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CILINICAL EXAMINATION OF SHEEP& GOAT

CILINICAL EXAMINATION OF SHEEP& GOAT

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Published by TAMIL
COMMON DISEAS IN SHEEP & GOAT
COMMON DISEAS IN SHEEP & GOAT

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Published by: TAMIL on Aug 25, 2008
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06/28/2013

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CILINICAL EXAMINATION OF SHEEP& GOAT

COMPONENTS
• • • Identification of sick animals. Distant & close physical examination. Examination: 1.Management & Environment of the group. 2. Risk factors

DISTANT EXAMINATION
• Diseases of nervous system and musculo skeletal system. • Abnormality in behaviour e .g. grazing behaviour, flocking behaviour. • Determine prevalence of the problem. • Estimation of morbidity. • Observation of animal while walking. • Observation in confinement.

CLOSE PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
• • • • Examination of individual animal Vital signs like (rectal temp, pulse ,etc.) Age. Body condition score muscular tissue, spinous and transverse processes

Examination of fleece & skin
• • Presence of break point Clinical site of parasitic infestation irritation, head shaking, stumping, dermatitis, fleece damage, sheep ked ,myiasis, suckling lice ,scab, mycotic dermatitis, wool loss in scrapie.

POX

HEAD & NECK
• Mycotic dermatitis-grey crusty scabs. • Staphylo-periorbital eczema. • Mandible swelling –dentigerous cyst conditions like bottle jaw, big head, blue tounge, photosensitivity.

Dermatophilosis

EYES & CONJUNCTIVAE
• Examination conjunctiva and sclera for anaemia and jaundice. • Pink eye. • Indications of eye abnormality.

inflamed eye membranes

ORAL CAVITY
• • • • • Actinobacillosis Blue tongue FMD PPR Salivation with wetting of hair around lipshypothermic & hypoglycemic • Smell the breath for ketone and saliva for azotemia

Blue tongue

FMD

PPR

LARYNX &TRACHEA
• Choke is rare but balling gun injuries

THORAX
• Auscultation, percussion. • Breath sounds • Heart sounds

ABDOMEN
• Abdomen palpation with both hands on either side. • Succussion in lambs and kids to detect fluid and gas in stomach and intestines.

PPR in a goat: signs of diarrhoea

Bloat

URINARY TRACT
• Evidence of urolithiasis • Examintion of vulva for vulvitis, distortion, squamous cell carcinoma

REPRODUCTIVE TRACT
• Examination of scrotum -Dermatophilus congolensis
• • • Congenital abnormality Atrophy for any reason Presence of inflammatory disease

EXAMINATION OF LIMBS & UDDER
• • • • By palpation of limbs detect swelling , heat in joints, tendons, bursae. Examine the claws & interdigital skin. Palpate the udder & examine the udder for mastitis. Hard bag – lentivirus infection

Tetanus

FMD Extensive interdigital ulceration

REFERENCE
• Veterinary Clinical Examination and Diagnosis. O. M. Radostits, I. G. (Ian G.) Mayhew

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