abacus

IT magazine
Editor
R. Dengchhunga

IT Policy
“ Kan zotlang ram nuam ..Chhawrpial run i iang e” ti a zaia an lo chawi thin kan ram zimte hi kum zabi 20 a rawn inherchhuah meuh chuan, “Kan zotlang ram nuam ..IT estate i iang e” tiin tunlai thalai chuan Information Technology lam hawi zawngin beiseina sang tak nen Tlumtea thlir in IT lama kan sorkar hmalakna project works hrang hrang te hian IT chhawrpial run min hruai thlen ngei ngei ringin kawla ni chhuak chhiar in mawngvawm ba ang maiin thi leh thau pawlhin IT lam hawizawngin Career kan sawhnghet sauh sauh mai le. Kan khawsak phung a lo dang ta. IT hi a mikhual tawh lo hle maiin eizawnna tlak tak a ni tih hairual a ni ta lo. Sumdawngtu ten IT lam hawi zawngin ke kan pen a, Sorkar pawhin IT lam hawi project lian tak tak a buaipui mek bawk a. A pui apang, a lian a te, a chhia a tha , a tar a zur thlengin mual eng hmu phak tawh phawt chuan kan eibelah hman tumin neih thinglung khawng tak meuh meuhin kan tu leh fate tan tha leh zung kan seng a. IT lam project sum tamzia te hi darthlalanga in en ang mai a chiangin a fawng lam chelhtu ni ve lem lo tan pawh a chiang hle mai. Hetihlai hian a dik lo zawng a IT project sum leh pai te kan hmang a nih vaih chuan kan zoram hi “ Kan zotlang ram nuam ..Hel ram i iang e” tiin kan thalai mangang hian IT- Estate ni lovin Insurgency - Estate ah kan chantir mai ang tih pawh thil hlauhawm tak a ni awm e. IT Project hmang hian kan ram tihmasawn ila a duhawm hle mai. IT hi Develope tur anih laia IT kan Politicise anih vaih chuan kan sorkar hian dinchhuahpuina aiin tlakchhiat nana hmang ang tih pawh a hlauhawm thei viau ang. IT hmanraw tha leh changkang tak tak te hi khandaih hriam tawn ang mai a thil ti thei leh kan nunna bulpui ber anih tawh avangin a tha lo zawng a kan hmang anih chuan kan thalai hnazawng mek te nun beidawnna thlentu a ni theiin kan ram hruaitute hming namen lovin a tichhe thei a ni bawk .IT policy te hi kan vaia tan ani tih hriain keini mipui te pawh hian ral khat atanga uipui tuilian thlir ringawt lovin zirchiang ila kan theih ang angin kan sorkar te pawh pui thei ila a tha awm e. Hetihlai hian kan sorkar lam te pawhin hetiang lama mi inzir peih leh thahnemngai taka IT lam veitu te hi tha takin lo dawngsawngin atul angin an thurawn te pawh han zirchiangin IT policy hi a lo hlawhtlin theih ngeina turin project a tak taka hmangtu tur ten kan tangkaipui theih ngei theihna turin nasa leh zuala hmalakna hi kalpui zel ni se a lawmawm ngawt ang. IT Policy for the people, to the people and by the people tih hi kan zavaiin i hrenawn fo ang u.

Joint Editors
Rony Lallianmawia roniez@gmail.com Zohmachhuana Khawlhring zch7@rediffmail.com F. Kaprumvunga kaptea@gmail.com

Circulation Manager
R. Lalmawipuii moipuii@yahoo.com

Advertisement Manager
R. Lalchhanhima r chhana@yahoo.co.in
_

Editorial Support
Vanlalringa vanlalringa@gmail.com R. Lalhnehtluanga mail2tluanga@gmail.com Isaac Zothanpuia

Cover & Layout Design
roniez
ABACUS - a journal cum magazine of MICSEA is published and developed by MICSEA. Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this magazine, the publisher assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of the information herein contained.

ABACUS Editorial Office c/o KCIT Office, #C-1, Dr. N. Pallai Building Zarkawt, Aizawl - 796 007 Ph : 2343380 Printed and Published by Vanlalringa, on behalf of Mizoram Computer Science & Engineers Association. Printed at Bhabani Offset & Imaging Systems Pvt. Ltd. Guwahati.

© MICSEA : Not for sale
Er. R. Dengchhunga Editor

2nd Issue

1

March - May
3 4 6

CONTENTS
NEWS Career Guidance
24
Kan hmalam atan hian enge tha ber ang le? Engineer lam nge Medical lam? A bikin Technical Entrance ti turte tan chuan

Buyer's Guide Buyer's
Phone, PCs, Laptops

National E-Governance chhiar ngei ngei chi! Plan leh a lungphum Binary 28 pathum Ka Computer hian kei aiin thil a hrelo zawk. 0 leh 1 bak a hre
SWAN, SDC, CSC te hi enge??? lo! Engtin nge o leh 1 chuah a hriat theih?

8

Bill Gates leh kei
Ka chibai tih ka sawi chuan an awihlo hlawm em em khawp a.

Hashing
Students te tan liau liau.

30 32 34 36 38 40 41 42 43 44

10 12

RFID DOS Attack

Excel zirmite tan Troubleshooting
Engtin nge Troubleshooting an tih?

Hetiang taka khawl te hi a lo awm thei ngai maw?

Office hrang hrang Microsoft Excel kan hmang uar hle. I han zir teh ang.

DoS Attack tum ber chu Networked computer te hna thawh mumal tir theih loh emaw, tih chhiat rup emaw hi a ni.

Blue Ray Disc
I computer chhunga mi zawng zawng kha CD pakhatah i backup duh em??

14 15 16 18

Computer hmangchang Profile
Michael Dell hi tunge?

Games
Need for Speed - ProStreet

Windows XP Website
you don’t wanna missed these sites....

ComputerComputerWi-MAX
technology hi lo hre ve teh..

Tips and Tricks. Tip hrang hrang leh Tricks hrang hrang te hi an ti ve chhin teh.

Nu leh Pa te tan. Kan fate’n Computer an ti chhen a, kan hriatpui ve zel hi a tha.

Tunlai khawvelah wire hmanga inthlunzawm hi a hnawk an ti deuh deuh a, he

Q&A ABAQUIZ
I chhan dik vek chuan Creative Speakers i dawng thei.

20

Chips & Chats
awmzia??

Chips an tih hi enge a? Chat an tih enge a

About us
ABACUS 1st Issue thu tesep

22
2

Top 10 mobile phones

© MICSEA : Not for sale

Abacus Magazine

News
Phone viruses
BARCELONA, Spain (AFP ) hmuna kar hmasa mai a an neih tak Industry's Mobile World Congress ah chuan Mobile phone hmanga internet hman theiha siam a nih tang hian Mobile phone ah Virus apung nasa hle tih an hmuchhuak a. Heng mobile phone virus hrang hrang te hi www.mobilephoneviruses.com Website ah en theih in a awm Spain ramah chuan mobile hmangtuu 110,000 lai mai te chu nikum chhung ringawt pawh khan Virus hian a tibuaiin abik takin Nokia's Symbian operating system hmangtute a chawkbuai hle a ni. Heng virus te hi MMS messages, text messages , audio, video or picture file atang te in a in kaichhawn theih a ni. Tunah pawh keini Mizoram a Mobile hmangtute pawh hi heng virus hian min rawn tibuai tan ve ta reng mai!.

Kum 2030 ah mihring ang maia thluak nei Computer siamchhuak dawn !!
Mithiam te chuan kum 2030 hnulamah chuan Three-dimensional leh molecular computing technology hmang a computer Hardware te changkang taka thuamin mihring tluk zeta fing 'strong artificial intelligence' an tih mai siamchhuah an tum mek mai le. "Reverse engineering of the human brain" Technology hmangin hemi atana Software pawimawh reng reng te hi mihring thluaka finna zung zam nen thlunzawm thei turin experiment beih mek a niin, tunah mai pawh hian finna zungzam engemaw zat chu hlawhtling taka thlunzawm ani tawh tiin tunhnai khanAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) ah Dr Kurzweil a chuan a sawi bawk.

Internet suamhmang hlauhawm pawl thar ding!
Internet Web sites thenkhat zingah kan hriat miah lova Kan telephone line rei taktak lo hmangru an awm. Heng ho hian internet kan hmanna computer ah arukin Internet dialer software kan tih mai an dah a, an duhtawk a an hman ruk theihna turin kan internet hman lai a khawih danglam thei. Mobile phone hmanga internet connection nei kan pung chho ve zela, fimkhur a ngai hle tih hriat a tha.Mobile hmanga Internet hmagtuten bill tam lutuk kan chawi anih chuan ngaihthah mai chi a ni lo vang

Photo Frame Virus
Finna a awm chuan sualna pawh pung tih Bible in a sawi hi Computer khawvelah pawh a thleng dik mek zel anih hi. Tunhnai ah hian Virus chimawm dangdai zet mai hmuchhuah ani leh ta. He Virus zet hi chuan rin loh tak zawngin hna athawk tlat mai le! Digital Picture Frame ah atanga rawn insiamin kan indentity leh passwords te min rukbo sak hnuah reiloteah computer a thuhnuaiah a dah mai thin.

© MICSEA : Not for sale

2nd Issue

3

iPod Touc ouch Apple iPod Touch
Size: 110 x 61.8 x 8mm Weight: 120g Display: 480 x 320 pixels, 3.5inches Touchscreen with Multi-touch Memory: 8GB, 16GB, 32GB Connectivity: Wi-Fi (802.11b/g) Features: Audio (MP3) Playback Supports MP3, AAC, WAV, Apple Lossless. 'Cover Flow' album management, Video Playback Supports H.264 video upto 1.5mbps, 640x480@30fps, .mp4, .m4v, .mov formats, Picture Viewer with Multi-touch navigation, Auto-Rotate, Wireless web browsing using Wi-Fi, YouTube and iTunes connect using Wi-Fi. Safari Web browser, Organiser/Calender, Calculator Battery: Internal rechargeable Lithium ion, USB charging, Audio Playback upto 22hr, Video Playback upto 5hrs. Accessories: Stereo Earphones, Data Cable

Intel® Desktop Board DG33FB
Features and benefits : Specifications : Fabrication: 65nm Memory Interface: 256-bit Frame Buffer Size: 256 MB Connectors: 2xDual-Link DVI-I, 7-Pin TV Out RAMDACS: 400MHz Bus Technology: PCI Express 2.0 Max Board Power: 110 Watts Special Features NVIDIA unified architecture, Full Microsoft DirectX 10 Support, NVIDIA SLI Technology, NVIDIA Lumenex Engine, 128-bit floating point High DynamicRange (HDR), NVIDIA Quantum Effects Technology, NVIDIA nView Multi-Display Technology, Dual 400MHz RAMDACs, Dual Dual-link DVI Support.

Sony Ericsson K-850i
Size: 102 x 48 x 17mm Weight: 118g Display: 240 x 320 pixels, 2.2inches Memory: 40 MB internal memory 512 MB Memory Stick Micro (M2) card included, Micro SD card supported Connectivity: GSM, HSDPA, Bluetooth 2.0 with A2DP, GPRS, EDGE, USB 2.0 Features: 5 Megapixel Camera with Autofocus, Xenon Flash, and 3LED video recording light. QVGA@30fps video recording, 'Best Pic' function On-board Picture editing/blogging, 'Auto-rotate' function On-screen touch sensitive keys, MP3/AAC/MP4 player, FM Radio with RDS, Organiser, Built-in Handsfree, Java MIDP 2.0 Battery: Li-Po 930 mAh (BST-38), Stand-by: Upto 400 hrs, Talk time: Upto 9hrs Accessories: Leather-type carry strap Data Cable
Contact: Plug ‘n’ Play, Chanmari (below Sony showroom), Aizawl. Ph: 2305758

XFX XFX GeForce 8800 GT 256MB XXX
Specifications : Fabrication: 65nm Memory Interface: 256-bit Frame Buffer Size: 256 MB Connectors: 2xDualLink DVI-I, 7-Pin TV Out RAMDACS: 400MHz Bus Technology: PCI Express 2.0 Max Board Power: 110 Watts Special Features : NVIDIA unified architecture, Full Microsoft DirectX 10 Support, NVIDIA SLI Technology, NVIDIA Lumenex Engine, 128-bit floating point High Dynamic-Range (HDR), NVIDIA Quantum Effects Technology, NVIDIA nView Multi-Display Technology, Dual 400MHz RAMDACs, Dual Dual-link DVI Support. Contact: Fel Fel Digitals, Zarkawt (Opp. Vanglaini Office) Aizawl.

Buyer’s Guide
4

© MICSEA : Not for sale

Abacus Magazine

Zarkawt (Opp.7" horizontal x 11. Product adverrtisement i tih duh chuan a hnuaia phone number ah hian contact theih reng ka ni e.9 kg) AUDIO Speakers 2x2-watt WARRANTY One-year limited warranty on LCD.8" x 8.only your Is your targ targeting advertisement advertisement the right customer? Assembled PC Fullset AMD Sempron LE1100 (AM2) 80 GB SATA (7200 rpm) 15-inch CRT NVidia Graphics 512 DDR2 RAM (667 MHz) DVD Writer Multimedia Keyboard Speaker Optical Mouse Mouse Pad One Year On-Site Service Warranty Price : Rs.9" (526mm x 451mm x 225mm) WEIGHT Net with stand 13. 0. 160° vertical @ contrast ratio > 10:1 Panel Surface Anti-glare VIDEO INPUT Analog/Digital RGB analog (75 ohms. 18000/. sync-on-green POWER Voltage AC 100_240V.only Available at GI Infotech.. Zarkawt (Opp. Available at GI Infotech. Vanglaini Office). Price : Rs. Vanglaini Office).0 Hi-Speed (B Port) • Scanning Resolution-600×1200dpi • Print Speed-Black/Colour-A4 Plain Paper 20ppm/15ppm • Cartridge Type -PG-830/CL-831 (PG-40/CL-41 optional) • Image Quality-Plain paper: Fast.1-inch LCD Monitor 160 GB HDD DVD Writer Windows XP (Original) Much much more. 22" diagonal Optimum Resolution 1680x1050 Viewing Angle 170° horizontal. 12990/. parts and labor. Vanglaini Office). Zarkawt (Opp. Aizawl Price : Rs. ** 9436195956 / 9436198721 ** Canon PIXMA MP 145 Printer • approx. Mizoram We believe we are the right people for your bussiness.only Available at GI Infotech.0 lb. Hardware / Software / Mobile / etc. (5. 6. Standard / other paper: Fix • Dimension -443mm(W) × 381mm(D) × 181mm(H) Available at Fel Fel Digitals..3 kg • Resolution-4800 x 1200 (dpi) • Printing Method-Bubble Jet Printing • Power-AC100-240V 50/60Hz • Interface-USB 2. Aizawl Price : Rs. Vanglaini Office).7" vertical. Aizawl © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 5 Buyer’s Guide ..7 Vp-p)/DVI-D Frequency Fh: 24~82kHz.0 GHz 11. 50_60Hz (auto switch) Consumption 45W (typ) DIMENSIONS (WxHxD) Physical with stand 20. 59900/. Aizawl. Fv: 50~85Hz Sync H/V separated (TTL).ViewSonic VX2255wmb 22-inch Widescreen Multi-Function HD LCD Monitor Specifications : LCD Type 22" Wide Color TFT Active Matrix LCD Display Area 18.. composite. Zarkawt (Opp. 4650/- ASUS LAPTOP S6F Configuration : Intel Core 2 Duo 2..7" x 17.

