WiMax Technology

Interoperability for Microwave Access. Provides wireless data over long distance communications. Based on the WirelessMAN (IEEE 802.16) standard. WiMAX is an IEEE 802.16 specific connection-oriented technology, designed to deliver high broadband speeds over wireless at lower costs. is a highly scalable, long-range system. WiMAX provide high-speed data bandwidth up 70Mbps and telecommunications services. 
WiMAX Worldwide


WiMAX device using with directional antennas, speeds of 10 Mbit/s at 10 km distance is possible, WiMAX devices with omni-directional antennas 10 Mbit/s over 2 km is possible.  

WiMAX can provide broadband wireless access (BWA) up to 30 miles (50 km) for fixed stations, and 3 - 10 miles (5 - 15 km) for mobile stations. WiMAX operates on both licensed and nonlicensed frequencies. Useful in areas where cable, DSL broadband and even dial-up might not exist. 

16e (Dec¶05) ³Mobile WiMAX´ Add mobility support Scalable OFDM PHY layer and Scalable OFDMA MAC layer .16 (Dec¶01) Single carrier PHY layer and TDM MAC layer ‡ IEEE 802.WiMAX Standard (IEEE 802.16) ‡IEEE 802.16d (June¶04) ³Fixed WiMAX´ Combine previous versions ‡ IEEE 802.16a (Jan¶03) Include NLOS application OFDM PHY layer and OFDMA MAC layer ‡ IEEE 802.16 group was formed in 1998 ‡ IEEE 802.

the cable TV's coaxial cable infrastructure while offering Internet Service Provider (ISP) services.Types of WiMAX  WiMAX has the potential to replace a number of existing telecommunications infrastructures.16-2004 (fixed wireless applications) and 802. telephone company Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) or T1/E1 service. In its mobile variant.16e-2005 (mobile wire-less). IEEE standard designated 802. WiMAX as a "last mile" broadband wireless access (BWA) alternative to cable modem service. In a fixed wireless configuration it can replace the telephone company's copper wire networks. WiMAX has the potential to replace cellular networks.   .

Types of WiMAX  Fixed WiMAX .

That WiMAX cell site should offer enough bandwidth to support hundreds of businesses with T1 speeds and thousands of residential customers with the equivalent of DSL services from one base station.This service should deliver approximately 40 megabits per second (Mbps) for fixed and portable access applications. portable or mobile non-line-of sight service from a base station to a subscriber station.Fixed WiMAX  WiMAX provides fixed. . Some goals for WiMAX include a radius of service coverage of 6 miles from a WiMAX base station for point-to-multipoint. also known as customer premise equipment (CPE). non-line-of-sight.

Type of WiMAX  Mobile WiMAX .

Mobile WiMAX will be very valuable for emerging services such as mobile TV and gaming. mobile WiMAX enables streaming video to be broadcast from a speeding police or other emergency vehicle at over 70 MPH. For example. It potentially replaces cell phones and mobile data offerings from cell phone operators such as EvDo. EvDv and HSDPA.Mobile WiMAX  Mobile WiMAX takes the fixed wireless application a step further and enables cell phone-like applications on a much larger scale. In addition it offers superior building penetration and improved security measures over fixed WiMAX. .

WiMAX is not a Wi Fi .

WiMax is developed primarily for wireless metropolitan area networks (WMANs). Different 802. Wi-Fi has introduced a QoS mechanism similar to fixed Ethernet. whereas WiMAX runs a connection-oriented MAC. Wi-Fi has primarily been developed for wireless local area networks (WLANs). Each connection is based on specific scheduling algorithms. . with rang of few Kilometers.Comparison of WiMAX with Wi-Fi       WiMAX uses licensed spectrum to deliver a point-to-point connection to the Internet from an ISP to an end user. WiMAX and Wi-Fi have quite different Quality of Service (QoS) mechanisms. WiMAX uses a mechanism based on connections between the Base Station and the user device.16 standards provide different types of access. Wi-Fi runs on the MAC's CSMA/CA protocol. where packets can receive different priorities based on their tags. with a range of up to 100m. which is connectionless and contention based. Wi-Fi uses unlicensed spectrum to provide access to a network.

SS/MS: the Subscriber Station/Mobile Station ASN: the Access Service Network[8] BS: Base station. part of the ASN CSN: the Connectivity Service Network HA: Home Agent. part of the CSN NAP: a Network Access Provider NSP: a Network Service Provider . part of the ASN ASN-GW: the ASN Gateway.Architecture           an architecture that defines how a WiMAX network connects with other networks. part of the CSN AAA: AAA Server.

