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Women Want UNIT 6 Business Travel UNIT 7 Handling calls UNIT 8 Making decisions UNIT 9 New World Order UNIT 10 Small Talk UNIT 11 E-mail UNIT 12 Presenting UNIT 13 Enter the Blogosphere UNIT 14 Being Heard UNIT 15 Snail Mail UNIT 16 Solving problems UNIT 17 Going Green UNIT 18 Eating Out UNIT 19 Telecommunications UNIT 20 Negotiating CASE STUDIES
ADVERSE REACTIONS GOING UNDER HIGH FLIER TOY STORY
In Company Intermediate Second Edition Answer key
UNIT 1 Global English
page 6 2 a make b read c improve d write e learn f feel g travelling h doing i writing taking l giving page 6 1 Internal Communication 1c 2c 3a 4b 5d 6a 7c page 7 4 a of b on c of d as e as f in g at h about j socialising k
UNIT 2 Making Contacts
page 8 1 Venue 1(Burj Al Arab Hotel in Dubai)= 1 Venue 2 (Hilton Hotel in Cancun, Mexico)= 2 Venue 3 (Disneyland Paris): 3 page 9 2 321 Venue 1 (height of the building in metres) 426 Venue 2 (number of rooms) 27th Venue 1 (floor with conference facilities) 2,300 Venue 3 (number of people the convention centre can house) 10–30% Venue 2 (discount available on special value dates) 3,000 Venue 3 (size of exhibition space in square metres) 170–780 Venue 1 (size of deluxe suites in square metres) 95 Venue 3 (number of meeting rooms) 200 Venue 2 (length of private beach in metres) page 9 3 Venue 1: a 2 b 3 c 1 d 6 e 4 f 5 Venue 2: a 3 b 1 c 2 d 5 e 6 f 4 Venue 3: a 2 b 3 c 1 d 6 e 4 f 5 page 9 1 Who’s Who? a by b with c in d at e to f in g for h at i on
d. work. was the boss of one of the speakers. head of research. data security. conference. Munich. Sheraton. Mexico. e. she fired him when they disagreed about the management of a project page 11 2 Taboo or not taboo? Topics of conversation a Russia. new generation gaming systems. c. Marriott. h. k. new server technology. m . e. n. director of R&D. professor. k. Hyatt. n. Warsaw. c. Hilton. o b: b. f. o c: g. j. politics e watch. i. j. hotel. innovation strategies. headhunted from Philips at double his previous salary 2 Sony. may lose his job if Sony move their R&D to Frankfurt and appoint a German instead of him 3 Warsaw University of Technology. the Netherlands. quite influential and things can go badly for you if you get on the wrong side of her 4 Cisco. head of technical department. astrology c speaker’s talk. UK. food Do the speakers get on? yes no yes no yes page 11 1 Keeping the conversation going a Is this your b What do you c Can I get d What line of e Try one of f Have we met g If you’ll excuse h It’s been nice i I really enjoyed j How are you k Isn’t the weather l Would you excuse m I must just n Do you know o Can I get page 11 2 a: a. l.page 10 3 1 Siemens. drink b food. weather d work (the merger).
supplier i for. where are you staying? Can I get you anything from the buffet? page 13-14 3 Language links Vocabulary: Conferences Talking shop a up. takeover h with. plant b in. office g under. distributor c off. workers d out.page 12 2 At a conference drinks party So. job f to. factory . who do you work for? And what do you do there? Where are you based? How’s business? Can I get you a drink? Where are you from originally? Is this your first time in Paris? How are you enjoying the conference? Are you giving a presentation? Do you know many people here? So. product e of. contract j down.
f 2: c.Grammar: Present Simple 1 a A Does he work for the BBC? B No. e 2: d 3: b. d On Mondays our CEO usually flies to Oslo. b A Where do you work? B I work for a design company in Frankfurt. we don’t work on Friday afternoons. he doesn’t work for them anymore. g 4: a. c Grammar: Present Simple or Continuous? 4 a do you do b I’m c Do you know d are you enjoying e I guess f Are you giving g I only come h are you staying i I usually stay j you aren’t doing Phrase bank: Networking a 9 b 6 c 4 d 2 e 10 f 5 g 11 h 7 i 1 j 8 k 3 . 2 1: b. h 3: e. d Grammar: Present Continuous 3 1: a. c At our firm. He works for CNN.
Can I speak to Catherine Mellor.UNIT 3 Making Calls page 15 1 a misunderstood b sounded c had d kept e shouted f lost g wished h tried i wanted page 15 2 The caller gets angry because the person who answers the call is abrupt and doesn’t give full answers. page 15 4 He hesitates a lot and has not prepared what to say. please? d Can I give her a message? e Can you tell him I called? f Can you read that back to me? g Can you speak up. please? h Can you tell me when she’ll be back? i Can you get back to me within the hour? j Can you ask him/her to call me back? k Can I get back to you on that? l Can I leave a message? . please? It’s about an invoice. Marius Pot speaking. page 16 6 a Can I help you? b Can/May I ask who’s calling? / Can/May I have your name. page 15 5 This is Ramon Berenguer from Genex Pharmaceuticals. accounts department. page 15 3 Hello. please? c Can/Could you spell that.
page 16 1 Voicemail a4 b1 c2 d6 e3 f5 page 17 2 a about five b It was finished on time. c the quarterly accounts d this morning e a week f (students’ own ideas) page 17 3 /d/: phoned, explained, e-mailed, delivered, called, tried /t/: faxed, finished, talked, despatched, discussed, booked /Id/: corrected, wanted, started, included, expected, waited
page 17 5
a Hi, it's Seiji. Listen, the negotiations here in Nagoya are going pretty well, but we seem to be deadlocked on price. Can you authorise me to offer them a 14% discount on 50,000? I think that should do it. b Hi, it's Jim. Listen, I'm in a bit of a panic. I'm at the Expo in Dublin and, you won't believe this, but I've lost the memory stick with my entire presentation on it! Could you e-mail over my slides as attachments as soon as possible? Thanks! c Hi. Tony here. I'm still stuck in a meeting here at head office. Are you making progress with the conference arrangements? Please make sure you contact the speakers to confirm their attendance. Cheers. d Hi, Kate here. I'm with the people from Microsoft in Seattle and they're querying our invoice for the third quarter. Can you ask someone in accounts to check the figures and reinvoice them if necessary? Thanks. e Hello, this is Alicia. This is urgent. I really need a copy of the Turin report from you by tomorrow afternoon at the latest. Call me straight back if you're having problems.
f Hi there, this is Mike. Listen, I've got an appointment over at your offices on Friday. Do you want to meet up? Maybe go for a beer or something? Oh, by the way, Ian sends his regards.
page 18 1 Returning a call Call 1 1 Sylvia Wright’s 2 to know how the meeting with the people from Tesco Supermarkets went 3 1 Hello. This is Patterson Meats, 2 Sylvia Wright’s office. Thank you 3 for calling. I’m afraid 4 I’m not able to take 5 your call right now, 6 but if you’d like to leave 7 a message or send 8 a fax, please do so 9 after the tone, and I’ll get back 10 to you as soon as I can. Call 2 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 Sorry about that. I just had to sign something. Where were we? 5 UK customers accepting kangaroo meat.
page 18 2 got, did, went, sent, was/were, met, spoke, thought, came, gave, took, said, had, told
page 18 3 a is incorrect because the word order is wrong in both questions.
