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Original Title: Ray Optics CBSE

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2010

Ray Optics

Reflection of Light

Q1. Derive the mirror equation using the ray forced 8 cm behind the mirror. Find the

diagram for the formation of a real image by distance of the object from the mirror.

a concave mirror. Q11. An erect image 3 times the size of the object

Q2. By stating sign conventions and assumptions is obtained with a concave mirror of radius of

made, derive mirror formula for a concave curvature 36 cm. What is the position of the

mirror. object?

Q3. Prove that for a concave mirror, then radius Q12. An object is placed in front of a concave

of curvature is twice its focal length. mirror of radius of curvature 30 cm at a

Q4. Why convex mirror is used as driver’s distance of 10 cm. Find the position, nature

mirror? Is it a perfect driver’s mirror? and magnification of the image.

Q5. A concave mirror of small aperture forms a Q13. Find the position of an object, which when

sharper image. Why? placed in front of a concave mirror of focal

Q6. A concave mirror is held inside water. What length 20 cm, produces a virtual image,

would be the change in the focal length of which is twice the size of the object.

the mirror? Q14. When an object is placed at a distance of

Q7. How is the focal length of a spherical mirror 60 cm from a convex spherical mirror, the

affected, when the wavelength of the light magnification produced is 1/2. Where should

used is increased? the object be placed to get a magnification of

Q8. A candle is held 3 cm away form a concave 1/3?

mirror of radius of curvature 24 cm. Where is Refraction of Light

the image formed? What is the nature of the

Q15. What is the cause of refraction of light?

image?

Q16. When light travels from a rarer to denser

Q9. A 5 cm log needle lies along the principal

medium, the speed decreases. Does the

axis of a concave mirror of focal length

decrease in speed imply a decrease in the

20 cm in such a way that the end closer to

energy carried by the light wave? Justify

the pole is 40 cm from it. Find the length of

your answer.

the image of the needle formed by the

Q17. Give the ratio of velocities of two light waves

mirror.

travelling in vacuum and having wavelengths

Q10. An object is placed in front of convex mirror

4,000 Å and 8,000 Å

20 cm radius of curvature. Its image is

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Q18. Which property of light ray does not change Q32. The sun is seen a little before it rises and for

in refraction. a short while after it sets. Explain, Why.

Q19. What is total internal reflection? Q33. A glass-slab is placed over a page, over

Q20. State the conditions for the phenomenon of which letters are printed in different colours.

total internal reflection? Will the image of all the letters lie in the

Q21. A converging lens of refractive index 1.5 is same plane? Explain.

kept in a liquid medium having the same Q34. What are optical fibres? Give their one use.

refractive index. What would be the focal Q35. Why is the lens maker’s formula called so?

length of the lens in the medium? Q36. What is the focal length of a convex lens

Q22. Hoe can a convex lens behave like diverging (M = 1.5) with radii of curvature R?

lens? Q37. The image of a candle formed by a convex

Q23. What type of lens is an air bubble inside lens is obtained on a screen. Will the full size

water? of image be obtained, if the lower half of the

Q24. A convex lens of focal length 10 cm is lens is painted black and completely opaque?

combined with a concave lens of focal length Illustrate your answer with a ray diagram.

15 cm. Find the focal length of the Q38. Define power of a lens. Give its units.

combination. 1 1 1

Q39. Derive the lens formula = − for a

Q25. A convex lens is kept coaxially in contact f v u

with a diverging lens-both the lenses being convex lens, using the necessary ray

length of the combination? Q40. Obtain an expression for the effective focal

Q26. A glass lens in immersed in water. How is length of two thin convex lenses placed in

power of the lens affected? Justify your contact coaxially with each other.

Q27. The refractive index of water is 4/3. How to denser medium at a convex spherical

refracting surface, − + =

u v R

water column of length 500 m?

Q42. State new cartesian sign conventions. Derive

Q28. The refractive index of air w.r.t. glass is 2/3.

µ1 µ 2 µ − µ1

The refractive index of diamond w.r.t. air is the expression: − + = 2 , when

u v R

12/5. What is the refractive index of glass

refraction occurs from rater to denser

w.r.t. diamond?

medium at convex spherical refracting

Q29. For the same angle of incidence, the angles

surface (µ1 − µ2).

of refraction in three different media A, B

Q43. Discuss refraction of light from rarer to

and C are 15°, 25° and 35° respectively. In

denser medium at a concave spherical

which medium will the velocity of light be

refracting surface.

minimum?

Q44. Derive the lens maker’s formula for a thin

Q30. When does Snell’s law in refraction fail?

biconvex lens.

Q31. How will you explain twinkling of stars?

Q45. Define power and magnification of lens.

