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Blue Nile State Situation Analysis March 2010

Blue Nile State Situation Analysis March 2010

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An in-depth UNDP situation analysis for Blue Nile State and an analysis framework to guide programming in the area.
March 2010
An in-depth UNDP situation analysis for Blue Nile State and an analysis framework to guide programming in the area.
March 2010

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Sudan North-South Border Initiative on Mar 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/06/2013

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Blue Nile state lies in the tropical climate zone, which is characterized by high
temperatures and heavy rainfall. The average daily temperature ranges from 31
degrees in summer to 22 degrees in winter. The annual rainfall average is around
700 mm, with heavier rainfall in the southern part of the state.

Rainfall is probably the most important factor determining the agricultural livelihood of
the people. In the rain fed farming sector, early maturing sorghum varieties are
cultivated in the north of the state where annual rain fall does not exceed 700 mm,
while the late maturing varieties are found in the south of the state. Pastoralism
activities concentrate in the north and centre of the state. In the southern part of the
state, selling wood and bamboo are important sources of income for rural people
together with petty trade on food crops (sorghum) and cash crops (sesame and
groundnut).

An estimation of Mean Annual Rainfall in mm per locality (for 1971 – 2000, adapted
from SIFSIA/FAO 2008) confirms that the southern part of the state receives more
rainfall than its northern neighboring localities.

Table 1: Rainfall by locality

Locality

Estimated rainfall (mm)

El Rosaries

699

Ed Damazine

619

El Tadamon

590

Geissan

724

Baw

652

El Kurumuk

760

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