Land record. e-Governance 6 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Sawrkar leh Sawrkar (G2G) . Passport. e-Governance hi eng nge ni ? e-Governance hi kan state-ah ngei pawh chanchinbu leh magazine thahnem takah thailan a ni ve tawh a. chu chu NeGP kan tih hi a ni. chungah te chuan Agriculture. E-Governance program hi hmun hrang hrangah vawi engmaw zat lo tih tawh a ni a. District leh Block level thlengte pawhin hlawhtlinna tam tak awmin hmun thenkhatah te phei chuan a hlawhtlin em avangin tih chhunzawm zel a la ni bawk a. hengte hi State-in a kalpui ve tur te an ni thung. National Citizen Database.NeGP LEH A LUNGPHUM PATHUM State Wide Area Network (SWAN) State Data Center (SDC) Common Service Center (CSC) Er. Central MMP hnuaiah hi chuan Banking. E-governance chu electronic Governance tihna a ni a. national portal (India. Custom and Excise. Information & Communication Technology an ram in Zalenna (independence) a sual chhuah atangin kum sawmrukna kan chuangkai ta der mai a. Hengte avang hian Central sawrkar Ministry of IT chuan NeGP hi rampum huap a kalpui turin a rawn duang chhuak ta a ni. ram pum. State MMP a awm leh a. NeGP chu “National eGovernance Plan“ tihna mai a ni a. visa. Hemi hrereng hian kan sawrkar laipui pawhin hmalakna lian tak a nei a. etc a awm leh bawk a. hmasawnna tam tak he kum sawmruk chhung hian kan nei nasa hle a. ram hruaitu lu ber atanga a te ber thlenga kan tanrual tawk loh vangte. Central.E (CSE) System Analyst.gov. ‘Sawrkar kalphung mipui leh sumdawngte’n IT hmanga chak zawk. rampum huapa Information and Communication Technology lama hma kan sawn zawk leh kan inrual tlan theih nana beihpui thlakna a ni. State leh Integated Mission Mode Project-ah te then hrang a ni leh a.in) te hi a awm leh a. property registration. immigration. State. Sawrkar leh sumdawng (G2B) . K Mode Pr Mission Mode Project NeGP hnuaiah hian MMP 22 chuang a awm a. Sawrkar lam leh private lamah pawh thui takin kan kal a. Vanlalringa B. a lawmawm hle laiin tam takin a kalphung leh a thil tum te hi kan hriatchiang tawk lo niin a lang. pension lam te hi a awm a. Amaherawhchu hlawhtlinna tam tak a awm laiin ngaihtuahna tha leh felfai tha tawk awm loh vangte. Chutiang bawk in integrated MMP hnuaiah hian eCourt. rampum huapa hmalakna tha tawk awm loh vangte leh PPP (public private partnership) kan la chin chhuah loh vangte hian duh thusam ang phak lohna a la awm nual bawk. central lam in a buaipui tur bik a ni. integrated MMP ve thung hi chuan state tin ten mawhphurhna kan nei theuh a ni. e-Procurement. a indawt dan leh remchan dan ang a thawh chhoh zel tura ruahman a ni. Sawrkar leh mipui (G2C) inlaichhina leh in kungkaina tha hi e-Governance zunzam hnukpui ber chu a ni . Binary Digit a 0 integer hi India mi hmuhchhuah a nih angin India mi nih leh Computer thiam nih chu a in hmeh hle nghe nghe a ni. awlsam leh langtlang taka an in dawr theihna’ hi e_governance thil tum ber chu a ni. a bikin Information and Communication Technology lamah phei chuan khawvel mit fukna kan nih mai bakah khawvel a engineer ngah ber kan ni ta hial a ni. police treasuries .

3.000 din tura ruahman a ni a . 2. Tin.t. SDC (State Data Center) IT khawvel ah chuan thil dahthat pawimawhzia kan hre awm e. Block headquarters atangin thingtlang ve thung hi chu wireless hman tura ruahman a ni . Hemi pawimawhna hre chung hian e_Governance hlawhtling taka kalpui a nih theih nan NeGP hnuaiah SDC hi ngaihpawimawh ber zinga mi a ni. SDC hi security sang tak hnuaia enkawl tura ruahman ni bawk. birth certificate te .c chhunkhawm a ni ang a.000 ah CSC 1. He SDC-ah hian Sawrkar Office Application pawimawh zawng zawng ration card te. hemi atang hian thingtlang hmun hla tak tak atang pawh a awlsawm tak a sawrkar office. CSC atang hian mipui tam zawkin sawrkar an dawr thei tawh dawn a ni. a bikin SWAN. Kum 2008 tawp lam hi chuan North Eastern Region-ah pawh SWAN hi hmun tam zawkah chuan zawhfel an beisei a ni. Arthur C. a thawk turin Central lam pawhin IL&FS te a ruatfel tawh a ni. amaherawhchu District atangin Block leh sub-division ve thung hi chu Video tel lova voice chiah kal thei thung tura ruahman a ni bawk. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. State Data Center hi State tin te nei vek tura ruahman a ni a. SDC hi sawkar tana data leh document dahthatna hmunpui tur a ni. khawpuia awm an rawn dawr theih nan a duan a ni. SWAN (State Wide Area Network) SWAN chu network lianpui ramchhung inthlun zawmna tur a ni a..00. CSC hi NeGP core project a. CSC (Common Services Center) India hi ramzau tak a niin IT lamah pawh a thang chak hle a. SWAN-ah chuan State capital atangin Block thleng 2MBPS (MBPS=Mega Bits Per Second Computer network data kal chak zawng tehna) a chak tur a ni a. electric bill pekna e. tin. Clarke 7 e-Governance . tunah hian India ram chhunga khaw hrang hrang 6. ram chhung khawpui leh thingtlang kilkhawr ber pawh thleng tura ruahman a ni a.SWAN (State Ar Networ etwork) 1. amaherawhchu ram lendan a zirin Data center-te chu a inang vek lem lo. chu data chu SWAN a connect a ni ang a.Tin. a front end tur a ni a. a back end chu a hmaa kan sawi SDC kha a ni. SDC leh CSC kan han tarlan tak te hi a pawimawh hlawm em avangin “NeGP Lungphum Pathum” tia sawi an ni. scanner leh wireless te a thuam tura ruahman mek a ni a. NeGP hnuaia project zawng zawng hnukpui chu SWAN hi a ni ti ila a sual tam awm love. thingtlang leh hmun hla zawk atangin CSC (Citizen service Center) kaltlangin an lo hmangtangkai ve mai dawn a ni. Tin. State Capital leh District Headquarters-ah te hian Video data thawn theih tura ruahman a ni a. CSC hi computer leh a hmanrua printer. khua paruk in CSC pakhat zel intawm tura ruahman a ni. A hmalam a kan han sawi tak SWAN leh SDC te kha a hmang tangkai tu tur chu CSC hi a ni.00. Heng softwares hrang hrang te hi SDC-ah hian a awm vek anga mahni in atang pawhin awlsam takin Sorkar Office kan dawr thei tawh dawn a ni. State wide Area Network kan tih hi. Crore Rs 5749 man tura duan a ni. Heng project pathum. he schemes hi PPP (Public-Private –Partnership) hmanga tihtum a ni bawk a.

. Mi veng va deuh chin chuan Bill & Belinda Gates Foundation hmanga ram rethei zawka natna umbo beihpui thlak nan dollar maktaduai tel a thlawna an pek thin vang hian an ngaisang viau thei bawk. Kei paw’n a chanchin ka hre ve riai ruai a. Chubak a chanchin ka hre tam lo. Dave Barry E iruk vang ni miah lova khawvel a mihausa ber anih vang ngawt pawh hian ngaihsan tlak tak chu ani. Thian thenkhat ten IT khawvela mi tangkai a ni tih an sawi chang hian ka lo Amen liam ve puat thin. Bill Gates-an Mumbai khawpui a tlawh ni tur a ni tih newspaper ah ka hmu thawi ve fua a. pawisa neih loh lai pawh a Air Condition a nih vang a ka luh fo na Bank a pawisa la chhuak tur a Kei. Ka rilru a lian ber chu Bank a ni ta. Khawi hmunte nge a tlawh dawn ? khawi hmunah nge a chibai theih © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Mumbai khawpuia College ka kal laiin Bill Gates a rawn kal dawn tih Article 8 Media lamah an puangzar nasa hle a.. Khawi drop-out pawh nise a thluak a tha thawkhat tih chu a thiltih hian a hril chiang bawk si. midangte a tanpui vangin ka ngaisang. Bill Gates Pawisa K ei. Bill Gates leh Pawisa Kum 2002 November thla ni ta in ka hria. Hetihlai hian BA Final Year zir mek ka’n nih vangin Bill Gates ai chuan ka’n zir sang tawh zawk ve tlat tiin thiante nen kan uang thin. han ngaihsanna vak tur a awm lo mai thei.BILL GATES LEH KEI Lalchuangliana Elelctric Veng Bill Gates is a very rich man today. Kei chuan Bill Gates hmu tur leh chibai tura buai chiam ai chuan kan bul lawk New York Café a beer in mai mai ka thlang zawk daih si. Class ban chhun chaw eikham ve leh UCO Bank lam panin ka vung phei a. broke lai a ni bawk nen lawmawm duh tak a ni. Bill Gates leh Zirna Chutia khawvela hausa ber chu tiin zirna lama a record ka’n en a. A bak chu computer khawih ngailo leh hrelo tan chuan ang? tiin kan College a mi thenkhat chuan an ngaihven hle a. Chutih lai chuan vanneih thlak tak in ka chhungten ka Account a pawisa an rawn dah thu min rawn hrilh a. and do you want to know why? The answer is one word: versions. a ni chiah ka hre ta mai lo. Harvard drop-out a ni tih mai loh chu chhuan tur ka hmuhpui bik lo.

Chu Bank building lian leh hlui rup. Mahse a changtupa ber Bill Gates-a ka chibai ve miau avangin lawm tak in hostel ka pan ta vang vang a. hahip in an sawi a ni deuh ber.a nawm dan a ngai reng mai. Ka bul a newspaper ah chuan Bill Gates-a thlalak a chuang kuau a. (E. An awih lo vel…. Mi kar a ka in zeh ve tawlh tawlh hnu chuan ka’n hawi kual a. Chutah ka pawisa lak hun a thleng a. Chutah ka sir lawkah chuan amah Bill Gates-a ngei mai chu Bill Gate hi Programming khawl ropui tak ang ani. British hun lai a sak ni awm tak ah chuan Auditorium tha tak “Bhavans’Hall” an tih chu a awm a. Khawvela mi hausaber leh Microsoft Chairman lai mai chibai theia i awm hi kan lawmpui rual chein kan thik khawp mai che. Hall kawngkharpui chung banner tar ah chuan ‘Welcome Bill Gates’ tih te a in ziak nuai mai a. Tun hnai khan he magazine buatsaihtu Mizoram Computer Science & Engineers Association (MICSEA) President hi ka hrilh tum in a awihlo ve leh kher a. phur tak in ka mamawh zat chu ka la chhuak ta ham ham a. nghah rei a ngai viau leh nghal. Chhiar ta chuang lo chuan ka rilru in a hausak tur zia te ka suangtuah kual ta duah a. Keiin Bank pakhat a chhungte min thawn leh nghal cheng sang tlemte ka neih lai hian. thiamlo tak chungin hei ka ziah phah ta a nih hi. Mahse thil awmdan an hriat chuan a ni thei tih an hre bawk si. Stewart Alsop © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 9 Article kal chu lo ti ve zeuh zeuh thin mah ila ka va hmu ta a. leh zirchian theih a ni tih ring nghet tlat tu ani. An lo chibai nak nak a. Ka hmel leh thuamhnaw atangin awm ve tur ka ni lo tih an hre thuai a.. Mipui nawlpuiin an bawh buai mai loh nan Police in Hall building an din hual a ni si a. Kan hostel a ka thiante zingah chuan Bill Gates-a ralkhat atang chauh a hmu pawh an lo intithei khawp mai a. Ka va pan hnai sawk sawk a. Hall luhna lamah chuan mipui an bawr deuh laih laih a. Bill Gates-a hian Bank hrang hrang engzat ah nge account a neih a nga. chakna leh chibai chakna reng reng neilo kha tih danglam in ka awm ta. hrilhfiah theih. Hlawhtlinna chhar chhuak tur chuan engkim hi thluak hmang a remkhawm a.. ka bul lawk ban phak lek a ding chu Maharastra Chief Minister Vilasrao Desmukh a lo ni reng a. chibai ve ngei tulin ka hre ta tlat mai. Kei lah engemaw vangin ka awm lohna tur hmun ah ka awm vung mai si.... ka pan phei ve ta tawp a. Police pahnih tiang kengin min nawr chhuak ta nawk nawk a. pawisa engzat tak dah ang maw? Tih te ka ngaihtuah a. Bill Gates leh Chibai Bank atang a ka chhuak chu beisei loh takin Police in Bank building chu an lo hual thup mai a. A chhung a awmsa bak chu kal hnaih an phal lo.na min pek hi a tam zawk ang ti te in ka in hnem ta vel a. Ka chibai tih ka sawi chuan an awihlo hlawm em em khawp a.khai he laiah chuan Routmawii Chibai phak nih hi insawi thei nan kan lo hmang asin. a pawimawhna te zir bing a. a rawn kal tur chanchin bawk an ziak a nih ka ring a.. Khawvela mi hausa ber chibai vang a hausak tur chu nise Mizo zingah hian a hausa pawl chu ka nih ngei ka ring. Mi an lo tam mai a. A hma a hmuh . MICSEA Office ah lo leng la kan lo chibai ve ang che!-Ed) Kei. ka neih tlemte in hlim. cheng engzat pawh nei se. a neih zawng zawngin hlimna a pek ai chuan. ka chibai ve ta lawp lawp mai a. Mahse. min awt ta hlawm em em mai a.

he Chip ve thung hi chuan engmaw phen atang pawhin a va hmu thei a ni. Zohmachhuana Khawlhring BE (CSE). ticket endik nan hun an hmang hek lo bawk a ni. mi maktaduai 22 chuang zet ni mahse awlsam takin an kaltlang hum hum thei a ni.06 mm (millimetre) vel lek a ni. Engtinnge RFID Chip hnathawh dan chiah hi ni ang le? RFID chip hnathawh dan kalhmang chu ‘barcode’ system nen a inang deuh thuak a. A siamchhuaktu zinga an khaipa ber Japan Scientist Mitsou Usami chuan “Khawvela khawl (chip) te ber” a ti hial a ni. battery a hman loh vang leh a bul hnaia thil awm a lo © MICSEA : Not for sale ngam loh khawpin a hman tangkaina man chat chat theih avangin. RFID Chip hi a tet em avang te. tin. a lenzawng chu 0. chu chu FRID Chip Powder tia koh a ni a.Er. a tle deuh sep sep a ni. Chumi awmzia chu va scan kherlo pawhin a bul hnaia thil awm tawh phawt chu a Innovation 10 lo man chat thei tihna a ni. Chutiang khawpa khawvel pum huap Expo ropui tham leh chhimtu mipui tam hle mahse ticket dik lo hmanga lut ru thei tumah an awm lo a. He ‘microchip’ siamtu Hitachi Company hnuaia awm Central Research Laboratory chuan a aia te zawk an la siamchhuak leh ta cheu a. a tet Radio Frequency Identification chuang zette chuan he Expo hi an chhim a ni. Khatih laia an ‘microchip’ hman kha khawl te reuhte a em avangin mit lawngin hmuh tham a ni mang lo. MA Managing Director. luh phalna an neih leh neihloh te a lo en dik nghal vek a.4 mm (millimetre) niin a chhah zawng chu 0. KCIT J RFID Powder Chip apan ram khawpui pakhat Aichi khuaah Expo 2005 World’s Fair an neih tum khan mipui maktaduai 22 ni a. A ruka luh tlang chu thil theihloh hulhual a ni a. He FRID Chip Powder hi bottle te reuhte ah dahin Ni eng zung thlaah powder angin a hmuh theih viai viai chauh a. Gate bula an dah khawl (Scanner chikhat) chuan a kaltlang apiang te chu tunge an nih tih te. a chhan ber chu he Expo-a tel mipui zawng zawng te hian RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) ‘chip’ an neih theuh vang a ni. mahse ‘barcode’-ah hi chuan ‘barcode reader’ hmangin hnai te atanga scan kher a ngai a. sawilawk Abacus Magazine .

rukru in a thil kenchhuah chu computer-a chhinchhiah a nih loh chuan alarm a ri vak mai dawn a ni. awmzia nei tur chuan ‘scanner’ in Chip chhunga number hretu kha a va pawh phawt a ngai a. chumi hnuah a dik ngei tih a finfiah thei chauh thin a ni. Ph. A number ringawt hi chuan awmzia vak a nei lo a. Film. miin thil an lei apiangin an thil lei kha computer-ah chhinchhiah theih vek a ni. a dik leh dikloh rang takin a hre thei mai dawn a ni. Entirnan. chu number chu inang pakhatmah a awm thei lo a ni. kan dawr chhunga bungrua zawng zawngah chuan RFID Chip hi dah ta vek ila. pawisa lem a nih leh nihloh kan check duh chuan ‘scanner’ bulah a va keng hnai mai dawn a ni. • Thla la tura koh theih reng kan ni e. ‘scanner’ chuan lo man lehin khami number kha a lo hre thei ta thin a ni. Khawiah nge a hman theih ang? A chunga kan sawi tak ang khian pawisa note chhinchhiah nan te a hman theih a. a chhuahna tur gate-ah khan © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 11 Innovation . etc. Tin. ang se la. a ma number hmangin a lo reflect let a. Dawr nei ta ila. a hman tangkaina tur pawh mithiam ten an la hmuh chhuah belh zel dawn niin a lang. RFID Chip hnathawh dan leh a hman tangkaina tlem kan han tarlan bak hi a hmanna kawng tam tak sawi tur a la tam hle a. pawisa siamna khawl chuan ‘microchip’ a dah rualin a pawisa number leh cheng engzat ‘note’ nge tih chu computer-ah a record anga. a bag chhunga pawisa awm zat leh a number zawng zawng awlsam takin a hriat theih nghal vek dawn a ni. Number chu scanner-in internet kaltlangin computer chu a va zawt nghal ang a. A chhungah number pakhat (128-bit) a keng tel zel a. FOR CRISIS SHARPER DIGITAL PHOTOS! COLOURS Digital Photo Lab Zarkawt Traffic Point. pawisa note zawng zawngah he Chip hi dah vek ta ila.tur hi atam thei viau dawn niin mithiam te chuan an sawi. : 2348098 • Instant Prints from All Digital Media. kan mobile phone te leh kan thil neih chhinchhiahnan te a hman theih dawn a ni. mi pawisa neih zat kan hriat duh chuan a bag bulah ‘scanner’ kan va dah ang a. Radio transmitter a neih tel bawk avangin he Chip hi a lo entu (scanner) bula kaltlang chuan ‘scanner’-in eng hmuh theih loh zungzam a kahchhuah chu a lo dawng a. Khatih lai khan mi tu emaw in thil ruk lo tum ta scanner in a lo en ang a.

