This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF DEGREE OF “MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION”
UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF: MR. SANDEEP SAINI BRANCH MANAGER, RELIANCE MONEY AMBALA
SUBMITTED BY: SUNIL KUMAR MBA ROLLNO……….
MAHARAJA AGRASEN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY AFFILIATED TO KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY KURUKSHETRA
I, SUNIL KUMAR of MBA III Semester, studying at MAHARAJA AGRESAIN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT &TECHNOLOGY, JAGADHARI, hereby declare that this project titled “Impact of FII and FDI’s On Indian Stock Market. ” has been prepared by me in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the KURUKSHETRA UNIVERISITY KURUKSHETRA MBA programme during 20082010. I further declare that this project has not been submitted earlier in any other university or institution for the award of any degree or diploma.
The satiation and euphonies that accompany the success completion of a task would be incomplete without a mention of people who made it possible. So, with immense gratitude, I acknowledge all those, whose guidance and encouragement served as a beacon light and crowned my effort with success. I thank Mr. ABHISHEK SIR, Faculty of MAHARAJA AGRESAIN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT & TECHNOLOGY, JAGADHARI and my project guide for his valuable guidance and suggestions, and external guide Mr. Sandeep Saini center manager at reliance money Amballa which were vital inputs towards the completion of the project. Lastly, I would like to thank all those who have directly or indirectly helped me complete the project successfully.
This part includes observations analysis and discussion on collected data then suggestions are given these are based are on the usefulness of the study. In this study I have collected data from secondary source. . This report deals with Impact of FII’s And FDI’s On Indian Stock Market. I have learnt a lot of new things which could never been learnt from theory classes. scope analysis and interpretation of the data. applicability in the business industry. It also consists limitations of the study.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Management ideas without any action based on them mean nothing. in decision making. practical exposures are indispensable to such courses. research objective. So. In this study in used descriptive research design is used. collected from secondary resources. Theoretical studies in the class room are not sufficient to understand the functioning climate and the real problems coming in the way of management. has been completed. Thus. It contains research methodology. The next part include whole of research process used for the project. practical experience acts as a supplement to the classroom studies. in system development so far. That is why practical experience is vital for any management studies.
CONTENTS INTRODUCTION FEATURES OF STOCK MARKET OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS LITERATURE REVIEW RESERCH METHODOLOGY OBJECTIVES RESEARCH DESIGN DATA COLLECTION DATA ANALYSIS SAMPLING PLAN SAMPLING DESIGN SCOPE OF STUDY LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY INDUSTRY PROFILE FOREIGN INSTITUTIONAL INVESTMENT IN INDIA: MILESTONE ACTS AND RULE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR FIIs BRIEF PROFILE OF IMORTANT INSTITUTIONS COMPANY PROFILE FINDINGS AND DATA ANALYSIS CONCLUSION SUGGESTIONS & RECOMENDATIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY .
Large stock operators and investment arms certain large corporate in India in the period consideration used to use oversees body (OCB) as a mechanism to take exposure to the India n market. stock exchange is said to be a barometer of economy and financial health. If speculation of investors become wrong than the investors loss. The impact of hedge funds activity is new to the Indian financial investors (FII) flows volatility of the stock market. With the latest budget presented by the Indian government . In fact. I t provides necessary mobility to capital and direct flow of the capital into possible and successful enterprise.. This is a market of speculation.INTRODUCTION A STOCK EXCHANGE is a platform where buyers and sellers of securities issued by governments. OCB activity in the Indian context is pretty similar to funds trading historically OCB flows also used to appear under the head of FII flows traditionally a large chunck of the PN and OCB activity in India use to happen through the Mauritius route due to taxation benefits.(will become effective from 1st September 2004 ) reducing long term capital gains to zero and short term capital gains to 10 % the taxation to Mauritious to exist . . A Stock Exchange refers to the segments of the capital market where the securities issued by corporate are trade. corporate houses etc. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is on the issue of acceptance of hedge funds into Indian financial market. meet and where trading of these corporate securities take place. The prices of particular securities reflect there demand and supply. finance institutions. It reflects hopes aspiration fair of people regarding the performance of the economy. Since buying and selling of the different of securities take place on stock exchange. Nobody knows what will happen even after a second. At the some time world wide trade shows that hedge funds are important force to the reckoned with us. The stock market in India. This is so because hedge funds activity in Indian primary through participatory notes (PN) and the some is reflected under FII inflows. It is open auction market where buyers and sellers meet and involve competitive prices of the securities.
It reflects hopes aspiration fair of people regarding the performance of the economy. A Stock Exchange refers to the segments of the capital market where the securities issued by corporate are trade. I t provides necessary mobility to capital and direct flow of the capital into possible and successful enterprise. The prices of particularl securities reflect there demand and supply.. If speculation of investors become wrong than the investors loss. In fact. corporate houses etc. Nobody knows what will happen even after a second. Since buying and selling of the different of securities take place ion stock exchange. It is open auction market where buyers and sellers meet and involve competitive prices of the securities.STOCK EXCHANGE A” STOCK EXCHANGE “is a platform where buyers and sellers of securities issued by governments. . stock exchange is said to be a barometer of economy and financial health. finance institutions. This is a market of speculation. meet and where trading of These corporate securities take place.
It provides places for sale and purchase of securities i.e. brokers . Trading in securities is allowed under rules and regulations of stock exchange. FEATURES OF STOCK EXCHANGE It is the place where listed securities are bought and sold. Investors and speculators. Therefore.The stock exchange is the nerve center of capital market.e. share. It [provides linkage between the saving of household sector and investment in corporate sector of economy. can do so through members of stock exchange i. not only of the state of health of individual companies but also of the economy as a whole. Simultaneously reached by many buyers and sellers in the market stock exchange serve the role of barometer. . Membership is must for transacting business. by providing market place quotation of the prices of shares and bonds or sort of collective judgment. It is an association of persons known as members. bonds etc. The stock exchange discharges three essential functions in the process of capital formation not in raising resources for the corporate sector. It provides market quotation for shares debenture and bonds and serves as a role of barometer. . . who want to buy and sell securities. not only of the state of health of individual companies but also of the nation’s economy as a whole.
Bull Market can sometimes continue for years. . These include investments via equity instruments (stocks) or debt (bonds) of a foreign enterprise that does not necessarily represent a longterm interest. corporate houses etc. BULL MARKET: . MUTUAL FUNDS: . There are currently about 1324 FIIs registered in India.A Bull market is a market that is consistently going up. FOREIGN DIRECT MARKET (FDI): . FOREIGN PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT (FPI):. business results and other positive factors.. it may take the form of buying or constructing a factory in a foreign country or adding improvements to such a facility. It is a market where there is optimism of further rise batter. for investors this is the preferred market trend. may be less permanent. However no bull market can continue for very long.This category refers to international investment in which the investor obtains a lasting interest in an enterprise in another country. finance institutions. and do not represent a controlling stake in an enterprise.A Mutual fund is a trust that pools the saving of a number of investors who share a common financial goal.An investor or investment fund that is from of or registered in a country outside of the one in which it is currently investing. Foreign institutional investors have made a sizable investment in Indian financial markets.FPI is a category of investment instruments that are more easily traded.OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS STOCK MARKET:A STOCK EXCHANGE is a platform where buyers and sellers of securities issued by governments. FOREIGN INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR (FII):. in the form of property. meet and where trading of these corporate securities take place. Most concretely. plants or equipment.
