Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astrological Engineers TOC | Programmable Logic Controller | Control Theory

The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers

List of Chapters:
List of Contributors Preface Section 1. 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. 1.4. 1.5. 1.6. 1.7. Section 2. New Vision for Future Aerospace Vehicles and Systems Learning from Living Systems Revolutionary Vehicles Future Space Transportation Future Airspace System Needed: Intellectual Infrastructure Smart Vehicle, Heal Thyself Working for More Secure Airspace Engineering Mathematics, Units, Symbols, and Constants Part 2. Calculus 2.21. 2.22. 2.23. 2.24. 2.25. 2.26. 2.27. 2.28. 2.29. 2.30. 2.31. 2.32. 2.33. 2.34. 2.35. 2.36. 2.37. 2.38. 2.39. 2.40. 2.41. 2.42. 2.43. 2.44. 2.45. 2.46. 2.47. 2.48. 2.49. 2.50. 2.51. Derivative Maxima and Minima Integral Derivatives and Integrals Standard Substitutions Reduction Formulae Numerical Integration Vector Calculus Arithmetic Series Geometric Series Binomial Series Taylor’s Series Maclaurin’s Series Laurent’s Series Power Series for Real Variables Integer Series Fourier Series Rectified Sine Wave Square Wave Triangular Wave Sawtooth Wave Pulse Wave Fourier Transforms Laplace Transforms Linear Simultaneous Equations Matrix Arithmetic Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors Coordinate Transformation Determinants Properties of Determinants Numerical Solution of Linear Equations

Part 3. Series and Transforms

Part 1. Trigonometric Functions and General Formulae 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. 2.8. 2.9. 2.10. 2.11. 2.12. 2.13. 2.14. 2.15. 2.16. 2.17. 2.18. 2.19. 2.20. Mathematical Signs and Symbols Trigonometric Formulae Trigonometric Values Approximations for Small Angles Solution of Triangles Spherical Triangle Exponential Form De Moivre’s Theorem Euler’s Relation Hyperbolic Functions Complex Variable Cauchy-Riemann Equations Cauchy’s Theorem Zeroes, Poles, and Residues Some Standard Forms Coordinate Systems Transformation of Integrals Laplace’s Equation Solution of Equations Method of Least Squares

Part 4. Matrices and Determinants

75. 3.1.76. Units. Property Values. Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems 3. Differential Equations 2.10. 2.16. 3.12.13.5. 5. 2.11. Basic Definitions 3. 3.22. Linear and Angular Motion in Two Dimensions 3. Ordinary Differential Equations: Analytical Solutions 2.9.6. and Symbols Part 8. 3. Balancing of Rotating Masses Part 4. 2. 3.56.4. 2. 5. 3.70. 5.74. Abbreviations Part 10.7.4. Section 3. Statistics 2.1. 3.19.64. Heat.71. 3. Statics of Rigid Bodies Part 2.53.3. SI Units Derived Units Gravitational and Absolute Systems Expressing Magnitudes of SI Units Rules for Use of SI Units and the Decimal Multiples and Submultiples 2.23. Section 5. Heat Transfer 3.5. Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Systems 3. Atomic Number Atomic Weight Density Melting Point Linear Coefficient of Expansion Heat Conductivity Electrical Resistivity Mechanical Engineering Principles Part 6. 2. Cycle Analysis Part 7.25.66. Mechanics of Fluids 3.20.26.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers Part 5. 5. 2.15.7. 5. Physical and Chemical Constants 2. 4. 2.54. Vibrations 3.62.77. 5. 3.3. Random Vibrations Part 5.2. Balancing 3.65. 2. Introduction Fluid Statics Fluid Flow Flow Measurement Boundary Layer Flow Pressure Transients Gas Flow Ideal Fluid Flow Conclusion Part 7.69. 5.59.63. Introduction Averages Dispersion Skewness Combinations and Permutations Regression and Correlation Probability Probability Distributions Sampling Tests of Significance 3. 2.58.60.72.1. Circular Motion .68. Electrical and Electronic Principles 4. 3.14. 2.8. 2. 3.27.57. 2. 2.73. Process Laws and Combustion 3. 2. 4.6. SI Quantities. Partial Differential Equations Part 6. 3.61.24. 2. Ordinary Differential Equations: Approximate Solutions 2. 2.21.4. 3. 2.18. 3. Dynamics of Rigid Bodies 3.2.8. 2.2. Principles of Thermodynamics Introduction The Laws of Thermodynamics Thermoeconomics Work. 3. 5. 2.55.52. Basic Electrical Technology Electrical Machines Analog and Digital Electronics Theory Electrical Safety Computing Introduction Generations of Digital Computers Digital Computer Systems Categories of Computer Systems Central Processor Unit Memory Peripherals Output Devices Part 1. Strength of Materials Part 3. Conversion of Existing Imperial Terms Part 9.3. 3. 4. Notation and Definitions 2. Linear and Angular Motion in Three Dimensions 3.28. Introduction Basic Principles of Heat Transfer Analysis of Heat Transfer Use of Computers Heat Transfer: Nomenclature Section 4.17.67.

