PeopleSoft Enterprise Performance on Oracle 10g Database

7/27/2011

PeopleSoft Red Paper

PEOPLESOFT 8 BATCH PERFORMANCE ON ORACLE 9I DATABASE 7/27/2011
Reference Number: Product(s): Release(s): Revision Number:

PeopleSoft 8 Batch Performance on Oracle 9i Database

All Enterprise products PeopleSoft 8.x, 9.x

Contains:
√ PeopleSoft Performance Tips √ Database Tuning Tips √ SQL Query Tuning Tips √ Use of Database Features √ Capturing Traces

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PeopleSoft Red Paper

Table of Contents
Table of Contents ....................................................................................................................................................ii Chapter 1 - Introduction...........................................................................................................................................1 Structure of this Red Paper Related Materials 1 1

Chapter 2 - Generating Statistics...........................................................................................................................2 Manually Gathering Table Statistics 2 Sample DBMS_STATS Command:............................................................................................................................................3 Generating Statistics for Data dictionary tables 3 Generating System Statistics ......................................................................................................................................................4 Statistics at Runtime for Temporary Tables 4 Example.......................................................................................................................................................................................4 Turning off %UpdateStats...........................................................................................................................................................5 Modify %UpdateStats to use Analyze command:......................................................................................................................5 Tuning off Dynamic Sampling:...................................................................................................................................................9 Histograms 9 What are Histograms? .................................................................................................................................................................9 Candidate Columns for Histograms Within PeopleSoft Applications.....................................................................................10 Creating Histograms..................................................................................................................................................................10 Viewing Histograms..................................................................................................................................................................10 Chapter 3 - Dedicated Temporary Tables.............................................................................................................11 What are Dedicated Temp Tables? 11 Performance Tips for Dedicated Temp Tables.........................................................................................................................11 Application Engine Performance with Dedicated Temporary Tables 11 How do temp tables work in Application Engine?...................................................................................................................12 Test case explaining temp table behavior.................................................................................................................................12 Creating PeopleSoft Temporary Tables as Oracle Global Temp Tables (GTT) 14 What are Global Temporary Tables?........................................................................................................................................14 Can GTTs be used in place of Dedicated Temp Tables?.........................................................................................................14 Chapter 4 - Tablespace Selection..........................................................................................................................14 Locally Managed Tablespaces 15 Advantages of Locally Managed...............................................................................................................................................15 Space Management....................................................................................................................................................................15 Locally Managed - AUTO ALLOCATE..................................................................................................................................15 Locally Managed - UNIFORM EXTENT ................................................................................................................................15 Temporary Tablespaces 15 Tempfile based...........................................................................................................................................................................16 UNDO Management 16 Automatic Undo Management...................................................................................................................................................16 Chapter 5 - Maintaining Indexes ...........................................................................................................................17 Index Tips Rebuilding of Indexes Function Based Indexes
© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PeopleSoft Red Paper

Chapter 6 - Cursor Sharing....................................................................................................................................20 Use of Bind Variables 20 Application Engine - Reuse Flag...............................................................................................................................................20 SQR/COBOL - CURSOR_SHARING 23 Pros and Cons of CURSOR_SHARING...................................................................................................................................24 Chapter 7 - Batch Server Selection.......................................................................................................................26 Scenario 1: Process Scheduler And Database Server on Different Boxes Scenario 2: Process Scheduler and Database Server on one BOX What is the recommended scenario? 26 26 27

Chapter 8 - Capturing Traces................................................................................................................................28 Online Performance Issues 28 Configuration Settings for Tracing an Online Process.............................................................................................................28 Application Engine Performance Issues 30 Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Application Engine.......................................................................30 Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Database........................................................................................31 COBOL Performance Issues SQR Reports Performance Issues ORACLE Performance Issues Generating Explain Plan for SQL Using “sqltexplain.sql” 33 33 33 34

Automatic Workload Repository (AWR) 34 Generating a HTML or Text AWR Report:..............................................................................................................................35 AWR report analysis:.................................................................................................................................................................35 Appendix A – Sample script to gather statistics on tables................................................................................40 Appendix B – Validation and Feedback................................................................................................................45 Customer Validation Field Validation 45 45

Appendix C - References.......................................................................................................................................46 Appendix D – Revision History.............................................................................................................................47 Authors.......................................................................................................................................................................................47 Reviewers ..................................................................................................................................................................................47 Revision History........................................................................................................................................................................47

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

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PeopleSoft Red Paper

Chapter 1 - Introduction
This Red Paper is a practical guide for technical users, database administrators, and programmers who implement, maintain, or develop applications for a PeopleSoft system. In this Red Paper, we discuss guidelines on how to improve the performance of PeopleSoft applications in the Oracle 10g environment. Much of the information contained in this document originated within the PeopleSoft Benchmarks and Global Support Center and is therefore based on "real-life" problems encountered in the field. The issues that appear in this document are the problems that prove to be the most common or troublesome.

STRUCTURE OF THIS RED PAPER
This Red Paper provides guidance to get the best performance of PeopleSoft in the Oracle database environment. Keep in mind that PeopleSoft updates this document as needed so that it reflects the most current feedback we receive from the field. Therefore, the structure, headings, content, and length of this document is likely to vary with each posted version. To see if the document has been updated since you last downloaded it, compare the date of your version to the date of the version posted on Customer Connection.

RELATED MATERIALS
This paper is not a general introduction to environment tuning and we assume that our readers are experienced IT professionals, with a good understanding of PeopleSoft’s Internet Architecture and Oracle database. To take full advantage of the information covered in this document, we recommend that you have a basic understanding of system administration, basic Internet architecture, relational database concepts/SQL, and how to use PeopleSoft applications. This document is not intended to replace the documentation delivered with the PeopleTools 8 or 8.4 PeopleBooks. We recommend that before you read this document, you read the PeopleSoft application related information in the PeopleBooks to ensure that you have a well-rounded understanding of PeopleSoft batch process technology. Note: Much of the information in this document eventually gets incorporated into subsequent versions of the PeopleBooks. Many of the fundamental concepts related to performance tuning in PeopleSoft PeopleBooks: • PeopleSoft Installation Guide - Oracle Tuning chapter

Additionally, we recommend that you read the Oracle 10g database administration and performance tuning guides.

© Copyright © 2006 Oracle, Inc. All rights reserved.

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By generating statistics only on the “non-temporary” tables and indexes.DISABLE('GATHER_STATS_JOB'). Only “non-temporary” PeopleSoft tables and indexes are recommended to have their statistics updated. 2 .You should use DBMS_STATS package to update statistics. the over all time needed to regenerate statistics on a nightly/weekly/monthly basis is reduced. It is not possible to recommend a single command line on how to update statistics nor the frequency on when to update statistics since this is dependent on many factors like data distribution. SELECT * FROM DBA_SCHEDULER_JOBS WHERE JOB_NAME = 'GATHER_STATS_JOB'. It is recommended to disable this job after initial execution. statement is listed below. it is not recommended to allow this job to run after it has initially executed. Oracle 10g Scheduler contains a default nightly job which attempts to maintain these vital statistics. It is advisable to gather statistics periodically for objects where the statistics become stale over time because of changing data volumes or changes in column value. At database creation. For example. after loading a significant number of rows into a table. You need to work with your DBA to come up with a strategy to do that. It is not recommended that statistics be gathered on objects during peak operational hours. You can determine whether this job exists by viewing the DBA_SCHEDULER_JOBS view. By re-generating statistics only on “stale” or “missing” objects. ANALYZE will be de-supported in future releases of Oracle.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 2 . The ability to generate statistics in parallel significantly reduces the time needed to refresh object statistics. query performance depends greatly on appropriate table and index statistics. that are considered “stale” or “missing” by the database. time and window of each organization. To disable the GATHER_STATS_JOB execute the following SQL*Plus command: BEGIN DBMS_SCHEDULER. collect new statistics on the number of rows. Maintenance of these statistics is critical to optimal database and query performance. and re-generate statistics on them which is not desirable as many will not contain data. After updating data in a table. MANUALLY GATHERING TABLE STATISTICS The DBMS_STATS package provides the ability to generate statistics in parallel by specifying the degree of parallelism. All rights reserved. business rules. A sample script to provide this functionality is listed in the Appendix.Generating Statistics When using Oracle's Cost Based Optimizer (CBO). It is also recommended that only tables and indexes. END. the “temporary” object statistics are not updated with improper values. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. / The reasoning for this recommendation is because PeopleSoft Application Engine (AE) programs use many “standard” Oracle tables as PeopleSoft “temporary” tables. Note: The use of procedures within DBMS_STATS is recommended exclusively. New statistics should be gathered after a schema object's data or structure are modified in ways that make the previous statistics inaccurate. The default “GATHER_STATS_JOB” will pick up the “temporary” tables. have their statistics re-generated. Cursor invalidation could cause severe performance degradation. you need new statistics on the average row length. A sample SQL Since this job does not/cannot take into account the requirements for PeopleSoft. Inc.

GATHER_TABLE_STATS( OWNNAME . AUTO : Determines the columns to collect histograms based on data distribution and the workload of the columns.PARTNAME .AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE . Sometimes.METHOD_OPT .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Sample DBMS_STATS Command: EXECUTE DBMS_STATS. With the “METHOD_OPT” parameter set to “For All Columns Size Auto”. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.1 of Oracle Metalink. The index statistics cannot make use of this flag and does not run in parallel. Using a value of “100” is not the same as “COMPUTE”.ESTIMATE_PERCENT . An example of this command is as follows: EXECUTE DBMS_STATS. Inc. Oracle will automatically determine which columns require histograms and the number of buckets (size) of each histogram. 3 .AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE” and is the recommended value only if the data composition is unknown. • SKEWONLY : Determines the columns to collect histograms based on the data distribution of the columns.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE =>'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO' => 5 => TRUE ). The default setting for “CASCADE” is “FALSE”. The default value is “For All Columns Size Auto”. All rights reserved. GENERATING STATISTICS FOR DATA DICTIONARY TABLES It is recommended to generate statistics on dictionary tables after initial database is loaded with data and also whenever database size has increased considerably. The size_clause is defined as size_clause:= SIZE {integer | REPEAT | AUTO | SKEWONLY} • • • integer : Number of histogram buckets: Range [1 to 254].cascade . This note includes a set of notes which help DBA through examples to move updating statistics from ANALYZE to DBMS_STATS.degree .options => => 5 => TRUE => 'GATHER AUTO' ). “AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE” can perform slowly for large tables. However.” the associated indexes will also be analyzed. Data distribution is also gathered when using DBMS_STATS.GATHER_DICTIONARY_STATS( estimate_percent DBMS_STATS. Note: Specifying the DEGREE will only help run gather table statistics (Partitioned or Non-Partitioned) in parallel. The most basic information about the data distribution is the maximum value and minimum value of the column within a table. this level of statistics may not be sufficient for the optimizer's needs if the data within the column is skewed. REPEAT : Collects histograms only on columns that already have histograms. Values between “5%” and “20%” tend to provide the best balance between speed and calculation accuracy.TABNAME . Execute tests to find the appropriate value.CASCADE => 'ORAVOL' => 'PS_CUSTOMER' => NULL => DBMS_STATS. With the “CASCADE” parameter set to “TRUE. The default value for “ESTIMATE_PERCENT” is “DBMS_STATS.DEGREE . Note: It is strongly recommended to read Note 237293. Note: Specifying “NULL” for “ESTIMATE_PERCENT” will provide the same functionality as ANALYZE’s “COMPUTE”.

