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basic medical terminology

basic medical terminology

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U. S.

ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL FORT SAM HOUSTON, TEXAS 78234

BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

SUBCOURSE MD0010 EDITION 100

DEVELOPMENT This subcourse is approved for resident and correspondence course instruction. It reflects the current thought of the Academy of Health Sciences and conforms to printed Department of the Army doctrine as closely as currently possible. Development and progress render such doctrine continuously subject to change. For questions on the content of this subcourse, phone DSN 471-7338 (commercial 210-2217338), e-mail don.atkerson@amedd.army.mil, or write to: ACADEMY OF HEALTH SCIENCES MULTIMEDIA DEVELOPMENT BRANCH ATTN MCCS HLD 2250 STANLEY ROAD STE 326 FORT SAM HOUSTON TX 78234-6130 ADMINISTRATION Students who desire credit hours for this correspondence subcourse must meet eligibility requirements and must enroll through the Nonresident Instruction Branch of the U.S. Army Medical Department Center and School (AMEDDC&S). Initial application for enrollment may be made on DA Form 145 or on ATRRS. If DA Form 145 is used, the approving official must complete the reverse side of the form and forward the form to: NONRESIDENT INSTRUCTION BRANCH AMEDDC&S ATTN: MCCS-HSN 2105 11TH STREET SUITE 4191 FORT SAM HOUSTON TX 78234-6199 or fax the form to 210-221-4012 or DSN 471-4012. A student can self-enroll on ATRRS by going to website http://atrrs.army.mil and submitting the application under the SELF DEVELOPMENT selection. In general, eligible personnel include enlisted personnel of all components of the U.S. Army who hold an AMEDD MOS (42E, 71G, 76J, and 91-series) or MOS 18D. Officer personnel, members of other branches of the Armed Forces, and civilian employees will be considered for eligibility when the application is authenticated by an approving official and when the requested instruction is job related. For comments or questions regarding enrollment, student records, or shipments, contact the Nonresident Instruction Branch at DSN 471-5877, commercial (210) 221-5877, toll-free 1-800344-2380; fax: 210-221-4012 or DSN 471-4012, e-mail accp@amedd.army.mil, or write to the NRIB address given above. CLARIFICATION OF TRAINING LITERATURE TERMINOLOGY When used in this publication, words such as "he," "him," "his," and "men" are intended to include both the masculine and feminine genders, unless specifically stated otherwise or when obvious in context.

TABLE OF CONTENTS Lesson INTRODUCTION 1 Paragraphs ................................................................................ iii Page

INTRODUCTION TO PROGRAMMED LEARNING Section Section Section I. How to Use Programmed Instruction .................... 1-5 II. Introduction to Stems, Prefixes, and Suffixes........................................................... 6-14 III. How to Complete Each Pretest ............................. 1-2 1-4 1-7

2

STEMS PERTAINING TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Section Section Section I. Pretest #1................................................................. II. Basic Components ................................................. 15-28 III. Pertaining to the Musculoskeletal System ................................................................... 29-38 Section IV. Pertaining to the Integumentary System ............... 39-42 Section V. Pertaining to the Respiratory System ................... 43-52 Section VI. Pertaining to the Digestive System ....................... 53-67 Section VII. Pertaining to the Accessory Organs of Digestion........................................................... 68-73 Section VIII. Pertaining to the Cardiovascular System ................................................................... 74-80 Section IX. Pertaining to the Hematopoietic and Lymphatic Systems .............................................. 81-87 Section X. Pertaining to the Endocrine System...................... 88-92 Section XI. Pertaining to the Nervous System and Psychiatric Disorders........................................... 93-100 Section XII. Pertaining to the Genitourinary System ................ 101-109 Section XIII. Pertaining to Gynecology and Obstetrics .............................................................. 110-114 SectionXIV. Pertaining to the Sensory Organs ......................... 115-123 Section XV. Miscellaneous Stems.............................................. 124-131 SectionXVI. Medical Terminology Crossword Puzzle .............. SectionXVII. Self Assessment 1 .................................................. 2-2 2-6 2-11 2-16 2-19 2-25 2-33 2-36 2-40 2-44 2-47 2-52 2-57 2-60 2-65 2-69 2-71

3

PREFIXES PERTAINING TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Section Section I. Pretest #2................................................................. II. General Information................................................. 132-138 3-2 3-4

i

Lesson Section Section Section Section Section Section Section Section 4 III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X.

Paragraphs Pertaining to Location.............................................139-149 Pertaining to Time ...................................................150-154 Pertaining to Negation ............................................155-159 Pertaining to Amount or Comparison. . . . . . ........160-174 Pertaining to Color ..................................................175-180 Pertaining to Size and Position .............................180-191 Pertaining to Miscellaneous Items .........................192-198 Self Assessment 2 ..................................................

Page 3-6 3-11 3-13 3-15 3-22 3-25 3-30 3-33

SUFFIXES PERTAINING TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Section I. Pretest #3 ................................................................. Section II. General Information and Diseases ........................199-203 Section III. Pertaining to Diagnosis ..........................................204-220 Section IV. Pertaining to Operative Procedures......................221-232 Section V. Pertaining to Symptoms .........................................233-245 Section VI. Self Assessment 3 .................................................. REVIEW--Self Assessment 4 .................................................. GLOSSARY ............................................................................. PRONUNCIATION GUIDE........................................................ ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS ........................................ EXAMINATION .......................................................................... 4-2 4-4 4-6 4-14 4-20 4-26 4-32 A-1 B-1 C-1 EXAM-1

ii

Fortunately. Lesson 2. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL SUBCOURSE MD0010 BASIC MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY INTRODUCTION Medical terminology is the professional language of those who are directly or indirectly engaged in the art of healing. a prefix. Once you know the meanings of the basic parts of the words. and a suffix. Subcourse Components: This subcourse consists of 4 lessons and an examination. Credit Awarded: Upon successful completion of this subcourse. At first. prefixes. These basic parts of medical terms are called stems. Introduction to Programmed Learning. you can put them together to understand the meanings of many medical terms.CORRESPONDENCE COURSE OF U. and suffixes. Prefixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. you will learn to identify and define a stem. Lesson 4. you will be awarded 5 credit hours. Stems Pertaining to Medical Terminology. You will also learn how they are used in combination to describe a medical term. and to communicate with others in the hospital in a professional manner. Suffixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. Lesson 3. The lessons are: Lesson 1. During this course. iii . there is a logical method found in medical terminology.S. You will need to know medical terms in order to read a medical record. Many of the words used in medicine are made up of parts which are also used in other words. the medical terms may seem strange and bewildering to you and appear to be extremely difficult to learn. to complete forms. to decipher a physician's handwriting. Examination.

pronunciation guide. You are encouraged to continue your study of medical terminology after completing this basic orientation to medical terminology. fill out the examination answer sheet and mail it to the Army Medical Department Center and School along with the Student Comment Sheet in the envelope provided. This booklet may be written in and retained by the student for future reference. and an envelope. This means that when you are given the definition of a medical term.Lesson Materials Furnished: Lesson materials provided include this booklet. Be sure that your social security number is on all correspondence sent to the Army Medical Department Center and School. You need to know how to use a dictionary properly. Your grade on the exam will be your rating for the subcourse. When you have completed all of the lessons to your satisfaction. Procedures for Subcourse Completion: You are encouraged to complete the subcourse lesson by lesson. when you are you given the medical term. It is NOT intended to be complete or comprehensive. It is designed to help you obtain a knowledge of basic medical terminology. You will be notified by return mail of the examination results. Most dictionaries have the basic characteristics described below: a. Purpose: This programmed instruction subcourse has been prepared for use by students in the medical field. you will be able to identify the proper definition. The introduction to the dictionary will tell you how words are alphabetized in that particular dictionary. Exercises and solutions for all lessons are contained in this booklet." These words identify the first and last words entered alphabetically on that page. an examination answer sheet. you will hear and see unfamiliar medical terms. Many times you will have access to a medical dictionary. iv . The two large words printed at the top of each page are called "guide words. and list of abbreviations will be a useful reference document. There are numerous textbooks on medical terminology for those students desiring a more complete study of the subject. The final goal or terminal learning objective of this subcourse is that you be able to convert a medical term into lay terminology. Answer sheets are not provided for individual lessons in this subcourse because you are to grade your own lessons. You must furnish a #2 pencil. The glossary. you will be able to identify the proper medical term or. Guide Words. Using the Dictionary: As you work in the medical field. and their use will speed up your process of locating a word.

(5) of the term. often there is a group of additional words printed in bold type. SYN after the definition indicates synonyms. The arrangement of this introduction varies but most medical dictionaries will address the following: Organization or Arrangement of Entries. The entry word is printed in dark type and is sometimes divided into syllables. (2) Pronunciation. Introductory Section to a Medical Dictionary: All dictionaries contain an introductory section which provides information on "how to use" the dictionary. (4) Etymology. Many medical dictionaries will list these plurals. Information on the origin of the word generally appears in square brackets. Pronunciation. the plural of a medical word is irregularly formed or has alternate plurals. For additional information on the term or entry: "See" or "See also. Following the origin. (3) Plural forms. you will find the definition or definitions (6) Synonyms. Entry. Definition. Etymology is the tracing of a word back to its origins. and the use of punctuation and capitalization in entries and their sequence.) along with examples of common words to illustrate sounds. is used. etc. A section on the abbreviations used to identify the language of origin along with an explanation of the composition of medical vocabulary is generally included in v . (8) Cross reference. The introduction portion of each dictionary will provide a key to the symbols. Most medical words originated in Greek or Latin or a combination thereof. Etymology. These words are closely related or derived from the entry words. The pronunciation is given in parentheses following the entry word. long and short vowels. Following the SYN." followed by an italicized word. An entry contains a variety of information and may include all or part of the following information: (1) Entry word. the sequence of entries. All the information about a word in the dictionary is called an entry. This unit addresses how main entries are made. (7) Derived words. Different dictionaries use different pronunciation and accent symbols. Frequently.b. This unit provides assistance in pronouncing the word: the diacritical markings (stress marks. These are words which have a similar meaning to the entry word.

pl. Most sections on etymology include comments on prefixes. A presentation on plural forms is included because many plurals are irregularly formed and because many words have alternate plurals. just knowing the meaning of the medical terms used in this course is vi . appendere. see also appendage. [appendix + Gr pathos disease] means the stem appendix plus the Greek word pathos which means disease. accessory. Sample Dictionary Entry: Appendix (ah-pen'diks). from appendere to hang upon] means from the Latin term. appendices ah-pen'diks ah-pen"di-kop'ah-the Etymology: [L. or dependent part attached to a main structure. Often the Greek and Latin alphabets are included in the etymology section of the introduction. Definition: A general term used in anatomical nomenclature to designate a supplementary. Plurals. appen'dices [L. from appendere to hang upon] a general term used in anatomical nomenclature to designate a supplementary. accessory. combining forms. However.the introduction. which meant to hang upon. appendix appendicopathy Pronunciation with diacritical markings: Plural forms: appendixes. suffixes. Since more than 75% of medical terms are derived from Latin and Greek. This portion of the introduction will indicate how plurals are presented and listed in the dictionary. Any disease condition of the vermiform appendix. and compounds used in medical terminology. appendixes. Frequently used alone to refer to the appendix vermiforms. Synonyms: none Cross-reference: Appendage. Refining Your Vocabulary: This course provides an introduction to the most common medical terms you will encounter. Appendicopathy (ah-pen"di-kop'ah-the) [appendix + Gr pathos disease] any diseased condition of the vermiform appendix. or dependent part attached to a main structure. a discussion of the transcription to English of Greek and Latin terms is usually presented. Entry word.

vii . you will help us to improve the quality of this subcourse. you need not work the lesson unless you wish to reinforce your knowledge of medical terminology.not enough. and the third pretest will test your knowledge of medical suffixes. and returning it to us with your examination answer sheet. In this way. Pretest: This course on medical terminology has one introductory lesson and three lessons related to terminology. you must constantly work to use the words correctly. As you add words to your medical vocabulary. there is a pretest which will enable you to determine your knowledge of medical terminology. Student Comment Sheet: Be sure to provide us with your suggestions and criticisms by filling out the Student Comment Sheet (found at the back of this booklet). If you correctly answer 90% of the pretest questions. You should complete each pretest before working the lesson. Please review this comment sheet before studying this subcourse. the second pretest will test your knowledge of medical prefixes. Before each lesson. You can refine and sharpen your medical vocabulary through the correct use of a medical dictionary. The first pretest will test your knowledge of medical stems. Developing your medical vocabulary requires refining.

you should be able to: Given a series of frames defining prefix. Lesson 1. After completing this lesson. and suffix.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 1 TEXT ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVE Introduction to Programmed Learning. MD0010 1-1 . stem. frame numbers 1-14. select the correct definition.

GOOD LUCK! MD0010 1-2 . HOW TO USE PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION Directions: Each frame consists of a question and an answer.LESSON 1 Section I. The programmed instruction format begins on the next page. Place the cover card over the answer to the frame you are reading. Read the information in the frame and answer the question. Check your answer by moving your cover card down to expose the correct answer. The answer appears on the right hand side of the page just before the next frame. Make a cover card from a piece of cardboard.

(correct. This immediate feedback will help you learn what is _______________. frame ****************************************** Programmed instruction also allows you to learn at your own speed. you can go slowly. If the material is easy. all of the information you need to correctly answer the question is contained within that __________. all of the following material is arranged in steps called _________. Fortunately. Each frame presents new information to you or reviews material you may already be familiar with. quickly) quickly ****************************************** 2 3 4 MD0010 1-3 . incorrect) correct ****************************************** If your answer is incorrect. If the material is difficult for you. frames ****************************************** By checking your answer after you have answered a question. you will get immediate feedback as to whether or not you are correct. Therefore. you can go more ______________.1 ****************************************** The material in programmed instruction is arranged in a series of small steps called frames. (slowly. you should re-read the frame to find out why you missed the question.

you should not attempt to skip ahead because each frame is developed from preceding frames. The three word parts that you will be concerned with are the prefix. and the suffix." Therefore. programmed instruction ****************************************** Section II. then. and the suffix. When working with programmed instruction. Usually. stem ****************************************** 7 MD0010 1-4 .5 ****************************************** Programmed instruction is designed to proceed logically from one frame to the next frame." which gives the basic meaning to the word is "ball. PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES 6 ****************************************** All medical terms can be broken down into word parts. That is why this type of material is called _______________________. The word parts. INTRODUCTION TO STEMS. "basketball. of a medical term may include the _________. the stem. "ball" is considered to be the ______. The part of the word. only two of these parts are present in a medical term. prefix ****************************************** The stem is the part of the word which gives the basic meaning to the term. the stem (root).

8 ****************************************** The part of the word which comes before the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the stem is called the prefix. stem ****************************************** The prefix is the part of the word which comes _________ the stem. after) before ****************************************** The part of the word which comes after the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the root word is called the suffix. stem ****************************************** 9 10 11 12 MD0010 1-5 . In the word "basketball." "special” is the stem and "ist" is the __________. words used in medicine are comprised of one or more parts called prefix." "ball" is the stem and "basket" is the _________________. (before. stem. and suffix. prefix ****************************************** The part of the word which gives the basic meaning to the word is called the ___________. The part of the word which gives basic meaning to the word is the ______. suffix ****************************************** In summary. In the term "specialist.

let's look at some medical word parts. you should take the Pretest for lesson 2 on stems which follows this introductory material. BEFORE you look at specific medical word parts. MD0010 1-6 .13 ****************************************** The part of the word which comes before the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the stem is called the __________. suffix ****************************************** 14 _____________________________________________________________________ Now that you're off to a good start. prefix ****************************************** The part of the word which comes after the stem and modifies or augments the meaning of the stem is called the _________. however. Read the Pretest instructions carefully.

The score you make on the pretest will enable you to determine how much you already know about the medical terminology presented in the lesson.Section III. If you score 90% or better on the pretest. If you successfully pass all the pretests. you should go directly to the final examination. If you successfully pass the pretest. MD0010 1-7 . you should go to the next pretest. you should complete the pretest for each lesson. 3. 2. and 4. The answers to each pretest are found at the end of each lesson. Before you begin work on your study of medical terminology in lessons 2. it is not necessary for you to work the problems presented in the lesson. HOW TO COMPLETE EACH PRETEST 1.

frame numbers 15-131. you should be able to : 2-1. 2-2. select the appropriate English meaning without error. write the English meaning of the medical stem in the space provided without error. MD0010 2-1 . Lesson 2. Given 10 multiple choice questions on medical stems.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 2 LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVES Stems Pertaining to Medical Terminology. After completing this lesson. Given a list of 15 of the 100 Latin and Greek medical stems covered in lesson 2 and a list of English meanings for these stems.

LESSON 2 PRETEST #1 Before you turn to frame 15 and begin work on your study of medical terminology, complete the pretest on the following pages. The pretest contains 70 questions relating to medical terminology stems. The correct answers to the pretest are found at the end of this lesson. If you correctly answer 90% or more of the questions, you pass the pretest. A score of 90% on this pretest is 63 correct answers. Write your answers in the space provided in each question. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Ophthalmalgia means pain in the __________. Otorrhea is a discharge from the __________. Prenatal means before __________ and post febrile means after __________. A salpingostomy is a surgical opening into a __________. Oophoropexy means fixation of an __________. An enterolith is a __________ in the intestines. Hematuria means the presence of blood in the __________. Orchidectomy means excision of a __________. Cystorrhagia means hemorrhage of the __________. Urethrorrhaphy means suturing the __________. A cholelith is a __________ stone. A hysterosalpingo-oophorectomy means the excision of the __________, __________, and __________. 13. 14. 15. Ureterocele means __________ of the ureter. Esthesia means __________ or __________. Pathophobia means an abnormal __________ of disease. 2-2

MD0010

16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38.

Megalomania is a mental __________. Osteopathy means disease of the __________. Cerebrotomy is an incision into the __________. Neuralgia means pain along the course of a __________. Glycolysis is the breakdown or destruction of __________. Edema means __________. Acroparalysis refers to paralysis of the __________. Tachyphagia is a word for fast or rapid __________. Splenopathy means a disease of the __________. Lymphostasis means control the flow of __________. An encephaloma is a __________. Lipolysis means destruction or breakdown of __________. A pyocele is a hernia containing __________. Dacryorrhea means excessive flow of __________. Cytology is the study of __________. Thrombus is the medical way to say __________. Arterioplasty is surgical repair of an __________. Phlebosclerosis is the hardening of the __________. Vasotripsy means the crushing of a __________. An angiospasm is a spasm of a __________. Hepatomegaly means enlargement of the __________. A proctoscopy is an examination of the __________. Colocentesis means puncture of the __________.

MD0010

2-3

39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61.

Jejunoileitis is inflammation of the __________ and the __________. Psychosis means any serious __________ condition. Enteroptosis means prolapse of the small __________. Gastrectasia is the dilation or stretching of the __________. Gingivalgia means pain in the __________. The lacrimal gland secretes __________. Cheilosis is a disorder of the __________. A duodenotomy is an incision into the __________. Stomatoplasty means surgical repair of the __________. Apnea means temporary cessation of __________. Treatment with compressed __________ is called pneumotherapy. A laparorrhaphy is the suturing of the __________. Glossoplegia is a paralysis of the __________. Bronchorrhagia means __________ hemorrhage. Nasal means pertaining to the __________. Rhinoplasty means surgical repair of the __________. Laryngitis is inflammation of the __________. Onychosis means a condition of the __________. Costal means pertaining to the __________. Abdominocentesis is a surgical puncture of the __________. Tendinitis is inflammation of the __________. Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart __________. Myelocele means herniation of the __________ __________. 2-4

MD0010

62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70.

Chondromalacia is the softening of __________. Arthritis is a word which means inflammation of a__________. A tympanectomy is an excision of the __________. Keratectasia means dilatation of the __________. A pharyngotomy is an incision into the __________. Blepharoptosis means prolapse of the __________. Hemostasis means the act of controlling the flow of __________. A necroparasite is one that lives on __________ organic matter. Pneumomycosis is a condition of lung __________. Check your answers on page 2-77

MD0010

2-5

stem 16. This is often true when a stem ends in a consonant and the word part that is added to it also begins with a consonant." "sing. gastrotome.Section II." and "speak" are the stems. and arthrotome. and arthr (meaning joint) are the ." "write. This awkwardness of pronunciation makes it necessary to insert a vowel called a combining vowel. the hepat (meaning liver). ****************************************** root MD0010 2-6 . BASIC COMPONENTS NOTE: Please refer to the pronunciation guide on page B-1 to assist you in pronouncing the terms you will encounter in this lesson. stems 17. gastr (meaning stomach)." and "speaker. For example. Even everyday words have stems. or both. in the words "singer. In medical terms such as hepatomone. ****************************************** All words have a stem. ****************************************** Certain combinations of stems are hard to pronounce. ****************************************** The main body or basic component of a word is called the ______ or _______ word. 15." "writer. We will first discuss the main body or basic component of a medical term called the stem or root word. The stem of a medical word usually indicates the organ or part which is modified by a prefix or suffix.

meter becomes thermometer. 20." ****************************************** The combining vowel is usually an _____________. 23. making it necessary to insert a vowel called a ________________. ****************************************** Instead of joining two stems or root words directly. Strat ." but occasionally it may be "a. Therm .18. 21." "i.'o' meter." "e. o ****************************************** We find combining vowels in ordinary words. we insert the combining vowel which is usually an _________. we insert the combining vowel "o" and say "therm . Instead of joining the two stems "therm" and "meter" directly. o ****************************************** MD0010 2-7 . 19. c. b.phere becomes stratosphere. Speed ." ****************************************** Here are some more examples: a.mania becomes megalomania. combining vowel ****************************************** Usually the combining vowel is an "o. Megal . 22. d." or "y. Certain combinations of stems or root words are difficult to pronounce." "u.meter becomes speedometer.

"megal" is the stem and "megal . A stem plus the combining vowel is known as the combining form. "strat" is the stem and "strat. combining form ****************************************** As a review. ****************************************** In the word thermometer. Combinations of stems are often difficult to pronounce. 28.o" is the ________________. we must insert a vowel called a __________ vowel. combining (frame 17) ****************************************** 26. 27. "speed" is the stem and "speed -o" is the combining form. In the word speedometer. MD0010 2-8 .24. for example. combining form ****************************************** In the word megalomania. combining form ****************************************** In the word stratosphere. "therm" is the stem and "therm . The basic core of any word is the ________.o" is ________________. When the first stem ends in a consonant and the second word part begins with a consonant. stem (frame 15) ****************************************** b. complete each of the following statements: a.o" is the _______________. 25.

combining form (frame 24) ****************************************** NOTE: Each frame which introduces a new medical term contains the correct pronunciation with diacritical markings. In this course. stems are presented with the combining vowel and in their combining forms (stem + combining vowel = combining form) and referred to simply as the stem. Practicing the correct pronunciation aloud will also help you remember the term and its meaning. o (frame 19) ****************************************** d.c. The combining vowel is usually an ______. You should pronounce each medical term aloud so that you can hear how the word sounds. there are generally many inconsistencies in forming medical terms. Although Latin combining forms (stem + combining vowel) should be used only with Latin prefixes and suffixes and Greek combining forms with Greek pre-fixes and suffixes. The combination of a stem plus a combining vowel is known as the ______________. MD0010 2-9 . The pronunciation guide below should be used to help you pronounce the medical term correctly.

Combining forms meaning tendon. Blakinton's Gould Medical Dictionary . see also teno-.teno-.. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary . Several sources were used as references in compiling the information included in this text including the following: Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. teno-. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. Stedman's Medical Dictionary. tenon-. for example does not appear in some dictionaries and appears in different forms in other medical dictionaries as follows: Stedman's Medical Dictionary . tenonto-. MD0010 2-10 . Blakinton's Gould Medical Dictionary. however. Combining form meaning tendon. Combining form denoting relationship to a tendon. The combining form of the stem. tenonto -.ten.The combining forms presented in this text are legitimate . See also tendo-. A combining form meaning tendon. Teno-. tendo.tendo-. you will not find all the combining forms used in this text in any one medical dictionary.

Section III.PERTAINING TO THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM MD0010 2-11 . STEMS .

29. and joints. for example. 30. ****************************************** The stem.Now let's look at some of the more common stems pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. muscles. ****************************************** The musculoskeletal system includes the bones. ar"thro-de'-sis joint 32. Arthrodesis means fixation of a _______ by fusion. ****************************************** Osteo is a stem which means bone. arthro. kon-dri'tis cartilage ****************************************** MD0010 2-12 . means joint. A person who has osteo-arthritis. for example. A person with chondr-itis. ****************************************** The stem chondro means cartilage. has inflammation of the ______ and joint. os"te-o-ar-thri'-tis bone 31. has inflammation of the _________.

for example. The stem myelo means bone marrow or spine. ****************************************** Costo is a stem which means rib. mi'o-spazm muscle 35. ten"di-ni'tis tendon 36. refers to the space between the ____________.33. in"ter-kos'tal ribs ****************************************** MD0010 2-13 . A person who has myelitis has an inflammation of the _______ ________ or _________. ****************************************** Tendo is a stem which means tendon. ****************************************** Myo is a stem which means muscle. mi"e-li'tis bone marrow/spine 34. A person with tend-initis has inflammation of a _________. is an involuntary contraction of a ___________. The intercostal space. for example. A myospasm.

Arthro: _________ joint (frame 31) ****************************************** c. Tendo: _________ tendon (frame 35) ****************************************** g. Costo: _________ rib (frame 36) ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. MD0010 2-14 . Chondro: _________ cartilage (frame 32) ****************************************** d. A person who has osteoarthritis has inflammation of the ______ and _________. Osteo: _________ bone (frame 30) ****************************************** b. fill in the blanks with the appropriate words: a. Myelo: _________ bone marrow/spine (frame 33) ****************************************** e. give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. bone/joint (frames 30 & 31) ****************************************** 38. a. Myo: _________ muscle (frame 34) ****************************************** f. As a review.37.

b. Arthrodesis is fixation of a __________ by fusion. joint (frame 31) ****************************************** c. A person with chondritis has inflammation of the __________. cartilage (frame 32) ****************************************** d. A person who has myelitis has inflammation of the _____ _______ or __________. bone marrow/spine (frame 33) ****************************************** e. A myospasm is an involuntary contraction of a __________. muscle (frame 34) ****************************************** f. A person with tendinitis has an inflammation of a __________. tendon (frame 35) ****************************************** g. Intercostal refers to the space between the __________. ribs (frame 36) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frames 37 and 38, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 39.

MD0010

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Section IV. STEMS - PERTAINING TO THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

MD0010

2-16

The integumentary system includes the skin and its appendages - the hair and nails. 39. Derma is a stem which means skin. A person with dermatophytosis, for example, has a fungus condition of the __________.

der"mah-to-fi-to'sis skin 40. ****************************************** Onycho is a stem which means nail. Onychectomy means surgical removal of the _________of a finger or toe.

on"i-kek'to-me nail 41. ****************************************** Let's review the stems you've just studied. Give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the integumentary system: a. Derma: __________ skin (frame 39) ****************************************** b. Onycho: __________ nail (frame 40) ******************************************

MD0010

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42.

Let's make sure you know the stems you have just studied. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms. a. A person with dermatophytosis has a fungus condition of the __________. skin (frame 39) ****************************************** b. Onychectomy is the surgical removal of the __________ of a finger or toe. nail (frame 40) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frames 41 and 42, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 43.

MD0010

2-18

Section V. STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM MD0010 2-19 .

tra"ke-i'tis upper windpipe/trachea ****************************************** MD0010 2-20 . pharynx. A person who has rhinitis has inflammation of the __________. pleura. tonsils. 43. larynx. lar"ing-gos'ko-pe larynx 45.The respiratory system includes the lungs. Rhino and naso are stems which mean nose. ****************************************** Laryngo is a stem meaning larynx or voice box. ****************************************** Tracheo is a stem which means upper windpipe or trachea. ri-ni'tis nose 44. A laryngoscopy is an examination of the interior of the __________. bronchi. A person with tracheitis has an inflammation of the __________ __________ or __________. and the nose.

pul'mo-ner"e lungs 48. means concerning or involving the __________. ****************************************** Pulmo and pneumo are stems which mean lung. ****************************************** A person with pneumonia has an inflammation of the __________. nu"mo-ne'me-ah air ****************************************** MD0010 2-21 .46. A person with bronchitis has inflammation of the __________ __________ or __________. brong-ki'tis lower windpipe/bronchus 47. ****************************************** Pneumo is a stem which also means air. Pneumonemia is the presence of ________ or gas in the blood vessel. Pulmonary. for example. nu-mo'ne-ah lungs 49. Broncho is a stem which means lower windpipe or bronchus.

Tracheo: _________ _________ or __________ upper windpipe/trachea (frame 45) ****************************************** e. Pneodynamics is the mechanism of __________. a. Naso: __________ nose (frame 43) ****************************************** c.50. Pulmo: __________ lung (frame 47) ****************************************** MD0010 2-22 . Laryngo: __________ larynx (frame 44) ****************************************** d. Pneo is a stem which means breath or breathing. Rhino: __________ nose (frame 43) ****************************************** b. ne'o-di nam'ik breathing 51. Broncho: _________ _________ or __________ lower windpipe/bronchus (frame 46) ****************************************** f. Give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the respiratory system. ****************************************** Let's review the stems you just studied.

larynx (frame 44) ****************************************** c. lungs (frame 47) ****************************************** f.g. Pneo: __________ breathing (frame 50) 52. The pulmonary artery leads to the __________. A laryngoscope is an instrument used for examination of the __________. upper windpipe/trachea (frame 45) ****************************************** d. A person with pneumonia has an inflammation of the __________. Tracheitis is the inflammation of the _______ _______ or _________. Pneumo: _______ or _______ air/lungs (frame 47/49) ****************************************** h. nose (frame 43) ****************************************** b. A person who has rhinitis has an inflammation of the __________. A child who has bronchitis has an inflammation of the _______ _______ or __________. lower windpipe/bronchus (frame 46) ****************************************** e. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. lungs (frame 48) ****************************************** MD0010 2-23 .

please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 53. air (frame 49) ****************************************** h. Pneumonemia is the presence of __________ or gas in the blood vessels. breathing (frame 50) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 51 and 52. MD0010 2-24 . Pneodynamics is the mechanism of __________.g.

Section VI: STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM MD0010 2-25 .

Glossitis means inflammation of the __________.The digestive system or gastrointestinal tract begins with the mouth. for example. has inflammation of the __________. where food enters the body and ends with the anus. ling'gwal tongue ****************************************** MD0010 2-26 . ****************************************** The stem stoma means mouth. ****************************************** Lingual means pertaining to the __________. sto-mah-ti'tis mouth 54. glos-si'tis tongue 55. ****************************************** Lingua and glossa are stems which mean tongue. A person who has stomatitis. 53. where solid waste material leaves the body.

A person with dentalgia has a pain in the __________. jin"ji-vi'tis gums 59. gas-trek-to-me stomach ****************************************** MD0010 2-27 . ****************************************** Cheilo is a stem which means lip. A person with gingivitis has an inflammation of the __________. A cheiloplasty is the surgical repair of a defect of the __________. ****************************************** Gingivo is a stem which means gums. A gastrectomy is the surgical removal of the __________. den-tal'je-ah tooth 57. ****************************************** Gastro is a stem which means stomach.56. ki'lo-plas"te lip 58. Dento and odonto are stems which mean tooth.

A jejunectomy. A person with gastroenteritis has inflammation of the stomach and __________.60. is an excision of a part of or all of the __________ or __________. Entero is a stem which means intestine. is an ulcer which is located in the __________ or ____________________________. for example. for example. ****************************************** Duodeno is a stem which pertains to the duodenum or first part of the small intestine. je-joo'num je"joo-nek'to-me jejunum or second part of the small intestine 63. du"o-de'nal duodenum or first part of the small intestine 62. A duodenal ulcer. ****************************************** Ileo is a stem which pertains to the ileum or third part of the small intestine. Ileitis means inflammation of the __________ or ___________________. il'e-um il"e-i'tis ileum or third part of the small intestine ****************************************** MD0010 2-28 . gas"tro-en-ter-i'tis intestine 61. ****************************************** Jejuno is a stem which pertains to the jejunum or second part of the small intestine.

prok-ti'tis rectum or anus 66. Colo is a stem which means colon. Stoma: __________ mouth (frame 53) ****************************************** b. ko'lon ko-los'to-me colon ****************************************** Procto and ano are stems which mean rectum or anus. Cheilo: _________ lip (frame 57) ****************************************** e.64. a. Gingivo: __________ gums (frame 58) ****************************************** MD0010 2-29 . an incision is made into the _________. Lingua/glossa: __________ tongue (frame 54) ****************************************** c. When a colostomy is performed. give the meaning of the following stems pertaining to the digestive system. Dento/odonto: __________ tooth (frame 56) ****************************************** d. Proctitis means inflammation of the ________ or _________. 65. ****************************************** As a review.

Ileo: __________ ileum/3d part of intestine (frame 63) ****************************************** k. Lingual means pertaining to the __________. mouth (frame 53) ****************************************** b.f. Procto/ano: __________ rectum/anus 67. Entero: __________ intestine (frame 60) ****************************************** h. Jejuno: __________ jejunum/2d part of intestine (frame 62) ****************************************** j. ****************************************** Fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. Colo: __________ colon (frame 64) ****************************************** l. tongue (frame 54) ****************************************** MD0010 2-30 . tongue (frame 54) ****************************************** c. Duodeno: __________ duodenum/first part of intestine (frame 61) ****************************************** i. Gastro: __________ stomach (frame 59) ****************************************** g. Glossitis is an inflammation of the __________. A person with stomatitis has an inflammation of the __________.

stomach (frame 59) ****************************************** h. duodenum/1st part of the small intestine (frame 61) ****************************************** j. A duodenal ulcer is located in the __________. A gastrectomy is the surgical removal of the __________. A jejunectomy is an excision of part or all of the ______________.d. Someone who has gingivitis has inflammation of the __________. tooth (frame 56) ****************************************** e. jejunum/2d part of the small intestine (frame 62) ****************************************** k. stomach and intestine(frames 59 & 60) ****************************************** i. lip (frame 57) ****************************************** f. A cheiloplasty is the surgical repair of a defect of the __________. Ileitis is an inflammation of the _____________. A person with gastroenteritis has inflammation of the __________ and the __________. ileum/3d part of the small intestine (frame 63) ****************************************** MD0010 2-31 . gums (frame 58) ****************************************** g. A person with dentalgia has a pain in the __________.

MD0010 2-32 . Proctitis is an inflammation of the __________ or __________. A colostomy is an incision into the __________. colon (frame 64) ****************************************** m. rectum/anus (frame 65) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 66 and 67.l. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 68.

A person who has had an operation called a cholecystectomy. ****************************************** The stem hepato means liver.PERTAINING TO THE ACCESSORY ORGANS OF DIGESTION 68. A person who has had a celiectomy has had a complete or partial removal of an organ of the __________. ****************************************** The stem cholecysto means gallbladder. hep"ah-ti'tis liver 69. for example.Section VII. has had his _____________ removed (or excised). STEMS . ****************************************** The stems celio and abdomino mean abdomen. A person with hepatitis has an inflammation of the __________. ko"le-sis-tek'to-me gallbladder 70. se"le-ek'to-me abdomen ****************************************** MD0010 2-33 .

Cholecysto: __________ gallbladder (frame 69) ****************************************** c. A person who has hepatitis has an inflammation of the __________. liver (frame 68) ****************************************** b. When a cholecystectomy is performed.71. Laparo: __________ abdominal wall (frame 71) 73. A person who has a laparotomy has had an incision made into the _________ __________. ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. the __________ is removed (or excised). give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. Laparo is a stem meaning abdominal wall. Hepato: __________ liver (frame 68) ****************************************** b. Celio/abdomino: __________ abdomen (frame 70) ****************************************** d. lap-ah-rot'o-me abdominal wall 72. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. ****************************************** As a review. gallbladder (frame 69) ****************************************** MD0010 2-34 .

abdomen (frame 70) ****************************************** d. an incision is made into the ___________. abdominal wall (frame 71) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 72 and 73. MD0010 2-35 . During a laparotomy. A person who has a celiectomy has had a complete or partial removal of an organ of the __________.c. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 74.

Section VIII.PERTAINING TO THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM MD0010 2-36 . STEMS .

****************************************** Phlebo and veno are stems which mean vein. means heart. kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar heart 75. ****************************************** The stem. fle-bek'to-me vein ****************************************** MD0010 2-37 . an'je-o-gram" vessel 76. An angiogram is a series of X-ray film of a blood __________. ****************************************** Angio and vaso are stems which mean vessel. 74. cardio.The cardiovascular system includes the heart and blood vessels. A phlebectomy is the surgical removal of a __________. The cardiovascular system includes the blood vessels and the __________.

a. ar-te"re-o-skle-ro'sis arteries 78. throm"bo-fle-bi'tis clot/blood 79. angio/vaso: __________ vessel (frame 75) ****************************************** c. ****************************************** Thrombo is a stem which means clot of blood. Thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of a vein with a __________ of __________. ****************************************** As a review. Arterio is a stem which means artery.77. A person who has arteriosclerosis has hardening of the __________. arterio: __________ artery (frame 77) ****************************************** e. give the meaning of each of the following terms pertaining to the cardiovascular system. phlebo/veno: __________ vein (frame 76) ****************************************** d. thrombo: __________ clot of blood (frame 78) ****************************************** MD0010 2-38 . cardio: __________ heart (frame 74) ****************************************** b.

The cardiovascular system includes the blood vessels and the __________. arteries (frame 77) ****************************************** e. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 81. vein (frame 76) ****************************************** d. A thrombectomy is the excision of a __________. he has a spasm of a __________. A person who has arteriomalacia has a softening of the __________. vessel (frame 75) ****************************************** c. When a person has an angiospasm or a vasospasm.80. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. clot of blood (frame 78) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 79 and 80. MD0010 2-39 . To further reinforce what you have learned. heart (frame 74) ****************************************** b. A phlebectomy is the surgical removal of a __________.

PERTAINING TO THE HEMATOPOIETIC AND LYMPATHIC SYSTEMS MD0010 2-40 . STEMS .Section IX.

A lymphocyte is a _________ cell. An erythrocyte is one kind of blood cell. ****************************************** Hema and hemato are stems which mean blood. It is a red blood __________. ****************************************** Lympho is a stem which means lymph. ****************************************** Cyto is a stem meaning cell. lim'fo-sit lymph ****************************************** MD0010 2-41 . A hematoma is a tumor filled with __________. hem"ah-to'mah blood 83. e-rith'ro-sit cell 82.The hematopoietic system includes tissues concerned in the production of blood. The lymphatic system includes the lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues. 81.

84. ****************************************** As a review. A phagocyte is a cell that _________ microorganisms. lympho: __________ lymph (frame 83) ****************************************** e. Spleno: __________ spleen (frame 84) ****************************************** d. fag'o-sit eats 86. a. ****************************************** Phago is a stem which means to eat. give the meaning of each of the following stems pertaining to the hematopoietic and lymphatic systems. Spleno is a stem which means spleen. phago: __________ to eat (frame 85) ****************************************** MD0010 2-42 . cyto: __________ cell (frame 81) ****************************************** b. A person who has had a splenectomy has had an excision of the __________. hema/hemato: __________ blood (frame 82) ****************************************** c. sple-nek'to-me spleen 85.

Hematology is the study of __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 88. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. Cytology is the study of __________. To further reinforce what you have learned. spleen (frame 84) ****************************************** e. Polyphagia means excessive __________.87. Splenectomy means excising of the __________. MD0010 2-43 . cells (frame 81) ****************************************** b. pol"e-fa'je-ah eating (frame 85) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 86 and 87. lymph (frame 83) ****************************************** d. hem'ah tol'o-je blood (frame 82) ****************************************** c. A lymphocyte is a __________ cell.

STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM MD0010 2-44 .Section X.

****************************************** Adeno is a stem which means gland. gloo"ko-su're-ah sugar 90. Adenectomy is a word meaning surgical removal of a __________. ****************************************** As a review. Acromegaly is a disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the __________. ak"ro meg' ah-le extremities 89. Acro is a stem which means extremity. give the meaning of the following stems: a. ad"e-nek' to-me gland 91. ****************************************** Gluco and glyco are stems which mean sugar. acro: __________ extremity (frame 88) ****************************************** MD0010 2-45 .The endocrine system is composed of glands which release hormones into the blood stream. A person with glucosuria has __________ in the urine. ****************************************** 88.

gluco/glyco: __________ sugar (frame 89) ****************************************** c. sugar (frame 89) ****************************************** c. gland (frame 90) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 91 and 92. fill in the blank with the appropriate terms: a. ak"ro-der"mah-ti'tis extremities (frame 88) ****************************************** b. A person with glucosuria has __________in the urine. adeno: __________ gland (frame 90) 92. Acrodermatitis is a word that means inflammation of the skin of the __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 93. ****************************************** To further reinforce what you have learned. MD0010 2-46 . A person who has had an adenectomy has had surgical removal of a __________.b.

Section XI. STEMS .PERTAINING TO THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS MD0010 2-47 .

93. ****************************************** Psycho and mento are stems which mean mind. en"sef-ah-li'tis brain 95. ****************************************** Cerebro and encephalo are stems which mean brain. ****************************************** Neuro is a stem which means nerve. Psycho logy is the science that studies the __________. for example. pol"e-nu-ri'tis nerves 94. means inflammation of the __________. Encephalitis. si-kol 'o-je mind ****************************************** MD0010 2-48 .The nervous system along with the endocrine system correlates our adjustments and reactions to internal and environmental conditions. Polyneuritis means inflammation of many __________.

Mania is a stem which means madness. ****************************************** Phobia is a stem which means fear. pi"ro-ma'ne-ah madness 97. Anesthesia means without __________ or __________. means fire __________. an"es-the'ze-ah feeling/sensation 99. Pyromania. give the meaning of the following terms: a. neuro: __________ nerve (frame 93) ****************************************** b. hi"dro-fo'be-ah fear 98. cerebro/enchephalo: __________ brain (frame 94) ****************************************** MD0010 2-49 . A person with hydrophobia has a __________ of water. ****************************************** Esthesia is a stem which means feeling or sensation. ****************************************** As a review. for example.96.

phobia: __________ fear (frame 97) ****************************************** f. Psychology is the science that studies the __________. mania: __________ madness (frame 96) ****************************************** e. esthesia: __________ feeling/sensation (frame 98) ****************************************** 100 To further reinforce what you have learned. mind (frame 95) ****************************************** d. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. Polyneuritis is an inflammation of many __________. nerves (frame 93) ****************************************** b.c. A person with hydrophobia has a __________ of water. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the __________. fear (frame 97) ****************************************** MD0010 2-50 . Pyromania means fire __________. madness (frame 96) ****************************************** e. brain (frame 94) ****************************************** c. psycho/mento: __________ mind (frame 95) ****************************************** d.

Anesthesia means without __________. feeling/sensation (frame 98) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 99 and 100. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 101. MD0010 2-51 .f.

Section XII.PERTAINING TO THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM MD0010 2-52 . STEMS .

sis-ti-tis bladder ****************************************** 104 Urethro is a stem meaning urethra. A person who has had a nephrectomy has had a __________ removed.The genitourinary system includes the genitals and the urinary organs. A person who has ureteritis has an inflammation of the __________. Urethritis is an inflammation of the . u"re-thri'tis urethra ****************************************** MD0010 2-53 . ****************************************** 101 Nephro and rena are stems which mean kidney. u"re-ter-i'tis ureter ****************************************** 103 Cysto is a stem which means bladder. ne-frek'to-m kidney ****************************************** 102 Uretero is a stem which means ureter. A person who has cystitis has an inflammation of the __________.

105 Orchio is a stem which means testes. Orchiopexy means fixation of the ___________. or"ke-o-pek'se testes ****************************************** 106 Uro and uria are stems which mean urine. Urophobia is a term which means fear of passing __________. u"ro-fo'be-ah

urine ****************************************** 107 Lith is a stem which means stone. Nephrolithiasis is the formation of renal __________.

nef"ro-li-thi'ah-sis stones ****************************************** 108 In review, give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. nephro/reno: __________ kidney (frame 101) ****************************************** b. uretero: __________ ureter (frame 102) ******************************************

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c. cysto: __________ bladder (frame 103) ****************************************** d. urethro: __________ urethra (frame 104) ****************************************** e. orchio: ___________ testes (frame 105) ****************************************** f. uro/uria: __________ urine (frame 106) ****************************************** g. lith: __________ stone (frame 107) ****************************************** 109 To further reinforce what you have learned, fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. A person who has had a nephrectomy has had a __________ removed. kidney (frame 101) ****************************************** b. A person who has ureteritis has an inflammation of the __________. ureter (frame 102) ****************************************** c. Someone who has cystitis has an inflammation of the __________. bladder (frame 103) ****************************************** d. Urethritis is an inflammation of the __________. urethra (frame 104) ******************************************

MD0010

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e. Orchiopexy is the fixation of the __________. testes (frame 105) ****************************************** f. Nephrolithiasis is the formation of renal __________. stones (frame 107) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frames 108 and 109, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 110.

MD0010

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Section XIII. STEMS - PERTAINING TO GYNECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

MD0010

2-57

A woman who has had an oophorectomy has had her __________ removed. sal"pin-ji'tis tube ****************************************** 113 As a review.Gynecology and obstetrics relates to the female reproductive system and birth. A woman who has had a hysterectomy. for example. hystero/metro: __________ uterus/womb (frame 110) ****************************************** MD0010 2-58 . o"of-o-rek'to-me ovary ****************************************** 112 Salpingo is a stem which means tube. give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. his"te-rek'to-me uterus ****************************************** 111 Oophoro is a stem which means ovary. ****************************************** 110 Hystero and metro are stems which mean uterus or womb. A woman who has salpingitis has an inflammation of a __________. has had her __________ removed.

fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. MD0010 2-59 . When a woman has an oophorectomy. uterus (frame 110) ****************************************** b. ovary (frame 111) ****************************************** c.b. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 115. she has an __________ removed. tube (frame 112) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 113 and 114. salpingo: __________ tube (frame 112) ****************************************** 114 To further reinforce what you have learned. A woman who has salpingitis has an inflammation of the __________. A woman who has had a hysterectomy has had her __________ removed. oophoro: __________ ovary (frame 111) ****************************************** c.

STEMS .Section XIV.PERTAINING TO THE SENSORY ORGANS MD0010 2-60 .

include the eye and the ear. o'to-plas"te ear ****************************************** 116 Tympano and myringo are stems which refer to the eardrum. of"thal-mol'o-je eye ****************************************** MD0010 2-61 . for example. Ophthalmology is the science dealing with the _________ and its diseases. Otoplasty. tim"pah-no-plas'te eardrum ****************************************** 117 Ophthalmo and oculo are stems which mean eye. A tympanoplasty means plastic repair of the __________.The sensory organs. ****************************************** 115 Oto is a stem which means ear. as you know. means plastic repair of the __________.

blef"ah-ri'tis eyelid ****************************************** 120 Kerato is a stem which means cornea. ker"ah-ti'tis cornea ****************************************** 121 Dacryo is a stem which means tear. An opto metrist is a person who is trained to examine eyes in order to determine the presence of __________ problems. dak"re-o-sis-ti'tis tear ****************************************** MD0010 2-62 . Blepharitis means inflammation of the __________. op-tom'e-trist vision ****************************************** 119 Blepharo is a stem which means eyelid.118 Opto is a stem which means vision. Keratitis means inflammation of the __________. A person with dacryocystitis has inflammation of the __________ sac.

dacryo: __________ tear (frame 121) ****************************************** 123 To further reinforce what you have learned. give the meaning of each of the following terms: a. ophthalmo/oculo: __________ eye (frame 117) ****************************************** d. Otoplasty is the plastic repair of the __________.122 As a review. eardrum (frame 116) ****************************************** MD0010 2-63 . kerato: __________ cornea (frame 120) ****************************************** g. fill in the blanks with the appropriate terms: a. blepharo: __________ eyelid (frame 119) ****************************************** f. oto: __________ ear (frame 115) ****************************************** b. ear (frame 115) ****************************************** b. A tympanoplasty is the plastic repair of the __________. tympano/myringo: __________ eardrum (frame 116) ****************************************** c. opto: __________ vision (frame 118) ****************************************** e.

eye (frame 117) ****************************************** d. cornea (frame 120) ****************************************** g. A person with dacryocysitis has an inflammation of the __________ sac. eyelid (frame 119) ****************************************** f. tear (frame 121) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 122 and 123. Ophthalmology is the science dealing with the __________ and its diseases.c. MD0010 2-64 . please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 124. An optometrist is a person who is trained to examine eyes in order to determine the presence of __________ problems. Keratitis is an inflammation of the __________. Blepharitis is an inflammation of the __________. vision (frame 118) ****************************************** e.

MISCELLANEOUS STEMS MD0010 2-65 .Section XV: STEMS .

A lipoma is a tumor composed of __________. pi"o-jen'ik pus ****************************************** 125 Lipo is a stem which means fat. mi-ko'sis fungus ****************************************** MD0010 2-66 .124 ****************************************** Pyo is a stem meaning pus. The word pyogenic means producing __________. A person who is afebrile is without __________. li-po mah fat ****************************************** 126 Febri is a stem which means fever. Mycosis is any disease caused by a __________. a-feb'ril fever ****************************************** 127 Myco is a stem which means fungus.

Hyperemesis is a word which means excessive __________. give the meaning of each of the following terms: a.128 Necro is a stem which means dead. nek'rop-se dead ****************************************** 129 Emesis is a stem which means vomit. myco: __________ fungus (frame 127) ****************************************** e. hi"per-em'e-sis vomiting ****************************************** 130 As a review. A necropsy is an autopsy or scientific inspection of a __________ body. febri: __________ fever (frame 126) ****************************************** d. pyo: __________ pus (frame 124) ****************************************** b. lipo: __________ fat (frame 125) ****************************************** c. necro: __________ dead (frame 128) ****************************************** MD0010 2-67 .

A person who is afebrile is without __________. The term pyogenic means producing __________. A lipoma is a tumor composed of __________. fever (frame 126) ****************************************** d.f. pus (frame 124) ****************************************** b. Hyperemesis is excessive __________. Mycosis is any disease caused by a __________. fungus (frame 127) ****************************************** e. fill in the blanks with the appropriate words: a. A necropsy is an autopsy or scientific inspection of a __________ body. vomiting (frame 129) ****************************************** MD0010 2-68 . fat (frame 125) ****************************************** c. emesis: __________ vomiting (frame 129) ****************************************** 131 To further reinforce what you have learned. dead (frame 128) ****************************************** f.

MD0010 2-69 . You have now completed the first part of this programmed text on medical terminology. Continue with Self-Assessment Section XVI. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY CROSSWORD PUZZLE Fill in the combining forms for the stems listed below the puzzle. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing.If you missed any of the questions in frames 130 and 131. Solutions are on page 2-78. you can complete the stem crossword puzzle on the following page before completing the self-assessment questions starting on page 2-71. Congratulations! As a fun review and exercise.

MD0010 2-70 .

The answers to the questions are given on pages 2-75 and 2-76. SELF-ASSESSMENT #1 To evaluate how well you have learned the stems covered in lesson 2. complete the self-assessment #1 questions. MD0010 2-71 .Section XVII. This self-assessment is to assist you in determining whether you need to go back and review parts of lesson 2 before going to lesson 3.

IN COLUMN "B" ARE THE ENGLISH MEANINGS OF THE STEMS. 2. MATCH THE TWO. B. 14. 11. URINE BLOOD CELL RIB TONGUE GALLBLADDER BONE KIDNEY NERVE STOMACH HEART EXTREMITY FAT CLOT JOINT MD0010 2-72 . M." EXAMPLE: GLAND ADENO COLUMN A 1. 3. C. 4.SELF-ASSESSMENT #1 Stems LISTED BELOW IN COLUMN "A" ARE 15 OF THE 100 LATIN AND GREEK STEMS GIVEN TO YOU. 6. 9. 5. K. OSTEO ARTHRO CARDIO URO/URIA LIPO HEMO/HEMATO THROMBO CYTO COSTO LINGUA/GLOSSA CHOLECYSTO NEPHRO/RENA NEURO GASTRO ACRO COLUMN B A. 15. AND WRITE THE ENGLISH MEANING FROM COLUMN "B" IN COLUMN "A. J. 12. G. E. F. 10. 8. O. L. 7. H. I. N. 13. D.

D. B. THE STEM "ADENO" IN THE WORD ADENECTOMY MEANS: A. BLADDER GALLBLADDER C. FEVER FUNGUS C. D. D. THE STEM "EMESIS" IN THE WORD HYPEREMESIS MEANS: A. ABDOMINAL WALL GLAND 20.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #1 STEMS FOR EACH OF THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS BELOW. B. SELECT THE ONE MOST APPROPRIATE ANSWER. SKIN CELL C. D. THE STEM "CHONDRO" IN THE WORD CHONDRITIS MEANS: A. B. TENDON RIB C. 17. SCANT EXCESSIVE C. 16. B. D. D. D. VOMITING EXIT 22. CIRCLE THE ANSWER. CLOT FUNGUS 21. CARTILAGE MUSCLE C. THE STEM "MYCO" IN THE WORD MYCOSIS MEANS: A. THE STEM "HEPATO" IN THE WORD HEPATITIS MEANS: A. THE STEM "FEBRI" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. CARTILAGE JOINT THE STEM "MYO" IN THE WORD MYOPLASM MEANS: A. B. B. B. BONE VEIN 18. KIDNEY NAIL 19. BLOOD LIVER C. FAT FEELING MD0010 2-73 .

D. B. JOINT CARTILAGE 25. D. BRAIN HEAD C. THE STEM "LAPARO" IN THE WORD LAPARATOMY MEANS: A. SPINE TOOTH 24. B. ABDOMINAL WALL CELL WALL C. D. URINARY BLADDER STOMACH Check your answers on the following pages MD0010 2-74 . B.23. THE STEM "ENCEPHALO" IN THE WORD ENCEPHALITIS MEANS: A. VEIN ARTERY C. THE STEM "ARTERIO" IN THE WORD ARTERIOSCLEROSIS MEANS: A.

I (NERVE) NEURO 14. F (GALLBLADDER) CHOLECYSTO 12. B (BLOOD) HEMO/HEMATO 7. H (KIDNEY) NEPHRO/RENA 13. D (RIB) COSTO 10.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #1 Stems 1. K (HEART) CARDIO 4. E (TONGUE) LINGUA/GLOSSA 11. N (CLOT) THROMBO 8. L (EXTREMITY) ACRO MD0010 2-75 . A (URINE) URO/URIA 5. M (FAT) LIPO 6. C (CELL) CYTO 9. G (BONE) OSTEO 2. O (JOINT) ARTHRO 3. J (STOMACH) GASTRO 15.

GLAND 20. THE STEM "MYCO" IN THE WORD MYCOSIS MEANS: D. VOMITING 22. 17. THE STEM "ARTERIO" IN THE WORD ARTERIOSCLEROSIS MEANS: B. FUNGUS 21. BRAIN 24. THE STEM "ENCEPHALO" IN THE WORD ENCEPHALITIS MEANS: A. CARTILAGE THE STEM "MYO" IN THE WORD MYOPLASM MEANS: B. ABDOMINAL WALL MD0010 2-76 . THE STEM "ADENO" IN THE WORD ADENECTOMY MEANS: D. ARTERY 25. LIVER 19. THE STEM "LAPARO" IN THE WORD LAPARATOMY MEANS: A. THE STEM "CHONDRO" IN THE WORD CHONDRITIS MEANS: C. MUSCLE 18.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENTQUIZ #1 Stems 16. FEVER 23. THE STEM "EMESIS" IN THE WORD HYPEREMESIS MEANS: C. THE STEM "FEBRI" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. THE STEM "HEPATO" IN THE WORD HEPATITIS MEANS: B.

Go to Lesson 3 Continue with Lesson 2 liver rectum/anus colon jejunum . 62.SOLUTIONS TO PRETEST #1 1. 29. 12. 24. 70. 33. 31. 8. 42. 16. 19. 64. 49. 69. 41. 20. tubes. 46. eye ear birth/fever tube ovary stone urine testicle bladder urethra gall uterus. 17. 43. 55. 44. 45. 10. 37. 59. 13. 50. 5. 11. 15. 57. 56. 32. 9. 34. 54. 47. 6. 53. 68. 25. 27. 7. 39. 63. 60. 21. 28. 2. 52. 48. 58. 14. 30. 23. 3. and ovaries herniation feeling/sensation fear disorder bone brain (cerebrum) nerve sugar swelling extremities eating spleen lymph brain fat pus tears cells clot arteries veins vessel vessel 36. 66. 18. 40. 65. 4. 67. 51. 61. 38.ileum mental intestine stomach gums tears lips duodenum mouth breathing air abdominal wall tongue bronchial nose nose larynx nails ribs abdomen tendon muscle spinal cord cartilage joint tympanic membrane cornea pharynx eyelid blood dead fungus MD0010 2-77 . 26. 22. 35.

SOLUTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY CROSSWORD PUZZLE MD0010 2-78 .

After completing this lesson. 3-2.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 3 LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVES Prefixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. MD0010 3-1 . write the English meaning in the space provided without error. frame numbers 132-198. you should be able to: 3-1. select the most appropriate answer without error. Lesson 3. Given 10 of the 50 Latin and Greek medical related prefixes and a list of English meanings for these prefixes. Given 10 multiple choice questions on medical prefixes.

3. breathing. 1. Cyanopia is a defect in vision that causes objects to appear . 14. sensitivity to pain. 9. nose. 6. 16. 2. If you correctly answer 90% or more of the questions. speech. Malnutrition means Noctiphobia is an abnormal fear of Dysmenorrhea means Hydrotherapy is treatment with Macrorhinia means A baby born with a microcephalus had a very A melanoma is a tumor. cell(s). 15. complete pretest #2. head. 7. The pretest contains 31 questions relating to medical terminology prefixes. . 13. PRETEST #2 Before you turn to frame 132 and begin work on your study of prefixes in medical terminology. menstrual flow. 4. embryonic cell. 5. .LESSON 3 Section I. Write your answers in the space provided in each question. 11. 10. of the face. digestion. infection. 12. 8. nutrition. 3-2 Hemifacial means pertaining to one MD0010 . Erythroderma means A leukoblast is a Oligopnea means Bradypepsia means Tachyphasia means A monocyte has Asepsia means Hyperalgesia is skin. A score of 90% on this pretest is 27 correct answers. 17. you pass the pretest.

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31.

Polyarthritis means inflammation of Ectogenous is something produced Pericolic is a word for

joints. an organism. the colon. the tongue.

A medication administered hypoglossal is placed Subaural means Postcibal means Ectocytic means An antiseptic is a drug that works Endocranial means Retrosternal means Ante mortem is Preoperative is An interdental cavity is Bilateral means pertaining to the ear. meals. the cell. infection. the cranium. the sternum. death. surgery. the teeth. side(s).

Check your answers on page 3-39

MD0010

3-3

Section II. PREFIXES - GENERAL INFORMATION Prefixes are one or more letters or syllables which come before the stem (at the beginning of a word) to explain or add meaning to the rest of the term. ****************************************** 132 A prefix comes __________ the stem. before ****************************************** 133 In the term unforgettable, "forget" is the stem and "un" is the __________. prefix ****************************************** 134 In the words implant, supplant, and transplant, the prefixes are ______, ______, and ______. imp/sup/trans ****************************************** 135 You can change the meaning of a term by putting a prefix before the __________. stem ****************************************** 136 Prefixes are the most frequently used elements in the formation of Greek and Latin words, but not every word contains a __________. prefix ****************************************** 137 Prefixes may be divided into various categories of meaning depending on how they modify the stem, such as location, time, amount, color, negation, size, or position. Prefixes may be divided into various categories of __________. meaning ******************************************

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138 To reinforce what you have learned, please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. a. A prefix comes __________ the stem. before (frame 132) ****************************************** b. In the term unforgettable, "forget" is the stem and "un" is the __________. prefix (frame 133) ****************************************** c. In the words implant, supplant, and transplant, the prefixes are _____, _____, and _____. imp/sup/trans (frame 134) ****************************************** d. You can change the meaning of a term by putting a prefix before the __________. stem (frame 135) ****************************************** e. Not every Greek or Latin word contains a __________. prefix (frame 136) ****************************************** f. Prefixes may be divided into various categories of __________. meaning (frame 137) ******************************************

If you missed any of the questions in frame 138, please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 139.

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Section III. PREFIXES - PERTAINING TO LOCATION We will now study the prefixes that indicate location. ****************************************** 139 The prefix intra- means inside or within. The dash after intra- indicates that the stem comes __________ (before, after) the prefix. after ****************************************** 140 By combining the prefix intra- with the stem abdominal, you know it means __________ the abdomen.

in"trah-ab-dom'i-nal

inside/within ******************************************

MD0010

3-6

is a prefix which means around or surrounding. Pericarditis.141 Endo.and ecto. ek-top'ik outside ****************************************** MD0010 3-7 . is a word which means inflammation __________ the heart.are prefixes which mean out and outside.is also a prefix meaning within or inside. then. en"do-me-tri'tis inside/within ****************************************** 142 Peri. for example. Endometritis. then. is a pregnancy which occurs __________ the uterine cavity. An ectopic pregnancy. Metro is the stem meaning uterus. per"i-kar-di'tis around/surrounding ****************************************** 143 Ec. Cardio is the stem for heart. is a word which means inflammation __________ the uterus.

sub"ku-ta'ne-us hi"po-der'mik under.144 Em.and en. Subcutaneous.are also prefixes which mean within or inside. and a hypodermic needle is one that is inserted __________ the skin. ret"ro-kar'de-al post-na'zal behind. Retrocardial means located __________ the heart and postnasal means situated __________ the nose. em"pi-e'mah inside/within ****************************************** 145 Retro. means __________ the skin.are prefixes which mean behind. Empyema. for example.and hypo. under ****************************************** MD0010 3-8 .and post. means pus __________ a body cavity. for example. behind ****************************************** 146 The prefixes sub.mean under.

intercostal muscles are muscles which are __________ the ribs. inter-: __________ between (frame 147) ****************************************** MD0010 3-9 . ec-/ecto-: __________ out/outside (frame 143) ****************************************** d. means ribs. retro-/post-: __________ behind (frame 145) ****************************************** f. given the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate location: a. Therefore. in"ter-kos'tal between ****************************************** 148 In review. The stem. em-/en-: __________ within/inside (frame 144) ****************************************** e. costal.147 Inter. sub-/hypo-: __________ under (frame 146) ****************************************** g. intra-/endo-: __________ inside/within (frames 140 & 141) ****************************************** b.is a prefix meaning between. peri-: __________ around/surrounding (frame 142) ****************************************** c.

outside (frame 143) ****************************************** f. Ectopic pregnancy is one which occurs __________ the uterine cavity. after (frame 139) ****************************************** b. inside/within (frame 144) ****************************************** g. behind (frame 145) ****************************************** MD0010 3-10 . Retrocardial means located __________ the heart.indicates that the stem comes __________ (before. Intra-abdominal means __________ the abdomen. write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. Empyema is a condition where there is an accumulation of pus __________ a body cavity. The dash after intra. Endometritis means inflammation __________ the uterus. inside/within (frame 141) ****************************************** d.149 To further reinforce what you have learned. after) the prefix. inside/within (frame 140) ****************************************** c. around (frame 142) ****************************************** e. Pericarditis means inflammation __________ the heart.

you know that antepartum means __________ childbirth. an'te-par'tum before ****************************************** MD0010 3-11 .and pre. between (frame 147) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 148 and 149. PREFIXES . Section IV. By combining the prefix antewith the stem partum. ****************************************** 150 The prefixes ante. under (frame 146) ****************************************** k. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 150. behind (frame 145) ****************************************** i. A hypodermic needle is one that is inserted __________ the skin. Postnasal means situated __________ the nose.h.PERTAINING TO TIME We will now study the prefixes that indicate time. Subcutaneous indicates __________ the skin. under (frame 146) ****************************************** j. Intercostal muscles are muscles which are __________ the ribs.mean before.

pre-: __________ before (frame 151) ****************************************** c. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate time: a. Antepartum means __________ childbirth. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. after) surgery. during. a postoperative complication is a complication which occurred (before. ante-: __________ before (frame 150) ****************************************** b. Consequently. after) surgery. before (frame 150) ****************************************** MD0010 3-12 . pre-op'er-a-tiv before ****************************************** 152 The prefix post.151 A preoperative medication is a medication which is given __________ (before.also means after. post-: __________ after (frame 152) ****************************************** 154 To further reinforce what you have learned. during. post-op'er-a-tiv after ****************************************** 153 In review.

after (frame 152) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 153 and 154. a-feb'ril without/absence of ****************************************** 156 The stem esthesia means feeling. A preoperative medication is one which is given __________ surgery.b. Section V: PREFIXES .an mean without or absence of. before (frame 151) ****************************************** c.or. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 155. Therefore.PERTAINING TO NEGATION We will now study prefixes that indicate negation. Therefore. A postoperative complication is one occurring __________ surgery. an"es-the'ze-ah without ****************************************** MD0010 3-13 . anesthesia means __________ feeling. ****************************************** 155 The prefixes a. afebrile means __________ fever.

an-: __________ without (frame 156) ****************************************** c. Afebrile means __________ fever. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a.157 The prefix anti. Anesthesia means __________ feeling. Antitoxin means __________ toxin or poison. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate negation: a. an"ti-tok'sin against ****************************************** 158 In review. without/absence of (frame 156) ****************************************** c.means against. The term antitoxin means __________ toxin or poison. against (frame 157) ****************************************** MD0010 3-14 . a-: __________ without/absence of (frame 155) ****************************************** b. without/absence of (frame 155) ****************************************** b. anti-: __________ against (frame 157) ****************************************** 159 To further reinforce what you have learned.

Therefore. refers to a __________ cell.If you missed any of the questions in frames 158 and 159. refers to __________ sides. then. the valve in the heart which has __________ parts is called the tricuspid valve. A unicycle has one wheel. ****************************************** 160 Uni and mono. A tricycle has three wheels. bi-lat'er-al two ****************************************** 162 The prefix for three is tri.is a prefix indicating the number two. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 160. PREFIXES . Bi-lateral. A bicycle has two wheels. Section VI. Monocyte. mon'o-sit single ****************************************** 161 Bi.PERTAINING TO AMOUNT OR COMPARISON We will now study prefixes thatindicate amount or comparison. for example.are prefixes which mean one or single. tri-kus'pid three ****************************************** MD0010 3-15 .

mean half. A person with hemiplegia has paralysis on one-______ of the body.and semi. A person with polyneuritis has inflammation of __________ nerves.and poly. A person with quadriplegia has paralysis in all __________ limbs.163 The prefix quadri.mean many or much. kwod"ri-ple'je-ah four ****************************************** 164 The prefixes multi. pol"e-nu-ri'tis many ****************************************** 165 The prefixes hemi. hem"e-ple'je-ah half ****************************************** 166 A person who is semiconscious is __________ conscious. sem"e-kno'shus half ****************************************** MD0010 3-16 .means four.

or low. Therefore. as you know from lesson 2. hi"per-em'e-sis hyper ****************************************** MD0010 3-17 . is a word that means vomiting. A word that means excessive vomiting is __________ emesis.also means too little. has blood pressure above the normal or __________ blood pressure. hi"per-ten'shun high ****************************************** 169 Emesis.is a prefix that is just the opposite of hypo-. then. a person with hypotension has __________ blood pressure. Hyper means above or high.167 The prefix hypo. hi"po-ten'shun low ****************************************** 168 Hyper. A person with hypertension.

tak'e-kar'de-ah fast ****************************************** 171 The prefix for slow is brady-. ol"i-gu're-ah little/scanty ****************************************** 173 In review. Therefore. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate amount or comparison: a. The stem meaning urine is -uria. A person with tachycardia has an abnormally __________ heartbeat. brad"e-kar'de-ah slow ****************************************** 172 The prefix for little or scanty is oligo-. A person with bradycardia has an abnormally __________ heartbeat. oliguria means __________ or __________ urine.170 The prefix for fast is tachy-. Mono-: __________ one/single (frame 160) ****************************************** MD0010 3-18 .

Hemi-/Semi-: __________ half (frame 165) ****************************************** g. Multi-/Poly-: __________ many/much (frame 164) ****************************************** f. Hypo-: __________ low (frame 167) ****************************************** h.b. Tachy-: __________ fast (frame 170) ****************************************** j. Bi-: __________ two/double (frame 161) ****************************************** c. Oligo-: __________ little/scanty (frame 172) ****************************************** MD0010 3-19 . Tri-: __________ three (frame 162) ****************************************** d. Quadri: __________ four (frame 163) ****************************************** e. Brady-: __________ slow (frame 171) ****************************************** k. Hyper-: __________ high (frame 168) ****************************************** i.

many (frame 164) ****************************************** f. half (frame 165) ****************************************** h. The tricuspid valve in the heart has __________ parts. Monocyte refers to a _________ cell. four (frame 163) ****************************************** e. The medical term polyneuritis indicates inflammation of __________ nerves. three (frame 162) ****************************************** d. low (frame 167) ****************************************** MD0010 3-20 . please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. a.174 To further reinforce what you have learned. single (frame 160) ****************************************** b. A person who is semiconscious is __________ conscious. two (frame 161) ****************************************** c. half (frame 165) ****************************************** g. A person with hypotension has __________ blood pressure. he has paralysis on one-__________ of the body. When a person has hemiplegia. Bilateral refers to __________ sides. A person with quadriplegia has paralysis of __________ limbs.

Bradycardia refers to an abnormally __________ heartbeat.i. A person with hypertension has __________ blood pressure. slow (frame 171) ****************************************** l. Oliguria means __________ urine. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 175. MD0010 3-21 . high (frame 168) ****************************************** j. fast (frame 170) ****************************************** k. little/scanty (frame 172) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 173 and 174. Tachycardia indicates an abnormally __________ heartbeat.

Section VII. A leukocyte.PERTAINING TO COLOR We will now study the prefixes that indicate color. then.is a prefix meaning blue. ****************************************** 175 The prefix leuko. lu'ko-sit white ****************************************** 176 Erythro. e-rith'ro-sit red ****************************************** 177 Cyano. Cyanosis refers to a __________ condition of the skin. PREFIXES . si"ah-no'sis blue/bluish ****************************************** MD0010 3-22 .means white. therefore. refers to a __________ blood cell. An erythrocyte. refers to a __________ blood cell.is a prefix meaning red.

Melano-: __________ dark/black (frame 178) ****************************************** MD0010 3-23 . Cyano-: __________ blue (frame 177) ****************************************** d. a. Pearly teeth.178 Melano. shining hair melano. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicates color. Shimmering.is a prefix meaning dark or black. Leuko-: __________ white (frame 175) ****************************************** b. Warm and lovely skin so leuko. Erythro-: __________ red (frame 176) ****************************************** c. and lips erythro. Come with me into my nook-o? 179 In review. mel"ah-no'mah dark/black ****************************************** An Invitation to Your Love Oh! Beauty rare with eyes cyano. Cheeks where only peaches will grow. A melanoma is a malignant or __________ tumor.

A leukocyte is a __________ blood cell. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. Cyanosis is a __________ condition of the skin. dark/black (frame 178) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 179 and 180. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 181. he has a malignant __________ mole or tumor. blue (frame 177) ****************************************** d. white (frame 175) ****************************************** b. a. MD0010 3-24 . red (frame 176) ****************************************** c.180 To further reinforce what you have learned. An erythrocyte is a __________ blood cell. When someone has a melanoma.

****************************************** 181 Micro.PERTAINING TO SIZE AND POSITION We will now study the prefixes thatindicate size.is a prefix which means the opposite of micro. therefore. A cyte is a stem meaning cell. A microcyte. Macro.is used in words to mean __________. mi'kro-sit small ****************************************** 182 A word indicating smallness of heart is __________cardia. mi"kro-kar'de-ah microcardia ****************************************** 183 Macro. mak'ro-sit large ****************************************** MD0010 3-25 . PREFIXES . is a very __________ cell.is a prefix meaning small.Section VIII.

mak"ro-scop'ik macrocytes ****************************************** 185 Mega. an"ter-o-lat'er-al front/side ****************************************** MD0010 3-26 .is a prefix meaning anterior part or in front of.is also a prefix which means large. Therefore.is a prefix meaning side. Very large cells are called __________cytes. anterolateral means situated in __________ and to one _________. ****************************************** 186 Antero. A megacolon is an abnormally __________ colon.184 Things that are macroscopic can be seen with the naked eye. Latero. meg"ah-ko'lon large ****************************************** We will now study the prefixes that indicate position.

is a prefix meaning middle. Levoversion is a term which means the act of turning to the __________. refers to having the heart on the __________ side of the body. a. Dextrocardia. give the meaning of each of the following prefixes which indicate size and position.is a prefix meaning to the left. therefore. me'de-al middle ****************************************** 190 In review. le"vo-ver'zhun left ****************************************** 189 Medio.is a prefix which means to the right.187 Dextro. The medial part of the body pertains to the __________. deks"tro-kar'de-ah right ****************************************** 188 Levo. Micro: __________ small (frame 181) ****************************************** MD0010 3-27 .

Medio-: __________ middle (frame 189) ****************************************** 191 To further reinforce what you have learned. Antero-: __________ to the front (frame 186) ****************************************** e. please write the correct word in each blank in the following sentences. large (frame 183) ****************************************** MD0010 3-28 . Latero-: __________ to the side (frame 186) ****************************************** f. small (frame 181) ****************************************** b. Levo-: __________ to the left (frame 188) ****************************************** h. Mega-: __________ large (frame 185) ****************************************** d.b. Macro-: __________ large (frame 183) ****************************************** c. a. A microcyte is a very __________ cell. Macrocytes are very __________ cells. Dextro-: __________ to the right (frame 187) ****************************************** g.

front/side (frame 186) ****************************************** e. Levoversion means the act of turning to the __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 192. middle (frame 189) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 190 and 191. MD0010 3-29 .c. left (frame 188) ****************************************** g. The medial part of the body is called the __________ part. large (frame 185) ****************************************** d. If the heart is on the __________ side of the body. right (frame 187) ****************************************** f. Anterolateral means in __________ and to one __________. A person with a megacolon has an abnormally __________ colon. it is referred to as dextrocardia.

A patient with dyspnea would be experiencing __________ or __________ breathing. ****************************************** 192 Hydro. therefore. hi"dro-fo'be-ah water ****************************************** 193 Dys.and noct.are prefixes meaning night.is a prefix meaning water.is a prefix meaning difficult or painful. then. nok-tu're-ah night ****************************************** MD0010 3-30 .PERTAINING TO MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS We will now conclude our study of the prefixes with some miscellaneous ones. means urination during the __________. Nocturia. Hydrophobia. disp'ne-ah difficult/painful ****************************************** 194 Nox.Section IX. PREFIXES . means fear of __________.

give the meaning of each of the following prefixes. Pan-: __________ all or total (frame 196) ****************************************** MD0010 3-31 . pan"his-ter-ek'to-me total ****************************************** 197 In review. Dys-: __________ difficult/painful (frame 193) ****************************************** c. Hydro-: __________ water (frame 192) ****************************************** b. is a __________ hysterectomy.is a prefix meaning bad. Mal-: __________ bad (frame 195) ****************************************** e.195 Mal. a. Malodorous means having a __________ odor. A panhysterectomy.is a prefix meaning total or all. therefore. mal-o'der-es bad ****************************************** 196 Pan. Nox/Noct-: __________ night (frame 194) ****************************************** d.

A patient with dyspnea would be experiencing __________ or __________ breathing. night (frame 194) ****************************************** d. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing. it has a __________ odor.198 To further reinforce what you have learned. please write the correct word in each blank in the following sentences. fear (frame 192) ****************************************** b. A person with hydrophobia has a __________ of water. total (frame 196) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 197 and 198. If something is malodorous. difficult/painful (frame 193) ****************************************** c. Continue with Self-Assessment MD0010 3-32 . a. Nocturia means urination at __________. A panhysterectomy is a __________ hysterectomy. bad (frame 195) ****************************************** e.

complete the self-assessment #2 questions. go to lesson 4. This self-assessment is to assist you in determining whether you need to go back and review parts of lesson 3 before going to lesson 4. To evaluate how well you have learned the prefixes covered in lesson 3. When you have completed lesson 3 to your satisfaction.Section X. MD0010 3-33 . SELF-ASSESSMENT #2 You have now completed lesson 3.

NOCT POLY CYANO INTER PERI DYS TACHY MONO HYPER A. 7. 5. MATCH THE TWO. HYPO NOX. 4. I. 8.SELF-ASSESSMENT #2 Prefixes LISTED BELOW IN COLUMN "A" ARE 10 OF THE 50 LATIN AND GREEK PREFIXES GIVEN TO YOU. COLUMN B BETWEEN LOW/UNDER DIFFICULT/PAINFUL FAST AROUND/SURROUNDING ONE EXCESSIVE/TOO MUCH MANY/MUCH BLUE NIGHT MD0010 3-34 . AND WRITE THE ENGLISH MEANING FROM COLUMN "B" IN COLUMN "A. J. 9." EXAMPLE: BI = TWO COLUMN A 1. H. G. C. F. IN COLUMN "B" ARE THE ENGLISH MEANINGS OF THESE PREFIXES. 10. 6. 2. D. B. E. 3.

THE PREFIX "A" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. UNDER JOINT THE PREFIX "BRADY" IN THE WORD BRADYCARDIA MEANS: A. LOW FAST C. FAST SLOW C. B.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #2 PREFIXES FOR EACH OF THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS BELOW. WITHOUT WITHIN C. IN OUT MD0010 3-35 . SELECT THE ONE MOST APPROPRIATE ANSWER. AIR LIQUID C. LOW FEW 13. B. D. THE PREFIX "SUB" IN THE WORD SUBCUTANEOUS MEANS: A. B. GAS WATER 14. SLOW FEW 16. B. D. 12. WITHIN WITHOUT C. D. D. D. IN AROUND 15. THE PREFIX "HYDRO" IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: A. THE PREFIX "TACHY" IN THE WORD TACHYCARDIA MEANS: A. B. B. B. D. RED BLACK 17. THE PREFIX "AN" IN THE WORD ANESTHESIA MEANS: A. D. OVER RIB C. 11. CIRCLE THE ANSWER. BLUE WHITE C. THE PREFIX "ERYTHRO" IN THE WORD ERYTHROCYTE MEANS: A.

B. 19. B. THE PREFIX "EM" IN THE WORD EMPYEMA MEANS: A. RIGHT LEFT C. D. BETWEEN UNDER C. THE PREFIX "OLIGO" IN THE WORD OLIGURIA MEANS: A. SMALL MANY/MUCH THE PREFIX "DEXTRO" IN THE WORD DEXTROCARDIA MEANS: A. MIDDLE SIDE 20.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #2 PREFIXES 18. D. D. OUT IN Check your answers on the following pages MD0010 3-36 . FEW/SCANTY LARGE C. B.

E (AROUND/SURROUNDING) PERI 7.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #2 1. NOCT 3. I (BLUE) CYANO 5. J (NIGHT) NOX. D (FAST) TACHY 9. B (LOW/UNDER) HYPO 2. H (MANY/MUCH) POLY 4. G (EXCESSIVE/TOO MUCH) HYPER MD0010 3-37 . C (DIFFICULT/PAINFUL) DYS 8. A (BETWEEN) INTER 6. F (ONE) MONO 10.

WITHOUT 18. WATER 14. SLOW 13. THE PREFIX "A" IN THE WORD AFEBRILE MEANS: A. FEW/SCANTY 19. RED 17. THE PREFIX "ERYTHRO" IN THE WORD ERYTHROCYTE MEANS: C. THE PREFIX "EM" IN THE WORD EMPYEMA MEANS: D. THE PREFIX "DEXTRO" IN THE WORD DEXTROCARDIA MEANS: A. UNDER THE PREFIX "BRADY" IN THE WORD BRADYCARDIA MEANS: B. THE PREFIX "TACHY" IN THE WORD TACHYCARDIA MEANS: B. WITHOUT 15. 12. IN MD0010 3-38 . THE PREFIX "AN" IN THE WORD ANESTHESIA MEANS: B. FAST 16. THE PREFIX "OLIGO" IN THE WORD OLIGURIA MEANS: A. THE PREFIX "SUB" IN THE WORD SUBCUTANEOUS MEANS: C. RIGHT 20. THE PREFIX "HYDRO" IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: D.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #2 11.

25. 18. 13. 30. 2. 4. 15. 21. 12. 8. 27. 10. 14. 23. 29. 31. 17. 19. 5. 24. 6. 20. 22. 9.SOLUTIONS TO PRETEST #2 1. 11. 26. 28. 16. 3. Poor/bad Night Painful/difficult Water Large Small Black Blue Red White Scant Slow Fast or rapid One Free from/without Excessive Half Many Outside Around Under Below After Outside Against Inside Behind Before Before Between Two/both Go to Lesson 4 Continue with Lesson 3 MD0010 3-39 . 7.

write the English meaning in the space provided without error. After completing this lesson. you should be able to: Give 10 of the 35 Latin and Greek medical suffixes and a list of English meanings of these suffixes.LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON 4 LESSON ASSIGNMENT LESSON OBJECTIVES Suffixes Pertaining to Medical Terminology. Lesson 4. MD0010 4-1 . frame numbers 199-245.

If you correctly answer 90% or more of the questions. 11. of the joints. . of the heart. of the bone. . go to the final examination ************************************************************************** Write your answers in the space provided in each question. PRETEST #3 Before you turn to frame 199 and begin work on your study of suffixes in medical terminology. 13. 7. and lesson 4. you pass the pretest and should proceed to the final examination. 5. in the head. 8. of the stomach. 12. A score of 90% on this pretest is 27 correct answers. 2. 6. 3. lesson 3. of the spinal cord. of blood vessels. 9.LESSON 4 Section I. MD0010 . of fat. ************************************************************************** If you pass the pretest for lesson 2. 10. The pretest contains 28 questions relating to medical terminology suffixes. 1. . with 90% accuracy. Arthropathy is a Enterorrhagia means Angiosclerosis is the Osteomalacia means Lipolysis is the Gastrectasia is the Cephalalgia is term for Cyanemia means blue Myelocele is the protrusion or Dermatosis means any skin Oophoroma is an ovarian Encephalitis is A cardiocentesis is a 4-2 of the brain. of the small intestine. 4. complete pretest #3.

15. 25. Check your answers on page 4-32 MD0010 4-3 . 23. . 27. 24. 18. 20. Rhinorrhea is a Pyeloplasty is the Spermapenia means a A nephropexy is the An arthrotomy is an Esophagoduodenostomy is a new duodenum. a nerve. 19. into a joint. of the liver. . of the uterus. 16. A stomatoscopy is an Neurorrhaphy means Hysteroptosis is the Hematophobia is an abnormal from the nose.14. of the renal pelvis. of spermatozoa. between the esophagus and the of the mouth with an instrument. 21. of the appendix. Acromegaly means that the extremities are Keratectasia means Hypertrophy means Appendectomy is the surgical Hepatorrhexis is the of the cornea. of a kidney. 22. 17. 28. 26. of blood.

meaning inflammation.Section II. Normally. oma. SUFFIXES . 201 Suffixes differ from prefixes. in that a suffix comes (before. ****************************************** 199 When reading or breaking down a medical term. A letter or syllable at the end of a word which adds to its meaning is called a __________. meaning condition. itis/oma/osis ****************************************** MD0010 4-4 . The suffixes most commonly used to indicate disease are -itis. we usually begin with the __________. however. after ****************************************** Most suffixes are in common use in English. suffix ****************************************** Like prefixes. usually morbid. 202 Suffixes commonly used to indicate disease are __________. meaning tumor. when reading or breaking down a medical word. and -osis. after) the stem. __________. but a few are peculiar to medicine. suffix ****************************************** 200 A suffix is a letter or syllable at the end of a word which adds meaning to the word. suffixes could be placed into different categories of meaning.GENERAL INFORMATION AND DISEASES Suffixes are the final element which we will study in analyzing medical terms. begin with the suffix. and __________.

after) the stem. after (frame 201) ****************************************** d. we usually begin with the __________. MD0010 4-5 . A letter or syllable at the end of a word which adds to its meaning is called a __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 204.203 To further reinforce what you have learned. suffix (frame 199) ****************************************** b. itis/oma/osis (frame 202) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frame 203. and __________. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences: a. __________. suffix (frame 200) ****************************************** c. Suffixes differ from prefixes in that a suffix comes __________ (before. When reading or breaking down a medical term. Suffixes commonly used to indicate disease are __________.

****************************************** 204 The suffix -cele means hernia. or expansion. Hypoglycemia is a low amount of sugar in the __________. an"je-ek'tah-sis expanding/dilation/dilatation ****************************************** MD0010 4-6 . A gastrocele. protrusion.PERTAINING TO DIAGNOSIS We will now look at the diagnostic suffixes. SUFFIXES . dilatation. gas'tro-sel hernia ****************************************** 205 -Emia is the suffix for blood.Section III. then. or tumor. then. A word we are all familiar with is leukemia. Angiectasis. is a protrusion or __________ of the stomach. is abnormal __________ of a blood vessel. which is an abnormal amount of immature white blood cells. lu-ke'me-ah hi"po-gli-se'me-ah blood ****************************************** 206 -Ectasis and -ectasia are suffixes meaning dilation.

or presence of is -iasis. Encephalitis. nef"ro-li-thi'ah-sis condition ****************************************** 208 The suffix for inflammation is -itis. kon"dro-mah-la'she-ah softening ****************************************** MD0010 4-7 . is __________ of the brain. chondromalacia is __________ of the cartilage. then. Therefore. is a __________ of stones in the kidney. Nephrolithiasis. formation of.207 The suffix for condition. therefore. en"sef-ah-li'tis inflammation ****************************************** 209 The suffix for softening is -malacia.

is arterio. as you will recall. thus a lipoma is a fatty __________. der"mah-to-fi-to'sis condition ****************************************** MD0010 4-8 . then. ar-te"re-o-skle-ro'sis hardening ****************************************** 212 The suffix for tumor is -oma. then. is a __________ of fungus of the skin. li-po'mah tumor ****************************************** 213 The suffix for condition or disease is osis. Arteriosclerosis. Hepatosplenomegaly. The stem for artery. hep"ah-to-sple"no-meg'ah-le enlargement ****************************************** 211 The suffix for hardening is -sclerosis. is __________ of the liver and spleen. are hepato and spleno. The stems for liver and spleen.210 The suffix for enlargement is -megaly. Dermatophytosis. then. is __________ of the arteries. as you will recall.

is blepharo. Thus. The stem for eyelid. kar"de-o-rek'sis rupture ****************************************** 217 The suffix for growth or nourishment is trophy. is a __________ of the heart. Cardiiiorrhexis. neuropathy is a __________ of the nerves. hi-per'tro-fe growth ****************************************** MD0010 4-9 . then. nu-rop'ah-the disease ****************************************** 215 The suffix for prolapse or downward displacement is ptosis. Therefore. The medical term for excessive __________. then. a blepharoptosis is a __________ __________of the eyelid. is hypertrophy.214 The suffix for disease is -pathy. blef"ah-ro-to'sis downward displacement ****************************************** 216 The suffix for rupture is -rrhexis. as you will recall.

dilatation. give the meaning of each of the following diagnostic suffixes: a. -itis means: __________ inflammation (frame 208) ****************************************** f. -cele means: __________ hernia. presence of (frame 207) ****************************************** e. protrusion. hi"dro-fo'be-ah fear ****************************************** 219 In review. -emia means: __________ in the blood (frame 205) ****************************************** c. -megaly means: __________ enlargement (frame 210) ****************************************** MD0010 4-10 .218 The suffix for fear is -phobia. then. Hydrophobia. or expansion (frame 206) ****************************************** d. formation of. -malacia means: __________ softening (frame 209) ****************************************** g. tumor (frame 204) ****************************************** b. -ectasis means: __________ dilation. -iasis means: __________ condition. is a __________ of water.

please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. -rrhexis means: __________ rupture (frame 216) ****************************************** n.h. -oma means: __________ tumor (frame 212) ****************************************** j. -phobia means: __________ fear (frame 218) ****************************************** 220 To further review what you have learned. -trophy means: __________ growth/nourishment (frame 217) ****************************************** o. a. hernia (frame 204) ****************************************** MD0010 4-11 . -osis means: __________ condition (frame 213) ****************************************** k. -pathy means: __________ disease (frame 214) ****************************************** l. -ptosis means: __________ prolapse/downward displacement (frame 215) ****************************************** m. A gastrocele is a protrusion or __________ of the stomach. -sclerosis means: __________ hardening (frame 211) ****************************************** i.

Encephalitis is __________ of the brain. softening (frame 209) ****************************************** g. Hypoglycemia is a low amount of sugar in the __________. Angiectasis is abnormal __________ of a blood vessel. condition (frame 213) ****************************************** MD0010 4-12 . Nephrolithiasis is a __________ of stones in the kidney. inflammation (frame 208) ****************************************** f. Arteriosclerosis is __________ of the arteries. Dermatophytosis is a fungus __________ of the skin. blood (frame 205) ****************************************** c. tumor (frame 212) ****************************************** j. Chondromalacia is __________ of the cartilage. hardening (frame 211) ****************************************** i.A lipoma is a fatty __________. enlargement (frame 210) ****************************************** h. dilation (frame 206) ****************************************** d.b. dilation (frame 206) ****************************************** e. Hepatosplenomegaly is the __________ of the liver and spleen.

growth (frame 217) ****************************************** o. rupture (frame 216) ****************************************** n. downward displacement (frame 215) ****************************************** m. Cardiorrhexis is a __________ of the heart. MD0010 4-13 . Hypertrophy is the medical term for excessive __________. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 221. disease (frame 214) ****************************************** l.k. Blepharoptosis is a __________ __________ of the eyelid. fear (frame 218) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 219 and 220. Neuropathy is a __________ of the nerves. Hydrophobia is a __________ of water.

then is an __________ of the bronchi. A bronchoscopy. SUFFIXES .Section IV. is called a __________. The stem. A salpingo-oophorectomy.PERTAINING TO OPERATIVE PROCEDURES Now let's look at the operative suffixes. is the __________ or __________ of tubes and ovaries. means tube. ko"le-sis-tek'to-me cholecystectomy ****************************************** 223 The suffix for inspection or examination is -scopy. brong-kos'ko-pe inspection/examination ****************************************** MD0010 4-14 . oophoro. salpingo. and the stem. means ovary. ****************************************** 221 The suffix for removal or excision is -ectomy. therefore. means gallbladder. Removal or excision of the gallbladder. sal-ping"go-o"of-o-rek'to-me removal/excision ****************************************** 222 The stem cholecysto. as you recall. therefore.

ar"thro-de'sis binding/fixation ****************************************** MD0010 4-15 . ko-los'to-me artificial opening ****************************************** 225 -tomy is the suffix meaning incision or cutting into. lap-ah-rot'o-me incision ****************************************** 226 The suffix for binding or fixation is -desis. A laparotomy. a colostomy is an __________ into the colon. then. then. Arthrodesis.224 -stomy is the suffix meaning surgical creation of an artificial opening. Therefore. is the medical term for surgical __________/__________ of a joint. is an __________ in the abdominal wall.

is the stem for eardrum. therefore. An orchiopexy is __________ of an undescended testis. as you recall. or"ke-o-pek'se suspension/fixation ****************************************** 228 The suffix for plastic repair of is -plasty. is the term for __________ __________ of the eardrum. Tympano. ar"thro-sen-te'sis puncture ****************************************** MD0010 4-16 . Tympanoplasty. then. Arthrocentesis. tim"pah-no-plas'te plastic repair ****************************************** 229 The suffix -centesis means puncture.227 The suffix for suspension or fixation is pexy. means __________ of a joint for the removal of fluid.

nu-ror'ah-fe suture repair ****************************************** 231 In review. Neurorraphy is the medical term for __________ __________ of the nerve. -pexy means: __________ suspension/fixation (frame 227) ****************************************** g. write the meaning of each of the following operative suffixes in the blank provided. a. -stomy means: __________ artificial opening into (frame 224) ****************************************** d. -scopy means: __________ inspection/examination (frame 223) ****************************************** c.230 The suffix for suture repair is -rrhaphy. -ectomy means: __________ removal/excision (frame 221) ****************************************** b. -desis means: __________ binding/fixation (frame 226) ****************************************** f. -plasty means: __________ plastic repair (frame 228) ****************************************** MD0010 4-17 . -tomy means: __________ incision/cutting (frame 225) ****************************************** e.

a. incision (frame 225) ****************************************** e. A salpingo-oophorectomy is the __________ or __________ of tubes and ovaries. fixation (frame 226) ****************************************** f.h. removal/excision (frame 221) ****************************************** b. suspension/fixation (frame 227) ****************************************** MD0010 4-18 . An orchiopexy is __________ of an undescended testis. A laparotomy is an __________ into the abdominal wall. artificial opening into (frame 224) ****************************************** d. A colostomy is an __________ __________ __________ the colon. -rrhaphy means: __________ suture repair (frame 230) ****************************************** 232 To further review what you have learned. please write the correct word in each of the blanks in the following sentences. -centesis means: __________ puncture (frame 229) ****************************************** i. A bronchoscopy is an __________ of the bronchi. examination/inspection (frame 223) ****************************************** c. Arthrodesis is the medical term for a surgical __________ of a joint.

suture repair (frame 230) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 231 and 232. plastic repair (frame 228) ****************************************** h. Rhinoplasty is the term for __________ __________ of the nose. Arthrocentesis is removal of fluid from a joint by __________.g. MD0010 4-19 . puncture (frame 229) ****************************************** i. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing to frame 233. Neurorrhaphy is the __________ __________ of the nerve.

Dentalgia. pi"o-jen'ik producing ****************************************** 235 -lysis is a suffix meaning destruction or breakdown. is the term for __________ pus. therefore. Pyo. ****************************************** 233 -algia is a suffix meaning pain. then. Hemolysis. he-mol'i-sis destruction ****************************************** MD0010 4-20 . SUFFIXES . then. is the medical term for a __________ in the tooth. Pyogenic. means the __________ of red blood cells.Section V. is the stem for pus. as you recall. den-tal'je-ah pain ****************************************** 234 -genic is the suffix for producing or originating.PERTAINING TO SYMPTOMS We will now study the symptomatic suffixes.

then. Thus. The medical term myospasm. di"ah-re'ah excessive discharge ****************************************** 238 -penia is the suffix meaning decrease or deficiency. e-rith"ro-pe'ne-ah deficiency/decrease ****************************************** 239 -spasm is the suffix meaning involuntary contraction. means an __________ __________ of the muscle. hem'or-ij excessive flow/discharge ****************************************** 237 Another suffix meaning excessive discharge or flow is -rrhea. hemorrhage is a term meaning __________ of blood.236 -rrhagia is the suffix meaning excessive flow or discharge. Erythropenia means a __________ of red blood cells. Diarrhea is the medical term for __________ __________ of the bowel. mi'o-spazm involuntary contraction ****************************************** MD0010 4-21 .

means __________ __________ the heart and vessels. -al. cardiac means __________ __________ the heart. in"ter-kos'tal pertaining to ****************************************** 242 Otoscopic means __________ __________ an examination of the ear. kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar pertaining to ****************************************** 241 Here's another example: Intercostal means __________ __________ between the ribs. and -ar mean pertaining to. kar'de-ak pertaining to ****************************************** MD0010 4-22 .240 The suffixes -ic. -ac. Cardiovascular. o'to-skop-ik pertaining to ****************************************** 243 Finally. for example.

write the meaning of each of the following symptomatic suffixes: a.244 In review. -spasm means: __________ involuntary contraction (frame 239) ****************************************** 245 To further reinforce what you have learned. Dentalgia is the medical term for a __________ in the tooth. -ac. -lysis means: __________ destruction (frame 235) ****************************************** d. -algia means: __________ pain (frame 233) ****************************************** b. and -ar mean: __________ pertaining to (frame 240) ****************************************** h. please write the correct word in the blanks in the following sentences. -penia means: __________ deficiency (frame 238) ****************************************** g. -al. pain (frame 233) ****************************************** MD0010 4-23 . -ic. -rrhagia means: __________ excessive discharge/flow (frame 236) ****************************************** e. -genic means: __________ producing (frame 234) ****************************************** c. -rrhea means: __________ excessive discharge (frame 237) ****************************************** f. a.

pertaining to (frame 240) ****************************************** i. pertaining to (frame 241) ****************************************** MD0010 4-24 . excessive discharge/flow (frame 236) ****************************************** e. Pyogenic is the term for __________ pus. Myospasm is the medical term for __________ __________ of a muscle. Erythropenia means a __________ of red blood cells. producing (frame 234) ****************************************** c. excessive discharge (frame 238) ****************************************** g. deficiency (frame 237) ****************************************** f. Hemorrhage is a term meaning __________ of blood. Hemolysis means the _________ of red blood cells. Intercostal means __________ __________ between the ribs.b. involuntary contraction (frame 239) ****************************************** h. destruction (frame 235) ****************************************** d. Diarrhea is the medical term for __________ __________ of the bowel. Cardiovascular means _________ __________ the heart and vessels.

j. Otoscopic means __________ __________ an examination of the ear. stems. With your knowledge of prefixes. and suffixes. pertaining to (frame 243) ****************************************** If you missed any of the questions in frames 244 and 245. *********************************************************************** Continue with Self-Assessment MD0010 4-25 . you should be able to recognize and define most medical terms. Cardiac means __________ __________ the heart. CONGRATULATIONS You have completed the last lesson on medical terminology. pertaining to (frame 242) ****************************************** k. please review the appropriate frame(s) before continuing.

This self-assessment is to assist you in determining whether you need to go back and review parts of lesson 4 before going to self-assessment #4 which is an exercise covering all stems. complete the self-assessment #3 questions. prefixes. and suffixes you have studied in this course.Section VI. MD0010 4-26 . To evaluate how well you have learned the suffixes covered in lesson 4. SELF-ASSESSMENT #3 You have now completed lesson 4.

B. 8. D. 2.SELF-ASSESSMENT #3 SUFFIXES LISTED BELOW IN COLUMN "A" ARE 10 OF THE 35 LATIN AND GREEK STEMS GIVEN TO YOU. E. J. C. 10. IN COLUMN "B" ARE THE ENGLISH MEANINGS OF THESE SUFFIXES. 7. 4. SCLEROSIS PTOSIS TROPHY ITIS MEGALY PLASTY TOMY OMA ALGIA SPASM A. 6. 5. COLUMN B INFLAMMATION PLASTIC REPAIR INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTION OPENING/INCISION INTO HARDENING TUMOR GROWTH/NOURISHMENT DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT ENLARGEMENT PAIN/ACHE MD0010 4-27 ." EXAMPLE: EMIA = BLOOD COLUMN A 1. 9. 3. F. I. MATCH THE TWO. G. H. AND WRITE THE ENGLISH MEANING FROM COLUMN "B" NEXT TO THE NUMBER IN COLUMN "A.

CONDITION/PRESENCE OF GROWTH/NOURISHMENT C. THE SUFFIX -MALACIA IN THE WORD CHONDROMALACIA MEANS: A. THE SUFFIX -CENTESIS IN THE WORD ARTHROCENTESIS MEANS: A. INSPECTION OF SUSPENSION OF 15. PERTAINING TO ORIGINATING IN 17. THE SUFFIX -OSIS IN THE WORD DERMATOPHYTOSIS MEANS: A. D. GROWING CONDITION C. D. D. D. B. THE SUFFIX -IC IN THE WORD OTOSCOPIC MEANS: A. HARDENING SOFTENING C. B. SOFTENING HARDENING C. DROOPING DILATION THE SUFFIX -MEGALY IN THE WORD HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY MEANS: A. THE SUFFIX -ECTOMY IN THE WORD SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY MEANS: A. REPAIR OF SOFTENING OF C. B. B. D. FLOWING PRODUCING MD0010 4-28 . THE SUFFIX -IASIS IN THE WORD NEPHROLITHIASIS MEANS: A. 12. B. DESTRUCTION OF PUNCTURE OF C. CIRCLE THE ANSWER. B. SUSPENSION/FIXATION PROTRUSION/SWELLING 14. ENLARGEMENT SWELLING 13. 11. SELECT THE ONE MOST APPROPRIATE ANSWER. D. B. CONDITION OF PERTAINING TO 16. EXCISION OF OPENING OF C. D.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #3 SUFFIXES FOR EACH OF THE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS BELOW.

THE SUFFIX -DESIS IN THE WORD ARTHRODESIS MEANS: A. D. DISEASE OF FEAR OF Check your answers on the following pages MD0010 4-29 . B. OPENING OF LIKE OF C. D.SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #3 SUFFIXES 18. B. PERTAINING TO INSPECTION OF C. 19. D. SOFTENING OF NOURISHMENT OF 20. THE SUFFIX -PHOBIA IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: A. PUNCTURE ENLARGEMENT THE SUFFIX -AR IN THE WORD CARDIOVASCULAR MEANS: A. FIXATION DILATION C. B.

I (ENLARGEMENT) MEGALY 6. E (HARDENING) SCLEROSIS 2. D (OPENING/INCISION INTO) TOMY 8.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #3 SUFFIXES 1. H (DOWNWARD DISPLACEMENT) PTOSIS 3. A (INFLAMMATION) ITIS 5. G (GROWTH/NOURISHMENT) TROPHY 4. J (PAIN/ACHE) ALGIA 10. F (TUMOR) OMA 9. C (INVOLUNTARY CONTRACTION) SPASM MD0010 4-30 . B (PLASTIC REPAIR) PLASTY 7.

THE SUFFIX -"ECTOMY" IN THE WORD SALPINGO-OOPHORECTOMY MEANS: A. PERTAINING TO 20. FIXATION 19. THE SUFFIX -"IC" IN THE WORD OTOSCOPIC MEANS: D. THE SUFFIX -"CENTESIS" IN THE WORD ARTHROCENTESIS MEANS: B. CONDITION/PRESENCE OF 14. SOFTENING 18. THE SUFFIX -"PHOBIA" IN THE WORD HYDROPHOBIA MEANS: D. THE SUFFIX -"OSIS" IN THE WORD DERMATOPHYTOSIS MEANS: B. CONDITION THE SUFFIX -"MEGALY" IN THE WORD HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY MEANS: C. FEAR OF Continue with Self-Assessment #4 (Review) MD0010 4-31 . THE SUFFIX -"IASIS" IN THE WORD NEPHROLITHIASIS MEANS: A.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT QUIZ #3 SUFFIXES 11. ENLARGEMENT 13. PERTAINING TO 16. THE SUFFIX -"MALACIA" IN THE WORD CHONDROMALACIA MEANS: B. PUNCTURE OF 17. EXCISION OF 15. 12. THE SUFFIX -"DESIS" IN THE WORD ARTHRODESIS MEANS: A. THE SUFFIX -"AR" IN THE WORD CARDIOVASCULAR MEANS: A.

27. 21. 26. 14. 18. 5. 9. 2. 8. Disease Hemorrhage Hardening Softening Breakdown (destruction) Dilatation Pain Blood Hernia Condition Tumor Inflammation Puncture Discharge Surgical repair/plastic repair Decrease/deficiency Fixation/suspension Incision Opening Examination Suturing Prolapse Fear Enlarged Dilatation Overdevelopment/enlargement Removal Rupture Continue with Lesson 4 MD0010 4-32 . 12. 7. 22. 13. 25.SOLUTIONS TO PRETEST #3 1. 10. 24. 15. 4. 11. 23. 20. 28. 19. 6. 3. 17. 16.

and suffixes you have studied.REVIEW . It consists of 78 Latin or Greek medical terms composed of the prefixes.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 You have completed all the study material on medical terminology. You are required to match the English meaning of the terms with the Latin or Greek term. stems. OSTEOARTHRITIS . Self-assessment #4 is a review of all the material you have been given. EXAMPLE COLUMN A 1. COLUMN B A. Inflammation of the bones and joints.