Page 20-21 Finding Out Language Links Vocabulary: Telephone expressions Dealing with difficulties and distractions a7 b5 c1 d4 e2 f8 g9 h3 i6 Grammar: Past Simple 1 A Did Enrique phone about those figures? B No. I waited all morning, but he didn’t phone. A Typical! And I suppose he didn’t do the report either. B No. Did he go to the meeting yesterday? A No, but I didn’t expect him to. 2 hurried, occupied, referred, conferred, dropped, flopped, committed, transmitted, played, enjoyed, offered, suffered, developed, visited 3 a ago b before c For d over e During f In 4 a wanted b were c decided d asked e was f lit g thought h said i had j took k pressed l showed m worked n stated o could p proved q turned r put s got t went u closed v came w sat x leaned y whispered 5 1 a 2 Stefan told him 3 Claire 4 Who did you tell? Who told you? 6 a Who said so?; So where did he say we’re moving to? b What happened? What did I say? c And what did she think? So who else came to the meeting?
C Can I speak to Jane Green. please? R Could you read that back to me? C Could you tell me when she’ll be back? C Could you ask her to call me back? C 2 It is more polite because it is more formal. please? B Could you say that again? B Could you spell that (for me). please? B Could you hold on a moment. please? R Can I take a message? R Can I get back to you on that? B Can I leave it with you? C Can I call you back? R [Note: in the SB this doesn’t need two question marks] Could you speak up.Phrase bank: Telephoning 1 It’s/I’m calling about an invoice. please? C Can I ask who’s calling. .
explain d ’m. . b b: c. Czech Budweiser. is one 8 of the world’s oldest and most 9 famous beers. on the 7 other hand. Its slogan is 12 simply: Budweiser: the Beer of Kings’. say b catch. d. 2 Sorry? a what b when c how much d who e where f how long page 23 4 1 American Budweiser is the world’s bestselling 2 brand of beer. Heineken. f page 22 4 a2 b3 c1 page 23 1. With far 10 fewer resources than US Budweiser. slow c understand. By far its most successful advertising 6 slogan was ‘Budweiser: the King of Beers’. run f see. The company that makes it is the biggest in 3 the world with 50% greater 4 output than its nearest 5 competitor. be page 22 3 a: a. e.UNIT 4 Keeping Track page 22 2 a missed. it markets its product in more 11 than forty different countries. go e follow.
greater). page 24 5 b Overall. sales are up by 6.2%. most successful. page 24 1 Didn’t I say that? a Belgium? Don’t you mean the Netherlands? b Japanese? Don’t you mean Korean? c 1998? Wasn’t it 1997? d Hardware? Shouldn’t that be software? e Ford? Don’t you mean Tata Motors? f America? Shouldn’t that be Finland? g News? Don’t you mean music? h Yahoo? Isn’t that Google? i The Petronas Towers? Shouldn’t that be the Taipei 101? page 24 4 Sentences a. There are five superlatives (biggest. oldest. most famous). f Jim Monroe is head of Northern Europe. page 24 6 a sure b mistake c right d sound . g Munroe is not in Scotland. e Last month was July.page 23 5 There are two comparatives (fewer. He is playing golf. nearest. c and d are correct.
e A company called Network Software is more likely to make computer software than domestic appliances. d Someone who smokes as many as 30 cigarettes a day cannot be said to have nearly given up smoking. then his grandfather is unlikely still to be alive. let alone running the company. page 25 1 The brief meeting a Daniel Cash b VP for corporate finance c Hall d in charge of corporate loan department e White f mergers and acquisitions specialist g Sellers h interpreter i Empire House j leading the negotiations k two o’clock tomorrow l 13th . c Dutch is the language of the Netherlands. 9 Speaker A a Dublin is in Ireland. he cannot introduce someone to her husband as that is himself. c Ulrike can’t be one of the speaker’s closest friends if he or she only met her yesterday. so if the speaker has three children they can’t be one of each sex. not Scotland. e If the woman is the speaker’s wife. not a German wine. so the French negotiating team would not have their headquarters there. d If the managing director is 70. b Bordeaux is a French wine. There are only two sexes. b Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. not Denmark. Speaker B a One of each means one of each sex. male and female. Two of them must be the same sex.page 25 8.
cancel = call off. relax = calm down. dirty 4. bad 6. helpful 5.and two-syllable adjectives tend to take the -er and -est endings. accept = take on.page 26-27 1 Language links Vocabulary: Business phrasal verbs a on continue = move on. fat 3. reliable 5 One. wait = hold on b out say = point out. end = break off. Three-syllable adjectives use more and most to form the comparative and superlative. hot 3. do = carry out. solve = sort out c off fire = lay off. hard 1. develop = build up e down reduce = cut down. sad 3. decrease = go down Grammar: Comparatives and superlatives 1 clever 1. easy 4. heavy 4. The effect of using the words in brackets is to make the expression less direct. effective 5. . sometimes with changes of spelling. global 5. high 1. rely = count on. raise = put up. arrange = fix up. postpone = put off d up rise = go up. discover = find out. thin 3. wealthy 4. reject = turn down. late 2. rich 1. 3 a world’s highest b much better c a lot more d little safere even worse f by far the lowest g compared with h 10% longer i twice as likely j one of the best k Half as many l significantly happier m as famous as n a little more Phrase bank – checking understanding a … didn’t her? b … didn’t understand? c … understood differently.
UNIT 5 What Women Want page 30 2. page 30 4 a His female clients tell friends and colleagues about good service and he gets more business as a result. they don’t tell other people. d The two schools of thought are that men and women are basically the same and that men and women are totally different. She advises doing a lot of market research rather than trusting your intuition when you are thinking of marketing specifically to women. 3 The answer to all the questions is ‘Women’. c In northern Europe nearly 50% of people live alone. but in Spain it is quite common to live with your parents until you are in your late 20s. This kind of marketing is called word-of-mouth marketing. Even when male clients are satisfied with the service. but there’s more to it than that) . page 30 6 a true b true (they research more extensively) c false (they are less likely to be influenced by ads) d true e true f false (the article suggests that they want practical information not ‘geekspeak’) g false (this is what some retailers and manufacturers assume. b It traditionally puts men at the head of the household but doesn’t reflect the current situation in China.
page 31 8 free-spending: able and inclined to spend money quite easily purchasing power: ability to spend money decision-making authority: power to make decisions emerged as a potent force in the marketplace: become powerful consumers research more extensively: examine the merits and price of all the options before buying (shop around) smart companies: intelligent companies shifting away from: moving away from. have higher salaries than tripled: multiplied by three spiked: increased quickly and dramatically geekspeak: technical jargon warn: tell someone that something is dangerous. giving up headed: led by soared: increased by a large amount out-earn: earn more money than. bad or will not work .
