i I f I II

,. ~ - ~

,BarIlWe:II!, ae, .: ,

11\ " 1/

~ I(~e"t. 29· 3iO Eo 'Oct, J.)

I ~J ~

-'Yarra McLme for the rJOlttl;olel1ce trainers affinity group


This Radioactivist Handbook is the child of iii gmup of people who came together in Barnwell, South CarolinA o'n ]14iy 2 and 3, 1979, in order to train sitch ather in the ways of consensus, nonViolence. and direct action against the tILidear /ltel reprocessor that is loctlted tlear that community, It is the thirdedition of the Handbook and is designed with a somewhat different in lent than were tile first. We tI>t:mted to provide a well-rounded resource for learning qbout th~ al'Iti-nucleA,r movemeHt i/1 the Southeast - why it's such iii cn.,ded target - nDnviolence. and the [orthcoming BID"fIwelllI fIction.

Twelv .. people came together (two wIlre women) in this group for tra.ining and disCl.sSion, (md wel'\e given the task of producing «. rtJaflU;:!! for the SOIJtheastem Natural GUtiTa and others to use in inlorming peQple about the topics of cansel1SUS, affiuity groups, non,violence, and direct action, as mell as a historical, lega! and logistical perspeciine of the upcoming Retiol! in the !"II of liJ79.

There have been mcmy other anti-nuclear energy direct action. hrmdbooks produced in recent years as the m,moer af demonstrations IU:lue grotlm, Most of the one.!: we've seerl haue beer' e:tr:'ellent sources l)f infGl7llation long after th» particular aetiOlI they were cflmtetl fer llad pa§.5ed, Most notabty, we 'thank the

Photo at right .. , Washington, May 6, 1979.

Looking down the malt from the Capitol steps.

Seabrook '78 Handbook For Occupation/Restoration, and the Black Fox Occupation Handbook Gune 2, 1979), They offered Q <llealtl! of i1t{omratibtt about ciui! diwbedience pre]:Jaration, nan-tnolence; consensus, and the hazard!; of nuclear pouse«, from wlriclr we !Jl:uTOwed freely, But it .is difficult to find these hand.books now, HopeNlIy. by slaying irl touch with the SQu~heiii5tern Na~ura/ Guard, readers who would like u. acqulre copies of th,is book wm be «ble to,


The Radioactivist Handbook is dl?signed to pY<Juide readers will! chm'ty and orgnnization of the material [ound witnin. The fimpart of til is manual deals with tile I"rge tapir:s Df Nonviolence, .4.ffini~ Groups. Nonviolence Tmin-ing. The second part explores the particulars of t~le 8anlwell. Soutll Cflrolin" nuciear situation, 171 til" "ee,,,,d seclfon. YOLI will fi~1c1 legl?/ and lagi5tical information abaut PllTtidpatirl8 in the BamwelllI aetiOl'I, also.

The section of eadl chapler printed ill italics are fopical overviews of the subject. The second section of each chllp!er, in Rormil1 Jet'I""" ':5 the brass, laeb section, Artd tile third, il1 boldface type. is tne rl!5ources list of compr"he,tsiv'l! resources {sr inJormatioll related to the topic 50 the relldur may study fur/her and gain a grearer understanding.

The second half of til.! Handbook, the Barnwellil actionsection, is printed as one long, connected chapter whi.h flows {rom a uieio of Barmaell adiom. to the particular pr e paratlons demOlT5traio"rS rl'lUS" he aWlln' of i,1 Qrder to pamcipJ:lte safely and effectivelll in Barutuell If.


• As of the printing of this manllal (late. luly, 1979). only 11 8'ineml 5c!!nari.o is known. It appears mar 1/1(' end of thfi manual. The SOl.lthl'ClStern Nflti<ml Guard will be prillting a Supplement to 'his in early Sepumber that will wntain the refined scenario and will distribute it to those who eithM' request it or who /11<1111 be e n trained bJ,' SE non-uiolence trainers. PieRSI'" inqllire about this 107 Sautheastem Naturl.l.[ Qmra, P,O, Box 1065, Barnwell, South Carolina, 29812, They wiJIlet you know if there is n charge far till!' Supplemerlt.

Table of Contents

Resolution for a Nuclear MoratOrium Z

Bios aed Credits 2


Overview a

Responses to Violence ~

Nonviolent Respol'lS.~ to Personal Violence ~

Nonviolence Guidelines and Preparation 5

Resources 5


Overview 6

Affini ty Groups II

Tips for Good Meetings 7

Con~MlIS 7

Nonviolence Training for Affinity G~oups II'

Resources 8


Barnwell, Heart of the Beast 9'

The last Resort: NonvioleJ'ltDirect Action in 3, W, 10

Legal Perspectives 11

Legal Update 11

Site Logistics [Things You Ought to Know) 12-14

Maps 13

Medical Information for those participadng, In CD l!l

Tentanve Scenario 15

Radioactivist Handbook



R,'!solulioll for' a Nuclear Moratorium


This resolution was passed by the Consumer Cooperative Alliance's

genera/assembly on June 23. 1979. eGA is 8 continental (U.S. end ClInada) coopel1ltiv6 ali/aile", snd now formelJy endorses a nuc/~ar moratorium.

We include ourselves here to demystify where this publication came from, It took imense effort and attention to get it aut (beginning to end) in under three weeks.

WHEREAS Llle Consumer Cccperauve Alhllnce represents the Interests 0.1 consurnsr gro.ups rhrcuqhour Canada and tile Unued Stales. and.

WHEREAS 1M consumer 15 forced to pav higher eiectnca rates becsvse nucJaar'gensraEed eleclrlclty IS the most expensive form of energy when 811 costs. Inoludlltg ,nSurance. decornrrussron.nq, and cecontarmnsuen of l"Iu<':lear pOwe! plants EHe taken 1010 account; and,

PAT 5PRiNCIi.R "'" I,.." ,. ""ntI ",r>/"WCOnsdoLlS Q£t/v{:st fur j:eDef'~1 YEP'U'S, dwugh sJuo onl~l u.aned snowing .~rrtptorru by attilJlc/ing CAtflsl, AUl.onco ,n •• H"goin T.II"h_ ee; Fro';"" in ''''' {tJll of 1971J. jusl P"'" to trrrooUing with Il,e Carnvan ior.NQp--Nucl....- FUlun_ Th. C .... van (oc~ an rh. reLltr by which r,~_di.oa:cJiv,," "' ... ,.,.. InnI.J up 1M _as, (0""' of F/r>riJia from IJi. POTt oj MIIlmi. "" its "WIl.II to 'i<e Sal>O'n"al, RivEr Pllt1lf_ P., i. ",," .. ,Iyll,,; .. , In II,., JIOU5I! in ,B .. rll",,11 IhIT! 'r"'~_J '" ". "ffico for .Ir. SOllt-h~'(;uurn NlIlurw Gu_ard'j tohllrt :Jhe is h~lplt1g to ,,,,,rdinot. the planning for III. Llpcoming "lOtIon.

WHEREAS Illp. COnsumer would save money directly throujjh a vigorous ",,-'gram of conservation, and (urIl19r. that such a program would eliminate the need tor nuclear generared electrlclr v; and,

WHEREAS rhe consumer IS fOlced to oav In her/hiS taxes far Ihe nuclear industrv's Insurance through the Price-Anderson Act lin the U S I. and runher. thm lhe consumar's own msurance w.1l not cover, In mOSI cases, damages caused by nuclear dl0.3sters. and,

photo by John BuckJ6y

WHEREAS Ihe consumer is forced to pay Ihmugll her/Ius taxes lor nuclear weapons. whlell a: e msxu.cablv t.ed to nuclear power; and.

WHEREAS the consumer IS forced to pay Ihrough her/hIS ta es for government-sponsored Research and Developrnem III tbe area of nuclear energy. which benefits Ihe nuclear mdustrv solely and in no WilY benefits Ihe co.nsumer/taxpayer who pays for R&D In the IIrSI place; and.

FRANK SARNOWSKI i> en Amr~ 1>"" who boca",,, dincily .c'Iu"'"led wilh olhe, p.rsP""lbo~ 0" Am~ric"" li{.~t"" tWrl/lag •• Hesrudi.d ",an".>ci~e6 fQTa timlalllu> UnflWSityoJ South Caralina. Hi> traiJI",s in co,"m""~ "",,'" fnclud es a ~llm "f c." A. C,O.f/-.N. 5"'1001 in Ark"",llS. IIDd ;rlltrned .. illt m" Gr .... It.,.". 0"''''''''''8 WQ .... hop (-GROW) in Columbia, Soul~ am,un., •• d " ~.at (m Ik. "l1ft of P.I"'ftlo Alii",," •• H. Iu>s. b.,,,, ass l1cl4t.d willt ,th. Barn_II Pro/tel si""" hu~ 197B. and" CJj"..,,!ly 5,,0<1',,' Proj.r::r. Coordin,,'or fo, .5o.dh~".t.rn Maturol GulUTi.,

LEE MANCHFSTFR·. fiTSI partia"..tmn In Ihe anlf-nudew- ",,,,,em,,,,' ","'" 'hrough 111. i'flU"""" of Pldlli~ 8orrig"" "f lon<Jh HOl"" [BRI"",,,,,,) ..... <1 Chn.Il"" PM< ..... br., a Pltt$burgh argtllljZJIJio" ,o""smg On Roclo:weU lntm,.tfo"..r. "errtron bomb h""lop"'''''' program_ .H. mo.a"". • 11'0;_ fa. Ih. 8<UT1'.DeJ1 f oman in May qf mH. anti m.s """ ...... ". oTS-WltdrJg !uu:krround IU R /(.)rm~r' &Jftt &~' AU{tuit,f, (SEA,) ''tIO/llP1'ff1!'r'' and .!Ar!ifI'i" li!,I: [.I NfYl" CArolina NAruml Gw)ftl """Ieo,_ Mosr ncmt/y. M hm .ampl,t.da term "" Pr<Jjed eo .... ai ..... or for ScJur~ ...... tml Natural Gwz.-.i en th. a.m"",U II .,,/ioll.

WH EREAS nuclear power has serious unresolved problems that pose a grsve threat to the health and well·belng of consumers (indeed, 10 all lite terms): and lurtner. that II> rsdioacnve waste crsposat problems amounts [0 an rn .... oluntarv. long-term mortgage on the health and well-betng Of lutura qensraucns: and.

WHEREAS nuclear power, bEling eantranzed, anu-dsrnocrauc. ami cooperative. expensive, lI1efFlcmnt, and deadly - IS diametrically opposed to the values and purposes of the Consumer Coopara nve Movement;

WARD BRODERSON ,tCdt"" hi> 8,ii. i" poblk e.""",u,,;ca"OJI fran' &5I:on Un.inr.<i(!' So:hool of J>t,bU" Com,"""ialI,,,,, '" 1974_ Aft~ gr~duo.'i''''_ h~ ",,,,,.Ii "'"01; to 1M l.~d-. H. rook 1'I,,"tlioll!P1ct' tT,ginin.g' I1nd tDrIS Al'Trned iff ,~ B!1m~I£ J action, rtt~iIJ"d trtlj'ning aimrt. !U W'QU as pi.1'lIc.a'keepin8' trlJinlng in 5cRbrl>Ok", lIVId swdiM tl"A'ining for" IraincrSll1:r' BA'mmdr in mrry July, 1979, H. a&o works wi'~ l{ppor Cumb er r""d No N.k ... ,lui T~n .... u Valley &<TiJY C""Jt.j(J~, SCCM. and Ih. Southeastern Ngtt..-..I Guard_

ERICH VON BfITSCHWAN lip .. (In • mormtllintop in tho foal/ria. of llul .... ppalachi.'" ""d hv " .. " running from """ gamo •• ",1 p"r1pI. polJulioll mo.>l of~~~·jife, H.'. fiNd Ih~ro {or !.;on 11 •• rs, ,,,m- .. hlo W<'1tr from. cOQI. ...,.." ","untoin spring; g,w",,, IW food {Tom _ysid es. jiB!"". 8"rd., .. otld or.horn.: md ""'-"1'1 g"'''~ ~r"umJ 10 mo"mll.r~dTidtr.-II,'1.

BE IT THEREFORE RESOLVED that the Consumer Cooperative AlllancB herein assembled calls upon the governments 01 the United States and Canada to unplernant il rnoratorturn an the licensing and construction o! ~my new nuclear power plants. and that .1 reqUire an Immediate cessation at acttvnv at all corrennv operaung nuclear power plants "nul:

1 a new reactor salet ... Study has been completed and approved by the

governments 01 Ihe United Stales and cenaea which demonstrates nuclear power plants to be safe beyond any reasonable doubt;

2 oJ tecnrucue 'for safe, perrnsnsru dIsposal of radioactive wastes has been demonstra ec and accepted by I~,e respective governrnents;

3_ operators of nuclear power plenrs have assumed lull finanCial responsibrlitv tor the operation of their plants inciudmg the full cost 01 insurance. decornrrussiomnq, and decontamination.