At the end of the process. these tables will again have few or no rows.48 will issue the Oracle database command: DBMS_STATS.GATHER_TABLE_STATS (ownname=> [DBNAME]. Rows are populated. an AE program can use the meta-SQL “%UpdateStats” after rows are populated into a temporary table.GATHER_SYSTEM_STATS (gathering_mode => 'NOWORKLOAD'). the ESTIMATE_PERCENT parameter was set to “1”. 2. Beginning with PeopleSoft 8. Due to the implicit commit feature that Oracle uses when performing DDL (Statistics gathering is considered DDL).DMS) to change the default setting or to add a required SAMPLE ROWS/PERCENT for the ESTIMATE clause. All rows are truncated (if dedicated) or deleted (if shared) at the beginning of an AE execution automatically. All rights reserved. estimate_percent=>1.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Generating System Statistics When Oracle gathers system statistics. Use the supplied script (DDLORA. Note: Commit is required prior to executing the %UpdateStats statement. Note: PeopleSoft stores the default syntax for the gather stats command in a table PSDDLMODEL. Note: User must have DBA privileges or GATHER_SYSTEM_STATISTICS role to update dictionary or system statistics. It is highly recommended that system statistics be gathered. 4 . All rows are truncated (if dedicated) or deleted (if shared) at the end of an AE execution. The statistics are collected using the DBMS_STATS. STATISTICS AT RUNTIME FOR TEMPORARY TABLES PeopleSoft uses shared and. at runtime. Example Command in SQL Step of an Application Engine program: %UpdateStats(%Table(INTFC_BI_HTMP)) This meta-SQL starting with Peopletools 8. method_opt=> 'FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE 1'. or dedicated temporary tables in the batch processes. 3.cascade=>TRUE).GATHER_SYSTEM_STATS procedure. Doing so would update statistics on the temporary table prior to the table’s use in following SQL statements. Keeping the statistics up to-date for these tables is somewhat challenging. For example: © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. These temporary tables will have few or no rows in the beginning of the process. Allowing the implicit commit may affect the restart capability of the program. Inc. EXECUTE DBMS_STATS. it analyzes system activity in a specified time period (workload statistics) or simulates a workload (no workload statistics). This is not performed automatically. if the programmer has requested. tabname=>[TBNAME]. Note: To reduce the increased overhead of DBMS_STATS at runtime (when compared to ANALYZE with estimate). the AE will ignore the %UpdateStats command after any uncommitted changes. A temporary table’s life cycle is as follows: 1.

All rights reserved. and look for statements that used the “RECSTATS” command: -..cascade=>TRUE).cascade=>TRUE).$long DBMS_STATS. method_opt=> 'FOR ALL INDEXED COLUMNS SIZE 1'. CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE PSSTATS AS © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.0.GATHER_TABLE_STATS (ownname=> [DBNAME].InsBalT.$long DBMS_STATS. 5 .. 4.0.. you can review your AE trace.2.5 InsBalT. Having the update statistics at the runtime incurs some overhead.0. tabname=>[TBNAME]. // 2.. Inc.S Count Time 2 0.. then plan to use a manual method of updating the statistics. Make sure the temporary table statistics have been handled as shown above. you can revert %Updatestats to use the Analyze command by doing the followings: Step 1: Create PSSTATS package as follows: Login SQLPLUS as PeopleSoft Dbowner to create the following PSSTATS package. check the process scheduler documentation.DMS delivered script: The first occurrence of the DBMS_STATS is used for the LOW option of %UpdateStats.0 Time 19.0 Once you confirm that using DBMS_STATS to update statistics is causing a lot of overhead when compared to “Analyze with estimate” when using %Updatestats.DMS through DataMover. estimate_percent=>5.(GL_JEHDR..18 . If this feature is to be turned off.0. it is highly not recommended to turn this feature off. 1. we want to change the ESTIMATE_PERCENT option of LOW option to be 5% and HIGH option to be 80%. Modify %UpdateStats to use Analyze command: If you suspect that DBMS_STATS is causing performance degradation of your AE process. If you find any temporary table that was not updated during the run time. Turning off %UpdateStats Note: Due to this change affecting the entire process scheduler. Edit the DDLORA. estimate_percent=>80. tabname=>[TBNAME].2.. Run the modified DDLORA. // 5. method_opt=> 'FOR ALL INDEXED COLUMNS SIZE 1'.44. The second one is used for the HIGH option of %UpdateStats.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Let’s assume.UpdStat) (SQL) RECSTATS PS_JCF_BAL_TAO4 LOW /  Row(s) affected: 1 C o m p i l e Total SQL Statement E x e c u t e 2 Count Time 19.GATHER_TABLE_STATS (ownname=> [DBNAME].17.5 0 F e t c h Count Time 0.UpdStat..

/ CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY PSSTATS AS PROCEDURE ANALYZE_TABLE (tab_name IN VARCHAR2. Inc. stats_mode varchar2). EXECUTE IMMEDIATE command_text.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper PROCEDURE ANALYZE_TABLE (tab_name VARCHAR2. 2. 6 . All rights reserved. end if. END PSSTATS. END PSSTATS. else command_text := 'ANALYZE TABLE '||tab_name||' COMPUTE STATISTICS'. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. BEGIN if stats_mode <> 'HIGH' then command_text := 'ANALYZE TABLE '||tab_name||' ESTIMATE STATISTICS'. stats_mode varchar2) IS command_text VARCHAR2(2000).1) Navigate to DDL Model Defaults Navigation: PeopleTools -> Utilities -> Administration -> DDL Model Defaults Click the “Search” button and then choose “Oracle” Platform. / Step 2: Modify SQL#4 and SQL#5 DDL Model Defaults for Oracle Platform. END ANALYZE_TABLE.

Copy “Model SQL” from PIA page to text file so that you can revert back to using DBMS_STATS in the future if you so choose.3) Replace SQL#4 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform.2) Choose SQL #4 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper 2. All rights reserved. 2. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Inc. 7 .

analyze_table(tab_name=>[TBNAME]. All rights reserved.analyze_table(tab_name=>[TBNAME]. Inc.stats_mode=>'LOW'). psstats.5) Replace SQL#5 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 2. 8 .7/27/2011 psstats.stats_mode=>'HIGH').4) Choose SQL #5 (out of 5) for Oracle Platform. Copy “Model SQL” from PIA page to text file so that you can revert back to using DBMS_STATS in the future if you so choose. PeopleSoft Red Paper 2.

7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper This change will affect any PeopleSoft programs that use %UpdateStats. This feature is controlled by the initialization parameter named OPTIMIZER_DYNAMIC_SAMPLING. and to apply the relevant single table predicates to estimate predicate selectivities. Note: Due to this change affecting all the programs using %UpdateStats. a recursive SQL statement is issued to scan a small random sample of the table's blocks. to estimate table cardinality. All rights reserved. resulting in optimal execution plans with non-uniform data distributions. it is highly recommended to do regression test throughly before implementing in Production. The sample cardinality can also be used. Inc. How does Dynamic Sampling work? Oracle determines at compile time whether a query would benefit from dynamic sampling. in some cases. and DataMover import scripts with option “Set statistics on” (On is the default value). If so. CBO uses data within the histograms to get accurate estimates of the distribution of column data. 9 . Since most of PeopleSoft programs use %UpdateStats to manage statistics of our temporary tables so we recommend to turn this parameter off by setting the following: OPTIMIZER_DYNAMIC_SAMPLING = 0 HISTOGRAMS What are Histograms? Histograms provide improved selectivity estimates in the presence of data skew. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Any column and index statistics are also collected on the fly. so that all column values in a band fall within the same range. A histogram partitions the values of the column into bands. It is not recommended to use Analyze to update statistics during regular database maintenance window. Tuning off Dynamic Sampling: Dynamic Sampling was introduced in Oracle 9i.

Please refer to Oracle documentation for more details. Histograms are not useful for columns with the following characteristics: • • • • Column data is uniformly distributed. ORD_STATUS are likely candidates that benefit from histograms. Note: “Bind Peeking” (BP) was designed to “fix” the last bullet point above. Histograms. there are maintenance and storage costs for using them. 10 . For uniformly distributed data. “… SIZE 1” or “… SIZE REPEAT”). Note: If any other value for “METHOD_OPT” is provided (ex. like all other optimizer statistics. In general. due to additional issues BP causes. the use of BP is not recommended. All rights reserved.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Oracle uses height-balanced histograms or frequency based histograms based on the number of distinct values and the number of bands. Literal value is provided instead of using a bind variable for the given column in the where clause. So. Have a highly skewed data distribution. Column is unique. Based on column usage within runtime SQL “where clauses” and the amount of data skew within the column. the CBO can make fairly accurate estimates about the cost of executing a particular statement without the use of histograms. 2. are static and only change when new statistics are generated with the “SIZE” option within the DBMS_STATS procedures. But. Candidate Columns for Histograms Within PeopleSoft Applications Histograms can affect performance and should be used only when they substantially improve query plans. Column is not used in WHERE clauses of queries. Inc. 3. Creating Histograms Creation of specific column histograms is no longer needed as long as “DBMS_STATS” procedures are used with the “METHOD_OPT” parameter containing “SIZE AUTO”. Histograms are persistent objects. Column is used in the where clause but contains a bind variable instead of a literal. the automatic creation of histograms is deactivated. histograms should be created on: 1. Columns that are frequently used in WHERE clauses of queries. the “SIZE AUTO” value instructs the “DBMS_STATS” procedure that only columns benefiting from histograms are to be generated. Viewing Histograms Information about whether a table contains histograms can be displayed using the following dictionary views: • • • USER_HISTOGRAMS ALL_HISTOGRAMS DBA_HISTOGRAMS The number of bands within a column’s histogram can be displayed using the following dictionary views: • • USER_TAB_COLUMNS ALL_TAB_COLUMNS • DBA_TAB_COLUMNS © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Columns such as PROCESS_INSTANCE.

