/ .

. ~r ~kN~1~ I. dh'}

,. I I I .. \

I Affinity Groups .. / The nC~i:II1i1 riA

\ -l ,j II

Non-Vio,enre I -....:c-.,_..... . IBa~nWell!, S,C •..

. n~.~,+J.J I il/ / I

,(Se.pt.29-JO [, Oct. 1)



Radioactivist Handbook

-TaJtQ NkLmTf for till? rIOU'Dz,,'ence trainers affinity group


This Radicactivisr Handbook is the child of" group of 1"001"1. 'rJ)ho came togelher in Barnwell, South Corbli". on July.2 and 3. 1979'. in order to tra/" each other in the ways of consensU5, nonviolence, and direct /.3CHDI'l against (he rlw;:lElJr fuel reprocessDr that is located Near that community. It is the third edition of the Handbook cmd is designed with a somewhat differe~ll intent thAn. were the p'rst. We wanted to provide a well-rounded resoarca for learning about the D'Yfti-n-udear maoement ifl the Southeast - why it's such 4 cruLial target - nonviole'lce. and the forI/learning Barmuelt ll action.

Twelu~ people came together"Owo were women) in thlS group fol' tmining and discussion, and were given (fIe task of prodf..lciJ1g a manual for tile Southeastern Natural Guard and: others to use irt iniorming peopl~ abolJ.! the topics of COllSi?t1S:U5. afftrlity groups, t1Qrmtolence, a.nd dinzct acticm.1lS well AS ~ historical, Irgal and logistical perspeciine of the upcoming aclion in the fall of 1979.

There have been ma.n.y other cmti-nudeRr energy direct action handbooks pr~ducl'!d in ~cerrt years as ~11e rHUP1C"" of dE'mo~straaO~lS hr;mi! grown, Mcsr of the ones we'ue seen fU:n1P been e.;r.ceUent sources of [P'lforfflatil:H1 iDMg after tT11? particular action they were created for had passed. MQst notably, Wi' thank tlu~

Photo at right .... Washington, May 6, 1979.

Looking down the mall from the Capitol steps.

Seabrook '78 Handbook for Occupation/Restoration, alla tile Black Fox Oecupadon Handbook O'une 2, 1979). They off.ered a w~alt'l of irtformatib'l about civil aisobedienr:~ preparatjoH, non-tJioJenr.~~ C01'lsensu.s, and the haL,artis of "uclear power. from w/,icl, we borrowed freely. But it is difficult to find these fWIdbooks new. Hopefully, b!l staying in touch with the Southei15lem N"h.lr.1 Guard readers wJIO would Uke to acquire copies of ~hjs book will bE able to,


Th. Ra.dioactivist Handbook is designed 10 provide read e rs wilh clarity and org"niz~tjort of tlte maleril:ll found within, The first purt of thi.s t'Mtlmu:zl de~Is wl~th tllf! large topics of Non-uiolence. Affin.i'ly GroUp5, NOP2vioJeHce Traitdng. The second part explores the particulars of the Bamwelf. 50l~tll CQrolinn llf.lc1e~r situation. In the selemd section, you will firr.d legal arid logi5tit::al i"fonnatlo~1 ~bGJut purlkipatirlg tn, the Ban1well}/ action, also.

The section of ['r:g:_h t:hapltr printed in Italics are topical otlC'l"1liews of the subjecl, Thu se,"01Jl:i section of each chapter. in Roman reUe'S, is the brass tacks section, And tlie tMrd. {I"Z boldface type, is the re.sourI;1?5 Jist of comprehe~1.5itJe resources for injormCifimr related to thE' topic so thl!: reader may study further and gain a greaferunderstanding.

ne second ),alf of til. Handbook, tile Barnwell II actio" section, is pn"nl,a as on. IOJ1S, cotlrleded chapter which fJows from .:I m'ew of B«mweU lu"tf.o~15 to t}1e particular preparations demonstrators 11I11$t be aware of in order to partidpAte ,afely and .ffer;tively ill BarnurellH,


" As of O~E printing of alis 1I1arr1.Jol (late July. 1979). only n glmcrai scenario is blOwn, It appears near the end of the numlml. TIle SOUO!Emsteni Natural Guard wil! be priNting Q Supplement to this il'l earTy September thRt will C011tuil1 ITIf' refined scenan"o Clnd wilJ distribute it to those who l!iH~i!r rl!ques~ it Or' "W~IO hj:lve berm lr-ained by SE nonviolence tmiru?rs. Please inquire abQ.ul I'his to ~ I 5out/leaslem Natural Guard, P.O. Box 1065, Barnwell, South Corolina, 29812, Trley willie! you know it tl, ere i5 a charge for tile Suppl.merll.

Table of Contents

Resolution Ior a Nuclear Moratorium 2

Bio. and Credi'. 2


OvervlOW 3

Responses to Violence 4.

Nonviolent Responses \0 Personal ViolenCE 4

Nonviolence Culdehnes and Preparation S

Reseurees 5


Overview 6

Affinity Croups 6

Tips for Good Mooting' 7

Consensus 7

Nonviolence Traming fcr Affinity GI;-ClUpS 8

Resources 8


Barnwell: Hear, oi the a., as , 9

The Last Resort: Nonviolent Direct Action in S.W. 10

Legal Perspectives 11

Legal Update 11.

Site Logistics (Thing. You Ought to Know) ll·14

Maps 13

Medical Information for those participating in CD 14

Tentative Sceeanc 15


w: RWOiolutiou for a Nuclear Morllwriam.

This reso/l,Jtion WBS passed by r.hB Consumer Cooperative AlljlJnC8~s general ssslImbly on June ,23, '19'79. CCA 1$ 8: contillental (u.s. lmd Canada) COop61'utive allialice, and now fDrmaJiy endorses II nuclfiar momtorium.

WHEREAS the Consumer Cooperauve AIII~mce represents Ihe mterests of consumer grO~IPs I'hraug'hou~ Canada and me Willed States, and,

WHEREAS the cor surner j5 forced to pay nigher E'leClrlca rates oeceuse nucleat-qeneratad elecmcrtv IS the most expensive form of energy when all costs. Including Insurance, oecomonssrcrooq, and deccruarrunatmn or nuclear powe. plants me taken mto account; and,

\lVHEREAS the consumer would save mooey dlr ctly through a vlgorolJs proqrarn of ~onservaljr;:m. and Iurther , (hat such 0 proqrarn would etirmnate the need lor nuclear ·generaled electnmtv, and,

WHEREAS the consumer IS forced to pay In her/hrs texes for the nuclear mousuv's insurance through the Price-Anderson Act lm Ihe US), and further, that 1hB consumer's awn Insurance \IV111 not cover. U1 mas I cases, damages caused by nuclear orsasters, and,

WHEREAS Ihe consumer IS farced to pay Ihmugh her/his taxes IOf nuclear weapons, whlcl, are mextncabtv lied 10 nuclear power; and,

WHEREAS the consumer IS forced 10. pay through her/his taxes lor government-sponsored Research and Development In the area af nuclear e",ergy~ which benetus the nuclear rndusrrv solely and In no way benefits t e consumerl'taxpayerwho pevs tor R&D In the tuat place: and.


phocobr John BlICkiBy

FMNK SARNOWSKI i~ iIUl Arrnll (;.',,"1' 'wllil bo!'t:'amll! directly IIcqu.ailTt~ wilior pt"Il' pe-f·Wilt:fl.'M-' on Amr:ric':.:t11 life. er "11 ~rly ~e. H~ Shu/I'M "Mn'ne ~4'ftn for Q tjfJ14l a.l JM Uriic:miryoJ South CarQlma. Ht" truil1ing in comffllDliry wo,k- indu.t:Ja a sttn! a/ lhQ: AC.O.R.N Stll()()1 in Ar~GrulU. urld interned l,iii,1t tht! Grol.lS ,Ra.ol,s O"l"oIIl'1itin:8 WOI""!t."tOP (CROW) 1fT Columbia, South CAroU"a, qnQ a ~r 011 till! ~taff 01 P"}I'I'UttI,, Alli/.ln~. HI! ~ b~rn ~f~d wit" Ih¥- 8arn~Jl Prof«r d"~ fat# 1918, iJlfd 15 C'WTI!n1Jy Sp~cfa! Prujeds CuwdlrrQlor for Sourlt2tut.r;n .Niilt,ura!GLI,:znf

WHEREAS nuclear power has sanoos unresolved problems [hat pose a grave threat 10 the health and well ,being of consumers (Indeed, 10 all lite Iorrns): and tunher, rhal the (3dloactrve waste dlspo5al problems amounts to an mvolurrtarv, lonq-tarm mortgage on the health and well-be,ng 01 future general'lons; arid.

L££ MANCHESTER's fi131 "prlidp~71itJn In tllll tlrIti"nuciwu m011l!'!I"I~t eUmJ! through th,. m/lllem:,. (lJ Ph1f!ip &rriSolIl of JONah HouR f&r/fimrm~) -'II'td On.u!.wr P~ac~mft_k,fI,'s. 011 PiIl$bllTgh Or'g'A71iz..G1tion, !ocvsI,.g ~" Ril"r::kwtU 11IUtmQtil:'l'U2/"' neutron /'amb deUEI(JplII~rH program He worhd IU .II IrQinv for thr. &mrwcrl J Action In ~y of J97~, and 1uu atll!MDf! orgatliziFl! b .. dcJrCllfn~ Q ~ fOf'Wll!" Su(1it &.ergy AUiam::.Q! (SEA) vollm/nl" .. ",d In'n 16 ,II North CArolrnll Ntlrur.-:I G~ll'rd''tl:I<IrbJ. M'o'!:t fo!'em' ..... , Ju. JtiI.> ,"ompl"'hI!da f~rm AS ProJ'ed C""rdi"atQ~ for So,l,ilhi!ll$fnJlNlI.tunJG~rd o~ tht &M1wH IIIU:f1on.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED \hat lh. CeA calls on the respecnva governments to put then full energy R&D effort Into sTrategies ihat uulize exctus'velv renewable energy sources and conservauon: and 1M' they abandon their R&D eft'brt m the area of nuclear anergy

WHEREAS nuclear power. belng centralized. anti-deruocrauc, anncooperative. expens1v , inefficient, and deadly - is diametm:;aBy ooposed to the-values and purposes of the Consumer Cooperative Movement;

We lnc lude ourselves here to dttmvstify where this publication carne trcrn. It took intense eft.o" and attention to get it aut (beginning to end) in under three weeks.

PAT SPRtNGER h! bhm II blt"rrj re%nC"nK'iOli$ oJ..CHvw flJT H'Oer"AI JtI[>Il~, Illoligh /iJ1J! (Ir1r" stQ"-~ showing symptOm.!i bJ- <ltfi"lI.-JinS CRIj{sfl Al/inll!.!'1! Ilu'lIt("gslJl Tlilklhli.!!-'I!I!'. i10rriUl in tbr fiJl1 of 29,78, jwr prior to tnn"f1JJil1g wilh r_hll Dra .... an for a Nl;H'!-Nudl!aT Fut~. Thr Untvan for;UMJ On r}lQ' r;:II..lt1' by u.hich !!lai(l-rJrorwot !DIU!" tnrDeJ IIp ~It# flust cOtUl af Rorida from t.he Po,.' 0/ MI'ultli. em il3 U""Y to the Su:Nn~cJl Riv.r Plant. PAt;' ';~rrt!ntl;lliul·ns In ,I • ., haW' .. in BllflllN'Jl rhld ~r'Ut_J III all' offiCI! frJr !M Sou!htastnn N4fl.lnll Gwz,.d, whuoe sJi~ ~ ,."lflltiJil to r:o(Jrdi1lAr~ fhe pli.!l1t1ir1,g far tl1t LJp.:orni1lHtrClion.

WARD BRODERSON r~tID'ra hQ {J,S. ~'n p"bllc co""mllflft',oCI;kIl"I from &,,'brl Urliwr.lity Sdlool Df Publir. Cl)lI'UItlmicl1b'"J'! in 1974. Afri!r gT~liol1. ~ muoed "'mll:l; to Ih. IQnd'". Hr rook- !ownvid'e"c:1" rr~ininr iJnd 'WIIS lirl''''''~ irt rf1., Bllnl1L'ldl [ Ac1i",l'f, receiUlla mrfP'ling agoriM ~ Wl211 as ..wcrce~"eJlm, trIJlrung in ~br'ooJ.:, oZt1d $~~jNl tramil"l8' fOf Iraimrs III B,:rmwilil in' mTI.~; lL11y. 19'79, He 4~ worki with Upper Ci.lHlbtrl4nd' No Nukes. tlw. rt'1ln~ V.alky En~'IY C[1Qltfon, seeM, ;;ma th~ Sr;al./heltsr~m ~tHMj GlID.rd.

8E IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that [he Consumer Cooperauve Atnarce herein assembled calls upon the governments ot the United States and Canada [Q implement a rnoratcncm on the licensing and ccnsuocucn of any new nuclear power plants. and that It require an Immedlale cessatlon of activity at all currently operating nuclear power plants untrl:

1. a new reactor saletv Sludy has been completed and approved by the governments 01 Ih€ Unit'ed States and Cartaoe which demonstrates nuclear power plants 10 be safe beyond any reasonable doubt:

2 a technique for safe. permanent disposal of radioactive wastes has been

demonsttsted and accepted by the respective qovemrronts:

3 operators of l1ucle.a1 power plants have assumed full financial responsttnluv tor the cperanort of tllelr plants including Ihs- full cost oi insurance. decommissioning, and decontamination,

ERICH VON BflT5CHWAN ',ul!$ Oon a moul1tainlllp in the foolhiflJ' of tM ';""oWJ,hiRm p1'ul hSl$ t>,,4'r1 running from IlOOl,gam!?! .mil /R.op!e ~/IJ.jtioll mo5t of Ids li/~· Her~ 'iwd tfr~~r for ten 9i."JJ.t"lI. [Jlm·~ 1W 'tD'al1!!1"" fram A CdQl, S'UIIU!.t mQ~.nrw, spn'tlS: S"Qdu'!r"!I hfJ food from WAysl'dn. jhld.. "miens Arui OTchgFfU; rmd hMtt 'I 8'lJttm 11"0,,114 1&:1 making efi!rtridry )'.rt.

