• J -- r

small. intimately diffused air bubbles supper+ the largest number of mineral particles.

This thorough mixing of air, pulp and reagents accounts for the high metallurgical efficiency of the Denver "Sub-A" (Fahrenwald) Flotation Machine, and its correct design, with precision mamrlacture, brings low horsepower and high capacity. Blowers are not needed, for sufficient air is introduced and controlled by the rotating impellero{ the Denver "Sub-A" In locating impeller below the stationary hood at the bottom of the cell, agitating and mixing is confined to this zone.


mORE ORES are treated by flotation than by any other ~ingle proc~ss. Non-met~llics as well as metal"cs now being commercially recovered include gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron, manganese, nickel, cobalt, molybdenum, graphite, phosphate, fluorspar, barite, feldspar and coal. Recent flotation research indicates that any two substances physically different, but ssscciered. can be separated by flotation under proper conditions and' with the correct machine and reagents.

While many types of agitators and aerators win rna e a flotation froth and cause some separation, it is necessary to have flotation cells with the correct fundamental principles to attain high recoveries and produce a high grade concentrate. For over fifteen years Denver "Sub-A" IFahrenwald) Flotation Machines have continuously demonstrated their superiority through successful performance. The reliability and adaptation to all types of flotation problems account for ,the thousands of Denver "Sub-A" Cells in plants treafing many different materials in all 'parts ·of the world.

Tha design of the Denvar "Sub-A" flotation ceU incorporates all of the basic principles and requirements of the art, in addition to those of the ideal flotation cell. Its design and construction are proved by universal acceptance and its supremacy is acknowledged by worldwide recogniiion and use. Years of successful operation have resLtlted in the present Denver "Sub-A" Cell described in the following pages.


J. Mix.ing and Aelation Zone~ The pulp flows into the ceU by gravity through the feed pipe. dropping directly on top of the rotating impeller below the stationary hood. As the pulp cascades over the impeller blades it is thrown outward and upward by the centrifugal force of the impeller. The space between the rofa,ting blades of the impeller and the stationary hood permits part of the pulp to cascade over the impeller blades. this creates a positive suction through the ejector princlple, drawing large and controlled quantities of air down the standpipe into the heart of the cell. This action thoroughly mixes the pulp and air, producing a liVE! pulp thoroughly aerated with very small air bubbles. These exceedingly


2. Separation Zone. In the central or separation zone the action is quiet and cross currents are eliminated, thus preventing the dropping or knocking of the mineral load from the supporting a ir bubble, which is very important. In this zone, the mineral-laden air bubbles separate from the worthless gangue, and the middling product finds its way back into the agitation zone through the recirculation holes in the top of tho It,dion".,. hood.

3. Concentrate Zone. In the concentrate or top zone, the material being enriched is partially separated by a baffle from the spin: or concentrate discharge side of the machine. The cell action at this point is very quiet and the mineral-laden con-

centrate moves forward and is quickly removed by the paddle shaH (note direct pafh of minerai). The final result is an unusually .nigh gradeconcentrat~, distinctive of fh- Denver "Sub-A" Cel!.

A flotation machine must nof only float out the mineral value in a mixture of ground ore and wafer. but also mud ~eep the pulp in circulal-ion continuously from the feed end fo the discharge end for fhe removal of the froth, and must gwe the maximum treatment posifively to each partide.

It is an established fact that the mechanical method of circulating material is the most positive and eeenemlcel, particularly where the impeller is below the pulp. A flotation machine must nof only be able to circulate coarse material (encountered in every mill circuit], but also must recirculate and retreat +he difficult middling products.

In the Denver "Sub-A," due to the distinctive gravity flow method of circulation. the rota!ing impeller thoroughly agitates and aerates the pulp and ilt the same time circulates this pulp upward in a straight line, removing the mineral froth and"'S~ding the remaining portion to the next cell in series, No .hort circuiting through the machine can thus occur. and this is most important, for the more treatments a perficle gets, the~. ~ater the chances of its recovery. The gravity flow principl.=.._of circulation of thE'! Denver "Sub-. " Flota~ I...-ell I'-'::=:r _'~"" in the illustration below.



THERE ARE three distinctive advanfp,..."Sub·A" (Fahrenwald) F!otat; ... - -

1enver ; are

found in no other machines. All of these advantages are needed to obtain successful flotation results, and these are:

1. Coarse Material BandIed. Positive circulation from cell tp cell; ~s5ured by the distinctive gravity flow principle o·fthe Denver "Sub-A." No short circuiting can occur. Even though the ore is ground fine to free the minerals. coarse material occasionally geh into the circuit, and if the flotation machine does not have a positive gravity flow, choke-ups will occur.

In instances where successful metallurgy demands the handling of a dense pulp containing an unusually large amount of coarse material, a sand relief opening aids in the operation by removing from the lower part of the cell the coarser fractions. directing these into the feed pipe and through the impeller of the following cell The finer fractions pass over the weir overflow and thus receive a greater treatment time. In this manner short-circuiting is eliminated as the material which is bled through the sand relief opening again rec~ives the positive actJon of the impeller and is subjected to the intense aeration and optimum flotation condition of each successive cell, floating out both fine and coarse mineral.

2. No Choke-Vps 0% Losl TiJlleaA Denver "Sub-A" cell will not choke-up, ev·en when material as coarse as Y4" is circulated, due to the feed and pulp always being on +ep of the impeller. After J shutdown it is not necessary to drain the machine. The stationary hood and the air standpipe dur,ing a shutdown protects the impeller from sanding-up and this keeps the feed and air pipes always open. Denver "Sub-A" flotation opera OfS value ifs "24-hour per day service" and ih; fr·eedam from shutdowns.

This gravity flow principle of circulation has made possible the widespread phenomenal success ot a flotation cell between the ball mill and c.lassifier. The re-



co very of the mineral as coarse and as 500n as possible in a high grade concentrate is now highly proclaimed and considered essential by all flofation operators.

3. Middlings Returned Without Pumps. Middling products can be returned by gravity from any cell to any other cell. This flexibility is possible without the aid of pumps or elevafors. The pulp flows through a return feed pipe into any ceU and falls diree+ly on fop of the imperrer, assuring positive treatment and aeration of the middling product without impairing the adion of the cell. The initial fee·d can also enter into the front or back of any cell through the return feed pipe.

Be$ult$~ It is a pesitive fact that the application of these three exclusive Denver "Sub-A" advantages has increased profits for mining plants for many years by increasing recoveries, reduelng reagent costs, making a higher grade concentrate, lowering tailings, increasing filter capacities, lowering moisture of filtered concentrate, and giving the smelter II better product to handle.

Changes in mlnerali:1ed ore bodies and in types of minerals quickly demonstrate the need of these distinctive and flexjble Denver "Sub-A" advantages. They enable the treat. 'nt of either a fine or a coarse feed. The fTow$h~et can be changed so that any cell can be used as a rougher. cleaner, or redeaner cell, making a simplified flowsheef with the best extraction of mineral values.

The world-wide use of the Denver "Sub~A" (Fahrenwald) Flotation Machine and the consta~t repeat 'orders are the best testimonial of Denver "Sub-A" acceptance. There are new over 2Q,000 Denver "Sub-A" Cells in operation throughout the world.


CONTINUOUS "24-hour per day service" depends upon the mechanical design and construction of a flotation machine. There is no unit $0 rugged, nor so well bUIlt to meet the demands of the process, as the Denver "Sub-A" (FahrenwaldJ Rotation Machine. The ruggedness of ~ach Denver cell is necessary to give long fife and to meet the requirements of t.he process. Numerous competitive tests all over the world have conclusively proved the real worth of these cells to many mining operators who demand "maximum results at the lowest cost."

