# STOICHIOMETRY

PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
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THEKEY
The mole :
The mole is the unit invented to provide a simple way of reporting the huge numbers the “massive heaps”
of atoms and molecules in visible samples. It would be inconvenient to refer to large numbers like
2 ×10
25
atoms, just as wholesalers would find it inconvenient to count individual items instead of dozens
(12) or gross (144).
1 mole is number of atoms in exactly 12 gm of carbon – 12. One mole in broader terms applied to ions,
molecules, electrons refer to 6.023 × 10
23
of any objects also called as Avogadro number.
so mole = 23
10 023 . 6
objects or entities of . no
×
It is very big unit. For instance, 1mole of chemistry textbooks would cover the surface of the earth to a
height of about 300 Km. While defining mole always state explicitly the identity of the particles to which
the term moles refers.
Mole-mass relation:
1 mole or gm object is molar mass of substance. For example 1 mole sodium refers to its molar mass
23 gm or 1 mol H
2
refers to its molar mass 2 or 1 mole CO
2
refers to its molar mass 44.
mole =
substance of mass molar
substance any of mass
Average molar mass:
Every element in nature exist along with its isotopes. So when we refers to molar mass, it means average
molar mass i.e.
Average molar mass =¯ % of isotope × molar mass of isotope.
Mole volume relation:
1 mole means 22.4 litre of volume occupied by that entity at S.T.P. (0°C, 1 atm pressure)
mole =
litre 4 . 22
STP at substance any of . vol
Sometimes data is not given at STP, so we calculate no. of moles with the help of ideal gas equation
PV=nRT or calculate the volume under that condition with the help of relation
P V
T
P V
T
1 1
1
2 2
2
=
* We can convert any volume into mole by dividing it with 22.4 litre only when it is specified in the
numerical at STP otherwise we can not.
* Mole of any substance calculated are independent of temperature, pressure etc. because it represent
amount of substance which is not going to change.
Mole - mass – volume relations:
We can find the no. of atoms in 1 litre of any gas at STP by converting it through mol. So mole is standard
unit through which you can find mass of any volume or volume for any mass at STP.
Mole in compounds:
1 mole compound A
x
B
y
C
z
refers to X mole of A, Y mole of B and Z mole of C entities. It can be ions for
ionic compound or it can be atom in covalent compound .
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Stoichiometry
Stoichiometry pronounced (“stoy – key – om – e – tree”) is the calculations of the quantities of reactants
and products involved in a chemical reaction.
This can be divided into two category.
(A) Gravimetric analysis
(B) Volumetric analysis
(A) Gravimetric Analysis :
In this we are concerned with calculations involving either
(a) mass - mass relationship
(b) mass-volume relationship
(c) volume - volume relationship
Method :
If we know the balance chemical equations then we can adopt the simple mole method in which we
relate reactants and products in their stoichiometric mol ratio. If we do not know balanced reactions we
can adopt POAC (principle of atomic conversion) provided whole reactant is giving into product for
which calculation is to be made.
Limiting Reagent:
It is very important concept in chemical calculation. It refers to reactant which is present in minimum
stoichiometry quantity for a chemical reaction. It is reactant consumed fully in a chemical reaction. So all
calculations related to various products or in sequence of reactions are made on the basis of limiting reagent.
Percentage yield:
Normally a reagent is associated with some impurity due to which actual yield of product is less than the
theoretical maximum yield.
The percentage yield of product =
100
yield maximum l theoretica the
yield actual
×
(B) Volumetric analysis :
This mainly involve titrations based chemistry. It can be divided into two major category.
(I) Non-redox system (II) Redox system
(I) Non – redox system
This involve following kind of titrations:
1. Acid-Base titrations
2. Back titration
3. Precipitation titration
4. Double indicator acid base titration
Concentration terms :
Volumetric calculations involves many concentration terms such as
* Density =
olume V
Mass
* Relative density =
substance refrence of Density
substance any of Density
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* Specific gravity =
C 4 water at Density of
substance any of Density
°
* Vapour density =
pressure and re temperatu same at gas H of Density
pressure and ure temperat some at vapour of Density
2
* %
|
.
|

'
´
W
w
=
wt of solute
wt of solution
.
.
× 100
* %
|
.
|

'
´
V
v
=
100
solution of volume
solute of volume
×
* %
|
.
|

'
´
V
w
=
100
solution of volume
solute of . wt
×
* Molarity(M) =
Mole of solute
volume of solution in litre
* Molality(m) =
kg) (in solvent of . wt
solute of Mole
* Let 1 mole solution contain x
1
mole of solute & x
2
mole of solvent.
Molarity of solution (M) =
2 2 1 1
1
M x M x
. x
+
p
where p = density of solution (g / L)
M
1
& M
2
= Molar masses (g/mole) of solute & solvent respectively.
molality (m) =
2 2
1
M . x
x
× 1000
Relation between molarity (M) & Molality (m) :
m =
1
M . M
M
÷ p
× 1000
* Normality =
gm equivalent of solute
volume of solution in litre
Where gm equivalent =
factor n
mole
÷
n factor is a conversion factor by which we can convert equivalents into mole or equivalent weight into
molar mass or vice versa.
Titrimetric Method of Analysis :
A titrimetric method of analysis is based on chemical reaction such as.
aA + tT ÷÷ Product
Where ‘a’ molecules of “analysis”, A, reacts with t molecules of reagent T.
T is called Titrant normally taken in buret in form of solution of known concentration. The solution of
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titrant is called “standard solution”.
The addition of titrant is added till the amount of T, chemically equivalent to that of ‘A’ has been added.
It is said equivalent point of titration has been reached. In order to know when to stop addition of titrant,
a chemical substance is used called indicator, which respond to appearance of excess of titrant by
changing colour precisely at the equivalence point. The point in the titration where the indicator changes
colour is termed the ‘end point’. It is possible that end point be as close as possible to the equivalence
point.
The term titration refer’s to process of measuring the volume of titrant required to reach the end point.
For many years the term volumetric analysis was used rather than titrimetric analysis. However from a
rigorons stand point the term titrimetric is preferable because volume measurement may not be
confirmed to titration. In certain analysis, for example one might measure the volume of a gas.
We can adopt mole method in balanced chemical reactions to relate reactant and products but it is more
easier to apply law of equivalents in volumetric calculations because it does not require knowledge of
balanced chemical reactions involved in sequence. Law of equivalents refers to that, equivalents of a
limiting reactant is equal to equivalent of other reactant reacting in a chemical reaction or equal to equivalents
of products formed in reaction.
Balancing of chemical equation on the basis of n factor
Whenever two substances react in such a way that their n factors are in the ratio of x : y, they would
always react with each other in the molar ratio of y : x in a balanced chemical reaction.
Acid-Base titration
To find out strength or concentration of unknown acid or base it is titrated against base or acid of known
strength. At the equivalence point we can know amount of acid or base used and then with the help of
law of equivalents we can find strength of unknown.
Meq of acid at equivalence point = Meq of base at equivalence point
Back titration
Back titration is used in volumetric analysis to find out excess of reagent added by titrating it with suitable
reagent. It is also used to find out percentage purity of sample. For example in acid-base titration
suppose we have added excess base in acid mixture. To find excess base we can titrate the solution with
another acid of known strength.
Precipitation titration :
In ionic reaction we can know strength of unknown solution of salt by titrating it against a reagent with
which it can form precipitate. For example NaCl strength can be known by titrating it against AgNO
3
solution with which it form white ppt. of AgCl.
So meq. of NaCl at equivalence point = meq of AgNO
3
used = meq of AgCl formed
Double indicator acid-base titration:
In the acid-base titration the equivalence point is known with the help of indicator which changes its
colour at the end point. In the titration of polyacidic base or polybasic acid there are more than one end
point for each step neutralization. Sometimes one indicator is not able to give colour change at every end
point. So to find out end point we have to use more than one indicator. For example in the titration of
Na
2
CO
3
against HCl there are two end points.
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Na
2
CO
3
+ HCl ÷÷ NaHCO
3
+ NaCl
NaHCO
3
+ HCl ÷÷ H
2
CO
3
+ NaCl
When we use phenophthalein in the above titration it changes its colour at first end point when NaHCO
3
is formed and with it we can not know second end point. Similarly with methyl orange it changes its
colour at second end point only and we can not know first end point. It is because all indicator changes
colour on the basis of pH of medium. So in titration of NaHCO
3
, KHCO
3
against acid phenolphthalein
can not be used.
So we can write with phenolpthalein, if total meq of Na
2
CO
3
= 1 then
½ meq of Na
2
CO
3
= meq of HCl
with methyl orange,
meq of Na
2
CO
3
= meq of HCl
Titration Indicator pH Range n factor
Na
2
CO
3
Phenolphthalein 8.3 – 10 1
against acid
K
2
CO
3
Methyl orange 3.1 – 4.4 2
* When we carry out dilution of solution, meq, milli mole or mole of substance does not change because
they represent amount of substance.
Eudiometry : [For reactions involving gaseous reactants and products]
* The stoichiometric coefficient of a balanced chemical reactions also gives the ratio of volumes in
which gasesous reactants are reacting and products are formed at same temperature and pressure.
The volume of gases produced is often given by mentioning certain solvent which absorb contain
gases.
Solvent gas (es) absorb
KOH CO
2
, SO
2
, Cl
2
Ammonical Cu
2
Cl
2
CO
Turpentine oil O
3
Alkaline pyrogallol O
2
water NH
3
, HCl
CuSO
4
/CaCl
2
H
2
O
* Check out for certain assumption which are to be used for solving problem related to this.
]
]
]
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THEATLAS
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EXERCISE-I
Simple Application of Mole Concept
Q.1 Chlorophyll, the green colouring matter of plants responsible for photosynthesis, contains 2.68% of
magnesium by mass. Calculate the number of magnesium atoms in 2.00 g of chlorophyll.
Q.2 When 10.0g of marble chips (CaCO
3
) are treated with 50 mL of HCl (d = 1.096 g/mL, the marble
dissolves, giving a solution and releasing CO
2
gas. The solution weights 60.4 g. How many liters of CO
2
gas are released ? The density of the gas is 1.798 g/L.
Q.3 105 mL water at 4°C is saturated with NH
3
gas, producing a solution of d = 0.9 g/ml. If the solution
contains 30% NH
3
by wt. Calculate its volume.
Q.4 The atomic wt. of A and B are 20 and 40. If x gm of A contains Y atoms, how many atoms are present
in 2 x g of B.
Q.5 Density of a gas relative to air is 1.17. Find the mol. mass of the gas. [M
air
= 29g/mol]
Q.6 Sodium chloride has a density of 2.165 g cm
÷3
at 25°C. Calculate the no. of atoms in 1.000 cm
3
of
sodium chloride at 25°C.
Q.7 A chemist puts 5 gm of a mixture of NO
2
& N
2
O
4
into a large bulb. If the sample was 50% of each by
wt., how many moles of each gas are in the bulbs.
Q.8 Caffeine burns in O
2
to give CO
2
, H
2
O & NO
2
. How many gms of O
2
are required and how many gms
of NO
2
would be produced from burning 1.0g Caffeine. The reaction of caffeine with oxygen is written
as follows:
2C
8
H
10
N
4
O
2
+ 27O
2
÷÷ 16CO
2
+ 10H
2
O + 8NO
2
Q.9 Equal weights of mercury and I
2
are allowed to react completely to form a mixture of mercurous and
mercuric iodide leaving none of the reactants. Calculate the ratio of the wts of Hg
2
I
2
and HgI
2
formed.
Concept of limiting reagents
Q.10 Titanium, which is used to make air plane engines and frames, can be obtained from titanium tetrachloride,
which in turn is obtained from titanium oxide by the following process :
3 TiO
2
(s) + 4C (s) + 6Cl
2
(g) ÷÷ 3TiCl
4
(g) + 2CO
2
(g) + 2CO (g)
A vessel contains 4.15 g TiO
2
, 5.67 g C and; 6.78 g Cl
2
, suppose the reaction goes to completion as
written, how many gram of TiCl
4
can be produced ? (Ti = 48)
Q.11 A chemist wants to prepare diborane by the reaction
6 LiH + 8BF
3
÷÷ 6Li BF
4
+ B
2
H
6
If he starts with 2.0 moles each of LiH & BF
3
. How many moles of B
2
H
6
can be prepared.
Q.12 When you see the tip of a match fire , the chemical reaction is likely to be
P
4
S
3
+ 8O
2
÷÷ P
4
O
10
+ 3SO
2
What is the minimum amount of P
4
S
3
that would have to be burned to produce at least 1.0 g of P
4
O
10
and at least 1.0 g of SO
2
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Empirical and Molecular Formulae
Q.13 B
10
5
and B
11
5
are two isotopes of boron. If average mass number is 10.2. What is the % of each.
Q.14 Tha action of bacteria on meat and fish produces a poisonus compound called cadaverine. It is 58.77%
C, 13.81% H, and 27.42% N. Its molar mass is 102 g/mol. Determine the molecular formula of
Q.15 On combustion analysis, a 0.450 g sample of Caproic acid (contained only C,H & O) gives
0.418 g of H
2
O and 1.023 g of CO
2
. What is the empirical formula of Caproic acid? If the molecular
mass of Caproic acid is 116 amu, what is the molecular formula?
Atomic Weight
Q.16 A sample of metallic element X, weighs 4.315g combines with 0.4810L of Cl
2
gas (at normal pressure and
20°C) to form the metal chloride XCl. If the density of Cl
2
gas under these conditions is 2.948 g/L. What
is the mass of the chlorine? The at. wt. of chlorine is 35.45 amu. What is at wt of X, what is identifyof X.
Q.17 A sample of pure metal M weighing 1.35g was quantitatively converted into 1.88g of pure MO. Calculate
at wt. of metal M
Q.18 Cu
2
S and M
2
S are isomorphous. The % of S in former is 20.14 and in the later 12.94. At wt of
Cu = 63.57. Calculate at wt of M.
Q.19 A compound which contains one atom of X and two atoms of Y for each three atoms of Z is made by
mixing 5.00 g of X, 1.15 × 10
23
atoms of Y and 0.03 mole of Z atoms. Given that only 4.40 g of compound
results. Calculate the atomic weight of Y if the atomic weights of X and Z are 60 and 80 amu respectively.
Gravimetric Method of Analysis
Q.20 A 0.6025 gm sample of a chloride salt was dissolved in water and the chloride precipitated by adding
excess silver nitrate. The precipitate of silver chloride was filtered, washed, dried, and found to weigh
0.7134 gm. Calculate the percentage of chloride (Cl) in the sample.
Q.21 A 0.4852 gm sample of iron ore is dissolved in acid, the iron oxidized to the +3 state, and then precipitated
as the hydrous oxide, Fe
2
O
3
· xH
2
O. The precipitate is filtered, washed, and ignited to Fe
2
O
3
, which is
found to weigh 0.2481 gm. Calculate the percentage of iron (Fe) in the sample.
Q.22 The phosphorous in a sample of phosphate rock weighing 0.5428 gm is precipitated as
MgNH
4
PO
4
· 6H
2
O and ignited to Mg
2
P
2
O
7
. If the ignited precipitate weighs 0.2234 gm, calculate
(a) the percentage of P
2
O
5
in the sample and
(b) the percent purity expressed as P rather than P
2
O
5
.
Q.23 Calculate the number of milliliters of ammonia, density 0.99 g/ml, 2.3% by weigh NH
3
, which will be
required to precipitate as Fe(OH)
3
the iron in a 0.70 gm sample that contain 25% Fe
2
O
3
.
Q.24 What size sample which contains 12.0% chlorine (Cl) should be taken for analysis if the chemist wishes
to obtain a precipitate of AgCl which weighs 0.50 gm?
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Q.25 A 0.75 gm sample containing both NaCl and NaBr is titrated with 0.1043 M AgNO
3
, using 42.23ml. A
second sample of the same weight is treated with excess silver nitrate, and the mixture of AgCl and AgBr is
filtered, dried and found to weigh 0.8042 gm. Calculate the percentages of NaCl and NaBr in the sample.
Q.26 A mineral consists of an equimolar mixture of the carbonates of two bivalent metals. One metal is present
to the extent of 13.2% by weight. 2.58 g of the mineral on heating lost 1.233 g of CO
2
. Calculate the %
by weight of the other metal.
Q.27 Determine the percentage composition of a mixture of anhydrous sodium carbonate and sodium
bicarbonate from the following data:
wt. of the mixture taken = 2g
Loss in weight on heating = 0.124 g.
Q.28 A 10 g sample of a mixture of calcium chloride and sodium chloride is treated with Na
2
CO
3
to precipitate
calcium as calcium carbonate. This CaCO
3
is heated to convert all the calcium to CaO and the final mass
of CaO is 1.62g. Calculate % by mass of NaCl in the original mixture.
Concentration terms
Q.29 The density of a solution containing 13% by mass of sulphuric acid is 1.09 g/mL. Calculate the molarity
of the solution.
Q.30 The mole fraction of CH
3
OH in an aqueous solution is 0.02 and its density is 0.994 g cm
–3
. Determine
its molarity and molality.
Q.31 The density of a solution containing 40% by mass of HCl is 1.2 g/mL. Calculate the molarity of the solution.
Q.32 15 g of methyl alcohol is present in 100 mL of solution. If density of solution is 0.90 g mL
–1
. Calculate the
mass percentage of methyl alcohol in solution.
Q.33 Units of parts per million (ppm) or per billion (ppb) are often used to describe the concentrations of solutes
in very dilute solutions. The units are defined as the number of grams of solute per million or per billion
grams of solvent. Bay of Bengal has 1.9 ppm of lithium ions. What is the molality of Li
+
in this water ?
Q.34 Find out the volume of 98% w/w H
2
SO
4
(density = 1.8 gm/ ml) must be diluted to prepare
12.5 litres of 2.5 M sulphuric acid solution.
Q.35 10 ml of pure ethanol (d = 0.785g/ml) is diluted with water to a volume of 100ml. Find molarity.
Q.36 Calculate molality of aq. H
2
SO
4
containing 61% by wt. of H
2
SO
4
. The density of solution is
1.5091 g/cc.
Q.37 3.2665 gm of H
3
PO
4
are present in one litre of a solution. Find normality.
Q.38 In what ratio should you mix 0.2M NaNO
3
and 0.1M Ca(NO
3
)
2
solution so that in resulting solution,
the concentration of negative ion is 50% greater than conc. of positive ion.
Q.39 A 500 ml solution was prepared by dissolving 28.5 gm of MgCl
2
in water. If the density of MgCl
2
solution is 1.2 gm/ml, calculate
(a) Molarity of Cl