Includes pension funds. For example your portfolio of share includes sectors like Information Technology.Bear Market is a market that is showing a persistent downtrend. established in 1947 to promote international monetary cooperation. to foster economic growth and high levels of employment. they sell their holdings in a country's currency and as demand falls. These lower costs achieved through expanded production are called Economies of Scale.Produces are often able to enjoy considerable production cost savings by buying inputs in bulk. A 15-20% downward movement of the market generally termed as a bear market.BEAR MARKET: . universities and banks. Exchange rate of a nation's currency. DIVERSIFICATION: .Currency like other commodities rises or falls in "price" with demand. and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment. When investors leave. A greater reliance on financing through debt can mean greater profitability for shareholders. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND-The IMF is an international organization of 186 member countries. INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR An organization whose primary purpose is to invest its own assets or those held in trust by it for others.diversification is the technique of investing in unrelated business sectors simultaneous so that risk that affects a particular sector does not affect your overall investment. . investment companies. Real estate capital Goods. exchange stability. Autos etc. but also greater risk in the event things go sour. and orderly exchange arrangements. the "price" of that currency will also fall ECONOMIES OF SCALE: . insurance companies. DEBT/EQUITY RATIO-The debt/equity ratio measures the extent to which a firm's capital is provided by lenders (through debt instruments such as fixed-return bonds) or owners (through variable-return stocks). mass-producing or retailing their end product.
services. making the cost of borrowing money more expensive. MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES (MNCs) – are incorporated or unincorporated enterprises comprising parent enterprises and their foreign affiliates.INTEREST RATES-Interest rates have a powerful effect on the volume of a nation's money supply. By raising interest rates. debt forgiveness or debt-equity swaps with different values. FDI FLOWS AND STOCKS – Through direct investment flows the investors builds up a direct investment stock (position). BALANCE OF PAYMENT-The Balance of Payments (BOP) is a statistical statement that summarizes. MOST FAVORED NATION TREATMENT-The phrase "most favored nation" refers to the obligation of the country receiving the investment to give that investment the same treatment as it gives to investments from its "most favored" trading partner. . A decrease in the money supply tends to be counter-inflationary. for a specific period (typically a year or quarter). It covers: All the goods. The FDI stock (position) normally differs from accumulated flows because of revaluation (changes in prices or exchange rates) and other adjustments like rescheduling or cancellation of loans.e. which makes a currency more valuable compared to other currencies. governments or banks can decrease the money supply. These securities are tradable in organized financial markets. i.. the economic transactions of an economy with the rest of the world. making part of the investor’s balance sheet. factor income and current transfers an economy receives from or provides to the rest of the world Capital transfers and changes in an economy's external financial claims and liabilities PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT – covers the acquisition and disposal of equity and debt securities that cannot be classified under direct investment or reserve asset transactions.
HOME ECONOMY – is the country of origin/residence of the company that invests in the foreign economy/host economy. WTO – World Trade Organization. associate or branch – operating in a country other than the country or countries of residence of the direct investor or investors. EQUITY CAPITAL – comprises of equity in branches and ordinary shares in subsidiaries and associates. . management or supervisory body. Reinvested earnings – consist of the direct investor’s share of earnings not distributed as dividends by subsidiaries or associates and earnings of branches not remitted to the direct investor.FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTOR – A foreign direct investor is an individual. OTHER CAPITAL – covers inter-company debt (including short-term loans such as trade credits) between direct investors and subsidiaries. HOST ECONOMY – is the country that receives FDI or FPI from the foreign investor(s). SUBSIDIARY– is an incorporated enterprise in the host country in which the foreign investor owns more than 50 per cent of the shareholder’s voting power or has the right to appoint or remove a majority of the members of this enterprise’s administrative. a government. or a group of related incorporated and/or unincorporated enterprises which have a direct investment enterprise that is a subsidiary. an incorporated or unincorporated public or private enterprise. a group of related individuals. branches and associates.
Blonigen This paper surveys the recent burgeoning literature that empirically examines the foreign direct investment (FDI) decisions of multinational enterprises (MNEs) and the resulting aggregate location of FDI across the world. given the evidence. We review both the aggregate productivity effects. We survey the recent theoretical and empirical literature. We deduct a risk reward relation in Latin America but not in Asia. However.LITERATURE REVIEW Bruce A. and what we cannot have much confidence in at this point. as well as the spillover effects of FDI on local firms. emerging market exhibit higher volatility and conditional probability of large price changes then mature market exposure to high country specific risk does not appear to be rewarded with higher expected return. Hugo Rojas-Romagosa Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows have increased substantially in the past two decades. Suggestions are made for future research directions. We find clustering predict ability and persistence in conditional volatility and others have documented for mature market. These developments have motivated the appearance of a large number of empirical papers that test the expected benefits that FDI inflows are assumed to bring to the host countries. but restrict our attention to the productivity changes that are induced by increased FDI inflows. . Giorgio De Saints This paper study the dynamics of expected stock return and volatility in emerging financial market. The contribution of the paper is to evaluate what we can say with relative confidence about FDI as a profession.
This in turn encourages managers to invest for long term growth rather than short term profits. these are predicted to have a negative effect on growth. But we did not find strong evidence that the variations in the stock market indices are determined by FIIs investment behavior. Blockholders have strong incentive to monitor the firm’s fundamental value. The results indicate that stock market performance is a major determinant of both the FIIs purchase and sales behavior. Return in the stock market is used as proxy for the efficiency of the stock market in India . Whilst all results are not entirely robust. We estimate the standard model using cross-section.Karimullah: The article examines the impact of foreign institutional investor s FII equity investment behavior in the Indian stock market. Robert Lensink and Oliver Morrissey This paper contributes to the literature on FDI and economic growth. Contrary to the view that the U.’s liquid markets and transient shareholders exacerbate myopia. It attempts to find out the two-way causality between foreign institutional investors (FIIs) behavior and performance of Indian stock market for the period of January 1997 to June 2007.this article seeks to examine the idea that financial liberalization induces increased efficiency in the financial market as permission of FIIs equity investment is an important example of financial liberalization. As introduced into the model. there is a consistent finding that FDI has a . Market efficiency and managerial myopia: This paper shows holders can add value even if they cannot interview in a firm’s operations.S.granger causality test has been applied to test the bidirectional causality. Apart from net investment of FIIs. panel data and instrumental variable techniques. the purchase and sales behavior of FIIs are analyzed separately. We deviate from previous studies by introducing measures of the volatility of FDI Inflows. since they can sell their stakes upon bad news. Blockholder. this paper shows that they can encourage investment. By trading on their private information (following the “Wall Street rule”) they cause prices to reflect fundamental value rather than current earnings.
In particular. There is a suggestion that it is not the volatility of FDI per se that retards growth but that such volatility captures the growth-retarding effects of unobserved variables.positive effect on growth whereas volatility of FDI has a negative impact. it is not conditional on the level of human capital (as found in some previous studies). Foreign direct investment in Bangladesh. The evidence for a positive effect of FDI is not sensitive to which other explanatory variables are included. one of the strategies the government of Bangladesh (GOB) followed to accelerate economic growth was to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) into country . an analysis of perception of prospective investors: Bangladesh had gone through several major policy changes regarding the ownership and control of industries with a view of promoting economic growth .
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY To know the performance of Indian stock market. To know the impact of FDIs on Indian stock market. Data can be collected from other primary or secondary sources.It is a cross section of the situation design of the descriptive studies including the nature and the analytical method. Data Collection After the research problem has been defied and the research design has been chalked out. It is a statement only the essential of a study those provide the basic guidelines for the detail of the project. Research Design: The research design is a pattern or an outline of a research project . The present study being conducted follows a descriptive research design has the data would be responses from a simple containing g a large numbers of sources . it include not only research methods but also considers the logic behind the methods used in the context of the study and explains why only a particular method of technique had been used so that research lend themselves to proper evaluations. . To know the impact of FIIs on Indian stock market. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research Methodology has many dimensions. Thus in a way it is a written game plan for concluding research therefore in order to solve research problem it is necessary to design a research methodology for the problem as the same differ from problem to problem. the task of date collection begins.