Thf'! location of the feed pipe and the stationary hood over the rotating impeller account for the simplicity of the Denver "Sub-A" cell construction. These parts eliminate swirling around the ~haft and fop of the impeller, reduce power load, and imprevmetaIrufgical results.

Lmprovemenfs in the -~_ns+ruction of Denver "Sub-A" cans during the last ten years have been

:I'~-~""'7~.~ .. ne -tl1rough the- 9gestions from our many friends'in the ....-:"';!l~ field. The Denver "Sub-

A," even w' <_~ o:e advantages, is moder-

atelv • • __ rc rdize+icn and quantity

production, I here is a aelol1H .... mechanical or metallurgical rEM son behind the construction of eveIY part of the Denver "Sub-A," as explained in specifica-

fions on the following pages~ .

Hood protects impeller from sendinq-up after a shutdown


Denver "Sub·A" Flotation Cell in cperotion



The'tank. fo.r the'"Oenver "Sub-A" Flotation Machine is made of heavy steel ... joints are electric welded both inside an.d out. Partition plates arefurnfshed with gasl:ets and arranged for bolting to partition channels so that if necessary all of the plates can be changed at any fime in the neld to provide either a right or left hand machine, Right hand machine is standard and will be

furnished unless otherwise noted. •

The steel superstructure for mounting the shaft assemblies consists of a heavy sfructural rieel member rigidly braced and arranged so that minimum headroom is required, Proper design positively minimiyes vibration in operation. and construction of the machine as a selfcontained unit eliminates the necessity for any costly or elaborate foundation,

Denver "Sub-A" Hotation Machines are also available in wood tank construction, especiany suitable for corrosive circuits. These machines can be supplied with modifications so thattbey are ideal for use in special applications.

An cells are placed at a common floor_ level and due to the gravity flow principle of Denver "Sub-A" Flotation Machines almost any number of cells can be used in any circuit at one elevation wilhout the necessity of pumps or elevators to handle the flow from one machine to the next. Operaiion and supervision is thus simplified.

For export shipMents all of the items for the flotation machine are packed. braced. and bloclr:ed i~side of the steel t~nk so thd minimum volume is required. Safe delivery of parts without damage is thus assured.


The shaff and impelJer of the Denver "Sob-A" are supported in an enclosed ball bearil)g housing designed to prope.rly carry and maintain the rofating impeller. Both the upper and the lower he<3VY duty. oversized. antifriction bearings are seated in this housing, insuring perfect alignment and protection against diri. Bea,rings. have grease seals to prevent grease or oil getting into the cells; lubrication is only needed about once in sill months. Over twenty thousand of these 'standard bearings are in daily use on Denver "Sub-A" Gells, giving continuous service and low horsepower.


The hood. which is located near the bottom of the cell, is an important part of the iI$sembly as it serves a number of purposes. The vanes on this hood prevent swirling of the pulp in the cell, producing a quiet action in the central or separation rene, The hood also supports the stationary standpipe and the hood wearing plate. Sufficient air for flotation is drawn down the stationary riandpipe which elimina·tes the expense of blowers, airpipes, and valves. as well as giving direct pass<'lg90f air to the top of the rotating impeller. The wearing plate is bolted to the bottom of the hood and prevents the impeller from being buried by pulp when ilie machine is sirut down.







Conical disE Impellers ilnd wearing plates have been improved to a type termed "receded disk impellers and cdrfFuser wearing plates." These parts have been psoved in commercial installations for several years and are one of the most important developments rnade in the Denver "Sub-A" Rotation Machine.

The receded disk impellers and diffuser wearing plates are furnished with all machines unless- otherwise specified. The advantages of these pam are as follows:

I. Have permitted the increased speed of the impeller wHhout any increase in horsepower.

2. Give more aeration with an accompanying greater diffusion of air.

3. At higher speeds the ail" is in a more finely divided sfate as the bubbles are smaller, and the added aeration results in a. deeper froth column.

4. Require less operating attention, particularly +eward the end of the machine with II uniform active cell.

Agihtion is intens in the agitation zone but within fhe cell it is held at a minimum and at the same time the air is finely dispersed throughout the pulp so that the cell surface presents the appearance of a smooth and quiet blanket of froth conducive to good.. flotation. Molded rubber parts are recommended due to theil" lighter w~ight, perfect balance, and longer life.

In keeping with a long established pol~cy. it is possible to use these parts on any Denver "Sub-A" Flotation Machine irrespective of age without the necessity of making any major changes. thus adhering to the Standard Denver policy of "no yearly models but continuany improving."


The conical disk impellers and wearing plates, as illustrated, are obtainable for all sizes of machines. The conical disk impellers and wearing plates have been-used in Denver "Sub-A" Flotation Machines for many years but are rapidfy bein9 replaced by the receded disk impellers and diffusers for general purposes. The conical impellers are recommended for Denver Unit Flotation Cells and applications such as the treatment of dense pulp and coarse mateTial. Diameters of all impellers have a definite relationship to cell sizes, thus insuring uniform clrcvleficn of ~be pulp.


The maintenance cost on wearing parts in many large plants has been reduced to a minimum due to the use of molded rubber pam. which are available for all sixes of Denver "Sub-A" Flotation Machines in either the reced'ed' disk or conical disk type.

Da.ta from large operations have shown that the life of rubber parts is from six to fifteen times longer thaD the Irfe of hard iron wearing parts. The slightly greater






cost of these parts is therefore- more than offset by the [anger life. The advantages gained not only in lower maintenance but also In reduction in horsepower [beca.use of the lower coeffj~ient of friction when using molded rubber impairers) make them most economical. Both receded disk and conical disk wearing parts are also available in special glass hard alloy iron.


Cell liners fit easily into the cell and consist of four cast iron side liners and a rubber bottom liner. The rubber bottom liner is held down at the edges by the side liner. and in the center by means of a hold-down rinq. as illustrated. The bottom finer consists of a live rubber compound similar to that used on the molded rubber parts, firmly bonded to a steel backing so that it does not rip or blister.

A smell recirculation gate is provided near the top of each cell so that if desired a portion of the pulp can be removed from the middling zone and returned to the impeller forretreatment. This recirculation feature influences the predue+ien of high grade concentrates in some cases. A gate is provided for this recirculation opening so that an adjustment of the z.one and amount of reeireulation can be varied.


The impeller assembly, consisting of steel shaft. totany enclosed spindle bearing. standpipe, hood, wearing plate. and impeller, flfs ~a~ily into the cell (1~ (1 unit. Diff\l~cr and receded disk impellers, as illustrated, are furnished but conical disk impellers can be used if desired. The hood rests on corners of the cell side liners and is provided with keystone plug plates in front and back with recireule+icn openings. These recirculation openings in the plug plates can be opened, dosed or bushed to smaller sizes as desired. The keystone plug plafe can be removed to provide an opening to the impeller for the return of middTings or feed, by means of a return feed pipe which is easily placed to fit between the hood and front or back plate of the cell. Openings are provided in the front of each cell for the return of middling~ into any cell by gravity or these openings can be used t_o introduce feed into the

eel! if desired. .


Adjustment of the impeller is easily and quickly accomplished from the rear of the machine by means of the threaded rod holding the end of the spindle bearing housing (see illustration at leftl. Proper adiustment of the clearance between impeller and wearing plate is important, and is easily done by loosening the bolts holding the spindle bearing housing and raising or lowering the entire housing by means of the adjustment provided by this threaded rod. After the proper clearance is secured the housing is tightened in place. Guides on each bearing housing keep rotation of impeller in perfed alignment and make vertical adjustment easy.



