Handbook-on-German-Army-Identification-1943 | Regiment | Division (Military)

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FOREWORD
THIS HANDBOOK was prepared at the Military Intelligence

Training Center, Camp Ritchie, Maryland, and is designed to provide a ready reference manual for intelligence personnel in combat operations. The need for such a manual was so pressing that some errors and omissions are anticipated in the current edition. Any suggestions as to additions, or errors noted, should be reported directly to the Commandant, Military Intelligence Training Center, for correction in later editions.

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HANDBOOK ON GERMAN

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Left to right: Soldier (noncommissioned officer candidate-note silver cord across outer edge of shoulder strap), air force captain (belongs to staff, probably Air Ministry), SS Obergruppenfiihrer Josef Dietrich (commander SS Division Adolf Hitler and chief of SS Oberabschnitt Ost), Hitler, Reichsfihrer SS Heinrich Himmler (head of the SS and German police).

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON, APRIL 9, 1943.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION
SECTION I. General. military organizations --______
Paragraph

Identification of German military and semi1

II. German Order of Battle. Definition--___------------------------_
Purpose and scope --__ ___--------

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III. The German Army (Das Deutsche Heer). Uniforms and equipment-------_------German Army identifications of specialists - -

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Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe) ___- __ Enlisted men (Mannschaften)__ _____ Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere) .-Officers (Offiziere)--------------.--------German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke)_ "Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte) _ "Ersatz" system_------- ------------__---------Pay book (Soldbuch) ---IV. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe). Uniform and insignia---------------------Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben) _----- Special uniforms and insignia---------------Insignia of rank-flying uniform __ _ -- --Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army-------------_-------Corps of Engineers-----------------------Corps of Navigational Experts_----------Medical Corps--------------------------Musicians----------------------- -----V. The German Navy (Die Deutsche Kriegsmarine). General--------------------------------Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine)-----------------------

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31 32 Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP) ____ Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend) -____ _ Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter)___ APPENDIX.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Paragraph SECTION VI. Traffic signs (Verkehrszeichen) 33 34 35 Page _______ 67 . D. German police (Deutsche Polizei) ---. Halbmilitarische und Politische Verbinde). A.) --.__-----_ 28 National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen)__________ 29 Insignia of rank of SA. und der NSKK) _________-------------------30 Insignia on uniform of the German police (Uniform-Abzeichen der Deutschen Polizei) __ Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen) . SS. SS. Police. semimilitary and political organizations (Deutsche Polizei.____ 25 Semimilitary and political organizations___ 26 Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS)___ _ 27 Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service (Dienstgradabzeichen des Reichsarbeitsdienstes R. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA.

for a multitude of reasons. Definition. and concentration areas. without advance notice to the enemy. (2) Order of Battle-Location gives the disposition of known enemy army units and includes all information as to actual unit locations.Pars. It is second nature to make comparisons. Purpose and scope. Order of Battle information is generally divided into two parts: Order of Battle---Strength. Uniforms. Publications of data with respect to Order of Battle information regarding the German Army." is meant all known information of the enemy army. however. 3. It is well to approach the subject with this fact in mind. SECTION II GERMAN ORDER OF BATTLE Paragraph Definition--______----- ____----------. This is true because the division is the unit in the German Army which ordinarily does not change. are generally based on the various German divisions. The outline presented is as nearly accurate and complete as available sources permit (up to January 1. (1) Order of Battle-Strength is a compilation of all of the units of the enemy armies and of those organizations of the other services. while existing in some instances. b. By the term "Order of Battle. and insignia are often changed.----------- _------------- 2 3 Purpose and scope------------------------------------------------- 2. the student will find that direct equivalents. movements. 1943).-a. and armament. such as the Navy and Air Force. . as well as changes in organization. are not the rule. which operate with the army in the field.-______ 1 1. In the case of a German infantry division. Identification of German military and semimilitary organizations. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 1-3 SECTION I GENERAL Paragraph Identification of German military and semimilitary organizations. equipment. This tendency may well be used in associating German insignia of rank with our own. b. for example.-a. The student must possess sufficient adaptability to make corrections and adjustments if and when the need for them arises.-a. and Order of Battle-Location. The German Army and German semimilitary organizations are very flexible in their structure. equipment.

because individuals in those units as a whole act according to local patterns of behavior. new editions of publications based on Order of Battle information are issued frequently. their battle reputations. which correspond to our service commands. This means that when a single regiment of a known German division is identified.Par. c. confirmation. As a result. lists of senior Army officers with their commands. those regiments ordinarily do not leave the division. and probable casualties. publications based on Order of Battle information may contain data such as the following. enemy military symbols and abbreviations. In addition to identifying information such as that indicated above. Naturally. methods of training and mobilizing the enemy Army. and correction as individual units are identified. information of this kind is subject to constant supplement. morale. b. uniform identifications. It is this means of enemy unit identification which makes Order of Battle information of such great practical value to intelligence officers. Publications based on collected Order of Battle data on the German Army ordinarily show the composition of known German divisions. The mobilization of the German armed forces was accomplished within the administrative framework of the Wehrkreise. It is important for intelligence officers to know from what part of Germany particular units come. SECTION III THE GERMAN ARMY (DAS DEUTSCHE HEER) Paragraph --_----Uniforms and equipment ____________ ____________------German Army identifications of specialists---__----------------------------------Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe)____---------- 4 5 6 . and descriptions of identification tags and pay books. the presence of the other previously identified units of that division can be inferred with reasonable assurance of accuracy. Germany is divided into territorial administrative commands called Wehrkreise. which are of interest to intelligence officers: engagements and campaigns in which enemy units have taken part. d. Publications based on Order of Battle information contain data which identify the home stations or areas in Germany from which the soldiers in particular units originate. 3 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION once it has been composed of certain infantry and artillery regiments. an outline of the high command and general bases of organization of the enemy Army. They may be cross-indexed in such a way as to enable one who has identified a particular German regiment to identify the division of which it is a part and also the other units included in the same division.

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HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4
Paragraph

Enlisted men (Mannschaften) -------------------------------Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere)----_--_------------------Officers (Offiziere)-----__--------------___---------------------German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke) ---------------------"Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte) ------------___ --------"Ersatz" system-------------. ---------------------------------___ Pay book (Soldbuch)___------------------------------------ _

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

4. Uniforms and equipment.-a. Field uniform (Feldanzug)(1) Blouse (Feldbluse).-Officers and enlisted men wear the same blouse, which is made of greenish-gray cloth with a collar of a darker shade. The collar is normally worn fastened up tightly around the neck, but under field conditions the blouse is sometimes worn open around the neck, with the collar folded back. No uniform shirt is worn under the blouse. (2) Trousers (Hosen).-Dismounted officers wear trousers of gray cloth which are tucked into half length black boots. The same equipment is worn by the enlisted men. Mounted officers and enlisted men wear gray trousers with leather facings, and riding boots. (3) Overcoat (Mantel).-The overcoat is double-breasted and made of gray cloth. The same type of coat is worn by officers and enlisted
men.

(4) Field cap (Feldmiitze).-The field cap is made of greenish-gray cloth, can be worn under helmet, and is worn by officers and enlisted men of all troops except mountain units and some personnel of the armored troops. The officer's field cap is of better quality and has silver piping along the top seam and top edge of the turn-up. Two insignia are embroidered on the front of the field cap: the Reichskokarde, which is just above the lower edge of the cap, and the national insignia, which is just below the upper edge. (5) Steel helmet (Stahlhelm).-The steel helmet is worn by officers and men in the field. It is made of seamless sheet steel and is painted inside and out with rust-resisting gray matt paint. Lugs are drilled on either side of the helmet so that a face shield can be.worn. Painted on the right side of the helmet is a shield with the national colors. Painted on the left side of the helmet is a shield with the national insignia (no national colors in some recent instances). (6) Pack (Tornister).-The pack carried by the foot soldier looks almost square when in position on a soldier's back. It is made of heavy canvas with leather binding around the edges and is held in position by leather straps. Blankets, shelter-half, and camouflage sheet (if present) are rolled into a long roll which is buckled over the top and sides of the pack. The pack (Tornister) is replaced by a

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haversack (Rucksack) in the case of mountain troops. The haversack is also made of canvas, but is of nonrigid construction. (7) Other equipment.-Other equipment includes canteen, gas mask, gas cape, entrenching tool, and side arms. The gas cape is a protection against poison gas. (Cover made of impregnated cloth.) b. Field uniform of special units.-(1) Armored force (Panzertruppen).--Personnel of tank units wear a loose-fitting black uniform and steel helmet. (Collar patch of black uniform has skull and two crossed bones as insignia.) Panzerkraftwagen 38 T and medium armored troop-carrier personnel wear the same uniform but with the black beret. Beret shows national insignia and Reichskokarde with oak leaves. (2) Mountain troops and Mountain(Jager) Battalions. (Gebirgstruppen und Gebirgsjagerbataillone).-These units wear a mountain cap similar to the overseas cap worn by other arms or services but with the addition of a visor of the same material, the ordinary type of service blouse, gray cloth trousers fastened around the ankles by puttees, and ankle boots, with snowshoes attached for operation in snow. They may also be equipped with long, white coveralls with hoods. (3) Reconnaissance parties (Aufklarungstruppen).-These are also equipped with white coveralls similar to those of mountain troops when operating in snowy weather. (4) Smoke units (Nebeltruppen).-These units are equipped with leather suits consisting of jacket and breeches. (5) Parachute troops (Fallschirmjager).-Parachute troops have a brimless steel helmet with a chin and neck strap. Loose gray trousers and blouse are worn under a special coverall which has some 50 pockets. Also gauntlet gloves and boots with rubber soles are used. A leather belt is supported by two front straps fastened through a ring to a single strap in back. c. Distinguishing features-(1) Collar patch (Kragenspiegel).-(a) There are three types of collar patches on the field blouses consisting of1. Two horizontal bars of an aluminum woven lace (Doppellitze), each bearing centrally a stripe of color indicating arm of service or two outer color lines with center line of bluish dark green color. The color of arm of service is the "Waffenfarbe." 2. Outer and center color line of bluish dark green color, 3.' Field gray woven. All three color lines of mouse gray color (Einheitslitze).
NOTE.-The collar patch as described under 1 and 2 above is no longer issued and will be rarely found on the front as the Einheitslitze as described under S above is in general use today.