ion
(b) Mole fraction of Mg
2+
ion
(c) Concentration in ppm of Mg
2+
ion
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Acid Base Titration
Q.40 How many ml of 0.1 N HCl are required to react completely with 1 g mixture of Na
2
CO
3
and NaHCO
3
containing equimolar amounts of two?
Q.41 0.5 g of fuming H
2
SO
4
(oleum) is diluted with water. The solution requires 26.7 ml of 0.4 N NaOH for
complete neutralization. Find the % of free SO
3
in the sample of oleum.
Q.42 H
3
PO
4
is a tri basic acid and one of its salt is NaH
2
PO
4
. What volume of 1 M NaOH solution should be
added to 12 g of NaH
2
PO
4
to convert it into Na
3
PO
4
?
Q.43 1.64 g of a mixture of CaCO
3
and MgCO
3
was dissolved in 50 mL of 0.8 M HCl. The excess of acid
required 16 mL of 0.25 M NaOH for neutralization. Calculate the percentage of CaCO
3
and MgCO
3
in
the sample.
Q.44 1.5 g of chalk were treated with 10 ml of 4N – HCl. The chalk was dissolved and the solution made to
100 ml 25 ml of this solution required 18.75 ml of 0.2 N – NaOH solution for complete neutralisation.
Calculate the percentage of pure CaCO
3
in the sample of chalk?
Double titration
Q.45 A solution contains Na
2
CO
3
and NaHCO
3
. 20ml of this solution required 4ml of 1N – HCl for titration
with Ph indicator. The titration was repeated with the same volume of the solution but with MeOH.
10.5 ml of 1 – N HCl was required this time. Calculate the amount of Na
2
CO
3
& NaHCO
3
.
Q.46 A solution contains a mix of Na
2
CO
3
and NaOH. Using Ph as indicator 25ml of mix required 19.5 ml of
0.995 N HCl for the end point. With MeOH, 25 ml of the solution required 25ml of the same HCl for the
end point. Calculate gms/L of each substance in the mix .
Q.47 200ml of a solution of mixture of NaOH and Na
2
CO
3
was first titrated with Ph and
10
N
HCl. 17.5 ml of
HCl was required for end point. After this MeOH was added and 2.5 ml of some HCl was again
required for next end point. Find out amounts of NaOH and Na
2
CO
3
in the mix.
Q.48 A solution contains Na
2
CO
3
and NaHCO
3
. 10ml of this requires 2ml of 0.1M H
2
SO
4
for neutralisation
using Ph indicator. MeOH is then added when a further 2.5 ml of 0.2 M H
2
SO
4
was needed. Calculate
strength of Na
2
CO
3
and NaHCO
3
in g/L.
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Redox Titration
Q.49 It requires 40.05 ml of 1M Ce
4+
to titrate 20ml of 1M Sn
2+
to Sn
4+
. What is the oxidation state of the
cerium in the product.
Q.50 A volume of 12.53 ml of 0.05093 M SeO
2
reacted with exactly 25.52 ml of 0.1M CrSO
4
. In the
reaction, Cr
2+
was oxidized to Cr
3+
. To what oxidation state was selenium converted by the reaction.
Q.51 Potassium acid oxalate K
2
C
2
O
4
· 3H
2
C
2
O
4
·4H
2
O can be oxidized by MnO
4

in acid medium. Calculate
the volume of 0.1M KMnO
4
reacting in acid solution with one gram of the acid oxalate.
Q.52 Metallic tin in the presence of HCI is oxidized by K
2
Cr
2
O
7
to stannic chloride, SnCl
4
. What volume of
deci-normal dichromate solution would be reduced by 1g of tin.
Q.53 5g sample of brass was dissolved in one litre dil. H
2
SO
4
. 20 ml of this solution were mixed with KI,
liberating I
2
and Cu
+
and the I
2
required 20 ml of 0.0327 N hypo solution for complete titration. Calculate
the percentage of Cu in the alloy.
Q.54 0.84 g iron ore containing x percent of iron was taken in a solution containing all the iron in ferrous
condition. The solution required x ml of a dichromatic solution for oxidizing the iron content to
ferric state. Calculate the strength of dichromatic solution.
Q.55 The neutralization of a solution of 1.2 g of a substance containing a mixture of H
2
C
2
O
4
. 2H
2
O, KHC
2
O
4
.
H
2
O and different impurities of a neutral salt consumed 18.9 ml of 0.5 N NaOH solution. On titration
with KMnO
4
solution, 0.4 g of the same substance needed 21.55 ml of 0.25 N KMnO
4
. Calculate the
% composition of the substance.
Back Titration
Q.56 50gm of a sample of Ca(OH)
2
is dissolved in 50ml of 0.5N HCl solution. The excess of HCl was titrated
with 0.3N – NaOH. The volume of NaOH used was 20cc. Calculate % purity of Ca(OH)
2
.
Q.57 One gm of impure sodium carbonate is dissolved in water and the solution is made up to 250ml. To 50ml
of this made up solution, 50ml of 0.1N – HCl is added and the mix after shaking well required 10ml of
0.16N – NaOH solution for complete titration. Calculate the % purity of the sample.
Q.58 What amount of substance containing 60% NaCl, 37% KCl should be weighed out for analysis so that
after the action of 25 ml of 0.1N AgNO
3
solution, excess of Ag
+
is back titrated with 5 ml of NH
4
SCN
solution? Given that 1 ml of NH
4
SCN = 1.1 ml of AgNO
3
.
Q.59 5g of pyrolusite (impure MnO
2
) were heated with conc. HCl and Cl
2
evolved was passed through
excess of KI solution. The iodine liberated required 40 mL of
10
N
hypo solution. Find the % of MnO
2
in
the pyrolusite.
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Eudiometry
Q.60 10 ml of a mixture of CO, CH
4
and N
2
exploded with excess of oxygen gave a contraction of 6.5 ml.
There was a further contraction of 7 ml, when the residual gas treated with KOH. What is the composition
of the original mixture?
Q.61 When 100 ml of a O
2
– O
3
mixture was passed through turpentine, there was reduction of volume by 20
ml. If 100 ml of such a mixture is heated, what will be the increase in volume?
[Hint : O
3
is absorbed by turpentine]
Q.62 10 ml of a gaseous organic compound containing C, H and O only was mixed with 100 ml of oxygen and
exploded under conditions which allowed the water formed to condense. The volume of the gas after
explosion was 90 ml. On treatment with potash solution, a further contraction of 20 ml in volume was
observed. Given that the vapour density of the compound is 23, deduce the molecular formula. All
volume measurements were carried out under the same conditions.
Q.63 A mixture of formic acid and oxalic acid is heated with concentrated H
2
SO
4
. The gas produced is
collected and on its treatment with KOH solution the volume of the gas decreased by one-sixth. Calculate
the molar ratio of the two acids in the original mixture.
Q.64 40 ml of a mixture of hydrogen, CH
4
and N
2
was exploded with 10 ml of oxygen. On cooling, the gases
occupied 36.5 ml. After treatment with KOH the volume reduced by 3 ml and again on treatment with
alkaline pyrogallol, the volume further decreased by 1.5 ml. Determine the composition of the mixture.
Q.65 5 ml of a gaseous hydrocarbon was exploded to 30 ml of O
2
. The resultant gas, on cooling is found to
measure 25 ml of which 10 ml are absorbed by KOH and the remainder by pyragallal. Determine
molecular formula of hydrocarbon.
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PROFICIENCY TEST
Q.1 Fill in the blanks with appropriate items :
1. The number of water molecules in 0.5 mol of barium chloride dihydrate is _________.
2. 20ml of 0.1 M H
2
C
2
O
4
· 2H
2
O (oxalic acid) solution contains oxalic acid equal to _________ moles.
3. The volume of 1.204 × 10
24
molecules of water at 4°C is _________.
4. 0.2 mol of ozone (O
3
) at N.T.P. will occupy volume _________ L.
5. The balancing of chemical equation is based upon _________.
6. 2 gm of hydrogen will have same number of H atoms as are there in ________ g hydrazine (NH
2
–NH
2
).
7. The mass of x atoms of element =
A
N
......... x
.
8. The moles of x atoms of a triatomic gas =
A
N
x
× _________.
9. The amount of Na
2
SO
4
which gives 9.6 gm of
÷ 2
4
SO
is _________.
10. The 44 mg of certain substance contain 6.02 × 10
20
molecules. The molecular mass of the substance is
_________.
11. The mass of 1 ×10
22
molecules of CuSO
4
. 5H
2
O is _________.
12. The atomic mass of iron is 56. The equivalent mass of the metal in FeCl
2
is ___________ and that in
FeCl
3
is _________.
13. The sulphate of a metal M contains 9.87% of M. The sulphate is isomorphous with ZnSO
4
.7H
2
O. The
atomic mass of M is __________.
14. A binary compound contains 50% of A (at. mass = 16) & 50% B (at. mass = 32). The empirical formula
of the compound is _________.
15. 10.6 g of Na
2
CO
3
react with 9.8 g of H
2
SO
4
to form 16 g of Na
2
SO
4
& 4.4 g CO
2
. This is in
accordance with the law of _________.
16. 3 g of a salt (m. wt. 30) are dissolved in 250 ml of water. The molarity of solution is _________.
17. 0.5 mole of BaCl
2
are mixed with 0.2 mole of Na
3
PO
4
the maximum number of mole of Ba
3
(PO
4
)
2
formed are __________.
18. The Eq. weight of Na
2
HPO
4
(base) is ______________.
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19. The mole fraction of solute in 20% (by weight) aqueous H
2
O
2
solution is __________.
20. A metallic oxide contains 60% of the metal. The Eq. weight of the metal is __________.
21. The number of gm of anhydrous Na
2
CO
3
present in 250 ml of 0.25 N solution is___________.
22. ________ ml of 0.1 M H
2
SO
4
is required to neutralize 50 ml of 0.2 M NaOH solution.
23. The number of mole of water present in 90 g H
2
O are _________.
24. The concentration of K
+
ion in 0.2 M K
2
Cr
2
O
7
solution would be__________.
25. 280 ml of sulphur vapour at NTP weight 3.2 g . The Mol. formula of the sulphur vapour is ______.
Q.2 True or False Statements :
1. Equal volumes of helium and nitrogen under similar conditions have equal number of atoms.
2. The smallest particle is a substance which is capable in independent existence is called an atom.
3. The number of formula units in 0.5 mole of KCl is 6.02 × 10
23
.
4. 22.4 L of ethane gas at S.T.P. contains H atoms as are present in 3 gram molecules of dihydrogen.
5. Molarity of pure water is 55.5.
6. A 20% solution of KOH (density = 1.02 g/ml) has molarity = 3.64.
7. In a mixture of 1 g C
6
H
6
& 1 g C
7
H
8
, the mole fraction of both are same.
8. 1 mole of C
12
H
22
O
11
contains 22 hydrogen atoms.
9. KClO
4
& KMnO
4
are isomorphous in nature.
10. Mass of 3.01 × 10
23
molecules of of methane is 8 gm.
11. A hydrocarbon contains 86% C. 448 ml of the hydrocarbon weighs 1.68 g at STP. Then the hydrocarbon
is an alkene.
12. 6.023 × 10
54
e
–s
weigh one kg.
13. An oxide of metal M has 40% by mass of oxygen. Metal M has relative atomic mass of 24. The
empirical formula of the oxide is MO.
14. 5 g of a crystalline salt when rendered anhydrous lost 1.8 g of water. The formula weight of the anhydrous
salt is 160. The number of molecules of water of crystallisation in the salt is 5.
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15. Number of valence e
–s
in 4.2 g of N
3–
is 24 N
A
.
16. The equivalent mass of KMnO
4
in alkaline medium is molar mass divided by five.
17. The equivalent mass of Na
2
S
2
O
3
in its reaction with I
2
is molar mass divided by two.
18. In a reaction, H
2
MoO
4
is changed to MoO
2
+
. In this case, H
2
MoO
4
acts as an oxidising agent.
19. KBrO
3
acts as a strong oxidising agent. It accepts 6 electrons to give KBr.
20. 0.1 M sulphuric acid has normality of 0.05 N.
21. The reaction, 2H
2
O
2
÷÷ 2H
2
O + O
2
is not an example of a redox reaction.
22. The disproportionation reaction,
2Mn
3+
+ 2H
2
O ÷÷ MnO
2
+ Mn
+2
+ 4H
+
is an example of a redox reaction.
23. The oxidation number of hydrogen is always taken as + 1 in its all compounds.
24. The increase in oxidation number of an element implies that the element has undergone reduction.
25. The oxidation state of oxygen atom in potassium super oxide is
2
1
÷
.
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EXERCISE-II
Q.1 A sample of calcium carbonate contains impurities which do not react with a mineral acid. When 2 grams
of the sample were reacted with the mineral acid, 375 ml of carbon dioxide were obtained at 27°C and
760 mm pressure. Calculate the % purity of the sample of CaCO
3
?
Q.2 One gram of an alloy of aluminium and magnesium when heated with excess of dil. HCl forms magnesium
chloride, aluminium chloride and hydrogen. The evolved hydrogen collected over mercury at 0°C has a
volume of 1.2 litres at 0.92 atm pressure. Calculate the composition of the alloy.
Q.3 Chloride samples are prepared for analysis by using NaCl, KCl, NH
4
Cl separately or as mixtures. What
minimum volume of a 5% (by weight) AgNO
3
solution (sp. gr = 1.04) must be added to a sample
weighing 0.3 g in order to ensure complete precipitation of chloride in every possible case?
Q.4 Sulfur dioxide is an atmospheric pollutant that is converted to sulfuric acid when it reacts with water
vapour. This is one source of acid rain, one of our most pressing environmental problems. The sulfur
dioxide content of an air sample can be determined as follows. A sample of air is bubbled through an
aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide to convert all of the SO
2
to H
2
SO
4
H
2
O
2
+ SO
2
÷÷ H
2
SO
4
Titration of the resulting solution completes the analysis. In one such case, analysis of 1550 L of Los
Angeles air gave a solution that required 5.70 ml of 5.96 × 10
–3
M NaOH to complete the titration.
Determine the number of grams of SO
2
present in the air sample.
Q.5 In a water treatment plant, Cl
2
used for the treatment of water is produced from the following reaction
2KMnO
4
+ 16 HCl ÷÷ 2KCl + 2MnCl
2
+ 8H
2
O + Cl
2
. If during each feed 1 l KMnO
4
having 79%
(w/v) KMnO
4
& 9 l HCl with d = 1.825 gm/ ml & 10% (w/w) HCl are entered & if that percent yield
is 80% then calculate
(a) amount of Cl
2
produced.
(b) amount of water that can be treated by Cl
2
if 1 litres consumes 28.4 g of Cl
2
for treatment.
(c) Calculate efficiencyn of the process if n =
feed total of vol
treated water of . vol
Q.6 A 2.0 g sample of a mixture containing sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium sulphate is
heated till the evolution of CO
2
ceases. The volume of CO
2
at 750 mmHg pressure and at 298 K is
measured to be 123.9 mL. A 1.5 g of the sample requires 150 mL of M /10 HCl for complete neutralization.
Calculate the percentage composition of the components of the mixture.
Q.7 3.6 g of Mg is burnt in limited supply of oxygen. The residue was treated with 100 mL of H
2
SO
4
(35% by mass,1.26 g mL
–1
density). When 2.463 L of H
2
at 760 mm Hg at 27°C was evolved. After
the reaction, H
2
SO
4
was found to have a density of 1.05 g mL
–1
. Assuming no volume change in
H
2
SO
4
solution. Find
(i) % by mass of final H
2
SO
4
(ii) % by mass of Mg converted to oxide
(iii) mass of oxygen used. (Mg = 24, S= 32)
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Q.8 One mole of a mixture of N
2
, NO
2
and N
2
O
4
has a mean molar mass of 55.4. On heating to a temperature
at which all the N
2
O
4
may be pressured to have dissociated : N
2
O
4
÷÷ 2NO
2
, the mean molar mass
tends to the lower value of 39.6. What is the mole ratio of N
2
: NO
2
: N
2
O
4
in the original mixture?
Q.9 A mixture of FeO and Fe
2
O
3
is reacted with acidified KMnO
4
solution having a concentration of 0.2278
M, 100 ml of which was used. The solution was then titrated with Zn dust which converted Fe
3+
of the
solution to Fe
2+
. The Fe
2+
required 1000 ml of 0.13 M K
2
Cr
2
O
7
solution. Find the % of FeO & Fe
2
O
3
.
Q.10 50ml of a solution, containing 1gm each Na
2
CO
3
, NaHCO
3
and NaOH was titrated with N-HCl. What
will be the titre readings if
(a) only Ph is used as indicator.
(b) only MeOH is used as indicator from the beginning.
(c) MeOH is added after the first end point with Ph.
Q.11 A 0.517g sample containing Ba(SCN)
2
was dissolved in a bicarbonate solution. 50.0 mL of 0.107 N
iodine was added, and the mixture was allowed to stand for five minutes. The solution was then acidified,
and the excess I
2
was titrated with 16.3 mL of 0.0965 M sodium thiosulphate. Calculate the percent
Ba(SCN)
2
in the sample.
Q.12 A mixture of Xe and F
2
was heated. A sample of white solid thus formed reacted with H
2
, to give 81 ml
of Xe at STP and HF formed required 68.43 ml of 0.3172 M NaOH for complete neutralization.
Determine empirical formula.
Q.13 Chrome alum K
2
SO
4
. Cr
2
(SO
4
)
3
. 24 H
2
O is prepared by passing SO
2
gas through an aqueous
solution of K
2
Cr
2
O
7
acidified with dilute sulphuric acid till the reduction is complete. The alum is
crystallized followed by filtration/centrifugation. If only 90% of the alum can be recovered from the
above process, how much alum can be prepared from 10kg of K
2
Cr
2
O
7
? Give the number of moles of
electrons supplied by SO
2
for reducing one mole of K
2
Cr
2
O
7
.
Q.14 A substance of crude copper is boiled in H
2
SO
4
till all the copper has reacted. The impurities are inert
to the acid. The SO
2
liberated in the reaction is passed into 100 mL of 0.4 M acidified KMnO
4
. The
solution of KMnO
4
after passage of SO
2
is allowed to react with oxalic acid and requires 23.6 mL of
1.2 M oxalic acid. If the purity of copper is 91%, what was the weight of the sample.
Q.15 25 mL of a solution containing HCl was treated with excess of M/5 KIO
3
and KI solution of unknown
concentration where I
2
liberated is titrated against a standard solution of 0.021M Na
2
S
2
O
3
solution
whose 24 mL were used up. Find the strength of HCl and volume of KIO
3
solution consumed.
Q.16 A 10g sample of only CuS and Cu
2
S was treated with 100 mL of 1.25 M K
2
Cr
2
O
7
. The products
obtained were Cr
3+
, Cu
2+
and SO
2
. The excess oxidant was reacted with 50 mL of Fe
2+
solution. 25 ml
of the same Fe
2+
solution required 0.875M acidic KMnO
4
the volume of which used was 20 mL. Find
the % of CuS and Cu
2
S in the sample.
Q.17 H
2
O
2
is reduced rapidly by Sn
2+
, the products being Sn
4+
& water. H
2
O
2
decomposes slowly at room
temperature to yield O
2
& water. Calculate the volume of O
2
produced at 20
o
C & 1.00 atm when 200g
of 10.0 % by mass H
2
O
2
in water is treated with 100.0 ml of 2.00 M Sn
2+
& then the mixture is allowed
to stand until no further reaction occurs.
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Q.18 A sample of steel weighing 0.6 gm and containing S as an impurity was burnt in a stream of O
2
, when S
was converted to its oxide SO
2
. SO
2
was then oxidized to SO
4
– –
by using H
2
O
2
solution containing
30ml of 0.04 M NaOH. 22.48 ml of 0.024 M HCl was required to neutralize the base remaining after
oxidation. Calculate the % of S in the sample.
Q.19 CuFeS
2
mineral was analysed for Cu and Fe percentage. 10g of it was boiled with dil. H
2
SO
4
and
diluted to 1L. 10 mL of this solution required 2mL of 0.01M MnO
4
÷
in acidic medium. In another
titration 25 mL of the same solution required 5 mL of 0.01M S
2
O
3