The Denver "Sub-A" was the first flotation machine to U$e the Multi-V-Belt Horizontal Drive, which has proved so successful. Denver "Sub-A" (FahrenwaldJ Flotation Cells have been carefully designed to be driven either by a motor and V-belts or by V-belt to a main drive Shaft. In the motor driven type the impeller shafts are driven by V-beHs, sheaves, and vertical ball bearinq_motor. This type of drive is much more economical and desirable than a direct motor driven unit because it makes any speed range available and does not require a special motor shaft assembly.

The standard drive on all flotation machines of an even number of cells is one motor driving two cells through V-belt drives. If an odd number of cells is ordered, a drive which will prove most economical in first cost and provide the greatest ope.rating efficiency, will be furnished. Adjustment of belf tension is provided for in the motor mounting (see iIIustra+ion at boHom of opposite page).


The paddleshaft drive is take-n generally from the last impeller shaH by means' of V-belt drive toa speed reducer, which in tUrn drives the paddleshaft at slow speed. The quic~ removal of the mineral froth, in the form of a concentrate, increases the recovery; quick removal of this mineral froth is very important on gold ores, and when e high grade concentrate is desired, the rotating paddles can be regulated to the desired radius.


Every Denver "Sub-A" Cell is actually an individual flotation machine with its own pulp level, eontrolled by its weir overflow_ Correct flotation requires this positive pulp level control in each cell even though this adjustment when once made is infrequently changed. There are three methods of reg\.llating the pulp level:

WEIR BLOCKS, as illustrated, slide easily into place at the weir, and consist of wood slats held down by means of a' steel wearing baL On the smaller machines. especially, adjustme,nt by this means is easy as the weir is readily accessible. Actual plant practice- shows In the normal circuli that it is not nece5.sary to chanqe the pulp level frequently.

HANDWHEEL OPERATED WEIR GATES can be provided, as illustrated, so that changes In pulp level' In each individual cell can be accomplished by turning the hand. wheel which is locateq far above the froth level. Changes in level can be made quickly and easily with minimum effort.

GEAR DRIVEN HANDWHEEL GATES, as Illustrated, can be provided and are especially useful on larger size flotation machines. This errenqernen+ brings the control of the pulp level out to the front of the machine making it un-

- necessary to reach over the froth lip. The use- of a gear box with handwheel control reduces the effort required for raising or lowerin.g the gate, and provides a method of quick and easy adjustment.






Werle",,' ,S<>~ "~~d~1 1-7~.-D"-7 .-S ... c-1I-.4-=, -r-9-.4-r-I-I)_-O--'-I-D-_7--'rl-I-_9-!-r-1-4_-:S""'-22.-.~-·

No. I~ ~2~21 lJenyeT ~".S:_p..b_Afl'

Volume 10-Cll.Ff. Pol CoU

No. 15, rZ4x24Y

De;ry-ar "Sub-A"

Volume ~! Cu. Fl. 'Forc..U

1-1 SO 369! '364 356 94"" 3<1.1., 337 3118 310 293

JX z- 1 t~ m· r~} ~~ ~~ m .,~~~ i:~ m m

~~-l ~~ ::~ m m iii 11~IL7' ill m I -1~ m

~'h-I a 120 us 118 ·117 ." US irs 112 106

-'I-IZO 107- lUS Loe IDS 104 lOt 103" lot 96

4!,11-1 18 94 94 B'3 sa 9.2 92 !II 9.0 85

'5-1. U 8.2 92 82 81 81 :81 80 79 16

~~-I 15 ?7 '6 76 7~ 15 75 74 '13 71

6-1 14- 71 n 70 7070 7D 69 68 66

'1-1 50 443 436 4.27' 4l'7 4H 406 393, 3'll

W .. 1 ~o 314 au 306 301 Z~1 295 za8 2'16

:l:-l 331.4.0 238 ~35 2.31 1.30 .228 us ,217..

2:V~-1 28 IU 192 191 186 187 J.!~.. 184 17B

3-1 2'5 168- lE<7 165 1M· 153 ~~ 160 15&

3lh-'t. 22 143 142 U.l 141 140 139 137 135

~-I 20" I~!P' 127 126 126 125 1211 123 121

-'llkl U Ira liZ 112 III 110 no 109 la7

5-1 IS 58 9B 98 97 S:1 9S ,96 94

5~1 15 '91. 91 51 90 9~ 90 8S88

6-1 u- .115 84 84 8'1 B.3 ,B3 :83 811

315 2.4'1' J96 164 i45 12Ii IH IOZ

SO ~4 18


1-1 ~O· I ~ U,5 873 ess in &1.2 an .786 143 6~

I 'k 1 40 62!1~611 81 s 601 593 sso 5T1 553 ""U

:l:-l 33 481 47& "I 46~ 46:1 451 <ISO 434 3$3

'"2~1 28 -3BB Ut 381 377 371 111 3:5.7 351 US

3:.1 ~ 336 -t~ UI :»7 925 '3l".' 320!12 251

3W·l 22, 281 U5 Z83 ~ll~ 1.80 278 .:2'75 :269 153

+1 20 25& 2:54 253 in 250 2119 :24.7 242 229

-IJ1k1 lB' 22-5 215 22,;) i22 221 221 2.19 :21.5 2ll"

5-1 Hi UI7 19'? .196 1S4 194. laa 192. ISS nl

5*",1 15 113 112 1.82" III 180 179 178 1'6- 1&9

1t t-~8._1~,~ __ 1_4_- __ r-1_&_9_, r-1_'6_9-r_I_&_8-+_I_·~_'-+_1_~ __ t-l_6_6-+_1_6_5-+_~_.6~3-r_l_5_7_._

1·1 50 1475 1453 14U 1381 1369 1351 1312 .124.0 l~O

J 'h-I 4.D [041 11136 ID20, 1002 991 983 962 9~ 813

-2·1 33 8lI2 193,783 774 769 '62 I '150, 725 '656'

~t 21, "6 64Q &.35 US 62.~ no &12 595 548

3-1 2.5 5159 S5 B 5 S I 546 543 ~ 40 54.0 S!U 485

a\i-I 22 ~27 41S', 4'1":IC 468 46S 463 459, 449 U2

4-1 20 -la7 12"(. 412 419 417 US 412, 404 382

~-'hc.' 1. 18 3"lS 3"15 372 970 asa 368 365 35B UI

".j:;. 16, 3.29 G27 an 324 a23 322 320' .n5 alia

5*"1- 15 30& 30.. a03 302 301 aeo 1-98' 2~4 282

6·1 14 212 2.82 281 219 2'9 ~7B i76 ns 262

~.'. (8' (18)<2.9)



YoL""", JCu.FL P..-c.u

No. II Spwerl (31)<31)

D.(!onvG-J' ·'s,.j,·:.l,r '

VolumG ~c,,-rt. Pot c.n

No. 21 (" .. al) DeDver ;·'"B~A.r:~

Vol""". 40;0 ClO.Ft. POl'CeIl

No. 24 (t9~431 DenTer "Sub_A"

Volume ~O.O

C .... , rt. ro. can

H' •• M! (5b5S) D~llTe-r "Sub·A"

VQlu.:me 100'

, ,e". n. For C .. ll

r ...