39. Bar Code Readers .16.9. Digital Interfacing Controller Output Interface Hardware Analog Interfacing Multiplexing Machine Tool Interfaces Robot Control Interfaces Signal Conditioning Analog and Digital Filtering Part 5.45. Summary of Number Systems 6. Microprocessors 6. ASCII Code 6. Dimensional/Geometrical Measurements 6. 6.49. 6. Nonlinear System Elements (Method of Isoclines) 6. 6.33. Speed Control 6.5.28.42. 5.43.20.17.20. Gray Code Part 2. Direct Digital Control Hardware Requirements Software Considerations Sampling Frequency in Digital Control Loops 6.56. 6.8.38.30. 5.34. Force/Weight Measurement 6. Communication Standards 6.22. Programmable Logic Controllers 6.12. 6. Volume and Level 6.44.54. Instrumentation 6. 6.31. Control Strategies Part 7. Mathematical Models of Systems-Time Domain Analysis 6. Stability in Discrete Time Systems Part 10.48. System Architecture Bus Structure Memory Devices Input/Output (I/O) Structure Memory Map Part 3. 6. State Variable Representation of Systems 6. Introduction 6. The PLC in Automation Systems The PLC Versus the Microcomputer Ladder Logic Programming Controlling Pneumatic and Hydraulic Systems 6. Application to a First-Order System with A P + I Controller 6.13. 6. 6.15.12.55. Section 6. 5. Serial Communication 6. The z-Transform of a Closed-Loop System 6.26.35. Representation of Discretely Sampled Data 6.10. 5. Application to a Second-Order System with A P + I Controller 6. Instrumentation.7. 5.16. Temperature Measurement 6.9.52. 6.10.19.46.40.50. 6. State Variable Transformations Part 1.4.15.41.6.13. Networking of PLCs Part 9.23. Interfacing of Computers to Systems 6. The PC as a Controller Part 8. 6. 5. 5.19. Stability Criteria 6. 5. Safety 6. Flow 6.3.47. 5.32. 6. 6. Microprocessor-Based Control 6. Introduction 6. Pressure 6. The z-Transform 6.36. State Variable Techniques 6. Classical Control Theory and Practice 6. A P + I Strategy Using Digital Techniques 6.18. and Control Part 6. Measurement of Vibration 6.29.11. PID Digital Control Algorithm 6.1.21.27.24. Terminals Printers and Plotters Direct Input Secondary Storage Digital and Analog Input/Output Data Communications Computer Networks Internet Software Database Management Language Translators Languages Microprocessors. Proportional Control Using Digital Techniques 6.14.51. 6.2. 6.18.11.53. Sampled-Data Systems 6.14. Parallel Communication Part 4. 5. 6.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 5.25.17. 5. The z-Transform for a PID Controller 6.37. Laplace Notation for Differential Equations-Frequency-Domain Analysis 6.

