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RED_PAPER_-_ORACLE_10G_DRAFT_9[1]

RED_PAPER_-_ORACLE_10G_DRAFT_9[1]

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Sections

  • Chapter 1 - Introduction
  • Chapter 2 - Generating Statistics
  • MANUALLY GATHERING TABLE STATISTICS
  • Sample DBMS_STATS Command:
  • GENERATING STATISTICS FOR DATA DICTIONARY TABLES
  • Generating System Statistics
  • STATISTICS AT RUNTIME FOR TEMPORARY TABLES
  • Example
  • Turning off %UpdateStats
  • Modify %UpdateStats to use Analyze command:
  • Tuning off Dynamic Sampling:
  • HISTOGRAMS
  • What are Histograms?
  • Candidate Columns for Histograms Within PeopleSoft Applications
  • Creating Histograms
  • Viewing Histograms
  • Chapter 3 - Dedicated Temporary Tables
  • WHAT ARE DEDICATED TEMP TABLES?
  • Performance Tips for Dedicated Temp Tables
  • APPLICATION ENGINE PERFORMANCE WITH DEDICATED TEMPORARY TABLES
  • How do temp tables work in Application Engine?
  • Test case explaining temp table behavior
  • CREATING PEOPLESOFT TEMPORARY TABLES AS ORACLE GLOBAL TEMP TABLES (GTT)
  • What are Global Temporary Tables?
  • Can GTTs be used in place of Dedicated Temp Tables?
  • Chapter 4 - Tablespace Selection
  • LOCALLY MANAGED TABLESPACES
  • Advantages of Locally Managed
  • Space Management
  • Locally Managed - AUTO ALLOCATE
  • Locally Managed - UNIFORM EXTENT
  • TEMPORARY TABLESPACES
  • Tempfile based
  • UNDO MANAGEMENT
  • Automatic Undo Management
  • Chapter 5 - Maintaining Indexes
  • INDEX TIPS
  • REBUILDING OF INDEXES
  • FUNCTION BASED INDEXES
  • Chapter 6 - Cursor Sharing
  • USE OF BIND VARIABLES
  • Application Engine - Reuse Flag
  • SQR/COBOL - CURSOR_SHARING
  • Pros and Cons of CURSOR_SHARING
  • Chapter 7 - Batch Server Selection
  • SCENARIO 1: PROCESS SCHEDULER AND DATABASE SERVER ON DIFFERENT BOXES
  • SCENARIO 2: PROCESS SCHEDULER AND DATABASE SERVER ON ONE BOX
  • Chapter 8 - Capturing Traces
  • Configuration Settings for Tracing an Online Process
  • APPLICATION ENGINE PERFORMANCE ISSUES
  • Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Application Engine
  • Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Database
  • ORACLE PERFORMANCE ISSUES
  • Generating a HTML or Text AWR Report:
  • To generate an HTML or text AWR report:
  • AWR report analysis:
  • Appendix A – Sample script to gather statistics on tables
  • Appendix B – Validation and Feedback
  • Appendix C - References
  • Appendix D – Revision History
  • Authors
  • Reviewers
  • Revision History

PeopleSoft Enterprise Performance on Oracle 10g Database

7/27/2011

PeopleSoft Red Paper

PEOPLESOFT 8 BATCH PERFORMANCE ON ORACLE 9I DATABASE 7/27/2011
Reference Number: Product(s): Release(s): Revision Number:

PeopleSoft 8 Batch Performance on Oracle 9i Database

All Enterprise products PeopleSoft 8.x, 9.x

Contains:
√ PeopleSoft Performance Tips √ Database Tuning Tips √ SQL Query Tuning Tips √ Use of Database Features √ Capturing Traces

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

i

7/27/2011

PeopleSoft Red Paper

Table of Contents
Table of Contents ....................................................................................................................................................ii Chapter 1 - Introduction...........................................................................................................................................1 Structure of this Red Paper Related Materials 1 1

Chapter 2 - Generating Statistics...........................................................................................................................2 Manually Gathering Table Statistics 2 Sample DBMS_STATS Command:............................................................................................................................................3 Generating Statistics for Data dictionary tables 3 Generating System Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................4 Statistics at Runtime for Temporary Tables 4 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................4 Turning off %UpdateStats...........................................................................................................................................................5 Modify %UpdateStats to use Analyze command:......................................................................................................................5 Tuning off Dynamic Sampling:...................................................................................................................................................9 Histograms 9 What are Histograms? .................................................................................................................................................................9 Candidate Columns for Histograms Within PeopleSoft Applications.....................................................................................10 Creating Histograms..................................................................................................................................................................10 Viewing Histograms..................................................................................................................................................................10 Chapter 3 - Dedicated Temporary Tables.............................................................................................................11 What are Dedicated Temp Tables? 11 Performance Tips for Dedicated Temp Tables.........................................................................................................................11 Application Engine Performance with Dedicated Temporary Tables 11 How do temp tables work in Application Engine?...................................................................................................................12 Test case explaining temp table behavior.................................................................................................................................12 Creating PeopleSoft Temporary Tables as Oracle Global Temp Tables (GTT) 14 What are Global Temporary Tables?........................................................................................................................................14 Can GTTs be used in place of Dedicated Temp Tables?.........................................................................................................14 Chapter 4 - Tablespace Selection..........................................................................................................................14 Locally Managed Tablespaces 15 Advantages of Locally Managed...............................................................................................................................................15 Space Management....................................................................................................................................................................15 Locally Managed - AUTO ALLOCATE..................................................................................................................................15 Locally Managed - UNIFORM EXTENT ................................................................................................................................15 Temporary Tablespaces 15 Tempfile based...........................................................................................................................................................................16 UNDO Management 16 Automatic Undo Management...................................................................................................................................................16 Chapter 5 - Maintaining Indexes ...........................................................................................................................17 Index Tips Rebuilding of Indexes Function Based Indexes
© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

17 17 18 ii

7/27/2011

PeopleSoft Red Paper

Chapter 6 - Cursor Sharing....................................................................................................................................20 Use of Bind Variables 20 Application Engine - Reuse Flag...............................................................................................................................................20 SQR/COBOL - CURSOR_SHARING 23 Pros and Cons of CURSOR_SHARING...................................................................................................................................24 Chapter 7 - Batch Server Selection.......................................................................................................................26 Scenario 1: Process Scheduler And Database Server on Different Boxes Scenario 2: Process Scheduler and Database Server on one BOX What is the recommended scenario? 26 26 27

Chapter 8 - Capturing Traces................................................................................................................................28 Online Performance Issues 28 Configuration Settings for Tracing an Online Process.............................................................................................................28 Application Engine Performance Issues 30 Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Application Engine.......................................................................30 Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Database........................................................................................31 COBOL Performance Issues SQR Reports Performance Issues ORACLE Performance Issues Generating Explain Plan for SQL Using “sqltexplain.sql” 33 33 33 34

Automatic Workload Repository (AWR) 34 Generating a HTML or Text AWR Report:..............................................................................................................................35 AWR report analysis:.................................................................................................................................................................35 Appendix A – Sample script to gather statistics on tables................................................................................40 Appendix B – Validation and Feedback................................................................................................................45 Customer Validation Field Validation 45 45

Appendix C - References.......................................................................................................................................46 Appendix D – Revision History.............................................................................................................................47 Authors.......................................................................................................................................................................................47 Reviewers ..................................................................................................................................................................................47 Revision History........................................................................................................................................................................47

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

iii

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PeopleSoft Red Paper

Chapter 1 - Introduction
This Red Paper is a practical guide for technical users, database administrators, and programmers who implement, maintain, or develop applications for a PeopleSoft system. In this Red Paper, we discuss guidelines on how to improve the performance of PeopleSoft applications in the Oracle 10g environment. Much of the information contained in this document originated within the PeopleSoft Benchmarks and Global Support Center and is therefore based on "real-life" problems encountered in the field. The issues that appear in this document are the problems that prove to be the most common or troublesome.

STRUCTURE OF THIS RED PAPER
This Red Paper provides guidance to get the best performance of PeopleSoft in the Oracle database environment. Keep in mind that PeopleSoft updates this document as needed so that it reflects the most current feedback we receive from the field. Therefore, the structure, headings, content, and length of this document is likely to vary with each posted version. To see if the document has been updated since you last downloaded it, compare the date of your version to the date of the version posted on Customer Connection.

RELATED MATERIALS
This paper is not a general introduction to environment tuning and we assume that our readers are experienced IT professionals, with a good understanding of PeopleSoft’s Internet Architecture and Oracle database. To take full advantage of the information covered in this document, we recommend that you have a basic understanding of system administration, basic Internet architecture, relational database concepts/SQL, and how to use PeopleSoft applications. This document is not intended to replace the documentation delivered with the PeopleTools 8 or 8.4 PeopleBooks. We recommend that before you read this document, you read the PeopleSoft application related information in the PeopleBooks to ensure that you have a well-rounded understanding of PeopleSoft batch process technology. Note: Much of the information in this document eventually gets incorporated into subsequent versions of the PeopleBooks. Many of the fundamental concepts related to performance tuning in PeopleSoft PeopleBooks: • PeopleSoft Installation Guide - Oracle Tuning chapter

Additionally, we recommend that you read the Oracle 10g database administration and performance tuning guides.

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

1

time and window of each organization. after loading a significant number of rows into a table. MANUALLY GATHERING TABLE STATISTICS The DBMS_STATS package provides the ability to generate statistics in parallel by specifying the degree of parallelism. By re-generating statistics only on “stale” or “missing” objects. / The reasoning for this recommendation is because PeopleSoft Application Engine (AE) programs use many “standard” Oracle tables as PeopleSoft “temporary” tables. collect new statistics on the number of rows. SELECT * FROM DBA_SCHEDULER_JOBS WHERE JOB_NAME = 'GATHER_STATS_JOB'. statement is listed below. For example.DISABLE('GATHER_STATS_JOB'). query performance depends greatly on appropriate table and index statistics. have their statistics re-generated. A sample SQL Since this job does not/cannot take into account the requirements for PeopleSoft. it is not recommended to allow this job to run after it has initially executed. At database creation. 2 . END. New statistics should be gathered after a schema object's data or structure are modified in ways that make the previous statistics inaccurate. You can determine whether this job exists by viewing the DBA_SCHEDULER_JOBS view. All rights reserved. Note: The use of procedures within DBMS_STATS is recommended exclusively. It is also recommended that only tables and indexes. Inc. The default “GATHER_STATS_JOB” will pick up the “temporary” tables.Generating Statistics When using Oracle's Cost Based Optimizer (CBO). A sample script to provide this functionality is listed in the Appendix. that are considered “stale” or “missing” by the database. you need new statistics on the average row length. It is not recommended that statistics be gathered on objects during peak operational hours. Only “non-temporary” PeopleSoft tables and indexes are recommended to have their statistics updated. By generating statistics only on the “non-temporary” tables and indexes. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Maintenance of these statistics is critical to optimal database and query performance. The ability to generate statistics in parallel significantly reduces the time needed to refresh object statistics. It is advisable to gather statistics periodically for objects where the statistics become stale over time because of changing data volumes or changes in column value. ANALYZE will be de-supported in future releases of Oracle. business rules. Cursor invalidation could cause severe performance degradation.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 2 . It is not possible to recommend a single command line on how to update statistics nor the frequency on when to update statistics since this is dependent on many factors like data distribution. After updating data in a table. You need to work with your DBA to come up with a strategy to do that. and re-generate statistics on them which is not desirable as many will not contain data.You should use DBMS_STATS package to update statistics. the “temporary” object statistics are not updated with improper values. the over all time needed to regenerate statistics on a nightly/weekly/monthly basis is reduced. To disable the GATHER_STATS_JOB execute the following SQL*Plus command: BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER. Oracle 10g Scheduler contains a default nightly job which attempts to maintain these vital statistics. It is recommended to disable this job after initial execution.

