet Line First operational December 24.[31] [edit]Yellow Line Main article: Yellow Line (Delhi Metro) . covering a distance of 25. and crosses the Yamuna River between Kashmere Gate and Shastri Park stations. 2011 Stations[23] 21 34 44 6 14 16 Length (km)[23] 25. 2010 Last Extension June 4.[24] It is partly elevated and partly at grade.1 45 50 6. and Shahdara ± Dilshad Garden on June 4. 2004.[28][29] Subsequent sections were inaugurated from Tis Hazari ± Trinagar (later renamed Inderlok) on October 4.

2005.[40] The first section of this line between Dwarka and Barakhamba Road was inaugurated on December 31. inaugurated on January 8. 2009. 2010. Due to delay in acquiring the land for constructing the station. 2004. and the first to connect areas outside Delhi. and subsequent sections opened between Dwarka ± Dwarka Sector 9 on April 1. 2010. while the central section through some of the most congested parts of Delhi is underground.[40] Partly overhead and partly underground. The northern and southern parts of the line are elevated. 2006.[42] A branch of the Blue line.[27] and has India's first extradosed bridge across the Northern Railways mainlines near Pragati Maidan. 2010.[44][45] Interchanges are available with the Yellow Line atRajiv Chowk station.[38][39] [edit]Blue Line Main article: Blue Line (Delhi Metro) The Blue Line was the third line of the Metro to be opened. Barakhamba Road ± Indraprastha on November 11.[32] It runs for 44.88 mi) up to Anand Vihar in east Delhi. and Dwarka Sector 9 . covering a distance of 47.[35][36] The connecting link between Central Secretariat and Qutub Minar opened on September 3. 2006.Dwarka Sector 21 on October 30. an additional stretch from Qutub Minar to HUDA City Centre in Gurgaon was opened. Indraprastha ±Yamuna Bank on May 10.[41] it connects Dwarka Sub City in the west with the satellite city of Noida in the east.4 kilometres (29.[37] Interchanges are available with the Red Line at Kashmere Gate station. 2010. Yamuna Bank ± Noida City Centre on November 12.[41] and with the Indian Railways network at the Anand Vihar Railway Terminal.76 kilometres (1. However. it was constructed using pre-fabricated structures in a record time of nine months and is the only station in the Delhi metro network to be made completely of steel.[31] This line also possesses the country's deepest Metro station at Chawri Bazaar. 2005. 2010.[31] This line crosses the Yamuna River between Indraprastha and Yamuna Bank stations. The first section between Vishwa Vidyalaya and Kashmere Gate opened on December 20. Chhatarpur station on this line opened on August 26.36 kilometres (27. 2009.56 mi) from north to south and connects Jahangirpuri with HUDA City Centre. takes off from Yamuna Bank station and runs for 6. 2009.[33][34] On 21 June 2010.25 kilometres (3.[43] A small stretch of 2. and Vishwa Vidyalaya ± Jahangirpuri on February 4.[46] . and the subsequent sections of Kashmere Gate ± Central Secretariat opened on July 3.The Yellow Line was the second line of the Metro and was the first underground line to be opened.5 mi). and with the Indian Railwaysnetwork at Delhi and New Delhi railway stations. situated 30 metres (98 ft) below ground level.71 mi) from Dwarka Sector 9 to Dwarka Sector 21 was inaugurated on October 30. initially operating separately from the main line.

The 20.[26] The first section between Central Secretariat and Sarita Vihar was inaugurated on October 3.4 mi) mostly along Rohtak Road.5 m (550 ft) long cable-stayed bridge across an operational road flyover.2 km (12.6 mi) being overhead and the rest underground. and the second standardgauge corridor after the Green Line.1 kilometres (9.[50] Completed in just 41 months.[47] An interchange with the Red line is available at Inderlok station via an integrated concourse. 2011.[22] .[49] [edit]Violet Line Main article: Violet Line (Delhi Metro) The Violet Line is the most recent line of the Metro to be opened. it includes a 100 m (330 ft) long bridge over the Indian Railways mainlines and a 167. 2010. with 9 km (5. of which the following sections are under construction. the Green Line was the first standard-gauge corridor of the Delhi Metro. and connects the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium which is the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies of the event. tourist attractions and a major industrial estate along its route.[edit]Green Line Main article: Green Line (Delhi Metro) Opened in 2010.[26] Services are provided at intervals of 2 min 40 sec. adding three new stations to the network and marking the completion of the line. and connects several hospitals.[26] On January 14. running for 15.[48] This line also has the country's first standard-gauge maintenance depot at Mundka. the remaining portion from Sarita Vihar to Badarpur was opened for commercial service. just hours before the inaugural ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.[1] [edit]Routes under construction Phase II consists of 127 km (79 mi) of railway lines. the shortest on the network.6 mi) long line connects Badarpur to Central Secretariat.[25] The fully elevated line connects Mundka withInderlok.[50] An interchange with the Yellow Line is available at Central Secretariat through an integrated concourse.