kum 19 a upa pakhat Jeffrey Lee Parson an tih chuan Worm a siam hmangin com- M puter 48. Chungte chu: Security 12 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . thla 18 lai mai lungin bang a zut phah. ala hre lo te tan a hriatna ti zautu a nih theih beiseiin a tlangpuiin kan han sawi dawn a ni. He mi hmang a beih i nih chuan mimal thil a lak emaw.Er. kum tling hial lungin tan theih na a ni a. A nih loh chuan a aia nasa zawk a beihna kan tawh phah thei. DoS Attack hi hlawm lian tak pahnih ah then a ni a. Chu chu January 2005 a thil thleng kha a ni. He Attack tuar tu ber te chu IRC (Internet Relay Chat) hmangtu te hi an ni na in. DoS Attack hi kan thil hriat tlanglawn tak. F. “Cyber Attack” an ti bawk a. IRC (Internet Relay Chat) bik phei hi chu mizo thalaite tan chuan thil thar a ni awm love. A hre tawh te tan chona leh.000 ngawt mai a bei pek a. Chutiang tur chuan a beitu hian Packet (Data). A hranpa in DoS Attack leh IRC hian inkhaihhnawihna engmah an neilo thung. GRITC DoS Attack izo te hian IT ah. Hetiang Attack hi a chang chuan “Nukes” emaw.E (CSE) Faculty. thungrulh tum loh hi thil tih dan phung pangngai tak a ni awm e. Packet te hi address diklo pek an nih thin avangin chhui a har phah em em a ni. a tul chuan firewall te thlengin mahni lo invenhim tum a fuh fo thin. DoS Attack (Denial of Service) kan tih hian a bul pui ah chuan networked computer (Computer inthlun zawm) te hna thawh mumal tir theih loh emaw. tih chhiat rup emaw hi a tum a. Kaprumvunga B. connection in a zawh tawk aia tam thawn luh tum thin. Internet hmang thin tu ten a kan hriat tlanglawn tak pakhat chu tun a kan sawi tur ‘DoS Attack’ hi a ni a. “Hacking” emaw. Mahse DoS Attack tih hi technical tak a a hming dik ber chu a ni. A tha ber ah chuan computer te a theih ang a thuam that a.USA ah leh ram dangah te phei chuan sual lian tak. mahse fiamthu thawhna hmanrua emaw ni hauh si lo a ni a. Chuvang chuan IRC Operators ho hian eng ti kawng mahin an dang theilo a. an lo hrem ve ngawt theilo bawk. Entir nan pakhat. a bikin internet kan hmelhriatna a la rei loh ngaihtuah chuan kan luh chilh thuk chak hle a.

720) vel a chhanhim ni a chhut a ni. Chuvangin Windows hmang thin tu te tan chuan Microsoft Windows update site tlawh zin a tha. Hetiang atan hian Internet min pe chhuak tu (ISP) te tanpuina pawh kan dil thei ang. A nih na tak ah chuan connection hloh tam zawk hi chu network problem ve reng a ni deuh ber zawk. mi hloh tir a tum ber a. Yahoo leh Microsoft te pawh in beih an lo tawk fo tawh nghe nghe a. account dang emaw computer dang kan connect thei a. Hetiang chi hi attack te nau ah te. ISP in engtin nge min puih theih: Internet min pe chhuaktu (ISP) te hnenah firewall min set sak tur in kan ngen thei a. Mahse computer 100 chuang atang te a beihna i tawk a nih erawh chuan ISP te atanga tanpuina dawn kha a fuh hmasa ber mai awm e. Attack hi nasa tham a nih chuan ISP te hi misual man chhuah kawng a nasa tak min pui thei tu te an ni. Xerox hi Digital Intellectual Property Right technology duangchhuaktu hmasa ber company a ni. IRC Addr ddress IRC hmangtu ten an IP Address an dah thei: bo thei Proxy hmangin.. Asia rama piracy vangin kum 2003 khan software company ho chuan US dollar tluklehdingawn 5. Bradley 13 Security 1) Operating System Attacks: Chutiang a nih chuan account dang daih hmang ang in kan lang thei. a taka hman pawh tum ila a tha awm e. hemi hian nitin thingkung 500 (paper kg 72. GNU Public License hi khuahkhirhna thenkhat hnuaiah siamchhuah belh phal a ni a. A beitu hi mahni account hmang mai chi anih erawh chuan a account chu I khawih buai sak thei thung. Engpawh nise he kan Technology khawvelah hi chuan sap in “Read something bigger and better” an tih kha vawng tlat ila.. A hmantlakna ber ah pawh a rawn beitu te hnuhma tlem a zawng a lo chhinchhiah thei deuh chauh a. . A tlangpuiin Hotmail email hi nitin maktaduai 40 vel thawn a ni a. 2) Networking Attacks: Hetiang attack hian ISP (Internet Service Provider) atang a kan connection neih emaw. a hnuah to takin a neituten an lei let leh a ngai thin. Keiman firewall chu ka set ve mai thei em?: Heihi network venhim kawng a kan thil hriat chian loh a ni fo thin. hemi hi ‘Copyleft’ a ni! Nakinah miin an la mamawh dawna an hriat vangin Domain Name an lo register lawk thin a. A chung a kan han sawi tak te khi a tlangpui a ‘DoS Attack’ kan hriat theih dan tur a ni awm e. a mimal tak tih theih pawh a awm chuang lo a ni. kan IRC connection rawn tih buai a. Enge i tih theih: A tha ber ni a lang chu rawn attack tu aia connection chak tha zawk fe neih a ni. He attack in a tum chu connection kan neih in a zawh tawk aia tam daih data mi pek luh a ni a. Company lian ber ber Amazon. attack ka ni mai thei tih chu inrinhlelh a tha. Network problem satliah emaw kan tih laiin connection kan neih sa kha a ti buai ta thin a ni. Hetiang chi hi hmuh chhuah a nih chuan Microsoft Company te hian an thuam tha leh mai thei. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue Fing tak leh ngaihtuahna fim hmang lova techonology hi hmasawn tir kan tum chuan. Cyber thu tesep. Ziaktu hrang hrang ten an ziah dan leh an sawi fiah dan a in ang vek kher lova. Omar N. a rawn beitu aia kan connection in bandwith a ngah zawk chuan a hman tlak hle. Amaherawhchu vawi khat mai nilo. vawi engemaw zah connection i hloh a nih chuan. A bikin IRC hmang thin tu te tan a ni zual awm e. Kum 1969 kuma mihring thlaah an lawn tuma an computing technology zawng zawng aiin kum 2000-a an siamchhuah Game Boy chhunga game pakhat technology a sang zawk. Mimal in firewall lo nei ve mah ila. Computer chhiat rup na erawh a thlen lem lo.5 vel an hloh. Hemi dan nan hian kum 1999 khan US Congress chuan khuahkhirhna dan a siam. Pawn lam a tang a beihna lian tham a nih chuan a hmantlak tak tak chuanglo a ni. A chhan leh vang hriat mumal loh a connection i hloh fo vang khan beih i tawk ta tihna a ni kher lova.Hetiang attack hian Operating System a Bugs kan tih ho hi a hmang tangkai thin a. He attack lo dang tur hian eng OS mah tha bik a awm chuang lova. GNU Software hi copyright a ni. tun a kan chhiahhlawhte hi nakin lawk a kan nghawng a hruihrual hling tute an la ni thei.

A bik takin Monitor chungah phei chuan engmah dah loh tur Heart-Shaped Player for TWO Ramtuk thla han chuan kai leh meuh chuan thildang zawng aiin rilru ah Valentine’s day a lian ber awm e. Chep lutuk emaw hmun remlo va khawl dah. hmangaih ber te nen a hla ngaihthlak dun nan chuan duhthusam a ni. 2. Computer khawl nun laiin kan chawisawn emaw kan tiche tur ani lo. © MICSEA : Not for sale He Mp3 player hi a hmel en chuan dawrawm tak ni mahse. Amaherawh chu he Player hi Valentine’s ni takah. 5. reilo te ah i hmelhriat thuai dawn e. India. KAN TIH MIAH LOH TUR TE : 1. Computer on laia chhin hawn emaw. fianrial tha leh bengchheng awm lohna hmun a ni tur ani 3. MP3 Player tha ber ni lo mahse. 2. Current tha tawk tak leh tek danna him tawk a awm tur a ni. Hetiang a tha taka hnathawk theia siam tur chuan a hmangtuten Environment tha kan siam a tul em emin a pawimawh hle tih I hre nawn fo ang u. lungmuang takin hla in ngaithla dun thei a ni. A man (price) hi US Dollar $55 vel a ni a. HDD emaw khawih chet miah loh tur 4. Boruak hnawng lutuk 4. Valentine’s day ah he Player hian i tan awmzia nei theilo mahsela. 14 Abacus Magazine . Na lutuk a keyboard emaw mouse khawih. 2. Monitor chungah leh Cabinet chungah thil rit lutuk dah loh tur. Newman Mp3 Player an tih hi la hre ngai lo mahla. 5. hmangaihna thinlung anga pianzia (shape) nei. 3. Computer hmangtu ten kan hriat reng tur langsar zual te chu : THIL TUL PAWIMAWH TE : 1. Connection cable a nghet tha tawkin computer khawl hrang hrang che lo turin rualrem taka dah vek tur a nia a. Aizawl. a sendang te chuan kut bawr a luah lum thin a nih hi. A phel vuah zawm leh hian Player hmai a mihring hmel awm hmui chu a in fawp (kiss) chiah a. Mizoram leh Local ah kan thawn reng e. 1GB lai kan hla duhzawng a dah theih a. 3. Mi tam tak chuan ‘Month of Love’ tiin an sawi thin a. I hman tangkai theih hun chu a la awm chek ang. Duh ber te hnen a thilpek hlan tur rawng sen te. Windows hmanga shut down hmasa lovin direct a power off loh tur. Computer bula zuk leh hmuam emaw ei leh in. chu mai bakah WMA files te pawh a support bawk. Hmun him. nangin a phel leh lam chang la. Aizawl. 4. AS Express / Fedex Express Zarkawt. Valentine’s pual liau liau a siam. C. Sangchia Building Ph : 9436141497 • Mobile Handset zawrhna leh Repairing Centre • Mobile Repairing Course March thla atangin Batch thar hawn leh a ni ang. Boruak thianghlim tha tawk tur a ni. Dr.Computer hmangchang: Computer khawl hrang hrang ten tha takin hnathawk thei a ni tih finfiahna tha tawk nena kan hriatchianna hi hardware reliability tih a ni. KAN PUMPELH TUR TE : 1. AISIAMA Infotech Zarkawt. Ni eng tha tawk leh boruak lum lutuk lohna hmun a ni tur a ni. A phel lehlam hi duh ber te beng ah han vuah la. He Mp3 player hi a laia pawh phel theih a ni a. Opp. China ah release tur a ruahman a ni a. Vaivut khu leh mei khu. Near Lalthanhawla Building Ph : 9436141497 / 9862362149 • Lehkha leh Bungrua tlawm tak leh him takin Foreign.

Michael Dell hi Houston. Susan Dell nen fa pali (Hmeichhia 3 leh mipa 1) neiin Austin. doctor nih tum chuan ama room-ah Computer company pakhat. A tui lohna lamah a kal ve palh hlauh ni ngei tur a ni.2 billion 15 Profile . 1965 khan alo piang a. Apple computer thar hlak pakhat a thiat darh vek a. : $17. siam hi a ni awm e. PC’s Limited chu a lo lian ve tual tual a.’ tih hian an thlak leh ta zawk a ni. A company huaiah hian khawvel hmun hrang hrangah mi 90. Dell Computer Corporation tihin a hming an han thlak ren rawn a. A lo len zel takah chuan zirna lam chawlh sanin. Dell Inc. a company chu a chhawm lian ta a. February 23.8 billion vel nei niin an chhuah. PC’s Limited tih chu a din ta rup mai a. Texas-ah an cheng mek a.MICHAEL T unlai a personal computer (PC) khawvel pum huap a siam chhuak hnem ber company. Hetiang tak a Company hlawhtling neitupa Dell-a hi Forbes Magazine chuan kum 2007 chhunga khawvela mihausa ber 30-na leh America-ah 9-na niin. a pi leh pute hnen atangin pawisa a puk a. High School thleng chu Houston-ah a kal a. Texas a Jewish chhuangkua atangin. Chung hunlai chuan tun ang hian PC siam chhuah lamah a la lar ang tih a hre hauh lo. mahsela ‘Dell Inc. University a zawm hian Computer lam thiam tum hrim hrim a zawm a ni hauh lo a. a siam tha ve leh mai bawk a. mahse he lamah hi chuan zirchhuak ta lem lovin sumdawnna lamah a pen chhuak ta zawk a ni. Computer a khawih hmasak ber chu kum 15 mi lek a nih laiin a ni a.400 chuang a chhawr mek bawk. Dollar 15. so powerful and pointless that for some people it is a complete substitute for life. ‘Dell Inc. Michael Dell hi a nupui. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue The Internet is so big. High School a zawh hnu hian Austin lama University of Texas lamah zirna lam zawm turin a feh chhuak ve a. a remkhawm leh thiam nge thiam lo a hriat duh vang chauh a ni leh nghal a. kum 19 mi lek niin sumdawnna lam chu a luhchilh ta a ni. physician (Doctor) nih tum daih a ni.1965 : Susan Dell :4 : CEO.’ neitupa leh hmuchhuak tupa. Rin aiin alo hlawk ta zek a niang. mahse a vanneih a siamin a ti fuh hauh mai a. Nikum chhung khan khawvel pum huap a Computer siam chhuah zawng zawng za a sawmruk (60%) vel chu Dell Inc. Andrew Brown Name DOB Wife Children Occupation Net worth : Michael Dell : 23.2.

video kan neih te leh software tam tak a dah theih a. Tuna kan sawi tur. Chutah chuan CPU (Central Processing Unit) a khawl pui ber. motherboard leh CPU awmzia kan hre ta ah ngai ila (CD tih hi chu kan hriat lar anih avangin sawi fiahna fungah kan hmang fo ang) :) ukverh: Tukverh: Kan thupui dang leh tur chu Windows (tukverh nilo) a ni a. hun te. Kan nel sawt ta hle a. Rual u deuh te. Khawl a ni a. a thluak awmna hi sawi hmasak a ngai a. a bikin thalai ten hma kan sawn chak hle a. technology thang zelah. Heng kan sawi tak bakah hian nu leh pa ten computer min lei sak dawn pawh a mawl taka lei ve tawp lova remchang lo insiam lawk nana an hman ve theih nan. hna dang pawimawh tak tak te leh sum tam tak te kan sen phah ta thin a. engtia lo nung ve ta tawp nge anih tih te kan sawi dawn a. engemaw buaina pawh lo tawk se kan pui thei a. tia ziah a ni. a nunna te ani dawn a. Chumi awmzia atan chuan. A nun theihna ber chu kan sawi tak motherboard a vuah chi Hard Disk Drive (HDD) atanga program (thil tih dan tur duan lawk leh tih theihna) tha tak dah atang a nung thei ani. a uar fal deuh tan phei chuan thianpa thiannu tia ko leh thuawih thei thian tangkai ti a ngai an awm fo a." Basic 16 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . khawl mai ani a. kan khawl kawmngeih tak hian chanchin a ngah ve tumhrang si a. A bul atanga thil kan hriat a hi chu kan nel bik a. Tin. anih na tak. a mamawhna anga motherboard thilte hmang thei tu ‘processor’ vuah ani a. tam tak chuan kawp puite ai pawh a an duat zawk ani fo a ni. Hard Disk Drive hi CD ang deuha bial rui. kan duh ber a chu a ni. ‘chips’ (khawl peng) te tak te te zawmkhawm a siam a ni a. a zavaiin kan sawi hman dawn lova.Computer Nu leh pa te tan David Lalnuntluanga Khatla izo-te hi. nu leh pa te pawhin an hnathawh nawm nan computer game an hmang chawk a. kan thil dahna ber leh computer nunna ber ‘windows’ (tukverh?) leh motherboard pu ber. hna a thawh dan. Chips tam tak ‘plastic’ khawng tak chungah khawl hmang vekin an han nem bet/vuah a. He motherboard chunga dah kan sawi hnuhnun zawk hi khawl vuah ni tawh lovin mihring kuta vuah mai chi ani tawh M a. Computer lakah ngat phei chuan kan mikhual tawh lo chiang hle a ni. kan nel em em a hi eng chiah nge anih a. Hard disk chhungah hian hla te. Computer hi khawl ani a. Mahse. Chung zawng zawng leh plastic an nem behna tel vek chuan ‘motherboard’ an ti a. Tin. Hun lo awm zel turah kan la chhuah zel ang tih beisei phawt ila. a tuamna tha tak nei a killi nei a siam niin a chhunga processor chhiar theih tura thil dah theihna a ni. kan nel viau si a hi a that loh emaw chhiatna a neih in kan buai pui chuk a. Tichuan. thluak chu a nei na meuh mai. he thluak hi amahin a nung theilo. He motherboard ah hian thil tam tak CD video kan enna te. ngaiawhin kan siam in kan pui thei. A Tech Support: "May I ask what operating system you are running today?" Customer: "A computer. Amaherawhchu. Thluak: Khawl thluak nei (Computer) kan ti chawk a. He thu kan ziah avang hian computer kan nel phah deuh a rinawmin. CPU tiin an vuah. Chutiang tak chuan tuna kan thlir ho tur pawh hi computer ruangam. CPU chhunga processor tihtur hrilhtu tur dahna ti ila a fiah deuh ang. thil tam tak ti thei anih na hi a mawiin a ngaihnawm a. Motherboard chu bawm tha tak chhungah an dah ta a. Kan sawi tak angin.