The trends in FII flow from the RBI website and information on FII from SEBI.com etc. sales and net investment with equity market returns to identify whether a relation exists between them. The data has been analyzed with the help of various graphs like bar graph etc. Secondary Data: The secondary data constitutes of daily FII flows data which was collected from Money Control and Equity Master. The analysis has been made by.moneycontrol. DATA ANALYSIS:PLAN OF ANALYSIS The data gathered from various sources were primarily studied and necessary data was sorted out sequentially keeping in mind the procedure of the study. which were gathered from the study.sebi.in wwwnse.The main source of obtaining necessary data for the study was Secondary Data. Findings are included which transmits the important points. SAMPLING PLANNING Sampling is an effective step in collection of primary and secondary data and has a great influence on the quality of the results. the daily returns of SENSEX and NIFTY from BSE and NSE websites respectively. The sampling plan includes population.in www. Magazines and Bulletins: . correlating the FII purchases. INTERNET: www.gov. The data was collected from the Internet by exploring the Secondary sources available on websites. This study is empirical in nature and hence secondary data is used to conduct the research. .co. sample size and sample design.NSE News Bulletins etc.
as it is the most popular market indices and widely used by market participants for benchmarking. The various information and statistics were derived from the websites of BSE. The scope of the research comprises of information derived from secondary data from various websites. RBI and SEBI. Sensex and Nifty was a natural choice for inclusion in the study. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY As the time available is limited and the subject is very vast. The inferences made is purely from the past year’s performance.SCOPE OF THE STUDY The report examines The Impact of Foreign Institutional Investments and Foreign Direct Investment on Equity Stock Market in India. The study is general. NSE. . Money Control. There is no particular format for the study. It is mainly based on the data available in various websites &other secondary sources . Sufficient time is not available to conduct an in-depth study.
for long ignore this country. Market potential India is the fifth largest economy in the world (ranking above France. No company. the United Kingdom. not short-term profit. . and Russia) and has the third largest GDP in the entire continent of Asia. failed to get the kind of enthusiastic attention generated by other emerging economies such as China. Despite the practically unlimited possibilities in India for overseas businesses. underestimation of its complexity or overestimation of its possibilities can lead to failure. It is also the second largest among emerging nations.the trip will be well worth the effort. bureaucratic hassles. Success in India Success in India will depend on the correct estimation of the country's potential. While calculating. which offers high prospects for growth and earning potential in practically all areas of business. For those who take the time and look to India as an opportunity for long-term growth. India presents a vast potential for overseas investment and is actively encouraging the entrance of foreign players into the market. (These indicators are based on purchasing power parity). India is also one of the few markets in the world. until fairly recently. which is expected to become one of the top three emerging economies. Italy. the world's most populous democracy has. aspiring to be a global player can. due consideration should be given to the factor of the inherent difficulties and uncertainties of functioning in the Indian system. of any size.INDUSTRY PROFILE INVESTMENT IN INDIAN MARKET India is believed to be a good investment despite political uncertainty. Entering India's marketplace requires a well-designed plan backed by serious thought and careful research. shortages of power and infrastructure deficiencies.
port traffic capacity mismatch. smashing barriers and actively seeking foreign investment. The rapid economic growth of the last few years has put heavy stress on India's infrastructure facilities. Problems include power demand shortfall. Foreign investors should be prepared to take India as it is with all of its difficulties. business still has to deal with an inefficient and sometimes still slowmoving bureaucracy. Structural and bureaucratic impediments were vigorously fostered.Lack of enthusiasm among investors The reason being. India is rightfully quoted to be an incomparable country and is both frustrating and challenging at the same time. the country presses on with economic reforms. Even as today the climate in India has seen a sea change. after independence from Britain 50 years ago.Infrastructure hassles. The projections of further expansion in key areas could snap the already strained lines of transportation unless massive programs of expansion and modernization are put in place. wages are low. But there is still cause for worries. along with a distrust of foreign business. many workers are well educated and speak English. The Indian middle class is large and growing. . investors are optimistic and local stocks are up. many companies still see it as a difficult market. poor road conditions (only half of the country's roads are surfaced) and low telephone penetration. contradictions and challenges. India developed a highly protected. semi-socialist autarkic economy. Indian Bureaucracy Although the Indian government is well aware of the need for reform and is pushing ahead in this area. Developing a basic understanding or potential of the Indian market Envisaging and developing a Market Entry Strategy and implementing these strategies when actually entering the market are three basic steps to make a successful entry into India. despite political turmoil.
with the latter being particularly important in the case of Asian countries and for debt flows rather than equity flows. 6 major religions. as opposed to foreign direct investment (FDI) flows. investors in industrial countries have increasingly sought to realize the potential for portfolio diversification that these markets present. .Diverse Market The Indian market is widely diverse. INTERNATIONAL PORTFOLIO FLOWS: International portfolio flows. and ethnic diversity as wide as all of Europe. tastes and preferences differ greatly among sections of consumers. it is advisable to develop a good understanding of the Indian market and overall economy before taking the plunge. FII flows would increase with global integration. International portfolio flows are largely determined by the performance of the stock markets of the host countries relative to world markets. Investors in developed countries can effectively enhance their portfolio performance by adding foreign stocks particularly those from emerging market countries where stock markets have relatively low correlations with those in developed countries. The country has 17 official languages. With the opening of stock markets in various emerging economies to foreign investors. Thus. refer to capital flows made by individuals or investors seeking to create an internationally diversified portfolio rather than to acquire management control over foreign companies. It is likely that for quite a few years to come. Therefore. The answer is mixed – both global and country-specific factors seem to matter. Diversifying internationally has long been known as a way to reduce the overall portfolio risk and even earn higher returns. The main question is whether capital flew in to these countries primarily as a result of changes in global (largely US) factors or in response to events and indicators in the recipient countries like its credit rating and domestic stock market return.
however. 1992. In 1997. . Such investments were. including shares.5 billion. subjected to the fund-specific ceiling prescribed by SEBI and had to be within an overall ceiling of US $ 1. An important milestone in the history of Indian economic reforms happened on September 14. The investments were. the aggregate limit on investment by all FIIs was allowed to be raised from 24% to 30% by the Board of Directors of individual companies by passing a resolution in their meeting and by a special resolution to that effect in the company's General Body meeting. a condition was laid down that the funds invested by FIIs had to have at least 50 participants with no one holding more than 5%.FOREIGN INSTITUTIONAL INVESTMENT IN INDIA: MILESTONES India embarked on a programme of economic reforms in the early 1990s to tie over its balance of payment crisis and also as a step towards globalisation. restricted to the debt instruments of companies listed or to be listed on the stock exchanges. NRIs (Non-Resident Indians) and OCBs (Overseas Corporate Bodies) in any company were subject to a limit of 5% and 24% of the company's total issued capital respectively. the holding of a single FII and of all FIIs. ( From November 1996. ( In order to broad base the FII investment and to ensure that such an investment would not become a camouflage for individual investment in the nature of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment). debentures and warrants issued by companies which were listed or were to be listed the stock exchanges in India and in the schemes floated by domestic mutual funds. the regulations on FII investment have gone through enormous changes and have become more liberal over time. Ever since this day. when the FIIs (Foreign Institutional Investors) were allowed to invest in all the securities traded on the primary and secondary markets. FIIs were allowed to make 100% investment in debt securities subject to specific approval from SEBI as a separate category of FIIs or sub-accounts as 100% debt funds. of course. Initially.
Their investments have always been net positive.75 billion has been notified in 2004. on December 27. 2002 the committee was reconstituted and came out with recommendations in June 2004. 'In general. the increase in investment ceiling for FIIs in debt funds from US $ 1 billion to US $ 1. All these are indications for the country's continuous efforts to mobilize more foreign investment through portfolio investment by FIIs. The suggested measure will be in conformity with this original stipulation. The committee had proposed that. ( Meanwhile. FIIs were also permitted to seek SEBI registration in respect of sub-accounts. the FII investments were also allowed in the dated government securities. ( This was subsequently raised to 49% on March 8. ( Later. if any. The 24 per cent limit on FII investment imposed in 1992 when allowing FII inflows was exclusive of the FDI limit. may be reckoned over and above prescribed FDI sectoral caps. the foreign corporates and high net worth individuals were also allowed to invest as sub-accounts of SEBI-registered FIIs. ( In 2000. This was made more liberal to include the domestic portfolio managers or domestic asset management companies. ( As a move towards further liberalization a committee was set up on March 13. treasury bills and money market instruments. The FII portfolio flows have also been on the rise since September 1992.' The committee also has recommended that the special procedure for raising FII investments beyond 24 per cent up to the FDI limit in a company may be dispensed with by amending the relevant regulations. but for 1998-99. The SEBI also has reduced the turnaround time for processing of FII applications for registrations from 13 working days to 7 working days except in the case of banks and subsidiaries. when their sales were more than their purchase . 2002 to identify the sectors in which FIIs portfolio investments will not be subject to the sectoral limits for FDI. ( 40% became the ceiling on aggregate FII portfolio investment in March 2000. FII investment ceilings. 2001 and to the specific sectoral cap in September 2001. ( From the year 1998.
