EPS (Ray Optics

)

Class: 10 + 2

Date : 15.02.2010

Ray Optics
Reflection of Light
Q1. Derive the mirror equation using the ray diagram for the formation of a real image by a concave mirror. Q2. By stating sign conventions and assumptions made, derive mirror formula for a concave mirror. Q3. Prove that for a concave mirror, then radius of curvature is twice its focal length. Q4. Why convex mirror is used as driver’s forced 8 cm behind the mirror. Find the distance of the object from the mirror. Q11. An erect image 3 times the size of the object is obtained with a concave mirror of radius of curvature 36 cm. What is the position of the object? Q12. An object is placed in front of a concave mirror of radius of curvature 30 cm at a distance of 10 cm. Find the position, nature and magnification of the image. Q13. Find the position of an object, which when placed in front of a concave mirror of focal length 20 cm, produces a virtual image, which is twice the size of the object. Q14. When an object is placed at a distance of 60 cm from a convex spherical mirror, the magnification produced is 1/2. Where should the object be placed to get a magnification of 1/3?

mirror? Is it a perfect driver’s mirror? Q5. A concave mirror of small aperture forms a sharper image. Why? Q6. A concave mirror is held inside water. What would be the change in the focal length of the mirror? Q7. How is the focal length of a spherical mirror affected, when the wavelength of the light used is increased? Q8. A candle is held 3 cm away form a concave mirror of radius of curvature 24 cm. Where is the image formed? What is the nature of the image? Q9. A 5 cm log needle lies along the principal axis of a concave mirror of focal length 20 cm in such a way that the end closer to the pole is 40 cm from it. Find the length of the image of the needle formed by the mirror. Q10. An object is placed in front of convex mirror 20 cm radius of curvature. Its image is

Refraction of Light
Q15. What is the cause of refraction of light? Q16. When light travels from a rarer to denser medium, the speed decreases. Does the decrease in speed imply a decrease in the energy carried by the light wave? Justify your answer. Q17. Give the ratio of velocities of two light waves travelling in vacuum and having wavelengths 4,000 Å and 8,000 Å

PiSCHOLASTICS: S.C.O 16-17, 1st & 2nd Floor, Sector -20D, Chandigarh. Ph: 6544444, 3910727, 5025027, 9216144327

[Page No.1]

− lens. Explain. Define power of a lens. Find the focal length of the Q32. Chandigarh. The refractive index of air w. For the same angle of incidence. What type of lens is an air bubble inside water? Q24.Q18.O 16-17. Sector -20D. 5025027. How will you explain twinkling of stars? 1 1 1 = − f v u for a ray necessary 1 µ µ −1 + = u v R Q42. Q35. Derive the lens formula convex diagram. What would be the focal length of the lens in the medium? Q22. over which letters are printed in different colours. Q43. 9216144327 [Page No. Why is the lens maker’s formula called so? Q36. What are optical fibres? Give their one use. A glass-slab is placed over a page. 3910727. Prove that when refraction occurs from rarer to denser medium at a convex spherical refracting surface. Q33. Ph: 6544444. Derive the expression: refraction medium occurs at − µ1 µ 2 µ − µ1 + = 2 . What is the refractive index of glass w. 25° and 35° respectively. glass is 2/3. State new cartesian sign conventions. A glass lens in immersed in water. Give its units.C.t. Q41. when u v R from rater to denser convex spherical refracting surface (µ1 − µ2). the angles of refraction in three different media A. Q25. A converging lens of refractive index 1.5) with radii of curvature R? Q37. B and C are 15°. State the conditions for the phenomenon of total internal reflection? Q21. Discuss refraction of light from rarer to denser medium at a concave spherical refracting surface. The refractive index of water is 4/3. Hoe can a convex lens behave like diverging lens? Q23. How is power of the lens affected? Justify your answer. Q38.r. using the combination. Obtain an expression for the effective focal length of two thin convex lenses placed in contact coaxially with each other. Will the full size of image be obtained. A convex lens of focal length 10 cm is combined with a concave lens of focal length 15 cm. What is the focal length of the combination? Q26. diamond? Q29.t. if the lower half of the lens is painted black and completely opaque? Illustrate your answer with a ray diagram.5 is kept in a liquid medium having the same refractive index. Q44.2] . The refractive index of diamond w. Assuming formula for refraction at a PiSCHOLASTICS: S. What is the focal length of a convex lens (M = 1. Q34. Q27. Q40.r. A convex lens is kept coaxially in contact with a diverging lens-both the lenses being of equal focal lengths. Q45.r.t. Define power and magnification of lens. When does Snell’s law in refraction fail? Q31. Why. The image of a candle formed by a convex lens is obtained on a screen. In which medium will the velocity of light be minimum? Q30. air is 12/5. Which property of light ray does not change in refraction. Q19. What is total internal reflection? Q20. How much time will light take to travel through a water column of length 500 m? Q28. Q39. The sun is seen a little before it rises and for a short while after it sets. Will the image of all the letters lie in the same plane? Explain. 1st & 2nd Floor. Derive the lens maker’s formula for a thin biconvex lens.