Thil engemaw. Sawi hmaih hauh lo tur chu ‘graphics card’ hi ani. vuah a pawh thlawn mai theih ani a. computer chanchin la hre zau vak lovin. in lo chhiar a. keini mawl deuh taka kan thlir ve dan tur chu tukverha kan dah luh a. hriat lar tak ‘computer game’ khelh nan hian a mamawh ve hle a. Windows hi chi hrang hrang a awm tih chu kan hre fur awm e. Graphics card hi computer that na tilang tu pakhat ani ve bawk. Processor nen chuan a nung thei a. thalaiin khelh nuam an tih hian graphics card tha tak leh sang tak a mamawh thin a. Tichuan he Window hmang hian keini a hmangtu te chuan processor chu kan duh duh kan tih tir ta mai zawk ani. Chu chu a dawt leh ah hian kan sawi leh lawk ang. Windows leh Processor in a an in hlanchhawn dah lailawkna hmun HDD aia te si ani. a len hnem chuan a lian thawkhat hle tih ah hian HDD chungchang chu duhtawk hrih mai ila. RAM: RAM (Random Access Memory) hi kan thupui pakhat ani leh a. vuah belh theih ani bawk. rual u zawk te leh naupang zawk te. a hmangtu ina a duh huna a hmeh chhuah theihna a ni. Tichuan Windows a hna kan thawh hmuh theih nan motherboard a bet ve ‘onboard graphics card’ hmangin TV ang tak ‘monitor’ ti a an koh ah chuan lang chhuak turin Windows te. Entir nan Windows XP chuan Kaihhnawih: A chunga kan sawi tak te hi a khawl pui ber chauh ala ni na a. processor thil tih theihna leh tanpuina hmang tangkaia tihtur (command) tam tak duan lawk sa.Windows tiin a hming an phuah a. hun leh hmun indaih zawk nan a kaihhnawih dang te kan kam keu deuh chauh tawh ang. Awle. hriat chak riau emaw. Windows-hi thil tha tak leh changtlung tak. . Processor te. :) Seen on a web page: Need a Dial up for DOS. Tichuan kan computer a ngial a ngan chuan a nung ta. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 17 Basic len zawng leh tet zawng tehna te pawh a nei vek a. Kan hman lar ber tak a hi Windows XP ani a. Needs to run on a 286 with 4 mb ram. Windows hi Hard disk chhunga awm kan ti a. Graphics card te tangkawp chuan a rawn tilang ta a. a tlem berah 128 MB a mamawh a. mahse nunna pawimawh tak mai motherboard pawh a tello-a a awm theih loh thil a nei a. engemaw mawlh tak in lo vei palh anih chuan kan lawm hle anga. And also a INTERNET EXPLORER for DOS. Graphics card hi windows ina thil lem emaw. He RAM hi motherboard-ah vuahna (slot) awmin. Computer kan tinung a. RAM hian thil a dawn theih zat tehna a nei a chu chu MB (megabyte). Graphics card hian RAM a nei hran a motherboard a invuah sa a awm a. Chung a chi hrang hrang te chu OS (Operating System) ti a khaikhawmna hming pek ani a. in zawhna te pawh chhan inringin kan in peih reng tih in lo hre reng dawn nia. Game mai lo video fiah taka en nan pawh a mamawh a. Tunlaia game. Chips mai ani a motherboard ang taka plastic phek tawite sin deuh tak chunga chips vuah thliah thliah (samkhuih ang tak) ani a. Windows en pah a kan duh duh kan hmeh nan leh kan chhut nan keyboard leh mouse CPU motherboard ah chuan thlun zawm/vuah thin a ni. processor motherboard ah a han nung a Windows alo nung ve ta bawk a. GB (gigabyte) te an ni a. amaherawhchu a tam thei ang apiang Windows hnathawh that theihna a ni. Sawi zau belh tawh lovin RAM lian hi Windows mamawh tak mai a ni a. Nu leh pa. processor eng ang pawhin chak em em mahse RAM a mamawh tawk a hmuh loh chuan Windows a kan thil tih chu a muang churh thei tho a ni. kan ban phak apiang hawng a duh duh kan en a kan singsa vel ang hi a ni. tangkaina nu leh pa te chungah a awm beisei ranin kan han sawi ta duah a. tam lua awm lo.

A WiMAX Base Station . Sprint Nextel company phei chuan kum 2006 lai hawl vel daih tawh ah khan WiMAX technology hman tangkai nan $5 billion vel an lo theh chhuak tawh hial a ni. Isaac Zothanpuia B. Laptop a vuah mai theih PCMCIA (Per- sonal Computer Memory Card International Association) card an tih ang chi ogy).E (CSE) Programmer. Mobile siam tu company hrang hrang WiMAX system in a ken tel lian tak pahnihte chu: 1. Network 18 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Base station hian a tlangpui chuan 10 KM thleng (A theory chuan 50 KM or 30 Miles) a huam tel thei a. IEEE 802. Hemi huam chhung atang hi chuan internet hman theih vek a ni. December thla a Aceh.Er. Computer pangngai emaw. NIC W AX iM W iMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Micro wave Access) kan tih hi wire hmang lova data. A WiMAX receiver .16 standard (WirelessMAN ti pawh in an sawi bawk) a in nghat a ni a.Hetiang base station (hmunpui) hi a chhunglam Electronics hmang a thuam a ni a. Kum 2004. tower a awm bawk thin. A awmzia takah chuan he technology hmang hian hmun pakhat atangin hmun tam tak ah data kan thawn kual thei tih na a ni ber awm e. Indonesia ram a Tsunami a lo thlen tum pawh khan in biak pawhna lam chi reng reng chu a chhe deuh vek a. Chung receiver leh antenna chu box mal khat emaw. tin. wire hmang miah lova in pawh tawn theih na (wireless network). te pawh in an hmang tangkai tawh hle a. chhiatna thlenna hmun leh hmun dang chu in biak pawh mumal theih a nih loh lai khan WiMAX technology hian inbiak pawh na lam ah nasa takin a lo pui tawh a ni. WiMAX in a tum ber chu ram changkang zawk leh hmun kilkhawr te.Hetah hian receiver leh antenna an hmang a. Hmun pui leh ram changkang zawk atang a hmun kilkhawr zawk te computer hmang a thlun zawm tur chuan hun leh sum leh pai tam tak sen a ngai thin a. chak tak a kan in thawn kual theihna (technolhi a ni. 2. hun leh sum hek lutuk si lova siam a ni.

a bik in internet hmang a midang nen a game khel thin te tan phei chuan a rin tlak lutuk lem loh a ni. i-Fi WiMAX Versus Wi-Fi i-Fi WiMAX leh Wi-Fi danglam na ber chu speed (chak lam) leh hmun an tuam hlat theih lamah a ni a. WiMAX hi chuan 10KM (6 miles) thleng pawh in a huam thei. Wi-Fi hmang hian mimal computer te pawh hi computer dang nen thlunzawm a. Wi-Fi hmang hian Mobile te. WiMAX technology i-Fi networks hmang hian Wi-Fi networks tam tak hi kan thlungkhawm i-Fi avang thei a ni. Games console te.Wi-Fi (Wye-Fye ti a lam rik tur) pawh hi wire hmang miah lova computer te in biak pawh na (wireless network technolgy). Hetiang chi ah hian hmun pakhat a inthlunkhawm bik na ‘hotspots’ an tih chu a awm a. Wi-Fi Alliance Company ta a ni a. Wi-Fi hian feet za chuang vel a hla a huam theih laiin. Internet chak tak mamawh reng tan chuan a hman tlak lutuk lem loh a. Mobile computers kan tih te pawh Wi-Fi hotspots hmang hian internet nen thlunzawm mai theih a ni. Mp3 player te hi internet nen kan connect thei a. IEEE 802. A tlangpuiin i-Fi Wi-Fi bandwith hi 2Mbps a nih laiin WiMAX bandwith i-Fi hi chu 75Mbps thleng a ni thei. Digital camera atang pawh in wire hmang miah lovin thlalak te kan thawn kual thei a ni.11 standard a in nghat. Wi-Fi in a tum ber chu computer network (Computer in thlunzawm) hmang a hna kan thawh thin te tih changtlun zel hi a ni ber. chung chu internet a connect theih a ni a. Wi-Fi huam theih chin hi a zim deuh zawk avang in hmun kan duh zau poh leh kan hnathawh theih a tlem ve zel a. bang chhah tak nei atang pawhin pawnlam engemaw chen thleng pawh a thlunzawm theih a ni. He hotspots hmang hian room pakhat. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 19 Network Wi-Fi .

H masawnna thang zel in mizo thalaite nasa tak in min tuam chho ve zel a. Chip te hi mihring te’n nitina kan chhawr em em thil tamtakah hian a Technology is a gift of God. . Computer-a an hman “printed circuit board” hi motherboard an ti bik a. After the gift of life it is perhaps the greatest of God's gifts. Noida & ni a. CPU Chip te hian Processing Unit an nei theuh a. computer ah te hian a lo inphum vek zuk nia. A bik in IT kan tih hi inphum ru teuh a. mahse. traffic controller te.E-T) Cognizant Technology Solutions. electronic components chi hrang hrang ( eg. Chutiang chip tam tak ( thawhdan hrang theuh) chu electronic board ah an han phum(Belhbawm) ta thin a. min ti chhe theitu a ni tih kan hre awm e. a chhe zawng a min beih na te hnuchhawnin. Chip te hi Silicon material atanga chherchhuah a ni a.Trainee (A. 1/4 sq inches vel lek a ni.. Chips 20 Chu ngei mai chu “Printed circuit board” kan tih mai hi a lo © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . DRAM. Mobile te kan ti a. of arts and of sciences. A size zawng chuan te tak te. Printed Circuit board ho hi a chhunga chip hnathawh dan hrang hrang a zirin koh dan a dang ve zel a. Coffee machine atanga satellite thlengin. Wikipedia chuan “Emiconducting material a integrated circuit va phum hnan(belhbawm) ” ( small piece of semiconducting material (usually silicon) on which an integrated circuit is embedded ) a ti a. SDRAM etc)an tih ho erawh chuan Blank memory an nei ve thung.Freeman Dyson nasa tak a hmansual theih. Chips “Chip” tih hi keini thangtharte bengah chuan a ri ngun ve hle awm e. Memory chips (Entir nan.CHIPS Er.S. Tunah pawh hian kan hriat na ti zautu leh min tibengvartu a nih beiseiin he thu tawi te hi ka han ziak ve a ni e. Chu chip ah chuan. design dan leh program dan a zirin a thawh dan a lo danglam ve zel thin. It is the mother of civilizations. SRAM.. transistors) a inphum ru teuh bawk. kan tana a tangkaina te hi thlir thei hram hram ila a duhawm hle mai. Chu Motherboard chhunga chip hrang hrang chu ‘CPU chips’ ( microprocessors) tiin hming an vuah kher bawk. Lalkhumsanga Assistant System Engineer .

chuta tang chuan Malware (virus tenau) a install tir ta thin a. "Barbara. if you're there. 21 Chats CHATS . my chat window started displaying. . Tunlai khawvela Software changkang chho zelah Chatting lam Software te Tichuan. "BACK" (taken from the net) Tunlai khawvel changkang chho zelah chip thawh chakna tur leh a size te thei ang bera siam tumin Company te an inel nasa hle a. . © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue After dialing-in remotely to a field user's computer. Second khat chhungin Instruction (hna) Maktaduai tamtak an thawk (execute) zo hman a ni. Data thawnna médium atan Optical fibre hman te pawh an intihhmuh chho tan hle bawk. . pawh a tamin hriat sen loh a ni der tawh. Company thenkhat chuan chip tih tet lam ngawr ngawr bakah. chu chu ka hlawhtlinna a ni tih min lo hriat sak dawn nia. "BACK" . tichuan a duhtawkin an personal information a khawih chingpen sak ta thin a ni. mihring tak tak chat puiah an inngai chawk. engti chiahin nge hna a thawh!?” tih te kan hre ta a. Mizo thalaite. "BACK" . just type back. Chatbot changkang tak tak siam chhuakin mi thuruk tamtak an ru chhuak thei ta hial mai!! Chatbot “Cyber Lover” an tih phei chuan a chat puite hnen atangin private information te a zawt chhuak thin a ni awm e. He chatbot hian a chatmate te a convince hneh thei hle a. Anni ho hian. chat lama kan intih hmuh vak hun lai te pawh khan kum li vel lai chu min lo liamsan leh ta der mai. A victim te hi private website a kawhhmuh a. chak leh zual zawka data thawn (send/transmit) dan te an ngaituah mek zel bawk a. chhiar tu ten hlawk na kan hman phah chuan a lawmawm hle ah ka ngai a. . . tunlai changkanna hian a nangching ve che a. Software changkang chho zela Hacker leh Cracker te pawh an fing chho zel a. He Chip te reuh te mai hian mihringte nun nasa takin a lo khawih danglam tawh a. I activated PCAnywhere's chat window to communicate with the user since she didn't have a dedicated phone line. .Le!! Tunah chuan. I typed. kan khawhawi tizautu a lo nih hlauh chuan. "BACK" . IT hriatna leh thiamna lamah chona min petu. Chip chi hrang hrang te zinga hnathawk chak (smart) ber mai chu Microprocessor kan tih ho hi an ni." After about ten seconds. I lo chat ve thin a nih chuan I lo fimkhur tawh thin dawn nia… A chung a kan sawi tak te khi famkim lo hle mahse. Chip chu “eng nge a nih. a la khawih danglam zel dawn bawk niin a lang. He “Cyber Lover” hi artificial intelligence thiamna hmanga in automate chho chawp zel tura duan (Programme) a ni.

