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ec0221_ed_lab_manual[1]

ec0221_ed_lab_manual[1]

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07/30/2013

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• 1.1 P-N JUNCTION DIODE CHARACTERISTICS
• Objective:
• Hardware Required:
• S. No Apparatus Type Range Quantity
• Prelab Questions:
• Circuit diagram:
• Forward Bias
• Reverse Bias
• Precautions:
• Experiment:
• Forward Biased Condition:
• Reverse biased condition:
• Tabular column: Forward Bias:
• S. No Vf (volts) If (mA)
• Reverse Bias:
• S. No Vr (volts) Ir (µA)
• Graph ( instructions)
• Graph:
• Calculations from Graph:
• Post lab Questions:
• Conclusion
• Particulars Max. Marks Marks Obtained
• 1.2 ZENER DIODE CHARACTERISTICS
• Pre lab Questions:
• S. No Vf (volts) If (mA)
• Reverse Biased condition:
• Tabular column:
• Forward Bias:
• S. No Vr (volts) Ir (mA)
• Model Graph
• Result:
• 2. COMMON EMITTER CONFIGURATIONS
• Pin Assignment:
• Pre lab Questions
• Input Characteristics
• Output Characteristics
• Tabular Column:
• Input characteristics:
• Output characterstics:
• IB = 30 µA IB = 60 µA VCE (volts) Ic (mA) VCE (volts) Ic (mA)
• Input characteristics Output characteristics
• Calculations from graph:
• 1. Input resistance:
• 2. Output resistance:
• Inference:
• Post lab Questions
• 3. COMMON COLLECTOR CONFIGURATION
• Experiment: Input Characteristics:
• 4. FET CHARACTERISTICS
• S. No Apparatus Type Range Quantiy
• Pin assignment of FET:
• DRAIN CHARACTERISTICS
• TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS:
• Graph (Instructions):
• Drain Resistance (rd) :
• Trans-Conductance (gm) :
• Amplification Factor (µ) :
• 5. CHARACTERISTICS OF LDR,PHOTODIODE,PHOTOTRANSISTOR
• LDR
• Photodiode
• LDR:
• Phototransistor:
• Photodiode:
• 6.1 HALF WAVE RECTIFIER
• OBJECTIVE:
• HARDWARE REQUIRED:
• INTRODUCTION:
• AVERAGE OR DC VALUE OF CURRENT
• The RMS VALUE OF CURRENT Vrms = Vm/2
• RECTIFICATION FACTOR:
• PERCENTAGE OF REGULATION:
• Peak – inverse – voltage PIV:
• PRELAB QUESTIONS:
• MODEL GRAPH:
• PRECAUTIONS:
• EXPERIMENT:
• GRAPH ( instructions):
• FORMULAE:
• OBSERVATIONS:
• Input WaveformOutput Waveform Ripple Voltage
• RESULT:
• 6.2 FULL WAVE RECTIFIER
• MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS (Neglecting Rf and Rs)
• AVERAGE OR DC VALUE OF CURRENT Idc
• The RMS VALUE OF CURRENT
• RECTIFICATION FACTOR
• PERCENTAGE OF REGULATION
• Advantages of Full wave Rectifier
• Disadvantages of Full wave Rectifier
• Formulae:
• Observations:
• Amplitude
• Time Period
• Frequency
• 6.3 FULL WAVE BRIDGE RECTIFIER
• S. No Apparatus Range Type
• Line Regulation:
• Where:
• Prelab Question:
• SERIES VOLTAGE REGULATOR – CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
• Procedure:
• Tabulation
• Post Lab Question:
• S.No Apparatus Range Type
• SHUNT VOLTAGE REGULATOR – CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
• DESIGN
• PROCEDURE
• Line regulation
• TABULATION
• 9. V-I CHARACTERISTICS OF LED
• Objective :
• S. No Apparatus Range Quantity
• Introduction:
• Function
• Connecting and soldering
• Testing an LED
• Colours of LEDs
• Calculating an LED resistor value
• R = (VS - VL) / I
• For example
• Connecting LEDs in series
• Example calculations:
• Desired characteristics:
• Basic LED configuration:
• Pre Lab questions :
• Reverse bias:
• Experimental procedure:
• Post Lab questions:
• 10. CHARACTERISTICS OF THERMISTOR
• Applications:
• Pre Lab questions:
• Post Lab Questions:

The ratio of output DC power to the input AC power is defined as efficiency
Output power = I2dcR
Input power = I2rms(R+Rf)
Where Rf – forward resistance of the diode
η = Pdc/Pac = I2dcR/ I2rms (R+Rf)

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