9. Incompressible Flow over Finite Wings 10. 7. 9. Metals 9.21.10. Aerospace Structures Part 1. Aeroelastic Design Part 5. 9. 7. Role of Spacecraft Structures and Various Interfaces 9. Introduction 9. 9. 7. Compressible Flow over Airfoils 10.8. Aerodynamics 10. Wing Geometric and Aerodynamic Definitions 10.16. Space Mission Environment and Mechanical Loads 9.2. Introduction Part 1.4. MDOF Free Vibration-Lumped Mass Models . Analytical Evaluations 9.7.10.13. Compressible Flow over Finite Wings Part 2. 7.2.3. 7.13. Aeroelasticity 9.31.7. 7.16. Shock Wave Relationships 10.15.14. Structural Analysis Finite Element Analysis Beams Tubes Plates and Shells Real Structures Stress Concentrations Composite Structures Structural Tests Part 4. Elementary Boundary Layer Flow 10.7.57.13.5.12.28. Aircraft Loadings Part 2. Aerodynamics. 9. Airspeed and Airspeed Measurement 8. Structural Considerations 9. Fundamentals of Vector Fluid Dynamics 10. 7.12. Rocket Science 8. 9.30.24.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 6.10.8. 7.1.2. Structural Dynamics 9. The State of Transition Matrix Section 7. Fundamentals of Potential Flow 10. Project Overview: Successive Designs and Iterative Verification of Structural Requirements 9.9. Section 8. Performance and Stability and Control 10. 7. Helicopters 9. 9. Standard Atmosphere and Height Measurement 10.4.14.5.3.6. 7.32. Mechanical Requirements 9.6. Satellite Qualification and Flight Acceptance 9.2. Composites 9. Airfoil Geometric and Aerodynamic Definitions 10. Properties of Materials 9.11. and Flight Acceptance 9.29.4. Airplane Performance 10. Materials and Processes 9.19. Manufacturing of Spacecraft Structures Section 10. Propulsion Systems 8.1.18.11. Qualification. 7. Aeronautical Propulsion Newton and Propulsion Turbojets and Propellers Thrust Equation Engine Cycles Gas Turbine Engines Ideal Engine Cycle Analysis Goals of Cycle Analysis General Procedure for Cycle Analysis The Turbojet The Turbofan The Turboprop Gas Turbine Component Technology Real Gas Properties Ramjets and Scramjets Reciprocating Engines Aircraft Engine Emissions and Fuels Engine Noise Rockets and Launch Vehicles 9.27. Spacecraft Structures 9.22. 9.20. Test Verification.6.3.25. Setting Up Equations of MotionFinite-Element Approach 9.17.3. Smart Materials Part 3. Noise 9.9.1. 7.9.11. Launch Vehicles Section 9. Global Stiffness and Mass MatricesElement Assembly 9. 7. Incompressible Flow over Airfoils 10. MDOF Vibration-Setting Up Equations of Motion-Rayleigh-Ritz Method 9.5. 7.8. Multiple Degree of Freedom Vibration 9. 7. 7.1. Aircraft Airworthiness Certification 9.26.12.17.15.23. 7.