solution iodometrically. Calculate
percentage of Cu and Fe in the mineral.
Q.20 A 10gm mixture of Cu
2
S and CuS was treated with 200 ml of 0.75 M MnO
4

in acid solution, producing
SO
2
, Cu
2+
& Mn
2+
. The SO
2
was boiled off and the excess MnO
4

was titrated with 175 ml of 1M
Fe
2+
solution. Calculate the % CuS in the original mixture.
Q.21 3.3 gm of a sample of Anhydrous CuSO
4
was dissolved in water and made to 250ml. 25 ml of this
solution after taking usual precautions was treated with a little excess of KI solution. A white ppt. of
Cu
2
I
2
and iodine was evolved. The iodine so evolved required 24.6 ml of hypo solution containing 20gm
of (Na
2
S
2
O
3
· 5H
2
O) per litre. What is the purity of CuSO
4
solution.
Q.22 1.16 g CH
3
(CH
2
)
n
COOH was burnt in excess air and the resultant gases (CO
2
and H
2
O) were passed
through excess NaOH solution. The resulting solution was divided in two equl parts. One part requires
50 mL of 1 N HCl for neutralization using phenolphthalein as indicator. Another part required 80 mL of
1N HCl for neutralization using methyl orange as indicator. Find the value of n and the amount of excess
NaOH solution taken initially.
Q.23 A 1.65 gm sample of FeS
2
was oxidized by excess oxygen & the products were SO
2
and Fe
2+
. The
SO
2
gas produced was passed through an acidified solution of 40ml Ba(MnO
4
)
2
produced SO
4
– –
&
Mn
2+
. The excess permagnate was diluted to 100 ml & 10 ml of it was treated with excess KI & iodine
produced req. 0.05 M 5 ml hypo solution producing S
4
O
6
2–
. In a separate titration the 25 ml of same
solution of permagnate under alkaline condition when treated with KI produced I
2
that required 20 ml of
0.05 M hypo solution producing S
4
O
6
2–
& Mn
6+
. Calculate the % of FeS
2
in the sample.
Q.24 Reducing sugars are sometimes characterized by a number R
Cu
, which is defined as the number of mg of
copper reduced by 1 gm of sugar, in which half reaction for the copper is
Cu
2+
+ OH

÷÷ Cu
2
O + H
2
O
It is sometimes more convenient to determine the reducing power of a carbohydrate by an indirect
method. In this method 43.2 mg of the carbohydrate was oxidized by an excess of K
3
(Fe(CN)
6
). The
Fe(CN)
6
4–
formed in this reaction required 5.29 ml of 0.0345 N Ce(SO
4
)
2
for reoxidation to Fe(CN)
6
3
.
Determine the R
Cu
value for the sample.
Q.25 2g of chromite ore sample was mixed with enough potassium carbonate and potassium chlorate and
fused. The reaction that occurred was:
6FeCr
2
O
4
+ 12K
2
CO
3
+ 7KCIO
3
÷ 3Fe
2
O
3
+ 12 K
2
CrO
4
+ 7KCl + 12CO
2
The fused mass was cooled and extracted with 2N sulphuric acid. This was filtered and thoroughly
washed. The filterate and washings were collected in a 500 ml. Volumetric flask. When all the soluble
portion of the fused mass was extracted, 100 ml of 1M solution of ferrous ammonium sulphate were
added and the solution made to 500ml. An aliquot of 25ml was titrated with potassium dichromate
solution, prepared by dissolving 0.98 g of dried potassium dichromate in distilled water in a 250ml
volumetric flask. The titration required 32.5 ml of this solution. Calculate the percentage of chromium in
the sample of the ore.
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EXERCISE-III
Q.1 Which has maximum number of atoms of oxygen
(A) 10 ml H
2
O(l) (B) 0.1 mole of V
2
O
5
(C) 12 gm O
3
(g) (D) 12.044 ×10
22
molecules of CO
2
Q.2 Mass of one atom of the element A is 3.9854 × 10
–23
g. How many atoms are contained in
1 g of the element A?
(A) 2.509 × 10
23
(B) 6.022 × 10
23
(C) 12.044 ×10
23
(D) None
Q.3 The total no. of electrons present in 11.2 litre of NH
3
at STP are
(A) 6.022 × 10
23
(B) 3.011 × 10
23
(C) 3.011 × 10
24
(D) None
Q.4 1 gm-atom of nitrogen represents :
(A) 6.02 × 10
23
N
2
molecules (B) 22.4 lit. of N
2
at N.T.P.
(C) 11.2 lit. of N
2
at N.T.P. (D) 28 g of nitrogen
Q.5 Al
2
(SO
4
)
3
. x H
2
O has 8.20 % aluminium by mass. The value of x is
(A) 4 (B) 10 (C) 16 (D) 18
Q.6 If average molecular wt. of air is 29, then assuming only N
2
and O
2
gases are there which options are
correct regarding composition of air
(i) 75% by mass of N
2
(ii) 75% by moles N
2
(iii) 72.41% by mass N
2
(A) only (i) is correct (B) only (ii) is correct
(C) both (ii) and (iii) are correct (D) both (i) and (ii) are correct
Q.7 A spherical ball of radius 3 cm contains 66.66 % iron. If density is 1.5 g/cm
3
, number of mole of Fe
present approximately is:
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 20 (D) None
Q.8 Density of dry air containing only N
2
and O
2
is 1.146 gm/lit at 740 mm and 300 K. What is % composition
of N
2
by weight in the air.
(A) 78% (B) 82% (C) 73.47% (D) 72.42%
Q.9 What is the number of moles of Fe(OH)
3
that can be produced by allowing
1 mole of Fe
2
S
3
, 2 mole of H
2
Oand 3 mole of O
2
to react
2Fe
2
S
3
+ 6H
2
O + 3O
2
÷÷÷ 4Fe(OH)
3
+ 6S
(A) 2 (B) 1.34 (C) 3.52 (D) none
Q.10 What percentage of phosphorus (P) is present in the compound CaCO
3
. 3Ca
3
(PO
4
)
2
?
(A) 18% (B) 45.36% (C) 28.61% (D) 15.12%
Q.11 A gaseous mixture of H
2
and NH
3
gas contains 68 mass % of NH
3
. The vapour density of the mixture is
(A) 6.1 (B) 5 (C) 2.5 (D) None of these
Q.12 A sample of ammonium phosphate, (NH
4
)
3
PO
4
, contains 3.18 mol of hydrogen atoms.The number of
moles of oxygen atoms in the sample is :
(A) 0.265 (B) 0.795 (C) 1.06 (D) 3.18
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Q.13 12 litre of H
2
and 11.2 litre of Cl
2
are mixed and exploded. The composition by volume of mixture is
(A) 24 litre of HCl (B) 0.8 litre Cl
2
and 20.8 lit HCl
(C) 0.8 litre H
2
& 22.4 litre HCl (D) 22.4 litre HCl
Q.14 Weight of oxygen in Fe
2
O
3
and FeO is in the simple ratio for the same amount of iron is
(A) 3 : 2 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 2 : 1 (D) 3 : 1
Q.15 A mixture of gas ''X'' (mol. wt. 16) and gas Y (mol. wt. 28) in the mole ratio a : b has a mean molecular
weight 20. What would be mean molecular weight if the gases are mixed in the ratio b : a under identical
conditions (gases are non reacting).
(A) 24 (B) 20 (C) 26 (D) 40
Q.16 A mixture of CuO and Cu
2
O contain 88% Cu. What is the percentage of CuO present in the mixture?
(A) 91.35% (B) 8.89% (C) 18.9% (D) 20%
Q.17 Consider the following nuclear reactions involving X & Y.
X ÷÷ Y + He
4
2
Y ÷÷
8
O
18
+
1
H
1
If both neutrons as well as protons in both the sides are conserved in nuclear reaction then identify
period number of X & moles of neutrons in 4.6 gm of X
(A) 3, 2.4 N
A
(B) 3, 2.4 (C) 2, 4.6 (D) 3, 0.2 N
A
Q.18 To 500 ml of 2 M impure H
2
SO
4
sample, NaOH solution 1 M was
slowly added & the following plot was obtained. The percentage
purity of H
2
SO
4
sample and slope of the curve respectively are:
(A) 50%,
3
1
÷
(B) 75%,
2
1
÷
(C) 75% , –1 (D) none of these
Q.19 Equal volumes of 10% (v/V) of HCl is mixed with 10% (v/V) NaOH solution. If density of pure NaOH
is 1.5 times that of pure HCl then the resultant solution be.
(A) basic (B) neutral (C) acidic (D) can’t be predicted.
Q.20 The mole fraction of a given sample of I
2
in C
6
H
6
is 0.2. The molality of I
2
in C
6
H
6
is
(A) 0.32 (B) 3.2 (C) 0.032 (D) 0.48
Q.21 A sample of H
2
SO
4
(density 1.8 g/ml) is 90% by weight. What is the volume of the acid that has to be
used to make 1 litre of 0.2 –M H
2
SO
4
?
(A) 16 mL (B) 10 mL (C) 12 mL (D) 18 mL
Q.22 What volume of HNO
3
(sp. gravity 1.05 g ml
–1
containing 9%(w/w) of HNO
3
reducing to NO
g
) is
required to oxidise iron 1 g FeSO
4
. 7H
2
O in acid medium is
(A) 70 ml (B) 0.80 ml (C) 80 ml (D) 0.65 ml
Q.23 One litre of a sample of hard water contain 2.22 mg CaCl
2
and 1.9 mg of MgCl
2
in 1 L H
2
O. What is the
total hardness in terms of ppm of CaCO
3
. [Ca = 40; Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]
(A) 2 ppm (B) 3 ppm (C) 4 ppm (D) 4.12 ppm
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Q.24 10 L of hard water required 0.56 gm of lime for removing hardness. Hence temporary hardness in ppm
of CaCO
3
is
(A) 100 (B) 200 (C) 10 (D) 20
Q.25 0.1 gm of a polyvalent metal of atomic mass 51.0 amu reacted with dilute sulphuric acid to give 43.9 ml
of H
2
at STP. The solution in the lower oxidation state was found to require 58.8 ml of
N/10 KMnO
4
solution for complete oxidation. The valencies of the metal is
(A) M
2+
and M
5+
(B) M
3+
and M
6+
(C) M
1+
and M
5+
(D) M
2+
and M
3+
Q.26 Equivalent weight of H
3
PO
2
when it disproportionate into PH
3
and H
3
PO
3
is
(A) M (B) M/2 (C) M/4 (D) 3M/4
Q.27 A mixture of NaHC
2
O
4
and KHC
2
O
4
· H
2
C
2
O
4
required equal volumes of 0.2 N KMnO
4
and
0.12 N NaOH separately. What is the molar ratio of NaHC
2
O
4
and KHC
2
O
4
· H
2
C
2
O
4
in the mixture?
(A) 6 : 1 (B) 1 : 6 (C) 1 : 3 (D) none
Q.28 100 cm
3
of a solution of an acid (Molar mass = 82) containing 39 gm of the acid per litre were completely
neutralized by 95.0 cm
3
of aq. NaOH containing 20 gm of NaOH per 500 cm
3
. The basicity of the acid is
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) data insufficient
Q.29 Which of the following is correct for 17 g/L of H
2
O
2
solution.
(I) Volume strength is 5.6 at 273 K and 1 atm
(II) Molarity of solution is 0.5 M
(III) 1 ml of this solution gives 2.8 ml O
2
at 273 K and 2 atm
(IV) The normality of solution is 2M
(A) I, II, III (B) II, III (C) II, III, IV (D) I, II, III, IV
Q.30 In iodometric estimation of Cu
2+
ion, the following reaction took place.
2Cu
2+
+ 4I