Oracle will automatically determine which columns require histograms and the number of buckets (size) of each histogram. Execute tests to find the appropriate value. The size_clause is defined as size_clause:= SIZE {integer | REPEAT | AUTO | SKEWONLY} • • • integer : Number of histogram buckets: Range [1 to 254]. Data distribution is also gathered when using DBMS_STATS.ESTIMATE_PERCENT . This note includes a set of notes which help DBA through examples to move updating statistics from ANALYZE to DBMS_STATS. Note: Specifying “NULL” for “ESTIMATE_PERCENT” will provide the same functionality as ANALYZE’s “COMPUTE”.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Sample DBMS_STATS Command: EXECUTE DBMS_STATS. “AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE” can perform slowly for large tables.DEGREE . Values between “5%” and “20%” tend to provide the best balance between speed and calculation accuracy. • SKEWONLY : Determines the columns to collect histograms based on the data distribution of the columns. However. AUTO : Determines the columns to collect histograms based on data distribution and the workload of the columns.GATHER_TABLE_STATS( OWNNAME . The index statistics cannot make use of this flag and does not run in parallel. this level of statistics may not be sufficient for the optimizer's needs if the data within the column is skewed.CASCADE => 'ORAVOL' => 'PS_CUSTOMER' => NULL => DBMS_STATS.GATHER_DICTIONARY_STATS( estimate_percent DBMS_STATS.TABNAME . The most basic information about the data distribution is the maximum value and minimum value of the column within a table. With the “CASCADE” parameter set to “TRUE. Sometimes. An example of this command is as follows: EXECUTE DBMS_STATS. Note: Specifying the DEGREE will only help run gather table statistics (Partitioned or Non-Partitioned) in parallel.degree . The default value for “ESTIMATE_PERCENT” is “DBMS_STATS.PARTNAME . REPEAT : Collects histograms only on columns that already have histograms.1 of Oracle Metalink.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE .options => => 5 => TRUE => 'GATHER AUTO' ). Inc.METHOD_OPT .AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE =>'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO' => 5 => TRUE ).AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE” and is the recommended value only if the data composition is unknown. GENERATING STATISTICS FOR DATA DICTIONARY TABLES It is recommended to generate statistics on dictionary tables after initial database is loaded with data and also whenever database size has increased considerably. The default setting for “CASCADE” is “FALSE”. Using a value of “100” is not the same as “COMPUTE”.” the associated indexes will also be analyzed. The default value is “For All Columns Size Auto”. Note: It is strongly recommended to read Note 237293.cascade . All rights reserved. With the “METHOD_OPT” parameter set to “For All Columns Size Auto”. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 3 .

Example Command in SQL Step of an Application Engine program: %UpdateStats(%Table(INTFC_BI_HTMP)) This meta-SQL starting with Peopletools 8.cascade=>TRUE). method_opt=> 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE 1'. estimate_percent=>1. Note: To reduce the increased overhead of DBMS_STATS at runtime (when compared to ANALYZE with estimate). 3. Allowing the implicit commit may affect the restart capability of the program. Use the supplied script (DDLORA. A temporary table’s life cycle is as follows: 1.48 will issue the Oracle database command: DBMS_STATS. For example: © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. the ESTIMATE_PERCENT parameter was set to “1”.GATHER_SYSTEM_STATS (gathering_mode => 'NOWORKLOAD'). The statistics are collected using the DBMS_STATS. At the end of the process. Rows are populated. the AE will ignore the %UpdateStats command after any uncommitted changes.GATHER_SYSTEM_STATS procedure. Note: PeopleSoft stores the default syntax for the gather stats command in a table PSDDLMODEL. or dedicated temporary tables in the batch processes. STATISTICS AT RUNTIME FOR TEMPORARY TABLES PeopleSoft uses shared and. 4 . EXECUTE DBMS_STATS. at runtime. 2. an AE program can use the meta-SQL “%UpdateStats” after rows are populated into a temporary table. if the programmer has requested.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Generating System Statistics When Oracle gathers system statistics. Doing so would update statistics on the temporary table prior to the table’s use in following SQL statements. tabname=>[TBNAME]. These temporary tables will have few or no rows in the beginning of the process.GATHER_TABLE_STATS (ownname=> [DBNAME]. these tables will again have few or no rows. Inc. Keeping the statistics up to-date for these tables is somewhat challenging. Note: Commit is required prior to executing the %UpdateStats statement. It is highly recommended that system statistics be gathered. Note: User must have DBA privileges or GATHER_SYSTEM_STATISTICS role to update dictionary or system statistics.DMS) to change the default setting or to add a required SAMPLE ROWS/PERCENT for the ESTIMATE clause. All rights reserved. Beginning with PeopleSoft 8. All rows are truncated (if dedicated) or deleted (if shared) at the end of an AE execution. it analyzes system activity in a specified time period (workload statistics) or simulates a workload (no workload statistics). This is not performed automatically. All rows are truncated (if dedicated) or deleted (if shared) at the beginning of an AE execution automatically. Due to the implicit commit feature that Oracle uses when performing DDL (Statistics gathering is considered DDL).

you can review your AE trace. All rights reserved.. it is highly not recommended to turn this feature off. method_opt=> 'FOR ALL INDEXED COLUMNS SIZE 1'..0.. Inc.0. 1.17.18 ..7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Let’s assume.. If this feature is to be turned off.DMS through DataMover.2. Make sure the temporary table statistics have been handled as shown above.DMS delivered script: The first occurrence of the DBMS_STATS is used for the LOW option of %UpdateStats.UpdStat.S Count Time 2 0. then plan to use a manual method of updating the statistics.(GL_JEHDR.0.GATHER_TABLE_STATS (ownname=> [DBNAME]. Turning off %UpdateStats Note: Due to this change affecting the entire process scheduler. Having the update statistics at the runtime incurs some overhead. you can revert %Updatestats to use the Analyze command by doing the followings: Step 1: Create PSSTATS package as follows: Login SQLPLUS as PeopleSoft Dbowner to create the following PSSTATS package.InsBalT.GATHER_TABLE_STATS (ownname=> [DBNAME].$long DBMS_STATS..44. // 2. and look for statements that used the “RECSTATS” command: -. 5 .0 Once you confirm that using DBMS_STATS to update statistics is causing a lot of overhead when compared to “Analyze with estimate” when using %Updatestats.5 0 F e t c h Count Time 0. method_opt=> 'FOR ALL INDEXED COLUMNS SIZE 1'..UpdStat) (SQL) RECSTATS PS_JCF_BAL_TAO4 LOW /  Row(s) affected: 1 C o m p i l e Total SQL Statement E x e c u t e 2 Count Time 19. If you find any temporary table that was not updated during the run time. tabname=>[TBNAME]. estimate_percent=>80.cascade=>TRUE). Edit the DDLORA. CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE PSSTATS AS © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Run the modified DDLORA.. estimate_percent=>5. check the process scheduler documentation.0 Time 19.2. we want to change the ESTIMATE_PERCENT option of LOW option to be 5% and HIGH option to be 80%. 4. // 5.5 InsBalT. tabname=>[TBNAME]. The second one is used for the HIGH option of %UpdateStats.0.cascade=>TRUE).$long DBMS_STATS. Modify %UpdateStats to use Analyze command: If you suspect that DBMS_STATS is causing performance degradation of your AE process.

END ANALYZE_TABLE.1) Navigate to DDL Model Defaults Navigation: PeopleTools -> Utilities -> Administration -> DDL Model Defaults Click the “Search” button and then choose “Oracle” Platform. 6 . else command_text := 'ANALYZE TABLE '||tab_name||' COMPUTE STATISTICS'. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. end if. END PSSTATS. All rights reserved. Inc. 2. END PSSTATS. stats_mode varchar2) IS command_text VARCHAR2(2000). stats_mode varchar2). / CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY PSSTATS AS PROCEDURE ANALYZE_TABLE (tab_name IN VARCHAR2. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE command_text.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper PROCEDURE ANALYZE_TABLE (tab_name VARCHAR2. / Step 2: Modify SQL#4 and SQL#5 DDL Model Defaults for Oracle Platform. BEGIN if stats_mode <> 'HIGH' then command_text := 'ANALYZE TABLE '||tab_name||' ESTIMATE STATISTICS'.

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Inc.2) Choose SQL #4 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform. Copy “Model SQL” from PIA page to text file so that you can revert back to using DBMS_STATS in the future if you so choose. All rights reserved. 7 .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper 2.3) Replace SQL#4 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform. 2.

stats_mode=>'LOW').analyze_table(tab_name=>[TBNAME].4) Choose SQL #5 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform. PeopleSoft Red Paper 2. 2. psstats. Inc.5) Replace SQL#5 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform.stats_mode=>'HIGH'). All rights reserved.7/27/2011 psstats. Copy “Model SQL” from PIA page to text file so that you can revert back to using DBMS_STATS in the future if you so choose. 8 . © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.analyze_table(tab_name=>[TBNAME].

The sample cardinality can also be used. It is not recommended to use Analyze to update statistics during regular database maintenance window. it is highly recommended to do regression test throughly before implementing in Production. This feature is controlled by the initialization parameter named OPTIMIZER_DYNAMIC_SAMPLING. so that all column values in a band fall within the same range. a recursive SQL statement is issued to scan a small random sample of the table's blocks. in some cases. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. resulting in optimal execution plans with non-uniform data distributions. Tuning off Dynamic Sampling: Dynamic Sampling was introduced in Oracle 9i. A histogram partitions the values of the column into bands. Note: Due to this change affecting all the programs using %UpdateStats. All rights reserved. Since most of PeopleSoft programs use %UpdateStats to manage statistics of our temporary tables so we recommend to turn this parameter off by setting the following: OPTIMIZER_DYNAMIC_SAMPLING = 0 HISTOGRAMS What are Histograms? Histograms provide improved selectivity estimates in the presence of data skew. and DataMover import scripts with option “Set statistics on” (On is the default value). Inc. and to apply the relevant single table predicates to estimate predicate selectivities. 9 . Any column and index statistics are also collected on the fly.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper This change will affect any PeopleSoft programs that use %UpdateStats. to estimate table cardinality. How does Dynamic Sampling work? Oracle determines at compile time whether a query would benefit from dynamic sampling. CBO uses data within the histograms to get accurate estimates of the distribution of column data. If so.