14 At the hotel: 1. 16 At check-in: 2. e which terminal I need: d. 13. h hurry or I’ll miss my plane: b. g busy some stamps: a. 15 At customs: 3. g.UNIT 6 Business Travel page 33 1 On the move In the taxi: 7. 4. 12. 10 In departures: 8. 11. 17 page 33 2 a2 b3 c4 d1 e6 f5 g8 h7 page 33 3 borrow your mobile: a. f lending me some money until I find a cashpoint: c to wait outside for five minutes: f page 34 4 Transatlantic crossing wealthiest neighbourhood: richest residential area on a first-name basis: sees them so often that they call each other by their first names as friends would are drawn together by: are connected by flows: moves boom: a period of expansion and prosperity real estate: buying and selling land and buildings trendy: fashionable penthouse: an expensive top-floor apartment/flat (usually the best in the building) . 6. 18 On the plane: 5. 9.
parking lot. roundabout) New York: 1. weather Conversation 2 Yes family. promotion have lunch. shopping mall. go to office. cab. petrol station. cart. flight Conversation 4 Yes business colleagues.page 35 1 Where in the world a NY b NY c NY d NY e L f L g NY h L i L j NY k NY l L m L n L o NY p L q NY r L page 35 2 London: 2. quarters) page 35 1 In arrivals Conversation 1 Have they met before? What topics do they discuss? What plans do they make? No flight. day return. 3. 6. bucks. underground. relax in evening Page 36 2 a must b Let c booked d how e got f OK g sends h get i meet . drugstore. tiredness go to hotel. pounds. 5. meet in 45 minutes go to hotel. phone booths. boot. elevators. subway. 8 [clues: quid. round trip. taxi. 4. meet Mr Hill in a couple of hours meet team his afternoon. 7 (clues: rest room. bill. chemist’s. Greg is staying with Caroline Conversation 3 No business. blocks.
newspapers page 37-38 2 Language links Vocabulary: Business trips a flight b the airport c check-in d shopping e lounge f plane g movie h sleep i destination j control k bags l customs m arrivals n in the traffic o hotel p your things q a meal r night Grammar: Polite question forms 1 a Could you make some coffee. please? g Do you happen to know the phone code for Greece? h Do you think I could ask you to work overtime this evening? . destination h children. problem e connections. please? b Would you please remember to use the spell check in future? c Could I have a word with you in private? d Is there somewhere where I could plug this mobile in? e Would you mind checking those figures again? f Could you tell me how this computer works. view c travellers. cards k magazines. flights f work. passengers i water. bags j receipts. pleasure b movies. lines d thing.page 36 1 Travel tips a business. plane g evening.
.. b How .. g Could I .. h What time do . please? i Could you tell me the time.. please? j Do you happen to know how far it is to the airport? Phrase bank: Business travel a You must be .... please? / Do you mind not driving so fast? f Would you mind lending me your mobile? g Is there somewhere where I could recharge my laptop? h Could you give me three separate receipts.. c Let me . please? c Do you know where there is a cashpoint? d Would you mind changing this twenty-pound note? e Could you drive a little slower. please? b Would you mind helping me with my bags... I’ll . i Could you tell me . ..2 a Could I have a window seat... f Can you . d We’ve booked e OK..
Addiction to mobile phones can intrude into your personal life. unplug g out. leave f real. ring b disturbed. People are becoming incapable of ignoring ringing phones no matter what else they are doing at the time.UNIT 7 Handling calls page 39 2 Business phone calls can reduce productivity because of the time they take up. answer d expecting. Devices such as the Blackberry can become so much a part of business people’s lives that they think they are receiving calls even when they aren’t. hold c possible. page 40 3 a busy. divert page 40 1 Asking politely a if possible b if you can c if you would d if you’re not too busy e if you’ve got time f if you’ve got a minute g if it’s not too much trouble . pick up e important. Overuse can also lead to medical problems. Even a modest reduction in calls can increase productivity. Most business calls are not important enough to justify executives stopping what they are doing to answer them.
b a pension fund Call 4 a at the Expo in São Paulo b an introduction to the boss . rather than that she works for What Car? magazine.. email me my flight details let me have a copy of the report get on to our supplier get back to me within the hour take a quick look at the proposal arrange for somebody to meet me at the station set up a meeting with the heads of department send their accounts department a reminder fix me an appointment book the conference room for three fax the figures through to me organise a tour of the plant for some visitors page 41 1 Unexpected phone calls Call 1 d Call 2 c Call 3 a Call 4 b page 41 2 Call 1 a The receiver doesn’t speak English well and thinks the caller wants a car. informal and casual. Call 2 a He says he is in a meeting and asks the caller to e-mail the figures. Call 3 a He is unprofessional.page 40 2 Could you . b He fetches someone who speaks better English..
c OK. I’ll see if I can reach him on his cellphone. I’ll get someone who speaks better English. I’ll do that right away. d OK. I’ll get back to you tomorrow. I’ll see what I can do. g OK. b OK. I’ll sort something out.page 41 3 Call 1 a Can you put b I’m afraid I c Can you speak Call 2 a I’m calling about b I’m afraid I c Can I call Call 3 a What can I b Do you know c Who am I Call 4 a I’m sorry to b Can I ask c Can you give page 42 4 a OK. . I’ll speak to you later. e OK. i OK. h OK. I’ll wait to hear from you then. I’ll call back later. f OK.
c I expect the company will do well. d A Eva’s off sick today. I’ll see if I can reach her at home. B I’ll have to speak to her. d I won’t accept anything less than 2%. A Great. A OK. c A I’m just off to a meeting. I’m afraid. 21c 2g 3f 4a 5e 6d 7b 3a A I really need that report today. e A She wants to see you – now! B I’ll be right there. I’ll tell her you’re on your way. g I’ll send the figures right away. I’ll just give you my mobile number. I’ll see you there. A OK. I’ll look forward to seeing it. B I’ll phone you later. b A My plane gets in at seven.Page 43-44 6 Language links Vocabulary: Office life 1 do 2 fax 3 check 4 get 5 circulate 6 delegate 7 update 8 running 9 hold 10 cleared 11 print 12 grab 13 cancel 14 listen 15 put 16 meet 17 crash 18 arrange 19 pick 20 give 21 make 22 missed 23 break 24 contact 25 fix 26 can 27 get 28 postpone 29 finish 30 phone 31 leave 32 hit 33 celebrate 34 blew 35 screwed 36 feeling 37 draft 38 hand Grammar: will 1 a Will you help me? b Stop making personal calls or I’ll charge you for them. he’ll phone you back within the hour. then. A Good. later . f I’ll take that call if you like. B I’ll come and meet you at the airport. B I’ll finish it this morning. e Don’t worry. then. A Fine. 4 a busy.
away Phrase bank: Polite requests aP bD cD dE eP fD gE hP iD Offering assistance a I’ll see b I’ll get c I’ll see d I’ll sort e I’ll get f I’ll call g I’ll speak h I’ll do i I’ll get j I’ll get Ending a call a have b keep c get. Catch . know f wait. look d try. OK h nothing.b give. Speak d got . details g leave. right c desk. time e make.
the price paid for the Superman rights g the year the Apple 1 computer was invented. the personal worth barrier first broken by Bill Gates h the amount of gold Hariezon’s land produced every year for 90 years. their market share when Swatch was created c the year when Dell decided to sell through high street stores. the daily output of Coca-Cola in bottles b Swiss watchmaking companies’ world market share in the early 80s. the price RCA paid for Elvis Presley’s contract e the year Barbie’s boyfriend Ken was launched. the rate at which Barbie is sold f the year the rights to Superman were sold. the number of Dell employees now d the year Sam Phillips sold Elvis Presley’s contract to RCA. the percentage of the gold supply to the Western world that this field provided page 46 1 The decision making process – suggested answers consider the options 3 define your objectives 1 collect information 2 monitor the effects 6 implement your decision 5 choose the best course of action 4 .UNIT 8 Making decisions page 46 2 The best and worst business decision ever made a Coca-Cola b Swatch c Dell Computers d RCA (Elvis) e Barbie f Superman g Apple computer h gold page 47 3 a the price paid for Coke’s bottling rights.
page 46 2 1 a. h 5 d. l Page 47 1 The language of meetings a business b moment c disagree d clear e think f understand g point h saying i on j question k later l break m suggestions n here o mean p today q afraid The advice is: Stick to your agenda. f 11 k 12 m 13 j 14 p. n 4 h 5 l 6 i 7 o 8 c 9 g 10 d. j 2 c. q page 47 4 a4 b8 c6 d7 e3 f2 g5 h1 . page 47 2 p I think that’s as far as we can go today. i 6 g. Page 47 3 1 a 2 e 3 b. f 3 e. k 4 b.
page 48 1 The decision-making meeting a current turnover b profit margins c bestselling brand d combined earnings e key factor f brand awareness g commercial success h front-page news i film series page 48 2 the 007 brand name. the Bond character page 50-51 4 Language links Vocabulary: Money and markets 1 Verbs: a hike b raise c freeze d cut e slash Adjectives: f soaring g rising h stable i falling j plunging 2 record huge modest reasonable crippling heavy slight moderate 3 break into (the) market be forced out of (the) market competitive market . the actors playing Bond.
