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IPTV (1)

IPTV (1)

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Published by Viswanath Sy

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Published by: Viswanath Sy on Mar 09, 2011
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Internet Protocol Television by V.Sai Sudheer S.Y.Viswanath

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduction What is IPTV IPTV Architecture How IPTV Works Internet Television Service Provider(ITVSP) The IPTV Enabling Technology Standard The Network IPTV Applications and Services Benefits of IPTV Problems and challenges Conclusion Bibliography

Introduction ‡ Television is generally broadcast using three methods ± o o o Terrestrial broadcasts using VHF or UHF radio waves. ‡ Cable. satellite and terrestrial are currently undergoing a transition from analog to digital. . Satellite broadcasts using microwaves Cable broadcasts using coaxial cable ‡ Power line transmission transmits data to the viewer through the power grid and xDSL (Digital Subscriber Line) technology.

‡ Using a set top box programmed with software that can handle viewer requests to access media sources. . ‡ Television is connected to the set top box that handles the task of decoding the IP video and converts it into standard television signals. or IPTV. interactivity and reliability.What is IPTV ‡ IPTV is defined as multimedia services such as television/video/audio/text/graphics/data delivered over IP based networks managed to provide the required level of quality of service and experience. security. ‡ IPTV describes a system capable of receiving and displaying a video stream encoded as a series of Internet Protocol packets. uses a two-way digital broadcast signal that is sent through a switched telephone or cable network by way of a broadband connection. ‡ Internet protocol television.

the meaning of IPTV is occupied by "server based techniques".Contd« ‡ At the moment. . ‡ IPTV is not TV that is broadcast over the Internet. ‡ The meaning of IPTV is going to change to a synonym for "TV via broadband´.

WMV (Windows Media Video 9 and VC1).IPTV Architecture ‡ Due to the bandwidth requirements of video. . ‡ The primary underlying protocols used for IPTV are IGMP version 2 for channel change signaling for live TV and RTSP for Video on Demand ‡ Video Compression formats used for IPTV include MPEG-2. and Ogg Theora.264. H. XviD. DivX. ‡ The playback of IPTV requires either a personal computer or a "settop box" connected to a TV. MPEG4. ‡ IPTV covers both live TV (multicasting) as well as stored video (Video on Demand VOD). IPTV requires broadband connections to be distributed.

.Contd« ‡ IP television can be watched on different types of viewing devices such as o Standard television with adaptors o Multimedia computers o Dedicated IP television o Mobile telephones ‡ IP television service allows viewers to have more control of Internet television services. ‡ This control ranges from instant service activation to real time television on demand controls.

How IPTV Works .

Contd« .

this transmission can go both ways. an enormous amount of bandwidth is saved. ‡ The signal is broken up into data packets and sent over the internet to a home user¶s high-speed internet connection. . ‡ Although the technology is similar. except with a television signal instead of a voice signal.Working of IPTV ‡ IPTV works the same as VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol). not only from provider to consumer. and into a set-top box. ‡ Because the packets containing the television signal are only sent when requested. ‡ Unlike normal television. IPTV will be offered at equal or higher quality than current TV quality broadcasts.

‡ Because IPTV allows data packets to be transferred in both directions. configure their IPTV set-top box to record a show from a remote location. ‡ Users may be able to pull up statistics on a sports player if they are watching a game.Contd« ‡ Saving bandwidth is not the only benefit of IPTV for providers. . ‡ This technology would also allow for online movie rentals.

Internet Television Service Providers(ITVSP) .

IP Video to Multiple Users .

Video Coding Standards ‡ MPEG-2 requires 2 Mbps of bandwidth.264/MPEG-4 addresses the needs for greater compression. to deliver broadcast-quality. ‡ MPEG-4offers a software method to compress and decompress video over a network that provides only a best-possible connection with a wide range of data rates. while maintaining broadcast quality for video-on-demand (VOD) and high-definition television (HDTV) needs. leading to lower data rates. . digital video ‡ MPEG-4 Simple Profile (SP) and Advanced Simple Profile (ASP) were developed for streaming video over Internet connections. ‡ H. which is available over coaxial lines and satellite airwaves. jitterfree.

