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Published by Rev Dezvi

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Published by: Rev Dezvi on Mar 14, 2011
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  • Preface
  • An Introduction to Digital Photography Fundamentals
  • Types of Digital Cameras (p. 7)
  • Types of Digital Cameras
  • Digital Single-Lens Reflex (DSLR)
  • Digital Rangefinder
  • Camera Components and Concepts
  • Understanding Lens Multiplication with DSLRs
  • Aperture
  • Understanding Digital Zoom
  • Understanding Lens Speed
  • Shutter
  • Digital Image Sensor
  • Using Reciprocity to Compose Your Image
  • Memory Card
  • External Flash
  • Understanding RAW, JPEG, and TIFF
  • Why Shoot RAW Files?
  • Shooting Tips
  • Reducing Camera Shake
  • Minimizing Red-Eye in Your Photos
  • Reducing Digital Noise
  • Â The Human Eye’s Subjective View of Color (p. 27)
  • The Human Eye’s Subjective View of Color
  • Understanding How the Eye Sees Light and Color
  • Sources of Light
  • The Color Temperature of Light
  • How White Balance Establishes Color Temperature
  • Measuring the Intensity of Light
  • Bracketing the Exposure of an Image
  • Understanding How a Digital Image Is Displayed
  • Additive vs. Subtractive Color
  • Understanding Color Gamut
  • Displaying Images Onscreen
  • The Importance of Color Calibrating Your Display
  • Apple Cinema Displays Are Proof Perfect
  • Displaying Images in Print
  • Printer Types
  • Â Demystifying Resolution (p. 37)
  • Demystifying Resolution
  • Learning About Pixels
  • Learning About Bit Depth
  • How Resolution Measurement Changes from Device to Device
  • Mapping Resolution from Camera to Printer
  • Camera Resolution
  • Display Resolution
  • Printer Resolution
  • About the Differences Between CRT and Flat-Panel Display Resolutions
  • Calculating Color and Understanding Floating Point
  • Learning About Bit Depth and Quantization
  • Learning About the Relationship Between Floating Point and Bit Depth
  • Understanding How Aperture Uses Floating Point
  • Appendix

When you take a photograph with a digital camera, the color temperature of the scene
is not taken into account until the image is processed by the camera’s processor. The
camera refers to its white balance setting when it processes the image. When the
camera’s white balance is set to auto, the camera assumes the brightest value is white
and adjusts all other colors in the image accordingly. If the brightest value is white, the
colors in the image are rendered correctly. If the brightest color is yellow, the camera
still assumes that value is white, and shifts all the colors out of balance.

However, you can adjust the color temperature of a digital image. White balance is a
mathematical process that calculates an image’s color temperature and applies the
effects to the color values in the image after the RAW image is stored. That color
temperature data is stored as metadata in the image. The digital data that makes up
the original RAW file is unchanged. So, no matter what white balance or color
temperature setting was applied at the time the image was shot, the color temperature
of the image can always be corrected after the fact. Digital cameras’ RAW files solved the
problem of color temperature flexibility that the chemistry of film never could.

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