U43 1308 1002; ICI 5'99 5,97 5a3 470 412 118;1 359

1916 IUS 992 801 694 5U 531

, ,459



1118 1215 99(1, 79'3 &90

"s90' U8 (66 408 319 351

17M 1112. issa 1638; IS"7 1311

11.52 1238 1229 1Z0ll 11~1 1015,

969 96 2 !~2 939: 905 B20

185 '1SQ, 1'15 765 7"'3 ,685

682 6'(1 67.4 66a: &51 6115

5965HZ 579 573 5525.21

.5Z4 52.2 519 -liJ-'l, S05 4""

463 46 Z (SD 4SS 4~9 426

"D5 (M ('02 401 3.94~77

,3'l7 316 374 31:2 3S7 352

349 348 I 947 34,5 941 330


THE CAPACITY of ., flot~tion <.11, he.ling .. ny ore, depend. upon f"ct. and ,conditions ... hicb can b~rl be determ'illed by experienee and test ',,",orl.:. Three conditions are ;'~CtOT5 in determining tlte proper size m.c,hin'. "'l~ Dumber of ceUs:


1. Ca,pacity. Flaofing time of th eore i. one of the determining f.ctors in £9"r;ng th ... c"p"cify. If an ore is ,low floding end requires twel.. minute tre-tm,ent time, .. nd anotiler ore is fast floating and requires byt six mInute treatment. it i ... videni Ihilt a machine of only h.1f ih" c .. pacity is nee ess "ry in the last instance. The D."nver '·Sub-A" cap"city recommendation., 01 Ih .. Denver Eqni pme"t Comp,. ny ""e con ,.rv.,ti ...... and are based on years of • ",,"N. I field "pera+ien, tr,eating "II Hnds of materials.

.2.Valume of .. ny flotation, "ell mu.t be I:nown. for the volume in " 11 ot~tion m .. - chiDe determine. Ihe tim .. avo ila ble to fI.~t the v .. lues, Therefore, fbe c .. p.:.city of ""Y flotation rnachlae depends "pon its volume; All floldtiM eells havinq +he same volume will h""e "ppro.i",,,tely the .a me c"p_city with .Ilowa nee made for tho efficiency cf the .gitator or ..... tor. A., the lim .. is very important in ony flot"non machine, the "du.1 eubieel content of any machine .IIould be car"fully checked for comparison.

3. Resulls "f .. "I[~ "f equal y,;,hlmc will nof n ec.s.~"ily b.. equ .. 1 beeeuse thelt may not be. eq;uftlly .·flici.mt. It may be easy enough to put pulp tltrough a m~chine. but to make, .. maehine '0 give high grade con. centrates, to reir."t midd.lings, • nd to mah. " low tAiling. required yeus "F experienee .. nd ope."tion: after "IL. Ihis field .. xparience ts th" bed guide. Tile Denv", "SuJb-A" 1 Fahren ..... ld I Flotafi.on Machine na. be .... proved e •• r and oyer to be lite ,lowe" cosf fiotationc,.1J per ton of cap.eity.

Und"r the toble ~t th" I .. Ft, problems ar .. given to ilIu.tr .. te the method of' figuring the "umber of cells, I" order to secure the minimum !>oslTiv .. treatment of the mineral AJ\d to m .. re "" hig,h grad. concentrate, it is best 10 h.ve t~e neceuary tol.1 volume divided into .t I",,,d four cell. lpr.f.'r"bly .i. cells], ,each. separate eel] So th.t t;hey m .. y be used for ro"ghing. de .• ning ot r.cle.ningpurposes,

1'0 determine the num ber of Denver "Su bA" Cecll$ required ••. multiply the propesll.d iontlag'" per day 12:-4 heurs I by th" tim" {numb .. r of minutes ne"Ce5sary io 'Ro.t th .. mineral], then divide this prod ue+ by th" proper figyre giv,en in the t .. bla, This fig"r .. is secured by taki og th .. size rnachi ne, under con,ide<anon {find the horizontal li ne giving; the dilution of your mill pulp. and the vertical lil\& giving Ihe spe<;ific gravity of yOlfr or.J; Ihe figure will be at +he point of inters .. e+ien,

For c:on!5ervative e;stima,fes on a goldt :inver, copper, or Je"d ore, use the ronm!lge cop.d-tie •• hown on flGgo. II .. nd 9.

3410 34~O. ~310 1I2~CI 30SS 2925

2505 141;0 2.4S0 2405 2'30~ %D3:-

1935 1922 19115 1175 IUD 1640 1572 ISS!) 1550 1530, 1485 1370

1365 1350' 1349 11135 raeu UIO

1171 HE.S 114S 1147 H20 ID55

1047 1042 In37 IQ30 1010 '9S5

9Z1 913 9.21 .!I 12 8,98 BS,;!

SID S07 ellS 80 I 789 '75~

754: 752.. '1:'50 74<1 734 lOS,

£>98 697 695 692 6,82 B56

[10 J



31>90 2&20 2005 161'5 1395 I195 Ins

940 823 765 'TO'

50 4ll 33 2S 25 21 20 IS: 1.'S 13, 14,

36"3~ 3560

2.S9Il 26.50

isas 196cD 1602 15B8 139~ 1.385 1188 1182

1060 ID55

9.0' ! 931


7&1 758

706 100

PROBlEM 1 - How ",any No, 10 [24x24) D"nV<!r "Sub·A" C<lll,. are r-aqulrod to trent 50 tons of gotel err lecrd ore per day, wtth trectment tim" 12 ralnutes, dHuUon 3 to C and sp. gr. 3.C ?

Io,,," (2t b.Q,"".} x I._Im""t lime {minutes} SO x 12

--- __ -------~---- ---, --- == 3;7 ,,,.!b

Tabul."J"d IOnl1Wjo 1i!l'1U" 162

llfilSWlm - Th. r ... ,,11 ;$ 3.7 " .. elk. u."", "-'Ie 4: No, 15 D'.",v •. r "Sub_AU Cello.

PROBLEM 2 - HoW' many No. 18 Sp. (321<32) Denver "Sub-A" C<llls an. required to' trecrt 125 tOn::!; of Iecd-zlnc ere per d{]"'}'" r with treatment Urn e 14 minu tes for the le<1<1 diluuon 3 to ~and wilh trectment IJme 11"> minutes lor the zinc, dilution 3'k 10 1, cr:nd "P. qr. 3.4?

ANSWER • [lead} 125 >< a ~ ~27 = 5.4 ... Ihus use No. 19 Sp, Cells. ANSWER· (.-mo) 125 ,,':i. 291 = 7;'1., thus US" a No. 18 lOp. CeD. ••

- -


THE fLOW5HEET shollid be as simple and flexible as possible, because c.hange. in the ore oft,en nees .•• itafe cJ".nges in tre.otment; the more fle~;ble th" flotation mochine, fhe e.siBr and quicker the chang'" can be mad", not only""in regard to flexibility in .rr"ng.~ rne!>i of cells, buf .. 1,0 fhe .. bllity to h.at coarse as "".U as fin. materi,,1. The flexible points of t:he Denv"r "Sub-A" which .hou.ld be considered in, flow.heet design , .. e ;

( I J Any cell con be used as a rougher, de'ane-r'. or reeleener,

[2 J Middlings can be ,e1urned fo My cell from "ny oiher cell ..... ithout the use o~ pu rnps or elevators.

III There ere no blower. Or air pipe, fo change or r;egulafe.

(4 J Use of Denver Unit Rot.tlon Cell. m"k"" it possible to inst .. 11 unih between ball mill and cI.ssifier, or to add in "oy p .. rt of the circuit.

(5) Duefo the distincti"", gravity flow principle. the Denver "Sub~A" Ceolls will treat " coane product as efficiently a·s " fine product, which oHen become. nee" .. ",,), wbe.e dump., bili"g~ or' low grade ore. a'e BOdted when their ... "L~ ... do .0+ permit the high cost of fin .. grindi.g,

FLOW5HEET A-JFor .. bulkor On. mineral notation eper .. tion.

