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- Ship Stability, Statical Stability, Free Surface Effect ,Correction of and Angle of Loll.
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- Ship Stability, Basic Stability Definitions
- Ship Stability Tutorials-MCA OOW Unlimited Written Exam-Nuri KAYACAN
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You are on page 1of 6

: D53 - SEAM 4

Bouyancies, Movement of the Center of Gravity, Causes of List,

Fresh Water Allowance, Initial Stability, Statical Stability, Angle of

Loll, Effect of Slack Tank, Action to be Taken in the Event of Partial

Loss of Intact Stability, Maintain Seaworthiness of the Ship

3 LECTURE, 1 LABORATORY = 4 UNITS

3 LECTURE, 3 LABORATORY = 6 HOURS

Goods

stability and trim data to calculate ships’ initial stability, draught and

trim for any given disposition of cargo and other weights. The

student will also be able to determine whether stresses on the ships

are within tolerance by the use of stress data and take actions in

the event of partial loss of intact buoyancy.

F3 - Controlling the Operation of the Ship and Care for Persons

on Board at the Operational Level (STCW Code A-II/1) 2 and 3

7. COURSE OUTLINE:

LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

The student shall be able to . . . . . .

7.1 Stability

7.1.1 illustrate a graph on scale that show the relationship between the

displacement and mean draught of a ship ;

7.1.2 calculate the deadweight and displacement of ship at various

draughts in seawater using deadweight scale;

7.1.3 using deadweight scale and obtain TPC at a given draught;

7.1.4 using TPC scale, calculate the following:

7.1.4.1 change of mean draught as a given weight are loaded or

discharged;

7.1.4.2 weight of cargo to be loaded or discharged in various

hatches/tanks to produce a required change of draught.

7.1.5 explain the purpose of stability, trim and stress tables; and

7.1.6 explain why tons per centimeter (TPC) immersion varies with

different drafts.

7.2 Trim

7.2.2 define center of floatation;

7.2.3 describe how trim may change by moving weight or masses

forward or aft or by adding a weight at a position forward or abaft the center of

floatation;

7.2.4 explain the uses of hydrostatic data to find the center of floatation

on various draught;

7.2.5 explain the trimming moment and moment to change trim;

7.2.6 find the new draft, given the value of initial draught and the

position of the center of floatation;

7.2.7 explain how to use the trimming curves or trimming table to

determine the change of draught, resulting from loading, discharging or moving

weights;

7.2.8 state in which cases, calculation to change trim, by taking moment

about the center of floatation or by means of trimming tables should not be used;

7.2.9 calculate final draught and trim for a planned loading.

7.3 Buoyancies

floating object;

7.3.2 explain the meaning of reserve buoyancy and its relation to

freeboard.

7.4.2 describe how the center of gravity (G) of a ship can move only

when weights are moved within the ship;

7.4.3 illustrate the following:

7.4.3.1 G moves directly towards the center of gravity of added

weight;

7.4.3.2 G moves directly away from the center of gravity of

removed weight;

7.4.3.3 G moves vertically from the initial center of gravity.

7.4.4 calculate the movement of G (GG1) from:

GG1 = Mass added or removed x distance of mass from G

New displacement of the ship

Displacement of the ship

load is lifted by using ship gears;

7.4.6 calculate the change in KG during passage resulting from:

7.4.6.1 consumption of fuel and stores;

7.4.6.2 absorption of water by a deck cargo;

7.4.6.3 accumulation of ice on deck and superstructures.

7.5.2 state the listing moment;

7.5.3 illustrate on a diagram how the angle of list (Ø) can be calculated

during the transverse shift of G from the centerline.

7.6.1 explain why and how the draught of a ship changes when it

passes from fresh water to seawater and vice-versa;

7.6.2 calculate with the weight that can be loaded after reaching the

summer load line when loading in fresh water before sailing to sea

water given the value of FWA and TPC;

7.6.3 find the density of dock water by using hydrometer;

7.6.4 calculate the TPC of dock water given the value of the density of

dock water and FWA;

7.6.5 calculate given the value of dock water density and FWA, the

amount which appropriate load may submerge;

7.6.6 calculate the amount of load to bring the ship to an appropriate load

line in seawater given the present draught amidships and the

density of dock water;

small angle of heel;

7.7.2 explain the transverse metacenter (M) and its limitation for practical

usage;

7.7.3 illustrate the diagram of the ship heeled to small angle and indicate

G, B, Z and M;

7.7.4 show that small angle of heel (Ø) = GZ = GM x Sin Ø;

D55 – SEAM 4 page 3 of 5

7.7.5 describe the effect on a ship’s behavior towards the

following:

7.7.5.1 a large GM (stiff ship)

7.7.5.2 a small GM (tender ship).

7.7.6 state KM is only dependent on the draught of a given ship;

7.7.7 find the metacentric height (GM) obtained from hydrostatic curve

given the value of KG and KM.

7.8.1 state that for any draught the length of GZ at various angle of heel

can be drawn and graphed;

7.8.2 state that the graph described is called curve of statical

stability;

7.8.3 state that different curves are obtained for different draught with

same initial GM;

7.8.4 identify cross curves (KN curves);

7.8.5 explain the formula Gz = KN – Kg Sin Ø;

7.8.6 explain how lowering the position of G increases all values of the

righting arms lever and vice versa;

7.8.7 state that angle of heel beyond approximately 400 is not normally of

practical because of the probability of water entering the ship.

and buoyancy will turn the ship further from upright;

7.9.2 state that in this condition, GM is said to be negative and ∆ x Gz is

called the upsetting moment or capsizing moment;

7.9.3 explain B may move sufficiently to reduce the capsizing moment to

zero;

7.9.4 state that the angle at which the ship becomes stable is known as

the angle of loll;

7.9.5 state that the ship will roll about the angle of loll instead of the

upright;

7.9.6 state that an unstable ship may loll to either side.

7.10.1 state the effect of tank, full of liquid to the position of the ship

center of gravity;

7.10.2 show by means of a diagram how the center of gravity of liquid in a

partially filled tank moves during rolling;

7.10.3 state the result of GM when the surface of liquid is free to move with

virtual increase of Kg;

D55 – SEAM 4 page 4 of 5

7.10.4 explain why the tank is often constructed with longitudinal

subdivision;

adjacent compartment;

7.11.2 state the cross-flooding arrangement must be put into operation;

state that any action relevant to the operation that could reduce

the inflow of water should be taken into account.

tables, diagrams and stress calculating equipment.

8.2 Trim and Stability Table

8.3 International Loadline (Seasonal) Chart

8.4 Computer based software on Trim and Stability

9. REFERENCES:

Derret, D. R. Ship Stability for Masters and Mates, 4th Edition. ISBN 0-

9.1

7506-0380-1.

9.2 George, William E. Stability and Trim for the Ship’s Officer. ISBN 0-

87033-297-X.

9.3 Pursey, H.J. Merchant Ship Stability. ISBN 0-85174-442-7.

9.4 IMO Model Course 7.03, 1999 Edition. ISBN 92-801-6105-9.

9.5 Dela Calzada, Limic, Hilario, Andres, Quenkiol, Rafael and Templo,

Aaron. Stability and trim.

D55 – SEAM 4 page 6 of 5

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