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(b)Collar patches of tank units are black with pink piping and white skull and crossbones. (2) Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen).-Strapsare of the same color as uniform. Piping denotes color of arm of service. Company number (from private up to and including highest ranking noncommissioned officer) is shown on field gray button near the collar. The regimental number is shown in the color of the arm of service (Waffenfarbe) on enlisted men up to and including the Unterfeldwebel (staff sergeant). The strap of all noncommissioned officers is also bordered by a silver strip and certain noncommissioned officers have silver stars and silver regimental numbers. For company officers it is flat, solid silver laces or tape with golden regimental numbers, and gold stars except for the second lieutenant (Leutnant). For field officers it is heavy braided silver lace, golden regimental numbers, and gold stars except for the major. For generals, the strap is two heavy gold strands braided with one silver strand, and silver stars except for the Generalmajor, but showing no regimental number. There is no company number on the buttons securing officers' shoulder straps. The buttons on the shoulder straps of all officers excepting generals are of silver and those of generals are of gold color. d. Insignia (Abzeichen)-(1) National insignia (Hoheitsabzeichen).Spread eagle over a swastika (Hakenkreuz). It is found on the left side of the steel helmet (but the wings are folded). On the field and mountain cap, it is in silver thread on a gray background. On the beret it is silver thread on black background. On the service blouse, dull silver cloth above right breast pocket. (Generals in gold.) (2) National Rosette (Reichskokarde).-Small circular insignia in black, white, and red. Worn on all headgear below the national insignia except on the steel helmet. It is flanked by oak leaves on all visored caps except on the mountain cap and field cap. (3) National colors (Nationalfarben).-Black, white, and red.
NOTE.-Since 1939 the undesirable display of regimental and company numbers and numerical identification of other detachments was avoided, first by temporary measures such as covering them up, and later by issuing plain shoulder straps with piping.

513748 °-43---2

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HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION

e. National Insignia of the Armed Forces (Hoheitsabzeichen der Wehrmacht).

Miitzen-Hoheitsabzeichen Luftwaffe (cap national insignia of air force)

Mtitzen-Hoheitsabzeichen, Heer silbern, Kriegsmarine golden (cap national insignia, Army silver, Navy gold)

Hoheitsabzeichen fuir Rock u. Feldbluse (national insignia for coat and field blouse of the air force)

Hoheitsabzeichen ffir Rock u. Feldbluse, Heer silbern, Kriegsmarine golden (national insignia for coat and field blouse; Army silver, Navy gold)

Left side Stahlhelm Luftwaffe (steel helmet, air force)

Right side

Left side
Stahlhelm fir Heer und Kriegsmarine (steel helmet for Army and Navy)

Right side

turn-up. Field cap. enlisted men 2. Mountain cap. officers. officers and enlisted men 4.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. can also show Hoheitsabzeichen (infantry) . badge. crown piped with silver 3. 4 1. Field cap. Parachutists helmet (air force).

3 Rank desiqnation like in - Political SS (not like Wehrmacht) 1. will always appear in collarpatch of all Waffen SS. Beret 2. Militarized SS (Waf- 44. tank personnel (black uniform only) 3. fen SS) Militarized SS.Par. helmet . Collar patch. 4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARIRMY IDENTIFICATION pink piping 1 Badge silver grayEM silver thread-Off.

short. BACK VIEW RIGHT SIDE . HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4 German Rifleman Deutscher Schijtze Helmet. Gas mask over right hip. canteen (Feldflasche) and rations bag (Brotbeutel). buckle showing (Koppelschloss). belt (Koppel). sharp spade. leather.Par. 3 each side. Ammunition pouches. brim type. bayonet. Long trousers tucked into half-length boots.

Oberbefehlsh. 4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION f. Fiihrers u. d. Obersten Befehlshabers der Wehrmacht (standard of the leader and supreme commander of the armed forces) Standarte des Oberbefehlshabers des Heeres (standard of the commander in chief of the Army) Kommandozeichen des Reichsministers d. Flaggen (flags). Handelsflagge m. Luftf. u. der Luftwaffe (standard of the Air Minister and commander in chief of the air force) Flagge des Oberbefehlshabers der Kriegsmarine (flag of the commander in chief of the navy) . Eisern.Par. Kreuz (flag of the Merchant Marine with Iron Cross) Gisch der Kriegsschiffe (Navy flag) Reichsdienstflagge ("Reich" service flag) Reichskriegsflagge ("Reich" war flag) Standarte d.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4 .Par.

Par. 4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Armored fighting troops .

except where otherwise noted. 5 5.-Specialists (technicians) are mostly noncommissioned officers (from Unteroffizier to Oberfeldwebel).HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. German Army identifications of specialists. Medical personnel (Sanitatsunterpersonal) Saddler candidate (Truppensattlermeister-Anwsrter) Paymaster candidate (Anwarter fur die Heeres-Zahlmeisterlaufbahn) Motor maintenance sergeant (harness sergeant if horse outfit) (Schirrmeister) 513478°-43-- 3 13 . Specialists' insignia are worn on the right lower sleeve. Worked in yellow wool on dark blue-green cloth background.

Par. 5 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION (Wallmeister) Pigeoneer (sergeant) (Brieftaubenmeister) Pyrotechnician (Feuerwerker) S Fortification construction sergeant (Festungspionier-Feldwebel) .

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 5 Horseshoeing instructor (Hufbeschlaglehrmeister) *Horseshoers (personnel) (Hufbeschla:gpersonal) Radio sergeant (Funkmeister) Ordnance sergeant (Waffenmeister' .

Par. (Anchor in silver embroidery) Operator smoke troops (Bedienungspersonal Nebelabteilung). This insignia is worn on the left lower arm. Worked in white rayon on dark green background Communication personnel (other than Signal Corps) (Nachrichtenpersonal). 5 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Helmsman (Steuermann). (Flash in "Waffenfarben") Army mountain guide (Heeresbergfiihrer). insignia is worn on the left breast This Gunlayer artillery (Richtkanonier). This insignia is worn on the left upper sleeve. This insignia is worn on left lower arm . This insignia is worn on the left upper sleeve.

Antitank battalions of armored division (Panzerjiger-Abteilungen der Panzer-Division). White (weiss) __ Pink (rosa) ___ Pink (rosa) ---- "G" and Arabic number. (13) Number of regiment. Infantry Regiment "Greater Germany"(Infanterieregiment "GrossDeutschland). Army corps headquarters (Generalkommando) . HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 6 6." (10) (11) (12) White (weiss) -_ White (weiss)-_- Golden yellow (goldgelb). Infantry regiments (Infanterie-Regimenter). Carmine red (karmesin rot). "FJ. infantry (Fallschirmjiger-Einheiten). Mountain Jager Regiments and Jager Battalions. Army group headquarters (Heeresgruppenkommando)." Pink (rosa) ---White (weiss) -- Zug). No numbers. Parachute units. "P" and number of battalion. Cavalry and horse regiments (Kavallerie-und Reiterregimenter). Infantry (Gebirgsjigerregimenter und Jagerbataillone). of regiof regi- White (weiss)_-- White (weiss) -_ "W. No numbers. White (weiss) _White (weiss)-_- No numbers.Par. (15) . General headquarters of army (Oberkommando des Heeres). Carmine red (karmesin rot). Infantry (Aufklirungsregimenter und -abteilungen). War Department and General Staff (Reiehskriegsministerium und Generalstab)." "M" and number of battalion. "D" and number of division. Armored division headquarters (Panzer-Divisionsstab). Light green (hellgrin). Golden yellow (goldgelb). Number ment. Golden yellow (goldgelb). No numbers. Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe). "A" and number of regiment or battalion. "D" and number of division. Number ment. (MaschiMachine-gun battalion nengewehrbataillon). Bicycle battalions (Radfahrer-Abteilungen). Arm of service Colors Shoulder straps Generals (Generale)-_ _____- General headquarters of armed forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). Armored train (Eisenbahn-Panzer- Bright red (hochrot). Reconnaissance regiments or battalions. (14) "R" and number of battalion. "E. Carmine red (karmesin rot). Guard Battalion "Vienna" (Wachbataillon "Wien").-To be found on shoulder strap piping and field cap at all times and may be found on the collar patch. Infantry division headquarters (Infanterie-Divisionsstab). Roman number of corps.

