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Introduction to Colour Concepts

Introduction to Colour Concepts

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Published by Guido Jones
Introduction to Colour Concepts
Introduction to Colour Concepts

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Guido Jones on Mar 10, 2011
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05/31/2013

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Colour Concepts

P 2010 Carlo Mostacci

An Introduction to

HSB Colour Model
Hue
Saturation Brightness

The Hue, Saturation and Brightness colour model allows artists to make creative colour selections.
1

RGB Colour Model

RGB stands for RED, GREEN and BLUE. This colour model is also known as the Additive Colour Model and governs the behaviour of direct light.
2

CMYK Colour Model

CMYK stands for CYAN, MAGENTA, YELLOW and GREEN. This colour model is also known as the Subtractive Colour Model and governs the behaviour of reflected light.

3

Additive & Subtractive Colour

The Additive and Subtractive Colour Models are essentially inverses of one another—Additive Colour (RBG) is used on the internet and Subtractive Colour (CMYK) is used for printing.

4

CIE L*a*b* Colour Model
Scanner

R G B

L * a * b L * a * b L * a * b
Press Profile RGB Setup

The CIE L*A*B* colour model is an underlying colour model which is responsible for colour consistency from program-to-program and device-to-device. This is done using metadata called
Proofer Profile

R G B

RGB Setup

R G B

C M Y K
Press Profile

L * a * b L * a * b L * a * b

C M Y K C M Y K

ICC profiles.
5

The Colour Wheel
Y ellow Y ellow-Green Y ellow -Orange Orange Green

BlueGreen

The Twelve-Hue Colour Wheel

Red-Orang e

The twelve-hue colour wheel is
Blue Red

a subtractive colour model that represents many colour relationships—similar to a musical harmonic scale.

Blue- iolet V Violet

RedViolet

6

Primary & Secondary Colours
Y ellow Orange Green

The Primary Colours

The Secondary Colours

Blue

Red Violet

We start with the three primary colours—(yellow, blue and red) —equal amounts of primary pigments are then mixed to give the three secondary colours (green, violet and orange).
7

Primary & Secondary Colours
Y ellow Orange Green

The Primary & Secondary Colours

Blue

Red

Violet

Arranging the three primary colours and three secondary colours in a circle results in this harmonic pattern.

8

Tertiary Colours
Yellow-Green Yellow-Orange

Blue-Green

The Tertiary Colours

Red-Orang e

Blue-Violet

RedViolet

Combining equal amounts of primary and secondary colour pigments results in these six tertiary colours.

9

The 12-Hue Colour Wheel
Y ellow Y ellow-Green Y ellow -Orange

Arranging the three primary

Orange Green

colours, three secondary colours

BlueGreen

The Twelve-Hue Colour Wheel

Red-Orang e

and the six tertiary colours in a circle

Blue

Red

results in the 12Hue Colour Wheel.

Blue- iolet V Violet

RedViolet

10

Warm Colours
Y ellow Y ellow -Orange Orange

The Warm Colours

Red-Orang e

Red

RedViolet

11

Cool Colours
Y ellow-Green Green

Blue-Green

The Cool Colours

Blue

Blue-Violet Violet

12

Tetrads & Complimentary Colours
yellow yellow-green yellow-orange

Any two colours directly opposite each other (like blue and orange) are

green

orange

blue-green

red-orange

known as complimentary

blue

red

colours—they tend to strengthen each

blue-violet violet

red-violet

other’s intensity.

13

Triads & Analogous Colours
yellow yellow-green yellow-orange

Any three colours adjacent to each other (like blue, blue-violet and

green

orange

blue-green

red-orange

violet) are known as analogous

blue

red

colours—they tend to blend into

blue-violet violet

red-violet

one another.

14

Colour Concepts—Summary
R G B L * a * b L * a * b L * a * b L * a * b L * a * b L * a * b R G B

We have investigated the following five colour systems:

R G B

C M Y K C M Y K C M Y K

12-HUE HSB CMYK RGB CIE L*A*B*
and found that each system is unique, but all are related.

15

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