TANA MclANE ""-' litled '" Tollan""",. {.or fo"r!{WI'" tmd ~"" bOBn imml,,1!<l with DArl""" rommomil'y PfOJ4d.lh~",_ Sh. i~o"., oj th~ I>,.;g;lUIJOrs •• dilor., ",,,I p'oduon-. <>f SPECTRUM; A c""pOTaIiu. N""'''''.p''r for t~. T <IlIQlJ._. Comm.mity. 0 mDnthl .. ooJ~"t •• , publiCJ<tiDIt d\?a.lin:g-llI.~th jocar poUri.cal WIJ4!'3:. COo-p'e-fAUNS Amt "l,u::i.!'-4!r -pDWl!r. H~r w_tu~ fudll11fioJi!J' £tr'\, ~Ol,lp pt'QC.'Il£ aTid thecr'.uJ.ir.rit;y Df produdng esfktUc Mowment ri!ercJ.I.ILh!". Sh,li7crJ JtCrmmirz8 In drdchalu Around Tr.:JUllh~ rend ffltt1.t:m~mN,g U:Uii:t the rulhtr"d I.llI3rid t;ca an a$ we rura iJUT <1/0rl;sl'O jl~ ..... b IXth.rid.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that 1h" CCA calls 011 the respective governments 10. put hell full ene'g\l R&D effort Into S ralegies that utilize exclusively renewable energy sources and conservation; alld Ihar they abandon tile" R&D eHbrt in Lilli area of nuclear snergy

·drafled by Jerry Johansen lor Magno/i",: SE Confederation for Cooperation

Tile prodJ.lLtI·on Dnd cuon/j7llltiOrl of a,is Handbook were do"~ in Tallahassee, This ",,-Iail.el receiu;rrg rh. l:tRnOU5 ~rh·cle.s from T ... ,messee "nd S,,~th C, .. rol'n,.; making" :riUio" p;"m~ calls; 'Yp_tting ami pasting up tlu [141$: ,,","18'11118 the layout. l1er,y ''If'IJy'' ,1,,. 16 th. enomlOUS /lumb.r of words no-nul.:..". at. cnpablg of writing; d~<lli'lg wit/ • .,emoll< prinfer. foT the Iu!sJ dflll 1111 the b .. r price: ~nd >riJJ1uril'lg each QIIz~T t~Toll8l1out Ih. long hours SI'""t silting Il.t Q drawillg board or tfpesetnllg rn{lchl,,,,. cmnking oul ",I,al yO" see lIeft_ S~iallhtvtk5 10 lAl'T)i, who hrollghL food and .",lle6 ol'ld did <l lllde of f"l1T!Ill,ing; ""d to LI.vll. who haW!d the tl'ly d~tai1s we we.e. moving tQO fasl 10 COfl5idEr. We 1£11 you 0,15 to demystify QUr moces< M "", IIro.I, "lso.

Tilt; proaudio" crew: LJiI" Fnmch, l.arry Teich, and TIfflll McLarre. af lite !>PECTRUM colleclive.

M ""I' til"" b to: Th.J'lo rid. £illlmb<au. T.lI"I,,,,,,,, i. d.'lIy ",dep""dni t '''tws~p.r ",/ric h """'.. , tl,t Rorid~ St.,. U";Nmty .ommrmity; 10 Ml!<lig'ype. " ty".,_,.,tting .hop In T.Uqhou •••• for ",oi •. 1"". ""d 101.""",,; tall/"" Norm. wlr" d";gll.d ,h. fro"tco,,",; 10 tho pholoST"f'lurrs; 10 P."I F","ndllch af Comm""ltko ~Wft •• for provlQlhg ... wliJ, " mod'" for rbi. p"bIiC41ti,," • A Guld. to Co .. ~.tiv'_ Altom.nvu: '0 T~dd Arnold. a grnplrics a,signer who ,,1w~y5 lUll Id."" 10 the Sou'~~ns"'"" NotLlT.I GIo'allf, .... Iro proafd,>d tho f""dins for ,h. HlIn<ibook; o.nd to tho';'ritws who l10ured th.ir ,Int. and '''''rrY ,nrn ~Iw. artiel ••• o 1M'. equId b. u R..JI".cllviot aal1rl.book, edilio" no. 3_



p/!Iltr> by Mil;""", BIiI:i.1fi Civil discbedioi'lC6, non'w'iolence training, consensus dKisilim milking, affinity IIrQ!.!PlI, dinlet. action ... are words and concepts th~t h ..... e been us"d increasingly by the anti· nuclear power movement in racen! yearn.

There comes a lima wlilen a, pereon begins to' !l'8i!lize that s/ha m!.!!i1 bagin to IISSIIR her/his resptlnslbillty tllwerdchanging the oppressive structures which the status quo has sahan;hly and indifferentlylevi&d upon us. Them are menv ways to respond to such oppression, in this &!lIie - n!.!clear madness, But inoreasingly, the commitment to d""ring with it through no nvi 0 11!nt diractaction has been Ihe pa1h chosen. Why?

Part One of the RadiMctivi~ Hindbook has been written ttl help botf, the casual r&3dar and aspiring ilffinity group members to understand mare about how and why this decision is made. Theintormation herein can be used as parr of a non'lliolence training session, but I" not Intended as a formal training manual. Several ~efere ... eas in the Resources sections 9Ugg8!lt other pubticsflans, and where they are available, totnose who wish to delve deepllJ' into this expanding philoso,phy, -tm



1. Accept the fact of conflict. Conflict in human liFe ls inevitable. Nonviolent action does not create conflict, it reveals conflict, often hidden or avoided, that is already thE!T1!. As much as pessible, attempt to separate the "deed" from the doer, maintaining a positive situation which is life-affirming, where hu:man dignity is maintained, and the commonality of the human spirit is recognized.

2. Truth belongs 10 both sides. No one has a monopoly on truth, therefore it iSI!BSI!ntial ~D have respect, or even love, ror your opponent. Compromise on lesser issues will probably be necassary since no one has £lllthe truth.

:.. Openness in plannin& and action must be maintained both for internal democracy and presently a. dear image to the world at large. Openness, honesty, trust" c;:ooferation, willingness to learn, are all essentials in the .resolution of personal and social conflic:t,

4. A Policy of Non-Iniury (ahtsma).

"No (people) are O!4T II"rurmje~," - Thich NhatH<mh.

"We nellNl 10 show everyone a way out," - William Hintonhl15hffl.


Nonviolen~ £ldion i.o; not jutit'" m""115 to un end, b .. t is Hie mer8ing of melm5 wilh ends. To the extent th,., we !jue with nOlTIliQI..-m:e, we ["reate the hummt society. we striue to live in. As we develop the best in ourselves, W~ .:on.:!rilmt e to lit e gI'{JlIJth. of ~ortlM'IUl1it,y. Tlds growth, this seeking ro discover ourselves and our re/atiol1sllips to the world about us, gives meaning and joy to lif!!,

tiu!J$, hOlDuve" do have their share of fm7rml, frustration and loneliness. rmd there tlye moment. wh"" w" are tempted to compromise our nonviolence. That's wh'en we treed each other to reaffirm humane uaJuts and ioiM in fhe uniuersal dance, realizing we lire all in this together, one by one. creating ,I'wry mOl'l'[ellt af it.

TIle future. is litl~d by tllose whom the struggle hQS touched Q11d marked, Till? 'l'lU!stion of haUl it marks th~m is reJeva,d.

T" ",sort to power, onl! need not be violent. rPower seems to have somethitlg to do with commitmmt fJnd coop,era~ion.)

To speak conscience, one need not be meek.

.The most effective action boal resorts to pow.!'r Rnd engages conscience.

-Nonviolent ,action does not .have to b.eg others "to be nice", It Ctin, .in "!feLt. force them to consult their consd"m:es - or to pretend to hmle tllem,

eNor does it "true to petition those in pow~ to do somethh-rg abold a sifu.Clhon. It can fo.c.e the stafus quo with A new fACI (;ma say: acc.ept this new situation which we Tume,.11 created.

A liberation movement that i. nonviolent sets the oppre:!;sor free as well as the oppressed. Nonviolence might not touch the heart or the conscience at an adversary. but it does touch his/her mind. The point is that you, as much as possible, prevent the reacting out of fear - in mindless reflex action,

Nonvlolenee equals fewer casualities.

5. Acceptance of undeserved suffering may be neCllSS,,;ry.

6. Preparation for Nonviolent Action mcludesr Statlng goals, planning strategy, deciding tactics, and establishing a disciplinll ... developine; Affinity Groups (i,e. small groups 01 people who work, play and communicate well together); using structures which expe-dite Consensus in decision making ("HumaN socretyrests Up01l' consensus," -i.e., the sharing ·of meanings in the f.orm of common understanding and I"xpec:tationl;and ' .. xperimenting with various forms of Role Playing are .,1] extremely helpful in preparing for Nonviolent Action,


Protest Non-cooperarion Obstruction


A direct action campaign is a series of planned actions, sometimes stretchin,g over years, to achieve a specifk goal.

-Erich Von Bitrsdl1DUI'l

Actions are usually highly visible to the public and the element of confrontation is strong, The p-urpose of the confrontation may be: -to make public a group's conflicts with a

specific institution

-to dramatize an unjust situation

-to expose moral contradictions in a

group's or institution's stated goal s and practices

-to communicate different values and try to influence change

elo expose profound contradictions between the objective requirements or material survival and the institutions of the status quo

A direct action campaign, as outlined here, is based on a commitment to nonviolence - a discipline of non-injury practiced by participants. For such a campaign 10 succeed, it is essenttal that, as a minimum, nonviolence be accepted tactically by each participant for the full duration of his oj' her involvement.


i'tJf$t:JtPill pTCpiJ17JriO/lS ISpirfrlJ8llp~'f"/rDIr:;gioall £."fu.rk>" ."d resclng

wirh BIJ~I) r:J rh~r sna


/nves(igelion (research, (llcr finding) Negofi91ions

Education of the PutJfic


Issue ufamewm: imenrions Oirect Acrion

Prorracted struggle

eo... rirnJed 111I/"irr9, bwkting OrD'lnlZ~IiOfl, SlffIngr/lefliflg S/l~ aeve/oplng a/rema rives



4, Don'r IJB a/mid of slaring lhe obvious. Nearly always,. It helps 10 clarify things and sometimes can have ",nazlng results. Onee, In a civil disobedienoe demonstration, the demon51rators were being treated fOugttty by the police. One demonstrator was being dragged across the pavement by his hair. He had the p.l~ence of mind to look. up at the cop who was dragging him and say qUletlv, "You're pulling my hBir and It hurts," This got through to tl"1e cop sufficiently thst he lei go of tM demonstrator's hair and started d"'!XIing rum by the armpits,

Responses to Violence

There an two di!ilincl kinds "f violence, spontaneous and organized. Both may be effecl,\<ely diffused if people remain calm.

Tho se prepared 10 hold Ibrir tempers while t a king Initiative •• uch a. peaccl<""P"I"S, should' come to the fo re while others. are implidtly protected by remaining back. untillhe vi,o!ence is resolved and new dynalrucs begin to enter the situation. Initiating ey,. ccnracrand ph%lcaJ vulnsrablllty wit~ either a lone indrvrdual or a group l ea der is very important. Goill!; forward with open hand~ and stance, smIling sli$hUy. and saying. "Hi, my name is ... , what's yours7" is decepnvely simple. the o rdi n.uy , that is """ctly the key to r~olvlng Violence by ~galn,ng IMe human ertcunnter by re-establlshing the ordina.l'lI and the personal.

A quiet confidence combined .... lth ,n respect for tit.. other person is ruruiarnt'l'lt.<Jl even when that person is not in an y sense respeetful LO us, I t is a Nltural tMd~ncy when threatened to draw in. yet: the qlliciter one draw. in. tlu. quider one «lis off the ordinary IIl1d 'he personal qualities that hold the seeds for rerol.vlns persona] vlolence. There a.re timC$ when one needs I~ del End DJle's s~lf phy~ically. This does no.! mean [0 retaliate. but rather 10 assume a position of leasl physical harm. All occupiers should know what Is traditiunaUy called from 1M a"u Rlghl5 movement, ufhe nonvial"ot dd~ posture.' It InvolVl!$ ,1asping th~ hands ovu the head, elbows drawn in 10 hold head stable, drawing the knees up with leg, tuo:k<:,d WIder.

This forms a. ball, face down. stom a eh and gatital. covered. Tht. nonviolent ,defense posture ls a Izt resort in .. range of posslbl e responses,

It is easier, generally speaking, to deal with violence done to yourself than Violence on a person, near 10 you. Thai sense of utter helplessness is WOrse than the physico.! paln. It ls possible In interpose yourself between aHac:ker and victim, undorstanding !he risks involved. Don't COUDt on it, and it may ta_ke three or four sneh aetlens, bUI at some poim lbe gesture oH~, the gift implldt in INs act often will give the attacker a pause and make them think _in.

An.nth er optinM 1! calm, persistent gentlirrg talk to tIw attacker. reassuring l.alk 10 thevictim, loss of temper and hysterical responses are not helpful.

Two distinct circumstances in seeing others hurt need identifying. Relatively unprovoked viclenee is on,,; ncncooperation is the other, Those nJuMng to obey police orders have been so Ear In OUt his lory of occupations, the OM srn...tion o.F selective violence. Noncooperators do not ask OI expect ot"ers to respond. People musl not in any way 1..,1 coerced into aSGuDJing the same stance or [eopardizing themselves to protect someone being hurt due to a position they deliberately chose. Wll' have got to understand thai the very basis of solidarity is that .... ·e ea~h remain lrue to our common

purpose in our own style, rema.ini1lg tru.r: to one ;mothu in this way.

Another important locus is to remember .. hat cannot be hurt. While the dynamics of a moment may seem desper.lte and ultimate, It is not, Deep breathing and a phys,ioal consciousness, se:n$itivity to the parts 01 one'. body that are not injured, the parts of on.e'$ lile t~at are not rnmpromiso:d can be helpful, Amidst what might seem an unholy crisis, remember that there ;5 nothing anyene can do to you thal changes, In a basic sense, the penon that you are.

The difficulty of violence p.ych"Jogicaily has less to do with physical pain than Ihe oonrusion, th.e terror and 111. hurt in .r<:aJWng that someone else is doing thaI to you. [I Is harder 10 know t ha 1 another human would do such violence to than [t Is 10 be hurt. All partlcipants should anticipate beforehand. reflecting on' those -parts of themselves and tl ... ,:kcun""live identity that cannet be taken by jail, by physkal injury, or by any other I!l!temal Iorc e.