5 Q55. calculate the object and image distances. Chandigarh. If the focal length of the lens is 12 cm.6 ? Q58. 3910727. If a ray of light passes from this liquid to air. Calculate the change in focal length.5) and is viewed from the other side. The radius of curvature of each face of a biconcave lens made of glass of refractive index 1. Calculate its focal length.5 has a focal length of 18 cm in air.5 is 30 cm. If the focal length of the lens is 20 cm. A glass (µ = 1. when it is immersed in water of refractive index 4/3. Q50. PiSCHOLASTICS: S. natural and size of the image. A double convex lens of focal length 30 cm is divided into two equal halves in thickness. If radius of the sphere is 15 cm.C. 1st & 2nd Floor.5) is placed in a rarer medium (µ = 1. Two lenses of powers + 4D and −14D form a combination. Q52. Calculate material. Ph: 6544444. Q53. The image obtained with a convex lens is erect and its length is four times the length of the object. 5025027. find the position of the image of the dot.O 16-17. A convex lens of power + 4 D is combined with another lens. What is the focal length of the combination? [Page No. A small black dot is marked on the surface of a glass sphere (µ = 1. Q48. What will be its new focal length? Q56. Calculate the focal length of the lens in air.5) convex lens of focal length 40 cm is placed in water (µ = 1. Q61. A biconvex lens has a focal length 2/3 times the radius of curvature of either surface. If a 2 cm size object is placed 30 cm from this combination. Q60. the virtual image is formed at 60 cm in rater medium. find the refractive index of the material of the lens. How its nature and focal length will change. Q57. Velocity of light in a liquid is 1. An illuminated object and a screen are placed 90 cm apart. The focal length of a glass convex lens in air is 15 cm.5. 9216144327 the refractive index of lens position. Q51. when it is totally immersed in water. Q47.spherical surface.5 × 108 ms−1 and in air. derive the lens maker’s formula Q54. Two thin lenses of power + 5D and −3D are in contact. Determine the focal length and nature of the lens required to produce a clear image on the screen. Find power of the other lens. Find the focal length of each half. Q62. Given and a  1 1 1  = (µ − 1) R − R   f 2   1 Q46. twice the size of the object. the real image is formed 50 cm away from the combination. A convex lens of refractive index 1. when it is immersed in a liquid of refractive index = 1. The radii of curvature of a convex lens are 20 cm and 30 cm and the refractive index of its material is 1. Find out the radius of curvature of the surface.3). Find the critical angle for a ray of light going from paraffin oil to air. The radii of curvature of the faces of a double convex lens are 10 cm and 12 cm respectively. A spherical refracting surface of denser a µw = 4 / 3 µ g = 1. Q59. find the medium (µ = 1. calculate the value of critical angle. For an object lying in rarer medium at 20 cm from the surface. For an object placed 25 cm from the combination. Q49. Given that the refractive index of paraffin oil with respect to air is 144.3). Sector -20D. its is 3 × 108 ms−1.3] .

3910727.98°) 5 cm 1. find the power of the concave lens. Q63.75 60 cm 60 cm 54 cm + 2D 20 cm PiSCHOLASTICS: S. Sector -20D. − 1. virtual) (At 40 cm in front of the mirror) (at 30 cm behind the mirror. Q61. so as to obtain a virtual image of magnification 2? Q66. Q9. Chandigarh. Q59. Find the nature and size of the image formed.5 cm.4] .Q63. Q65. A concave lens is kept in contact with a convex lens of focal length 20 cm. − 60cm −3D (a) 10 cm (i) + 5D (b) 15 cm. Q13. 5025027. Two lenses of powers + 15 D and − 5D are in contact with each other forming a Q65.5 cm (ii) − 10 cm Q66. Q49. (ii) Where should an object be held from the lens. Q12.455 − 30 cm 130 cm (diverging − 192 cm) −7. 0.C. 2cm Q62. Q51. Q10. The combination works as a convex lens of focal length 50 cm. Q48. Q64. Two lenses of power + 10 D and − 5 D are placed in contact.O 16-17. 5 cm −15 cm. Ph: 6544444. Answer Key Q8. (i) Calculate power of the new lens. Q55. 3) 120 cm 30° 60 cm 1. Q14. Q47. Q50. Q56. Q58. virtual. Q60. (At 4 cm behind the mirror.5 cm (4 cm) −12 cm (at 10 cm in front of the mirror) (43. 0. combination lens. Q53. (a) What is the focal length of this combination? (b) An object of size 3 cm is placed in front of this combination at a distance 40 cm from it. Find the natural and size of the image formed. Q64. A compound lens is made of a convex lens of power 10D and a concave lens of power 5D. 1st & 2nd Floor. Q54. Q52. Q11. Q46. 9216144327 [Page No. An object 2 cm high is placed in front of this combination at a distance 40 cm from it. Q57.