Candidate Columns for Histograms Within PeopleSoft Applications Histograms can affect performance and should be used only when they substantially improve query plans.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Oracle uses height-balanced histograms or frequency based histograms based on the number of distinct values and the number of bands. Columns that are frequently used in WHERE clauses of queries. 3. Column is not used in WHERE clauses of queries. In general. Columns such as PROCESS_INSTANCE. Histograms are not useful for columns with the following characteristics: • • • • Column data is uniformly distributed. due to additional issues BP causes. the “SIZE AUTO” value instructs the “DBMS_STATS” procedure that only columns benefiting from histograms are to be generated. there are maintenance and storage costs for using them. are static and only change when new statistics are generated with the “SIZE” option within the DBMS_STATS procedures. like all other optimizer statistics. For uniformly distributed data. But. Column is unique. Please refer to Oracle documentation for more details. So. Histograms. histograms should be created on: 1. 10 . Have a highly skewed data distribution. Literal value is provided instead of using a bind variable for the given column in the where clause. ORD_STATUS are likely candidates that benefit from histograms. 2. the automatic creation of histograms is deactivated. the use of BP is not recommended. the CBO can make fairly accurate estimates about the cost of executing a particular statement without the use of histograms. Viewing Histograms Information about whether a table contains histograms can be displayed using the following dictionary views: • • • USER_HISTOGRAMS ALL_HISTOGRAMS DBA_HISTOGRAMS The number of bands within a column’s histogram can be displayed using the following dictionary views: • • USER_TAB_COLUMNS ALL_TAB_COLUMNS • DBA_TAB_COLUMNS © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Based on column usage within runtime SQL “where clauses” and the amount of data skew within the column. Inc. “… SIZE 1” or “… SIZE REPEAT”). All rights reserved. Histograms are persistent objects. Creating Histograms Creation of specific column histograms is no longer needed as long as “DBMS_STATS” procedures are used with the “METHOD_OPT” parameter containing “SIZE AUTO”. Column is used in the where clause but contains a bind variable instead of a literal. Note: If any other value for “METHOD_OPT” is provided (ex. Note: “Bind Peeking” (BP) was designed to “fix” the last bullet point above.

then the additional processes will be abandoned or the base temp tables will be used depending on the Runtime radio button selection in the above window. Then. 11 . Required temp tables are linked to the AE program in the program property window. Here is the property window for the AE program Bill Finalization (BIIF0001): The instance count specified here is the limit on the number of a temp table's instances that can be used when multiple instances of the program are run. create seperate tablespace for the these tables with a block size that is greater (if possible) than the current standard tablespace block size. This may lessen the contention during parallel truncates. configure the initialization parameters of the database to include a seperate buffer cache for this new block size. If the number of programs run are more than the specified count (10 in this example). All rights reserved. Inc.Dedicated Temporary Tables WHAT ARE DEDICATED TEMP TABLES? Batch processes written in Application Engine use PeopleSoft designated temporary tables (also called as “Dedicated Temporary Tables”) for better processing. PeopleSoft designated temporary tables are built using Oracle tables. APPLICATION ENGINE PERFORMANCE WITH DEDICATED TEMPORARY TABLES © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. When implemented on Oracle databases. This technique minimizes potential locking issues and improves processing time. Performance Tips for Dedicated Temp Tables If issues are found with parallel truncates on dedicated tempory tables. And the required number of instances is also specified for each AE program.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 3 . These are regular Oracle tables but flagged as temporary in the PeopleSoft dictionary tables.

Temp table settings Setup the Temp Tble Instance (online) as per the requirement. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. unless you are using EPM. Inc. Choosing the Continue for the runtime option will use the base temp table if there are no temp table instances available at the time of run. You don’t need to change this setting unless you are advised to do so. Tools Properties AE Properties Setup the Instance Count to the required value. that means that the program will not be called from online. Number of temp table instances Number of Temp Tables (Online) = 3 Number of Temp Tables (AE Program) = 3 Scenario 1: ‘Batch Only’ option is not selected Total number of temp table instances created for each temp table associated to the AE program = Base Temp Table + Number of Temp Tables (Online) + Number of Temp Tables (AE Program) = 1+3+3 = 7 Scenario 2: ‘Batch Only’ option is selected Total number of temp table instances created for each temp table associated to the AE program = Base Temp Table + Number of Temp Tables (AE Program) = 1+3 = 4 In this example we will be looking at Scenario 2. the appropriate temp table instance will be used during the runtime. PROCESS PROCESS 4 5 If the Batch Only option is selected. All rights reserved. This should be equivalent to the number of concurrent streams you are planning to run. Test case explaining temp table behavior Here is the sample scenario that explains the temp table usage.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper How do temp tables work in Application Engine? Based on the number of temp tables that are associated to an application engine program and the number of instances setup for the program. Temp Tble Instance (Total) will be same as the online number. 12 .

Frequent deletes and inserts could cause fragmentation for the base temp tables. As multiple streams use the same base temp table. and 6th streams. 13 . Inc. Number of concurrent executions The number of concurrent executions in this example is 6.5th. 2. 4. Always setup an adequate number of temp table instances to achieve good performance. the first three processes are using the temp table instance. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Drawbacks Use of base temp tables for any AE process is not recommended due to the following reasons. Runtime table statistics on the base temp tables are ignored. The final three are using the base temp tables.2. 3. All rights reserved. AE Program issues a delete for the base temp tables while it truncates the temp table instances. So. there could be a possibility of contention. When the user tries to run the 4th. 2. In this example. Setup required value for the process scheduler server in the max concurrent field. 1. 3. To overcome the drawbacks described above. setup a temp table instance even if you are planning to run only one process at a time. the first three concurrent streams will use the instance counts 1. Max API Aware value should be larger than or equal to the total of Max Concurrent value set of all the process types. the program will not find an available temp table instance and will use the base temp table. and 3. temp table instance 1 will be used. where as the number of available temp table instances are just 3. Recommendations 1.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Temp table AE PROCESS AE PROCESS STREAM 4 AE PROCESS STREAM 5 STREAM 6 TAB1_TAO TAB2_TAO TAB3_TAO TAB4_TAO Not advisable AE PROCESS STREAM 1 TAB1_TAO1 TAB2_TAO1 TAB3_TAO1 TAB4_TAO1 AE PROCESS STREAM 2 TAB1_TAO2 TAB2_TAO2 TAB3_TAO2 TAB4_TAO2 AE PROCESS STREAM 3 TAB1_TAO3 TAB2_TAO3 TAB3_TAO3 TAB4_TAO3 allocation When the program runs for the first time. The subsequent parallel streams will use the rest of the instances in sequence.

defined with a generic process type of Application Engine as defined . Chapter 4 . there is no direct method to specify the dedicated temp tables as GTTs. Creating PeopleSoft temporary tables as GTTs is not recommended. During the table creation time.========================================================================= . Use of DTTs is recommended even when the process is running in single stream. in the Server Definition page in Process Scheduler Manager Max Instances =12 5.========================================================================= . CREATING PEOPLESOFT TEMPORARY TABLES AS ORACLE GLOBAL TEMP TABLES (GTT) What are Global Temporary Tables? Oracle8i introduced Global Temporary Tables (GTT).------------------------------------------------------------------------. Instances of a global temporary table will be created at the runtime in the user's temporary tablespace.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper 4. Setup required number of PSAESERV processes on the process scheduler server.Tablespace Selection © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Can GTTs be used in place of Dedicated Temp Tables? As of now PeopleSoft does not provide a script or utility to create the GTTs. Table data is deleted once the session is closed or the transaction is committed. Settings for Application Engine Tuxedo Server . The max instance should reflect the max concurrency set for process type . which can be used as temporary processing tables for any batch process. Important caution while using the GTTs is Application Engine's ability to restart: Since GTTs lose the data when the session ends. Inc. These tables are session specific. [PSAESRV] . it gives the option to preserve or delete the rows after the commit. there is no way to restart the program. 14 . All rights reserved. Also.

15 . With this option.AUTO ALLOCATE With this option. Having the consistent extent size eliminates wastage of tablespace as "holes". You can use the BLOCKSIZE clause to specify a non-database default block size for the tablespace. All rights reserved. Space Management • • • • Free extents recorded in bitmap (so some part of the tablespace is set aside for bitmap) Each bit corresponds to a block or group of blocks Bit value indicates free or unused Common views used are DBA_EXTENTS and DBA_FREE_SPACE Locally Managed . This is the preferable method if the tablespace holds the objects with various sizes. It will be easier for the DBA to do capacity planning but proper planning should be done to determine the optimum extent size. Advantages of Locally Managed • • • • • Reduced recursive space management Reduced contention on data dictionary tables and space management latches No coalescing required No rollback generated for space allocation and de-allocation activities. Uniform extent gives best predictability and consistency. Extent management is done within the datafile/tempfile using the bitmaps. In order to use different block sizes in a database. LOCALLY MANAGED TABLESPACES Locally Managed Tablespaces (LMT) are the default starting in Oracle 9i. Object storage clause specification is not required (and is ignored) with these tablespaces. Fragmentations is reduced but not completely eliminated. CREATE TABLESPACE TS_PERM_LOC_AUTO size 100M datafile '/perm/ora/ts_perm_loc_auto. extent size allocation is performed by Oracle. the size of each extent would be fixed to the specified size. medium. CREATE TABLESPACE TS_PERM_LOC_UNI size 100M datafile '/perm/ora/ts_perm_loc_uni.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL AUTO ALLOCATE. and the integer you specify in this clause must correspond with the setting of one DB_nK_CACHE_SIZE parameter setting. Make sure to specify appropriate size to avoid the table creation with more number of extents. Planning to create different category tablespaces such as small.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL UNIFORM SIZE 128K. the extent size is managed by Oracle depending on the object size. TEMPORARY TABLESPACES © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. and large with different uniform extent sizes and placing the tables in an appropriate tablespace depending on its size may give optimal performance.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper PeopleSoft's supplied create scripts will create only Locally Managed tablespaces. you must have the DB_CACHE_SIZE and at least one DB_nK_CACHE_SIZE parameter set. The creation of dictionary managed tablespaces is scheduled for de-support by Oracle. Inc.UNIFORM EXTENT With this option. Locally Managed .

CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TS_TEMP_LOC_UNI size 100M tempfile '/temp/ora/ts_temp_loc_uni. UNDO MANAGEMENT Automatic Undo Management This is the preferred method of undo management and is the default when creating a new 10g database. In Oracle 10g. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Automatic undo management lets you allocate undo space in a single undo tablespace. If a database is up-graded from 9i. instead of distributing undo space in a set of statically allocated rollback segments. All rights reserved. It flags as an error when the tablespace assigned is not a true Oracle temporary tablespace. only the Locally Managed with UNIFORM EXTENT management is allowed. Advantages : • • • Space management (extent allocation and de-allocation) is locally managed. 16 .dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL UNIFORM SIZE 500K. Example : CREATE DATABASE INVDB … DATAFILE '/data3/oradata/INVDB/system/system01. This will give better extent management and space management than the datafile based ones. convert the database to use automatic UNDO management instead of rollback segments. a regular tablespace cannot be assigned as the temporary tablespace. Inc. You cannot specify nonstandard block sizes for a temporary tablespace.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Every database user should be assigned a default temporary tablespace(s) to handle the data sorts. In this type of tablespace. Oracle server handles the creation and allocation of space among the undo segments automatically. The ONLY way to have automatic undo management requires you specify an undo tablespace. This should be a preferred method for any Temporary Tablespace. You need to specify the UNDO_TABLESPACE initialization parameter to tell oracle which tablespace to use for undo and then create that tablespace while creating the database. DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMPTS1 ……… UNDO TABLESPACE UNDOTS DATAFILE '/data4/oradata/INVDB/undo/undots01.dbf' SIZE 1024M SIZE 5048M. The sort segment created for each instance is reused. Tempfile based Oracle introduced this new type that uses tempfile instead of datafile. rather than allocating a segment (and potentially many extents) for each sort. All processes performing sorts reuse existing sort extents of the sort segment.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL LOGFILE ….

May indirectly be usable for version 10. Note about use of “Index Skip Scan” access method: “Index Skip Scan” is not a recommended access method as it can be very slow when accessing a large index. This decision causes the deleted blocks to linger within the index until it is rebuilt. Dated 20-OCT-2005: This note is labeled for versions 7. Inc. Note: If a very very large index is evaluated. causing the performance degradation. Sometimes. Review the index recommendation document supplied by the product to see if any of the suggestions apply to your installation.1.1 “Script: Lists All Indexes that Benefit from a Rebuild”.3 to 10.1 “ORACLE8i . all the rows are logically deleted. 3. Examine the available indexes and remove any of the unused indexes to boost the performance of Insert/Update/Delete DML. REBUILDING OF INDEXES It is recommended that an index should be rebuilt when a performance issue is found where a SQL execution plan is accessing an index either by a “range scan” or “full index scan” and a significant number of logical IOs (and may be physical IOs) are witnessed for a relatively small number of rows returned by the scan. pros and cons for selecting it and index rebuilding. Three metalink notes were found that might provide a little insight as to when to rebuild or coalesce an index. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. The following few tips will assist the DBA to manage indexes efficiently.1 before using this script. Please read note 77574. an index not used within a batch process may be useful with an online page.2 inclusive. Index deletion could severely impact other program’s performance.1 “Guidelines on When to Rebuild a B-Tree Index”. For runtime performance reasons. 4.  Note 77574. a threshold of “5 or more” levels may be too shallow.x. INDEX TIPS 1. but physically they still linger within until the index is rebuilt. During “Range Scan” and “Full Index Scan”. Run the Oracle trace/TKPROF report for a process and check the access paths to determine the usage of indexes. It uses the suggested values from note 77574.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 5 .1 and provides a good basis for determining whether an index should be rebuilt. All rights reserved. Note 99618.Maintaining Indexes PeopleSoft supplied indexes are generic in nature. Within the index. As of this writing. Perform thorough system analysis prior to deleting any index.   17 . Consider adding additional indexes depending on your processing/performance needs.0 to 9i inclusive. This note is referenced by note 122008. The reverse may also be true. Oracle has consciously decided to not coalesce near-empty blocks or re-balance physical index blocks. but does provide the describing what “index coalescing” is. Dated 20-OCT-2005: This note is labeled for version 8i only. 2.Coalescing Indexes”. little information about index rebuilding criteria seems to be available pertaining specifically to 10g. Dated 06-MAY-2005: This note is labeled for versions 7. these deleted/empty blocks must still be read. index requirements may vary. This note provides a script that may be used to determine whether an index may be a candidate for rebuilding. Typically this can happen when a large number of rows have been deleted from the table. Depending on the customer's business needs and data composition. Note 122008.

SELECT SETID.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper FUNCTION BASED INDEXES A function-based index is an index on an expression. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. PeopleSoft generates indexes with DESCENDING column. it will show something like SYS_NC00033$ which is a system-generated column name. These indexes are considered as Function-based indexes in Oracle. CREATE INDEX ON PSFCUSTOMER ON PS_CUSTOMER (UPPER(NAME1)).CUST_ID. Note: Please review the documentation pertaining to function based indexes prior to their creation. Here is an example: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL ON PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL (SETID. If data is stored in mixed case such as the above example. SQL> SETID CUST_ID NAME1 ----.--------------.----------------SHARE 1008 Adventure 54 Query does not use the PS0CUSTOMER index so it takes a long time to return. In such cases. returns the query faster. But. the use of function-based indexes is helpful. Starting with PeopleTools 8. EFFDT DESC) TABLESPACE PSINDEX STORAGE (INITIAL 45056 NEXT 100000 MAXEXTENTS UNLIMITED PCTINCREASE 0) PCTFREE 10 PARALLEL NOLOGGING When you select the descending column name from DBA_IND_COLUMNS.--------------.--------------. Inc. To find the real column name. the data returned is correct.48. SQL> SETID CUST_ID NAME1 ----.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE UPPER(NAME1) LIKE 'ADVENTURE%'. All rights reserved.CUST_ID. It is recommended that customer support be contacted prior to a functional index creation. SELECT SETID. such as an arithmetic expression or an expression containing a package function. 18 .----------------SHARE 1008 Adventure 54 Query uses index PS0CUSTOMER and returns the result faster. and provides the correct output. Test case: Table PS_CUSTOMER has an index PS0CUSTOMER with NAME1 as leading column: SELECT SETID. you have to go look in COLUMN_EXPRESSION of DBA_IND_EXPRESSIONS.” SELECT SETID. SQL> No rows selected Query uses index PS0CUSTOMER and returns the result faster. But.CUST_ID.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE NAME1 LIKE 'ADVENTURE%'. ACCOUNT. SQL> SETID CUST_ID NAME1 ----.CUST_ID.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE UPPER(NAME1) LIKE 'ADVENTURE%'. gives no rows. the only way to get the result using a consistent case filter is by using the function “UPPER.----------------SHARE 1008 Adventure 54 Query uses the PSFCUSTOMER index.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE NAME1 LIKE 'Adventure%'.

column_expression. Because of multiple Bugs (# 4939157 and 5092688) which cause wrong results or core dump from queries using functional indexes.b.index_name. PeopleSoft had recommended to disable the functional indexes causing sql(s) that were relying on these indexes to perform in an inefficient manner.column_name from dba_indexes a.peoplesoft.column_position from dba_ind_expressions where index_name='PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL'.index_type.a.nsf/0/33440EC2DE7C886788257051005AEB72?OpenDocument to check the availability of patches and apply them accordingly to fix the problem and remove the following initialization parameter: _disable_function_based_index=TRUE © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. All rights reserved. 19 .index_name=b.com/psdb.index_name='PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL' and a.dba_ind_columns b where b. Inc.index_name order by column_position. We suggested that you go to the following link http://www4. select index_name.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper select a.

such statements can typically be made to use bind variables. check the statement syntactically and semantically. Some times hard parsing causes excessive CPU usage. but these variables are just PeopleSoft specific.1.10000001. Oracle introduced this new parameter CURSOR_SHARING as of Oracle8i. This is referred to as a hard parse and is very expensive in both in terms of CPU used and in the number of latch gets performed. All rights reserved. there are some steps in AE processes that are not using bind variables. The following section gives some guidelines to follow to use the bind variables. This happens when certain kinds of statements cannot handle bind variables in some platforms. If any customizations are performed. The following is an example of of the AE trace(128): SQL Statement BL6100.6 E x e c u t e Count Time 252 1.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 6 . Relying on Oracle trace output to identify the SQL that are hard parsed due to literal instead of bind variables is somewhat difficult. the database looks for an exact match of the SQL statement while parsing.Cursor Sharing When a SQL statement that does not exist in the shared pool is executed. and COBOL have been rewritten to address this issue. SQR.20) WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = %ProcessInstance © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. The number of hard parses can be identified in a PeopleSoft Application Engine trace (128). Oracle has to allocate memory for the statement from the shared pool.5 F e t c h Count Time 0 0. Inc. That means. The only way to tell the application engine program to send the bind variables is by specifying the Re-Used flag for that statement that needs to use the bind variable.S C o m p i l e Count Time 252 0. USE OF BIND VARIABLES The number of hard parses can be reduced to ‘one. it is recommended that the Reuse Flag be set to “Yes” for all program steps. Hard parsing happens when the Oracle server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache.20.10000001 UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = %Sql(PC_COM_LIT_CHAR. 20 .BL6100. Setting the CURSOR_SHARING value at the instance level is not recommended in a PeopleSoft environment.1 In Oracle Trace output such statements are shown as individual statements and each statement parses once. Application Engine . it has to be parsed fully.Reuse Flag PeopleSoft Application Engine programs use bind variables in the SQL statements. When the statement is passed to the database it sends the statement with literal values. In some situations. As Oracle deals with bind variables efficiently. By default its values is set to EXACT. Most of the PeopleSoft programs written in Application Engine.’ per multiple executes of the same SQL statement by coding the statement with bind variables instead of literals.0 Total Time 2. etc. This occurs due to inefficient sharing of SQL statements and can be improved by using bind variables instead of literal in queries.%NEXT(LAST_RESOURCE_ID). Example: Statement in PC_PRICING.