Colors Shoulder straps Number of regiment. Engineer battalions (Pionierbataillone). units (Veterinarabtei- Black (schwarz) Black (schwarz) Lemon yellow (zitronengelb). Transportation battalions (Kraftfahr-und Fahrabteilungen). Grass green (grasgriin). Motorcycle battalion in armored division (Kraftradschiitzenbataillone). Rank of regimental commander. (19) "A" and number of unit. Observation battalions (Beobachtungsabteilungen). Fortress engineer headquarters (Festungspionierstab)." Roman numeral in Wehrkreis. Antiaircraft battalions (Flak-Bataillone). (26) Number of division. Number of battalion. Latin "K. 6 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Arm of service Artillery regiments (Artillerieregimenter) . Bright red (hochrot). (17) "B" and number of unit. (20) Bright red (hochrot). Black (schwarz)l Black (schwarz) "K" and number of unit. Light blue (hellblau). Lemon yellow (zitronengelb). (22) Gothic "Fp" if unit existed in peacetime. Medical battalions (Sanitatsabteilungen). Latin "F" if formed on or after mobilization. Violet (violet)__ Chaplains (Heeresgeistliche) ______ Field signal command (Feldnachrichtenkommandantur).Par. Fortress engineers (Festungspioniere). (18) "N" and number of battalion. (23) Gothic "Fp.Violet (violet)___ Panzer reconnaissance units of Panzer or motorized division (PanzerAufklarungs-Abteilungen d e r motorisierten oder Panzerdivision). (25) Number of division. Smoke units (Nebelabteilungen)_ _ _. (21) Number of battalion. Veterinary lungen)." Gothic "Fl. (24) Number of battalion. (16) "R" and number of unit. Copper brown (kupferbraun). White (weiss)-__ . Carmine red (k a r m e s i n rot). (27) No shoulder straps. Horse-drawn artillery regiments (Berittene Artillerieregimenter). Signal battalions (Nachrichtenabteilungen). Gothic "Fp" or Latin "F" plus Arabic numbers 1-50." (28) Fortress engineer commander (Festungspionierkommandeur). Bright red (hochrot). Cornflower blue (kornblumenblau).

The number of an officer's battalion or regiment is in gold metal. brown Construction units (Bau-Einheiten) _ Light (hellbraun). with piping. Local defense units (LandesschiitzenEinheiten). The shoulder strap of company officers (lieutenants and captains) consists of four flat silver laces with piping in the color of the arm of service.-The numbers in parentheses on right-hand margin correspond to the numbers in the chart on the following page. 7. Insignia of rank is worn on left sleeve in dull silver chevrons. Company numbers do not appear. Latin "E" and Arabic numeral of unit. Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere). Field officers (Stabsoffiziere) wear shoulder straps with two heavy silver laces twisted.-Noncommissioned officers have a dull silver lacing all around the collar of the field blouse. The dark green background of the shoulder strap is bordered by a silver strip around which is a narrow braid in the distinctive color of the wearer's arm of service..-Corporals in the German Army are classed as enlisted men. . brown band with "Feldgendarmerie" in silver inscribed on lower left arm. 6-9 Arm of service Military police (Feldgendarmerie) - Colors Orange (orange) - Shoulder straps No number." (29) (30) NOTE. green Dark Officials (Beamte) --------------(dunkelgriin). Landesschitzen-Einheiten). Enlisted men (Mannschaften) . dark green on a foundation in the color of the arm of service. Collar patch is plain. 9.-All officers have either the old style officer's collar patch (as illustrated) or the new standard collar patch (Einheitslitze) which is worn by officers and enlisted men. Black (schwarz)_ Railway engineers (Eisenbahnpioniere).Shoulder strap is plain. Nazi eagle Sand swastika surrounded by oak wreath on upper left arm. Latin "Fz.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. Light green (hellSome local defense units (Einige griin). 8. latest type consists of three lines in mouse gray (Einheitslitze). Latin "L" plus Arabic number of regiment or battalion. enlistedmen(Feldzeugkommando). Light blue (hellAdministration of ordnance storesblau). Officers (Offiziere). NOTE. Their regimental number is also in the color of the arm of service. White (weiss)__.

9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 21 11 3 13 5 15 16 ° 17 18 19 20 J .Par.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 9 cc c i-+C '0 C)' Oc ' O 513748'-43--4 .

but he has officer's collar patch. approximate American equivalent). ~s~iraf~a~P~ Oberfeldwebel or Oberwacht(battalion sergeant meister major. Only noncommissioned officer with silver strip open on arm end. This grade has lately been abolished Stabsfeldwebel or Stabswacht= meister (regimental sergeant major). (technical sergeant). straps same as above dull silver star ~ k~X~p) ~F~n ~4~ ~e.Par. Shoulder strap same as Oberfeldwebel. but with three silver stars ~BB~ i~d~t~ ~2~ ~ ~ta~j~i c~ . only numbers of regiment or battalion in silver. but with two silver stars Hauptfeldwebel or Hauptwachtmeister (first sergeant). Same as Unteifeldwebel. Same shoulder straps as Feldwebel. Also has two silver stripes on both lower sleeves Oberfahnrich (officer aspirant senior grade). Shoulder strap same as Oberfeldwebel. 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS Unteroffizier (sergeant). Embroidered number of regiment or battalion in color of arm of service (cavalry: Unterfeldwebel unterwachtmeister). This grade has lately been abolished Feldwebel cavalry) Shoulder with one (or Wachtmeister. Same as Feldwebel. Number of regiment or battalion in color of arm of service Fahnrich (officer aspirant junior grade).

9 Noncommissioned-officer candidate (Gefreiter) Unteroffiziersanwar ter .HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.

9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION The soldier on the left is an Obergefreiter (corporal with less than 6 years service).Par. The instrument is a German BC telescope . On the right is an Unteroffizier (noncommissioned officer).

shoulder strap Oberst (colonel). No stars on shoulder straps Oberleutnant (first lieutenant). However. Two gold stars on shoulder straps b. Lowest ranking officer.Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 9 a. Field officers. Shoulder strap has no star EIK ' Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colOne gold star on onel).-Band masters rate a salute from all noncommissioned officers and enlisted men. Leutnant (second lieutenant). . Major (major). Company officers. Band masters. they do not outrank any commissioned officers even though they may hold a higher corresponding rank. Shoulder strap has one gold star F~f~ Hauptmann (Rittmeister in the cavalry) (captain). Two gold stars on shoulder strap c.

Par. Rank of first lieutenant Stabsmusikmeister. Rank of captain E. but one gold-colored star. (general). same as Obermusikmeister. metal. Chief band master. C rAr eA+( Generalleutnant (lieutenant general). same as Musikmeister. Three silver stars AWIM~1 Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal). senior. Band master. red and aluminum cords.. but two gold-colored metal stars. No star on shoulder strap GENERAL OFFICERS . Generalmajor (major general). Two silver stars Generaloberst (colonel general). etc. Band master. One silver star 0 General der Infanterie. piped in Waffenfarbe. lyre and numeral gold-colored metal. junior. Rank of second lieutenant - Obermusikmeister. Two crossed batons = 0 . 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Musikmeister.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 9 Troops on maneuvers .

Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Can you detect the ranks of these men? .

A captured identification tag of the old type. Medical. b. It is believed that every German officer and soldier carries an identification tag. or O). 9-10 d. 168 is the personal number. Generals have neither regimental nor company numbers. When a man is killed. Generals (Generale). This number is also inscribed on the first page of the pay book (Soldbuch). the lower half of the tag is broken off and sent back to Germany and the upper half is buried with the body.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. All veterinary officers carry only winding snake (caduceus without a stick). The tag is made of zinc. The tag also bears a letter or two letters indicating to which blood group he belongs (A.-All medical officers carry on their shoulder straps in addition a caduceus. A report should always be made of the entries on the tags. The shoulder strap is formed by the interweaving of two heavy gold laces with one silver lace. AB. It is divided into an upper and a lower part by perforations. subunit.-a. B. but have red strips on the seams of their trousers. and measures about 2 by 2% inches. Each half bears identical markings.Veterinary. Blood group "A" 9th Company of the 61st 513748*--43--5 . is oval in shape.-The collar patch consists of a gold leaf on a red background. Identification tags captured up to the present bear only the unit. German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke). e. Infantry Regiment. and Reserve oficers. The identification tag seldom shows the unit in which the man concerned is now serving unless he has lost the original disk issued to him on being assigned to a depot unit and his present unit has issued a replacement. and also no piping on their straps. The tag may record the existence of a previously unidentified unit. Reserve officers have their shoulder straps on a second mouse gray underlay. and a number. c. which is usually worn around the neck. 10.

