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n A JOURN_t\J.

J ~FOR THE ARCHITECTURAL II ENGINEERING AND CONTRACTING INTERESTS OF CANADA

Vol. 3, No. I.

NOVEMBER, 1909

:;t~.()[) l'1,1l YEAI! :!::lr. I'EH COpy

- MONTREAL-

O"FneE OF pun LJeATION.

'SATIJRDAY N1GHT' BUILUING.

TORONTO

- LONDON, ENG.-

It f e r f" ~I .n I T U T n n • 0 P It I!J I eft I: 0 e II" S e II'" tilt U dCI".. !d... I • - ...

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TORONTO'S NEW FIREPROOF HOSTELRY.-·An I.Dt~resting Eight Store~ Structure in Which Every Measure for Saf~ty Has Been Provided-Built on a Narrow Site and Supe_orted by a Foundation of 18 Concrete WeIls.-lts Plan and Interior ~cheme.

H OTEL:'tfOS_SO. P, Toronto's 1110"1 recenr addition to the city'~ system of hostelries, aside from - heing one of the most th()rollghl y constructed fireproof huildings in the Domininn. is: nvtelvnrthy for twu olh,r reasnn : one, because it represents the successfill solution of a most difficult problem. that of erecting a modern hotel building on all extremely narrow site: and the other, because in design, and in the material, employed, it is a structure which i~ mainly a Canadian

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The buihling,' which occupies a frontage of 40 feet hy a depth of 112 feet, has been carried "P 10 t he height nf eight stories, and i~ of steel frame coustrucjion with rtiL)lorced cline rete and' porous tile Hoars anc1 DorQu~ tile partitions. J~ stands on a foundation of ~lgl1tetn concrete wells running down to bed rock, me first founda.tion of its kind installed in Toronto, As a resuh ,,{ the thoroughness with which Ih~ huilding 'ha~ been c\>lIslructcd from a fireproof standpoint, the owner has secured Ih\' lowest rate uf insurance ~"er is~ued On :I hotel builrlinfr in Canada. All the stetl work is fully protected at ,,"ery ,;oinl by non-combustible material: the stairways are of iron' with slate treads ; the elevators are enclosed in the most approved manner: llnd the doors an<l windows throughout are "I m .... tal ami metal "",h with extra heavy lirvproof gla%.

Ext e rnallv, the architectural composition ,,{ the buildilll!.' der ivcs its plca"ing expression from simple, ~trai1?ht lines, rnther than from an)' OXllhCq'ICC "I decorat,,'e ,ktai!. The laca<1~ is oi ,t'oI pressed brick with cot stone piers and belt courses lip 10 the thire[ !lon r, and finished at the top story with arched opening wlich agreeably r,,11e"C5' the otherwise sorn e "lull rigid and austere r1'C~t: rncni of the windows, There are three distinct entrances !cailing from the st reet, ihe centre one of which. ao.lo;ned hv a wrought iron and opaque glass canopy. g'HS direct :I,ces~ to the hotel ~,tlice and effect" a complete separation "f the ladies' entr.1llcc an, I Ih" cntrnuec used hy t11e patrons of the' bar,

\\'hile the uurrnwuess of the 101, "i necessitv -lemamlcd a most, compact plan in 'general, there is not, however, th" ,lighl~~1 semblance of cr(}w,\ing .(If an." c!l,lracter in the arrangement of Ille entire I11lt'rlnr scheme O~, the con I "H'·. rhe space has been ,u advantageously U!l~' zed that the rooms in the malo. a re nf gI.Hc·rou;s dimensions. :ll1d the ci'laract('r of the decorations awl appointments are Such as to render each inter ir-r I'nrticul,Hly attractive and inviting,