TANA McLANE ~ Ii .... ...a it! ndfa"~ fO,. fOuT ,Yl'lIr§ Ill1d Ha3 &rmn irtlX"lru,$1 with lJuriOI.4!!' f"fJI"I'''''lUIily projm:u there, SIII1 i.i r)1W a/ r1te origi1UllOrs. I?d[fu~. OI11d prMUl'1tt"J af SPECTRUM:

A CoolMr.mvr NnDsp"~,, for thoP TAllll"~e Community, R monthly ~IJ.I!'Ifen ~u&li.:JJtiDn d['j]II~I1;$ wilh, J.Ol:Ii! polifiC"l=Il WIJ¢$. r:'vl"l'peraej~$ And "~drllr pO;Qil:r. Her !gtl'llt flH"cl'mdians W~ gn'}ul1 prouss and th" (T1'OIfi~jry 01 prodUc1n,8 esl~l'tir Mov.rmrJlf fil'rrllhU"ol. S1'l' lib., 1WinthlJllg' i~ $inkfto/.u lJ'ToulId TI"lnh~ lind reme:mluritlg that th~ rmt!-lrpl world ticks t;'.'l Il$ KIt bJr'JI our t1f[}ru.t&:lI~li!tas~l!thAtl.-J,

The pmJ.!ldlon and roomim.rtiOrl of Ulis Handbook W(!r~ done in T.allahIfS5I!t>. This entailed receiving r'21l trario;u" ~rtl'd€5 from Feruressee .&Ind South Ci;!r"oJim:r; mpking" =ilUon "horl~ ~l'Ins: lypl!setfiH8 ana pMh'Jlg up 'hi! funs; daignlng rile 1ilYOU' 4 tJer"y l.groy" diU! to tilt enormous 7Il.l.mbet of words no-nuh-r.J ese Clivqb'., of writing; d~alirlg with :rlilriotu pri1Tte.,.~ for th ... best dettl dI~ tiTe belt priclt; iU1d ul.uturorg each olhiiT throughout rlU'" r!)I'1J houn sp.mt .siHin,g' 021 Q drawing board ",. typesetting machltl~, cnmking oU!'W'lrl1l y"()~,k't Iley~. Sp£'r::i.a{ .IIumh 10 iAn-y, who brought food rmd S'rnile-!i and did ar U!lle of etH!ryf/i:£I'1S" ~J1d to Llyn. wilQ herded th~ li~I'y derails 111" were :movins foo fA$1 to consider. We feU yow this to demystify our proc~s al rhi$lf!lJet also.

TlJe- prQriI.u:::lio" C,re'W, Ulln Frmch. l.mry T~jchr and Tltrrn McLar.l2. "f 111 .... 5PECTRUMC"olh:ctive.

MW1,lllh1Ulb hl; ihtPlartffi1 Rambeau. TQlIllIlla;s~iI·5 "(.lily b1oUpendE'PlI '1r"W!p:rPI!T whkh Srr"tIti ;}Ie flCln'~(I Slatl' U"iw~ify C"ommlmity: Id MNI·alypii. CI r:v~~r;J1ff J"Op lfi TaHaluulif<'. for rhefr I(lVI!' Qf1d la1.lrilltct'; to AlII" NDrrU, who tlf'figlli!d tM !rO", rouer; .0 rh(! pholograph£n; to AruJ Fn:uru1l1dJQfComl1u,milib MagWI\I!.IM IIl""Ol'idjng u.s 1DJtl Q: mQd~ for ,hi, I'LibliCoAfion. A Culde I[) C~ltivlll A!tunllti .... C'Si 10 Teda Arnold. U grapM:/c::!I' de~:Rr.ler w.ho "I'wf.l)'s '~,1lII tdl!4Si to t"~ SoUIJwlUltn'I Nllturu/ GuanJ. who proD~ rit" /ul'uling for tJr. JUndbook,; IlInd to Ih~writm talla' paluOfJ IlIrir Hnu ami iIi'''''"''8Y i~to that' tUtidu ~o fJwr.a:.uld &ea RadiaactlvUt Ha[Idboak, t:d.itl.CI[\ rllJ. 3,

4. A Polity of Non-lnjwy (ahisma).

"No (people) pre our enemie.," - Thiel, NhatH •. "k

"We ha.,. to .how "".ryon. " way out." - William Hi"t'''' Fanshe".


phDro by Mk,1lMI SffczlJrd Civil disobedience,. nontJ'ioklnee training, consensus decision making.affinity groups, direct action ••. erewords and concept' mat have been ui5'11!11d tll1c/easi'ngly by the anti-nuclear' POW'S' movement in r8C9Jl1i yoo.rs.

Thera comes a time when a person begins ttl realize that slhe must bs.gin to a:s:s.en: her/his responsibiflty toward changing' the oppressive structures which 'the status quo has so .nan;I"lIy and indifferently levied upon us. There are' many wa.,.s to respond to such opprRSSion, in this CHBR - nuclear madness. But increasingly. 'the eorrrrnltrnarrt to dBllring wit h it tl1rough nonviorentdiret=taction has be80the peth chosen. Whyl

Patt One 'Of the RlJailJ8ctivist Hlmdbo~k has been written to help bot ... the casual reader and aspiring affinity grol.!ij I'T)HmbefS to understand mare about how and w1W this, deci.sion is made. The information herein can be used as pan of a ncnvrotence training session. but i;s net intended as a formal training manual. Several references in the Resources sections suggest nther publications. and wherE! they are available. to. those \1\1""110 wish toO de.jvc doopEirinto thCs e.w;pandlng philoso,p"'V, ~rm



1. Accept the fact of conflict. Conflict in human life is 'inevitable. Nonviolent action does not create conflict, it reveals conflict, olten hidden or avoided, that is alre.dy ther e. As much as possible, attempt to separate the "deed" from the doer, maintalning a positive situation which is Hie-affirming, where human dignity Is maintained, and the commonality of the human spirit is l1'Cognized.

2. Truth belongs to both sid es. No one has a monopoly en tnlth. therefore :it is essential to have respect, or even love, for your opponent. Compromise on lesser issues will probably be m"" iss ary since no one ha •• 11 the truth.

1. Openness in planning and action must be maintained both Joe internal democracy and presently a clear image to the world at large. Openness. honesty, trust, cooparation , will:ingness to learn. are all essentials in the resolution of personal and social conflict.


Nonuiolenl ac110n is .nof jus~· a mf!'~i1s to an end, bilt bl the merging of ,meAnS with emis. To the f"xten·~ thnl we live with nonu,iQIIl'Mcfi!, WoE!' (Teate the human sodet,Y- we strive to live in. As we develop the best in oJIrsel'ves, WI" co ... lnbu,te to the growth of commu.l1ity. This growth, this .5f!eking to discover oursefues and our relationships to the world aboflt us, ,giues meaning Qnd joy to UtE',

Lives, hO'Wf!I}.r, do .ave their shAre of f<tiluTe. frustrAtion OInd loneliness. iind ,there aTe mcmenh WhE'M we arE" tempted to E:ompromisl! ourtionujo[ence. That's when :we treed ~Q.ch othl!r to rllaffirm humane l1,dul's ,grId ;ofn. itt the u,nlversal dancer rea.lizing we Are aU in th~ tog,ether, one by one, creating every mnmem oi it.

TI,. futuro is li:ved by those whom the struggle h ... louch.d""d marked. The que.lion of how;t ",arks ,l1em" rele,,"nl.

To resort to pOUJeT, one need not be' vioJent. (Power se.ert1.5 to ham~ somelhl'tlg to i:l'O with commrtl'l'l'lmt !l!nd cooperntiol1.)

To speak c:onsdence, one rtE:ed 110t be meek.

-The most effective action bolh l'"esort5 to power "tid et.Jg~ges conscierlce,

-Nonviolent action does not Juroe to beg others "to bE uiec". It l:"ri, in (!ff~Lt, jorce them to C"onsul~ their COr1.Sd£n["~ - or l(.l prele"d to have them.

«Nor does it Jr.mJfi! to petition thOS2 in power to do somethi:l'Tg (lbol.Jt a:5'it~mti.,n. /.f' CQn face. the status quo with A new ft4et and sal': accept ,this new 'situation which we fume aJI creAted.

A liberation movement that is. nonviolent sets ,the oppre'Ssor Free 8.S well as the oppressed. Nonviolence might not touch the heart or the conscience at an adver-sary, but it doe, touch his/her mind. The point i~ that you, 0'15 much as possible. prevent the reading out of fear-in mindless reflex action,

Nonviolence equals fewer casualiues.

5. Acceptance of undeserved suffering may be: necEssary.

6. Preparation For Nonviolent Action includes: Statillg goals, planning strategy. deciding tactics, and establishing a discipline ... developing Affinity Groups (i .e., small gl"oup. ol people who work. play and communicate wen together); uaing structures which expedite Consensus in decision making ('Hu,nj:lM society rests :wpon coxsensus." -i. e., the sharing of meanings in the fonn of common understanding ""d expectatlonl, and exper+mentlng 'with various forms of Rol. Playing are all extremely helpful in preparing lor Nonviolent Action,


Protest Non-cooperation Obstsuction


A direct action campaign is ,a series of planned actions, 'sometimes stretching over years. to achieve a specific goal,

-Eric.h Var.z 8irr5dl1!JQn

Actions are usually highly visible to the public and the element 01 confrontation ls strong. The- pu.rpose of the ccnlrontation ma.y be: ,oto make public a gl"OUP" conflict. with a

specific institution

'·to dramatlze an unjust siruation

-ta expose' moral contradictions in. a. group's or institution's stat-e-d goals and practices

.. to communicate different values and try to influence change

.10 expose profound contradictions between the objective requirements or material survival and the institutions of the status quo

A &reel action campaign ... outlined her e, is based on a cornmltment to nonviolence - a. discipline 01 non-injury practiced by participants, For such a campaign 10 succeed. 1t is essential that, as a mlnimum, nonviolence be accepted tactically by each partieipant for the full dural;"" 01 hi. or her involvement.


Pt1r.sona' pn:pNtaft(J(lS lSpiJiflRJ/IPsycfloJogicnlj EvailJurian and Tcstfng

wi'rh tu)~1l orfru, OJrld


}nvestigation (~98rch, fact findiflg) Nogali.lions

fduGa!ion ot ttt« Publio


Issue uttimetum: lorenoDns Direct Action

Protrscted struggl.

(;Q(I1Jmtrtd lflli"in!l~ lJuik1lng Orr;BnJlltllon, susngrMnfng 1i~r;jdsVfJlrJl)lng G!tSlfIiJMs-




Responses to Violence

purpose if'! our own style, remaint.n.8 true to one another inth~way'.

Anothe-r Important focus is '100 remember whatcannot bot- hurt. WhM the: dynamics of iI. moment may seem dtsperoltC' and ultimate, it is not. Deep bruJhing and a physical coMdousn~. sensitivity to the parts of one's body that are not injured, the-~rt$of on~'s life that are nut comprcrrdsed can be helpful. Amid.st what mrght seem an unholy crisis. remember that there is nothing anyone can do to you that C.han&H, in a basic sense, the penon that you are.

The- difficulty of violence p:;)'chQlogicalJy has IIESS to do with physical pain than tl1e- C'Or'lNsion. the terror and the hurt In reaHzing Lhal someone else 15 doing that to yuu. It ls harder to know that another human wculd do such violence to than Ii is 1.0 be hurt. All participants should antkipate beforehand, reflecting on those pans of themselves and their- coUdvt: identity that cannot be taken by jail, by physical Injury. or by any other e.l(te.miJ Icree.

The ~13fnncal pel1>PK1i'Ve e elsc important. Let us come to understand thar WE are pari of 3 long tradirion of scruggle. M..!.ny v ictories have been bought. sometimes over a considerable period of rime and for fa considerable pen:', throu,gh patience. suffering and courage,

Nonviolent Responses to Personal Violence

1. Be cteer 8bout your ~ive:;. It really helps to ",11...,8 vcur objectives cieanv thought out and in front of your Mind. As the occasion presents itseH. you should eomrrwnicate them as specifically as possjb~e to your opponent. If you shift your ol:ljeo~jYG5., YQU might con'flJSE!! your opponent, and voursett, Your objeclilA:Js must be reasonable. You must believe you ana lair and you must be able to communicale this. to your opoonent.

2. Don~l bB frighrenen. Your fear eee-municetes itself directly to vout opponent ami eggs him/her en. Of course. it":s e"sy to cauucn you not to be frightened end perhaps ditfloolt for VOL) to eroc your rear In the midst of 8 confrontation, But not lmpcaaible. Breathe deeplv. I(eeptslklng. Tajk slowlv and in a deep volca. Mainlain as much eve contact as possrbre. TMt ls, do-n't challenge your opponenl with vour eyes. If the eye contact is making her/him uncomfortable, look away. But keep looking in her /hlm as much as you can. Most Important: focus in on your opponent. Encourage him/ker to talk. Realty try to find out where sIne's at.

There are two d.bitinct kinds. of violence, spontaneous and organlzed. Both may be effectively dfffused if people remain calm.

Those prepared to hold their tempers whlle e.aking tenteuve, such as peacekeepers, should" com!" 10 the fore while others art' Implicitly protected Oy rtmai.n.ing back, unllllhe violence is resolved and new dynamics begin to enter the- situallO'A. Initialing eye contact and physical vu]~ef;abilit]l with either it lone individual or a group leader is very jmportant. Going forward with open hands and stance, smiling sltg11l:ly, and '51JIying. "Hi. my name I.L_, what's YO\.lrSr' is deceptively stmple, the ordina.ry. tha.t is e-x .. ctly the key to resolving vfolence by rega .. mmg the human. enccunrer by re-establlshtng the ordina.ry and the personal.

A quiel confidence combined with a respect For th~ other pcr..iQrl is fundamental even when lhat person is. nor in any sense respectful to us. It is iI. natural i@nd~ncy when threatened to draw in. yet the quick-er One draws tn, thr. quic..br one ects off the ordinary .and '.he personal quaJltie$ that hold the seeds £Ot resolving personal vlelenoe, There are times when one t"Ietd$ l~ defend o,ne's seb' physlcally, This does [Jot mean to retaliate. but rather 10 assume a position Qf teas! phYSical harm. All occupiers should know what l:!: traditionally called from the Civil Rights movement, "the Dooviol£nt defense pcstare." It mVGlvl5 clasping. the hands over the he-ad, elbows drawn i.r'I to hold ht!ad stable, drawLn.g 1M knees up with legs tucked under.

3, Dorl'( be frightening. Someone abOu't to commit an act of vietenee 1$ Ijtl:ely 10 be moretull otfear than the person OO10g attacked. Mah no abrupt gos(ures. MQ\le !Slowl,),. Whel1 practical. tell veer opponenl whel vour are going to do before 'IOU do it. Don't say anything threatening .. critipal. or hostile.

11m. Forms a ball, facE down, stomach and getlitals covered, The nonviD]~t.d:dense poslun: is a w.t resort in a range of po-ssib-Ie responses.