Abw.Par. 10 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 8 is the personal number. means Staff. means 7th Division Antitank Battalion. 1st Company of 111th Infantry Regiment (formerly Regiment). Blood group "0" 83 is the personal number. Blood group "O" of 87th Infantry . Stb. 7 Pz.

and sports (Wehrmachtbeamte des Bildungs-.-a. Indicated by secondary color (Nebenfarbe).-Unitsin the German Army are allocated to the field army (Feldheer) or to the replacement army (Ersatzheer).und Vermessungswesen. "Ersatz" system. Classification. Navy. topography. (4) Engineers (Truppeningenieure). c. (6) Judge Advocate Department (lower grades) (Heeresjustizbeamte)-light blue. Definition.-black.-a. (8) Officials at remount stations (Wehrmachtbeamte der Remonteverwaltungen) -gold yellow. Bibliothek. technical instructors. (3) Court-martial officials (trained lawyers) (Reichskriegsgerichtsbeamte)-wine red. and Air Corps. five-digit serial number indicates field post number which is that of the messing unit.-"Wehrmacht" is a German word having no exact American translation but including the Army. Basic colors (Waffenfarbe). Heeressportlehrer) -dark green. (5) Service command administration officials (Wehrmachtbeamte der Wehrkreisverwaltungen)-bright red. (7) Pharmacists (Apotheker)-light green." b. "Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte). 36 is the personal number 11. (1) War Ministry officials (Wehrmachtbeamte des Reichskriegsministeriums)-carmine red. Field army (Feldheer) and replacement army (Ersatzheer). These officials hold administrative positions and are often referred to as "civilian officials in the Army. (2) Officials for education. 11-12 The new type identification tag. . (9) Paymasters (Heereszahlmeister)-white. etc. libraries.-Dark green. 12. other construction personnel.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars.

Nachrichten-Abteilung (signal battalion). For example. and it is further possible that each active unit. In general.Par. replacement units are sent into the theater of war in order to have personnel replacements more readily available. The engineer battalion. the Ersatz infantry gun company (13). The replacement army has charge of all mobilization. Similarly. it is intended that replacement training units should be permanently affiliated with specific field army units. The three infantry regiments of a division are usually served by two replacement training battalions. The replacement army turns over to the field army trained and equipped combat units as well as trained replacements for existing combat organizations. a replacement training unit is likely. and the Ersatz Nachrichten (signal) company. a proportion of the officers of the replacement training unit will have seen service at the front with the field army unit and convalescent soldiers are attached to a convalescent company (Genesenden-Kompanie) of the replacement . This replacement unit contains a reserve of trained personnel to replace losses in the combat unit. (2) One infantry replacement training regiment may serve one or two field army divisions. In some cases. and the PAKAbteilung have an Ersatz company. b. will have the same number of Ersatz units. in most cases. and generally all units not assigned to the field army. There is a possibility that active infantry regiments (as in the last war) have two Ersatz battalions (yet unconfirmed). Included in this Ersatz regiment are the Ersatz PAK company (14). each artillery regiment has an Ersatz artillery Abteilung (battalion) which bears the same number (regiment). The Ersatz battalion is permanently stationed in the Wehrkreis (administrative corps area) of the infantry regiment. all those being refitted. In the same way. Organization of Ersatzheer. The three Ersatz battalions of the three infantry regiments of the infantry division are then grouped into one Ersatz infantry regiment which will bear the number of the division. 12 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION The field army contains all units participating in operations or which are specifically assigned to task forces. all bearing the number of the division. and initial unit training. all those in rest areas. Other divisional units also have Ersatz units which bear the number of the division. to provide personnel for two units of the field army instead of only one as in accordance with the original system. Every unit in the field army has a replacement unit in the replacement army. The replacement army has charge of all units in training except those preparing for a specific task force assignment. to make all infantry divisions equal in value. basic training.-(1) Each infantry regiment has one Ersatz battalion of the same number.

height. This has. United Nations troops may capture them in the course of offensive operations. Serves the intelligence officer as a check on name. not been definitely confirmed by the numbers of the Ersatz units so far identified. Information about Ersatz units is derived. It seems probable that nondivisional units have Ersatz units bearing the same numbers as the units themselves. corps. 13. 12-13 training unit before returning to the field. which distributes them to the units where they are required. the units of the field army (Feldheer) in which he has served previously. principally from reports from inside Germany. Ersatz units are attached to divisional Ersatz units. The examination of captured prisoners and documents is. on the other hand. The identification of Ersatz units is thus of the greatest importance. army. . rank. etc.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICAT'IIO Pars. of very great importance in this respect. however. Further evidence is necessary before this point is definitely established.. The soldier's Soldbuch (pay book) is particularly valuable. d. as page 4 gives the Ersatz unit of the soldiers' units. eyes. (5) In cases where the replacement training units are absent from their home district. at the moment. however. the system becomes less rigid.. (6) Trained recruits arriving in small groups from the home command are sent to a Frontsammelstelle (front assembly point). (3) It is not yet known definitely how the Ersatz units of GHQ. and other information the prisoner may have given at interrogation.-Although pay books are not to be carried into battle. the recruits from that district report not at the unit replacement training center. c. In times of stress. Shows the unit in which the holder is serving and. Serves as a check on inscription and number of identification disk carried by the prisoner. in addition. corps. color of hair. however. army. possible that GHQ. It is. The pay book (Soldbuch)a. but at a central Wehrkreis-ErsatzDepot from which they are conducted in groups to their replacement training commander. etc. (4) From the foregoing it will be clear that the identification of the number and location of Ersatz infantry battalions gives the number and Wehrkreis of origin of the infantry regiment of the same number and the identification of other Ersatz units the number and Wehrkreis of origin of the corresponding division. b. Pay book (Soldbuch).). etc. troops are numbered and organized. the depot unit (Ersatz unit) in which he was first trained. Gives a description of the prisoner (as to build.

It is used as piping on 34 .-They are different from the Army in that the background is in the color of the arm of service. and dental treatment. Officers wear silver national insignia. Enlisted men and noncommissioned officers wear gray national insignia.-Same shape and same insignia of Army rank and grade. hospital record. Wings (a type of rank insignia) are mounted on the collar patch. Gives a complete record of all payments made by paymaster and aids in identifying recent location of his unit or changes in the official seals of the various paymasters. Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben). d.---------------------------Corps of Navigational Experts -------------------------------------Medical Corps--------------------------_-___ _ Musicians ------------._----------------------------__ - 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 14." "Waffen. Gives dates of inoculations. Collar patches.-------------------------------Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben) _________------------___. h. c. flanked by oak leaves on spread wings.-a. National insignia.-a. It also has piping in the color of arm of service." short for "Waffengattung. but in the color of the air force uniform. 15.-Bluish green. e. 13-15 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION and the depot units which supply replacements for various field army units.-A flying eagle is worn on the right breast of the blouse. Gives a record of furloughs. in the term "Waffenfarbe. i. including dates and places visited.-Consistsof the rosette (Kokarde). Shoulder straps." "Waffenfarben" is the generic name for the colors given to the different arms or services to distinguish them from each other. Uniform. Uniform and insignia. Gives names and addresses of holder's relatives.-----." means "arm of the service". "farbe" means "color. Cap insignia.Pars. Literally. SECTION IV THE GERMAN AIR FORCE (LUFTWAFFE) Paragraph Uniform and insignia----------. f.-Same shape as the Army only the national insignia is a flying eagle.-----__________ Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army ____-______ Corps of Engineers------------. Steel helmet. e. Gives a record of equipment issued. Special uniforms and insignia ________ ____ ______ Insignia of rank-flying uniform __-__-_---____----_ . g. details of eyesight._--. f. b.

Light green (hellgrin)--Air Raid Warning Service (Luftmeldedienst). (1) Collar patchesfor enlisted men and noncommissioned oficers. . Dark blue (dunkelblau)-Medical (Sanitatsdienst).Color of the arm of service with silver wings. Black (schwarz)-Air Ministry (Reichsluftministerium). etc. There is no Oberschiitze. Golden brown (goldbraun).IANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. Silver braid (like Army) from Unteroffizier up and silver stars from Feldwebel up. c. Red (rot)-Antiaircraft artillery (Flakartillerie).. The ranks of the air force correspond.Signal Corps (LuftnachrichAir tendienst). to those of the Army with the exception that the lowest grade is known as Flieger. or Funker. Pink (rosa)-Engineer Corps (Pioniere). underlay of shoulder straps. Dark green (dunkelgrun)-Officials (Wehrmachtbeamte). are General der Flieger and General der Flakartillerie.--. Yellow (gelb)-Corps of navigational experts as a. The equivalents of General-der Infanterie. 15 the collar patch. on the whole. Carmine (karmesin)-General Staff officers (Generalstabsoffiziere). the colors are apportioned as follows: In the air force White (weiss)--Generals and members of the General Goering Regiment. etc. Additional colors are worn by the following: Bright red (hochrot)-Noncommissioned officers and men of the General Goering Regiment wear this color as an edging to the collar patches. Silver lace on lower front edge from Unteroffizier up. Golden yellow (goldgelb)--Aviation units (Fliegerverbande).-Blue-gray with piping colored according to arm of service. b. Kanonier. second shoulder strap underlay ("Nebenfarbe"). (2) Shoulder straps.