00 0.0 Time 2.10000001) (SQL) UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = 10000498 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 419 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = 'US004' AND PROJECT_ID = 'PRICINGA1' AND ACTIVITY_ID = 'ACTIVITYA1' AND RESOURCE_ID = 'VUS004VA10114050' AND LINE_NO = 1 / -.(PC_PRICING..46.10000001.---------0. All rights reserved.---------.01 0 2 5 0. Inc.16.7/27/2011 AND AND AND AND AND BUSINESS_UNIT = %Bind(BUSINESS_UNIT) PROJECT_ID = %Bind(PROJECT_ID) ACTIVITY_ID = %Bind(ACTIVITY_ID) RESOURCE_ID = %Bind(RESOURCE_ID) LINE_NO = %Bind(LINE_NO) PeopleSoft Red Paper Statement without Re-Use flag: AE Trace -..1 Oracle Trace Output ******************************************************************************** UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = 10000561 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 419 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = 'US004' AND PROJECT_ID = 'PRICINGA1021' AND ACTIVITY_ID = 'ACTIVITYA2042' AND RESOURCE_ID = 'VUS004VA10210124050' AND LINE_NO = 1 call count ------..5 F e t c h Count 0 Time 0.00 0. 21 .---------.00 0 0 0 -------.6 E x e c u t e Count 252 Time 1.-----Parse 1 Execute 1 Fetch 0 ------.00 0 0 0 0..S Count 252 Time 0.01 0 2 5 rows ---------0 1 0 ---------1 Misses in library cache during parse: 1 Optimizer goal: CHOOSE Parsing user id: 21 (PROJ84) Rows ------1 2 Rows ------0 1 Row Source Operation --------------------------------------------------UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO INDEX RANGE SCAN (object id 16735) Execution Plan --------------------------------------------------UPDATE STATEMENT GOAL: CHOOSE UPDATE OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' © Copyright © 2006 Oracle..-----total 2 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.00 .BL6100.---------.01 0.---------.---------0.Row(s) affected: 1 C o m p i l e Total SQL Statement BL6100.---------.---------.01 0.

4 Oracle Trace Output ******************************************************************************** UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = :1 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 420 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = :2 AND PROJECT_ID = :3 AND ACTIVITY_ID = :4 AND RESOURCE_ID = :5 AND LINE_NO = :6 call count ------.---------0.-----total 253 cpu elapsed disk query current -------. Statement with Re-Use flag: AE Trace -.22 0.22 0 509 1284 rows ---------0 252 0 ---------252 Misses in library cache during parse: 1 Optimizer goal: CHOOSE Parsing user id: 21 (PROJ84) Rows Row Source Operation © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.Bind variables: -1) 10000751 -2) US004 -3) PRICINGA1 -4) ACTIVITYA1 -5) VUS004VA10114050 -6) 1 -.00 0 0 0 0..---------. Inc. All rights reserved.0 E x e c u t e Count 252 Time 0.10000001.. 22 .---------.---------.-----Parse 1 Execute 252 Fetch 0 ------.---------.22 0.0 Time 0..Row(s) affected: 1 C o m p i l e Total SQL Statement BL6100..---------0.00 0.57 .---------.BL6100.(PC_PRICING.S Count 1 Time 0.57.4 F e t c h Count 0 Time 0.---------.22 0 509 1284 0.7/27/2011 2 PeopleSoft Red Paper INDEX GOAL: ANALYZED (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' (UNIQUE) ******************************************************************************** You will see 252 different sqls in the tkprof similar to the one above.00 0.00 0 0 0 -------.10000001) (SQL) UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = :1 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 420 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = :2 AND PROJECT_ID = :3 AND ACTIVITY_ID = :4 AND RESOURCE_ID = :5 AND LINE_NO = :6 / -..16.

RUNSTATUS != 7 AND NEW. / Note: Make sure to give ALTER SESSION privilege to MYDB to make this trigger work. With this setting. then adding the ALTER SESSION command at the beginning of the program should be a better option.CURSOR_SHARING Most of the SQR and COBOL programs are written to use bind variables.PRCSNAME = 'INS6000' ) BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET CURSOR_SHARING=FORCE'. All rights reserved. PS_STOR_LOC_INV SLI WHERE………….580 total executes. NOT EXISTS (SELECT 'X' FROM PS_PICKZON_INV_VW PZI WHERE PZI.RUNSTATUS = 7 AND OLD.. Inc. FROM PS_PHYSICAL_INV PI. Example: Sql Statement issued from SQR/COBOL program: SELECT ……….. If you find any programs that are not using bind variables and are not able to modify the code. Above statement uses a literal values in the where clause there by causing a hard parse for each execute. As per the data composition used in this benchmark there were about 13.PRCSTYPE = 'SQR REPORT' AND NEW. then the CURSOR_SHARING option FORCE is useful. 23 . the database looks for a similar statement excluding the literal values that are passed to the SQL statement.INV_ITEM_ID = 'PI000021' AND ………. Every hard parse has some amount of performance overhead. This statement gets executed for every combination of BUSINESS_UNIT and INV_ITEM_ID.BUSINESS_UNIT = 'US008' AND PZI.7/27/2011 ------252 504 Rows ------0 252 504 --------------------------------------------------UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO INDEX RANGE SCAN (object id 16735) PeopleSoft Red Paper Execution Plan --------------------------------------------------UPDATE STATEMENT GOAL: CHOOSE UPDATE OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' INDEX GOAL: ANALYZED (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' (UNIQUE) ******************************************************************************** SQR/COBOL . Session Level (using trigger): Following sample trigger code can be used to implement the session level option.) ORDER BY …. If you identify the program (SQR/COBOL) that is not using the bind variables and need to force them to use the binds at the database level. Setting the value at the session level is more appropriate.PSPRCSRQST FOR EACH ROW WHEN ( NEW. CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER MYDB. Minimizing them will boost the performance. If you are not willing to change the application program then implementing the session level command though a trigger to give you more flexibility.035 unique combinations of BUSINESS_UNIT and INV_ITEM_ID and about 19. END. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.SET_TRACE_INS6000 BEFORE UPDATE OF RUNSTATUS ON MYDB. Oracle replaces the literal values with the system bind variables and treats them as single statement and parses once.

INV_ITEM_ID = :SYS_B_11 AND …….---------.54 0 1074 0 51.09 50.44 2.21 197. Over all statistics with no bind variables: OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL NON-RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call ------Parse Execute Fetch ------total count -----26389 404647 517618 -----948654 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.---------10.08 4784 1699104 606446 rows ---------0 78376 189454 ---------267830 Misses in library cache during parse: 13190 Misses in library cache during execute: 1 OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call count ------.06 0 49 1 2.47 43. PS_STOR_LOC_INV SLI WHERE ………….---------.-----Parse 27118 Execute 33788 Fetch 54988 ------.---------15. Inc.11 1757 242929 371000 47.---------. All rights reserved.02 43.---------.---------.-----cpu elapsed disk query current -------.---------. 24 .) ORDER BY ….---------197.---------.---------.93 102.---------.44 15.---------.---------.02 2784 1439571 235104 -------.---------104.---------.22 2957 1670933 568642 rows ---------0 78376 189454 ---------267830 Misses in library cache during parse: 64 Misses in library cache during execute: 1 OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call count ------.-----total 115894 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.---------.21 9.57 1 97241 0 -------.42 2...---------. NOT EXISTS (SELECT :SYS_B_09 FROM PS_PICKZON_INV_VW PZI WHERE PZI.22 0 5577 235 2.BUSINESS_UNIT = :SYS_B_10 AND PZI.43 3027 1455101 235446 -------.---------98.27 99.51 173 231362 333538 45.---------.85 47.---------. Pros and Cons of CURSOR_SHARING By setting the above parameter at the session level the over all processing time reduced significantly.---------.85 1 102867 236 rows ---------0 229 47621 ---------47850 Misses in library cache during parse: 65 Over all statistics with bind variables: OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL NON-RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call ------Parse Execute Fetch ------total count -----26389 404647 517618 -----948654 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.---------.---------5.---------rows ---------- © Copyright © 2006 Oracle..---------.---------.7/27/2011 Oracle TKPROF Output with CURSOR_SHARING=FORCE PeopleSoft Red Paper SELECT ……… FROM PS_PHYSICAL_INV PI.69 0 0 0 44.35 5.---------.

08 0.7/27/2011 Parse 356 Execute 357 Fetch 667 ------.10 0 0 0 0.---------0.47 0.---------. it can be seen that the number of library cache misses decreased with the use of bind variables.-----total 1380 0.55 0. Inc.59 0 6901 228 PeopleSoft Red Paper 0 228 552 ---------780 Misses in library cache during parse: 1 From the above trace statistics.---------.01 0 1333 0 -------. Original Timing 197 Sec Time with CURSOR_SHARING option 102 Sec %Gain 48% © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.48 0 5568 228 0. 25 . All rights reserved.00 0.---------.

26 . Inc. process scheduler (Batch Server) can be setup to run from database server or any other server. this TCP/IP can be a big overhead and may impact processing times.Batch Server Selection Process Scheduler executes PeopleSoft batch processes. Have a dedicated network connection between the batch server and the database to minimize the overhead. SCENARIO 2: PROCESS SCHEDULER AND DATABASE SERVER ON ONE BOX Scenario 2 SERVER2 Database Server / BatchServer Oracle DB Use Local Connection Process Scheduler Running the Process Scheduler on the database server will eliminate the TCP/IP overhead and improve the processing time. At the same time it does use the additional server memory. SCENARIO 1: PROCESS SCHEDULER AND DATABASE SERVER ON DIFFERENT BOXES Scenario 1 SERVER1 Process Scheduler Batch Server TCP/IP SERVER2 Oracle DB Database Server Running the Process Scheduler on a box other than the database server will use a TCP/IP connection to connect to the database. As the batch process may involve extensive SQL processing. The impact is more evident in a process where excessive row-by-row processing is done. All rights reserved. As per the PeopleSoft architecture. For the processes where majority of SQL statements are of set based. the impact due to TCP/IP overhead may not be that big.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 7 . © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.

it may not be possible to run the extensive batch processes on the database server due to the limited availability of server resources. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. All the CRITICAL jobs can be run using scenario 2. Inc. All rights reserved. All the Report jobs can be run using scenario 1.cfg" to use the direct connection instead of TCP/IP UseLocalOracleDB=1 This kind of setup is useful for the programs that do excessive row-by-row processing. At the same time. the scenario 2 is recommended where the connection overhead is eliminated. 27 .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Set the following value in the process scheduler configuration file "psprcs. WHAT IS THE RECOMMENDED SCENARIO? Considering the performance impact due to TCP/IP for the row-by-row processing. Make fair judgment depending on your environment and usage. You could setup both scenarios in your environment and use a specific scenario depending on the time of the run and the complexity of the process.

it is important to capture trace files for SQL and PeopleCode events. Bit Type of tracing . Note: Running a production environment with any of theses settings may cause significant performance degradation due to the overhead introduced by tracing. Please refer to documentation for complete discussion. the sum of the options requested become the values in which “TraceSQL” and “TracePC” is set.SQL statements .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 8 . disconnect. SQL Tracing Bitfield . Make sure to reset the values back to “zero” (a. The trace file will be written in the corresponding application server log directory on the machine where this application server is running. The following is basic recommendations that can assist in capturing various traces in order to identify performance issues. 28 .SQL statement variables .SQL connect. ONLINE PERFORMANCE ISSUES To debug performance issues within online pages.cfg . commit and rollback . .SQL statements .Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred.------------------------------------------------------------------------. not data) .Capturing Traces People Tools provides tracing facilities to capture online as wells as batch program flows.com. The following minimum settings are recommended within application server’s configuration file. 2 . Oracle DBMS also provides utilities to capture traces for details on SQL execution during a database session. These recommends are typical but specific scenarios may require additional settings to capture needed details. Sample snippet from psappsrv. Example for tracing SQL (TraceSQL): The following options are requested to be traced: 1 2 4 8 + 16 ==== 31 .oracle.All other API calls except ssb . An example name for the file might be: VP1_dhcp-psft-F-2nd-west-10-138-222-59.k.tracesql within the directory: /data2/ora/pt84803b/appserv/ORAVOL/LOGS Configuration Settings for Tracing an Online Process When setting the values for “TraceSQL” and “TracePC” within the application server’s configuration file.us.SQL statement variables © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.a. “31” is the recommended value when tracing with “TraceSQL”. Inc. “1984” is teh recommended value when tracing with “TracePC”. All rights reserved.The value “TraceSQL” is to be set. ----------------. 1 . stop tracing) after capturing the needed trace files.

