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C.A.T./Sociology
I

Reading
Guide:

The
Origins
of
Sociology


Read
pages
16­23
in
your
Sociology
text
and
answer
the
following
questions.


1. List
FIVE
historical
conditions
that
helped
bring
about
the
development
of
sociology
AND

explain
why
each
was
influential.


a.




b.




c.




d.




e.





2. Explain
the
“rational
choice”
theory.






3. How
were
Adam
Smith
and
Jeremy
Bentham
different
in
regard
to
the
rational
choice
theory?


Explain.






4. Describe,
in
a
short
paragraph,
Marx’s
theory
of
class
consciousness
and
how
it
relates
to
his

overall
view
of
the
world.







5. Define
the
following
ideas
by
Emile
Durkheim
in
your
own
words.


Social
Solidarity



Mechanical
Solidarity



Organic
Solidarity



Anomie



6. After
reading
the
section
on
Durkheim,
define
the
functionalist
theory
of
sociology
in
one

sentence.





7. How
was
Weber
different
than
Marx?




8. What
is
a
status
group?




9. Herbert
Meade
and
W.I.
Thomas
were
American
sociologists
who
helped
develop
the

symbolic
interactionist
theory
of
sociology.

Summarize
the
major
ideas
of
that
theory

below.





10. Define
the
following
sociological
terms
in
your
own
words:


Social
Structure



Social
Action



Functional
Integration



Power



Culture