WiMAX can be envisioned as a mesh network where each node(tower/access points) can communicate with each other in order to extend the range of WiMAX and. allows robust communication as there are multiple routes a signal can take. Frequency Division Duplexing(FDD) . Time Division Duplexing(TDD). therefore. Ultimately. The base tower transmits at one frequency to a station tower and receives data from the station tower at another frequency. Therefore the 802.16 specification mainly describes the scheduling of communication between towers and WiMAX devices. WiMAX supports two types of connection types. one frequency is sent from the base tower to another station tower and from the station tower to the base tower.How WiMAX Works?     WiMAX is a connection-oriented technology and affects only the Physical Layer and the MAC portion in the Data Link Layer of the OSI Model. .

Uses base stations.    .point-to-multipoint Large area coverage .point-to-point Last-mile .WiMAX deployment types  To overcome the challenges of traditional Wired access deployment types such as: Backhaul . subscriber stations and WiFi(mesh) solutions for large area coverage.

WiMAX Deployment Application .

. Karachi and Lahore. set to launch fixed-wireless services in Pakistan. Islamabad. including.Implementation in Pakistan   Wateen Telecom. Biggest WiMax network rollout to date covering more than 17 major cities in Pakistan.

Components of WiMAX       Base Station. WiMAX Backhaul CPE devices WiMAX Access Points . Client (with WiMAX enabled). Antinna (Tower for communication).

Modular Blade Architecture ‡Enhanced Features for Superior Coverage and Throughput ‡Carrier Class Reliability ‡TRUFLEŒ Mobility Manger ‡Wide Range of Frequencies .Base station WiMAX Base Station StarMAX 6400 ‡Powerful.

90 Degrees Panel .Antennas    .Omni Directional .60 Degrees Panel WIMAX TOWER WIMAX Receiver .

Client with wiMAX    Notebooks(Laptops) Pc¶s with WiMAX Mobiles .

and with high reliability and availability. . effortlessly. Backhaul essentially acts as the ³glue´ that pieces all of the network elements together. Defined as Network components which connect client/subscriber access sections of networks with their core switching and management topologies. This enables the network to deliver seamless and transparent broadband communications.WiMAX Backhaul     WiMAX Backhaul is the transport link between a Base Station (BS) and the WiMAX Access Service Network Gateway (ASN-GW).

Backhaul  Wimax backhaul equipment allows your wireless traffic to easily be bounced from place to place according to your needs. .

or purchased set-top boxes for use with Communications Service Providers services. including digital phones. Support Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS) traffic.3-3. Point to Multipoint (PMP). CPE designed to operate in the 3. . that co-exists over the same LRE line.CPE Devices       Customer Premise Equipment (CPE) CPE generally refers to telephones. self-installable. Axxcelera¶s ExcelMax Indoor CPE is a low cost.8 GHz. Compact devices that bridge Long-Reach Ethernet (LRE) and Ethernet traffic. DSL modems or cable modems.

PIR. Self Configure Indoor CPE Half-Duplex FDD and TDD support Supports data. Space Time Coding Self Install. Priority) and VLAN support Low cost CPE allows mass residential rollout Self Install feature avoids cost of professional installation Robust. field proven platform Benefits    .CPE Devices Key Features      Enhanced NLOS Features: Uplink Subchannelization. voice and video services Comprehensive Quality of Service (CIR.

use access point simple. . Say in your home if you have 4 laptops who want to connect to internet .WiMAX Access point  These are optional some where but are used mainly when you have more than 3-4 wireless gadgets requiring to access Wi-Max network.

-Line-of-Sight 66 GHz. A small antenna on a computer connects to the tower and is backwards compatible. -Non Line-of-sight Operates at 2 to 11 GHz.) Low cost. Signal is stronger and more stable.Benefits of WiMAX      Long Range. (up to 30 miles. High Bandwidth. .) Wireless. (up to 70 Mb/s) Services. ($20.000 but will still provide customers with T1-class connections. A fixed dish antenna for communication between tower to tower.

none of the startup companies are projected to be major players in the development of WiMAX. . Even though cost provides a low barrier to entry.DrawBacks of WiMAX  Hesitancy Companies are very hesitant of setting up WiMAX base stations.  Exclusion of Start-Up Companies. new products must be researched and developed to incorporate WiMAX.(only intel and cisco took advantage)  Research and Development In order for WiMAX to succeed. One solution to this problem is Intel making their Centrino laptop processors WiMAX enabled within the next few years. All laptops are expected to have WiMAX by 2008.

Let us hope it gives the best to us. Wi-Max also needs to be combined with technologies like Wi-Fi. the technology has promising future both in terms of cost effectiveness and benefits to consumers. bluetooth and others. There are few issues still to be resolved like spectrum allocation (as signals have no country boundary).Future of WiMAX     As IT industry and countries are recognizing the potential of Wi-Max. .

High-quality cameras will have built-in WiMAX and other wireless capabilities with ubiquitous coverage as will game consoles and music players. people will be using their computers with the same freedom they now have for cell phones. But in five years. More serious applications like medical monitoring and diagnostics usable by ordinary people because the delivery cost will be so low.Future of WiMAX    The primary wireless application on mobile systems today is voice. .

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