Performance Tips for Dedicated Temp Tables If issues are found with parallel truncates on dedicated tempory tables. Here is the property window for the AE program Bill Finalization (BIIF0001): The instance count specified here is the limit on the number of a temp table's instances that can be used when multiple instances of the program are run. PeopleSoft designated temporary tables are built using Oracle tables. then the additional processes will be abandoned or the base temp tables will be used depending on the Runtime radio button selection in the above window. create seperate tablespace for the these tables with a block size that is greater (if possible) than the current standard tablespace block size. If the number of programs run are more than the specified count (10 in this example). All rights reserved.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 3 . 11 . When implemented on Oracle databases.Dedicated Temporary Tables WHAT ARE DEDICATED TEMP TABLES? Batch processes written in Application Engine use PeopleSoft designated temporary tables (also called as “Dedicated Temporary Tables”) for better processing. Inc. This technique minimizes potential locking issues and improves processing time. These are regular Oracle tables but flagged as temporary in the PeopleSoft dictionary tables. configure the initialization parameters of the database to include a seperate buffer cache for this new block size. Required temp tables are linked to the AE program in the program property window. Then. APPLICATION ENGINE PERFORMANCE WITH DEDICATED TEMPORARY TABLES © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. This may lessen the contention during parallel truncates. And the required number of instances is also specified for each AE program.

Tools Properties AE Properties Setup the Instance Count to the required value. Temp table settings Setup the Temp Tble Instance (online) as per the requirement. This should be equivalent to the number of concurrent streams you are planning to run. Inc. You don’t need to change this setting unless you are advised to do so. unless you are using EPM. the appropriate temp table instance will be used during the runtime. PROCESS PROCESS 4 5 If the Batch Only option is selected. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 12 . that means that the program will not be called from online. All rights reserved. Choosing the Continue for the runtime option will use the base temp table if there are no temp table instances available at the time of run. Number of temp table instances Number of Temp Tables (Online) = 3 Number of Temp Tables (AE Program) = 3 Scenario 1: ‘Batch Only’ option is not selected Total number of temp table instances created for each temp table associated to the AE program = Base Temp Table + Number of Temp Tables (Online) + Number of Temp Tables (AE Program) = 1+3+3 = 7 Scenario 2: ‘Batch Only’ option is selected Total number of temp table instances created for each temp table associated to the AE program = Base Temp Table + Number of Temp Tables (AE Program) = 1+3 = 4 In this example we will be looking at Scenario 2.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper How do temp tables work in Application Engine? Based on the number of temp tables that are associated to an application engine program and the number of instances setup for the program. Test case explaining temp table behavior Here is the sample scenario that explains the temp table usage. Temp Tble Instance (Total) will be same as the online number.

Number of concurrent executions The number of concurrent executions in this example is 6. The subsequent parallel streams will use the rest of the instances in sequence. 2. Always setup an adequate number of temp table instances to achieve good performance. AE Program issues a delete for the base temp tables while it truncates the temp table instances. 2. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Runtime table statistics on the base temp tables are ignored. and 3. The final three are using the base temp tables. 3. 4. temp table instance 1 will be used.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Temp table AE PROCESS AE PROCESS STREAM 4 AE PROCESS STREAM 5 STREAM 6 TAB1_TAO TAB2_TAO TAB3_TAO TAB4_TAO Not advisable AE PROCESS STREAM 1 TAB1_TAO1 TAB2_TAO1 TAB3_TAO1 TAB4_TAO1 AE PROCESS STREAM 2 TAB1_TAO2 TAB2_TAO2 TAB3_TAO2 TAB4_TAO2 AE PROCESS STREAM 3 TAB1_TAO3 TAB2_TAO3 TAB3_TAO3 TAB4_TAO3 allocation When the program runs for the first time. setup a temp table instance even if you are planning to run only one process at a time. the program will not find an available temp table instance and will use the base temp table. 1. So. As multiple streams use the same base temp table.5th. 3. Inc.2. the first three concurrent streams will use the instance counts 1. Drawbacks Use of base temp tables for any AE process is not recommended due to the following reasons. the first three processes are using the temp table instance. 13 . where as the number of available temp table instances are just 3. and 6th streams. All rights reserved. Frequent deletes and inserts could cause fragmentation for the base temp tables. When the user tries to run the 4th. Recommendations 1. Setup required value for the process scheduler server in the max concurrent field. Max API Aware value should be larger than or equal to the total of Max Concurrent value set of all the process types. there could be a possibility of contention. To overcome the drawbacks described above. In this example.

Table data is deleted once the session is closed or the transaction is committed. Instances of a global temporary table will be created at the runtime in the user's temporary tablespace.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper 4. in the Server Definition page in Process Scheduler Manager Max Instances =12 5.Tablespace Selection © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. there is no way to restart the program. Setup required number of PSAESERV processes on the process scheduler server. Use of DTTs is recommended even when the process is running in single stream. Settings for Application Engine Tuxedo Server . 14 .========================================================================= . [PSAESRV] . there is no direct method to specify the dedicated temp tables as GTTs. During the table creation time. The max instance should reflect the max concurrency set for process type . it gives the option to preserve or delete the rows after the commit. These tables are session specific.========================================================================= . defined with a generic process type of Application Engine as defined . Also. Creating PeopleSoft temporary tables as GTTs is not recommended. Can GTTs be used in place of Dedicated Temp Tables? As of now PeopleSoft does not provide a script or utility to create the GTTs. Inc. CREATING PEOPLESOFT TEMPORARY TABLES AS ORACLE GLOBAL TEMP TABLES (GTT) What are Global Temporary Tables? Oracle8i introduced Global Temporary Tables (GTT). Important caution while using the GTTs is Application Engine's ability to restart: Since GTTs lose the data when the session ends.------------------------------------------------------------------------. Chapter 4 . which can be used as temporary processing tables for any batch process. All rights reserved.

CREATE TABLESPACE TS_PERM_LOC_UNI size 100M datafile '/perm/ora/ts_perm_loc_uni. Object storage clause specification is not required (and is ignored) with these tablespaces. Inc. Space Management • • • • Free extents recorded in bitmap (so some part of the tablespace is set aside for bitmap) Each bit corresponds to a block or group of blocks Bit value indicates free or unused Common views used are DBA_EXTENTS and DBA_FREE_SPACE Locally Managed . Locally Managed . medium. and large with different uniform extent sizes and placing the tables in an appropriate tablespace depending on its size may give optimal performance. Advantages of Locally Managed • • • • • Reduced recursive space management Reduced contention on data dictionary tables and space management latches No coalescing required No rollback generated for space allocation and de-allocation activities. the extent size is managed by Oracle depending on the object size.AUTO ALLOCATE With this option. Extent management is done within the datafile/tempfile using the bitmaps. Make sure to specify appropriate size to avoid the table creation with more number of extents. This is the preferable method if the tablespace holds the objects with various sizes.UNIFORM EXTENT With this option.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL AUTO ALLOCATE. You can use the BLOCKSIZE clause to specify a non-database default block size for the tablespace. Uniform extent gives best predictability and consistency. the size of each extent would be fixed to the specified size.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper PeopleSoft's supplied create scripts will create only Locally Managed tablespaces. CREATE TABLESPACE TS_PERM_LOC_AUTO size 100M datafile '/perm/ora/ts_perm_loc_auto. In order to use different block sizes in a database. With this option. Having the consistent extent size eliminates wastage of tablespace as "holes". and the integer you specify in this clause must correspond with the setting of one DB_nK_CACHE_SIZE parameter setting. 15 . The creation of dictionary managed tablespaces is scheduled for de-support by Oracle. LOCALLY MANAGED TABLESPACES Locally Managed Tablespaces (LMT) are the default starting in Oracle 9i. TEMPORARY TABLESPACES © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Planning to create different category tablespaces such as small. Fragmentations is reduced but not completely eliminated. All rights reserved.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL UNIFORM SIZE 128K. you must have the DB_CACHE_SIZE and at least one DB_nK_CACHE_SIZE parameter set. extent size allocation is performed by Oracle. It will be easier for the DBA to do capacity planning but proper planning should be done to determine the optimum extent size.

dbf' SIZE 1024M SIZE 5048M. It flags as an error when the tablespace assigned is not a true Oracle temporary tablespace. In this type of tablespace. rather than allocating a segment (and potentially many extents) for each sort. Automatic undo management lets you allocate undo space in a single undo tablespace. You cannot specify nonstandard block sizes for a temporary tablespace. Oracle server handles the creation and allocation of space among the undo segments automatically. The ONLY way to have automatic undo management requires you specify an undo tablespace.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL UNIFORM SIZE 500K.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Every database user should be assigned a default temporary tablespace(s) to handle the data sorts. If a database is up-graded from 9i. In Oracle 10g. Tempfile based Oracle introduced this new type that uses tempfile instead of datafile.dbf' EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL LOGFILE …. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. This should be a preferred method for any Temporary Tablespace. All rights reserved. The sort segment created for each instance is reused. UNDO MANAGEMENT Automatic Undo Management This is the preferred method of undo management and is the default when creating a new 10g database. a regular tablespace cannot be assigned as the temporary tablespace. You need to specify the UNDO_TABLESPACE initialization parameter to tell oracle which tablespace to use for undo and then create that tablespace while creating the database. DEFAULT TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TEMPTS1 ……… UNDO TABLESPACE UNDOTS DATAFILE '/data4/oradata/INVDB/undo/undots01. only the Locally Managed with UNIFORM EXTENT management is allowed. Example : CREATE DATABASE INVDB … DATAFILE '/data3/oradata/INVDB/system/system01. All processes performing sorts reuse existing sort extents of the sort segment. Advantages : • • • Space management (extent allocation and de-allocation) is locally managed. CREATE TEMPORARY TABLESPACE TS_TEMP_LOC_UNI size 100M tempfile '/temp/ora/ts_temp_loc_uni. convert the database to use automatic UNDO management instead of rollback segments. instead of distributing undo space in a set of statically allocated rollback segments. This will give better extent management and space management than the datafile based ones. 16 . Inc.

