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Set No. 1

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) With suitable diagram explain any method of digital to analog conversion. (b) What are the diﬀerent types of sampling operations? explain each of them. [8+8] 2. (a) Given that the z-transform G(z) = (b) i. F (s) =

2(s+1) s(s+5) −t z(z−0.2) . 4(z−0.8)(z−1)

Find the sequence g(kT).

ii. f(t) =te

[8+8]

3. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 3, where K Gp (s) = s(s+5) .

Figure 3 Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable.

[16]

4. Compare the characteristics of time-domain responses of continuous - time and discrete - time systems. [16] 5. The open loop transfer function of a unity - feedback digital control system is given K(z+0.5)(z+0.2) as G(z) = (z−1)(z2 −z+0.5) . Sketch the root loci of the system for 0< K < ∞. Indicate all important information on the root loci. [16] 6. A block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 6. Design a PID controller D(z), to eliminate the steady-state error due to a step input and simultaneously realizing a good transient response, and the ramp-error constant Kv should equal 5. [16]

Figure 6 1 of 2

Code No: RR420201 7. Find the complete response of the system 0 1 1 u(k); x(k) + x(k + 1) = 1 0 −1 if u(k) = 1 for k = 0,1,2,....

Set No. 1

x(0) = 1 −1 [16]

8. (a) Derive the necessary condition for the digital control system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) Y(k) = CX (k) to be Controllable. (b) Examine whether the discrete data system X(k + 1) = AX(k) + BU(k) 1 −2 ,B= Y(k) = CX(k) where A = 1 −1 i. State controllable and ii. Observable. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 0 0 −1

,C=

1 0 0 1

is

[10+6]

2 of 2

Code No: RR420201

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) With suitable block diagram explain the general sampled data control system. (b) State and explain the theorem required to satisfy to recover the signal e(t) from the samples e∗ (t). [8+8] 2. (a) State and prove ‘initial and Final’ values theorems. (b) Find the z-Transforms of the following:

1 i. F(s)= s2 (s+1)

ii. f (t) = t sin(ωt) 3. Find the range of K for the system shown in Figure 3 to be stable.

[8+8] [16]

Figure 3 4. Consider the system shown in Figure 4. Derive the diﬀerence equation describing the system dynamics when the input voltage is pieceswise constant. i.e., e(t) = e(kT) when kT ≤ t < (k + 1) and T = 1 Sec.

Figure 4 Also obtain the values of the output voltage at sampling instants of e(kT) = kT for k ≥ 0. [16] 5. Consider the digital control system whose transfer function is given by 0.0952Kz GH(z) = (z−1)(z−0.905) . Draw the Nyquist plot and determine its stability. [16]

6. Consider the system shown in Figure 6 and design lead compensator Gc (z) in w’plane for this system to meet the following speciﬁcations: (a) damping ratio =0.7, 1 of 2

Code No: RR420201 (b) Settling time, ts =1.4 sec., and (c) Velocity error constant Kv = 2sec−1 .

Set No. 2

[16]

Figure 6 7. Find state model for the following diﬀerence equation. Also ﬁnd its state transition matrix. y(k+2) + 3y(k+1) + 2y(k) = 5u(k+1) + 3u(k). [16] 8. (a) State and explain the Liapunov stability theorems for linear digital control systems. (b) A digital control system is described by the state equation 1 0.5 1 u(k) X(k) + X(l + 1) = 1 −1 −1 Find the Liapunov function and determine its stability with u(k)=0. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[8+8]

2 of 2

Code No: RR420201

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) Describe the following parameters: i. Acquisition time ii. Aperture time and iii. settling time (b) State and explain the sampling theorem. (c) Derive the transfer function of zero order hold device. [6+5+5]

2. (a) Obtain the z transform of the curve x(t) shown in Figure 2a. Assume that T=sec.

Figure 2a (b) Find the inverse z-transform of the following function , F(z)= (z−1) z(z - 0.2) [8+8] 3. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 3, where Gp (s) = K(s+5) . s2

2

Figure 3 Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable.

[16]

4. The open loop pulse transfer function of an uncompensated digital control system 0.0453(z+0.904) is Gh0 Gp (z) = (z−0.905)(z−0.819) . The sampling period T is equal to 0.1 sec. Find the time response and steady state error of the system to a unit step input. [16]

1 of 2

Code No: RR420201

Set No. 3

5. The open loop transfer function of a unity - feedback digital control system is given Kz as G(z) = (z−1)(z2 −z+0.5) . Sketch the root loci of the system for 0< K < ∞. Indicate all important information on the root loci. [16] 6. Derive the pulse transfer function of digital PID controller. Also the design procedure of PID controller. [16] 7. Obtain a state space representation of the system given in Figure 7. The sampling period T is 1 sec. Also obtain the state transition matrix. [16]

Figure 7 8. (a) State and explain the Liapunov stability theorems for linear digital control systems. (b) A digital control system is described by the state equation 1 0.5 1 u(k) X(k) + X(l + 1) = 1 −1 −1 Find the Liapunov function and determine its stability with u(k)=0. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

[8+8]

2 of 2

Code No: RR420201

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, May 2008 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS (Electrical & Electronic Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) What are the diﬀerent types of sampling operations? Explain each of them. (b) What do you mean by the problem of aliasing? How to overcome this? (c) Explain the advantages and disadvantages of digital control systems.[6+5+5] 2. (a) Find the Z-transform of the f(t) = e−αt t2 (b) Find the inverse Z-Transform of the F(z) =

3z 2 +2z+1 (z 2 −3z+2)

(c) Explain the at least four properties of Z-transforms.

[5+5+6]

3. The block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 3, where Gp (s) = K(s+5) . s2

Figure 3 Determine the range of K for the system to be asymptotically stable.

[16]

4. The block diagram of a discrete - data control system is shown in Figure 4, in which 2 Gp (s) = s2 +s+2 and T = 1.0 sec. Compute and plot the unit step response c∗ (t) of the system. Find c∗ and the sampling instant at which it occurs. [16] max

Figure 4 5. Sketch the root locus of a digital system indicating all the component information K(z 2 +0.5z+0.2) on the root loci, given with G(z) = (z−1)(z2 −z+0.5) . [16] 6. A block diagram of a digital control system is shown in Figure 6. Design a PID controller D(z), to eliminate the steady-state error due to a step input and simultaneously realizing a good transient response, and the ramp-error constant Kv should equal 5. [16] 1 of 2

Code No: RR420201

Set No. 4

Figure 6 7. Find the complete response of the system 0 1 1 u(k); x(k) + x(k + 1) = 1 0 −1 if u(k) = 1 for k = 0,1,2,.... 1 −1 [16]

x(0) =

8. (a) Explain the concept of controllability and observability of discrete time control system. (b) Examine whether the discrete data system: X(k + 1) = AX(k) + Bu(k) 0 1 ,B= C(k) = DX(k) where A = −2 −2 i. State controllable ii. Output controllable and iii. Observable. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1 −1

, D = [1 0] is:

[7+9]

2 of 2

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