It is easier, generally speaking, to deal with violence done to yourseU than violence on a penon near to you, l'hal sense of utter helplessness is worse than the physical pain. [t is possible to interpose you.rself b« ..... een attacker and victim. understanding the risks involved. Don't count on it, and it may takt three or ~our .such actlons. but at "SOJllt! point the gesture offe:MJ the .gill lmpllcjt In this ad oftenlNi1.l give: the .. ttacJ:.er a. pause an.d make them Ithink again,

Another option is calm, perststene gentling: talk too the attacker. reassuring talk to the victim. less of temper and hysterical responses. are not helpful.

TwO' distinct circumstance; in 5eeing: others hurt need identifyi.n.g. Relatively unprovoked. violence lS O~· ncncccperaucn is the other. Those lefusing to obey police orders have been $0' far in. cur history of occupations, the one situation of selecnve violence. Noncooperators do [lot ask. OJ expect others to- respond. People must nat in :my W3y J~I coerced into .astiuUi.i.l\g. the- same- stance or jeopardizing themselves 10 protect someone being hurt due to a position they deliberately chose. Wi! have- got to understand that the very basis of solidarity is ehat "'~ each remain true to our common

5. Don't behave like B victim. Someone in the process of committing an act of VIOlence has strong expectatiOns as 10 how his/her viclfm will behave. If vou manage to behave differently ~ in a non!hrearening rnenner ~ "you can interrupt the Hew of B-t.'ents that wo\Jld have culminated in an act of violence. YOLl must create t1 scenario new 1.0 ynur opponent. If you can avoid ge1tinb] fdghrenM and avold getting hostile. vcu're en your way.

6. S(u~k (0 befr;l)nd your oppononc's beue« n8tU(fJ. Ttns is at the heart of nonviolent defense. Everybody thinks of him/heroolf as a decen1 person. Evan the rncst brlJtal and brutalized among IJS have $OIT\t3 spark of decency whicll1he nonviolent defender can reach. Th.e tas)o; ~s to find lhlS decencV .. to explore it end bring u cut. io lead the opponent to see that the intended act of violence is incon$~$'eni "With the person s/ha is. me person sIlls wishes to be.

7. ilssponSB to physicfJi v;"oience, The sU"ateg'f spe{l8d out SO far focuses prirnaritv on keeping the ccnfrontaucn on a veroal-1)IT'IOlkmallevei. \Nhat do you

do when Ihing5 gel physical? The responses mQst often called lor seem pretty passive: Sit down, clam up, maybe even curl up in a 10etal position. Sometimes such response is appropriate. but on~y rarel,.. The most frequent mistake non.violent resisters mail:e is thaI tnev do not reGi5t firmly enough. They should be more OLJtwlllrd-go~ng:. SfJmfiltiMtlS passl'\iil¥ further angers or 9)!cites your opponent. On the other harld, sometimes YOLir opponem ts so upset that SV8f1 ill mild form of resistance can. be explOSive. You have to plav it by ear. The best rule is to resist as firmlY' as you can without escalating the anger or the Violence.

8. Keep' la/kiny. Keep listening. Get yt"Iur opponent talking and ~is1en to whilot s/he says. Encour~g9 him/he, 10 tijlk about what s/he believes. wishes, fears. Don't argue~ but 31 the S<:ImE! lime. don't give the rrnoeesstan that you agree With assertions that ;;!tre cruel Or immoral. The listening la mora impanEln, than wha~ YQu sal}. j(eep ~he talk going. and keep it calm.

Ad6pted from an aruele by Mark MOffit 11'1 WIN. JartU-MY 201. 1974.

4. ()on'r be afraId of staling the rJbvious. Nearly always. it helps to Clarify things and sometimes can have .amazing resuna. Once, in a. civil disobedience demonstlelion, Ihe demonsVal:ars wero being treated roug"!y by .. the ponce. One demonstrator was being dragged across 1he pavement bV his hair. He had the presence ct mind to took _ up at the oop who was dragginQ him and say qUIetly, "You're pulling my hair and II hurts." This go '!hrougll to the cop sufficlentlv that he let go or the demonstrator's hair and started draggingnirn by the armpits.

Nonviolence Guidelines and Preparation

N c muiolrmce requires u stTon,g commitment to ,!:I causE' ~ welt e;IS ..nG'Qrf.l1.I!SS af t'lll' responsibilities; of that commitm£'Mt FOT eXl1mpJeA if an acticm irld:ude5 ,ivil disobedit'MCe, laws are broken ro prevent gre~ter injustice. People committi1Jg cltl'il di!iDb~di,e1tce- should UndE'fstDria Ih~ co"'"'qu,nc1!.5 of hr.. king t~. 1"", ond sho.ld fake respo1lsibmty [or t/ndr acts.


W an attempt to avoid violence, il: l5 necessary that all participants 'in the:Octow 1st civil disobedience occupation know what 'to expect. and that a flexible and respcnstve deeeaen making ptOt:IC:$S be established" To tliis end, the Southeastern Nah ara ] Guard is d ev clop~ • program of nonviolence preparation which is required. For all these who intend to participate in this-part of tho action.

Preparation 5.e59icn:s are lengthy and usually involve between 15 to 30 people. Althaugh these: sessions will cover the particulars cf the rorthcoming Barnwell actlon, attenr;iil1.S a sesston does not commit a pCl:'Son to parti.cipiiting. People who ate unsure as to ~nelhe:r they want to partldpate io civil di.obed.!epc< wDl b. htlped in reaching ill decision by attending iii preparation session.

Off-site support persons must all attend a preparation 5125SiclJ'J .. and these who want to be part of other pretest activities such as rattles and marches may alse wish 10 undergo tr.alni:ne in nenvlelence,

Training sesslcne ac:c:on1p--]jshill number of lhio&s. A hi'lory ofth. Barnwell struggle will be presented to giv~ prcspecttve occupiers <II fuller undsratanding as tID wny there is t!ll:\ m;c;1!patioTL planned as a protest t,a,ctk. The process of coru.ensus, illS well as quick dedecn making and listening skills willalso be covered, Roleplaying diHE'~l'It situalions (pu,ttlng people in the- roles of authorities; .. workers, media. people and OC:CUpiEfS.) will help potential CDers to gain an understanding of 'the emotions people experience is srreselul situations,. This allewe people to anticip,atoe 'how they will react in fhcse situations.

Dlseassiens on neevlelenee, ~he purpose of dlffereni: sitUa,tt-ons (pu~ting people .in the roles of authorities, workers, .media people and ocruplus) will help potential cOers to gaie an understanding of the emotions people experience rs stressful situations. This allows people to ru:tticip3te bow they will read in jbose .siruall0T!s.,

Dlscuss-ions On ncnvioleeee, thE' purpose of affinity groups. and the' specific scenario for the October actien will also be held.

Near the end of the- .s.FSSilOn5. those w:ho decide t-o participate in diE! occupation will form affinity groups. The tretntng sesston ls only an iatroducricn. To be effective, an. affinity grOl,lp should meet and work 'together befcee the occupation.


Far an the Jaw is fulfjUt'd ill cee word, ev,''''il Otis; Thol-l ~Ju~1J li:)lJl!' thy 1'lefzhbiluT as £'h,yseJ!.


l1J]ouJd Uke "0 express my apprecird'ion to l'~e folk> "f, MO ue "II",j for. NFU! Society, ,h. w.,· "Resisters Leagt-l2. t.hi? American Friends SPrttice Cottlmit,t,C'e, aP1d :SGu~hem Mo.biliza~iQn AffiJ,ljty Group. lUNOS€ thoughts. words and dirl?crions wen" fre.ely used in t'his pl'oesenfntion en No11'tl'ioJem:e.

t wo .. J'd Uke la uprGfSS m~ AppredaH,QI1 ee fhe folks of: Movement- for Q New Soril'ty, ,the W".r RE.sis-lers LeQgLlf', (,he AmeriCHn Fri e nas Sertiicl:' Committee. and Sc)~rh~rn MobH~4f'i(l11 Ajfinl'ry Group. 'Wl1o~ thought.5, wor.d$ mtd dif'ec:tioJt5l were frr!eJy r.I.5ed in this pre5cntaticn''T on' Ncmvj"ltmce.

I 'Wou'" QiSD iih to' ~p~ my Ioue and approfcia,lio.n ro aU 'trly fritmds a.nd lovers. my r:hiidrell, ... my rnotJu'!l"', and !o .:JII !nose 'Wit", tire concuned with this proiecc, l!'!fpecit'.Jl1y ~11 Ncmvlolen t R£.s1'sle.1'5 etJerywhl'n".

Erich Felix VOI'T Bil'fsr:hwAI'l Hogwallow Ridge. TerlrlJ!.5See

~ July IS, 1979


A nonviolent group action is aJ'I orderly, coordinated demonstraticrt of iii. purpose. and lor a purpose. Nonviolence is dependent en TE"i3.Son. irrtagtnation, and discipline.

ReTE! are six 5p«,iHc guidelines on the subject:

1. Our attitude towards. ofHdaJ~ and others who may OppDS(" us should be one of sympathetic understandlng of the tiul'dens and responsibilities they carry.

2. No matter what the ctrcutnstances or prevccatlcn. we should not respond with violence to ads directed against \]5-.

3. We should nol cal] names or make hostile remarks.

4. Whefl fa-ced wtrh an unexpected provocation. we should ~H~mpt to make a reasoned. positive, creative end sympathetic response.

S. WI! should try 1:0 speak to the besr in all people, rather than seeking to exploit th-eir weakness to what We" believe is our advantage.

6. We should attempt to Interpret as dearly as pcsstble to' anyone with whom we are in contact - and especially to those who may oppose us - the purpose and meaning of our actions.

weakness to what we believe is our' advanta,ge.

6. We should attempt to interpret as. dearly as possible: 10 anyone with whom we are in contact _ and especially to ,those who may oppose us _ the purpose and meaning of our actions.



I Resources I


1_- --------------------

Th6 Way"fUfe. lito Tzu

PolitlCJII fdBIIls. Bortrand A ussall, Simon and Sohustor. 1964

A Study Kit fOf Nonvio/ent'Action'. War ResIstetti Linlgufl/W'e~'t. 1SGO How.rd St .• San F,onclsoo" CA 94103. 14151626-.6l176

.PIlI" HIl,d, Pia" Fai" Nobody Hurt. A boo, of new age games

Straitig"" for a UlIJ'ng R9llofutiDn. M'OvsmBi11 for BI New Society IMNSI. 4722 BaltimorllAvB. Phil.d.lphl., PA 1910t3

Wom6" ,Blld NonvIolence. .Dlane 5pangh, WA.L. 108 Pu,.foy Ad .. , ChB,PBI HUt N.C. 2'1514, dea1ing with connectioa« between vkxence againsr woman alid violBflCB done tc all oppre:ssi3d p~/es ilnd rhfJ connection b,BtWf:Bn womBn eod nDrlvi'oIBOCB

Sal1ltldaYB,: _Its' Principlss 8' Programme. Americilln Vegan Society, Box·11. Molag., NJ D8328

up/pring Nr:mvlgl."tA_ltfIm.tives. Gene' Sharp, Boston. P. Sar:g.nt. 1970

A M8,nusf for ,Direct, Action. Martin O,ppanheimar end George lakoy, Chicago Clu.d,ong.lo,Book.,1965

No .. York Aiklkol, 'U.S. Alkl!!o I'<odoratlonJ,'l42. W, 18th St.., NY, NY; a form rJf flOf)viclenr seJf-.t:Mfense and ptJrsonal c(mr~ring amongsr morion 8ndal18nge

On ClviIDisobBdI"nolt, HonryT·ho,,,,, ... WW N.onan'. 1966

In 1'/8.00 of War. An Inquiry Into Nonviolent Nlltionlll D"f&n~ •• AmsriC8_n F-rl"end's SEJ!'Vice cernmmee, N.Y. 'Gro$$man~ 1967


Affinity Groups/Consensus


T~ e following o~tJjrI. of .fp"ity groups and til. C01l5 e ...". decision making process i5 meant only to bfi'_ a bn'ef itttrodw:tiol1. This is not an absolute SE'~ of rules, but ratJu~r a loose set of guideline-5. Groups should adApf this basic process rc their-own parhcular needs.

This outlbH~ ha.s ~xtensively paraphrased and ql.loted Resource Manual for a Living Revolution, alias "The M-,m5ter" Manual" - "MM". I cannot recommend this book highly eno'ugh. It is t:1 l'Iecessary resource far all groups nO matter what their decision making process. It is auailabe for $5,50 from the Movement for a New Soc1.ty, 4722 Ba/timor. Avctlue, Philadelphia, PA 19143. MaIm Cll..dCli payable to Resource Manual for a Living Revolution.

1 also l,sed the followir1g sources I'ti writing this Qu.tlirle; QM er.r.rIJer editio1l of ThE' Radioactivist Handbook, The Ba.mwell Trainer's Manual, cmd IV! excelle~1f auth",;- O~I Ccnseusse comJ;1Uer1 by Cheryl Fr{u·lil.~ci tmd given ro me by Pat Springer at 11 BamweU CormcH meeting

Most groups giue too little anmtion to process, The lack of art acceptable pro,£ss "Was, in iny opj~iotl, t'l~ major came of the demise of C"rfish Alliatrce as 0 soutlJ..,asl wid. No-Nuke coaliti"tI, / hope we C~" learn from that experience the extreme importance of good process.

A dear understQnding 0/ affinity groups And consensus is essential to meaningful participation In the decision making co unci' of thi5 acHon.

Any unanswered questions about this process om be directed to me, to the MNS "eople, II,. Barnwell office, or atly of the "o""iolen t


We .can 'Work it out!

War:d Brodersorl U.c.J',c. - U, C. N.-N!<kes R1. 3, 80" 129A Ceri"o, TN 35551 (615) 2oU-2l104



An affinity group is .a cellecticn of 6 to 15 people committed. to working toward! iii mutua! goal . .N1i:n:ity groups may choose their own decision ~akin.g procl'S5, however, consensus is recommended because :it ",,;jl r.mn1iorri;r.:e the grQUp with ;he process used by thr: council.


A. It demccrattees :an otherwise "mass demoNl;r;iHol\" by irutitutH\gc;olJ~vl!: d~ion m;akins and introduces the Mn~H:s of sm .. lI groups to, mass actions.

B. ft Wun:s ~upport for aU pilrtidp;;r,nb, both personal (frit:ndship, idea feedback. etc.J and physical (medical, bail bond, ete.). The: aHini~ group assumes full responsibility for ilself during the action.

e. (I provid(1 the- ba,ic unit in tl1c decision making precess .. rtd f:oKilitata communication to aU the participants in the action.