7 km (14. has a 2015 deadline. Limited (DAMEL).5 km (1.1 mi) 3.8 km) . [edit]Phase III [edit]Routes within Delhi Phase III.4 km) . the line failed to obtain the mandatory safety clearance.[54] the line will have six stations with check-in facilities.32 km (2. The line will be operated. by the Delhi Airport Metro Express Pvt.04 million). The following routes have received Cabinet clearance and are expected to commence construction by the end of 2010:[58]    Central Secretariat to Red Fort (6.885 crore (US$626. linking the Indira Gandhi International Airport.Yellow Line extension Three lines are still pending approval:[58] .New line following Inner Ring Road Jahangirpuri to Badali (3. theconcessionaire of the line.[10][56] The line is still to be completed with its final safety inspections and get clearances which is scheduled in December 2010.4 km) .6 mi) Stations 5 2 2 Main article: Delhi Airport Metro Express The Airport Express line runs for 22.06 mi) 2. Planned Opening Date April.7 km (14.[53] Constructed at a cost of 2.Construction work in progress for the Phase II extension to Gurgaon.Violet Line extension Rajouri Garden to Mukundupur (12.[55] Originally scheduled to open before the 2010 Commonwealth Games. and was rescheduled to open by the middle of November 2010. tentatively composed of six routes covering 105 Kilometres.[57] Rolling stock is expected to consist of six-coach trains operating at intervals of ten minutes and having a maximum speed of 135 km/h (84 mph). parking and eateries. a subsidiary of Reliance Infrastructure. 2011[51] June 2011 June 2011[52] [edit]Airport Express Route Airport Express Green Line Blue Line Terminals New Delhi ± IGI Airport ± Dwarka Sector 21 Kirti Nagar ± Ashok Park Main Anand Vihar ± Vaishali Length 22.1 mi) from New Delhi Railway Station to Dwarka Sector 21.[55] [edit]Planned extensions Several extensions to the Delhi Metro network have been planned.

through soft loans from the Japan Bank for International Cooperation.[60] The Ghaziabad Development Authority is planning to extend Delhi Metro lines deeper into Ghaziabad in three phases.6 mi) long extension of the Violet Line from Badarpur into Faridabad in neighbouring Haryana at a cost of 2. Anand Vihar to Dhaula Kuan (25.3 crore (US$415. and construction is set to begin in October 2010.[63] However. Ghazipur.64 km) .4 million) per kilometre. and tentatively includes further extensions to Sonia Vihar.13 billion) at 2004 prices. as well as the extension of the Red Line from Dilshad Garden to the new Ghaziabad bus stand. including the extension of the Blue Line from Anand Vihar to Vaishali. Reola Khanpur.5 km (67.[52][61] The independently operated Gurgaon Metro.[62] [edit]Finances [edit]Funding The capital cost of Phases I and II has been estimated to be 14.66 km) .New line Ashok Park to Delhi Gate (9. 2010.430 crore (US$3. and subsequently to Mehrauli via Indirapuram.914. Delhi Metro has paid back an amount of 567. Noida Sector 62.4 million) as grant-in-aid from various agencies for the financial year ending March 2009. Palam.[63]and approximately another 60 percent has been raised as either long-term or subordinate debt.[59] [edit]Phase IV Phase IV has a 2020 deadline.64 km) .4 mi).Unconfirmed   [edit]Routes beyond Delhi border In addition.[63] The Metro also received 1. more recent estimates have placed the cost of construction at 200 crore (US$43. work on which is going on and has a deadline of 2013.New line that is proposed to connect to Inner Ring Road line Malviya Nagar to Kalindi Kunj (11. which includes .8 km (8. a 13.63 crore (US$123.533 crore (US$549. plans have been mooted to construct a new line from Noida Sector 62 to Greater Noida which will intersect Indraprastha ± Noida Sector 32 line.[64] Thirty percent of the total investment for Phases I and II has been raised through equity capital with the Government of India (GoI) and Government of Delhi contributing equal shares.18 million). having a total length of 108.[22] Apart from these lines in Phases I to IV. will also interchange with the Delhi Metro.[66] As of August 7. Najafgarh.66 million) has received budgetary and other clearances. Gurgaon and Faridabad.[65] The rest of the investment is proposed to be recovered from internal revenues through operations and property development.