The office, although oi l.im;I"<1 area, is so compactly :lr~"n!!ed as I" pro"idc for ;1 liberal public space. and ,lireet' access 10 :t11\" pari of th e h<>I<'1. It i~ :I" exu ernely rich [ruer inr, wit!; mosaic floor ali,: wall, and counter uf b~a-.uiillll\' veined )Ii""isqtlo; and Tcnnesee marble •• :Ilh'cti ng a 'warm com rn "t ; whi I" t hrN la rge ;qua re marble columns. even Iy spa"cd, r1 :,,' 1<1 all cnril"hecl h~'11l1 'El'i<!illg ,the H~ff ceiling uone in variegaterl bron7.c. whicn, t"". ... ther ",ith the 'llahogany WOIl(ill'<.lrk and the I, .. "" lig:h;ing fixll1"e~, aill materially in giving a pleasing touch of color to the general effect. To the right of !h~ office, on entering, are the ladies' entrance ami gll~st.-~· elevator while immcdiatclv to Ihl' rear is the entrance leading 'to the grill room,' ~ spacious _T.,)(ltn with mosaic floor and ",ilh wall. and panelled ceilings decorah'd III simple tints lit- "'is. The grill it>eli-a large modern range -i~ situated at the. far end of the J"QlII. while directly behind it are the' dumb waiters and a stairway connecting with the main kitchen in the bascm,nl.

CON !',TRUCT ION , X,()n;~1 Bf.R, 1 !I f)!l ,

The bar-room, to which accen i. obtained either frorp the street or t,hropgk the l!Jbby at the left otttic- ollice' on entering, in il5 rich mahcigllny counter and ~:ck.b •. r, !hulu~d .. ,,-ails and , eg_lumnl of Italian :ll\arblei and·-s.taJI decorations in br"~~ and al~m;num', leaf, di&pb;YlI,thf same harmony ohletail as is' found in the office ~ ~t~ances, Heyond tht bar-room proper, the .ap~ce is taJc~ up with a modern lavatory, smoking room, and servfee stairway and elevator,

a ........ d ftDOf' P'_", H_' No ........ Tor-..fto. J. P, H,.-,,_, Arc" I leet.

III addition to the elevat01' service from the otBce, the 'ladies' entrance, which is also finilhed in _"'Ie, bu I private stairway leading to the first floor, where die par lor, reception room, and large and smaU diniDl'_~ are located. All the,!e fOOlm, -wbie," are apPropriaitlX

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Grli:l' Raom~ H'ot~! MOIIOp~ Toronto. Aauen :r'rom, ttle O'Me-fIo_ J,. P. H)'nl!ill!!lr Af"chlteH.

M,fI'l" 1:)I"I'n;l "'<>om, HOI~I !'do .. op, 'Tor.,nl,O. A .'Ien InJ~ ... IO' "'!III hlllll. panelled m~~oganY' waln.c,mlng. :m".ale _J' "oor. ,gnd .'t"Ul"'illotlvo II;cll,lng .cherne" J. :P. :H:ynl!!l~ Arch I 'hlti''t.

GONS'l'R1]C'l'JON, NOVfmSF.R. 1909.

Interior of one of the bed·rooml. HGtel Mo ... .op, Toronto •• hewlng ne:l.!l at thl!l fur"lture and hanging •. J. P. Hynf!.r~ Arc:hltect.

.p"roprrlt41-

CONSTRUOTION, NO'ttl1Bflll, 1909.

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ENOVEHlIER, 1909 .

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furnished, have mosaic -f(ooring" ami teko wall !!~g~" relieved by lightly colored staff decorations, with the exception at tke main. dining room, which ha,s; a high 'panelled',mahoge-ny:wainscotting and electric ceiling TIghis enclosed in' ~ichly cut Cfys~lll. Rcndants. Adj.cining the tUnIng rooms' is a special kitchen for quick order. and a~ a ,~~v_il1g, T!l,Om., , The· .upper- .six .Jloors,.oi thl! building are entirely- taken up by the .bedr<:,oms, the 'Illan providing -Ior: nine rooins on each Aoor. The rooms adjoining}he bathrooms arc arran~d in suites, and the other rooms have stationary basin with hot and cojd wiltc:r taps. In order to preclude the- Ilos.~bilh>, of ad-

jacent buildings cutting off the outside' light, the, rooms, ;.CIther tbl\n those pla,ted at' the front, are situated on,~ perman~l ·eonn having an area approximately half 3.S ~It .as. .&he. width of !he-building, Each room 'j'g- provided .with .\f!dividual lelep~one, \Y~ich connect with the exchange in the hotel office, and the furnishIngs throughout 1'«: of a select character; the walls being decorated ... itb imported papers; 'the ceiling tinted, and the carpets ;at'e,lIjd,6n fclt directly over the concsete flOOTS,

~ hardware throughout is in plain brass, the locks

.!!:e.ll1g aLa speciaLJ:!otel,oorridor"door i:),.pe,inter-oommunicating' doors 'and 'lavatory door locks, all master' and &!!!l..dJtlast~r"_kc.y):d.