Present Continuous both: can. Present Simple. can + infinitive. Present Simple. Present Continuous main clause: will + infinitive. leadership d competitive. may + infinitive. going to + infinitive. could + infinitive. going to . might + infinitive. would + infinitive.declining market dominate (the) market enter (the) market flood (the) market growing market niche market mass market market challenger market forces market leadership market research market saturation market share market supply 4 a saturation. Past Simple. going to + infinitive. flood b niche. dominate c challenger. been forced out of Grammar: Conditionals (future reference) 1 Extract 1 Ad Ba Ae Bh Af Bc Ab Bg Extract 2 Ag Bc Af Be Ab Ba Ah Bd 2 if-clause: Present Simple. can + infinitive.
11 f 3. c Unless we lower the price. what will you do? b Provided that the market research is positive. 8 . Phrase bank: Decision-making a 5. 10 e 6. d You can go to the conference as long as you give a talk. 9 b 1.3 a Supposing they offer you a promotion. 12 c 2. we’ll lose the contract. 7 d 4. we’ll go ahead with the new design.
difficult changeover from Soviet subsidy system in the energy business India Strengths: well-educated workforce with good English. boom in energy sector. engineering and IT Weaknesses: lack of modern infrastructure. increasing exports.UNIT 9 New World Order page 54 2 US trade deficit with China grows by $1 billion a day Skills shortage in Chinese business sector Natural resources drive recovery in Brazil Chinese trade surplus up 500 per cent Cheap Asian imports flood Western markets Population explosion poses global threat China’s economic growth rate hits double figures Russian economic boom as gas prices soar Outsourcing killing jobs say US steel unions Brain drain as educated workers leave India Page 54 4 Brazil Strengths: stable currency. falling inflation. pollution . evidence of development Weaknesses: politics. brain drain China Strengths: GDP is growing strongly. redevelopment programme. high level of domestic investment. high standards in medicine. has avoided financial crises Weaknesses: banking industry flooded with cash and hard to control lending and investment. new jobs are being created. easier credit terms Weaknesses: restrictive labour laws. rising standard of living. inflexible unions Russia Strengths: strong currency.
haven’t seen e have you been. Mizoguchi Bank. came f copied. was g Haven’t you heard. Did you see. knew . green tea) Extract 2: Germany (Clues: Berlin. have heard. cancelled. Wasn’t it. have ever seen d stopped. have. Italian football. next to Usami-san b a few days c professional footballer d chocolate biscuits e she was on holiday f 99% g the vice-president and the head of finance agree on everything page 7 5 a Have you tried. Luigi) Extract 4: UK (Clue: cricket) Extract 5: Finland (Clue: Finland) Extract 6: USA (Clue: New York) Extract 7: France (Clue: president of France) page 7 3 a opposite the door. was b has come. Wolfgang) Extract 3: Italy (Clues: Juventus. had.UNIT 10 Small Talk page 56 1 Getting down to business a Germany b Finland c the USA d the UK e France f Japan g Spain and Italy page 57 2 Extract 1: Japan (Clues: Sakamoto. I thought. didn’t. Usami-san. Lazio. was. thought. was c scored. did.
. a couple of days.page 58 3 Talking about experiences a city b weather c economy d clothes e people f film g news h job i car j holiday k hotel l book page 60-61 Language links Vocabulary: Exaggeration and understatement 1 a Yes. shown r have ever asked s was Phrase bank: Engaging in small talk a enjoying b staying c staying d giving e going f been g been h made i heard j seen k found l tried m met n met o had p have q meet r come / go s see t read . it’s absolutely tiny! e Yes. get b was c didn’t mean d have noticed e wasn’t f hoped g have now decided h Have . Past Simple c have been extremely successful and have been the market leader. years.. Grammar: Past Simple or Present Perfect 1 a a point in time: a. c Yes. a couple of days. f Yes. a period of time: c. last month. she’s absolutely gorgeous! f Yes. over an hour. years. it hasn’t been the most relaxing I’ve ever had. the oil crisis. Christmas. it isn’t the safest place I’ve ever been to. it’s absolutely fascinating! c Yes. both: b b came to America and started a business.. it’s absolutely enormous! d Yes. Thursday 3 a No b No c No d Yes e Yes. e Well.. it was absolutely freezing! b Yes. it’s absolutely boiling! 2 a Well. it wasn’t exactly the most amazing I’ve ever had. it wasn’t the funniest I’ve ever heard. Yes f Maybe. No 4 a did .. Present Perfect 2 ago: a week. it wasn’t exactly the most exciting I’ve ever been to. a long time since: the 1990s. heard i said j wanted k haven’t done l didn’t you tell m didn’t make up n thought o has already brought p have had q haven’t . the day before yesterday.. half past four. 2001. over an hour. d Yes. a long time for: a week. it isn’t exactly the most interesting I’ve ever read. b Well.
. don’t have to deal directly with people.. chain e-mails and jokes... h On one level. perhaps. b You don’t need complex grammar or punctuation. Hi Rosa – I’ve been in meetings all day. verbs and articles. g These will guide the reader and make the message easier to grasp. emoticons. anyway.. so I just got your message plus the attachment. being ccd on emails that are irrelevant to you. no one replies. page 63 4 The three types of grammar words are pronouns.. You’ve done a nice job. spam e-mails. That really bugs me. The really neat thing is . d It can’t tell the difference between your and you’re. all business is personal. Leo . I’ll see you on Friday.. impersonal nature of e-mails and tendency to be direct and abrupt. One or two points are a bit unclear. jokes and fun e-mails. or theirs and there’s! e It saves people scrolling down to see if there’s more text. f It creates a more professional image if there are no silly errors. H: I’m not crazy about . What I can’t stand is . provides a permanent record. junk mail. but basically it’s good stuff.. It’s really cool. What really annoys me is . c There’s less chance the reader will miss anything. long emails and big attachments. page 62 5 Likes: instant and efficient.. It drives me nuts... people expect an immediate reply. It sounds great – I particularly like your suggestion about the discount rates. You could add something about the packaging.UNIT 11 E-mail page 62 3 L: I’m a big fan off . fast.. bosses can read them page 63 3 Writing e-mail a It is more likely that someone will read your e-mail. people respond to e-mails more than phone calls Dislikes: if sent to many people. direct. I’m not keen on .