See figure in paragraph 17. 16. .Pars. (5) Field officer's collar patch.-Gold lace all around and wings surrounded by gold wreath.-a. 15-16 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION (3) Badges of rank worn on left upper arm. in gold. b. inclusive. Special insignia of flying personnel of the German Luftwaffe and Army are worn on the left-hand side. See figure in paragraph 18. Special uniforms and insignia. wings surrounded by silver wreath. From sergeant to colonel.-Silver lace all around with silver leaf beneath wings. immediately above the belt. (6) General's collar patch.-Silver lace all around. Flying uniforms worn by flying officers and flying personnel show insignia of rank on both upper sleeves. Gefreiter (lance corporal) / Obergefreiter (corporal) W Hauptgefreiter (corporal of longer service) (4) Company officer's collar patch. shows insignia in white. for generals.

=J UJ Oberst (colonel) General-Oberst (no equivalent) General der Flieger (no equivalent) Shoulder straps (Achselklappen)-Continued Collar patches (Kragenspiegel)-Continued if Oberst-Leutnant (lieutenant colonel) Major (major) Hauptmann Ober-Leutnant Leutnant (sec(captain) (first lieutenant) ond lieutenant) 513748--43---6 . 16 Collar patches (Kragenspiegel) Ut .General-Major nant (lieuten. General-Leut.(major general) ant general) L.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Shoulder straps (Achselklappe: Par.

Par. 16 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen) ARMY IDENTIFICATION Collar patches (Kragenspiegel) Oberfeldwebel (master sergeant) Feldwebel (first sergeant) Unterfeldwebel (staff sergeant) Unteroffizer (sergeant) Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen)-Continued Collar patches (Kragenspiegel)-Continued Hauptgefreiter (corporal with longer service) Obergefreiter (corporal) Gefreiter (lance corporal) Flieger (private) .

BOTH SLEEVES Sergeant Staff sergeant Technical sergeant Master sergeant Warrant officer Second lieutenant First lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Brigadier general Major general Lieutenant general 39 . INSIGNIA OF RANK-FLYING UNIFORM WORN ON UPPER ARM. Insignia of rank-flying uniform.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.-Worn on upper arm. both sleeves. 17 17.

gold) 2. Radio operator or flight engineer (same as pilot) 6. and swastika. in addition to the ordinary pink Waffenfarbe of their arm of service. Pilot (eagle. yellow. additional color. Corps of Engineers. the medical personnel of the air force show the caduceus on their shoulder straps. oxidized silver) 7. wreath. wreath. oxidized silver.-The ranks and badges of the Corps of Navigational Experts are the same as those of the Corps of Engineers. bright aluminum) 3. 18_21 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTION 18. Luftwaffe (eagle. Parachute troops. Parachute troops. aluminum. Aviation service medal (same as pilot) 5. Pilot-observer (eagle. Their Waffenfarbe is dark green. Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army. 1 _ 2 6 7 1.Pars.-Members of the Corps of Engineers who are in the Reserve use. gold) 19. gold. upper eagle. Officers up to the rank of colonel are distinguished . aluminum. Medical Corps. Observer (same as pilot) 4. Army (eagle. wreath. wreath. a second underlay of light blue on their shoulder straps and a piping of the same color on their badges. 21.-Again following the custom of the Army. 20. Corps of Navigational Experts.

serving in the reserve. Musicians. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 21-22 by their Waffenfarbe of dark blue. The officers have their collar patches and the underlay of their shoulder straps in the musicians' Waffenfarbe. however. they change to orange. When 0 Ai 22.Pars. with their badges in gilt. .-Officers and men wear the uniform of the unit in which they are serving. Their shoulder straps are in gilt.

Par. 22 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION PARACHUTIST AIR FORCE .

.Members of antiaircraft artillery (88-mm dual purpose gun). (Note air force insignia on steel helmets) .

) The national insignia (Hoheitsabzeichen) is worn above the right breast pocket and is in gold. Navy. both for commissioned and enlisted personnel. Basically the present German naval uniform. German naval personnel serving ashore in coastal batteries or as troops in the field (not as landing parties) wear the Army field gray. from flag officers on down. The full dress and other uniforms resemble ours. all ranks and ratings. except that piping and braid are gilt. c. surrounded by gilt oak leaves and surmounted by a gilded national emblem. but without any gilt on the visor. but without any piping). d. but the white uniform has a roll collar. Warrant officers wear the same cap. The German Navy headdress is similar to our own. This cap is similar to the German field service cap (with gilt insignia.Pars. the insignia of rank on the sleeves is similar to that of the U. Navy. 23-24 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SECTION V THE GERMAN NAVY (DIE DEUTSCHE KRIEGSMARINE) Paragraph General --------------------------------------_----------Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine) -_-___-- -- 23 24 23. (See figures in par. with the exception that the chin strap for all ranks is in black leather. Officers up to and including the rank of lieutenant commander have a gold rim on the visor. They are distinguished from the Army by having gold buttons and insignia. 24. . 24. is very similar to that of the former Imperial Navy. Shoulder straps on the navy blue uniform are worn more prevalently than in our service and follow the system of the German Army. higher grades wear gilt oak leaves as in the U. With the exception that in the lower grades the equivalent German rank is one-half stripe above our corresponding insignia. S. Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine). General. S. b. The cap insignia is the black-white-red cockade. wear a blue "overseas" cap at sea.-a. Since the outbreak of the second World War.

Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 24 Matrose (seaman third class) Stabsmatrose Obermatrose (seaman second (seaman first class) class) Oberstabsmatr (no United States equivalent) Obergefreiter (petty officer third class) Stabsgefreiter (petty officer second class) Bootsmannsmaat (petty officer first Oberbootsmannsmaat (chief petty Feldwebel (no United States equivalent) Oberfeldwebel (no United States class) officer) equivalent) Fghnrich zur Oberfahnrich See (midship.zur See (midshipman man junior senior gra ide) grade) /^ ^ ^ JS^ ^(S Leutnant zur See (ensign) Oberleutnant zur See (lieutenant junior grade) Kapitanleutnant (lieutenant) Korvetten-Kapitan (lieutenant com- Fregatten-Kapitan (commander) mander) 11111 ~64~6 Kapitan zur See (captain) Konter-Admiral (rear admiral) Vize-Admiral (vice admiral) Admiral (admiral) General-Admiral (grand admiral of the fleet) .

..____ ___-__.-This is the corps d'elite of the National Socialist Party.) -___---__-_____ . Constabulary (Ordnungspolizei). Reichsarbeitsdienstes R. _ - 29 30 31 32 _ Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP) ------------------_..Pars. (b) Militarized SS (Waffen SS) is a fully militarized and perma- .. -_-. _ _ 33 34 35 25. __ Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen) . ___ Insignia on uniform of the German police (Uniform-Abzeichen der Deutschen Polizei) --.-. HALBMILITARISCHE UND POLITISCHE VERBANDE) Paragraph German police (Deutsche Polizei) --------------------------------Semiinilitary and political organizations ______________________________ Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS)_ _ _____ ___________.-------------. 26. and in permanent military units.. Security police (Sicherheitspolizei).__ Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend)_ Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter) ___ _ _ --. it has been considerably expanded and is now widely employed._. SS. (2) Rural constabulary (Gendarmerie). SS. both for internal security duties in Germany and German-occupied territories. German police (Deutsche Polizei).-(1) City police (Schutzpolizei). _ -. Hitler is the supreme head of the SS.. _.. A. 25-26 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SECTION VI POLICE. The secret state police have as their special task the liquidation and prevention of all activity hostile to the regime. (1) The units of the SS fall into two distinct categories(a) Ordinary SS (Allgemeine SS) consists of part time volunteers employed for security purposes within Germany. (2) Criminal police (Kriminalpolizei).-(1) Secret state police (Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo).-a. Under him Himmler is the executive chief of the organization with headquarters in Berlin. und der NSKK)--. SEMIMILITARY AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS (DEUTSCHE POLIZEI.. b. Originally formed as protective squads for political meetings and bodyguards for the leaders of the party. 25 26 27 28 Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service (Dienstgradabzeichen des ____ National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen)__ Insignia of rank of SA.---_ _------... SS (Schutzstafeln). D. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA..-The German police is divided intoa. Semimilitary and political organizations._------.

beneath it. K. They are organized into companies under a cadre of permanent officers and noncommissioned officers. d. (5) SS regiment "Planetta" (Standarte "Planetta"). where they provide additional manual labor for the Organisation Todt or the engineers. K. (c) Prinz Eugen. National Socialist Mounted Corps (Nationalsozialistisches Reiterkorps) (N. (4) SS regiment "Horst Wessel" (Standarte "Horst Wessel"). and such companies are available in considerable numbers for service on the line of communication and in occupied countries. Divisions: (a) Viking.HANDBOOK ON GEIRMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. National Socialist Motor Corps (National Sozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps). b. also trains men in its motor 1 Waffen SS composed of Verfiigungstruppen: (1) Adolf Hitler's special bodyguard (Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler).).-(1) All German men who are physically fit are normally required to perform 6 months' service in the R. S. (N. 26 nently organized force. K.-The S. before beginning their military service. A man who wishes to join a mounted arm of the service now has to be in possession of a certificate from this organization before he is accepted. Storm Trooper Detachments (Sturm-Abteilungen) (S. formed into divisions and a number of independent brigades and regiments. On the left sleeve is the R. (7) Wachtregiment "Wien" (Guard regiment "Vienna"). The majority have been absorbed into the Army. A.). (2) The uniform is brownish gray blouse with dark collar and slacks. (3) The uniform is field gray as in the Army. (2) Within Germany. A. D. D. with variances mentioned in paragraph 27. K.). the N. c. R. (2) SS regiment "Germania" (Standarte "Germania"). a red arm band with a black swastika set in a white circle.-Its function is to train young men to the standard of cavalry recruits of 6 months' service before they join the Army. is responsible for the premilitary and postmilitary training of German manpower in cooperation with the heads of the fighting services. (3) SS regiment "Deutschland" (Standarte "Deutschland").' (2) Nondivisional SS units are normally employed for mopping-up purposes along the line of communication. A. e. D. They may also be employed on occasions on the front line subordinated to the nearest convenient army. A.). National Labor Service (Reichsarbeitsdienst) (R. A. K.-(1) The functions of this organization are to assist the police in traffic control duties on the line of communication and to provide motor transport units (Brigaden) to supplement the transport services of the armed forces. (b) Reich. S. (6) SS regiment The Fiihrer (Standarte Der Fiihrer). 47 . S. emblem (a spade head containing the Arabic number of the company) and.

Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS).--Its function is to organize the premilitary training of personnel destined for the air force. 27. In the figure on page 49 the " Germania" is shown. e. courses are held which include theoretical and practical instruction in.Fliegerkorps). bearing the name of the regiment (Standarte) in white lettering. Hitler Youth and German Young Folk (Hitlerjugendund Deutsches Jungvolk). g. Field blouse. Its basic unit is the motor battalion (Motorstandarte).-(1) The shoulder straps are always black. The national emblem is mounted on a wheel enclosing a swastika. in particular the members of the flying section of the Hitler Youth. S.-(1) Right side-black SS on white shield. f. air. (5) About 8 inches from the bottom of the left cuff a narrow black band edged in white is worn.-Waffen SS troops wear the ordinary field gray uniforms of the German Army.-A soldier must have been a graduate member of one of the above organizations (d. (6) A single chevron on the right upper arm denotes long service (distinguish from single chevron on left arm indicating Sturmmann). National Socialist Flying Corps (National Sozialistisches . NOTE. Steel helmet. (2) Left side-black swastika in white circle on red shield. some points of difference. F. with the usual colored piping for the different arms and services. and is worn on the cap or black crash helmet. For commissioned ranks they are edged with white cord. (7) A single chevron with a star on right upper arm denotes previous service in the police or armed forces. which carries a number in the series 1-400. as well as in radiotelegraph. 26-27 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION schools and training units for service with the army's mobile troops. or horse cavalry outfits. There are. (3) The special SS rank badge is worn on the left collar patch. the construction of gliders. however. At the technical schools of the N. b. radiotelephone. The most important of these are- a. (4) The national insignia is worn on the left upper arm and not on the right breast. .Pars. A white SS or a skull and crossbones insignia is worn on the right collar patch. White Arabic numerals preceded by the letter "M" on the right-hand collar patch give the number of the battalion.-Compulsory for all boys except those whose blood is not pure Aryan. orf) in order to join panzer. (3) The uniform is brown shirt and black breeches. K. etc. (2) The collar patches are always black.

27 Uniforms of the Waffen SS.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. (See complete description in paragraph 27) .

27 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Deutsches Jungvolk (German Young Folk) Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) .Par.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 27 National Labor Service .

Obervormann Kragenspiegel (Collar t patch) Schulterklappen (Shoulder straps) Arbeitsmann (no shoulder strap) Arbeitsmann b. A... D.Par. 28 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 28.) (Dienst- a. Verpflichtung auf 1 Jahr Vormann Truppfthrer Obertruppf Unterfeldmeister Feldmeister Oberfeldmeister Oberstfeldmeister Arbeitsfiihrer Oberarbeitsf Oberstarbeitsf Generalarbeitsf Ober-Generalarbeitsf Reichsarbeitsf . gradabzeichen des Reichsarbeitsdienstes R. Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service.

-Nov.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen). 29 29. 1923. 1923 (Blutorden) (special badge for participation in uprising on November 9. "Miinchener Putsch") . Hoheitsabzeichen (national insignia) Goldenes Parteiabzeichen (golden party insignia) Parteiabzeichen (party insignia) Ehrenzeichen der HJ (insignia of Hitler Youth) Ehrenzeichen am Band-em 9.

29 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SA-Abzeichen (Storm Troopers insignia) NSKK (National Socialist Motor Corps) SS-Abzeichen (National Socialist "SS" Abzeichen) "SA" Formations .Par.

Jungvolk (German Young Folk) NSD-Studentenbund (Nazi Students' Organization) .I{AND)BOOI( ON GERMAN ARMY IDETITFCATON Par. 29 Flans of the "SS" HJ-Abzeichen (Hitler Youth insignia) DJt.

Kinderreichen S(Organization for those with many children) NS-Gemeinschaft ("Kraft durch Freude") NS-Schwesternschaft (Nazi Sisterhood) . Reichsbund d.. 29 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Deutsche Arbeitsfront (German Labor Front) Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labor Service) NSBO (Nazi Farmers' Organization) NS-Volkswohlfahrt (Nazi National Welfare) NS-Frauenschaft (Nazi Womanhood Organization) Handwerker Zeichen (Craftsman insignia) i.Par.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.-Nothilfe (Technical Emergency Corps) Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Rechtswahrer-Bund (Nazi Legal Advisors' Organization) Reichsnahrstand (Nazi Agricultural Organizations) NS-Hago (Nazi Organization of Commercial Employees) NS-Lehrerbund (Nazi Teacher Organization) Reichsbund Deutscher Beamter (Organization of German Civilian Officials) . Fliegerkorps (Nazi Flying Corps) NSKOV (Federation of Disabled and Bereaved) S(beutfesSauenroer) NSKK Sportabzeichen (Nazi Motor Corps sports insignia) Reichsluftschutzbund (German Air Defense League) NS Frauenwerk-Abzeichen (Nazi Women Workers' insignia) Techn.-Soz. 29 Q SA-Sportabzeichen (Storm Troopers sports insignia) Nat.

SA-. SB-. SB-. NSKKSturmmann SA-. Sturmfiihrer SS-Untersturmftihrer SA-. Sturmhauptffthrer S S-Hauptsturmftihrer SA-oder SBSturmbannfhhrer NSKK-Staffelfuhrer SA. NSKKRottenfitihrer SA-. SS-. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA. SB-. SB-.. SB-.Par. 30 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 30. SB-. NSKK. Oberscharftthrer SS-charffihrer SA-.Worn on left collar patch.oder SSObersturmbannftihrer NSKK-Oberstaffelf SA-. SS. NSKK-Bcharftihrer S S-TUnterscharfiihrer SA-. SS. NBKKOberfUhrer SA-.SB. NSKKBrigadefUhirer BA-. NSKKObersturmfiihrer SA-. NSKK-Truppftihrer SS-Oberscharfhhrer SA-. NSKK Obertrnppfiihrer SS-llauptscharfiihrer BA-. NSKKStandartenfiihrer BA-. Insignia of rank of SA. und der NSKK) . NSKK. NSKK. NBKK-MANN SA-. SB-.NBKKObergruppenfUhrer Stabschef SA Reichsfuihrer SB Korpsfuihrer NSKK . NSRKGruppenftihr er BA.

Oberwachtmeister Hauptwachtmeister u. Insignia on uniform of the German police (UniformAbzeichen der Deutschen Polizei).HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 31 31. HOHEITS-ABZEICHEN (National insignia) S/o/ fiir Tschakos (for Shako) fiir Dienstmittze (for service cap) KRAGENSPIEGEL ffr Kartuschen (for cartouche) Wachtmeister u. Meister SCHULTERSTUCKE Offiziere Wachtmeister Oberwachtm Hauptwachtm Meister Obermeister Inspektor Leutnant Oberleutnant Hauptmann Major Oberstleutnant Oberst Generalmajor Generalleutnant General 59 .

SS. Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen). Oberste Fihrung SA.Par. 32 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 32. NSKK Obergruppe Standarte Gruppe Sturmbann Brigade NSKKWagenwimpel FShnleinfahne des Deutschen Jungvolks Wimpel fir Angehorige der SA 60 .

Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP).Par.-Gefolgschaftsfahne .-Studentenbundfahne NSBO-Fahne SHJ.-Sturmstander HJ.-Bannfahne NSKK. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 33 33. ParteifahneSturmfahne Kreisfahne der NSDAP S St Standarte DAF-Fahne NSD.

34 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 34. gold. Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend).-Shoulder straps are as follows: Hitlerjugend. Eichenlaub Ftihrerschnur: schwarz-gold . gold. Eichenlaub Fuhrerschnur: schwarz Obergebietsfflhrer dreibi. Stammffihrer Oberstammftihrer Bannffihrer Oberbannftihrer Hauptbannfdhrer Fiibrerschnur: weiss Fuhrerschnur: rot ®- Fuihrerschnur: rot-schwarz A Gebietsfflhrer dreibl.Par. Eichenlaub Fiihrerschnur: schwarz-silber Stabsfiihrer dreibi. gold. Rottenftdhrer Oberrottenftihrer Kamerad.Oberkameradschaftsftihrer schaftsfuhrer Fudhrerschn ur: rot-weiss Scharfidhrer Oberscbarfixhrer Gefolgschaftsfuihrer Obergefoigschaftsfuihrer Hauptgefolg schaftsfuihrer Ftihrerschnur: grtin Fuhrerschnur: gran-weiss gt.