The historical perspective is also important. let us come to understand thaI we are part of a long tradition (of struggl... Many victories have been bought, sometjmes over a considerable period of time and for a considerab'" price, thrnush patience, sufferi'1g and COW"iIi8C,

Nonviolent Responses to Personal Violence

f. Be dear about your objl1r::tives, It ff1<llly helps to' Ilave your objeclives clearly thouqnt out and in lront of your mind. All the occasion presents Itsell, vou should eernrnunicate them as specifically as possible to your opponent. If vou ~hi't your objectJves, you might confuse your opponent. and yourself. Your objectives must be reasonable. You must believe you are fair and you must be able to' cOrT\municala this to your allllonent.

2. Don't be frighlflJled. Your fear communicates itself Cliracrty 10 vour opponent and eggs him/he.- on, Of course. it's easy to caution you not to be frightened and perhaps difficult for you to step your rear in the midst of a confrontation. But not impossible. Breathe deeply. ~eep' talking. Talk slowly and, in a deep voice. Main!si11 as much eye ccntsct as possible. That is, don't challenge your 'opponent with YO'Jr eyes. If the eye contact is making her/him uncomfortable. look away, But keep loold.ng at herfh'm as much as YOU can. Mosi imponan1: tocus in OIl YOUT opponenr. Encourage him/her to talk. Re<llly try to find out where s/he'g at.

3. Oon'r be /rightening. Someone about to commit 811 act of violence is fikely- 10 narncre full or tear than the person beinganacked, Make no abrupt gestures. MO\Oa slowly. When practical. lei I your opponent. what your are going to do l)efCJre VCJu do it. DOn'l say anything threatening, crtucat. or hostile.

S. Doo't beheve like Il victim. Somoone in tna process of committing an act ef Violence h85 strong ex-pectalions as 10 how hrs/llerviclim will behave. If you manage to behave differently • in a nonthreatening manner . vou can inmrrupl the now of avant. that wo~ld have c~lminated In an act of violence. YQtJ must create II scsnario new 10 ~our opponent. If you can avoid getting frightened and altaid gening hostile, you're on vour wav.

6. Sl'lek ro bsfriend your opponeor» better narflfTii. Ttus rs 81 the heart of nonviolent defense. Everybody thinks 01 him/herself as a decent person. Even the mcst brutsl and brutali'zed among us hsve soma spark of decency whi.:h the nonviole,nt defender can rsach. The task IS to find Ihls decenev, to explore it and bring it out, 10 lead the oPPQnent to see tha[ the Intended act of violen"" i:> inccnslstent with Ihe person s/hs IS, the person slhe WIShes to be,

7, Response to phVsiea1 violence. The s1rat8gy spelled out so far IOGUS(!' primarily an keeping the confrontatIOn on a verbal-emolionallelllll. What do you

do when Ihings gel physiC817 The responses most often called for seem pretty passive: sit down, clam up. maybe even curl up in a foetal position. Some-tim811 such response is appropriate, but only rarel¥ The most freQuent mistake nonviolent rasisters ma.a is thatihev do not resist t]rmlV enough. 'Thill' would be more outward-goir19. Sometimes passivity further angers or mccites your opponent. On the other hal\d. somctlmes your opponent is so upset that even a mild form of resistance can be explosive. You have to play it lly Bar. The best rula ;·8 to resist as firmly as vou can will10ut escalating the anger or the viole"ce:

8. Keep tBlting'. Kesp listening. Gel vaur opponent 1alking and listen to what s/he says. Encourage him/her to !alk about 'what s/he beliaves. wishes, fears. Don't argue, but at the same time. don't give the trnpression that you agree with assertions that lire cruel or immoral. The listening Is more important than what you say. KfJ9p the talk going, and keep it calm.

M.pLO<t rrum on orticle by Mo'~ .lotrl.",WIN. Jon",,,, 24. 11174.


Nonviolence Guidelines and Preparation

Nomnolence re''i'uires t:I 51701'18 commilme1'l1

, to II cause I'ISweU Il,S 1fW1l1'l!!112SS of the responsibl.liHes of timt commil .. ,,,,,I_ For eXllltlpJe, if an g~tion in~rudes ci_~il disobedience, IlIws lire bro.kell to preoent grearer injustice. People committi11g d"n disobedience should understand r'lIe COI15"'1""1'I1:''''' of !mmking the 1= W'Id should taki! re5po"sibility for their "cis.


A nonviolent group action is an orderly. coordinated demonstration of a purpose. and for a purpose. Nonviolence is dependent C1n reason, lrnagtnarlen ... nd dis"; plin!!.

H"", are six s~ifk gutdellnes on tho subject:

L Our attitude towards oFfidals, and others who may 01'1''''"' us should be one of sympathetic under.t,anding of tho: b·urden. and responsibilities tht»' carry,

2. No matter what the circumstances 0" provocation. we should not respond with violence to ads directed against u •.

J. We should not call names or make hostile rem a rks,

4. When laced with an unexpected provocation, we should attempr to make a reasoned, posh;" e. creative and S'yt1Ipalnet;c response.

S. W. should ITy to speak to the best in all people, rather than seekil1Jl to exploit th .. ir weakness to what we believe is oUl"adv,ant3,ge.

6. We should attempt 10 interpret as dearly as possible to anyone with whom we ale in contact - and "'ped211y to mnse who may Op];>05e us' - the purpose and meani I1g of our actions.

weakness to what we believe is our advantage.

6. We should attempt to interpret as dearly as possible [0 anvone with whom we are in contact - and especially to those who may oppose us . the purpose and meaning of our actions.


1m an attempt to avoid violence, it is necessary that all pMticipantsm theO<;tober 1st civil disobedience oeeupadon know what to expect, and thai a flexible and responsive decision makina pn.1C0!5S be established. To this end, the Southeastern Natural Guard Is developing II program of nonviolence preparatiOn whim i.s requited For ali !bose who inrend to I'arlicipate in tin. part of the adjon.

Preparadon sesslons are l"",gth!' and usually involve b~twl'"" 15 to 30 people. Although these sessions will cover the particulars of the forthc,omlng Barnwellaction, att~nding a s.essiol1 does Q()I commit .a person tcpartkipaung. People who are unsure as 1'0 whether they want to participate in. civil dlsobecllence: wilJ be helped in reaching a de<:ision 1:>y a'ttendill8 a preparation session,

Off.,.ile support per'O.n. must all atilmd "preparation session, and those who want 10 be pari oE otherpretest activities such as rallies and marches may also wish 10' underge training In nenviolence,

Trai.ning sesslons accomplish a number of things. A hislo,t'y of the Barnwell .truggl~ will be pnesented to giVI> prospective occupiers a fuller understanding as tIJ why there is an eccupajicn planned a. II pro lest tactic, The prociss of coasecsus, as well as quick d.,;ioion maldng and Ii.t~ni.ng skills will also he covered. Roleplaying diffefC!nt situations (putting people in !he roles of authorities, workers, media. people and occupiers) will helppotentlal CI:k1'li to gain ,an understanding of ,the emoeicns people experience is stl'e$Sful situation~. TMs allows people to antlcipare how tn.,,!, will read in those situations.

Discussions on norwlolenee, Utepurpo"" of dJlferentsitu.al:l.IJns, (putting people In the roles 01 authoriti es, workers, m~ia I"'DPle and ocrupiHSl will help potential eDen to gain an understanding of the emotions people expenel'\oe Is stressful .itu!ltions. This allows people to anticipate how they will react In jh~ silUat;ons,

Dlscussions on nonviolence, the purpose of affi.n:ily group., and the spedfic scenario for the Oetcberactien will alsc be held.

Near the .. nd of the ... ssicms, thOSE' who decide to participate in the occupation will form affinity groups. The t"aining .~5siO'ni. only an introductjon, To be effective, an affinity group should meet a:nd work tognher before the occupation.


For a/I the ,/llW is fulfillrd ill one wortl. "'"'' rhis; Tllol' $iI"llIQue tllY neighbour lIS lhyself.


I would' Ifh tot:<",rIlSS my IIPpreciQ!irm to Ih~ folks of, MOt/ernenl for <I Neu: 50r:iety, Ihl1 W",' Resisters League. thi! Amerirtll'l Frie"ds Seroke ConlmitWe, Q"d Southern Mobil",aljo" Affi>,ity Group. 1.L1HOSe tiwugh'ls. words a"ddir.<:Iio,,;o 'W"T~ freel:1I Ll5ed in tl,,', pT ... ~nt"tio" "" Nonniotence.

I would like 10 ~zyre55 my .appredl1l:io", to tlu! folks of, Movement for a NnD Society.th. War Re>lorllTs LeAgu~, the Amerium Friend> Servi~11 C"",mi:tte'. "nd Sou the .... M"biluati(ln AifiHity CrllLlp, whose IhoIl8h'-', word,! (md dire.ctiOtt.s were fr •• IJI used in this presenrsrion "" N01luioli!IlCl!.

I ",ourli al<o I~ to ""'press "')I lone and "p-pr€ciQ,liDlI .10 "./1 my friends and luu er s, my ~hi1dre/l, ... "".y motller. ~,,4 10 ~II Ih03t who ,~re cOncerned wilh this prolec», especiAlly all N"""lol.,,, R/!5:i5/e75 rmerywhere.

Erich Felix Von. Bilfsdrw"" Hogwallow Ridg,,-. Te"n~. ],,11I IS, 1979

~ ~ '..-.i!!!!!!!!i!!!"'!!!!!!!!!Ii!~'!!!!!!!!!!:I!!!!!!!!!!!::!!!!I!!!!!!!!I~ __ liiiiiiiIifIIIII .IIII!!!I!!!!I' "

.1 I

: Resources I

! J

Th8 Way ofUfa. La.oTzlI

PaiitiCllI fd8llis. Bertrand Russell. Simon ,and Sohuster. 19&1

A Srlldy Kitfo.r No.nvioltmtActJan. War Resistors League/Wost. 1360 Howard St., S8T! FJanclsco. C.A 94103. 1415162.6-&976

Pf8y Hard; Play Fall', NobudY Hurt. A book of new age games

StrMf1D'1 for a LiVing RBvalution. Movamantfo.r II' New Soch.ty IMNSI,4722 Baltimore Ave. Philedelphla, PA 19143

WamB,,'(md Nonvloll1nCf!. .Dlane S;pangh. WRL. 108 Pursfoy Rd .• Chapel Hill. N.C. 27514, riesling with connections between violence 8fFJim;t woman ,md vlo/am;e dOtTa to all opprmad"~/es pnd the oonnocdon between women and nO(Jv;o/an(;9

Sarvadayi8; IrB Princi'plEJ;S &- Progr8fflml1. American Vegell, SOr;liBtV. Box11. Malaga •. NJ08328

Endslmd MBBns.,AI'do". Hu,,,j~y. Macmille:n1968

A Manusl feu O/met Aation. Mllrtil1 Oppenheim-or and Georgo I.ak!lloV.Chlcligo Quad'rangle Books, 1965

Exp'la.rlng NonvialantAltematill&J.Gena Sherp, 'BostQn. P. Sa~gant. 1971l

Now York Aiki.ksl.CU.S. Aikido Fedar.atlonl'.142W. 1Btl1 St., NY. NY: {l form of nOl)violem self-oofensfI lind personal cenrering amongsr motion 8()dchange

Prif;f)1I NotlJ$. Barb-era Demming

O'nClviI.D~bfNIl'{lfJt;;fI. HenryThoreeu. WN N,llnon.1966

In PIa,;" of War, An Inquiry Into NaRv/a/Mt Nlltirmtll DfifensfJ'. Amerh;'!n 'Friends S'e""iclj Com mrttee, N. Y. Grossman, 1967



Affinity Groups/Consensue


The foJ/owing Ol.Jtline of rl.f/injty groups Ilnd the COll5ell5U5 decision making process is mel!rT t only to be a brief inlrodr4Ctiol'l. This is 11 Of an IiIbsolute set of ·rules, but rather a loose set of guideline5. Gro .... p5 should .. dapl this bas:lc process to their own r:mrticklllr nMds.

This alltUm ha.5 .extensively pa.r,aphrrued and qLlored Resource Manual For a Living Revolution, arias 'The Monst~r Manual"· "MM". I cannol recommend this book highly "'ndugh. It il; rI. nilcesSar,y res lll4rce fo.r alIgroups 110 matter what rllei.- decision making process. II is l4ur:rilabe for $5. SO from the MOllement for a New Society, 4722 Baltimore Avenue. Phi/adelphia. PA 19143. Make checks pClylible to R<'SOurCE Manual For a Living Revolution.

J also used the following sources in writin.g this outline: Cln I!Clrlier edition of The Radioactivist Handbook. The Bamwrdl Trainer's Manual, Q.rla W"I excellent ol"t/inl! on CQl'IsenSus cornpU"d by Chel'Jl1 FrQTI1cd and gilJen to me by Pat S'prirl,ger at G BGnlw'I!lJ Council meeting.

Ma,st groups giue too little attention to process. The l<lcK of r'll1 ae~ept!lble process wru .. in my opiniotl. the major Muse of the demise of Catfish AIli.!lnce as a 50uth-easl wide No-Nuke cOllllticm. I hope we Clln Ilmnl from th!:rr experience the extreme imporlam;e of good process.

A cJllt:lr Ilnderstatlding of affinity groups ana conse:nSl<5 is !!5s!!~II:-j1'!1 fo meaningful par,ticip CI lion. in the dedsion making council of tlris Clction.

Any uru:mswel'ed questions about ihis process cat! be directed to me, t!:' the MN5 people, thE' Barnwell office, or a'llI of the nonvio/rml trfliP1ers.

We CIlII work it OLd!

A. P.opl. inJere.led in wotking tOf!"th.r Fc-.m .a gro,Jp.

'Wa,d Broderson U.C.lC. - U.C No-Nuke; Rt. 3, Box 12M Celim;!, TN 3SSS1 (615) 24J-2DCt4

11IIUUIIIIDlIII01l1fl1111l ~lmrnlllllUlilmUlOlU IllUlllUllIIOnJllIO 1IlUIHIIIIIIIlIllUlnUIUlllUllUHllUDllillUIIIlIIIIIIU '

"Human society tests upon CO:l1sem;us,. i .. e., the shuring of meanings in the [orm of common understan.dings and expect.ClJion."