—÷ Cu
2
I
2
+ I
2
I
2
+ 2Na
2
S
2
O
3
—÷ 2NaI + Na
2
S
4
O
6
If 100 ml of CuSO
4
solution added to excess KI requires 50 ml of 0.2 M Na
2
S
2
O
3
, the molarity of
CuSO
4
solution is
(A) 0.05 M (B) 0.1 M (C) 0.2 (D) 0.25
Q.31 500 ml of a sample of H
2
O
2
marked 33.6 volumes is used as source of oxygen. This sample partly
reacted with certain reactive impurities causing wastage of half the amount of H
2
O
2
present. Volume of
O
2
available at 570 mm Hg & 27°C is:
(A) 12.3 L (B) 24.6 L (C) 16.8 L (D) none of these
Q.32 Calculate the mass of anhydrous oxalic acid, which can be oxidised to CO
2
(g) by 100 ml of an
÷
4
MnO solution, 10 ml of which is capable of oxidising 50 ml of 1N I

to I
2
.
(A) 45 gm (B) 22.5 gm (C) 30 gm (D) 12.25 gm
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Q.33 Three different solutions of oxidising agents KMnO
4
, K
2
Cr
2
O
7
and I
2
is titrated seperately with 0.158 gm
of Na
2
S
2
O
3
. If molarity of each oxidising agent is 0.1 M and reactions are
÷
4
MnO +
÷ 2
3 2
O S ÷÷ MnO
2
+
÷ 2
4
SO
÷ 2
7 2
O Cr +
÷ 2
3 2
O S ÷÷ Cr
3+
+
÷ 2
4
SO
I
2
+ Na
2
S
2
O
3

÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
Starch
Na
2
S
4
O
6
+ I

Then
(A) volume of KMnO
4
used is maximum (B) volume of K
2
Cr
2
O
7
used is minimum
(C) wt. of I
2
used in titration is maximum (D) none
Q.34 Find out % of oxalate ion in a given sample of an alkali metal oxalate salt, 0.30 gm of it is dissolved in
100 CC water required 90 CC of centimolar KMnO
4
solution in acidic medium.
(A) 66% (B) 55% (C) 44% (D) 88%
Q.35 1 gram at a sample of CaCO
3
was strongly heated and the CO
2
liberated was absorbed in 100 mL of
0.5 M NaOH. Assuming 90% purity for the sample. How much mL of 0.5 M HCl would be required to
react with the solution of the alkali to reach the phenolphthalein end point?
(A) 73 mL (B) 41 mL (C) 82 mL (D) 87 mL
Q.36 A 0.518 g sample of lime stone is dissolved in HCl and then the calcium is precipitated as CaC
2
O
4
. After
filtering and washing the precipitate, it requires 40.0 mL of 0.250 N KMnO
4
, solution acidified with
H
2
SO
4
to titrate it as,
÷
4
MnO
+ H
+
+
÷ 2
4 2
O C
÷÷ Mn
2+
+ CO
2
+ 2H
2
O
The percentage of CaO in the sample is:
(A) 54.0% (B) 27.1% (C) 42% (D) 84%
Q.37 0.3 g of an oxalate salt was dissolved in 100 mL solution. The solution required 90 mL of N/20 KMnO
4
for complete oxidation. The % of oxalalte ion in salt is:
(A) 33% (B) 66% (C) 70% (D) 40%
Q.38 A sample of H
2
O
2
solution labelled as 33.6 volume has density of 264 gm/lit. Mark the correct option
representing concentration of same solution in other units. [Solution contains only H
2
O & H
2
O
2
]
(A) Mole fraction of H
2
O
2
in the solution = 0.5
(B) % w/v = 102%
(C)
2 2
O H
M
= 6 M
(D)
2 2
O H
m
=
54
1000
m
Q.39 Match the n-factor of following reactant :
(i) As
2
S
3
÷ AsO
4
3–
+ SO
4
2–
(half reaction) (a) 10
(ii) Bi
2
S
3
÷ Bi
+5
+ S (half reaction) (b) 4
(iii) Mn(NO
3
)
2
÷ MnO
4
2–
+ NO
3

(half reaction) (c) 2/3
(iv) 5P
2
H
4
÷ 6PH
3
+ P
4
H
2
(d) 6/5
(v) MnO
4
2–
+ H
2
O ÷ MnO
2
+ MnO
4

+ OH

(e) 28
(A) (i)-(a), (ii)-(b), (iii)-(c), (iv)-(d), (v)-(e) (B) (i)-(c), (ii)-(a), (iii)-(b), (iv)-(d), (v)-(e)
(C) (i)-(e), (ii)-(a), (iii)-(b), (iv)-(d), (v)-(c) (D) (i)-(e), (ii)-(b), (iii)-(a), (iv)-(c), (v)-(d)
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Question No. 40 to 43 (4 questions)
A 4.925 g sample of a mixture of CuCl
2
and CuBr
2
was dissolved in water and mixed thoroughly with a
5.74 g portion of AgCl. After the reaction the solid, a mixture of AgCl and AgBr, was filtered, washed,
and dried. Its mass was found to be 6.63 g.
Q.40 % By mass of CuBr
2
in original mixture is
(A) 2.24 (B) 74.5 (C) 45.3 (D) None
Q.41 % By mass of Cu in original mixture is
(A) 38.68 (B) 19.05 (C) 3.86 (D) None
Q.42 % by mole of AgBr in dried precipate is
(A) 25 (B) 50 (C) 75 (D) 60
Q.43 No. of moles of Cl

ion present in the solution after precipitation are
(A) 0.06 (B) 0.02 (C) 0.04 (D) None
Question No. 44 to 46 (3 questions)
NaBr, used to produce AgBr for use in photography can be self prepared as follows :
Fe + Br
2
÷÷ FeBr
2
....(i)
FeBr
2
+ Br
2
÷÷ Fe
3
Br
8
....(ii) (not balanced)
Fe
3
Br
8
+ Na
2
CO
3
÷÷ NaBr + CO
2
+ Fe
3
O
4
....(iii) (not balanced)
Q.44 Mass of iron required to produce 2.06 × 10
3
kg NaBr
(A) 420 gm (B) 420 kg (C) 4.2 × 10
5
kg (D) 4.2 × 10
8
gm
Q.45 If the yield of (ii) is 60% & (iii) reaction is 70% then mass of iron required to produce 2.06 × 10
3
kg
NaBr
(A) 10
5
kg (B) 10
5
gm (C) 10
3
kg (D) None
Q.46 If yield of (iii) reaction is 90% then mole of CO
2
formed when 2.06 × 10
3
gm NaBr is formed
(A) 20 (B) 10 (C) 40 (D) None
Question No. 47 and 48 are based on the following piece of information. Mark the appropriate
options on the basis of information.
342 gm of 20% by mass of Ba(OH)
2
solution (sp. gr. 0.57) is reacted with 200 ml of 2M HNO
3
according to given balanced reaction.
Ba(OH)
2
+ 2HNO
3
 Ba(NO
3
)
2
+ 2H
2
O
Q.47 The nature of the final solution is
(A) acidic (B) neutral (C) basic (D) can't say
Q.48 If density of final solution is 1.01 gm /ml then find the molarity of the ion in resulting solution by which
nature of the above solution is identified, is
(A) 0.5 M (B) 0.8 M (C) 0.4 M (D) 1 M
Question No. 49 to 50 (2 questions)
In the gravimetric determination of sulfur the ignited precipitate of BaSO
4
sometimes partially reduces to
BaS. This cause an error, of course, if the analyst does not realize this and thinks entire precipitate as
BaSO
4
. Suppose a sample which contains 32.3% SO
3
is analyzed and 20.0% of the final precipitate
that is weighed is BaS. (80.0% is BaSO
4
).
Q.49 Calculate the mass of sample, assuming 100 gm precipitate is formed
(A) 106.3 gm (B) 114.35 gm (C) 110.5 gm (D) None
Q.50 Percentage of SO
3
in the sample, calculated by analyst is (if the assume the entire 100 gm precipiate as
BaSO
4
)
(A) 30 (B) 30.5 (C) 32 (D) 32.3
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EXERCISE-IV
Q.1 The number of moles of KMnO
4
that will be needed to react with one mole of sulphite ions in acidic
solution is [JEE 1997 ]
(A) 2/5 (B) 3/5 (C) 4/5 (D) 1
Q.2 The normality of 0.3 M phosphorus acid (H
3
PO
3
) is [JEE 1999 ]
(A) 0.1 (B) 0.9 (C) 0.3 (D) 0.6
Q.3 One mole of calciums phosphide on reaction with excess of water gives [JEE 1999 ]
(A) one mole of phosphine (B) Two moles of phsophoric acid
(C) Two moles of phosphine (D) One mole of phosphorus pentoxide
Q.4 An aqueous solution of 6.3 gm of oxalic acid dihydrate is made upto 250 ml. The volume of 0.1 N
NaOH required to completely neutralize 10 ml of this solution is [JEE 2001 ]
(A) 40 ml (B) 20 ml (C) 10 ml (D) 4 ml
Q.5 In the standarization of Na
2
S
2
O
3
using K
2
Cr
2
O
7
by iodometry the equivalent mass of K
2
Cr
2
O
7
is
(A)
2
Mass . M
(B)
6
Mass . M
(C)
3
Mass . M
(D) Same as M. Mass.
[JEE 2001 ]
Q.6 How many moles of electrons weigh one kilogram
(A) 6.02 × 10
23
(B)
108 . 9
1
× 10
31
(C)
108 . 9
023 . 6
× 10
54
(D)
02 . 6
10
108 . 9
1
8
×
[JEE 2002 ]
Q.7 Which has maximum number of atoms? [JEE 2003 ]
(A) 24 g C (12) (B) 56 g Fe (56) (C) 27g Al (27) (D) 108 g Ag (108)
SUBJECTIVES
Q.8 One litre of a mixture of O
2
and O
3
at NTP was allowed to react with an excess of acidified solution of
KI. The iodine liberated required 40 ml of M/10 sodium thiosulphate solution for titration. What is the
percent of ozone in the mixture? Ultraviolet radiation of wavelength 300 nm can decompose ozone.
Assuming that one photon can decompose one ozone molecule, how many photons would have been
required for the complete decomposition of ozone in the original mixture? [ JEE’97, 5 ]
Q.9 A sample of hard water contains 96 ppm of
÷ 2
4
SO
and 183 ppm of
÷
3
HCO , with Ca
2+
as the only
cation. How many moles of CaO will be required to remove
÷
3
HCO from 1000 kg of this water? If
1000 kg of this water is treated with the amount of CaO calculate above, what will be the conentration
(in ppm) of residual Ca
2+
ions (Assume CaCO
3
to be completely insoluble in water)? If the Ca
2+
ions in
one litre of the treated water are completely exchanged with hydrogen ions, what will be its pH (one ppm
means one part of the substance in one million part of water, weight/ weights)? [JEE’ 1997]
Q.10 An aqueous solution containing 0.10g KIO
3
(formula wt. = 214.0) was treated with an excess of KI
solution. The solution was acidified with HCl. The liberated I
2
consumed 45.0 ml of thiosulphate solution
to decolourise the blue starch ÷ iodine complex. Calculate the molarity of the sodium thiosulphate
solution. [ JEE’ 1998]
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Q.11 How many millilitre of 0.5 M H
2
SO
4
are needed to dissolve 0.5 gm of copper II carbonate?
[JEE’ 1999]
Q.12 A plant virus is found to consist of uniform cylindrical particles of 150Å in diameter and 5000Å long. The
specific volume of the virus is 0.75 cm
3
/gm. If the virus is considered to be a single particle, find its
molecular weight. [JEE’ 1999]
Q.13 Hydrogen peroxide solution (20 mL) reacts quantitatively with a solution of KMnO
4
(20 mL) acidified
with dilute H
2
SO
4
. The same volume of the KMnO
4
solution is just decolorized by 10mL of MnSO
4
in
neutral medium simultaneously forming a dark brown precipitate of hydrated MnO
2
. The brown precipitate
is dissolved in 10mL of 0.2M sodium oxalate under boiling condition in the presence of dilute H
2
SO
4
.
Write the balanced equations involved in the reactions and calculate the molarity of H
2
O
2
.
[JEE’ 2001]
Q.14 Calculate the molarity of water if its density is 1000 kg/m
3
. [JEE’ 2003]
Q.15 1 gm charcoal is placed in 100 ml of 0.5 M CH
3
COOH to form an adsorbed mono-layer of acetic acid
molecule and thereby the molarity of CH
3
COOH reduces to 0.49. Calculate the surface area of charcoal
adsorbed by each molecule of acetic acid. Surface area of charcoal = 3.01 × 10
2
m
2
/g. [JEE’ 2003]
Q.16 20% of surface sites are occupied by N
2
molecules. Number of surface sites per unit area is
6.023 × 1014 cm
–2
and total area of catalyst surface is 1000 cm
2
. Now when catalyst is heated
to300K N
2
gas desorbed and evolved gas occupied, 2.46 cm
3
at 0.001 atm. Find the no. of
sitesocupied by each molecule of N
2
. [JEE 2005]
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EXERCISE-I
Q.1 1.33 × 10
21
Q.2 2.4 L Q.3 166.6 ml Q.4 y atoms
Q.5 33.9 Q.6 4.44×10
22
Q.7 0.05, 0.027 Q.8 2.22g ; 0.948g
Q.9 0.532 : 1 Q.10 9.063 gm Q.11 0.250 Q.12 1.14 g
Q.13 B
10
5
=80%; B
11
5
= 20% Q.14 C
5
H
14
N
2
Q.15 C
3
H
6
O; C
6
H
12
O
2
Q.16 108 Ag, 1.41 gm Q.17 41 Q.18 108.16 Q.19 At. wt. of Y = 70 amu
Q.20 29.29% Q.21 35.77% Q.22 (a) 26.25%, (b) 11.46%
Q.23 4.9 ml Q.24 1.03 gm Q.25 4.02%, 53.35%
Q.26 21.68% Q.27 %NaHCO
3
= 16.8, % Na
2
CO
3
= 83.2
Q.28 67.9% Q.29 1.445 M Q.30 1.088 M, 1.13 m
Q.31 13.15 M Q.32 16.67% Q.33 2.7 × 10
–4
m Q.34 1736.1 ml
Q.35 1.71 M Q.36 15.96 m Q.37 0.1N Q.38 1 : 2
Q.39 (a) 1.2 M; (b) 9.18 × 10
–3
; (c) 1.2 × 10
4
ppm
Q.40 V = 157.8 ml Q.41 20.72 % Q.42 200 mL
Q.43 MgCO
3
= 52.02%, CaCO
3
= 47.98 %
Q.44 83.33 Q.45 0.424 gm; 0.21gm Q.46 23.2 gm, 22.28gm
Q.47 0.06gm; .0265gm Q.48 4.24 g/L; 5.04 g/L Q.49 + 3
Q.50 zero Q.51 V = 31.68 ml Q.52 337 mL Q.53 41.53%
Q.54 0.15 N Q.55 H
2
C
2
O
4
. 2H
2
O = 14.35%, KHC
2
O
4
. H
2
O = 81.71%
Q.56 1.406% Q.57 90.1% Q.58 0.1281 g Q.59 0.174g; 3.48%
Q.60 CO = 5 ml ; CH
4
= 2 ml ; N
2
= 3 ml Q.61 10 ml
Q.62 C
2
H
6
O Q.63 4 :1 \
Q.64 H
2
: 12.50%, CH
4
: 7.50%, N
2
: 80% Q.65 C
2
H
4
PROFICIENCYTEST
Q.1
1. 6.02 × 10
23
2. 2 × 10
–3
mol 3. 36 ml 4. 4.48 L
5. Laws of conservation of mass 6. 16 gm 7. GAM
8. 3 9. 14.2 gm 10. 44 g mol
–1
11. 4.13 g
12. 44.8 L 13. 24.3 14. A
2
B 15. Conservation of mass
16. 0.4 17. 0.1 18. M/2 19. 0.1168
20. 12 21. 3.3125 g 22. 50 23. 5
24. 0.4 M 25. S
8
Q.2
1. False 2. False 3. False 4. True
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5. True 6. True 7. False 8. False
9. True 10. True 11. True 12. False
13. True 14. True 15. False 16. False
17. False 18. True 19. True 20. False
21. False 22. True 23. False 24. False
25. True
EXERCISE-II
Q.1 76.15% Q.2 Al = 0.566 g; Mg = 0.434 g Q.3 18.33
Q.4 1.09 × 10
–3
gm Q.5 (a)10 mol, (b) 25 lit., (c) 2.5
Q.6 NaHCO
3
= 42%, Na
2
CO
3
= 26.5%, Na
2
SO
4
= 31.5%
Q.7 (i) 28%, (ii) 33.33%, (iii) 0.8g Q.8 0.5 : 0.1 : 0.4
Q.9 FeO = 13.34%; Fe
2
O
3
= 86.66% Q.10 34.4 ml; 55.8 ml; 21.3 ml
Q.11 15.4% Q.12 XeF
6
Q.13 30.55kg, 6 electrons
Q.14 5g Q.15 V
KIO
3
= 0.42 mL, [HCl] = 0.02N
Q.16 57.4% CuS, 42.6% Cu
2
S Q.17 4.67L Q.18 1.75%
Q.19 Fe = 5.6%, Cu = 1.27% Q.20 CuS = 57.9% Q.21 95.15%
Q.22 n = 4, NaOH = 6.4 g Q.23 10%
Q.24 R
Cu
= 269 Q.25 41.6%
EXERCISE-III
Q.1 C Q.2 D Q.3 C Q.4 C Q.5 D Q.6 C Q.7 B
Q.8 D Q.9 B Q.10 A Q.11 C Q.12 C Q.13 C Q.14 A
Q.15 A,D Q.16 B Q.17 B Q.18 C Q.19 A Q.20 B Q.21 C
Q.22 B Q.23 C Q.24 A Q.25 A Q.26 D Q.27 D Q.28 B
Q.29 A Q.30 B Q.31 A Q.32 B Q.33 A Q.34 A Q.35 C
Q.36 A Q.37 B Q.38 D Q.39 C Q.40 C Q.41 A Q.42 D
Q.43 A Q.44 B Q.45 C Q.46 B Q.47 C Q.48 A Q.49 B
Q.50 A
EXERCISE-IV
Q.1 A Q.2 D Q.3 C Q.4 A Q.5 B Q.6 D Q.7 A
SUBJECTIVES
Q.8 6.57% O
3
(by weight), 1.2 × 10
21
photons Q.9 1.5, 40 ppm, pH = 2.6989
Q.10 0.0623M Q.11 8.097 ml Q.12 7.095 × 10
7
Q.13 0.1M Q.14 55.55 Q.15 5 × 10
–19
m
2
Q.16 2