let me know. She sends her regards. If you have any questions. Thanks. Speak to you soon. Could you do me a favour and send me a copy of the minutes? Cheers Tom Hunt B Good news: from Jan 2 we are offering substantial discounts on all orders over €1000. About my presentation on the 4th. And don’t forget those figures. please send me a full description of the problem and I’ll pass it on to our technical department. Let me know how the presentation goes. page 65 – sample answer 7 Dear Mr Nordqvist Thank you for your hospitality during our stay. by the way. Spoke to Cheryl in accounts today. Charlotte De Vere E Following our telephone conversation this morning. I passed on your comments to Diane Lee and she assures me she will contact you over the next couple of weeks. See you next week. I don’t seem to have your quarterlies. Karen and I felt that the meeting was a great success and we look forward to discussing our ideas in more detail.page 64 5 A Hi Louisa Got your message on September 12th. Sorry. Shall I send you further details and a copy of our new catalogue? C Bad news: the board turned down your proposal. page 65 – sample answer 6 Subject: Quarterly figures Otto How are you doing? Got the joke you sent me. It was a pleasure meeting you and exploring the possibilities of a joint venture between us. Very funny. D Are we still OK for May 3rd? My flight gets in about 11am. Hope they come in useful for your presentation. Sorry about not getting back to you sooner on this. Did you send them in? I’ve e-mailed you those statistics you wanted. could you make the necessary arrangements? I’m sending you a list of the equipment I’ll need as an attachment. On the subject of accounts. Best wishes Sam White . but I can’t make the meeting on the 21st. but I’ve been in Montreal all week.
many congratulations on your recent promotion and also on the birth of your child. f. h 2 c. d. e . page 66 1 Changing arrangements Message 1 a Wednesday b Sarah has to be in Edinburgh on Monday. Thank you for your hospitality during our stay. Karen and I felt .page 65– sample answer 8 Dear Mr Nordqvist First of all. Please pass on my very best wishes to your wife.. g 3 a. Message 2 a It’s full. b find another hotel for them Message 3 a about 45 minutes b PowerPoint.. screen page 66 2 a were hoping to b ’s not going to be c ’re aiming to d were planning to e was going to f ’re intending to g ’re going to h ’re going to page 66 3 1 b. projector.
Have a good time in Edinburgh. Koichi page 66-68 1-6 Language Links You’ve got mail Vocabulary: Computers 1 keyboard website search engine homepage database spreadsheet desktop help menu hard disk banner ad 2 a surf the Internet b enter data into a computer c run a program d download files off the Net e click on an icon f transmit a virus g crash a computer h install software i burn CDs j send an attachment k empty the trash l browse the Web m upgrade to a better model n cut and paste text 3 1 crashed 2 Net 3 emptied 4 virus 5 e-mailed 6 attachment 7 error 8 occurred 9 clicked 10 download 11 program 12 files 13 data 14 backups 15 helpline 16 upgrade 17 technician 18 desktop 19 printer 20 type 21 computer 22 ROM 23 keyboard 24 spam 25 shut 26 insane 27 Resources 28 retrain Grammar: Future forms 1a5 b2 c4 d3 e8 f1 g6 h7 2a2 b8 c7 d1 e3 f5 g4 h6 3 a going to b intending to c planning to d aiming to e hoping to 4 a you’re giving b I will be c I’ll help d isn’t e I’ll still have f are going g you’re going to have h I’ll give i we’re going j It’ll take k I’m just going to check l I’ll be Phrase bank: E-mail a 5 b 8 c 1 d 3 e 7 f 2 g 4 h 6 i 16 j 14 k 15 l 9 m 12 n 13 o 10 p 11 . Have booked rooms for you and Peter at Nagoya Holiday Inn. Let me know flight details and I’ll meet you at the airport.page 66 4 Subject line: Arrangements for Nagoya trip Hi Sarah Thanks for letting me know about the change of plan. No problem with equipment – have already arranged projector and screen. Looking forward to seeing you on Wednesday.
. You can. where and how to deal with your money.UNIT 12 Presenting page 69 1 a talk b knowledge c appearance d humour e contact f attitude g voice h visuals i language j preparation page 70 2 Delivery 1C 2P 3P 4C 5C 6P page 70 4 I have said that great men are a mixed lot | but there are orders of great men | there are great men | who are great men | amongst all men | but there are also great men | who are great | amongst great men | and that is the sort of great man | whom you have amongst you tonight | I go back 2.. choose when. page 70 5 a See answers to Exercise 4.500 years | and how many of them can I count in that period | I can count them | on the fingers of my two hands | Pythagoras | Ptolemy | Aristotle | Copernicus | Kepler | Galileo | Newton | Einstein | and I still have two fingers left vacant | my lords | ladies | and gentlemen | are you ready for the toast | health | and length of days | to the greatest of our contemporaries | Einstein. it can sound powerful and dramatic (but too much pausing can sound pretentious or aggressive).. b Funny kind of bank? Unbelievable? Even a little magical? c . page 70 2 A Team Presentation a A bank which . which doesn’t expect you to fit round it. If we pause more often. d A bank designed around you. b We tend to pause after stressed words. . which are usually the main ‘content words’. efficient.. naturally. it sounds more fluent (but not enough pausing can become monotonous and difficult to follow). such as nouns and verbs. c If we pause less often. safe and secure.
d page 72 1 Usual Visuals a Have b see c point d show e give f mean page 72 2 rise a level off g fluctuate c peak d recover f bottom out e fall b page 72 1 A Technical Problem 1 a and d 2 a number of months since they went online. poor search engines 4 to win back customer confidence and to make a profit 5 graph b 6 a. b and d page 72 2 at the same time: a. b number of hits a day nine months ago. b one after the other: c.page 71 3 a3 b1 c2 d4 page 71 1 Structuring a Presentation a off b on c back d to e about f of g for h up page 71 2 1 c 2 h 3 g 4 a 5 e. d . d number of hits a day three months ago 3 slow access speed. c number of months Gary Cale has been with the company. website too complicated. f 6 b.
Inge. Er. I decided a month ago. I was just going out for lunch. Past Perfect 3 a everyone else’s departure b forgetting your passport. sure.... I saw Dieter the other day . . realising your mistake 4 a had been b decided c was just clearing d suddenly remembered e had happened f was g had come h came up i did j set k was l got back m was leaving n thought o had gone p had set up q proceeded r were enjoying s heard t had finally built u crashed Phrase bank: The language of presentations a OK b started c myself d parts e overview f minute g us h here i on j graph k themselves l earlier m point n detail o perspective p little q moment r up t talk u questions Keep it short and simple.page 73 1 Giving a short presentation Language links Vocabulary: Presentations Communication skills make/stress a point quote/compare figures address/raise an issue describe/refer to a graph tell/crack jokes field/deal with questions Grammar: Past Continuous 1a2 b1 c4 d3 2 Hello. getting halfway to the airport. but I didn’t think anybody knew about it yet.. Well... The whole department was talking about it when I came in . Actually.. They were still talking about it when I left. but .
UNIT 13 Enter the Blogosphere page 78 2 a googling for information b exchanging e-mails c listening to podcasts d socialising in chatrooms e writing blogs f downloading music g studying online h making purchases page 78 4 a bandwidth costs b wireless c communities d blogs e writing f conversation g sharing page 79 8 1c 2e 3a 4d 5f 6b .