------------------------------------------------------------------------. 4 .Trace internal function calls .Show assignments to variables . All rights reserved. 1 . 2 . not data) .All other API calls except ssb .Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred. Bit Type of tracing . PeopleCode Tracing Bitfield . You can also turn on the tracing for a user session by doing the followings: Login using your PIA URL appended with “&trace=y”: For example: PIA URL: http://pbnt0020:4090/psp/ps/?cmd=login Log on using the following: http://pbnt0020:4090/psp/ps/?cmd=login&trace=y You can set your trace settings from the page below before log in: © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 8192 . and as database connections are used. 8 . 256 .Database API specific calls .SQL connect. disconnect.Show fetched values .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper .Trace start of programs . 1024 .Show parameter values . 128 .Trace each statement in program . 29 . commit and rollback . 512 . 64 . 4096 . 256 . 16 .Show stack .Sybase Bind information . 32 .Manager information . 128 . 16 .List the program . a single web server session could use many different database connections.Trace external function calls . . . contact customer support for more assistance.Set Select Buffers (identifies the attributes of columns . to be selected). 2048 . ----------------. This is mainly due to on-line sessions sharing of the database connections.COBOL statement timings . Inc. 64 . 8 .Sybase Fetch information . Dynamic change allowed for TracePC and TracePCMask TracePC=1984 TracePCMask=4095 Note: It is extremely difficult to perform on-line tracing at the database level (especially on a production environment). 4 . If tracing at the application server level is not adequate.Trace entire program . 512 .Show function return value . Dynamic change allowed for TraceSql and TraceSqlMask TraceSql=31 TraceSqlMask=12319 .Mapcore information .

Trace Application SQL statements to AET file . “135” is the recommended value when tracing with “TraceAE”. 4 . Sample snippet from psprcs. Bit Type of tracing .Trace Dedicated Temp Table Allocation to AET file .not yet allocated .------------------------------------------------------------------------. the trace directory created for “FS_BP” process might be “AE_FS_BP_7233” containing file named “AE_FS_BP_7233. Inc. 8 . .Trace STEP execution sequence to AET file .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper APPLICATION ENGINE PERFORMANCE ISSUES Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Application Engine When tracing is enabled for AE programs.cfg .not yet allocated . the process scheduler will create a subdirectory under “process scheduler/log/output” directory for each AE process. 128 . 64 . All rights reserved. ----------------. 2 . 1 .not yet allocated . 30 . 16 .AET The calculation for the “TraceAE” value is the same as for “TraceSQL” explained above.Timings Report to AET file © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.not yet allocated . 32 . AE Tracing Bitfield . As an example.

8 . .Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred. 31 . 1024 . Sample snippet from psprcs. “31” is the recommended value when tracing with “TraceSQL”. “1984” is the recommended value when tracing with “TracePC”. All rights reserved. A raw SQL trace file generated by this setting will be created within the “UDUMP” directory on the database server.Trace internal function calls .List Evaluator program (not recommended) . the following settings are needed within the process scheduler configuration file to capture both SQL and PeopleCode events during an execution PeopleCode tracing is not generally necessary.cfg .SQL Informational Trace . 1 . Dynamic change allowed for TraceSql and TraceSqlMask TraceSQL=31 .Show fetched values . 2048 . 4 . ----------------.Show function return value .Set Select Buffers (identifies the attributes of columns . 128 .Sybase Bind information .Show assignments to variables . 2 . Inc.7/27/2011 . 2048 . 512 . ----------------. 32 . 2 . 16 .Trace external function calls .All other API calls except ssb .Sybase Fetch information . 256 .SQL statements . 256 . 256 . 8 . 512 . 512 . 64 . to be selected). Please remember to restore original configuration values after completing the trace. 1024 .SQL statement variables . PeopleCode Tracing Bitfield . 4096 TraceAE= 135 PeopleSoft Red Paper Method/BuiltIn detail instead of summary in AET Timings Report not yet allocated Timings Report to tables DB optimizer trace to file DB optimizer trace to tables If tracing PeopleCode steps with an AE program is necessary. but is helpful when trying to debug procedural issues.Show parameter values . Bit Type of tracing . . © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 128 . Setting value in AE trace section of process scheduler configuration file. Bit Type of tracing . 16 . 4 .COBOL statement timings . SQL Tracing Bitfield .Database API specific calls .SQL connect. 1 .------------------------------------------------------------------------. not data) .Trace each statement in program (recommended) . 1024 .Trace Evaluator instructions (not recommended) . commit and rollback . 64 . disconnect.Trace start of programs . Dynamic change allowed for TracePC TracePC=1984 Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Database There are two ways to generate a database trace file for AE process: 1.Show stack .

32 . 4 . 64 . MYDB is the database name and SET_TRACE_POCALC is the trigger name. and tracefile identifier. All rights reserved. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS = ''10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER.Trace Dedicated Temp Table Allocation to AET file .DB optimizer trace to tables TraceAE=2183 Note: This setting does not provide wait events and bind variable information. “2183” is the recommended value when using this method. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TRACEFILE_IDENTIFIER = ''POCALC'''.runstatus = 7 AND OLD. process name. 2 .Trace STEP execution sequence to AET file .cfg . use the second method. Generally Level 12 trace is useful to identify SQL performance problems and this captures wait and bind information for all SQL. to generate trace for an AE process PO_PO_CALC the following trigger needs to be created.not yet allocated . 512 .DB optimizer trace to file . Bit Type of tracing . 256 . / Modify the trigger creation command with the proper values for database name. A trigger is created to start SQL tracing on the database side for an AE process with customized trace settings.not yet allocated .not yet allocated .Timings Report to tables . ----------------.prcsname = 'PO_PO_CALC' ) BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TIMED_STATISTICS = TRUE'.Trace Application SQL statements to AET file . For example.prcstype = 'Application Engine' AND NEW. 2048 .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper The raw trace file will contain details of each SQL statement that was executed on the database including its runtime execution plan. CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER MYDB.------------------------------------------------------------------------. 8 .Method/BuiltIn detail instead of summary in AET Timings Report . The calculation for the “TraceAE” value is the same as for “TraceSQL” explained above. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 16 .Timings Report to AET file .PSPRCSRQST FOR EACH ROW WHEN ( NEW. 32 .runstatus != 7 AND NEW. Inc. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE = UNLIMITED'. . LEVEL 12'''.not yet allocated . 1 . 2. 4096 .SET_TRACE_POCALC BEFORE UPDATE OF RUNSTATUS ON MYDB. The raw trace will be used as input to the “tkprof” database utility to generate a formatted trace report. END. 128 .not yet allocated . AE Tracing Bitfield . 1024 . Sample snippet from psprcs. If this information is needed.

runstatus = 7 AND OLD. ----------------. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS = ''10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER. 64 .Set Select Buffers (identifies the attributes of columns .Sybase Fetch information . COBOL PERFORMANCE ISSUES The following settings are needed within the process scheduler’s configuration file to capture summary report information for a COBOL process. 2 . commit and rollback . will help to debug performance issues.Database API specific calls . END.prcstype = 'SQR REPORT' AND NEW. This report.7/27/2011 Note: Drop or disable the trigger once the trace is captured. . All rights reserved.SQL statement variables . CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER MYDB. Dynamic change allowed for TraceSql and TraceSqlMask TraceSQL=128 SQR REPORTS PERFORMANCE ISSUES Creating a trigger is the only way to generate SQL trace file for SQR reports. Inc. not data) . 4 . disconnect. Bit Type of tracing .fchela.SQL Informational Trace . The following is an example trigger creation command for one a SQR report. 128 .All other API calls except ssb .SQL statements .fchcpu Note: Enabling tracing at the database instance level is never recommended. along with database SQL trace. 1 .SQL connect. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TRACEFILE_IDENTIFIER = ''INS6000'''.Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred.Sybase Bind information . to be selected).PSPRCSRQST FOR EACH ROW WHEN ( NEW. / ORACLE PERFORMANCE ISSUES © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. PeopleSoft Red Paper Once the raw database trace is captured. 32 .prscpu. LEVEL 12'''. 256 .execpu. 512 . 1024 . .COBOL statement timings . SQL Tracing Bitfield . execute the program “tkprof” with following sort options: tkprof <trace_input_file> <rpt_output_file> sys=no explain=<user_id>/<password> sort=exeela. 16 .SET_TRACE_INS6000 BEFORE UPDATE OF RUNSTATUS ON MYDB. 33 . 8 .prcsname = 'INS6000' ) BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TIMED_STATISTICS = TRUE'. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE = UNLIMITED'.runstatus != 7 AND NEW.