The. basement, in addition, to the main Ititchen, 011.50 contains the heating .beilers, hot water heatin'g apparatus, iee machine, .laundry facilities, and also llqU.o'r and pro.,-:~iOlf;.at(nag~~illll.

The building; w1\iclrcost $250,000, was designed ;afl"d erected under the supervision of ·Archi~e.c:t ]. P, Hynes, and the firms and contractors connected"with- the various br~ nches 0 f. th II work ~ were- Brick ail!ilii'epiOOi""Vtork, jas, C. Claxion & Son; carpenter ~nd wal.l--wor'kfToronto Office and School ~Fumitufe' Co.] orDa~l~ 1'lfD"work, CanadiMj, Q~namcntal.l.roll .Co., hydra'uTic.Imist~. Parkin Eta-eator Co.: elevators; -UUs-FooSQm EleveatOt Co.; marble work. Hoi~g~ ·Marble Co._;_Pla.st~ri!:lg. Hol.c & Son; tile work .• Canada, Glass, -Mantels and Tlle~.- Ltd.; sheet metal work, roofing and ventilation, A.. Mat~,h~w5; refrigerators,' John' Hillock & Co.; bathroom fittings, las; Robertson. Co.; coa] chute,. The John Inglis Co.: - iron guards, Geo. B. Meadows Co.; s(lfety treads, Mason ~afety Treads Co.; 'carpet and furniture, John' Kay .(001- panYrLtd -, : cartains and draperles, The Wm:. ftr.. Morray (:;o1mpany.

STEEL'RAILWAY T1E.S: are largely beinl.aubstituted for Those of wood in' many of th, leading industrial eo""tries of the wor[d. "One reason :for this Is that th&h ado ption is made' 'blIpe r a live in ce ~ta i n loci Ii tic s 10 ptevent _t~e rapid. 'de:struclion 0'£ fQrests. It is u,timaled that in Europe a mile of railway' line reqwres about Z,SOO.OOO·cross-ties every 12 years, which means the cutting of an enormous quantity of forest trees, It is' allO eseimated tii'at the railways consume something like 40,000,000 ties per annum, and this consumption is said to be increasing at the rate of 3.000,000 a year. Another reason given for the utilization of steel ties is that investigation has show" that these ties when carefully con-strutted in order to meet -the demands of modern railway I~affii:, are generally favored on account of their sl1j>erior soIiiIIity and power of resistance. Nevertheless, their high ... certain defects inform, and the absence !O far of a __ veuient and simple moder of attachment have pre._ in a great measure ~eir general adoption, 'although they are being more widely employed with each succeeding year. It is asserted, however, that the. English manufacturers have on the market a tie "profile en rigole" (grooved section) that sells for $30 per ton, or less than the present cost of wooden ties. It, is evident, therefore, that under these conditions the use of the steer tie would produce decided economical results for the railways. In the United States this type af tie is 'being subjected to a large number of experiments. The Pittsburg Gazette- Times states that the first test of steel ties by the traction lines of that city has ted to CI decision to plate them on I y. miles of track. If they are successful there. the entire system will be thus equipped. A steam railway operating into Pittsburg already has steel ties on five-eighths of itl> mileage and in a few years will have entirely replaced its wooden ties. T-he newspaper in question adds: The price of the steel lies is approximately $1.50 apiece, while wooden t'les ~ost from 80 to 90 cents, but after treatment with creosote and the addition of heavy tie plates. the final cost of the ~ooden ·ties, it was explained, is nearer $1.25. And when they are worn out that is the end of Ihem-they are burned up. But with the worn-out steel tie it is different, It can be. sold as scrap and part of its original cost recovered. In the end, it' is asserted. the steel tie is by far the cheaper. The", is practically . no wear nut to. it. while the wooden tie, if not treated ..... ith creosote, would last only a few nars under heavy traffic conditions. to the olden days w~n ties were known to. have lasted ZO years, but the conditions are very much cha.nged now. There has been a demand all along 'for heavier ties to meet the ieereasing' requirements in their use. The maAuJaC\Urers naturally feel tll;t the steel tie is the solution of the problem.