Development of the Linearized Equations of Motion 10.47. 11.28. Introduction to Avionics Requirements for Avionics Physical Architecture Avionics Logical Architecture Avionics Example: The Airbus A320 Flight Control System 11. Avionics and Astrionics Part 1.51. Antennas and Power Budget of a Radio Link 11. Drag and Drag Power (Power Required) Engine (Powerplant) Performance Level Flight Performance Climbing and Descending Flight Turning Performance Stall and Spin Range and Endurance Takeoff and Landing Performance Airplane Operations Part 5. Engineering of Avionics System 11.40. 11. Space Borne Instruments 11.15.21. Spacecraft Sensors and Instrumentation 11. In-Space Computing 11.44.8.13. Optical Fibers and Lasers 11. 11.31.3. 10.23.21. 11. Specific Laser Systems Part 7.23.42. Conclusion Part 9.41. The Ionosphere Part 4. Other Microwave Instruments 11. Aircraft Environment 11. The Spacecraft Environment 11. 11. 11.35. 11.17.26.26. Calculation of Aerodynamic Derivatives 10. 10. Some Control Challenges 11. 10. Historical Background Basic Principles Trends in Radar Technology Radar Applications to Aeronautics Overview of Military Requirements and Specific Developments 11. 10. Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Fixed Wing Aircraft 10. The Energetic Charged Particle Environment Part 3.33. 11.16. Aircraft Flight Control Systems 11. On-Board Software Part 3.2. Management of the Electromagnetic Spectrum Part 2.19. 11.9. Other Atmospheric Hazards 11. Radiowaves in the Vacuum 11.5. 10. Introduction to Radar 11.38. Future Avionics Part 11.27. Launchers and Airplanes 11. Foreword Flight Control Objectives and Principles Flight Control Systems Design Airbus Fly-by-Wire: An Example of Modern Flight Control 11. Optical Fiber Theory and Applications 11.25.7.24. Physical Architectures of Avionics 11.46.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 10. 11. Introduction to the Space Environment 11.14. 11. In-Flight Computing 11.24.25.18.10.14.48. Photovoltaics 11. Photovoltaic Cell 11. Passive Sounding from Space Part 10.49.30.29. Active Instrumentation: Space Lidars 11. Aircraft Stability and Control 10.45. Electromagnetic Compatibility 11.4.11. Spectro-Imagers 11. Radiowave Propagation in the Terrestrial Environment 11.37.39.50.43.22.19.12.16. Aircraft Dynamic Stability 10.22.15. 10. Solar Radiation 11. The Solar Array Part 8. 11. Aircraft Response to Controls and Atmospheric Disturbances Section 11. 10. Space Borne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) 11.1. 11. Overview of Radar Applications to Space Part 6. Lasers 11. 11. The Atmosphere 11.20.6.20. Introduction 11. 11. 11.17.18. Introduction Background of EM Coupling EM Environment and EMC Standards EMC Tools Engineering Method Conclusion . The Electromagnetic Spectrum 11.36.32. Typical Flight Profile for Commercial Airplanes 11.34. 10. Effects of the Space Environment on Spacecraft.27.

12. Orbital Spacecraft 15.1. 12. 15.11. Aircraft Systems 12.8.52. Orbital and Mission Spacecraft and Space Stations 15.10.4. 15.10. 12. Reentry Vehicles Part 4. Definitions Introduction Overall Approach Government Regulations Conceptual Design Military Aircraft Design Commercial and Civil Aircraft Design Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Commercial Aircraft Operating Costs Unmanned Air Vehicles Lighter-than-Air Vehicles (LTA) V/Stol Air Vehicles Performance Section 14. 15. 15.1.22. Advanced Development Methods 11.12.2. Spacecraft Part 1.2. Parabolic Flight Aircraft. Human Factors 15.12. 15. 12.11. Platform Technologies 15. 13. Astrodynamics 14. Development of Avionics System 11.6.53. 13. 12.16. Planetary Landers 15.9. Satellites 15. Payload Management 15. Transfer and Supply Vehicles and Upper Stages 15.20. 14. 13. Launch and Reentry Vehicles 15. Overview Planetary Mission Instrument Packages Space Laboratory Rack Systems Space Medicine Experiments Exposed Payloads Sounding Rocket Payloads Section 13. Space Suits 15. 13.9.23.1. 12.5.8.34.13.30.16. Manned Planetary Bases Part 6. Sled.26.6. 12. 15.21.32. Pressure Suits 15. Introduction Air Conditioning (ATA 21) Electrical Power (ATA 24) Equipment/Furnishings (ATA 25) Fire Protection (ATA 26) Flight Controls (ATA 27) Fuel (ATA 28) Hydraulic Power (ATA 29) Ice and Rain Protection (ATA 30) Landing Gear (ATA 32) Lights (ATA 33) Oxygen (ATA 35) Pneumatic (ATA 36) Water/Waste (ATA 38) Airborne Auxiliary Power (ATA 49) Avionic Systems 15. 15. 12.3.5. Semireusable Launch Vehicles Expendable Launch Vehicles (ELVs) Sounding Rockets Guns.31.7. Aeronautical Design 13.14.17.7. 13.13. 13.2.13.9.15.3. 13. 13.33.27. Design Guidelines 15. 12. Energy Beam-Assisted Vehicles. 12.3.25.2.7. EVA Suits Section 15. Orbital Laboratories 15.18.54. 13. Substantive Overview 15. Space Stations 15.15. 12.10.4. Orbital Mechanics Orbital Maneuvers Earth Orbiting Satellites Interplanetary Missions Part 7.3.29. 14.5.19. Planetary Orbiters 15.1. Attitude Control Part 3. 12. 15. 12. Thermal Control .24. 13.6. 12.12. and Drop Towers 15. 12. Discussion of Selected Human Factors Principles 15.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers 11. 15.28.4. Manned Interplanetary Spacecraft and Landers 15.4. Introduction Part 2. 15. Spacecraft Structure 15. Solar Cells 15. 14. Communications Satellites Satellite Navigation Meteorology Earth Resources Satellites Military Satellites Satellite Instrument Packages Part 5. Mass Drivers. Future Avionics Functions Section 12.14. 15.35. 13. Health Care Part 8. 13. 15.11. Nutrition and Sanitation Part 9. 15.8.