-Bernurd N. Meltzer i.11 CI.n B8S.ay interpreting George Herbert Mea.d

IIIIHllllllllImll~IIIIIII1JIIIIIUIIIIIIUIUIUUlDllmlurnnJDIIUlmUlIIIUlIlnUll Ulllom UlmUlllDlUlllUlUIllIOllllillllll



..... affinity grou p is a. collectl on of 6 to IS peop 1. committed to working towards a mutua:! goal. AJfinity i!l"Q\!pS rnaY chooS!! ~h.ir own dedsiOl1!l;iaJ<ing pror;_. howevl:'. consensua i5 =<>=~d~<;l b~~ it will fanu1iaru.e the group ·with the P""""" URd. by the CQ\,iIu:iL


A_ I,t .dEn'LOCratiZ'i!!.1!ij an otherwise "maes

demo I\S !t.allon" by !n5titu!lng o;:ollectiv. dQi.on m,uirlB and Inttoduco. the ~mls of sm~ll !ll"OQ~ to rnasa adiOtlS.

B. It Insures ouppnrt for oll partl D pants, b "th personal (friendship. idea feedback, dc,) and plty,,;oU (medical, baa bond,elc.). The .alfiruty grD~p assumes full respOnsibility for itsdl during tb eaefion.

C. 11 1'l'Ovicle1 the baste unit In the deeisien making process ,and F.""i]it.ll"" communication to oJl the participants in the 3eli<>.n.

D. It pro.ides a slt1;!ctun: (or ",,,,,[uati,,n. f"llow-l.lI? and rotor. actio"".

"E.. It enebles troublemakers to be more "","iii' identified and lsolated,


B. Th. grDUp r~ nonv;Olmttrainfrrg. To schedule trainJn[! In ycur area, please con.lact the "Barnwell offiC<!, Scrulh"aslern Natural Guard, 1'.0. Box 1065, Barnwell. S.C. 29!1U, (Ilm) 2.59-1'l2!!.

C. The affmity &wUP iiI;"uld h"".,", m ... Iing " •• 00n -as pw,,;ble after training to dedd.:,

·!he type of decision making p'J'ClC<!:SS to ,,~ 'I:h.! selecti·o!>. of roles "nd. 'IrWo:>

twhat's nalh,.." all roles filll!d1 alI.logislk. coveredJ is there a need for annther meeling? if so, wltenl where? who will plan, it and call. in hew willev.zyone .be notified7

"Ih~ affinity group s,nould g~1 "EiI'Ie tuning". Fine ~ Is the Ilnal brie£ing: .l'eC!!:ived shortly before an actlon. Se""ral roles sh ould reoelve s.J>'!dfk Ein. tunlJl3 (peaC@keepem. JUdI'. ete.].


Training os • structure le3.mtng ,,><perience u..t is """""mental. cooperative and ~gaHtari;m. Co-leam<'l's sh= res:po~jbUity for f"t::ili.t.:!~."S their ownedu.c.ti.<m, lI,rDug!. which t&ey Ie",", the mdlvi<lllalo.nd grcup skills n~~ry £.or eifecID<e gr·oup action.

MDre .procificany, this typo Of training:

A. devol"p' ,sk<ll.i>l a VariEty of .IUS, .uch as e<mfIict ruolution. democntic dedsion making ami problml analysis.

B. p.r·omole. rhe d"v~lopmen.t of groups oonsdousness and oohriivoness

C ,prepa:re; groups to work for both 10nJ and .hoJt tenn change.


R"les ~ a;<Sumod taro. To insur iliat everything !lOft deM, II is v;tty Impo.rtml that someone take .pecifl" respon..wility for each wk that needs to hoe done.

A" Support: Each afflnl If group has a OIl pport person who should avoid g~t~ arres ted and -whc ;.. ~"nslbte roc rna:intalnirqr; contact with die IVQJJp "TId provid:lns outside needs d wms th. action. Support I Iun~tl"ns ind ud",

ohavinga.lisl of "".110 is irI!h.e a.ffinity grouP. with namer addresses, ronlact numbeB. medicallnformatlon, etc. .,if the .:l:Ilnlty group has a vehicle. th.! .upport person should have the keys. license nl1lJlb4r. etc. "'Channelling any 'extra supplies to !h. group.

"having '!II.lr-a. funds fOJ' last minute needs and emergencies.

B. Spok,,: Each ,affinity group n~ to moo"" olle P=OIl and an alternate I" serve a. a "$pO~ e ," to represent ltu:m on tit. Ccnseneu •. CwnciJ. The funcli.on of $ppl<e should be viewed as a structure rather than • role. SpQke:; are I\QI spo~pJe as much ". the.y a.e the ,o(lnnKtion between affinjly greups ant:! ·a hub (Ihe Council). <IS in .. wheel. They mUllr be people that your groupsknowsand trusts 1.0 represent ]linttgroup'.'vi'ew5 andconcems aCCll.r •. tely ~I\d fully. Thb ,,,,.ll:ion may hr: rOl3tec!, but it Ls Important r:J-.at tlte new "poke have atten.ded the las I· previ<>Ul' Counllil rn""ti1\G. The tnessenger who attends tk.: _dings is a.gcod ch""", ... the ned spoke,

C. Medic; The medic should know ·of <my sped'll medical needs (prescriplio.l\5, ere.) of the group

Affinity Groups/Consensus


Affinity Groups, continued

Co~ruus i~ • method fOT making group decisions without voting. The goal of consensus is to TCilch a dt!dsion on, which ov"'Y" .... tJUi. a~. Co~.us does not mean unanimity; it should be blocked only when thrn is a deep mo~al objection. ~ "bi~tion$ can be PQI In theminules alId !h. pel'$(m with the obj.ection can stand aside Fr'om Iho adiun. The SO % YO Ie .sbould be Il.!iMl orlly if there i.lI.o othe. WiI)' 1:0 prlJ8l'l'!"i.

meml)ers. S/h~ sh"ulrl have a £tr.t aid kit and kn_ltd@e of mo:dlcaJ faciliti<s ;!;vailll.ble CI.n ~j(e and in the area,

D, .P!:e ss ' Good n:lations with the medla ani! important for a good IlCtion, It's im,portant '10 respect the medla's lmpacl, em the public. Ilach affinity group shaull! cheese • media person, dilleren! from tbe .poke, whose task will be to n.ute information to the media. These media people will ,_,;ve speciallnlirllng dun'lg "fine tuning". Any participant may be approached by the press dwing theaetion. Pleas .. avoid usma rhetorical language. lnste .. d, eJ<pl.oin our position .imply and pellrely. 1£ you are asked question you f",,1 you an: unable 10 aJllIWf!l", try to refur the reportel' to someone who can. Do no! try 10 givr ;my es!ima,te5 of the number

01 demonstrators expoctOO. '

E. P.auKupeTsl M'I,sh"lls, P".c.k".pen will nai:ve special trainlng durtng "fine tuning", This ~raining ... ill ~"MMtra.h! on [lonviDlenJ m.eth0d5 01 conflict IJIlIThilgm'len! and reseluttcn, ?e~cO;~ au not <lUUlOribuian Rgur es, but simply parti c:i panb who take special "",po".ibiHty to _ !hat eve'Ything goes smoothly. Pea .. ~per5 will bt! used to help maIntain traffic flow. to k~ the maTch" .. in an orderly lim, and for securing on both the. ralJy and Occupation sires, Same peaakeepers will be needed 10 assist with

Tips for Good Meetings

A_ A model asrnda outline

1. :m troduo;litm! ef the parti dpanb5 and aJlrief sharing of their expec~atiWlS for t:Ito meeting

2. &lediQn of co-lacilliatol'!r

3. Agenda reVi_, revisiOn and approval

4. Selectlon o£ tim .. k~. if-needed, and clarillcation of int.nti'lIlli ,,\,out ~liclting to !idtedule and ending 011 lim<!

5. Selection of ~

6. Dl!owion and resomtlol\ of issues on "8enda

7. Selection of plac:l'. time. and co-facilitators for next m~ting

B. Evaluation 01 meeting

B, Ge.neral suggestions about fadlililting

1. SUl!881 an uruchedul.d break tf people are not fWld:loning well, or postpone a bJe~ jj the group is dllur;lng ahead ..

2. Think aboul how 1..t=DDl"'} 'C"", be up~le:d so th. 'meeting can continue .unlnlwtupterl.

J. Bring OU t op!ttiQO$, espeo;;illy fn;,m peQpl~ who i1ITO 'not ~atkin8 very much,

4. WbJ,n ~ iJ; need for a lot of discussion or clarification, break into amall groups (buzz groups) for shorl (5-15 mlnut~l b~alnstorming.

s, Kft'p the fadll.tator .role neutral. If you have a personal opinlon to ofhr, .make 11 dear that you an: sMpping ou t of the role of Fadlilatoc

6. :Keep the di=.ion mev'ani.

,. Kftp trade of lim •• I1d end tho meeli1>g on tim.r, [f the agenda. is ta1d1)g lo~ than 'lnlidpatrG, ~Dtiate it. Get lII"oup ;tg.rlOemenl thai lime b.. ""tended or hold OVItT unfinishedi!"",. unti.llh~ """, moetlns.


logistical and support acl;vi!:iu durlll8 the oeeupatlon and aneatprocess, so 1'1'" allpellike.t.P~1'S can dlred.ly pa.rlidp .. te in the <><=Falion. Peacekeepers will wear dlsdnctive armbands or shirts,

F, M05sellS'e,: Th. messenger acts a. a c:op>rnunieation. link between the spoke at the council medini;5 aI'Id. the a£fJnj Iy group, Mes~ng .. rs ;I1"e especially importanl when Ute coundl needs to ~e quick d...,;oions.

G, Scrij,Q, The scribe keep. the records of the affinIty gn>up meetings and ean aWl k~,.p a record of the group's participation in the action. Good records are crucial to the sucass of on~ojng decision malc!ng.

H. Co-i=iJjta./o rs , "A faciUlator fill s a role olmilar 10 that of" 'ohair;>erson,' but nl!V.r dincts the grouP. without it! comenl. S/he hclp. the member.! of a group decide what they wont to accomplish in a meetina and help" them carry it (Jut, S/he , .. IrA rl2J>O""ibiHty for :remi.ndWg !he group. "f it. task. resrs fcr con se nsus and in geneml ~suretbal the tasL:. and malnle~a:noo roles dis.:uMed ... ue De,1ng filled. The fadlitator initiates pn,.;.,.. ~uggeStions w I-lidi the gr.oup may .eeep I or reject. but at no tim. does s/he make dedslons fa. ehe group Dr tab on functions which are the respon5llillity of the gt{)ups as 3 wh,*, A good Iacilltarer helps 'parli~ be aware tlull THEY are in chargE, that lIls

8. Try 10 end the m.ding ",jlh a fedlns of tqgethc!1le$$: song, shUina hands or SI.01ldlng in a drd, holding bands ln slime!,

C. T ",tinjj r or eensensus

1. THI for :agn.emen:t ,u 5<Wn as .Ir c!edsilfl\'~. to boo emerging, Periodic tHling helps 10 clarify di~ents.

1, R e-s tab; 'ent"ti~~ proposal bdo re ""king for consensus,

J, lnsisl on '" response from th e group. The group needs to be ccrucious of maldng a contrad with each oihn.

4. When I:hUe ill no ~m~nt'

a. ru th"", who dlsagree to offer alrHll.'ltlvti

b. il~.ru still can't be rumerl, propose a break OT table lhe pruposal unUl the end of the meeting, or'1lrrb1 the naot meeting. Try 10 gel opposing factions t08"tI1 er to work on a o::rmprom.l.5e before bring the issue upapln.

c. when one or two people ate blockill1! con~, ask if they will .1 tand aslde and allow tb e groll'Jl to act, Their objedio,," can berecorded in the mlnul<s. St."", thO' oeriousn_ of blocking consensus. As a. last resort, tile group can call for an 80"; vole.

Tools Used at Meetings

A. Introduction lexpectalion tocl > This 1001 helps pe:opl. grt acquRinted jUld identifies _as of conl:em. Everyone should lntrodu .. them!ll!l""" and teIJ wh"", th..y '"" Fr-um and with wnat group they aN il..ocialed.


A. It produces mo~ intelligent d""i.sion making.

B. [I av<>ld:! adversary attitudes.

C. It ~ likelihood of new and bjott ..... l~ ocCuning.

D. AI p;utidPill~ tn tI1e decision and. 1Ia ..... a stake in irnplernenlin:g it.

Il. II le&'ie1ls oigniflCllJ\tly the p"";billty th"t .. minori ty will f....J thaT an unaccreplB bl e decision hOU' heom imposed.on then.

THHIR business 1:h~1 Is being """,ducl..:!, and thai ea ch person has a contribution to make 10 the group. It is 10 ~mplwiz. the mutual .responsibility of the group' and the democratic natw"e of tJ,. prP<l_ that we use lbe word 'facilitator' rather than 'chairperson," 'secretary,' or 'presiden-l' .. ,uWo

1Nhen choosing a £acllltalor Of co.facilil3loT5, t'Y to ,gel a &"00 balance of the foUowing:

'Iittl. (OT less) emotional inyes!tnen~ in the m~tins .ability to encourage others to participate

0a general overview of the task or goal of th. group for meeting

-energy and attention Ear the joh at hand and courage to push the mf<:1ing along to meet tim.limlhl ."

VJbe wltchJng, or being awan> Qf the nen-verbal ""peeL. (II gr(luIl int~ractlon Is e:<trrmcly important te the smooth running of Ih. consensus process. Nonverbal prohlmls r01'l be amona the most difficult the group has to face. Ke<!ping the disCussion on a rational, [ri""dly and cooperativc level and not Letllng il become h."red, provocative, or highly emotional Is crucial for success.

Each ean Bh'~ " b.rief 5UlJIlnaI")f of Ihoir exp.."I;tali",," for the meeting.