2. The details of this utility are provided in Oracle Meta Link Note 215187.ora or spfile. If the system has an average of more than 10 active concurrent sessions. AUTOMATIC WORKLOAD REPOSITORY (AWR) Oracle 10g provides an automatic database performance monitoring tool called AWR. Note: You can use RDA (Remote Diagnostic Agent) to collect the above informations. RDBMS & Third Party Product Patches Required for Installation” Select the Tools Release that you are on. commit wait etc.com/psdb. Network wait. Database initialization parameter “STATISTICS_LEVEL” must be set to “TYPICAL” or “ALL” (“TYPICAL” is the default) and the parameter “TIMED_STATISTICS” must be set to “TRUE” to allow the database to populate the workload repository properly. All rights reserved. AWR automatically generates snapshots of the performance data once every hour (by default) and collects the statistics in the workload repository. Change directory to : cd $ORACLE_HOME/Opatch c. Send us a copy of your init. more room may be needed. 34 . 2. Network and Memory. History of the snapshots is retained for 7 days (by default) and usually does not occupy more than 300 MB within the SYSAUX tablespace. sqltexplain utility is very useful and recommended. Log on to DB server b. replacing the manual “STATSPACK” method in earlier versions. For instructions how to run RDA.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper The followings are needed when reporting Performance issues in Oracle database to PeopleSoft Global Support Center: 1. Confirm that our required minimum patches are installed: • Generate a Patch Inventory list: a. Use this link to do so: http://www4. 3. Wait events such as Disk I/O wait.1. lock wait. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.SQL” For enhanced Explain Plan and diagnostic info for one SQL statement.nsf/0/33440EC2DE7C886788257051005AEB72?OpenDocument Search for “Required Operating System. Issue the following command: opatch lsinventory • Logon to Customer Connection to make sure that all required minimum Patches are being applied. This information is very useful for solving performance issues and finding the database load at any point in time in the past. It is highly recommended to keep this AWR running with default frequency. Operating system metrics of CPU . Session history details showing top SQL taking time and resource.1 in Oracle Metalink GENERATING EXPLAIN PLAN FOR SQL USING “SQLTEXPLAIN. The various metrics collected by AWR include: 1. Disk.ora.peoplesoft. Note: We also document initialization paramaters that could impact performance in here. Inc. please refer to Note:414970.

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle. A list displaying the snapshot id and time the snapshot was generated will display. In situations where CPU usage is much more significant than Wait Time. Example of manually creating a snapshot via SQL*Plus: BEGIN DBMS_WORKLOAD_REPOSITORY.CREATE_SNAPSHOT (). / AWR report analysis: Most of the time. All rights reserved. a snapshot can be manually created just prior and then again just after executing a questionable program. specify whether a HTML or a text report is wanted.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Generating a HTML or Text AWR Report: To generate an HTML or text AWR report: 1. If there is need to diagnose a particularly specific issue. The AWR report will be generated. With such a list one can quickly identify the main areas to focus on.sql 2. First. Inc. Specify the number of previous day’s snapshots are to be listed. Enter a output report name or accept the default name: Enter value for report_name: Using the report name awrrpt_1_150_160 6. END. the database tuning activity is triggered by users complaining about response time of a transaction or a Batch job. it is less likely that investigating Wait Events will produce significant savings in response time. The response time analysis consists of finding out where time is being spent in a database. Enter value for num_days: 2 4. The response time of a given transaction in the database always consists of the following two parts: Response Time = Service Time + Wait Time Where “Service Time” is CPU consumption by the database. Enter the beginning and ending snapshot ID for the AWR report. it is recommended to compare the time taken by the top 5 timed events and direct the tuning effort to the biggest consumers.sql script from within SQL*Plus and logged in with a user having the DBA role: @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/awrrpt.Therefore. Enter value for begin_snap : Enter value for end_snap: 5. and “Wait time” is the sum of all the Wait events in the database. Enter value for report_type: html 3. 35 . Run the awrrpt. Typically. this is not necessary. The most important part of the AWR report is the Top 5 Timed Events section.

02 0.3 System I/O Wait Class After a glance at the above.658 8.) SQL STATISTICS: © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.4 User I/O 8.. 59% of the total DB CPU is spent in sql execute elapsed time.4 System I/O 1.67 % of DB Time 75. one needs to look at the Time Model Statistics section. Time Model Statistics Statistic Name DB CPU sql execute elapsed time parse time elapsed hard parse elapsed time failed parse elapsed time connection management call elapsed time hard parse (sharing criteria) elapsed time PL/SQL execution elapsed time sequence load elapsed time repeated bind elapsed time DB time background elapsed time background cpu time Time (s) 114. All rights reserved.37 0.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper For example: Top 5 Timed Events Event CPU time db file sequential read db file scattered read log file parallel write control file sequential read 4.07 0.01 0.79 0.02 66.5 User I/O 1.2 13. one will need to look at the Sql Statistics section to look for problem sql’s (such as sql that have high Gets.20 59. To drill further into the details of the CPU consumption.284 Waits Time(s) 114 26 12 9 9 12 5 1 0 Avg Wait(ms) % Total Call Time 75.01 0.67 3.65 31.2% of the processing time being spent in CPU. the system is CPU bound with 75.54 1.59 0.12 0.92 11.19 92.33 8. high physical Reads.71 2.40 1. High Parse.00 From the above.00 134.16 0. 36 .883 10.05 0.336 28.. Inc.

284 6. one should go to Wait Events Statistics section. All rights reserved. Wait Events Event db file sequential read db file scattered read log file parallel write control file sequential read db file parallel write control file parallel write Waits 4.00 Total Wait Time (s) 26 12 9 9 8 6 Avg wait (ms) 12 5 1 0 1 1 Waits /txn 1. B.547 10. Find the Top SQL statements with Physical Reads in SQL ordered by Reads section.16 3. C & D and the index is on B. SQL Ordered by Version Count: These SQLs have a large number of versions in shared pool for some reason. then more table data blocks have to be visited in order to get the rows in each Index block.00 0. Inc. . and reload the table. If indexes are fragmented. SQL Ordered by Gets: These SQLs performed a high number of logical reads while retrieving data.336 28.658 8.D. b. a.839 %Time -outs 0. SQL Ordered by Sharable Memory: Includes SQL statements cursors which consumed a large amount of SGA shared pool memory. D then we can export the table data in order by B.00 0. For example. To get the details of wait events.02 1.18 0. rebuilding the index will compact its contents into fewer blocks. SQL Ordered by Reads: These SQLs performed a high number of physical disk reads while retrieving data. In this case.00 1. SQL Ordered by Parse Calls: These SQLs experienced a high number of reparsing operations. If the index being used has a large Clustering Factor. By rebuilding the table with its rows sorted by the particular index columns we can reduce the Clustering Factor and hence the number of table data blocks that we have to visit for each index block. If this wait event is high then tune it as followed: 1. again we have to visit more blocks because there is less index data per block.74 1. c.7/27/2011 • • • • • • • PeopleSoft Red Paper SQL Ordered by Elapsed Time: Includes SQL statements that took significant execution time during processing.00 0. we can access the same table data by visiting fewer index blocks (and doing fewer physical I/Os). if the table has columns A.22 The followings are the most common wait events found in Oracle database: The most common I/O related wait events is “db file sequential read”.883 10.00 0. By creating a more selective index. Generate the explain plan of the sql statements. SQL Ordered by CPU Time: Includes SQL statements that consumed significant CPU time during its processing. 37 © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. If Index Range scans are involved. It occurred on single block read for index data or table data accessed through an index. more blocks than necessary could be being visited if the index is unselective.00 0.

This value is platform-dependent and is 1MB for most platforms. 38 . It is enabled with the initialization parameter COMMIT_WRITE to change the commit behaviour on SYSTEM. It occurs when multiblock reads from disk are performed into non-contiguous buffers in the Buffer Cache. If this wait event is high then the Top SQL statements with Physical Reads in SQL ordered by Reads section can be investigated to see if their execution plans contain Full Table or Fast Full Index scans. To understand what is delaying the log file sync. “log file single write” and the redo statistics. This default value corresponds to the maximum I/O size that can be performed efficiently. looking at the File I/O Statistics section of the AWR report will help us find such hot disks and spread out the I/O by manually moving datafiles to other storage or by making use of Striping. The details of this wait is reported in Background Wait Events section. the initialization parameter DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT is now automatically tuned to use a default value when this parameter is not set explicitly.as well as on SESSION-LEVEL. Possible solutions can be: • • Reduce the number of controlfile copies to the minimum that ensures that not all copies can be lost at the same time.1. In cases where such multiblock scans are necessary. To read more about this feature. Automatic Shared Memory Management (ASMM) feature is introduced to automatically determine the size of Database buffer cache (default pool). Inc. 3. or slow performance of writes to the controlfiles. In Oracle Database 10g.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper 2. Another common I/O related wait event is “db file scattered read”. RAID and other technologies to automatically perform I/O load balancing for us.1. Because the parameter is expressed in blocks. If there is no SQL with suboptimal execution plans and I/O is evenly spread out with similar response times from all disks then a larger Buffer Cache may help.These typically happen for Full Table Scans and for Fast Full Index scans. Another popular wait event is “log file sync”. If there is no particular SQL statement with bad execution plan. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. it will be set to a value that is equal to the maximum I/O size that can be performed efficiently divided by the standard block size. For more details about ASMM. please refer to this metalink Note 257643. Shared pool. Another common I/O related wait event is “control file parallel write'” It occurs when Oracle is writing physical blocks to all controlfiles and is waiting for the IO/s to complete. it is possible to tune the size of multiblock I/Os issued by Oracle by setting the instance parameter DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT to be as below: DB_BLOCK_SIZE x DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT = max_io_size of system Starting with Oracle10g Release 2. Such reads are issued for up to the number of blocks specified by this parameter DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT at a time. If systemwide waits for this wait event are significant then this either indicates numerous writes to the controlfile (too many control files copies). there is a need to examine some other wait events such as “LGWR wait for redo copy”. please refer to Metalink Note 336119. then one of the following may be happening: a.Large pool and Java pool by setting the parameter SGA_TARGET. It occurs when a user session issues a COMMIT and is waiting for LGWR to finish flushing all redo from the log buffer to disk. Some general tuning tips for this wait event are: • • Move all the log members to high speed disks Move log members to low I/O activities disk controllers Starting with Oracle 10gR2. “log file parallel write”. In this case. Oracle introduces an Asynchronous Commit. Enable asynchronous I/O or move the controlfiles to less I/O saturated disks. I/Os on particular datafiles may be being serviced slower due to excessive activity on their disks. All rights reserved.

heavy CPU usage could be caused by poor Sql access paths or badly written SQL so one should not neglect it.6 WHAT IS THE DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT PARAMETER? Note 47324. Note 190124.1 I/O Tuning with Different RAID Configurations Note 30712. systems where CPU time is dominant usually need less tuning than the ones where wait time is dominant.1 Multiple Buffer Pools © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.1 Init.1 Checkpoint Tuning and Troubleshooting Guide Note 76713.1 8i Parameters that Influence Checkpoints Note 76374. In addition. Inc. On the other hand.ora Parameter "DB_FILE_DIRECT_IO_COUNT" Reference Note Note 45042.1 Archiver Best Practices Note 62172.1 THE COE PERFORMANCE METHOD Note 30286.1 Init.ora Parameter "DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT" Reference Note Note 1037322. Below is a list of metalink reference notes that can useful for database tuning. the proportion of CPU time to WAIT time always tends to decrease as load on the system increases. A steep increase in wait times is a sign of contention and need to be addressed for good scalability.1 Understanding and Tuning Buffer Cache and DBWR Note 147468.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper As a general rule. All rights reserved. 39 . A snapshot of the database workload taken periodically throughout the day is necessary to detect such performance issues.