11. 17. 17. 16. Mars 16.22.S. Dynamics of the MagnetosphereIonosphere-Atmosphere System 16.12. Introduction Safety Concepts Accident Causation Principles of Safety Management The Accident-Prevention Process The Elements of an Organizational Safety Program 17.21. Earth’s Environment and Space Part 1. 17. 17. 16. Organizational Safety Program 17.37. Summary Part 7. 17.23. 16. Conclusion Part 2. 16.16. 17. 17.33. Introduction Federal Statutory Law State Codes Regulations The Common Law Industry Standards The Scope of Aviation Law FAA Enforcement Administrative Actions International Treaties/ICAO Aviation Business Disputes U. Importance of Atmospheric Coupling 16. Electrical Phenomena in the Atmosphere Part 2.5. Background The Plasma Environment The Neutral Gas Environment The Vacuum Environment The Radiation Environment The Micrometeoroid and Space Debris Environment 16. The Solar System 16.2. 17. 17.27.31.4. 16.3. 16. Satellites 16. 17.29. The Near-Earth Space Environment 16.30.23.6. Sun-Earth Connections and Human Technology .8. 17. 16. The Moon 16. Aircraft Safety Part 1.12.18.10. 16. 17.1. Search for Life on Mars 16.25. 17. The Earth and Its Atmosphere The Earth in Space Properties of the Earth’s Atmosphere How the Earth’s Atmosphere Works Atmosphere Dynamics and Atmosphere Models 16. The Sun-Earth Connection 16. 17.15.5.39.2.28. Orbital Characteristics 16. Exploration Part 6.7.10. Origin of the Moon Orbital Parameters Lunar Geography Lunar Geology Physical Surface Properties Lunar Surface Environment Part 5. 16. Introduction 16.24. 16.36. 16. Physical Properties of the Planets 16. Solid Geophysical Properties and Interiors 16.9.13.7. Atmosphere 16. Space Age Discoveries Part 4. Structure and Dynamics of the Magnetospheric System 16. 17.24. 16. 16.22.17. The Solar-Terrestrial Energy Chain 16. Introduction Spatial Distribution of Space Debris The Collision Risk The Geostationary Orbit Long-Term Evolution of the Space Debris Environment and Mitigation Measures Section 17.26.25.19.20. 17. 17.38. Aviation Law 17. 17.14.8.15.35.20. 16.13. Surface and Subsurface 16.21.28. The Sun and the Heliosphere 16.32. 17.9. 16.11.14. 17. 16.27.6. 17. 17.4.17. 17. 16. Space Debris 16. 16.18.1. 17.26.19.16.3. 17. Federal Agencies that Regulate the Aviation Industry The Roles of an Aviation Safety Professional in Aviation Law FAA Regulatory Compliance Accident Investigation Litigation Support Litigation Avoidance (“Preventive Medicine”) The Engineer as a Technical Witness The Engineer as an Expert Witness The Engineer as Architect of Demonstrative Evidence Aviation Product Liability Conclusion Part 3.34.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers Section 16.