B. Flip charts •. Th_ are la~" sheets of paper which can work III a record 0.1 .grOUP brairul,cmtlng and .n: ....:hI I In getting ideas aero .. 10 ot.h • rs,

e. Tlme IlrnH. - These increase group comcioulinm abou, th. amount of tim .. avllllabl. and help groups control the flow af the agenda,

O. BtaiMtormlng· This tooL allowa gro~ 10 qulddy outline tJ,cir ideas on a topic. It helps to draw out new ideas and cL.rlfy people's positionJ, Brainstonnlna during the meetina usually works bat wilh Jlip tbans and in small groups (buzz grouJ)5) with ~ smci time lim:it.

E, Bnakill8 inlo small groups (buu; groups) _ Witltin a limited time frame, buzz groups allow evuyont! if chance to express th.eir opinions, without the wnQle Stoup takln.!: a long per;Gd of limE to bear each one.

fl. .Bdef eval!latlon of a m:ee"l:iIIg _ M e'\Ialuat:lo.n hel,p' if group to lum from il3 ..w.lake and .ccompl1.hm~l:s. It .1.0 gives £""rlbad IDpeopl. in spedfic roles ( e. 8 .. fadUlator, n<!ord ... r etc.], When evaluating, "artwith th" positiv<: aspects and then insist on gtttLng COllaete ~ti0I\5 f"T improving bad aspects. Don't get caught up in further disrusslon of agenlla ;1'""'5.

G. Straw votes - TIwy are a quick way to get a feeling of the group, Beware of subtle coercion on peo~l~ with valid mlnorit:)l opinions. who mig!>t ~ intimlda.ted by 95" of the group voling to go 0101>8 with a propall3.l, and the ... faR ",l'uc;lanl 10 SUl!8rora good alb!ma.llve.


Jfthese schr:matics confuse ),OU man: than they help, plfase jusl80 on and fo~t theml

A. Co"""'.us Cmmdl strndw>l • Eaih affinlty group sends a spoke to !he OUsln CoWldJ meeliJw;. duster couru::iJs an intennedlate gmu]5 whlclI axe only ~d whm th~ are OVO' 30 amnii}' groups • ......,; .. t..d with ono: unity ,oun<il. Each .. lustr.r ",uncil sends .. .poke to tho unHy cOll1\dl me"J:inp.

oontlnued f16X,t page


Consensus/Nonviolence Trainlnq

CQnsensu~ continued

B. Discussion flow· This looks 10"8 and dr.wn out.

However. the council does 110' I>",.J,; af.", a ai5C\H$ion on each issue. but only af'er all issutS on the agen~ have been covered.

A. Focu, on defeattng pro blems, not ear h other.

B. A ... oid voting. tr",ding or averaging.

C. Seek "ACTS.

D_ Accept confllcr as helpful,

E, Narrow !he range of solutions.

F. Do nil I require people ,,, iu,S,tifypersonai.kelin,gs. G_ RevIEW memben' evelu.tio" of a It.mati"""

periodically _

H_ Conflict problems should be discussed and resolved as they occur,

Good facilitalors "rid Spokes are esS41ntiai for COT1Se''I$US to work. Selecnon of these people SIlOI~ld be laken very seriously,


Nonviolence Training

N"IH'I"/O'lln' Iwilll"8 i, n ,,,,,,-,ivaI to,,1 f,H II world II,,,, is ['l'cumj"8 ""'(II rnJil,.1"d fI// 1/", ""If' IVIr,'",'u~r p"ol'i~ fmd ti.cmse/o{'s i" larg« Imrerl<llll g/'O[IP~ U/ ./IIk/lUll'II .'iih",U(l,,~ thvr» [s ,} VOle"li/1I for somethmg /0 g.~ I.'llfl of lrand. I /""." se~rI II ImI'Pl'11 in ~II,-}J illIJOCtul"S seUmgs (15 rDrk ronc~rts ami I'~PJ'{<! (fowdillg to s~" t/J~ PIIJ.idVIJt. Trllim'rlg lor 'lol1vio/elIc(! mIl seem mystified and .minlelliglble But it ""cd not 1:1<1.

1\10",110/''111 responses 10 tlio/ellce me"f1.5 there ar~ [eiaer victims" Leanll'ng hou: to .tll!! calm IIwint"ill eye c,'lltatl, arid lap iliM suupor: from trusted friend, HI pOI~lItl<JlI.!I ",1.<lrdous sillJlll'o'ls wlli/p stllll1"1Qk1Tl8 yOW' point about some insl i~,,1 i",wl ifleq"jly ran 5<!!lIe YOII and YOI" friends,

U5/r., !lw ~rf I1i!y ,'nul'l C0U11(li m'/(imizQtlollaJ slrw;-Ilire muf II1£' remsen,,,,,

Model Agenda

This f$" .sample agen4a anri need not be rigIdly followed. Many SPliCes hfJJ?lin sho·ufd be filled by m'm{Jerenr trainers, Writren words 8r8 no ;;ubsritule far s;xperienr:e snd huma" guldIlM",

Wr;J(king rha rIgh tilil! age" d. is not In itself 5uffrdent. We must eXBmJ'rls olir c;W>'n mctive« and lee/lnll5; W1I must share lIIu' /nfarmar.io" with ~ch otMr; ...... must pfIJ.ctice oar methods lind fBctics. Our .strlJggle IIgain/ir nlJc/e8f madness and it:. /Jnderfying C8U$C$ Wl11 oot end soon. But, pef'!<MVM8f1C8. mutual can(idtmce lind love wUl give u~ stTengrll ;(J ;fIctio.n.

-,-;;;,. "ttlining sess;l:m tests .. bout ., hours. It i~ .w·r.abl. far B WiHlkend picnic Of 8n evening sUe, dlnnsr; Much of thlil fflBt9liaf in this 'llllfJnds was r:tlken ((om Resource MBnual for 9 U~lng, A8\lQlution. Pag'S numbfm ww (0 this /;;ook,




Introduc~OI1!I 72·74MM

l mln"l<>, .pi_ to tJ:Ij, I"'-.u.i f..lingo. iul<)biQ8ra~~ • .,.cil~" '" lif ... 1,<,


,harlng inform.tlcn: ,h.rioS i~.llnB. and Ii\dppo:rtr d~sJon IU.iJilQng trt tIt!!! alction; role pl-aying dU'll!'r-:nt P-.il:J:'ts or the .acti[tn~ ...... minl ng 1 .... 1. of p ar tldpilt;on

his.ruy of Ip«l£k. lBarnwtill ' ..... p.ign I; l"itrliltr&y; goal all.:! Iong raDge: Ib:atqy; ncnvlclent theory. ruie-s for the iiidion; ..,.nillio; dif~t 1'(>1 .. In .. !ien, ""PCri=. .tming ( ........ t, j 011. etc.)

<livid<- in\.o buu grOllPS; pi.k a otrlbt to writ. down "<leotl.1lI

pw..., f .. n, ritb, ... _; ;" -small ~ra.ps or as • whol.


Ln£ormatUm on the Action





; Resources i

L ~

RfllSOUrCtl Msnusl for s Living Rsvolution. Coover, Oeacon. Ess"ttr snd Moora. New Society Prass, 1977

Group PfOC9SB, An Invitstion to Gr{,lup Dynsmics. Joseph Luft, NatIonal Prass Books. 850 Hanson Way. Palo, Alto'. CA 94304. 1970

deC-ls,'or! makillg process, Ihe nll/i-,wci"", Nlergy !t10u.ment 11<.5 org~"h .. d "":my natl1JioiPlll d"moJl~I'mtioll.s against 'HlcI~ar geltt'1faID~5. Imelear wellplJn;; jaciJiric5, IIlility corpOmIU;JII5. and IIl~ lIot·!I,,!-op e r,,!ilJ~ ,IUd .. ",. [ue! reprocessor ill Bamwel/,

NOtlviolence l"IiniHg also tawse; l/I1on till' un-learning (If coerciu« Cllefiu; ill '.t)~E'!ll1gS alld r()rtlllli..I1tiratiOtJ5. BecDming aware gf ou," commt!tn Jnm"ldt1ity and delle/oping >lew [arms ,rhrtm.~'1 wlli.-fl 10 dlsCll.Ss. d~dtir <md then <leI. ;5 the WilY we ("o"'e to .",d,'r;;ju"d ourselves and 011' mJl'er5!",e.s, muito r~spcmd it1lhl>luio/ell/wii!/5,

To respclIId 1),oll""rly, though it ""'!! dlOngo ,,'ualiom swiflly, mcreU5e5 the lenel af tJlol2y.ee ~'lllh e world.

The (ol/cnDing Model Age"da proiiides U snort j"!rod,,cliort to "o'mlOle"c~ Iraillillg. it i« n begilUling, II()t a middle or fIJI end. Uw it 10 beg'lI th» prac~_ If ymr are Interested j" -r.ceivill8 further !Tolllliole'la Irai.1'"8. piellSc contacl the 50uawJlsil!rn Narul'Ili Gllnrd. lUlliell is coordifllfting t-rC(i~lltr5 witlt ,,~opl~ wilD wu"r fmining.

hoggl .. , low-hi,Yt: big,fu",/small f.et; circular L.p-olt • b.<tk fcratdl

divide: into groups of -4 or Si qui>ck deci&lo[\ •• uti ... cOJIIl.lp gone,.. ••• VilrlJ<tyoi op~.,.,. In .~cl<y orituall""" and can help 8XouP :ealn conBdenc. ."d w/l«i en fexampl ... , rock throwing. confron~lion wIlh In,gry worlu:ro)

5lmple tole pl;l),i1\lI; qne to OM; two line: 01 people confront one a"ot~; <>T. ho¢!< Loeal confro'nti- I COe[~ 0.1' .iii repo.rtv tries to "get iii story"

small gr<>"P" - OIl oppor<unlry 10 I:J}' out sUuatio'nI. theori~· and tactics: r'el'1!.a1 a,nxie.tieg !might. (eellngs (""""pI .. : 3 daputl .. move toward " pair of pknicing r.di""cIIvlu", • ~e in jail), evaluatkm • wha.l wOr'" and wn.1 do<sn'l

ci.... propo .. 1I; .doquot. dlscuu[on: "'luaJ participation, dear dtdllon (unity, net UNANIMITY): IlIIited "~Qn

~ rights, 801118 10 jail, ,g;,,11I8 1.IfI.l; ~ ... ting to guard. iii pmonao, choiw (pay fin .. , .tay in lailf ball, no ball, ecmplia.nc~. nhl'lcOlI1pJiaocdl b~ prop ••• d te ."""~. consequ'enc:a


apprn;3cha .. ~tf\.~. nl"'g1lth .. e, to be- improved; ercrmd the reom: speo.kfrom .llmet

• moment m quiet, dn:1 .. hold hondo. buggl.". whati';'V-er

1,30 Quick Doruion Mak;lng


2,00 Roo. P1.y,ing


2:13 Consensus decision motlciD8 in actio.n


5;1;5 Log;U :ird""".~o n

n9MM. Iune 28.1919 WIN Mag.zln •

3;~ DiscuI;.ion!Ded.lpn

3,55 "Evalld"llonof minina _ion


-compiled by Sandy Hepler Murfreesboro, Tmnessee

A Manual for Group Facilltllror.;.. The Center for Conflict Resolution, 731 State St .. Madison. WI 537(16, 1977

Group OYlIlImios.: Thtl .PsycholQgy of Small Group Behavior. Martin Shaw. McGraw-Hili. NewVork, 1976

The Anti-Mass: Methods of Drganizatlon for Collactlvlts. The Red Sunshine Gang. II Berkelev Collective. Avellable through: Frog in the Well, 667 Lytton St .• Palo Alto. CA !14302

Co-ops, CQmmufJBSsnd CollectilrBS, Jahn ,Case ana Hasemary C.R. TavlDr, Pantheon Books .• N'ew York. 1979

Barnvvell II Action

Barnwell. South Carolina. finds itself with II rather unique nuclear situation. HcLtsing three sepaF8t.e nuclear facilitlBs, 1001'18 of tham for generating alectricity for consumers., it is trulv a nuclear dumping ground for the world. The key here Is NUCLfAR WASTE and NUCLEAR WEAPONS. making South Carolln.s the "Plutonium State."

The Barnwell I action took pl'a.ce on, the weekend of April 29 and 30, 1979, with civil disobedience occurring on Monday. May 1st. About two thousand people

panicipated in the legal march to the gates Ilf the nuclear reprccesscr end the rally I;IftBl'Ward. The 1'18Xt dey, 2B5 people were arrested for occupying Allied· Ganersl Nuclear Sal"Victlll propl:lrty.

Barnwell" will occur In the fall of 1979.

Herein lies the story of Bamwell, the legal aspects of civil disobedience in South Carolina, 8 ulnta'tlv8 scenario for the action, and site 'logilitLcs for helping you to prepara to live on the camp/rally site with as rnueh self·sufficiency as

Water moves !hroughlhis world in a cycle. As liquid. it fW"LS' down hiI!sms il1 .!;trMrl15 I'nto /nbs from which we draw it to our fi2Jds and hortulS" lJ euaporates into tilt! skies tmd forms clouds. 1t reconcetltnttes, mittS ouer the hills, feeds the streams, waten; the crops, cmd on again and over agaill. '[he uaier cycle brings life.