D. It provides a structu:rc for evaluation, fDJ]DW~1Jp, and future actions.

E. JI enables troublemakers to be more easily identilied and isolated.


A" Pimple inlc.te5Ic-d in working. together form a group,



"Human, society rests upon cotts.msus, i.e., the sharing of meanings in the [orm of common tmcientcmdings and expectatiott."

-Bemard N. Me1f.zer iN an eS5.ay interpreting George Herbert Mead




B. The group re:eivfS nonviolent training,. To schedule training: in your arn., please: contact the Barnwell office, Soulhustem Natural Guard, P.O. Box 1005, Barnwell, S,C, 29512, (&031 259-7llB.

C. TMI' affinjty group sheuld have a meeting. 35 soon iU possible aher trainiJ\8. to decide:

·the type of decision maldng ,Prottss to use .i:he selection of coles and ta:s."k.!

~hat's: fU!xl1 are all roles Ailed, all IO.gisLi-cs eovered'l is there a need fO.ranothet mfl!linsl if so, w hen1 where? who wtH pla.n it and call: m how will. everyone &e :notifi«l1

~the ;tlfmit)'· group should 8-tl 'Hne tuning". Pine lilning i$ the f.il'l..al brimn8 rtetivl!d' shortly before an ecuon Severa] reles should reeelve s~c fine runing Ipeaeekeepers. medle. ete.).


Trairuns is C1 structure leaming expertene e th.at is. ~:mernal. ccope-aeve and egaJita.ria.n. Co-learners sb.;in ~o~bmty for f.;aOllt.1ting their own HI\l.I;,agan. through ....,hich they learn the Indivldual iJ.Ad grQQP ddUs !1~~ry rOT effective 8JOI,IP «etten.

MorespectficaJIYr thi$ type of tr;jlinil18:

A. develops skills in oil variety of ,aruJ· suth a3 conflict l"Hoh:tion. demceeatic deds.;on milking .and. .problem analysis.

B. pr-omotu the development orgroLips consdoume-!L'l and! cohf!.i1'M.eM,

C. prepares gr-OUptilo wOork fo.r both Ions and short term chan&e.


Roles a~ assumed tasks. To insure that everything gil!lS done, It is very Important that someone take specdlc responsibility fot each task that needs 10 be done.

A. S~'pport:Each afflJ\ity group has a IiUpporl person who shou.ld IV"oJd getting arrested and who jr; respcrrsfble .for malnbiinill6 contact with the group ilnd pro ..... irlln8 outsid-e needs dl,l..ring the action, Scppor+ flU1l"tioflSindu:i:JA:.:

'*hil'llLng a Hit of w},o i3 In ·the affinity group, 'with names addresses, conl.ad numbers, medicaJ in£Q.rmatlon~ ere. .. if the affW.ty aro-up has a vehicle. the support penon should have the keY'. lleense number. etc. '*channeUing .my extra suppUes to the- groc p.

-having extra fund!! for lut minute needs and emerge:ncf.es.

8. Spokr: Each affinity group needs tn choose one person and an alte-mil.le to ~1"Y1i!' U a "socke," to represent them on the Consensus Council. The iunction of spoke $hould bot vity.·ed is a structure r .. th~ than a role. Spokes art not spokespeople as much ~ they are the ccnnecdcn between iJf~ity grQUPS <I.TId a hub {the Council). ill in a. wheel. They must be people that your groups knows and trusts te represent yOUl" group's v11!W5 and ccncerrw accurately and fuUy. nu:. pl)sition may be rotated. but it is important that the new spoke have attended the' last prc:vioUJ Council muting. The mer;senser who attends tM mccUngli is a geed eheiee as the next spobi.

C. Medic; The medic: skowd know -of any sp«:iiKl medical ne-edl (pNi!icripficn5, etc.' of the- grou:p

Affini'ty Groups/Consensus

Affinity Groups, continued


members. 81m ,shoulD. have ill fl.r.i·! aid kit and knuwledge of medleal facilitil!S available on site and in thearea,

D. P:r.ess: Good rtIathuL$ with ~ rnM:la are impot~t for a good action, It's important to respect the- medt .. ~·51 impact on the public. E.a(;h ;Jfinity group Mll;)wd I;;hQ~ iii media pel'S:Gn .. dlffem\t fn::trn ~ht: l§PDke. whose task will be to mate- informa,tjo-n to the medta. These m~a pe:opJr: will eeesive s:pecial, trelning durin8 "f·i!l.e tuning,", A;r,,'1 participant may be approached by the press during t'he actten, Please avold UWlg rhdonc'al langu-age. I~tf.ad, e.xplain our POSUiOD 5i:rrtply ;md pol1tely. If you are asked qW!!'ltion you feel yo u an l.!J1~bllo to 1U'i!lYf&, try to roer the: reporter to someone whQ can. De not tr)' to gi.VI!! any estimaLe:s of the number 01' demo,t\5t.riitllDrs eepecred.

E. Pf!R.e~keepet~1 Mlo1rshaJl!: Peacekeepers wiU receive ~ b'a.inin.S during "ilnl! tuning"', This ~1a.iElln8 w.1lI mfll"enl:r:m on nonviolent me.thods, 001 oCQ:nJJ;ic:t rn~gfitJl!-nt and resolnttcn. Peacekeepers are not autho-rimrl.an figaresr but simply p~,rtiQpanf5 whe take special :m.poflsibmry ec see that everytrun8 goes m'IOothly. Peacekeepers will be used to help maintain traffic flow. to keep the man;PeQ 1ft an orderly lint, and foE' securing en both the relly and OCcupation sites, SQlEle ))@3e.U~ will 'be ;!1~ II> assist with

legistieal aad support .a_divil::it!!! durlng the occupation and arrest process, $I) net ell :pe~a~epem fin directly partictpat~ in the I;3O;;Qp~tion_ Peacekeepers will wear distLnctive iLnrib~lIJ,rlShJit5.

!F _ Mr,55I."t1Si:f: The messenger aets as 3; comD"lt1ftica.t!otll link between the ~ke ill flu~ '::'lJutu::il meetings and thl!: affinity group, M~~!lgi!'r:; a re especi.ally important when the ('(;)UC!ct1, needs to make qllkkde:drrion5.

G. Sc:ribol!i: The sc:rib.e keeps the records of the ilffin±ty ,group meetings.and tan else keep a reeerd of the group's participation .in the action. Good eecorda are crudru to the succ-ess of ,on-g,olng dedslcn maJdng.

H. C(l~fll'l~mtl.ftal"$: "A facilitator fills a role similar to that of 'a 'ch~Dn,' bu! never diteds the (;I"OliPg; without it!! COI1Sl!~t. Sjh~ helps the members of a ttoup decide whilt they WiAnt ~O" acccmpllsh .in .. ·rr.eetins and helps them. Cim)' it out. S/~ t.a~ respOMibiJity for tetnindl.ns the groups of Its task,. tests fur 'CQIIRflNB a_qd in general ,~ Jute thilt the task and malntenanee roles discussed .. .aze belng Hlled, The facilitator lnltiatc-s: process rj.u,gststiOM which the group m:il.Y raecept 0.1:' l"tject, but ill no tlme does e/he make decisions Ioe tlu:! group Dr I:ah on Func:tiom. whieh ate! the res.panslb.illty of the groups as a whole. A geed f.acillta.'tol'· he1pfl ;partici.pants be- aware that THEY are in ebarge, ~at It la

1HBlR buslness thai Is 'belrlg: conducted. and that each personhas a contrlbutton to :rnake icc- the ,&roup. It Is ItO £:mpwiz~ the mutual R&ponsi:bilit)" of t1re group and the dem,ocratic naton! of thlli! prccess ~bal we \131:' the word '£acilil:a.tQf' rather than 'chairperson,' '~l:<l,fy: or 'presid:tm.l', .. roo ..

~ dH~Mln8 a fadlitator or co~fadlitatoJ"5f Iry to ge[ a ,P;oM balance of the f'oUowi:n,g:

"little (01" tess) emceenal 'lnyeshrlent in them.eetln,g .ability tc enQ;;Jl,l~ at"hl;rn to p.a:tticlp3.te

I;a general. overview QF tilt; task or SoC ... 1 of the group (or m!!eting

=eeergy ,i\rid,att.enHon for the [cb at hand and courage. to push th.e ll'leelin8 alo,ng to meet time 'limit!5-_ '.

VIN WOItclting. or being aware QJ I-hll; non-verbal aspects IIjJ gr:.oup lnter.tcl'j<tn is 6trt"lTll'.ly Imporl3nr to the smeeth running of the consensus process. NOJi~ verbal p:robl~ ean be among the mO£I dU'fi.ru1i: rh'll group has to feee, '~p,ing the discussion orr a rational, mendly iIJ1d eocpeeadve level and not' letting it become hfahil, provocative, or rug'hly cmOtiO:nal1S oruclal for

Tips for Good Meetings

A. A m,odel agenda outline

1, Introductions Qf the :p.artidpants and a. 'brief shMing of thetrexpe;ctatiOJ':l.5for lID! meeting

2. Selection ofco..fadlitatOf'!l

~. ,A.gendafi."Vi-::w. rt:vmo:nill1aiilppooval

4.. :S:le«Ion d£ tim~'k.e'C'pu'. :if needed, and clarification of LntmtlCJlIiI a"hout !-tiding to schedule and ending on time-

5_ Selecnon of!!oOi.be

6_ Dil.:u:ulcm and. eesclutlen of teaues on 88M.da

1_ ~on of place. time. ,and cD--farilita,tom fOl":rII!Xt. m~tin;g

!-_ E~'1)ilti@OJ~

O. GeDetal $~~ti(lh5 abGlut fa.cllitatirtg

I. 5u~t an ~t!'du1~d ~ilk i1 ,~b-pl~ OW" rmt ri.rJ\djon:ing "!'Jell. Or' postpone iI, b~~ if th~ gE"-ouF i.s cl=ging ahead.

2. Think about how late-eemers can be updatHi 50 the meeting tan ~onti_"ue unlr!!e.niJpted~

3. '8rin,g (JUt Qpmions.. ~alI;y fram pwp]1,l: wllQ-an: l1Q~ ~ru:k.msv~£rnJ.Ch.

4, 'W'"hl&! ~ if; ;need for iii I.Qt o£ dl.ticuss:ioIl o-r clarification, bruk :into small ,groupe (buzz lToups) for mart (5-15 minute) brainstormi:ng.

S, :Keep the FKilltator: :rote neutral. If )Iou haw a pe:rso,nal opinJon 10 offer, make if clear that you are steppJngoul at: the rnleoof'fadJilator.

6. KHp thediSl:U5;5.jon~ant.

'1. lCap tr:a.c:k of lime- and Md th~ me:etiJ;1.g on tim~, (f the agenda is ~K longrr than antidpatN, :nmegnt:iate it. Get: group agrcemenl that time be fl(tmded o-r hold over'lll1fi'1is.h,egil~5 I;Ul:tiJ tht;- ~ m~ting.

Co,nsensus is a ,method fur ma.ldng gr'Oli,p decb.iDfts ·wil:hQt:1i voting. Thl;: goal lOr Consenru5 Is to tta_ch a -dt!cisian OI'I 'Whkh ewryonof OU'I agm. COJ'!sleMWl does nut 'mea:nunanimity; iI Mould he blocked (ialy when IhEn' is a d:et!p mor.eJ obj~tiC!\, ~r (lbjediO-fl:5 ~iIJ1 be FU't in t.he minut.E:!; and the ~f$Qn. with the'Objecnoncan S-t'and aside &O.m. !:Ix' a,~ti()n, !hI: 80% "'(lle mould be. ~t)ruy U ther-e' i5110 othcrway to pr~.

8. T:ry ec end t:be mEdi,tls with a fewnl ,0£ tQgethlC~: wfIi, m..wng hands or stllnding in B drcle hQldinghBnds in silence.

c. Te:sti:n8 £00' OO.n.sen$U5

1. leslfor:agrKmmt as soon M.JI dtdliiM seerrrs to ~ eml!:I'glng. P'e,n<lciic te5Ung helps to clarify disagl'ftJ'.nents.

2. Re-!i.tate tentaHvof! :proPOO$';u b"fr:m~ :;!,~king for consensus.

3, ,I~~ (Jti .a ~PQIl!iC from the group. The ;grQUP needs to be co.nscloi..is of j:fl~8il cQ~~rad wi!h leach ether.

4,. men thut ~,no agrU:ment:

a. m these who di.!a.grtt to offer a1t"emativ6

b. if' agn."I:m,I::J1.I' still can't N reached, propese i3I break Q[ table the proposal Wltil the end of the meeting, or :until the TI,£JC:I II1l'\ltlns, T.ry to get -opposing :lacl:i.OJ:'Is tQgt'thu to work .oil: a oompromllE' belore' brirl& ti;he W,Li'i: upqain_

c. when "'!'II! or lwo pMpIe are bLocldn~; CCl~; ask if they will nand asi-de':md al.low the group to 3oCt. Their objiI!Ctiom ~ :bI! ~ :II! the- minutes, SIma tbe' serioys.nep of b]oOcJng C;onge115W!. M a la!lt RISOn, thegroup'catl4illiol" ;rn80% Yole,

Tools Used at Meetings

A" In~odw:tion/er.:p«brion tool - This 1001 Mil" pf!:o-pll! grl acquain.tl!d '!D1d ioml:i.fi6 arUB of rConNm_ Evefy.on~ ,mould ini:r:·OOU('.t! themsellle!l and .~ where they ~ frcnn and with what grou.p ~e)' aN mocla.I.ed.


A.. n:pr~ce$mQfC'int~tdl!'Clsi:onu'l.aking, 8_ U;av~ld~"'~ilfttitudu.

c. II' ~~ '~ikeWlDod. of new and bt!tte-r i~ OI:cu:trin.g.

D, All p<Utiopa,te irI the decWon arid ha'Vfl ,a stake in impitrm'Cntin,git.

E. It I~s signifiantly ~he p0S$3bility Ih.n ill minority will feel tha-c an uIlac~ti!ble tkci~on h!iil$ 'been impoeed an thtm'l_

Eacl'i can. gil',! .. brid ::lwmnal'}" of tluru- exp;!Ctilti'Vns fur the meet:ing.

B. F1ip dmts - These are la~ sheets oJ paper whiCh can . w~k. iilli iL record of group br&irulorming and ;IJ1: ~ in ;getting ideas a.c-ou to ethers.

C. Tlme lirnll!l ~ These Increase group consdousness abom t:1'1.r: ;lm"iDfJ.l\'t ~ ttme available and help gr(lu.p:s c;ontrQI t.he.flowof theapnda.