Ortsgruppenleitung-Stiitzpunct (Local headquarters). Gauleitung (governmental district headquarters).HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATUON Par. Winkel Amtsleiter Stiitzpunktleiter Ortsgruppenleiter b. Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter) . Kreisleitung (county district headquarters).. 35 35. PASPELIERUNG: HELLBLAU Mitarbeiter Blockleiter Stellenleiter: 1 slb. SPIEGEL: ROT. PASPELIERUNG: ROT GOLD SORRAFFIERT-SILBER WEISS Mitarbeiter Stellenleiter Hauptstellenleiter 63 . PASPELIERUNG: SCHWARZ LAI Mitarbeiter Stellenleiter IHauptstellenleiter Amtsleiter Hauptamtsleiter Kreisleiter c.a. SPIEGEL: HIELLBRAUJN. SPIEGEL: DUNKELBRAIJN. Winkel Zellenleiter Hauptstellenleiter 2 slb.

ROT. SPIEGEL: BLAU. PASPELIERUNG: GOLDGELB Gold schraffiert-Silber weiss Mitarbeiter Hilfs-Stellenleiter Stellenleiter Haupt-Stellenleiter Amtsleiter Haupt-Amtsleiter Haupt-Dienstliter Reichsleiter e. SPIEGEL: KARMESINRtOT. 35 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION mm' Amtsleiter Hlauptamtsleiter Stellv.Par. KREISR.Parteigericht (party court). SCHWARZ Kreiz-bzw. Orts-Beisitzer Kreis-bzw. GOLD. Reichsleitung (national headquarters). Gauleiter Gauleiter d. GAUJR. . PASPELIERUNG: REICHSL. O rtsrichter Gau-Beisitzer: zwei sulb Gardelitzen Gaurichter Beisitzer bei~m Obersten Parteigericht Reichsleiter .

.Par. Md. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 35 War Department-The Military Intelligence Training Center-Camp Ritchie.

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als nach den Umstanden unvermneidbar. 1. STRAFEN: insbesondere Geldstrafe bis zu 150. The following pages contain some of the principal means (1) employed by Germany for the regulation of road traffic.APPENDIX TRAFFIC SIGNS (VERKEHRSZEICHEN) 1. IV. . 1934. die des St.-a. (2) Various German road and traffic signs. these symbols designate the district in which the vehicle has been registered. Preceding individual registration numbers. Included areAn excerpt from the present German traffic law which regulates traffic' throughout the Reich. dafi notigenfalls rechtzeitig angehalten werden kann. G. B. 2. 2. 3. III. auierdem bei Verstofi gegen St. RECHTSGRUNDLAGEN: Reichsstraflenverkehrsordnung weisung vom 29. DAS NEUE VERKEHRSRECHT Die ReichsstraBenverkehrsordnung enthdlt die ausschlieflliche Regelung des Strafenverkehrs. The knowledge of these signs will be of great interest and value whenever a district is entered which by occupation or otherwise has previously been subjected to German administration. B. 1934.-RM oder Haft. b. (4) A list of symbols found on license tags of German automobiles. Verkehrsregeln: Ausreichende Sicht im Fahrzeug ffir den Fahrer. 5.9. Strallenverkehrsordnung vom 20. (3) A road map showing the principal German highways. 3.und Aussteigens a) langsam. b) in angemessenem Abstand vorbeifahren. 2. VERHALTEN DES KRAFTFAHRERS IM VERKEHR: A. PreuB. c) notigenfalls anhalten.) Statt bisheriger Einzelvorschriften jetzt allgemeiner Grundsatz: Jeder Teilnehmer am offentlichen Verkehr hat sich so zu verhalten. New German traffic law. AUSSER KRAFT GETRETEN: vom 28. dafi er keinen anderen schadigt oder mehr. behindert oder beldstigt. Geschwindigkeit so. (§§ 25-30 des Gesetzes und Erluterungen der Ausfuhrungsanweisung dazu. B. General. 1. 1934 mit Ausfihrungsan- Alle anderen wichtigen gesetzlichen Verkehrsvorschriften. an Strallenbahnhaltestellenwahrend des Ein. II. G. und wir geben nachstehend dieses neue Straflenverkehrsrecht in Stichworten wieder: I.

e) an Verkehrsinseln. c) nicht. MaBgebend hierfiir zunichst fahrtechnische M6glichkeit. Anfahren und Halten nur rechts. hierzu genigt deutliches Einhalten der dulersten rechten Seite. g) Verhalten des Eingeholten beim Uberholen: Einhalten der aufersten rechten Seite. erkennen geben. ferner Verkehrsbedeutung. f) vor Ein. dali er zum Uberholenlassen bereit sei. Ausweichen und Uberholen: a) rechts ausweichen. links fiberholen gestattet. c) jeder nur fur eine Verkehrsart bestimmte Weg und Sommerweg gelten als selbstandige StraBe. Standiges Nebeneinanderfahrenverboten. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATIO 4. d) Signale iberhaupt verboten. 10. wenn rechts iiberholen aus Raummangel nicht m6glich. Vorsorglich rechte Seite einhalten. b) zur Verhinderung unbefugter Benutzung ublicherweise hierfiir bestimmte Vorkehrungen in Wirksamkeit setzen. g) auf der mittleren von 3 getrennten Fahrbahnen. Beim Verlassen des Kraftfahrzeuges: a) zur Vermeidung von Unfallen und Verkehrsstorungen MalBnahmen treffen. b) nicht vorgeschrieben. .und Ausfahrten. Bevorrechtigte Fahrzeuge mit mehreren Insassen und regelmafige Fahrzeuge im offentlichen Linienverkehr. 5. 8. 9. b) bei Absicht des Uberholens. wenn Ausweichen oder tberholen bevorstehen kann. d) weniger als 5 m vor oder hinter Haltestellen. d) bei uniibersichtlichen Strecken atuBerste rechte Seite der Fahrbahn einhalten. standig rechte Seite einzuhalten. b) auf Geleisen. wenn Tiere beunruhigt werden. Zeichen des Eingeholten abzuwarten. wenn Sicherheit und Riicksicht es erfordert. Pflicht der Umkehr fiir den. dalf Gefahrdung des Strafenverkehrs ausgeschlossen ist. wenn aus Raummangel nicht rechts ausgewichen werden kann. links iiberholen. Ausnahme: bei Einbahnstrafien auch links. Parken nicht zulassig a) an engen Stralenstellen und in scharfen Stralenkriimmungen. wenn anderer Zweck als Warnung. f) Schienenfahrzeugen gegeniiber links ausweichen. dem dies nach den Umstanden am ehesten zuzumuten. Uberholender ist nicht verpflichtet.und Ausfahrt nur so. Ein. c) weniger als 10 m vor oder hinter Kreuzungen und Einmundungen. 11. Warnzeichen: a) wenn andere Verkehrsteilnehmer gefahrdet werden konnen. 6.App. Scheinwerfer abblenden. Ausnahme: keine Verpflichtung gegenliber Fufgingern. in Einbahnstralen rechts oder links iiberholen. e) ist bei Begegnungen Ausweichen unmoglich. 7.

f) Richtungsinderung oder Anhalten ist anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern anzuzeigen. Weisungen und Zeichen der Polizei haben grundsatzlich Vorrang vor allgemeinen Verkehrsregeln. Ausnahme: Nach links auf .. ist der andere bevorrechtigt. WICHTIGSTE VORSCHRIFTEN FUR ANDERE VERKEHRSTEILNEHMER..Kreuzung frei".Kreuzung frei" zulissig. c) Wegerechtsfahrzeuge. in vorher freier Richtung: . Hochheben eines Armes: Fiir Verkehrsteilnehmer in vorher gesperrter Richtung: . 1. wenn Verkehr nicht gestort wird. A.Strale frei". die zur Erfiillung offentlicher oder dem Gemeinwohl dienenden Aufgaben freie Bahn brauchen. Vorfahrtrecht. 14..Strale frei". Leichenziige. Polizei. rot: . wer von recht? kommt.Stralle frei". wahrend langsam beweglicher Verkehrsteilnehmer sich dort befindet und zur Gewihrung der Vorfahrt halten miiBte. c) Vorfahrtrecht fur alle Verkehrsteilnehmer auf besonders gekennzeichneten Hauptverkehrsstralen. Prozessionen diirfen weder unterbrochen noch sonst in ihrer Bewegung gehemmt werden. Seitliches Ausstrecken eines Armes oder beider Arme quer zur Verkehrsrichtung: . wenn sonst Bevorrechtigter an Kreuzung eintrifft.. a) Grundsatzlich bevorrechtigt.. Ausriistung: a) ausreichende Bremse. B.. d. in der Kreuzung: . aber bevorrechtigt vor anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern. Gilt auch fur Radfahrer. b) helltonende Glocke.Halt". NSDAP. z. Feuerwehr. Ausnahmen: andere Regelung durch amtliche Verkehrszeichen. b) Kraftfahrzeuge und Schienenfahrzeuge untereinander gleichberechtigt..HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON App. und ihrer Untergliederungen. 13. a) Wehrmacht.. 12.. Fahrzeuge. aber nicht fur Fufiganger auf Fulwegen.Achtung" oder . Farbzeichen: Grtin: . V. Mannschaftswagen der Polizei. h.Anhalten". in der Verkehrsrichtung: ... Sonderrechte.StraBe frei" und .. b) Geschlossene Verbinde der' Wehrmacht. Polizei.Achtung".Kreuzung frei". von Einhaltung der Vorschriften befreit. Radfahrer. d) Will jemand die Richtung eines anderen ihm auf derselben Strafle begegnenden kreuzen. ist Platz zu machen.Halten". die durch amtliche Verkehrszeichen angezeigt sind.. gelb: . e) Vorfahrtrecht nicht. Anmerkung: Einbiegen bei .Anhalten" oder . Zeichen der Polizeibeamten: Winken in Verkehrsrichtung: . Straflenreinigungsmaschinen.StraBe frei" nur. 69 . ortlichen Sonderregeln.. soweit in Erfullung ihrer hoheitlichen Aufgaben.