Rmiimu:t:ivity also PnOlJes through this world bl. r:l cycle - specifically in the nllCl£ar fuel cycle. First, it is dug from the em1h in the fom of mw u:rrl1lWm are, W"W1mtife rock, ccmtaminating u·n'ne warkO'!.rs with gasses and dust released in the process. Ir is groUMd. up at w"lmfum mil&. The gross particles, colkd tm1ings, are separated from the pure uranium powder, called yellowcake. The tailings raP piled high outside the mills, a/most as if to deliberl1tely fflcflitl1te the wind's work of scattering In., rndiolldive dust Otler thE! E!mth. Eum 11lOrJ! poison is released "up the smokt'Sta.ck" in the enrichment pJmr.ts thflt h.ring levels of "burnable" uranium-Z35 up to fl usuable proportion in the fuel. Enriched u7W1ium fuel. fantled into p.ellet!5,is shipped to nuclear power plants where it helps tum wmer into stMm to drive electrical ticrbilles for one year. TIre used, or "spent" fllei is then stored in large l.IJI'lter pools on tile reaaor sites. There is nothing to do with the spent fuel but wait unb1 iG mdioadivity drops to safe levels: a 250,000 yec:cr wait .:

If nothing changes in this "open LlIde" for urnnium fw.1. we c:a>I expect !1JJdparpower to cease operation before the milo! ~'Us cet!fwy. The cos! of oonstrudir!g more And more storAge pqols at reactor sites will rise prohibitfoely high wttil it reaches two to four times the eoa of the mIDol"S lh2mserues. The raw tmutium 5UpPiy, alrewly short, will finaUy exhaust wlf. Nuclear potoer win be finisht!d.

Change. however, in the uranlutM fuel cycle path i5 in the Wind. Two prop_ - one by the Carter Administration, one by thelludrnr pow.rr itlaustt:y- 1UOuld create steps to "dose" the cycle, thereby :tni:lldng it ana nudear power S2·!f-plflTJeturmrlg, Tile Administration proposal, lssu2d 17 Odoh .... , 1'777 Il1td backedf.ligorous/y by the U,S. ikpurim(m.t of Energy (DoE) chiEf Jam2.S Schlesitlger, is to ~Iirn" indioiduaJ rern-tor sites of their spen: fuel burdens by clV1:ing the stuff off to one CEntral Away From Reactor (AR?J stomge site. From there the tII<C1ew industry would pick up the ball. tllkittg the ~21lt fuel rods (SFR). meltirlg them doum it! hydrodrloric add,


Barnwell: Heart of the Beast

"But Gandalf has revealed to us that we cannot dt5troy it by any craft tha.t we here possess," said Elrond,

"Then," said Glor£ndcl, "Lei us cast it into the deeps-, for in the Sea i:twou1d~safe."

'Not safe lerever," said Candalf. 'There are many things in the deep waters; and seas and lands may change. And it is not OUT part here to take thought only far a season, or for a few lives of Mm, or for a passing age of the world. We should seek a Eir1a1 end of this menace, even if we 00 Ilot hope to make one."

.from J.R,R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings






J@]~'U'm ~~ ~~


and extracting th~ tmce amounts of usable nuclear fuel (U-2J5; o."! % total volume SFR), !mulblB twgi?:t I"l'rateriul (U-2J8), and POWfIT-grark pIl4tcmium- 239 for breeder repctor programs, and nuclear weapon:s mtuerial. The indu.stry proposal for nuclear waste reprocessing would facilitate an unlimiisd. fuel supply to the nue/.eat pouter and weapon.> programs: The wmrium cycle would be dosed,

1112 nuclear waste issw! has b1'El1 the m'Eh-nemesis of Qtomic power since it<; cDlnmercil.ll ~1ry in the mid-SO's. If King Tut hnd used tluclear power plants for energy in ancient Egypt .W'!d 5t.D~ the WU5te iI'I the GWII Pyramid 'before its dool!l were sefl/ed, they would '1llfUJ gWe-r lIP only 10% of their lethal radfoactiuity by this cen hI ry , The Wl19tes, once reproCe$SM, CUtt110~ be safejyisolated {rom the environment iM any known matrnal. The radioacids, barling 5pontatleously, f!t!t rhrough many fret of stail'lI2ss steel in less then twenty Ye<J1!l. 'llle nuclear indrtStry has Q lot of trouble iustifyIng ~h a km:ard to supply only 4% ·ofcummt U.S. eI1ergy stocks. So far. they Qn! succeeding.

Power, waste, U>eapOltS' all three c.:lme to [ocus in the area of .Barnwel~ Sou.th Carolina. There the Gauemmemrlndustrial COIilition (GIQ has placed some of its most crucial faci1itie.s: CHEM-NUCl.EAR SYSTEMS - the oruy storag€! site ~a5t of the Rockies for Iow-Ievel radioactive waste. SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT - one of only two fadlitfus in thi!. U.S. producing plutonium (the other is at HfPl[Dm. Wtl5hington) and the only p/imt producing fJydrogm-tritiwn for the U.S. nuclear U1eIlpOn.s program. Owru!d by the Departrnent of Ener;gy, operated by El. du Pont de Nemoll~ wid Company. Funding rmewal, FY 1980. AWED-GENERAL NUCLEAR SERVICES - the only opera"le nuclear waste reprocessing facility in the Western Hemisphere. Not nmmtly in operation. Owned by Allied Owmical and &l PQrl1'Iership of Gulf Oil Wld Royal DIlf.dl Shell. Gernmd Atomic, The major choic:e for AFR. Muinrenance funding review, FY 1980. AFR operational [unding. DoEpllrchll5l?, IT 19"8.I.

Such a m-ategic concentmtitln of compcments in the GIC unmiW'l"I cycfe exists nowiJere else. TIw nuclear thTent stands orftJIs at. &rnweU.

Local opposition to the Barn:weU Spectre has existed from its first presence. The. old Atomic Energy CommiSsioM had to lWru:uate entire: t01.lm$ in tile mid-50s In ort:ler to constn.<ct the &roanl'uih River Plant. On e such t<YW11, Ellenton, = relocated to a "tempomry" trailer-site. Yet those families Am stiJJ. wrtitil'lg for IZ livRble "New Ellenton." TIle Govemmmt renegt!d on their re:spcmsibililie!;.

Nuclear waste reprocessing has not hmi u very 5I4.c:essfu1llislory. A plant operated by Nucletzr Fuel Seniices -in West Valley, N. Y .. outside of Buffalo, encountered insurmountabl« t .. chnica1. difficulties. NFS abandoned We;{ Valley in t~re early '70'5, Imving the Strite of New York to deal as it would or could with the rudio=id wastes left behil-rd. Matry of the unemployed West Valley technicians and l1l1gineer5 hirt!d on with AIIi2d-G?lrm:ll in Barm.vell toher: the new plant begWl co~orl. They brought their expertise - Dr lack thereof - with th.em.

continued next page


Barnvvelill Action

Heart of Beast, continued

Allwd-Gmem1'5 Bannae/I Nuclear Fuel Plant .has been the focus of ~me Vl'I)' seriOW5 legIll questions. Though rwc:/.ear { .. cliMaTe /1!!j:uired fa obtain construction licenses from the Pede-raj gove'T1:!ment beiore Il dime am be spent on building, the A11ied-GmmJ plant is cu.mm11y 95% complete and has rnroer been issued such' a license. A second license, l'equirwito mahome opemtiorr. of" nuclelu frtcility, 11M been held up in hearings on contentions of interoen015 from FnvironmentDlists, Inc., using expert testimony from sw::h. wfine5ses QS Dr. 'ohn Gofmnn" co.qiscrn:eror of urlll'lium-2.'U, ushen President Ford - and after him, President Carter - declared Q moratorium on 7IIIl:/ear waste reprocessing. The Ucensing hearings . recessed imkfinitely with no derision.

TIle cunmt~, pieced together from government documents, interoiews with 1egisltItWe assistants, and bits of eductmd guesswork, fiuther

"SilKe when has the Lord of Gonder been answerable to thee?" smd DenethOT, "Or may I not commrma my own SE'TtlWlt.. 1"

''YOII mIfY," said GWldalf. "BuJ otheTs may contest your 10m, wSum it is turned to madn es s andrmfl."

Th,m Ganr:l;U/, s..einglhe mad.J0M5 fhat was 011 De-nerlI0r, thrust forward with Beregol1d and Pippin !1ehitrd Mm, while Denethor gQ1lt hack ... -from J.R.R, Tolkien's Lord of the Rings

Avenues of appeal have been exhausted. The "madness" of nlLclear weapons and nuclear power continues under the approving eyes of those il[!eru:ies and legislative bodies charged with protecting us against such threats. The Barnwell £adli.ties are s.till there.

When reasonable contests. prove fruitless, direct action must be enjoined. Yet for the very reason that we oppose the nuclea.r madness - namely. the high place life's sanctity holds in our value system - we cannot act violently, though our feelings of frustration are slrong. We are therefore dirtctOO.like Mohandas Ghandl and Martin Luther King, Jr" before us - onto tho;" path of nonviolent direct action. It is a path we have travelled befOT'e with some limited success.

In May 1979, two thousand of us gathered for BamweU JJo direct our peaceful energies toward Slopping the Alliecl-Cmeral plant. Two hundred eighty-five of u. occupied land owned by the company, refusing: to leave until they called off their deranged deliberations. Alhed-General's plans to put the "''p.lOO!Sslng plant on line were not shelved, but:

complicates th2legal ~ rmd tiCcoWlrlll,i!ity proC££5 of all three facilities, Chern-Nuclear and AUi£d-GenemJ am up for ~ . .5autmrm11 Ricer Plant and the Department of ftw:&y plan ro purchase them both, using dr:em-Nuclelir to increase it.; Jow-Jeue/ stomge capqcity in ua.unon to continuing receipt of l~"l storage capRdty In m:lditirm to continuing rernpt of low-level commercial high.-ll?IJel Wll5te (SFR) reprocessing. By-product mdioo.cias would be srnrea on SRP territory. The most cruCial - and the most conl:roversiaJ. - aspects of nuclear power and weapons would be removed from public scrutiny end challenge under the protection of the Atomic Energy Act for reRSOns of "national security_ N No qu2StiDrt5 would be aIlowed. No co~ltenticm wauld be /'.ICcepted.The gates would be dosed and locked fOTI!Uer. And it oouJd Rli happen before October, 11)79,

-Lee Mal1ch.ster

1. Federal officials were made aware of strong opposition to the plant and began second-thinking the thing:

2. South Carolina Governor John Edwards, avid nuclear proponent and instrumental in attracting Allied-General's initial commitment to locate in the state, lost the gubernatorial elections tnlJt year t,o a person much more sympathetic to antirmclear sentiment, Dick :ruley: and,

3, National citizen awareness'of the nudear iSS\le in general and of the AlJiea-Gene.ral reprocessing controversy in particular, was heightened significantly _

The story is told of how it friend came to vigil ThOfl'8U when he was in prison for refusing lopl:Y a poll tax. "Why are YOll in jail, my friend?" the colleague asked Thoreau. "Why are you not Jn jail, my mmd1" Thoreau replied.

OviJ disobedience, the act of violating a law to press home a point. to protest loud and strong', carries its consequences! time in jail, payment for deeds of conscience. Jt is a tactic (If last resort when all others have failed. But, w}lIm its time appears, 1,1 becomes an imperative. Its lime is :now.

The Last Resort:

Nonviolent Direct Action in Barnwell

NuelearPOwer'! It's a snnpl _"

"I 'W'1S well JIUIllre

Iha.t in do:>il disob"d,enc" yOIJ stand - you life Iln'ested

you aHem!,! to express your mew. you are j;)J'ellarea

to take the consequences. "

- ThomAS Lewis from the trial transcript, B"l!imore Feder,,1 Court, 5-9 Oct. 1968, as recorded in Daniel Berrigan's Trial of the CatonsviHe Nine.

"W1reneveT the ends of gove'mmmt are perverted Rnd pub1ic liberty -m~"ife$tly endangered Imd 1111 othar meai'l$ of redress arJ! inef{ectua1, the people may; and orright ought to. reform th" old or establish a new government. The doctrine of rroh-resiStance against arbitrary power

"Nonllio/snclI dirscts us to broader action than thB mBTfI acf of civil disobedienC9. "

w~, cannot repeat hls~ory, We do Dot wish to.

We mustmovc: further down the path, For B<IPlwcll and the nuclear issue, that means expan.ding our vision, intensifying OUT nonviolent assaults, and increasing OUf forces. Ba:mwell U will statt from last year's recognition of the stra.teglcaJIy-h:wud01Js role of Allied-General, arid in addltion, will make the previously underplayed connexicn between nuclear power and nuclear war - namely. projected joint use of the reprocessing f~cility by the G1C war and utilities industries. Bamwe1l1I will employ many times the number of participants acting in Barnwell 1, will place them at Allied-Geru.ral, Chem-Nuclear, and the Savannah RiVeT Plant, and will use a gr'l!'ater variety of nonviolent tactics than the simple, oc[11pation of last year put into play,

and oppression is gbsum, ~Jauish, ,gild destru!;troe of the good and ha:ppirn!5S at fhu:rl1lmkind}." -Consrrtuticm o(·rhf! St..te of Nf!W Hampsh,'re, Article 10,

F(lr some, nonviolent direct action -partit1.llarly civil disoberliomce - is the only morally correct response to certain institutional inequities or consistent errors in administrative judgement. For them, nonviolence is an absolute, ;J, value dJrecting the whole of life. For others, it has s1gnJficance only as a strategic tactic in a campaign (or change. The understanding one has Df nonviolence - moral or tadk"J - is a matter of perscnal decision, The choke of nonviolence as .9 key to the .anti-nuclear movement's character l.s a

Barnwell II Action


Legal Perspectives."

Barnwell and Direct Action

As it now stands, all who participate in civil disobedience at any of the possible occupation sites (e.g. Allied-General, Savannah River Plant, or Chem-Nuclear) will be charged with simple trespass under South Carolina slate law, which carries a maximum fine of $100 or one month in jail. We hope that through negotiations by the ~a1 team, more subst<mtive information will be forthcoming shortly.

Concerning the different degrees in which one expresses disagreement wilh these planls(e.g. passive cnoperation, noncooperation, or nonviolent assault}: A nonviolent assault is not recommended at Savannah River Plant as it may entail a stiffer federal Atomic; Energy Act rap.

The -eurrent information concerning multiple offenders convinces us tha t there will be no difier,ence lor them In the charges filed or the maximum sentence of $100 or one month in jail.