Assuming formula for refraction at a

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spherical surface, derive the lens maker’s Q54. The focal length of a glass convex lens in air

formula is 15 cm. Calculate its focal length, when it is

µw = 4 / 3

= (µ − 1) −

f R

1 R 2 a

and µ g = 1.5

Q46. Find the critical angle for a ray of light going

Q55. A glass (µ = 1.5) convex lens of focal length

from paraffin oil to air. Given that the

40 cm is placed in water (µ = 1.3). What will

refractive index of paraffin oil with respect to

be its new focal length?

air is 144.

Q56. A convex lens of refractive index 1.5 has a

Q47. Velocity of light in a liquid is 1.5 × 108 ms−1

focal length of 18 cm in air. Calculate the

and in air, its is 3 × 108 ms−1. If a ray of light

change in focal length, when it is immersed

passes from this liquid to air, calculate the

in water of refractive index 4/3.

value of critical angle.

Q57. The radii of curvature of a convex lens are 20

Q48. A spherical refracting surface of denser

cm and 30 cm and the refractive index of its

medium (µ = 1.5) is placed in a rarer

material is 1.5. How its nature and focal

medium (µ = 1.3). For an object lying in

length will change, when it is immersed in a

rarer medium at 20 cm from the surface, the

liquid of refractive index = 1.6 ?

virtual image is formed at 60 cm in rater

Q58. A convex lens of power + 4 D is combined

medium. Find out the radius of curvature of

with another lens. For an object placed 25

the surface.

cm from the combination, the real image is

Q49. A small black dot is marked on the surface of

formed 50 cm away from the combination.

a glass sphere (µ = 1.5) and is viewed from

Find power of the other lens.

the other side. If radius of the sphere is 15

Q59. Two lenses of powers + 4D and −14D form a

cm, find the position of the image of the dot.

combination. If a 2 cm size object is placed

Q50. A biconvex lens has a focal length 2/3 times

30 cm from this combination, find the

the radius of curvature of either surface.

position, natural and size of the image.

Calculate the refractive index of lens

Q60. An illuminated object and a screen are placed

material.

90 cm apart. Determine the focal length and

Q51. The radii of curvature of the faces of a

nature of the lens required to produce a clear

double convex lens are 10 cm and 12 cm

image on the screen, twice the size of the

respectively. If the focal length of the lens is

object.

12 cm, find the refractive index of the

Q61. The image obtained with a convex lens is

material of the lens.

erect and its length is four times the length

Q52. A double convex lens of focal length 30 cm is

of the object. If the focal length of the lens is

divided into two equal halves in thickness.

20 cm, calculate the object and image

Find the focal length of each half.

distances.

Q53. The radius of curvature of each face of a

Q62. Two thin lenses of power + 5D and −3D are

biconcave lens made of glass of refractive

in contact. What is the focal length of the

index 1.5 is 30 cm. Calculate the focal length

combination?

of the lens in air.

PiSCHOLASTICS: S.C.O 16-17, 1st & 2nd Floor, Sector -20D, Chandigarh. [Page No.3]

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Q63. A concave lens is kept in contact with a Q65. Two lenses of power + 10 D and − 5 D are

convex lens of focal length 20 cm. The placed in contact.

combination works as a convex lens of focal (i) Calculate power of the new lens.

length 50 cm. find the power of the concave (ii) Where should an object be held from the

lens. lens, so as to obtain a virtual image of

Q64. Two lenses of powers + 15 D and − 5D are in magnification 2?

contact with each other forming a Q66. A compound lens is made of a convex lens of

combination lens. (a) What is the focal length power 10D and a concave lens of power 5D.

of this combination? (b) An object of size An object 2 cm high is placed in front of this

3 cm is placed in front of this combination at combination at a distance 40 cm from it. Find

a distance 40 cm from it. Find the natural the nature and size of the image formed.

and size of the image formed.

Answer Key

Q10. (At 40 cm in front of the mirror) Q11. −12 cm

Q12. (at 30 cm behind the mirror; virtual; 3) Q13. (at 10 cm in front of the mirror)

Q14. 120 cm Q46. (43.98°)

Q47. 30° Q48. 5 cm

Q49. 60 cm Q50. 1.75

Q51. 1.455 Q52. 60 cm

Q53. − 30 cm Q54. 60 cm

Q55. 130 cm Q56. 54 cm

Q57. (diverging − 192 cm) Q58. + 2D

Q59. −7.5 cm, 0. 5 cm Q60. 20 cm

Q61. −15 cm, − 60cm Q62. 0.5 cm

Q63. −3D

Q64. (a) 10 cm (b) 15 cm, − 1.5 cm

Q65. (i) + 5D (ii) − 10 cm Q66. 2cm

PiSCHOLASTICS: S.C.O 16-17, 1st & 2nd Floor, Sector -20D, Chandigarh. [Page No.4]

Ph: 6544444, 3910727, 5025027, 9216144327

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