The Role of an Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineer in an Investigation 17.3 (MSG-3) Decision Logic 18. Inorganic Coatings Anodizing Chemical Conversion Coatings Plating Thermal Spray Coatings Organic Finishes Primers Topcoats Specialty Coatings Sealants Corrosion Inhibiting Compounds Changes Due to Environmental Regulations Maintenance . 18.43.29. The Need for Data-Driven Processes 17.47. 18. 18.28.27.14.38.1.9.7.32. 18. 18. Maintenance Programs 18. Airplane Maintenance 18. 18. 18.40. 18. The Economics of Maintenance 18. Aircraft Maintenance Part 1. 18. 18.2.36.39.12. Accident Investigation 17.3. 18. Airplane Parts 18. Maintenance Steering Group .6. Why Investigate Accidents and Incidents? 17. 18.23.46.45. Background 18. 18. 18.24. Systems Approach 17. Line Replaceable Unit (LRU) and Shop Replaceable Unit (SRU) 18. 18. Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation 17. National and International Regulations 18.49.30. 18.37.31. Maintenance Steering Group -1 (MSG-1) Decision Logic 18.34. Summary Section 18. 18.29.15.10. 18.33.51.43.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers Part 3.25. Accident Analysis Data 17. 18.34.35. 18. Introduction Thermodynamics of Corrosion Aircraft Materials Types of Aircraft Material Corrosion Part 5. 18. Developing the Maintenance Program Proposal 18.36.38.13. 18.32.33.16. 18. 17. Maintenance Program Requirements and the Historical Development of Aircraft Maintenance Theories 18.26.39.41. Power-by-the-Hour (PBH) 18. 18.30. Conclusion Part 4.44. Airplane Maintenance Design Service Objective (DSO) Airplane Aging and Maintenance Cost Airplane Functionality Total Operating Cost Direct Operating Cost Maintenance Cost Scheduled and Unscheduled Maintenance Maintenance Cost Comparison Turnaround Time (TAT) Passenger Yield Discretionary Maintenance High Cost of Airplane Components Component Reliability Schedule Reliability Fix or Fly? Economics of a Maintenance Event Part 5.41. Introduction Risk Management Guidelines The Risk Management Process Summary 18. Aircraft Structural Corrosion 18. 18.22.20. 18.2 (MSG-2) Decision Logic 18.40. Operations Specifications Part 4.19. Hazard Identification: The Pursuit of Information 17. Introduction 17.37. Maintenance Steering Group . 18. FAA Certification Part 3. The Importance of Investigating Incidents 17. Summary Part 2. 18. Risk Management 17.31. Aerospace Paints and Protective Coatings 18.8.44. 18.35. Zero Accidents: The Quest for Better Prevention 17.42. In-House or Outsource? 18.50.18. Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) 18.11.42. 17. Flight Operations Quality Assurance: The Pursuit of Knowledge 17. 18. 18.17.21. 17. Maintenance Risk 18. Airplane Lease (Dry Lease or Wet Lease?) 18.4.48.5.

Additional Requirements 18. ETOPS Maintenance on Non-ETOPS Airplanes Index follows Section 18 . Balancing 18.74.72. Standards.54. Maintenance Human Factors in Maintenance Product Design 18.63.The Standard Handbook for Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers Part 6. and Tools 18. Rating Fatigue Damage (FD) 18. Airframe Maintenance 18.62. Structural Maintenance Program Development 18. Use of EDR/ADR Systems Part 7. Impact of Combined Fatigue and Corrosion Damage 18.56. Definition 18. Summary Part 8.67. Cleaning 18.81.82. Human Factors Principles.70. Regulatory Requirements Regardiig Maintenance Human Factors 18. Maintaining Structural Safety 18.52. Maintaining Aircraft Certified Damage Tolerance Using MSG-3 Process 18.69.73.60.57. Engine Condition Monitoring (ECM) Program 18. Testing 18.79. Crack Detection 18. Rating Accidental Damage (ADR) 18.77. Introduction 18.71. Maintenance Program Requirements for ETOPS 18. Comments about the ETOPS Maintenance Program 18.55. Engine Maintenance 18. Maintenance Human Factors in Aircraft/Component Design 18.78.66. Introduction: What Is ETOPS? 18.64.65.75. Rating Environmental Deterioration (EDR) 18. Extended Twin Operations (ETOPS) 18. Preface 18. Summary Part 9. Methods of Inspection 18.58.61.76 Maintenance Human Factors in Aircraft Maintenance Program Applications 18. Shop Processes 18.68. Maintenance Human Factors 18. Engine Condition Monitoring (ECM) 18.59.80.53.

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