.UNIT 14 Being Heard page 80 1 a exchange b make c discuss d chat e find f criticise g waste page 80 2 a 5 b 8 c 3 d 1 e 6 f 2 g 10 h 7 i 9 j 4 page 81 5 a conflict b rubbish c silence d time e things f people g conversation h room page 81 6 1 c 2 a 3 b. d 4 g 5 h 6 e. g Can I just come in here? h Can I just stay something? i Could I just finish what I was saying? . f page 81 1 Cultural Differences Extract 1 = Culture 2 Extract 2 = Culture 1 Extract 3 = Culture 3 page 82 2 Interruption strategies a just a minute b let me finish c no. hear me out d hang on a second e sorry to interrupt again f if I could just finish ..
make concessions b get underway. d page 83 1 Meeting a cross culture a stick to an agenda. work something out page 85-86 1 Language Links Meeting across culture Vocabulary: Meetings a the agenda b ideas c an opinion d a point e agreement f comments g an action plan h details i a decision . work as a team. hold up the conversation. c. rhetoric c raise objections. d. allocate time. e. schedule a meeting. d. win over. exchange e-mails. haggling. overrun.page 82 3 interrupting: a. be in progress. go through e talk business. h preventing interruption: a. i both: a. get going. reach agreement d set up. press for a decision f cut in. back up. b. f. negotiate terms. g.
4 That must be right. b I hoped we’d meet again. c I had to fly to Geneva.Comments & opinions a If you ask me b Frankly c On the other hand d Incidentally e As a matter of fact f Clearly g Luckily h Overall i Strangely enough j In short k Essentially l In theory Grammar: Modal verbs 1 expressing probability a taking the initiative b expressing certainty c asking for permission d expressing possibility e expressing obligation f prohibiting something g expressing inability h giving advice i making an offer j making a request k saying something isn’t necessary l 2 1 Yes 2 No 3 a I couldn’t talk to you then. 5c 6d 7 Yes 8 No .
2 stop Juan speaking: Thanks. Just a moment. Let me finish. stop someone else speaking so Juan can: Thanks. hear me out. Hold on a second. Hang on a minute.. c Both: Erm . No. 3 1f 2a 3d 4c 5g 6e 7b . Juan.. Juan? [arrow down and arrow up]: [arrow up and arrow down]: Thanks. Juan? Thanks. Phrase bank: Interrupting and preventing interruption 1 a Interrupting: Can I just come in here? Sorry to interrupt (again).. Juan.9 Yes 10 Only b is possible.. Can I just say something? b Preventing interruption: Could I just finish what I was saying? If I could just finish . Wait a minute.
figures i memos. but I am delighted to tell you we are planning another one in Brasilia on April 30. post-it j questionnaires. In the meantime. report page 88 1 Communication Channels a to b about page 88 1 In a rush The letter should have Ms Ramalho’s address at the top left-hand side.UNIT 15 Snail Mail page 87 2 a mail b letters c forms d trade journals e contracts f copies. please don’t hesitate to contact me again. Thank you for your letter of February 9 and for your interest in the new Xenon digital communication system. 22nd February Dear Ms Ramalho. I look forward to hearing from you. receipts h invoices. I enclose a copy of our latest catalogue and current price list. If you have any questions or would like further information concerning our company and its products. I’m sorry you were unable to attend our presentation in São Paulo last month. Yours sincerely [or Best wishes] c on d e up f with g on h of i for j for k off l with . diagrams g record.
. n With reference to your fax of/dated June 3. f Sorry I wasn’t there to meet you when you called. e I thought I’d send you a copy of this article. I regret to inform you that the DCS1 is currently out of stock. Brian Green h It was a great pleasure meeting you last week. May I suggest you consider upgrading to the DCS2? If you are interested.Page 88 1 Could I see you a moment? December 3rd Dear Mr Barghiel. r Let me know when you’re next in Zagreb. o I am writing with regard to your recent advertisement. May 7th Dear Dr Garland. i Take care of yourself. . c Further to our telephone conversation yesterday . m I look forward to hearing from you. t Please pass on my regards to your sales manager. Of course. but I wonder if you could send me instructions on how to get to your office because I will be coming by car. Ms Fontaine. g Yours sincerely. I am very much looking forward to meeting you. I would be happy to send you details. I have your address. I am/’m writing to confirm our appointment on December 7th.. . Yours sincerely. l Get back to me as soon as you can. 606-1). s It was nice talking to you the other day. Let me know if I can be of any further help. j How’s it going? k Thank you for your letter of May 6. page 89 1 What’s missing? a How are things with you? b I apologise for not replying sooner. q If I can be of any further assistance.. p I’ll be in touch in the next couple of weeks or so. Yours sincerely. Many thanks. do please contact me again. d See you at the weekend. With reference to your order (ref No..
c My apologies for not replying sooner. please do contact me. r. c. l. r. l If you require any further assistance. q.page 89 2 Formal Beginning End b. I have also authorised a 10% refund of the purchase price.. If you are still not fully satisfied with the system. I’m very sorry about the difficulties you’ve had in getting one of our engineers to come and repair the alarm system we installed in January. s d. j I’ll be in touch sometime next week.. m. o g. f. he is now aware of the problem and will arrange for an engineer to call at whatever time is most convenient for you. Obviously this will be free of charge. . p page 91-92 1 Language links Crossed in the post Vocabulary: Prepositions Prepositional phrases Dear Mr Savage. Rest assured. h What we can do is to offer you a higher credit limit. n I look forward to hearing from you soon. n. h. e It was a pleasure meeting you last week. The manager who is responsible for our after-sales service is new to the department and not yet familiar with all our procedures. t Informal a. g Unfortunately. j. I am as concerned about the delay as you are. o Yours sincerely. d Further to our conversation last Friday . i. but this is no excuse for such a long delay. e. My apologies once again for the inconvenience this has caused you.. f I am writing with regard to our contract renewal. Preposition + noun + preposition a regard b agreement c touch d addition e favour f case g effect h account i view j pressure k terms l accordance m behalf Grammar: Multi-verb expressions a put off writing back b remember to open c forget to include d Forget about spending e recommend using f suggest you use g should aim to sound h should try to keep i advise you not to exceed j avoid using k consider enclosing l can’t trust it to pick up m regret relying n can manage to get o Imagine receiving p Think about redrafting Phrase bank: Standard letter-writing expressions a I hope you are well. . I am unable to increase the discount. Please accept my apologies. b Thank you for your letter of Jan 12. k I am enclosing a copy of our latest catalogue.. m I look forward to meeting you again at the conference. k. please contact me personally and I shall be happy to supply you with a replacement. Thank you for your letter of 12th April. i Perhaps we could meet to discuss this.
we could just manufacture our own components. Extract 5: They may be able to use the spy to feed false information to the competition.UNIT 16 Solving problems page 93 1 a morning b night c work d holiday e desk f bath g shower h music i course j court k drinks l book m meetings n daydreaming page 93 4 That the company could save money by reducing the bonus to $50. . (a) 4 Why don’t we delay the product launch? (c) Couldn’t we just sell it off at a discount? (f) 5 What about encrypting our most confidential information? (e) Maybe it’s time we involved the police. Extract 4: The product development cycle is short so old stock piles up. (j) 3 How about raising prices? (g) The answer could be to shift production to somewhere like South-East Asia. page 94 2 Suggestions 1 What if we offered it on a sale or return basis? (d) Another option would be to sell it direct online (b) 2 Supposing we bought the company out? (i) Alternatively. (h) page 94 3 Extract 1: b Extract 2: They will go out of business. Extract 3: It’s a very price-sensitive market.