5. Tiere. e) Anbinden von Handwagen an Fahrrader verboten. d) einzeln hintereinander fahren. Sicht. daf1 er andere nicht gefahrdet. so hat Verwaltungsbehorde ihm deren Fiihren zu untersagen oder Bedingungen zu stellen. Erweist sich jemand als ungeeignet zum Fiihren von Tieren. Miissen im Verkehr geeigneten Filhrer haben. 6. B. An Ort und Stelle feststellen und aufschreiben: Genaue Zeit. c) Riickstrahler. wenn Deichsel hochgeschlagen. Verhalten: a) bespanntes Fuhrwerk darf nicht unbeaufsichtigt stehen. abgenommen oder an Spitze beleuchtet ist. b) Lenkstange nicht loslassen. Abs. 7. b) Fahrbahnen und Radfahrwege auf kiirzestem Wege und ohne Aufenthalt iiberschreiten. c) Anhangen verboten. Name. d) Lampen dirfen nicht blenden. Fahrgeschwindigkeit aller Beteiligten. der ausreichend auf sie einwirken kann.App. d) Lampe darf nicht blenden. VERHALTEN BEI ZUSAMMENSTOIIEN ODER ANDEREN A. 2. so gebaut und ausgerustet. wenn Verkehr sonst behindert werden wiirde. Anschrift. Witterungseinfliusse auf die Strale (Rogen. e) Lichtkegel der Lampe mul geneigt sein. Verhalten: a) Richtungsdnderung oder Anhalten ist anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern anzuzeigen (§27. c) Riickstrahler. 3. Name. Bremsspuren.(Regen. a) Wer infolge korperlicher oder geistiger Mingel sich nicht sicher bewegen kann. 3). Fahrzeugnummer etwaiger Zeugen. darf am Verkehr nur teilnehmen. C. Fahrzeugnummer aller Beteiligten. An Stralienkreuzungen mit bezeichneten Ubergangen ausschliellich diese benutzen. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 2. Fuhrwerk. wenn in geeigneter Weise Vorsorge getroffen. Ausriistung: a) leicht lenkbar. 1. dal verkehrstiblicher Betrieb niemand schadigt oder mehr als unvermeidbar behindert oder belistigt. Witterungsverhiltnisse. b) unbespanntes Fuhrwerk darf bei Dunkelheit oder starkem Nebel nur stehen. Art der Pflasterung). g) Pflicht zur Benutzung der Radfahrwege.ist. Beschaffenheit der Strafle (Schlaglocher. 4. 1. FiiBe nicht von der Tretkurbel entfernen. VERKEHRSUNFALLEN. f) Fiihren von Pferden und Vieh von fahrenden Fahrradern aus verboten. Nebel). -D. b) Bremse. Glatteis). Strafenbahnwagen und Omnibusse nur an den Haltestellen betreten und verlassen. 2. Anschrift. 7O . Personen.

COAl) a O D CDJ S CD CD CD CD N 0: co ' p CD ~CD c CD CD CD~o m CD (CD CD CD td CD CD a CD P CD CD Map of the German Reich .

Closed for bicycles and motorcycles Closed for motor vehicles except motorcycles Closed for motor vehicles of all kinds thr urcClosed for werboten Closed for motor vehicles over 5. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 3. Signs for permanent blockings. Warning signs on railway crossings in territory of German "Reich" Railroad. *Su" mu.App.) 4. it indicates a blocking for Sundays and holidays only. .5 tons total weight Closed for vehicles of all kinds Closed for through traffic (In case the points are replaced by rings. Railroad crossing with gates One track railroad crossing without gates Multiple railroad crossing without gates .

Traffic signs.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION App. To the right One-way street Straight on Turn to the right Turn to the right or straight on Sign to stop at customs stations c. General. 5. Traffic directions. Closed for motorcars .Closed for motorcycles No stopping No parking Bicycle track Maximum weight Closed for vehicles over 6 feet 6 inches wide Maximum speed b.-a. Parking place Caution First-aid station 73 . Indication signs.

Warning signs. Cross gutter Curve Cross road Caution.App. dangerous point Observe the right of precedence in the main streets Level crossing without gates Level crossing with gates Main road Closed for vehicles of all kinds One-way street Closed for motorcars Closed for motorcycles . HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION d.

E fiir den fibrigen Neckarkreis K. IIIH. Westfalen Reg. 6. IIIX. DR Reichsbahn PREUIEN: IA Landespolizeibezirk Berlin IB Prov. Prov. Schlesw. IIIP. Sachsen Prov. Ostpreul en IE Prov. WM Marine. RP ReichsPol Polizei. M fur den Schwarzwaldkreis S. Hannover Prov.-Holst. Grenzmark (PosenWestpreul3en) IC Prov. I= post. T fuir den Jagdkreis Y. Wehrmacht: WH Heer. Diisseldorf Rheinprovinz BAYERN: IIA IIB IIC IID IIE Stadtbezirk Miinchen Oberbayern Niederbayern Pfalz Oberpfalz IIH IIN IIS IIU IIZ Oberfranken Stadtbezirk Niirnberg Ubriges Mittelfranken Unterfranken Schwaben-Neuburg OSTMARK: E Tirol A oder V Polizeidirektion Wien F Karnten K Polizeidirektion Graz H1 Steiermark ohne Graz L Polizeidirektion Linz W Vorarlberg B Niederdonau M Burgenland C Oberdonau ohne Linz D Salzburg SACHSEN: I II III IV V fiir fiir fir fur fur die die die die die Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft WURTTEMBERG: IIIA IIIC. SS-Wachtruppe.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION A App. Brandenburg IH Prov.und' Oberschlesien IL IM IP IS IT IX IY IZ Reg. Z fiir den Donaukreis Bautzen Dresden Leipzig Chemnitz Zwickau . Kennzeichen fir Kraftfahrzeuge im Deutschen Reiche (symbols for motor vehicles in the German Reich). Hessen-Nassau Prov.-Bez. Nieder. Sigmaringen Prov. Pommern IK Prov. Stuttgart D. WL Luftwaffe Behorden: SS-Verfiigungstruppe.-Bez.

RECHTS AUSWEICHEN. Irland. LINKS UBERHOLEN: Belgien Bulgarien Danemark Danzig Deutschland Estland Finnland Frankreich Griechenland Italien Jugoslavien Lettland Liechtenstein Litauen Luxemburg Monaco Niederlande Norwegen Polen Portugal Ruminien Rulland Schweiz Die schweiz. . Spanien Tiirkei LINKS FAHREN. RECHTS UBERHOLEN: Grolbritannien. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION A IVB B HB HH VH Anhalt Baden Braunschweig Bremen Hamburg Hessen L M OI SL Saar Th Lippe MecKlenburg Oldenburg Schaumburg-Lippe Saargebiet Thiiringen FAHRVORSCHRIFTEN EUROPAISCHER LANDER. Ungarn. Tschechoslowakei.App. Postautos (gelbe Farbe) weichen auf Bergstral3en nach der Bergseite hinaus. LINKS AUSWEICHEN. Schweden. RECHTS FAHREN.

OFFICIAL: J. GOVERNMENT PRINTINGOFFICE: 1943 . ULIO. R.SF Irland SL GBY Malta SU GBZ Gibraltar TR Griechenland US GR H V Ungarn I Italien Y [A. The Adjutant General. B BG BR C CH CO CS D DA DK E ET EW F FL GB IR L LR LT MC N Tschechoslowakei NL Deutschland P PA Danzig Danemark PE PL Spanien R Agypten Estland RC Frankreich u. A. 062. v. C. St. S.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION App. Major General. G. MARSHALL. d. NATIONALITATSZEICHEN FUR KRAFTFAHRZEUGE. Vatikan Jugoslavien BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: G. Nordam. Chief of Staf. 77 U.] Belgien Bulgarien Brasilien Cuba Schweiz Columbien Iran Luxemburg Lettland Litauen Monaco Norwegen Niederlande Portugal Panama Peru Polen Ruminien China Schweden Irischer Freistaat Finnland Syrien und Libanon Rui3land (U.11 (2-11-43). Kolonien S Liechtenstein SE Grol3britannien und Nord. S.. S.) Tiirkei Ver.

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