Bluetooth. FM radio. Mimal leh professionals tan pawh a hman tlak ber pawl a ni. Nokia N70: Nokia N-Series naute an tih mai thin a ni na in. O2 Xda Mini Pro: Hetiang phone ah hian Xda II Mini PDA-phone a kan duh ang chi hi chu a kim a ni ber mai. Sony Ericsson W800i: Hetiang phone hi Walkman-Branded niin. Phone camera a thlalak lai hian camera hi nasa takin a adjust theih. MP3 a support bawk. Sony Ericsson K750i: 2-megapixel camera. Mobile 22 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine .0 a run a ni a. O2 Xda II Mini: Xda IIs leh Xphone II an launch atang tawh in a lar tan tawh a. Sony Ericsson W550i: Hei pawh hi Walkman phone tho a ni a.TOP 10 MOBILE PHONE O2 Xda atom: Xda Atom hian Wi-Fi technology a hmang a. a camera hi 2-megapixel a ni. Motorola V3 Razr : He Motorola V3 hi motorola zing ah chuan a pan ber (thinnest) a. Nokia N90: Nokia N90 hian camera 2-megapixels a neih mai bakah Carl Zeiss Lens an tih chu a nei a. 64MB MMC a nei bawk. camera 2-megapixels mai bak ah bluetooth a support a. VGA camera a neih mai bakah MP3 a support bawk. 512MB memory card a hmang a. chung khuhna a nei. Blutooth a support a. Camera 2-megapixles a nei bawk. darkar 30 chhung MP3 a play theih. Sony Ericsson's K750i hi kum 2005 vel a phone hman tlak ber a ni awm e. MP3 playback. 32MB internal memory leh 64MB Memory nei chung hian. A len zawng chu Xda II Mini te nen a in ang. A tuai vir theih mai bakah. Tunah chuan O2 hian a that zia a rawn pho chhuak chiang hle a ni. Media editing lam pawh awlsam takin a tih theih a. Wi-Fi technology a hmang bawk. video recording. Windows mobile 5. Computer keyboard ang chi hi a nei a. Sony Ericsson Z520i: Hetiang phone hi hman a awlsam mai bak ah light effects nei tha tak a ni.

© MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 23 Tunlai . a thenin Jehadi tuihnuai lut mi (scuba divers) ten American NSA (National Security Agency ) te tihbuai nana an tihchah ni tein an sawi bawk a ni. a thenin American hovin Iran run nana an tih chah a ni ang te an ti a. India chuan 50% a hloh ve nghal bawk. Heng thil thleng avang hian Pentagon chuan “Hmelma te hmanrua” an tih phah hial a ni. a dang zawk hi chu SEA-ME-WE4 company hrang hrang 16 intawm a ni a. siamthat leh nan ni 3 ni 4 vel a ngaih dawn thu an sawi. Egypt a 6 million leh Saudi Arabia a 4. Tunah hian mithiamten an chhui mek a. Heng ngaihdan leh rinna chi hrang hrang zingah hian FLAG Telecom te rindan lawng hnuk dingtu in a tihchah a ni tih chu mi rinkailo ber te zinga mi a ni ta a ni.7 million te chuan an tuar phah. 2008 khan intanin. he hrui hian Singapore. Pakistan a 12 million. an han chhui chian deuh hnuah chuan fibre optic cable panga Egypt leh Persian Gulf inkar ami chu a chat vek tih hmuhchhuah a ni ta a ni. hei hian titi rawn ti tam tanin mite chuan an ngaihdan an rawn phuh chhuak ta a. He hrui chat avang hian khawvela internet te chu a muan phah ta em em a ni. a tir berah chuan channel pawimawh ber zinga mi fibre optic pakhat chu a bung tih hmuhchhuah a ni a . amaherawh chu mipui lam erawh chuan thildang vang niin an rin phah vek tawh thung a ni.a hnuah pahnih hmuh a ni leh a. Official hriatpui lova hetiang thil a thleng mai hian titi a ti tamin zawhna tam tak a rawn piang ta a ni. Skeptics vethung erawh chuan tuihnuai lirnghing leh tuihnuai lei tawlh te avanga heng hruite hi bung niin a sawi ve thung a ni. January ni 30 khan Alexandria atanga mel 5. He hrui bung avang hian Egypt chuan internet connectivity zaa sawmsarih chu a hloh nghal vek a. Marseille leh France a khawpui 16 te a thlunzawm a . He hrui chat avang hian United Arab Emirates a internet hmangtu 1. India leh South East Asia te thlunzawmna bulpui ber Internet Global Communication Channel tuifinriat hnuaia inzam pharh buaina hi kumin kum tir January ni 30. A hrui thumna Flag Telecom te hrui a chah tum hian ral lehlampang Arabian Peninsula Dubai tuipui bula online mek te chuan he hrui chah avanga harsatna hi an tawk tan a. He cable chah chhan hi lawng hnuk dingtu (anchor) ina a hnuhchah palh niin an ring a. Hrui pathumna thleng hi chu a chhiat chhan hriat chhuah ani ta lo a.7 million. pangnga na hi Power kalsual avanga chhia nia hriatchhuah a ni a. India a 60 million.TUIFINRIATHNUAIA INTERNETGLOBAL TRANSMISSONNETWORK BUAINA M iddle East. heta hrui pakhat zawk hi Indian company FLAG Telecom ta ani a. Egypt leh Mediterranean Tuipui hnuaia cable pahnih 400 yards-a inhlatte chu a chat a. FLAG Telecom te chuan he hrui chah chhan ber hi Lawng hnukding tu (anchor) a ni tiin sawi mahse Egypt telecommunication industry te chuan hemi hun lai hian lawng reng reng a awm loh thu an sawi ve hlauh thung lawi si. Hei vang hian kumin kum tir lam leh tunlai thleng hian India ah pawh internet a muan phah em em a.

Putur. Indraprastha Shiksha Parishad. Uttar Pradesh vishwavidayalaya.darbhanga. dan lo anga Certificate pechhuak thin tam tak a awm a. UP 2. 3. Golak. khan State hrang hranga UGC pawmpui loh Univiversity leh Institution hrang hrang (FAKE UNIVERSITY) hmuhchhuah a ni a.Jabalpur (MP) MAHARASTRA : Raja Arabic University. Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith.Delhi 2.Tamil Nadu UTT UTTAR PRADESH : 1. Kanpur 5. Belgaum KERELA : St.Aligarh (UP) 6. HSLC kan han pass zawh chiah hian zirlai te chuan kan hmabak kawng thui tak zawh tura uluk taka kan kalna tur kan thlan a ngai thin. Phai lama Lehkha zir tur ten fimkhur taka kan zirna tur kan thlan a ngai a ni. Zirlai hrang hrang te tan chuan zirna lama Career kan siamna hun pawimawh lai tak kan chuangchhuak leh ta reng mai le. 2007. Varanaseya Sankrit / Vishwavidyalaya.Daryaganj. Kashanttam.Trichi. Keimahni maia mahni kalna han haikuak vek mai hi thil harsa tak a nih avang hian kan kal tumna lama experience lo nei tawh te kan rawn a tul thin. Zirna leh Career siamna kawtchhuah. Institutional Area.Phase-II (UP) 10. Allahabad.Kosi Kalan. Gurukul Vishwavidyalaya. College leh University zawng zawng a Certificate leh Degree pekchhuah reng reng te hi UGC hian a pawmpui ngei ngei a ngai a ni. India Education Council of UP. Varanasy (UP) jagatpuri. noida.Makanpur. STATE-WISES FAKE UNIVERSITY STATE-WISES LIST OF FAKE UNIVERSITY : BIHAR : Maithili University / Vishwavidyalaya.Prayag.darbhanga.Bihar DELHI: 1.Delhi 5. KARNAT KARNATAKA : Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society . Commercial University Ltd.Joh’s University. India rama zirna zawng zawng engkawltu leh thuneitu ber chu University of Grant Commission (UGC) a ni a. Er. ADR-Centric Juridical University. Maharana Partap Shiksha Neiketan Vishwavidyalaya.Career Guidance TECHNICAL STUDIES um 2008 kum bul kan tan a. National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy.November 27th . Netaji Subhash Chandra bose University (Open University) Achaltal. DOEACC K Career Guidance © MICSEA : Not for sale 24 Abacus Magazine . Mahila Gram Vidyapith / Vishwavidyalaya. Heng atanga zirchhuak te reng reng hi UCG chuan a pawm lo tih kan hriat ngei ngei a ngai a ni. Khoda.Allahabad(UP) 4. 4.Nagpur TAMIL NADU : DDB Sanskrit University.Kerela KERELA MADYA PRADESH : Kesarwani Vidhyapith. Vocational university. Mathura(UP) 7. Indian Institute of Science and Engineering. Vrindavan. Pratapgarh(UP) 8.New Delhi 110-008. India ramah hian Institute thahnem tak . United Nations University.Tech CSE Senior Faculty.UP 9.R Dengchhunga B. (Women’s University) Prayag.Delhi. Lucknow(UP) 3.Delhi.

Certificate Courses : Certificate course ah hian zir tur chi hrang hrang tam tak a awm a. Degree courses zirna college leh all India joint entrance Exam kaltlangte pawh in a luh theih bawk. Women Polytechnic Aizawl te. Hei vang hian a bik takin zirlai te leh hna zawng mek te hian Vision tha tak nen uluk taka kan Career kan siam theihna turin Career Guidance mumal tak neih pawimawh em em a. ITI te. chung te chu a tlangpuiin Entrance Exam leh interview kaltlang a luh a ni a. Govt. chuan Entrance Exam hmangin a thlang thin. chumi a zir tur chu Higher & Technical Education Deptt. Mizoram State quota-a zir tur chu Higher & Technical Education Deptt. Tun din hmunah hian kan mamawh ang zawng zawng phuhruk turin Mizoramah chuan professional courses zirna hi kan nei tam lova. hemi ah hian zirtur a sawi lawk theih loh va. Heng institution a lut tur te hi Higher & Technical Education chuan a lo buaipui a. of India atanga min rawn pek vek a ni a. Tin. chung te chu a tlangpuiin Entrance Exam leh interview kaltlang a luh a ni a. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 25 Career Guidance . Heng institution bakah hian Mizoram Polytechnic Lunglei ah leh Women Polytechnic Aizawl ah te hian Cl VIII atanga zirtheih tur course NVET SCHEME hawn a ni bawk. Zuangtui te deuh chauh kan nei a. Tin. State leh All India Joint Entrance Exam kaltlangte pawh in a luh theih bawk. Heng bak ah hian Course thenkhat Govt.Heng a chunga kan han tarchhuah te khian UGC rules ( Section 22 of UGC Acts. Regional institute Of Paramedical & Nursing Science. Mizoramah chuan professional courses zirna hi kan nei lova. 1956 ) an bawhchhiat avangin India Sorkar chuan University a Course offers leh Certifcate te hi a pawm lo tih kan hriat a tha awm e. Diploma Courses : Diploma course ah hian zir tur chi hrang hrang tam tak a awm a. Tin. Tin. Diploma courses zirna Institution. Zemabawk leh DOEACC centre. veng/khua in a mamamawh dan azirin mipuite chhawr tur Community Polytechnic scheme – Polytechnic awmsa beh chhan a siam a awm bawk a. Zemabawk leh DOEACC centre. chung te chu a tlangpuiin Entrance Exam leh interview kaltlang a luh a ni a. eng Courses pawh zir dawn ila kan zirna tur Institution / College kha India ram a zirna lama thuneituten UGC emaw AICTE an pawm em tih kan hriat chian hmasak a ngai . Tun tumah hian Mizoram Sorkar kaltlanga Zirna awm thei hrang hrang Certificate Level atanga Degree Level te han tarlang ila Degree Courses : Degree course ah hian zir tur chi hrang hrang tam tak a awm a. of India atangin min rawn pe bawk a. Chuan Entrance Exam hmangin a thlang thin. Mizoram Polytechnic Lunglei te. Zuangtui te deuh chauh kan nei a. Regional institute Of Paramedical & Nursing Science.ni.

. Tunhma kha chuan PUSc emaw a tlukpui a ti tha te kha an tih that dan indawt in heng technical course zir tur hian interview board chuan a thlang mai thin a. Computer company lian ho te pawhin course zir tur an nei bawk.software lam zir turin BCA/MCA te an zir thei bawk.Zirtiri Residential Science College ah BCA zirna kan nei a.Hei hi a that tawk viau laiin fel tawk chiahlo deuh a hriatna te a awm deuh avangin 1999 atang khan thil a lo fel zawk nan Higher and Technical Education Department hnuai a Technical Education Cell enkawlna hnuaiah awmin felfai takin heng zirna te hi Biology group leh Mathematics group (Engineering group) ah te then a ni a. Zuangtui ah level hrang hrang zirna kan nei mek a.Serchhip College ah kan nei bawk. hmun dangah the BCA leh MCA zirna te a awm bawk.Technical Wing-ah zawh fiah theih reng a ni.Technical Selection Board chuan course hrang hrang zir turte chu merit system a thlangin India ram hmun hrang hrang a seat kan neih na Technical Institute hrang hrangah an lo tir chhuak ta thin a ni. DOEACC Centre. IT Education lama kan dinhmun : Computer lam zirna ti ila. hardware lam leh software lam in an in then a. ICFAI(Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India) University.Software lam chuan programming lam an khawih a.Tech an zir thei a.survey te neih hnuah course chu thlan thin a ni. Tin. Chi hnih. foreign a thawk duh tan pawh remchang a tam hle. design lam te. research leh development lam te khawihin computer siam chhuaktu company ah te an thawk tlangpui. India ram hi khawvelah computer zirna man tlawmna leh thiam tamna a ni a. of Electronics Accredited Computer Courses (DOEACC) atang pawhin Level hrang hrang a zir theih. ICFAI Aizawl bakah ICFAI University Agartala leh ICFAI Univ. Mizoramah Govt.Aizawlah BCA zirna kan nei bawk. Hardware lam ho chuan computer siam chhuah leh servicing lam an khawih deuh a. Chaltlang. company leh sorkar lamah computer hmanga hna an thawhna ah an thawk tlangpui. kum tin May thla ah Technical Selection Exam buatsaih thin a a ni. University course pangaiah hardware lam zir turin BE/B. Career Guidance © MICSEA : Not for sale 26 Abacus Magazine . Dept. a chiang mai awm e.Hrechiang duhte chuan englai pawhin office hun chhungin Directorate of Higher & Technical Education Office. Zir dan pawh chi hrang hrang a awm. Govt.

Mass Communication & Journalism 12. Hospital Administration 10. Legal Studies 13. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 27 Career Guidance . Fashion 6. Interior Design: Heng te hi kim chang zawkin next issue ah rawn tihlan a ni ang.Heng kan han sawi bakah hian Technical Education hnuaiah course hrang hrang zir tur la awm te han tarlang ila a tha awm e : Biotechnolog iotechnology Genetic Engineering 1. Management Studies 4. Hotel Management Food echnology 7. Biotechnolog y & Genetic Engineering 2. Environmental Science & Engineering Mass Jour ournalism 11. Accountancy/Chartered Accountant Fashion 5. Information Technolog y Infor nformation echnology 3. Beauty Care & Cosmetolog y 9. Food Technolog y Beauty Car are Cosmetology 8.

R. © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Fig-1 a kan hmuh ang hian.Lalchhanhima B.BINARY? Er. He binary number hi chhinchhiah harsa tak a nih avangin a decimal value zel in entir a ni thin. hetah hian English alphabet (a lian leh a te).E (CSE) System Integrator. 0 leh 1 hmang hian computer chhung a information zawng zawng hi dah vek theih a ni a. Information & Communication Technology C omputer chhung a thil reng reng hi 0 leh 1 hmang vek a dah a ni kan ti a. Tichuan group khata 8 kan dah chuan combination 256 kan nei thei ta a. chuvangin eng thil pawh number a ni tihna a lo ni ta a nih chu.Depth 28 01110101011101000110010101110010”? He decimal value hi a hmingah chuan ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) vuah a ni a. khawvel hmun hrang hrang a hmanlai mek a ni. punctuation leh number digit hrang hrang a awm thei ta a ni. “Computer” tih nge hriat awlsam “01000011011011110110110101110000 In. Entirna tlem han pe ila: 0 leh 1 te hi group in rem ila. COMPUTER tih thu hi Computer chhungah chuan hetiang hian a in dah tha dawn a ni: 01000011 01101111 01101101 01110000 01110101 01110100 01100101 01110010 Hetiang chiah hian computer-a kan thil dah that duh chu picture a ni emaw. Kan tih chhan pawh computer chhung a information kan dah reng reng hi binary (0 leh 1) hmang veka dah a nih vang a ni. video a ni emaw. audio a nih pawh in a lo in dah tha thin. hemi hi computer-a kan thil dah len zawng sawi nan a kan hman ber a ni. group khat a 2 zel kan dah chuan hetiang combination hi kan nei thei: 00 01 10 11 Group khata 8 kan dah chuan “byte” kan ti a. combination chi hrang hrang kan nei thei a. engtin chiah nge dah a nih theih? Kan hriat theuh angin tunlaia kan computer te hi ‘Digital Computers’ kan ti a. Computer-a thil kan dah reng reng hi binary form vek a dah a ni tih kan sawi tawh a.