page 95 5 a We wouldn’t have this problem if we’d priced the product more sensibly in the first place. P c P d S e P f S g P h P i S j S k S l S. e I would have called the police in already if I’d thought it would do any good. John. we could have had our own production plant up and running by now. Past and present: a. we wouldn’t be considering outsourcing to Asia. c If we’d been able to get the unions to accept a lower pay offer. b and c Only the past: d and e page 95 1 Problem Solving Techniques a define b brainstorm c review d select e break f restate g invite h criticise i explore j eliminate k draw up l assign page 95 2 1 b 2 i 3 d 4 f 5 g 6 a 7 c 8 j 9 k 10 h 11 l 12 e page 98-99 1 Language Links A problem solving meeting Vocabulary: People and products a P b S. we wouldn’t have had to be so generous. P The workforce a recruit b take on c instruct d teach e transfer f relocate g resign h quit i lay off j dismiss k motivate l inspire m take industrial action n down tools 2 a unreliable b inflexible c disorganised d impatient e irresponsible f uncreative g inconsistent h uninspiring i uncommitted j impractical k inarticulate l dishonest m irrational n indecisive o unsupportive p incompetent q unassertive r unsociable s inconsiderate t uncompetitive 3 a creative b inflexible c supportive d incompetent e inconsiderate f disorganised g committed h indecisive i inspiring j unreliable k consistent l uncommitted m competitive n unsociable The production line 1 a go out of b halt c scale down d withdraw e reintroduce f reduce . b If we’d known this was going to happen. d If we’d discounted it sooner.
known f hadn’t. 4 and 5 2 a done. Phrase bank: Problem-solving a 3. could. would e have. 2. could c could. sold it online b to sell it online / selling it online c sell it online. might c Present Perfect d 3 and 6 e 1. tried d promised.2 a launch b step up c boost d halt e withdraw. wouldn’t Example b does not contain the Past Perfect. 6 d 2. . 8 b 5. have b would. 8 c 1. sold it online d sell it online e selling it online f to sell it online g sell it online h sell it online i selling it online j to sell it online In both cases ‘sold’ makes the suggestion more tentative/hypothetical. 4 Brainstorming a sell it online. reintroduce Grammar: Conditionals (past reference) 1 a Past Perfect b would.
conditions page 103 3 Speaker 1: G and C Speaker 2: H and F Speaker 3: A and E Speaker 4: B and D . transparency F change. emissions H safety. difference B business.UNIT 17 Going Green page 102 2 A responsibility. PCs D neutrality. agenda G biofuels. reality E accountability. thing C recycling.
a superb menu. five minutes from here d. b 1 unusual 2 exotic 3 not like it 4 prefer something else 5 try something else c Maybe I’ll have the tempura instead.UNIT 18 Eating Out page 104 2 a. l a fantastic view of the city. I sometimes go j. they know me. Conversation 2 a He doesn’t want to try squid. i you can get fresh oysters. b. a very pleasant atmosphere page 105 1 Who Said It? a G b H c H d H e E (G more likely) f H g H h G i H j H k E (G more likely) l H m E (G more likely) n E (H more likely) o G p E q H r E s E (H more likely) t H page 106 2 Table Manners the soup is often eaten (present simple passive) cheese is normally served (present simple passive) you may be asked (modal passive) they can be seen (modal passive) need to be offered (infinitive passive) like to be invited (infinitive passive) is usually eaten (present simple passive) page 106 1 Sticky Situations Conversation 1 a Fugu can be poisonous. does an excellent lasagne. you might like g. k. h. round the corner. b 1 like to try the local speciality 2 love it 3 enjoy this 4 really special 5 very good c I hope you don’t mind. f specialises in fish. b 1 fried 2 boiled 3 roast 4 grilled 5 baked c 1 of 2 in 3 with . c down the road. but could I just have something a bit simpler? Conversation 3 a She’s on a special diet. e.
page 108-109 1 Language links The Business Lunch Vocabulary: Food and drink 1 a lunch b steak c salad d fish e meat f vegetables g dish h food i fruit j bread k cheese l dessert m beer n coffee 2 a heavy (note: this adjective is the only one in this list not formed from a noun). tasty. nutty How to sound intelligent about wine! 1 a with b from c of d with Grammar: The passive 1 a e-mail b the fax machine c by d passive 2 a can be insured b has been asked c to be insured d was covered e were written f might be injured g were insured h is believed i would be destroyed j has been taken out k could be heard l was estimated m was captured n was dragged o being rescued p has not been claimed Phrase bank: Eating out a Complimenting your host b Describing dishes c Recommending dishes d Avoiding disasters e Being a good host f Ordering the meal g Talking shop h Fighting over the bill . spicy. crusty. chocolatey b oily. juicy. peppery. fatty. fruity.
c He is prepared to give them another few weeks to sort out the problems. page 111 2 a getting b waiting c meeting d agenda e introduce f join g started h objectives i finished j inputs k minimum l interrupt m skip n item o recap p agreed q hear r come s time t leave u covered v finish page 112 3 1 Peter Kessler opened the meeting and informed us that 2 Sulaiman had gone to Port Rashid to check on deliveries and would 3 join us later. Ritterman’s new chief engineer in Warsaw. The second report contradicts the messages because it suggests three-quarters of the business travelers enjoy business travel. spending more time with family 3 The first report supports the messages because it suggests that operating on the Internet will reduce carbon emissions. d He needs to bring the changes to the client’s attention. Extract 2 a Some workers speak German and some English. lowering travel budgets. Sulaiman . Peter recommended onsite training as a possible solution. Ernst suggested that 7 we skip item one on the agenda until Sulaiman could join us and went on 8 to outline the communication problems the two work teams had 9 been having. They need to take a fresh look at the plan and may have to renegotiate the contract. page 111 1 Extract 1 a Port Rashid b Peter Kessler wants his input on how to handle the changes to the specifications. b Two seaports have been closed by bad weather. traveling less. and emphasised 5 that the main objective of the meeting was to get the Dubai Project back 6 on schedule.UNIT 19 Telecommunications page 110 2 reducing pollution. c He is causing some of the problems by changing his mind frequently. He then introduced 4 Jarek Gorsky.
He explained that 12 nothing was moving and that our back-up supplies were insufficient to cope with 13 the present situation.10 joined the meeting at this point and described 11 the situation at the ports as serious. Another teleconference 18 was scheduled for next week. Peter promised 15 to bring this to the client’s attention and that the contract with Al-Fulani 16 might have to be renegotiated. Karim reminded us that 14 constant changes to the building plan were also a major problem. Ernst and Jarek agreed to 17 have another look at overall logistics and to report back to Peter. page 112 1 An Urgent Matter 1A 2G 3F 4E 5C 6B 7D 8H page 113 3 a this is just a quick reminder b the report was due yesterday c e-mail me if you’re having problems d room to negotiate on fees e fully itemised costs f quote precise figures g give a rough estimate h sorry for the delay in getting back to you i send a first draft of the report as an attachment j a detailed breakdown of costs for the project k be under pressure from head office l get a proposal in on schedule m set and stick to a budget n let me know what the position is asap o I just missed the deadline .
k g. h He wanted to know what the Romans had ever done for us. 3 a 5 b 9 c 7 d 8 e 1 f 10 g 6 h 3 i 2 j 4 4 Suggested answers a He said his name was James Bond. f c.page 115-116 7 Language Links Dealing with messages Vocabulary: Managing a project a. i He invited him to make his day. d Philippe said he had to be going. e d. f Sergio said he just couldn’t face it. l Grammar: Reporting 1a1 b3 c4 d2 2 a Fritz said he was ready. f She invited me to go up and see her some time. e Maria said she would be in touch. j h. d He asked me if I was talking to him. e He informed her that he didn’t give a damn. b Akio said he was going to wait and see. 5 a raised b invited c insisted d doubted e pointed out f agreed g wondered h suggested i came in j reminded k explained l added m warned n assured o recommended Phrase bank: Teleconferencing a opening b managing the agenda c interrupting d handling the technology e managing the discussion f time-keeping g closing . g He told us to hang on because he’d got a great idea. b He asked Sam to play it. i b. c Claire said she had had enough. c He said he couldn’t do it because it was terribly wrong.