Typically this can happen when a large number of rows have been deleted from the table. The following few tips will assist the DBA to manage indexes efficiently. Note about use of “Index Skip Scan” access method: “Index Skip Scan” is not a recommended access method as it can be very slow when accessing a large index. Perform thorough system analysis prior to deleting any index. Sometimes. Dated 06-MAY-2005: This note is labeled for versions 7. This decision causes the deleted blocks to linger within the index until it is rebuilt. pros and cons for selecting it and index rebuilding.1 “Guidelines on When to Rebuild a B-Tree Index”. all the rows are logically deleted. Review the index recommendation document supplied by the product to see if any of the suggestions apply to your installation. Three metalink notes were found that might provide a little insight as to when to rebuild or coalesce an index. This note provides a script that may be used to determine whether an index may be a candidate for rebuilding. Consider adding additional indexes depending on your processing/performance needs. 3.Coalescing Indexes”. During “Range Scan” and “Full Index Scan”. 4. these deleted/empty blocks must still be read. Dated 20-OCT-2005: This note is labeled for versions 7. The reverse may also be true.2 inclusive. May indirectly be usable for version 10. This note is referenced by note 122008.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 5 . but physically they still linger within until the index is rebuilt.Maintaining Indexes PeopleSoft supplied indexes are generic in nature. INDEX TIPS 1.x.  Note 77574. Please read note 77574.   17 . As of this writing. Index deletion could severely impact other program’s performance. 2.3 to 10.1 “ORACLE8i . Dated 20-OCT-2005: This note is labeled for version 8i only. a threshold of “5 or more” levels may be too shallow. causing the performance degradation. Note 99618. Note 122008. It uses the suggested values from note 77574. index requirements may vary. All rights reserved.1. little information about index rebuilding criteria seems to be available pertaining specifically to 10g.1 and provides a good basis for determining whether an index should be rebuilt. Inc. For runtime performance reasons.1 before using this script. an index not used within a batch process may be useful with an online page.1 “Script: Lists All Indexes that Benefit from a Rebuild”. but does provide the describing what “index coalescing” is. Run the Oracle trace/TKPROF report for a process and check the access paths to determine the usage of indexes. Within the index. Note: If a very very large index is evaluated. Oracle has consciously decided to not coalesce near-empty blocks or re-balance physical index blocks. Examine the available indexes and remove any of the unused indexes to boost the performance of Insert/Update/Delete DML. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.0 to 9i inclusive. Depending on the customer's business needs and data composition. REBUILDING OF INDEXES It is recommended that an index should be rebuilt when a performance issue is found where a SQL execution plan is accessing an index either by a “range scan” or “full index scan” and a significant number of logical IOs (and may be physical IOs) are witnessed for a relatively small number of rows returned by the scan.

Here is an example: CREATE UNIQUE INDEX PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL ON PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL (SETID. CREATE INDEX ON PSFCUSTOMER ON PS_CUSTOMER (UPPER(NAME1)).----------------SHARE 1008 Adventure 54 Query does not use the PS0CUSTOMER index so it takes a long time to return. PeopleSoft generates indexes with DESCENDING column. EFFDT DESC) TABLESPACE PSINDEX STORAGE (INITIAL 45056 NEXT 100000 MAXEXTENTS UNLIMITED PCTINCREASE 0) PCTFREE 10 PARALLEL NOLOGGING When you select the descending column name from DBA_IND_COLUMNS. Note: Please review the documentation pertaining to function based indexes prior to their creation.--------------. the data returned is correct. SQL> SETID CUST_ID NAME1 ----. SQL> SETID CUST_ID NAME1 ----.--------------. you have to go look in COLUMN_EXPRESSION of DBA_IND_EXPRESSIONS. Test case: Table PS_CUSTOMER has an index PS0CUSTOMER with NAME1 as leading column: SELECT SETID. such as an arithmetic expression or an expression containing a package function. returns the query faster. But.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE UPPER(NAME1) LIKE 'ADVENTURE%'.” SELECT SETID.CUST_ID.----------------SHARE 1008 Adventure 54 Query uses the PSFCUSTOMER index.CUST_ID. It is recommended that customer support be contacted prior to a functional index creation. Starting with PeopleTools 8. the only way to get the result using a consistent case filter is by using the function “UPPER. SELECT SETID. SELECT SETID. the use of function-based indexes is helpful.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE UPPER(NAME1) LIKE 'ADVENTURE%'. ACCOUNT. To find the real column name. 18 .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper FUNCTION BASED INDEXES A function-based index is an index on an expression. These indexes are considered as Function-based indexes in Oracle. All rights reserved. Inc.CUST_ID.48.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE NAME1 LIKE 'ADVENTURE%'.----------------SHARE 1008 Adventure 54 Query uses index PS0CUSTOMER and returns the result faster. If data is stored in mixed case such as the above example. SQL> SETID CUST_ID NAME1 ----. But. and provides the correct output. it will show something like SYS_NC00033$ which is a system-generated column name. SQL> No rows selected Query uses index PS0CUSTOMER and returns the result faster. gives no rows.--------------. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.CUST_ID. In such cases.NAME1 FROM PS_CUSTOMER WHERE NAME1 LIKE 'Adventure%'.

index_name. PeopleSoft had recommended to disable the functional indexes causing sql(s) that were relying on these indexes to perform in an inefficient manner.nsf/0/33440EC2DE7C886788257051005AEB72?OpenDocument to check the availability of patches and apply them accordingly to fix the problem and remove the following initialization parameter: _disable_function_based_index=TRUE © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.index_name order by column_position.column_name from dba_indexes a. Because of multiple Bugs (# 4939157 and 5092688) which cause wrong results or core dump from queries using functional indexes.column_expression.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper select a.index_name='PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL' and a. select index_name.a.dba_ind_columns b where b. Inc. 19 .peoplesoft.com/psdb. All rights reserved.column_position from dba_ind_expressions where index_name='PS_GL_ACCOUNT_TBL'. We suggested that you go to the following link http://www4.b.index_type.index_name=b.

7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 6 . The following section gives some guidelines to follow to use the bind variables. The only way to tell the application engine program to send the bind variables is by specifying the Re-Used flag for that statement that needs to use the bind variable.1.10000001 UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = %Sql(PC_COM_LIT_CHAR. The number of hard parses can be identified in a PeopleSoft Application Engine trace (128). This is referred to as a hard parse and is very expensive in both in terms of CPU used and in the number of latch gets performed. USE OF BIND VARIABLES The number of hard parses can be reduced to ‘one. the database looks for an exact match of the SQL statement while parsing. there are some steps in AE processes that are not using bind variables. When the statement is passed to the database it sends the statement with literal values. SQR.BL6100. In some situations. and COBOL have been rewritten to address this issue.Cursor Sharing When a SQL statement that does not exist in the shared pool is executed. Inc. but these variables are just PeopleSoft specific.10000001. Hard parsing happens when the Oracle server parses a query and cannot find an exact match for the query in the library cache. This occurs due to inefficient sharing of SQL statements and can be improved by using bind variables instead of literal in queries.’ per multiple executes of the same SQL statement by coding the statement with bind variables instead of literals.1 In Oracle Trace output such statements are shown as individual statements and each statement parses once. Oracle has to allocate memory for the statement from the shared pool. All rights reserved.S C o m p i l e Count Time 252 0. such statements can typically be made to use bind variables.%NEXT(LAST_RESOURCE_ID). etc. That means. Oracle introduced this new parameter CURSOR_SHARING as of Oracle8i.5 F e t c h Count Time 0 0. As Oracle deals with bind variables efficiently. Setting the CURSOR_SHARING value at the instance level is not recommended in a PeopleSoft environment. it is recommended that the Reuse Flag be set to “Yes” for all program steps. it has to be parsed fully. Most of the PeopleSoft programs written in Application Engine. Application Engine . By default its values is set to EXACT.20) WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = %ProcessInstance © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. This happens when certain kinds of statements cannot handle bind variables in some platforms. The following is an example of of the AE trace(128): SQL Statement BL6100. Example: Statement in PC_PRICING.6 E x e c u t e Count Time 252 1.Reuse Flag PeopleSoft Application Engine programs use bind variables in the SQL statements. If any customizations are performed. check the statement syntactically and semantically. Some times hard parsing causes excessive CPU usage. 20 .0 Total Time 2. Relying on Oracle trace output to identify the SQL that are hard parsed due to literal instead of bind variables is somewhat difficult.20.

0 Time 2.(PC_PRICING..-----Parse 1 Execute 1 Fetch 0 ------..01 0.1 Oracle Trace Output ******************************************************************************** UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = 10000561 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 419 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = 'US004' AND PROJECT_ID = 'PRICINGA1021' AND ACTIVITY_ID = 'ACTIVITYA2042' AND RESOURCE_ID = 'VUS004VA10210124050' AND LINE_NO = 1 call count ------.6 E x e c u t e Count 252 Time 1...00 0 0 0 0.-----total 2 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.S Count 252 Time 0.46..01 0 2 5 rows ---------0 1 0 ---------1 Misses in library cache during parse: 1 Optimizer goal: CHOOSE Parsing user id: 21 (PROJ84) Rows ------1 2 Rows ------0 1 Row Source Operation --------------------------------------------------UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO INDEX RANGE SCAN (object id 16735) Execution Plan --------------------------------------------------UPDATE STATEMENT GOAL: CHOOSE UPDATE OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.5 F e t c h Count 0 Time 0.01 0.---------0.00 0.BL6100.---------.01 0 2 5 0.10000001.---------0. Inc.00 0 0 0 -------.---------.---------.00 0.---------.7/27/2011 AND AND AND AND AND BUSINESS_UNIT = %Bind(BUSINESS_UNIT) PROJECT_ID = %Bind(PROJECT_ID) ACTIVITY_ID = %Bind(ACTIVITY_ID) RESOURCE_ID = %Bind(RESOURCE_ID) LINE_NO = %Bind(LINE_NO) PeopleSoft Red Paper Statement without Re-Use flag: AE Trace -.Row(s) affected: 1 C o m p i l e Total SQL Statement BL6100.00 .---------. All rights reserved.16.10000001) (SQL) UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = 10000498 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 419 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = 'US004' AND PROJECT_ID = 'PRICINGA1' AND ACTIVITY_ID = 'ACTIVITYA1' AND RESOURCE_ID = 'VUS004VA10114050' AND LINE_NO = 1 / -. 21 .---------.