BOOLEAN. VARCHAR2(2000). SET SERVEROUTPUT ON SIZE UNLIMITED SET LINESIZE 1000 SET PAGESIZE 10000 /** ** Oracle USA. VARCHAR2(30). ** ** Purpose: ** To generate statistics on all non-system schema table and index objects ** that are considered by the database to be stale and/or missing. lts_StartTime TIMESTAMP(2). truncate it here. **/ /** ** Flush Monitoring info ** ** This forces the database to "flush" the modification data ** so that dbms_stats can tell whether the stats are stale.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix A – Sample script to gather statistics on tables The script is written based on the assumption that a PS temp table is defined in PSRECDEFN as having a rectype=7 and PS regular table is defined as having a rectype =0. ** ** Other rights may also be needed. This script directly accesses: ** DBA_INDEXES ** DBMS_STATS ** All the table/index objects within all the schemas in the database. BEGIN /** ** Delete Old Status Info here ** ** If an external table is used to hold the log ** of the executions. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. All rights reserved. NUMBER(2. Inc. lvc_tableowner lvc_tablename lvc_PSRecordName lint_tmp lb_IsTempTable sql_stmt VARCHAR2(30). ** ** Please note: ** For this script to function properly.0). It then will generate the appropriate update statistics command for regular table and indexes while skipping PS temp tables and indexes. Inc. **/ DECLARE lot_ObjectsNeedingStats dbms_stats. lts_FinishTime TIMESTAMP(2). 40 . while not ** generating statistics for PeopleSoft "temporary" tables and indexes.objecttab. It may require changes and modifications to suit your need. VARCHAR2(30). the executing user ** may need the DBA role. ** Date: 16-Jan-2007 ** ** Format: SQL*Plus (10g) DBA script.

objtype = 'INDEX' THEN SELECT table_owner . /** Object Type checking **/ /** ** Trim off the default "PS_" from the table name if it exists **/ IF SUBSTR( lvc_tablename.options => 'LIST AUTO' . END IF. 41 . 1.objlist => lot_ObjectsNeedingStats ).objname.table_name INTO lvc_tableowner . PeopleSoft Red Paper /** ** Find all tables and indexes that have stale stats **/ DBMS_STATS. 0 ) LOOP /** ** Filter out all the system objects **/ IF lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).lvc_tablename FROM dba_indexes WHERE 1 = 1 AND owner = lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). END IF. 3 ) = 'PS_' THEN lvc_PSRecordName := SUBSTR( lvc_tablename.'CTXSYS' .ownname NOT IN ( 'SYS' . ELSE lvc_PSRecordName := lvc_tablename. All rights reserved. 4 ).'DBSNMP' ) THEN /** ** Non System object ** ** Determine whether this object is an "INDEX" or "TABLE" **/ IF lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). NVL( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats.FLUSH_DATABASE_MONITORING_INFO.ownname AND index_name = lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). /** rectype = 7 denotes a PeopleSoft temp table **/ sql_stmt := 'SELECT 1 FROM ' || lvc_tableowner || '. ELSE lvc_tableowner := lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).GATHER_DATABASE_STATS ( cascade => TRUE .7/27/2011 ** Documentation says this is not needed. /** Strip "PS_" **/ /** Set the temp table trap **/ lb_IsTempTable := FALSE.. Inc. lvc_tablename := lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).objname. 0 ) . FOR i IN NVL( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats. **/ DBMS_STATS.last.'SYSMAN' .PSRECDEFN WHERE recname = :b1 and rectype = 7'.ownname. /** ** Check to see if the record ** is a base temp table.first.'SYSTEM' . ** ** Example Table name = PS_TEMP_TAO **/ BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE sql_stmt INTO lint_tmp © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Doing it just in case.

LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ). END.7/27/2011 USING lvc_PSRecordName. -. -. PeopleSoft Red Paper EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN /** ** Record was not a base temp table ** ** Check if record is a single digit temp instance ** ** Example Table name = PS_TEMP_TAO1 **/ IF SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName. WHEN OTHERS THEN RAISE. 1.If we make it here.If we make it here. LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ) . LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ) . 1 ) BETWEEN '0' AND '9' THEN /** Remove the last digit **/ lvc_PSRecordName := SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName. LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ). we found a record lb_IsTempTable := TRUE. 1. ** ** Check if record is a double digit temp instance ** ** Example Table name = PS_TEMP_TAO26 **/ IF SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName. END.We have not found a temp table! NULL. Inc. EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN -. -.1 ).If we make it here. /** ** Do the Check **/ BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE sql_stmt INTO lint_tmp USING lvc_PSRecordName.1 ). All rights reserved. EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN /** ** Record was not a single digit temp instance. we found a record lb_IsTempTable := TRUE. /** Check 2nd last char for digit **/ WHEN OTHERS THEN RAISE. /** 2 digit dedicated temp table Check **/ END IF. 42 . we found a record lb_IsTempTable := TRUE. /** ** Do the Check **/ BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE sql_stmt INTO lint_tmp USING lvc_PSRecordName. /** single digit dedicated temp table Check **/ © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 1 ) BETWEEN '1' AND '9' THEN /** Remove the 2nd to last digit **/ lvc_PSRecordName := SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName.

partname || ''' .objname || ''' .degree => DBMS_STATS.put_line( 'Generating stats on ' || LOWER( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).' ).7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper END IF.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE . 43 .estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS. ** Generate Stats **/ NULL.indname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).objtype = 'INDEX' THEN /* PROCEDURE GATHER_INDEX_STATS Argument Name Type In/Out Default? -----------------------------. END IF. END.GATHER_INDEX_STATS( ownname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). IF lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). ELSE /* PROCEDURE GATHER_TABLE_STATS Argument Name Type In/Out Default? -----------------------------. ** Treat as though it was not a temp table.ownname || '. END. All rights reserved. '. /** Checking last digit **/ WHEN OTHERS THEN IF SQLCODE = -942 THEN /** table or view does not exist **/ /** Non PeopleSoft Table/Index found.objname || '.-----.-----.AUTO_DEGREE ).----------------------.-------OWNNAME VARCHAR2 IN INDNAME VARCHAR2 IN PARTNAME VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT ESTIMATE_PERCENT NUMBER IN DEFAULT STATTAB VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATID VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATOWN VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT DEGREE NUMBER IN DEFAULT GRANULARITY VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT NO_INVALIDATE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT STATTYPE VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT FORCE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT */ EXECUTE IMMEDIATE ' BEGIN DBMS_STATS.----------------------. ELSE /** Unexpected error **/ RAISE. dbms_output.-------OWNNAME VARCHAR2 IN TABNAME VARCHAR2 IN PARTNAME VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT ESTIMATE_PERCENT NUMBER IN DEFAULT BLOCK_SAMPLE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT METHOD_OPT VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT DEGREE NUMBER IN DEFAULT GRANULARITY VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT CASCADE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT STATTAB VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATID VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATOWN VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.ownname || ''' .partname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). /** base temp table check**/ IF lb_IsTempTable = FALSE THEN lts_StartTime := SYSTIMESTAMP. Inc.objtype ) || ' ' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).

All rights reserved.partname || ''' . END.objtype ) || ' ' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).tabname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). ** ** If so inclined.method_opt => ''FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO'' . lts_FinishTime := SYSTIMESTAMP. /** ** Create status string here.objname || ''' .block_sample => FALSE .AUTO_DEGREE . **/ ELSE dbms_output.GATHER_TABLE_STATS( ownname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). END IF.ownname || '.cascade => FALSE ).estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS. '.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE . Inc.partname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).put_line( 'NOT Generating stats on temp ' || LOWER( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).ownname || ''' . 44 . /** Gen Stats **/ /** ** Insert status info ** ** If so inclined ** COMMIT.degree => DBMS_STATS. / © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.' ). /** System object filter **/ END LOOP.7/27/2011 NO_INVALIDATE STATTYPE FORCE */ BOOLEAN VARCHAR2 BOOLEAN IN IN IN DEFAULT DEFAULT DEFAULT PeopleSoft Red Paper EXECUTE IMMEDIATE ' BEGIN DBMS_STATS. /** Object stale stats loop **/ END.objname || '. END IF. **/ END IF.

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle. CUSTOMER VALIDATION PeopleSoft is working with PeopleSoft customers to get feedback and validation on this document. Inc.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix B – Validation and Feedback This section documents that real-world validation that this Red Paper has received. All rights reserved. Additional lessons learned from field experience will be posted here. Lessons learned from these customer experiences will be posted here. FIELD VALIDATION PeopleSoft Consulting has provided feedback and validation on this document. 45 .

Inc.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix C . Peoplesoft Installation Guide . http://www.References 1. 46 .oracle. All rights reserved. http://metalink.com/oramag/ 3.com © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.Oracle Tuning chapter 2.oracle.

Inc. Worked on SCM application tuning and benchmarks in Performance & Benchmarks group. Principal Performance Engineer 15 years of Oracle database experience as a production DBA. Glenn Low. and developer.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix D – Revision History Authors Jayagopal Theranikal. Consulting Performance Engineer 10+ years of experience with PeopleSoft applications tuning. Principal Performance Engineer Reviewers The following people reviewed this Red Paper: • • • Revision History 1. Application Performance Having more than 15 years of Oracle database experience and more than 6 years of Peoplesoft Application tuning experience. and 12 years of Oracle database experience. 02/01/2007: Created document. development DBA. Senior Manager. Worked on Fusion/Enterprise applications architecture within Performance & Benchmarks group. All rights reserved. Rama Tiruveedhula. 2+ years experience with PeopleSoft applications tuning. 02/29/2007: Peoplesoft Enterpise Performance on Oracle 10g Database Jan 2007 Author: Jayagopal Theranikal Contributing Authors: Rama Tiruveedhula © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Principal Performance Engineer Lawrence Schapker. 2. systems engineer. Worked on SCM applications tuning within Performance & Benchmarks group. 47 . Michelle Lam.

This document is not warranted to be error-free. and Siebel are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. CA 94065 U.S. Oracle.650. All rights reserved.650.com Copyright © 2006.7/27/2011 Oracle Corporation World Headquarters 500 Oracle Parkway Redwood Shores. We specifically disclaim any liability with respect to this document and no contractual obligations are formed either directly or indirectly by this document. Oracle. including implied warranties and conditions of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. PeopleSoft.506. 48 . electronic or mechanical. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. This document may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means. nor subject to any other warranties or conditions.506. JD Edwards. Inc.A. All rights reserved. This document is provided for information purposes only and the contents hereof are subject to change without notice. for any purpose.7000 Fax: +1. whether expressed orally or implied in law.7200 oracle. PeopleSoft Red Paper Worldwide Inquiries: Phone: +1. without our prior written permission.

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