FlOWSHEET B-For one miner.1 or b\ll~ Rotation opel",,+;on where oep"r"t.. deaner cell or eell$ ,ore nec~s'ary to pr,oduce .. high grade eeneen] ... t •• Witflo"t <;hanging, I .. undeO$, reed can b.iMroduc.d into ,econd or' third cell, uHIi~ng fird or first NO .,..U., "'.' cleaners. Clea,ne' {"i.ling' join the initi.1 fee·d "lUI recirculate tl1'1OU'gh, the maebine,

FLOWSHEET C-Wken u~illg .. malgam .. ,f;ion whe,e feag eDt. ca"not be ad-ded to grinding mill.nd no eondlfienlnq tanl: is- avallabl e, s econd cell i. us.d as emu isiner or eeadil;oner,.

FlOWSHEET O-Us.d "'!..re mlnerals ere do<elyu$oci .. ~ed and very line gr;,,,di09 is required fo free· val .. es, By rev .. ",;ng partttio,,_'. in cle'lDer cell, de ...... r failing,s can be disch .. rged from ,end of m •• hioe 1 .... t" a d of redr.C1JI~tlng. Clean.ftailings Cao' be re~ til_riled to grinding mill 10 u,.'., .. ~~. up" dlluffon, givingfurth.r grin-di 091 to middling particles.

I'LOWSHEEf E-Tre",tingore, Wneto it i. difficult to make .. !.igh g;rad'e concentr.'fe, due to fendency of other minerals t.Q float with miMral desired in concenh'd ...

FlOWSHE:H F ...... N"ry oft"n used on leo.d, re."d~~inc and otluu bue m"hl or., wh.r. grade of eencen+ra+a i, ·of first ;mport .... c." utilizing two st~ge cleanin,!, or deane. and racleanar eireuit,

FLOWSHEET 6-'W!.ere clcseesseelsflen of desired mineral, with oth ... mInerai or gangue, requires regrinding of " middling producf to produ.::e high grade concentrafewith low +aillnq,





Flaws eels Fro Melleng Planls

FlowslJeel No. I

THE DENVER "SUB-A" (F",hrenw"ld] Flotation Machine simplifoes Ro .... heet desig" low .. rs the forst cost of equipment, and .t the same time- reduces the cost of t.'eating ores .. nd produce ... hig her grad e selective product. Flow.heet No. I is typical of a gold bearing .ulphide- ore, wherein a major recovery of gold nlues i. m .. de by means- of tl>e Denver Miner.1 Jig, and subsequent reco.eries of gold and sulphide values .. re made by me"'15 of Denver "Sub-A" Flot". fion Machines. Data from ae+u .. 1 mill operation .hoW's th.t the Denver Miner .. 1 Jigs m._ke a fin.1 concentrate containing from 60 p .... ce-nt to &s high lOS as percent of the gold. The Denver "Sub-A" Rot .. tiol'l Mochine "ceollnts for addifional recovery of gold nIue, to bring t'he total plent recovery to 90-97 perce"t of the gold co"t"ined in the ore. This i. tha simplest flow.heat used in separating one min .. r~J from the g~ngue, and i. r,ec.ornmended where imporlanr .mount. of prado". met e ls are contained in an ore. In larger plants, utilizing flot .. tion for the recovery of one bd,e met .. 1 where precious met .. 1 Y.lue.~te of seco-nd .. ry im por+anee, a similer flowsheet but with tne substitution of tfte Denver Unit FtototiOll Cell in tha grinding circuit would be applicable.

FlowslJeel No.2

This fI ow~heet Ihows the uSe of Denver "Sub.A" Flof.Hon 'Ma. chines for .elective flotation producing high grade lead and zinc product s, The Denver Unit flotation Cell and Denver Mine.ral Jig recover 73.2 percent of the gold and 61.4- percent of the I .. ad in a concentrate that contain. only 2.3 percent rinc. Additiona) lead recovery ls made in the lead ~ection to give a tot" I recovery of '1l..4 percent of the lead in th" lead concentrate. The ~inc flohtion sedion recovers 68.8 percent of the zinc in .. corteentrate having averag,e gfdde of 59.b percent zinc. High rec:overi~, simlllfaneou5 witft high gr .. de products, are po«ible only through the use of Den ... er "Sub-A" Ffotofion Machines which are de.igne~ to incorporate noj only .uperior mechanic. I feahHe5, but, aLso fo apply fundamental flotation principles wHh the high .. st efficiency. A complete story of this mill is given ill Bulletin No. M<I-BI6.

FlowslJeel No.3

Thi' f1o ... ,-"eet shows the application cf Denver "Sub-A" Flotation Machine. in the non- metallic mineral industries, and i. typical of the flotation of fluorspa.r. In mills of this type an import.nt consider"tion in pl .. nt de.igll is the flexibility of the flow through II flotation m .. - chine in order to minimize installation com, ~eep the space required at a minimum, .. nd provide RexibilHy without necessity of m .. jor ehanqes, The Denver "SlIb·A" FloiMion Machine i. e;osily adapted to these conditions, as shown in this flowsheet. A few slight modifica· +iens m~l::e it po5>ible to discbarge.a final b.iling at tb .. end of pradically any number of eells that' may be desi.ed for rougber tlofation .. nd middlings can also be ~drawn oli at desired points. Concentrates can be de .. ned and recleaned as desired. A few simple changes which require only a few minutes to ma~e, rasu in the production of any 'Irode of concentrate de.i.ed. Denver "Sub-A" Flotation Machines are used in non-metallic flotation for freating either coarSe or fine materi"ls.

In some ceses non·mebfiics, all -passing 325 mesh, are floated with the production of high grode prod'uds since the m .. chine act,,· ,,11'1' float. minerals seledively, and does not contaminate produd< by- conveying gangue .limes mechanic,,,lIy errtrained .... ith the concentrate. Selective action of the Denver "Sub.A"celi. is di,tinctiv-e and far mare desirable th4n the dassifier ,)ction .0 common with cells wh""" air i. introduced under pressure. On the other hand, on materials requirin9 cearser sizes for marketing purpose'S, Den .... er "S"b-A" F1ot~tion Machines are used because, -they are the only mechines that can ,.tislactorily handle ,uch .... t8ri.oI •.

[ 12]

Ora Tes ing Se-rviCB

. .

BATCH AND CONTlNUOUS ORE TESTS are the quickest, safest, and mosr economical method of determining t1otationand other are dressing problems. The Denver Equipment Company has are testing facilities under the direction of experienced metallurgical engineers. Tests eliminate errors and are moderate in cost. Laboratory equipment is available for complete tests covering grinding, flotation, gravity concentration, amalgamation, leaching, and cyanidalion.

A plant for the c.ontinuous testing of ores for flotation or gravity is available 4+ low cost. Based upon these tests, the following information is compiled and submitted.

J. Metallurgical Beporl"

This analysis gives the necenary data for milling the ores, and includes the following poinb:

I. Commercial recovery pouible OD "uiolls products in ore.

2. Proper now.heet to get m ... imum recovery including tests using teble concentr .. tien, amalgam .. tion, and flotation. wHh proper relationship to each 01her.

3. The mesb sizes of grinding.

4. Dilution of the pulp.

S. Time required far each process,

b. Chemk.1 and reagent eonsumptio.!l.