Trustees 4. following entities proposing to invest on behalf of broad based funds(a fund established or incorporated outside India. 1995. Mutual Funds 3. listed or to be listed on a recognized stock exchange in India. Foundations 9. Banks 6. b) Units of mutual funds. which has at least twenty investors with no single individual investor holding more than 10% shares or units of the fund) . c) Dated Government Securities. are also eligible to be registered as FIIs: 1. Pension Funds 2. Power of Attorney Holders INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR FIIs The following financial instruments are available for FII investments a) Securities in primary and secondary markets including shares. Charitable Trusts / Charitable Societies Further.ACTS AND RULES FII registration and investment are mainly governed by SEBI (FII) Regulations. unlisted. Investment Trusts 5. University Fund s 7. ELIGIBILITY FOR REGISTRATION AS FII: Following entities / funds are eligible to get registered as FII: 1. . Insurance Companies 4. debentures and warrants of companies. Institutional Portfolio Managers 3. Asset Management Companies 2. Endowments 8.
Investment limits on debt investments The FII investments in debt securities are governed by the policy if the Government of India. Currently following limits are in effect: For FII investments in Government debt. the investment limit is fixed at 5% of issued capital. currently following limits are applicable: For corporate debt the investment limit is fixed at US $ 500 million. Investment limits on equity investments a) FII. c) For the sub-account registered under Foreign Companies/Individual category. on its own behalf. Short term capital gain: Capital gain on sale of securities held for a period of less than one year. e) Commercial papers. Tax Rate 10% 30% Nil 20% Long term capital gain: Capital gain on sale of securities held for a period of more than . Nature of Income Long-term capital gains Short-term capital gains Dividend Income Interest Income one year. b) Investment on behalf of each sub-account shall not exceed 10% of total issued capital of an India company. shall not invest in equity more than 10% of total issued capital of an Indian company. TAXATION The taxation norms available to a FII is shown in the table below.d) Derivatives traded on a recognized stock exchange. These limits are within overall limit of 24% / 49 % / or the sectoral caps a prescribed by Government of India / Reserve Bank of India.
The RBI also performs a variety of developmental and promotional functions. including the several groups of non-bank financial intermediaries. The first concern of a central bank is the maintenance of a soundly based commercial banking structure.BRIEF PROFILE OF IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS: A brief profile of important institutions included in the study is given below. Indeed. The RBI plays an important role in maintaining the exchange value of the Rupee and acts as an agent of the government in respect of India's membership of IMF. state cooperative banks and some financial institutions. managing India's foreign exchange reserves. commercial banks. RESERVE BANK OF INDIA India's Central Bank . they have been established specifically to lead or regulate the banking system. Some of its main objectives are regulating the issue of bank notes. operating India's currency and credit system with a view to securing monetary stability and developing India's financial structure in line with national socio-economic objectives and policies. the commercial banks remain the core of the banking system. A central bank must also cooperate closely with the national government. It formulates and administers monetary policy with a view to promoting stability of prices while encouraging higher production through appropriate deployment of credit. usually in cooperation with the government. While this concern has grown to comprehend the operations of all financial institutions.was established on 1 April 1935 and was nationalized on 1 January 1949. most governments and central banks have become intimately associated in the formulation of policy. They are often responsible for formulating and implementing monetary and credit policies. The RBI acts as a banker to Central/State governments. .the RBI .
underwriters and others. margining. bankers to issue. It has framed bye-laws. credit rating agencies. and was subsequently upgraded as a fully autonomous body (a statutory Board) in the year 1992 with the passing of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act (SEBI Act) on 30th January 1992. To promote the development of Securities Market. to cover both development & regulation of the market. It is used to benchmark portfolio performance. merchant bankers. Since its inception SEBI has been working targeting the securities and is attending to the fulfillment of its objectives with commendable zeal and dexterity. a statutory and autonomous regulatory board with defined responsibilities. In place of Government Control. Another significant event is the approval of trading in stock indices (like S&P CNX Nifty & Sensex) in 2000. prescribed registration norms. risk identification and risk management systems for Clearing houses of stock exchanges. registrars. reduced the risk of credit and also reduced the market. brokers and sub-brokers. establishment of clearing corporations etc. It is used in derivative instruments like index futures and index options. and independent powers has been set up. . A market Index is a convenient and effective product because of the following reasons: It acts as a barometer for market behavior. To regulate the securities market and For matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The improvements in the securities markets like capitalization requirements. The basic objectives of the Board were identified as: To protect the interests of investors in securities. SEBI has introduced the comprehensive regulatory measures. surveillance system etc. the eligibility criteria.SECURITUIES AND EXCHANGE BOARD OF INDIA In 1988 the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) was established by the Government of India through an executive resolution. the code of obligations and the code of conduct for different intermediaries like. which has made dealing in securities both safe and transparent to the end investor. portfolio managers.
000 deals are executed on a daily basis. Approximately 70. develop and maintain a well-regulated market for dealing in securities and to safeguard the interest of members and the investing public having dealings on the Exchange. Two broad approaches of SEBI is to integrate the securities market at the national level. The BSE `Sensex' is a widely used market index for the BSE. with over 6. In this context the introduction of derivatives trading through Indian Stock Exchanges permitted by SEBI in 2000 AD is a real landmark. Mumbai's (earlier known as Bombay). It has grown by more than four times from January 1990 till date. to transact through the Exchanges. The BSE accounts for over two thirds of the total trading volume in the country. The market capitalization of the BSE is Rs. primary dealers etc. insurance companies. It helps industrial development of the country through efficient resource mobilization. The . so that there is an increase in number of traders including banks. The main aims and objectives of the BSE are to provide a market place for the purchase and sale of security evidencing the ownership of business property or of a public or business debt. it was the first one to be recognized and it is the only one that had the privilege of getting permanent recognition ab-initio. financial institutions. Bombay Stock Exchange is the largest. There are around 3.500 companies in the country which are listed and have a serious trading volume. Established in 1875. giving it one of the highest per hour rates of trading in the world.It can be used for passive fund management as in case of Index Funds.5 trillion. BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE: Of the 22 stock exchanges in the country. To establish and promote honorable and just practices in securities transactions BSE Sensex The BSE Sensex is a value-weighted index composed of 30 companies with the base April 1979 = 100. 1956. mutual funds. and also to diversify the trading products.000 stocks listed. Among the twenty-two Stock Exchanges recognized by the Government of India under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act. It aims to promote. the exchange is also the oldest in Asia.
IISL have a consulting and licensing agreement with Standard & Poor's (S&P). 2005. . Impact cost of the S&P CNX Nifty for a portfolio size of Rs. which is a joint venture between NSE and CRISIL. On its recognition as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act. These companies account for around one-fifth of the market capitalization of the BSE. index based derivatives and index funds. (IISL). who are world leaders in index services.5 million is 0. Based on the recommendations. S&P CNX Nifty S&P CNX Nifty is a well-diversified 50 stock index accounting for 23 sectors of the economy. which recommended promotion of a National Stock Exchange by financial institutions (FIs) to provide access to investors from all across the country on an equal footing. NSE was promoted by leading Financial Institutions at the behest of the Government of India and was incorporated in November 1992 as a tax-paying company unlike other stock exchanges in the country. 1956 in April 1993. NSE commenced operations in the Wholesale Debt Market (WDM) segment in June 1994. IISL is India's first specialized company focused upon the index as a core product. The average total traded value for the last six months of all Nifty stocks is approximately 58% of the traded value of all stocks on the NSE Nifty stocks represent about 60% of the total market capitalization as on March 31. It is used for a variety of purposes such as benchmarking fund portfolios.07% S&P CNX Nifty is professionally maintained and is ideal for derivatives trading. S&P CNX Nifty is owned and managed by India Index Services and Products Ltd. The Capital Market (Equities) segment commenced operations in November 1994 and operations in Derivatives segment commenced in June 2000. NATIONAL STOCK EXCHANGE OF INDIA The National Stock Exchange of India Limited has genesis in the report of the High Powered Study Group on Establishment of New Stock Exchanges.set of companies in the index is essentially fixed.