THE KEY
The mole : The mole is the unit invented to provide a simple way of reporting the huge numbers the “massive heaps” of atoms and molecules in visible samples. It would be inconvenient to refer to large numbers like 2 ×1025 atoms, just as wholesalers would find it inconvenient to count individual items instead of dozens (12) or gross (144). 1 mole is number of atoms in exactly 12 gm of carbon – 12. One mole in broader terms applied to ions, molecules, electrons refer to 6.023 × 1023 of any objects also called as Avogadro number. so mole =

noofentitiesor objects . 6.023 1023

It is very big unit. For instance, 1mole of chemistry textbooks would cover the surface of the earth to a height of about 300 Km. While defining mole always state explicitly the identity of the particles to which the term moles refers. Mole-mass relation: 1 mole or gm object is molar mass of substance. For example 1 mole sodium refers to its molar mass 23 gm or 1 mol H2 refers to its molar mass 2 or 1 mole CO2 refers to its molar mass 44.
mass of any substance mole = molar mass of substance

Average molar mass: Every element in nature exist along with its isotopes. So when we refers to molar mass, it means average molar mass i.e. Average molar mass = % of isotope × molar mass of isotope. Mole volume relation: 1 mole means 22.4 litre of volume occupied by that entity at S.T.P. (0°C, 1 atm pressure) mole =
vol. of any substance at STP 22.4litre

Sometimes data is not given at STP, so we calculate no. of moles with the help of ideal gas equation PV=nRT or calculate the volume under that condition with the help of relation * * We can convert any volume into mole by dividing it with 22.4 litre only when it is specified in the numerical at STP otherwise we can not. Mole of any substance calculated are independent of temperature, pressure etc. because it represent amount of substance which is not going to change.

Mole - mass – volume relations: We can find the no. of atoms in 1 litre of any gas at STP by converting it through mol. So mole is standard unit through which you can find mass of any volume or volume for any mass at STP. Mole in compounds: 1 mole compound AxByCz refers to X mole of A, Y mole of B and Z mole of C entities. It can be ions for ionic compound or it can be atom in covalent compound . Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.) Pin :- 324005 Phone :- 9929617387 Fax :- 0744 - 2405300

If we do not know balanced reactions we can adopt POAC (principle of atomic conversion) provided whole reactant is giving into product for which calculation is to be made. It is reactant consumed fully in a chemical reaction.0744 .Stoichiometry Stoichiometry pronounced (“stoy – key – om – e – tree”) is the calculations of the quantities of reactants and products involved in a chemical reaction.volume relationship Method : If we know the balance chemical equations then we can adopt the simple mole method in which we relate reactants and products in their stoichiometric mol ratio.mass relationship (b) mass-volume relationship (c) volume . So all calculations related to various products or in sequence of reactions are made on the basis of limiting reagent. Limiting Reagent: It is very important concept in chemical calculation. actual yield The percentage yield of product = the theoretica l maximum yield 100 (B) Volumetric analysis : This mainly involve titrations based chemistry.9929617387 Fax :. (I) Non-redox system (I) Non – redox system This involve following kind of titrations: 1. Acid-Base titrations 2. It can be divided into two major category. (A) Gravimetric analysis (B) Volumetric analysis (A) Gravimetric Analysis : In this we are concerned with calculations involving either (a) mass . This can be divided into two category. Back titration 3.) Pin :.324005 Phone :. Precipitation titration 4.2405300 (II) Redox system . Percentage yield: Normally a reagent is associated with some impurity due to which actual yield of product is less than the theoretical maximum yield. Double indicator acid base titration Concentration terms : Volumetric calculations involves many concentration terms such as Mass * Density = Volume Density of any substance * Relative density = Density of refrence substance Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. It refers to reactant which is present in minimum stoichiometry quantity for a chemical reaction.

M1 × 1000 * Normality = mole Where gm equivalent = n factor n factor is a conversion factor by which we can convert equivalents into mole or equivalent weight into molar mass or vice versa. M M.324005 Phone :. reacts with t molecules of reagent T.0744 .9929617387 Fax :. aA + tT Product Where ‘a’ molecules of “analysis”. of solute 100 volume of solution Molarity(M) = Molality(m) Mole of solute = wt .2405300 . T is called Titrant normally taken in buret in form of solution of known concentration. of solvent (in kg) Let 1 mole solution contain x1 mole of solute & x2 mole of solvent. Titrimetric Method of Analysis : A titrimetric method of analysis is based on chemical reaction such as. The solution of Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. M × 1000 2 2 Relation between molarity (M) & Molality (m) : m= x1 x1.) Pin :. molality (m) = x . Molarity of solution (M) = x M x M 1 1 2 2 where = density of solution (g / L) M1 & M2 = Molar masses (g/mole) of solute & solvent respectively. A.* Specific gravity = Density of any substance Density of water at 4 C * Density of vapour at some temperature and pressure Vapour density = Density of H gas at same temperature and pressure 2 % % % w W v V w V * * * * * * = × 100 volume of solute = volume of solution 100 = wt.

chemically equivalent to that of ‘A’ has been added. For example in acid-base titration suppose we have added excess base in acid mixture. So meq. Precipitation titration : In ionic reaction we can know strength of unknown solution of salt by titrating it against a reagent with which it can form precipitate. which respond to appearance of excess of titrant by changing colour precisely at the equivalence point. Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. At the equivalence point we can know amount of acid or base used and then with the help of law of equivalents we can find strength of unknown. The term titration refer’s to process of measuring the volume of titrant required to reach the end point. they would always react with each other in the molar ratio of y : x in a balanced chemical reaction. For example NaCl strength can be known by titrating it against AgNO3 solution with which it form white ppt. The point in the titration where the indicator changes colour is termed the ‘end point’. for example one might measure the volume of a gas. of NaCl at equivalence point = meq of AgNO3 used = meq of AgCl formed Double indicator acid-base titration: In the acid-base titration the equivalence point is known with the help of indicator which changes its colour at the end point. For many years the term volumetric analysis was used rather than titrimetric analysis. It is also used to find out percentage purity of sample. We can adopt mole method in balanced chemical reactions to relate reactant and products but it is more easier to apply law of equivalents in volumetric calculations because it does not require knowledge of balanced chemical reactions involved in sequence. So to find out end point we have to use more than one indicator.titrant is called “standard solution”.9929617387 Fax :.2405300 . The addition of titrant is added till the amount of T.324005 Phone :. To find excess base we can titrate the solution with another acid of known strength. For example in the titration of Na2CO3 against HCl there are two end points. However from a rigorons stand point the term titrimetric is preferable because volume measurement may not be confirmed to titration. Law of equivalents refers to that. Acid-Base titration To find out strength or concentration of unknown acid or base it is titrated against base or acid of known strength. Sometimes one indicator is not able to give colour change at every end point. a chemical substance is used called indicator. of AgCl.) Pin :. In certain analysis. Balancing of chemical equation on the basis of n factor Whenever two substances react in such a way that their n factors are in the ratio of x : y.0744 . In order to know when to stop addition of titrant. In the titration of polyacidic base or polybasic acid there are more than one end point for each step neutralization. Meq of acid at equivalence point = Meq of base at equivalence point Back titration Back titration is used in volumetric analysis to find out excess of reagent added by titrating it with suitable reagent. equivalents of a limiting reactant is equal to equivalent of other reactant reacting in a chemical reaction or equal to equivalents of products formed in reaction. It is possible that end point be as close as possible to the equivalence point. It is said equivalent point of titration has been reached.

* Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.) Pin :. So in titration of NaHCO3. KHCO3 against acid phenolphthalein can not be used.1 – 4. meq.3 – 10 n factor 1 When we carry out dilution of solution.0744 .2405300 .9929617387 Fax :. HCl CuSO4 /CaCl2 H2O Check out for certain assumption which are to be used for solving problem related to this. Similarly with methyl orange it changes its colour at second end point only and we can not know first end point. It is because all indicator changes colour on the basis of pH of medium.Na2CO3 + HCl NaHCO3 + HCl NaHCO3 + NaCl H2CO3 + NaCl When we use phenophthalein in the above titration it changes its colour at first end point when NaHCO3 is formed and with it we can not know second end point. meq of Na2CO3 = meq of HCl Titration Na2CO 3 against acid K 2 CO 3 * Methyl orange 3. The volume of gases produced is often given by mentioning certain solvent which absorb contain gases. So we can write with phenolpthalein.4 2 Indicator Phenolphthalein pH Range 8.324005 Phone :. milli mole or mole of substance does not change because they represent amount of substance. Cl2 Ammonical Cu2Cl2 CO Turpentine oil O3 Alkaline pyrogallol O2 water NH3. if total meq of Na2CO3 = 1 then ½ meq of Na2CO3 = meq of HCl with methyl orange. Solvent gas (es) absorb KOH CO2. SO2. Eudiometry : [For reactions involving gaseous reactants and products] * The stoichiometric coefficient of a balanced chemical reactions also gives the ratio of volumes in which gasesous reactants are reacting and products are formed at same temperature and pressure.

2405300 .9929617387 Fax :.THE ATLAS Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.324005 Phone :.) Pin :.0744 .

) Pin :. the marble dissolves.0 g of P4O10 and at least 1.324005 Phone :.EXERCISE-I Simple Application of Mole Concept Q.0g of marble chips (CaCO3) are treated with 50 mL of HCl (d = 1.9 Q. When you see the tip of a match fire . Calculate its volume. suppose the reaction goes to completion as written. The atomic wt.2 Chlorophyll. If x gm of A contains Y atoms. how many atoms are present in 2 x g of B. If the sample was 50% of each by wt.4 Q.9929617387 Fax :.17. The solution weights 60. How many liters of CO2 gas are released ? The density of the gas is 1.15 g TiO2.78 g Cl2.1 Q. of A and B are 20 and 40. producing a solution of d = 0. the chemical reaction is likely to be P4S3 + 8O2 P4O10 + 3SO2 What is the minimum amount of P4S3 that would have to be burned to produce at least 1. Find the mol.6 Q. How many moles of B2H6 can be prepared.000 cm3 of sodium chloride at 25°C. of atoms in 1. the green colouring matter of plants responsible for photosynthesis.0g Caffeine.67 g C and. Caffeine burns in O2 to give CO2. Calculate the number of magnesium atoms in 2.7 Q. how many gram of TiCl4 can be produced ? (Ti = 48) A chemist wants to prepare diborane by the reaction 6 LiH + 8BF3 6Li BF4 + B2H6 If he starts with 2. If the solution contains 30% NH3 by wt. mass of the gas.2405300 . 105 mL water at 4°C is saturated with NH3 gas.096 g/mL.11 Q. How many gms of O2 are required and how many gms of NO2 would be produced from burning 1.10 Titanium. contains 2.798 g/L. can be obtained from titanium tetrachloride. Density of a gas relative to air is 1.8 Q.3 Q.. Calculate the ratio of the wts of Hg2I2 and HgI2 formed. Calculate the no.9 g/ml.0744 .00 g of chlorophyll. When 10. H2O & NO2. [Mair = 29g/mol] Sodium chloride has a density of 2. The reaction of caffeine with oxygen is written as follows: 2C8H10N4O2 + 27O2 16CO2 + 10H2O + 8NO2 Equal weights of mercury and I2 are allowed to react completely to form a mixture of mercurous and mercuric iodide leaving none of the reactants.4 g. 5. 6.12 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.165 g cm 3 at 25°C. which in turn is obtained from titanium oxide by the following process : 3 TiO2(s) + 4C (s) + 6Cl2 (g) 3TiCl4(g) + 2CO2(g) + 2CO (g) A vessel contains 4.0 moles each of LiH & BF3. which is used to make air plane engines and frames. Concept of limiting reagents Q. giving a solution and releasing CO2 gas.0 g of SO2 Q.68% of magnesium by mass.5 Q. A chemist puts 5 gm of a mixture of NO2 & N2O4 into a large bulb. how many moles of each gas are in the bulbs.

dried.2. weighs 4.9929617387 Fax :. wt. What is the mass of the chlorine? The at.23 Q.2405300 . Calculate at wt.94.5428 gm is precipitated as MgNH4PO4 · 6H2O and ignited to Mg2P2O7.14 10 5 B and 11 B are two isotopes of boron.4852 gm sample of iron ore is dissolved in acid.50 gm? Q.35g was quantitatively converted into 1. Calculate at wt of M. On combustion analysis.77% C.7134 gm.16 A sample of metallic element X.4810L of Cl2 gas (at normal pressure and 20°C) to form the metal chloride XCl.450 g sample of Caproic acid (contained only C. 13. and ignited to Fe2O3. It is 58. A compound which contains one atom of X and two atoms of Y for each three atoms of Z is made by mixing 5.99 g/ml. Its molar mass is 102 g/mol.17 Q. If the density of Cl2 gas under these conditions is 2. The % of S in former is 20.6025 gm sample of a chloride salt was dissolved in water and the chloride precipitated by adding excess silver nitrate. washed. and 27. The precipitate is filtered. Given that only 4. which is found to weigh 0.948 g/L. density 0. 5 Tha action of bacteria on meat and fish produces a poisonus compound called cadaverine.023 g of CO2.324005 Phone :.18 Q.H & O) gives 0. a 0. Determine the molecular formula of cadaverine. Calculate the percentage of chloride (Cl) in the sample. what is identifyof X. which will be required to precipitate as Fe(OH)3 the iron in a 0.418 g of H2O and 1.21 Q.13 Q. of metal M Cu2S and M2S are isomorphous.00 g of X.03 mole of Z atoms. The precipitate of silver chloride was filtered.2481 gm.2234 gm. What is at wt of X. Calculate the number of milliliters of ammonia. 1. 2.315g combines with 0.3% by weigh NH3.22 (a) (b) Q. Calculate the percentage of iron (Fe) in the sample. What size sample which contains 12. Fe2O3 · xH2O.0% chlorine (Cl) should be taken for analysis if the chemist wishes to obtain a precipitate of AgCl which weighs 0.45 amu.15 Q. Calculate the atomic weight of Y if the atomic weights of X and Z are 60 and 80 amu respectively. At wt of Cu = 63. calculate the percentage of P2O5 in the sample and the percent purity expressed as P rather than P2O5.Empirical and Molecular Formulae Q.0744 . What is the empirical formula of Caproic acid? If the molecular mass of Caproic acid is 116 amu.57.14 and in the later 12. If the ignited precipitate weighs 0.40 g of compound results. of chlorine is 35.20 A 0.42% N. what is the molecular formula? Atomic Weight Q. A 0. What is the % of each.24 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. the iron oxidized to the +3 state. If average mass number is 10. and found to weigh 0.15 × 1023 atoms of Y and 0.) Pin :.70 gm sample that contain 25% Fe2O3. The phosphorous in a sample of phosphate rock weighing 0.88g of pure MO. A sample of pure metal M weighing 1. washed.81% H. and then precipitated as the hydrous oxide. Gravimetric Method of Analysis Q.19 Q.