7/27/2011 2 PeopleSoft Red Paper INDEX GOAL: ANALYZED (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' (UNIQUE) ******************************************************************************** You will see 252 different sqls in the tkprof similar to the one above.10000001) (SQL) UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = :1 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 420 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = :2 AND PROJECT_ID = :3 AND ACTIVITY_ID = :4 AND RESOURCE_ID = :5 AND LINE_NO = :6 / -.22 0 509 1284 0.0 Time 0.0 E x e c u t e Count 252 Time 0..S Count 1 Time 0.---------0.00 0..---------.---------0.-----Parse 1 Execute 252 Fetch 0 ------.Row(s) affected: 1 C o m p i l e Total SQL Statement BL6100.00 0..(PC_PRICING.---------.57 .16.---------. 22 .57.00 0 0 0 -------.22 0 509 1284 rows ---------0 252 0 ---------252 Misses in library cache during parse: 1 Optimizer goal: CHOOSE Parsing user id: 21 (PROJ84) Rows Row Source Operation © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.4 F e t c h Count 0 Time 0. Statement with Re-Use flag: AE Trace -. Inc.BL6100.22 0..---------.00 0 0 0 0. All rights reserved.4 Oracle Trace Output ******************************************************************************** UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO SET RESOURCE_ID = :1 WHERE PROCESS_INSTANCE = 420 AND BUSINESS_UNIT = :2 AND PROJECT_ID = :3 AND ACTIVITY_ID = :4 AND RESOURCE_ID = :5 AND LINE_NO = :6 call count ------.10000001.---------.-----total 253 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.Bind variables: -1) 10000751 -2) US004 -3) PRICINGA1 -4) ACTIVITYA1 -5) VUS004VA10114050 -6) 1 -.22 0.---------..

Every hard parse has some amount of performance overhead.RUNSTATUS != 7 AND NEW. If you identify the program (SQR/COBOL) that is not using the bind variables and need to force them to use the binds at the database level. If you are not willing to change the application program then implementing the session level command though a trigger to give you more flexibility.PRCSNAME = 'INS6000' ) BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET CURSOR_SHARING=FORCE'.7/27/2011 ------252 504 Rows ------0 252 504 --------------------------------------------------UPDATE PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO INDEX RANGE SCAN (object id 16735) PeopleSoft Red Paper Execution Plan --------------------------------------------------UPDATE STATEMENT GOAL: CHOOSE UPDATE OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' INDEX GOAL: ANALYZED (RANGE SCAN) OF 'PS_PC_RATE_RUN_TAO' (UNIQUE) ******************************************************************************** SQR/COBOL .BUSINESS_UNIT = 'US008' AND PZI. FROM PS_PHYSICAL_INV PI.580 total executes. Setting the value at the session level is more appropriate. END. 23 .) ORDER BY …. Minimizing them will boost the performance.035 unique combinations of BUSINESS_UNIT and INV_ITEM_ID and about 19. Above statement uses a literal values in the where clause there by causing a hard parse for each execute. Inc. NOT EXISTS (SELECT 'X' FROM PS_PICKZON_INV_VW PZI WHERE PZI. CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER MYDB. PS_STOR_LOC_INV SLI WHERE…………. the database looks for a similar statement excluding the literal values that are passed to the SQL statement. All rights reserved. If you find any programs that are not using bind variables and are not able to modify the code.RUNSTATUS = 7 AND OLD. Example: Sql Statement issued from SQR/COBOL program: SELECT ……….CURSOR_SHARING Most of the SQR and COBOL programs are written to use bind variables. Session Level (using trigger): Following sample trigger code can be used to implement the session level option. This statement gets executed for every combination of BUSINESS_UNIT and INV_ITEM_ID. / Note: Make sure to give ALTER SESSION privilege to MYDB to make this trigger work.SET_TRACE_INS6000 BEFORE UPDATE OF RUNSTATUS ON MYDB. With this setting.. As per the data composition used in this benchmark there were about 13.INV_ITEM_ID = 'PI000021' AND ……….PSPRCSRQST FOR EACH ROW WHEN ( NEW. then the CURSOR_SHARING option FORCE is useful. Oracle replaces the literal values with the system bind variables and treats them as single statement and parses once. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. then adding the ALTER SESSION command at the beginning of the program should be a better option..PRCSTYPE = 'SQR REPORT' AND NEW.

42 2. PS_STOR_LOC_INV SLI WHERE ………….85 47.---------.22 2957 1670933 568642 rows ---------0 78376 189454 ---------267830 Misses in library cache during parse: 64 Misses in library cache during execute: 1 OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call count ------. 24 .---------rows ---------- © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. All rights reserved.69 0 0 0 44.---------. Pros and Cons of CURSOR_SHARING By setting the above parameter at the session level the over all processing time reduced significantly.35 5.---------5.---------.08 4784 1699104 606446 rows ---------0 78376 189454 ---------267830 Misses in library cache during parse: 13190 Misses in library cache during execute: 1 OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call count ------.---------10.7/27/2011 Oracle TKPROF Output with CURSOR_SHARING=FORCE PeopleSoft Red Paper SELECT ……… FROM PS_PHYSICAL_INV PI. Inc.---------.43 3027 1455101 235446 -------..---------.---------.---------.-----cpu elapsed disk query current -------.---------.93 102.---------197.47 43.---------.22 0 5577 235 2.06 0 49 1 2.54 0 1074 0 51.---------.-----Parse 27118 Execute 33788 Fetch 54988 ------.-----total 115894 cpu elapsed disk query current -------..---------15.BUSINESS_UNIT = :SYS_B_10 AND PZI.INV_ITEM_ID = :SYS_B_11 AND …….51 173 231362 333538 45.---------104.---------.21 9. NOT EXISTS (SELECT :SYS_B_09 FROM PS_PICKZON_INV_VW PZI WHERE PZI.02 43.57 1 97241 0 -------.09 50.---------.27 99.11 1757 242929 371000 47.---------.) ORDER BY ….---------.02 2784 1439571 235104 -------.---------98.---------. Over all statistics with no bind variables: OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL NON-RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call ------Parse Execute Fetch ------total count -----26389 404647 517618 -----948654 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.85 1 102867 236 rows ---------0 229 47621 ---------47850 Misses in library cache during parse: 65 Over all statistics with bind variables: OVERALL TOTALS FOR ALL NON-RECURSIVE STATEMENTS call ------Parse Execute Fetch ------total count -----26389 404647 517618 -----948654 cpu elapsed disk query current -------.---------.44 15.44 2.---------.---------.---------.---------..21 197.---------.

---------.00 0.10 0 0 0 0.01 0 1333 0 -------. All rights reserved.---------.08 0.7/27/2011 Parse 356 Execute 357 Fetch 667 ------.59 0 6901 228 PeopleSoft Red Paper 0 228 552 ---------780 Misses in library cache during parse: 1 From the above trace statistics. Inc.---------. 25 .---------0.48 0 5568 228 0.55 0. Original Timing 197 Sec Time with CURSOR_SHARING option 102 Sec %Gain 48% © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.-----total 1380 0.47 0. it can be seen that the number of library cache misses decreased with the use of bind variables.

Batch Server Selection Process Scheduler executes PeopleSoft batch processes.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 7 . Have a dedicated network connection between the batch server and the database to minimize the overhead. this TCP/IP can be a big overhead and may impact processing times. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. process scheduler (Batch Server) can be setup to run from database server or any other server. 26 . Inc. At the same time it does use the additional server memory. As per the PeopleSoft architecture. SCENARIO 2: PROCESS SCHEDULER AND DATABASE SERVER ON ONE BOX Scenario 2 SERVER2 Database Server / BatchServer Oracle DB Use Local Connection Process Scheduler Running the Process Scheduler on the database server will eliminate the TCP/IP overhead and improve the processing time. SCENARIO 1: PROCESS SCHEDULER AND DATABASE SERVER ON DIFFERENT BOXES Scenario 1 SERVER1 Process Scheduler Batch Server TCP/IP SERVER2 Oracle DB Database Server Running the Process Scheduler on a box other than the database server will use a TCP/IP connection to connect to the database. For the processes where majority of SQL statements are of set based. All rights reserved. the impact due to TCP/IP overhead may not be that big. The impact is more evident in a process where excessive row-by-row processing is done. As the batch process may involve extensive SQL processing.

cfg" to use the direct connection instead of TCP/IP UseLocalOracleDB=1 This kind of setup is useful for the programs that do excessive row-by-row processing. 27 .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Set the following value in the process scheduler configuration file "psprcs. All the CRITICAL jobs can be run using scenario 2. All rights reserved. the scenario 2 is recommended where the connection overhead is eliminated. All the Report jobs can be run using scenario 1. At the same time. Inc. WHAT IS THE RECOMMENDED SCENARIO? Considering the performance impact due to TCP/IP for the row-by-row processing. it may not be possible to run the extensive batch processes on the database server due to the limited availability of server resources. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. You could setup both scenarios in your environment and use a specific scenario depending on the time of the run and the complexity of the process. Make fair judgment depending on your environment and usage.

tracesql within the directory: /data2/ora/pt84803b/appserv/ORAVOL/LOGS Configuration Settings for Tracing an Online Process When setting the values for “TraceSQL” and “TracePC” within the application server’s configuration file. Make sure to reset the values back to “zero” (a. ONLINE PERFORMANCE ISSUES To debug performance issues within online pages.Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred.com. Bit Type of tracing . stop tracing) after capturing the needed trace files.SQL statements . Please refer to documentation for complete discussion. These recommends are typical but specific scenarios may require additional settings to capture needed details. The trace file will be written in the corresponding application server log directory on the machine where this application server is running.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Chapter 8 . commit and rollback . The following is basic recommendations that can assist in capturing various traces in order to identify performance issues.The value “TraceSQL” is to be set.SQL statement variables .All other API calls except ssb .k. An example name for the file might be: VP1_dhcp-psft-F-2nd-west-10-138-222-59.------------------------------------------------------------------------.a. “1984” is teh recommended value when tracing with “TracePC”. not data) .SQL statement variables © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 28 .Capturing Traces People Tools provides tracing facilities to capture online as wells as batch program flows. . disconnect. The following minimum settings are recommended within application server’s configuration file. SQL Tracing Bitfield .cfg . 1 .us. Oracle DBMS also provides utilities to capture traces for details on SQL execution during a database session. 2 . All rights reserved. the sum of the options requested become the values in which “TraceSQL” and “TracePC” is set. it is important to capture trace files for SQL and PeopleCode events. ----------------.SQL connect. Sample snippet from psappsrv. “31” is the recommended value when tracing with “TraceSQL”. Example for tracing SQL (TraceSQL): The following options are requested to be traced: 1 2 4 8 + 16 ==== 31 .oracle.SQL statements . Inc. Note: Running a production environment with any of theses settings may cause significant performance degradation due to the overhead introduced by tracing.