INTRODUCTION TO THE COMPANY .
P.. Chairman Amitabh Jhunjhunwala. with a market capitalisation of Rs 100. Jain Reliance ADA Group Structure . 4500 cr. BOARD OF DIRECTORS Anil DhiruBhai Ambani. Vice-Chairman Rajendra Chitale. and net worth to the tune of Rs 27. Independent Director Shri C. Reliance Money Limited has been promoted by Reliance Capital Limited a part of Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group with the Net-worth – Rs. amongst the top 3 banking & financial services companies in the private sector.000 crore (US$ 22 billion).500 crore (US$ 6 billion).The Reliance – Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group is among India’s top three private sector business houses on all major financial parameters.500 crore (US$ 7 billion). net assets in excess of Rs 31.
ranked amongst the top 3 private sector financial companies in terms of net worth.Reliance Capital Reliance Reliance Mutual fund Reliance Life Mutual Fund General Insurance Insurance Reliance Money Reliance Consumer Finance Reliance money is a part of the reliance Anil Dhirubai Ambani Group and is promoted by Reliance capital. Through reliance money. Reliance money is a comprehensive financial solution provider that enables you to carry out trading and investment activities in a secure. the fastest growing private sector financial services company in India. cost-effective and convenient manner. you can invest in a wide range of asset classes from Equity. .
Reliance Money offers the convenience of on-line and offline transactions through a variety of means. dedication. including its Portal. In the process Reliance Money shall strive to meet and exceed customer's satisfaction and set industry standards. enterprise. and we aim to achieve this leadership position by building an innovative.” . IPO’s to availing services of Money Transfer & Money changing. Call & Transact. and technology driven organization which will set the highest standards of service and business ethics. learning and innovation. Transaction Kiosks and at it’s network of affiliates..Equity and commodity Derivatives. by combining its human and technological resources. enterprising . The company which is today known as the largest financial service provider of India. Reliance Money shall aim for complete customer satisfaction. not a destination. empathy and humility.” If we look for examples to prove this quote then we can find many but there is none like that of Reliance Money. Success sutras of Reliance Money: The success story of the company is driven by 8 success sutras adopted by it namely trust. Mutual Funds. “Success is a journey. Mission statement: “Our mission is to be a leading and preferred service provider to our customers. Some key steps of the company that are as…. Vision of Reliance Money To achieve & sustain market leadership. These are the values that bind success with Reliance Money. hard work and team play. to provide world class quality services. integrity. commitment. insurance products.
6.862 crores (US$ 1. distribution of financial products. Reliance Capital has a net worth of Rs. resting on its laurels. Reliance Money is not. These comparisons are only for first year or new business premium. Launched in April 2007. It has 2. stock broking.000 employees. this scenario has led some analysts to wonder if the company is not a trifle too aggressive. .890 crores booked by life insurance Corporation.1 Mutual Fund. 19.6 billion) as of June 30. Reliance Life Insurance is India's fastest growing life insurance company and among the top 4 private sector insurers. In fact. It provides the Flat fees system. private equity and proprietary investments.25% .2 million customers in 1 year of official launch. including the Rs. But others say this has more to do with the companies’ customer-centric focus.6 billion) and total assets of Rs. Reliance General Insurance is India's fastest growing general insurance company and the top 3 private sector insurers. consumer finance and other activities in financial services. life and general insurance.000 crores at the end of June 2008. 8.Reliance Capital has interests in asset management and mutual funds. Reliance Mutual Fund is India's no. depository services. Reliance life insurance market share works out to around 6. Reliance Consumer finance has a loan book of over Rs. however. Reliance Money is the largest brokerage and distributor of financial products in India with more than 2.5 million customers and the largest distribution network.000 crores. 2008 and over 26. Considering the entire life market. It has over 5. 12. The life insurance market continuous to be dominated by LIC which has about 67% share this only a marginal dip from its 73% share in end-July.000 outlets across 700 towns/cities. The gap between Reliance life insurance and the second-in-line private insurer is vast.940 crores (US$ 4. Money has increased its market share among private financial companies to nearly Convenient & effective – Anytime & anywhere financial transaction capability. Average daily turnover – in excess of Rs 2. its pan-India presence and superior risk management and investment strategies.
.Company’s customer centric approach will be studied during the training period and the finding of the research work will definitely focus on the present condition & future requirement (if any) relating to products of company.
Reliance Money offers a single window facility. Reliance Money provides a comprehensive platform. offering an investment avenue for a wide range of asset classes. enabling you to access amongst others. Equities. Its endeavor is to change the way India transacts in financial market and avails financial services. Equity and Commodity .Thus.
Financial Products Mutual Funds Life Insurance ULIP plan Money Back Plan General Insurance Vehicle/Motor Insurance Health Insurance House insurance IPO’s Value-Added Services ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE .derivatives. Life Insurance and General Insurance products. Offshore Investments. Mutual Funds. IPO’s. Advantages offered by Reliance money over other companies: Cost Effective Convenience Security Single Window for Multiple Products 3 in 1 Integrated Access Demat Account with Reliance Capital PRODUCT OFFERING Trading Portal (with almost negligible brokerage ) Equity Broking Commodity Broking Derivatives ( Futures & Options ) Offshore Investments (Contract For Differences) D-Mat Account.
National Level Zonal Level Regional Level Divisional level Branch Level Area Level : : : : : : National Head Zonal Head Regional head Cluster Head Center Manager Business Development Executives & Freelancers SALES METHODOLOGY .
37 3346.2 9 4546.14 1945.66 low 947.38 1957.81.PERFORMANCE OF INDIAN STOCK MARKET Indices : sensex For the period : from year 1991 To year 2008 year 199 1 199 2 199 3 199 4 199 5 Open 1027.49 Price/earnings Price/book Dividend value yield 22.13 .78 3436.88 2891.78 45.07 3.80 .31 3943.58 3459.48 1980.30 3.07 4643.24 36.68 1.81 .63 6.16 High 19554.19 31.81 6.45 close 1908.45 23.87 3910.85 2615.35 4.58 1.33 2617.6 3405.98 .06 3926.90 3110.
50 1.99 6150.52 1.33 3377.48 17.22 3042.50 6069.2 0 16.41 5005.2 7 4131.11 21206.35 24.96 6602.199 6 199 7 199 8 199 9 200 0 200 1 200 2 200 3 200 4 200 5 200 6 200 7 200 8 3114.30 2.38 1.02 2.28 3.18 22.14 1.01 3383.35 1.60 15.41 4322.54 3990.27 5920.01 12316.25 22.48 6626.94 4.22 15.25 3.34 3064.55 2594.49 3.8 9422.49 83827.80 2.69 4462.07 14.12 3096.12 3262.95 9209.00 17.15 9442.44 3.02 17.65 3262.2 4 3085.08 3096.98 3055.45 13.00 5150.20 3658.33 8799.58 1.71 1.10 .51 2.75 5.21 20.76 6617.9 1 20286.14 2.28 5838.85 5872.7 7 20325.93 13786.87 2828.77 2713.83 2.11 3758.81 2.07 3.14 2.48 2904.65 3658.44 4227.01 1.32 5.26 16.98 14035.1 0 14677.25 3491.69 9397.98 PERFORMANCE OF AUTO SECTOR .80 1.65 2741.9 9 16481.82 3972.22 4605.30 20498.