Trains operate at a frequency of 3 to 4.[70] For the financial year ended March 2008.[72] which rose to 723. Due to its increasing association with Delhi as an image of the city's everyday life.1 million) and 90.loan amount for Phase I and interest amounts for Phases I and II. The Metro also has a sophisticated fire alarm system for advance warning in emergencies. cafés and convenience stores. Automated station announcements are recorded in Hindi and English. Eating.77 crore (US$157. Trains operating within the network typically travel at speeds below 80 km/h (50 mph).2 million) and a profit before tax of 19.98 crore (US$4. and fire retardant material is used in trains as well as on the premises of . apart from ticket sales. the Metro reported operating revenues of 305. and several films and advertisements have been shot on board. This was enabled by keeping maintenance costs to a minimum and harnessing additional revenue from advertisements and property development.5 minutes between 6:00 and 23:00. besides a security deposit and insurance. food outlets.6 million) respectively for the financial year ended March 2009. and chewing of gum are prohibited in the entire system.[70][71] Producers have to pay as much as 1 lakh (US$2.[67] [edit]Revenue and profits In 2007. drinking.27 crore (US$66.[68][69] The Metro also generates revenue by leasing out its trains and stations for film shoots. and stop about 20 seconds at each station. Many stations have services such as ATMs.34 million).170) for every hour of filming. smoking.43 crore (US$19. to the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). it has been a popular filming location for production houses.[66] [edit]Operations Inside a Metro Station. the Delhi Metro claimed to be one of only five metro systems in the world that operated at a profit without government subsidies.

[85] A deposit of 50 (US$1. Fares are calculated based on the origin and destination stations using a fare chart.17) to 30 (US$0. A 10% discount is given on all travel made on it.[81] Periodic security drills are carried out at stations and on trains to ensure preparedness of security agencies in emergency situations.[83] A common ticketing facility for commuters travelling on Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) buses and the Metro will be introduced in 2011.09) needs to be made to buy a new card. with fares for a single journey ranging from 8 (US$0.09) to 800 (US$17.[73] Navigation information is available on Google Transit.[82] [edit]Ticketing Smart Card For the convenience of customers.[80] Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the driver.[83] Tourist cards can be used for unlimited travel on the Delhi Metro network over short . They are valid for one year from the date of purchase or the date of last recharge.[78] Closed-circuit cameras are used to monitor trains and stations.[79] Over 3500 CISF personnel have been deployed to deal with law and order issues in the system.stations. X-ray baggage inspection systems and dog squads which are used to secure the system. in addition to metal detectors. and feed from these is monitored by both the CISF and Delhi Metro authorities at their respective control rooms.[84] Travel cards are available for longer durations and are most convenient for frequent commuters. and are available in denominations of 50 (US$1.65). The RFID tokens are valid only for a single journey on the day of purchase and the value depends on the distance travelled.4).[75][76][77] [edit]Security Security on the Delhi Metro is handled by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).[74] The first coach of every train is reserved for women only. Delhi Metro commuters have three choices for ticket purchase. Delhi Metro is the second contemporary rapid transit system in the world to do so after the Dubai Metro. who have been guarding the system ever since they took over from the Delhi Police in 2007.

The cost of a one-day card is 100 (US$2. a girder launcher and a part of the overhead Blue Line extension under construction in Laxmi Nagar. 2008. 2009. Six people were killed and 15 others injured. a crane that was removing the debris collapsed.4). 2009. orders for new coaches have been placed and an increase in the frequency of trains has been proposed. East Delhi collapsed and fell on passing vehicles underneath.[91] On July 12. besides a refundable deposit of 50 (US$1. high ridership and technical snags in new trains have led to increasing instances of overcrowding and delays on the Delhi Metro.[93] On July 22. There are two kinds of tourist cards valid for one and three days respectively. overcrowded and erratic feeder bus services connecting stations to nearby localities have also been reported as an area of concern.[90] [edit]Accidents On October 19.[86][87] To alleviate the problem.periods of time. near East of Kailash.09) that must be paid at the time of purchasing the card. on the Central Secretariat ± Badarpur corridor. on July 13. which connects the north and south campuses of Delhi University. severe overcrowding on the Yellow Line.[86] Infrequent. Workers were lifting a 400-tonne concrete span of the bridge with the help of a crane when the launcher collapsed along with a 34 metres (112 ft) long span of the bridge on top of a Blueline bus killing the driver and a labourer. was reported to be a reason for students missing or reporting late for classes. 2009 a .[92] The day after. As the network has expanded. injuring six.2) and that of a three-day card is 250 (US$5.[83] [edit]Issues A long line of commuters waiting to purchase tickets at the Yamuna Bank station in east Delhi. a portion of a bridge under construction collapsed when its launching girder lost balance as it was being erected at Zamrudpur.[88][89] In 2010. and with a bowling pin effect collapsed two other nearby cranes.