Sybase Bind information . 2048 . If tracing at the application server level is not adequate. 8 . You can also turn on the tracing for a user session by doing the followings: Login using your PIA URL appended with “&trace=y”: For example: PIA URL: http://pbnt0020:4090/psp/ps/?cmd=login Log on using the following: http://pbnt0020:4090/psp/ps/?cmd=login&trace=y You can set your trace settings from the page below before log in: © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.Set Select Buffers (identifies the attributes of columns .------------------------------------------------------------------------. 1024 . 256 . contact customer support for more assistance.Trace internal function calls .Manager information .Show assignments to variables . 8192 . to be selected). 8 . 32 .Database API specific calls . 2 . Dynamic change allowed for TraceSql and TraceSqlMask TraceSql=31 TraceSqlMask=12319 . 4 . commit and rollback . All rights reserved. 4 . 128 .All other API calls except ssb . This is mainly due to on-line sessions sharing of the database connections. 512 . Dynamic change allowed for TracePC and TracePCMask TracePC=1984 TracePCMask=4095 Note: It is extremely difficult to perform on-line tracing at the database level (especially on a production environment). 64 . 1 . 512 .Trace start of programs . not data) . 4096 .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper . a single web server session could use many different database connections. 64 . ----------------. . 256 .Sybase Fetch information . Inc.SQL connect. 16 .COBOL statement timings .Mapcore information .Trace entire program . 29 . PeopleCode Tracing Bitfield . disconnect. 16 . 128 .Trace external function calls . Bit Type of tracing .Show function return value .Show parameter values .Show fetched values .Trace each statement in program . .Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred. and as database connections are used.Show stack .List the program .

7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper APPLICATION ENGINE PERFORMANCE ISSUES Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Application Engine When tracing is enabled for AE programs. 16 .Trace Application SQL statements to AET file . Bit Type of tracing . . 4 .Timings Report to AET file © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. 128 .Trace STEP execution sequence to AET file .------------------------------------------------------------------------. 64 . Sample snippet from psprcs.AET The calculation for the “TraceAE” value is the same as for “TraceSQL” explained above.not yet allocated . 32 . Inc. AE Tracing Bitfield .not yet allocated . ----------------.not yet allocated .cfg . 2 . All rights reserved. 30 . the trace directory created for “FS_BP” process might be “AE_FS_BP_7233” containing file named “AE_FS_BP_7233.Trace Dedicated Temp Table Allocation to AET file . the process scheduler will create a subdirectory under “process scheduler/log/output” directory for each AE process. 8 . “135” is the recommended value when tracing with “TraceAE”. As an example. 1 .not yet allocated .

SQL connect.7/27/2011 . 16 .SQL Informational Trace .Trace Evaluator instructions (not recommended) . Setting value in AE trace section of process scheduler configuration file. 512 . 2048 . 8 . 128 . ----------------. 2048 .Show parameter values .List Evaluator program (not recommended) . 2 .Trace external function calls .cfg .SQL statements .Trace each statement in program (recommended) . 128 . Bit Type of tracing . 8 . 32 .Sybase Fetch information . 1024 . “31” is the recommended value when tracing with “TraceSQL”. not data) . 1024 . All rights reserved. disconnect. but is helpful when trying to debug procedural issues.Sybase Bind information . commit and rollback . 1 .Show function return value . 1 .Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred. 4 . ----------------. 2 .COBOL statement timings . 4096 TraceAE= 135 PeopleSoft Red Paper Method/BuiltIn detail instead of summary in AET Timings Report not yet allocated Timings Report to tables DB optimizer trace to file DB optimizer trace to tables If tracing PeopleCode steps with an AE program is necessary.SQL statement variables . Dynamic change allowed for TraceSql and TraceSqlMask TraceSQL=31 . 16 . 31 . Sample snippet from psprcs. “1984” is the recommended value when tracing with “TracePC”. 64 . 256 . Bit Type of tracing .Trace start of programs .Database API specific calls .Set Select Buffers (identifies the attributes of columns . .------------------------------------------------------------------------. 512 .Show stack . the following settings are needed within the process scheduler configuration file to capture both SQL and PeopleCode events during an execution PeopleCode tracing is not generally necessary. 256 .Show fetched values . A raw SQL trace file generated by this setting will be created within the “UDUMP” directory on the database server. to be selected). Inc. . 64 . 4 . SQL Tracing Bitfield .All other API calls except ssb . 1024 . PeopleCode Tracing Bitfield . 256 . Please remember to restore original configuration values after completing the trace.Show assignments to variables . © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Dynamic change allowed for TracePC TracePC=1984 Configuration Settings for Tracing an AE Process on the Database There are two ways to generate a database trace file for AE process: 1.Trace internal function calls . 512 .

Trace STEP execution sequence to AET file . process name. Inc.PSPRCSRQST FOR EACH ROW WHEN ( NEW. 64 .not yet allocated . CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER MYDB. ----------------. 1024 . EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE = UNLIMITED'.prcsname = 'PO_PO_CALC' ) BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TIMED_STATISTICS = TRUE'. For example. The raw trace will be used as input to the “tkprof” database utility to generate a formatted trace report. If this information is needed. 16 . 512 . and tracefile identifier. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.Trace Application SQL statements to AET file . All rights reserved.not yet allocated .------------------------------------------------------------------------.not yet allocated . The calculation for the “TraceAE” value is the same as for “TraceSQL” explained above. 256 . 2048 . 4 . 128 .Timings Report to tables . 4096 . END. Sample snippet from psprcs.runstatus = 7 AND OLD.not yet allocated . Bit Type of tracing . 8 . “2183” is the recommended value when using this method. A trigger is created to start SQL tracing on the database side for an AE process with customized trace settings.DB optimizer trace to tables TraceAE=2183 Note: This setting does not provide wait events and bind variable information.prcstype = 'Application Engine' AND NEW.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper The raw trace file will contain details of each SQL statement that was executed on the database including its runtime execution plan. AE Tracing Bitfield .runstatus != 7 AND NEW.SET_TRACE_POCALC BEFORE UPDATE OF RUNSTATUS ON MYDB. . to generate trace for an AE process PO_PO_CALC the following trigger needs to be created. Generally Level 12 trace is useful to identify SQL performance problems and this captures wait and bind information for all SQL.Timings Report to AET file . 32 . 2 .Method/BuiltIn detail instead of summary in AET Timings Report . / Modify the trigger creation command with the proper values for database name. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TRACEFILE_IDENTIFIER = ''POCALC'''. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS = ''10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER.Trace Dedicated Temp Table Allocation to AET file .DB optimizer trace to file . use the second method.not yet allocated . 32 .cfg . MYDB is the database name and SET_TRACE_POCALC is the trigger name. 1 . LEVEL 12'''. 2.

Set Select Buffers (identifies the attributes of columns . / ORACLE PERFORMANCE ISSUES © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. will help to debug performance issues. 8 . The following is an example trigger creation command for one a SQR report. disconnect. SQL Tracing Bitfield . 32 .runstatus != 7 AND NEW.PSPRCSRQST FOR EACH ROW WHEN ( NEW. All rights reserved. to be selected).fchcpu Note: Enabling tracing at the database instance level is never recommended.prscpu. 16 .SQL statement variables .Sybase Fetch information . along with database SQL trace. CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER MYDB. 1 .Row Fetch (indicates that it occurred. Inc. 33 . not data) .execpu. PeopleSoft Red Paper Once the raw database trace is captured. 4 .SET_TRACE_INS6000 BEFORE UPDATE OF RUNSTATUS ON MYDB. 128 .All other API calls except ssb .Database API specific calls .7/27/2011 Note: Drop or disable the trigger once the trace is captured.fchela.SQL Informational Trace . 1024 . END. Bit Type of tracing .runstatus = 7 AND OLD.Sybase Bind information . EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS = ''10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER. Dynamic change allowed for TraceSql and TraceSqlMask TraceSQL=128 SQR REPORTS PERFORMANCE ISSUES Creating a trigger is the only way to generate SQL trace file for SQR reports. LEVEL 12'''.SQL statements . 512 . ----------------.SQL connect. COBOL PERFORMANCE ISSUES The following settings are needed within the process scheduler’s configuration file to capture summary report information for a COBOL process. EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TRACEFILE_IDENTIFIER = ''INS6000'''.prcsname = 'INS6000' ) BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET TIMED_STATISTICS = TRUE'. . EXECUTE IMMEDIATE 'ALTER SESSION SET MAX_DUMP_FILE_SIZE = UNLIMITED'. . 2 . commit and rollback . 64 . execute the program “tkprof” with following sort options: tkprof <trace_input_file> <rpt_output_file> sys=no explain=<user_id>/<password> sort=exeela.prcstype = 'SQR REPORT' AND NEW.COBOL statement timings . 256 . This report.

History of the snapshots is retained for 7 days (by default) and usually does not occupy more than 300 MB within the SYSAUX tablespace. Use this link to do so: http://www4. The details of this utility are provided in Oracle Meta Link Note 215187. replacing the manual “STATSPACK” method in earlier versions. Change directory to : cd $ORACLE_HOME/Opatch c. Note: You can use RDA (Remote Diagnostic Agent) to collect the above informations. Issue the following command: opatch lsinventory • Logon to Customer Connection to make sure that all required minimum Patches are being applied. commit wait etc. sqltexplain utility is very useful and recommended. All rights reserved. Inc. please refer to Note:414970. Session history details showing top SQL taking time and resource. Note: We also document initialization paramaters that could impact performance in here.com/psdb.nsf/0/33440EC2DE7C886788257051005AEB72?OpenDocument Search for “Required Operating System. This information is very useful for solving performance issues and finding the database load at any point in time in the past. Network and Memory.ora.1. AUTOMATIC WORKLOAD REPOSITORY (AWR) Oracle 10g provides an automatic database performance monitoring tool called AWR.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper The followings are needed when reporting Performance issues in Oracle database to PeopleSoft Global Support Center: 1. Operating system metrics of CPU . RDBMS & Third Party Product Patches Required for Installation” Select the Tools Release that you are on. more room may be needed. Send us a copy of your init. Log on to DB server b. 3. lock wait.ora or spfile. Disk. The various metrics collected by AWR include: 1. Confirm that our required minimum patches are installed: • Generate a Patch Inventory list: a. 34 . © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. AWR automatically generates snapshots of the performance data once every hour (by default) and collects the statistics in the workload repository. 2. For instructions how to run RDA. It is highly recommended to keep this AWR running with default frequency. Wait events such as Disk I/O wait.SQL” For enhanced Explain Plan and diagnostic info for one SQL statement. 2. If the system has an average of more than 10 active concurrent sessions. Database initialization parameter “STATISTICS_LEVEL” must be set to “TYPICAL” or “ALL” (“TYPICAL” is the default) and the parameter “TIMED_STATISTICS” must be set to “TRUE” to allow the database to populate the workload repository properly. Network wait.peoplesoft.1 in Oracle Metalink GENERATING EXPLAIN PLAN FOR SQL USING “SQLTEXPLAIN.