10 .00 4729.00 0.00 0.51 5881.00 -2852.90 0.00 0.00 6.35 34.72 3959.41 High 0.00 0.12 755.00 0.44 5671.79 2836.21 4063.38 High 0.8 5 3281.00 0.34 low 0.05 4251.08 PERFORMANCE OF POWER SECTOR Indices: Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 POWER For the period :From year 2005 to 2008 Open --4395.39 4256.09 2896.63 4299.00 0.00 0.2 9 Price/earnings Price/book Dividend value yield 0.73 FOREIGN INVESTMENT FLOWS IN INDIA: One of the most important distinctions between Portfolio and Direct investment to have emerged from this young era of globalisation is that portfolio investment can be much more volatile.9 1 2048.00 1.4 3 4548.50 5667.00 2525.45 4548.00 2871.87 Low 0.07 5843.38 close 21.00 4023.00 .00 0.76 4584. .55 1015.47 close 1457.66 4435.00 0.62 2533.Indices: year 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 AUTO For the period :From year 2000 to 2008 Open 0.08 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.83 5796.45 5518.00 4929.97 5604.40 0.00 0.00 0.
in other words for developing countries. helping an emerging economy move quickly to take advantage of economic opportunity.4 billion in 1998-99. However. The changes in the investment conditions in a country or region can lead to dramatic swings in portfolio investment. such inflows declined to US $ 2. Direct Investment (US $ million) 97 129 315 586 1314 2144 2821 3557 2462 2155 4029 6131 4660 4675 B. Portfolio Investment (US $ million) 6 4 244 3567 3824 2748 3312 1828 61 3026 2760 2021 979 11377 Year 1990-91 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 Total (A + B) (US $ million) 103 133 559 4153 5138 4892 6133 5385 2523 5181 6789 8152 5639 16052 From a net foreign investment inflow of US $ 5.3 billion in 1997-98. when a country's economic situation takes a downturn. FPI can bring about rapid development. For a country on the rise. . creating many new jobs and significant wealth. the large flow of money into a country can turn into a stampede away from it.TABLE: Foreign Investment Flows in India A. This is because of the lower portfolio inflows. as a result of which the net investment has dropped. sometimes just by failing to meet the expectations of international investors.
.CHART: FOREIGN INVESTMENT FLOWS 1 2000 1 0000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1 990-91 1 -92 991 FPI FDI 1 99293 1 993.’ (Narasimham committee report) Prior to 1992.1 994-95 1 995-96 1 996-97 1 997-98 94 Y EA R 1 99899 1 99900 200001 2001 02 200203 200304 FOREIGN PORTFOLIO FLOWS TO INDIA Foreign portfolio investments have been allowed in India on the basis of the recommendations of the Narasimham committee which stated: The committee would also suggest that the capital markets should be gradually opened up to foreign portfolio investments and simultaneously efforts should be initiated to improve the depth of the market by facilitating the issue of new types of equities and innovative debt instruments. Only on September 14. 1992 the Government of India issued guidelines on FII investments in India which was followed by a notification by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) three years later in November 1995. only non-resident Indians (NRIs) and Overseas corporate bodies (OCBs) were allowed to undertake portfolio investment in India.
562 billion in 2002-03. As of September 2004. The analysis of data indicates that there has been substantial divestment by the FIIs during the year 1998-99. this decline witnessed a sharp reversal in the year 200304. The maximum outflow was during the months of May and June 1998 (almost US$430 millions). 45.857 crores. The decline is because of the lower portfolio inflows. From a net inflow of US $ 2.144.TRENDS IN FII INVESTMENT IN INDIA TABLE: Trends in FII investment Year 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 FII PURCHASEFII SALES in crores in crores 5593 466 7631 2835 9694 2752 15554 6979 18695 12737 16115 17699 56856 46734 74051 64116 49920 41165 47060 44371 144858 99094 FII NET in crores 5126 4796 6942 8575 5958 -1584 10122 9934 8755 2689 45765 FII NET US$ million 1634 1528 2036 2432 1649 -386 2339 2160 1846 562 9949 CUM FII NET US$ million 1638 3167 5202 7634 9284 8898 11237 13396 15242 15804 25754 Source: Reserve Bank of India Annual Report 2004 INFERENCE: The investments by FIIs have been registering a steady growth since the opening of the Indian capital markets in September 1992.1 billion in 2000-01. Gross purchases in this year amounted to Rs. a growth rate of 208% compared to the year before. when their sales were more than their purchases. such inflows declined to US $ 1. the net FII portfolio investment stands at US $ 27. . but for 1998-99. when the net investment became negative. as a result of which the net investment has dropped in these years. This trend continued in April 2004. and further dropped to US $ 0.764 crores during this year registering a growth of 1602% over the previous year.8 billion in 2001-02. only to suffer reversal again during May and June 2004. Fortunately. the year from July 2004 has been seeing a net positive portfolio flows by FIIs. But the years 2001-02 and 2002-03 saw some reversal in the trend. Their investments have always been net positive. then increasing the FII investment cap per se will not be helpful. However. creating a record in the history of FII investment in India. The country has to work on specific measures to encourage more FII investments. It can be observed from the above table that the portfolio investment inflows have always been on the increase.637 million. If it is so. FIIs have made a net investment of Rs.
4 -124. The stock markets in all these countries fell continuously from March 1998 till about September 1998.8 29 A major factor which led to continuous outflow of funds during the middle and end of the year 1998 was the worsening outlook on the emerging markets. the FIIs were facing heavy redemption pressures from the Emerging Markets Funds.2 -90.8 79. . US and European markets showed historically high valuations.3 -190. As a result.2 -135.5 22. and the expectations of further rise because of the strong economic indicators there which led to reduced allocations elsewhere.1 45. However. the net outflow from the Indian markets was much lower than the other Asian countries.9 104. The sluggishness in investment in the emerging markets was exacerbated by the fact that hroughout 1998-99. Credit worthiness of almost all the South-east Asian nations was severely damaged by the crises which started in July 1997.4 12.TABLE: Monthly Trends of FIIs for the Year 1998-99 Month Apr-98 May-98 Jun-98 Jul-98 Aug-98 Sep-98 Oct-98 Nov-98 Dec-98 Jan-99 Feb-99 Mar-99 Purchases (Rs mn) 11422 8253 8023 13098 7932 14381 10737 10391 11089 16355 16477 25207 Sales (Rs mn) 11756 13284 16072 12154 11783 12458 16470 9845 8789 11894 13084 23973 Net (Rs mn) -335 -5031 -8049 944 -3851 1923 -5733 546 2300 4462 3393 1233 Net (US$ mn) -8.8 104. The integration of the Indian capital markets with the international markets thus spilled over to Indian markets as well. when all the other Asian countries have also seen rising trend in stocks indices. A further indication of the integration of the Indian markets can be seen from the upsurge in the valuations and funds inflows during the first quarter of 1999.
CHART : GROWTH OF FII INVESTMENTS IN INDIA
INFERENCE: The trickle of FII flows to India that began in January 1993 has gradually expanded to an average monthly inflow of close to Rs. 1900 crores during the first six months of 2001. By June 2001, over 500 FIIs were registered with SEBI. The total amount of FII investment in India had accumulated to a formidable sum of over Rs.50,000 crores during this time. In terms of market capitalization too, the share of FIIs has steadily climbed to about 9% of the total market capitalization of BSE (which, in turn, accounts for over 90% of the total market capitalization in India). TABLE: CORRELATION OF FII WITH NIFTY MONTH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH GROSS PURCHASES -0.308891015 -0.203839618 0.40719847 0.231397721 -0.296292834 0.631541276 -0.107835133 0.103856902 -0.689594568 -0.02034654 0.124176605 0.419911809 GROSS SALES -0.486299015 -0.226174846 0.013881057 -0.008199745 -0.009987101 0.478957403 -0.303940405 0.232269601 -0.692805116 -0.57330261 -0.056354197 -0.255570154 NET INVESTMENT -0.122510317 0.127555673 0.556762421 0.352195939 -0.288696993 0.377141924 0.118451125 -0.020576251 -0.496878284 0.64885866 0.233709555 0.483718703
FII flows and contemporaneous stock returns are strongly correlated in India. The correlation coefficients between different measures of FII flows and market returns on the Bombay Stock Exchange during different sample periods are shown in Table above. While the correlations are quite high throughout the sample period, they exhibit a significant rise since the beginning of the 1999-00. The calculations show that there exists a relationship between FIIs and Nifty since 6 out of 12 months show positive correlation in the case of Gross Purchass and 8 out of 12 months indicate a positive correlation in the case of Net FII Investment and Nifty.
