P. 1
Structural Engineering Lab 3

# Structural Engineering Lab 3

|Views: 79|Likes:

See more
See less

04/24/2013

pdf

text

original

# Experiment Number 3

Damping:
Damping is any effect that tends to reduce the amplitude of oscillations in an oscillatory system, particularly the harmonic oscillator. It is the rate at which the motion of a system decays. Damping is any effect that tends to reduce the amplitude of oscillation of any oscillatory system particularly the harmonic oscillator. Generally damped harmonic oscillator satisfies the 2nd order differential equation.

Where ω0 is the undamped angular frequency of the oscillator and ζ is a constant called the damping ratio. For a mass on a spring having a spring constant k and a damping coefficient c,

Figure 1 Underdamped spring-mass system with ζ<1

And

The value of the damping ratio ζ determines the behavior of the system. A damped harmonic oscillator can be: • • • •

Overdamped (ζ > 1): The system returns (exponentially decays) to equilibrium without
oscillating. Larger values of the damping ratio ζ return to equilibrium slower. Critically damped (ζ = 1): The system returns to equilibrium as quickly as possible without oscillating. This is often desired for the damping of systems such as doors. Underdamped (0 < ζ < 1): The system oscillates (at reduced frequency compared to the undamped case) with the amplitude gradually decreasing to zero.

Undamped (ζ = 0): The system oscillates at its natural resonant frequency (ωo).
Damping ratio and damping co-efficient of a model frame.

Experiment Number 3

Damped Natural Angular Frequency

It is the frequency at which the oscillation occurs when the system is made damped i.e. ζ < 1 and under free vibration with regards to damping factor and simple natural angular frequency.

Damping Ratio
Damping ratio is a dimensionless measure describing how oscillations in a system decay after a disturbance. It is the measure of damping of a system.

j = no of cycles = displacement at time = 0 = displacement after j number of cycles

Damping ratio and damping co-efficient of a model frame.

Experiment Number 3
Derivation of the damping ratio
An ideal mass spring damper system with mass ‘m; in kilo grams and spring constant K in N/metre and damping coefficient in N-S/m is subjected to an oscillatory force.

Static force = Damping force =
Figure 2 Mass Spring Damper Model

F total =

Damping ratio and damping co-efficient of a model frame.