7. Praduch or conc.entrates made, both as to g ,ad ...... d recovery" Technical details are givlln, but th" entire ie.t report i. e.plained in. simple languoge so that the man unfamilia, with 9one,.1 mining term. will .. ndetst.nd_

2. DiagriUDnJalic PlowslJeel

From the test results, the most satisfactory flowsheet can then be determined. The f1owshe·e+ is made showing the machines in their proper place in tbe flowsheet. giving the direction of flow, machines recommended, products, and general details. The determination of the flowsheet enables you to obtain the proper equipment for your problem. Our sales engineers will assist you in the choice of equipment and in the engineering considerations for a properly designed and balanced mill.


Based upontbe test report and the flowsheet our sales engineers, in conference with your staff or our technicians and engineers, williurnisn specifications of equipment for the particular tonnage plant desired. For your miU specifications the following details are gjven: sizes of machines, tonnages per unit, weights, hersepewers, and prices of machines. Preliminary plans showing typical mills can be furnished, though we recommend a competent engineer not only to examine your deposit and to secure the proper average sample for testing, but also to design and layout the plant. In small tonnage mills (less than 65 tons) it may be advisable to consider the Denver Portable Mill with its flexibleflowsheet. low fiTst cost, i!I.nd lo,w installation expense.


, I 1 ! I,




Partial List 01

'D .. 'IS L A" U'

• 'enver ,UII'" .' sers

"Aldermac Copper Corporation '"Aluminum Co. of Canada. Ltd.

Auno, Gold Mines. Ud.

'"Beam" Gold Mines. Ltd.

Brelorne Gold Mines. Ltd.

Central Zeballos Gold Mine. Lld, Coch"noUl' Willans Geld Mines. Ltd.

*C.,nsofldated Mining 8. Smelting Co.

of Canada

"Department of Mines

"E'ldo.rado Gold Mines, Ltd. *Fa'lconbridge Nid;.el Min es , Ltd.

F'Oncoeur Gold Mines

"Granby Con s, M. S. & Pow~, Co.

Halln.,. Mines, Ltd.

*Hard Rock Gold Mines, Ltd.

HedJ"y Mascot GJld Mjnes, Ltd. Hoyle Gold Mines, Ltd. *Inrernatio"al Niokel Co. of Canada.

Limited Mexico

LakeShore Mi"", Co., Ltd.

'"Little Lo.ng Lac Gold Mines, Ltd. .American Smelting and Refining Co.

M;!c.o.>sa Mines, Ltd. Angilngueo Unit

*Mac.leod-CQCi<.~hutr Gold Mj""" Charcas U.nfI

M"gnet Consoli&ted Min"", Ltd ParT. I Unit

M~Ma rmac Red La ke Go Id M rnes Santa Barbara Unit

""Mcintyre-Porcupine Mines, l.fd, Santa Eulalia Unit

* Moneta, Porcupine Mines, L1d. *The Cananea Cons. Oopper CO.

*R.EPEATORD.ERS-- Your Stronge$!" GuaJ'3l"1tee of SatisFactioll.


*Ariston Gold Mines' 1\12'9), Ltd.

Ash.,,1i Goldfields. Corp. 'Blbian.i (19271 , Ltd.

'" Johnson & F letche" Ltd.

Kavirondo Gold Mines, Ltd. Konongo Gold Mines, ltd. le Molybden. (Morocco) Mines & Metallurgie, S. A.

• N1Changa, Cons. Copper Mi.ne. Ltd.

New Consort Mine

.New Consolidated Gold Fields, Ltd Rand Mines, Limit-ed

Roan An1elope Copper Min"'s Rukwa Mines

RUs.tenbuFg Platinum Mines. Ltd. Simmer & Jack Mine, ltd. Transvaal Gold Mining Estares;, Ltd.

·Union Miniere du Haut Katanga ~ Venwres Mining Company


*AIa5k.a Juneau Gold MinjrI(J Co.

Alaska Pacific Mine> Chlcagoff MinIng Co. Fern Go!d Leasi ng Co.

Gold Cord Development Co. Htrst-Chiceuof Mining Cc. Willow Creek Mine.


Saudi Arabian Mining Syndicate


*A"",tr..-I Development, ltd. "Charles Ruwoft {PIy.I, Limited Gold Mines ot Kalgoorlie, Ltd. Gt. BotIlder Pty. Gold Mines, Ltd. K .. lgur~ are Treatment Co., ltd.

t:Lak.e V[ew and Start Umrted Lencefteld (W. A.I Gald Mine

tMount lsa Mines, Umited North Broken Hill. Ltd.

Parll1jla Mining & Explorafion CD. Youanmi Gold Mines, Ltd.

:tZinA:; Ccrporafion, Ltd_~ Zircon Run I a, Ltd,

BrHish Isles

Beralt Tin 8. Wolfram, Ltd. Britjs.h Gold Fields No.1, Ltd. Colliery Eng i neeri ng, Ltd. Ever Ready Company

HaiRy Di<frid United Mines. l.rd. Imperi.;i Chemical Industries. Ud. Matlrdie Mines

Mill Close Mines, Ltd.


Mount Zeballos Gold Mines Ltd, .Northern Empire Mines, Ltd. "O'Brien Gold Mine;, I1d.

Omega Gold Mi" ... , Ltd

*Pam.our Porcupine Mines, LttL Premier Go:d Mining co., lid. Quyon Molybdenite Co., L'td. Rena Gold Mirres, limited

* Sherritr-Go rdon Mi nes, Ltd.

SI.,v" Lake Mines, Ltd. tTDmbili Gold Mines, Ltd . *Waite Amulet Mines. Ltd.

Central America

~! a LLIZ Mines, Limited

C fa. Mr a. Agua Fri ... , S. A. Panama Corp.oration *Rurnn Ii. Campania, S. A.


*~alfour Gutttrie & ce., lid.


Minas de Matahambre. S. A.


"S.Wke~s Mi~v~~~~arf.r.

Dutch BasI Indies

J. M. C. Van Bo,selen 8. Co. N. v. Billiton Mining Co.

N. V. Sumatra Goudmiin

Fiji Islands

Emperor Gold Mining Co.


Outokumpu Oy


Minas et U"ne. de Sa,!slgne Soc. des Mines de [" Plagne ~~oc. Min. et Met. de Penarro_ya

Soc. Nowelle des Mines de Zellidja


Erg.a<teri a Flotatio n Comp .. ny


.. 8 urma Corporation , Ltd. "'<>dian Copper Corp., Ltd.


Baytche Bagh Mining Co. D,,~rtm"nt'of Mines:


Loro & Parasinl

5. A M1niere eave di Societe Montep,,,,;



"'Chosen Corporation *NippOn Mining Co.

Nurupi Koz.;n K"bushilti OIUimu,a 8. Company .Yeiju Mjne!;;,~ Limited


[ 14}

United Slate.s

Alma -Gold CDrporation

Alma Lincoln Mining Co. 'Aluminum Ore Compa"nl( 'AmaI9~",."ted Mining E:orp. American Agricultural Chem, Co. American Rutile Company *Am.erican Smelt. & Ref. Co. *Ame:ric..an Zinc Co. of Term, *Arizona Comstock Mining COr Armour Fertili" e rWorlc.s

Badger Zinc Co.mpany Bethlehem Steel Company

*r';k:~i~j\1 L~mJ~rt1van

California Gulch Minin!J Company wHanan Zinc lead Company '"Calumet & Hecl. Cons. Copper CD. "Century Zinc Company

*Cham,piQI1 Copper Company Charl.esron Mining Co.

CIi"",. Molybdenum Company Colorado Fuel & Iron Com""ny "'Combined Met.!~ Red. Co. ConsDlidated F"ldspar Corp. *Consoljdat~ Gold Mines CD. Corning Glass Works ·Comur:o.pia Gold N\ifles

Cougar Independenre L~ *Da vis. Leverett

Doe Run Lead Company E. I. du Pont de Nemour:s

* Eagle-Picher Lead 00rnpany '!'Evans-Wallowe' Lead Co.