TABLE : CORRELATION OF FII WITH SENSEX MONTH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH GROSS PURCHASES -0.267580403 -0.184653959 0.405635894 0.291205286 -0.315900375 0.661834837 -0.067640059 0.083505749 -0.666663184 0.02201209 0.00689661 0.417854257 GROSS SALES -0.509025858 -0.224809346 -0.004710378 0.045396684 -0.033391574 0.506184274 -0.311421901 0.244942636 -0.688620778 -0.551509386 -0.170243004 -0.250893125 NET INVESTMENT -0.076211493 0.1484205 0.575995013 0.353391901 -0.301709231 0.389776394 0.18995454 -0.057919794 -0.46494095 0.679227006 0.149373722 0.479619465
The behaviour of the foreign portfolio investors matched the behaviour of Sensex during this period. Net FII investment in the Indian capital markets started fluctuating sharply during April and it turned negative. Net FII investment in the Indian stock market was positive from May to July. During this period, the Sensex and net FII investment showed very high degree of correlation. For the month of June showed a correlation as high as 0.60. The months of September, October, November and December shows a declining trend, the FII investment reversed from that day. On the whole, there exists a relationship between FIIs and Sensex since 7 out of 12 months show positive correlation in the case of Gross Purchases and 8 out of 12 months indicate a positive correlation in the case of Net FII Investment and Sensex.
TABLE: COEFFECIENT OF DETERMINATION OF FII WITH NIFTY MONTH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH GROSS PURCHASES 0.095413659 0.04155059 0.165810594 0.053544905 0.087789444 0.398844383 0.011628416 0.010786256 0.475540669 0.000413982 0.015419829 0.176325927 GROSS SALES 0.236486732 0.051155061 0.000192684 6.72358E-05 9.97422E-05 0.229400194 0.09237977 0.053949168 0.479978929 0.328675883 0.003175796 0.065316104 NET INVESTMENT 0.015009 0.01627 0.309984 0.124042 0.083346 0.142236 0.014031 0.000423 0.246888 0.421018 0.05462 0.233984
Coefficient of Determination (R2), ranges from 0 - 1, is always part of the standard regression output, the important measure of goodness of fit. R2 = correlation coefficient (r) squared, since the range of r is from -1 to +1, squaring r forces R2 to fall between 0 and 1. R2 in the above table gives the percentage (%) of the total variation in Nifty that is explained by the regression equation, or explained by FIIs. During the month of January the total variation in Nifty explained by FII amounted to 42% and the remaining 58% is explained by other factors which influence Nifty. TABLE : COEFFECIENT OF DETERMINATION OF FII WITH SENSEX MONTH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH GROSS PURCHASES 0.071599272 0.034097085 0.164540479 0.084800519 0.099793047 0.438025352 0.004575178 0.00697321 0.444439801 0.000484532 4.75632E-05 0.17460218 GROSS SALES 0.259107325 0.050539242 2.21877E-05 0.002060859 0.001114997 0.256222519 0.0969836 0.059996895 0.474198576 0.304162603 0.028982681 0.06294736 NET INVESTMENT 0.005808 0.022029 0.33177 0.124886 0.091028 0.151926 0.036083 0.003355 0.21617 0.461349 0.022313 0.230035
199 1 to march20 02 %of total approval s 200203 200304 200405 200506(April Jan. indicating that variation in FII explains about 46% of the variation in Sensex.71 14.46. etc.728 Share of top investing countries in FDI inflow in India Rank Country Aug.34 1019 26011 10.67 2. in the case of FII and Sensex we have R2 = .A.199 1 to march20 02 56.768 6.631 32.943 229.61 64 9975 3.Similarly.37 9.) aug 1991 approvals to Jan 2006 till Jan 2006 260 59394 22.72 3.92 3.80 3.47 2002 -03 2003 -04 2004 -05 2005Cumulative % of 06(April approvals total Jan.04 73 11955 4.34 4. omitted variables.85 222 117 40 94 164 7112 9843 9758 6931 6756 9387 259.28 3.) Cumulativ e FDI inflows to Jan 2006 aug 1991 to Jan 2006 48112 % of total appr ovals till Jan 2006 36.28 7.77 2. random variation.K. explainable by other factors.71 4.61 3. or some other measure of goodness of fit is expected in reported empirical results.95 2. Mauritius U.62 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 FDI appro vals U.S. Japan SouthKore a Germany Netherlan ds Australia France Singapore 818 1432 1819 566 29 292 315 47 323 330 7. We shouldn't put too much emphasis on R2.64 3766 2609 5141 9120 .76 2.798 8.976 8618 6. R2. Share of top investing countries in FDI Approvals Rank Country Aug. However. 54% of the variation in Sensex is unexplained by FII.92 3565 42340 16. t-stat are more important.9 0 1 Mauritius 27446 29.150 %of total approval s 24.396 10794 9.90 4 881 1572 590 345 65 172 628 34 37 369 6.118 3.919 21.224 779 2838 1178 172 15 177 76 39 71 578 8.
as it has a double Taxation avoidance treaty with India . Singapore . whereas the shares of Mauritius has been increasing from past few years .60 5.61 3.65% share . whereas USA holds the 2nd position with 15.30 1504 1617 1971 836 684 180 534 188 437 14932 1658 769 360 2247 373 172 176 110 207 12117 3055 458 575 1217 663 822 537 157 353 17138 1705 1645 669 329 1302 1013 63 257 332 19356 20183 8757 8680 8489 6481 4186 3259 2903 2530 156154 15.does not figure in top 10 countries in FDI inflows .Japan Netherlands Germany . it has b increased by more than 80% in2004-05 compared to 2003-04 . U.66 6. France and Singapore follows in that order .S. thus in terms of FDI inflows Mauritius is way ahead from UK . Switzerland .23%share Australia who holds 8th positioning FDI approvals with 2.97 3.94% share . which does not come in FDI approvals holds holds 10th position in FDI inflows with 1. this able shows ranking of cumulative investment approved during the period 1991 to January 2006 reveals that USA was the largest investor in India with an investment of Rs. in terms of FDI inflow into the country . O the other hand .South Korea who holds2.94 Sources of FDI inflows in India Top 10 countries have accounted for more than a half of India’s FDI approvals during 1991-95.51 4.36 1. Japan Netherlan ds Germany Singapore France South korea Switzerlan d 12248 4263 5099 3856 3455 1997 1947 2189 1299 92611 13.2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total FDI inflo w U.23 4.72 6.10 2.K.50 2.21 2. 59394crores Netherlands .48% of total FDI inflows in India .4 8 6. Mauritius topped the list with90% share of total FDI inflows .Above table shows that FDI inflows from all countries have been increased in 2004-05 . while is share increased to about 70% over 2004-05.73 2.51 4.16 2. mainly due to FDI being routed through Mauritius . but the share of USA has been declining .France South Korea and Switzerland follows in that order .23 1.A.