D. BriUrulorming - ThD tool a.llows grtmps to q_uickJ.y ouffi.n.c their Ideas on a. topic. h- belps .00 draw 01) t new ideas and~ d:;l!rlJy peQpl~':; 'PQ!'I:itions. Brainstcrmleg during thor 'meeting usually WOl'Ks bet withflip,t:hartsand·tn ~I groups (buUgroClpS) -,.,.;th a '!obie t time limit

E. Breaking into- smal1 gE'OUP'§ (buzz: ITOUPSil - Within ill limited, time frrame, bUZ2. groupi allow everyone II chance to express th,ejr opinion!!, wlthcut ~he whale, group laklnR a long perlcd of 'time 10 hear each one.

f_ Briel ,evaluation of a me-e.timg ~ An pwalWII!l::lon he~ps a group to leam b-om illI: midakl9 ;,:nd ac:compl3.mmenls, It ,;lJ$D sives ~2,dc ttl J'l!oplt;" in specific roll!:J (,.g .. facHitiltor, no;nrQn, ,oc:), When tvaJU;;;Ifin8, ~tarl with thl;!',pm:itiv~ ~~~ owd t.h~ iru;:rst o:n gt1ti.I'Is: c~t.:- ~ti()!1tI, .t9f irnprovmg b;oad 3sped£, Dm"t gel caught lip in t'tm11H' dlt:rnt.sion of age:nda il915.

G. StlilW YQt~ - They are .a quiclc:, way to ge~ .a f~ oE Ih~ poup. :Bewan: of oobtle coercion on ~'p"JE! with 'l@.l.id minQrib QPWQIqI. who. :might he lnlirnldatrd 'by 95'l& of the group volin! tQ go alQ;ng with ~ propo~t ~r'ld ~",f~ ~h:l.d;rnt to SUfi8lt$t ;i!. good alta:nali~.


U 'these schema,llcs confuse you mo:re than they hdp, plea.se: just gG' 011. and. forge I ~hemr

A_ CoM!!tl!lU:5 C.oUndl !itn..~t4' • ~h illinHy group Minds iii spoke to thll;" QlJl'!lbe.r CQwldl met:!ti.n&;. dD..5iB couru:iIs art rnrMmedial~ groi.Ip~ 'wbid! are on1)' needed: wb~ theuaJI! over 3D allinity gtOu~ iII~~ with one unity ~Dunci(~ Eat:h duetu oou.ncil sends a spoke to the unity council meetings.

contii1ut:ri next page



Consensus/Nonviolence Training

Consensus, continued

B. DiscUSJ'ion {tow - This loabloll8 inddr"wn out.

However, the council does not blTu aflu a CiSCU5Sion on each issue, but only Vly all issues on the ~gend.il have been covered.


A. FOC:U50n defcllting problems. net each ether.

B. AV0id. voting, ~rading,or,ilveragi:ng.

C. S..k FACTS.

D. Ac~lcC,'JnfJicta5help,ful.

E. Narn')w the range of w1u!:inns.

F. Do not require people 10 justify pc:r.iOn.al f.cdinp.

G. Review members' ~al-uation of alternatives periodrcally.

H. Co.nfll.cl problems $hQuJd be discussed and rescleed as they occur,

Good f.:JdUtators arr.d Spokes are Fssentigl for consensus to wo,-k. Selection of the.s~ people should be taKen very seriously.

Nonviolence Training

t-.\Jtf1'hl/l'rIl L' lruiHIJJg is a ;;,ow'Uil1aJ toaJ for (I wadd tI.~! is In'romi"s merl? rrQwdl'd !~n 11 .. , tn~le INIIe-jjl~lll''" p~C!lJle fwd tiumfsdvfl5 ill Il:Ir8('", UlIC.e!rM[1'1 gr'(]l.JjJi lU tmkntlWII .'iil!wtimr$, Ih~rp r~ II yolcliliHr fof ~lllm:I"ms If) gr! ouz of Jlr.md. I Irui:'f' se .. rl il rmypf!11 ill SlIdJ uIJJCI(U~"'iJ.~ 5ettillg~ 115 rork COIlc .. rts and peQ}J/~ crQwdmg to e Ilw Pr~sidpJJI. Trmnirl8 for nOlfviofencl? cut! S£1!mr my5rifii?d mrd wWltelligfl111'. But il rm,'" rrOr be,

Nolltuo/cllt ri!51J""Si!S to' !noivl1('p I/1pm~ ,JHue are fewer nictims, .. Learning h"w to !lluy calm. maintain eye C'(lIIhl{"t. and lap i/lll} suuport from trtlst"f!d [nends m POIl"II/atly Jli2lnrdolf55ttuatrcJIIs wiliff' 5~iH m.aking your point abo[{! acrne imh'futimlll/ meqully ca.n salle yeu and your frIends,

U .. ing rJl[! rJfbllily gn)up/(;OUrlCU o'"KtmiulticmllJ 'Stmchm;, !ma alP ['"~m.5PI1Sll!i

Model A.genda

Thi$ls.t U'm[JIe ~gend~ ,nd ~ ffl;Jr be rigidly folJowed. Many spac.s here;n should be fiJletl by camp~renl 'tIainetS. Written wolds are no lillbsrirut.e fOf sxperience and humJJn guidance.

Working thofigh this 41gflnr/rJ is {lrlt in jrst.tlf $vHkient. We must examine our own motives and feeling$,; WliI must :ihim: our !nf().rmtlrian wirh Mch ocher; rwe musr PllJcriceour mBt)uJd~ lind ter:tiC$. Our ,slr~ggle (JfloJinsr mJCfiMf mad~~ lind ir$ underlying CoIW$eS will no.f end soon. 9V(~ fjet$!JNMtJftClJ, mutua! cO(ffirilmr:e and {(wa wiflyive IJ~ strengCh i~ erttklf;}.

Thi:; tJtJim"ng sessl(:m Jsst$ II"botit 4 hours. It is' suitabJs for B wee*e"d pic,,;c or til'" evenfng afre! dlnrHlf. Much of rhe mtltemf in rhis a_gfJndtJ w~ ttJken from Resource Manual for 8 Uving Revolutkm. PiJ!}6 numbers rtf..,. fQ this bQok.,


0,00 lni~oducUons 3 mlr.utn .. p~ In lell: peraorud f~,

7,2-'74 MM autoblograp.hy. exclemelt:s In Ul., etc,

01]5 A8mdOl,'R.ev\~ sbarlng {nForm:l.l'loR, ,lh3rir1(!; fnlin8!1 :and

.\Ip~o:rtr decisl{J['I rJl.OIldn,a in the ill:I~"ni tol~ pla'fin! dLfFw:r!E parts of tbe ilcl'iun; D..mir'ling Leli'fh of pJirtldp.a.tlon,

0:20 Worma.tiDri on tbr A<::tion hit-tory of iJH!(:lfi.cc (B~rnwdll cilmpilign &:

5Iralf'&Y; itGaI alld lan, ra:llg~ litn.tcgy; nonvwknt theory. ruin for I'" ilction; Ktnarioo; difEel"B'It rota in itdion; cxpericKc: dw-rirlll! (a:rrat,jail. m:.)

0;055 BrairwlgrmQ~~ti(l1'tt divide- into 'buu. groups: pick a .m~ tQ wrne


l'll{l Di!lC\lMioll,: fec~jl'l8s. ~ ... pport, et>c. p1lM, ft:;ll, .... rWaI, ett~: ir1 unall grO'llPS or a ~

a whole




I Resources I

L l

R6SQUrCIJ Manual for .. Uving RsvQlu.fion. COD'Ir'lilr~ DB.acon~ Esser :and MooT'a, New SOCiRt)' Prass. 1971

Group PftJC.SSS, An I'nvitBrion to G10Up Dynamics. Joseph. Luft. National Pnns Books, B50 HBnsOJ'1 W'e,. Palo Alto. CA94304. 1970

de~j>lon l1luki'lg process, the lIJ1IHIUclef.lr energy mOtl"i:!,mmf l,us ,,'"gr-lnizea many non1JioJe1r~ demonstrations 'lgcliusf "udl!tu gerr£'r'atoys. m~dc-ar weapon, /n,iirtJc5 utility corvoronons. and the not~!!cl-opl~rl)!;i1e' nuclear fud reurocessor in Bar/rwell.

NOlluiol(!nc~ training also !ocusesJ/JJClrl tile rm~/r!amjng of coercive' tactics ill mer>Ii)18> end r"D-rtIm:l..ln!catfa1!.s, Becorlm'lg rrwure r.4 Our co.'mnol'1 hwmmif'y and r'rwrdupirrg lIiluJ forms rhn:mg'l w'~rrri fO dlsC/.l.'s. deride, ,Old then t:lt'1, {s the 1$JI Wl.l CCtll$ to undorsunid OW'Sr!lL'L?S ami D~U' advE'rsrm,....s:~ ond so :rE'spol"d in mmuioJent ways,

To I'l?sporld violel'lt/y, though it mllY clumgf! slluatimr.i sWifrly, mtreases Ihe 1i?'L1~1 of vloir.'flce ill tITe' Ulorld.

The following j\;lodel Age"dQ proindes u shorl introduction to rIQllviQle'''f: trainmg. II 15 a begimlillg, Prot" middle or till tHd, Use it to begi'l tlU! process, {f !/OU arc inferesred i,1 re(,ti1;ling [urther .rOIl"Dlo/Fl1,ct! tra!Hillg. picrlSe cOrJtacr the 5(l~cOle(.lstrm Nahmll Gunrd, whIch is coordinating ImrrleTs wi,11 J-'Mpl(! Wl!D Wllllllmi,fling,

h~", lo.w-high: b13;.foaa/small (act; mcu.lar I..rp-fit&. back IQ"<ltcl'l

dJvidc! !nICo gTOupI of " or 5; quitk deciJion exerdses can hdp gHW!".Jtfo a viirltty of optiDl1l In stidcy 5itu;ItiOlU and Ql'I hap group ~iI'I t:Dllfl~a! and cohesion (09:iUflpl~1 Iod lhrowlr.g. confrontation with oU1gI')' workers)

5oimpi. role:pl,OlrmH, 'One to one; two !inti oj people ccn&.ont OM .j!l'\(litr.c,i Q;'" h{lttil.i'i local confror1ls II COer.: or & repo.rtv tria to "get iI Ito!'}'''

sma!! gI"aup!I - an opporwnlty to I;ry eut sitUOlDons. t),wriew. and tattlcs.; reveaL anxieties lnsiiht. fftlinp lewnp,": .3- deputies move tuw.Md it. pU' of pknIcing r.dioactivist .. ; a ~f' in j.;ill): onr.Uua.tion - whaL 'Work!! a.n.d what doesn't

cl1:ar pr>:'l~u; .adf'qu.te di.ICUssllJJl': equal parUcipatLon, elear deeuten IIlD:lty, nol UNANIMJTI'>: klnite<:icadio!\

I~ ri&h.h.i goirl8 10 ,ill: gains 10 b1al.: rmt'i1'l8 1;0 ~uard~." ~nu ... ; choi~u (pI'Y fint ... tay in jaJ:1, bail. no bai], eompUatlCIi. 11.(111.compU:a:ncd-; be prepared to acct:~i CClMeqU~


approa~- positi ........ ~lJtiYC"~ te be imptand; around 1M room: IpeU £rom sLl~

a meerem of quie~. drete. hold hlUlds. huggjn. whseevee

1:30 Quid:Ill!c::Won Makirll-


2,:00 Role Playlng


2:15 COMmSUS decision making in IlCtlon

..... 'MM

3:lS hg;a.l klJorM.ICicn

229MM:. JILIII" i8~ 1!W19 WINM~lItinr:


3:40 Oi~~/~lor1

3;55 EvU.t.J:tionoftTainin8~iOll

A Mllnufll for Group FllclllUtors.. Tfte Center f'ar Conf-llct RBlolutionr. nl Stat. St., Madi.on, WI 63706, 1!177

--compi,led by Sandy Hepler Murjree:s.I:1oro. Tennessee

Group Dynllm;C$: Th9 Psychology of Small Group BehavIor. Martin Shaw, Mc;Graw-HiII, New York, 1976

Thfl Anr/-MBss: Meth(Jd~ of Or,ganization' fa, CD1fSCtiIlBS. The Red Sun.~ln8 Gang •• eor;kolev Colleclive. AvaiiabTe Ihra"gh: froQ In the Well, 66l' Lytton St .• Pelo Alto, CA !14:102

Co-ops. Commurlss Bnd CollectiV8$, John Case end Rosemary C.R. Taylor, Pantheon Book" .. New York~ 1979

Barnwell II Action


Barnwell. South Carolina. finds It9 .. lf with 8 rather unique- nuclear situation. Housing' three separate nuclear faellitias. nOne of them for generatIng electricity for consumere.. it is truly' 8 nuclear dumJ>ing; ground for tho world. The key here is NUCL.EA'R WASTE and NUCLEAR WEAPONS, making! South carolina tha "Plutonium Stilt.,"

The Barnwell' action took plaee on the weekend of April 29 and :II. 1979, with cll/II disobedlance occurring on Monday, May tst. About two thousand people

ponicipsted in tho legal march to tha gat"" of tha nuclear reprocassor and the rally aftarward. The next day, 285 people were arra.tad for occupying AlliedOoneralNuclllar Sarvices propany.

Barnwell :It! will occur in the fali of 1979.

Herein ties the story of B"rnwell, the leOlOl ".P8ct. 01 civil disobedience in South Carolina. a tentativB scenario for the action, and .'lte logistics for helping you to prepare to live on the "amp/rally sit. with II" much "sl'-sufficiency .s


Barnwell: Heart of the Beast

"But Gandalf has revealed to us tha.t we cannot destroy it by any o-.ft that wehere])OSS<SS: said EIrood.

'Then," said Glmiin<W. 'Let us cast it into the deeps, for in the Sea it would be safe."

'Not sale forever," said Gandalf. 'There are many thins> in the deepwaters; and seas and lands may change. And it is not our part here to take th~t only fur a season, or for a few lives crI Men. or for a passing age of the world. W. should seek a final end. of this menace, even if w. do not hope to mala! one:'

-iromJ.R.R. Tolkien', !.om of t'", RiPl8"

---OCO'-"<::::::J~ >0

Water movl?S through th;' world in " cycle. As liquid, it runs dow" In1lsides in strealllS illio IaIces {rom which we rJmw it to our ,.,Ids om/. Iwm;,g. It """"Drat.. iltta the sides om/. forms douds. It reconcentrates, rtm!S over the hills, fe"ds Ihe sIT"""", WIlt"", ,11£ cro"., ""d on again om/. 00'" agail1. :n;.. waf .. r cyde "rings life.