supplied byHyundai Rotem-BEML. Phase I lines use 1.steel beam fell on a worker at the under-construction Ashok Park Metro station. have died since work on the metro began in 1998. The Metro uses rolling stock of two different gauges.[94] Over a hundred people. Shastri Park for the Red Line and Sarita Vihar for the Violet Line. supplied byBombardier.[96] A Phase II broad gauge train. the rolling stock was supplied by a consortium of companies comprising Hyundai . Najafgarh and Yamuna Bank for the Blue Line.499 ft) broad gauge rolling stock. including 93 workers.676 mm (5.435 mm standard gauge rolling stock. [edit]Broad gauge The broad gauge rolling stock is manufactured by two major suppliers. killing him. while three Phase II lines use 1. Mundka for the Green Line.[26][98][99][100][101] One of the new six coach trains.[97] Trains are maintained at seven depots at Khyber Pass and Sultanpur for the Yellow Line.[95] [edit]Rolling stock A Phase I broad gauge train. For the Phase I.

capable of accommodating 1178 and 1792 commuters per train respectively. microprocessor-controlled brakes and secondary air suspension.[110] accommodating 50 seated and 292 standing passengers in each coach. and platforms have been designed accordingly.[108] These trains are a mix of four-car and six-car consists. which has received an order for 498 cars worth US$828 million.[106] and are capable of maintaining an average speed of 32 km/h (20 mph) over a distance of 1.[105] The coaches are fully air conditioned. The coaches possess several improved features like Closed Circuit Television(CCTV) cameras with eight-hour backup for added security.68 mi). Mitsubishi Corporation.[105] [edit]Signalling and telecommunication . better humidity control.[111] and will be capable of maintaining an average speed of 34 km/h (21 mph) over a distance of 1. and MELCO.1 km (0.1 km (0. The trains are four-car consists with a capacity of 1506 commuters per train.[103] These trains consist of four 3. The coaches were initially built in South Korea by ROTEM. improved air conditioning to provide a temperature of 25 degrees Celsius even in packed conditions and heaters for winter.[104] The rolling stock for Phase II is being supplied by Bombardier Transportation. the remainder will be built at Bombardier's factory in Savli.68 mi). near Vadodara. microprocessor-controlled disc brakes.[107] While initial trains were made in Germany and Sweden.[104] with 50 seated and 330 standing passengers per coach.[105] These trains will have CCTV cameras in and outside the coaches. power supply connections inside coaches to charge mobiles and laptops.[102] then in Bangalore by BEML through a technology transfer arrangement.[109] [edit]Standard gauge The standard gauge rolling stock is manufactured by BEML at its factory in Bangalore. charging points in all coaches for cell phones and laptops.[105] The system is extensible up to eight coaches.2-metre (10 ft) wide stainless steel lightweight coaches with vestibules permitting movement throughout their length and can carry up to 1500 passengers.Rotem. equipped with automatic doors.

[121] The Metro has been promoted as an integral part of community infrastructure.[115] [edit]Environment and aesthetics The Delhi Metro has won awards for environmentally friendly practices from organisations including the United Nations.000 carbon credits by saving energy through the use of regenerative braking systems on its trains. after theNew York City Subway.[118] Most of the Metro stations on the Blue Lineconduct rainwater harvesting as an environmental protection measure.Inside a Metro coach.[120] and has so far earned 400.[117] and the International Organization for Standardization.[117] becoming the second metro in the world.[125] while all stations on the . the operation control system Vicos OC 500 and the automation control system LZB 700 M. Automatic Train Protection and automatic train signalling modules. and a centralised clock and public address system is used fortelecommunication during train operations as well as emergencies. Siemens Transportation Systems has supplied the electronic interlocking Sicas.[113] For Line 3.[112] A 380 MHz digital trunked TETRA radio communication system from Motorola is used on all 3 lines to carry both voice and data information.[114] An integrated system comprising optical fibre cable.[119] It is also the first railway project in the world to earn carbon creditsafter being registered with the United Nations under the Clean Development Mechanism.[122] Students of local art colleges have also designed decorative murals at Metro stations. to be ISO 14001 certified for environmentally friendly construction. and community artwork depicting the local way of life has been put on display at stations. CCTV. on-train radio.[116] RINA. The Delhi Metro uses cab signalling along with a centralised automatic train control system consisting of automatic train operation.[123] while pillars of the viaduct on some elevated sections have been decorated with mosaic murals created by local schoolchildren.[124] The Metro station at INA Colony has a gallery showcasing artwork and handicrafts from across India.

Central Secretariat ± Qutub Minar section of the Yellow Line have panels installed on the monumental architectural heritage of Delhi.[126] [edit] .

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