Pallai Building. Ph.Binary leh Decimal: A hmaa kan sawi ang khan binary leh decimal chu number chhiar dan chi 2 a ni tih kan hre tawh a. Rich Text Format (.Depth . CD/ floppy/hard disk thawhdan etc.txt) hawng tur chuan Notepad kan nei a. Awle. chhiartute duh ang kan rawn ziak leh dawn nia. binary leh decimal inlaichinna tlem lo tarlang leh ila: Hetiang hian number zawng zawngte pawh hi binary form vek in dah theih a ni. zawng zawng pawh dah theih a ni a. magnetic disk. chuvangin electrical voltage hmanga entir (represent) a ni thin a ni. BS(CSE) KCIT. Aizawl. Entirnan. Dr. mp3 format hrethiam thei Winamp etc kan nei bawk. khami zawng kha ni phawt se. mahse khami hrethiam tur khan computer chuan a format kha a hriatthiam ve a ngai a. N. 0 leh 1 te hi thil chi hrang hrang hmanga dah an ni thin a.rtf ) hawng tur chuan Wordpad kan nei bawk a. hard disk leh floppy disk ah te chuan magnetic polarity (N-S) hmanga dah a ni a: Optical Disks. Zohmachhuana Khawlhring. chuvangin application software hrang hrang kan lo neih phah ta a ni. 0 leh 1 hi electrical circuit a kan kaltir angaih avangin electrical signal hmanga kan entir a ngai thung ta a. video. CD/DVD ah ve thung chuan a pawng leh khuar (pits and falls) hmang a ‘0’ leh ‘1’ hi entir an ni ve thung. a dawt leh (next issue) ah format hrang hrang. Text file format (. 1 chu +5V. audio etc. 2343380 2nd Issue 29 In. 0 chu -5V. 0 leh 1 chauh hman a ngaih vang erawh chuan binary form chuan digit a mamawh tam hle. virus thawhdan. Computer Hardware & Software Engineering Diploma Course hrang hrang kan zirtir thei reng e. Entirnan. KCIT For details contact : © MICSEA : Not for sale Er.Zarkawt. Hemi 0 leh 1 chauh hmang hian text chauh lo pawh picture. Hemi bakah hian thil pakhat leh chu.

Heng kan thil dah luh te hi awlsam taka a tul anga kan hman theih nan mumal taka remkhawm a ni a. mumal taka remkhawm etc. Engtin nge hashing ah chuan khaikhin (Key comparison) a ngaih ve loh theih i han sawifiah dawn teh ang :File pakhat F kan nei a. leh mamawh a zira kawng hrang hranga kan han hman dan te . chu function chu hash key (K ) ah kan thun (apply) anga hash address chu alo chhuak mai dawn a ni. Heti hian entirna pe ila a chiang mai awm e:. dahbelh.Hetah ve thung chuan kan key te kha kan thensawm hnu ah kan belh leh anga chu chu kan hmang mai dawn a ni .k2. paih then. Vanlalhruaia B. a awmna kan hriat tawhloh kan zawn chuan file hming tlem (a hming pum kher a ngailo) kan han thunlut a. chu chu HASHING hi a ni. te hi Data Structure tiin kan sawi thei bawk ang. 2) Hash address te a theih ang angin kan memory address neih ah sem rual tur ani. a inmil a awmloh chuan kan hmulo tihna a ni. he key hmang hian chu file a record awm zawng zawng chu a hrang theuhin an awmna a zawnchhuah theih a ni. Hashing hi hash addressing tiin an sawi bawk thin a.Hetah hi chuan a key te kha kan square (k2) anga. chu chu a sir ve ve kan paih then hnu ah kan la mai dawn a ni .kL) a nei a. Hetianga khaikhin kher lo hian rang takin thil zawn dan a awm a. Computer hmanga a tul anga kan duh kan zawnchhuah theih dan te. Hash function thlandan thenkhat lo enchhin ila :1) Midsquare method:. a tul anga kan remkhawm dan te. chu a hnathawktu te chu digit li a sei Identity number pek a duh a. chu file ah chuan records kan neih zat ‘n’ nise. Lunglei Student’s Corner © MICSEA : Not for sale 30 Abacus Magazine . Tun tumah hian Data structure hmanraw pakhat awlsam taka kan duh hun hun a computer a kan thil dahluh sa zawn chhuah theihna HASHING hi han bihchiang ila a tha awm e.E (CSE) Lecturer. 2) Folding Method:. Kan file. Chu kan file chuan key set K (k1. Computer hmang thin te leh a zir tawh te chuan thil zawn (searching) hi kan hre theuh awm e. H:K L Hash function kan siam dawn reng reng chuan heng a hnuaia mi pahnih te hi kan hre tur a ni : 1) Awlsam te in hash address a chhut chhuah theih tur a ni. chumi hnuah a inmil a awm chuan kan thil zawn kha kan hmu a. data kan dahluh dan kalhmang te. chung digit Er. Database developer tan a pawimawh hle a ni. Hetia khaikhin hian hun a duh rei hle thin. chu chu computer a file awm zawng zawng nen khan an khaikhin (compare) a.k3. he kan file neih hi memory ah table angin kan dah a.HASHING C omputer a kan thu dahluh te reng reng hi Data an ni vek mai ti ila kan sawi sual awm lo ve. kan han thunlut a chumi hmang chuan computer chuan kan thil duh te kha min zawnsak ta thin a ni. Polytechnic. He key atanga address hre thei tur chuan hash function (H )kan neih a ngai a. Kan thil zawn duh hriattheihna tur tlem (key).Company pakhat chuan hnathawktu 68 a nei a.…. chu table memory locations chuan addresses avaiin L zat a nei a ni..

Hashing hi a pawimawhin a tangkai em em a. a tui zualte tan kan han tarlang a ni.k2) chi hash function a kan thun hnuah hash address inang alo chhuak thei a. Khatla Dawrkawn. chutih rual chuan thiam tak nih chu a har hle a . DAWR-A I HMAN ATAN : .Accounts fel fai taka vawn I duh em ? . Thil pakhat kan hriat tur chu hash key hrang pahnih (k1. 2) Folding Method:Identity Number (Hash key ) K : 3205 7148 2345 Hass Address : H(3205)=32+05=37 .02. Stock Recording Computer hmanga fel fai taka record-na .Thlatin Pathian ram thawhlawm hrang hrang record-na SCHOOL .796001.Daily Sales.01. chumi hnu ah chuan kan dah thei chauh a ni.Zirlai record kimchang vawn nan. a key hmang khan hash address kan zawng chhuak leh ang a. 2345 Heng a chung a identity number te hi kan hash function sawitak ah te khian han en chin teh ang 1) Midsquare Method:Identity Number (Hash key )K : 3205 7148 2345 K2 : 10272 72025 51093 93904 5499 99025 72 93 99 Hash address : 72 93 99 A dinglam atanga chhiar a digit 4na leh digit 5 na te hi hash address atan hman a ni. Result-te leh Fee Collection Record COMPUTER ZIRNA © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue Computer Course hrang hrang zir theih te DIPLOMA IN COMPUTER APPLICATION ( 6 Months / 1½ Hrs / 5 days ) CERTIFICATE IN COMPUTER APPLICATION ( 3 Months / 1½ Hrs / 5 days ) SHORT TERM COURSE HRANG HRANG 31 Student’s Corner . kan han tarlante hi chu entirna chauh a ni. Chutia kan dah hnu chuan lo zawng leh duh ni ila.03. Hash function chi hrang hrang a awm thei a. H(2345)=23+45=68 37 119 68 Hetiang hian kan data te chuan key an nei anga . Collision alo awm a tihdan tur (collision resolution) pawh tam tak a awm a..Identity number: 3205.99 ah dah a duh ta a .Service Record fel taka vawn I duh em ? . Chutiang a lo awm anih chuan chuta dah tur a kan ruahman data chu a dawt leha memory address ruak hmasaber ah khan dah mai tur a ni. chung zawng zawng chu ziah sen ani lo a. Aizawl . Mizoram. 7148. chuta tang chuan chu address ah chuan data a awm leh awm loh kan hre thei tawh ang. Eg:.li te chu memory address 00.…….VAT Recording chungchangah buaina I nei em?? Fel taka VAT I chhun luh theihna tur OFFICE . H(7148)=71+48=119 . : 0389 . chu key hmang chuan kan zawng ang a.Provident Fund vawn that KOHHRAN . kan dah luh hma khan kha key hmang khan a awmna tur kan chhut chhuak phawt anga.Payroll awlsam leh fel faia siam I duh em ? . file lian tham tak tak khawih thinte leh data structure lam khawih thin te chuan chiang tak a kan hriat a tul hle a ni.. hei hi collision an ti. Contact Nos.2333861(R)/2335719 (O) COMPUTER SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT Computer Software hrang hrangte hi in duhthusam angin kan siamsak thei a che u.

awm e. Lalmawipuii B. 4. Maths a mark hmuh zat kan belhkhawm dawn a. Operator type zawh ah cell dang kan duh a kha click leh mai tur a ni. mahse E52 cell ah zawk i lo type palh chuan a result kha a danglam mai dawn a ni.E (CSE) Programmer. Formula kan dah duhna cell kha mouse arrow hmang a point (tin zawn) mai tur a ni. type sual palh a awm fo thin a. Excel zir duh hrim hrim te min pui tu a nih theih tak in tun ah hian tlem a zawng kan zir chiang dawn a ni. NIC K an nitin nunkawng ah awlsam zawk leh fel fai zawk a hna kan thawh theih nan computer kan hmang nasa ta hle a.Cell Reference by pointing: Heihi tih dan (method) awlsam ber a ni a. Operator i hman duh ber enter la. Type sual palh chang a awm thin avangin hei hian nasa tak in min pui ve a ni.Er. Fig 1. Formula i dah duhna cell chu select (vawikhat click) la. maths mark hmasa ber 45 awmna cell kha kan click a. 5. 2. R. Chu cell i click address a piang chu a tir a cell i select ah khan a lo lang ang. cel hi thil har lutuk ni si lo ah chuan a pawimawh ber pawl a ni mai awm e. result kan dah duhna a D7 type lo khan. A lem a kan hmuh ang hian. formula siamna tur cell chu vawikhat click la. entir nan ‘+’ emaw. Computer application ho zing ah Ex- 3. Equal sign (=) type la. ‘-‘ sign te leh a dang te pawh. D7 kha formula kan hman tumna cell ah khan a lo lang mai thin. Cell Reference by pointing: Tutorial 32 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Kan formula hman duh chu kan type thei tho na in. Chu cell (equal sign type na) ah chuan cell dang hmangin formula I lo siam dawn ta a. value hrang hrang te lakhawm in kan duh na hmunah kan chhut chhuak thei thin. Excel hmang a hnathawk thin te tan leh. lem atang hian a chiang thei mai 1. Fig 1. Tun tum bik ah chuan Cell References chungchang hi lo zir chiang dawn ila. Cell Reference hmang hian worksheet hran hran a mi. emaw Edit formula button ah click mai la. entir nan D52 cell ah formula i lo type duh a. Hemi tih dan hi step by step in lo zir chiang dawn ila: 1.

1996 khan Sabeer Bhatia leh Jack Smith ten Hotmail an siam a. Father of Information Technology an tih ber chu Claude Shannon a ni a. cell G10 ah leh cell G11 ah khian 171 tho khi a result chu a ni dawn a ni. hetiang hi a lo ni ang: G10 ah chuan =D10+E10+F10 G11 ah chuan =D11+E11+F11 Hemi atanga kan hriat thiam theih chu formula kan siamna cell atang khan an mahni position a zir zel in formula kha a danglam thla ve zel a ni. Kum 1973 khan Vinton Cerf leh Dr. I lo hre ve tawh em? 1. G9 a formula kha Column wise in copy thla ta ila. hmundang a kan copy pawh a danglam tawh lo tur a kan duh chuan Absolute Reference hi a tangkai hle. Robert Kahn te chuan TCP leh IP chanchin lehkhabu an chhuah a. Using Absolute References: A chung a kan sawi tak ang khian Relative Reference ah chuan. Row number hma ah emaw. Fig 3. Infosys company hi India rama CD-ROM hmanga annual report siam hmasa ber a ni. tun atan chuan heti zawng hi ni rih se la. 4. 2. G9 cell a formula kan hman chu =D9+E9+F9 a ni a.Formula kan han enter chiah a. Fig 2. Absolute Reference ah thung chuan a tir a kan formula siam kha hmundang a copy pawh a danglam tawh lo tur in kan siam thei. Using Relative References duh hma ah Dollar sign ($) dah tur a ni a. an mahni position ang zelin a in thlak danglam ve thin a. Using Relative References: . Formula kan hman khi column G ah khian copy thla ta ila. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 33 Tutorial 2. Formula vawikhat kan hman tawh. hi lo en ila: Hetah ve thung hi chuan a lem a kan hmuh ang hian Dollar sign kan hmang ta a. formula kan copy a. July 4th. 5. Absolute Reference hmang tur chuan cell engber emaw. 6. kum 1948 khan ' A mathematical theory of Communication' tih lehkhabu a chhuah a ni. 3. Second khata trillion khat zat tam hnathawk thei Computer hi ‘Gravity Pipeline’ an vuah. 3. a kum lehah Microsoft hnenah $385 million man in an hralh. Excel hian Relative Reference hi cell address ho tan a hmang tangkai thin. Using Absolute References Awle. hlawkna lo chhar kan awm a nih chuan chu chu kan duhthusam a ni a. tunah erawh chuan za-a sawmhnih (20%) chauh a ni tawh. Fig 2. A chhan chu a postion a zir zel a cell reference te a in thlak danglam ve loh vang a ni. a pahnih hma ah emaw kan dah thei bawk. heta tang hian Vinton Cerf hi ‘Father of Internet’ tia sawi thin a ni. Kum 1998 ah khan Internet hmanga sumdawnna za-a sawmriat (80%) kha chu puitling film (pornography) hi a ni a. Column letter hma ah emaw. absolute a kan siam Fig 3. ang hian. Chhunzawm zel tum ila a tha awm e.

Hardware errors: A chang chuan software error hi hardware error ang taka thawk a awm thei a. Computer harsatna hian tawp chin a nei lova. Solid Problem tih a ni. (i) Hard drive a vir thei lo I hard drive a vibrate loh chuan a vir lo tih i hre thei ang. Hard disk drive controller failure: Controller failure hi chu system bootup ah a hriat theih a. Hardware error hi chi hrang hrang a awm a: 1. Software hi proved anih tawh hnu chuan chhe thei lo tluk a ngaih thin a ni. Kan harsatna tawh erawh a inang lo thei a ni. Mizo tawng chuan buaina a lo awm a. a changa hna thawk thei miah lo a nih chuan Intermittent problem a ni ve thung. Hard disk drive troubleshooting lo en ila. Intermittent hi chuan Symptom engemaw dang dang a siam thin avangin uluk zawka finfiah thin tur a ni. (ii) I software khan data engemaw bik chauh a process thei a. Reformatting tih awmzia chu. Environmental problem 4. software testing la paltlang lo a ni thei. Chu chu Mulfunction tih a ni. Bad Sectors i nei thei a. Chu chuan partition zawng zawng thiah vek a. I hard drive reformatting hnu ah a recover leh theih thin a. Boot failure message a display tlangpui thin. Cannot Read Sectors tih emaw. I system ah Operation emaw. IGNOU S aptawng a troubleshooting han tih hian a tam zawk chuan kan hre thiam mai thei e. i drvie format zawng zawng kha a bul a tanga siam that leh vek tih na a ni. Media problem Heng ho hian i computer kha hnathawk thei tawh lo turin a siam thei a . la prove loh emaw. chu chu Permanent emaw. software testing neih thin a ni a. 2. Software errors Software errors: A siamtu in uluk taka a siam hnuin. tih lo lang thin te hi chhan hrang hrang a awm thei bawk a. 3. 1. a siam/chin fel dan ti ila a dik mai awm e. “ retry. a chhiat dan i hre mai thei ang: 1. A changa hnathawk tha viau si. 2. uluk taka test a nih hnu ah a that chuan kha software kha proved a niin published a ni thin a ni.E (CSE) Computer Consultant. Chuvangin i software in harstna a nei a nih chuan a hnuai ami pahnih te hi a chhan a ni thei ang: (i) I software/program kha siam thar emaw. Hardware errors Tunah chuan hardware problem zing a pakhat. ignore”. Lalremsanga B. Bad Sector hi chu a tlangpuiin. abort. Hard drive physically failed: Physical error-ah hian chi hnih a awm thei a. Hardware problem hi hriat mai a awlsam zawkin a component thar hmanga thlak/siam mai theih a ni. Hei hi chu siam that ai chuan hard disk thara thlak a fin thlak ber. Chumi zawhah i data ribbon cable check leh tur a ni.Troubleshooting Er. Hetiang ang chi hi i tawng a nih chuan a hnuaia kan tar lan te hi lo enfiah chhin la. I Computer khan a hnathawh dan tur pangngai taka a thawh theih loh chuan harsatna/buaina engemaw a nei tihna ni a. hei pawh hi software testing uluk loh vang bawk a ni. Electronic problem 2. partition siam that leh pah in a file system pawh i thlak danglam thei a ni. a buai dan a zirin chi hrang hrang a awm a ni. Troubleshooting © MICSEA : Not for sale 34 Abacus Magazine . Electrical connection problems: I power cable kha a in vuah tha em tih check hmasa ang che. Mechanical problem 3. An pahnih ah hian Solid problem hi hriat a awl in siam pawh a awlsam zawk a. R. I drive i access laia “cannot read sectors”.