28 Q.5 litres of 2.2 g/mL.2405300 Q. Concentration terms Q.5091 g/cc. The mole fraction of CH3OH in an aqueous solution is 0.Q.32 Q.31 Q.9 ppm of lithium ions. One metal is present to the extent of 13. of the mixture taken = 2g Loss in weight on heating = 0. of H2SO4. Find normality. The density of a solution containing 40% by mass of HCl is 1.33 The density of a solution containing 13% by mass of sulphuric acid is 1.1043 M AgNO3. 15 g of methyl alcohol is present in 100 mL of solution.9929617387 Fax :. 3.34 Q. and the mixture of AgCl and AgBr is filtered. A 500 ml solution was prepared by dissolving 28.2% by weight. A mineral consists of an equimolar mixture of the carbonates of two bivalent metals. Find molarity. 2.27 Q.09 g/mL.35 Q. Determine its molarity and molality. Calculate % by mass of NaCl in the original mixture.5 M sulphuric acid solution. using 42.233 g of CO2. the concentration of negative ion is 50% greater than conc. Units of parts per million (ppm) or per billion (ppb) are often used to describe the concentrations of solutes in very dilute solutions. The units are defined as the number of grams of solute per million or per billion grams of solvent. Bay of Bengal has 1. Calculate the molarity of the solution. calculate Molarity of Cl– ion Mole fraction of Mg2+ ion Concentration in ppm of Mg2+ ion Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.0744 .39 (a) (b) (c) .02 and its density is 0. Calculate the % by weight of the other metal.8 gm/ ml) must be diluted to prepare 12. A second sample of the same weight is treated with excess silver nitrate. dried and found to weigh 0.25 A 0. The density of solution is 1.75 gm sample containing both NaCl and NaBr is titrated with 0. H2SO4 containing 61% by wt.37 Q.58 g of the mineral on heating lost 1.30 Q. A 10 g sample of a mixture of calcium chloride and sodium chloride is treated with Na2CO3 to precipitate calcium as calcium carbonate. of positive ion.1M Ca(NO3)2 solution so that in resulting solution. Calculate the percentages of NaCl and NaBr in the sample. If density of solution is 0.29 Q. Calculate molality of aq.5 gm of MgCl2 in water. Determine the percentage composition of a mixture of anhydrous sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate from the following data: wt.62g.994 g cm–3.23ml. 10 ml of pure ethanol (d = 0. What is the molality of Li+ in this water ? Find out the volume of 98% w/w H2SO4 (density = 1.2 gm/ml.785g/ml) is diluted with water to a volume of 100ml. This CaCO3 is heated to convert all the calcium to CaO and the final mass of CaO is 1.2665 gm of H3PO4 are present in one litre of a solution.) Pin :. If the density of MgCl2 solution is 1.90 g mL–1.324005 Phone :. In what ratio should you mix 0.38 Q.124 g. Calculate the molarity of the solution.2M NaNO3 and 0.8042 gm.36 Q.26 Q. Calculate the mass percentage of methyl alcohol in solution.

2 N – NaOH solution for complete neutralisation. The titration was repeated with the same volume of the solution but with MeOH.2405300 .43 How many ml of 0. H3PO4 is a tri basic acid and one of its salt is NaH2PO4.4 N NaOH for complete neutralization.Acid Base Titration Q. 20ml of this solution required 4ml of 1N – HCl for titration with Ph indicator.46 Q. MeOH is then added when a further 2.5 ml of 1 – N HCl was required this time. What volume of 1 M NaOH solution should be added to 12 g of NaH2PO4 to convert it into Na3PO4? 1.40 Q.5 g of fuming H2SO4 (oleum) is diluted with water. 17.0744 . Calculate the percentage of pure CaCO3 in the sample of chalk? Double titration Q. With MeOH.45 A solution contains Na2CO3 and NaHCO3.44 Q. A solution contains a mix of Na2CO3 and NaOH. The chalk was dissolved and the solution made to 100 ml 25 ml of this solution required 18. The excess of acid required 16 mL of 0.41 Q. Calculate gms/L of each substance in the mix . 25 ml of the solution required 25ml of the same HCl for the end point.7 ml of 0.9929617387 Fax :.64 g of a mixture of CaCO3 and MgCO3 was dissolved in 50 mL of 0. Q. Find the % of free SO3 in the sample of oleum.5 ml of 0.25 M NaOH for neutralization.1M H2SO4 for neutralisation using Ph indicator.48 A solution contains Na2CO3 and NaHCO3.) Pin :. Calculate strength of Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 in g/L. Find out amounts of NaOH and Na2CO3 in the mix. The solution requires 26. N HCl. Calculate the amount of Na2CO3 & NaHCO3. 10ml of this requires 2ml of 0.5 ml of some HCl was again required for next end point.324005 Phone :.75 ml of 0.2 M H2SO4 was needed.995 N HCl for the end point. Calculate the percentage of CaCO3 and MgCO3 in the sample.5 g of chalk were treated with 10 ml of 4N – HCl. Using Ph as indicator 25ml of mix required 19.1 N HCl are required to react completely with 1 g mixture of Na2CO3 and NaHCO3 containing equimolar amounts of two? 0. 10.47 200ml of a solution of mixture of NaOH and Na2CO3 was first titrated with Ph and Q. Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.42 Q.5 ml of 0. 1.8 M HCl.5 ml of 10 HCl was required for end point. After this MeOH was added and 2.

Calculate the strength of dichromatic solution. Calculate the volume of 0.0327 N hypo solution for complete titration.1M CrSO4.9 ml of 0. 20 ml of this solution were mixed with KI. A volume of 12. 0.2405300 . The neutralization of a solution of 1.05093 M SeO2 reacted with exactly 25.Redox Titration Q. 5g sample of brass was dissolved in one litre dil. Q. What amount of substance containing 60% NaCl. 2H2O.49 Q. KHC2O4.55 ml of 0.5 N NaOH solution.53 It requires 40.54 Q. Find the % of MnO2 in 10 the pyrolusite. The excess of HCl was titrated with 0. 37% KCl should be weighed out for analysis so that after the action of 25 ml of 0.1M KMnO4 reacting in acid solution with one gram of the acid oxalate. The iodine liberated required 40 mL of hypo solution. 50ml of 0.3N – NaOH.53 ml of 0.52 ml of 0.1N AgNO3 solution. One gm of impure sodium carbonate is dissolved in water and the solution is made up to 250ml. excess of Ag+ is back titrated with 5 ml of NH4SCN solution? Given that 1 ml of NH4SCN = 1. Potassium acid oxalate K2C2O4 · 3H2C2O4·4H2O can be oxidized by MnO4– in acid medium.0744 .2 g of a substance containing a mixture of H2C2O4.9929617387 Fax :. The solution required x ml of a dichromatic solution for oxidizing the iron content to ferric state.16N – NaOH solution for complete titration. Cr2+ was oxidized to Cr3+.) Pin :.58 Q. SnCl4. liberating I2 and Cu+ and the I2 required 20 ml of 0. Back Titration Q.1 ml of AgNO3.25 N KMnO4.50 Q. What is the oxidation state of the cerium in the product. HCl and Cl2 evolved was passed through N excess of KI solution. H2SO4.84 g iron ore containing x percent of iron was taken in a solution containing all the iron in ferrous condition.57 50gm of a sample of Ca(OH)2 is dissolved in 50ml of 0.5N HCl solution. Calculate the % composition of the substance. The volume of NaOH used was 20cc. To 50ml of this made up solution.4 g of the same substance needed 21. Metallic tin in the presence of HCI is oxidized by K2Cr2O7 to stannic chloride.324005 Phone :. Calculate the percentage of Cu in the alloy. On titration with KMnO4 solution.59 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.51 Q. 5g of pyrolusite (impure MnO2) were heated with conc.56 Q. What volume of deci-normal dichromate solution would be reduced by 1g of tin. 0. H2O and different impurities of a neutral salt consumed 18.1N – HCl is added and the mix after shaking well required 10ml of 0. Calculate % purity of Ca(OH)2. In the reaction. To what oxidation state was selenium converted by the reaction.05 ml of 1M Ce4+ to titrate 20ml of 1M Sn2+ to Sn4+. Calculate the % purity of the sample.55 Q.52 Q.

After treatment with KOH the volume reduced by 3 ml and again on treatment with alkaline pyrogallol. H and O only was mixed with 100 ml of oxygen and exploded under conditions which allowed the water formed to condense. Calculate the molar ratio of the two acids in the original mixture. the volume further decreased by 1. 40 ml of a mixture of hydrogen. a further contraction of 20 ml in volume was observed. on cooling is found to measure 25 ml of which 10 ml are absorbed by KOH and the remainder by pyragallal. what will be the increase in volume? [Hint : O3 is absorbed by turpentine] 10 ml of a gaseous organic compound containing C. Determine molecular formula of hydrocarbon. Determine the composition of the mixture. If 100 ml of such a mixture is heated. What is the composition of the original mixture? When 100 ml of a O2 – O3 mixture was passed through turpentine. On cooling.9929617387 Fax :. deduce the molecular formula. the gases occupied 36. CH4 and N2 was exploded with 10 ml of oxygen.2405300 .65 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. The volume of the gas after explosion was 90 ml.64 Q.63 Q. 5 ml of a gaseous hydrocarbon was exploded to 30 ml of O2.Eudiometry Q. The gas produced is collected and on its treatment with KOH solution the volume of the gas decreased by one-sixth. when the residual gas treated with KOH.5 ml.324005 Phone :.) Pin :. Given that the vapour density of the compound is 23. The resultant gas. All volume measurements were carried out under the same conditions.61 Q. there was reduction of volume by 20 ml.62 Q. CH4 and N2 exploded with excess of oxygen gave a contraction of 6.5 ml.5 ml.60 10 ml of a mixture of CO. A mixture of formic acid and oxalic acid is heated with concentrated H2SO4.0744 . There was a further contraction of 7 ml. On treatment with potash solution. Q.

5 mole of BaCl2 are mixed with 0.) Pin :. wt. The sulphate of a metal M contains 9. A binary compound contains 50% of A (at. weight of Na2HPO4 (base) is ______________. Fill in the blanks with appropriate items : The number of water molecules in 0.7H2O. The atomic mass of iron is 56. Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. 12. 13. 10.P.5 mol of barium chloride dihydrate is _________. The molarity of solution is _________.x NA . 6.6 gm of SO 2 is _________. The balancing of chemical equation is based upon _________. 4. The sulphate is isomorphous with ZnSO4. . The mass of x atoms of element = . 17.8 g of H2SO4 to form 16 g of Na2SO4 & 4. The mass of 1 ×1022 molecules of CuSO4. The volume of 1...0744 .. 18.4 g CO2. 7. 30) are dissolved in 250 ml of water. NA 8.6 g of Na2CO3 react with 9. x × _________.2 mole of Na3PO4 the maximum number of mole of Ba3(PO4)2 formed are __________.. 16. The empirical formula of the compound is _________. 3 g of a salt (m. The equivalent mass of the metal in FeCl2 is ___________ and that in FeCl3 is _________. 4 The 44 mg of certain substance contain 6.204 × 1024 molecules of water at 4°C is _________. 10.9929617387 Fax :.87% of M. 0. 2. mass = 32).2 mol of ozone (O3) at N. 15.324005 Phone :.1 1. 2 gm of hydrogen will have same number of H atoms as are there in ________ g hydrazine (NH2–NH2). mass = 16) & 50% B (at.2405300 11. The moles of x atoms of a triatomic gas = 9.. 20ml of 0.. 3. will occupy volume _________ L. 0. The Eq. The molecular mass of the substance is _________.PROFICIENCY TEST Q. 5H2O is _________.1 M H2C2O4 · 2H2O (oxalic acid) solution contains oxalic acid equal to _________ moles. 5. This is in accordance with the law of _________. The amount of Na2SO4 which gives 9.. 14.. The atomic mass of M is __________.T.02 × 1020 molecules.

8 g of water. The Mol. The number of gm of anhydrous Na2CO3 present in 250 ml of 0.2 1.P. 448 ml of the hydrocarbon weighs 1.19.02 g/ml) has molarity = 3. An oxide of metal M has 40% by mass of oxygen.68 g at STP. ________ ml of 0. 7.0744 . 280 ml of sulphur vapour at NTP weight 3. The number of mole of water present in 90 g H2O are _________. The mole fraction of solute in 20% (by weight) aqueous H2O2 solution is __________.5 mole of KCl is 6. The number of formula units in 0. Q. Then the hydrocarbon is an alkene.2 M K2Cr2O7 solution would be__________.T. A hydrocarbon contains 86% C. True or False Statements : Equal volumes of helium and nitrogen under similar conditions have equal number of atoms.2405300 12. 9.2 M NaOH solution. 1 mole of C12H22O11 contains 22 hydrogen atoms. 25. Molarity of pure water is 55. The formula weight of the anhydrous salt is 160. 14. contains H atoms as are present in 3 gram molecules of dihydrogen.01 × 1023 molecules of of methane is 8 gm. Metal M has relative atomic mass of 24. 21. Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.9929617387 Fax :. The number of molecules of water of crystallisation in the salt is 5.25 N solution is___________. KClO4 & KMnO4 are isomorphous in nature.) Pin :. formula of the sulphur vapour is ______. the mole fraction of both are same. weight of the metal is __________.1 M H2SO4 is required to neutralize 50 ml of 0.023 × 1054 e–s weigh one kg. A 20% solution of KOH (density = 1. 5.02 × 1023.4 L of ethane gas at S. 4. The empirical formula of the oxide is MO. 10. 3. 23. A metallic oxide contains 60% of the metal. Mass of 3. 13. 2. 20. 8. 22. The smallest particle is a substance which is capable in independent existence is called an atom. The concentration of K+ ion in 0.2 g .324005 Phone :. 22. 24. In a mixture of 1 g C6H6 & 1 g C7H8.64. .5. The Eq. 6. 11. 6. 5 g of a crystalline salt when rendered anhydrous lost 1.

It accepts 6 electrons to give KBr. 19. In this case.9929617387 Fax :. The equivalent mass of Na2S2O3 in its reaction with I2 is molar mass divided by two. 22. 21. The oxidation number of hydrogen is always taken as + 1 in its all compounds. The increase in oxidation number of an element implies that the element has undergone reduction. The oxidation state of oxygen atom in potassium super oxide is 1. 2H2O2 2H2O + O2 is not an example of a redox reaction.1 M sulphuric acid has normality of 0.324005 Phone :. H2MoO4 is changed to MoO2+. 17. 24.2 g of N 3– is 24 NA. Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.05 N. 0. The disproportionation reaction.2405300 . 18. The equivalent mass of KMnO4 in alkaline medium is molar mass divided by five.15. Number of valence e–s in 4. H2MoO4 acts as an oxidising agent. 25. KBrO3 acts as a strong oxidising agent.0744 . In a reaction. 20. The reaction. 2Mn3+ + 2H2O MnO2 + Mn+2 + 4H+ is an example of a redox reaction. 16.) Pin :. 2 23.

Assuming no volume change in H2SO4 solution.9929617387 Fax :.2 Q.2405300 .5 (a) (b) (c) Q.70 ml of 5.7 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. S= 32) Q.5 g of the sample requires 150 mL of M /10 HCl for complete neutralization. Calculate the % purity of the sample of CaCO3? One gram of an alloy of aluminium and magnesium when heated with excess of dil.463 L of H2 at 760 mm Hg at 27°C was evolved. The sulfur dioxide content of an air sample can be determined as follows. Calculate the composition of the alloy. In one such case.0 g sample of a mixture containing sodium carbonate. amount of water that can be treated by Cl2 if 1 litres consumes 28. HCl forms magnesium chloride. aluminium chloride and hydrogen.0744 . Cl2 used for the treatment of water is produced from the following reaction 2KMnO4 + 16 HCl 2KCl + 2MnCl2 + 8H2O + Cl2. The volume of CO2 at 750 mmHg pressure and at 298 K is measured to be 123. If during each feed 1 l KMnO4 having 79% (w/v) KMnO4 & 9 l HCl with d = 1.6 Q. This is one source of acid rain. analysis of 1550 L of Los Angeles air gave a solution that required 5. (Mg = 24. vol.92 atm pressure. A sample of air is bubbled through an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide to convert all of the SO2 to H2SO4 H2O2 + SO2 H2SO4 Titration of the resulting solution completes the analysis.3 g in order to ensure complete precipitation of chloride in every possible case? Sulfur dioxide is an atmospheric pollutant that is converted to sulfuric acid when it reacts with water vapour.4 g of Cl2 for treatment. sodium bicarbonate and sodium sulphate is heated till the evolution of CO2 ceases.05 g mL–1. A 1. Calculate the percentage composition of the components of the mixture.EXERCISE-II Q. 3. KCl. one of our most pressing environmental problems.04) must be added to a sample weighing 0. Determine the number of grams of SO2 present in the air sample.324005 Phone :.6 g of Mg is burnt in limited supply of oxygen.1. When 2 grams of the sample were reacted with the mineral acid. What minimum volume of a 5% (by weight) AgNO3 solution (sp.96 × 10–3M NaOH to complete the titration.825 gm/ ml & 10% (w/w) HCl are entered & if that percent yield is 80% then calculate amount of Cl2 produced.) Pin :. The evolved hydrogen collected over mercury at 0°C has a volume of 1.26 g mL–1 density). H2SO4 was found to have a density of 1. Find (i) % by mass of final H2SO4 (ii) % by mass of Mg converted to oxide (iii) mass of oxygen used. Chloride samples are prepared for analysis by using NaCl. NH4Cl separately or as mixtures. In a water treatment plant.1 A sample of calcium carbonate contains impurities which do not react with a mineral acid.3 Q.4 Q. After the reaction. of water treated Calculate efficiency of the process if = vol of total feed A 2.9 mL.2 litres at 0. When 2. gr = 1. 375 ml of carbon dioxide were obtained at 27°C and 760 mm pressure. The residue was treated with 100 mL of H2SO4 (35% by mass.

