Mayank Tandon, R.A. Siddique, Anand Kumar, S.N. Rai and J.P. Sehgal. 2008.

Mineral Status of Soil, Feed and Fodder for Dairy Animals in different Agro-Climatic Zones. ILDEX (International Livestock and Dairy Expo), 22-24 August, 2008. Pragati Maidan, New Delhi. pp: 62

Mineral Status of Soil, Feed and Fodder for Dairy Animals in different Agro-Climatic Zones
Mayank Tandon, R.A. Siddique, Anand Kumar, S.N. Rai and J.P. Sehgal Dairy Science College, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana Email: mayanktandon1@gmail.com ABSTRACT Dairy animal receive a major portion of their mineral requirement from feeds and fodder they consume. The concentration of minerals in crops and forages depends on (I) genus / species / Varity (II) type of soil (III) climate (IV) stage of maturity (V) Fertilization etc. Calcium, Phosphorus, Sodium, Potassium, Chlorine, Magnesium and Sulphur (macro) and Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese, Cobalt, Iodine, Fluorine, Molybdenum, Chromium, Selenium (micro) are contributed to be essential mineral for Dairy animals. Recently Arsenic, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, Tin, Aluminium, and Rubidium have been added to the list, but still further more research is required in the area. Due to intensive cultivation and changing agriculture practices in India, there is an imbalance emerging for certain minerals in soils, which not only affect the growth of plants but also the livestock population, leading to sub optimal performance and some time even deficiency (Pica) / excess (Dagnela) diseases. It has been reported that, Indian soil samples are deficient in P (42%), S (40%), Zn(47%), Cu(4.8%), Fe(11.5%), Mn(4%), B(20%) and Mo(18%) in different regions which in turn lead to the deficiency in plants and finally in animal system in their respective zones. All over India generally the feeds are deficient in Ca, P, Mg, Zn and Cu. Area specific feed deficiency represent the Northern region deficient in Ca, P, Mg, Zn, Cu, Mn, and I; Western region deficient in Ca, P, S, Cu and Zn; Southern region deficient in Ca, P, Mg, Cu, Zn and Eastern region deficient in Ca, P, Mg, Cu, Zn, Mn and Co. This region specific mineral deficiency in feeds and fodders represents the need for the development of area specific mineral mixtures with some modification in mineral mixture type I and Type II recommended by BIS.

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