(ii) Process thenkhat vangin files thenkhat a chhe thei bawk. Siam vak theih a ni lo a. primary leh secondary te hian Master leh Slave an nei hran ve ve bawk a ni. Jumper setting conflict: IDE hard drive reng reng chuan primary drive channel leh secondary channel a nei tur a ni a. Secondary hard drive chuan ‘E’ drive leh ‘F’ drive tan IRQ number 15 a hmang ve thung. Recording problem: Recording han tih hian sound/voice recording a kawk ber lova. Unable to boot: Drive head in khak ri i hre thei ang. a tlangpuiin hardware lam a that vek chuan i MBR (Master Boot Record) a chhia a ni thei. hard disk a thil i write leh read (read/write) operation kha a ni. Chi hnih in a then theih a: (i) Unable to read a sector: Hei hi chu Surface scanning hmangin a hriat theih. Fdisk reports wrong size: Hard disk 64GB aia lian partition nan Fdisk. chutiang bawkin slave pahnih i hmang thiang lo a ni.exe i hman chuan Fdisk wrong size report a awm thin a. hard disk thlak mai a tha.exe chuan 70GB-64GB=6GB angin report a pe thin. 9. Hemi siam tur chuan Bootable DOS disk i mamawh a ni. fimkhur hle tur a ni. Hei hi IRQ number dang hman thin tur a ni. Sys a: c:<enter> Sys file hi i bootable diskah a awm tur a ni. Jumper set dan tur hi Hard drive ah a in ziak tlangpui a. hei hian conflict a siam thin a ni. © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 35 Troubleshooting . IRQ setting conflict: A tlangpuiin primary hard drive chuan ‘C’ leh ‘D’ drive tan Interrupt Request Line(IRQ) number 14 a hmang a. hei hi chu buaina lian vak ni lovin. Entirnan : I hard disk kha 70GB anih chuan Fdisk. Chuvangin addsOn card thenkhat installed belhin IRQ in ang a awm thei a. Hetiangin : DIR C:<enter> ‘C’ drive a la tha a nih chuan system command hmangin i la siamtha thei a ni.(ii) 4. 7. Hei hi chu power fluctuate emaw. Channel pakhatah Master pahnih i hmang thiang lo a. I system a boot thei loh a nih chuan chhan hrang hrang a awm leh thei a. Hard drive head a chhia Electronic failure: 8. error message a display ringawt thin ani. DOS command hmanga i boot theih hnuah ‘C’ drive a that leh that loh check tur a ni. 5. Hei pawh hi controller chhia ang deuh khan bootup-ah error message i hmu ang. power failure awm nasa lutuk vangin a awm thei. 6.

Data chhiartu leh ziaktu (read . MSRSC B lu-ray hi hmel hriat kan la tam lo mai thei a. 100 GB – 200 GB Blu-ray disc pawh nakinah chuan kan la nei thei a ni. DVD.Er. Mahse kan hriat tur pakhat chu layer pakhat hian data 25 GB vel ai a tam chu a dawng thei bik lo a ni. layer hnih ai tam daih pawh siam theih a nihna hi a ni a. lo hre viau tawh pawh kan awm thei tho bawk a. Tunah hian Blu-ray player (Movie Player) pawh hi ram dangah chuan lei theihin a awm tawh a ni. 18 % vel a reflect thei. 50 % vel tal reflection a awm a ngai. read emaw hi chuan a pawnlang zawk hi laser beam chuan a chhun tlang mai a. Lalfamkima B. Blu-ray hming hi ‘Laser Beam’ pakhat. etc) pakhat a data len hnem theihna ber ala ni rih. violet laser beam hi chu wavelength 400nm velah pawh hmuh theih leh hman tangkai theih a la ni a. Hardware 36 © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Single layer disc ah hian 25 GB vel leh Dual layer disc ah hian 50 GB vel a leng thei dawn a ni. engpawh nise la hre ngai lote tana kan hriatna ti zautu a nih theih nan leh lo hre tawh te hriatna belh chhahtu a nih theih nan thiam tawkin sawi i han tum dawn teh ang.write) atana an hman hming chawia an phuah a ni a. Red laser beam (DVD) wavelength te hi chu 700 nm vel a ni daih a. Standard definition Video leh thil dang dang dah nan a hman theih a ni a. Computer Hardware te. High-definition Video (HDV. Company hrang hrang electronics lam te. Blue–Violet laser. A duang chhuak tute hi Blu-ray Disc Association. Dual Layer Disc leh Single Layer Disc a awm a. Tin. Dual layer tih hi chu a hranpa in kan la sawi fiah dawn nia. la rei lo takah khan kan Hard Disc hmuh phak lian ber chu 4 GB te a ni thin a. A laser beam hman wavelength (405 nm) hi a tawi bik avang hian data hi Disc khatah a dah hnem theih bik a. layer leh layer inkar reflection hi chu a san a ngai a. chuvang chuan wavelength te (small) zawk na na na chuan data a chhiar chip chiar in a chhiar chikim thei zawk a ni. Blu-ray danglam leh bikna chu future proof a nihna hi a ni. tin Motion Pictures company te an ni deuh sup hlawm. Tun hma deuh. tunah rih chuan Optical Disc (CD. chung zinga a langsar ber chu Data a store (dah tha) tam thei bik hi a ni. Layer hnuai zawka data write emaw. Dual layer ni mai lo. Eng nge Dual Layer Chu? Dual Layer Disc kan tih hi a awmzia chu Disc khatah hian thil record theihna layer pahnih a awm tihna a ni mai a. Data engzat nge Disc khatah leng ang? Disc hi chi hnih a awm a.E (CSE) Project Scientist. Layer chhungril zawk (L1) leh pawnlang zawk (L0) hi semitransparent reflector ve ve a ni a. R. Nimahsela. Dual layer Blu-ray disc(50GB) ah hi chuan Video quality tha pangngai tak pawh darkar 23 daih vel a dah theih dawn a. chuti chung chuan layer pawnlang Eng nge a that bikna? Blu-ray hian Optical Disc dang aiin that bikna leh danglam bikna a nei nual a. Blu-ray kan hman theih hunah chuan chung Hard Disca leng let sawm aia tam chu Optical Disc pakhat a dahin kan la keng kual thei dawn tihna a nih chu. 1280×720 or 1920×1080 resolution).

disc vir chak zawng (disc rotation speed) leh data addressing vel zawng zawng control tu chu layer pahnihte hian a nei ve ve a. Pre-groove an tih mai.32µm 0.5GB (dual-layer) 405nm (blue laser) 650nm (red laser) 0. 1x speed hian 36Mbps (Mega bit per second) a tluk vel a. hetih lai hian recording layer hnuhnung zawk (L1) ah hi chuan disc tlang lam atangin Disc Rim chhung lam hawi zawngin read/write a ni ve thung. Layer pahnihte hi transparent spacer (polycarbonate layer) a dai dan a ni.1mm 0. disc khat hi eng zat man vel tur nge? Blu-ray disc specification ah chuan.08Mbps (1x) 40. Tin. DVD te nen man inang thuak pawhin kan la lei thei turah ngai ang. Dual layer disc hian layer pahnih tan hian contiguous address ( address inzawm) a hmang a. chumi awmzia chu disc khat tan (50 GB) pawh hian contiguous data i dah thei dawn tihna a nih chu.74µm 36.60 120mm 120mm 1. Software leh games vel atan te a duan deuh a ni a.6mm Yes No 0. lu-ray DVD Blu-ray leh DVD han tehkhin chhin i la: Parameters Storage capacity Laser wavelength Numerical aperture Disc diameter Disc thickness Protection layer Hard coating Track pitch Data transfer rate (data) Video bit rate (max) Blu-ray DVD 25GB (single-layer) 4. Data read/write speed eng nge.zawkah pawh hian data read/write hi a theih ve leh tho a ni.0Mbps (1x)11. Recordable leh Rewriteable hi chu HD movies write chhawn nan leh PC Data dah nan te duan deuh a ni. Eng ang format tur nge? Blu-ray disc hi CD leh DVD ang tho in format zau tak nei in siam a ni a. Recording layer hmasa zawk (L0) ah hian Disc Rim chhung lam (a lai kaw hnaih lam) atang a tan-in disc pawn lam (a tlang hriam lam) hawi zawngin data hi read/write a ni a.85 0. nimahsela nakin lawk ah chuan production a tam ang a. A sang lamah chuan Blu-ray disc association chuan 8x (288Mbps) thlengin a duang tawh a.7GB (single-layer) 50GB (dual-layer) 8. ziah theih (Recordable) leh ziah nawn ziah nawn theih chi (Rewriteable) te a siam a ni. read/write laia disc vir chak zawng pawh hi layer hrangah hian a inang lo reng a ni.2mm 1. A man hi tunah rih chuan siam chhuah hi ala tlem em avangin DVD te ai chuan a man leh mual chu a sang zawk fe lo thei lova. Layer chhungril zawka (L1) data write hian layer hmasa zawk (L0) a data write lai aiin disc vir chak zawng hi a hniam hret thin. chhiar chauh theih (Read only).8Mbps © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 37 Hardware .0Mbps 9.2mm 0. Read only hi HD movies. “Table of Content” vel zawng zawng chu Layer pawnlang zawk (L0) ah hian a awm vek a. Blu-ray ROM movies in a tlem berah 54Mbps vel tal a duh dawn avangin minimum speed pawh 2x (72Mbps) vel anih chu a ngai dawn a ni. Blu-ray disc ah hian DVD te aiin Numerical Aperture (NA) a len theih zawk a vangin data transfer rate inang ah pawh disc rotation speed a hniam zawk thei a ni. Blu-ray disc hian multisession pawh a support bawk.

An siamchuah atang kum rei lo teah NFS fans ho lungawina zan turin a aia anga siam turin Franchises te chuan hma an la leh ta chur chur mai le. Prostrees ngei mai chu i han luh chilh tak tak ang aw. He game lawm hlawh tak mai hi fans tam te chuan an atchilh a ni ringawt mai. i bul ami i va su emaw. Traffic sign i su a nih lek phei chuan i sutna lai chu a hek hem huam mai ang. Game rintlak tak mai hi i han bihchiang teh ang. ProStreet ah zet hi chuan i lungawina zan tur leh a tak nena danglamna awm miah lo turin engkim ruahman a ni a. dan lo anga kawngpuia awlsam zawka tlan pur pur thei turin Arcade-style racing chu a aia hmuhnawm zawk leh khelh nuam zawk turin Simulation changkang tak nen professional racingah thlak danglamin tunah hian NFS game series thar ProStreet ngei mai chu khelh theih a lo ni ta . Hei tak mai hi NFS fans te tan a nawmna a lo ni leh zel leh nghal. Kum 1995 kuma Need for speed game an siam chhuah atang khan he game famkim tawk lohna kalphung hrang hrang thlak danglam a lo ni tawh thin a. an rawn su zawk che anih vaih chuan a tak ang chiahin i motor kha a khem neng nung mai ang. Trafic police ten man ngei tuma an han um te hian a tak tak a ti ang hle mai thin. Game Version hmasa lama awmlo. Game siamchhuaktu Franchises hrang hrang te hian ngaihtuahna nasa tak sengin a tak ang thei ber turin graphic changkang tak tak nen an ruahman reng a. Kawngpuiah chak lutukin i han tlana. Graphic en gine leh a tak ang chiah emaw tih mai tura hmanraw chang tlung zawk nena thuam famkim. Kawngpui dungah chak lutuka an han tlan pur pur laia. I motor hmelhmang pawh a chhe ve hle ang. Version an thlak danglam apiang hian EA chuan hmasawnna rahbi thar a rap zel thin tih kan hre theuh awm e. Hetiang motor hmelhmang tihchhiat dan hi hlawm lian deuh deuh chi hnihah then a ni a . © MICSEA : Not for sale Game hmel hmang : NFS fans i ni ngat anih chuan series hmasa lama mi nen a danglam zia chu hrilh hran i ngai kher lo vang. Chhe nasa lutuk lo chi "Light Damage" ah leh 38 Abacus Magazine Abacus Magazine .T un tum chu kawng dunga intlansiak ringawt piah lamah.

---- © MICSEA : Not for sale 2nd Issue 393 9 2nd Issue Edition . Eng le khaw le. Hei mai bakah nangmah thlirtu mipui au dur dur leh i tlanna motor kawngpui langzui mai te ringawt pawh hi a tak tak a ang teh mai asin. He game ah pawh hian duhthusamin Audio a la tha tawk lovin a tak tak ang tur chuan sound track Electronics leh hip-hop ang lek lek a ri hi siam that a la ngai deuh a. hei mai bakah Computer chak tha leh Graphics sang tak lovah chuan duhthusamin a khelh theih loh bawk nen. Graphics lam ve thung : Sawi tam vak a tul lo. i chetsual chang a a chungkhuh leng duai duai khawpa i motor a han awm phei chuan a tak tak a maw i ti ve hial ang. han hmuh hmaih chi a ni mawlh lo a ni. Motor khalh thiam tak tak ang mai a uluk tak leh fimkhur tak chunga khelh a ngaih avang hian hnungzang leh ban a ti kham them thum thei mai hian taksa a ti thuanawp thei viau mai a. "Dude" tih leh "like" tih tawngkam Anouncer in a han puang nawn zing lutuk te hi siam danglam tul zingah chuan hmaih chi a ni lo bawk. intlansiak ni atam mah mahin hei hian game khelh hun pumpui a ti reiin a ninawm phah lek lek thei bawk. Hetih lai hian motor a chhiat reng reng hian Weekends race ah i tlan phal a ni lovin a chhia siam tha leh tur chuan a bul atanga i race nawn leh ngai thin tih erawh theihnghilh lo la. a han insawh nawk nawk anga. Chak lutukin han tlan la. Tin. A hmawr bawk na : ProStreet game hi Series hmasa lam a mi ang ngawta a hlimhlawpna lam ringawt ngaihtuaha khelh chi a ni lo. I motor chhia te reng reng hi a langchiang em em mai a. Progressive Repair makers leh Cash hmangin i repair thei tih hria ang che. a nih tur ang takin nangmah ngeiin i hmu mai dawn a lawm. 8800GTS 320 MB graphics card han vuah la. tuna he game Series thar hian mitam tak lawmna a thlen rualin mithenkhat tan chuan harsatna neuh neuh a thlen a ni tih hai rual a ni lo ve.Major repair ngai khawpa sawp chhiat "Heavy Damage" ah te then a ni. Tin. a aw ri te hi a then laiah chuan fiah viau mahse a tam zawkah chuan "umm" tih leh "whatever" tih ang ringawta hriat a nih chan atam mah mahin a lang. "Homie". he game hian mi thenkhat tan chuan harsatna a siam thei awm e. fimkhur takin khalh thin ang che. I motor a chhia anih pawhin lungngai suh. Hei bakah Players Namesis Ryo Watanabe au ri te hian atak a la phawk chhuak zo lo deuh bawk a. Game tih hmasawnna tura mamawh la awm : Mamawhna a san nasat apiangin eng thil pawh han duang thin ila kawng engkimah hian hmasawnna tur a awm zel mai tih chu he NFS game i han bihchian hian i hrechiang leh zual ang.