517g sample containing Ba(SCN)2 was dissolved in a bicarbonate solution. to give 81 ml of Xe at STP and HF formed required 68. Find the % of CuS and Cu2S in the sample.00 atm when 200g of 10.14 Q.0 ml of 2.12 Q.107 N iodine was added.2 M oxalic acid. 100 ml of which was used. NO2 and N2O4 has a mean molar mass of 55. 25 ml of the same Fe2+ solution required 0. Find the strength of HCl and volume of KIO3 solution consumed.0965 M sodium thiosulphate.17 . 24 H2O is prepared by passing SO2 gas through an aqueous solution of K2Cr2O7 acidified with dilute sulphuric acid till the reduction is complete. What is the mole ratio of N2 : NO2 : N2O4 in the original mixture? A mixture of FeO and Fe2O3 is reacted with acidified KMnO4 solution having a concentration of 0. Cu2+ and SO2. On heating to a temperature at which all the N2O4 may be pressured to have dissociated : N2O4 2NO2. 50. A sample of white solid thus formed reacted with H2. Cr2(SO4)3 . The solution was then acidified.875M acidic KMnO4 the volume of which used was 20 mL. If only 90% of the alum can be recovered from the above process. The Fe2+ required 1000 ml of 0. NaHCO3 and NaOH was titrated with N-HCl.0 mL of 0.3 mL of 0.15 Q. The solution was then titrated with Zn dust which converted Fe3+ of the solution to Fe2+.324005 Phone :. (c) MeOH is added after the first end point with Ph. The impurities are inert to the acid.11 Q.6.6 mL of 1. A mixture of Xe and F2 was heated.3172 M NaOH for complete neutralization.021M Na2S2O3 solution whose 24 mL were used up. H2O2 decomposes slowly at room temperature to yield O2 & water.2405300 Q. and the excess I2 was titrated with 16.25 M K2Cr2O7.43 ml of 0. containing 1gm each Na2CO3.9 Q. and the mixture was allowed to stand for five minutes.13 Q. the mean molar mass tends to the lower value of 39. The SO2 liberated in the reaction is passed into 100 mL of 0. A 0. the products being Sn4+ & water. A substance of crude copper is boiled in H2SO4 till all the copper has reacted. 25 mL of a solution containing HCl was treated with excess of M/5 KIO3 and KI solution of unknown concentration where I2 liberated is titrated against a standard solution of 0.Q. Calculate the percent Ba(SCN)2 in the sample. What will be the titre readings if (a) only Ph is used as indicator. (b) only MeOH is used as indicator from the beginning. what was the weight of the sample. The excess oxidant was reacted with 50 mL of Fe2+ solution. Find the % of FeO & Fe2O3.10 Q.8 One mole of a mixture of N2.13 M K2Cr2O7 solution.) Pin :. Calculate the volume of O2 produced at 20 C & 1. The products obtained were Cr3+.0 % by mass H2O2 in water is treated with 100. A 10g sample of only CuS and Cu2S was treated with 100 mL of 1. If the purity of copper is 91%.0744 . Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. The alum is crystallized followed by filtration/centrifugation.4 M acidified KMnO4.2278 M.00 M Sn2+ & then the mixture is allowed to stand until no further reaction occurs.4. Chrome alum K2SO4 . H2O2 is reduced rapidly by Sn2+. how much alum can be prepared from 10kg of K2Cr2O7? Give the number of moles of electrons supplied by SO2 for reducing one mole of K2Cr2O7. Determine empirical formula. The solution of KMnO4 after passage of SO2 is allowed to react with oxalic acid and requires 23.16 Q. 50ml of a solution.9929617387 Fax :.

9929617387 Fax :. Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.16 g CH3(CH2)n COOH was burnt in excess air and the resultant gases (CO2 and H2O) were passed through excess NaOH solution. Cu2+ & Mn2+. In a separate titration the 25 ml of same solution of permagnate under alkaline condition when treated with KI produced I2 that required 20 ml of 0. Volumetric flask. in which half reaction for the copper is Cu2+ + OH– Cu2O + H2O It is sometimes more convenient to determine the reducing power of a carbohydrate by an indirect method. 25 ml of this solution after taking usual precautions was treated with a little excess of KI solution. In this method 43. A white ppt.75 M MnO4– in acid solution. One part requires 50 mL of 1 N HCl for neutralization using phenolphthalein as indicator.6 ml of hypo solution containing 20gm of (Na2S2O3 · 5H2O) per litre. H2SO4 and diluted to 1L. which is defined as the number of mg of copper reduced by 1 gm of sugar. In another titration 25 mL of the same solution required 5 mL of 0. 1. The Fe(CN)64– formed in this reaction required 5.20 Q. The resulting solution was divided in two equl parts. Calculate the % CuS in the original mixture. 3. 10 mL of this solution required 2mL of 0.01M S2O32 solution iodometrically. Find the value of n and the amount of excess NaOH solution taken initially.25 . A 10gm mixture of Cu2S and CuS was treated with 200 ml of 0. 10g of it was boiled with dil. 2g of chromite ore sample was mixed with enough potassium carbonate and potassium chlorate and fused.21 Q.65 gm sample of FeS2 was oxidized by excess oxygen & the products were SO2 and Fe2+. SO2 was then oxidized to SO4– – by using H2O2 solution containing 30ml of 0.0744 . prepared by dissolving 0.2 mg of the carbohydrate was oxidized by an excess of K3(Fe(CN)6). The SO2 gas produced was passed through an acidified solution of 40ml Ba(MnO4)2 produced SO4– – & Mn2+. Determine the RCu value for the sample.5 ml of this solution.3 gm of a sample of Anhydrous CuSO4 was dissolved in water and made to 250ml. Calculate the % of FeS2 in the sample. The filterate and washings were collected in a 500 ml. The titration required 32. The reaction that occurred was: 6FeCr2O4 + 12K2CO3 + 7KCIO3 3Fe2O3 + 12 K2CrO4 + 7KCl + 12CO2 The fused mass was cooled and extracted with 2N sulphuric acid. An aliquot of 25ml was titrated with potassium dichromate solution. of Cu2I2 and iodine was evolved. The excess permagnate was diluted to 100 ml & 10 ml of it was treated with excess KI & iodine produced req. The iodine so evolved required 24.Q. 100 ml of 1M solution of ferrous ammonium sulphate were added and the solution made to 500ml. when S was converted to its oxide SO2.024 M HCl was required to neutralize the base remaining after oxidation.324005 Phone :. Calculate the percentage of chromium in the sample of the ore. What is the purity of CuSO4 solution. 22.24 Q. Reducing sugars are sometimes characterized by a number RCu. producing SO2.04 M NaOH.18 Q. The SO2 was boiled off and the excess MnO4– was titrated with 175 ml of 1M Fe2+ solution.48 ml of 0.) Pin :. A 1. This was filtered and thoroughly washed.6 gm and containing S as an impurity was burnt in a stream of O2.98 g of dried potassium dichromate in distilled water in a 250ml volumetric flask.05 M hypo solution producing S4O62– & Mn6+. Another part required 80 mL of 1N HCl for neutralization using methyl orange as indicator. When all the soluble portion of the fused mass was extracted.05 M 5 ml hypo solution producing S4O62–.19 A sample of steel weighing 0. CuFeS2 mineral was analysed for Cu and Fe percentage.0345 N Ce(SO4)2 for reoxidation to Fe(CN)63.2405300 Q. Calculate the % of S in the sample.23 Q.29 ml of 0. Calculate percentage of Cu and Fe in the mineral. 0.01M MnO4 in acidic medium.22 Q.

of N2 at N.044 ×1023 (D) None The total no. 2 mole of H2O and 3 mole of O2 to react 2Fe2S3 + 6H2O + 3O2 4Fe(OH)3 + 6S (A) 2 (B) 1.1 mole of V2O5 (C) 12 gm O3(g) (D) 12.06 (D) 3. How many atoms are contained in 1 g of the element A? (A) 2. contains 3.044 ×1022 molecules of CO2 Mass of one atom of the element A is 3.265 (B) 0.3 Q. (D) 28 g of nitrogen (D) 18 Q.2 Q.41% by mass N2 (A) only (i) is correct (B) only (ii) is correct (C) both (ii) and (iii) are correct (D) both (i) and (ii) are correct A spherical ball of radius 3 cm contains 66.509 × 1023 (B) 6. (D) None Q. of N2 at N.T.47% (D) 72.36% (C) 28. number of mole of Fe present approximately is: (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 20 (D) None Density of dry air containing only N2 and O2 is 1.011 × 1023 (C) 3.20 % aluminium by mass.10 Q.11 Q.T.324005 Phone :.7 Q.022 × 1023 (C) 12.12% A gaseous mixture of H2 and NH3 gas contains 68 mass % of NH3.1 (B) 5 (C) 2. of electrons present in 11.5 g/cm3. of air is 29.011 × 1024 1 gm-atom of nitrogen represents : (A) 6.61% (D) 15.34 (C) 3.4 lit.) Pin :.P.9929617387 Fax :. The vapour density of the mixture is (A) 6.6 Al2(SO4)3.18 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.12 .02 × 1023 N2 molecules (C) 11.5 Q.8 Q.9 Q.The number of moles of oxygen atoms in the sample is : (A) 0.P.EXERCISE-III Q.022 × 1023 (B) 3.66 % iron.2 lit.5 (D) None of these A sample of ammonium phosphate.1 Which has maximum number of atoms of oxygen (A) 10 ml H2O(l) (B) 0.18 mol of hydrogen atoms. (NH4)3 PO4.2 litre of NH3 at STP are (A) 6. (A) 78% (B) 82% (C) 73. 3Ca3(PO4)2? (A) 18% (B) 45.2405300 Q. x H2O has 8.795 (C) 1.9854 × 10–23g. The value of x is (A) 4 (B) 10 (C) 16 If average molecular wt.42% What is the number of moles of Fe(OH)3 that can be produced by allowing 1 mole of Fe2S3.52 (D) none What percentage of phosphorus (P) is present in the compound CaCO3.146 gm/lit at 740 mm and 300 K. What is % composition of N2 by weight in the air. If density is 1.4 (B) 22.0744 . then assuming only N2 and O2 gases are there which options are correct regarding composition of air (i) 75% by mass of N2 (ii) 75% by moles N2 (iii) 72.

5 times that of pure HCl then the resultant solution be. 0.22 mg CaCl2 and 1. What would be mean molecular weight if the gases are mixed in the ratio b : a under identical conditions (gases are non reacting).9% (D) 20% Consider the following nuclear reactions involving X & Y.6 gm of X (A) 3.6 (D) 3. The molality of I2 in C6H6 is (A) 0.4 litre HCl Weight of oxygen in Fe2O3 and FeO is in the simple ratio for the same amount of iron is (A) 3 : 2 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 2 : 1 (D) 3 : 1 A mixture of gas ''X'' (mol. 2.324005 Phone :. (B) 75%.8 litre H2 & 22.2 NA Q. What is the volume of the acid that has to be used to make 1 litre of 0.13 Q.5] (A) 2 ppm (B) 3 ppm (C) 4 ppm (D) 4. gravity 1.12 ppm Q.32 (B) 3.65 ml One litre of a sample of hard water contain 2.032 (D) 0.9 mg of MgCl2 in 1 L H2O. The percentage purity of H2SO4 sample and slope of the curve respectively are: 1 1 (A) 50%. 4. If density of pure NaOH is 1.4 (C) 2. Mg = 24. wt. (A) basic (B) neutral (C) acidic (D) can’t be predicted.9929617387 Fax :.) Pin :.2.18 To 500 ml of 2 M impure H2SO4 sample.05 g ml–1 containing 9%(w/w) of HNO3 reducing to NOg ) is required to oxidise iron 1 g FeSO4.22 Q.2405300 .48 A sample of H2SO4 (density 1.8 lit HCl (C) 0.2 –M H2SO4 ? (A) 16 mL (B) 10 mL (C) 12 mL (D) 18 mL What volume of HNO3 (sp.4 NA (B) 3.21 Q. 7H2O in acid medium is (A) 70 ml (B) 0.80 ml (C) 80 ml (D) 0.8 litre Cl2 and 20.16 Q. What is the total hardness in terms of ppm of CaCO3.35% (B) 8.0744 . Cl = 35.19 Q. 3 2 (C) 75% . [Ca = 40. X Y + 4 He 2 18 + H1 Y 8O 1 If both neutrons as well as protons in both the sides are conserved in nuclear reaction then identify period number of X & moles of neutrons in 4.89% (C) 18.Q. What is the percentage of CuO present in the mixture? (A) 91. 28) in the mole ratio a : b has a mean molecular weight 20. –1 (D) none of these Equal volumes of 10% (v/V) of HCl is mixed with 10% (v/V) NaOH solution. 2.17 Q.14 Q.15 12 litre of H2 and 11. The mole fraction of a given sample of I2 in C6H6 is 0.23 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. (A) 24 (B) 20 (C) 26 (D) 40 A mixture of CuO and Cu2O contain 88% Cu. 16) and gas Y (mol. The composition by volume of mixture is (A) 24 litre of HCl (B) 0. NaOH solution 1 M was slowly added & the following plot was obtained.4 litre HCl (D) 22.2 (C) 0. wt.20 Q.8 g/ml) is 90% by weight.2 litre of Cl2 are mixed and exploded.

31 Q. IV Q. III.32 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.24 10 L of hard water required 0. What is the molar ratio of NaHC O4 and KHC2O4 · H2C2O4 in the mixture? 2 (A) 6 : 1 (B) 1 : 6 (C) 1 : 3 (D) none 100 cm3 of a solution of an acid (Molar mass = 82) containing 39 gm of the acid per litre were completely neutralized by 95. the molarity of CuSO4 solution is (A) 0.324005 Phone :.1 gm of a polyvalent metal of atomic mass 51.25 Q.05 M (B) 0. (I) Volume strength is 5. The solution in the lower oxidation state was found to require 58.25 gm Q. Hence temporary hardness in ppm of CaCO3 is (A) 100 (B) 200 (C) 10 (D) 20 0. NaOH containing 20 gm of NaOH per 500 cm3.28 Q.8 ml of N/10 KMnO4 solution for complete oxidation.0 cm3 of aq.) Pin :.2405300 .56 gm of lime for removing hardness.27 Q. IV Q.8 ml O2 at 273 K and 2 atm (IV) The normality of solution is 2M (A) I. II.1 M (C) 0. the following reaction took place.9929617387 Fax :.6 at 273 K and 1 atm (II) Molarity of solution is 0. This sample partly reacted with certain reactive impurities causing wastage of half the amount of H2O2 present.25 500 ml of a sample of H2O2 marked 33.5 M (III) 1 ml of this solution gives 2.2 M Na2S2O3.2 (D) 0.12 N NaOH separately.26 Q.8 L (D) none of these Calculate the mass of anhydrous oxalic acid. which can be oxidised to CO2(g) by 100 ml of an MnO 4 solution.6 volumes is used as source of oxygen.29 (D) I. III (B) II. Volume of O2 available at 570 mm Hg & 27°C is: (A) 12. 2Cu2+ + 4I– — Cu2I2 + I2 I2 + 2Na2S2O3 — 2NaI + Na2S4O6 If 100 ml of CuSO4 solution added to excess KI requires 50 ml of 0. (A) 45 gm (B) 22.2 N KMnO4 and 0. III.9 ml of H2 at STP.0 amu reacted with dilute sulphuric acid to give 43. III (C) II.0744 . 10 ml of which is capable of oxidising 50 ml of 1N I– to I2.5 gm (C) 30 gm (D) 12. II.6 L (C) 16.Q.3 L (B) 24. The valencies of the metal is (A) M2+ and M5+ (B) M3+ and M6+ (C) M1+ and M5+ (D) M2+ and M3+ Equivalent weight of H3PO2 when it disproportionate into PH3 and H3PO3 is (A) M (B) M/2 (C) M/4 (D) 3M/4 A mixture of NaHC2O4 and KHC2O4 · H2C2O4 required equal volumes of 0. The basicity of the acid is (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) data insufficient Which of the following is correct for 17 g/L of H2O2 solution.30 In iodometric estimation of Cu2+ ion.