f Shouldn’t we spend a little more time looking for a compromise here? g Wouldn’t it be better to agree on a price before we go any further? h We were hoping you’d be able to pay a deposit today.you lose’ mentality. best alternative to a negotiated agreement c Most people have an ‘I win . e We would need some kind of commitment from you now. that would not be possible. d You may have to pay slightly more if you want that. walk-away position. i It might not be very easy to get my boss to agree to this. target position. Ask a lot of questions.2 million euros on completion Total: 7. Don’t make any concessions without asking for something in return. b We would find it quite difficult to go higher than 7%. j I think that’s about as far as we can go at the moment. c I’m afraid we’re not in a position to accept less than $5 a unit at this stage. d Don’t get personal.UNIT 20 Negotiating page 118 4 a 1 create rapport 2 agree on a procedure 3 set out proposals 4 listen and take notes 5 have lunch 6 make counter-proposals 7 bargain 8 agree terms 9 close 10 celebrate b opening position.2 million euros Schedule overrun penalty: 25. Don’t give in to pressure. Don’t agree to anything until you’ve discussed everything. page 119 5 They use less direct language Page 120 1 The Language of Negotiations Client counter-offer: 7 million euros Project to be completed within 18 months Plant to be operational by next September Our revised bid: 2 million euros in advance 2 million euros mid-contract 3.000 euros per week . page 119 4 Directness a Unfortunately. fall-back position.
page 120 3 no. no.100 page 120 4 Yes. page 120 5 a position b suggestion c alternative d clear e compromise f problem g offer h stage i acceptable j correctly k condition l about m for n at o price p more q option r agreement s drink page 121 1 The Transfer a current market value b corporate image c money-making industry d stock market flotation e media coverage f merchandising outlets g bluechip company h sponsorship deal i strong brand page 121 2 1 Lost tribe 2 Multinational corporation 3 Money-making industry 4 Sponsorship deals .000 Discount: 15% = £3. participants per seminar: 16 Full fee: £24. trainers 3 materials to be approved max. Both sides make concessions but both gain something in return and they end up happy.600 Final fee: 20. seminars: 8 over 6-month period no.400 25% non-refundable deposit = £5. it is a win–win negotiation.
k Wouldn’t a fixed interest rate be better? l We were aiming to get slightly further than this morning. l 5 enter the bargaining phase c. we were hoping you would provide after-sales service. it may not be very easy to sell the idea to my boss. Phrase bank: Negotiating 1 create rapport b. g We would find this a little difficult to accept at the moment.page 122-123 1 Language Links Vocabulary: Negotiations Conducting negotiations a a deadlock b a breakthrough c time out d terms e pressure f options Sales negotiations 1 a buyer b seller c buyer d seller e buyer f seller g seller h buyer i either j either k either l seller m seller n buyer o buyer p either q either 2 a order b immediate c a discount d give e times f deadlines g price h hidden extras i payment j sort out k price l trial Grammar: Language of diplomacy a Unfortunately we would need something cheaper. h I understood that you wanted immediate delivery. j 4 check the facts a. g . k 2 agree a procedure f. i To be honest. f I’m not in a position to make any promises at this stage. e 6 work out the details d. b We would be less interested in your economy model. d Shouldn’t we be a bit nearer a decision by now? e I’m afraid we might not be able to pay straight away. j Our discussions haven’t been very productive so far. i 3 put forward proposals h. c Unfortunately.
4 Zantis’s current strategy: operate on a global level. therefore. de-layer (remove some middle management levels). expand into Europe and Asia Reasons for the acquisition: excellent track record. possibly because Zantis is a US company with no base in Europe or Asia. merge the two corporate cultures . sell off domestic distributorship Proposed changes: increase efficiency.ADVERSE REACTIONS CASE STUDY page 100 3 a He means that it is important to Zantis that they should maintain a company in Turkey. Turkey lies between the markets of Europe and Asia and may join the EU in coming years. cultural connections with trading bloc of Asian republics Financing the takeover: sell off raw materials suppliers. It would. b Some staff will lose their jobs and they may have to sell off part of the company to pay for the merger. consolidate in Americas. future entry into EU. give them access to both European and Asian markets. geographically well-positioned. He also probably wants to reassure the employees of the Turkish company that Zantis intends to keep the company going and is not asset stripping or simply removing a competitor from the market.
no shortage of customers. classic appeal. order books always full. tight margins. soaring production costs. company’s problems. strong competition from the States. charismatic. failed to meet official ISO standards.com (internet advertising) . question mark over his health. doubts about the profitability.GOING UNDER CASE STUDY page 124 6 Positive: few names command so much attention and loyalty. business has never been better. SOS HIGH FLIER CASE STUDY page 28 2 Mon 17: away in the Himalayas Tue 18 am: staff briefing pm: meeting with Bank of India people (dinner in evening with them) Wed 19: flying to Delhi for MTV Awards Thur 20 Delhi – am: negotiations with Rama Gaming Systems pm: flying home. prize-winning Pantera. customers lose patience. survived in a fiercely competitive market for well over half a century Negative: five-year waiting lists. 20% of orders end in cancellation. 10 pm Enigma Club at Juhu Beach for club night Fri 21: free Mon 24: meeting with Cobrax Music Online and The Purple Vedas Lunch with Sashi pm: shopping with Sashi Tue 25: in office Wed 26: in office Thur 27: in office all day to talk to Joe Takashi and Aaron Silverman from Sony Pictures Fri 28 am: discussion on internet advertising pm: meeting with indiamusic. associated with millionaire lifestyle. impossible task. divisions within the family.
TOY STORY CASE STUDY page 52 2 unsafe and defective are probably the greatest concerns 3 The image is one of a successful company with popular.net/resources/in-company-second-edition-resources/answer-key/incompany-answer-key-intermediate . but also educational and promote child development and creativity. rather than just dedicated to making money. Chinese manufacturers accusing Thompson of over-reacting and damaging their reputation. c It may be about one and a half million toys. frosty. The charity donation suggests that the company is ethical and interested in working for the community. uncomfortable. 6 The atmosphere could be described as tense.businessenglishonline. There is a suggestion that its toys are not just fun. Questions being raised about working conditions in Asian plants and Thompson’s profit margins. Defective magnets possibly due to design fault. Similar problem in 2005 led to 3 million products being withdrawn from sale. http://www. b The results show that the paint on the toys has an extremely high lead content and is not the paint the company normally uses. Possible global ban on the sale of Thompson Toys pending investigations. Thomas doesn’t take kindly to this and is quite defensive. Fiona tries to smooth things over and move away from the apportioning of blame. safe and child-friendly products. d She is going to go straight to their plant at Hangzhou. Simon seems determined to assign the blame and the responsibility for sorting out the problem to Thomas. but her decision to order a total product recall does not go down well with Thomas. page 53 10 18-million product recall announced this morning. 4 a The complaints have been from parents who said their children became sick when they put toys from the zoo animal play-sets and the space stations in their mouths.