Federal Mining & Smelting C". Ffuo:r.spar Div., Ah.aninum Ore Co, ford Mom, Company

.. f ra nkl in FI uorspar Company General Chemical Company Gilt Edge Mines, Inc.

Gold Produce". Inc. "Golden Cyd." Corp<>r~ion "'Golden Turkey /.Une *Grace, W. R., ~ Co. "'Guggenheim Brothers

H. rris Clay Company Hillside FrlJO rs par MJnes

Aurum Societate Anomina de· Mi.ne' Hillside Mj~, Inc.

Homestake Mining Compa"l' Idaho Maryland Mines CD. lrna Mines Corporation

I nterstate Zinc and Lead Co. Jack Waite Minitlll Company

• K Lng LP..ase.. In 00 rporared *Laitkarwanna Mining CQ. Lamartin.e Ml nes, I "c. *La.rge lead Company

Tecno- Lava Cap Gold Mining Co. Lemce Mine. Company

London GaJd Mines Co. M.honing Mining Co. Mar-John Mines Co. of N""ad .. "Mine L. Molte C"'rp<>ra,lion *Mifsuoishi Shoji K .. i>ha, Ltd. Molybdenlfm, Incorporated Montana Cons. Mi"". Corp.

M" ... ntaln Copper Co., Ltd.

• Ne.vad .. Consolidated Copper Corp. North Shen, Coke & Chemical Co. Penn Wate, and Power Co. PhosphMe Mining Company +PittsblJl"gh Coal Com~ Pi1i~"rQh It Midway Coal Mining c"mpany

Po rh)la Co rpor<ltion Pride Mines

"'Quincy Mining Company

Rip Van Winkle Mining 00. Rochester Plymouth Mines "SaT.toga Gold Mines, Inc. 'Shatruck Denn Mining Company

Sheepranch ..

Sterling Gold Mining CocP.

St. Lou], Smelting It ~ning C". "Summitville Cons, Mining CD. "'Sunshine Mining Company *Sweeney, E. L

*T,. nnessee Copper Camp,;:ny Tri-Stafe Zinc Company

T Ungs1:0T Corpor o1'10n of Ca li f. Unfted V",de Copper Corp. United Verde Extension Univerxt_[ ExplocaNon Company U. So Vanadium Corp<>r8tion "Watson Geach 3. Company We-;1ern Milling Cornpcany Yellow Pine Mining Companv

Cia. Ben .. ficiador. d. Metale. '·E]

Carmen" •

"'Ci". Candelena-Cersoas. S. A.

'*Cia. I nternaerona I de rulidiciones y Cia.. Mra. EJ Madro"", 5. A.

Mioerales, S. A.

Cia. Mra. M~rcl,Jf"io iEn Sain Alto "Cia. Mr~. "The Golden Girl"

Cia. Mra~ San Jose Garzonaj S, A.

~Comision de Fomerrtc Minero Alamos Unit

Nacozarl Unrf Tecemacnalee Unit Tletpujah ... a U"i1

"Min., de Chihuahua, S. A.

Minas. de Oro, S. A_


Buc::hans Min.ing Co.~ Ltd_ St. Law.rE!I'lI.,;·e Co r pn., ltd.


Alf. Franh;en

'Bergverkei,kap"t Nord-NQTge A/S Ever R .. ady Co., Ltd.

"R. Hi neringsve rket A /S *Skal"nd GrMilverk

Philippine Islands

e.latoc Mining C". Benguet Cons. ~iilg Co.

"Engineering Equipment & Supply "Int" ... rurrional Eng. Corpn. *Mars.man &. CO-'I lnc,

Mindanao Mother Lode. Mr.neral Resources, Inc.

• N;el~on a. CD., In<:.

PataCiJJe GUM,gUS Cens, Mining Co" San M~W";cic Mining Co.

TInago Ccos. Mlntng C;<).


South Jbne.rica

'"A- I' F. Wiese, 5. A. "A"",n<:an Smelt. & Ref. Co.

Andaray Gold Mining Co. *" Ang r c-French TI capa m pa *A.r-amd't/o Mines

Braden Copper Camp,any Ifrazil', I nsl . de Pes" ui sas logicas

c...ja de Credlto Centr al Aurifera LimTtada *Cerro de Pasco Copper Co rp , Cia. Mra. Aguilar, S. A.

Cia. Mra. y AgriGOla 0t>foca de Bolivi;)

Cia .. Minera Aryabamba

"c ia. Mr.. Huancha"" de 601;,,;.

Cia_ Miner'a de Or-uro

Cia. de Salitre de Chil" en LeQuida-

cion Cony>. Explarador.. Cctoba mba. Campa>:i Exploration CD.

E ... Jogio Fernandini

Goldfield Amerlcan De ... Co. "'W. R_ Grace & Company "G.ugQenheim Brothers

Mj (lias de Cer-cap'I.JoCIuio

"Nitrate Corpor .. tion of Chile St. George Mine, S. A-

St. JO"" 0,,1 Rey

Salitrera Tarapaca y Antof;>gasfa Soc, Min. iPuqujocQcha'

SQ~ M, •• Pirquitas

4'S.outh American Copper Co.


Arrendatari 05 de San Felrno

Real Campania Asturiana de- Minas


"B"lid .. ns Gruvaktieoolag Sk"neffia G"",,,liebof«g


ITI Bank


"Amto.!) Trading Company [Treating all types 01 ores throuqhout the U. S. 5. R.1 "Mau.inoimport

.. T echncpro mi rnport


Cenfr "I European Mines, Ltd. Gornpagni,. francal<e des Min es de


Rudar",,<,, Preduzece Ne>esnica ·TreDC.O Mirles. Umi:led

""'REPEAT ORDERS- Yo<!r Stron.gest Guarantee of :Sarisfaction ..

[15 ]




1. Denver RSub-A" Operation

Denver "Sub-A" Cells have three zones: in bottom ZOO!':,. impeUer thoroughly mixes and aerates the pulp, the ceo rral zo 0 e separa tes the mineral laden particles from rhe worthless gangae, and in top zone the mineral laden ccncenrrare, high in _grade, is quickly removed by the paddle of a Denver "Sub-A" CeU.

2. Positive Cell Circulation

In the Denver "Sub-A" (Fahrenwald) Flotation Machine, the g.-av!ty ~o1fl ~etbod of c~rcu1ating pn!p 15 distmCllve. There IS no short orcuiting through the machine. Every cell must give maximum rreaunem, as pulp falls on top of impeller and is aerated in each cell repeatedly. Note gravily flow from cell ro cell.

3. Choke-Ups Are Himinated

A Denver "Sub-A" Cell wjll not choke-up, even when material as coarse as Iii" is. handled, due to the gravity fir; w principle of circulation. Afrer a shurdowa lt is, not necessa'Y to drain the machine, as the stationary hood p ro tec t s impelfer hom saadin g up. See i llustra cion at lett showing Cell when shut down.