The Network ‡ The Network is made up of the following components:  The head-end  MPEG Encoders  Digital Turnaround  Video Server  Application Server  Set-Top-Box .

the video traffic (transported as data) can be injected into the system from almost anywhere o Therefore head-end can be located anywhere MPEG Encoders: o The MPEG encoder receives video feeds from content providers.Contd« The head-end: o The term head-end describes the location where video content is aggregated and managed o With an IP video head-end. and encodes the signals into MPEG frames. .

Digital Turnaround: o The digital turnaround or Media Gateway is used to take already digitally encoded video streams and transport it on the IP network o The primary function is to de-multiplex DVB-ASI streams from satellite or terrestrial sources and redistribute them over an IP network. It does not have to be decoded..Contd«. and encoded again to work with the IP network. and transport each program into its own IP multicast stream. o These video streams are usually already encoded into the MPEG format o The turnaround will take the multi-program transport stream. separate the channels. .

rewind. or fast-forward the movie Application Server: ‡ Application server provides the interaction systems for the user and allows for storage of web services. the provider uses a video server to hold a large database of movies ‡ People can select a movie from the onscreen display and choose when they want to view the movie.Contd«. start. ‡ The MPEG encoded movie is then transmitted via a unicast IP stream. and stored advertisements .They can pause. Video Server: ‡ To provide Video on Demand (VoD). stop.

‡ When the user changes channel. displays the interactive guide and is used to change channels ‡ When the STB starts up.Contd« Set-top-Box: ‡ The job of the set-top-box (STB) is multi-fold. decodes the stream and sends the analog video to the TV. During this process. it downloads configuration information from the management system. ‡ The STB decodes the data stream and hands an analog feed to the television set ‡ It also has the channel information. it goes through a boot process. ‡ It then receives the new MPEG-2 stream. specifically channel to multicast group associations. ‡ This information includes the channel guide and IGMP information. . the STB notifies the network that it doesn¶t need the old multicast stream and need to join a new video group.


Set-Top-box .

IPTV Applications and Services ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Distance learning Corporate communication TV to the desktop Training Business applications  Company-wide seminars  Video conferencing ‡ Additional services o Conference Calling o Pay-Per-View o Video on Demand o Gaming . .

and more. . ‡ Supports all standard Internet Protocols .Http. ‡ Extensive caching at our Network Operations Center will help guarantee high-speed delivery and reduce bottlenecks normally found in the Internet access network. ‡ Digital Data Broadcasting technology allows you to receive broadcast data from content providers. SMTP (POP3). FTP.Benefits of IPTV ‡ One-way high-speed Internet access via satellite.

‡ Videos broadcast through IPTV are automatically archived in Real Media format and stored on a Real Server ‡ Improved compression solutions ‡ Hardware is improving while costs are falling .Contd« ‡ Appearances by valuable guest lecturers can be recorded and used for multiple courses semester after semester.

‡ IPTV is not a protocol itself. ‡ It requires a broadband connection .Problems and Challenges. ‡ IPTV is expected to grow at a brisk pace in the coming few years.

Contd« ‡ Content Distribution Rights ‡ Data Transfer Rate Capability ‡ Media Player Compatibility ‡ Channel Changing Time .

it truly has some very compelling applications that can help businesses and organizations today. ‡ Moreover .Conclusion ‡ IPTV is a technology that is just emerging and someday will be as common as a regular television. and provide a way for employees to advance their careers. improve the level of communication. IP-TV can deliver it over an existing Ethernet network. ‡ In the mean time. ‡ Wherever on-demand access for multimedia content exists. . the benefits of IP-TV are very tangible because on demand access to information can increase productivity.

Bibliography ‡ http://arstechnica.hhi.northstream. Overview and comparison of IPTV solutions. 2004. www.org/wiki/IPTV ‡ http://wwwam.de/iptv/papers/sikora/fin al.com/guides/other/iptv ‡ http://wikipedia.se .htm ‡ Northstream AB.

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