Legal ramificadons of juvenile participationIn civil. disobedience now seen; least clear. The maximum sentence would be placement in a Foster home 'until the .age of twenty-one. The process of idenriticaticn and separation of juveniles during tht! arrest procedures is vital both for the juveniles and for those responsible for the action. A bit of historical perspective concerning juvenile pal'Hcipat.ion deals with Barnwell 1. Juveniles arrested were brought before Family Court and released, However, the presiding judge at Family Court has changed and no new negotiation prO~"'5S has been setup ..

Legal Update

.A new law wa.s passea in South Carolina: this vear concerning the "uttlng of t.lmb"r Or wlldflow·"Js. on privat", land. Digging and planting, might be included 'in this, also. Sentence: ma.Kimum c>f$1OCKJ.'1)O nne or '!Jnl> v.un'" jail.

·Barnwell demc>nstrlltor,!i must be caunous notte block the highwa,y, for that carries a maximum sentencacf II couple ·of years In Jail or $2000.00 f.illa .

• Coneoerl1'ng the peyment of ball. the lawyers are working tl'lree options:

1. payIng '" minimal' ba;1I (same !iJ$la$t year)

2. personal reco.gni:ronce bond (PFlI; howaver,ifQne i~ released en PR l:iol1d .and does not !;Oho"",, up 'for trIa'!, a felony "",,,rr,'I;nt: ,,"8 issued _. 8 !Jiggle (not tile must likely '0:110 icel

3. "cDurtasv bond" one i8 ra18!11811d O!'l, II, aillnllh!re; if one i., ne,t present ar tlmaof trla.I, .,,/he Is charg.ad with "contempt 01 court.' 0 rniadarnaarmr; one Ca!lnD't be .. nested for thls unless living in or ramming te .Sl'luth. Carolina

Last Resort, continued

matter fc>r collective decision. If is one W'.! have madeIn the p3st.lt is II dedsion we affirm today. It is, the rule for Barnwell II ..

NonviolenO"£ directs 1,(5 to b]"oad~r aclion than the mere a,ct of civil dis.,bedlen(.~. To simply make non-n~(;Ittable demands would be a 'violence to the dignil¥ of those wr: are confronung in Barnwell n. We are constrained by the nonviolent decision 10 explain the background of our demands, We are doing" 50 byresea:rclti:ng and compiling The 50utireQst"rnWh it" Pap"" Ba1'l!W211 a'1d !ne Nw:I.l?ar Fuel Cyde:,adWll'Ssing the nuclear issue, documenting our unease with atomic wea.po ns and power ,and detailing an agreeable way out 01 the nuclear threat for those who work in the plants, fer those who rue. e1ectrkicl. energy supplied by nud~W"ge<:i~al"f!i, and for a. natlrm that mU-!l~ maintain defenses a.galnst its enemies. We are doing so by

maintaining constant comm.uni:ca.tions 'with those 1O:;gi$ia1of$ who decide on the issue in CongI'Bs. We are doing so by going door-ro-daor in Barnwell arid presenting what we 'lUldt:I'stimd to be the Facts to those whosl:;!;nd to J~' the most if our understanding' is correct, We are doing so by C oordina ting a concrete exhibi Hen ·0£ curren t Iy available alternative methods of energy 5uppiy, an Appropriate Community Technologies Fair (ACT Fillr) on the r.ally sUe atBarnwellIl, We are net. only prnp~els of doom; I'll" an! alse pointing the way into a .safe, clean, workable world.

The nonviolent deciston also dictates true ways in which we make other decisions. Bam well 11 is not being dictated to' those who plan 10 participate in it by " dosed eentral clique. It is being coordinated by the Council ef the Southeastern Natural Guard., which is composed of the representative$ of orglU).iz.alioru $uppo.rting

The fo]]owi.rlg is a synopsis of what transpired in the [udieialarena after Barnwell I; There was a 'Iota.! of 285 persons arrested on May Ist. Of those 285, twenty-two were opposed to pa,ing bail and remained in jail. When their trial date arrived, the remaining twenty-

. two chose to defend themselves in court. They were found glJilty and were sentenced 10: .fifteen days in jail. 15S of those arrested signed retainer agreements whic;h authcrieed the law finn of Warren and Pitts to represent them in court. When those retainer agreements were presented, the court rejected them and aJll58 were considered delinquent with all monies forfeit. This decision was appealed to the S.c. Supreme Court and wali upheld. The American Civil Liberties Union is now considering one of two courses of action to take: Appeal to the Ff:d~a1 District Court in S.c., or appeal to the u.s. Supreme Court in WashLngton, D.C. The two p~50n5 present to ~1'lbmit the 158 retainer agreements were given a trial date, were found guilty.a..od were fined $100 each.

Concerning the status of !;he criminal records DE those parlicip.atiug in Barnwell 1: All those who went to trial and were found guilty or delinquent have records [or trespassing. Likewise. those who did {lot sign the retainer agreement and did not show up for trial have trespassing. records.

As fllr as it stands new, no one will be charged with anything other than "slmple tmspassing," whiCh cernes a rnaxlrnum sentence of $100.00 fifn'l!! or one, month In jail, unless the demons~rllt.ors do something 01h". thlln trespass,

Barnwell Il, Its decisionsare made democratically, mns.idering all slIg"geStionsequally and forging final det,,.minahon cooperati .... ely. Council membership is opm !oreprese:ntatives of all orgartizations democratically organiz .. d who wlsh hi cooperatl1 in Cfe3ting a:'c::ollectlve jnstnwumt f·or action muchstronger than ;my of us could hop" to establish separately.

Th .. .inquirtes and decisions of the Councll shall continue to shape Bamw~1.I Il, Much is not y'et final. A .final updat-e shall be distributed in early September detailing Barnwell II in the most concrete b.>rms a .... allable, Join us.

" ... g fin" ,.tld festi" e t as k "wait5. yo" it! tho c'omi'llg m "" t 1'15'. "

-Herman" Hesse

-Le e Man~h.g"fpr


Barnwell Il ,- Site Logistics

We hope to h!Rle the .same ralJy site this ytJJr as we had for Bannnerll. Sinr!! we lUI! net rennin ~t this lime, parli.ciprmts shou,ld slAY il'l fOliC:" tuith d'e Soulh:easteTn N"hmd Gutini. If Iht!1't: is A"ny c:hQJIge 0" the site IOClltiot1. hew maps wm EoI' printed in th« forlj'oo.min8 5uppl e menl to this Handbook, IhAt will be dlstnbuted prior to the action 'W£'ekmd. Otherwise. the maps provitkd in '''iuf!c'tion will be uny =ful.

of tbe day, you, can keep adding h~er layers until you,quilEwann by nightfall.

Again, the Sill' is a large, open field. luI year it was sandy and rutted. Shoes are a de.Eini re necessity for comfon and protection of the Ieet. 11Us is not a good time to try out new footwear. lJringsomdhins broken in and comfortable. AI~o, light socks will further protect the foot from blisters eaused by shoes. Heavier, wool rag socks used by ltikersare realJ)' wonderful, but ma)'

prove too hot for Barnwell in .

Septembu/October. Be l1o;ible.


Affinity groups should be self~ffident for minor problems 5 uch 85 cu ts, bruises, poison ivl', sunburn, etc. Each affinity group should have, as a designated medic, someone with experience in

first aid. That person should be equipped with an Bdequately stocked,easily aeeessable first aid kit. Most medical problmls can be avoided if we keep oW' bodies in good shape with reasonable care.

There willbe an infirmary at the site. staffed by professional heiJth tare work~ and in liason with the nearhy Barnwell County Hospital. Again, if lNeryOnf maintains a ClIJ'efui altitude, it will be Il'S!I lJholy that we will have a need to use thes.e Eadlities.

People requiring medlcations or having chronic health problems should carefully consider whethB or not to peti.'tio[l - commit civil dlsobedieace. H you do decide to petition. it is imperative that you disCU5S your cnedic.atlon schedule and your cundition with your medic and affinity group. They must know how to help you avoid problems, what symptoms to watch fer, and precisely what to do if you 00..... an i:nsulln reaction, epil~tjc experience. as1hma attack, etc. Lt isa. good jdea to wear and iderttiHcation t.ag or bracelet .13 ling any drug allergies along wi th any medic.ation )'0[[ may require regularly. Any m~cati.on brolJghlto th .. action MUST be in the original con tamer And MUST be accolJ\p.a:niEd by

a prescrLptian and iden'ti£ication. NO OlliER DRUGS SHOULD BE AT THE SITE OR ON THE WALK.


Parking Qf all motorized v..bides will be. provided in an area separate nom the re$t of the camp/rally site. Foot traffic around the campinr; Ml!<I will be safer and more pleasant in the absence of dozens of \Jl'I.allthorWld vehicles. We ask everyone to pleas. cooperate.


Shelter eannor be provided ror unknown large numbers of people, especially with our limited funds, 50 you will have to be responsible for providing your own shelter. Tents with as few stakes as possible are ideal because the 5011 is sandy and slam will not hold well. Affinity groups and alliances are encouraged to camp in an area with othe.rs from thm state, lISmg bright flag. and banners to decorah: their campsi teo This wilJ help people to locate each other.

.Bring everything that you would normally use for camping: stet!ping g"ar, cookware, mess kits and utensils; flashlights with new and spare batte-lies; lanle= wIth metal fu..1 tank:; (any others au fire risks). If you have any .".;triO tents, tarp5 h.'Illean-tos. sJ~pi.ng bags, rain gear, etc., it would be a great help il you would 5ha.re them. Make sure tha.t you have your name on all equlpment brought 10 the action in order 10 av.oid confusion and possible 1055 during !he process of breaking camp. In view or Iast year's contusron, this cannot be overemphasized.


By the end 01 September, it will be getting cool in Ihe evenin.gs so bring wann clothes and. mouah bedding. In th~ daytime it will still be warm enough to wear shorts and other lightweight clothing.

1n view of the abundance of the 5ut!'S mergy in S01.lTh Carolina. b .. careful of overexposure . .Bring sun hals" salt tablets and. sunlotion Dr sunscreen. There could be lOIS of sandspurs, some snakes and othe. criU~, so shoes are needed as. much fOT prolecti.on on site as for comfort on the marches .. For d aling with insects, bring a repellan t, IQtrone!1a. and pennyroyal eil are said to prevent bites, wlille clay and tiger b,,)m are exclille.nt for treating bites and s~.)


Nahu"a] fib:m;, breathe best. Cotton and wOQI are snudy ;mrl comforblble. Oothing should be 101;_ and Ught.

Avoid expensive clothing and other articles as yOt.l will 6e heavily involved with earth and ~ elements. Label. all belongings with name and address and affinity group name. Avoid wearing jewelry - you can be hllJ1 by wearing it.

The most comfortable way to dress is in l,aye'S.

Starting with light, bare Ia-ym; during the hot part


An 'ITU of major importance that groups and individuals should prepan! themselves in is that of FOOD. You should bring enough to last for the ""tire time you plan to be in Barnwell. There are no food co-op in that community, and the grocery stores are.Iew,

There will be some food lor sale and anyone wanting to sell concessions is welcomed to do so. There wlll be a feee to help pay for the materials to construct the food shelter. To get more information and to coordinate with other concnsionai.res, anyone interested MuST C:Otl~d Allan or Ellen by mid-5eptember ilt the Basil Pot Restaurant, 2721 Rosewood Dr., Columbia, S.c. 29205. [!.lO3) 771-964.8. Contacting them is important because: of the nl!C~t}' to comply with the health departmen.t's regulations cono:rrili'lg th.e selling of food in public places.

Though there will be some food available, we recommend.that you come prepared to cover your needs for nourishment for the mtire time you plan to be in 8amWli.ll. When tbinldng of bringing your own food io the site. also kEep in mind that "Barnwell is a small toWn and that the merehan in the area are not prepared 10 handle 3 flooe of consumers in their stores. So, please be l'C5pI:ctful and aware 01 your efiKl em their eOD1manity. Have YO\l]' FoDdtrlp together when youo:ome to the area. as welJ as before you came to t~ site, We will. haveconlainers for pre-sorted trash, glass, aluminum and compostables. but please bring trash bags, 100.

U you bring perishables, be sure to bring ioe chesboi that have the capability pf kr;eping lao For

long penods of time. Since cars won't be parked on $ite, it wUl be difficult to make runs :into town for additional supplies.

11 is recommended that most food be nonperishable and easy to store or pack. Below are some suggestions:

'dried fruits

"nuts, peanut butter. tahini -seeds

odark breads ·hardy vegetables ·ha:rdch_

o5hort<oolcing grains. and l1!gumf5 .sprouting seeds, containers

• hot cereals


Obo\.LiDon, .for flavoring noodles, ere, °l'ruit

·tea. coffee ·honey "Seasonings. salt

Food should be stored in covered plastic or metal containers. Avoid "putting aD. of any food item into om: container. Several 'smaller containers may help nUnimize los es due 10 various reasons.

Dehydrated foods are not particularly recommended since they use lots m water. Be aware that salt and sugar increase thirst. continusd next pags

BarnvveU II

Site Loqistlcs



PLANT R - .' ..

.... _~~!IIl:



2 u:..-----~~\.~~~I!+i<':.':.':. ... l.-f-.M-/LL-£S-.t-~ 64 -"..,. '~~~~(""~s~·- /1. -n-E-S"!'i"'lO--· .- .... -







Moat :st;lIte mapa wl'lshow Bllmwell tD bajust 8.a8t ·of the Savannah FlI:Var .Plllnt and. about 36 mil" ealt by,outheast. by 1I·lr. ·of A!Jgust8, Georgia. TheclI.mplndly sita will ibu abou, :5 milss wBStof Barnwell on South Carolina. highway 64, !,he same road thst. goes fro.m 8ar.nwel] to thaSa.vannah ,River PI'ant .

Pe.ople: with special dietary needs should come prepaNd: to meet tb.m. Fasting as this .time, due to theph)"$ieai aIld emntional stress possible, is n.otreco~ded.