Rl,DJnlldiuity.1so tnou as through tl,is wodd III " cyd. - spedficrilly if! the nuclear {wal cyc.le. Fil:Sl, ir is dug from lhe earth in the {om, of""" ura,.ium OJ1!, Uf"WtlUIite rock, contaminating mine worker:s with 8IlS5eS and dust released in 111£ pr<><:ess. It is ground u" at ,,_ium mills. The gross ""rtide<, o:illed tailings, .re se'f'<lTmed from the pure uranium powder. called Jl"llowcake. The tailings "'" ,,;lEd higl' autsiIU the mills, almo,t '" ;f to de/il;>er,.rely f.dW.te the wind's work of scattering tlw mditJactive dust oner the earth. Even mOr>! poison. is ",Ie"""" "up 111£ smokest""k" in the emichmmt plm-Hs ,hat bring ",""Is of "burnable" """,ium-2J5 "p ro • usuable proportion ;>1 the fuel. Enr:iched umnium fuel, furmed in.to "dl,ts. is shipped to "udear pOW<!r p/answhere it IullpsllJm Wflter into steam to drive

• 1edricaI turbines for one year. TIle used, or "spent" fuel is then stored in Im-ge water pools on tllJl reactor sites. ~ is nothing to do with I~ spent fuel but wait unt,l its rwJioactivity drops to su{e ",""Is, ,,250,000 year wait .

If nothing ch""ges in this ·open cycle" for UTWlIUffl fuel, we """ expect ~ POWf!T to ce_ operation befa," the end af lin; cenrnry. Th, co.1 of col1sl....mng moro ",,0:1 more sto",€, pools at reaaior sites wiU ri<e prohibitively I'igl, 'mHI it _cites two to four t"""'" the <U>t of the reactors themsehms. The raw !mZ11ium 51lpply, aireaay short, will finally exltaust il5elf. Nuclear power will befinishE.d.

Cltangt, hOW£lJer, in t~ uranium {wal cyek palh is in the wind. T we proposals - one by the Carter Adminislration. one by the nuclear pouxr indliStry - wo,,1d create steps 10 "close" the CYC"', !hereby "''''king it and nuclear potoer self-perw/ul1ting, The AdministratiDn proposal, issued 17 October, 1'777 om/. ba,kedvigoro, .. ly by the U,S. o.partmerlt of Ene'&Y (DoE) chUif 'om". Schlesir'ger, is '10 reU"" !ndj"Ul",,, reactor sit .. of til";r spent fuel burdIms by carting the stuff off to one centro! Away From Reactor (AfR) storllge sit e. From thEr. !Iw ",,,,lear industry would pick up the ball. taking the .spen' {wal rods (SFR), ",olting lhem down in hydnxl,lori<: arid,

J@I~m ~~ ~~

",u;I exiructing' Ihe trace W1'OW'ts of ,,,,,,ble nut:lrnr fllel (U-235; 0.4 % lot.1 vol"me SFR), '«WIble tarzet "",I.rial (U-238). and power-grade plutQnium- 2J9 for """,de. reactor programs, Imd "uckay weapOtiS material. The indll'tTy prcpOSlll for nuclear waste reproc ... ing 1OO"ld fACilitate an wdimlted fuel supply 10 ,11£ nuclear power and weapons progmms. The umnium <!Iele would be dosed.

The "uc/ear waste _ has hem the arch-tumresis of atomic power since it< ro"""""",1 infancy in lhe mid-SO·s. If King T ut Imd used ,weI."". poUX'r plants for """'l!Y in tmJiEnt Egypt and stOlP the waste in the Great Pyra",Ui before its doors were sealed. they wouid Iuroo given up only 10% of lheir lethal radioactivity by this ""'fUry. The was,es, "nce reprlJci!5Sed, 'annol be """,Iy isolated from the e71~iro"'"""t in ""y known material. The mdioac:lds, boiling spo'!tane"''5ly. eat rl""ugh rntuI!I feet of stainless "eel in 1e.s. then /went:; Y"'''' The nuclear industry "'" a lot of troub", iustitymg such: a h=d to supply only 1 % of cummt U. S. <'>I2I'8Y SlOC"'. 50 fur, lluly are succ.eding.

Power. "_e, weap<n'" all three come to ftxm in the area of ilamweU, South O>ro/;"". Tl re ", the Gouemment/lndustriaJ Coalition (GIC) "'" pltlced some of its mog cruciJ<1 faciliriE>,CHl!M,NUCLEAR SYSTEMS - the anly storage site east of the. Rockies for Iow-levelradioactiw ",,,,te. SAVANNAH RIVER PlANT - one of only two fACilities in the U.S. producing plutonium (tlul other is at Hanford. Washington) and 11,. only plant producing hydrogtm-b'ilium for the U.S. nucleAT weapons program. Oumed by the 0.",,_, of &wgy, operated. by E.1. du Pont de NI!171O'-'r5 and Company. FUnding """""ai, FY 1980. AIl.lED-CENERAL NUaEAR SERVICES - the only operable nuckar WIl>Ie roprocessfng facility in the Western Hen'isphere. Not cu"'''''tly in op..-ation, O"",.d by Allkd o"""ical and a prvtrJersllip of Gulf Oil "nd Royo! Dutch Shell, General Atomic, The major choi"" for AFR. MInnre,,,,,,". fundi,'H r""iow, FY 1980. AFR opl!rQaO/~QJ fr.mdil1__g. DeE pl-lfchRS€, IT 19'5l •

Such a strategic eo""enlmtiorl of camponents in tl", GlC umnj"", cyck exists ,rowh"",.ise. The "uclearthreat stands o,.-fuJl> at BarnweU,

Local opposition to 'he BamweU Spectre "". existed frorn its fil:Sl 1""'5E"C£. The old Atamic &'<'1&Y Commission hod to """"""I~ ""~,.. tOWfts ., the mid-so's in artier to const",d lhe Savannah Riuer Plant. 0". 5TXh town. ElI""ton, wru .. I"""t.d to " "lemPO""Y"hm1.!r site. Yet those f"mllies .,.. stili waiting for a liuable "New .BIeHIOtl." Th2 Covert,,,,,,,,! reneged an their respon.iWlili£s.

Nuclear WIlSte Te).1,!,ces<ing has not had QUery SUCCI!SS{uI history, A pl,M operated by Nuclear Fuel Services in West Va1J£y, N. Y .. auJside of Buffalo, enroWltered insunn01mlabl. technical difficv.IriE>, NFS abandoned West Valley in 111£ emiy '70'" """,ing llie State at New Yark to deal as it would or coultl wilh I". radioacid wastes I£ft behind. Many of the u""",ployed W.", Valley teclmicilms and ""gineers hired D" with Allu.d-G.m.,.,,/ in Barnwell when tlul new plant beg"" conslTuctiort. They bro'.s;ht their expertise - or lack I}",,,,,,f- wilh them,

conrjlJued next psge


10 '

BarnweU II Action

Heart of Beast continued

AlIW-<Geri_I'. B<mrweU NucleRr Fuel Plant has ,,_, ,thE focus' of.."".

W7;' serious legal q=tions, 11wugh """lew ["dlities are ",qu;r.d fo o,bt~in construction UcensF~ jrom the Federal gOlJe.rnm.ent before &l dime "'" be spenl on bu.1di"s, the Allied-G<7!<m</ "lImt is rumn!ly9S% 00,"1'1.01. and I"", """'" be.m issued ,'uch' a license. A 5eCOI"ld license, ",qui"," ,to r<UtllOriu op"'''tian of a """lew facility, IlWi be.m held "I' in ~ on c",,/mlio,," of in'"",mors {rom Fnviro"""",talists, Inc., using expert t..wrJO"y from S>Jch witne;ses '" Dr. }ohn Go""",,, codi5cowt'f!1" of """,,"m-233, wilEn ~ Ftmf - and «ftcr him, PrIlSidettI Cart", - dBdan!d" moral",;"m on mu::1ew """'Ie "",,,,""';"g, TIre licmsing lzeari"~ . rec""",d inde{inilelywith no derision.

Thecum-nt.5C-en.cuio, piered lag.ther from go"""',","' aocumen!:>, "'.!en!"""" wi,h ~e ossistanfs., and bit. of .d=1Mi guESSlJXJTk, further

romplitatllS ,h. legal.tQ;t,.. WId .,,;coWl/Ability process at all three f.,,;litre., Chern-Nuclear and AIliM-Gm<m</are up Jor ."k, Sat".",,,,h Ricer Plant and tlu! Departm"", of fm.!:&y plrm to pun;:hase them boIl., using Olem-N""lear to irIcrMs<' it> IOUJ-i4!'vel <to"W' c<!parity in oddition toconm.uing TOC.;pt of Jaw.Jer,el storage c"""dly ,in: tltiditirm to colltinuit!g receipt of low-/eoeJ commetda1 high-level waste (SFR) TOprocessing. By-produd radioacids lJJOuJd be .tored 011 SRP territo'll, The mosl cruci.ol - and the most rotlfroversiaJ - t1<p1!l'ts of n..dear potOer "tid "",a!,,,,," would I.. ",,,,<>wd frr>m public scrutiny ""d clu!1lmilJ? ,_w,. ,he protection of the AtDmic En.-rg,y Act for l1'«sons of "rndionaJ .=tity." No '1"",ti(m. would be alluwed. No ronten!itm ·WDU.ld be =epted_ The gores would be closed end lockEd forever. kid it <auld all' h_ before Odob.,., 1'l79,

-Lee MQncliestBr

NucJ""t Power'l h's" suapl .....

The Last Resort:

Nonviolent Direct Action in Barnwell It

"Sinc,e when ~R.5 ithe Lord of Gondor bl?m Q!nsweT~ble to the-e t" said DenethCT. "Or' rttay .1 n(;lt commAnd myow:n 5eroun1$7"

"You mRY/' sRid GWidal/. ",Bul ofheor,s m(1Y contest your 'wm, 'when it i$ tumf1d to m,pdn.es5 l.In.aeuil."·

ThrnGaHda1f. s£eirig In£- rn.wVltsS tn:at t.IXlS 011 Den,thor. .lhrusl' forward wi.lh .ll"regond and Pippin b<h.i1Id him, whl"le Denethor gav, back,,, ~fr"ltl J,KR. T,,]kien', Lore! of theffin.i!s

Avenues o-f appeal have been exhausted, The' "madness" of naeleer weapons ,and nudeiii' pcwer continues Wider die approving eyes - of those ag""o", and l<gist.'i'" bodi .. charged. with pr,,""'ting us against such 'threats. The Barnwell facilities are still there.

'When reasceeble contests prove fruitless. direct action must be enjoined. Yet for (he very reason that we cppose the nude", madness -namely. the' h'iih place life's sanctity holds in, our value system - WE' cannot: ad violently, th.ough ou:r feelings ef frustrati(u\ are strong. We are theeelcre dit,octedlike Mohanda~ Chandl. and Matlin Luther King, Jr., before us - onto the path ,of nonviolent direct aepon. it: is a path we: have travelled before 'with some- limited :9l:lccess.

'In May 1919, two thousand D.! us, gathered for Barnwell U., direct our peaceful energies toward stopping the AIlied-G.""al plant. Two hun~ ,.;g!tty-fi"" of ... <>crUpii'd 'land owned by the company, refusing to leave until th~ called off their deranged d.e:libctatjlCnih Allicd.-GttlJl!:tal's. plans to put the repr0C<5.i1Ig plant, on lin. were not shelved, but,

1. Federal vfficiab We£-I! made aware of strong opposition to the plant and began second-thinking the ihin,g;

2. South Carolina Governo-r JOM Edwards, avid nuclear proponent and instrumental in a-ttracting Allied-General's initial cemmnment to locatetn the state lost the gubernatorial elections tllat- year to ;l person much more ~ympathetic: to antirrr.l.dear 5ent~mel'!1. Dick RJley; and. ,

3. Nakional citizen awareness 'of' the nuclear issue in general and of the Allieil-Genera.l reprocessing controversy in particular. wars heightened si,l!nili=tIy.

The story is told of. how a Iriend 'Came to vi!:lit Thoreau when he 'Was in prison for- retuslng to pay a poll tax. ~'W'hy are yQ\l in jail, my friendj" the colleague asked Thoreau. ''Why are you nor ID jail, my friEnd?" Tho,,,"" re plied,

Ci,vlJ deobedfence. the acr of violating a Jaw to pTI!~5 h9~e ,a p()inl~ to prot~f loud and stJ"Qllg', carries its consequences, time in jail, paymet1t for deeds of conscience. It is a tactic of las~ resOl't when all others heve failed. But, when its time' ilppu:r:s. U becomes. an Imperative. Its time- is,now.

"1 WQ5 well AWRre

thaI zn .:roil disobed£(>Ht:~ you sh:rnd - yOLl aYe. IZtr£sted

you RH.empt to ~Ipt£5S your Uiew5 yol.! a.re J:l'rf2'~ared

to take the C(lrn;:e.q~o!i;'!n(:e$, ,t

~ThomA.,<;: ,Lewis from the trial transcript. BalUmohl Fed'etal Court, 5-9 Od, 1968.

Wi recofatt:d in Daniel J;k!mgan's Trial of th~CatoJ1$ville'Nine.

"Whenever the Emd:!ii of govemmetlf art pIlTf}f:!rted and public IJberty m~"jfl"SUy endA:ngered And «11 othe"r m"~n$ of redress are IneffectuAl, the peoplf; may; 4M,d of rfghr ought to, reform the old or es!abUsh a new governm~flJ. Th:e d:Octrineofnon-r.e5ist~flce .againsf arbitrary pow.;t~

"NonvlolflnCfI dimcts us to broad"fllct/OI1 thll.fI thB' mere ect of civil di$ob9dlflnCfl."

We' cannot repeat history, We do not wtsh to, We must IDQVif! further down the, path. For Barnwell and the 'nuclear issue, ,that means e:qJa_nding OUIj vision, intensifying our nonviolent B:SSaults, and, in,creasing' out forces, Barnwell U will, star+ from last year's eeccgruncn of the streteg! ea llv-heaerdcus rele of Allied-General, and in addition, will make the previously underplayed coenecon between nuclear :pClwer and nuclear 'War - namely, projected joint use ef th .• "'prooes'ing f"cllity by the Gre war and utilities .industries. Eamwellll will employ many times the number of' partlclpants acting in Barnwell], wiU place them 3':1 AlHM-GmrraJ, Chem-Nnelear, and the Savannah, Rivl!J' Plant. and will US(' ill grl"'ator-r varie-ty of nonviolent 'Iilu::tics than tb~ simple' oeecpation of last ytat put into play,

And ()ppr~jon is ab5lird. ~Javish, ,and ,dl!strUi::troe of Ih. good .nd.iwcPI"""" of Ih~"","ki"d1." -Clm.str,tutic",., of the Stllte at New H"",psnire, Articl, 10.