1% (C) 42% Q.9929617387 Fax :. [Solution contains only H2O & H2O2] (A) Mole fraction of H2O2 in the solution = 0. (v)-(c) (D) (i)-(e). (iii)-(b).6 volume has density of 264 gm/lit.0% (B) 27. If molarity of each oxidising agent is 0. solution acidified with H2SO4 to titrate it as.Q.36 (D) 84% Q. (iv)-(d). (ii)-(b). 4 (A) 66% (B) 55% (C) 44% (D) 88% 1 gram at a sample of CaCO3 was strongly heated and the CO2 liberated was absorbed in 100 mL of 0.3 g of an oxalate salt was dissolved in 100 mL solution. (ii)-(a).0744 . K2Cr2O7 and I2 is titrated seperately with 0.39 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. (iii)-(b).33 Three different solutions of oxidising agents KMnO4. (iv)-(d). (iii)-(c).) Pin :. 0.2405300 . (ii)-(b).5 M HCl would be required to react with the solution of the alkali to reach the phenolphthalein end point? (A) 73 mL (B) 41 mL (C) 82 mL (D) 87 mL A 0.35 Q. (ii)-(a).324005 Phone :.0 mL of 0. (iv)-(d). (v)-(d) Q.250 N KMnO4. (iii)-(a). (v)-(e) (C) (i)-(e). How much mL of 0.1 M and reactions are 2 MnO 4 + S2 O 3 2 2 Cr2 O 7 + S2 O 3 MnO2 + SO 2 4 Cr3+ + SO 2 4 Starch I2 + Na2S2O3 Na2S4O6 + I– (B) volume of K2Cr2O7 used is minimum (D) none Then (A) volume of KMnO4 used is maximum (C) wt. Mark the correct option representing concentration of same solution in other units.34 Find out % of oxalate ion in a given sample of an alkali metal oxalate salt.5 M NaOH.38 (D) m H 2O 2 = Q. (iv)-(c). it requires 40. Assuming 90% purity for the sample. (v)-(e) (B) (i)-(c).518 g sample of lime stone is dissolved in HCl and then the calcium is precipitated as CaC2O4. The % of oxalalte ion in salt is: (A) 33% (B) 66% (C) 70% (D) 40% A sample of H2O2 solution labelled as 33.30 gm of it is dissolved in 100 CC water required 90 CC of centimolar KMnOsolution in acidic medium.158 gm of Na2S2O3. The solution required 90 mL of N/20 KMnO4 for complete oxidation. of I2 used in titration is maximum Q. After filtering and washing the precipitate.37 0.5 (B) % w/v = 102% (C) M H 2O 2 = 6 M 1000 m 54 Match the n-factor of following reactant : (i) As2S3 AsO43– + SO42– (half reaction) (a) 10 (ii) Bi2S3 Bi+5 + S (half reaction) (b) 4 2– + NO – (iii) Mn(NO3)2 MnO4 (half reaction) (c) 2/3 3 (iv) 5P2H4 6PH3 + P4H2 (d) 6/5 2– + H O – + OH– (v) MnO4 MnO2 + MnO4 (e) 28 2 (A) (i)-(a). Mn2+ + CO2 + 2H2O MnO 4 + H+ + C 2 O 2 4 The percentage of CaO in the sample is: (A) 54.

45 Mass of iron required to produce 2.8 M (C) 0. is (A) 0. washed.06 × 103 kg NaBr (A) 420 gm (B) 420 kg (C) 4.06 (B) 0. (80.04 Question No.0% of the final precipitate that is weighed is BaS. gr.43 % By mass of CuBr2 in original mixture is (A) 2. used to produce AgBr for use in photography can be self prepared as follows : Fe + Br2 FeBr2 .(iii) (not balanced) Q. 44 to 46 (3 questions) NaBr. 40 to 43 (4 questions) A 4.2 × 108 gm If the yield of (ii) is 60% & (iii) reaction is 70% then mass of iron required to produce 2.48 Q.46 Q..(i) FeBr2 + Br2 Fe3Br8 .324005 Phone :.4 M (D) 1 M Question No.02 (C) 0.42 Q.(ii) (not balanced) Fe3Br8 + Na2CO3 NaBr + CO2 + Fe3O4 . of moles of Cl ion present in the solution after precipitation are (A) 0.01 gm /ml then find the molarity of the ion in resulting solution by which nature of the above solution is identified.41 Q. was filtered.Question No. Q.0% is BaSO4)... Its mass was found to be 6.74 g portion of AgCl..50 . 0.63 g.3 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. calculated by analyst is (if the assume the entire 100 gm precipiate as BaSO4) (A) 30 (B) 30.5 (C) 45.5 (C) 32 (D) 32.40 Q.47 Q.68 (B) 19. of course. assuming 100 gm precipitate is formed (A) 106. Mark the appropriate options on the basis of information.2 × 105 kg (D) 4. This cause an error.0744 .24 (B) 74.44 Q. and dried. 49 to 50 (2 questions) In the gravimetric determination of sulfur the ignited precipitate of BaSO4 sometimes partially reduces to BaS.) Pin :. Calculate the mass of sample.9929617387 Fax :..57) is reacted with 200 ml of 2M HNO3 according to given balanced reaction.5 gm (D) None Percentage of SO3 in the sample. Ba(OH)2 + 2HNO3 Ba(NO3)2 + 2H2O The nature of the final solution is (A) acidic (B) neutral (C) basic (D) can't say If density of final solution is 1..49 Q.. After the reaction the solid.06 × 103 gm NaBr is formed (A) 20 (B) 10 (C) 40 (D) None Question No.. a mixture of AgCl and AgBr. 47 and 48 are based on the following piece of information.35 gm (C) 110.06 × 103 kg NaBr (A) 105 kg (B) 105 gm (C) 103 kg (D) None If yield of (iii) reaction is 90% then mole of CO2 formed when 2.5 M (B) 0.925 g sample of a mixture of CuCl2 and CuBr2 was dissolved in water and mixed thoroughly with a 5.05 (C) 3..86 % by mole of AgBr in dried precipate is (A) 25 (B) 50 (C) 75 – No.3% SO3 is analyzed and 20.3 (D) None (D) None (D) 60 (D) None % By mass of Cu in original mixture is (A) 38.3 gm (B) 114. Suppose a sample which contains 32.2405300 Q. if the analyst does not realize this and thinks entire precipitate as BaSO4. 342 gm of 20% by mass of Ba(OH)2 solution (sp.

9929617387 Fax :.3 One mole of calciums phosphide on reaction with excess of water gives [JEE 1999 ] (A) one mole of phosphine (B) Two moles of phsophoric acid (C) Two moles of phosphine (D) One mole of phosphorus pentoxide An aqueous solution of 6.10g KIO3 (formula wt. What is the percent of ozone in the mixture? Ultraviolet radiation of wavelength 300 nm can decompose ozone. Mass 3 (D) Same as M. what will be its pH (one ppm means one part of the substance in one million part of water.108 1 108 (D) 9.023 (C) × 1054 9.) Pin :.108 6.3 gm of oxalic acid dihydrate is made upto 250 ml.EXERCISE-IV Q.6 Q.8 One litre of a mixture of O2 and O3 at NTP was allowed to react with an excess of acidified solution of KI. what will be the conentration (in ppm) of residual Ca2+ ions (Assume CaCO3 to be completely insoluble in water)? If the Ca2+ ions in one litre of the treated water are completely exchanged with hydrogen ions.2405300 Q. The iodine liberated required 40 ml of M/10 sodium thiosulphate solution for titration.1 (B) 0. Calculate the molarity of the sodium thiosulphate solution.1 N NaOH required to completely neutralize 10 ml of this solution is [JEE 2001 ] (A) 40 ml (B) 20 ml (C) 10 ml (D) 4 ml In the standarization of Na2S2O3 using K2Cr2O7 by iodometry the equivalent mass of K2Cr2O7 is (A) M. Mass. The liberated I2 consumed 45. [ JEE’ 1998] Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.9 (C) 0.1 The number of moles of KMnO4 that will be needed to react with one mole of sulphite ions in acidic solution is [JEE 1997 ] (A) 2/5 (B) 3/5 (C) 4/5 (D) 1 The normality of 0.02 [JEE 2002 ] Q. weight/ weights)? [JEE’ 1997] Q. [JEE 2001 ] Q. how many photons would have been required for the complete decomposition of ozone in the original mixture? [ JEE’97.9 .0744 .6 How many moles of electrons weigh one kilogram (A) 6. Mass 6 (C) M. The solution was acidified with HCl.10 An aqueous solution containing 0.7 Which has maximum number of atoms? (A) 24 g C (12) (B) 56 g Fe (56) (C) 27g Al (27) [JEE 2003 ] (D) 108 g Ag (108) SUBJECTIVES Q.108 6.4 Q. The volume of 0.5 (B) M.0 ml of thiosulphate solution to decolourise the blue starch iodine complex.2 Q.02 × 1023 1 (B) × 1031 9. 5 ] A sample of hard water contains 96 ppm of SO 2 and 183 ppm of HCO3 . Mass 2 Q.3 [JEE 1999 ] (D) 0.0) was treated with an excess of KI solution.3 M phosphorus acid (H3PO3) is (A) 0. = 214. Assuming that one photon can decompose one ozone molecule. How many moles of CaO will be required to remove HCO 3 from 1000 kg of this water? If 1000 kg of this water is treated with the amount of CaO calculate above. with Ca2+ as the only 4 cation.324005 Phone :.

14 Q.2405300 .13 Q. [JEE’ 1999] Hydrogen peroxide solution (20 mL) reacts quantitatively with a solution of KMnO4 (20 mL) acidified with dilute H2SO4. The brown precipitate is dissolved in 10mL of 0. find its molecular weight.15 1 gm charcoal is placed in 100 ml of 0. The specific volume of the virus is 0.12 How many millilitre of 0. 2.) Pin :.Q.9929617387 Fax :.49. [JEE’ 2003] Q. If the virus is considered to be a single particle. [JEE 2005] Q. [JEE’ 2001] Calculate the molarity of water if its density is 1000 kg/m3. Number of surface sites per unit area is 6.5 M CH3COOH to form an adsorbed mono-layer of acetic acid molecule and thereby the molarity of CH3COOH reduces to 0.5 gm of copper II carbonate? [JEE’ 1999] A plant virus is found to consist of uniform cylindrical particles of 150Å in diameter and 5000Å long.2M sodium oxalate under boiling condition in the presence of dilute H2SO4. Calculate the surface area of charcoal adsorbed by each molecule of acetic acid.001 atm. Now when catalyst is heated to300K N2 gas desorbed and evolved gas occupied. Write the balanced equations involved in the reactions and calculate the molarity of H2O2.5 M H2SO4 are needed to dissolve 0.023 × 1014 cm–2 and total area of catalyst surface is 1000 cm2 . Surface area of charcoal = 3.11 Q.16 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.0744 .75 cm3/gm. [JEE’ 2003] 20% of surface sites are occupied by N2 molecules.01 × 102 m2/g. The same volume of the KMnO4 solution is just decolorized by 10mL of MnSO4 in neutral medium simultaneously forming a dark brown precipitate of hydrated MnO2. of sitesocupied by each molecule of N2.324005 Phone :. Find the no.46 cm3 at 0.

61 Q. 12. 36 ml 16 gm 44 g mol–1 A2B M/2 50 4. Q.06gm. 7.14 g C3H6O.3 0. 16. 2 × 10–3 mol 14. CaCO3 = 47.58 Q. CH4: 7.53% 0. of Y = 70 amu Q. (c) 1.1N Q. 1.2 gm 24.59 +3 41. 4.13 m 2.15 M 1.62 Q. 5.21 Q.1 Q.8 L 0. 6.2 1.2405300 6.0744 .71 M V = 157. 22.25 Q.45 0. 15. 8. False 3. 0.41 gm Q.30 Q. True Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj. wt.44×10 22 9.40 Q.65 337 mL 0.26 Q. % Na2CO3= 83.) Pin :.250 C5H14N 2 Q.24 g/L.02%.48 4.0265gm H2C2O4.18 108.16 108 Ag.13 g Conservation of mass 0.21gm Q.19 y atoms 2.324005 Phone :.68 ml Q.4 12 0.48% Q. 21.16 Q.20 Q.22 Q.ANSWER KEY EXERCISE-I Q.1168 5 Laws of conservation of mass .52 Q.4 Q.18 × 10–3.1281 g 10 ml C 2H 4 Q.02%.54 Q.51 Q.96 m Q.2 Q.063 gm Q. 23. 2H2O = 14.03 gm 1.22g .8.04 g/L Q.9% 13.29% 4. 22.31 Q.9 ml 21.28 Q.8 Q.1% Q.05. 1.39 Q.7 Q.71% Q.55 V = 31.24 Q. N2 : 80% PROFICIENCY TEST Q.46% 4. 24. 19. 11.10 20% 2. N2 = 3 ml \ H2 : 12.14 166.8 ml 83.34 1736. 20.57 90.53 Q.23 Q.2 Q.67% Q.5 Q.33 × 1021 33.6 Q.3125 g S8 3. C6H12O2 At.7 × 10–4 m Q.50%.948g 1.43 Q. 13.406% C 2H 6 O Q.72 % Q.11 Q.1 ml Q.48 L GAM 4. 14.027 0.02 × 1023 3 44. False 4.63 4 :1 CO = 5 ml .13 1.47 0.424 gm. KHC2O4.088 M.445 M 16.28gm Q. CH4 = 2 ml . 9.36 15.15 Q.9 Q. 17.15 N Q.77% 1.42 200 mL (a) 1. 0.4 M 2.2 M .37 0. 53.27 Q.35%. 5 B = Q.60 Q.50%.25%. . 0.46 23.38 1 : 2 %NaHCO3 = 16.32 35.64 29.174g.35 Q.1 1.4 L 4.41 20.6 ml 0.50 Q.2 × 104 ppm MgCO3 = 52.33 zero 0.9929617387 Fax :. False 2. 3. 25.44 Q.1 3.49 Q. 10.29 Q. 5.9 0. 18.12 Q.98 % Q. H2O = 81.17 41 Q.68% 67.56 1.35% 1. (b) 11.532 : 1 10 11 5 B =80%.2 gm. (b) 9.33 (a) 26.3 Q.

55.7 A SUBJECTIVES 6.21 Q.31 Q.15 Q.28 Q.55 1. Na2CO3 = 26.38 Q.24 Q. 25.44 D B B C B B B Q.20 Q.46 C C C A B C B Q. 22.14 Q.18 1. 11.4 Q. Mg = 0.35 Q. Na2SO4 = 31.6%. 24. [HCl] = 0.47 D C A D A C C Q.17 Q.5%. 21.48 C C B D A A A Q.8 Q. 23.32 Q.9929617387 Fax :.3 C Q.5 : 0.2 Q.33 NaHCO3= 42%.3 Q.20 Q.9 Q.24 True True True False False True 6.324005 Phone :. 1. Q.34 Q. pH = 2.19 Q. 16.57% O3(by weight).2 D Q. 19.5.27 Q.23 4.9 Q.4 ml. 14.14 8.49 B A C B C D B EXERCISE-IV Q.15 Q. (c) 2.0623M 0.5 Q.6 Q. 9.8 ml.6 D Q.15% CuS = 57.67L 10% Q.8 Q.D B A A A A Q.095 × 107 5 × 10–19 m2 Q.12 Q.8g FeO = 13.6 Q.43 Q.09 × 10–3 gm Q.16 2 Digital Chemistry labs Pvt Ltd 403 Maha Laxmi Plaza Jawahar Nagar Kota (Raj.5% (i) 28%.16 Q.66% 15.8 Q.5 B Q.11 Q. 6 electrons Q. 42.1 : 0.1M Q.33%.4 A Q. 15.40 Q.9% Q. 20.4% CuS. NaOH = 6.75% 95.41 Q.36 Q.15 VKIO3 = 0.12 Q.1 Q. (ii) 33.4% 5g Q.3 ml 30.33 Q. 12.6% Cu2S Fe = 5.42 Q.02N 57.37 Q.0744 .30 Q. Fe2O3 = 86. 17.6% Q.15% 1.29 Q.4 34.10 Q.17 Q.3 18.6989 7.5 Q. 10.12 Q.34%.42 mL.22 Q.18 Q.2 Q.10 Q.434 g (a)10 mol. 40 ppm. 18.45 C A B A A D C Q.22 Q.) Pin :. 13.19 Q.39 Q.5 Al = 0.5.13 A Q.25 Q.11 Q. False False False False False EXERCISE-II 76.10 Q.21 EXERCISE-III Q.11 Q.7 Q.25 41. (b) 25 lit.7 Q.50 Q.2 × 1021 photons 0.566 g.26 Q.9 Q. (iii) 0.1 Q. False True False True False 8. True True True True True 7.27% n = 4.097 ml 55.55kg.2405300 .16 Q. 21.1 Q.14 Q.. Cu = 1.4 g RCu = 269 C D A.23 Q.13 XeF6 0.4 Q.13 Q.