Everyone is encouraged to bring thelr own utensils, plates and bowlB. etc. Conssva.tion is using what·WI!. already have rather than wastefully ~'up our ~oU1CE:$.

One-pot meals save on deanup'.. Some dU;h detergen I and iI po t scrubber will. come in handy.

Those who plan to do civil disobedience, in this case, can. expect to probably be arrested in one day. so fOQd nero. during CD will not be at a maximwn. However. the ~o is yet uncertain and 5-IlVi!ral lii(;ties could be employed by the authoritiee.. $0 WI! snould be prepared to provide :food and WOlter for ourselves 10. iI somewhat indefinite time v ,

At the Barnwell [ acti:on,certain peopl" ineach

t, UEinity group earned a pack with food for the group. Nothing was taken away from the demonstrators by the police. [t could beihe. same the. yeill. or it ·could be quite different if demonstramrs are detained in jai.l for any reason, The support people, those who oversee the arrests wtthout them&elves oong arrested, can provide assistance' in the an:a ·of fo<:>d and ware..


We will have water an aile ~or drinking and cooking. IE a well seems worth the lnvestment, 'I'f'! may have wa.ter for Wilshing. also. We sU8l!est

continuer! nfln pags

directions to camp/rally site

Rr. 21


About 3 mil" north QfBleckville. turn (lut off of Raute 3 onto Route 32 .. Tllk:e the finn right an.ll, vou'nbll mal's.


.& CAMP SlT£



_. ,- .... , -,.


fj!")'CKVILL~ 70

!Ii \

...... '~..,._ .'.



Site Logistics


Elsewhere in this Site Logistics ~tiQn, you· will find a rundewn of the major needs you. should sup-ply yourSelf. This part includes a number oi personal items on a list Iha~ could serve to make your life on the Site: more ·comfortable.

• towels

• robbing alcohol,

• soap, waShcloth o5UTI5'C.teenlotIOT!

I -tQOthbrum, p~te ·ilfItibaClterialscrub{ointmenl .banaaids,[[lote5kw ·tweezers

=sunglasses, wide·brimmed hat opersonal medications

.pocket knife

.flashlight, candles, lanIHtu;, bs.tter.ies


=metalspoon, bowl

.Iuelcbuming stoVE', pots

• matches, lighter

·.insecu:e~I==========-.EcArnJTtESJ.srIE. BllIill:f1o..I_G "Tea ding m<ltenar

·pl astic Wit ter ron tamers oraingear

·pbSI:k or ponchos for impromptushelters -sewing supplies, seissers, safety pins

-trash containers,

.rope, string, !WIDe ·small tool kit

.plastic water containers

that you bring 'P!astic water containers and fill them at the Healing Sp!'l!\gs Ch1iI'Ch, especially if yoU are skEptical of the wisdom of drinking local wale"r. (See maps for directions to the Spring.) The Springs have been re'knowned for their healing

, pewers since the French and lndlan Wars, and. are currently "deeded to God for publh; moe."


this year, Some people in fue Columbia" S.C, area are l"terut~ .iI_I or,g-anJ.drtg !hisfactlitj', but !hey need 'nfonnation IJom people who plan to participate so they can plan araound 'evet)'one's needs.

If a respollsible. weIl,planned childcare fadlity is availablE, would 'you use thi$ service. If !!1O, we need to, know the no.un:ber omd ages ofthe cJ:tildren, We could [Hare II spe<:ilal event in whh;hthe children could partic'ip.ate. Send us your suggestions ,

Wowd you be willing to pa:rtil;ipate in .sharing the mponsiliility of "ilring for 'the childrm 1 If ~, how much tillU! are wliling te dlmah:? 1t I" important. for everyone 10. l'eal:\ze that taking care of the children's needs and guiding them eft·eets the future of our nw-tming planet. Thill is a ~on$tbiJ:lty that n~ds.to be shared. by wuypne who cares,reprdllS of ..;hetheryou have borne children Q1' no'i. So, everyone is Nlcouraged to OOl'lSioler partidp;lling. in this ~respon~ibili ty. lei us know how you wanl '10 help this. faj!\lity (sharing yow ideas, dQnaHI'Ig some of your time, lending some props for the fadlity - such as bedding, toys, etc.) Send your input to:

Southeastern Natural Guard P,Q.50:<1.065

Barnwell. S.c. 2:9812 AttmlionChlldcare

During the las t weeks. of Seplem ber, th" Logistks Crew will 'be building the 5 il;Ige- ana sh ... hers for the childcare facility .. food service area, and ethers, We hope to salvage as much used lumber as, possible, and. tobuUcl SOme \lnoonventiQIUl;I ~tru~tw:es such as domes.

We 'l-eed volunteer labor, tools and materials.

We will need p-eople to stay a fewe:<tTa days after the wPi!lcend to disrrumtl .. the structure s, The sit" can be-prepared to serve .people's needs only to the exten t tEla I ther.., are wi lJing people IQ do the necessary work, If Y·ilu can help, we n~d fokrtoy>'

how soon ynu can come to J3<mlwen. wM tools. andmaterials you. tan bring,

Here-are a few of the marw.als we netd: rolls of polyethylene, boundary rnat'kertape, ~ electric wire, :55 gallon ~. nails .• tarps, lumber, tents. and anything el~. Please conslder helping In any way you can and let Wi know hqw by writing to the SQuth.eastem Natural Guard !It the above address.


We are also going to have an alternative en~l'gj' I appropriate tti::hnology.Fair to display thai woe do have viable options to nuclear t~ology in. meeting energy neelh. The prlro"JY F0CU5 of tli" fair will be ResoIJl'C<! Retnvery, se(f-ReJjan~ .•. and ~ Production, There will be, ed.u~tional handouts and worksho,pson solar and appropriate tl.!clinology, a~ well as information on ~ommen:ian)"ilvililabl.! .hardwal'e. The fair-will he a major (ocusror the weekend and 'Will he enjoyable aB well as WucatEonaJ.

Everyone parfi,Gipating in the BamweU action, whether in civ:ildiso-bedirnce or 110t, should arrive prepared to be ll\O~l:Iy self'Sustaining, Usually, thi;.. is done best in sm.ill groups to avoid loJ:!j of duplication of items tf!a! could be shared, hence - another valuable aspect of the affinity _grov.p structure .

Even if you are not planning to ~ither commit CD or aetas a ~uppOrt, you could bond ~ogether in small groups within yOW" community, alliance or whateve.r -'as suppcrt for one another .. Ie's a nice eepenence, teo,

The Camp/Rally Site, which is in truth a large, open field betweenihe town of 6aI11wel1 and the three nuclear facilities. has a limited level of lli~UPPD~t facilities. There is some electricity, arid a water supply will be provided, Last year there were also a number Gfportabl~ toilets. a requirement for the large numbers of people who were there.

Medicel tniormetion for those ,participating in civil disobedience

4.. FilI out several 3"xSM index, cards With'th.e foUoWlngiNorrna.lionand give them to the affinity _group medic, the medical team, the Council, and

yOW' own wallet er packet: .parri ¢.!p;mt~ s n ame "affini Iy grgUP name

"ag", blood type, Rh fador

.medi~ condltjonJ(name or bri~ deSCl',lptjon); for each ct>ndirian. list:

-maintenance medlca.tlons/lreatements, when taken, descripl:ion of medications or their container, wht!I'l': Imated 01\ person

oerisismed:!catio!lS (same as above) .

'mecllcatio!'\Sand lre'aiments not touse

_persQna! pnysiclan'5 name, address and phone number .p~rt\~panfs home phonenumber

-Who Ul contact in ease ·of emerg.:ney

"name of af£il1ity ~oup support pernon or team

A medical t~m will be provided by the Southeastern Natural G\laro for th",""1"io'us'lI!e~ical problems thai could arise: There should. be a memberb:l each affinity !?""UI? designated as that affinity group's medic, who will handle the small first-aid needs of the group ..


1. People who cannot stanilprQlonged.puiodsof: psychological stress

2. People with possibly Jj£,,~d<Ulgerlr!g medi~ conditions. such as: as thma, heart dis.:!a!le, ipilep_$)" ~ete envlrenmental allergies, bleeding pl'oblems,ki.dneypl'oblems, diabetes, or pregnancy

3. People w~ose conditiON are not life--threatefiing but can sl'ill be 'severely aggravated by th~situation (making themselves and others miserable), ~uch ass.m..sensitive • .kinthat;" 'nQ,t prot,,~t!!d by cl 0 thing or sunscreens



1. Discuss your problems 'With yOW' affinity gr-oup_; Wbal it is and how they can help you (Ill~ication. etc.I- and practice il.

2. Wear a. ''Mewc Alert" b~acelet and carry ill 'Medic Alert" 'card,

3. Carry yQUC own maintemw.!le and crisis medication, pl'opq1y labeled.

To help w.ithstand the .t:m;~ ~hat w", may £ace to~th~r,ev"ryQll~ Ss; asked to:

1. Eat "",ell and :8t! enough sleep both before and during the .demoIt!llratiom,

conrinuefinext: page

There w.ilI be a chddeare fadUty provided again

Barnvvelill - Logistics


Healthy Demonstration, continued

Z. Wear corre:t. dothing (see clothing section); protect ycr,useJf from the elements.

3. Cooperate with the safety and sanitation suggestions of the medic.a! team and pea._cekeE-pecs.

4. Bring a personal activity to escape intoas necessary (simple crafts, reading, liglltwei,ght musical instruments).

be prepared

.Be in good physical condition for hiking. The legal march will be about seven miles Oil Sunday. September 30 .

• If you haven't had a tetanus shot in the past five years, you may want to get on e,

·Prepare for all your needs before arriving in Barnwell, as we cannot depend on that community to meet them,

·Acquire fu:st aid training. Everyone should know at least the rudiments.

-p", Springer

Tentative Scenario

The followiIIg is a tentative scenarlo for the B.amwell U action weekend, September Z9thr01.1gb O::lobfi 1,.1979.


10:00 am - opening o.f rally sire and regj5tration

12:00 noon - appropriate technology fair and workshops; counetl for affiolty group spokes; nne tuning and training for specific tasks


8:00 am - early morning services

9:00 am - council for affinity group spokes (action update) 10:30 am - begin gathering for regal march

noon -legal march begins

a: 00-6:00 pm - anti-nuclear and pro-appropriate technology rally (speakers, geurilla ·th ... atre, musicians)

post rally - the ... pertiripating in Human Petition (CD) 'shouldremain on sHe: all others will be requested to leave; special tasks caucuses, sharing sesainns, affinity group meetings and time for meditation will be recommended


8,00 am - council for affinity grocp spokes (final update) and affinnation of solidarity

9:00 am - spokes for SRP petitioners distribute identification armbands to affinity group members; begin vehicle transpcrtation to SRP/Talatha Gate, approxUnately 3S miles &om the rally site, outside of Aiken, S.C. 10:30 am - spokes for AGNS and Chern-Nuclear petitione!'!J distribute idenlification armbands to affinity group members: gather in group. for support sessions

1] ;30 am - gather to march to AGNS and Chern-Nuke

Noon. march to AGNS and Chern-Nuke begins; travellers Iollow route In.dicated on maps; when march a rrlves at Chem-Nuke, those partlclpanng in CD will break or and enter property: support teams will remain off the property and aid wherever and however possible. The remainder of the marchers will follow the route to ACNS; repeat ChemNuke instructions there,

FOLLOWING ARRESTS - those paying bail will be released and wiu return to the rally site ror an evening of sharing sessions: those not paying bail will be transferred to a holding area to await tria!


10:00 am - support organ.iz<ltian meeting: for those ITt jail by CSUpPO(t role personnel on fhe rally sib::

As you. may know, last year's Human Petition was subject to criticism because of th~ single-scenario civil disobedletlCE! ;md the bafl-payment restrictions placed on. the participants. This year, we have deviseda multifaceted approach to CD, The following are-some ideas !hat have been pllt Forward in eounefl sessions allowing various degrees of participation iro the Petition. Again, these are options, nat final dedsio",,_

1. Passive cooperation: entrance onto facility through gate. While being arrested, walking With arresting officer.

2. Non-cooperation: while being arrested. "going limp" and 0008 pulled or carried to transfer vehicle. Refusing to assist law enforcement o£ficecs in the booking process (providing name, identilication. allowing fing-er:printing, ~c.) is an extension ofthis.

3. Nonviolent incursion: scaling the fence of the Eacility to enter the property.

Through prior declaration. of cholce of one of the abo.ve scenarios by ones ~ffinlty group, it will be possfble for the council to ccordinate the total actiO.n withou t curtaiJing anyone's .right to exprl!5.'5 themselves as they see fit. There 'is only one scenario in one particular setting that cannot be condoned: Nonviolenl incursion at SRP, which would bring such greater penalty than Sb"aight occupation that it would very likely endanger smooth negotiatio.ns foe the other beets o.f the PetItion.

The decision to. payor not to pay bail is a personal one. The only requirement of the council is that those planning not to pay bail upon arrest dedare themselves to council as far in advance as possible to facilitate planning and nl!gotiations with the couns.


Before the weekend of Barnwell Il, the action planning council - consisting of representative! of those. groups in!l!fl9IDg to participate in the action - will have agreed upon degrees of direct action and tagged them to their respective sites. Support plans and facilitation mechanisms will also be developed. Council meetings Oil the weekend of the action will not be open for scenario change discussion. Those not wishing to support council decisions are requested 1'I00t to participate in the Petition, but instead to wait for some more appropri te time to persue their separate eoursets) of action.

And finally, a few basic rules to keep us all healthy and happy and safe from pointless arrest: No property deslruction or violence; no aLcoJloJ; no weapons; wid nO illicit drugs will be permitted at any time during the weekend ..

So.lJtheastern Natural Guard P.O. Box 1(}65

Ba,.nw611~ s.c:. 29812

P. S. it is fhg year of the child.


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful