Name: __________________________ Date: _____________

Use the following to answer question 1: The following information pertains to Cashe Company. Assume that all balance sheet amounts represent both average and ending balance figures. Assume that all sales were on credit. Assets Cash and short-term investments Accounts receivable (net) Inventory Property, plant and equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Current liabilities Long-term liabilities Stockholders' equity—common Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Income Statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Net income Number of shares of common stock Market price of common stock Dividends per share $ 90,000 45,000 45,000 25,000 $ 20,000 5,000 $22 1.00

$ 40,000 30,000 25,000 215,000 $310,000

$ 60,000 75,000 175,000 $310,000

1. What is the return on common stockholders' equity for Cache? A) 8.6% B) 11.4% C) 22.9% D) 25.7%

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2. A company has a receivables turnover of 10 times. The average net receivables during the period are $400,000. What is the amount of net credit sales for the period? A) $40,000 B) $4,000,000 C) $480,000 D) Cannot be determined from the information given

3. Farr Company reported the following on its income statement: Income before income taxes Income tax expense Net income $400,000 100,000 $300,000

An analysis of the income statement revealed that interest expense was $100,000. Farr Company's times interest earned was A) 5 times. B) 4 times. C) 3.5 times. D) 3 times.

4. Ratios that measure the short-term ability of the company to pay its maturing obligations are A) liquidity ratios. B) profitability ratios. C) solvency ratios. D) trend ratios.

5. Kandy Kane Corporation has income before taxes of $800,000 and an extraordinary gain of $200,000. If the income tax rate is 25% on all items, the income statement should show income before irregular items and extraordinary items, respectively, of A) $650,000 and $200,000. B) $650,000 and $150,000. C) $600,000 and $200,000. D) $600,000 and $150,000.

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6. Silas Corporation had net income of $200,000 and paid dividends to common stockholders of $40,000 in 2011. The weighted average number of shares outstanding in 2011 was 50,000 shares. Silas Corporation's common stock is selling for $60 per share on the New York Stock Exchange. Silas Corporation's price-earnings ratio is A) 3.8 times. B) 15 times. C) 18.8 times. D) 6 times.

7. Earnings per share is calculated A) only for common stock. B) only for preferred stock. C) for common and preferred stock. D) only for treasury stock.

8. Silva Corporation reported net sales of $200,000, $350,000, and $450,000 in the years 2010, 2011, and 2012 respectively. If 2010 is the base year, what is the trend percentage for 2012? A) 129% B) 135% C) 164% D) 225%

9. In performing a vertical analysis, the base for cost of goods sold is A) total selling expenses. B) net sales. C) total revenues. D) total expenses.

10. Dooley Corporation had net income of $200,000 and paid dividends to common stockholders of $40,000 in 2011. The weighted average number of shares outstanding in 2011 was 50,000 shares. Dooley Corporation's common stock is selling for $50 per share on the New York Stock Exchange. Dooley Corporation's price-earnings ratio is A) 3.2 times. B) 12.5 times. C) 8 times. D) 15.6 times.

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11. When there has been a change in accounting principle, A) the old principle should be used in reporting the results of operations for the current year. B) the cumulative effect of the change should be reported in the current year's retained earnings statement. C) the change should be reported retroactively. D) the new principle should be used un reporting the results of operations of the current year, but there is no change to prior years.

12. Times interest earned is also called the A) money multiplier. B) interest coverage ratio. C) coupon coverage ratio. D) premium ratio.

13. Wenger Company reported income before taxes of $800,000 and an extraordinary loss of $200,000. Assume that the company's tax rate is 30%. What amounts will be reported on the income statement for income before irregular items and extraordinary items, respectively? A) $560,000 and $200,000 B) $560,000 and $140,000 C) $660,000 and $200,000 D) $660,000 and $140,000

14. Which one of the following would not be considered a liquidity ratio? A) Current ratio B) Inventory turnover C) Acid-test ratio D) Return on assets

15. Assume the following sales data for a company: 2012 $945,000 2011 845,000 2010 650,000 If 2010 is the base year, what is the percentage increase in sales from 2010 to 2011? A) 23% B) 30% C) 77% D) 130%

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16. Each of the following is a factor affecting quality of earnings except A) alternative accounting methods. B) improper recognition. C) pro forma income. D) extraordinary items.

17. Dooley Corporation had net income of $200,000 and paid dividends to common stockholders of $40,000 in 2011. The weighted average number of shares outstanding in 2011 was 50,000 shares. Dooley Corporation's common stock is selling for $50 per share on the New York Stock Exchange. Dooley Corporation's payout ratio for 2011 is A) $4 per share. B) 20%. C) 25%. D) 10%.

18. ABC Company reports income before income taxes of $2,400,000 and had an extraordinary loss of $800,000. If the tax rate is 30%, A) the income before the extraordinary item is $1,920,000. B) the extraordinary loss would be reported on the income statement at $800,000. C) the income before the extraordinary item is $1,680,000. D) the extraordinary loss will be reported at $240,000.

19. Each of the following is included in computing the acid-test ratio except A) cash. B) inventory. C) receivables. D) short-term investments.

20. If equal amounts are added to the numerator and the denominator of the current ratio, the ratio will always A) increase. B) decrease. C) stay the same. D) equal zero.

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21. The ratio that uses weighted average common shares outstanding in the denominator is the A) price-earnings ratio. B) return on common stockholders' equity. C) earnings per share. D) payout ratio.

22. The current ratio may also be referred to as the A) short run ratio. B) acid-test ratio. C) working capital ratio. D) contemporary ratio.

23. Profit margin is calculated by dividing A) sales by cost of goods sold. B) gross profit by net sales. C) net income by stockholders' equity. D) net income by net sales.

24. Under which of the following cases may a percentage change be computed? A) The trend of the balances is decreasing but all balances are positive. B) There is no balance in the base year. C) There is a positive balance in the base year and a negative balance in the subsequent year. D) There is a negative balance in the base year and a positive balance in the subsequent year.

25. A liquidity ratio measures the A) income or operating success of an enterprise over a period of time. B) ability of the enterprise to survive over a long period of time. C) short-term ability of the enterprise to pay its maturing obligations and to meet unexpected needs for cash. D) number of times interest is earned.

26. A horizontal analysis performed on a statement of retained earnings would not show a percentage change in A) dividends paid. B) net income. C) expenses. D) beginning retained earnings.

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27. Comparisons of data within a company are an example of the following comparative basis: A) Industry averages B) Intercompany C) Intracompany D) Interregional

28. Which one of the following is primarily interested in the liquidity of a company? A) Federal government B) Stockholders C) Long-term creditors D) Short-term creditors

29. The formula for horizontal analysis of changes since the base period is the current year amount A) divided by the base year amount. B) minus the base year amount divided by the base year amount. C) minus the base year amount divided by the current year amount. D) plus the base year amount divided by the base year amount.

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Use the following to answer question 30: The following information pertains to Cashe Company. Assume that all balance sheet amounts represent both average and ending balance figures. Assume that all sales were on credit. Assets Cash and short-term investments Accounts receivable (net) Inventory Property, plant and equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Current liabilities Long-term liabilities Stockholders' equity—common Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Income Statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Net income Number of shares of common stock Market price of common stock Dividends per share $ 90,000 45,000 45,000 25,000 $ 20,000 5,000 $22 1.00

$ 40,000 30,000 25,000 215,000 $310,000

$ 60,000 75,000 175,000 $310,000

30. What is the price-earnings ratio for Cache? A) 5 times B) 4.0 times C) 7.3 times D) 5.5 times

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31. Evers, Inc. disposes of an unprofitable segment of its business. The operation of the segment suffered a $360,000 loss in the year of disposal. The loss on disposal of the segment was $180,000. If the tax rate is 30%, and income before income taxes was $2,250,000, A) the income tax expense on the income before discontinued operations is $513,000. B) the income from continuing operations is $1,575,000. C) net income is $1,710,000. D) the losses from discontinued operations are reported net of income taxes at $270,000.

32. Blanco, Inc. has the following income statement (in millions): BLANCO, INC. Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2011 Net Sales $200 Cost of Goods Sold 120 Gross Profit 80 Operating Expenses 44 Net Income $ 36 Using vertical analysis, what percentage is assigned to Cost of Goods Sold? A) 60% B) 40% C) 100% D) None of the above

33. Each of the following is a liquidity ratio except the A) acid-test ratio. B) current ratio. C) debt to total assets ratio. D) inventory turnover.

34. In analyzing the financial statements of a company, a single item on the financial statements A) should be reported in bold-face type. B) is more meaningful if compared to other financial information. C) is significant only if it is large. D) should be accompanied by a footnote.

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35. Hardy Inc. has an investment in available-for-sale securities of $80,000. This investment experienced an unrealized loss of $5,000 during the current year. Assuming a 35% tax rate, the effect of this loss on comprehensive income will be A) no effect. B) $80,000 increase. C) $28,000 decrease. D) $5,000 decrease.

Use the following to answer question 36: The following information pertains to Soho Company. Assume that all balance sheet amounts represent both average and ending balance figures. Assume that all sales were on credit. Assets Cash and short-term investments Accounts receivable (net) Inventory Property, plant and equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Current liabilities Long-term liabilities Stockholders' equity—common Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Income Statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Net income Number of shares of common stock Market price of common stock Dividends per share $ 120,000 66,000 54,000 30,000 $ 24,000 6,000 $20 .50

$ 45,000 25,000 20,000 210,000 $300,000

$ 50,000 90,000 160,000 $300,000

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36. What is the receivables turnover for Soho? A) 2.1 times B) 2 times C) 4.8 times D) 9.6 times

37. The debt to total assets ratio measures A) the company's profitability. B) whether interest can be paid on debt in the current year. C) the proportion of interest paid relative to dividends paid. D) the percentage of the total assets provided by creditors.

38. When performing vertical analysis, the base amount for administrative expense is generally A) administrative expense in a previous year. B) net sales. C) gross profit. D) fixed assets.

39. The ratios that are used to determine a company's short-term debt paying ability are A) asset turnover, times interest earned, current ratio, and receivables turnover. B) times interest earned, inventory turnover, current ratio, and receivables turnover. C) times interest earned, acid-test ratio, current ratio, and inventory turnover. D) current ratio, acid-test ratio, receivables turnover, and inventory turnover.

40. In vertical analysis, the base amount for each income statement item is A) gross profit. B) net income. C) net sales. D) sales.

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41. The following information is available for Charles Company: 2011 $ 360,000 280,000 2,470,000 1,860,000 300,000 2010 $ 400,000 320,000 1,400,000 1,060,000 170,000

Accounts receivable Inventory Net credit sales Cost of goods sold Net income

The receivables turnover ratio for 2011 is A) 6.8 times. B) 3.5 times. C) 6.5 times. D) 3.3 times.

42. The current ratio is A) calculated by dividing current liabilities by current assets. B) used to evaluate a company's liquidity and short-term debt paying ability. C) used to evaluate a company's solvency and long-term debt paying ability. D) calculated by subtracting current liabilities from current assets.

43. Horizontal analysis evaluates a series of financial statement data over a period of time A) that has been arranged from the highest number to the lowest number. B) that has been arranged from the lowest number to the highest number. C) to determine which items are in error. D) to determine the amount and/or percentage increase or decrease that has taken place.

44. A stockholder is interested in the ability of a firm to A) pay consistent dividends. B) appreciate in share price. C) survive over a long period. D) all of these.

45. Horizontal analysis evaluates financial statement data A) within a period of time. B) over a period of time. C) on a certain date. D) as it may appear in the future.

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46. In analyzing financial statements, horizontal analysis is a A) requirement. B) tool. C) principle. D) theory.

Use the following to answer question 47: The following information pertains to Soho Company. Assume that all balance sheet amounts represent both average and ending balance figures. Assume that all sales were on credit. Assets Cash and short-term investments Accounts receivable (net) Inventory Property, plant and equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Current liabilities Long-term liabilities Stockholders' equity—common Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Income Statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Net income Number of shares of common stock Market price of common stock Dividends per share $ 120,000 66,000 54,000 30,000 $ 24,000 6,000 $20 .50

$ 45,000 25,000 20,000 210,000 $300,000

$ 50,000 90,000 160,000 $300,000

47. What is the profit margin for Soho? A) 45.0% B) 40.0% C) 20.0% D) 17.5%

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48. Comparisons can be made on each of the following bases except A) industry averages. B) intercompany basis. C) intracompany basis. D) Each of these is a basis for comparison.

49. Each of the following is an extraordinary item except the A) effects of major casualties, if rare in the area. B) effects of a newly enacted law or regulation. C) expropriation of property by a foreign government. D) losses attributable to labor strikes.

50. The acid-test ratio A) is a quick calculation of an approximation of the current ratio. B) does not include all current liabilities in the calculation. C) does not include inventory as part of the numerator. D) does include prepaid expenses as part of the numerator.

51. If an item meets one (but not both) of the criteria for an extraordinary item, it A) only needs to be disclosed in the footnotes of the financial statements. B) may be treated as sales revenue (if it is a gain) and as an operating expense (if it is a loss). C) is reported as an "other revenue or gain" or "other expense and loss," net of tax. D) is reported at its gross amount as an "other revenue or gain" or "other expense or loss."

52. The following amounts were taken from the financial statements of Palmer Company: 2010 2011 Total assets $800,000 $1,000,000 Net sales 720,000 650,000 Gross profit 352,000 320,000 Net income 126,000 117,000 Weighted average number of common shares outstanding 90,000 90,000 Market price of common stock $35 $39 The price-earnings ratio for 2011 is A) 25 times. B) 30 times. C) 14 times. D) 8 times.

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53. In common size analysis, A) a base amount is required. B) a base amount is optional. C) the same base is used across all financial statements analyzed. D) the results of the horizontal analysis are necessary inputs for performing the analysis.

54. Which of the following is not a profitability ratio? A) Payout ratio B) Profit margin C) Times interest earned D) Return on common stockholders' equity

55. The acid-test (quick) ratio A) is used to quickly determine a company's solvency and long-term debt paying ability. B) relates cash, short-term investments, and net receivables to current liabilities. C) is calculated by taking one item from the income statement and one item from the balance sheet. D) is the same as the current ratio except it is rounded to the nearest whole percent.

56. Comparative balance sheets are usually prepared for A) one year. B) two years. C) three years. D) four years.

57. Trading on the equity (leverage) refers to the A) amount of working capital. B) amount of capital provided by owners. C) use of borrowed money to increase the return to owners. D) number of times interest is earned.

58. Parr Hardware Store had net credit sales of $6,500,000 and cost of goods sold of $5,000,000 for the year. The Accounts Receivable balances at the beginning and end of the year were $600,000 and $700,000, respectively. The receivables turnover was A) 7.7 times. B) 10.8 times. C) 9.3 times. D) 10 times.

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59. Horizontal analysis is appropriately performed A) only on the income statement. B) only on the balance sheet. C) only on the statement of retained earnings. D) on all three of these statements.

60. A ratio calculated in the analysis of financial statements A) expresses a mathematical relationship between two numbers. B) shows the percentage increase from one year to another. C) restates all items on a financial statement in terms of dollars of the same purchasing power. D) is meaningful only if the numerator is greater than the denominator.

61. Vertical analysis is also known as A) perpendicular analysis. B) common size analysis. C) trend analysis. D) straight-line analysis.

62. A loss on the write down of obsolete inventory should be reported as A) "other expenses and losses." B) part of discontinued operations. C) an operating expense. D) an extraordinary item.

63. Vertical analysis is a technique which expresses each item within a financial statement A) in dollars and cents. B) in terms of a percentage of the item in the previous year. C) in terms of a percent of a base amount. D) starting with the highest value down to the lowest value.

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Use the following to answer question 64: The following information pertains to Soho Company. Assume that all balance sheet amounts represent both average and ending balance figures. Assume that all sales were on credit. Assets Cash and short-term investments Accounts receivable (net) Inventory Property, plant and equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Current liabilities Long-term liabilities Stockholders' equity—common Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Income Statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Net income Number of shares of common stock Market price of common stock Dividends per share $ 120,000 66,000 54,000 30,000 $ 24,000 6,000 $20 .50

$ 45,000 25,000 20,000 210,000 $300,000

$ 50,000 90,000 160,000 $300,000

64. What is the return on assets for Soho? A) 8.0% B) 7.0% C) 18.0% D) 16.0%

65. Comparisons of financial data made within a company are called A) intracompany comparisons. B) interior comparisons. C) intercompany comparisons. D) intramural comparisons.

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66. The following amounts were taken from the financial statements of Palmer Company: 2011 2010 Total assets $800,000 $1,000,000 Net sales 720,000 650,000 Gross profit 352,000 320,000 Net income 126,000 117,000 Weighted average number of common shares 90,000 90,000 outstanding Market price of common stock $35 $39 The return on assets ratio for 2011 is A) 16%. B) 14%. C) 32%. D) 28%.

67. Inventory turnover is calculated by dividing A) cost of goods sold by the ending inventory. B) cost of goods sold by the beginning inventory. C) cost of goods sold by the average inventory. D) average inventory by cost of goods sold.

68. What type of ratios best measure the short-term ability of the enterprise to pay its maturing obligations and to meet unexpected needs for cash? A) Leverage B) Solvency C) Profitability D) Liquidity

69. Gold Clothing Store had a balance in the Accounts Receivable account of $820,000 at the beginning of the year and a balance of $880,000 at the end of the year. Net credit sales during the year amounted to $7,650,000. The receivables turnover ratio was A) 9.0 times. B) 4.5 times. C) 8.7 times. D) 9.3 times.

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70. The following financial statement information is available for Barrett Corporation: 2011 2010 Net income $112,000 $ 80,000 Tax expense 48,000 29,000 Interest expense 14,000 14,000 Dividends paid to preferred stockholders 22,000 20,000 Dividends paid to preferred stockholders 15,000 10,000 The times interest earned for 2011 is A) 8.0 times. B) 10.4 times. C) 12.4 times. D) 11.4 times.

71. An extraordinary item is one that A) occurs infrequently and is uncontrollable in nature. B) occurs infrequently and is unusual in nature. C) is material and is unusual in nature. D) is material and is uncontrollable in nature.

72. Silas Corporation had net income of $200,000 and paid dividends to common stockholders of $40,000 in 2011. The weighted average number of shares outstanding in 2011 was 50,000 shares. Silas Corporation's common stock is selling for $60 per share on the New York Stock Exchange. Silas Corporation's payout ratio for 2011 is A) $4 per share. B) 25%. C) 20%. D) 12.5%.

73. Miley Corporation had net income of $250,000 and paid dividends to common stockholders of $50,000 in 2011. The weighted average number of shares outstanding in 2011 was 50,000 shares. Miley Corporation's common stock is selling for $30 per share on the New York Stock Exchange. Miley Corporation's payout ratio for 2011 is A) 25%. B) 20%. C) 12.5%. D) $5 per share.

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74. Rasmus Company has income before taxes of $330,000 and an extraordinary loss of $100,000. If the income tax rate is 30% on all items, the income statement should show income before irregular items and an extraordinary loss, respectively, of: A) $330,000 and ($100,000) B) $231,000 and ($30,000) C) $231,000 and ($70,000) D) $99,000 and ($30,000)

75. Blanco, Inc. has the following income statement (in millions): BLANCO, INC. Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2011 Net Sales $200 Cost of Goods Sold 120 Gross Profit 80 Operating Expenses 44 Net Income $ 36 Using vertical analysis, what percentage is assigned to Net Income? A) 100% B) 82% C) 18% D) None of the above

76. If the average collection period is 30 days, what is the receivables turnover? A) 11.1 times B) 12.2 times C) 6.1 times D) None of these

77. The disposal of a significant segment of a business is called A) a change in accounting principle. B) an extraordinary item. C) an other expense. D) discontinued operations.

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78. Gold Clothing Store had a balance in the Accounts Receivable account of $810,000 at the beginning of the year and a balance of $850,000 at the end of the year. Net credit sales during the year amounted to $6,640,000. The average collection period of the receivables in terms of days was A) 91.3 days. B) 45.6 days. C) 30 days. D) 46.7 days.

Use the following to answer question 79: The following information pertains to Soho Company. Assume that all balance sheet amounts represent both average and ending balance figures. Assume that all sales were on credit. Assets Cash and short-term investments Accounts receivable (net) Inventory Property, plant and equipment Total Assets Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Current liabilities Long-term liabilities Stockholders' equity—common Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity Income Statement Sales Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Net income Number of shares of common stock Market price of common stock Dividends per share $ 120,000 66,000 54,000 30,000 $ 24,000 6,000 $20 .50

$ 45,000 25,000 20,000 210,000 $300,000

$ 50,000 90,000 160,000 $300,000

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79. What is the return on common stockholders' equity for Soho? A) 15.0% B) 13.1% C) 26.3% D) 30.0%

80. The following financial statement information is available for Howard Corporation: 2010 2011 Stockholders' equity common $330,000 $270,000 Net sales 784,000 697,000 Cost of goods sold 406,000 377,000 Net income 112,000 80,000 Tax expense 48,000 29,000 Interest expense 14,000 14,000 Dividends paid to preferred stockholders 22,000 20,000 Dividends paid to common stockholders 15,000 10,000 The return on common stockholders' equity for 2011 is A) 25.0%. B) 37.3%. C) 27.3%. D) 30.0%.

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