Enter value for begin_snap : Enter value for end_snap: 5. Enter value for report_type: html 3.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Generating a HTML or Text AWR Report: To generate an HTML or text AWR report: 1. The response time analysis consists of finding out where time is being spent in a database. Enter value for num_days: 2 4. Enter a output report name or accept the default name: Enter value for report_name: Using the report name awrrpt_1_150_160 6. it is less likely that investigating Wait Events will produce significant savings in response time. If there is need to diagnose a particularly specific issue. In situations where CPU usage is much more significant than Wait Time. Typically. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. a snapshot can be manually created just prior and then again just after executing a questionable program. A list displaying the snapshot id and time the snapshot was generated will display. With such a list one can quickly identify the main areas to focus on. Enter the beginning and ending snapshot ID for the AWR report.sql script from within SQL*Plus and logged in with a user having the DBA role: @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/awrrpt. The AWR report will be generated. Example of manually creating a snapshot via SQL*Plus: BEGIN DBMS_WORKLOAD_REPOSITORY. and “Wait time” is the sum of all the Wait events in the database.sql 2. The most important part of the AWR report is the Top 5 Timed Events section. it is recommended to compare the time taken by the top 5 timed events and direct the tuning effort to the biggest consumers.CREATE_SNAPSHOT (). the database tuning activity is triggered by users complaining about response time of a transaction or a Batch job. Specify the number of previous day’s snapshots are to be listed. First. The response time of a given transaction in the database always consists of the following two parts: Response Time = Service Time + Wait Time Where “Service Time” is CPU consumption by the database. Run the awrrpt. 35 . / AWR report analysis: Most of the time. Inc. All rights reserved. this is not necessary.Therefore. END. specify whether a HTML or a text report is wanted.

658 8. one will need to look at the Sql Statistics section to look for problem sql’s (such as sql that have high Gets.37 0.02 0.336 28.883 10. To drill further into the details of the CPU consumption.19 92.71 2.16 0. 36 . Time Model Statistics Statistic Name DB CPU sql execute elapsed time parse time elapsed hard parse elapsed time failed parse elapsed time connection management call elapsed time hard parse (sharing criteria) elapsed time PL/SQL execution elapsed time sequence load elapsed time repeated bind elapsed time DB time background elapsed time background cpu time Time (s) 114.. high physical Reads..01 0. one needs to look at the Time Model Statistics section. 59% of the total DB CPU is spent in sql execute elapsed time.67 3.00 134.12 0.20 59.284 Waits Time(s) 114 26 12 9 9 12 5 1 0 Avg Wait(ms) % Total Call Time 75.01 0.05 0.5 User I/O 1.59 0. High Parse.40 1.2 13.54 1.67 % of DB Time 75.79 0. the system is CPU bound with 75.4 System I/O 1.92 11.00 From the above.2% of the processing time being spent in CPU.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper For example: Top 5 Timed Events Event CPU time db file sequential read db file scattered read log file parallel write control file sequential read 4.3 System I/O Wait Class After a glance at the above.33 8.4 User I/O 8.07 0.65 31. Inc.02 66. All rights reserved.) SQL STATISTICS: © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.

SQL Ordered by Parse Calls: These SQLs experienced a high number of reparsing operations.839 %Time -outs 0.00 0.658 8.336 28.00 Total Wait Time (s) 26 12 9 9 8 6 Avg wait (ms) 12 5 1 0 1 1 Waits /txn 1.D. more blocks than necessary could be being visited if the index is unselective. D then we can export the table data in order by B. a. .7/27/2011 • • • • • • • PeopleSoft Red Paper SQL Ordered by Elapsed Time: Includes SQL statements that took significant execution time during processing.02 1. SQL Ordered by Gets: These SQLs performed a high number of logical reads while retrieving data. In this case. If Index Range scans are involved.22 The followings are the most common wait events found in Oracle database: The most common I/O related wait events is “db file sequential read”.00 0.74 1. C & D and the index is on B. if the table has columns A.16 3. By creating a more selective index. 37 © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.00 0. B. SQL Ordered by Reads: These SQLs performed a high number of physical disk reads while retrieving data. c.547 10. Inc.00 0. It occurred on single block read for index data or table data accessed through an index.284 6.00 0. If indexes are fragmented. b. By rebuilding the table with its rows sorted by the particular index columns we can reduce the Clustering Factor and hence the number of table data blocks that we have to visit for each index block. Wait Events Event db file sequential read db file scattered read log file parallel write control file sequential read db file parallel write control file parallel write Waits 4. Generate the explain plan of the sql statements. If the index being used has a large Clustering Factor. one should go to Wait Events Statistics section. and reload the table. All rights reserved. we can access the same table data by visiting fewer index blocks (and doing fewer physical I/Os). SQL Ordered by CPU Time: Includes SQL statements that consumed significant CPU time during its processing.00 1.18 0. To get the details of wait events. If this wait event is high then tune it as followed: 1. then more table data blocks have to be visited in order to get the rows in each Index block. Find the Top SQL statements with Physical Reads in SQL ordered by Reads section. SQL Ordered by Version Count: These SQLs have a large number of versions in shared pool for some reason. rebuilding the index will compact its contents into fewer blocks.883 10. SQL Ordered by Sharable Memory: Includes SQL statements cursors which consumed a large amount of SGA shared pool memory. For example. again we have to visit more blocks because there is less index data per block.

as well as on SESSION-LEVEL. Another common I/O related wait event is “db file scattered read”. Automatic Shared Memory Management (ASMM) feature is introduced to automatically determine the size of Database buffer cache (default pool). Because the parameter is expressed in blocks. It is enabled with the initialization parameter COMMIT_WRITE to change the commit behaviour on SYSTEM. In this case. “log file parallel write”. To read more about this feature. If there is no particular SQL statement with bad execution plan. Possible solutions can be: • • Reduce the number of controlfile copies to the minimum that ensures that not all copies can be lost at the same time.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper 2. then one of the following may be happening: a. Inc. If systemwide waits for this wait event are significant then this either indicates numerous writes to the controlfile (too many control files copies). looking at the File I/O Statistics section of the AWR report will help us find such hot disks and spread out the I/O by manually moving datafiles to other storage or by making use of Striping. there is a need to examine some other wait events such as “LGWR wait for redo copy”. This value is platform-dependent and is 1MB for most platforms. please refer to this metalink Note 257643. The details of this wait is reported in Background Wait Events section. It occurs when multiblock reads from disk are performed into non-contiguous buffers in the Buffer Cache. Another popular wait event is “log file sync”. RAID and other technologies to automatically perform I/O load balancing for us. Some general tuning tips for this wait event are: • • Move all the log members to high speed disks Move log members to low I/O activities disk controllers Starting with Oracle 10gR2.These typically happen for Full Table Scans and for Fast Full Index scans. 38 . Enable asynchronous I/O or move the controlfiles to less I/O saturated disks. 3. Another common I/O related wait event is “control file parallel write'” It occurs when Oracle is writing physical blocks to all controlfiles and is waiting for the IO/s to complete. It occurs when a user session issues a COMMIT and is waiting for LGWR to finish flushing all redo from the log buffer to disk. the initialization parameter DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT is now automatically tuned to use a default value when this parameter is not set explicitly. Such reads are issued for up to the number of blocks specified by this parameter DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT at a time.1. please refer to Metalink Note 336119. In cases where such multiblock scans are necessary. This default value corresponds to the maximum I/O size that can be performed efficiently. “log file single write” and the redo statistics. In Oracle Database 10g. Shared pool.1. To understand what is delaying the log file sync. All rights reserved. it is possible to tune the size of multiblock I/Os issued by Oracle by setting the instance parameter DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT to be as below: DB_BLOCK_SIZE x DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT = max_io_size of system Starting with Oracle10g Release 2. Oracle introduces an Asynchronous Commit. it will be set to a value that is equal to the maximum I/O size that can be performed efficiently divided by the standard block size.Large pool and Java pool by setting the parameter SGA_TARGET. or slow performance of writes to the controlfiles. If this wait event is high then the Top SQL statements with Physical Reads in SQL ordered by Reads section can be investigated to see if their execution plans contain Full Table or Fast Full Index scans. For more details about ASMM. If there is no SQL with suboptimal execution plans and I/O is evenly spread out with similar response times from all disks then a larger Buffer Cache may help. I/Os on particular datafiles may be being serviced slower due to excessive activity on their disks. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.

1 Checkpoint Tuning and Troubleshooting Guide Note 76713. 39 .ora Parameter "DB_FILE_DIRECT_IO_COUNT" Reference Note Note 45042. In addition. On the other hand. the proportion of CPU time to WAIT time always tends to decrease as load on the system increases. A steep increase in wait times is a sign of contention and need to be addressed for good scalability.1 Archiver Best Practices Note 62172.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper As a general rule. systems where CPU time is dominant usually need less tuning than the ones where wait time is dominant.1 I/O Tuning with Different RAID Configurations Note 30712. A snapshot of the database workload taken periodically throughout the day is necessary to detect such performance issues.1 Understanding and Tuning Buffer Cache and DBWR Note 147468.1 Init. All rights reserved. heavy CPU usage could be caused by poor Sql access paths or badly written SQL so one should not neglect it.1 Multiple Buffer Pools © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.1 Init. Note 190124. Inc.1 8i Parameters that Influence Checkpoints Note 76374. Below is a list of metalink reference notes that can useful for database tuning.6 WHAT IS THE DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT PARAMETER? Note 47324.1 THE COE PERFORMANCE METHOD Note 30286.ora Parameter "DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT" Reference Note Note 1037322.