16. Gastroenteritis L.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 MEDICAL TERMS This quiz is a review of all the material you have been given. Oliguria E. Hepatitis N. 11. 13. 7. Salpingitis Duodenal Chondritis K. Subcutaneous P. 9. Glucosuria Q. and suffixes you have studied. Dyspnea B. 14. 15. Polyneuritis . Match column "A" with column "B. 4. Hematoma H. Afebrile D. Column "A" contains the meanings of the medical terms. Myospasm O. Nephrolithiasis M. 10. Nocturia C. J. 5. Condition of stones in the kidney Inflammation of many nerves Excessive vomiting Inflammation of the stomach and intestine Tumor of the brain. 8. 6. Inflammation of the liver Scant urine Without fever Under the skin Inside the abdomen Night urine Involuntary contraction of a muscle Difficult breathing Inflammation of the cartilage Pertaining to first part of small intestine Tumor filled with blood Sugar in the urine Inflammation of the tubes COLUMN B A. 2. All matching terms are on the same page. I. Hyperemesis G. Intra-abdominal R. 18. COLUMN A 1. 17. Cerebroma F. 3." Enter the letter of the medical term in the space provided. 12. stems. and column "B" contains the Latin or Greek term composed of the prefixes.

13. 15. I. 14. Puncture of a joint for removal of fluid Thoracentesis R. Cheiloplasty Plastic repair of the eardrum Q. Plastic repair of the nose Instrument used for examination of the larynx Plastic operation upon the lip Surgical fixation of a joint Puncture of the thorax Incision into the abdominal wall P. Otoplasty H. 4. 3. 18. Adenectomy D. Laparotomy E. Arthrodesis F. 16. Gastrectomy Glossorrhaphy M. Laryngoscope G. COLUMN B Arthrocentesis B. 17. 19. Nephrectomy Endometritis K. 20. 9. Cholecystectomy N. Rhinoplasty Removal of the gallbladder T. Hysterectomy C. Herniorrhaphy A. 7. 11. Orchiopexy Removal of a gland Removal of the uterus S. 12.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 2) COLUMN A 1. 8. Bilateral Salpingooophorectomy . 6. 10. 5. 2. Inflammation within the uterus Removal of both tubes and ovaries Suture repair of a hernia Fixation of the testes Suture repair of the tongue Removal of a kidney Removal of the stomach Artificial opening into the colon Plastic repair of the ear J. Colostomy O. Tympanoplasty L.

3. COLUMN B Hepatosplenomegaly B. 10. Cardiovascular N. Dermatophytosis . Thrombophlebitis E. 16. 5. 13. Intercostal S. Cyanosis R. 17. 2. Hydrophobia L. Arteriosclerosis M. I. 4. Otoscopic F. 20. Erythrocyte T. 12. J. Hypertrophy C. 15. 8. 18. Polyphagia H. Monocyte D. Hardening of the arteries Inflammation of the tongue Downward displacement of the eyelids Condition of blueness Pertaining to the heart and vessels Between the ribs Fear of water Condition of fungus of the skin Inflammation of the bones and joints Fast heart beat Slow heart beat Without feeling or sensation Pertaining to examination of the ear Inflammation of a vein with a clot Enlargement of the liver and spleen Fatty tumor Excessive growth Red cell Single or one cell Excessive eating A. 14. 9.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 3) COLUMN A 1. 19. Lipoma G. Osteoarthritis Q. 6. 7. 11. Tachycardia Bradycardia Anesthesia K. Glossitis P. Blepharoptosis O.

7. 8. 3. 19. 18. Acromegaly Q. I. Hypotension B. 14. 10. Pericarditis Necrosis Nephromegaly K. Orchiopexy L. Cystitis E. Myalgia G. 4. Hypertension R. Rhinitis . J. 17. 13. 6. 9.SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 4) COLUMN A 1. Encephalitis C. 11. Adenoid T. 16. 20. Chondromalacia P. Hepatic O. 2. Keratitis M. Hematemesis H. 5. 15. Endocarditis S. Hematuria F. Suspension of testes Enlargement of the kidney Inflammation of the cornea Producing pus Condition of dead tissue Softening of the cartilage Pertaining to the liver Vomiting of blood Inflammation of the nose Blood in the urine Inflammation within the heart Resembling a gland Pain in a muscle Low blood pressure High blood pressure Inflammation of the brain Inflammation around the heart Tooth ache/pain Enlargement of the extremities Inflammation of the bladder Check your answers on the following pages COLUMN B A. Dentalgia D. 12. Pyogenic N.

4. 5. 9. Nephrolithiasis M. Polyneuritis . 11. 6. 3. Myospasm O. 14. Afebrile D.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 MEDICAL TERMS COLUMN A 1. Inflammation of the liver Scant urine Without fever Under the skin Inside the abdomen Night urine Involuntary contraction of a muscle Difficult breathing Inflammation of the cartilage Pertaining to first part of small intestine Tumor filled with blood Sugar in the urine Inflammation of the tubes A. 2. Oliguria E. I. 10. Intra-abdominal R. 17. 12. 8. Subcutaneous P. Glucosuria Q. Nocturia C. Hepatitis N. 15. 18. Hematoma H. 7. Gastroenteritis L. Cerebroma F. 16. L R F K E M D C O Q B N A J I G P H Condition of stones in the kidney Inflammation of many nerves Excessive vomiting Inflammation of the stomach and intestine Tumor of the brain. COLUMN B Dyspnea B. Hyperemesis G. 13. Salpingitis Duodenal Chondritis K. J.

Orchiopexy Removal of a gland Removal of the uterus Removal of the gallbladder T. Hysterectomy C. Puncture of a joint for removal of fluid Thoracentesis R.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 2) COLUMN A 1. Otoplasty H. Bilateral Salpingooophorectomy P. 20. 4. 10. Laparotomy E. 9. 17. 14. 11. J O L Q I R H N G S F P E T D K C B M A Inflammation within the uterus Removal of both tubes and ovaries Suture repair of a hernia Fixation of the testes Suture repair of the tongue Removal of a kidney Removal of the stomach Artificial opening into the colon Plastic repair of the ears J. 5. Herniorrhaphy M. 3. Rhinoplasty . 15. 13. Arthrodesis F. 7. 16. Laryngoscope G. Colostomy O. I. Cheiloplasty Plastic repair of the eardrum Q. 6. Plastic repair of the nose Instrument used for examination of the larynx Plastic operation upon the lip Surgical fixation of a joint Puncture of the thorax Incision into the abdominal wall A. Gastrectomy Glossorrhaphy Endometritis K. COLUMN B Arthrocentesis B. 2. 19. 12. Cholecystectomy N. Tympanoplasty L. 18. 8. Nephrectomy S. Adenectomy D.

5. 6. Cyanosis R. 7. 17. Arteriosclerosis M. Thrombophlebitis E. J. 20. I. Dermatophytosis . Glossitis P. L O N Q M R K T P H I J E D A F B S C G Hardening of the arteries Inflammation of the tongue Downward displacement of the eyelids Condition of blueness Pertaining to the heart and vessels Between the ribs Fear of water Condition of fungus of the skin Inflammation of the bones and joints Fast heart beat Slow heart beat Without feeling or sensation Pertaining to examination of the ear Inflammation of a vein with a clot Enlargement of the liver and spleen Fatty tumor Excessive growth Red cell Single or one cell Excessive eating A. 3. 11. 19. 14. Otoscopic F. 16. Blepharoptosis O. 13. 18. Tachycardia Bradycardia Anesthesia K. 10. Erythrocyte T. 9. 12. 2. Hypertrophy C. 8. Hydrophobia L. Cardiovascular N.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 3) COLUMN A 1. Monocyte D. COLUMN B Hepatosplenomegaly B. Lipoma G. Polyphagia H. 4. 15. Osteoarthritis Q. Intercostal S.

5. 12. Hypertension R. 16. 15. 11. Cystitis E. 8. Myalgia G. 3. 9. Orchiopexy L. Chondromalacia P. 14. Necrosis Nephromegaly K. Acromegaly Q. Dentalgia D. 17. K J L M I O N G T E R S F A Q B H C P D Suspension of testes Enlargement of the kidney Inflammation of the cornea Producing pus Condition of dead tissue Softening of the cartilage Pertaining to the liver Vomiting of blood Inflammation of the nose Blood in the urine Inflammation within the heart Resembling a gland Pain in a muscle Low blood pressure High blood pressure Inflammation of the brain Inflammation around the heart Tooth ache/pain Enlargement of the extremities Inflammation of the bladder A. Pericarditis I. Hematuria F. Hematemesis H. 2. 20. Hepatic O. Keratitis M. 7. 18. 4. 10.SOLUTIONS FOR SELF-ASSESSMENT #4 (Part 4) COLUMN A 1. COLUMN B Hypotension B. Rhinitis . J. Adenoid T. 6. Pyogenic N. Endocarditis S. Encephalitis C. 19. 13.

Cystitis Pertaining to the heart and vessels Tumor of the brain Inflammation of the cartilage Softening of the cartilage Condition of blueness Inflammation of the bladder D Dentalgia Dermatophytosis Duodenal Dyspnea Toothache/pain Condition of fungus of the skin Pertaining to the first part of small intestine Difficult breathing E Encephalitis Endocarditis Endometritis Erythrocyte MD0010 Inflammation of the brain Inflammation within the heart Inflammation within the uterus Red cell A-1 .GLOSSARY Medical Term A Acromegaly Adenoid Afebrile Anesthesia Arteriosclerosis Meaning Enlargement of the extremities Resembling a gland Without fever Without feeling or sensation Hardening of the arteries B Blepharoptosis Bradycardia Downward displacement of the eyelids Slow heartbeat C Cardiovascular Cerebroma Chondritis Chondromalacia Cyanosis.

Excessive vomiting High blood pressure Excessive growth Low blood pressure I Intercostal Intra-Abdominal Between the ribs Inside the abdomen K Keratitis Inflammation of the cornea L Lipoma Fatty tumor MD0010 A-2 .Vomiting of blood Tumor filled with blood Blood in the urine Pertaining to the liver Inflammation of the liver Enlargement of the liver and spleen Fear of water .GLOSSARY (Cont) Medical Term G Gastroenteritis Glossitis Glucosuria Meaning Inflammation of the stomach and intestine Inflammation of the tongue Sugar in the urine H Hematemesis Hematoma Hematuria Hepatic Hepatitis Hepatosplenomegaly Hydrophobia Hyperemesis Hypertension Hypertrophy Hypotension .

GLOSSARY (Cont) Medical Term M Monocyte Myalgia Myospasm Meaning Single or one cell Pain in the muscle Involuntary contraction of a muscle N Necrosis Nephrolithiasis Nephrolithiasis Nocturia Condition of dead tissue Condition of stones in the kidney Enlargement of the kidney Night urine O Oliguria Osteoarthritis Otoscopic Scant urine Inflammation of the bones and joints Pertaining to examination of the ear P Pericarditis Polyneuritis Polyphagia Postpartum Pyogenic Inflammation around the heart Inflammation of many nerves Excessive eating After birth Producing pus R Rhinitis Inflammation of the nose S Salpingitis Inflammation of the tubes MD0010 A-3 .

GLOSSARY (Cont) Medical Term T Tachycardia Thrombophlebitis Meaning Fast heartbeat Inflammation of a vein with a clot Operations or Procedures Adenectomy Arthrocentesis Arthrodesis Cheiloplasty Cholecystectomy Colostomy Gastrectomy Glossorrhaphy Herniorrhaphy Hysterectomy Laparotomy Laryngoscopy Nephrectomy Orchiopexy Otoplasty Rhinoplasty Thoracentesis Tympanoplasty Meaning Removal of a gland Puncture of a joint for removal of fluid Surgical fixation of a joint Plastic operation upon the lip Removal of the gallbladder Incision into the colon Removal of the stomach Suture repair of the tongue Suture repair of a hernia Removal of the uterus Incision into the abdominal wall Examination of the larynx with an instrument Removal of a kidney Fixation of the testes Plastic repair of the ears Plastic repair of the nose Puncture of the thorax Plastic repair of the eardrum MD0010 A-4 .

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE FOR MEDICAL TERMS USED IN LESSON 2 MEDICAL TERM Abdominal /ab-dom'i-nal/ Acrodermatitis /ak"ro-der"mah-ti'tis/ Acromegaly /ak"ro-meg' ah-le/ Adenectomy /ad"e-nek' to-me/ Afebrile /a-feb' ril/ Anesthesia /an"es-the'ze-ah/ Angiogram /an'je-o-gram"/ Arteriosclerosis/ar-te"re-o-skle'ro'sis/ Arthrodesis /ar"thro-de'sis/ Blepharitis /blef"ah-ri'tis/ Bronchitis /brong-ki'tis/ Cardiovascular /kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar/ Celiectomy / se"le-ek'to-me/ Cheiloplasty /ki'lo-plas"te/ MD0010 B-1 Chondritis /kon-dri'tis/ Cholecystectomy /ko"le-sis-tek'to-me/ Colon /ko'lon/ Colostomy /ko'los'to-me/ Cystitis /sis-ti'tis/ Dacryocystitis /dak"re-o-sis-ti'tis/ Dentalgia /den'tal'je-ah/ Duodenal /du'o-de'nal/ Endometritis /en"do-me"tri'tis/ Encephalitis /en"sef-ah-li'tis/ Erythrocyte /e-rith'ro-sit/ Gastrectomy /gas-trek'to-me/ Gastroenteritis /gas"tro-en-ter-i'tis/ Gingivitis /jin"ji-vi'tis/ .

mol' o-je/ Optometrist /op-tom'e-trist/ Orchiopexy /or"ke-o-pek'se/ Osteoarthritis /os"te-o-ar-thri'-tis/ Otoplasty /o'to-plas"te/ Phagocyte /fag'o-sit/ Phlebectomy /fle-bek'to-me/ Pneodynamics /ne'o-di-nam'iks/ Pneumonia /nu-mo'ne-ah/ Pneumatic /nu-mat-ik/ Polyneuritis /pol"e-nu-ri'tis/ Polyphagia /pol"e-fa'je-ah/ Proctitis /prok-ti'tis/ Psychology /si-kol 'o-je/ Pulmonary /pul'mo-ner"e/ Pyogenic /pi"o-jen'ik/ Pyromania /pi"ro-ma'ne-ah/ Rhinitis /ri-ni'tis/ Salpingitis /sal"pin-ji'tis/ Splenectomy /sple-nek'to-me/ Stomatitis /sto-mah-ti'tis/ Tendinitis /ten"di-ni'tis/ Thrombophlebitis /throm"bo-fle-bi'tis Tinea Pedis /tin'e-ah/ Pe'dis/ Tracheitis /tra"ke-i'tis/ Tympanoplasty /tim"pah-no-plas'te/ Ureteritis /u"re-ter-i'tis/ Urethritis /u"re-thri'tis/ Vasodilator /vas"o-di-lat'or/ Venogram /ve'no-gram/ .Glossitis /glos-si'tis/ Glucosuria /gloo"ko-su're-ah/ Hematology /hem"ah tol'o-je/ Hematoma /hem"ah-to'mah/ Hepatitis /hep"ah-ti'tis/ Hydrophobia /hi"dro-fo'be-ah/ Hyperemesis /hi"per-em'e-sis/ Hysterectomy /his"te-rek'to-me/ Ileitis /il"e-i'tis/ Ileum /il'e-um/ Intercostal /in"ter-kos'tal/ Jejunum /je-joo'num/ Jejunectomy /je"joo-nek'to-me/ Keratitis /ker"ah-ti'tis/ Laparotomy /lap-ah-rot'o-me/ Laryngoscopy/lar"ing-gos'ko-pe/ Lingual /ling'gwal/ Lipoma /li-po mah/ Lymphocyte /lim'fo-sit/ Mycosis /mi-ko'sis/ Myelitis /mi"e-li'tis/ Myospasm /mi'o-spazm/ Myringotomy /mir"in-got'o-me/ Necropsy /nek'rop-se/ Nephrectomy /ne-frek'to-me/ Nephrolithiasis/nef"ro-li-thi'ah-sis/ Nocturia /nok-tu're-ah/ Ocular /ok'u-lar/ Onychectomy /on"i-kek'-to-me/ Oophorectomy /o"of-o-rek'to-me/ MD0010 B-2 Ophthalmology /of"thal.

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE FOR MEDICAL TERMS USED IN LESSON 3 MEDICAL TERM Afebrile /a-feb'ril/ Anesthesia /an"es-the'ze-ah/ Antepartum /an'te-par'tum/ Antitoxin /an"ti-tok'sin/ Anterolateral /an"ter-o-lat'er-al/ Bilateral /bi-lat'er-al/ Bradycardia /brad"e-kar'de-ah/ Cyanosis /si"ah-no'sis/ Dextrocardia /deks"tro-kar'de-ah/ Dyspnea /disp'ne-ah/ Ectopic /ek-top'ik/ Empyema /em"pi-e'mah/ Endometritis /en"do-me-tri'tis/ Erythrocyte /e-rith'ro-sit/ Hemiplegia /hem"e-ple'je-ah/ Hydrophobia /hi"dro-fo'be-ah/ Hyperemesis /hi"per-em'e-sis/ Hypertension /hi"per-ten'shun/ Hypodermic /hi"po-der'mik/ Hypotension /hi"po-ten'shun/ Intercostal /in"ter-kos'tal/ Intra-abdominal /in"trah-ab-dom'i-nal/ Leukocyte /lu'ko-sit/ Levoversion /le"vo-ver'zhun/ Macroscopic /mak"ro-skop'ik/ Macrocyte /mak'ro-sit/ Malodorous /mal-o der-es/ Medial /me'de-al/ Megacolon /meg"ah-ko'lon/ Melanoma /mel"ah-no'mah/ Microcardia/mi"kro-kar'de-ah/ Microcyte /mi'kro-sit/ Monocyte /mon'o-sit/ Multipara /mul-tip'ah-rah/ Nocturia /nok-ru're-ah/ Oliguria /ol"i gu're-ah/ Panhysterectomy /pan"his-ter-ek'to-me/ Pericarditis /per"i-kar-di-tis/ Postoperative /post-op'er-a"tiv/ Postnasal /post-na'zal/ Polyneuritis /pol"e-nu-ri'tis/ Posterolateral /pos"ter-o-lat'er-al/ Preoperative /pre-op'er-a"tiv/ Quadriplegia /kwod"ri-ple' je-ah/ Retrocardial /ret"ro-kar'de-al/ Semiconscious /sem"e-kon'shus/ Subcutaneous /sub"ku-ta'ne-us/ Tachycardia /tak"e-kar'de-ah/ Tricuspid /tri-kus'pid/ MD0010 B-3 .

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE FOR MEDICAL TERMS USED IN LESSON 4 MEDICAL TERM Acromegaly /ak"ro-meg'ah-le/ Angiectasis /an"je-ek'tah-sis/ Arteriosclerosis/ar-te"re-o-skle'ro'sis/ Arthrocentesis /ar"thro-sen-te'sis/ Arthrodesis /ar"thro-de'sis/ Blepharoptosis /blef"ah-ro-to'sis/ Bronchogenic /brong-ko-jen'ik/ Bronchoscopy /brong-kos'ko-pe/ Cardiac /kar'de-ak'/ Cardiorrhexis /kar"de-o-rek'sis/ Cardiovascular /kar"de-o-vas'ku-lar/ Cholecystectomy /ko"le-sis-tek'to-me/ Cholelithiasis /ko"le-li-thi'ah-sis/ Chondritis /kon-dri'tis/ Chondromalacia / kon"dro-mah-la'she-ah/ Colostomy /ko'los'to-me/ Cyanosis /si"ah-no'sis/ Dentalgia /den'tal'je-ah/ Dermatophytosis /der"mah-to-fi-to'sis/ Diarrhea /di"ah-re'ah/ Encephalitis /en"sef-ah-li'tis/ Enterolysis /en"ter-ol i-sis/ Erythropenia /e-rith"ro-pe'ne-ah/ Gastrocele /gas'tro-sel/ Hematoma /hem"ah-to'mah/ Hemorrhage /hem'or-ij/ Hepatoma /hep"ah-to'mah/ Hepatosplenomegaly /hep"ah-to-sple"no-meg'ah-le/ Hydroarthrosis /hi"dro-ar" thro'sis/ Hydrophobia /hi"dro-fo'be-ah/ Hypertrophy /hi-per'tro-fe/ Hypoglycemia /hi"po-gli-s 'me-ah e/ Intercostal in"ter-kos'tal/ Laparotomy /lap-ah-rot'o-me/ Leukemia /lu-ke'me-ah/ Leukopenia /lu"ko-pe'ne-ah/ Lipoma /li-po mah/ Lymphadenopathy /lim-fad"e-nop' ah-the/ Myocarditis /mi"o-kar-di'tis/ Myocardium /mi"o-kar'de-um/ Myospasm /mi"o-spazm/ Nephrolithiasis /nef"ro-li.thi'ah-sis/ Neuropathy /nu-rop'ah-the/ Neurorrhaphy /nu-ror'ah-fe/ Orchiopexy /or"ke-o-pek'se/ Otoscopic /o'to-skop-ik/ Pyogenic /pi"o-jen'ik/ Psychogenic /si"ko-jen'ik/ Rhinoplasty /ri no-plas"te/ MD0010 B-4 .

Salpingo-oophorectomy /sal-ping"go-o"of-o-rek'to-me/ Subhepatic /sub"he-pat'ik/ Tympanoplasty /tim"pah-no.plas'te/ MD0010 B-5 .

see AR 40-66. a AAE Ab abd hyst ABE ABP ABR ABS ac ACA ACH ACI ACTH ACVD AD A&D ADD adhib ADL ad lib adm ADS AE AF before acute allergic encephalitis antibodies abdominal hysterectomy acute bacterial endocarditis arterial blood pressure absolute bed rest acute brain syndrome before meals adenocarcinoma acetylcholine adrenal cortical insufficiency adrenocorticotropic hormone acute cardiovascular disease right ear admission and discharge average daily dose to be administered activities of daily living as desired admission.) A.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS This appendix is a list of commonly used medical abbreviations and symbols which are authorized to be used in medical records. admitted antibody deficiency syndrome above the elbow acid-fast MD0010 C-1 . (For a complete list of authorized medical abbreviations and symbols. admit.

caffeine water left ear acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) as soon as possible MD0010 C-2 . every other night alternate nights. every other night acute left ventricular failure against medical advice ambulatory acute myocardial infarction antibody hepatitis-associated antigen alcohol on breath before dinner anterior and posterior atrial or auricular premature beat aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). without fever atrial fibrillation and/or flutter agammaglobulinemia American Heart Association Classification atherosclerotic heart disease aortic insufficiency or incompetence acute infectious disease autoimmune hemolytic anemia ankle jerk above the knee amputation anterior lateral myocardial infarct alternate days.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) AFB afeb AF/F AGG AHAC AHD AI AID AIHA AJ AK amp ALMI alt die (dieb) alt noc (noct) ALVF AMA amb AMI anti-HAA AOB ap A&P APB APC aq AS ASA ASAP acid-fast bacilli afebrile. phenacetin.

B&J BM BMR bol BOM BP BPH BPI BS BSO BTL BUE arteriosclerotic heart disease anterior superior spine Adams-Stokes syndrome both ears axillary born blood alcohol backache bundle branch block bone conduction birth control pills barium enema bundle of His drink twice a day twice during the night bone and joint bowel movement basal metabolic rate pill bilateral otitis media blood pressure benign prostatic hypertrophy blood pressure increased bowel or breath sound(s) bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy bilateral tubal ligation both upper extremities MD0010 C-3 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) ASHD ASS A-S syndrome AU ax B BA B/A BBB BC BCP BE BH bib bid bin B/J.

cancer.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) BUN BUQ BV BW Bx C1 to C7 CI to CXII c CA Ca CAT cath CBC CBD CBS CBV CC CCK CDC CF CGTT CHB ChE CHF CHO chr CI CIS blood urea nitrogen both upper quadrants blood volume body weight biopsy cervical nerves or vertebrae 1 to 7 cranial nerves with cardiac arrest calcium. carcinoma Children's Apperception Test catheter complete blood count common bile duct chronic brain syndrome central blood volume chief of current complaint cholecytokinin Center for Disease Control complement fixation cortisone glucose tolerance test complete heart block cholinesterase congestive heart failure carbohydrate chronic cardiac insufficiency carcinoma in situ MD0010 C-4 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) Cl CN CNS CO CO2 COD Compound E cong conj CR CrI to CrXII CRD CrP CS CSF C S resp CV CVA CVC CVD CVP CVS cytol D D1 to D12 DA D/A DAP chlorine cranial nerves central nervous system carbon monoxide carbon dioxide cause of death cortisone congenital conjunctiva. conjunctivitis closed reduction cranial nerves chronic respiratory or renal disease creatine phosphate cesarean section cerebrospinal fluid Cheyne-Stokes respiration cardiovascular cardiovascular accident central venous catheter cardiovascular disease central venous pressure cardiovascular system cytology dorsal dorsal or thoracic vertebrae or nerves development age date of accident or admission direct agglutination pregnancy (test) MD0010 C-5 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) DBP D&C DI dis disc DJD DM DNA DNR DNS DOA DOE DOS D/S DTR DU DUB Dx EAC EBL ECG. ECG EM EMB EMS diastolic blood pressure dilatation and currettage or currettement diabetes insipidus disease discontinue degenerative joint disease diabetes mellitus deoxyribonucleic acid dorsal nerve root deviated nasal septum dead on arrival dyspnea on exertion day of surgery dextrose in saline deep tendon reflexes duodenal ulcer dysfunctional uterine bleeding diagnosis external auditory canal estimated blood loss electrocardiogram Escherichia coli electroconvulsive shock estimated date of confinement electrocardiogram electron miscoscopy eosin methylene blue emergency medical service MD0010 C-6 . EKG E coli ECS EDC EKG.

nose. grav ear. and throat eosinophil episotomy emergency room electroshock therapy etiology ethyl alcohol excision examine Fahrenheit fluorescent antibody foreign body fasting blood sugar Food & Drug Administration force fluids family history fetal heart rate fibrillation full range of motion frozen section full thickness skin graft fever of unknown or undetermined origin fracture gram(s) gallbladder gonococcus.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) ENT eos epis ER EST etiol ETOH ex exam F FA FB FBS FDA ff FH FHR fib FROM FS FTSG FUO Fx g GB GC glu gr. gonococcal glucose pregnant MD0010 C-7 .

Hgb HBP Hct HCVD hd HEENT Hgb. Grav II 1 pregnancy. eyes. drops genitourinary gynecology hydrogen water hemagglutinating antigens hemagglutinating-inhibiting antibody hemoglobin high blood pressure hematocrit hypertensive cardiovascular disease at bedtime head. gtt GU GYN. ears. 2 pregnancies.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) Grav I. and throat hemoglobin human (pituitary) growth hormone Human lutenizing hormone tonight history and physical history of present illness heart rate hypertensive vascular disease history infectious hepatitis ischemic heart disease intramuscular (injection) intake and output MD0010 C-8 . nose. Hb HGH HLH hn H&P HPI HR HVD Hx IH IHD IM I&O General Surgery drop. GS gt. Gyn H H20 HA HAI Hb. etc.

marital. second sound methylene blue mean blood pressure muscular dystrophy minimum daily requirement middle ear milligram millimicrogram menstrual. or military history MD0010 C-9 . II. puncture lumbosacral lipotrophic factor primary. III LV LVN M M1 M2 MB MBP MD MDR ME mg mg MH intraocular pressure intelligence quotient intravenous (injection) jejunum potassium kilogram kidney. secondary.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) IOP IQ IV jej K kg KUB K-wire LBBB LD LH LOS LP L-S LTF Lues I. and bladder Kirshner wire left bundle branch block lethal dose luteinizing hormone length of stay lumbar. tertiary syphilis left ventricular Licensed Vocational Nurse meter mitral first. ureter.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) mHg MI ml MMPI MR mr. mR MS MV N NA NaPent NB NBS NC N/C ND NDF NE neg NIH NKA NOR. Noradr NP NPH npo NR nr NS milliliters of mercury myocardial infarction milliliter Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory metabolic rate milloroentgen multiple sclerosis mitral valve normal (concentration) Nursing Assistant sodium Pentothal newborn normal bowel sounds noncontributory no complaint normal delivery no disease found norepinephrine negative National Institutes of Health no known allergies noradrenaline neuropsychiatric no previous history nothing by mouth normal range not to be repeated nervous system MD0010 C-10 .

OL OT OU P P/3 p1. PA P&A PAB. PABA Pap test Para path no significant abnormality normal sinus rhythm eye obstetrics organic brain disease obstetrics and gynecology organic heart disease left eye every two hours every hour every night outpatient clinic outpatient department ophthalmology operating room orthopedics left eye occupational therapy each eye phosphorus proximal one-third (long bones) para 1. etc. OS omn bih omn hor. p2. oh omn noct. para 2. Physician's Assistant percussion and auscultation para-aminobenzoic acid Papanicolaou's test parous pathology MD0010 C-11 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) NSA NSR O OB OBD OB-GYN OHD OL. etc. on OPC OPD ophth OR Orth OS.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) PB-Fe PBI pc PCV PDA PDR PE Ped PEG PGH PH Phe phys PI PID Pit PKA PM PMH PMS PNa PO. orally oxygen tension positive postoperative post partum positive pressure breathing MD0010 C-12 . postop po PO2 pos postop. PO PP PPB protein-bound iron protein-bound iodine after meals packed cell volume patent ductus arteriosus Physician's Desk Reference physical examination pediatrics pneumoencephalography pituitary growth hormone past history phenylalanine physical. physician present illness pelvic inflammatory disease Pitocin prokininogenase post mortem past medical history post-menopausal syndrome plasma sodium postoperative by mouth.

every 3 hours. q3h. etc. four times a day every night quantity not sufficient as much as you please right roentgen ribosomal ribonucleic acid MD0010 C-13 . qid qn QNS qv R r RNA per rectum prognosis per second pounds per square inch psychiatry. psychology physical therapy patient prior to admission physical profile factors: physical capacity or stamina upper extremities lower extremities hearing and ears eyes psychiatric premature ventricular contractions peripheral vascular disease private every day every hour every 2 hours.MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) pr prog ps psi Psy PT pt PTA PULHES PULHESPVC PVD pvt qd qh q2h. etc.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) RA Ra RAIU RAP RAS RBBB RBC RD RDS rehab RES RHD RHF RN RNA RO R/O ROM ROS RR R&R RT RTC RUE RUQ S S-1 to S-5 S-A. retinal detachment respiratory distress syndrome rehabilitation reticuloendothelial system rheumatic heart disease right heart failure Registered Nurse ribonucleic acid routine order rule out range of motion review of systems recovery room rate and rhythm reaction time return to clinic right upper extremity right upper quadrant left sacral vertebrae or nerves sino-atrial node MD0010 C-14 . SA node rheumatoid arthritis radium radioactive iodine uptake right atrial pressure reticular activating system right bundle branch block red blood cells or corpuscles respiratory disease.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) SAA SB SBE SB test SC SCD SCM SD SDS SEM SF sg SH SI sib SIW SM SMA SN SNS SO SOAP SOAPSOB S-O-R Stokes-Adams attacks stillborn subacute bacterial endocarditis Stanford-Binet test subcutaneous service connected disability sternocleidomastoid standard deviation sudden death syndrome standard error of the mean spinal fluid specific gravity serum hepatitis seriously ill sibling self-inflicted wound systolic murmur superior mesenteric artery student nurse sympathetic nervous system salpingo-oophorectomy progress note format for POMR subjective objective assessment plans shortness of breath stimulus-organism-response MD0010 C-15 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) SQ staph stat STH Strep STSG sup SVC sx Sz T T&A TAH TB. symptoms schizophrenia Temperature tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy total abdominal hysterectomy tuberculosis term birth. TBC TBLC TBV tds TFA TH tid TL TM TNTC TOA TT TTH U/3 UA subcutaneous staphylococcus immediately and once only somatotropic (growth) hormone streptococcus split thickness skin graft superior superior vena cava signs. living child total blood volume to be taken 3 times a day total fatty acids thyroid hormone three times a day tubal ligation tympanic membrane too numerous to count tubo-ovarian abscess tetanus toxoid thyrotropic hormone upper third (long bones) urinalysis MD0010 C-16 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) UE UGI ULQ unk UQ UR URI urol URQ USPHS UTI UV V VA vag VBP VC VD VDG VDH. urological upper right quadrant United States Public Health Service urinary tract infection ultraviolet Volume Veterans Administration vaginal venous blood pressure vital capacity venereal disease venereal disease-gonorrhea valvular disease of the heart vaccinia immune serum globulin vitamin verbal order venous pressure volume of packed red cells viral or virus respiratory infection vital sign Wechsler adult intelligence scale MD0010 C-17 . VHD VIG vit VO VP VPC VRI VS WAIS upper extremity upper gastrointestinal upper left quadrant unknown upper quadrant unconditioned response upper respiratory infection urology.

well-nourished black female well-developed. well-nourished black male well-developed. well-nourished white female well-developed. well-nourished white male World Health Organization wounded in action Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children (test) week within normal limits Wassermann reaction weight times year of birth MD0010 C-18 .MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) WB WBC WCC wd WD/WN/BF WD/WN/BM WD/WN/WF WD/WN/WM WHO WIA WISC wk WNL WR wt X YOB whole blood white blood cell white cell count ward well-developed.

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) MD0010 C-19 .

MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS (CONT) MD0010 C-20 .

WRITE A SEPARATE LETTER AND INCLUDE SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBER. ENCLOSE THIS FORM (OR A COPY) WITH YOUR ANSWER SHEET ONLY IF YOU HAVE COMMENTS ABOUT THIS SUBCOURSE.. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL Fort Sam Houston. VOLUNTARY. Failure to submit SSN will prevent subcourse authors at service school from accessing student records and responding to inquiries requiring such follow-ups. Student Information (optional) PRIVACY ACT STATEMENT (AUTHORITY: 10USC3012(B) AND (G)) PURPOSE: To provide Army Correspondence Course Program students a means to submit inquiries and comments. DISCLOSURE: U. 2. PLEASE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING ITEMS: (Use the reverse side of this sheet.) 1. List any suggestions you have to improve this subcourse. List any terms that were not defined properly. Please enter your comments in the space provided. AND PARAGRAPH/EXERCISE/EXAMINATION ITEM NUMBER. Texas 78234-6130 . FOR A WRITTEN REPLY.COMMENT SHEET SUBCOURSE MD0010 Basic Medical Terminology EDITION 100 Your comments about this subcourse are valuable and aid the writers in refining the subcourse and making it more usable. SUBCOURSE NUMBER AND EDITION. List any errors. 4. if necessary.S. paragraph error correction 3. RETURN ADDRESS (and e-mail address. Name/Rank SSN Address E-mail Address Telephone number (DSN) MOS/AOC USES: To locate and make necessary change to student records. if possible).

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