FO.T some, nonviolent direct action -parrirularly cl.i.1 disobedience - is the only moraUy COrrect response m certain institu.tional inequities or I;onsisten. IElrror!ii in, ildminisb'atl:vl!: judgement. For them, nonviolence is an absolute, a value dir'@Cting the whole of life. For others, it has significance only as II strategic tactic II) a campaign £ot' change. The understanding one has of nonvlolence - mcral or ta.:;;tiuJ - is oil matter of personal decision. The chok~ of :nonviolence as a ~y to the anu-eueleer movemenre character l!'! ;!II

Barnwell II Action


Legal Perspectives:

Barnwell and Direct Action

As it now stands, all who participate, in civil disobedience at any of the possible occupation sites (e.g. Allied-General, Savannah River Plant, or Chern-Nuclear) will be charged with simple trespass under South Carolina slate law, which carries a maximum Bne of $100 or one month in [all, We nope that through negotiations by the legal team, more substantive information will be forthcoming shortly.

Concerning the (hffer'ent degrees [n which one expresses disagreement wilh these plants <e .g. passive cooperation, noncooperation, or nonviolent assault): A. nonviolent assault is not recommended at Savannah. Rivet Plant as it may entail a stiffer federal Atomic Energy Ad rap.

The current in£ennalion concerning multiple offenders convinces us that the", will be no difference Ior them in the charg es HIed or the maximum sentence of $100 or one month in jaiL

Legal ramifications of [uvenile participatlon In dvil disobedience now seem least dear. The m8.JI:irnum. sentence would beplac;:ement in • Foster hom. until the age of twenty-one, The process of idenrtfication and separation of juveniles duting the arrest procedures is vttal both for the juveniles andIor those responsible for the action. A bit of historical perspective concerning juvenile participation deals with Barnwell I. Juveniles arrested were brought belore F.mUy Court and relea se d. However, the presiding IudS' at Family Court has changed. and no new negotiation precess has been set "Up.

Legal Update'

.A new law was passed in South Car,l).ina this year ccncerntna the cunJng of t~mbBt' or wlldtlowEms on priVBt.e land. Digging and pl8nting might be included lin this~ also. Sant.ence: m8kitnum of ,$1000.00 fine or nne VUilr ln jail.

-Barnwell d-emQrrstrl;ltor, must. be C!U,.ltjQI)~ not to :block the' highwa,y. for thin carries ,fI' maximum senrenee at Ii ccupla of VOiars In, Jail or $<'000.00' fine .

• Concerr!lng tne payment of ball. the Illwvers, ar.' Wl';l'rking mree options.:

1. paying aJ minimal bail (sams' 8$ last yesrl

2. peraonel recognizanc,B b.ond (PRJ; haW9V9i"r if one is released on PRbol'!d and does not a:how ~p fer 'trtal .• BI fa'IQny ",",;aHa,,": ie, issued .. - 8 biggie (not tho moat likely choice'

3" ... ·'courleB1I bond" ana Je relaasad on: iii lIigna,tu.-e; if on. i. not present at ttme orr [Irlal, svne ~& e;harged with "contempt 0' court," a misdemeanor; one eannnt be !lrrestBd for this unless hying in or II'tItlUrniilg t:o South Carolina

The followingJs a synopsis of what transpired in thlli! judicial arena after Barnwell I: There was a total of 285 persons arrested on May Lst. Of those 285, twenty-two were opposed to paying bail and remained in Jail When their trial date arrived, the remaining twenty-

• two chose to defend themselves in court. They were found guilty and were sentenced to Hfteen days in jail. 158 of those arrested signed retainer agreements which authorized the law firm of Warten and Pitts; to, represent them tn court. VVhen those retainer agreements were presented. the C-OU[t rejected them and all 158 were considered delinquent with all monies forfeit. This decision was appe-aled to the S.c. Supreme Court and was upheld. The American Civil Liberti es. Union is now considering one of two courses of' ardon to take: Appeal to the Federa! District Court in S.c., Or appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court in W as hington, D.C. The two persons present to submit the 158 retainer agreements were given a. trial dale/ were found guilty, and were fined $100 tach.

Concerning the status of the' criminal records oE those participating in Barnwell I, AU those' who went to trial. and were found guilty or delinquent have records for trespeesing. Likewise, those who did not sign the retalcer agreement and did not .hDW up for trial have trespassing records.

-Fumk Sanlowsid

As far :as it stands new, no one will be charged with unythii1lg other than "slmpta trespassing," which carries a rnaxlrnurn sentence of $100.00 filne or one mont" in jeH, ueless the demonsUetofs do something other than trespass.

Last Resort; continued

matter Eor collective decision. It is one 'we have madeIn the past. It is a decision we .affirm today. It is the rule for Barnwell II.

Nonviolence directs lUi to broader action than the mere act of civil disobedience. To ~imply trtake eon-negorlable demands would be a violence to the dignity of those: WE are confronting in Bamwell Il. We are constrained by the nonviolent decision to explain the background of our demands. W:e: art do:i.ng so by researching and compiling ThE! 50IJthf!ast~nI Whi"f,e P~pe.,r,:

Barnwell QPf_d the Nud(?Qr Fuel Cyde£ addressing the nuelear issue, dorumenuag om' unease with atomi.:: weapons and power, and detailing an agreeable way QuE '0£ the nuclear threat for those who work in the plants, fOT those who use electrical energy supplied by nuclear generatore, and For a nation that .m:u_st malntaln defenses .a.gilln5t its. enemies. We Me doing so by

maintaining ~O:n.star.t communications with those leg:islatot$ who decide on the issue in Congress. We are doing so by going deer-to-door in Barnwell and presecungwhet we understand t'o be the facts to those who stand to lese the most if Out enderstandtng is correct. W-f are doing: so by coordinating a concrete exhibitlnn of currently available alternative methods of energy supply. em Appr-oprlate Cornmunlry Technolcgi es F;rlr IACT Fate) On the rally ,U. at 6.rnwe11 Il, W. are no. only prophets of doom; we are also pointing theway into ~ :!Iilfe" clean, workable world.

The nonviolent decision also dictates' the way~ in which we make other decisiors. Barnwell II is not being dktatoed I:QI H~Q5e who plan to participate in it by a dosed central cllqee. It ts being coordinated by the Counctl of thE! Southeastern Natural Guard, which is composed of the J:'ei'~oent;ttive.s of organizations supporting

Barnwell Il. Its decisions are made democratically, considering all suggestions equally end forging Hnal determination cooperatt v dy. Council mernbershin is open to representatives of all organizatfcns democratically organized who wlsh to cO('lop€ral:e'i:n ~~ting a:\;;Qn~tive iru:t:rum~t for action much stronger than ,an.y of us could hope: to "It.blishseparat,ly.

The inquiries and dectsicns of the Council. shan continue to shape Barnwell n. Much is :not yet final. A [lnal update shall be di$tribu,ted in early September detailing Barnwell II in the most concrete terms-available. Icdn us.

" ••• 1& fine ami' festive task l3,wait5 you In the corning ;tIOt1tJ:ls. "

-Hermantr Hesse ~Lef" Mal1ch~ter


Barnwell II - Site Logistics

We hcJjt ro' hmJe the SImU!' raUy .sjte this yelJr rrs we hQd lOT ~lJ J. Since we fAre nor c,erlR;n Rt this time, 'Pi1riiciptmts sho4ld Sftily in louch willi .he 5own"astem Nutur.' Guprd'. If ther. is "ny cluutge on t"~ site location. new nJlfPS will De printed :in Ol,e- /onh~om;"_s. Suppl~mettt. to this Handbook •• hat will b. distrib"r.d prior '0 ,It. aclion lMf!kf!1'td. Otherwise, IIie mtJps prol1idM in this 5ect:ion will be w.ry useful,


Parking of all m,olori%ed vehicles will be provided in an area separate from the- rest of thr camp/reUy site. Foot traffic arourtd the Glrnpin,g area will be- safer and mQN pleasant tn the absence of dozens of unauthorized vehicles. W~ ask everyone to please cooperate.


Shel, er cannot be provided for unknown large numbers of people, especially with our limited funds. sc you will have to he responsible for providing your own, shelter. Tents with as, few stakes as possible are ideal because the- soil 1& sandy and .taki.; will not hold well. Affinity groups and alliances ,1Ir'£! encouraged to cam,p in an er ea with others from their state, using bright flags and banners to decorate their campsit~~ This will help people to Locate ea ehether.

Bring everything that you woeld normally UK for camping: sleeping sear, COOKware, mess kits and utenstlsr Il as hlights wiIh new and s1' ..... batte:ries; lanrems whh metal fuel tanks (.any others are fire: risks). If you have any extra tents. tarps for lean-ecs, eleeptng bags. rain gear, eec., it would be • great help if you would oh"", th"",. Make sun that you hav. yaur name on all equipment brought to d14! action in order (0 avoid confusion and possiblE 10':i5 during the proccu of breaking camp. In vtew of last year's eenrusron. this cannot be overempbaaieed.


By the end 0' September. it will be getting <001 in the evenin,gs. so bring warm clothes and enough bedding. In the daytime it will still be warm en ough to wear shorts and other lightweight clothing.

In view (If th=abunt!anc'e of the :sun's enMgy in South Carolina. be careful or overexposure. Bring sun hats, salt tablets and sunlotion or SI,lJUiCr~n. There eeuld be lots of sandsp urs, some snak es and other critters, so shoes are needed as. much for prolKtjon on site as for comfort on the marches. F", deahng with in...,ts. bring ,.~lIant, (O,tronelia and pennyroyal oil are said to prevent bites. while c"'y and tiger balm are excellent for tn.llng bit es and s~.)


Natural Hb"" breathe best. Cotton and wool are sturdy and romfo, ta ble. Oothing should be loose ... dllght.

Avoid expensive dothing and other atticles: as you will S. heavily involved with r.arth and tJa, e lements, I.abeJ all belongin!!, with name and addr ... and affinity group name. Avoid wearin.g i~1ty - you can, be hurt Izy woaring i'.

The most cemfcrtable way 1:0 dress. is in laym:.

StaItingwith light, bare layers during the hot part

of the day. you can keep eddlng heavier lay ere until you rquite warm Izy rughtfall.

Again. the SUe is a larg e, open Hold. Last y ea r it was sandy and rutted, Shoes are a defml+e ~ty for comfort and protectlon of the Ieet. This is 1'ot a good time to try out new footwear, BringsoDl.,hin$ broken lJ1.."d comlce ta ble. Also. light socks will further protect the loot from blisters caused by shoes. Heavier, wool rag socks used by hike ........... !ly wonderful. but may

prove too hQt For Barnwell m .

September IOctober. lie Hedbl •.


Affinity groups .hould be ",If-oufflc;ient lor minor probJems such as ruts, bruises, poison ivy, sunburn, etc. 'Each affinlty IIWUP should hav e, as a designated m~c. someone with experience in

fi ... , ald. That person should be equipped with an adequately stocked, easily ace .... ble fitst aid kit. Most 'medical problems can beevoided if we keep eur bodies in good shape with reasceable care,

There will be an infirmary" at the site. staffed by professional health care workers and 'In liason with the nearby Barnwell County Hospital. Again. if everyone maintains a QT~ attitude. it will he I ess likely thaI we will have a need to use these facili ties.

People requiring medications or having cf,_roruc h..Jth problems should can!lul.ly ccnstder whether or not to pttition - commit civU disobedience. U you, do decide to petition, it is imperative that you dJs.cu$5 yOUT medication schedule and your condition with your m£<li< and aifmlty group. They ",,,.t ""OW how to help you avoid problems, what s1Mptoms to walch for, and p~ly what to' do if you have an insulin read:ion, epileptic aper.ienoe, asthma attack, etc. It is iii good :idea to wear and idtnrification, tag or bracelet stating any drug allergies along with any medication you mo,yrequlu n:guIarly. Any rnedi.cation brought to ,h. action MUST be ;" th. original container and MUST be aceompanted by

,. prescription and Idennftcadcn. NO OTHER DRUGS SHOULD BE AT TIm SITE OR ON THE WALK.


An area of major importance thai groups and individuals should P'"Pa re ehemselves In;' that of fOOD. 'rou sho,,1d bring enough '0 I as t for tho entire time you plan to be in Barnwell, There are no food co-ops in that comrnunlry, and the grocery stores are few.

There will be some food lor sale and anyone w.anti.n.g to sell concessions is welcomed, to do so. There ... ilI 'be a I ee to help pay lor th.e materials to construct the food ehelter , To gtt more tnfcrmetten and to coordinate with other cona'SSi-onaire;, ,any'one Interested MUST contact Allan or ElI e n by mld-Seprember .t the Basil Pot Restaurant. Zen1 Rosewood Dr .• Columbia. S.C. 29205. (803) "1-9048. Contacting them I. imporLmt because of the: nrcessity to cemply with the.health department's regulations ."""""ing the selling of food in public places.

Though there will be some food available, we recommend that you (,"OJTle prepared to cove-r your needs for nourishment for the entire time you plan to be in Barnwell. When Ihinking of bringing your own food to th~ sUe, also keep in mind that Ba.rnwcllis a small 'town and that the m-erchants ,n the area an not 'Prepared to handle ;3 Ilooe of consumers in their "0"'. So. please he ~ and aware of your elfe:cl: on their ccmmuutw, Have yOW" feed trip tegether when you come to the area as well as before you come 10 the site, We will have conratners for pre-sorted 'trash. glaS$" aluminum and compostables, but please bring trash b.SS. too.

11 you hring perishables, be sure to bring ioe chat> that have the capability 01 keeping I,.. fea lo,ng periods of time. Since ears won't be parked on s,it;eJ it will be difficu.t:t to make runs into town for additional supplies.

It is recommended that most food be nonperishable an d ea.y to "OIe or pack. Below .... some suggestions:

-dri,ed fruits

=nuts, PE'_aJ'\ut butter, tahini

eseeds ·darkbttaclo .hardy vegetables ·hardch eeses

',hort-«>okJng groins ond legumes esprouting seeds, containers

-hot cereals


'·bo1.l-ilIon, fm- flavoring noodles, etc, ·frujt

»tea. coffee -honey

_ as onings. salt

food should be stored in covered pl as ti< or metal containers. Avoid putting all oi any food Ite.m into one container. Several smaller containers .;nay help minimize IOSS6 due to varteus reaseaa .

Dehydrated foods are not: partic..l'TLy recommended since they use lots of water, lie aware thiilt salt,ancisuga.r increase th.irst. continusd ne~r pags

BarnweU n - Site Logistics



I -.,_~

V E. R


directions to camp/rally site


Most "lite map. wlll.how Barnwell to be just ..... t of the Savannah River Plant and about 35 mil ... east by southaast. by IIlr. 01 Augusta. Georgia. The campfrally .ite will be abou, 5 miles west of Barnwell On South Carolina highway 64, thA llamA toad that: goa" from Barnwell to the Savannah River Plant:.

People with special dietary needs should come prepa«<! to ..,..1 them. Futing as this tim e, due to the physical and emotional stress possible. is not recommended.

Everyone i$ encouraged to bring their own llterujb. plstes and bowls, etc. Conservation is usins whllt we already nave rather than wastefully ~ins up our re5OW'C'.eS.

One-pot m~a1s save on cleanup. Some dish d • tergent and a pol scrubber will com. in handy.

TIt ese who plan to do civil wsob<di.noe .. In 'his case, can expect to probably 'be arrested in one day. so food ruo:ds duriL18 CD wlll. nOI be at a maximum. However, the scenaetc is yet uncertain and _Oral lactic:s could be employed by the authorities. so we &hould 'be prepared to provide food and water for ourselves for a somewhat indefinite time.

At the 'B.un~lI [ action, certain people in each affinity group <wried • pack with food I.,.. the group. Nothing was taken away From the demonstrators by the police. It could be the same this year, O[ it 'Could be quite diffe~nl if demnnatratnrs are ~tained in. jail for any reason. The support people, those who oversee the arrests without themselves being arrested, cat! pro v ide: assistance in the area of!ood. and water.


We 'Will have water en gUe foe dtin.kins and cooking. If a well seems worth the investm."t. we may have water for washing" also. We suggest canti'nullri nt1Ki pllge

R.r. 21


About:! mil .... north of BI.ckvill'e. turn east off of Route 3 onto Routa 32. Take the first right and you'll be there.



"---_'''''I~ +-5 !1ILE5~

~ TO


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Barnwell II - Site Logistics

that you bri:n.g 'plastic: water containers and Hll them at the Healing Springs Church, es ~ally if you ere skPptical of the wisdom of driJlI<ing 1"",,1 w:;.ter. (See maps for directions, to the SPrin8:.) The Springs have been reknowned fer their :h~aling powers since thlil FrenCh and ~n Wars, and are currently "deeded to God fur public use ,"

tbi> year, Some people jn the Columbia" S.c. .... are I"' .... ted in cegarueing thi' factTrIy, but th.-y need informa'non Iecm people who plan to piUticipat~ so they can plan araQund evpzyone"s needs.

II a responsible. well-planned chUd<ar< I.dlily is av~b]e, weald you 'USE!: this service1 If SQ. WE need to, \mow the number and ages 01 the childr en, 'W-e could create a sPecial event in wroth thechildren could partidp,a'tE·_ Seed us yo.ut suggestiom:.

Would you be willin8 '0 partlcfpate in sharing tho res ponSibility of uring Iorthe chlldrent [£ 1<0, how much tune are wHli.ng to dona.tlC~ It is imporlant Jor everyone to :reali:ze that lalci.ng care of tho chJldr<~'.noedo"nd guiding them effects the Future of our nwt:ur.lng, planet. This is a respollOlbUlty.h at noods 10 be >hated by everyone who cares, regardl'~ of whe"th$' yb\l have borne children or not 5c;J, teVI!t)'Ofl£ is encouraged to consider p .. ticip.~ng in .lrilrr"p<>n,ibUity. Let us know h<>w you wanl '0 help this facility (oharing Y·OUI Ideas, donating some of your time, tending some prof>" for the Facility ,- such as bedding, toys, ftc., Send yUIJT input to:

how soon you can come to' Iliunwel1, what tools and materials you can bring:.

H...., are a f_ of the m.terials,we MOd: .0110 01 polyethylene. boundary rruu:ker tape. 12.-guage electrte wise. 55 gallon <'frumg. nails, tarps, lumber, tents. and anything els,e. Please co:nsidoer helping in any way you car. and let us know how by writing to the South eas tem N.tiin1l Cuard at the .b"". addr ess,


We are also going to have an alternative .nOTBYJappropriat. t«lmology fair to <D.pl.y that ~_ do 'have viable opttOM to nuclear 'technology in meeting enery n.~ds. The PrimarY focus of thE F.;t will be Resource Recovery, SeIF-Reli.""" and Energy Produ.ction. There will be educational handou~and workshops oasolar and appropriate tf'clmology~ as well as rnfOI'matio:n on eommercially"avoJlabl. hardware. The fai .. 'Will be a maJor focus for the weekend. and will be enjoyable as weI_) as wUlCat:£onal.

EveCl'otie partieipating in the Barnwell action, whether in civil rijsobedience or not, should arrive prepared to b. m",tly sell: sustaining. USually, 1M, is do", best in SII1aJJ groups to avoid Icts of dupHr:a'riru'l of items thai could b e s bared. hence - another valuable aspect 01 the af6nity grou.p structure,

Even if you, are not planning to either commit CD or act as a support, you. could bona together in small groups within yOU! cemmunlty, alliance or whatever - as support for one another . It's a nice experience, too.

The Cam.p/Rally Site, which is, in truth • large, open field between the town of Barnwell and the three rn .. cl •• , f •. cilities, h •• a limited level of life-support Iacilities. There is some electricity, and a water supply will be provided. Last year there were also a number ",I portable toilets, a requirement fot 111.1"'8' humber. of people who were there.


El.i!eWhe.e in this Site Logistic. ""lior., yo',,· will fino! a rundown ofilie major needs you should supply yourself. This part includ es a number of personal Jtems on a list that could serve 10 make your Ufe 0" the Site more comfortabl •.


-robbing alCOhO!"1

-soap, wit5hclot'h

"51.Uls:c:reenlolion .~OQth.bnJsh, paste ·ant,ibactel'ialscrubfointment .bandaids,moleskin -tweeZ-er5

=sunglasses, wlde-br.immedhat -persona:t medications

epecket knife

.flashlight. candles, lanterns, batteri6 ·mon~y

emetal.apocn, bowl '.luel-buminglstove-, pots

a-ma:tchl!'5r li_ght-tr

:"~~I~l, ..... _== ..... ===== ... RAnLlTIEs.lSlTE B.UnnING .plastic Wia.ter contatnees


.pla!lfic or ponchos for impromptu shelters ·sew.ing supplies. scissors, safety pins etrash ronratners

ercpe, smng, twine

esnrall tool ki t

.plastic water containers

Sousheastern Natural Guard P,O. B",,~0Ii5

Barnwell. S.C. 29812 Attention Childcare


During the lese 'Weeks of September. the logistics Crew will be building the 5ta.gf;!' and shelters 001' the childcare facility, food SETV"it:e area, and ethers. We hope to salvage as tnuch "sed lumber as- possible, and to build some unt('l,\'Ventio~l seructeres such as domes"

W'e need volunteer labor, tools, and materials.

We Mil need people to 5'11'1Y a few extra days after the weekend to dismantle thE': etruetures. The, 5He can be prepared tc servc people's needs only to' the ex tent thai the r e are willin8 people to do the necessary work. If y,ou can hei,p. we n~d eo know



Medical Information for those participating in civil disobedience

4. FlU out several J"x5~ jnde-x cards wtth'the followtng infonnalion ana give them to the affinity group medic, the medical team, the Council, and

your own, wallet orpocket =partlcfpant's name 6aHinjty .group name

·age, blood type', Rh lacto"

etnedlcal C'on-ditjons Ieame or brid descdpt:jon); for each condition, list,

-meintenance medieatinne/treatements, when taken. description. of medications Or theiI container. "where located on person

-crisis medications (same :;is above)

-medfcaticns and U'eatmeflls nat to 1.lSE:

eperscnal physic:;:ian'6 n;u:ne~ address and phone number .partidpant"'s home' phone' number

"Who to contact in case o,F emergency

.name ol'a£finity group supporE persOI'l or team.

1. Diseuse: your ~roblem.s with your affinit}' group,; what it i!l and how :they t:.at'L help you (mM.lcation, etc.) - and practice it.

l. W'rM <I, ''Medic Alert'] braceleeand canya '~dic,A1p:rt" card.

3. Carry yOU! own maintenance and -c;r.isis med.i~iI,tjon~ pro~~y labeled,

TO' help wilhstaJld the: stresses thatwe'IJ.1~Y face tQ~th~r. e-veryone is asked to:

1. Eal well and get enough sleep both before and during the demonstration.

continued ooa pag.f!

There ",ill b e a childcare fadlity provided again

A merucal t ea m will be p<ovided by the Southeastern Natmal Guard lor the 9E!.ri"o.U5 medleal preblems that could erase. There should be a mem*r.in each affinity ST""P dESignaled as thai affinity' group', medic, who will

handl. the small first-aidneeds of the group, .


1. People who cannot stand p.r:olon,geaperiods of psychological stress

2. People with pQ'5SibJy Ufe-enda.tl;gerlng medical coadtncre. euch &$: asthma, heart disease. epilepsy, severe environm-e:ntal allergies, bleeding problems, kidney problem., diabe tes , 0' ,,«gn,,".ty

3. People wpast:' conmtions an: not life-th~ateni.ns. but cart still, be severely aggravated by the ,situation (mald~g themselves and! other!; :mis-etable). such as sun-sensitive skin, t:ha;t .is 'noOt protected by clofhing or sunscreens

'Barnwell II .. Log:istics


phuro by M"~ BIi,..,ri

Healthy Demonstration, continued

2. Wear correct clothing {see dothing section); protect yourself from the elements.

3. Cooperate with the safety and sanitation suggestions of the medical Leam and peacekeepers.

4. Bring a personal activity to escape into as necessary (simple crafts. readins.lightweightmusical instruments) .

• 'Be in 800d physical eonditiQ_tl, For' hiking. The legal march wtll be about seven miles on Sunday, September 30 .

• If you haven't nad a tetanus. shot jn the past five years, you 'may want to get one.

+P'repare for aU your needs before arriving. in Barnwell, as we cannot depend on that community 'to meet them.

"Acquire first aid training. Everyone should know at least the rudiments.

-PtI" Spn'nger

Tentative Scenario

The Icllowtng is a tentative scenario for the Barnwell U action weekend, September 29 through October 1, 1979.


10:00 am - opening of 'rally site and regisll"3tion

12:00 aeon - appropriate technology fair and workshops: council for a.fB:nlty group spokes: Hne tuninl!; and training for specific tasks


8:00 am - early morning services

9:00 am - council for affinity group spokes (action update) 10,30 am - begin gathering lor legal march

noon -legal ...... rch begins

3:()0-.6:00 pm - anti-nuclear and pro-appropriate technology rally (speakers, geurilla theatre, musicians)

post rally - those participating in Human PetiUon (CO) should remain. on site: all others will be requested to leave; special tasks caucuses. sharing sessions, affinity group meetings and time for meditation will be zeccmmended


8,·00 am - ccundl Ior affinity group spok .. lfinal update) and affirmation 01 solidarity·

9~OO arn - spokes :for SRP peddoners distribute identification armbands to affinity group members: begi,t'\ vehicle transportation to SRPITalath31 Gore, approximately 3S mil es from the rally site. o".!Side 01 Aiken. S.c. 10:30 am - spokes lor AGNS and Chem-Nucl .. , petitione rs distribute ideMiJicat:ion armbands to affinity group members; gather in groups for support sessions

11 ,30 am - gather to march to AGNS and Chern-Nuke

Noon - march to AGNS and Chern-Nuke begins; travellers foUow route indicated. on maps: when march arrives at Chern-Nuke, those partlcipatlngIn CD will break OT and enter property; support teams 'will remain off th~ property and aid wherever and however possible. The remainder of the marchers will follow the route to ACNS; repeat ChernNuke instructions there.

FOLLOWING ARRESTS - tho se paying bail wtll be rel e ased and will return to the rally site lot' an evening of sharing sessions, those not paving bail will be, transferred to a, holding area to await trial


10:00 am - st.!,PPQrt organization meeting For those in jail by support tole personnel on the raily sire

As you may know, last year's Human Pelitlon was subject 10 -c:riticism because of the Singie-scen3riQ civil disobedience and the bai]-,payment restrictions placed QP the particlpanta. This year. we h3_VII!': devised a multiFaceted approach to CD. The Iellcwlng aloe some ideas. that have been P_Lit Forward in council sesslcus allowing various degrees of particiFOllion in the' Petition. Again. these are opdous, not fiflaldecis.ion.s.

1. Passive cooperation: entrance cntc fa,ci1lty through gate. While being arrested. walking with arresting officer.

2. Non~oope:ratioll: while being arrested, "golng; limp" and being pulled or carried to transfer vehicle, Refusing to assist law enforcement officen: in the booking precess (providing name, identilicaricn. allowIDs; fingerprinting, etc.I is an extenslon of this.

3~ Nonviolent Incursiem scaling the fence of the facility to enter the property.

Through prior declaration or choice of one of the above scenarios by one's affinHy group. it will he possible for the council to coordinate the total action without curtailing anyone's right to express themselves as they see at. There is only one scenario in one particular setting that cannot be condoned. Norrviclent Incursion at SRP, wroth would bring Sl.!,rn greater penalty than straight occupation that it would ver:y likely 'endanger smooth negcdatlons :for the other facets Df the Petition,

The decision to payor :not to pay ba:i_1 'is oil, personal one. The only requirement of the tmmcil is that, these planning not to :pay bail 'Upon, arrest declare themselves to council as far in ad-vance as possible to facilitate planning artd negotiatiens with the courts.


Before the weekend of Barnwell U, the action planning council consisting of representatives of those groups intending to participate in the action - win nave agreed upon degrees 01 direct aC'lion and tagged them to their respective sites. Support plans and facilitation mechanisms will also be developed. Council meetinss on the weekend 01 the action will no! be open for scenaric e.hange discussion. Those not wishing to support council decisions art"! requested not to participate in the Petition, but Instead to wait For some more appropriate time to persue their separate coursels) of action.

And linaUy, a f<w basic rules to keep \lO all healthy and happy and ,.je From poindess arrest: No property' aeslr'Ut'tioi'l or vj,aJe~tce: HO l'llcohol: no wetlpons; and "0 mid r drugs wiU be- permitted at any time during the weekend,

-Frank Sdr7totl1ski

Southeastern Natural Guard P.O. Box 1065

Barnwell, S.C. 29872

p.s. it is th. yeur of the child.


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