0). **/ DECLARE lot_ObjectsNeedingStats dbms_stats. lvc_tableowner lvc_tablename lvc_PSRecordName lint_tmp lb_IsTempTable sql_stmt VARCHAR2(30). ** ** Please note: ** For this script to function properly. It then will generate the appropriate update statistics command for regular table and indexes while skipping PS temp tables and indexes. NUMBER(2. while not ** generating statistics for PeopleSoft "temporary" tables and indexes. This script directly accesses: ** DBA_INDEXES ** DBMS_STATS ** All the table/index objects within all the schemas in the database. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. All rights reserved.objecttab. ** ** Purpose: ** To generate statistics on all non-system schema table and index objects ** that are considered by the database to be stale and/or missing. **/ /** ** Flush Monitoring info ** ** This forces the database to "flush" the modification data ** so that dbms_stats can tell whether the stats are stale. It may require changes and modifications to suit your need. the executing user ** may need the DBA role. VARCHAR2(2000). SET SERVEROUTPUT ON SIZE UNLIMITED SET LINESIZE 1000 SET PAGESIZE 10000 /** ** Oracle USA. BEGIN /** ** Delete Old Status Info here ** ** If an external table is used to hold the log ** of the executions. 40 . VARCHAR2(30). lts_StartTime TIMESTAMP(2). ** Date: 16-Jan-2007 ** ** Format: SQL*Plus (10g) DBA script. Inc. VARCHAR2(30). ** ** Other rights may also be needed. Inc.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix A – Sample script to gather statistics on tables The script is written based on the assumption that a PS temp table is defined in PSRECDEFN as having a rectype=7 and PS regular table is defined as having a rectype =0. BOOLEAN. truncate it here. lts_FinishTime TIMESTAMP(2).

'DBSNMP' ) THEN /** ** Non System object ** ** Determine whether this object is an "INDEX" or "TABLE" **/ IF lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). All rights reserved. Inc. /** ** Check to see if the record ** is a base temp table. FOR i IN NVL( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats. ** ** Example Table name = PS_TEMP_TAO **/ BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE sql_stmt INTO lint_tmp © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. PeopleSoft Red Paper /** ** Find all tables and indexes that have stale stats **/ DBMS_STATS.first.objtype = 'INDEX' THEN SELECT table_owner . ELSE lvc_tableowner := lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). /** Object Type checking **/ /** ** Trim off the default "PS_" from the table name if it exists **/ IF SUBSTR( lvc_tablename. 0 ) . END IF.'CTXSYS' .ownname.table_name INTO lvc_tableowner . **/ DBMS_STATS.last. /** rectype = 7 denotes a PeopleSoft temp table **/ sql_stmt := 'SELECT 1 FROM ' || lvc_tableowner || '.GATHER_DATABASE_STATS ( cascade => TRUE .objname. 3 ) = 'PS_' THEN lvc_PSRecordName := SUBSTR( lvc_tablename.ownname AND index_name = lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).'SYSMAN' .objlist => lot_ObjectsNeedingStats ).lvc_tablename FROM dba_indexes WHERE 1 = 1 AND owner = lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). 1.PSRECDEFN WHERE recname = :b1 and rectype = 7'..'SYSTEM' .FLUSH_DATABASE_MONITORING_INFO. /** Strip "PS_" **/ /** Set the temp table trap **/ lb_IsTempTable := FALSE.ownname NOT IN ( 'SYS' . 41 . lvc_tablename := lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). NVL( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats.options => 'LIST AUTO' . 0 ) LOOP /** ** Filter out all the system objects **/ IF lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).objname.7/27/2011 ** Documentation says this is not needed. ELSE lvc_PSRecordName := lvc_tablename. 4 ). END IF. Doing it just in case.

PeopleSoft Red Paper EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN /** ** Record was not a base temp table ** ** Check if record is a single digit temp instance ** ** Example Table name = PS_TEMP_TAO1 **/ IF SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName. LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ).7/27/2011 USING lvc_PSRecordName. WHEN OTHERS THEN RAISE. -. /** Check 2nd last char for digit **/ WHEN OTHERS THEN RAISE. we found a record lb_IsTempTable := TRUE. LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ) . -. /** ** Do the Check **/ BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE sql_stmt INTO lint_tmp USING lvc_PSRecordName. END. All rights reserved.We have not found a temp table! NULL.1 ). END.1 ). 42 . 1.If we make it here. 1 ) BETWEEN '1' AND '9' THEN /** Remove the 2nd to last digit **/ lvc_PSRecordName := SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName. -. /** ** Do the Check **/ BEGIN EXECUTE IMMEDIATE sql_stmt INTO lint_tmp USING lvc_PSRecordName. EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN -. we found a record lb_IsTempTable := TRUE. we found a record lb_IsTempTable := TRUE. 1 ) BETWEEN '0' AND '9' THEN /** Remove the last digit **/ lvc_PSRecordName := SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName.If we make it here. Inc. ** ** Check if record is a double digit temp instance ** ** Example Table name = PS_TEMP_TAO26 **/ IF SUBSTR( lvc_PSRecordName. /** single digit dedicated temp table Check **/ © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. EXCEPTION WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN /** ** Record was not a single digit temp instance. 1. LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ) . LENGTH( lvc_PSRecordName ). /** 2 digit dedicated temp table Check **/ END IF.If we make it here.

----------------------.ownname || ''' .7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper END IF. '. ** Generate Stats **/ NULL.GATHER_INDEX_STATS( ownname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).----------------------. /** base temp table check**/ IF lb_IsTempTable = FALSE THEN lts_StartTime := SYSTIMESTAMP.indname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE .AUTO_DEGREE ). END. END. dbms_output.partname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). ELSE /** Unexpected error **/ RAISE.objtype ) || ' ' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).partname || ''' . ELSE /* PROCEDURE GATHER_TABLE_STATS Argument Name Type In/Out Default? -----------------------------.' ). Inc.degree => DBMS_STATS.ownname || '. END IF.' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).objtype = 'INDEX' THEN /* PROCEDURE GATHER_INDEX_STATS Argument Name Type In/Out Default? -----------------------------.-----. ** Treat as though it was not a temp table.-----.-------OWNNAME VARCHAR2 IN INDNAME VARCHAR2 IN PARTNAME VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT ESTIMATE_PERCENT NUMBER IN DEFAULT STATTAB VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATID VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATOWN VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT DEGREE NUMBER IN DEFAULT GRANULARITY VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT NO_INVALIDATE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT STATTYPE VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT FORCE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT */ EXECUTE IMMEDIATE ' BEGIN DBMS_STATS.objname || ''' . 43 . IF lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).objname || '.put_line( 'Generating stats on ' || LOWER( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). All rights reserved. /** Checking last digit **/ WHEN OTHERS THEN IF SQLCODE = -942 THEN /** table or view does not exist **/ /** Non PeopleSoft Table/Index found.-------OWNNAME VARCHAR2 IN TABNAME VARCHAR2 IN PARTNAME VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT ESTIMATE_PERCENT NUMBER IN DEFAULT BLOCK_SAMPLE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT METHOD_OPT VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT DEGREE NUMBER IN DEFAULT GRANULARITY VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT CASCADE BOOLEAN IN DEFAULT STATTAB VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATID VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT STATOWN VARCHAR2 IN DEFAULT © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.

END IF.objname || '. **/ ELSE dbms_output. / © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. ** ** If so inclined.' ). /** Gen Stats **/ /** ** Insert status info ** ** If so inclined ** COMMIT. /** Object stale stats loop **/ END. **/ END IF.ownname || '.GATHER_TABLE_STATS( ownname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). END IF.method_opt => ''FOR ALL COLUMNS SIZE AUTO'' . Inc. /** System object filter **/ END LOOP. END.tabname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ). '.partname || ''' .degree => DBMS_STATS.estimate_percent => DBMS_STATS.7/27/2011 NO_INVALIDATE STATTYPE FORCE */ BOOLEAN VARCHAR2 BOOLEAN IN IN IN DEFAULT DEFAULT DEFAULT PeopleSoft Red Paper EXECUTE IMMEDIATE ' BEGIN DBMS_STATS. lts_FinishTime := SYSTIMESTAMP.ownname || ''' . /** ** Create status string here.partname => ''' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).AUTO_SAMPLE_SIZE .put_line( 'NOT Generating stats on temp ' || LOWER( lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).objname || ''' .AUTO_DEGREE . All rights reserved. 44 .objtype ) || ' ' || lot_ObjectsNeedingStats( i ).cascade => FALSE ).block_sample => FALSE .

CUSTOMER VALIDATION PeopleSoft is working with PeopleSoft customers to get feedback and validation on this document.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix B – Validation and Feedback This section documents that real-world validation that this Red Paper has received. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Inc. All rights reserved. Additional lessons learned from field experience will be posted here. Lessons learned from these customer experiences will be posted here. 45 . FIELD VALIDATION PeopleSoft Consulting has provided feedback and validation on this document.

Inc.com © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.com/oramag/ 3. http://www.oracle. http://metalink.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix C .oracle.Oracle Tuning chapter 2. All rights reserved. Peoplesoft Installation Guide .References 1. 46 .

Senior Manager. and developer. Consulting Performance Engineer 10+ years of experience with PeopleSoft applications tuning. Michelle Lam. Worked on SCM applications tuning within Performance & Benchmarks group. Principal Performance Engineer Reviewers The following people reviewed this Red Paper: • • • Revision History 1. 02/29/2007: Peoplesoft Enterpise Performance on Oracle 10g Database Jan 2007 Author: Jayagopal Theranikal Contributing Authors: Rama Tiruveedhula © Copyright © 2006 Oracle. Inc. 2. development DBA. 2+ years experience with PeopleSoft applications tuning. Rama Tiruveedhula.7/27/2011 PeopleSoft Red Paper Appendix D – Revision History Authors Jayagopal Theranikal. Worked on Fusion/Enterprise applications architecture within Performance & Benchmarks group. and 12 years of Oracle database experience. Principal Performance Engineer Lawrence Schapker. 47 . All rights reserved. Glenn Low. 02/01/2007: Created document. Principal Performance Engineer 15 years of Oracle database experience as a production DBA. Worked on SCM application tuning and benchmarks in Performance & Benchmarks group. systems engineer. Application Performance Having more than 15 years of Oracle database experience and more than 6 years of Peoplesoft Application tuning experience.

7200 oracle. Oracle. This document is not warranted to be error-free. All rights reserved. Oracle. PeopleSoft Red Paper Worldwide Inquiries: Phone: +1. This document may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means.650. All rights reserved.S.A. Inc. and Siebel are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates.com Copyright © 2006. 48 . for any purpose. whether expressed orally or implied in law. This document is provided for information purposes only and the contents hereof are subject to change without notice. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. including implied warranties and conditions of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. PeopleSoft.506.506. We specifically disclaim any liability with respect to this document and no contractual obligations are formed either directly or indirectly by this document. © Copyright © 2006 Oracle.7/27/2011 Oracle Corporation World Headquarters 500 Oracle Parkway Redwood Shores.7000 Fax: +1. CA 94065 U. nor subject to any other warranties or conditions.650. JD Edwards. without our prior written permission. electronic or mechanical.

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