4. No ,Blow,ers Are Nleeded

No au under pressure is required as sufficient air is drawn down the standpipe, The expense and tomplication of blowers. air pipes and valves are thus e l iml.nared, The standpipe is a vertical air duct which gives direct passage of air to me heart of me Cell, the impeller. Blower air can be added if desired,

5. Denver uSlJb·A" Flexibility

ADy Denver "Sub-A" C"Ucan be used as ·a rougher, cLea.ne .• or recleaner, Rougher or middling producrs can be returned to the front or back of any cell by gravity without the use of pumps or elevators, Cells can be easily added when. :required, This flexibility is mOSI important in operating flotation mills,

Denver uSub·A" (Fahranwald) Flotation Machine, 10 Cen, No. l8-Special (32 x 32) with Weir Block Gates - Special Double froth Paddles

6_ Pulp Lnel IsControUed

Each Denver "Sub-A" FJoultion Cdr is an individual machine with its own pulp level control Correct flotarion requires this positive pulp level control to give best results. In these Celis will blocks are used, but hand wheel eonrmls can be futnished at 3 slight i ncreas e in cost. Note the weir corrrrol ;n ","ch CelL

1. High Grade Concentrate'

The quick removal of tile mineral froth in [he form of a concemrare increases the recovery .. By bav.ing an adjustable paddle for each Den. vcr "Sub-A" Cell. quick removal of concentrate is ass u" r e d, Note unit bearing houstng for the impeller shaft and speed reducer drive which operates the paddle for each Cell.

8. Has fewer Wearing Parts

Deaver KSub_A" Cells are buill for long, hard xervroe, and parts subject to wear are easily replaced at low COSt. Molded robber wearing plates amIimpeUe~ are light in weigh r. give extra long life, and IDwer horsepower, These parts are made under exact specifieanons and patented by Denver Equipmenc Co.

9. New Impeller)nd D.iffuser

New receded disk impeller with diffuser has the following advantages.!

3. Horsepower further r e d n c e (lower than pneumatic),

b. Increased aeration due to finer dilIlISion of air.

Co Quiet f:r:oth bed.

d. Higher grade cooceorrare and Iower flotation tailing.

lD. Has Rugged Construction

The lank for the Denver "Sub-A" is made of beavy steel, wid joints ace welded borh inside and OUt. The shaft assemblies are bo lted to a .heavy steel beam which i!! securely connected to me tank. Partition plates can be changed in the field for zighr or Iefr hand m a ch i (I e. Right band" machine is standard,

10 Reasons for Denver nSub-A" Leadership

DuOI Mofer Drive

Wtlir Olltlrllo" contra!

Mczclilis. Cell A DB ,.- i
Siz.e B C D J: F FB H lC P
Siz.. WxW 2-Cell 4-Call s-een a-c .. n IB-Cell 12-Cell Belt Bell ~
Ro.12 22~xll# -5/.-4- 9'-10· 14'-4w 18 ... ~lO" 23>-4N 27'·10" 5" 2'.,'1" 4'. I~" S'· 8'h;" 22'4 " 2'..3~· 3'.10IA. 2'- ~It· II ..... • 4.'_7*" S"
Ro.IS Z4"xZ." 50".10'" 10'.10' 15'-10· 2.0'.10" 25'·10" 30'·)0" 5" 2'-S" .'- 5'/0" 5'·10' :13'1. " 2/-6'" 3'.10;.t," 2/- 4V." B%" {'.fl,· 3,·
No-II 2S"x2.ll" 6'-;(" 11.'-10" 17'-4,· 2.2.'·10" 28> ..... " 33'-10" 5" 2'·9" 4'-1h'." 6'· .5'" 2'·2H • 2'-8% 4',21'.-" 2,'.11" $1." 5'-11,12" 3"
No.li-SP. 3l'J"xU" 7'-)%" 13'-W;" 19·-7IA.- 25'-10" 32~~%,'" :ill'-3W 5¥l. 3··1'l4o" 5'· Olh" S~- ,'..., 2'-31h ., ,2'-9" I 4'- 3'h" 2.'.111~· 10.,...·' 5'·,/.", ,4"
- tcAPAClTY IN DRY TONS OJ' ORE {SP. GR. 2.8 PER 24 HOORS Actual Siz.e SHlPPIlIG WElGIll'S en. FI.
Kachizl. Cell c..1I '-Cell ~ell a.cen HP. Molar IN POUNDS. PER CELL PerCell
Sq.@ Volume 1000.U P ... lIoxed
Size WxW Cu. Ft. SlOW" Mad.. SJ.)w Mad. Slow Ked. Slo .... Med. Per Two Domestic E:lcJ "rt For
Flol. nOI. FloL Flot. flot. Flot. flot. flot. Cell Cells Motor hIt MDtor Bell Jdport
No. 12 22."122" 10 25 4S 35 70 0(5 95 60 11$ 1.0 2. 900 1000 )000 HOD 4S
N ... IS 24"x2.(f#' II! 3S ISS 50 95 65 1..25 85 160 I.Z 3 1300 1400 1150 usa 60
No. II U",,2:8' 111 45 9S 10 )(0 95 IS5, liS 235 1.4. 3' ISOO 1&110 11SS0 1750 75
No. 11 SP. 32 ""U" 2.4 60 no 50 180 1.10 240 150 300 l.1l s lIDO IBDO 1000 1.1100 95
. - tcapaClties based an 25% ""Uds leu both slaw and medium lloa:IiDg ore ••



Dual Motor Drive



Hand 01 machine with opposif~ direction of flow can easily be changed in th, fi,ld.

cell weir OIIl1rffow controt,


.. sf--- C''------+-- C._, ~4--- C'_---,--

MOl;:hin .. C@ll A f'ee4
Si3:e SDr:o z-cen 4-C"U I 6-CeU s-een IO-Cell ra-c-u B C· D E l' H K P ~
No.2f 38-,.s1!_" 8'-~' IS'-9lh·123'-ZV.:' 30.t_1'" 3'1'-110/.," 45 '-4 lh" 6" 3'-B%" S'-5lh" 2'-~;y,,' 2'-,,*· 3'-4%- 10'>." 6'-8'1.' 4"
No. 24. ~3·"43~ S·...,,- 17'·8- 26'.0" 34''''''" 42'.a- 51'.0" '" 4'·2" 5'·9%" 3'-Q""," 2'-9\4" 3'-4,%" Llo/ ..... 6'-110/.0" srI
No. 30 5S""'KS6j~ 1I'-lIY,- 22'-9" 33'.sV,," 44'-" ... 5S'-I'h," SS'_lIn 7¥ 5'-40/.0:" "'-7JA" 3'·2" "-5V," 4'-4%" 13;." 7'·11'1,' 8"
.. Stundard with handwbeel qear qat.., controL (S... illustu.Uo" h.Jo,.. I tcAPACITY IN DRY TONS OF ORE ISP. GR. 2.81 PEB 24 HOURS Aetun:l SH,e SHIPPING WEIGHTS C",ft.
Maehhl. Cell Cell 4-Cell liP. M.otor IN POCNDS, PElI CEll P .... csn
Sue Volume s-een a-ceu ro-csn Pey Bo"ed.
Sl~ .. WxW au. FJ. Slow Ked. Slow M .. d. Slow Mecl. Slo'W Ked. Per Tw-<> Domestic Expon For
not. Flo!. Flat. Flot. nat. not. Flot. Flot. Cell Cells Motor 11011 MalO'1" B<>l. Export
No. 21 38"dS" 40 IDS 215 160 320 215 425 Z65 S35 U 7\h 2100 -_. 3000 -- 160
No.24. , 4J"><43" 50 125 2;iD 190 gsO 250 500 315 630 U 10 3500 --- nOD ......... -.- 18S
No. 3D 56 ·"S6" 100 210 59,S 400 MO 535 1070 670 1335 9.0 20 1000 '_--- 76110 ---- 300
I C acitie.s halOed o:c. 25 solids. tor .both slow (U"ld medium llcatinq cres .. 6-CEU NO. 30 DENVER "SUD·A" FLOTATION MACHINE-HOTE Sin OF MAN




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