i paih duh chuan a hnuai a mi ang hian han ti chhin teh: Start menu click la. Start menu button ah vawi hnih click la .g. Option a rawn lang ang. "Monotype Sorts" font tih hi zawng la . Bomb awm lohna zawn a nih erawh chuan a var thung ang. dashed line a rawn lang ang 2. Formatting Information hrang hrang e. Hei hian Windows screen kha file I hawn tharah a Paste ang 3. Print Screen key hmet rawh : Hei hian Windows screen clip board ah a copy ang 2. Chuan “send to” folder a lo in hawng ang. File / Open DVD tih select tawh mai rawh Windows XP Start Button tih bo dan 1. screen chung lam. 1. Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software \ Microsoft \ MediaPlayer \ Player \ Settings 3.He Minesweeper cheat hi I hre tawh em? Minesweeper game hi cheat ve re re I duh chuan a hnuai a mi ang hian han ti ve chhin teh. DOS-Prompt icon ah mouse Right click rawh 2. Click on the Misc tab 4. Minesweeper chu click hawng rawh le. indent. tichuan. Control Panel hawng rawh 2. 4. font and size. 3. a kil vei lam kha uluk tak in en ang che. Bomb awm na zawn a I mouse arrow a awm a nih chuan te reuhte in a rawn dum ang. Alt leh minus sign kha a rualin hmet leh rawh 3. Rang tak a Font Size thlak dan Ms Office application (Word. Publisher or PowerPoint) I hman chuan awlsam takin hawrawp I thlak zung zung thei a. Close start button ti turin Close option thlang rawh Awlsam taka Formatting hriat theih dan MS-Word a I thu chhut formating te kha awlsam taka hriat I duh chuan 1. Front Page. File kha I duh dang angin Save tawh mai rawh Remark : Active Window chiah Copy I duh chuan Alt + Print Screen hmet ang che Tips ‘n’ Tricks Corrupted Fonts siam that dan : Non-true type fonts ah harsatna a awm chuan awlsam te in a siam that theih 1. Graphic software eng pawh han hawng la Paste option ah click rawh. Copy and Paste ( Ctrl + C leh Ctrl + V) pang ngai angin kan duhna file ah kan copy thei tawh mai ang. Select Properties 3. alignment. Windows Media Player hmanga DVD Play dan: Software dang hmang kher lova Windows Media Player hmaga DVD play theih dan chu. Media Player hawng rawh. 1.Tih lenna CTRL+SHIFT+< . 3. Right clcick la new string option ah kal la EnableDVDUI tih type rawh 4. Computer Reboot la . Kan copy duh text information kha mouse hmangin kan drag anga. A rual in ‘enter’ leh ‘shift’ key hmet rawh. Start Button ah click la Run ah khan Regedit tih type rawh le 2. 5. 1. What's This? Option ah click leh rawh 2. chuan run click leh la. “xyzzy” tih type la ( a quote tel lo hian aw). spacing and margins te a rawn lang vek mai ang. Mouse cursor kha question mark ah a lo chang ang a. Windows dang in hawng a awm chuan minimize vek la. He folder chhung ah hian i item duh i dah belh ve thei ta a. he “send to” option zawn a mouse pointer I dah chuan hengte hi I hmu thin ang: • Compressed (zipped) Folder • Desktop (create shortcut) • Mail Recipient • My Documents leh a dangte pawh a ni thei. © MICSEA : Not for sale 40 Abacus Magazine . ‘My sendto’ shortcut list a items dah belh dan leh remove dan File engemaw ber i han right click hian options awm ho zing ah “send to” tih hi I hmu tel thin ang a. Check the QuickEdit box Tichuan. run dialog box chhung ah khan shell:sendto tih type la. emaw I duh loh chu i paih thei bawk. He location chhungah hian nangma folder siam ngei i dah belh duh emaw. Fonts folder ah Double click rawh 3. I hmuh chuan Delete rawh. Help Menu ah click la . Value ah khan yes tih type rawh 5.Tih tetna Mouse hmanga DOS program text file copy dan 1. chuan ‘Enter’ key hmet rawh. Press: CTRL+SHIFT+ > . 2. I thlak duh hawrawp te kha Highlight rawh 2. Windows Screen picture file a copy dan 1. I thuchhutsa I duh lai a piangah han click rawh le.

ICQ leh Jabber te install buai ngai miah lova hman theihin dah a ni a.000 vel lekin an lei a. Meebo that leh na em em pakhat chu heng IM hrang hrang.com Nikum mai khan e-bay hovin he site hi $75. Meebo hian invisible sign-in na leh a ruala IM service hrang hranga online theihna a awm nghal a.com Meebo website hi thu leh hla (message). He site a video en duh tan chuan DivX Web Player install erawh a ngai thung a ni. Browser atanga awlsam taka heng IM ah te hian a luh theih avangin hmang tangkai an tam hle.meebo. Redifbol etc te hi hmun thenkhat. URL http://www. AIM.He website hmangtute hian nitin a thu (message) an in thawn zat hi 100 million a chuang ziah a ni.5 vel chuangin he site hi tunah an hmang mek a.com Meebo. MSN te. a HIT toh hle a ni. i duh leh i download anga.com Stumbleupon. Yahoo Messenger te. Stage6. i share anga. © MICSEA : Not for sale URL http://www. mobile phone atanga clip te reuh te te atanga film te thleng upload theih a. Kum 2006 atanga chauha bul tan nimahse.. mak pui pui leh tha deuh deuh te pawh. awlsam tak a in thawn zung zung theihna tur a ruahman a ni a. September thla khan Meebo website hi bul tan a ni a. a video quality hi a tha em em a.com 2nd Issue Edition 2nd Issue 41 4 1 . URL http://stage6.com He site zet hi chu a site a an sawi dan angin "people who love video" tih hian a hrilhfiah ber mai. Nikum mai atang khan Meebo Rooms features thar siam belh a ni bawk.i duh duh danin i ti thei. video hrim hrim.. Chat nan a kan hman thin heng AIM te. company etc an te block/ hman phal loh a ni thin a. HIgh-Quality platform a nih angin. Google talk te. chung zingah chuan i tel ve em? Han tlawh ve chhin la Internet ah hian website hrang hrang . i en anga.. he website hi a thang chakin a lar chak hle. Website tha tak tak zawn chhuahna leh share na hmun.Yahoo. school. I website duh zawng leh tha i tih te kha midang te nene awlsam takin i share thei a.office. i la hmuh ngai loh tamzia i hre ngei ang. Meebo hmang tute chuan chat room an mahni in an siam theih mai bakah midang chat room ah pawh an va lut thei bawk a ni.Websites you don’t wanna missed. I hre tawh bawka tunah chuan ‘Stumbler’ ilo ni ve toh dawn nia. an ni pawhin an lo share che anga website tha tam tak i hriat belh phah dawn a ni. User 2. Kum 2005.000..stumbleupon.

A tha viau a. Q A Computer hlui ang reng tak ka hmanga Windows 98 ka load mek a Computer ka start veleh hian message box ah "Unable to load dynamic link library msnp32.Network I hmang anih chuan. Mahse.mahse BMP file erawh chu a support thung. A chhan tam tak a awm thei awm e. hemi support tur hian function I hman a ngai bawk. Hemi hmang hian header files parse leh tur a ni a. "OK" button ka click hian a chang chuan a tha veleh mai thin a. Hemi hnu pawha a la tha lo anih chuan. Tin. a that loh chuan adang vuah ang che. Computer I la thiam vak lo anih chuan leh Data pawimawh tak tak a tam bawk si chuan Mithiam zawk pan mai a fuh duh khawp mai. Fan a vir ringawt khan computer a nung tihna a ni lo tih hriat a tha Computer I switch on khan beep sound a rawn awm em ?.dll" tih a rawn lang fo mai a. network I hmang lo anih phei chuan Network kha paih ngei ngei ang che. Hardware components tangkai lo ho kha paih vek la. Engtia tih tur nge ni ang ? C and C++ hian JPEG files hi a support lo va . Khawngaihin min lo pui teh.Hardware Drivers zawng zawng kha Upgrade bawk rawh Computer ka neihna a la rei lova. Network Card kha thlawn la. Display lo a nih chuan. Enge a chhan ni thei ang? Hei hi chu CDROM drive leh sound card thlunzawmtu audio cable a in thlunzawm loh vang a ni. a tha mai ang Computer ka switch on hnuah Fan a vir reng tho si a.File pawimawh ka dah hnem ve bawk si a.. tichuan. tunah hian Turbo C++ hmangin class project ka ti mek a. File pawimawh ka dah hnem si a.lib path telh ang che. engtinnge ka lak let leh theih ang ? Tunlaiah chuan HDD Recovery Tools & utility tha tak tak a awm a. BMP file fiah taka siam tur chuan screen resolution hi 256 colors ah dah a tha.milem te chu awlsam takine pixel by pixel inm plot tawh mai tura ni. Engtinge ka tih tak ang? Hei hi a chhan ber chu Windows system file corrupt vang leh Hardware Components thenkhat ten duh anga hna an thawh theih tawh loh vang a ni ber thin.Turbo C++ I hmang anih chuan compiling process path ah khan bgi. a awm lo a nih chuan Mother board leh Processor check a ngai a ni Processor leh thil dang a that vek a. Uluk takin check la. Enge a chhan ni ang.Q A Class XII student ka ni a. Monitor kha enfiah a ngai ang. Tin. A hmasa in Control Panel ah lut la . Q & A Q A CDROM thar ka lei a. partition(d:) Drive a bo daih mai. Heng te hi a hman theih vek ang. Primary Logon option kha Windows logon ah thlak bawk rawh.. a pawimawh tlemte chauh install rawh. Monitor kha check ang che. tichuan. mahse Audio CD ka thunluh hian a sound a rawn chhuak thei reng reng lo mai a. enge ka khawih pawh ka hre lo. Windows ka load that a rem chiah bawk si lo. Q A Q A 42 Q ‘n’ A © MICSEA : Not for sale Abacus Magazine . Bitmap leh Jpeg Images tih lan dan a awm em. mahse Monitorah engmah a lang thei bawk si lo.

9. Zarkawt ah lam tur a ni e . 8. 21-multitasking. Zarkawt Ph. 5. 6-bug. 13-backup. 11-im. 5-keyboard. a tlem berah bit engzatnge i hman theih ang? ________________ 12. A hi Z ni se. Veraz dawr hnuai. 22-network.9436366349 ( Lawmman hi 1Gb Pendrive a ni a. 27-rtf. Mizoram mipui zawng zawng (2001 census) hi binary hmangin ID i pe vek dawn a. November 2007 issue crossword lawmman dawngtu : LALLAWMKIMA. Windows ah window close nana shortcut key chu ____________________ a ni. C hi X ni se. Down : 1-partition. 6. Tuna Mizorama IT minister hming chu _____________________ Mi pakhat aia tam chhang dik in awm chuan thum vawr a ni ang. No : _____________________________ 2nd Issue 43 : _____________________________ A B A Q U I Z . 23-beta. Zarkawt ah April 15. 4.Ed) Vanso Technocraft Creative Speaker SBS A30 © MICSEA : Not for sale Rawna & Hmingi Building. 13-bookmark. 26-browser. 18-isp. 7. 19-cache. 25-mainframe. Bawngkawn. 14-alpha. 12-dpi. He quiz hi i chhan dik vek chuan i dawng thei ang Sponsored by: Abacus November 2007 Crossword chhanna : Across : 2-compression. state leh ram hming chu ________________________ Eng kumah nge '@' hi email address-a hman tur atana an thlan? ______________ Tuna Infosys company CEO hming ____________________________ 'Xbox' hi eng company siamchhuah nge? _______________________ Computer display tih thatna/ chakna atana an hman hardware hming chu ___________ 10. 34 hi binary ah chuan ________________ a ni. chutiang zelin "MOTHERBOARD" hi engtinnge i ziahchhuah ang? ____________________ 11. 8-virus. 2. 9-gov. In chhanna te chu MICSEA Information Office c/o KCIT. 24-mouse. B hi Y ni se. 7-jpg. 3. 'Big Blue' an tih company hming chu ______________ Intel headquarter awmna city. Ph . 14. 3-edu. 4-internet. 2-cds. 20-gif.ascii 15-midi. A hnu ah i thehlut anih chuan pawm a ni lovang. 17-sea. 2008 hma ngein i thehluh tur a ni. 24-modem.Hming : _____________________________ : _____________________________ Veng 1. Computer hrang hrang connect nana kan hman hardware hming: ________________ 64bits=______ bytes. March 2008 ral hmain KCIT. 10-download. 16-driver.

Zohmachhuana Khawlhring. MICSEA-in a kaihruai a. Dr. Editor-in-Chief ZOlife in Magazine Review-na hun a hmang a. IT lama hma kan sawn leh zualna tura keimahni tawng ngei a. Lalmawipuii : Er. Secy Treasurer Fin. R. hetiang magazine . Vanlalringa. IT Govt. Er. Skylinks leh Zonet ten min rawn telpui avangin lawmthu MICSEA chuan a sawi bawk a ni. He ‘ABACUS release function hi Er. R. A hmasa in abacus IT magazine . Advisors Sr. ABACUS ABACUS’ President. Mizo tawng ngeia IT Magazine changkang tak a lo chhuak thei hi Pathian kaihhruaina hnuaia memberte inpekna thawhrah a nih thu a sawi bawk a. Rohmingthanga IAS (Rtd) Former Secretary. Tin. abikin thalaite. Er. Lalhnehtluanga : Er.Ed) MIZORAM COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION Estd : May 2007 President Vice President Gen. Zohmachhuana Khawlhring 2. Vanlalringa : Er. Rony Lallianmawia 3.chhiar tu te zawng zawng chibai ka buk a che u. harsatna kan tawhte tawi kim takin a pe a. Remruata Varte. Editor -in report tawi a pe a.MIZORAM COMPUTER SCIENCE & ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION MIZORAMIN LAMA MIZORAMIN IT LAMA HMASAWN CHUAN HMASAWN NAN MICSEA CHUAN ABACUS’ ‘ABACUS’ A RELEASED TA !! Ni 19. . hetiang taka Magazine tha a chhuak thei chu lawmawm a tih thu leh Mizoram tan pawha hmasawnna a nih thu a sawi bawk. ‘ABACUS Editor Er. IT lam a kan mithiam rual ten. Linda Lalrinpari Sailo Sr. Victor Lalawmpuia 6. Lalremsanga 5. Rev.2007 (Thawhtanni) chhun dar 12:00 ah ICT Conference Room. Magazine changkang tak a nih thu a sawi a.E(CSE) Training & Placement Officer. Jt. Er. Kan mi sawmte . Er.Chief Guest Dr.ka chhiar atang chuan ka fiah ta uar mai a ni. Rodingliana Ralte Field Veng. Er. Lalmuankima Sailo B. Principal Scientific Officer. Remruata Varte. Editor-in-Chief ZOlife te. H&TE Govt. Lalfamkima Executive Committee: 1. Principal Scientific Officer. he magazine atang hian hlawkna in neih ve ngei ka beisei. Chief Guest Dr.tha an siam hi an chungah pawh lawm thu ka sawi a. media lam atangin LPS. MS (SS) PIO & Deputy Secretary.11. Vanlalzara te. Secretary : Er. R. Lalthlamuana B. Khatla-a training mek a ni a. Isaac Zothanpuia 4. of Mizoram Bits ‘n’ Bytes © MICSEA : Not for sale 44 Abacus Magazine . Dengchhunga : Er.atang hian hlawkna ka nei nual a. Er. mahse abacus . Science & Technology in ‘ABACUS chu Mizo ABACUS ABA CUS’ mipuite chhiar theih turin a release a. Er. Er. Science & Technology chuan a release. Mizoram tana kan thiamna te hmang chho zel tura MICSEA membet te a fuih baka MICSEA te hmalak lehzelna turah duhsakna a hlan bawk a ni. R. R. R. Thenzawl Mizoram (Rodingliana hi ITEDP. Member ten tlawmngaiin mahni hna piahlama mizote tan liau liau an siam a nih thu te. IT lama harsatna kan neihte pawh abacus kaltlang a min chinfel sak zel pawh ka beisei tak meuh meuh a ni.E (EE). M. Govt of India.E (ECE). Er. Secretariat Block-A hmunah Mizoram Computer Science & Engineers Association (MICSEA) -in IT Magazine Mizo tawnga a buatsaih ABACUS’ ‘ABACUS’ chu Mizoramin IT lama hma a sawn zel theih nan Dr. ‘ABACUS’ lei hmasa ber record a ni. Dengchhunga’n hun hlu tak ABACUS ABACUS’ senga mi sawmte rawn kal zawng zawng chungah leh member te chunga lawmthu a sawi zawhin ‘Abacus’ released function chu khar a ni. PL Biakchhawna te. abikin ‘64-bit computing’ tih te hi a awmzia ka hre chiang ngai lova. Secretary Asst. Flora Saidingpui Sailo 8. Vanlalzara. Lalchhanhima : Er.MICSEA . Vanlalzara. MS Dawngliani 7. MICSEA-in magazine an release tih a hriatin lei turin a rawn kal vang vang a. PL Biakchhawna’n hunserh a hman zawhin Er. MICSEA chuan ‘Abacus’ release huna rawn tel zawng zawngte chungah lawmthu a sawi leh nise la. of Mizoram Er. Advisors Pu P. Dr. Mizo te. Tun lai Mizoramin a mamawh IT Magazine changkang tak MICSEA-in an chhuah theih chu lawmawm a tih thu a sawi a. Kei pawh in abacus . hunserh min rawn hmanpuitu Rev.

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