167. 409 1094 2018 4312 6916 9654 13548 12343 10311 12645 19361 14932 121117 17138 Growth in FDI Amount in Rs.11 -22. global FDI inflows began to recover after the stock of previous year . From 1991-92 to 1997-98 .48 84.85 -15.68 -41.46 22.34 -8.85 41.61 63. . it has been observed that there are some fluctuations in the growth rate both in positive rates.The most probable reasons behind these alarming downfalls is the result of various asian crise and sanctions amposed on India as a cosequence of nuclear explosion test by government of India that cast a shadow on FDI inflows to India during the period 1998-2000.97 39.88 41.39 39.88 -18.31 252.28 Under consideration .89 -16.29 -26.59 40.46 113.58 -20. Cr.59 73.36 36. further there seems a declining trend in FDI in the period 2001-4 .68 60. This trend was felt across the world ( 108 countries according to world investment report 2003 ) as the world was experiencing an economic slowdown . there has been a steady growth in FDI inflow but it drastically fall is again noticed in 2002-03 and 2003-04.42 -42.Total FDI and FDI in ICT Sector Year 1991-92 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 FDI inflow Amount in Rs. Cr.44 FDI in ICT sector 351 675 2380 4132 6750 9211 11817 8644 7271 10323 14419 8423 6703 3869 Growth in FDI in ICT 92. Reduction in M&As( merger and acquisitions ) was the major reason and also the war in Iraq and SARS had a negative impact on global capital flows in 2003.46 28.64 53. In 2004 .
33 388.02 The CV% is almost equal as seen in above tables . Min Max CV% AAGR FDI inflows 9771 6005 409 19361 61.45 42.00 914.which represents that the variability in the FDI inflows and FDI in ICT sector is approximately similar . 292.56 .93 37.26 347. maximum and coefficient of variance shows: Mean Std. This depicts that whenever there is a change in the FDI inflows . dev. Year Wise FDI inflows into Infrastructure sector during April 2000 to December 2007 (In US$ million) Year 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Total amt.The statistical description in terms of mean. standard deviation .37 1902. minimum .77 FDI in ICT 6783 4133 351 14419 60.39 10575. the FDI in ICT as also affected.37 456.04 2179.
The situation becomes quite difficult if the funds gain a vested interest in certain sectors by floating sector specific funds. One can even venture to say that the behavior of MFs in India has turned the very logic that . This is so because other market participants perceive the FIIs to be infallible in their assessment of the market and tend to follow the decisions taken by FIIs. Results of this study show that not only the FIIs are the major players in the domestic stock market in India. the findings of this study also indicate that Foreign Institutional Investors have emerged as the most dominant investor group in the domestic stock market in India. whose monies they manage. FIIs and the movements of Sensex are quite closely correlated in India and FIIs wield significant influence on the movement of Sensex. If one looks at the total FII trade in equity in India and its relationship with the stock market major indexes like Sensex and Nifty. Since FIIs are dominating the Indian Market. Many Mutual Funds floated specific funds for the sectors favoured by the FIIs. it is not surprising that FIIs are in a position to influence the movement of Sensex and Nifty in a significant way. This ‘herd instinct’ displayed by other market participants amplifies the importance of FIIs in the domestic stock market in India.FINDINGS: It is an accepted fact now that FIIs have significant influence on the movements of the stock market indexes in India. in the companies that constitute the Bombay Stock Market Sensitivity Index (Sensex) and NSE Nifty. Moreover. Data on trading activity of FIIs and domestic stock market turnover suggest that FII’s are becoming more important at the margin as an increasingly higher share of stock market turnover is accounted for by FII trading. MFs can create market trends whereas the small individual investors can only follow the trends. Particularly. their level of control is very high. individual investors are forced to accept the dictates of major FIIs and hence join the group by entering the Mutual Fund group. Dominant position of FIIs in the Sensex companies. An implication of MFs gaining strength in the Indian stock market could be that unlike individual investors. but their influence on the domestic markets is also growing. NSE also observes that in the Indian stock markets FIIs have a disproportionately high level of influence on the market sentiments and price trends. it shows a steadily growing influence of FIIs in the domestic stock market.
even the domestic investors had to be offered lower rates of capital gains tax. the entry of FIIs has not resulted in greater depth in Indian stock market. This finding takes quite further the general understanding that net FII investments influences stock prices in India as it traces the relationship . it can impact adversely on the value of the rupee and set of speculation in the currency that can in special circumstances result in a currency crisis.mutual funds invest wisely on the basis of well-researched strategies and individual investors do not have the time and resources to study and monitor corporate performance. it is important to note that many domestic ones also followed FIIs. The sectors favoured by FIIs account for a substantial portion of the net assets under control of many Mutual Funds. instead it led to focussing on only a few sectors. Similarly. FII investments. FIIs are interested in the Indian stock market increases its vulnerability to fluctuations. Thus. Ultimately to provide a level playing field. upside down. if any set of developments encourages an unusually high outflow of FII capital from the market. On the other hand if FII investments constitute a large share of the equity capital of a financial entity. a number of Indian funds are following the investment strategies of the foreign ones. There are now too many instances of such effects worldwide for it be dismissed on the ground that India's reserves are adequate to manage the situation. even if driven by development outside the country can have significant implications for the financial health of what is an important institution in the financial sector of this country. The Mutual funds are gaining prominence in the Indian Stock market and that the share of foreign affiliated MFs is growing. seem to have influenced the Indian stock market to a considerable extent. While it can be expected that foreign affiliated mutual funds would follow the investment pattern of FIIs. an FII pullout. Analysis suggested a strong influence of FII investment on the Sensex and Nifty index.
There is therefore the fear of sudden outflows of the foreign capital and this may be a trigger a third stock market scam as most regulatory changes re being made only as a follow up of an adverse event.the important result of this study is that the foreign investment is determined by stock market return. The domestic investors and domestic companies remain not so dominant. . But foreign investment is not a major factor for the stock market boom in India the FII are increasingly dominant in the stock market.CONCLUSION In this study I tried to find out the impact of FDIs and FIIs on Indian Stock Market .
SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMENDATIONS .
to ensure that rules are adhered to and that arbitration may be established by mutual consent. Countries may impose these kinds of measures like expropriation. One such measure in this line could be the newly announced INDONEXT. ranging from basic services such as the provision of electricity and clean water. The ability of governments to prevent or reduce financial crises also has a great impact on the growth of capital flows. An attempt should be made to bring down the inflation level to attract more foreign institutional investments into India. the platform for trading the small and mid-cap companies. political and economic development. The provision for clear procedures must be followed in the event of disputes between investors and host governments. The fact is that developing country like India has its own compulsions arising out of the very state of their social. to fair and effective dispute resolution systems. requiring more transparency in international financial transactions and ensuring adequate supervision and regulation of financial markets. domestic content requirements.Some of the steps that can be taken to help influence the choices made by foreign institutional investors include: The Government should cut its fiscal deficits. Steps to address these crises include strengthening banking supervision. are still far below the permissible limits. the host countries have to follow stable macroeconomic policies. which would result in strengthening the economy as a whole. restrictions on capital outflows of short term investments. which may attract some further investments in them by FIIs. etc with the . The Banking system needs to be strengthened which could be achieved by reducing the number of Non Performing Assets. Creating infrastructure and other facilities to attract foreign investment. which might bring some focus on these companies and hopefully add some liquidity and volume to their trading. though shown an increasing trend over time. The FIIs investments. As described earlier. an array of services can help promote foreign institutional investment in India. To attract portfolio investments and retain their confidence.
but this usually leads to misallocation of resources away from the natural economic capabilities of nations.intention of protecting domestic industries from international competition and promoting their economic development. it has been advocated to develop stock markets. BIBLIOGRAPHY . In order to attract portfolio investments which prefer liquidity. There has been a significant shift in the character of global capital flows to the developing countries in recent years in that the predominance of private account capital transfer and especially portfolio investments (FPI) increased considerably.
(Jan 2009) JIMS 8M April June 2007 INTERNET:www.centrum.moneycontrol.nse.co.india.indianinfoline.com/news www.com www.mastercapitalindia.59.wikipedia.BOOKS:Business environment (Suresh Bedi) The Journal of Amity Management Analyst (Jan.in www.com www.com www.org.bse.en.wiki/stock_market .vol.onlinestockholding www.sebi.in www.financialexpress. 383-403.co.in www.com www.co. The Journal of Finance India Apeejay journal of management and technology.no. June 2007) The Journal of Business .3.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.